Newspaper Page Text
- T generl inovenout of Northern poll
ties la truly expressed in tho frllowing. (rontu
the New York flerald oll Monday. The g
picture is ind'eed drawn with great modera-.
tion, and if, instead of a general view. the
editor had deacended to a sketch'nf the ele. I
t- entatrv parte.and eletents of this move. V
font, he must have exhibited a. turmoil of a
hot aint distempered passions such as sal- a
dom visit communities, and never without t
leaving behind the track of violent and dis- -
estrous change. It is for the Southern I
people to decide whether these passions
shall expend their force upon us, or upon I
those who have aroused and infuriated them. ti
Char. Mercury. I
[Prom the New York lieald.]
The political horizon of the North is
grnwhni dark, and portendn the swallowing e
up of the Whig party in tl'm Aholition
movement. The course of the majority of
the Syracuse Convention Conmnittee is gen
erally approved of throughout the North
and bast, and especially in the State of New
York has it been adopted as the true Wai r
platform. In this city, where intere.t
would prompt a diferent course, the reso. 1
Jutionst of that Convention have been de.
nounced by the more considerate of the
party; but, in the interior and Western sec.
ions of the State, the principles put fort Ih
and a'kocated by Villiam II. Seward are
f nlorsed and republished as the only Whit
creed. The press in those sections, withi
two or three exceptions of minor charar- C
ter, have taken up the cry, mid thrown the
titi slavery standard to the hrcee. Thu
Albhiny State Register and BJut1lo Com..
.nercial Advertiser are tIm -"r- haters of
i - at.. ..--"" unte that have taken up the
aunnletlo battle against the proceedinr
of the Convention. The Albany Evenin,
Journal was the first to prainclaim the cause
of Seward, and the smalier prints iii the
I interior have followed, and, with every
issue, denounce all who do not endorse the
ity of his principles. The late postmas
t Aht Albany, L Benedict, has published a
correspondence m the Kvening Journ;l, be
t wcen the Postmaster General and hitmtself,
and the Jlourtal has made an attack upon
President Filmnore and his admiinitration,
which cannot fail to make wider the already
existing breach in the Vhig party. The 1
caise of the publication of the correspni
deuce was because Mr. Benedict failed to
obey the instructions of the head of the !)e
parttnent, or left the whole business of the
otnire to the care of an assistant, which re
stilted in his removal, and the nppoineinnt
of another in his stead. The Democratic
pless are of cgnrse placed in the dilemma
in which the Vhig party is placed; and,
should the Freesoilers hol to the nonmina
tiois made by the Democratic Convention, 11
their success is more than probabe. 9
ple of action, and the Boston Atlas strongly
censures the Whig sereder, i'r the course
they have pursued. Vith regard to the
conpromise measures adopted by Co'ngress.
''ne Vhig press throughout the lE' s:e'rn,
States are favorable to the Sew:ird primt i
they manifest an unswerving hostility, and 4
especially to the fugitive slave law, which
they assert is uncotstitutional, and advise
the cuigitives to resist to the last ex:remiity. d
The Boston Advertiser is the only Whi d
paper, lbch has taken a consecrantve
yours a"l which commiends the utihity and
justice of the law. The Democratic press
is generally qnict, and leaves the Whi
party to absorb itself into abolition without
an expression of opinion. At all of the late
SMate and County Conventions (if the Whig a
party inthe-Northern and Eastern States, it
1 eslavery question has been the chief sub
e- et of commient, and they have nniversally I
SIemnied the action of Conigress in thie
w h~'~ ae Bpu~ r-and lFugi.
(gvio ie body has
ng.ly censured ?or not incor.
e.bthiilavery prohibition in the New
e.i oad Utah bill.
BIos-rox. Oct. 5. '
. lennyi! Linmd in flnston-WIIoial'uI I.:n.
thusiamn.-.lnny l,inmd, t his evenisig, sw a
h lelere the largest audlience she vet hiatl m b
thisa city. Tremiont Tel'mpile was til led to
roise to a higher pitch i im at eiher iot I'-r
other concerts, niot except iing evet h lirst. iA
I naeed, this was decidedlv the biest < ineert
*ever given ina this city, rind we thus we i
nihty safely say, in this count ry. Theim tirst
part of the progranmmfe consisted of necr.'d g
*iuisic, being select ions frm he operas
oratorios, &c., oaf .\ 'zart, Ila ndl, liv. he.
atnd Rossini. " I kn iow myi llheer i
eth," was sting in loud ip late. Anva
core wa~s comupliedl w. i O n t Iag'r
I Penis" was sun g in fine style :11 wa4~a!.
enc'oredl. This last pa rt iif t he pr'ron*- i
-was comiiposedt of pieces of a mere se na ii
eblracter. TVhe itms of thie evenerini, how
ever, weore the "Flute"' andi the '-F>elm"'
songs, which were received with tre.ie.
-dous applause, and hathi encoredl. Jienny
was never in tinier voice thian shie is o
and her concert oii Tuesday eveunn wi dl be
n i jam.
Nesano EvDI:ts.--T1he Waai-hot.r
Riepiubiliean stat es, that on thle trial of thlet
* fugitive slaves in I larrishburg, free neg rout
wverp introd ucedl for the puirpose of pro., 1
- an alibi. The slaves lett Vi rgma oat ih
20th of July, yet ai icolorel ".\l,:n-tr,"''
Wmai. Ml. JoneLs, sw ore that t hov we-re ;at Its '
honse on thle 17dt .hluly, ;iandal* nmbaier at i
other mnegro witnesses swore tha;t th
were ini Pennilsy Ivi ia sixty dlay s befoire t ha
n~ gainst these piersons foir prrjamry, a Ithor Ii ii'
a htmijdred persons can sweir th li ihe sla,- v
did not leave Virgintia unit Ju tly 21: h.
- WoanTx KNowms.--The corresponuiliinti
of the L.ondon Tiiaimea says: The IoIow Ii1
ing. methoid of dressitig poitatoes w .1beh.
tounmd of great use at thi s seta en of th -
year, when thet skins tare toulh anad paota-i
T toes are watery. S::ore the .aluns of the
ptotatoo with a knmife, lengthwise anal croiss,
cluiite ron. .d, and then hoil the potataic inii
plety of water and salt, with the skin moni.
Thie skini reatdily cracks wvhen mt is sc<.red,,
and lets out the moisture, whli ch mitherv wsa '
renders ihe potatue soapy an iid wvet. h.-i' I
imp lrov'ement to had] pottoes by this mtethi d
of boiling them is very great; amid all who li
hmave tried it. find a great aivataige ini it, naow<
that good potatoes are very ditlicoilt t') be
Pnol'oSED IMProtENT~as of CoSmTMF..
well as many amateurs anda admirers of thme
Sinears onfde th mhnt thfrtihofmind ex
position ini Hlyde Park wvouhl lie a titttoi
cppo~rtun rity for disacitssinig thle 1st uet ot
couttmne. -Artists, anad all piersaons on
elegancet anal intaontermity of l'ntgish ande
tother contumaes. Painters anid setn~iptoars
- Freepjtently have reciourse to thle cost unims ot
lie ancients, in ordler toi avoid thle d1ifliautl
Lies wvhich. thmat of the presenit tonmea thirows
in their wvay wheton ilineating the lhoi a ii
figure. A declaration htas beeatndrawvn upl,
-embodying- the above antd mtatny mthier col
Interal points which hats bieen numaierously
s igntediby somet of our leading~ mattst's
TIheoyexpress a hope that sonmq gener::i
*Enropean costume mnight be I~rated by
A molnstrous effort is now making to got
p a great'excitenent, in the State of Geor.
in, in favor of Dugradatiunt Can such an
flbrt Its .tht .poo p success'ul! We have
ebn anelleard of. great eilbrtis beinit made.
i favor - of risistance to insults and
vrongs,. but this th~iig or tioviig heaven
ntd earth to-give success to Submission
rhi IUegiadation-to fetter hands that oug ht
) he free--to how necks to gallintr yokes
-to bring the greatest, richest, strongest
euple au earth, (the 1)01)10 of the South.
r-n St;a tes,) to ab lject, low, infamioiius sub
nasion, at the feet ol a horde of fiery fana.
es, whose property in made out of the
roducts of our lahor, would, if successful,
11 a page eqr two of Disgraceful history.
Think of it, citizens, Georgians, South.
rners. Ar., you ready to trn the South
Ito a cnpacious F'td for the 'rey of North.
ro \Volves 1 What. a towering Victor the
miuthern min will he n% ho c:an acconplisih
ailt by his talents, his popularity, and the
(nIidncie reposed in hirn by a trusting
dil generous people! lie could point to
lie prostrat iou and degradation of his peo.
le--to thniI abject. condi'ion--and say,
Behold the result of mny proud deeds
Io g!orious prize for which I bought!"' A
ountry ifn hi.race the work of his lEnids!
t takes the heart sick to think of it; but
bie people will not permit it, unless they
ish tI see a sky of lightiinins unfolded
)r their destructton.-Auguxta Rcpubli
Ln Abolitionists - Hand him Around.
On Satur. ..,leit 1:1st in individual,
vno roiiistcred his vtne J. S. Brown, Ox
)rd, Mtass., caine to the Pl:mter's Iotel.
it less than five minutes lie was recognized
Jhe m/lean, by n:ti Scott, who left
zeorgetoiwnu under pecu!tr circurnltances,
high were these: 1t was understond by
everal gentlelian inl Georgetown that he
ad been eigigetd in colversat ion, of an
nproper nature, with some tilaves, and he
as waited on by a commuittee and ordered
Sleare i:nlne'diately. The comtniittee not
uly nave the order, but saw it executed
y hliding him over the river.
In person he is about live feet six inches
igh light colilplexion, dark hair, goatec,
nil hal on when last scen a blue satinet
oc k coat, straw hat, carrieI in hist hlintd a
0t(1(1 umblirella and bundle tied up inl a
Most distressing Event.
We hafe inst iheard ofa in .t tiiressitg
currence in our city, arislu out of the
.:take 0f an tptoth:-arv's vong ij))mal.
I .s A un:1 R. Nd! dauitte. of lessae Nell,
Zsiding at 'd!(If Fa'zwav;ter ittret, indl' been
iwtith a tihttus allack. I her physiin,
st eeni; . ll n tifiting her cotlialscrent.
ave a prescri::on for a fetw grains of tili
ine. TI'he pre.-cript 1tion w :1. den ol the.
ruftt store of 1)r. Chaiilberblin, corier of
muth :and Sh1lppen), and in the0 abis-s-rwe of
r. C. w' ho is it o1 tottl a volt. lani in
s store gave Iii1; ni1 take 1inor; h1:110.
The ditoce was adtl:un:ere" a 7 p. I.
lI lh, arrival of her thtv..eriant, f)r. S.otlia,
lthe evening. ho disctoverel some unu-.u
sVmpto:tts, 0unih oi iuiitry beinrg maie,
islcovered the at:11al error. 'le young 1'a1
l became speedily very ill. l)r. Carter,
nlther physician was called in, and every
ing possiile was done, buit without effect
id at I o'clocki this Morning the young
Resart was had to the galvanic battery
rid every other conceivable mieans to re
tore her, even after death; and for a titne
was hoped that ihe was saved but the
awerfull drugi had4 spre ad its~ tital 0.1111..I
nee~f tto surlely.
TPhe victim of this sad error was a lovely
uungr lady the comfort of her parents, and
&!oved by a large cirdi1e, whvfo are thlrowni
nto (hi, deepestet grief ait te maint'holly
rt:st inl oif hiet It. Thle romer tint!lau
ars of a o. I1 Jt I-, wevt :ile irlnfrm l,
Th lor oner w;!!. he' .d :in infat'2st oni the
o.V 've ..-- I o:h|a..p iifat.:!.iu,
Thei tcor'ner' inr h~o r-n !tr'l a vear
Dropping the Pi:eoni. it.
itista surpria.. I i t at his dva y.
. hn ihn-. 't una ofit "dr aut p it-ai"
:ii be 'tti.'vin pnM '.MiI aI ia t ri-m.
Ith-ilsi itI n bun- lto bi: hl Ium
ci iliu atr onity . \\iiam.. i i k..rO!i , f
rtloft hiI wt'-hi flitd art 835, a .
It in cash. la'i i stats t ha: wh no
Fre wail-oed fhi ft:m h.ot.
imel tins attj pasi nger (n f h b t '
atlk in i a t s In ossi h-o tk rso
aitae il arm inl aw-kh him. but -.trintaat
hu ill lttnl d-einrul ,ahe u orfbi- l
be im~ irdr wat- uni'. n''el. t ai
iT.ti b.inigt a fit mer t fll* :*s
rilv~ h it y an alii j ~vi r. livt wl ii'.
,adath hil int. Ti. son tini hisl
'C t i ti n t tie i s if t ' It'liitl t \\ i ieat
athict mtai whoapni aatth tf be tdrui;
ie tilehi-i d uttttl h aila I~ It i hat .l, lti'an
'ni gie atilii, ii ii ;. Ia 'si it (til it- n
hi ihi ru blo p, tO illhe Iopin. tlt tel tii.
h~inkgtheIre as an tlun g iun tiiist lih
here~ aii'tt. A-tiOj. a a.n
evi suciih esh. l lef i's utPt.v n
h .baa d p l1 aT.' h la
$6E I1T~I~ BADNNER.
Su terill, So. Ca.
WEDNESDAY, ONOBER 10, 1850.
J. A. G. R hiulrlion, Editor.
-W Mes.rs. A. VnrTE & Co., are
Agents f'or the Ilannc: InSurnterville.
COTTON.-The Charleston market
was depressed on Saturday last. The
traniactions were limited to about 300
hales, at extrenmeA ranging frorn 131-4 to
We have been shown a fine specimen of
up-land) rice raised by )ti. WAsuro'ros
II. Itowyi in this District. We think it
equal to any swamp rice we have ever
GEI.N. CAss.-The Democrats of Michi
gan have re-noininated G&N. (.Ass for the
The elections in Pennsylvania have resul
led in favoroft he Democrats who haveelcc.
ted 15 nremboIr of Congress--being a gain
of two. The Vhigs have elected nine.
'T'he DeImocrats have also carried both
branches of the l.egislature and elected
their candidate for Canal Commissioner,
Auditor General, Surveyor General, and
other important State Officers.
Election in Ohio.
The Democrats have, it is believed, elect.
ed their candidate for Governor; and the
WVhigs a majority on joint ballot in the
The elect ions for Members of Congress
have resulted in the choice of nine Whigs
and nine Democrats. Geddings, the Free
soilcr, Townseid, Abolitionist, and John.
sotn, Independent, have been returned.
Chance in our Election Law.
The anncxed suggestion from the
Charleston Mercury is worthy of consider.
tion. The rI eittmbers of Congress, who have
just been elected, will not take their seats
(should the union last) until December
1351, a year and two months from the time
of their election. We think this period
too long. It would he better if the election
were fixed for the October proceeding the
regnhr timn for the asseinbling of Con
cress. The Governor mtight be authorised,
slhonal an extra session he called, to op.
point, by proclamation, an earlier day for
o'lhe approach of the State election re
ninds us of what we hive long considered
a grave detect in our law. In the first
place, we elect meinhers of Congress more
than a year before the time when they
take their seats, and a whole session inter
venes hefrie. the judgment of the people at
the polls can take effect. The member of
Congress is elected for two years, and in
the iddlle of his term his Conistituents are
calledl on to choose his successor. If the
incumbent. is defeated for re-election, he
yet continue~s to hold, for another session
of C'ongress, ano oflice for whlich is consti.
tents haie jiigedl hhn not (it. If lhe is
re-electedl, lie yet maiy do things benforeth
,''.p;ir:itti)n of his existiln" titrin which wvoulId
dlepri ve him t of thlei r Conflidlence.
"In lhe ecoint place, thle initerriimglin
o: Statie an Fe ltderalI eectionts is, ini our
hio: h. Th'ley bec''itne jumnbledl, and ti1e in
teree-:. of the one swdIdh~ws up the~ oilher,
:luin' 1V:0l to imiite Ilo.-rollingi.. We
w'at o' imial fit miein for all publlic trusts,
:il thii'n't way tu'ecure this coal is to
ill ev y olleg by it eIt, ami not to tutrn
tibenii :ii lose to take the~ cha~tnces ofta scroth
r~-e w b:re all the woirld is ini the field and
genetiralt confiuii 00 rignis sumpremec. i we
I~ b inte our I 'ie-gressial .'ee'tion netar
Ite''";'I'no ot Aprd it wolJ be a great
Co~nmmittee of VIIiihtmre for Claromont.
"1 ' t the1 co nin.- I tt \i . ial.e
4i'.. I )'.ny I o )i. the I .-I-e ofi l Ioth
Ie'a ll\ ''-l:
IiN :'t- ..\ l .-l ' I pl r Hatlin
'A i I: ni ' ('aN . I . Ih b, I 'I . W~tla .
It.l l l l. I . I. 1 . 'I.l
t 'at N i. I. ta t J.~ ll-'. .lb--, Jac. W .
I' i- I I IN---('(ip.. Tt. Gr. II-ir!
li"i l It . l e. ar i ,J .n lrd -
Ii ' .as -t.- lii t t. \\ ,int . i'it. A1.
ii I-- Jii (tirat.i J.1. bfilx m, hir at
1' a:'tNo.l bii--c ~io.- ifr 511.:' 11m th e<
w 1 itI N i'ax felt in battl or Wile,
ina.i a2 r\ iloh io. Ja,.ity , -:. for te inJ.
he tI-' al.-it'i -f llan leiot 0 h In.
a t- t'ia.t te tl'etmur, da la r l
K ni. .\d~in n, I. N . l--noi . 1 .I hi .
M" tive Slave ;Law.
. In our lst, we declared that we lead lit
tie, confidence, that the fugitive Siave..lill
would be-allowed to remain long upon the *
Statute Book.. We have now none at all:
very Northern paper that we have seen,
as well as 'the Abolition and free soil pa..
pers, as those which profess to support the
South upon the Slavery question, and at
first advocated' the Bill, are now against it.
o show the tone of Northern sentiment
-uon this subject, we make the following
extracts, fron two of the leading Journals
of New York-the first, a Whig and free
soil paper--the second, hitherto, a profess.
ed supporter of the South upon the Slavery 1
[From the N. Y. Tribune.]
"The Fugitive La.-Beau Brommel
was once asked to indicate the best joke
lie had ever heard in his life. After con
sidering a minute, he said be thought it
wao a bequest of five pounds left by a man
in his will towards paying ofd' the British
"The Beau lived in one of the darker
ages. lind he been blessed with the day.
light of 1850, lie would have confessed that
the passage of the Fugitive Slave bill
(among others) expressly to 'settle the
slave question,' was a joko entirely ahead of
his. And the vehement assertion of Messrs.
Duer, Bush, &c., at Syracuse, that the en
tire slavery agitation, present and future,
had been settled, quieted, put to sleep, by
t hems measures, went even to a degree, be
yond the other. It was carrying absurdity, I
to the verge of the sublime.
"How slavery agitation has been buried
by the passimee, among others, of this fugi
tive slave bilI, the telegraph and the jour
nals already begin to show; though as yet I
only a very few of the thousands of "fu- I
gitives fron labor," in the free States
have been reached for under it. Yet al
ready Massachusetts is deeply agitated
by the efTects of this bill, and our own
State begins to be convulsed by it. Penn.
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, will soon be ablaze
with it. Not many members of the House
will henceforth be elected from the free
States unpledged to its repeal; while any
general or systematic attempt to enforce ;;a
provisions will obviously be motby con
certed evasion, if not by overt resistance.
The law never can be enforced, even to
the extent of returning to slavery, one
tenth of the fugitive slaves now living in I
the free States. It will be difficult to en.
force i', at all fifty miles further cast or
north, than this city ; and of the thousand
to fifteen hundred fugitive slaves living in
Massachusetts, we don't believe twenty
could be re-enslaved without costing as I
[From the Morning Star.]
The Slave Law.
We published the leading features of the
Fugitive Slave Bill, while it was passing
through Congress; but as it subsequently
received some alterations and additions, we
will recapitulate, in a concise form, some
of is nest strmgent provisions. It provides
that any person having the power of at.
torney, may pursue and reclaim the party
alleged to be a slave, either by procuring
a warrant from a Judge or Conuissioner
of the United States Court, or by arrest.
ing him, where the same can be done with
out process, and t king him before the
Judge or Commissioner. Persons who ob
struct tho arrest, or ihall rescue, directly or I
indirectly,nrsail t14.slave to escaperare
subjected to a fltf notexceeding 81,000,
atnd imprisonmen t not exceding 6 mtonthis;
atnd, in the event df escape), comnpelledi to
forfeit, oni a civil p'rocess, 81000 as the va
tue of theo slave. TPhe testimonty of any
ailledged fugitive slave will not be admitted
at any tria!l T1hiec law also repeals the!
Iliabeas Corpus Act with regard to fugitive
slaws. Accoring to it "the certificates of
Judcges or Cousnmissioners are contclusive
oif the right of the pirs:i in whose favor a
warrant is ifrant.ed; to remuive a fugitive
slaive to the Statei ur Territory front which
he inay~ have ercaped; and prevent all iiio
lestation~ hy 2. oy process issued biy any
couirt, judg~e. mai~gisitrate, or any ot her per.
son." T1he U. States Marshal, after thme
arrest of the slave, is held responsble for
his saife c ustody, in the sumt of 81 ,000. lie
is also responlsible fo~r hi~ safe dl~ehvev, af
ter the owiner applrehiends an arrest. ~Thme
renn1 .nrit ion or, thle various oillecers w ho
suiperintnhi t he workingr of the ac't, is amt
airres-t i s) osavn, 85, anid othter re.ssonable
e'x penses. TI he Comi miss unerr bsefore whom
thi' s are, is. bromght is to have $10J itn the
evn of th ;le aiccuiseit party being coniv ictesd,
andl .> shiouhi the evidence of guilt be in
T/ c' lasti me-n:ulemed proi isionr is a lad onie,
a-u i give'stheu j'nnis~sion*er a dir-ct peu.
niry, udterest an thec convasiction </f the a!!ei...
adm'.re humanuie ti haie 1:iaceds the indu~e.
ni in the, other, :.e jie. T/ie laie, as a woe
thit the aitteiijpts whlich wvdl be nidesim to
!iahl. A\t I st 'n, Wo.' rilieaiter. Spro or
tll, ii- Gw ', ' t jea, lie bseNter, l 'itstatur~h
n 21(, (n )lh.o. ;lhere are stroing idicastiosi
ih~t theC pr.s ,io si t Iihe act cant lii, e en-i
t.'reed~~ w: hnit crre.itii' su'r~iis sdiatitian
('4s. Thius' al' hal /dsu pose I/ic h 'gaiion
i.Ss11' uii he n1r's themsem!ae ar th only~!
( )haerve'r noticsa' thle p:ssag. lirmough't thi:st
plc in 55ne day,. sif foirty-ive tiugitive'
slaves, who' hiad tIed froti Pittsbuirg and are
gainng to C'aiiada.
Th'le ~.lississ ipiani pubbsheid at lhe seat
ofmgovernalewmt t that igalhint state, iti urg
ict 'sr on rhe pairt of the South au~nd etiti
liserrt i ng thle h ties, t hat wj I tiroinitiv
une ni defle, of thes righits sif the 59t1ti;,
paiy~ t he tiollowinrg ciomiptiinent to our owni
"iiuth (Tar lIn a -rnt it led toa thle very
first hono~ rs wI ch listory cain aw~uad-.-is si.
lint, but pireia re~d. Tlhe suofy' at her is her
crown ! A nindst the twelve lhun dred nnilh
ions ofsi thes eaurthI thle Sioth Cauroli i n is
ha~ive no' equals mi their knouw ledge sot their
righlts, andi iti their spirits to defenid thsemt.I
\'t Sothl ( ariihiia idi not ciause lie Mls
sissippli iinovemec sit. Not at allI. Hlut she
mse, witht be'oinig comnposure, awvaits the
actii~i o So"uthI.''
S Cairohina is pirepaired. Amtong
h here are few whos feel not the,
iiu 6tlice oif the crisis. Iher silence is
the silence of composure and determinta
tion, andI although it is unnecessary to re
iterate assurances of this sort, especially to
our friends in Mississippi, yet we take oc
casion to say to tbemt that South Carolina
Iiltu to thet poinit of actioni. 11er tradticers
knosw it. and they nre wo-ttle Adenp;i,.,
hat she has not taken the leadntl ir
mit Imovement. Without approp#jttlng the'
tandsome compliment above, we can sale-.
v say that our:peopleapd our, state will
lot be laggard i thefrddty to he uteir
eutbern states.- Cardjinian.m
[yoR 'rnE. BA NKER.]
Publicr Meeting in. Clarengou
A very large and respectable meeting of
ho people of Clarendon County, was held at
luckingham- Milla, on the3rd. Oct. inst.,
or the purpose of organizing a Southern
On motion of Maj. Owens, Col. . P.
Eichardson was called to the Chair, and Dr.
Ian. McCauly, and Mr. J. J. Conyers were
equested to act as Secretaries.
On taking the Chair, Col. Richardson de
livered a most able and interesting address
-at the conclusion of which, Dr. J. J. Ing
am, in a neat and approprinteZ speech, sub
nitted a Constitution, for the government
if the Association, and was followed by Dr.
hicCauly, who entertained the meeting, for
lear an hour, in a truly eloquent and irm
issive speech. The following is the pa
icr then submitted, and unanimously adopt
Impressed as we are, with the solemn
:onviction, that Southern rights and insti
utions are efhtinently, (and premeditatoly,)
mndangered by the late monstd of the
~general Government; believing that the
)eacenblo enjoyment of them is no longer
ompatible with our existing relations to this
:onfederacy; and feeling ourselves forced,
iy the aggessivo character of Its recent le
islation on our right of property, (both in
he Territories, and in the District of Colum
>in,) to decide between the Union and our
rinstitutions; 'We, the People" of Claren
Ion, while invoking, as we now do, that pro
ection from our State, which as a Sove
cign, silo is bound to accord to our allegi
nce-at the same time, do solemnly pledge
murselves, by all the considerations of honor
s men, as well as of duty as citizens, to aid,
upport and obey her, in mamntaining her
fights and independence, or in any such
ourse of action as she may think proper to
mursue, in resisting the encroachments of
the Government of the United States," on
he property, the interests, or the egnality
if the Slave-holding States of this Union
In view, therefore, of an issue, so painful'
mut inevitable to us; in compliance with a
ense of duty so clear, and so imperative on
he South, to meet it; in thus deliberately
brmning this, our determination, tq:- pursue
ur rights or perish in their defence ; and to
ender, with readiest alacrity, our parn
nount allegiance to South Carolina and her
overcign behests, in any contest she may
e forced to wage, in maintaining them.
Ite it therefore Resolved, That we do no'
rganise and constitute our ourselves, Iito
an Association," for the defence of South
ern rights and interests-the objects and
tilos of which we hereby pledge our
ives and our honor, to support an'oh
erve, untiL the ro ot ave- 1de
ng SatsN fuIi'-rg2
ad In, earnest whereot d6~i heregit.
dopt the following
AIIn-rLe lssr.-The otlicers of this Asso-.
inion sl-all consist of a President, 8 Vice
~re.,idents, 2 Secretaries, a Treasurer, a
'omnmittee of Corresponde~nce and a Com-.
nittee of Safety and Vigilance, to be comn
iosed of nine membhers each.
Alt?. '2nd~.-In additioni to the ordinary
luty' of presiding over its deliberains, the
'residenit shull also be empowered to conl
oke meetingZs of this, and~ appoint declegates
o attend conventions of other atilated as..
iociations ; andl, in any emergency of the
state', (to repel force or aiggression,) he is
,erewithi reqluiredl to call out1 the rehol or
mny part of the membhers of thiN biody to be
niarabialle'd unider the G overnor or constitut
Au'r. 3rd.-Thei' Vice Pres'id!ents, with the
~onsen't or by the direction oif th~e P'resident,
shatll hold mneetings of such tnembers as tmay
re..ide in their severnl viciniit's, antd re
sirt the proceedingis of the sa~- at the
he next generail mieetihng of the. A-sicin-.
ion. It shall allso, h, their ditty to r':.ed in
heir resportive neighborhoods, i'uch no
ices or infot~rmait ion aLs thle P'resid -nt nmv
ie..ire toi communicaite to the membters, of
ART. *ih.--It shniil be the dhity of the
tlotrnit tee oft Cotrrespomth-nae, to, enroll the
inames (of m embhers, anid reeiv ct (olh-e~iton s
ai their vicintes-to coniintnicazte' with
'the*r S.,mt hern Assoc ialtions, anid with our
Sta, t' nu.horitis;: and1( tromt t itn- to time
urisih the P're.sident antd tmembers of the
Assotciaitiont, with any inftormtation, tihey' maty
ltem promnotive of the~ objects of this organ
Anrli. 5th.-It shall bi the duty of ther
Commnuittee' of Satety aind Vigilanie, to d1o.
eel, prosecute andl repotrt ali at ttps to
Corruplt otr slaves--and to d is'emui nat.' id I
t ion-to tprodnce insuborinationt-tir othlitr
wise imlpaiir the poti~nceabl enjr-yment o~f onr
l',tes.tic ins.li t inis. T1hey .Ihall also, froim
iihe roll of the. Sec retalri"', or'aniz' aill thle
m'tmbers of this Asociation, tinder thirty
live years of age, intoa nt litary corps, to) be
railled the "Minuite Mlen,'' atnd whon wvith1
lhiir armns, otlicers, u niflorms, and egipi
mieiits, shaill be readhy to mtareli to the pointI
of tdantger, at an instalit's warning. 'lTe
ritlicer appod ied to cotmmand ii the 'Minauto
Men" shll rank as (apitiin, util cal led in
to nitutal service, or otheurwise designated
by State anthlority. llut, in all eases where
a greater numttber oif this Asstociitioin thanit
hiithoselths etirol led as miute men are re
giired to pierfoirm( duty-thie P'residient of this
A ssocialtion shall ho die commavnding~ ofli
Anr. 6th.-Any person tmay become~ a
tmember of tis Association, by subhscribmng
his inane to the above ruiles and~ articles.
flesoLred, That a Committee of 25 be ap
pointed to nonmitnate stuitaible personis to fill
die otile, deiniated in te foreonu on-.
Under the abov Reto 'min Al
of L. F. Rhame, Esqlr., ti ' nz al'
pointed the following grao ctpoe
the Commkiateo. L. yR me. Jfr ing
rum, S. W. Witherspoon, . RI rdsoi
.I1. 31. Benbon, B. blannln .R. Bjek, '
E. Dickey, V. I. RcynoYdI',sJ. S Rich, J
S. June, W. M. Davis, W. W. Owets, J.
Nelson, T. D. Rtane, J. S. McFaddin, B
Pack, W. A. James, S. Ifarvinr, T. C. Rich
ardson, J. II. Dingle, IR. P. Ilaynsworthi, J
C. Nelson, S. E. PIowden and J. Bagnall.
Resohed, That tire Secretarica be re
quirod to minoriulise the Legislature, (o
convention of the people, if such be convok
ed,) to interpose the Sovereignty of thi
State to protect the rights and property o
The Committee of 25 made the follow,
For President. 'Col. J. P. Richardtor.
Vice Presidents. J. L. Manning, S
W. Witherpoon, J. J. McFaddin, Jr.
J. J. Nolson,L. F. Rhame, W. W. Ow.
ens, E. B. Davis, R. P. Haynsworth.
Secretaries. J. McCauly, M. 31.
Treasurer. J B. Brogdon.
Officcrs to command the "Minute
3. II. Dingle, Capt., P. 3M. Gibbons
1st. Lieut. J. J. Conyers, 'nd. Lieut.
B. Manning, 3rd. Lieut.
Committee of Correspondonoe.
R. C. Richardson, J. 3N. Hodge, P. S
Morsham, W. F. Butler, J. S. Burgess,
W. W. Benbow, C. R. F. Baker, J. 0.
Brock, T. D. Rhame.
Committee of Safety and Vigilance.
J. J. Ingrain, '. C. Richardson. B.
Manning, W. t. Burgess, J. 11. Tin
dal, W. L. Rteynolds, J. S. Tindal, J.
J. Boyd, R. R. Durant.
On motion of Dr. T. W. Briggs, sixty
delegates were appointed to meet the
Southern Rights Association of Columbia,
on the 5th inst. to wit: )r. T. W. Briggs,
R. C. Richardson. C. R. It. Boyd, J. 8.
Tindal, P. 31.'Butler, W. 3l. Davis, J. II.
llagin, J. MeCauly, C. Henry, T. N.
Broughton, N. ii. Connors, W. AM. James,
M. N. lienbow, C. It. F. iBaker, Charles
Richardson, J. II. Montgomery, II. Nelson,
A. P. Brock, J. J. Cunyers, J. P. Richard.
son, jr., J. G. Rhodus, R. P. IIaynsworth,
J. II. Dingle, J. J. Nelson, R. Plowden,
J. II. King, J. L. Felder, C. Richardson,
R. J. RIagin, B. J. IIelge, W. A. James, V.
V. Owens, It. B. Ilarvin, V. ^. Butler,
II. F. 'rindal, 'r. J. M. Davis, W. Dickey,
B. M3anning, W. V. Ilenhow, J. i. Alc.
Knight, J. Blakely, It. J. Manning J. R.
Brock, A. 11. Ravin, W. R. Coskrey, J.
R. Thames, J. At. Owens, J. S. Rich, 'I'.
C. Richardson, 11. D. Bathune, R. S. Me
Faddn, P. S. Worshamd, E. MicElver, J.
3. McFaddin, A. H. Frierson,-D. N. Gam.
ble, D. H. Smith, A. H. Thompsbn, R.. R.
Durant, and H . McIntosh,
* noatir1f Dr . .2W ?esegti
lhanks 6fte ieifa s tendid ti
in which he had discharged ~duties o' hai
chair. which was responded t 'by the chair.
man in a few feeling and impresive re.
marks, and at. the conclusiog of whle~h the
The Illack Rirr W~atchiman and the
Charleston Mercumrm and Courier wd
AM 3. lWNBOWV, &c'e.
Hand him round.
Th" speech of die New York dem:agogoL~
has received p tar, icular notice from Souther
l'r,ee's. WV.e opy one' ins.t tribuin to the
iiitanouis chmaractoir of t bii jprine ofpolitica
scouuereks frm thn iCeergiai A n/incq. No
vere they aire but not too nonuch so. 'T;.a
limper a fle'r giving~ the titl ofii the speecmh insay~
'-uh is lie i itl'eof a pamphlet wvhich Wm~
I i. 8ewaird, a 8. naitor Irota New York, hia
luiul ther impudnienice, to se'hnd us under his nwi
frank. Of) all the de'spicable mii-creat
wvhomm chance laa *eh-vemd to hionornble pa
sition, ihis soniw S'enator Seward is chief.
Win tinek that some of his compe;ers in th
seh, enw. ofahmoition are t he Ihoniest vicztiinse
iinfic at an; but this man adds to all u h it
sins that mio-t odiins oftnll others, hypoecrisn
ir. Sewardh is not an abo litionist fiomi irii
cipdliibt from plicy. I11.. knr~wsm, fonr mmmi
byic-o incara a fooml, ttaut he shomrt,-st tii sun
rest roadte to power, whiere lhe livin-,, is iy p:m
iderimi.. to the' ktmlneiinmsin of lhis ((llt~tt eilt.
anld be hias accordinglyv dectermeiniod his polii
imtea caireer, not wvithmrrefe.renco to the goo
of thne rcunt ry, but with an1 ey'e ainglhe to hi
own' enmcihinent.- Wdmlrington A surora.
Nt~w Axo bJrar.x IIscovrinv.-Th
lImmetlbur.g Posmt has a letter giving an ac
counilt ofi a dJiscoviery made( by a youngii mai
Iby th 1n0mmnie of A\dmusno', I t ass stitnt man
ageermciilihe Ilrady's llendl I ron Works. in (1;
rimnl Co u ntyii,n ithe mnufaciitutre oft Ilidhroan
an m ierchant lars riron tromn (oke met a
1ly the ohlbwleto, the railhs were mnade wit
chmarcoal I p, andi~ would crac k very miute
an td treak with. one or two blows. hi
Adham'se process iron can be inade froi
e ~zht to ten dchlharsc pe tuon lower, andl of
super onality. The process is not men~
toned limt tie m<;te Ihty of i ron is seoken me
Thle wmriter of the letter was shomwn a ra
mhatm h ul beeni put tin thle seve'rest test,h
puettemtc it, whdite hot, intoe col waiter; attc
n~ liehI they' riemd to lbre ak it wv thI a c-lm~ubre
h~amiocir in. eihg tI) pmounds. Fort y bhv
were given by sex tim len benatoiv, ani
theyr coi meet even crmack it. Thim ch-ut
coil irone of the (ompanyieo co'sts froim $l8 I
t$2 per liui; t heir "Ctoke miet.,l' 'costs o-i
from 6 t i t per tun. T'he derover
hasc caetdtm jue:te anmi exciteoment ilnmnm
worik mnci, for they weremI nrmi thle imoe
si:n that thie woirks wenhId heave to sulpen
mn aicmonn'. of the low pr eceof iromn.
Tnxcc liouNry I An41 Bm...-lt. i.. state
uipeon respe.'ctable authoritv mlh:, thl~~teebmn
of~ naeisie on the roll ini th'u Adjietant Ganu
mil's (Ili(ce, of persns mcntithld unemfmr the rt
cent net, is noti le~m thtan six hindred ihmo
ennd, wvhich will not apponr so e'xtrnlvngai
when w~te reomeimber that those rolls cotal
the names of every inidividuael whoas tom~b
for nnmy pe'riod in the military s'srvice of t!
United Stmtes1 for fifty-*sevcen ye.?ma lri r1
,JuvQ,41X i -his 41
gen nu ~ c tditge u'Be u,
last f iyaLtu ton. At afn.
his fellovgiti .e, he audiesseml j-1
on VTIuesdh kl4 Yor ni- heur ou z
he Was 1it9n ith 10 dee'p64 't
est, imterry ptefrequently by nud papd 00
wlifone hprhyed a bold and. . J I
style the wrongs and injuries done.- t e'
South, and the future prospects of.'il
Southern i eup-u. Wewill attempt-noa4 ;
alysis of flai rernatrks; but suffice it to eag,
they were fully up to the crisis, and all that ;:"
could be desired from the patrrotic sLateF.
ntan.--Edgelield Advertiser. -
AL .AA MARDLE.--A new ntuiLlo
lar has been, di.scoven'J in Abalubma,
near yllacoggn, in 'l'falladega county. In
9un t y it is inexhaustable, and a Iange por
tion of it is of the purest white, havin a te.
tinr andt snseejptibi iy. of-polih equal to t1'e
beast spe.c.tners of Inlian Marble.
Sous or Ti:aERANcE.T.'l'hid order, or
ranizd mn fthis city in T842 by sixteena oh.
scure persons, now numbers over 2o,o(ix
naehers, scattered over the continent
flom Ncwfoumliand to- the Pracific cua k
News has jnst been received of the organ
ization of the Grand Division of England,
under a charter from the Nntionaf Division
of North America. It is highly popular, inr
A Nacno Wo:A ro ETaus.
The Rev. B. If. Benton, in a letter.to 1th
lndon Va.) Chronicle, says:
OStrange, but not not less true, I yester.
day saw a colored woman without cars; not
only was she wit hout the auricle or the ex
ternal dart of the car, but there is no trace
of a foramen or passage for sonorous vibra
tion-the mneatus it entirely closed, yet sre
can converse with others, and distinctly
hear their wrords, for which purpose she
opens her mouth. - Now, is the soand trans.
nmtted to tle brain by means of the tyn;p;.
nun, or does it act on the auditory nerves
without the intervention of the drum and
attenlaut organs? This is an interesting
questiamn for physiologistst The wonmai
beinoz.; to M r.Jas. Broaddus, near Carolina
Att LI. I eScLTS of Drtvi.o CATTIE
I in:oCMt Pc TLIC tlouocraI A Es.-Yes
terday foreosun a bullock escaped from its
driver in l'eari street, near the Battery,.
and charged up the tlroughfareat a rapid
speed, placing the hves of pedestrians in
J e-p ardy. S'len, 'aonen and children ran
in all d;ree.nouns toL g-t out of the wat.of the
mad an.iml-, bint he hoad not 'far
before he camse in contact wi a4
boy, nilamed Jamsatc Strader, whort ruck.
thtl his !korns ani seriously inure ond, as.
the rnerrrus brast wea trnigne the corner
of F"ranl;in Square, lie '1r ed at a' young
;dy, namned Cather~ne Sprague, residing at
No. ;2 City' Hall Plare, wholes tie struck
with his hiornr, and threw her over his
head. The unt rtlunate lady was taken up
for dead mad conveyed to the hospitat,'
whore it was found that:her armn, and lega
were fractured, and her face mutilated in a
shot inzing mt inner. 1er recovery is dlybti
ful. Alter th's awful-accident. the bul
was'folowed t,' Chath-im street,
w-m cptured, and .taken to, the Qppl~ ';s
distance, and farlliti hv ly uipoA ~
iment, was badly injured A snml boy woe
ah-o suvverely injured by the sanie beas:t
whw.~h atter rumnia;.fi tfor somne time, prp
ceeded through College [Place, and thence
dow'~I ~n Wrreni street, iol'OWedI h)v seone
hunydreds of bIoys, a.nd -when. oppouiite the
Ohm, houise, he darted thrugh the base.
mentim window, anid somie of the domeslCtres
witin had a very narrow escape for their:"
hives. TPhe taenaal was however, finally'
captu:red without doing furt her damage.
IIt is haigh tirne th::t a law was made for'
proluinsg the drsvmog cattle through the.
puthhe thoraoughftares of our city.-N, Y.
('uniser <. Emtu., lOth inst.
I4tro MlA NuLRE.--.lch inte est, gayg.
the corre-sponideunt tof tha St. Lmis Rlepub..
t-lai', Ihas been excited biy the result of
o'me' expe'ramaents mtade wvath a new liquid,
- for pr imotin-r! lhe growth and inceasing
the pri dnet ion of cor:.
A patent reor a hzqu id manure applied to.
the see I cori', atnd inot ta th e2;eart h, was tua
kaeu mtit two tar thbrie yars ago, and he.
comts n re putb-hed efat' Ihe zresulits, w hich
naued nc surprir-e to apiricultansis,
buait at appeairs they w' oro n~ot tot a very aut
rthaentic '<!u racvter. 'iThe new distovcry,
"he its bhy a .\r. Des.-au. is said; honi ev
- er, to htav"'b,-eni severely tested, and near..
Iy2-0ac nes ofI haril at 8 .\l:ar, near Paris
uiera sown. wv th wheuit steered tor twelity-.
tour hours m't i1ha~ i.quad. Acc'ording to the
aCacouatgi'.en oft the crops at St. Maur,
soneuhd whaleh hd noat been manured for
a lo: taine, pro heda a inuch hirger quarn
tity (It wheat iroan thet steepedl grain. than
it hail .- er piralwe ncinnt'n Seed1 in the ordi -
nary way, whent the~ grouind was highly ma
nured. andl thes steeped seed in manured
h lnd paroductaed a c rop~ doublet of what had
, been preva auslyI olbt: ned.
. The cos.t ot ti :lipudl manure is not,
.~ w e eher e, mottre thiant onei-saith oft thi.:t of
I manu'ttre :r earthI,rm ud ctonsequepnt y thtero
. is a Iha, aune protit tea the cultivators in
it isrecommetndedi'c to conim ue the eold sys
tam, andi tt tea use th palrepared seed also,,
I ao whih, it is aserteJl, thuns doubles the pro.
. osso.! riH.-Tt is stated thait the Sultan'
o f Tu'ri; cy has nat died our gov'ernagnt pf
has re~ctbne'ss to sientd lossuth. and bl~~on
r panm~iins, fre'ea if expense, pronided the Uni
td ates wat iill bartnga them Ihia'
ta co mlIry The maitte r is to r~
d iaaaexecutive ',asaon in the
-FOUR HORSE C0AO S.
l'rom Surmerville tol Gadedelmn, via t'anv
liraa hlit. Ri. every day (R~undays not ecepted.)
&eSldu fr Running.
di fs'nie Sumaterv'ille, ait I p.mi.
: e n rrivet at Ctamde'n ltrnnch ~flail
roadm at 3p. ma..-renel: (badsde'n in ilmo for the
daown't train fraom ('inhin.aia
r ILeavo Giasdenr at 4 p.. Ht-'haen lirrndck
. Rn'trund at9i p. m. amal arrive, at eSumtervill1',
at lathek sp. m.
it Oct; 1i' liora tf
) Apchts fa S.t1 E ef xA.'e:L .11
,Aaa'i 1 0'N. ON r
une 5 a