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DEVOTED TO SOUTHIERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, N DS, LITERATURE SCIEN. AND THE AIIIR5Edtr.
WYI. J, FRLAliCIS, Proprietor. O g il OUP TERMS-Tw Del
VOL. IVe SUMITERVILLE, S. C. 'AUGUST 7, 18.
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From the Ainericam AgricuIltrist.
The Farmer's Home.
WnIAT place ought more deserved
to be a place of happiness and
peace, than the F.armcr's Home! It
utands,'may be, upon the soil consecra
ted by thQ labor of his' own parents'
hatls;,lliowed by the recollection of
his own' uiiiy childhood; endeared by
the sweet memories of other days. If
least his home.. It
s fit lbreath of the city's corrup
timginle nces pollutes the free, fresh
air which plays around it. The birds,
near the windows, warble their morn
ing and evening songs, and the setting
sun throws its lingering shadows
through the old trees that stand, (or
wght to stand.) around it. And
when the night time comes, and si
lcnce takes the place of the busy hin
of industrious hands, labor-brought
sleep folds all within its embrace, un
til the morning light brings again new
labors and new pleasures. "uch is,
or should be the farmer's home.
Love of home is one of the strong
est principles implanted in the mind
by our Creator, and when cultivated,
is productive of pure and natural en
joyment. Thlie happiness of the do
mestic circle has long been celebrated
in poetry and in song. With how
much beauty and truthfulness, the
home-loving man alone can tell! But
love of home and the domestic circle
is not only productive of happiness,
but of morality and virtue. This
feeling, existing strong and unbroken
in the minds of our children, is one of
the surest safeguards against vice.
It is one of the most powerful ties to
bind them to the pure and true.
Such being the case, ought not every
parent to do all in his power to cher
ish this feeling in the hearts of his
children? Most certainly, yes! And
how can it be done? By farmers, I
moan, for it is for them ptarticularly
that I am writing.
And first, by way of illustration,
lot me here briefly sketch two picture.
In the foreground of the first, you will
behold a two-story "shingle palace,"
standing close by the roadside, afford
ing a fine passage for the dust at all
times in stummer through the open
doors and windows. A dark-red
fence most securely incloses a small
space, perhaps six feet wide, and just
as long as the dwelling. Sonme re
membranco of "long ago," in the
shape of antique hog troughs, are
carefully thrown down by the fence a
few feet from the yard; while a troop
of "aligator" pigs vigorously testing
the strength of their respective lungs,
wvear off what little fat they otherwise
might have had by their incessant
journeyings from the front door to
their eating logs. No trees arc guil
ty of overshadowing the spot; the
the house stands "alone with his
glory." On every side is shIown the
most deplorable disorder and~ negli
gence. The backside looks, if possi
ble, worse than the front; and with its
living ornaments of chickens ,geese,
and turkeys, presents a very nmovinig
Sspectacle. Uneven stones, laying
upon slop-washmed ground, (devoid of
grass- facilitate the inigress and egress
of the inhabitants of this, alas, too-of
But, kind reader, let us turn out
attention from this unattractive pic
ture, and gaze through those broad,
green trees, upon that humble cot
tage, which stands a few rods from
the roadside.. You can just recognisc
ts windows peeping forth from be.
neath the luxuriant vines that almost
conceal them, and the rustic portico
is entirely covered by that beautiful
trumpet vine, which, with its rich ver
dure, forms such a cool summer res
ting place. What a velvet appear
ance the little lawn has, as it lays
spread out before the door, dotted
here and there with flower-covered
beds, aut in the turf and shaded so
beautifully by the mellow sunbeams,
as they cast bright shadows over it
fron between the broad branches of
the trees that stand around it! How
beautiful the whole appearance, as
we stand here and breathe the fresh,
pure air, which seems fresher and
purer from having stopped a moment
to play with those dark-green leaves,
and kiss away the perfume from those
beautiful flowers! Parent, bring
your little child with you here, show
him the two scenes, and judge by his
actions which is most likely to culti
vate a home feeling in his mind.
But do you exclaim, "Yes, this is
all very well for those who can af
ford it, but I am poor, too poor to go
to such an expense." Why, friend!
there is no farmer too poor, in our
free land- too poor to have a beauti
ful home of his own; for it needs not
wealth to make it peaceful and hap
pv. God has scattered the means
all around us, reid a little pleasant la
bor will be sufficient to beautify and
adorn it. ro a little ground
arouid yogfa Hing for a lawn,
wife and daughters will, I trust, glad
ly attend to the vines and flowers.
It will take but a little time, and
once engaged in the work, you will
reap a rich reward in the labor itself,
and feel within you the happy feel
ing which can only be felt in adorn
ing and making more pleasant your
hoime. True, the ground thus devo
ted, might he more useful, in a mere
dollars and-cents point of view, plant
ed with corn; but if refinement of
feeling and an increased love of home
are any recompense for a few paltry'
dollars and cents, then, this little spot
will pay most usurious interest upon
all the capital invested. If keeping
your children from vicious influences,
and teaching them to love their birth
place, and care for its appearance is
aught gained, then rich will be the
yearly, yea, and daily return from
this small spAt ! Gladly as they
grow older will they tend, and still
more beautify it; and ''I tome Sweet
Home," will ever in their after life,
exert its purifying influence upon
their feelings, leading them to toil
earnestly to make for themselves, in
their second childhood, such a sweet
resting place as that in which their
earlier years were passed.
Biut while I know that the externmal
appearance of home, will not of itse-lt
be sufficient to (do all this, yet I dle
contend that if seconded by the
amount of internal happiness which
usual char-acter-ises our far-mers'
homes, it wvilh do far- more than is gent
orally believed. It will throw such a
charm about home, that it will proeve
plcasantter to our- sons than the tav
er-n or- the gr-ocer-y. It will pr-esenit
pileasures and amusements at, home,
suilicient to satisfy the mids of our
children; and they will gr-ow ump with
larger hear-ts, with morc r-efined feel
ings, with a stronger- love for- agricul
turec. In short, better and pue for
having lived in a home madle beauti
ful by rural embellishment. Anid he
lieving this? we believe the conclusion
to which it inevitably lead 5 that it is
a dutty which evdry farmer owes hia
children. flhus to beautify his home.
Cli on,) N.vY.
I:~owi'a IN CORN ron iANsiI
--When sowni broadlcast, even if if
has reached a height of six or eightf
feet, this is easily done by attachming
one end of an ox chain to thceclevis el
thme lhow, andl the othem- to thme beant
wherec the couilter intersects it, throw
inig the bight, or double part of th<
chain, into the furriw at the -ighmt
As this is dragged along, the stalks
will be thrown down andl covered b~
the furrow. To finish up tihe work
and cover any straggling leaves o1
tops, attach a light halter chain to the
standard .of the plow, with a three
pound weight at the dragging end,
which throw into the furrow. This
will effectually cover up all the crop
left unburied by the plow.
New way of Raising Pigs.
Mit. WM. II. ROY, one of the
most intelligent farmers of Matthews
county, Virginia, has adopted the
plan of seporating the sow from the
pigs and suckling then at stated
times just as is common with calves.
When the pigs are one day old, it is
very easy to turn the sow out and
leave the pigs in the pen. The sow
is turwgd in at night and out in the
morning, and also at noon, during
the ifancy of the pigs. By this
plan, they can be the better fed than
It is needless to say that the kind
kept by Mr. Roy are worth taking
this little trouble with. They are
Berkshire and grazier. Ile says that
both sows and pigs do enough botter
to pay for all trouble.
Dr. Mallory, of Hampton, Vir
ginia, has a new way of keeping both
pi and negroes honest and out of
mischief. Ile gives each man and
woman two, and each working boy
one pig in the spring of the year,
and requires them to shut them in
pens, each one's pigs by themselves
and to keep them well furnished with
materials to make manure. To each
of these pigs is dealt out a daily ra
tion of two efrs of corn, until "roast-.
ink- ear time," and the owners are
allowed to feed them all they will eat
until killing time. The pork is then
equally dividced,between master and
servant who sellfhis part for cash.
The doctor believs; the manure is
worth as mouch as.the con Iyd duv
MD. niti A4e Comic e iT 7 an
- e I
-the negro is not tempted to steal
corn, perhaps, from the horses, to
feed his pig, and besides, it is contra
ry to negro na'ure to run away and
leave a fat pig.
This month, or the next, is the
proper season for pruning fruit trees,
and such others as shed their leaves
in autum. In consequence of the
downward motion of the sap, new
wood is forned and a more perfect
healing of the wounded parts takes
place, than when the operation is
performed in winter or spring.
The branches should be pruned
off close, and with a clean, smooth
cut, without starting or bruising the
bark. This may he done with a ve
ry convenient instrument called a
"pruning saw." It is constriuct ed
of various sizes, with line teeth, anl
is usually from 14 to 1 inches long.
ilmerin -piuluris ) t
I lor-i :a Maxmm.--.It is inisera
ble ec'onmy to throw inanure out into
the open air, and leave it exposed to
all the v-ariationms of the weatheri till it
is wanted for use. Sonie buil sheds
over their hovel windows, to protect
thieir manure heaps. This is a goo
iunplroveiment, but a mnanuire elhir is
lIANaixN( AMsOxOS-r Canow.,
'Thle rookery in front of' the Uxbtrid ze
Arms I lutel, in this town, was somec
time ag-> the scene of' a mnost extra
orid inariiy occurrence, whnch has beenci
related to) us in the f~'owinI g mannei r:
)ne morning a sol'itary~ cirw wa
obiservedI adv-ancing towardIs the
pla1c, and three of the tenanits of the
sa id rookery sallied for'th toi mee't the
apparen L t stI anger. TH e compan
havin g entered the ha~llo wedl preciis c
of the rookery,, amidst a god deal of"I
ri etf)armis 1bornei~ to a tiree, where'
his neck was lirm:ly ixedl betw~ieln
two) branchles, andit while one ofi the
eXeetitiouceis st o tioiied liimse I al it p,
lie otheirs rende red mateia:l ser vic
1y suspending themselves a 'la 1
weigh t to thle feet ofC theC 11 unatuna te
culprit. The woirk was soon accomn
pdished, as life in a f'ew moments b
e-nie totally extinet.
'l'hie cai-cass still reimaints danigling
in the air, probably to serive as a
warmninig for'i others. We arc Crei
lbly inifor'med1 that this suimmry imode
of judlicial adin~ist ration is by no
imeanis an unusuial proceeding aimoIpt
theso sagacious birds, several iinstain
en of thue kind having beent knowin to
occur in this identical rookery. -
Connubial Incidents of the Mexican
The editor of the Lowdil Courier,
who served in Mexico with credit
both to his sword hmd his fen, relatea
some anecdotes of a 'brech of the
treaty in Mexico, matrimonially con
sidered.' lIe says the Qflicers of
our army, though they well withstood
the bullets and valor of the Mexican
men, did not defend themselves so
effectually against the bright eyes
and seductive forms of tho Mexican
women. Some of them were mar
ried to Mexican girls, and some oth
ers, it appears, ought to have been.
Some of the ~Mexican ladies followed
their false lovers to Vera Cruz, ex
pecting to be taken to thg. United
States, and others have pursued even
across the GuilfC the nmn twhoe never
retreated in war, but who faithlessly
dlesertel their colors in love. The
Courier says, we have receintly heard
of two very interesting instances of
this character. The one was that of
a daughter of a Mexican 'merchant,
who followed her Atneritn lover
an oflieer in the arm v--to his home
in the South ; and fihulius that he
was (n <luty in California, she sent a
relative after hiin to that Nistant re
gion, with a complaint that lie had
beeni guilty of al breacli df promise.
'Tie otiicer, fiinlii; no other way of.
e capc, was compelled tar settle the
afiair by the pavinent of sgveral thou
sanl dollars--which lhoiipuld wel'
alford to do.
The other instance w t ".bo. a
friend in New England1%o oamt
attached, after a fashior' Qppg
ih girl in the city of M
his return, a Mex o'*.
r settlcnenlt f the ma
Our friencd--having some time since
thrown away his character as an ofli
eer in the army-had gone to Cali
fornia ; ani the M exicam Ide; nipotemn
tity, upon learnting time fact, started
lli Isuranit oft him by the very next
steamer. It ebance.l , lhowever-, that
our ihtary frietil i as on his return
Iho n'e, t6ml lt el his pursuer on his
r-o.ute. As lie hapipesa to have a
wife in Nw En zlanii 1, atl as th'
panish lady :as a hishautl in Mex.
co, We ( can I almil v think the case is
amne that will rei'Ier it nece.ssirv for
he l'reilenits of the two repub lies to
interfcre in the imatter--> f'.ir, at
ast, as that tne sihall : mahe :a retli
il i g> pi1 the ( tier f thi e fugitive
frti.nin atri nmiuy'a. The national trea
tv is likely to start i. not wi:h3standim3'
snehlr al :pparint iiolivin.l breach
f the mnatriin 'in ial contract.
How to C.-lh.t bai De' ts.
Ja x WN1.. Ai \ ! I : I ; m ,i
I11,n ft Cit -s I n t -' I
I "!1 " 3' (i .Pii~ :.. . 3 i 1 I . : "c (d
ir ( i l t 1 , t 1 : -' r ' ni : 3
An nea3~.ui: II. ' e
on i !- I~ ~ p ues u. ~ n-,
:urn 1h d yteia -IN a e . \n -r
i " a . A e a r- p u h! i ! .
I3 ~ j J I I . .
l'n 13hind, 3 no I I
nui 'l :M.3 n bub bu to
.i iu-33 ' :1 '' ' 7 j'1. 'i
who the33 Tau on p tha aclot [hear
hear1i.'( iv 313(33 n1)aol
toiigZgii re ov i i from one ~ p i-r t to oth (r
lmth n gai. h ilws .nu .m iTu utothn
er case. Murat was for some time
King of Naples, placed there by Napo.
leon. While in Italy he seized and up.
plied to his own use the property of
certain Atmericans. In a short time hIe
wars expelled....more he was shot. The
inovitarble consequence, so far (s Amer.
ica is concerned, followed. The bill
was sent in [a laugh.] But, says the
legitimate Neapolitan government
"This wits done by a usurper, and we
have shot him." Says A merica,'Cnn't
help that-pay.'' And so the money
was paid, under a threat that ifit were
not forthcoming an A mdrican fleet
wouhl be despatched to Naples (hear.]
Hlow came it, sir, that the excitablc dis.
position of gentlemen on this side of the
house never took any notice of cases
such as these?
Popping the Question.
The following is the confession of an
old bachelor, who describes hinsclf as
being now so dried tip, that he is little
t.eter ithn a mummy, and expects,
soie of these r:-s, to be blown away
into dust. fie ad"ises nil voting men
to get married, and tel is them hots to
manage the 'courting.' The old fcillow
speaks like one who knows, though he
has a touch of the crab-apple in him;
perhaps he got jilted wlien young, not.
withistandiig ihe pretends to be so an
'Now, gentlemen this going a court.
ing is nothing to he a (raid -of, if, like t
mle, one untierstands how to do it. I
n't menn ito boast, but-the fact was
-in my young days I was tip to a thing i
or two. in the first place, give out tlt r
you are a marrying man ! It will smooth th
dillicubties wuoniderfiully. lrothers will
invite you to dinner-ntunmmns isk their
sng your la vorite songs,
yoiropipiin will be asked on all points, t
sjciifIthe frily havb'a cougttry scat,
you wangtherr ny~atuirny nighit
aut , ay tdfIg,;Mond ,k -aunm
LloritiW3Iy tib lit o a i biaRt
chance nneetingI it eaniy morning in the
arderi, or a summer afternoon togeth.
er in the n!coves does the business. To
tell the truth I never cnme so near go. a
ing as when I spenit n week i the coun -
try with a br idesinaiel I had waited on;
there wars a porch alm lost buried in hon
eysuckle, behind the house. and adjoin
ing the garden, which was a perfect
paradis. Theire we used to sit, and
one day. if it hadn't been that the old
;entliiain w ~oke from his nap and c
throw up the parlor -window, just as I
(ot his l:htlt.r's hand in mine, the
g1ntio1n wiouIi have popped itself .
'1.u'i stare; h t I r-peat, it worilu l
have t.pppl itsef. iThe fact is-he,
twe(n (r.el yes, those things comes as.
tonishing natural after all, quite as if c
ono was bitrught up to them fron in
child. Dot t trouble yourselves about
ho4w youe look, or what vou shall sav
the lst thin-; you cain d'o, is not to think
of tihe miatter ati all, hut make a plunge
amt once, :mali then the busines- is soon
)Ver. Tlhere area a thousand ways to
Iup the jiiestio~n, ns there are a th:an
5:1l ways to make love. Some do it
wh 41r y im:iil pu1hc-e-sumr choke for
wonir ntl stiek fist-sonme deliver a
c t s;we eh. :d lIok- fir a (ch-ad spot on
the e.rp - tto 1o down on their knets,
:m~c nme glide. ini~r it gr.ttlimrlly, like a
harwk nrrowingL Ihis ':vnrtions before
he ops, thre paor girl sitinirg beside
hbar all th- time-, lher hrart finittorini. in
h -r to h'hee like- a fli ihternd bird. I've
i :arl of onue or two poor sinlners w'ho
o4 pp-tI thne quiestin ini thet street.
There-s only on wal vLy mrore certain1 to
iinsure a refusal, andl that is to propose
in a letter. A womiani-Iet her love
whIen 'lhe (c01n1s serirnusly, to thinik of
h-avig her parenrts to trust hr all w'ithr
a t'ompa~lrtive %'tranger, andiu if youn give
heir tines to bok art t's' mautters coolly.
i. nm mmon she'll givo you a dej-nia--l
:n hlm man it, tand liav, sten thre
.mul, Ied t-m t.-llI you, thre tairl who
vi-Ihls ini t.-ar-, 'in a nrm-onlig eveninig,
wrmnid writ- ni r-vil reftneal orn an eorpiv.
tal a ,w i r th mi Nt mo tlrin aftner
br'akfa-st. A\ttl then wvha.t au fol a 14).
n r mikes of im--l I eti paper ! I r eid
e im - lii. rs t- othemr day---then godts
to l I the yongi a heingtfL ln~nt-nII
th< y tnsk, is tor b- h.-ft ttore-amrt if
th- r- tare any m.i ddlhini yonv ters
lhim, hae themr putt to bedt, or <bonwn.
e l, it dlon't muatter wich, Sto thety're4 out
of th' wayV. t inly give to lovers fair
play, k itk yo4i ur tch. minrg nlulits to
tihe dleue, andt rmy I, fe orr it ! thre rmost
heiioure wili fimhi a wayv of laeing ruttler
stood, ee ,ifut Ii ke old Sir lsrnoe New
tin, theyv have to mauk-' love withr their
feeti. It mray coume ratheri odd at first,
but they wvil sit ho-oking int., each rthr
(r '-s eyes I nti, byV and1 by, their hanrds
will soa Ih- w, stea1 ito. eachj 0 l( ote.
no I sno, gm-niing cosien r no cosier, tire
qui est in, whlen theyt- leaurst expe-ct it, will
pop out, like a cork from an chamopargne
bottle. It will pop itself.'"
lie thatt pryethr into a cloud may be
ticken with a tidm-bt.
[From the Boston Atlas.]
The Caso of Professor Webster.
STATEMENIT OF TifTE DISSENTkNG CoU.NCL
The undersigned, dissenting f'rom the
conclusion arrived at by the committee
on pardons, in the case of John W.
Webster, and perceiving that he stands
alone at this board in his opinion, asks
leave to submit in writing, as briefly as
possible, the reasons of his dissent, and
requests that they may be placed on file
for future reference.
In examining the case of said Web.
;ior as it was presented to the court and
jury, the undersigned was struck with
he insufficiency of evidencn to prove
premeditation and malice, as well as the
Ibsence of any adequate motive from
wvhich those all important elements
n the crime of wilful murder could be
lairly in ferred. It did not sr Cm reaso-i.
tble to him that a man occipyiig the
osit ion of Prof. Webster-in possession
if a considerable amount of propery
n receipt of a large incom)-surroun.
led by wealthy friends-could risk eve.
ything valuable, life included-either
or the purpose of revenging himself
ipon an importunate creditor, or of re
casing himself from a paltry debt of
es s t hem $600. Now, if he had become
Adeed so lost to all moral sense, to all
egard for his own reputation and life,
> all care for the welfare and happiness
f his family-did it seem reasonable
hat ho should have made an assignation
r the purpose of deliberately commit.
ng murder, at noon-day. and in his own
lice, where he was liable to interrup
on and exposure at any moment. And
side from all this. It seemed still more
nreasonable that a moan of his great
hemical knowledge, kniwing as he. did
to means whereby a body could been.
rely destroyed in a few hours, should
tve premeditated such a crime without
shig hisdposwledgeg and providin the
lants (whti md .' have in vdta y
ic 'panic i fknoiwn roughness of r.
'arkman to delinquent debtors, and the
rritable temper of Prof. Webster, that
n interview sought by the latter for the
urpose of endeavoring to make new
)arns, or to obtain a delay in payment,
uight have ended in a quarrel, a violent
.ow, and sudden death.
The undersigned is aware that the
obsegnent conduct of Prof. Webster,
is tiode of disposing of the body, his
onice;limenet of the transaction, and all
im subterfuges, evasions and falsehoods
e has resorted to. give the case a dark
r aspect, and predispose many honest
inds to a harsh judgnwnt; but le be
eves that the crime chargol upon him),
>r whicih he alone was tried, should be
onsidered without reference to these
onotitants, which may be looken
pen as the natural results of his first
eparture from the path of truth an I
uity; or, perhaps, as the violent but ill.
edged attempts of a man to save his life
hen placed in a situation of immiiineint
eril by a rash act of his own, and de
iived at the s:ne time of that high
torial courage, so necessary to :suide
no- in such a situatioi arighit. These
n:a (ort an element in considering to
what extent puttnislnent shtuild he .bat
d, bult shoul have no weight inl esti,
nttoting the true nature of the origial
rime1) whtich t her f'ol !iwed.
Tecornfessio'n of Prof. WVebster thte
mdtiersigited btelieves to he true, because
is a contsistent statemen~it by itse'lf; he0.
anse it is cosisto:nt with tihe evideneco
odu tced to ithe jutry, anad becaus~e it is
onsoistenit with hitmant natuore; and~ he
as, besides, good reason to belIieve that
C wVoul ni rot have~ been dli vuiged, nor11
ntaOde the ba~se of act ion in this case, had
niot beeni fojr an accident al remaucrk of
is own, whIichI re.achted thet ear of Itis
pii ritualit adviser a fter the con fi-ssion hadl
ee-on miadhe. The imaprolbaiities in ii
chieb' have dra wn .so st rongly~ thte at teni.
itn of the (:onittee, ando induce~d t hem
o withhlsodl thir belief ini its trutht, are,
ot his m id strong ev idlence or its trat b;
br it Prof. Webst-er is ithe fhr.siirbted,
rt fal mati nvhich lhe miust Ite co nsidered,.
ft lthat cnfIssion wats made to be used
or h lis ow n bene fit a ftern all othter hopes
iod lailed-, these improba ilities wou.ld
mve have aplpeared in it-he wotuho
miye mande t he watchI to it thoeC cse.
lut that con fessiont hao no other influ.
-lice tupon thle undsers;igne~d than t to cont.
irmt hiis pre viousl v tormetd juidgmentt,
itnh thlerie fore he deems a futrther exam-i
nati'on of it tilnnecessary.
lint, in thte opiniont of' the unde rsigvn
'(d, thtere is atother poimi which de.
nandios ser~ius consbule nrititn Under1!
lhe Itawv-os Itaid dlownt in this~ ease byx
he court-a julry is b'ounda to bring ini a
,odict of wvilflt mlntor in all caises of'
imer(t homicidle, untless the accused enn
trove Imsel1f in noctt. If a man is
ittacked inl ally place where there is no
wVinss', andl in dlefendling htimseltf kills
'is assailant, lie is liable to be executed
tor miurder; lie may prv his in
r-enlce, but his chtances for dloing so are
very small. The law presumes malice
wmhen thte homicide is p)roved, and thus
inliable to create thoecrimo of' wilful
mturder ot of jnstiliable hnomlid. if'
in this case, Dr. Parkmqn.ihad ben the
aggressor. not in words onlyi' btttd
followed them With blowu, ns4Yf Prot
fessor Webster had In self= kiUs
led him, the result would f ben thn
same; the ability of Websti o prove
the facts, and thereby estabFish his innot
cencei would have been in.no mannet
increased, and he would stand where he
now is, with his lire Forfeited, for doi
an act which the law Would justifyif
the truth could be tnado to appear.
T he construction of the law seems to
reverse the two reat maxims: 1. ,That
every matt shall be held innocent until
lie is Droved guilty; and T That it is
better for the guilty to escape than for
the innocent to be punished. in itsjeal
Ots care to punish the secret murderet'
in its fear that he should escape'some
part of his deserts for want of sufficient
evidence of malice, it waives ihorneces.
sity of proof, pnd thereby puts .tbeiutnoi
cent and guilty into the same position,
jeopardizing the lire of the former to
prevent the escape of the latter, 'This
may be necessary as a rule; to the
proper administration ofjustice, because
no rule can be made to bear equally.
upon cases which are In themselves
dlifferent; but ifthis be conceded, the un.
dlersigned cannot but believe that in alt
cases of conviction under this ruB.i the
pardonin power is lily-justilled(ifit
be not its imperative luty) inanitigating
the punishment awarded,, wherever
there is n reasonable provability that the
Crime was not premeditated or inllioi .
In conclusion, the undersigned- is
aware of the necessity of great caution
n interfering with the d of
ourts and juries; but to atthe
xecutive is in no case to in una
ess some now evidence appears 'Which
would have been admitted by the'o rr
is legal. and which entirely chan
ippearance of-the case,js h fad
arepostoro , while he
many cases grants relief withe a -
such testimony. But the. undersigned
Joes believe it to be the duty of the ar.
toning power thus to net, and by inak.
ng distinctions which the rigid rules of
aw will not permit the eourts to make,
It times, and merely as acts of justice;
o mitigate punishments which-appear
.o be disproportioned to offences. It is
i rule of law, as laid down in thi
yase, that "no provocation with words
nly will justify a mortal blow,' and it is
liflicult to conceive how this rulecan
de wisely altered. No matter, thet,
what amount of provocation is offered,
mnd words will sometimes kindle .a
iercer fire than blows. ifa mortal blow
s proved, the jury must bringin aver.
diet of guilty; and thus, a man "gtaded
o frenzy by intemperate, perhaps 'maw
:, ;ous words, who In that moment of
. ..zy strikes a blow which proves
nortal, is held subject to the same puna
shment as the cool, deliberate, mid.
Is there no moral difference between
iuch cases ? Will justice say-when
freed from the shackles of legal rules-&
ihat the same punishment shall be
awarded to both ? The undersigned
thinks not, and he believes that. when
oth are punished the designs afjustiou
a rr def'eated, and a great wrong is dono,
H~e believes that in the case of Pearsan,
the conmmittee came to the rightooncli.
maon. for a clearer ease of' deliberate,
premeditated, midnight assssinatien,
ncever was prov'ed; it stands out in all
its horrible features, plain as the nogi.
clay Sun in a cloudless sky, there is niot
a shadow about it, not the slightest
tting nupon which to hang a doubt. T'hea
to him, adegnate motive, the deep tha
ice', the cunningly devised plan to cot
mit the murder and escapo punishment,
aure all cle'ar to the meanest apprehen.
seon. TPhe case of' Webster is wholly
ditferent; here there appeare no.ado.
quao moie, no pre-existing rhialide,
nodeliberate :md careftul prepaeglieon,
choosing the hour of' midnight ror the
deed, no exorcise of great science hn is
master of, to destrov the evidence of'the
crime and secure his own safety. The
undersigned sees nothing in it that is
vecry consistent with the theory of' mil.
iceand promeditatien----nothing in it
inconsistent with the hypothesis that he
gave a tmortatl lhow in retgrn for sting
ing. insulting words; andenhlieving, as
he does, that such is the truth, he derns
it a ease where the pardoning power *
should interpose, not to stop ihe course
oif justice, but to perform am outr ini it
self just to the prisoner, and just -to the
commoniwealth, by substituting thn peJn.
ishment of imprisonment for that* of
U. F. COrINtANr~
The fbliowving tonNt Wafpf* a
the celebrationq o te,4thfn'bekafort:
By Stephmen-1ilot, Jr. lt npro.
mism: Let it bebhred ende.tht
the Clay, wvhcinje itrigiid
By . G. Barnwvelk4 ho Gom.
n romiset A Fooi b ihich
Southern traitors wtdombto pow.