Newspaper Page Text
it ri g~aiblbitio are
t red : ng come' n.
s b CdtiaU portion who
Qte fobkit I have yet
instanc oia pledge
"eg maeo.'m i dipposing all to have
lade dges,'who imagines that they
*wduld. be kept ?} The bill itself is a
: olation of the Missouri Compromise
a provitlod In the Texas resolutions,
nd of a solemn compact with Texas.
ut, follow.citizens, it just now oo.
tes to.me that I may have done injus.
tice to the bill, in saying it makes no
concession to the South. I recollect last
a weeksto have heard a Senator asked in
debate, to name the concession to the
South. After some hesitation, he re.
plied : "Sir we have obtained an au
- thentio exposition of the Texas resolu
tlons.' . And what is this exposition ?
Itilsl amdless perversion, and, at the
same time a gross violation of resolu.
tions that needed no exposition, and
which, for two years, never received
but one interpretation, whether from the
North or the South. 'I appeal to the
debates of Cougress, to bear me out
in the assertion, that until recently,
Northern men and Southern men,
Abolitionists, Whigs and Democrats,
gave to those resolutions the same ex.
position. When Mr. Wilmot first in.
trodi'ed the Proviso, he referred to the
fact of his having voted for the annexa.
lion of Texas, and admitted that slavery
existed throughout the territory claimed
by her, and pledged himself to loi
slavery stand where it was; saying that
hie only desired that it should go rc
further. I have not taken time to ex.
amino the volumnious debates, but can.
not'be mistaken that at the first sessior
after the war, Mr. Winthrop made the
-same admission and the same pledge,
do not recollect a single Northerr
ech of an opposite character.
Thus, in fine, does it appear that r
bill which you are told is a "Compro
mise," and for the support of which
Southern men intend to claim the high.
est honors you can bestow upon them
goes more than one step further townrdi
Aboltion platform, than David Wil.
t himself had gone at the time he in
roduced his Proviso.
It is needless, fellow.citizens, to say
more upon the subject.
Very respectfully and dutifuliv.
J. A. WOODWAID.
ScF\F AT A IOSJESMAN ExnIntTIos
-Those singular species of human na.
ture, the Iosjesmans, who were recently
exhibited at the town hall. Cheltenham
paid a visit to Dlevizes, and on Thursday
a most excited, scene occured. The room
was crowded, and Mr. Tyler had given hie
lecture on their habits, &c; when sonic
-person at the further end from the plat
form caught the eye of one of the male
bushmgn, aznd riveted his attention by ma
king gfimances, and shaking his fist at himr
in a menacing manner. The Josjesman
eyed him intently, and evidei:tly with ris
m lg indignation. his eyes glared, his nos.
.trils were dilated, and his whole frame be
came strongly agitated. These circum.
-stances were observed by several of the au.
*"dience in front, and by some it was suppos
ed to be a part acted for en'ect, and by ot.h
ers to be a demonstration of real passion.
is continued for some seconds; at last
t savage, unable to endure the -irritationi
any longer, suddenIydrew an arrow to its
point, and let fl a e e head of his foolish
to:imentor. Fortunahtel y it missed the
man. The arrowv strun k his hat, piorcinf
it through. Then, apparently in a frenzy of
passion, he si r ing, like an curang outang,
from the platform among the company; and
the rest of his companmons were prepar
ing to follow him, whlen the lecturer (who
had witnessed a similar evidence of their
irascibility,wilst exhibition' thiem in Lon
don) immediately rushed' forwardl andl
knocked the foremost down. ^ .strugrle
ensued; some keepers came to Mr. Trv ir's
assistance, and it was wvith great difficulty
the Blosjesman could be preveniteid ruishizng
on his assailant. Trhree: or four omen had
this little creature (only ahout fonr feet
high) in their grasp, and it was all they
could do to prevent him gettingr free; ulti
moatehy hie was secured aind taken mut of
the room. In the mneantmne the confu
sion among tho co~impainy baitlles all
description. Those who co~uld, got. to the
door and shrieked, and caugit hold of
the men wvithi a deathlike grasp; andl even
the men themselves were well nigh fright
ened from their propriety by so strange
and sudden a turn in the performauce.
The wvhoop and the yell of this wvild Afri
can were terrific, and brought scalping
knives and tomahawks vividly to the imag.
A VA LUABL.E SoUTH EnJN Gn.Ass.--Oni
a recent visit to Millwood, the residence
of that noble Carolinian, Col. Wade
* IUampton, weo noticed a most beautiful
grass plot,growing in all the luxuriance
of spring, a Ithough in gloomy wintry Feb,
ruary weather. It is true thmat "such a
green spot there appears far imore pleasant
to the eye than such a spot would ini spring
in a grass growing country; because here
all around, the earth piresents but a bare
s urfacetalmiost, if not entirely incapable oh
sustaininig cultivated grasses, excopt at
the great expense of preparation which
Col. H1. has given to thme ground now
glowing in its verdanit coat.
This grass is as yet without a namre.
Dr. .Bachmnan, the eminent naturalist of
* -~ VCharleston, at first thought it was the
American Canary grass, but on further ex.
amination expresses some doubits. It
grows about two feet high, wvith top aiid
seed somiewhat like blue grass. (P'oa pira
tans~is,) only muchi larger. It is a inative
grass, and may be fouind from the sea-hoard
to the mountains of the Atlantic Siouthiern
States; and Col. Hampton says will on
dlure frost and drought better than any
other grass lie has ever seen growing at
*the South.--Farmner 4- Planter.
COOKING Frai.-A simple way of cook.
* ing a whitig, or good salmon trout, by the
Kindle a fire of dry wood. Take your
flsh when just out of the wvater--fill his
mouth with eilt--roll him up in two or
three folds of an old newspaper, t.visting
the ends together. Immerse all in water
until the paper has become thoroughly sat
urated. rhen lay (lie hish amouug the cim.
bers of your fire. \Vhen the paper pre
snentia well charred appearance, the trout
is properly done, and will prove a savory
nd acceptable morsel. 'I lie fish, I may
obstve, must not be cut open and cleaned
D uring thie firing process, thie intestines
and other impurities will draw together,
ft<d'16t in the slightest degree injure tho
flavo# of the trout.--. Ih T hlg, thie Loom
Bumterville, Bo. Ca. e
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 1850.
J. S. G. Rilchardson, Editor. b
" Messrs. A. WHITE & Co., are "
Agents for the Banner in Sunterville.
The office of the SUMTEnR BAXNER has
been removed to the now building (upstairs)
one door north of A. J. & P. Moses' store c
COTTON.--Tho Charleston Cotton market
was quiet on Saturday last, the transactions
having been limited to some 70 bales, at pri
cos ranging from 11 1-2 to 12 1-2 cents.
A letter from Gen. HAI.LEE, President
of the Wilmington and Manchester Rail
Road states, that the Company has conclu
ded a contract for 3000 tons of iron to be I
delivered in Charleston, in January, March.
and May next.
We have understood, that the President I
and Directors expect to cotnence lyinig the
iron at the western terminus of the road
early in Jr.nuary next.
Ma. CAr.nouN's LAST SrErctt.-We have
received from Mr. J. W. Mct Int.rA, a neat
ly printed copy of this work. M1r. Mc3il.
Ian has it for sale at the Mercury and Cour
ier offices in Charleston. The price, for the
edition on fine Satin printed in gold, is 85
per copy; hi ink, $2. An edition has also
been printed on vellum paper, in ink, at $1
per copy, and in gold, at $2 per copy.
" A treatise on the Science of Agricul
ture," which we have on hand, and expect.
ed to publish this week, has been unavoida
bly crow ded out. We hope to be able to
publish it in ournext.
The lion. R. W. BAutN'E.. has nccept- I
ed, it is said, the appointment of U. S. Sena.
tor in place of Col. Ei.aronr , deceased.
DAVID S. REin is the nominee of the
Democrats and (nn.tl.t:s Ma.v of the
Whigs, for governor of North Carolina.
From the letter of the Washington Cor
respondent of the Columbia Telegraph we
clip the following relative to
TME SOUTIIERN PRESS.
Er.woon Fisnvan, arrived here tlree days
ago, and is btsiy employed in making the
requisite inquiries for thle permanent es
tabliuastent of 'The Southern Press.' Ile, -
and Euwtx )ELeox of The Telegraph, r
were selected as its Editors, at the first
meeting of the sixty-three members, and
telegraphed to that effect.
Should the latter consent to remain, he r
will not resign his domicil in Carolina, nos
his interest in The T1e/graph. Both of
the gentlemen above named, are actively
co-operating to establish the pnper---arter
which, its conduct will be a matter of comi
p~arative ease. All wvho have any experi
ence in such enterprizes, know the dithicul-t
ties attendanit on the launc~hing of a large
ship. T1hae first step is haldf-the jonrney.- I
The public should not he impatient .
"There's a good time coming."
Wea publish below, a nuinber of extraets d
relativ'e to the Cotton crop oif thae presenIt
year, antd without a single exception, they
represent the prospect of event a toilerably
fauir crop as exceedingly gloomy. Wea dfo
not remnember to lhave known aI Spring, in
*which the accounts11 fromn every sectio n oif
the Cotton growing region, were so unfiivo.
rable. The cause of this neced hardly be
stated, us outr exltrac'ts stale, anad our rad.
ers know, it is owing to the hate anda wet
Spring, and to the cool taighats which have
continued til to the tinme we w1rite. TJhat
these causes, owving to the compifarative late
naess of ou11r season for pltatinag, haave not
Ioperated 50 unaorably in thais State a n
thaose further South, we heave no dloubt, but
that they have dlao ntmuch injury even wih t
u'a-retarding the growth of the lat and
stunting it-we learn from all we hauve seen
and fromi all we hauve heard. We tintk
thaerefo~re, thuat te Cottaot ierop ofC thei present
year wiall inot exceed thaut of the lar~t, it in
deed, whaicha we mauch questionI, it shldtia
On thae first of this month, thae receipts for j
18-19, atmounted to I .953, I87 bales being c:
670,280 behind tose of thle parecini1tg year.
Weo doubt very mauich whaethaer this state
ment dloes ntot indiicate a coniealy bi1rger
crop for 18 19, than really blonlilgs to it, faor
we much sutspect that many oif I ,95,tI87 1
bales whlich wve put1 fown as belonigitng to ,
the crop of' 1840t, really bavong to pirevius
years, anid, owing to the~ low priceN, were
kept (out of' the market unatil the recent rise.
Suich a cause wil notet likely loperateI toe
swell the apparentt amount of the tral for V
the present y'ear. lie Ilhis htoweve'r, as it
tnny, and tiakinag the aboava staltlent aN an
indaication oif the de'fia'cncy of the croap oaf
18 19, we anaty inirly putt it dfown ns att least
650,000 bales less thanai that of 181is. Now
puttitng down the crop of the present yeara
as equal to thant of I18.9, andh we have ratnch
reasont to conicludaie that it will lbe less, we
will then have a deficiency in t wo ye.ars oIfi
not less thtan I ,300,000~n bales ; andt to whatn
extent this (leficiency is to nlfect thec price of a
Cotton for the next year, is ai speculationi a'
dotubtlenu of nmurb' itterest, to motst of ou r
For our plart, we hlave little questioni but
that it will tallhect it mtost seriously, anmd lhat -.
13 cents will lie mucha baelaow the parice in
June, 1851. Everiy arrival f raom Enlriape, ii
britngs iintelligiencie of' a gradual rise int thet
Cotton market. atii noi reliale inatelligcae Ii
cant as yet have reuahed that ciountry (If the pl
prospect of a deoficionecy ini the cointg e'rop. "
Sitch rise, thterefore, enn only) be owing to
the fact that the present supply aloes not
equal the present demandl, anal now with I
the prosnect before uts that there wil b., I h
notlior >iniderablo deflciancy tl I
re cannot but conclude that as the urnou
f the crop goes down on the one hand,
rill the price go up on the other.
But if the crop of the present year shoul
e fully equal to that of the last, we do n
olieve that prices would materially decli
Vo believe that the present prices are,
ng so much to the deliciency in theM
r crop, as to the fact that the do
rapidly increasing, and we question ni
nlcss something should happen which v
annot anticipate, if the supply will ove
gain exceed the demand. The legitimate
otton growing region of the world is not;
'ery extensive. Even in this country, vo
elievo it to be more limited than it is gen.
rally supposed to be. It is said that'four
ifihs of the Cotton used, is raised in'tlis
J. States. This perhaps, is an extravagtJ
tatoment, but oven if it approximates to tje
ruth, it is strong evidence that we live in
lie only country where it can be raised to
nmach advantage, and many portions of our
WVestern States, which have hitherto been
:onsidered as most favorable for the produc.
ion of that plant, owing to too much litme in
he soil, which developes itself more and
noro every year as the vegetable matter de
'reuses with the cultivation, the increase bf
usects and other causes, are failing to pro.
hace it profitably. Georgia and South Car
ulina mnay then, in a few years, become the
wo principal Cotton growing States in
\,nerica, and, if such should be the casef
vo do not perceive how the supply is 16
tqual the demand, even should the demand
iot increase. But that the demand will in
-rease every year, there cannot bo a ration
il doubt. Mazntueitctories are now being
milt up in regions where bit a few years
igo even the fabric was scarcely known.
'Ve see it stated in a New York paper that
orders have lately been received in that city
'rom St. Petersburg, for four or five cargoes
>f Cotton, which, owing to the scarcity, will
mave to go unanswered. How long has it
seen since Cotton factories have been es
ablished in Russia, ani since Cotton cloth
ia been extetsive'y used upon tie shores
of the Baltic ? Cotton is the cheapest
lotling for man, and that it nnist ultimately
e in great demand, in every civilized regiori
if the globe, and wherever its uses are
;uown, can scarcely be a question. With
he extension of the knowledge of its uses
nd value, will the demand increase, and we
an sne no limit to the demand except the
ircle of the Globe. The amount of Cotton
ow raised, wouhi hardly furnish an under
artent for every human being in the
vorld. How then can we well anticipate a
ermanent over-supply ? Teinporary causes
ny cause . temporary decline in its price,
ut we firmly believe that the lowest point of
epression has been passed, and thati we
ly now confidently look for a gradual and
crmtanent rise in its value.
Tuw Cnor is ALAnBAMA.-A correspontel
ut of the Mobile ''ribtune who writes tin
or date of .Juun 1st, speaking of the ujrow
og cottoni in that sectioni says-We -now
urat as a general flung throughout the
tte, the platnt is not three itichmes in
eight. Letters received yesterday fromtt
,owndes coittaty slate, that'pilantter in that
ountty alre ploughinug uip their fiels~ tad
epilaniting eveni at 1 Ius late day. Oine of'
ur tinist rehlpectabnle and initlua~ntial c'iti
ens who returned yesterday fron his pan..i
tiati ini l'aekensa crityv satek that lie c:-n
carcely discern, that the ct tloinea sproit
di. A nothea.rlarge pulantter f ruin Anii, tag
otyl, is widIhug to bet lhat. thire widl be
ao bloonius inhlis field until first July.I
.M1lill1rE, .i t '.N -', 1.
'JTur. Co-r-ri s ( Uor.--Thei phlntters oft
'erry, theL a pjin utg coty to G (reenie, are
o better aff than I le. r netghborats. Atn:.
'Iligaist platnter inlaried , lthe eubtoar of the
Contatiionweaillt" that tiver-, williin li
tncollec(t~ti, h,;as the' prt-.iiwet liar .iaeiton
rtip been as gltoov ;at thbs s',tatn of lhe
ear. It is mow (30th1 it .\lty) ra'anarls
be' edlitor, thei astna! thIo far Ctto
Itilti, hnit ii i a e of a d u s tilit e phit
lo Ilirihnsandf I'is sjaaarres iuponi at. TIhe'
mop generally, is at least a inanutth late r
tan int oriniary' years, andi is jiast mrecoiver
i thIle etlhets ofth hi' ie-thbat us,
!it port ion left by~ themn; far ini soine ini
tances they bhave so cinigletelyv rmuied it
tat ct-tps are tnow tbeig repjianitedt, wvini
s a general tting the .stanil is to ant untex
imilil degree bad.--T'raha. .
Cnhor l'a~tert:ars.--la a letter to the
dator froin Al arengor conuiitav, datedl June
dI, the writer says :' The' crops ini this
(itiity begin~ tot look sinewlhi~iat btteIr, fhit
to proaspiect is yet thle ist glaniny ever
ntownt. I know it ino plantatt in the
Untly, andt I have seent a giotd iant; a
ite', that will itnale two third' if a cr-op,
ital I fi':ir tii- t n'r thii Ii:,a| ttai vi
itt to ntike a lah iataea. I t~'ro I iio
rat g'ienaly retedta uorry abatit thas
ciatn of lthi ye'ar, baut reorts areC ior rae
able mnow thant ever lbeo rt. :as regard nts the
hasiimy pirophects oif Ite piliant 'rs."....'y
Tu ('inoi".-a\\e coi'itarsitd lii va't tr.
av wvitli a hily respe'tahia aaitiu ta
ianhy, who lhii lieItl Ivtty ye'ars i''~pari
tin, mt a'ultivnatog the .od ii this Slat,
lii itoriit'dl its thiat hie h-Wt' tta -r ,' e
ii taottoaiia (ropsI5 hhbak nird. l1i
pii iti ta (~ t I lai rsnt .ta~r ua
anl (It.) .\hirrar oa f lh ik ttt. 8 c that
litr a cohll anda back waaitl sparmg, ext rau.ai'
'~ wat-m wveathier wvas e'xpintca'd, amth
im planftr shntertat fe.ai th1at the' prema-~t
ira' wvarn weat her wilh seriouasly ttapire
ie b'iackwar (raops. Muith oif thie reattrot
that vienty his ht:ol fao bei rpilnatd,
il thle cornt hioks s itied andial i. Th.--'
iatt('s faor a crop1 are not si good as theya'
e this Itn las o year. Th'le sugar atie
>wever, lioks finielyi, tattmiha eten it us sid
lit that onl thei co ast.
>th tlt savs:
'PiTa' sie Itn for t' past waik hias beent
aitt ahhl. '\\' hi' ar beenat itnwl
it the c ropsa art'e i aur n bll'ret'fI tt t hau'
1ve t'ver kitawnt thitti at ting seiatn. Theli
attt wears a 'iery sily) appfea;ranc(e, andt.l
pars to lie very latckwardin utits gro wtha.
lhe ent-wotrmu hans donite coatsilerabale udam
e. Theia caino anal cornt cropj haik wuoll."
Tr.: C'o-r-rnN Ciiaoi.---Thie New Or- g
inma 9 yuin oif lthe 'th inst, say's : "\Ve'
ve htaul tIIn Onnortutnily ia nertlin,, two n
S 'i d.
r w4ve ty fnorca flle houses in
. m corrospond. who reside
ulf, Mise. *9 writer ays :
11. up'too late to allow
n the' rich low lands;
in place"Ile crops are
e districts they seem to
Tf* report of great
to pI although true in
.,, nstance ro generally purtial;
fit w rot so, thq, cotton crop would be
a cop I board to-day from Copi
:ou creps are better. One gon.
ch er wrOl him that he has to
cro field, which the
r fore, adfd it was
look t ow all dead.
erp I lii'seriously, of plough.
tip b e1~t' crop and putting it 1 in
rn. 1, Itpt*er p waste te
t wie* 1 oikfrel r f;fA e n
ich he~l hgnea$Iirk ighl.' y
e is-plekhtug it up and replanting. The
cst-worras are eatinig up' the replanted
cotton as fast as It'come . 'Iho ac.
Counts are all, unfavorable1 f theiabove
are specimens of the weisg"
TuIs COTTN Caor.-We.hayevenverse
with several tfo i-farrners lately, who
'rm us that lid are rapidly dbmpleting
Ile destruction of their cotton. plants. We
ktow of a number who areploughing up
tlir fields at ltis-lite day for the purpose
ofreplanting. Kosiusko (Misi.> Chroni
clif, 81st uIt.
he Fort Gaines, (Ga.4Enterprise of
th inat, says:
he - accounts from all parts of the
cothtry in relation to the growing crops
cor inue to be unfavorable. We have
latdy been in'Alabamna and have seen some
cotton over there that will not without
greet change make 100 pounds to the
.7'Te Albany (Ga.) Patriot of the 7th
'The cotton and corn crops In this coun.
ty tre generally. some three weeks later
thnts usual, and we now hear much corn
lautt of injuries to the cotton plant from
'irE COTTON CR0or.--The Natchea
Cou',er of the 1st inst says :
\ have accounts from East, Tennes.
seea id North Mississippi of the 30th, from
Nortluast Mississippi of the 26th, from
Cent4l Alabama of the 25th ult., all pic
turin the same glooniy prospect for the
crops that they were much less promis.
ing th, last year's, and perhaps the worst
for ten ears back.
A vi last week to Amite and Wilkin.
son co nties enabled us to gather the opin.
ions of ?!asters who unifornly made the
same declarations. We saw very little
cotton six inches high, and a great deal not
not ove three inches.
Extr at of a letter received in Charles
ton. dated "Beaufort (S. C.) June 1":
"Grat Complaints are made in this
neighborhood about the prospect of this
year's crop. Those I have seen are very
backvrard,,and the Cotton still dying fromn
the co' nights and excessive rains. The
plante. are still supplying the broken
p laces,1but wo cannot expect much from it.
My cro -in as good as any I have seen, but
no grea lings."
THR rs--TheMilledgeville Federal
Union .. the 11th inst. 'says: " From
every v r ve hear that the Cotton crop
s ' . Asl:ate .vi it
several count5 uh-western nor
gin, aHrns thin correctness of these re.
ports. E~very planter that we hoard speak
of the subject, admitted that his cotton was
hess advanced than at the saume time last
year. The corn generally is middling fair,
In most of the lower and middle counties
of this State, the wheat crop is destroyed
or seriously injured by the rust; in the up.
per counties ut is said, it will yield ani
Tn'jI C'nues.-lt would seem fronm the
followtng extrac't of a latter received ini
tins city yesterday, fronm a planter on Edis.
to lslandtc, dated the 1d inst., that the pros
pecnts of the growing crop of cotton are far
fromt blumg proniIsntg.-Metrcary.
"l'Te weather is much against the crops.
On F~riday there fell here the heaviest rain
I ever saw~ descend fromn the clouds; ina
h~al hounr Utnly the tops~ of the cotton planti
were vzstble. in ony salt lanrds. Iluigs, cold
ntighits, atnd extremte wetness are doiingi us
Extract oif a letter lto thme Southern Cul.
tivator datedl Glenn Spiring's No. C'a., May
"It is imtpossible that a fuill crop of cot.
ton enie hei made in tis State, event shouh1
the IallI be the mocst favorabile for its nmatu
rity. Thle plant is too late and sickly in
the tirst place, and the~.earth seems to hanve
lost too large a portion of its vitality by the
excessite rams and~ ba~kintg wvinds, to stim
uilat the li platito tu bI a rapid growth in
tie to .Cccure the usual product.''
I'orre-judeilcne if Savansnah Rep~tublican.
Fur thue last three weeks I have been:
tra velht ihrg th e nt vau ~uriotus coutnties of
whi:it mayu be st rictly c, teid South-West
r'u a 0 .orL?:, :ui,, as I puru inised v ott, pro.
ucped ti ive~o i th resut t m1l~y oihsrvarions
in re- .I toi theii prospects o the nrext cot
Yo~u may rest assured that there is tic
continge'ncy, however favorable, wvhich cart
ntiw arise, n~ Iihil wtll swell the prodluction
of u'it tin beyond thte tigutres of the past
I ha trat~.vel ledl throught and coniversedl
fre. y wvith plantirs rusidintg in I louston,
artladolh, Ea Iy, llak er, andI Iecatur,
it rmty t he past twio weeks, anid ind the
icitmphlunrts of badl seasons and untpromising
crips muore tumvirsal than 1 have ever
kinown the befo lL'~re, Int Decatu r couty
the' wired is molre Itrifty and piromi,,int
Ii:mi ''n anyi or pourtion if thie South W~est
it even 'tere on thle fi rst day of June,
th lan tt wuhlI noit lnicature on the richest
rti r puhmtatIo.ns, mnore. than teni incwhes in
b.Aght. 1.ast year it thet samte timet, with
hi hteavy trust in A pril, to e ed was fully
iwoi bent friitm the grotuntd.
This ha~ lbeent proudutced by a sasgn of
Imp ~r.ueeentedl co!dl wea ter and heavy
rams, retarntg the growth of the plant,
utih mt t:my imitancies rendtierinig rep~lat
hg tniece.sa~ry. In the SCoth-West, by thie
mIh ol .'lay , it it not iunuisual to sea nwhole
telds ii blotm, butt no iutch sightt cart now
!reiet the eye. ttor will for two weeks to
F'romn wthat I have seen, (te contclttsion
i ivnit titd, i rresistibile, tat int the tint.
ICtthi.WeLstirtt (0 ria (the riottoni crop
ti ii(turn out one.thitrd shor t oif the last
l'n~osrncurs or itm-: ('wrTON Cnor.--.The
y'aramnnahu (rCorg sinsays: We have ro.
elvedI a luieen 1mrm several of the cotton
'rowng dIstricts of ottr StateN:Some of
'lho91y speak in ispai~rging t'gs of the
resent inrospeet. whiln othe,.. .emtn
LJ '- q
hich huts well oflgh iesidayei
dton of the Federal
7. Resolred, That
fly is required by th6 law4(
o Union. The equality thue of
veral States compIing the t ,
ie American institutions. Tlnis ncple
violated in the denial of the citizens of the
ave-holding States of power to enter into
te territories with the property lawfully
qui the States, ,The s are spgainst
14i 'h Is 4 warti pn . Codstitutdn.
le fonders of this ght; edefonders of
o Constitution. ..)ioee..wbo deny or im.
air its exercise, are unfaithful to the con
itution, and if disunion follows the dewtruc
an of the right, they are the disupionists. .
8. Resolved, That the performance of its
sties u n the principle we declare, would
rable Congress to remove the embarrasa
Lents in wiich the country is now involved.
'he vacant territories of the United States,
v-onger-regarded :as--prizes -for sectional
ipacity and ambition, woy1d be gradua'ly
acupied by inhabitants drawn to them by
tir nteresto -atd feelings. The institu.
ons fitted to them would be naturally ap.
lied by governments formed on American
lee: and approved by the .deliberate
hoice of their constituents. The cpmmu
ity wold be educated and disciplin e.un
#~republican administration in habits of
elf governmt and fitted for an eassociat
s a State, and to the enjoyment of a place
i the Confederacy. A community sd form
d and orgtuized, might well claim admis.
ion to the Union and none would dispute
ie validity of the claim.
9. Resolred, That a recognition of this
rinciple, woul4 deprive the questions be
hveon Texas and the United State: of their
ectional character, and would leave them
:r adjustment without disturbance from
ectional prejudices and passions, upon con
iderations of magnanimity and justice.
10. Resolied, That a recognition of this
rinciplo Would infuse a spirit of conciliation
a the discussion and adjustment of all the
ubjects of sectional dispute, which would
ffor a guaranty of an early and satisfactory
11. Resolved, That in the event a domi
ant majority shall refuse to recognize the
cat constitutional rights we assert, and
hall continuo,to deny the obligations of the
'ederal Government to maintain them, it is
io sense of this Convention that the 'rer
itories should be treated as property, and
ifded between the sections of the Union,
o that the rights of both sections beoado
uately secured in their respective shiares.
hat we are aware this course is open to
rave objections, but we are ready toacqui
see in the adoption of the line of 36 dog. 30
kin. North latitude, extending to the Paritic
iccan, as an extreme concession, upon con
idorations of what is due to the stability of
12. Resolred, That it is the opinion of this
'onvention that this controve sy should be
tnded, either by a recognition of the consti
itlonal rights of the Southern People, or by
n equitable partition of the 'I rritories.
'hat the spr ctac'o of a confederacy of
tates, involved in quarrels over the fruits
r a war in which the American arms were
rowned with glory, is humiliating. That
to incorporation of the Wilmot Proviso. in
to oflfr of settlement, a p 'ition which
mlrton States regard ass
usult, would be a clima o
rhich attaches to the' controversy, which it
Sthe paramount duty of Congrssto avoid.
13. Resolred, That this Covention wvill
ot conclude .that Congress will adjourn
eithont makimg an adjustment of this con
oversy, and in the condition in 'which the
'onvention sinds the iuestions before Con.
Tess, It does not feel at liberty to discuss
ie methods suitable for a resistance to
teasures not yet adopted, which might in
olve a dishonor to the Southei-n States.
Much discussion has arisen in Congress
relation to a form of slavery in 'ew
iexico which bears the above appellation.
'ho members of the Senate who have ex
lained its character differ in their eluci.
ation or its real nature and origin. They
11 agree, however, in this fact, that it is a
yrnm of slavery as- grievous in its conse
uences as any which attach to dlomestic
ervitude. By the local law' of New Mex
:o, a Peon is a debtor who is copspelled to
edeem his pecuniary engagements by per
anal service to his creditor, which obliga
ion attaches to him forever. If the no
easities of the laborer compel him to pro
ure an advance of wvages from his em
loyer, or credit for indispensable articles
f consumption, this is a lien on h's labor
at keeps him invariably in debt, and con
tautly a slave. The native Indians comn
use in New Mexico the laboring class. It
' a practical conttradiction to coptend for
'to sacredness of the Mexican lex loci,
rhich would exclude domestic slavery
rhilst this form of servitude exists. It
ras consistent, therefore, in those Senators
rho are opposed to slavery in all its shapes
ndl gradations in the Territories of the
inied States, to move so to amend the
bil of Compromise as to exclude Peonage
omr New Mexico, in conformity with their
octrinie that slaveryra there legahlly in
mlicted. Mr. Walker, one of te Wis
ansin Senators, acdcordingly acted thee
ntical corect in moving his amendment
exclude Peonage from New Mexico.
But it was contended by other Free Soil
enators that Peonage was ins the nature
a contract, and thtat Congress was for.
iddon by the Constitution to legislate on
ont racts. Mr. Daytoni, of New .Jersey,
trongly urged this view, and the amend.
ment was lost. Butt we would ask this
lass of Free Soilers, whbo insist on the sa
redness of contract, wvhether Poonage
Lands int a more sacred relation to con.
acts tihan slavery I and if the Constitu
otn is to control in one case, why not in
to other!? Those who voted against Mr.
Valker's amendment did so because the
'onstitution gives sanctity to contracts.
Vere this not the case, they admit the
twer of Congress to legislate on the sub.
et of Peonage. But the Southern Sont
ora are resisted when they claim the
renefit of the Constitution in favor of sla
'ry in the very same territory of Newv
lexico. The Constitution is the great
utd tmark in the one case, but not itn the
ither. It governs in the interpretation of
'cal laws mt Mexico of one kind, but it is
uit sutlhredl to override the local law, in
to same locality, of another kind. Peon
go is under the protection of the Constitu
on, but slavery is tiot, in the conquered ter
tory. They are both forms of ser vitude,
ut Northern ingenuity find. a d'efence for
to former, because contracts are involved
htichi growy out oC the rights of property in
stan beings---but ther is 'in protection
r the lat ter, on precisel the samn fou d.
ion of right, because It Wnot'ii St
egre slaveryv - so rhuch for gewiSol
ticipate an avea at
ing the difibrept statements, we II
the conclusion that the crop will falwhort. a
oflthatof his ear. a r. . at
The rice feds along - te d
river present a beautiful appatane-4here di
is every prosjpt of a good crop. ti
FORT VALLEY, Houston Co., June 5.
The crops are dying in this section of
the ta'e, owing to the cold weather we
have had for somne time. The presenti
growing crop promisos to begshorter than t
that of iast year. 84
TUE WEA4nER AND THE CoP.-The d
weather is very hot and dry and the crops 'I
what little there are, need rain ver much. ti
We hear gloomy news from 'nearl every p
farmer with whom we converse. ; n some 8i
places, the worm destroys the corn-in ti
others, the insects are destroying the cot.
ton. Even where the crops prosper, they d
are late. The prospects of a cotton crop is e;
exceedingly discourageing throughout this n
region. From every portion of the cot n '
growing country, the news is of a ve " n
gloomy character.-Independent, Aber-, r
Nashville Coarention. t
This body adjourned on the 12th instant,, P
to meet again in the same plaee,-aix weeks c
after the adjournmentgf Jho present Cou.
gress, We kise. b low, - be tion5s
whit, er pao Ap address .to the a
South, to. II hole country, was adop- i
teo, bli,,hea hectyo cacLid us.
We ededly approv of the resolutions:
they are suchi as they ought to be, firm, dig
nified and conciliatory. Without under- p
taking to say what the South will do in the t
event of the passage of the Wilmot Proviso
as applicable to all the territories, they yet ,
indicate disunion as the probable result of
the adoption of .that measure. 'Admitting'
their willingness to acquiesce in the line of f
the Missouri compromise "as an extreme ,
concession," they declare that the South a
cannot submit to the application of the Wit. d
snot Proviso to territory South of that line,
and that if disunion follows such application,
those who make it are the disunlonists.- a
Such is our understanding of the resolutions, I
and as such we approve of them. There t
was a time when we looked upon the union
of these States with sentiments of the fond- a
est attachment. Indeed we do so now, and
nothing except the loss of our honor, would
give us more anguish of heart than the
breaking up of this once glorious confedera- n
cy. But, if to remain in the Union, we C
must submit to every spec ies of degradation $
and insult ; to be declared unworthy of the
protectio's o'' the laws, and, because we are (
slaveho:eors, to have forfeited our right to e
the national territory, we had better separate. 1
We could not consistently with honor, re- a
main in a partnership, where we are to be E
triated as inferiors, as outlaws and as un. o
worty of membership. c
RESOLUTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN f
1. Qslse TatftM ttnt e '?.
United States belong to the people'e
several States of this (Ynionas their common r
property ; that the citizens of the severah ?
States have equal rights to migrate with ~
their property to these Territories, arid are
equally entitled to the protection of the Fed- '
eral Government in the enjoyment of that ~
propert y so long as the Territories remain
under the charge of that Government.
2. Resolred, That Congress hias no pow
er to exclude from the Territor of the Unid
ted States any property lawfully hold in the
States of the Union, and any acts which
may be passed by Congress to etyect this
result Is a plain violation of the Constitution
of the United States.
3. Resralred, That it is the duty of Con- i
gress to provide proper gzovernmnents for the 3
Territories since the spirit of American In- rj
stitutions forbids the maintainance of milita-r
ry governmneints in uimno of peace, and as
all laws heretofore existing in Territoriea
once belonging to foreign powers which f,
interfere with te full enjoyment of religion;
the freedom of the press ; the trial by jury *
and all other rights of persons and property ;
as secuared or zrecognized in tie Constitution r
of the United States are necessarily void so
soon as such.Territories become American t
Territories, it is the duty of the Federal Go-e
vernument to make early provisiotn for the c
enactmcnt of those laws wvhich may be ex
pedient and necessary to secure to the inha
hitanuts of, and emigrants to, such Territories t
the full benefit of the constitutional righits wes
- 4. Resolred, That to protect property ex
isting in the several States of the Union the i
people of these States invested the Federal v
Government with the powers of wvar andl v
Inegotiation, and of sustaining armies and v
navies and prohibited to State authorities the v
exorcise of the same poweors. They made a
nio discimination in the protection to be t
amhl'lae or thme dlescrip~tioln of the property to I
he dufeindesd, nor was it allowed to the Fede- fi
r ah G;overmnomnt to determine what should dl
ibe lield as property. Whatever the States t<
deal with as property the Federal Govern- c
imnt is bound to recognizeo and defend as r
such. Thiertefore it is thle senuso of this Con- ta
vention that all acts of the Feeral Govern
ment which tend to denationalize property of
anyW description rteogniized in the Constitu
tion uad laws of thet States, or that discrimn- 0
innte in the degree and efliciency of~ the lpro
tectionm to be al~orded to it, or which weauken c
or destroy thme title of any citizen upon
Aumericans Territories, are plain and palpable ~
violations of the fundamental law under C
which it exists. c
I5. Rlesolred, That thme slavehioldinig States t
Icannot anid will no: submit to the enactment t
bmy Congress of any law imposing onerous ti
conditions or restraimts upon the rights of 1
masters to remove with theair property into (.
the Territories of the United States, or to y~
any lawv muakiing discrinmiations In fhivor ofp
the prospretors of other property against
6. Resolred, That it is thme duty of the b
Federal Government plainly to recognize v
and firmly to maintain the erqual rights of a
the citizens oif the several States in the Tr- hi
ritories (of thme United States, anud to repudiate u
the power to make a dliscrimnination between hs
the propsrieiors of dityerent species of proper- nl
ty mi l'ederal lesgislations. T1he fulfIlnent ti
oft this dumty bsy the~ Federal Government, n
would greatly tend to restore the peace of ti
'country uad to allay thieexaspenrtion and ri
ex.i emnent which now exist between thte b
dlifTerenmt sectionss of~ tie Union. For it is ti
the deliberate opinion of this Convention, nA
that the tolerance Congress has given to the h
notion that Federal authority might be cm. ft
ployed incidently and indirectly to subvert or al
weaken the inatitutions existing in the States N
-e anbws el ea *s I
allusion of Mlr. Fet
supposition that Mr. Dat
for executive favor of
Dqyton is certainjy the
had yet given any ei Ant
Presiven pand t ,
niar and tojlesve New Rex":u
terday to tion w
bounaris oesas, bp.
cussion; the were ejo t
Mr. Tu now -
ground' that y 8ha
buy the territo a
effect of the' meas1re will
alaveholding terrt #'r , '
Foote'. answeroe . "
if Congress had no rig
from a State, then he (Mr.
entitled to a'seat. here, far
Mississ was: pure
Georgia ; up to the
character'of the territoy
was invited to'relinquish her' ii
not fixed by this bill. Ifit
ing It would remaina so, and,
soil, it would so remain.
In the course of the debate,3[c '
gave a melancholy picture of th e
of the people of ew Mqi '
for them the protection of.
ment, undef the' obligtions t
with Mexico. They were, a
lected by the Government rof .
when under it, but were mtic.h
under the United States ornent.:fl
described them as being mostly Pu bla
Indians-a ver y mild, amiable, nd it&u.
sive and partially civilized christiian aes.
They were surrounded by tribes of fierce
and warlike'wild Indians, whomuird.id
them or carried them off into captivity...
He, Mr. Shields, had seen along-the banks
of the Rio Grande the evidence of the cru.
el treatment they suffeed--step set
their bones bleaching near the littlesk
ades, where they had made their 'lst
stand. They were in great dred" 'ime
Texans, and would not thrive, under thir
goveratnodit. to . white i they
haa..een, th ere tea prtma.
ders--the former of w - rible
the latter cheated'theim:.
cans, who have :nttled n? Ilesicoas
it appears from Gen. 1 s remarks,
have gone there to cheat Pueblanos.
On the whole, the country is zwoEenaith
to be congratulated upon the &14t# of
New Mexico, and still o.r Open
poet of the accession, the Unoo,'
State whose people aredscuii tP -
more degraded and I "plil ]e
government than alavsai .
According toM' M d
tee of Thirq th
ence o.1 a i +',
withoute pa T:s
vote less against thohlb
I have never wfiessd, duilJ
acquaintance with 'ogsso~p~
ings, a .worse feeling on the of b~ihth
housest, than was dispiaye yesterday.....
Personal and sectional feitg'.went ti'
pitch that is unfavorable to angethinf(1l
deliberate and calm legislation. I amn
ry to say that members, generally, jisttook
of the excitement that prevailed., I do not
know that there was any particular reason
for it, except hot weather, and exhabsted
patience ; nor is there any thing in it, with
one serious exception, that give* ease for
To begin with the most promin01iand
most serious matter, I must niention Mr.
Seward's remarks.* in the Senate. .Deliv
ered in acalmn and unimpassioned mnanner,
anod bearimg the impress of mature delibe-.
ration, his comments produced a profound
impression. His reproaches of the Comn
mittee of Thirteen, and their efibrtis to
bring about an adjustment of pendinig diffi
culties, were deeply felt by Mr. Clay, and
those acting with him. But, in regard to
time Texas question, he took a positioqathat
was dangerous and alarming in the present
state of the controversy betweenT .
and New Mexico. :He took the grff&~
that the general government shoud sinter4
fere and restrain Texas, or, in other words,
that in the conflict that will ensue between
them, the federal arm should settle the
question against .Texas. Mr. Foote de
clared that this was worse than Mr.,8pw.
ard'ii " higher law" doctrine or the male
dlictions of Horace Mann. If a drop of
Texan blood was shed in this'controversy,I
the whole South would,- he. said, rush to
arms. lie even intimated that it was the
purpose of some individuals to produce a
conflict, upon that point, and to erect a.
separate government, .North of Mason &
Dixon's line. General Houston spoke in a
very calm tone, and in reply to MIr. Day.
ton a menace that, if Texas proceeded to
assert her claim over New Mexico, she
" would find a lion in her path." All this
was subsequent to Mr. Webste?said
and forcible argument in reply t~p Ir~lgy
ton, and in favor of the proposition to Ten.
as-in which Mr. Wet.bster completely de,
molishied nll that w~as of arguiment or state4
ment in Mr. Dayton's harangue on this
.Mr. Clay, who hiad, as he said, drsgged
his wearied and enfeebled limbs to the
Capitol, in the hope that the Senate would
make some progrens with the bill, turned
upon Mr. Seward and those afiliated with
hin, with the energy of a hunted lion.
lie vindicated himself and the, Committee
of thirteen, and their supports', from the
charge that they had obstructed the bosi.
ness of the session, and threw it upon the
other side. Takiuzup Mr. WVebs rar,
gumenit against te pending .malse,
strike out of the bill she section re
Trexas, ho enforced It insa very
manner, and carried it much frte, *
the way,! ma here mention..that.X4
Webster and Mr. Clay make it a pisf~
late, to allude to each ottetig hmnd st
friendly manner, showing 'that theygtoA'
operating in the greet ef~ort to aettle, this
question, without regar4to any jpe
it'.ryClay hasd forbor:4 0s
Mr. Bomiton's sallies agait& Ai~ ile
speec of' Met day last, snd bad-nsot istettan
mad to aoieisPr~Pht~ 6 O
eiarapctonto Mr. Baotna& Mr