Newspaper Page Text
DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN rIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE SCIENCE AND THE ATS_
JAS. S. G. RICHARDSON, Editor. 4 ______
WIM. .J. FRANCIS, Proprietor. ON-M1 Or1 t(ig , TR -T A oan
VOL* In AdvanceI- SE
VOL. IV. SUMIITERIVILLE, S. C. SEPTEMBER 18, 1850. NO. 4.
Two Dollars in advance, Two Dollars
and Fifty-cents at the expiration of six
Imonths, or Three Dollars at tne end of the
No paper discontinued until all arreara
iges are paid, unless at the option of the
rTAdvertisenents inserted at 75 cts.
per square, (14 lines or less,) for the first
-and half that sum for each subsequent
aIT mber of insertions to be mark
ed on aTI ertisements or they will lie
published until ordered to be discontinued,
and charged accordingly.
03TOne Dollar per square for a single
-imnaqrtion. Quarterly and Monthly Adver
tisements will be charged the same as a
glc nsertion, and semi-monthly the
s ame as new ones.
All Obituary Notices exceeding six
lines, and Communications recominetnding
Candidates for public offices or trust-or
puffing Exhibitions, will be charged as
57Rev. FREoERtcK Rusn, is a travelling
Agent for this paper, and is authorized to
.raceive subscriptions and receipt for tne
From Arthur's Home Gazetta.
TOO GOOD CREDIT.
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
"Let me show you one of the cheap. i
cat pieces of cloth i iave seen for six
months," said a smiling storekeeper to a I
young married inan, whose income from
a clerkship was in the neighborhood of'
seven hundred dollars.
"Don't trouble yoursrlf, Mr. Ed. i
wards," replied the customer. "The I
silk and buttons are all I wini.' I
"Oh, no trouble at all, Mr. Jacobs- i
no trouble at all. It is a pleasure far <
me to show my goods," said the store- i
keeper, drawing from a shedfilie piece i
of cloth he had mentioned, and throwing I
it Dpon lite counter. "There,' he
-d, as h un )ded the glossy bronad
I nd 11 on it self.
:n atuction yes'.*
terday, at a gren'tar in.
"It's cheap enough, certainly," re.
marked Jacobs, half indifferentv. as het
h1unt down to inspect the cloth; ''but I've
1n '.aonoy to spare just now.'
', Iin't want aiv mniiev,' replied
Al wards. ,',At least not from such meni
Jacobs looked up into the man's face i
in some doubt as to his meaning.
"Your credit is good," suid Edwards,
"Credit! I've no credit. I never
asked a man to trust me in my life,' re.
turned the customer.
"I'll trust you to half that is in my
store,' was answered.
"Thnnk you,' said Jacobs, feelina a
little flattered by a compliment like this. 1
"Bait I've no wants in the dry goods line 1
to that extent. A skein of silk and a
dozen of buttons for my wife, are all
that I require at presem.'
"You want a new coat," replied the
persevering storekeeper, and lie laid his
hand upon the sleeve of Jacob's coat
andl examined it closely. -This one is
getting rusty and threadbare. A manai
like you should have some regard to his
appearance. Let me see. T1wo yards
of this beautiful cloth will coat but eight
-dollars, and I won't send in your bill
for six months. Eight dollars for a
,fine broadcloth coat! Think of that!
'Bargains of this kind don't grow on
While Edwards talked thus, he was
displaying the goods lie wvishaed to sell
in a wva let the rich glossy surface
catch i st points of light, atnd his
cjuick a e soon told him that his cuIs.
tomner was becoming temnpted.
"I'll cut you off a coat pattern,' said
lhe, taiking up his yard stick, "I know
you want it. Don't hesitate about tho
Jacobs did not say "no," although
thme word wvason his tongue. Whlile he
yet hesitated, the coat piattertn was muea.
cured off and severed from the piece.
"'There it is,' came in a satiasfiedl, hal I
1 riuimphant tone from the storekeeper's
lips. ''And the greatest bargainm yout
.cver had. You will want trinoninigs~ of
As he spoke, he turned to the shelves
for padding, linings, silk, &c., and,
whilo Jacobs, half bewildered, stood
looking on, cut from one piece and an.
oilher, until the coat t rimmnings were all
nicely laid alit. T'his done, MIr. J'|
wards face~d his customer again, rub
baing~ his hands from an inte rnal feel ing
.of dlel ighat. iad said -
"You nmust have a hiandsomie vest to
go wit Ih this, of course.'
"' Mly vest is a Ilittle sha bhay,' remai rk.
edl. Jacobsa, as lie glancdu dlonvnwar aIst a
g.aramnit whieb' hadl seen pretty fair ser.
''"If thant's the best one you have, it
wi'I tiever ala to gao with I'a nowv coat,'
sa idl~ Edward<, ini a dccidled tone. ''Let
we show you a bea utiful p'iece of' black
And so the storekeeper went on
tempting his customer, until he sold I
him a vest and pantaloons in addition to
the coat. A fler that, lie found no diffi.
culty in selling him a silk dress for him '
wife. Haviig indulged himself with I
an entire new suit, he could not, upon
reflection, think of passing by his wife, t
who had been wishing for a new silk
dress for more than six months.
"Can't you think of any thing else?'
enquired Edwards. "I shall be happy I
to suply whatever you want in my lino.' r
"Nothing more, I believe,' answered I
Jacobs, whose bill was already thirty
five dollars; and he had yet to pay ror J
making his coat, pantaloons and vest.
"Buit you will want various articles r
of dry goods. In a family there is %
something called f1r every (lay. Tell d
Mrs. Jacobs to Ren( down for whatever
she may need. Never mind abotit the v
money. Your credit is good with me
for any amount.' t
Wher Mr. Jacobs went horne and 1i
told his wife of what he had done, she,
unreflecting woman. was delighted. r
"I wish you had taken a piece of mus. i
lin,' said she. "We want sheets uid d
pillow cases badly.' &
"You can get a piece,' replied Jacobs. h
We wont have to pay for it now. Ed. t.
wards will send the bill at the end of
%ix months, and it will be easy enough e
o pay it then.' r
"Oh yes, easy enough,' responded
he wife, confidently. a
So a piece of muslin was procnured on a
he credit account. lit. tinng< did not le
itop there. A credit account is too of. w
1n like a brench in a caiil; the stream if
a small at first, 6li son increases to a c
ruinouis current. Now that want had b,
motind a suipply-sotirce, want bercane el
nore clamorous than before. Sea rely i%
I day passed :bat Mr. or Mrs. Jacob's A
lid not order somethinig from the store, a
lot drenming, simple souls! that an C
alairmninalv heavy debt was accumula. el
ing againti thim. it
As to the income of Mr. Jacolq, it w
,as not ll rge. le was, as his been in. til
imaoted,- a cle k 'n a wholesale store,
in reeird A apiarv or nven Inid rel
I I and three ehtildren, ard he leud
rutnd it necessary to be prudeti in all b)
ti expnditures, in order to 'make ic
ith ends tnet.' Somewhat iwlepen . t
lent in his feelmicigs. lie 1d neve* t.:=ked p
'redit of any one with whimn le d..alt, b)
111d, ino one ofle-riig it, previouls to Ihe fr
empjt ing induiceen lel d out hv~ Eel it
wards, lie heed regulated his ouitgiws by c
uis actual incone. By this mens lie it
Iad rimanacegel to keep even with the b)
vorld, t1c thugl riot to gain any uivan- it
ages otn I te side of fortune. Let u1 p
tee how it was with hiimt ut the end of
;ix months, iunler i e new system. ir
let us see if his "good erelit' has biven ir
)any real bieefit to him.
It was so very pleasant to leave thinigs c!
monfortiable or fe r a little display, with. he
)ti fceeling that the indulgetce dlraitned
hr. pt rse too hea vily. A ni weak vani. v
y on tlhe part of Jacobm, was grat ifietd mi
)y the flatiering opinion of iis hiriesty -A
ntiained by Edward, thee stoirekeep. Ih
ir. IIis eredit was "good,' and le was i
piroud of the fict. Bitt tle iiv of reck
miiig wits approaching, anid at last it bt
Notwithstandincg the credit at the dry f
Loods store. there was no more mony ill I
the vocntg clerk's purse t thle' e of six o
moinths thnc at the be'geinin. ThJe i
ensh that wvoiubl leave goe farn cloithing, wt
whert necessity cal ledl for adttJit icons to
lhe fonmily ward roble, had bceeni spe'nt for r.
tinigs, thce pucha'ciise of wheichl wouetld i
have be'tienimitted, lbut for the faict thaet a
the dncllaris were mi thce ,ese insteadl of t
in thle storekeepier's hins cl, atnde tem pted
necedlescs exhpendeituire. Ui
A.s ithe endce of thle six monthIs' c redit ti
period aprioaichede, the iiid oif .acobls
begain to rest un thle dry goals dleal.t
er's bill, andce to be dlistucrbed byv a fecl.
incg of anux ietyv. As toi thle imounit off
this bill, hce was ini somce uncitertaiitv;
but Ice thouighet lthat it couic te oet le I-s'.0
than i forty dollare s. Thcat was he lage.
som i for imi to owte, paeirt ictularly a~ s lie e'
head ncotheing eaeid. andce his currentt ex.
peinses were fuilly up~ tol his Iincer. It
waes ncow. for thce first tiee ini his life, s
hat Jacobils felt thce neighitmetne pressucre
lf tit, antd it .se'emtede, at t imeus, as if it
wvould albnost suttbeaete himc.
One eveninig tie ciamc'e ome, feeling
imore sober thani usual. II'Iel thioughit
rf liittle else alI dayv besiides his bill act
thce store. Ont mleetiing his~ wife, Ihe saw
that someithing w'as wroneg.
"Wh tat ailIs you, .T anet?' sa id lee kmid.
l v. "A re vouc sick ?' cc
"No iews thle simpc tle rep jlyv. hButi ler
eyes d rooeped eas she madtite ii, ande leer
husban~ccd sawi thact leer lipes slightly quciv. F
''Somietheing is wrmong, Janite,' sacid thei
'Teaeire steele to Ihe wife's chceeks fromt
bent ealthi her hlef c'losed lijes- thte bosoem
tlabo~ reel withI thle weighct of some pJres. C
lefy thting iq wroncg. Youttr maimer e
ala~crims ime. A re any~ of th1e cliiId ren ca
"'Oh, nto, no. Nothing oif that,' was a
iuLikly answored. "But-hut-Mr.
'dwaIrds has sent in his bill.'
"That was to he expected, of course,'
aid Jacobs, with forced calmness.
The credit was for only six months.
lut, how much is the bill?'
Rin voice was unsteady as tie asked
"A hundred and twenty dollars.'
mnd poor Mrs. Jacobs burt into tears.
''Impossibla!' exclaimed the startled
ushand. "Impossible! There isusome
ristake. A hundred and twenty dol.
"There is the bill.' And Mrs.
acobs drew it from her hosom.
Jncobs glanced eagerly at the rooting
p of the long column of figures, where
'ere numerals to the value of one hun.
red and twenty.
"It can't he,' he said in a trroubled
oice. "Edwards has made a mistake.'
"So I thought, when I first looked at
to bill,' replil M rs. Jacobs, recovering
erself, yet speaking in a sad voice.
Put, I an sorry to wsy, that it is all
ight. I have been over and over it
gain, andl cannot find an error. Oh,
Pool! huw foolish I have been. It was
> easy to get things whei no money
ad to lbe paid down. Bit, I never
0oght of a bill like ithis. Never.'
Jacobs lat for some momets with his
e upon the fl.nr. lie was thinking
"So much for a good credit," he snid,
I letgth, taking a lontg brenth. "What
fool I haive ieii! That cunning lf.I.
w, Epilwa rds, has goie to tle windi.
nrd of me crtipletely. lie knew liat
lie got tie otn Iis books, he would se
ire itree dollars to one of my mounev.
ind wiat lie wiould get under the
ish.down system. One hunlred and
lnt ollars in six itotlis! Ah, i-!
re we happier. now, for the extra dry
Mids we i,ove procured? Not a whit
ur bo-lies have beet a little better
othed, andai our love of dispilay gratified
soile extenit.. 311ut, has all 11hat
rought a compeneention for the pain of
is alv of reckoting?'
Poor M rs. J0chs was silent. Sadly
usi s$1que-ing oA he-gan. il %W
Tea time came, hit neither the huls.
ind nor wie could do much more than
ste food. That hill fior a huintired ant
vs'ntv dolla rs had t iki, away their oip.
.liles. The night that fillowed
roaught to teithir of theiin it very re.
tsling shimher; iad in file mornine'
vy awoke sobier-minded, and little inl
itil f ifr contversat ior. Ilt oner
lougIlt wis int thw minid of Jacobs-tle
I of Edlwairds; and one feeling in the
id of his wifi-sel f-1epronch for her
irt inl the work of em)bai rrassmnent.
"What will you do?' soid Mrs. Jacobs.
i voice that was nst--ail v, lookinu
ito ter lihubainl's faice with glittering
1es, its she haid her hand upon his arm,
oising li toi It) pause as hit was ib1ot1
aving thw house.
"' isure I don't ktow,' replied the
oaung11 man, gloamtilv. "I slodl haive to
-e Jdwaris. I Nispose, tind ask hiamt to
it. Iut, I'll) sure I'd rather take it
)rse-vwhipping. Good crdit!-lie'll
tg a tim -remit son1 now.'
-or a ioment or iw"o lIioiger ihe11 los.
ild and wife stood ookinig at eaach 1at
r. Thn, as each sighdI henvily, ii
iriner tirnei :wav and l-ft tha hwoe.
Ih road toa busitIess was past the sfr,.
E Mr . Edad,-bt hei ntow naoieda
w'5 sriot oin wib hea itoIvdc and wet a
hlela block ouit of his way~t toi do sio.
'"Iiw lamt I tao pay tis bai!' miuramutr.
I thte unhl~apy Jneaco, paulsing itt hi-,
-ork for the twentieth time0, as he sat
iahi< desk, andi giving his mtinad up to
Just ait this inomltent the senlior paritner
3 the estiablgdismt (nmeli up andi stood
"Wel, m friendi,' .said lhe, kindlyv,
howre yout getting alonag?'
Jacobsia tried to sunale nad look cheer
LII as he repiliedl
"P'retty we.llI. sir.' 13lut hiis voi 'a
adI ini it a toucht oh de'sp4ondency.
"'1 et amet set,' retmar k ed the emtplay.
r, afiter a pause; "youaar regulair yeair is
p to day, is it taot?'
" Yes. Si r,' repl41i'd J acons. h is Iwo rI
iningt~. imora heav'ily in hiis baosomu, ior,
wi que tioisggested a1 <his'hartge fromt
rT some11 tonea.
"I ws looking at youar necounait yes
'rdtiy,' resumedI the empIloyer, ''and
tad thait it is dIrawna up close. hil ave
(iVou otin 1aead?'
"Not a dot hair. I amt sorry to sav,' ne.
trn)d Jlacobhs. "Iiin'ig is expen'tsive.
iid I hanve SIX mouthIs to feedn.'
''hnt be intg the ense,' sa hl tile 0m..
hayer, "'iS yout have brOen faithihl to us.
11d your services are nvalabile, we
m tst adda somlati -thig to youtr sanry.~
oil now recei1vte se venti hundrted do(3.
"We willI call it eighlt hun rdrted and
A sudden Ilight (lashed into tile fiace
C the unhapp~3ty clerk; see'ingt whiebi, the
mptloyer, already blessed itn blessintg
"'A tnd it shall lie for the Iast as wellI
a for tlho cming .,-.. I ...:l f .....
'lut a check for a hundred and fifty dol.
:ars, is the balance due you up to this
The feelings of Jacobs were too much
igitated for him to trust himself with
oral thanks, as he received the check,
which the employer immediately filled
up; but his countenance fully expressed
his gratefutl emotions.
A little while afierward, the young
inani entered tihe store of Edwards, who
met him with a smiling face.
"I've come to settle your bill,' said
You iieed'nt have troubled yourself
about that,' replied the storekeeper.
"the1ough money is always aceptalble.'
"The money was paid and the bill
recetipted. when Edwards, rubbing his
hands, an action pieculiar to him when
inl a happy frame of, mind, said
"Anid niow, what shall I-show you?'
"Nothing,' was the young man's
"Nothing! Don't say that,' replied
E.lwa rds. "I'Vvejtst got in a beautiful
lot of' spring goods.'
"I've no more money to.spare," an.
"IThat's of' no consequence. Your
credit is good for any aio nt,'
"A world too good, I find,' saidt
Jacobs. beginning to butl -up his coat
with the air (if a nan whn has lost hiq t
pocket.hmook, aid feels disf4 ed to look
well that his pturse doesn'Lollow in the
sameine untprofitable directio.r'
"hlow so? W1hat do ypu ,mean?'
atsked the storekeepe'r. t
"I y good credit bats take a hundred i
and twetnty dollars gut aOjny pocket,' r
"I1 don't uiderstand y said Ed.
ward-a, looking serious. ,yEd.
"It's a very plain ca6*!:1nsvere4
Jacobs.-"I'his credit a 1.8t your
store has induced myd wife to
purchaise twice as lm AI
would otherwise, haven. Ct. That d
h taken sixty dollr po.f'n ck- I
et; tin(] sixty dollars. Ave. been f
51p't, under ternt -t was t
in tihe plre n 0
ir myni s Ltt Mtan
The storeketper was alient.
"Good morning, Mr. Edwards,' Sa 1
.acobs. "When I have casth to spare,
I shall lbe happy to lind it with you;
but Ito mort look uccountas for me.'
Wise will they be who- profit by the
*xpetrience of Mr. Jueobs. These
credit accounts are a curs" to people a
with noiderate incomen, and should
ntever under itn, pretence he opened.
WVANT OF CoenAG:.-Sydnev Smith
it his %% ork on moral philooplI, speaks
in this wise of what men lose for the
wiatnt of a little brnsq, as it is termed:
'A 'retit deal of talent is lost to the
world for the want of a little couirage.
[-very 'iny sends to their graves a numn. t
her otobscure men who have only re.
ma tied in obiscurity becaus 415e their tim.
Ility lifts prevemed themso from making
a first etfat; and who. ii they could only
ha.1ve beell imilcd to be'gin, would i'n
all probability haive gone grent lengths4
int the entreer of lamfil. The fact is that
in older to do any thing in this world
worth doing, we nmust not stand shiver.
ing: onl the batik, HIM thinking oif the coll
.1i14 the- danigir, hut ijimip i) anid scraITI.
hh- th1rough1Ii aS will a we! Caln. It will
nt d to be Iprpetally calcuatinI
aks. id ioa iun nice etiinuees; it dlid
.dll very~ well b..ftire the h-'ood, when a
mn:mu coubl conusult his firiends up~ons an
intendhed pubibeisiti fhr aj hiuidred and
tlty, years, 4and1 then hI totr see its suc
e'ts for six or .si'ee cenituries lifter.
wvarbd- but at presentt t tnols waits, and
udoublts, andi besitateus, andi coonlts huis
birothier, andl his tuncle, andt his first coo..
sins, andii hit ptin tcular friendei, till one
tine <biy be, finds that lie is .ixtv ti--e.'~
ye',ars- of ageu--thait he. has lost so'mnucht
ttime. in onsuhiinig first V ousIiat ando
phtrtietlhtr tri.-ntis, tat hie hasi noi marc'
tim''h-en to fihlow their advrice. '1Thce
is such little tine for over-sqiuamish,
m s4 at rs'.nt, th--' oiprtunity so easily
shy1s naay, the. ver'y pieri'id of life at
whlichta man chooses to venstutre. if ever
is so ciiitinedl, thiut it is no hbol rule to
priuach up the n iecessity, ini such itnstan.
e's, of it little violenuce donie to the~ felt.
jigs, andti of eibrts mucde ini <hliantce of
strict and sobeur calcutationi.'
IFinling? Ertrardinary1. - Si r. G. in ar.
'ii'. teacher of dlaninig, furom !?diinburgha
harmeii gone' out to the Cocklmit, at
smniall streatm that rtunsa in the Galat at
Stowt, hie I.y 4'biance caime upona a hairo'
iof wcibi dckcs, near!ly fitl ti-luged whiich
iiinuediautely took tothe wate'r, atnd
wiere narly out of ti',ht undter bannk anid
ba;gre. lI tooik nio furthier notice of
thiem,) but wrent tin with his sport. and
badt takeni s)ome1 lin trott beiing ishinig
with the wormi. Ile had gonie someit
fifty, yaurdts tuirthser 444 thme water, wshen
hie go wha i e consideredl a glorious
niiblet--gav e the gratid stroke--but
wihiat wa'Is hisi surprise when the tineC
was ta k en under wit h more thaon usual~
force,, andl the'n dtown 4the st rea m as far
its the ine wotiuh admoit. with a tatrgo
blhick cobored beast, wh ich, w hen check
ed flow tip ott offthe water, and wae nO
olher than one of the wild ducks thathad
taken the worni and the hook fast in its
The London rost Office.
Perhaps the most remarkable place
Df its kind in the world, is the Lon.
don Post Office. Our own post of.
lice and that of New York are curi.
sities to the uniniatiated; but they
will not stand a comparison, for one
rnoment, with the London office.
The business done there is almost in
:rediblo. Some idea of the amount
'nay be gathered, however, from the
act that it employes a force of 2903
ersons, and that at least 350,000
etters pass daily through the Inland
One of its most curious features is
he making up and despatching the
Indian mails, which are sent off semi
nonthly, on the 7th and 24th. The
etters are tied in packages, i -
hen placed in iron chests, the lids o
rhich, when once shut, fasten with a
pring, and cannot be opened without
chisel. These chests are one foot
ight inches long, one foot wide, and
en and a half inwhes deep; yet not
ess than one hundred and twenty, on
he average, are despatched every
ionith. After being closed, they are
oldered and the seal of the post office
lixed. They are then committed to
lie charge of an agent, who accompa
ies them across France to Marseilles,
ever losing sight of them till they
.ro placed on board the steamer for
Uexandria, whence they find their
ray across the Isthmusof Suez, and
town the Red Sea, to their final des
Another object of interest is the
cad letter office. The number of
itters for whomn no owner could be
)and, and which were therefore re
urned as dead, was, in 1849, not
ks than 1,476,456. 'Of these 10,
X.9A. A, efound to
ontain propert ti i'
tearly two millions and a half of dol
ars. Frequently, indeed, letters
ontaining money are posted without
mly direction. Almost fifty thousand
lollars annually come ito the Lon
lon Post Olice in this way, and
ometimes it is with difficulty that the
wners are discovered. Some time
go a letter, on being opened at the
)ead Letter Ollice, was found to con
ain five hundred dollars. A vast
iumber of letters are returned, under
he postal treaty, from the United
;tates to London, as dead, no claim.
nta for them appearing in this coun
ry: on two several occasions, 24,000
vere thus sent back. The dead
etters are opened and read, and if no
1ue can be found to the owner, are
orn up and sold for waste paper.
kt the General Post Office at Wash
ngton, it is the practice, we believe,
o burn such letters; and in this re
qpect we think the London office ex
iibits less delicacy than ours. The
iecrets of dead letters should he kept
niviolate, and not exposed, as they
ire by a saile as waste paper.
Packages, not exceedling in weight
tixteeni ounces, are permitted to be
tent by the British mail; and many
rurious packages in consequence pass
.rough the London Post Office.
'amne.of various kinds, plum pud
ling, bits of' wedding cake, lobsters
unid, strangest of all, live mice and
met canary birds have thus been for
Avarded, and safely delivered. In
me case, a lot of leeches were sent
n bladders, several of which burst,
md the water having wetted the
otters, many of the poor creatures
~vero found crawling over the corres
pondence of the nation. In another
uistance, a jar of strawbarries wus
iespatchedi through the mail. but lhe.
nig S~smashed in the bag, completely
etoe apce ful of valual
Lelaide, A mercantile agent, going
his round through the country solici
cing orders, found he had forgot his
pistol; he wrote to his wife for it, and
he sent it by return of mail, labelled,
and loaded to the mouth with powder,
',all and slugs. A roast duck, a box
f spiders, and a live snake were also
amonng the things forwarded in this
way. Most curious of all, however,
was a bank note for fifty pounds,
without an envelope, the two ends
being merely wafered together, and
the address written on the back.
PERL's PATRONAOE OF LITERARY
mIN. -His father had risen from the
raniks by the vigor of his mind and
the sweat of his brow. The son had
earned to symnathize with thene
cessities of literary men. - He we
their earnest advocate out of powei
and a warm supporter when in power
We well remember a suggestion Q
might have been a motion) made h
the Commons in 1832, by Mr. Hume
that some ribbon of honor should b
given by the State to men distir
guished in literature and science
The suggestion was opposed by Si
Robert Peel. Mere symbols of dis
tinction, lie observed, was not wha
was necessary for the wants of literar;
men. "Honor to a man in my situa
tion," said Goldsmith, "is like ruffle
to a man who is in want of a shirt.'
The more substantial approbation o
the public should assume, he though
the shape of public pensions for ser
vices rendered. Wven this was said
the statesman by whom it was utter
ed was not in power; but when tw<
years afterwards, lie was in power, ic
nobly illustrated the sentiments an
nrounced on that occasion.
Sir Walter Scott was dead-bu
many of the great men who had star
ted and run the race with him wer<
yet alive. Southey received a pen
sion of ?300 a year, and was offeret
a baronetcy; Wordsworth received m
pension of the same amount; ?150 m
year was given to James Montgom
ery: and (luring Sir Robert's secon
administration ?200 a year was be
stowed on Mr. Tytler, ?200 a yeal
on Mr. Tenyson, ?200 a year or
Mr. M'Culloch, and 1001 a year or
the widow of Thos Hood. Francea
Brown, the blind poetess whose touch
ing story is familliar to the readers o
the Athenaeum, received also a pen
sion at his hand-. - His patronage
was extended to the children of per
sons eminent in literature. For the
sons of Mrs. lemans he found places
under the Crown, which they itil
enjoy; and the first appointment ofhis
adminstration was given to a son ol
(Froin the Colunibua ITme, Iiiile.]
The Strength of the south.
COTrON VS. ABOLITION PIITLOSOPTIfY
Mr. Horace Greely, the abolitior
philosopher, is a very cunning per
son, and if his power over the laws of
nature, climate, soil and production,
were only equal to his benevolent
purposes toward the South, we God
defying 'man stealers' would be, tra
ly, in a very bad way. In his paper
of the 23d, appears an article, the
character and object of which can be
learned from the following sample:
"Advices from the South seem
generally to indicate another short
,rop of Cotton, and a consequent
maintenance of the present extroor
dinary price of that staple, if not an
actual advance. We express nc
opinion of our own on the subject
but simply state what appears to be
the geteral impression. If this
year's yield of Cotton in the States
shouldl not exceed Two and a Hll
Million bales, we presume Fair Or
leans cannot be expected to averag<
less than 15e per pound in Nev
York and 7 3 4d in Liverpool foi
twelve months to come.
"Trhis prospect prompts an inqui
ry which seems to us deserving o
thoughtful consideration; Why sh~ouh(
the present dependence of mankin<
on the cotton plant to supply hal
the clothing of the human famill
cdntinne? Is it reasonable? Isi
beneficial? It is certainly a novelts
in the world's history, based on thi
accident of WYhitney's invention o
the Gin, with corresponding improve
ments in the machiner y for Spinnini
and Weaving. Flax is the morn
hardy plant, will grow and yield lua
uriantly on a far greater area of thi
earth's surface; its fiber is far stror
ger andl more durable and it can b
p~rodulcedl up to the point where mt
chinery becomes essential with a fa
smaller expendliture of human labor
From some little (though not recent:
experience in its culture, we estinu
ted that six cents per pound for th.
fiber if the crop could be sold in th
well-cured stalk undressed, woul4
liberally pay for the labor and aol
requiredl for its produrction one yea
with another; and Flax is a muel
surer crop than Cotton, whi!o th
vast extent of territory on which i
may be grown almost precludes th
possibility of a deficient supply.
The aingle State of Wisconsin mnigh
grow Flax to an amount equal to tb
entire Cotton crop of the Union."
Now what a thousand pities it is
that God made a production, lik
cotton, so useful and necessary t
the comfort of civilined man, and .
s absolutely indispensable to the trade
, of the World, and to the industry o
New England and Old Engl id
t particular. And how much-:grpate
i a subject is it, for commiseratbntat
this pretty little plant, will nwt 1der
a except in certain latitudes, and has
never been made to grow in any
quantities. except by the appropria
r tion of slave labor. Now, if Mr.
Greely had had the ordering and
t cutting out of the six days wotk,-de
scribed in the first chapter in Gene.
sis, no doubt he could have arranzed
all these matters upon different
better principles. His deep philoso.
r phy must long since have detected,,
that the Almighty committed a ter
rible original blunder when it made a
i distinction in the color of men; and
had he been the cotemporary of Ad.
am and a counsellor in the grand cre-4
ation which sprang from Chaos at the-'!
divine command, he would certainly .
have provided that the cotton plant
should 'spring spontaneous' from
'New England's rock-bound shore
or at least that its strong and 'silk)
and ductile fibre should have had no i
advantage over the tough, obstinate,
woody and intractible hemp and flax.
But unhappily for Mr. Greeley and.
the Cazenovians, and most happily
I for the South, the Almighty author
of all goodness to man, has given the
South this little plant as an arm Qf
protection against the fury'of fanat- * A4
icism, and the benevolence of Mr.
Greely's philanthropy. In tWose
cotton bales he has vouchsafed us,
r the muniments of impregnable
strength, and enabled us, if we ate
wise and true, to arrest and tpr -
back the tide of revolution which 4
maddened bigotry is preparing to
roll orer both the white and black'-,
ces of the South to their miutu .<
struction. Cottdn iseo
and switched from his mad
ies, into a state of sound r
decent propriety. 'Flax s4 Bi
wont do the business, friend Horace!
The cotton gin was invented-that
is a fixed fact, which, while it invites
your lamentations, cannot be unfixed.
Go on, then. Rely on flax and hemp
to feed and clothe the millions of
Europe who draw -life from our, cot
ton-to run the spindles and looms of
New England, fed by our slave.
worked cotton fields. Push on your
Northern brethren to increascd anfd
renewed aggressione-drive us, step
by step, to resistance and desperate
disunion-pile on the wrongs until
even the meanest submissionist the
South contains will he forced to agon
ize the groan 'hold! enough!'- force
us out of the Union-compel us to
resort to our own resources of inde-o'
pendence and power, and cut off
from the South-turn out New Eng
land to get rich on her own unaided
resources of granite and ice; and then
halt a moment to look at the work of
your hands. You will not be able to
pronounce it 'good.' You will have
dliscovered that Providence was wiser
than Horace Greeley, and that tal
ents are the most dangerous weapons
that can he confided to the hands of
a crack-brained fanatic. The curses
you have so often ohjurgated on the.
people of the South, will, as the
Arah proverb has it, have come home~
to roost; and if your own pel
don't hang you for a witch, and exe
crate your memory as the architect
of their ruin, you will be the luckiest
fpol-philosopher that ever went to sea
'What is the difference,
- my1,'said a pert sblen h
3 other ay, to a certain dignified ma
-ker of' jokes, 'What is the difference
r between an ass and an archbishop?
.A pause ensued.
'Do you give it-up?'
-'I give it up,' quoth the dignitary. :#
'Well, then,' 9uoth the flippant,
a 'it is that the ass a cross is upon his
I back, while the archbishop's lies up
I on his breast.'
e 'Good indeed; but let me ask in
return,' continued his grace, 'what
is the difference between an ass and,
t an officer-say, in the army?'
' A longer pause ensued. The sub.
altern gave it up. 'I protest,' quoth
t he, 'I cannot make it out. The 11f
a Verence? No, I cannot see itJ
Neither can I,' said the gavwe
,Arch Prelate, and turingapon, his
heel, left the malapert querist tti
> meditate upon a distinctinih a~