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e+;_ " L ,k' 4. *y: st - .
' A ett i 'tade, have
t ~t6o' oshin the co
f0oatnnient end .the East.
k : rer l the t ttivation
1 sada. Te ast atterupt of
we noade througlt Mr. Bright,
't ntativesfroth tManches
t ',y Ja tit of a "commission
41 It'dia to' inguire into the ob
}h Ylev it as mcreasod growth
tha ollpt i and to report up
utstances tmtnay injuriously
afitbthe.~cansbiton of the native cultivation
Spf ti h. itrhe: Peoeidencies of Ilombay
padras, .This31 tUotion was negatived.
pped -by the President of the
I Centrol, Sir "lanes Cam IIob.
L;; - r the ie utative of the govern
' tin to'' airs of the East India Com
6:fity, oithe 'geound that such a commis
t;; idiv#luseless: Sir James, who q uoted
t ni u ge qf a Dr. Enyle, an authrity
14 *t weight on East India questions,
3.< s h; )vreported to have said "that the
g ioat~tnas of Cotton produced in India is
riit frto the shortness of the staple and
1t1dip 4*tate to sustain a competition with
AqerIcdna. Besies this, 120,000,000 or
nativs aro clothed with cotton, and after
y~are supplied, the surplus is not like
S- tbe .very great."
But it has appeared from tables careful
13' bnplled from the British exports from
I raw and manufactured cotton res
6r1e vlyfrom.183.3 to 1846, that a large
part of the 120,000,000 inhabitants of In.
dia, are'clothed with goods manufactured
frt n cotton of Anericans growth. From
IM30t" wbep the bonds of the East India
Conpany's monopoly were relaxed, to 1840
" thidssport of plain calicoes from Great
titian to India increased from less than
10,000,Q0 of yards to upwards of 179,000,
100 pfyards, whilst the average annual im
port of cotton into.Great Britain from Indi
was no larger.in 1840 than in 1833. It i,\
* tknadwn 'fact in the history of the cotton
tade that India exported in former years
many millions of yards of fine cotton goods
Great' Britian, the balance of paynieats
ing largely in her favour, whilst it is no
4es' a fact as remarkable in the history of
ro'dictivj industry, that inventive power
in Great Britain, in the superiority of her
.1"hachinery, has enabled her artizans to nn
dprsell the East India Cotton manufactur.
era in their own markets. The course of
tradebeing reversed, so is the commercial
balance'which has long ceased to send sil
ver to the East Indies, but requires a specie
adjusment the other way.
But the political results of this failure to
procure the support of the British govern
uuent in sending a commission, such as Mr.
* Wight's motion contemplated, with the de.
cilve'evidence adduced by Sir James Cam
Hobhouse, are of much importance in a po.
Jitical view. The fact that upwards of one
hundred millions of the inhabitants of India
sire plothed from cotton produced in the
United States most strikmngly shows tli
commercial dependence of Great Britain on
htihe'M thiern section of the Union. This
'dependenco is not international. It is lini.
te to'thatgeogrcaphical division of the Uni.
tel.States embraced in the cotton region;
but the fact of this dependence has recently
been brought out with so much prominence,
in consequence of the failure of endeavors
to 'extend the cultivation or cotton in the
" 'BIritish West Indies, that with a calcula
tir ,people like the British'. i's tendency
osiui& slavery agitat otmn (Fre
and d, arm the a iJirs in that
n wXvrnment o hai screxe!OI lesson
Si.to them on this subject itn theea WVesit
dAo~sheme of emancipation, by which
e~La wasted one hundred muilllins of
. 4ars andl distroyed their most. beantiful
- nalpossession in the Antilles. Trheyj
are lookingsac on that policy with a re
I grethle bitterness of which is increased
froni-the reflection that the blunder is irre
mediable. The party of rbiavery agitator s,
whose influence drove them first to enianci
pation in the 'West Indies, and then to
Sblockade of a part of the coast of A frica, to
suppress the slave trade, are now closely
watched in all their proceedings, among
which the scheme of extending the cotton
culture in the E~ast is part and parcel, un
der, the p lea of commercial independence
- The influence of the Anti-slavery party
wyill .decline in England, and th'a&t this
wiill have a salutary re-action on the saime
party in the United States.-Ere Neu-s.
Cuarous FAcrs.--It is a singular fact,
rcintrks. the Philadelphia Blulletin, that
. ittin a ispace of little over nine years thiere'
- he - boon six Presidents of the United
States -Van. Bunren, March 3d, 1841
Harrison, -from March 4th to April 4th,
1841; ' Tler, 'fromn April 4th, 1811i, to
* Miarch Ath, 184.5; Polk, from March 4thm,
1845, to March 4th, 1849; Taylor, fromt
'March 4th 18419, to-July 9th, 1850, and on
the -10th -of July, 1850, Millard Fillnore
auceeeded to the office. Previous to.thatt
time, .there had been eight occuipanits of the
office during a period -of fifty-two years.
The-perioda of service, age, &c., of the va
rions Preusicnts, fron Washington to Tay
o'r icitsieare given below :
- ervice. RetiN. Died. Rtr'.Jrt
Washington,8 year. 1797 1799 66 69
JohnmAdam., 4 " 1801 18261 66; 9
Jefl~ibrn, 8 " 1809 1826 66 81
Madlaon, 8 " 1817 1836 66 86
Monroe, 8 " 1825 1831 66 72
3. .>Adumsu,4 " 1829 18-18 62 81
Jackson. 8 " .1837 18-45 70 78
Van Juren, 4 4" 1 841 59
-Jarrison, 1 me.. 18411 69
*-Tler .3 yellu.J1815 55
'1'lk L 4 yr.. 1849 1849 51 51
7yo1- 1 y 4m.- 1850 66
a nes K. Polk was the youngest of thme
Presidents at the time of his inaugnmratioin,
being but 49 years and 41 months old. Mr.
Fillmore is the next youngest, being at the
*present timo fifty years 07d. Jackson was
the oldest of theflresidents at thio time of
*his retirement,' and John Adtuns was the
oldest at the time of his death. The young
oet-of the Presidents at the time of his re
,tiremnent and his death was James K. l'olk.
* A sitAruTI7 INCfDENT.-It is stated
that during the first few days of the reign
of4.een Victoria, then a girl between 19)
sd 20 years of age, some sentences for a
:Wt artial Were presented from signa
* ~ j~e~Ote was death for desertion ; a soldier
W emned to be shot, and huis deathI
was presentol to the Queen for
jnatuisijuShO~idad it, paused, and
~~OnR ~Upi' thle officer who had laid it be
Mr te her, -.rfd -tai4'fave :you <nothing to
- Myin beh f'of this, man V ' Nothing ; he
h:as desrted three times,' said the otlicer.
I'hinkeagain tnf' lord,'- was her reply.
'And,? said the gatllant veteran, as lie rela.
tedl the. circuinstance to his- friends (for it
was nonb other tham the Duke of' Wolling
ton,).seeing her Majesty so earnest abont
it I id, he is certainly a hand soldier-, bit.
~*assomebody who spoke of his good
~ ~a tm',and ho may. be a good man for
Ikiwthe conrry. 'Oh, thank
I~U d~i;ily iting pardoned in
large ctaracters ons the faal oke, she sot
it across the table, her hand trembling with
eagerness and beautiful emotion.
NTHEii NA Y4lU 11.
ADJUSTMENT DiLL.--Mr, Built toolf
the flcor and concluded the speedh which
he conimenced on Tuesday last. i lie dId.
not like the principal features of the bilI;
the admission of California with her pre
sent limits, and taking territory from Texas.
He was afraid that unless some reservations
were made prior to her adniissiop,. in the,
form of a compact, .between the (.nited
States and California the latter-would ovin
the public domain within her limits.
lie nmight he asked whit would be satis
factory to her. IHis plan would be to cur
tail California to the line of 30 dog. 30 min.,
because that lino had reccieid a sort of
Mr. Clay would make a single inquiry of
the lion. Senator from South-Carolhna.
Whon he wished t) run the line of 30 deg.
30 min. through California, did he require
a recognition of the right to carry slaves
south of the line.
Mr. Butler resumed. Ile would, have
the territory Sout~h of 3( deg. 30 min., to
carry with it all the incidents, all the rights,
and all thq obligations of the Missouri
Compromise. Ile referred to the history
of that Compromise, and showed that it
meant at the time, that slavery should exist
in that part of the territory of Louisiana,
south of 3f1 deg. :30 nin. Ite wanted it to
be understood that slaveholders wi id.he
at liberty to carry theirslavesSouth of the
line. But still he did not know that slave
ry would go into the new territories.
But it .might he said that if slavery did
not go there, the South would then he ligh
ting for an honorable existence and pro
The submission of the South had been
calculated upon. Resistanec had been
styled criminal and Ireasonable. But t hose
who had the temerity to approach the
precipice, would have to go over it. I e
thought that provision which formerly exis
ted in the Constitution, requiring a two
thirds vote of Congress to pass certain mea.
sures ought to be restored.
If the South would preserve this Union,
and their own rights, lie thought they shoumld
unite and form a union amnong thenselves.
lie thought the dissatisfaction amnoneg the
people of the South was much greater and
much deeper than had been exhibited in the
halls of Congress. The channel of separa
tion was being worn deeper and deeper.
lie was in favor of the Missouri Compro
mise in its true meaning.
Mr. Cr.niEss moved to hav the hill on
the table, but withdrew the tuotion at the
earnest solicitation of Air. Clay.
The hill was then reporteal to the Senate,
and all the amendments which had been
made in Committee of the Whole were
Alr. Walker then moved to strike out all
that part of the bill, excepting that relat ing
to the admission of Cahifornia.
After debate between Messrs. Bright,
Clay, Berrien and Blenton, the amendiunt
Mr. IHale then ofhl'red an amendment,
which was adopted, giving the Judges oft he
United States Courts in the Territories the
right to writs of /iages.; corpus.
Mr. Benton then ofiered his amendment
in relation to the boundary of Texas, and
tnade a long speech in favor of it, and in
reiiion to the general lunestion of the title
Mr. Rtusk obtained ti lo, w
toit.Tows, (S. C.) July 17.
'he uwaher and the Crops.--T'he wentlh
er has not been as warmn for thme last week
rit was the two weeks, precdintg. Thius
w~as occasionedl by the listerly winds
which have prevaifed. WVe havye'not haul
a drop of rain and the skies give at preset
little proise of ainy. 'l'hoei arthI is d ry nd
parched, and the corn cros arme suffering
greatly frorn the droughlt. A great .!eal of
it is so far gone that a ebmange of weatmher
woul be of' biut hit le adivantaige tio it. We
do not recolleet of ever hearing suc h gen
eral contplaint of the upland crops. TIhe
rice still continues to do well. The h t
stuns have causeid it to grow very' rapiid'v.
Wec regret, however, do say thl:,t soinie
plantters low idown m lie rivers 'ar m :In~ii'r
from salIt water.- Shoul there Ia il to h.3
abluindanut rains in the imitihle and upper
parts of Ithe Statie, Ithe danmage fron sah Is
must lhe serious. Thle rice crop at present
promises munch better thani it did some
few weceks agmo. Th'Ie tides ont .hiondar,
Tuesday,- WVednceday and 'lTursdl v of
last wveek wvere higher't thle rii haive liet'n
for two years. Theli damage t'o llth banks
is imment~ise. O n War icaitnaw pairticu ilv,
we learn that th bank:s have bieeunI bro kien
in every direct ionm. At thIts seison of the
year whcn pl:inters are layinir byv lieir rice,
this is a seriouis drwhc.-hwrr
A bit of pentny--inig is iianninig the
readlers of English papers, credhi: l to lie
Glasgow Atdvertiser, toneingm' the app ear
ance of te steamer ".\tlantii,"' whieb
seemts to) have imade ai sensth in on t hi
other side. "We hav e hi:til," eavs that
Journal, "a drawing of the bmy ami li,'iri
headl of the new A-niericani sti'imiihilt At
lantic sent to us, t he litter of wh ichl, we
confess, eclipses everythIinLg ihit ever ca1moe
wvtihm our nauitical expienciie. It reprre
sents an an imali thtat we dont't thik eihiver
existed in lie lieavens above oir theii eairthI
beneath, but which cornies up to the odea
of Johtnathtan's favorite nondelscript, 'halhi
horse, hali f-allbgat or,' in si tite degree. I
hais the head of Old Nic'k, withI t:i ' of a t ri
dent, anid is sitpposed to he lhowinig a horn.
'lThe following conversat ion regaronig it
took place at New -York het w it Vanki ee
atind thme Englhsh agent of ianot her s~ (atoi
concern. Scene, thIt whtarf; strange r ap
proachies, and /o,uilur.
Stranger: 'Thai~t's a gretd piece of cart-.
ing, sir, isn't it !'Agent: it is. G niess wei
are muakinig ra piid straleIts in t he line ar t . ini
thiisc ountr,,' Stratiger; 'Ves sir, I ret kin
it. will take JIohnniie a pireumy t ight siueimt
to umiatch that.' Agent: 'No idoublt of it. -
I'm sure he'll lie astoniishid.' Sr a n'r:
'Yes. But pray, sir, whlat is it !' .\!enti:
'D~on't knmow, itnl ess it lie a pr tiirait ot .\l r.
Collins. blow ing his own trtumipet.' St ran -
ger: 'Yahl ! I cilcuilate. you're a bal egg,
a right dtiwn liritislher. iut star til s le
makes the passage in seven idays,' as shte's
sit URE to do(1 It Wouio't snivel so imuich,
guess yotu won't.' hlait stranmger. AIlm-i
agent to fitish his giggle."
TIhe BalItirmore Sun, in coipying~ lie
notice of the deatht of thle Sianoise TIwmiis,
Tihis is the first we havi~e hieard of this
occurrenuce, anild terefoire, dliinhti its truthI.
Th'e twints, it will be recolIlectm'd, wenit to
New York about a year ago, with the
v iew, it was smaidl, ofi proceoedmtg to Eu~itrophe
to consult men of high suirgicalI and imic..c
ai skill, in regard to sever ing their wonder
ful connection; bitt it was antnoiunced t hat
they afterwards ilhandoited the trilp. on
uccotunt of theo prevaletnce of cholera at
that thne. Wn haen nut tward since ,,r
their going to t Aboy may have
gone, ae, in as beon said for
along t~im their w reabouts.
AJO iMTE1 I AI ll.
a rujrvlle; So. Ca,
X1vEDNESDAV; JULY 24, 1850.
J. S. G. Richardsons, Editor.
[ Nessra. A. Wi.LyE . Co., ure
Agenta for the W3epor rin Sumtervilp.
Tho offico of the SUMTElR BANNER has
beet removed to the new building (upstnirs)
one door north of A. J. & P. Moses' store
Cor-ro.-te transactions on Saturday
last in Charleston reached about 1200 bales,
at extremes.,raiging from 11 to 13 14 ct5.,
among which were 823 bales at 12 1.8.
Of the foregoing transactions sotne 129
bales were sold after the accounts by the
steamer were made public, without any
material change on the prices paid earlier
in the dag.
Reported for the Charleston Courier.
BAr.TIMIORE, July 10.
ARnIVAr. or B. STEAMER AMERICA AT
LATE FROM EUROPE.
The Br. steamer America, arrived at
I alhfax on the 17th inst., from Lveq m1,
bringing dates to the .6th instant.
The irerplooil larket. ]
Prices of Cotton have advanced 1-8d.
per pound on all descriptions above inferior. t
Tlhe week's sales roach 60,000 hales, of I
which speculators took 17,000 and export
On the arrival of the Asia, with accounts I
of injury to the crops, speculators began to
operate, and all for resale was taken within I
a week as well as a large proporti:n hr the C
trade. The whole commanded full prices,
and the umarket closed firmly.
The Ifarre (Calna Market was quiet.- I
The A merica's news reached the city and
caused an improved feeling. The sales of
the day were 3000 bales at full prices.
Great excitement prevailed in Lisbon in
ronsequence of the arrival of an American
siiuadron in the Tagus to enforce the claim
of the U. S. for 70,000 dollars; 21 days
were allowed by the American comnniander
for a final reply. Feirs were entertainer I c
of the refusali of the l'orttiguese Govern
ment to comply wgjl the demands upon
Sir Rm:r l'i:r:r. is stated to have been 1
lled on the *2th June, by a 1all from his t<
The Schleswig difliculty between Prus a
;ia aund Denmnark was satisfactorily adjust- t
ed. Specuintion was rife in England as to s
lhe probable eflhet which the. death of Sir ti
Robert 'eel would have on the position of it
arties. The general belief appears to be
.hat that event will rather strengthen than
veaken the hold of the present Minigt ', c
We he~wtenlegraphic Ispatches,
riving the nmes or the individuals who
~vill comnpose the Cabinet of l'resident 1Fill-a
'iore. TIhe dispatch published on Thurs
lay last, annauncing the appointnenit of
>thier gentlemien wras incorrect, and wve can
cot (cnceijve how our Correspondent wans
cci grocsly decvd. Tlhe foll'owing are the
'cr miesc of thoscee arpointedi, who were all
'ontliinnied lby the Senate on Satuirdacy laI
lancel Webster, ot Mass., Secretarvyo
'e te; Th'loma~s Corwin, of Ohio, Secreary
1reasucry; M r. Itates, of Miissouiri, Secretar'
>t WVar; .\r. A. \V. G;rahiatm, ot Ntrthi Ca'
,ha, Sec retary Navy; J;i nes A. I'crcre, of
Ma rylaita, Secretary' ot int erior; .J. 1. Crit
Lt'eden of Kentucieky, At torney-G;eneral;
.er 4General.-.h. (Courier yf:Nn 2d inst.
Dr. Webstec's Petition Rejected.
A te eLgraph~lie desplatchI to the ."Ste
Rt ghts Il'pucb/ii'n dated Wash~lington July
J1th, states thai:t Dr. WN EnNTt's petit ion
for ac connttiton of hiis setctence has been
rejectedland t hat his executcont is ditni
liv !y tixed to taike place on F~ridaiy, thle 30th
Wec understand. and tahe great pleasuret
ini t.noimcingt the fact, (says the .aional et
(I/r///gencer) that the prisoners taken at
Contoy, antd in whiose biehialtf our Goe(
iimint hiad intetrpo.,ed, have been released
biy the Spanuiish athorit ies froti their pris
onis ini l [ivana, amcd thiat they may te soon
expec(ted ini the (.ited States. This intel
ligencte will be gratify ing to good men itn
b~ohc cuntries, inuuch a~s it will remov~e
the' clondl ~ whichi hunig for awhile over thceir
:ci in iable relit io ns.
lenth inst.) the nnucpeakahh'de gratifiiention of
ligcc.. thact our enierget ic an l act ompijlished
Mliimter to Mex(io hasi .-tineeldn in ellbt-I
ing ar~ treaty wvithi that G overnment, s-iimila'r in
its ~ p ~riis that alreadmy madecl w ith Ni
led to carry into ,'fleet their cherihledI en.
te-rprise oft huciblingo at racilway conntin
biring Newv )rrums withIin tweil vc day ir
vel of San~ l-'ratico.i.Th 'Iiires y wva cinul,
dictily to a sp'ei:il mnt'gerr. to, h. carried
ti Wash~Iing~~ctn ('l. Thei' mc,-atr air
riv'd ht're in: the' Wa~ter W\itch, andci iucm..'
Tm: cru:el~ T i y..... paragratphl has
goine the rotinids acnnotincintg the deaith ofi
thle Si;unecse Tlw its in ltnglandil. Never
havn g heaird oft their departutre fri mi t his
c'ounttry, we did tnot biehetve the stiory, andl
tlhe following fromt ihe N. V. TIribunec sh ows
thict we were right:
We saw yesterday a letter fromi the
Twins, dated .tune 15, at their residence in
North Carolina, whlich satid they were both
ini goodl healt h and spirits, each having just
received ani adlditioni to his family, tmaking
Chanig the father of five children and 1Eng
(of fotur. This is pretty good evidence that
they arc still in the land no' t he living.
Mr. Filmore's Slavery Opinions.
$lnce Mr FtLLa aOn'ti elevation to the
Presidency, a number of papers, both North
ad South, have ro.publi;ited two 'letters,
purporting to be on .tho slOyory -question,
written lay hin, and first published by his
friends, (uring the canvass for tlioPresiden.
cy, in f t3. These letters are supposed to
rurii"it conclusive evidence that he is nel
her an abolitionist nor a free soiler. "Mr.
PIi.,loRE," says the New York Sunday
Timc, -"in common with both northern
mnd southern ne, is opposed to slavery in
he abstract; but on the cardinal points o
nvading the constitutional rights of the
south. he is entirely sound. There is no
he slightest foundation to believe that hi
s in the,least tinctured with abolitionism
r free soil. In a letter to Mr. Gayle, da
.ed Julf31,1848, he says he regards slave.
y as an evil, but one with which "the Ia.
ional gb7Crntent had nothing to do;" and
idds thati he does not believe that "Con
fress ha! any power orcr it." On the sub
ect of the slave trade between the states,
te saiaSeptember 13, I$4.9-"'Ite con
ititutional tower orer this matter is rested in
he sereral states, and not in Congress.".
f'his is the opinion of the south, and on
his head all is as safe as can be expected."
The Charleston Courier evidently hopes
nuch fron his course. It concludes a
iriefskejclh of his life thus :
"The nre fortunate the career (aft his dis
ingnished citizen and at ateenman, the great
'r his debt of gratitude to his country and his
od< ; and the deeper his responsibility to
,oth, for the future destiny of that country
vhich hias so rewarded and honored him.
et it then be his patriot and his religious
luty to pour oil on the troubled waters, by
he support of measures of conciliation
et himu mgard himself as the instrument
if Pro. inence to compose the mighty and
perilous strife which now shakes the pil
ars of the republic-let hin forget party,
ection, self-and go only for "his countrv;
is whole country and nothing hut. his
Ountry"-rA -i no t-nr.Y Do JUSTi:E TO
'tiE SOU-TH AN) TtUs GI ' PEPE'I'tI-rTY TO
ni: Us --and lie still indleed earn the
at riot's undying fatne-t he present gtener
tion, America, the world, will rise up and
all hiun "bleesed"-antl millions, yet no.
orn, will hymn his grateful praise. It :ras
e glory of Washington -ro CItTE TE
Ixro---no higher incentive can be alurd
Il to human atibition-nn nobler r+=ward
? patriot hopes. Immortality awaits hirn,
lie will hut bend his head to receive the
rown-we leave the potent chain, the
tighty spell, to work out its ansiicious re
ulits, for the welfare of our country and
se good of nmankind."
Now let us turn to the letters thent
mives and see if there is anything in them
, justify the hopes of the Courier, or the
ssertion of the 'Times "th:tt le is not in
at least tinctured with abolitionism or free
uil." We will take up the letter bearing
to latest;dpto first because it is the least
aportanE> It ispis follows :
ALnAn , Sept. 13, 1919:
. returned this nmorning from
-yours of tlhe ith, 4n
ie -Ri .~n' innrer thtat i holto bei
-ihI,) power of Congress to interfere
ith or break~ofl'th~e transportat !, remnov
I, or disposaul of personis held as slaves,
otn) one sa' laveohlingv St ate to aniothier.
I am tnot naware that t his; question has
ver been diiscusseal in Congress, or was
ver presetnteul for the conisulerat ion of the
upar(me Cam it of' the United Staten before
S tI. In that year thle ee!ahratetd case
-omn Miississippui was decumled, :ai hIr. Juit..
ce McIlm'an gavye ant elabourate opinon on
il point, ini wahih thet Chrel Jusimtice con
uirreal. .l IcCaine to thle conclu siaon t hat
lie const it aid nal poawer ovecr thims matter
'as vested ini thle .several Mtte, and nt in
'rngress. So far as iniv know'aiealge ex.
1i9al, t hius opi inon carrici conivict ion to
very unipr'juod eed iniind, an1LIdie quest ion
'as conrsidered settled. At any rate this'
asny own opnin then, anal Ihave seeni
a, I shll n iothiesitate to deebre it.
Youi wdail thierefoare perci'o'ae that you <lidl
'e~ no0i nijuit ice in repret'saenting te' your
rietids that thosei waere' 11nv senitiiments.
I w r~te in hais'.e, ainuil thie tpressure oft oili
ilal tus, lbut raamiain trulv voutrsi.
Now what is t here in this letter which
lhe rankest aboldtionist uar not have writ
ent. V.\. Nii rF.rE, II .\ t.;:, Si.W AIUn, Ct.\SE
nil C i'i \as-none oft thtem blcieve, or
an helieve, that 'aongress lhas any pwr
nlner thle Couist ttition, "to initerha'ere wit h,
r baremak oi, the~ i ranspo rt ation, reinoval,
r dispoa sal of piersans hel as slaves, fromt
ine slave. holing 8tate to antither."' Andl
t hoe opin ion <loies A. u. u.tourO . cite in
uppoadrt of t he paow int that Comnarress lhas
in sneh la~wer-thle op)in iin of hI r. .1 cs-ter.
dll.E. x of Ohlio, are 'avowe.'d free soiler.-I
l'his letteir piroveas notig oiie way or the
r her. It meirely s ttaes ain opinioan, whaich
~very hody enterctain s. uipoan a counst ituntion
Theii othe(r letter wa~s waritta'n in repily to
ale fraim .alo~ i G ..t aof A labamta inform-I
og AIlr. Fi .i. : -t hat lie Southertn
enmuocnat ic papiers wevtre asserting that lie
vwas an mthotiuonist."i It is ais follows:
a~a iitaa:ta A' ii. na I' ii N. (ar ."j uily~ati 31 ti84 a.
da ahtrmned~~ ta u' rue' na ttei.rs~ lar pithen
iinih ia'aiz r ma in t he'. conn--. u in t h a pptraa:aa't
a:. ii:oaa-.. tii ,as ii!r .. a ire a'n inifaorma
iin tar youaar ian' i s:niif~,tionii. in reamrd t the(ii
-harma baraon::heintiCda--i liw trom thei Siouth oni
ih- it 'i uja' inLii t'oee ther wasai i n hu a.ti
atona iin the riebntt ofi jetiion. .ily 'aotes~ na' ill
ltaiels' hei foundia raiole' r un''aiifornty ini into.ar
>f i. 'The rule uipona a' which I aaited wa'asni. that
''airy ciijz'n paresenting~a a re..petfuhiia petition toi
hea boidy' thati, bay ih tia 'ala :ation a' t heIiIi~ ' aou r
ii .rant air iin raefuasea the. prneaar af it, waaas entiiitled
a he. tbeanht iand theretihr,. the peitiona omthtd to
oi be recea'I'ied iad conaiiden-da. It right, anid
reiasonia bhtalhei. parayir ai'f itiahinb tha granitedt;
but if waronua air iiorasabh-att. it iahoai hie dla
lied. I tink aal l m ny 'ai , 'te a whether ian the re
re ia on sii. na' ill t' ioundaa ronistenti n' ith thia
heir'., tih i- b i'g t may form--ar reideltnc'e in lt'
ati. naar tave 'a~I arrei' tam ay p anar air memr-~
tnuta ta re'fr'dh my re''olliaaaen; tbutt I th inki at
mmeii timea w. ''a in i (-onigri'.., I toaok oca i onuui to
itlate ini i'ubstanc m y~ l''' a''a via n thea subitja'ct oif
Slave'ary ini thei Sdntes; whtheit r thea niarrka wae're
repted~ri ar ntat. I am uanablea tio v, baut thea sub-a.
hitnce wasa' thti I reganlema di' laer)n nn viia'.l,
bunt aino 'aw ilih whieh~ thea Niatlinal (itoveaarnmti~~
hwia notlhng to' doa. 'That bay the~ Contitution aif
the tJinid Sdtte, the. who'lea powe.''r over thiat
Trea~ation wa' na Ieatedl ini the seven Iit Statest'' na here
the inlritutions were toleratd.
ded it'as a blessirng, they eu : g
rightlo enjoy it and i' ?as41'
evilJihey had. tihe power and w best bhw to
app the' rmedy., *,dinot e.J A
grs had any. or over it. or was ian way
reesonuble for its continutateo in-he several
ties where it existed. I have entertained loie
-otter sentiments on this subject since I exansined
ltAflliesntly to forca an opinion, and I doubt not
Sist all my ac'a, public aiid privat, wilt be
nd in accordahce with this'view.
I have the honor to be; your obdI'tsev't.
This letter we took upon as of great im.
portance. We remember it when it was
first publi'shed: we were not' deceived by
it then nor are we deceived by it now. Tn
our judgment it is not the letter of a
candid man. It was written for the pur.
pose-and for no other purpose than to
deceive the South, and it had the desired
efrect. It is the letter of an artful writer,
who is endeavoring not to commit himselr
against his principles, and at the same time
to induce others to believe that h:6'does not
entertain those principles. ln says: '"in
regard to the charges brought against tme
from the South on the slave ques'ion, I'
have concluded to state briefly my posi
tion." Does he proceed to do so What
are the charges brought -by the South
against the North'? That they arp in fa
vor of the right of petition I If so, then
Mr. Fzr.Lratou admits. himself to be on
abolitionist, for lie says that lie is in favor
of it, and that, when he was in Congress,
his votes were always recorded in favor of
the reception and' consideration of abolition
petitions. Upon but one other point does
Mr. FILalMOnE state his position, and here,
his language is, purposely, to some extent,
ambiguous and equivocal. Ile clearly in.
tended, that, before the ciection, the South
should construe his letter to mean, as the
'l'ins now construes it, "that the nation
al government had nothing to do with slave
ry" any rchere; whereas its true construc
tion, and that which he himself would now
put upon it, is this: "that the national gov.
ernment. has nothing to do with slavery"
in the Shatcs. Does GIDDINGS, HALE, Sr
wAnD, or any other sensible abolitionist,
contend that Congress, under the Consti.
tution, has any thing to do with slavery in
the States !* Was any such charge seri.
ously made by the Democratic papers of
the South against Mr. FiLL.oRE Clearly
rot, and be knew it. Why then did he
state his position upon'& matter which is as
clear as the noon-day sun-about which
there is no doubt-and in relation to which
no charge was made, and why did he for.
get the points upon which charges were
made and fail to answer themi The char.
ges made by the South, against the anti
slavery party of the North, are, hiat they
do not, in good faith, carry into effect the
provisions of the Constitution in relation
to fugitive slaves; that they are opposed to
the admission of new slave States; that
they hold. t hat Congress has powgr over
slavery in; :he terr;oriesu.;n *. pR
Columiba;- n For-u, &c: a"~I ,ha, . -
in ray'or 01 .. . - -neu cf thn power. by
Conigress. Upon not one of-tlie arge
does .Mr. Fzr.r.aronv. stato his position. lie
in factt gives his views upon no charge
which is seriously made by the South
against thm Nor-th SEwAnD, or any oth er
abol ition is?, may, with perfect. consistency,
have written the letter of the 31st July;
and fromn its silence upon the points, really
at. issue betwveen the North and the South,
much is to be inferred. Mr FILIrraonE
kniew well wvhat charges were contained in
the Bill, aiid wvhen lhe neither traversed
noar answered any one of the material alle
gations, according to) all the rules of plead.
ing andh sound logic, he permitted iudgment
to, go agaiinst himn bny default. ie is thus
conncted b~y his own shiowinig of being
strongly " tinctured with abolitionismi and
Death of A. M. McIver.
We' regret to learn that A.Ex ANur.Ri Ml.
.\Ielv En, Solicitor of the Easterni Circuit,
dlied suiddenly at Cheraw, on the 1 0th inst.
Ilik deathi is thus anniounced in the Chieraw
"It is wvith pain we announco the sudden
d~enih of one of our most estieimed citizens
lIon. Alexannder M. Mclver, wvho died in
this plance on Wecdnesday eveninog. Mir.
ilclver hind been in dnliente~ health for someo
time', buit previous to his death, nothing hail
oiccurred to pairtic-ularly excite thne fear of his
frieunds. Ini feent, for somec days before the
sadl ivent occuirred, they, w i hnimiself, bad
benhoe up with the hope (how dehni
iv!)thaman lon, g yeairs of hiealh were
befotre himi. On the' dany oft his death, as
usuail, hie was at his otlice, whiom he partici.
paited ina a lively connversat ion with sonie
triends up, to thne momllenit of his dissolution.
Ily this painful dispensation of an atlI-wise
i'rovidlenece, our town has lost one of its
mlost emneni t anid gi fted ciizens, thne State
one ot its mo11 st ale and etlicient otlicer,
the Baptist Church one of its mnost zealous
aind e'xempinry imembhers, anid his family- one
of thet most deuvoted and beloved of hiaiiuds
and li t'thners. WViith thne latter, in their irre.
pa~rabnle aind sadl beraivieent, our whole
:onun inity deepnly sympan~thiiaes.
- Mr. .\leiver was Solicitor for the East
ern i 'rc uit, to which otlicelie was elected
foir thle tird un term by the' latt .l.egislatuire.
WeV. have beenm tavored!, by a gentlemn
of tis pla;ce, with thne lollowing extrats oft
a lotter received from Randolph County,
No. Ca., in relation to Crops,. 4-c., under
date of Ju ily th:
) uir wheat crop is very short in old
ltandolpnh, and in laet in gjl thne country so
far as I hanvo hieard t'roim. Theln early wvheat
is tolerablly goodl--oats are very shior-corn
ve-ry senree, and worth from 50 to '75 cents
pier bushel ;and flour, I expect, will ben
wnrthn as munch hnere as ini your section of
'ounntry'. Very few of' thne farnmrs plat
coto thounnlghl I believe there is mocro plan~t
e'd this year thani 'ommion; it is smanll for
thne time of year ;I do not think there is a
cottonx hhlioni in the county.
" We expect to have a Ilail Iload near
us, also a i'hank Rload, Deep River made
navigable, and then old North Carolina per.
ha~pst will comec out a littln.
" Seme of the Gol mines are paying very
well n 'this ion e ! t
Wo' h v vaCotton Ftote
d ts non i
nd 1 mo oplnlo a tlt4V oats j _
distdnt *hetnold-Randola 1 b e
any county in thu State 1 Gegard im
" There is a CompoEyf wlz .hav em
nencod working the " Dane <. cfu1.
lough" Gold Mine, In Guilford county. I
expect it is one of the best mines in this
sdction of popntry.'
For tie Sumter Banner.
Mn. Ent-roa.:-I have seen the, names-of
several young men announced or recopt
mended, as suitable persons to represent.
Claremont County in the ,next session of
the General Assembly of this State, but not
one old and experienced man is mentioned.
The young are best calculated to carry out
the detenitiatiois'tih' igeinen - niay'
recommend, but not to deviso what -is best
-or the State.
This, Mr. EDrT~fo, I thipk, t'I r .impdrts
ant period In oitti political a1Tirs, eo mity
be said to be oit the verge of some gtat
change in our govornment, porlaps a 'sepa
ration of the States of the T. . Now,- air,
I think that old men should be called on and,
chosen to represent us-because tlioy have
more experience, and maturity of judgment,
and will deliberate much before they act,
and weigh well the consequences of their
We should look to our law makers a i
body of vouerable and aged men, poncs st
of that knowledge and dignity of choriotor,.
that made a Roman Senate appear to their
enemies as an assemblage of the Gods.
I am much pleased that we have a gen
tleman, as candidate for the Senate, whose
character Is such as to ensure him the confi
dence of his constituents, and whose tal
ents will be employed for our mutual good.
I trust that the voters at tho next clection
will show that their confidence in hintia
I respectfully bog leave to call the atten..
tion of my follow-citizens to the following
citizens as suitable persons to represent
Claremont in the hlouse of Representatives,
to wit:-Col. Jons J. MoorE, Capt. J ENs
Rr..nerIIT, and Mr. Mrr."S. MATEs, who
have heretofore been our repreontntives.
They are citizens whose characters ae well
known to most of the voters of Clat iiontt.
They are venerable. aged, and experienced
nmen, and who have a settled and conidea"
ble interest in the State.
I hope that my fellow-citizens will not be
so unmindful of their standing in society, as
to overlook them at the next election.
Mr.. ErrTon :--I have-just re4l ex
s *mlo- tditorial ef u tne utietrite
o.tIn 13th. fiat.,.'in roply t
p y coast r rj&in the &anner of' the~
-iji instanf. I biwebheen a iittle attrprised
at the lofty tone of provocation naumd bty
tho Editor,in his connents ont the "style or
hisi (niy) production," as we'll as. by what
hie is pleased to term, "the false imopressiuon
he has Iahered to prodico ~on the public
mind, in reference to ha position or our
paper." "Thyis (he adm.9.)is tuso characteris-1
tic which has provokdd our notice.'' .6
Sir, if the " Editor of the Bl.;ck Rifer
WatecIman" can find nothing In onr corn
mnunication to cavil about, but them r-ingle
esxpression he has dwelt upon here, we will
endeavor to satisfy him and the public, thaut
we mean hinm no injustice, and aro far from
endeavoring, or desiring to endeavor to leave
a " false immpression on the public mmind iin
referenuce to i..e position of his paper."
The facts are these, I received, with many
others, a Circular from the office of the
"lilack Rirer Watch man." callinga a meect
ing on last Sale Day, of Anti-Bnnk men to
nominate Anti-Unnik candidates for the Le
gislature. I attended, but could see ormhearI
of but very few persons in, the streetsdi
posed to participate in such a prdeediung. I
several times saw a little knot of 5 or 0 per
sonsm, the luading " Editor ot tho Watchmian"
one of them, caucussing on the street side.
The day past o1f, and no public meeting
was held. rThe few gentlemen I saw ac
tive in the street, known as anti-Bank men
retired (mtost or them, I think,) with the
" Editor of the WVatchmazn,'' to his ofic.
Late in tho afternoon, it wast given out, lby
whom [ knowv not, anid care~ not, that the
anti-Bank parrty had declined holding a pub
lio meeting, but would anntounce that week
through the press, Messrs. Sr.ms and Krns
NEDY as the anti-Batik candidates. Now,
sir, I <tid infer and suppose that the paper
wvoul be the " lack Rirer W~atchnmn,''
for the following reasons: Wheni that paper
was first spoken of, a rumor got afloat thart it
was started ini opposition to certain persons
andui to cortainm princip.'.s, mmd that it wouhil
attack the Batik of the State. TheIi leaditig
-dir"was asked bty several gentlemen,
whether this was true, and hais reply w~as
that "tihe paper would not sustain the Blank
ts tiur ats others did." The paper was pub-.
lishmed, and in sanme few mionths was filled
with anti-Dank communications tinder imnon
ymtous, andl as it has well beeun said by a
wvriter styling himself' " Pembtroke," irre
sponsiblo namtes. Sonmo ten days before a
mieeting was called to nominate candida~tes
publicly, (whichm as already stated pirovedl
such au signmal failure) anm anti.Blank ticket
was noinantedl in thie " Wantchman," coin.
posed of Dr.ssm, Ex~ox and Si'r, nil at
whiom decli ned amn acceptance. I mmediate
ly this punblic meeting was called, ftrough
thme same papecr or from its oJjce. TF he lead.
ing " FEditor," wats cortainly conisutied with,
am munch that day, as any other tian ; he is
an avowed anti-Biank man himiself, and hmis
paper still teenms with anonmymiotus comu.
.tnications mon the subject of thme lBank, cotn.
tainting dark iniminuations, Imrplications acmi
Intiminations against this time-hontord.lint it u,
tion, which lias heofore been regn'ed niy
utit w be
dIrou'I a.r deta
Mnday, 'the tst Juyn .e
published opj Vednesdae, _ .' "
The Is I' hmanno -
6th Tly. On Thursdays t g 4 jt
was itnown the candi ea mOuhI *a'j 4 .
bo called ash togn4
uinreasonable to eit
thesdi sifitdsis eg t
fully to. bring the "fo tie
Cain's Mill on -ThI y
peared and rdadithc ti
.Inconclusionsilr, the "la:cu Ri W4
man" is a public jotirnag a ucb
bo judged of' y its. t ' .n
mattdr dontaifed. fn tsj col'mn
they relate to tbea domesic s Icrth
State or'istrict in which jiJ'itJsi
Acts speak louder than ord,.x.
tied to my opinion i-gt i
man," though it thypin~o Ittdstm1..
taken one. The " Editor" soe
and. amiiliink that a wrong: I 4k
should be made-against his paper.- apez
that the anti-.Bmk candidates wereia -t'
nominated through the " iannetho .
was not aware of it till afternycomirniele#.
tion was written and-.addrieefi dtouiir,
publication. I hate rmade air, i'aes
tion of the facts which led tothe coiteL'
and use of the expresson alluded aul bj.
ted to by the " Editor of the Wqudimand:.-,
Should theso statements now be contrtt:
ed, I may possibly ask to be- leard -gain
through your columns, and its illbe 1 und
a "characteristic" ofthe writ t Keail1,
says To the "Editor of the
forred to, the nndersigned he l1(e Wsay
that ho is aid has alway1 been : ides:ay i
friend, though opposed to him In poities, and
that he will never willinglyotknowhigy tio
him or isk lpp'r injustice. flitit Is a ptibic .
iwmper, and must stand a public test I;have
never objectod to the course of the: man'
though I many di.-ppt#-o of thierewsofthe.
Edii* and the suliect naiter of his p ,pr, .
M. Entrnt :--4. the 1"alb1nati of .
the 13th inst:, I iiid a raplyto pifih f'a
fosmer date, signed "Rowlad? Row
land" seems to be " a hteed of stainp" hin.
self, and methinks I see hIs angry inan e sind
wide diionhded nostrils as, I
breeze gf Hattie afnr off5with -prar
crosgrgtdy to dash' atilist the rap ' A
fast gatltcring~foo, wilf 1. .
w' hot brigi , sadtp, 1
sf wtaring thue.s"Jcll' "Io so~ m y4'
comtnend.. to the 'tn of- t4M4qar eahy
Ntr, thI- 'ismai l nonsentSe& 'hil -i
haye 11 64~ for su& jest 4t solg
do very elhh for ichei ysbt~
isha in the extremeo, fbi gnuv
in malh timdngs.
I have not y'et seen any objection made to
ther suggestion of publithing ErnaRa's
Letters in reply to una a d
not to be thrmyn ofr my ce orudiwpa
from mny point, by at h boeinaios*
as " Jlowland" has .faored-n ii ith.M*
'sol" 7%tah," nuid intend to refuto " Er
ror,'y-ilaying b~,fom the pdop!e of(Clare.
mont. Coimtiy, Col. Ezirsa's Lottrsif you
will only be kiAlenough to puabliash'them as
you have alrondy ([n ynrt) proni~~,
Nesnrr Ino' WVons-1%e drs gitined
to learn that the Bank of the State of 8oth
Carolinn has ieccily eflected a aead
vatntanous sale of the Nesbit Tron~ok.
antd of the slaves and other proprirty conneo.
ted with them. A Comny chuiefy of
Swedeanrnd Germans, conai ofi C.:(3VW
Ilammrsmkold, Esq., Prdsido ~ s,~
erotiiW. eean? Jco 'Suil,'iA?$& k..
unin and H.; Scharoder, hare wrchas ,tie
Iron Works, andl a portion of thes aa for
81t ,000 ; andir. J.B. Ulmn is purchons.
ed the re'tt ofithoslavos for 060,000, la
of nil expenses, and uietin t0 .tie
81'7 l,000-extinguishinig h6natrdah
the Banik, within two iliti tidsitad
lars, which .ure ot idwise ani ly 't
Thuns haw this heavy liability to 'the
been ad jautd, not onaly~ without- loss,
institution, but in such a.wvay ilssceu
continued operation of ta valuable -Ir
Works in question, with hag~hVy iuti ~rved
prospects of snebess. Wo izIa-f heh
President of the Company, wh8iii'a
oag xeince In the tron besliiskiB'his
ownladprnonealthe iron rndn'~I.
chnased, a superior one in .rbspecL'~
qalmity and gnantity.-of mnaterial ;~M'~ht
arrangecments hanve, been madhe t~w
Swedih opcratives, accustomed to mhtig
oporations, early in the fall and wiriter.
'a ~congrntuinto the mnanagers of the~Balt
on the successful liqjuidation of-this aua '
debt ; andu the-State on havingsacruwd -
success (at so valuable an enterprizs.
Extract ofra letter receivedL y,.~t
d~td. "An F rrcr.n, S.C., July .S
" I am sorry to say our prospects are the
most glnoomy we have had -sicernmyrhmo
val to thtis histrict, except 1845. Wohse
land litt le or no rain for thie Iast pi "7ekU,
aind b'ut little prospect of- say at this tita~
I do not tiink it possibale to make aupythinag
like an avernge crop of cottons let tbd~&.
sonhaeren fter be: what it mnay, the a~j
naow too diminutive, and senvon tai'iI -d
va~nced. 9hoauh) we have raninhot isn
mnediately to start the growth, t
coutld attain a size suffieient tMaN
good yield. the hearing ee~Oi ent 0
passed. We now havo but six 'weOlifor
it to bloom, and you know befoteeditbeld
aittain a prn-i- nirne and the forttnvh '.
it woukld' -It to lhe latter p(4te t
gust. A t present Ido not expec~t inot'tnr
half I planted for,, The corn''ls ~t r
worseF5 thani the ttn" Cpe
We -loubat whether O ii
tory eaibte e~rd pdeihe
the creti oftthe nite eiI~nmes
Wilen that veie'4v k'tvrket 4Nut