Newspaper Page Text
* aand the Teiaa Edrbe.
e- -11 errn ous
nformation about Abe Texas bill, on Satur.
day lapt. The House had noX up to Friday
night, noted on the bill at alli and there ap.
p :red no probability that It wodld.hd spee
lily disposed of. The mistakeof the tele.
graph originated in the / ashington corres.
ponidert of the Baltimore papers telegra h
mug to tlie latter his opinion that tI gill
would ptss by fifty majoritR
It is excoedingly probable, however, that
it will eventually pass, and Ihen, the great
question involved. is-will Texas consent
thus to be mutilated, dismembered, shorn of
her power and dominion, for the considera
I inn of ten millions of dollars! There may
he reason to fear that she will-we do not
denyi but there is alsoreason to hope that
she will Epurn this proposal to parcel ont
wiadobIe doVereignty and set it up ror public
sale like the goods of a bankrupt trader.
;o far as we have seen, however low the
spirit of Texas may be in the Senate, the
spirit at honc is high and determined, and
therb appears great unanimity in the re
solve-to -defend the old and true limits of
the i8tte; to yield nothing either to the se.
ductive 'gllttei'. of gold or the sharp gleam
* of steel; neijber to barter their rights nor to
be bullied but of them.
We havo before us some Toxas papers
by yesterday's mail. -They speak only w!ib
reference to the Comprotiise- bill and to
amendments off'ered to it- but their lan
guage isjust as applicable to the new bill.
The Galveston Journal, (a paper more in
clining to. compromise than any other we
havo-oon,) of the 7th inst. has the follow.
& ing significan' remark on the various steps
taken it) Eastern Texas to raise troops for
"Public meetings have been held at vari
ous places, at all of which the determination
to protect our claims to Santa Fe, at all haz
ard s,.was unanimously exprcaed.
"From a. personal kiowledge of the sen
timent of our Eastern citizens on this sub
ject, we speak advisedly when we say thaL
they will go as far as the farthest, and to
the last extremity defend the rights and
honor of our State. Moreover, there are
few, if any, dissenters amongst then, and
what. they. say they mean. Their. move
ients tmay seem rather premature, but they
are nevertheless sincere."
, The Matagorda Tribune of the 9th Au
guast, speaking of the support which a por
tion of the Southern people were deluded
into giving. Mr. Clay's bill, remarks pithilv:
"Here ti Texas, tie 0) people are too sumart
to be caught itt such "dead-falls," and if the
knowing ones at Washington expected us
to commit the suicidal acc of "selling our
birth-right for a mess of porridge," they
mnissed their mark. Not a man in Texas
would dare suggest it, however much he
night bePo inclined."
To the same effect speaks the Galveston
News of-August 7.
"Our latest information of the Compro.
mise is, that Mr. Bradbury, of Maine, had
presented to the Senate a caucus amend
mont providing for the appointment of two
Commissioners on the part of the United
States to meet two on the part of Texas,
all clothed with full authority to settle the
disptuted boutidary. .We notice thia1t maniy
of our, Southern exchanges speak of this as
at 'Jilost sensible arrangement to terminate
all further diliculties on this embarrassimg
subject. If this .State could consistently
authorize. her commnissioners to yield up
;.1any prtio~n of. tier ter ior.y claimied ever
sinqa4#.aAarationi ndependence in
180fthen this arrangement night indeed
result ih'a final and iinicablbsettlemeit.
But if: said commissioners shall he instruc
ted to miaintain the law 'of our boundary of
18)9, (and such must be their instructions
if they are ever appoited,) then it is difli
cult to see how this apjpointmenit of comn
tnissioners can accomptlish anything. Th le
only way. in which such arrangement can
result in an amiicable settlement, is upon
the hypothesis that the principal pairties
shall giv"e the commissioners power to do
what they themselves will not conisett
t) do. This may appear sensible to somte,
hut we think it will he difficult to find t wo
muen to w~hom the people of TJexas will con
cede the. power tA) part with any or their
tetritory.' '-Char. Mecury.
AID To PRoFFpssoni WVnsrrn's Fax:m
W.-.-A paper has been circulated, during
the past week, among the more wealthIy
of our citizetns, to raise the sumi of S-10,
(100, to be given to the wife and chiildreii
of Professor WVebster, to prov'ide for ihiemt,
and place them above want durinig life. .
The paper is headed by Mirs. George 1'.rk-I
moan, wife of the murdered tman, with the
sum of $500. The suhser-iptiotns have
ali-endy nearly, if not quite, reached thme
proposed amonunt. Mr. Andlrews, the jail.
or, says that Dr. Webster, ini his opimnion.
will hold out. firm to thme last-thmat he has
not eaten so heartily for somte t ine past.--1
H is family visitedh himt during last wek,
andl remained with htimi until six o'clock.
'They are not aware of the exact timie of4
the execution, hut knnw the day to be fix
ed. No persons are allowed to visit hinm,
ecept his famtily, and clergynmen, for spir
itutal purposes.--Boston .Mail, Aug. 19.
GAs Arr'aJaTus ronl I'trT [Du ar.
mxnas.---A correspondenit of the liiil~der
bays: "I have an apparatus for htght ing"
mny own pretnses, constructed on a vyi
small scale, consisting of furnace, retoi ,
veise! for purifyinig, andmi gasoumter, thom"
w~hole oceupying a space of onily five feet
mitiare, 'Thle material uised for mrakinag gas
is thew refuse of the kitchen, such as greas~e
or fat of any description, it muatte'rs nout how
dirty, as the wvhole is burnt off in thle re
tort; it produces a brilliant white lighlt, far
. surpassing any gas made ~ from coal.
have had it can'stantly in use for eightcett
imtonthb-, and no bad results have occurred,
although it is in' a thickly Itoptulated nei gh.
htorhood. The apparatus is not at all ex.
penive: It consists of only three vessels,
and .can be adapted to any number of burn
oe. Sufficient gas can be made in Otto
hour to sutpply one burner for a sit tinig
ronin for tw'dlvo hours, at a cost of fthr.E.
pence haifpen ny."
THfF. LAST PINCt.-A c'lergyflhan at.
tentded a enilprit on the scafibld, after the
usual prayers, he askes ats a matter of
And now, ere .I hid you farewell,
is there anmy thing I can (10 for you, my poor
"Yes, sir,' answered the lpinionetd one
eagedy,',you can be of the greatest com
b.t to moe; juast put. your hatnd in mty po(ck.
u v9 ill find n paper of snutt',-do o'pen
i~~Idgve mue a pmtch. I cant't heltp mty
d do as much for you it yout was int
ti Oh~itii, and~ I shall feel obliged to you
-tde on asl live.' Tho good divine vexed
tj aparting soul by saying any thing about
thmem siuqd follyof such regnest ait utch al
1I4fient~, inor the tinfitnmess of the oflice pro-.
aijed for ka of his cloth, lie admministeredl
a hLast criolation, anud as lie retired,
th de condemnied Cinne)r exclairm
~1temoni more, and, ae thte newvspapers
T rul v h ruhiog onssion is ,trmn.:.n deat.
In1ortant to Cotton Painters.
Mr. H-Itary Foster, or this oity,-has been
travelling through the counti es of Lowndes,
Monroe and Chickasaw, in Mississippi. In1
a letter dated Aberdeen, July *0, 1850,
after speaking jn. flattoring..tring r the
cotto n and corn crqlpa of those cotiies, ho
."On theO7th inst. (July. I rode.6ver the
crop of my old friend, Charles Gites, esq.
Rnd I can truly say that I have never seon
eight thousand acres in one crop promising
at that date a heavier yield. Ile has had
but one cause of alarm, which has almost
vanished in the last ten days. A fortnight
ago, lie discovered in his fields:great num
bors of the flies which are, said to produce
the boll woi-m. After some 'reflection 16
conceived the idea of catching thetu with
"Accordingly, he procured a gross of
plates, and filled theni vith molasses; he
appropriated one plate to every live acres,
throughout his fields. The 'result ias
been, the death of froma three hundred to
tour .u'tidred of these flies every day, until
lite whole tribe in and about his plantation
have disappeared. Others are following
is example, with confidence, that like re
sults will attend their eflorts. The plates
ire put oi small posts, elevated from twelve
to fifteen inches above the tops of the cot
toll plnt. -
The letter from which the above extract
is made was addressed to a gentleman of
Ureene county, Alabama, who handed it for
publication 1(o the Greensboro' Whig,
whence we obtained it. It hiad, however,
bmeei previously shiovn to a number of the
planters of the county, who were testing
the experiment, the sucess of which is
thu noticed by the Whig:
''Several of our planters are now trying
i new remedy for the fly in cotton, and ap
parentiv with great success. The method
-onsists iin placing throughout tho field, at
regilar intervals, numbers of plates filled
ivith molasses, which act as traps for the
lies. The plates sliould ble set upoti stakes,
b[)out as hi 0hi as the top of the plant, and
he imo!asses should be mixed with vine
var, to produce fe'rimentation. and thereby
hitiusc t lie odor. 'lhe dishes should be set
1 the evening, and some of the planters in
Ireen have caught several thousand flies
n a single niteht."
The AberdeenI independent has the fol
owing cioiicerning this expelient;
We had occasion to ri&- across the prai.
ies west of tils city a fewf days ago. and
,isited platitations o Cotton on which this
!permmmt was tried. We saw the phtes
f molasses and vinegar, and saw nmnbers
if these millers or flies in them. The ex
>criment seemns to be entirely successful,
Lmd we recomrmend it to all our planting
riends for trial forthwithi. The molasses
iml vinegar are mixed so as to lie of a thick
-osistency, and the plates are pilaced in
be ratio of oin to two or three acres. h'le
wol worm has been for years the direst of
'nemies to the Cot ton crop. The crops
hrough the section we visited were promi.
mo; the Corn needed rain very mciti, aind
vill sufler if its wants are not supplied.
'ie Cotton is -bout three weeks later, or
rounger than at this date in previous years,
ind if a fIa orable fill does not gre It, the
:rop must suller largely by it.
Festival of Juggernaut.
A respectable writer gives the following
lescription of tlie festival of Juggernaut:
Loud woro L-wulhuta of triumaph.. wuriej
rreeted our, ears as we approached tho tem
le of Juggernaut. Immense were tie
nultitudes that thronged around, anid thou
ands would tio more' have been tossed
han a single gra in tromt a handful of the
inest sand. Ini a few mintes' space, we
tood in front of the ido!, raised upon its
mormous mious car, and surrounded by a
vhlel. ho(st oft priests and dlevoltees.
TIhme first sensations whi ch I experiencedl
in approaching it, weore t hose of horror and
hisgiust; but, alas! how were these sensa.
ins in a tenthl degree incitreasedl before
lie ceremoiesm~ of that day were pist. The
ar, .ir tower, on wvhch thle i;yd was raised,
tnod at the hieihit. of omnmy eet above the
~round. Its sidles were adorned with mas
'ire andl endmrmu sculp 1tuore, repres~entinmg
lhe umoast. lase iv cions forms andl imiages
~'ici the minil ofi lie wvicked could smug.
!est The lalt formi on the top was graced
itubh an iimumierable crowd of mmosters,
id f-iiin, half-beast, in every variety anmd
hapxje; antd in the miiidst of these, the idol
tself.~ a hi ugo inishapent bIlck if wood, was
Ilaced. Its visage was painited blac k, its
lmthl was of a bloody colour, its arms were
it golid, and its apparel was (If thle richiest
ml miost variegaieil coloured silk. There
I s:x t, in hiorrid, hiorrid list lessnmess, u poni its
letat ed throne, whiide thle priests and their
soistan its bowed the~umselves befo re it, andi,
v ithI thle imost inmdecetit at tide aiid ges
u res, sough lt to propitiate its taviour amid its
trac e. Iullu andl bouder were thle shouts
>f the multitiude, as iieni, women, andm chid
Irenm, all presseid tiorwardl to lay, it it iiighlt
ie, even a linger upon~i thle ropes t hat drag.
ed thle stuipw.nmdious canir. .\ilaiiy were tie
vo rn-oiut antd t ravtel-siileid pigrims wvho
venr crushed Io deith, mi thle viam aid emp-i)
y struig.ie; liut louitd were the plaimihts
chich thiey whoxi ied re. eied, amid a smmiih.
emiaiiied upon their chounitenanices event mi
hue hitter hiour of de'ithi.
A'tt length thle idlol mxov'ed. Th'le eonr
mious.' whleels, upon whlieb it wtas support ed,
reak ed atil rrianieid benieath Iits weiglut,
imid the dleeply indeniteid grouiid shioweid thme
ion: xbsity of the pressuire that rilleid alIon'
s surface. lIn a shoirt a paceI it stoppued,
imi t lhen the wiorshipi uif tliie godiu comiionedei.
Th~le chief proests adva'uced, and with
myi a lowv sailaam bierani to recite a hiini
-oll of iioblscene aiid imdeice'nt verses. Th'lese
ire thle songs"' lie exclaiiied, ''with whlich
lie g~od is delighted. It is but whein lhe us
deaseid thiat Is car will move.' '.- ecordingly
t did imove a few paces ini adIvance, when
igaini it stopped, aiii ainon a yomtu being
was broughit, forward, to attembp:, ii it imiglit
b~e, sonotmm iii~t iill niore laiou ils, to piro
pitiato his3 god. lIe beganti iia~per---but I
cannot, I will nt, carry on the horrible do
scripitioni. Fatncy cabnnot piture, the iim
agimatiimn cainnot, coniceive thle abhorninat ions
of tis woishiip. I turnued awaiy, in swck.
ness of heart, and in titter IloathIiing and is..
gust, (ruin the sight; butt a lotid amid renew
ed shoiint tell upon my ear, and invohmntari.
ly I turn red rotund andl~ saw en emiaciaited
andl wori ouit piilgrimn, with a kind iof supler
nat tiral I t reingthI, an iia vaihI devotion gleam.
inig in his eyes, force his way through the
surrouundinig crowd, iiiul prostrate haimiselt
on his face ini the very conurse oft lie terri tic
car, aind, withI outstretched arms and legs,
await unmoiiveid the c~onsiiunationx of hi~s
tate. (Oxni lked thle tionderous wheels, andii
ore a minuutte haild hipiseid, the minsgumided
wretch IhIy crmushxed, dis membiereil, broken ai
. lhialeh-ss mass of fleshi, ainil scarcely to he
d isti ngiiishedci from lie dutst amioiigst wi'nch
lie was ahi nst contcea ledl friom s ighit. Loudi
sngs of praise accompanied this aet oi
self-devotion, for the tmulItituido believed]
that the victim' would he received as a fai.
v'iure'l child oif Juggernuaut, axid recalledi
itito life ini a state of everlasting hiappiness
SumtervIe, So. ea.
'IVEDNESDAy, AUGUST 28,' 1850.
SS. U ichadso3, Editor.
HIP Metrs. A. WHITE & Co., are
Agents for the -Vann6 In Sunterville.
Tite office of the SUMTER BANNER has
been removed to thO now. building (upstairs)
on door.north of A. J. & P. Mosest stort
51To the Hon. II. A. HIAALoLf, of
Georgia, we are indebted for a copy of iis
Speech on the Territorial Question.
COTTON.-The Charleston Cotton Mar.
ket continues ina very depressed state.
The transactionss on Saturday were limited
to 6,16 hales, at prices ranging from 12 1-2
to 12 3-4 cents.
The excessive drought which prevailed in
this District from the 1st Juno to the 20th
July, a period of fifMy days, materially in
jured the corn crop. From the information,
which we have gathered, from difi'rent parts
of the District, we do not believe that any
thing like anl average crop of corn will be
inade. In relation to cotton, however, it is
just the other way. The prospect of a large
crop, upjp Saturday last, had not been nore
pronising for a number of years. What
efrect the gale of that day, will have we are
not prepared to say.
On Saturday afternoon last, we were visi
led by a gale from the South, which lasted
severd hours and was severe enough to
prostrate a number of trees in our village
and in the surrounding country. We have
heard of but one serious accident which it
occasioned. A negroof Mir. RonE-it MATns
of Salem had his arm and leg broken by the
fall of a tree.
The South-Its Dangers and its Re
Wve have received from Gen. W. P-. MAl
TN a copy of an address, entitled its above,
delivered, by him, at the celebration of the
battle of Fourt Aloultrie, June 28, 1850.
This address was published in the Charles.
ton papors, and has boon highly sdpken of
every where. We have not had time, since
we received it, to givo it that attentive pe.
ristal which its merits demand.
We received on Alonday last. from ow't
friends of Vleanrille a tnost aceeptable
pi-esent of some flour, which had just been
ground at their Mill. We have tried it, and
can safely recommend the "Vt:L'ANvJ LE
STEAt MAt.L"--one mile north-eastf Sun.
t*eril-;.to a11 who desito excollent. flour
andhave Iwheat to be gr6ound ard lli-1.
Fugitive Slave Bill.
A telegraphic despatch to thme State-Rig~hts
Re'uu4!!cqn dated, Wanshington, Aug. 2-tth,
states, that in the United States Senate on
Friday, the 23d inst., the Fugitive Slave
Bill was ordered to be engrossed bsy a deci
Messrs. Gregg and Chesnut.
It wvill be seen, by the letters which we
iniblish be'low, thtat our derlegates to then
Nashtville Cmnivention, Alessrs. (in i:m andu
Cmtzsxi-r, have ncep~ted thte invitation of
the citizens of this District, to meet and ad
d ress them, at A mnterville, on SA LlG-D)A Y,
in Septembd It is hope~d that the'
tntingjt, wi' -'e one--every citizen
oft our District atl el it to be hsis dIuty
to) attenid. TIhose gentleimenm havo been
placued by3 us in the front of the batule. It
is upjoni them, that thte abhuse and dentnnein
tion of' the North, andl of Northern support
ters at the South, have principally fallen.-.
I et nis shew then to thtem and to thme worldl
that we fuslly etndorse what they have donte,
and1, thant we are ready to su~stain themts in
what they im ay do htereafter.
(Gsenlmens--I have hiad the honor of' re
i'' vmg youtr invitationi, on bhlf of the
(it iZens~ of S it mter .ijst rict,. to uimet thetmn ait
Stiinstervihll, onl th,. first iiozsubir in Sepht.
her nsext,ands~ will do ss with idenst pleasure
ait thast tine, or un anry it her dty that mayv
tbe iirrangedl to ssiit thle 'ontvenIientce ot m'v
col5!leagueT, (Col. Chsesnutt.
WYiths high respct
Youir (5b't servanlt,
''a~ Messrs. .1. B. N. Il..uuter, tand others of
the C oiisnittee.
('.utnrN, Ate. 1Sith, 1850
(G#'n/lemnss.-- haive hadu thne honor to reo
ceiv* your c:ommuiinieatiotn of thie lIhhJ intst.,
mvitmtg meis, ais onte of lhe Delegaites to the
\ai'shville (Cortvenitio,s, to iis-ei my llo'w.
citizens at isustn.ile, oni the firs.t Alonudaiy
ini Septendslsr next. I accept the inivitaion
wtih great piensu'r' awis will be piresenst with
yout on the dhay itilieiitedl.
'e Messrs. J. II. N. I IAMMtE-r, I.. SturrEn,
a51( nd thers of the Comisgtee.
NEWs M 5XicO.-Dr. Illtiry Conniirolly has
bleen elected Gov~ernosr of New Mlexicoi, anid
F~msuiel Alvarez, I .ientt. Goveror. Mlajor
It. II. Whuitemiant, antd Manjor TI. A. Cuns
tninghtam, have been electeid U. S. Senastors.
Wec learn, from the lilack Riser Watuch
msan, ithat sa ba:ls of New Cotton. from the
lansttation of Dr. .JojzN 1'. DENs~s , wvas Milti
in Iishiopvil le on Saturdaty te 17th insstanit.
Price I 3 cents.
QW The attonsiti of our readlers is call.
edi to the adivertisemnents of' Messrs. C. & J'.
L. KEitisoN & Co. irn alother coluimn of
Q.j" A Keontutcky Inifant, fisfteen years of
ago, and weighsing 537 pounidi,, wvas lately ex
hibuited in Utica, New York.
o -m-Wha-Affect its AAmiaajon
wiliave upon slavery.
The NOw York Sun, which professes to
be neitheran anal4iongor a free-soil paper,
concoluds-natici CIOjpof tho vote in the
Senate 6n the idmision'of Californjia; as a
State, as rollows:
"Frotm the House of Representatives we
lhaveevery reason to expeciOan eqItally de.
cided votO. lUndouibtedly there will be
clatnor and cltiter frorn the extremne atd a
natic Southern mnembers--it is to be expect
ed-but the finmil result may be written
down with certainty. Their 'dcaision teill
c the doom of lae:ry in the United States.
Its final sulpiression, as ant institution, is
near at hand, and mitay be looked upon as
me ofthe most triumphant battles ovcr fought
and won. yet recorded in the world. history.
It will have been a rictory toithod - blood
shled-a rectory of princiic. over habit and
association,, of/ right orer wen"
Wo have placed the.latterpart if tio par
nigrnph in italics, because we wish our
roaders to take particular notico of it. We
wish 19 draw their attention to the declara.
lion that the admission of California. " will
bo the doom of Slavery in the United States;"
for we have no doubtihat this is the Northern
r)pinion, m3i1 the Northern sentimnent, .pon
the subject; and that it is not confined to the
editors of the Now York Stn.
The Stun has not undertaken to show how
his consummmation, which thcy of the North
most devontly wish, will be brmulht ibomt
-why it is that the admission of California
will lead to the "final suppression" of slave
ry in the United States. But it is not diffi
,ult to understand what is meant vhemn this
leclmarition is made, nor to aniticipyato the in.
famous meastures which the North, and the
Northern rnnjrity in Congress, vill acdopt.
o gain this "victory without biorX-she'd."
Dcourse tl'cy count up1)on1 the absol uite silb
mission of the Soith to all their lrnesures;
ind they have good reason so to comint. As
ong as slave-holding States are represented
n the Senitte by such.znen as BNTON,
[IoUSTON, CLAY, UonDRtwoon, B:m.m., , 'tn
;ERt, MAiNtur, and the Semators fromn Dl
twaro and Maryland, to say nohtthig of oth
rs,-full one third of the whole Soithern
:ote-what else can be expected bmt that
he North will calculate upon time Soutlh's
nimitting to every aggression.which nay
e inade ipon their rights.
If the Consfitution should remain as it is,
mdii the not-slave-holding States should car
v out in good faith ifs provisioins, the nil
nission of fifty Californias coild not lead to
ie destruction of slavery. The *Sun knows
hat perfectly vel--it knows that the ad
nission ofCalifornin cannot have any direct
tffect in bringing aoitt the result it dejires.
What is meant then by the declaration. that
lie admission of California is tIme doon of
lavery in the United States, can le nothing
ise but this: The anti slavery party will
rain so great an accession of sttrength and
Kcomo so powerful 1i. Congress, that it
vill be able to do a" fina!ill do, what it p1,
thwhich *1a cmito stjPPort i, orMI
igts of tihe South. Thew high~er !amw doe
rinoe will become openly amnd avowedly thme
olitic~al creedl of the North so far mas slaivery
s concernedl. Amnd whiat men~:sures theni
vil likely be adopted by the Nomrth,-by tihe
bolitimn and1 free-soil inajorities ini bot h
>runches of Congress, for the putrposeC of
raining this "bloodiess victory ?"
i st. Thmey will refuse tom carry out the pro.
-isionis of the conisituition ini relatin to fu.
tit ive sinye". amnd wvil enrage slaves to
tm ep froI ti r mna.ters iinil fly inito North-Ii
in States, where they will be saife from
2mnd. T1'myv will abolishi slhvery in th e
)itit of Cul tunin,~m mind in all othe r pilce.,
ver which time Unid States have anmy lpre
(lnee oif jimrisdictionm.
3rd. Thliy wil perhiaps, abolilh the slave'
raihle het weenm the diflereunt State-:. that i<.
heyv will prohlibit per-ins fr om ~a rryin.1
lave. fromi ott Sita'.e intoi anotli-r for 51ale.
4thm. T1hmey willI refise to admiti nuew lave..
inhblinig Stautes. into then iUnion.
molinmg Sta:tes as ipossiblhe.
meky, Mam-ryhemd namd l)u-lawa~r., and~ per
inpjI ether Stautes, to abolish slaverv anid bI
inbilinir, they w. I i uem the conm. '~i intl
diholish sliavery every whetre ju in th Unin.
Tlhmis is the mainneir im whlichu ihis gra
>attlet is to lhe fouu~ht and won. 'lm.u i m.
he mmeasures lby wiach this "victory with
iut blhoodshed-a victo ry of prinucipi'e ovr
msahi amid aissiaitimi, of righ t over wronig!'
s ti lie giaiiet.
Andt miow is the south~ wiling. to submiit ?
If mnot, the' i--te 'luinid be impele at onice or
1i miay be' too 'ate. It iihe South -ii,jmi how
imd~i alws Calhiforrih to comon intoi theu lUnion
'here wifl be litmle hope left fur heur. She
will evemy dayv h- griowilng weaker nil
weakinr wvihl her itmmy will he growinr
stroniger anmd strunger. liii a few venrs
more of sublumii)ion~and~ thie wj1,e -etr of
thie I'ioni wil lbe ile hands of the North,
uio we (oft the Soutn wil li: in a worsi! sit.
imationi than c'ruswd~, downtlroe-ddeineai
ht'aurtbhrok nii rl ii,---the sla ves mot of ai
lKiing and of a llriish? i'atrlimti liut of a
low unvmprinicipihid,Janamtic andm sel film mmimjo r
Extrac't of a leter toi the Fditor fronm a
highly respectatbh.irm ini t'lhrlemn.
CuA rm1$o', 2' th A ug. I1850.
IRditor of .\u mt -r /110uun r:
oin thme hiath of it, mi5ty, wh.ich~ is e flect
Iy frem froitm anly da;merus, or miihrriant
disease. ( iir NIAieial rieots, wich~ I we
solemuly niumre yet ire fncts, will shewt that
wit enjoy a state mm' health, above thait of any
City in time Un1minmi
Very fespect fully, &c.
tsonit Er. -ritS.-Thme majiority itn
the Legisiature ajainst hnTO ia 3n
* ollowing-" leyeggam~~ Gg Wgg$
BaROK, avcCoinpanying the transtnlii o (f
the Medals prepared, by dirctia&, tho
Legislature, for the members of tie Sumter
Company of the P'almott Regiment, has
been politely furrnilied us for publication.
Chmrleston, May 27, 18050.
Srn:-At the last session of the Legisla
ture, tie following resolutions were unani.
inously adopted :
1. " That the Governor do cause suitable
nedals to be prepared, with proper devices,
to lie preicnted to all the Commissioned
Oficers of tho Paletto Reg'm'ent, andfor
all tihe Noni.Commiissioned Ofllcers and pri.
2. "That tier Executive do communicate
the fore oing to tihe Field and Stafy Oilicers
of tho oginent, and to the Captains or
Corninanders of companies, with a request
that the saerno may he communicated to the
.Ol1icers and Soldtors who have been under
In excuntion ofihe wish of the Legisla
ture, I have tihe honor herewith to transmit
26r medals for Company A of the Palmetto
tegiment. The gold niodas in mahogany
boxes are designed for the Commissioned
Oflficers ; and the silver medals Inl hogany
boxes, for the Non-Commissionedofficers;
and the silver medals in leatherbags, for the
.in presenting to you, Sir, and through
you, to thoso recently under your leadership,
tbese tokens of the gratitude of South Caro.
lina for the gallantry of her sons, who, in a
foreign lanu, so nobly sustained her honor,
I appreciate very lighly the distinction
which his hencrionferred upon me. That
no ibody of citizen soldiery could have dis.
charged the high obligations incident to ac.
til service in the field, with more signal
renown, th:n the Palmitetto Regiment, the
frilest evidence exists; indeed the military
traits of character which opportunity tended
to disclose in that corps, rendered it so use
ful and eflicient. that it largely shared in tire
glory of the niost inportiant victories achiev
eA by General Scott. While it is true, that
the prorress of the American arms was tin.
cieekodi by at solitary reverse, it is equally
cer:ai, that for this unbroken ourrent'of
succef-ss, to no portion of tire army was Ill,
country inore indibted than to tire eleven
comnpanies from this State. In no action did
they fiter for a moment; always ready, and
strictlv obedient to ordeirs, they rushed into
action. vieing for a place in tire van, or in
'xempitietion~r of the power of discil',ine,
received,while inaintrining their position as
a pivot, the des'tructive fire o(tihe enemy for
an hour, knowintg their inability'to return it.
Inl the natme, Sir, of South Carolina. I ten
der to you and youir associates in ans,
commainded by you, her grateful acknowil
cdgmieicnits for tire distinguished services ren
dered bry otlicers nnd privates in the Mexi
caln War, and to assure you of her hope and
belic, thiat tie achievements of the Palmet
to ltegniarent willcontinue for endless ages,
to be cierishe s ope of the most brillignt
paiges mi het rI .orv.
. With my best wishes for your, and indi
vidallly, the ir, prosperity and happiness.
I remainry respectf ully,
Y~tr Obedient Servant,
WIIITEMARSII B. SEABROOx.
CAT. FANcIs S3ITErn.
Southei- Rights Meeting in Colunba.
At a ineting helil io- 0l , bia onSatorg
day last -(the 24thin t. owig roqm$
Resolved, That ii is the .sense of this
meetitngthrat a District Association should
bre forned to be called " a Southern Rigs
R esolved, That a Commtittee of Twventy
t wa be apporinterd to report att an adjourned
mneetmng of the citizens of this Distrridt,
:nnremsrra for utThctingr tire abiove named ob
Rtesolvedl, Trhait tihe Committee be reques
ted to report to thre adjoturned meeting to be
hehld on tire first Thursday in September
next, at 1i o'clock in thne afternoon.
Th'ie lollowing resolti ons were sent to
the meieting to tire Ilion. WV. C. Prro
tire state of whlose health precituderd him
fromr being present. They were referred
titire Commrnittee of twenty-two.
Reusolvedl, That the persemverinrg and sys.
1 tmatic arssaults madelL lby tire nron-slave
Ihhnig States uilxm tire property and feel
mrg.s of tire slave-brohn States, retder it
exp''dienrt arid proper that tihe 'atter shoulid
;ud* jt irreaures ito arrest tihe grievance and
Ut: ure to thremrreh-ese that peace and safety
tihe enjoynirenrt of whoinb is the object of all
gr:rmrenrt. Tirat tihe iiittrcks urponr our
honorrr arid orur interest sublject us at onIce
to msuult and rmjnry, under whnich nio gov-.
ermnen;'ht is wo'rth preserving, and to avoid
wic n agrsol be encountered.
Iteroled. Tat fir androcteac
Siouthern St ates, and for tire purrpose of ei.
feating tin , it rs expiedient, to orgarnize art
.\mociri for thert ma iritenianee of Southt
ern ljhtshrs, ho nor, andtt tramaiuity-..the
prmeiw p rtles, and conrstitition of wich
a,.,mt on -rre hereby referred to a C'om
uatrtee oft 12 to repoirt to anm adjoturrned mreet.
er isur-twrek Thre nmembers oif tihe
CotfOr tee toi be apploinrted by tire Chair.
A furthier resolution, as follows, was also
itesolveud, That this m neeting recomn
nnr to otar sister Dricts tire forirationi
of Sant hern iihts Assoiiniumr dtri
t'eir ra'reet ive boniuts, and thart tire Secre.
:.a's ol thns I9:tiniig be inrstruertedi to con
vey' thIts rCetmrest to sneh persons as they
nmrly tinmk tappirophriate m tihe seve'rlr drs
riets of thre State.
Th'ie S,:eretaries of tihe rneeting have
pubbrlsihed in tire Columbia Papers tire
olbavwinrg cardi, wvith a reqiuest thrat Editors
hrrorghrout the State would give tire samenr
tftr or thiree iinet ins.
rum-a u -To~ thne (itai::ens f~---Dis..
trijl. *'rmr/ah r~jri ...-At a meeting of the
ent ivzen ot R~ whiandu District, bel this dayt),
thIe followmv rg resuolutt ion, amrong ithrns, was
a! noli, TIha't tire meeting renrommenid to
our sister ist ricts, the formration of South.
ernta ghts A s ocat ions witin their respec
twe Irn n, aund thamt ire Secretaries of this
mriet't hr~ie reiirnastedi to conveiy suchi re.
corannuedatiron to snreh pe'rsons its tine)' tmay
dii a k appirophrite, ini the several Districts
oif thhe Stae.
'he trnd eraigned Secretaries of tire
meetrig, heg leave to prnesent the above
resoltnm i on or nrot ice, ntnd ask for it
srreh conrsideoratin ast in yrrrr j udgtmont, it
(orhin i . C'. A ug. '4t ia 1850O.
Mj A GIANr.-TIhe Cincinrnai (Gazete
sirys, tihat thi tihighr and colhr bones of a
hrumuan being, wvho marint have been 12 or
13~ feot high, wero recently taken from tire
Rolinig Fork nnear'Elizarboth.'Vomw n, y
A lrge andenthuslat ms
was hold in Macon, Geo., on Thursay, the
.22d inst. It was addressedi Mr. R t,1
of South Carolina; Mb*rr YAngiind!
COCHRAN, of Alabam^; and [essrqiCoL
QUITT, STILES, JONEs, GM.sox, R. 4SAY,
and Platt, of Georgia. The resolutions.
adopted were of the stron1gest and most do.
Aded character. The following will servo
as an indication of their spirit.:
Resolhed, That should the ovents occur, by
which it would becoTpe thoduty of-the over
nor, under the directions of the last, Legsla.
ture, to call a Convention of the people or'
Georgia, to consider of the necessary icas
ures of safety to the State.- It is the op
inion of this meeting that our Senators and
Itepreseutatives in Congress should irome
diately return to their State, and unite with
their constituents in action on such meas
Extract of a letter dated
'MARIETTA, (Ga.)iAdg. 18, 1850.
"1 have endeavored to collect as much in.
formation relative to the state of the crops
as-possiblo ' AllI have heard and seen
tends to show that the Cotton crop will be
evidently short, and not as large as last
Roa, (Ga.) Aug. 13, 1850.
GENTLESIEN: I have travelled through
Upson, Ha rris, Ml uscogee, Talbot,' Merri
weather, Troup and a part of Pike. by pri
vate conveyance, and had an opportunity of
seeing the crops and conversing with the
planters generally, and am sorry to say the
prospect is very gloomy, both for corn and
4 It is a settled opinion 'with the planters
generally, that haIf a cropcannot be reason
ably looked for.
The Cotton, especially on the sandy
land, has suffered very much within the
last ten days from the drought. Owing to
the intense heat, which him characterized
the weather for the last two months, the
effects of, drought have been exceedings
IV in pon every species of vegation.
The' cott6 Iilooms, leaves and eggares,
and even small bolls,,are rapidly droppintg
off, and unless. we have ram - very soon,
much of: the cotton on thirsty lunds wilt
yield little or nothing.-Greensborougl
(A lei.) Beacon.
Tus Car.--We take the followihg
from the Auburn, (Ala.) Herald of the 12th
Ten days ago the cotton crops through
out this region were very promising, and our
farmers wore wearing pleasantit faces,' but
the dry weather has injured them consider
ably; in fa o such an extent that nothing
like a full crop can be made, as a groat
many squares or forms have shedded.
We conversed with a gentleman from
the Northern part of Barbour county, who
represents the ets in thAection -to be
tolerable, in consequence of partial 'show..
era that have visited. lie is of the impr&i'
sion, however, that the crop: in the lower
part of Macqn and the upper part of Barboui
cannot be a full oe, as the rains havebeen
light and partiaA and the weed nu h latei
Macon i ar intif'rto thst sou t
GriMiin they have hal but-one copious rain
during the summer, and that very recently.
All speculations about the ,entire cotton
crop are necessarily cce.tural, but with
present prospects from all quarters, imbar
tial thinkers do not calculate on reore than
tw o million bales.
From the Chairlston Courier of Mogay the
A Storm-Since we last noted the state
othe weather. the same oppressive heat
has continued, and yesterday the thermom-.
eter reached 94 deg.
On Saturday afternoon we had, for a short
time, a gale from the Southwest, which, at
one period, threatened to do damage to the
shipping in port. It subsided, however,
-about sundown, without doing an' mnaterial
injury, that we'can learn. except blowlnn'
down a fene~ in lAurence street, wvhich fell
on a man passing by, and fracturedlhis leg.
We did not ascertain his name.
Tfhe steamer Glen. Clinch, Capt. Dixton,
wvhich lefR for Savannah on saturday morn
img, returned the same afternoon, in conse.
queunce of the heavy blow. She left again
at the usual hour on Sunday morning.
WVe had no WVihnington steamer on Sat.
urday or Sunday, and consequently there
will be three mails from the North dlue this
morning. The Savannah steamer did not
The steam ship Osprey, for Philadelphia,
was detained on Saturdlay, by the blow, but
left at 8 o'clock yesterday morning.
F'rom the State ltights-R.iepublican of te 26ih
On liida~y evening, about 5 o'clock, our
town w~as visited with the hteaviest fall of
rain that has been known here for many
years. Dr. A. Fitch, who pays great atten
tison to such matters, hus polite ly informed
us. that fronm the cornencemnent of the rain
at five o'c lock, until twelve the same night,
there wvas a fall of four inches and seven
.At about three o'clock on Saturday, the
wind blew with great violence, and 'about
six, a regular tornado commenced, which
has played sad havoc with the trees, whl h I
are so aibundant in this town. It is calc~ I
lated that nearly live hundred have fallen
victims to its remorseless fury, Some of|
dlamage, but we have not heard of anj cas-|
unhties. A chiney on the western end of
thne house of Mr. Aam Edgatr was blown;
down, and in its fall penetrated the roof,i
mouch to the c'onsterintion, but providential
ly not to the injury of the imnates. TJh~e
tin roofing to the house of Mr. DavidTruos-|
dlale, on Richardson-street,- was also blown
otT, but we have heard of uio further damage
being done to the premises. Thne tele-;
graphic wires imniediately in the vicinity of|
the offce, arc hors de combat, a tree at this
moment lying prostrate over them. The
cotton warehouse near the S. C. Railroad
Depot, formerly occupied bty J. A. Bradley,
Esq., wvas like wise blown dowvn.-Itumors
of other damages have reached us, but. not
being authenticated, we refrain from no.
tici ng thnem.
STATI:E or .IouN C. CAL1oUN.-At the
wreck of the ship Eliz.abeth, on Fire bsland,
the esxperrenced wrecker, Capt. Wm
Bloardmnan, and Mr. Ringgold hravo found
the position of the statuo of John C2. Cal.
hioun, tho recovery of which. had been de.
spaired of. Theiy expect to save it unin.
jt red and complete as, soonas the first wes
terly wvinds set in trg
tin s and orpssive
i the weather or-Saturd i lo
"he sub4td .! ; one and sinew of 010
coutntfy-OJlantf responded to the callebf
the Capital ansd *ne pouring in from all
inarters-r-ometioi twenty and thirty.
niles distance-.and in such unusual imin
bers, as'betokened that at last the "great
deepis of the public heart had been stirred
up," and that a spirit was being nroused
throughout the length and breadth of the
land, on the subject of Southern rights and
M11:-tnern wrongs, that was notto-be quiet.
ed-or allayed until the South be placed, in
a plosition of security against all. furihO
outrage and Inolestation frni.4-6 t
give scheines ofpjorthern Aho iti i""I,
Tlie large aisseblage as,
der atA"nearly ltour of tif 0 etn
Ju 1e Mays of this place, Je r.i
Of owndei;, to preside over tue me
andap inting a arge null
act as ice Presidents.- ois ere
then introducod by Co . William,
(Whig) of Montgomery,touchin 'ponthe
great absorbig topics connectd' with, the'
slavery question, assuming the boldest atti.
tude in refereince to the means of Southein
defence against aggression, and- breathn
the nost uncompromising opposition -.1r.
every plan and mode of adjusting ouri'difti
culties, that fall short of doing, justice t6i
The resolutions were supported, 'in ad
dresses from Messs. T. Williams, eMa
and Yancy, ofr this place, M re. Uch
and Pugh. from Barbour, n'd Ifes. G6
and Walker, of Macon. The speecli
these genitlenen, were all in an emitnnt de ':' .
gree, able, high-toned and statdeman-ii
replete with conclusive and' una nderablo
arguments, grounded on the prin'ci las *df
the Constitution and incontestibl 'fsts,
and exposing in a masterly mannerth
niserable sophistries, subterfuges and mis.
representations of the "Omnibus" com r6.
misers, and the .high-hianded uinurpatios
and outrage of the present uinscirUiltiuFi
and ill-stared Administratiori, iiiits" cou 0e. -
towards the State of Texas.
Mr. Yaney's speech, which was r
elaborate than the others, was unueuallf'
able and powerful. And, wh-t was edpen
illy gratifying, the hearty and enthupiastid-.
applause of tile people, showed that they
were not one whit behind the speake '
their views and feelintgs on the subje
the presetit crisis, and in their- d'i rmina.
tion to maintain their right it-'D ey' baI:-0 -
The resolutions were carried wkhput.,
t was plroCpo'sed at this meeting-i-bt
whether in 'the resoliiions or not, we d6 noo
know, not being able to hear the reading'- of'
them dis.tnctly, and the sentitent'ef the
p"ople siemed fully up 4.it-tat, in. casa
01h. slavryuotion benot .ettled satisfac
torily to the South; at the prisent session
f Congre the next Nashville Conve
tion$,e-adi-Wd to recommend to all th
slav-holding Stato to hold State Convei
tions of the people, for the purposo tkin
final action in regard to the deftr I;
invtitutions, and'the prwscrvatior , r
it inow' palpabl to ini
ivb.w tInessed on iiatit lay not
apIphmse of the ' idople at the meet n tr';
ly, but i ;the private lvpressio i6ftik
lings d sentime , before thp
was organi '
rny have '
noes are wa ,i*" cidtihn
their true riddni~ '"1 iat
the dieeisiination of the greet, overwhelm.
log majiority. of the ,tnasso- wil sbcome
weal orcomno Woe, r im ti1th itil
tionni rights, -rigardos of' all 'os ad
ces--m the '-Union if' possible, out <oiled
Unmon if needs be.''
Invitations were frequently given out'o"
any-if any there were-who dissented
fr: ,s the ttone and leentimts of the rosolo
tions. to come forward and express tlmh,
views, but no man ventured. If thereiverd'
any present whbo widely diffred 'from thea
opinions-of the marjoritv, policy, if nothig
e-lse, probably dic'tatedf the wvisdom of si
lence. But how much 'bettf~ it' would be
for all to comec together, its one man. -on this
geat question! How much sozoe it would'
settle she controversy, and ir such a" wt*
too, as to ensure perfectsafety to-the South
and perfpet isafet! to the Unionl "And do
not those, therefore4 who 'refuse to. thus
unite with the great majority of-the per pie
in defence of their rights, sub'ect ths.m
selves to the. just imputation fdiseurm.
ists;"for- the re can he, and there should be
no Umion, wit b out justice
The followving is a copy of the Ikouty
Land B3ill which passed the House of Rep.
rese'ntatives, and4 is now w~e believe boeg
Be it enacted by the Senate and. ouse
of Representativyes of the Unid e$~ts of
Anmerica in CZongr'esa assemb htec
'f ste suvvn eommissioned d','pisl
couimmissed termusicians, er priva
tes wht hr o reulasvolunteers, rangers
or uiltia, who pefome iilitary. service
!any regimrent, company, ot; detachnient,
mthe Service of the United States in the
war with Great Britain declared ~y the
U. States on the 3R h day of Juli 812,
or in any- of the Indian, wars since seven
teen hundred andm ninety, and each ofsthe
cosmimissioned oflicers who wmeenr gd
in thme milit ary service of the tited tates
i n t he late war with Mexleosh b e 66ti.'
tIed, for twelve nmonths' service, to 'otne
hundred and sixty acres of 1and ;for six
mnonths service, ta eighty' acres oif. land;
and for three montha service, to forty acres.
of land- Proided,1 The person so-having
been mi service shahi not receive said land, or
any part thereof, if it. shall appear by the
muster rolls of his regiinent, or enrpus,'that
he'-deserted, eor was diuihonorably dischar
ged fronm service, or if ho has receivedl or
is entitled to any land'- bounty eunder amy
act of Congrress -heretofor-e passed.
, Sclw 2. -And be .it. further onacted,
'1hat each comumissioned and non commis
somied odicer, mnusicia., or private,- (or
wvhom provision is made by the lrat section
hereof, all receive a cer-tilicate or war
rant from time Department of the Interipr,
for. time qutantimy otf land to which lie iday
be entitled, and which may be located by
the warrantee, or his hier~s at law, .at any
land utfiice of thme United States, in one body
and in conformity to the legal subhdivisions
of the subhc landIs, in such dis ric t then
subject to prwvate entry; and tupon the re
turn of such cer tificate or warranmi with
e vidence of thme location thmerof h-iain been
legally imade, to the tdenr-.l Land dntice,
a patent shall be isstund therefof. In .the
the event of the death of tiny ninisoe
or no~n-cnoimnoned offl-or, i'e us o
private, prior or subs',equt to' tiw pisatse
of tis-act. w hot shl have serveiml as uft~e
said, and Whio shall not. im recved as
svyland for biMee l,4tme ctt .i a4o or
w:prtant. shill be it-ued ;n tmand 111