Newspaper Page Text
FreeA'thi tondon:Times, lth' not.
Unitd Sta*t sna Ppdi!DaL
It is a natural, though an indirect,conse
quence of the .mode of proceeding recently
employed by Lord Palmerston to enforce
certain claims against the Greek govern
aent;- that innumerable other claims,. not
more doubtfud in- principle or exaggerated
in amount than those of Don Pacifico, have
started into lifer and that other States have
boen..encoursged to resort to proceedings
which' thelate' example of England forbids
the British government to condemn. The
case of the American claims on Portugal,
which hus' already boon made the subject of
a peremptory ultimatum, backed by the pre
sOfd6 'of d'faval squadron, is a startling in
tancq of( tlifacility with which such pro
kedonts are. fdlloWed; for not many years
ago a late Anerican Secretary of State had
hunself declared to the claimants, that ar
gumonts and importunity having been ex.
haufted, thr. Aaterican Government could
see bothing in the circumstances to justify
orvwarxuant it.in having recourpe to any oth
er weapons." 'Subsequently to the intelli
gence oftMr.Wyse's demands on the-Greek
government having reached Washington, it
would seem that General. Taylor and his
Cabinet havo renounced this forbearance,
sand Lie. accordingly menaced after
the exai f the Pireus.
It is a curious coincidence that the Por
tuguese government should have played an
Indirect part in the principal question at
Athens as the original debtor of Pacilico,
and that. it should now be held liable to the
American Government for damages occas
ioned by the forces of another power over
which it had no control. But the latter
case is, if:possible, more monstrous and ex
travagant than that with which we have re
cently had occasion to deal. On the 6th
of September, 1814, during the last war be
tween Groat Britain and tie United States,
an American armed privateer, the "General
Arnstrong," Captain Reid commanding,
entered 'the neutral Portuguese harbor of
F'ayal to water. . Site was followed, though
rot actually chased, by the British vessels
of war Plantagenet, 74; Rota, 39, and the
Carnation brig, and Captain, Reid ordered
his vessel to be warped in shore under the
guns of the castle for safety. In the course
of the evening a violation of the neutrality
of the port of Payal undoubtedly occurred.
The American, captain swore that tour
armed boats from the British vessels were
approaching his ship, and admits that lie,
suspecting their intentions, warned them
ofy and then fired upon them,. killing and
wounding some of their men. ''he boats
were eaid to have returned the tire with
efyect, (though that assertion was contra
dicted, as in fact they were not armed at all,)
but subsequently wore ofi' to the ships,
whence they returned at midguight with a
powerful reinforcement, and a severe ac
tion ensued, in which the "General Arm
strong" was at length captured and de.
stroyed by the British. So that even by
this American version of the story, it was
Captain Reid.who first violated the neutral.
ity of t it. The aflidavit of the British
otice ,however, that the boat fired
upo~n Americans was unarmed, and
was sent in merely to mnake inquiries, in
spiof which it was brutally attacked by
Captain Reid's orders. However this may
helilto many similar occurrences in the
heat an4 changcs of war, the ensuing treaty
ftacd'nut.a end to all discussion as be
- .t e'th erent powers, but' it is not
qitkil'u1 j t.t .thirtvsix years. after.
wel as this should be made a.
ground of complaint and hostility against
the neutral. 'T'he Anacricans aiiege that
the Portugese Governor ought to have as
sorted and enforced the neutrality of the
harbor of Fayal, although he had but one
hundred infantry and eight artillery men in,
a castle with ruined defenccs; and that, as
the Governor of Fayal failed to give to the
American privateer the protectioni of a neua
tral harbor, Porttugal muist pay for the de
strtuction of that vessel a sum whaieb, ac
cording to the Pacific scale of calculation,
is modestly laid at 200,800 dollars.
Thecre undoubtedly was in this case a
violation of neutrality, though it is disptuted
w~hether that violation was first conmunitted
by the British boats under Lieut. P-aweett,
orby the Americana privateer in the harbor.
But it is a principle of the law of miatins, as
laid dowvnby Sir Williiamn Scott, (the Eli::mn
I Dodson, 2414.) that "where a violatin ot
'neutral territory takes place, that contry
alone whose tranquility has been, disturheil
p~ossesses the right of dletmandingr reparation
for the injury which she hats sustained, and
the enemy whose property has beent calp
tu'red cannot haimiself give the claitm, but
. must resort to 1he nteutral for his remaedy."
But if an illegal capture or tattack has been
maade in neutr-al wvaters, giving the aggriev
ed party this last-mentioned species of re
medly against the neutral, it follows that the
neutral hias,fortiori, a chaitm for repiaration,
against the State which has abtused its pro.
teetion or violated its rights. The Govern
or of Fayal did not acquiesce in thle attack
on the American vessel, though lie was dis
tinctly informed by the commander of the
British forces that thme neutralv of thme port
could no longer be respected, since the uan
provoked attack of the Atmericana schaoonter
on the British boaits; hut if' the lIriti,h otli
cor who utidertook utnder these circum,.
stt -ces to avenage that aittack, eveni at the
risk 01 a~ breach of neutrality, was justied
mn sua'h a proceedig--as w' thik upon
evidence that he was-it woul d seema to be
wholly inconsistent with the law of' nations
and with our pecuiliar amaity wit h Por-t ugal,
that she shuh1 now be helId responsible by
the United St ates for ani act of a liritisIh
teluadron-e whic-h she had not the power to
prevent; and as this occurrence was entire
ly caused eit her by the rashness or hios
tility .of the Amnericanis themselves, as ap.
pears by their own statement, or b'y the nie.
cessary tmeasures taken b'y Capt. Lloiv,
who coummanaded the British ship Plfantig.
eneot, justice rerlmire.-c~ ihen thmat the (ov
ernent, of the United States shoul desist
from a such a claim, as Mr. Secretary Up
shur had actually done in 18441, or that
Great Britain should bear Portugal harm
less for dan~ages comn,itted, and right fully
comamittedl, by "urselves. T1he revival of
detmands so dotubtful and so obsolete is not
creditable to the Amaerican, Governten,
andl thouagh the arguments which werce emii
playecd last week in the hlouse of Coanotas
wouldl justify these or any other exuactionis
made by the strong tupon the weak, we
must express the sime regret wheon this
course is pursued by a foreign power as we
did when it was adopted lay our govertnmnt
It is not probable that the Portuguiese
govenmnat will accede to thme dhemiatid of
compensation for thme General Arnotrong,
wvhich is so feebly supported by evidenace
andI by law: and eon the lith inst., the
American, minister at Lisboti will poissibily
retire on board the United States squadron
if lin.s atimaluma be not taccepted. TIhme
~strongth of that squadron is, we believe,
not sufliciont to warrant it in making a di
rect attar4 on Portaagal, or imitatinig Adir
Ih Bathfin's .e - loit of piassinig the forts of
tho gas f the G;reek precedlent is
r.e tliarected against the trade of Portugal
adimissable losses, it is evident that Eng
lish interests in Portugal will be the first,
to suffer, and we cannot imagine that this
country would view such actmof hostility
with indifTerence, especially when it is re
mnemberod that they have arisen entirely
out of an occurence which- took place- un
der-the British flag. 'riTe naval station of
the Tagus may be considered by the Uni.
ted States of no less importance to their
European interests than it is to ourselves;
and though it would be consistent with the
strict friendship which has so long existed
between the courts of Great Britian and
Portugal to urge upon the latter State the
prompt recognition and settlement of all
just claimsryet we are entitled to watch
with more than common interest the possi
bility of an attack on one of the most mari
timne stations of Europe under a very ques
tionable pretence, which the American
Government had itself abandoned after
twenty-eight years' discussion, and which
it has only resumed eince the prosecution
of such claiim by lur, e cane unl ickily in
to fashion in Europe.
The Washington National Monument
Society was formed in 1833, by sore of
the first amen of the nation. The plan was
to build the monument by voluntary con
tributors of $1 each. In 18335-0 there
were contributed, on this plan, 821,000.
lThis money was invested in safe stocks,
and the interest added yearly, until it had
accumulated to nearly $ 50,000.
With this fund to operate with, a site.
was procured, a design for the monulnont
selected, and the foundation laid July 4th,
18 8. 'T'lic work has been steadily pro
gressing Ironi that period, and the original
plan of erecting it by voluntary contributors
is still adhered to, but without the limita
tion to one dollar each. large contribu
tions from the rich, amd smaller but not less
patriotic ollirings from thse not classed
among the wealthy, nre alike acceptable.
Every American ought to esteem it a priv
ilege to be able to assist in this patriotic
'The mnonumnent will consist of two parts
--a lofty counnm or obelisk in the centre,
and a templ around its base. The great
obelisk in the centre is the part now in pr,
gress, ail to he completed first. ''his gre it
stricture is to be 5t) feet high, 55 feet
square at the top, with an opening in the
centre 21 feet slpare. The walls are 15
feet thick at the base and will be four and a
half at the top, faced tbroughout, with
large deep blocks of excellent white mar
ble. More than 50 feet of this lofty col
umnn are already coipleted, and it w% ill be
carried up an hiunlred feet a year, if funds
are provided. ''hae estimated cost of the
obelisk is half a million of dollars, of which
nearly one hundred thousand have been ah
'ile l'antheon at the base, embraces a
circular colonnaled builiing, 250 feet in
(lianmeter and l01) feet high, from which
springs the obelisk shat\, thus giving the
latter a total elevation of 001) teet. 'his
vast rotuinda is sutrrounded by :4) con inns
of massive proportions, being 12 feet in
diaeter and -15 feet higzh, standimiii upon it
base of 20 feet elevation and :504) feet
square; surmounted by an entabbiture 20
feet high, and crowned by a massive balus
trade fifteen feet in height. The total ex
phnse of the monument is estimated a
Why Epidemics rage at Night.
It was one night that 100() perished in
the Plague o! London of 1665. It was at
night that the army of Sennacherib was do.
st royed. Both I in lniglanid anrd on lie coni
tinent a large piroportion of cholera cases in
its several f':rm s, have been obiserved to
have occurred het ween 'ine and t wo o'clock
mi the mnornming. The "dainger of exposure
it lie night air'' has been a themie of plhy.
sicians front tinue iminemorial; but it is re
iarkaible that they have never yet called in
lie aid of chieitry toi acconunt for thle fact.
It is at night that thle scittreiii ot air niear
est the grouind must always be thle moist
charged with the particles of animalized
inatter giveni cut frorn the .kint, and delerer
ionis gases, such as carb~onic aical gas, lie
prodnelt ot respiration, amid sulIphirctted by
dlrogeni, th pi lroduct of the sewers. Ia thle
dafy, gases aiii v ~aporo us su bstaniices of all
kiliids rise in thle air b~y the raretaction of
heat; at naighit whet the rareluctaion leaives
tthem they fall by an inc reaise of gravity,. it
imphertectly minixedl with th le atmonsph'tere,
whileI the gaiscs evoh ed during lie night
mstead or ascendo lir einetin at ne:irly thle
sariie level. It is krz:owvn t hat carbornic aciid
gasi at a low terniparaiture p)irtakes so thear
ly of thle nat ure of a fluidl, that it mnay be
Poulred ot cc one vessel into anotthier; it iise.,
at thle teraperatu re at whieb it is e..hia led
tromt thle hoangs, bitt its t emolency is to~warids
lie dloor, or thle lied of the sleeper, in cold
anrd uni ent ilatedoi rooms.
At I lamburg, the alarn of cholera at
niighir, in sentie p:i rts of the clity was 5o gleat,
t hat c'n somie hriecaisions iiniiy ri foud t o goi
to beid, list t hey sh.uh ilibe attacked ui
wares ini their udeep. *Sitrig op, they pro
hiabi!y kept ther stores or open tires burn
imtr fur the sake of wa~rmithi, and that wairmith
g.iviing the" expansiin to .iir deleterirous
caises prescent, whlichi woniuiho st pirtnnitie
heir escap'e, andi piromlote ther dilutiotn ini
thle lat inospheilCre, Ithe incanis of~ s~itei v wire
thus uleonseiiusly assiureid. A\t - Sierra
line te naitiv's hire i practice, iti the
sick'y seisoni, cit keep'~ing tirs conistanltly
biiurmg ini their hots at night, assiging r ha't
the fires keep. away the evil spirits. toi wich
in their iginoranice they :Ittrbitu the fever
anid agile. I 'tterly, Liai-p~eatis hi:ie lie
gull to adopt theit siiiie practae, a'tid thos-e
thair lave trued it assert tha t they hiave cii.
I ire iririnliity Iriom thoe triipicaI tevers toi
which they w'ere tormecrly subtject.
lin the epidiemiics ofi tIn' niiile igeus tires
iusedi to be h ghlted ini the streets for thle pui.
rification cit thi' aiir; maiil m theu plagui of
I ilu cil 1665, tir's in thle streets werie
at (one tinge kept butrningl iricessainily, idl
extiniguishedu by at vni,;eiit stoirmi of 'rain.
I at terly, Ira ins ('t gii unpowder havye been
fired, andr caunnion dl:seharged for the
salie obliect ; lint it is obviouis thiat these
measures, althughrl soundiii prricil,
imus:, niecessa ri ly, eut if diors, lie oni ii
siiialh a scatie, als mieasutred agon tst an ocean i
ot atinospiheric ;ir, to produce anly seiiuuble
ell'ect. W ithin doors, however, t'he case is
diflerent. It is ittpute possibfle tu htat a
room to produce a rarefaction and conise
quienit dil lt ion of any maliginant gases it
mnay conitamil amid it is of course ie air of tie
rejun, and1( that alone, at night, which ciomles
unto iinmeodiate contact wvithI the I ugs of a
personi sleeping.--. Wes./mni mster Reraete.
(LP A Samn l'at ch halos a ppea red in Enig
land, whlose feats surpass those of lis ilus.
triuns preidecessior. Thiiis srib-aqjueiits pro.
dIigy lealhedl itnto t he water fro tiheh eleva
tion of 801 feet, with a pair oif hoots in is
handju inicli lie sticceieed in getting on be
fore lhe caine to thre su rface.
Cuca a's Men -Tra nsccndcental ism is
thle spirituali cogni oscenice of phlisiologicl
irrefragaboihty, conniected wvith conmsconrti
omit ademnpt ion of incoluombient, spiritual,
etherealized contention subultory connec..
Deathi.W rrans- in Latin.
The practine of writing physicians' pre.
scriptions in Latin has frequently led to fa.
tal results and the law should compel phy.
sicians to write them in the living and not
in the dead languages, and then make a
death manslaughter in the first degree,
which ensues from the carelessness of
apothecaries. We have another case to add
to the many fatal ones growing-out of this
practice. James D. Ward, of Boston, suf.
fering a slight feverish turn, the attending
physician directed him to take a dose of
calotne', whici the apothecary prepared
as he inugined, but began to vomit soon
after taking the medicine, and sending for
the apothecary found that he had mistaken
the medicine and given him corrosire sub
limate, a deadly poison, and Mr. Ward
died. Now let us see what was the doc
tor's prescription-sub nnuriate hydrar 10.
Tlhe prescription for corroaivc sublimate is
muriate hydrazn fost.. Now, as the two
leading words sub muriatc hydrar and mu
riate hydrar are alike, the apothecary may
very innocently have made the mistake;
and can such similiarities of terms in med
icine be permitted to hazard the lives of
patients ? Would it have been at all im
proper-nay would not Mr. Ward have
been spared to the world and his family
ha I his doctor written the following pre.
'en grains of Calomel.
Can any mistake be made by doctor,
apothecary and patient in this I t seems
however, that Latin is used by physicians
to prevent the patient knowing what med
icine he is taking, when the last iv, to in.
spire confidence. The physician ought
not only to allow the patient to know the
character of the medicine prescribed, but
the effect it is expected to produce- The
doctor, however, apprehends that if the
patient knows too much of his disorder,
and the means necessary to efli'ct the cure,
he will be his own physician, and thus les
sen the fees of medical advisers, and as sev
en tunes out of eight, the doctor is called
on slight occasions, for which the patient
could lin.elfathiniiister to the disease, a
mystery is imade to surround the healing
art by making prescriptions partake of a
masonic influence, and the only injury is,
that sonetilies the patient dies in taking
the wrong inedicine.
The doctor writes "S'ccharu,,m Saturni,
VI (r." Six gaains of sugar of lead. Sal
(;laubcri." (ilaubcr Salts; "Cochleuri am.
pliton,' a large spoon ful; "Iiaurento Pilt
lea," let the pills be gilt; "Piat rcnesccti, "
To be bled; Give the medicine "gelatina
,uaris," in jelly; "Ifarun pilularum sum
cnter tres," let three of these pills be taken;
"hora dcucbitas," on going to bed; --olemun
'liirt opltinaunt," 11 oz of best olive oil.
What a ponpous display of classical lore;
where would be the injury in saying as
mouch in good substantial Englishi Tue
law should compel physicians to write their
prescriptions in the lauguage of the coun
try; there shoubl be no nystery on the
subject: every man should know what lie
is swallowing, and should not be miirdered
by ignorance or chance in taking the wrung
medici.--.V. Y. Star.
Rm'i I)tscovx~mm or V:i GoL O.-There
is no doubt on our minds that the mineral
we'ilth of California will be found incalcu
bly greater than even the most sanguine
have hitherto imagined. Every day's dim.
covery goes to confirm this opinion, and
facts within our knowledge warrant us in
saying that the preser seaamywijldiDgsto.
light the nost startling developments in
vein or quartz inining. If in the low or
secondary hills a few udred feet in hiight
ontly, in the San Jose valley, rich mnines of
gold ore are found, of which we spoke ve's
terday, what may not be looked for in'the
explorat ions airno~ng the 11n1outain ranges on
either side! And if such results are jound
in the coast niiountainis where no one ex.
pectedlii ntwch gobi to) exist, what will not
lie foot slopes of the Sierra Nervada dis
close to the secing enterprise that is
now actively' ernployedl arnidst their gorges,
andtc on t he bo'rders oif their streams!
eare ledl to these rettarks tromt cer
tatin reinarkabl~e d iscoveries of q <iri z gold
wicht have lately comec to onur k now ledge
trorn ant un tilestiona).'ble source. Several
the~ northiern rivers, in their exloratiojns in
the adjacent rioutinis durn. theC past
iter, eartie uponi at v'emi f tpi-it zi where
the pmure ore was oblserved in threah i and
spanigles, beauttifuI to loiok npontr. Anm ex.
vanliortinis of the rock, atnd sutch runde
tess a wee a had :ppledwithI the iost
Mtistfactory. anid even *itoitnlinng resulits.
I'the veciit is abtotit tinruvty et wide, aind ii
siine port ions so) rieb da to troduice a dIlla~r
to art ottnce of rock! A piece was knoceked
oil wveighinig toutrttetti pinds, a tid subient
ted to the ac'tion ol heamt in a blacksmt iht's
forge, w hen thme asriouttt of thirty-twtodollars
was siettedl fron lie roil:! Nut hulf of
what it coittaihitld~ I tibe g't o~tit in tichm at
way. Oilier spceciimencs hiov viehled Irtint
:u dollar to two dollar. to a hinitiot of tihe
rock, ai the (litittity of it is repireseittld
as literally inexh~ltaistile. \\e siult~v
soin spericiieris t rot thbese ttt ntos in a weeik
oir two, when*i w'e shalti prbably, spea.:k it! it
agait. i'The itothier iinii of (.'ibioriii:,
irt' yet to bei dioveed of wihtegb
ini the rivers :nti riviiei aire but thte disii
curious exelnn isi adon'giel byv Ihi (';
neue pihysicians iln ortder to ditover wheth h.
or a pecrson has been itnutalered tor died
I btrtuih the n'ilenice of ift heri:
"lti itider to, itiabe the tbscffvery, the
bodyt~ is first thett anit wat~,iI ii vi/iegar
.'ter lith. a m.i. tire is. kiitlb', i a
andif the slit- m~i dtepthi. 'Tincs tire is cointm.
traly ang?.inetedtt, unitil the siurrounitori
earthbtbecintes ats h'it is ant orett ith e.
lusety of ii mel i pourfedf mitthe pii t, sL
tfuvWf, ilo wVhtich thme til' is :,tr tchifd out
at tilt lenirth. A chili is tirownt over
bothi, mi the firm tiof an Ii, ini urer tht
thme $tte:,ti of th ltwjne mtiy act tip ti it mi
cevery dIiremtctiii. A\t the mndtt two h '0Iours
tthe cloth is takent off, andi if ainy tblows hive
beenOi giveci they tihi appeaidr uptoni thme body,
it wht tiever st ate it mnay be."
Th~e Chiiinese h kewvise assert that if the
b)4 vws givent hav e becen so severe as to oc
camonmi deathi, hint' trial maktles the mat~rks aip.
heir uponft t hf hbniets, I i~thogh nonfe of them'tt
sh~oiubl ti birokeni or ippatrently injutred.
Thme w inie used ini these trialIs, it is said, is
a kindm oft beer, iti:tib of rice aimnd hii'iiv.
Iiiisuchl is tioiund to) bei tue, it macvhie of
entitenit service itt caises of doubit~, when
violence is thtought to have bieen c'omiunit
tedt, an mm ayitt ftorm a now era mi the deter
tionm ot critmes.
A EAUx ~it,:L: I m(E'L.--A vtinug girt
atbouit seven years oit agi, was atsked bty ain
antheist, how la rge she suip1 osed her t iid
to ho; to whtich shte with ad miirabtle read;
nmess rephled: "I Ie is so grealt that time
hteavenms cannot conutaini hiim, andi yet so
kiiilly condifesceningic, as to dwell in 1my
TILE MTER BANNER.
Sum rville, So. Ca.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1850.
J. S. G. Stichardson, Editor.
-" Messrs. A. WuTE & Co., are
Agents for the I3aandr in Suintervillo.
The office of the SUMTElt BANNER has
been removed to the now building (upstairs)
one doo; north of A. J. & P. Moses' store
We need hardly call the attention of our
readers to the interesting account, from the
Columbia Telegraph, of the proceedings of
the U. S. Senate on Wednesday last, when
all the obnoxious features of the so called,
Compromise Bill were defeated.
We received a few days since from Dr.
W. H. HOJ.LEYMAN, a present of a Beet
24 inches in length, 15 inches in circum
ference and weighing over 8 lbs. It was
grown in his garden at Bishopville, in this
District. It is certainly the largest speci
men of the beet kind that has ever come
within our observation.
"'? We acknowledge the receipt of an
address delivered before the Cadet 'olytech
nic Society by EnwiN IlaFioT, Esq.
Dr. SAMUEL II. I)icKsoN has been named
as a suitable person for the P'residency of
the South Carolina College.
An election for Governor was held in this
State on Thursday last. We have seen re
turns from but three Counties-in theso
RFim, the Democratic candidate, has gained
300 votes upon the vote of 1818, when
3IANT.v, the then and now Whig candidate
was elected by a majority of 87 i votes.
The Beginning of the End.
We clip the following paragraph fvpn a
Northern paper :
"The M1assachusetts Grand Division, at
the quarterly meeting in Newburyport on
\\cdnesday last, resolved, 87 to 10, to main.
tauit - the Subordinate Divisions to admit
tmbers to the Order without regard to
color. This is against the National Division
i loston, which voted. 7t to ti, that it is
improper to admit colored men."
We haVe little question but that, sooner
or later, the determination of Massachusetts
will be sustained by the National Division
and when" th.t is done the South will o'
course withdraw. In the meantime we
think that nio person having a card from the
Grand Division of Massachusetts should be
recognized lnthe South as a Son of Tem
purance. Tla contumacy of that Division
should be trytt ipso facto, a forfeiture
of their hrte r.
SUMTERVILLE, -S C.,
ArGUST 5Tat, 1850.
Punrsnunt to notice, the citizens of Sum.
ter l)istrict assembled this dlay in the Court
On motion of Col. 31. 30ses, Gen. S. R.
C('irAm zis was called to the Chair. Mir. J.
r. Il:c.si:nt acid 1)r. .J. J. 3ic C~tr.Ev, were
appou~intedc Scretar'es. T1hie mneetinig being
organitized. the following lt esol ution was of
fered byi (npt. J. 11. N. I I.ut.11r.-r and unani
Res../rd, Th'lat a comitticed be appointed
to inivite Col. Maxxv (urmA and Col. JAly~s
CrII:sse-r, Jr., delegates to the Nashville
ConvenV~tin, to ineeat wvith their constituents
of thi. )istict at Sumterville on the first
M ondaty in Sepebrnxo tsc te
inn a may s~~u therniec.ohe
'I'The chair appointced the tflhaing gentle
iinon a c'oirmittee--~.Ca pit. J. hi. N. H Iutan:-r,
"'-t I"- Se':'v c, .1- KNOX, E's.1., Capt. 3.
TP. G in:; s:, \. It. lIh~n; :-s. N-sq., Capt. It.
on not:oni of Dr. 31eCaiec.c:v, it was
Reso/re/ , Thlat a comfhiiiitteeC of five be
appin ted to intke' a rranag.eents for t heir
recepfi tiinfner which resoiluction thu foil
hlow ingi gentlemteni were( apixwiinted: Col. 31.
o( 4''::ot ion oreredi.that the pro~ceeings
Thlere. bing no furthier buisiniess, the
JA! S-lc~ I( i V. A N I- l''it Chm.
D['I .u io' taii cc -m-.ia o f n-n it.-rmiv
.;ar,, tratai ( ) wigo, ona the Ne~w York anid
lri-.n It a i'ri ad, wa. priipitacted through a
biridg~e en ,inig a ravinie, yeste.mrday after
"iinc. 'lio helenre train, wenlt down, ad
thre earis loetue a petrfeet wreek. Th'le en..
rerv wa,. literally~ tilledf with thec frair
imintii. Thei. while iiniinber of cars wcee
ihroni"ii 'o on tip 'if the oilier in a perfect
ly miae. of ruti.-eiveral lives, it is believ
c-d .eveni orm eight . were~ fo.t.
Th'le condlucto r of the ri nc , twovi breaks.
inont, tad t woi dui avrs were butrtid inc the
rinsi .. 'The conaduor hi w.lowever, was got.
tn out but badly woiiiided. Several otlicrs
co nl b". seen undeIr the~ ruins5 and wvere
ale to coniverse fir ani hour or two.
O ne (offheml, theare bin. g aboxut onei thou
saind h-ali of cattlie. consi..tmgu ofe-ows, sheep
aii n hog- ottn oard was thtusdly gored to
datha by ani ox, and anthier also appeared to
befead, wihile antother was seen~ struggling
aim v i ig for assi-,taiice.A- tilp of water
was go tten to himi~, bt lhe was so far goine
''hae ravine wias comph~if-c,-lk fiflle li 4.'it
the wrieckedi catrs iindi dleadi andt wounded
e athe, fpreLening a tost lanteintable scene.
'I 'he los- by in.. di -:ter, in property, it is
ilhough' t, .wiflinot hill "hurt of t wo hiuindredl
ilioiiad idollars. At the last accounts,
nat- twoilii t hundre peirsons were eiigaged
e learmii a way the. rubbalish-la. l,. .Sun.
A a"t At. or .i G xinauc.mi.--T'he shiip
WVaterloo a rriwedc here from n Liverpool this
n orning, bringinug the world renowned
(arialdci, the hero of 31 ontevideo and the
dlefenider of 'tao.e ie will be welcomed
b~y thtose who know him as becomes his
cfinvalrus, character and his services in
behalt Liberty v.-. Y.v 'V..a...
From the Columbi Teg
The compromiso Vote.',
Qalifprnia seems so thorougly mbned.
wjtJ the spirit of disorganization, thatpvon:
a vote on the question cannot be taken with.
out some confusion or distui-bance. Wcd; t
nesday lasts-the day on which the Compro- I
eiise received its quietus-was according- C
ly marked by considerable "noise and con. I
fusion," and it is utterly impossible for us
to give in our limited space, a sketch even g
of everything that was done; We annex I
however, an abstract of the proceedings so
far as the Compromise was concerned (
which will be of interest now, and to which
our readers may have occasion to refer here- I
after. We give only the most important e
votes and decisions.
The first !amportant move with reference a
to the Bill, was by Mr. Pearce,of Maryland, t
proposing to strike out all relating to New F
Mexico and the Texan boundary, for the C
purpose of inserting a substitte offered by c
him. After some discussion and sundry a
propositions, Mr. Pearce modified his mo
tion, by 5ffering simply to strike out, and in C
.his (orm it was carried by the following %
Yeas-Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Ben- I
ton, Berrien, Butler, Chase, Clarke, Davis, F
of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi, I
Dayton. Dodge of Wisconsin, Douglas,
Ewing, Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Hunter Ma
son, Miller, Morton, Pearce, Phelps, Se
ward, Shields, Smith, Soule, Turnoy, Un
derwood, Upham, Wales, Walker, Win.
throp and Yulee--33.
Nays-Messrs. Atchinson, Badger, I
Bright, Cass, Clay, Clemens, Dawivon,
Dickinson. Dodge of Iowa, Downs, Foote, i
flouston, Jones, King, Mangum, Norris,
Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Spruance, Stur- i
geon, and Whitcomb-22.
Pending an attempt to insert something
in the vacuum thus created (which was
never filled however,) Mr. Hale of New
Hampshire, moved the indefinite postpone
ment, which was lost by the follo vote:
Yeas-Messrs. Baldwin, Barn , Ben- i
ton, Butler, Chase, Clarke, Clemens, Davis I
of Massachusetts, Davis of Mississippi, 2
Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Ewing, I
Greene, Hale, Hamlin, Hunter, Mason,
Miller, Phelps, Seward, Smith, Soule, Tur
ney, Upham, Walker, Winthrop and Yu- t
Nays-Messrs. Atchinson, Badger, Bell, i
Herrien, Bradbury, Bright, Case, Clap,
Cooper, Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa,
Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston,
Jones, King, Mangum. Morton, Norris, I
Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, t
Spruance, Sturgeon, Underwood, Wales t
Mr. Turn' y o Tennessee, :epeated the I
motion after some time, and it,,. was again
lost by a vote of 29 to 30, the difference be
ing occasioned by the Senators of Texas,
Messrs. Rusk, and Houston, who voted this
time in the affirmative.
The same motion was again offered by
Mr. Chase of Ohio, and failed by a vote of
28 to 29. On comparing this with the list
as reported above, it appears that Mr. Hale t
did not vote at all, and ftbssrs. Ruslc and
Sebastian voted with the "ayes," thus mak
ing 2-Mr. Houston, in the negative.
Mr Walker (of Wisconsin,) moved to
strike out a.! except the.California portion
of the bill, which was lost: .
Yeas-Messrs. Baldwin, Benton, Bright,
Chase, Clarke,' Davis of 'Massachusetts,
Dayton, Dodge of Wisconsin, Ewing, t
Greene, Hamlin, Millerr Phelps, Seward,
Nays--Messrs. Atchison, Badger,
Barniwell, Bell, Berrien, Bradbury, Butlor, e
Clemens, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson,
Dickinson, Dodge of Iowa, Dounglas,Downs,
Felch, Foote, Ihouston, Hunter, Jones,
King, Mangum, Mason, Morton, Norris, ,
Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Soule,
Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, and Yulee
By referring to the vote on the first mo-t
tion to postpone, it will be seen that 50 Sen
ators voted, lacking but one of a full Sen
Mr. Borland, of Arkansas, is the only
Senator whose namte does not appear in
that vote, while, in the list above stated, it
wvili be seen that fifty-five votes were given,
showing absence or dodging on the part of
five Senators, who were Messrs. Borlar d,
Cass, Clay, Cooper and Hale.
Indefintito postponement was agin moved
by Mr. Phelps, of Vermont, and failed by
vote of twenty-eight to thirty, Messrs. Bar
land and Sebastian not voting.
Mr. Atchison, of Missouri, moved tuo
strike onit all relating to California, which
was lost by a tie vote.
In the aflirmnative, the two Senators from
each of the following States, Missouri,
North Carolina, South Caralina, Georgia,
Alabiamna, Mississippi, Iowa, Louisiana,
Texas, Florida, Maryland, and Virina
and one fronm Arkansas, Connecticut, ~1en
nessee, Rhode Island, Vermont, respective
ly, mnakimg twenty-nine.
In the negative w~ere the two Senators
from Maine, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Ken
tc cky, Pennsylvania. Massachusetts, New
Jersey, New York, Wisconsin, New HI amp.
shire, D~elaware, andl one from Rhode Island,
C'onnetienut. Tlennessee, Vermont and II
linois, respectively, Mr. Douglass not vo
ting., and a Senator from Arkansas absent.
Tlo follow the bill, howvever, through all
its dlevious windings to the tomnb, wouldI
take up too much space at present, for mo
tions to amend, to postpone, &c. were offer
ed on all sides, and the ayes and noes taken
The finishing stroke was g'ven by a me- t
tion to re-consider the vote above stated, by.t
which the Senate refused to strike out the
Celiforn sections. The motion to re-con.
sidler, wvhiich was offered by Mr. WVinthrop,
prevailed, and, after somne timo, the motion r
of Mr. Atchison, as originally olfered, wast
carried. Theia vote stood a follows, by a
North-Carol ina, Mississippi,
Connecticut, Louiisiana, a
Georgia. Maryland, and
Rhode Island, Arkansas (l vote) ~
Maine, Now Jersey,
Indiana, Wisconsin, P
Michigan, Iowa, C
Kentucky, Now IIamnpshire,t
New York, Ohio, Texas.
It will thus he seen, that sixteen States r
wore for striking out, oleven against it, and i
three divided. liThe section was according. 1
ly stricken out by a vote of thirty-four to i
tlwenty-five, and it is scarcely necessary for C
us .to repeat the list of names which may 5
be inforred from the above statement, when g
weo state ,that of the .three. States whose b
votes wereo divided, Messrs. Seward, Ewing a
and Rusk, voted wvith the majority. 1
Nothing nowv remained biut Utaht on me- a
lion of Mr Dongas, a ..am...ntwa
r\ ** '1"w:. Y~ re "t :Y ' f "Tf +
pied ' tlng, the ling of 7 dg~ ar~th
bluthern boui*y tI s Teiitty, andbp
Yeas-Medis. Atc 1ton, Badge, lon
)n, Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Butler Cass,
avis, of Miss., Dawson, Dakicron jbdge
f Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Felch, Itton,
Iunter, Jones, King, Mason, Morris, Pratt,
lebastlan, Shields, Soule, Spruance, Stur
eon, Turney, Underwood, Wales, and Yu
Nays-Messrs. Baldwin. Bell, Chase,
Iark, Darkrof Mass. 'Dayton,. Dodge of
Via., Ewing, Greene, Hale, N-amlin,- Mii
ar, Pearce, Seward, Snith, Upham, Walk.
r, and Winthrop--18.
Thus ended, and thus perished most de
ervedly,-the greatest instanc4 of legisla.
ve jugglery the world ever witnessed,
erhaps-the most delusive and deceptive
ongloneration of measures that were ever
rged on a free people by persuasion and
woe names. It died simply because it
vas not fit to live, and not for want of any
are and nursing; on the contrary,- never
as bantling niore tenderly or. Wore sedul.
usly handled, and never, since the days of
4acbeth's witches, has a. cauldrom ben
nized full of more disaimihfr inigredients, or
>een stirred with umere hearty good-will.
It has gone .thoug and let those wpep
vho have occasion-the. Compromisers
vho have only rompromised~ themselves,
nd the traitors.who have lost the reward
if their treason. 'Thus pirish all mea
urea that would deceive and beguile a
roe people-that come with the 'bands of
Esau and the voice of Jacob." Thus per.
sh all attempts to mingle to mingle togeth
troil and water by legislative hoeus pocus,
nstead of sound Constitutional chemistry!
On Thursday the Senate took up the Bill
eported by the Territorial Committee (Mr.
Douglas Chairman,) for the admission of
ali rnia as a State.
Mr. Foote moved that 35dg. 30min. be
he Southern boundary of the State, and af
or some discussion b Messrs. Dawson,
Iason, Butler, IIale, Clay, Dickinson, and
'oote, the subject was postponed.
The bill to provide a territorial govern
nont for Utah (being all that was left of
he Compromise after the severe elimination
if Wednesday) was then taken up, received
s third reading, and sent to the house.
In the House several report were pre
ented, and among them a bill from the
ommitteo on Naval atyairs, to provide a
inc of steamers for the coast of Africa for
he purpose of suppressing the African slave
rede, and protecting American commerce,
vhich received two readings, and was re.
erred to the Committee of the Whole.
The Fortification bill was then taken up,
vhen Mr. King, (of New-York) moved to
trike out a clause appropriating 83,000 to
reserve the site of Fort Moultrie, which
notion was lost by vote of 11 to 104.
UTAn.-When Mr. Clay, at an early pe.
led of the debate, drew the affecting pic.
ure of the unjust slight ofered by -'Miss
alifornia," to her eider sister,. Utah
'cocking up her nose anel refusing to asso.
sate with that girl"-he little thought how
Potent would be the influence of his affec
ing appeal. The Cinderilla of the concern
s the only passenger in the Omnibus that
assed over the fatal brid@ :ofayesterday.
he, so long ket in the ckgtpund, and
rested withcol c mere mnak
reightr-thoe baupsat :* ii
fthat slowt coach and its venturou hst
ns. Refusing to incor'orate the Wilmnt
rvise into her Constitution, and acting
pen sound American principles, she did not
xcite the sympathies of those. so warmly
olicitous for the immediate entrance of
Ialifornia and New Mexico, Which had en
rafted that principle--and ho! the lasthins
een made tirst.-Miss Utahj trims in, while
he others, like.
"The Peri, at the gate
Of Eden, utand disitilate."
The Benton and Foote Dhlodty.
The special committee appointed to inves
gate the particulars of the difhicuilty be
ween Senators Foote and Benton made
heir report last Monday. The committee,
fler recapitulating the particulars of the
Iisgraceful scene, expresses the belief that
htr. Denton either intended to make a per
onal assault on Mr. Foote, or rushed to.
yards him for the purpose of intimidating
dmn. That hits manner, coupled with liis
irevious declarations, was certainly such as
o justify Mr. Foote in the belief that the tirst
vas his iention, as it evidently did excite
uch apprehensions in the mind.s of many,
f not most all, of the Senators who witness
~d it. The report adds that Mr. Foote then
ent his seat, without advancing toivands Mr.
entton, hut in fact placing hnmuself further
roin haii, and though lie drew a deadly
reapon, lie did not present it, and readily
rive it up wihen demanded of him. No blow'
vas struck--no shot tired--but it is assert
d1 there wvas imminent daniger that the
senate chamber would be the scene of a
l'adly and criminal encounter. Thme comn
niutee add tha~t they cannot too strongly
:ondemnn the practce of wearing arms in the
enate chamber. Trhat Senators should re
y fer defence upon the Senate, whose high
uty it is to protoct its members from injur
'r insult, and whose practice should furnish:
perfect guaranty of snch protection. A
ifliorent course wouild convert the halls of
agislation into bloody arenas, and destroy
be value, if not the exisfence, of the insti
ut ions from which spring onr glory and our
ood. The report concludes as follows:
"In the present case, uinder all circum
Lances, the committee forbear to recoin.
iend any action to the Senate. They hopo
hat the strong con~demnation oh the person
lities which led to threatened violence, their
ensure of the attempt, by a member, to
vengo in the presence of the Senate, and
f the practice of carrying arms in the Sen.
to chamber, will be a sufficient rebuke,
uid a wyarning not unheeded iii future.
thould this hopo prove vain, and sinmiliar
cenes of violence again occur, they cannot
oubt that the SenaJpo will enforce prompt,
tern, and effectual penishmnit."
A Chinaiman, in San Francisco, keeper
f a restaurant, left open a ces >~ol on his
remlises, into which one of th citizens
hianced to fall, and the result a tn ae
on for damages. Tro the note a stlressed
v thme sufferer's lawyer to John Chuiaman,
'e following reply (in good Chmnese) was
aturned without delay: "By the laws of
1o Celestial Empire, wvhich have been in
>rce from the time of Conficius to the
sign of the present illustrious Tfatkwvang,
is provided that. when a mni~i tres'pasCs
a another's grounds, anid theteby falle"
ito a sink, he shall get nothing but dbrty
lothes, unless he happeneth to be an out
de barbarian, in which case Ito shall also
et laughed at. As.Sing believes those
miwa still in force ini all parts .ofthe world,
ad also in California. Dunt if Mr. E.
iinks otherwise, he can trot that officer
loing twith the writ." . The' proceedhitiga
:12days B Vbeiiu _'
dent ofes ' t r
asengers' y.. plelt:
n1,8 mitJJ tosee On our shores fhei
he soninly:o h and uauteg
Own Country , ras u~r:
ance have made him liany friens in Ajnerm
ca, and we dobt iot h will reein a
ernus welcome from all Who urndesthir-' -,
blemings of a republican.' overunmert
The distingulshed Sou American is .
[Ian of apparenty s4,ixty, -Oyeas 4f gp
portly figure rae-g .
eight, very.dark comr- : p Q
bfack hair, ."and- a tus
ly tinged witi grey. jis,;
is quite a young man. eneral a 13
companied also by 11. Stif j 'se
Thloinas, Mr. 'I'. C;do ROJas,9f t,
and Mr. Krebs of Sthimai4 and
have taken rooms atGlams'a. h
IIouse, in Chestnut street, a v
This morning G' 4Pap5:W Wadeds.
by a large numberof our citaenrigjl r
many foreigners,- principally 8'.ia" ,
French. A good many ladie
among the visitors. General e -i
ceeds from this city to New York, a U1; *
time of hie departure depends sonewhi.r
upon the arrangements makingr itr that ,
to give him a public receptiot.-..gktjL .4.
lcain, 27. t
A wru. CIKOLEAFATa rT:.-W copy
the following from .the Rising.un (-Is.0
True Whig, of the 20th iristant.:.' a
"A man from Pennsylvania, (namenq .
krnown) with a wife and six childiwn, left
Cincinnati one day last week,'ih'. a"kif-in.
tending to go to Madison-and wherfarrive
ing at the North Bend, his .wife wga lagp
with the cholera, and died in a fe' hour ,
her husband.nailing a rough bo" tbcthec :
and inbedding it in the sand, whei-e ie left.
Ont arriving at Millersburgh, a fe:
miles lielotw-this place, all of the childre'
died, but 'one, and were buried in' a liks
manner. The next day the father diecd
smd was buriedon a sandbar by a fishefrinan
This completed the whole family, with the
exception of a girl three or four years lde
who is now living with the fishernf i who
buried her father.
This is certainly one of the most remark.
able cases of fatality on rec 'l'he sur.,
viving girl is not sufficient anced i
years to give an accurate a of-their
origin or destination, the-nbdv'e being the
history furnished our informant ly:the, olh +
man, previous to his death.
CIOLErA AN!) L.MEsTONE I 1V tERt ".
Both the Nashville 'iund incinnat pa" ' ;
agree in representing the &~Ig+ere
vailign.mostelerely in t -sections of
their respectivo eties where Tlnestone wa
ter is in use. The Cimicinnati Commercial,
of the 15th, esidthat the sum total oflat
tality in that city was ther.e made ,with
reference to any particular district, rxcept
one, and adds: -
"Thn exceptio Is Der Creek Vii e
and here they fdtijd several 0a " *hble'
era and ascertained that sick '
ty general among families. .. t
miting ouriolvps to a rd eonl adtui '
t .wihcll dems to besusta ef
trict gave :inre thanistit
army of death, and hold, a balt -!.
ful odds agaimdt any other sectin of
city. We note this tact that the 'limestorie
water theory" maly reeiversarious. :attend
tion, and thiat-those who areoqiyhfedes~
turn their thoughts to iL anid giy&t A B4
A curious Breachihf Promise Case csmi.
before thme Common Pleas, in New To,*
on rhmursday. MUaria.Blenoit, a very pruody
little French girl, sewed artholomxet.8er-.
neas, laymgtt her dlamnages at $10,000.-..
Thme dlefendanmt Wva comm~itted] to raisorf, Jr
default. of-S2,000) bail,. bu4 derntndirigan:
Other~ examination of thme care, it was 6b.
tained, and l:e was discharged frutn opsto,
dy. D~ercndant stated'th~at Martha pged
to live with him asa his mit~stiik
furnished him with mrnoney totartist'buei.
rmess, but that she hais been, subseq'tatly;,
the mistress of sundry other persons,. and
that her suit wast brought oat of moore re
venge. And so thmought the court. Hence
the discharge of defendant. As' the n.
ties and relatives are well known in Neitr
York city, the case created a good dealbof
.PnSI.--.-Accounts from Persia sayJta
in May last there was a formidable eon
spiracy detectedl at Tabrees, the.,objoc of
which was to overthrow the authority; othe
Shah. in Persia they makeh short we gaf
stuch matters, and scarcely had 'te eponsi.
rators been denounced, lbefore Taipaelh
heads of five of time principles'onee,: whicia
heads were stuck upon thie gates 'tf the
city, with their bodies, Uieing under the'amis
of 1be latter, which, in that figurative doun
try, is symbolical, and mneans 'thit theauf.
erers were humbly resigned to' their fate
as su1~erLers often are in such cases, beefuse
they canothelp thenmselves. .In this guise
it was, with his headtader hi sarm, after
it was off did Saint Oennis- travel seversti
miles wvithiout inconveniencees milhicms in
.France to this day believe...G~obe.
A QUssa Fzs'n.----There was bronglit
in yesterdlay one of those- strange anjnals
of the sea, that seem ai sort of crudeoimita
tion of those of thme land. It ia celledthe
Sea-Cow, rind was enptureil byMr' Cnautc
in St. Luce's Sound, South'W Florida,
wa Lore thmey .are often seen. The e ci
mien is a bull-the mate of it having een
killed in the enpture. 'It is about 1'feet
long, with a head not relikethatfxow,
very smiall eyes, teeth in shape andh pos:
t son like those of a Cow.- It .has on the
breast two flippers, sotmethiang like a Tur
tle's hnmt armied with nails. Tfhe 'tall is'fan
sh-sped, tihe skin, smooth and of aiad color,
and very thick. The flesh is'oatable,: and
as simdl to tate like beet, and Its vital
organization, e~xcept imn laving firo hearts
approacs lthi M1 the 'Cdw. The'sedetc.
Itures feed 'on the water griass fkinib
after the mnaanner ot thme Hhippoltlmas
' isi fish my bee eji& 'gut4enian..
Ur A C~eIrn. ToM4 on& y*,,.To
followinig hams beena handed to.U: gthr e
ci po of a goodI haomse.aife'for presor~ vind er
'euring' tomnatoce so eflectoally thim'rthey
may he broughat outat any 'time betwe n
the seasons "ageod astv" with -reisely
thme flamvour of time~original aspa le. , get
sound tomamtoeg, peel them, anmlpmrpare jyst
the "saihe sit for cooking, segz9?o them as
thie possib, uheni imt i kettle, be-fi (
t abol, ieaawith rejp'arnd slt
tl ait thlem ~p st one jugs tskey dsirect l
wa'vterjy Whk~h ':re$ (theJ:) haae
amnd keep the'm m a enos w-:;a- '