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- 3 - --- 6 -- P
;The Hindoo at Home.
BY P.. DE W. WAUn.
The wealth taste, and rank of the "
owner or occupant have, of course, to
do wit h the size, materinl, and; elegaince r
of the lindon house, though not as much i
as with us. I will select, for illustration, a
the home of a native bealromging to the e
medium rank of society. His house is t
made of mid, hardened by the solar
heat, or of unburnt brick,n bout thirty
feet square, one story in height, covered
with tiles placed upon raftersof bamboos r
or palmvra trees, split to the necessary
size. Along time entire front of the dl
building is a verandah about four feet t<
deep, sheltered by the projecting roof,
while in the wall are triangular inden.
lations wire lamps are placed when
thestrgar brilding is to be illumisia. t
tel. R1ti iing the low door, which oc
cupies a central position, we see on it
either side a small verandah or alcove, i
formed of beked clay; where the in. F
mute receives visitors, or waits the pre.
paration of the meal. Passing on, we
remurkrihat the centre of the house is t
an open court-unprotected from the i.
stn antd rain by any roof--upon the t:
sides of which are rooms, small, and fr
lighted by.grated windows, which serve js
little purpose. but to make "darkness
more visible." One of these apart.
nents is appropriated to the idol-(the
Roman "Penntes.") and the rest to the e
various members of the household. The p
articles of furniture are a f ,w stools--a ft
low wooden bedstead--a loose mat..-. Ii
and a box for clothing, hooks, and orna
menits, In the kitchen may be seen
several earthen vessels ('nlled in south.
ern India chaiies) some for conking, and
others for holding the food when made l
ready...-a f(bw small brass drinking t1
dishes --.an earthen harrel to contain the e
unhulled rice, with a stone mortar and u
heavy pounder to prepare it for use.... I'
a brass pedestal to which is attached a
lamp of eastern style, and sometimes a
table of limited size and height.- .all of tl
the most simple kind. Some of the na- a
hohs of Calcutta and Madras, ''a ' i a
mode Ang/ais." keep l'irge pier glasses, e
. chairs, couches, pictures, and the like, I
but these pertain not to a purely Ilindoo
dwelling, andl ofien conw rust most amus-h
ingly with sumrrounding objects. One
aparltmerit ini the house of th1e rich Hin'
sloo is appropiamted to a purpose rather
singuila r, & which, ifrightly used miight e
be admiredl, thou' ais employed by them
of questionnble utility. It is ca lled the h
room of anger or the angry. WV hen a II
wife~ is miuch displeaed she runms to this ~
room & shuts herself up, there rema in- C
ing till lier husband coIimes, to len rn the
cause of her dlispileasure, andl if' possible,
remove it. laut her chagrin most fre
quently arises from her not hiavinig thev
the luxuries of enting.. dress, and equip- I
age, which her more favored neighbor l
enjoys, and, until that is provided for
her, lie must expect 1o be debarred the
acciety of his ammhle spouse. If it
were not for feurinig to impute to the ~
htusbands of our western continent less
phnianey. than their uncivilized brethrens
of' the Isast manifest, the writer woul
bio disposed to express a fear, that many
ivyes oif A mtericai wotil be allowed to
remain in their self-imnprisonment, wvithi
thiir deamandls ungr ati lied, until hunger
and thoughitfualness hadl appensedl their
irritation. But this by the way.
WVe have seen the Ilindoo at thme resi
dlence of a foreigner, our eye has beeni uponmi
him when walking the strcet-thonugh -
alkowedl to enter his dwelling, we may, thr. I
the eyes of others, view hain at home,
Thel labors of the day are over, and lie has I
r.'turned to partake of the evenaing nienl and
.enjoay a nighi's repose. Ihis wife. durinig <
hits absence, has been preparing~ his food l
which, to a large extent, consists of a dish r
1iumliarly called "rice and curry," anad maay I
he thuas briefly described: In nn earthen
,,esseh a gnantity of rico is boiled, while in
another. of smaller dimeanhions4, is cooked a
ini ghiee a chaickena, fish, or piece of immtton, I
to which nr~ addled from two, to four or five a
spoooifuls of a powder comoposedl of thiese a
aiimng otheor ingredients: ginger, saffron,
umnin, coriander, annisseed, red pepper,
imarind, tuneric, garlic, made liqui-l in
acoanut milk, the amount of these ingre
mts depending upon the palate and custom
f the person. The meal being prepared, a
nall quantity is placed before the idol to
ropitiate his favor. The wife then puts
en the floor of an interior room a brass
ate, or what is more usual, a leaf (two or
iore sewed together, if one be not of autli
ent size (upon which a goodly quantity
f the boiled rice is then piled, and above it
m before-named fragrant and delicious
urry. Having brought a dish for her lord
> lave his hands, he takes his lowly seat for
se enjoyment of his repast. Then follows
brief prayer-which foreigners in-inuate
would be well for Americans to follow.
a there were wanting table, chair, plate. or
oth, what need of knije. fork, or spoon?
'he IIindue has what is far more natural
nd convenient-hisflingcrs! With these
p0n his right hand, he mixes the ingredi.
nts of his savory dish, and rolling a small
uantity inio a ball, tosses it dexterioiusly
ito his mouth, great care being taken lest
uy portion fall back into the plate, since
,at mishap would defile the remaining
inss. The reason of this extreme fastid
musness is the notion that the saliva is a
cry impure secretion. A llindoo who is
ggardful of religious propriety never ex
ectorates within doors. (a custom to lie im.
orted also,) nor, if a rigid adherent of the
iles of custe, will he touch a letter wich
as been sealed by a wafer moistened by
If no stranger he present, the women
%ait on the mren, but a Ilimdoo woman nev
r sits down to (at with her husband-she
lid her daughters sit patient ly by, said then
egale themselves upon what is left. 'he
teal over, his thirst quenched by water
gain brought to him. lie retires to his
ouch, there to chew betel, entertain visi
irs, and thus lounge the hours away until
ime for retiring arrives, which is usually
-0111 8 to 9 o'clock. If the weather be
at to) warm he retires to an iner apart
t-nt, but if very sultry he chooses the ve
mndah, and even the sandy road-side,
'here he converts the dress her has worn
nring the day into a covering wherewith
shelter himself frot dew, iiisquitos, and
erimin-ain relapsing into a sound slum
cr. A stranger, when entering a Ilindoo
illage at an e irly hour of the day, is
rangelyafibeert . he spectacle-multi
ides of sie.'o . Ig by the riau-.ide,
rapped in their le 0t- clothes, :nd present .
g the appiearance of so many corpses
ressed in the h:abiliiments of the toib.
ising at dawn, the limdoo g'ies to a neigh
aring tank, where, with religious care lie
eanses his teeth, performs his sa..red ablu.
ons, imnprints the emblems of his laitn ip
i1 his forehead, arm, and breast, visits the
lol for morning worship, returns home to
ike a repast frin the cong. drawn sill'
oim the hiled rice of yesterday, and then
prepared for the duties of the day.
Sch is a view of the dwellings ~and elu
estic economy of resp'eebullc l l mdus. )es.
miding to the lowest in scale we sece the
'uriar, whose home is a small and wretch.
I hut, with walls of mud and covering of
ilmtyra leaves-whose food consists of a
w vegetables, pulled from an adjoiniiig
eld, to which are added a tw small lish
ken fromi n neighboring tank, or the hones
r a carcass which he divides with the
arrion crow and the prowling j-ickall. Rtis
ng to the highest station, we see the dlwel
+g of the rich and honored ot the land,
irge adil imposing, built of brick, and with
ie top terraced to allo v of the ioring and
vening promenade. Within, the apart.
mits are of sulliciciet size for domestic
urposes, religious pictures decorting the
IIs; tables and chairs indicat ing an ac
unaittance with the more tasteful foreign.
r, while the meal. though partaken of im
te same lowly mnainer, and with the
e natural implements, is rendered more
.c:ious by pickles, chitneys, and o icr
ondiments that tempt the appetite ol a
The pirice of a modserately-siz.ed clav~
ouse (niot inclu idinig the rent ot the ground)
about $15, aund tmie anniuael rep;nrs tnot
er fromi Sltt. The repairs are usually
inde just betore the fall rains set in, anid
delayed too long, the dlestruct ion of the~
ntire building is the inevitable result.
There aire many custumns respecting thle
icahity of lindoo dwellhngs, and airranige.
ienits pertainting thereto which are worthy
f not ice. While the buildinig is in pro.
ess of conIstrniction, t here ma~y lbe seeni
ear it a pole stuck into the ground, upon~ii
biiohi is placed an carthern jar, coivered
ith white spoits, hauvmng for its des gni, to
repo' therritl ey, whc olother
ise e hrmfl t th bulde orownier.
a i person meets with misfortunes in a
articular house, he concludes that somie
ones are buried undedmr it, and accordinigly
Taves it for another imore fortuntato spot.
V7hen a sumt of mntey has been istoleni fromit
dlwelling, and it is quite certaina that some
nie amtoing its inmtates is thle thlief, the himi
00s, ini sonie places, rub the thmib ni: Is ol
Il the personts in the house, imnaginineg that
lie name of the thief wit become legible
it the nail of the otrender. Scarcelv any
hindoos attach Ilower gardlens te' thieir
Iiutses--inl that respect <bilb~ring widely
romn thie Mahommnedans, biefore whose
eoors roses and evergreens inay lie seen ini
hutndatnce. Tlheo cause of tis cotrtlwt I
mave niever hear I assigvnedl; but the fact
rrests attention in the streets of city or
'lage. Tlhe I Iindoo rents his smtall hot
urrounds it (except it adjoin other dwel
mngs,) with a mud wall-constructs at gate
ithi an archiway atnd earthern loinnge
mils his house in the ceuntre-digs his well
*-rears his chickens-and if lie can obtain
ltmphloymecnt sutlicient tom meet his daily ex.
ienses, has butt the smallest amount of ap
cnt care and trouble. If his house haes
>een paid for, a salary of $ 2 50t per imontil
vil Iuanply suflice to clothe and feed him.
elf, wife, and several childiren. 'The re.
tnisites for ihe table of a hlindon ort
ouglit in thme market (bazaar) andm pide foi
laily, exceplt milk, sugar, oil, &c., wthicI
ire brought to the iotise by the seller,
articles, though cheap, do not prevent the
people from being generally in debt--c
casioned by expensive entertainments,
gifts to Brahmine and relatives, onl special
occasions, marriage of children, purchase
of jewelry, and the like causes demanded
by custom or self-gratification. The Hindoo
Shastras -direct that Brahmins shall eat at
two o'clock in the day, and again at one in
the night; but this law is at present but
little heeded, though but two meals are
taken by the people generally. The do.
nestic conversation turns chiefly upon the
business of the family. the news of the vil
laze, religious ceremonies, journeys to holy
places, marriages, narratives of heroines
and gods, with other tonics not peculiar to
that country in distinction from regions
more enlightened and Christian. So reoch
for the Ilindoo at home. India and the
Mining in Ilastern California-The Gold
We have seen a gentleman just re
turned from California who has person.
ally visited the so-called 'Gold Moun.
tuin,' which has been quite commonly
considered fabulous. It lies in about
lot. 3 1 deg. North, two hundred and
fifty miles east of Los A ngelos in South.
erni California, and perhaps ore hundred
West of the Colorado. The region is
as forbidding as can he, without inhabi
ta nts, even A horiginal, though tinere is a
sparse population of savages on the Ma.
have River, any fifty miles East. To
approhlt it, you pass over the Sierra
N'evada, near Mount S:mi Bertardin,.
across two sand de-serts of sixty to eighty
miles, and thence to it region of deep
canons an-l rugged mountairis, sterile,
a lmoi.st d1 stitute of grass, and141 with no
limber except the mi usqnuit, (soiething t
like our alder,) which rarely grows to
the size of a n mn's arm. The region
is infe sted with cattlesnakes in incredi
ble numbers, and tie earth so ftll of
ninerals (ospecially sil rat uis) that thle
water is absolutely poisonous. There
is no water fit to drink within sixteen
miles of the 'Gold Miaountain,' so ca!ieil.
which rises abrait 45t fet.t ratler steelpl v
from a canon, vlhici.'z tas n rdlevation of
monii one uinewired . fiity f'-t on the'
oilier side :f' it. TheI' anitonen is about
one-fourth of a mile lon', and the two
hills ore surrounded by sand deserts.
The lills are composed of na dark horn.
/nde reek, with perliips a tenth of
white fc/spar inte'rmixeid with it; and
the Gbil is foiunid in boatlh, generally ruin.
ning in .treaks or strings, tlugieh'site. I
tinles showing bulbs or lumps.. liks. a
button. It hits been fourad by analysis
to -ie avereage of about 85 1.. e'r
pound of the rock.
EIight miles north of' this 'mountain,'
our inforn:mt tried his luck (at dligginge t
in the usual California fashtion-scrap.
ing off the sitrflie'" earth and wash intg
that which lies iemmne'diately above the
rock. lie dug thus with two Indians
for four hours, obtained about ten ountes
of pure gold, taking only the -lunits,'
having notting to wash thi eath with.
Proba bly as much was thus le'ft as tu ken.
He did int try ins ney other spot, but
haos no doubt that the gold extends all
the way from Sonora in Northa'rn Mexi.
co to the upper Saicramei nto and Oregon
-a distance of full eight hatundird miles.
The region here described is about five
hundred smiles fProm th neuiae.i uhgings 5
in California, but cannot be aiaheotLIed
by less than at thousan otiles of netital
travel. It is very near the boundary
line just i-st ahished bay Congress be.
tween California and Utah.
-A couamny has been formed in
San ii lrancisc't expresslyv to muite thiis
'Gabi Mittntatin' antd v'icinuity. It is .
titled 'tthe Los Anige-los Gold Alining
Coanyeta,' andii Itas or is to have ai capi.
talI of 8'750),00t. It laos al ready sen1 t
forara ioneer pairty' of onie hatudred
inters, wit hi mtplemnuts, pa'~irovision,
--WeV have thus given, on indlubita.
lei test imon iy, a succt.incmt accunt of thle
'Gobui Alnitnin,' of whose existience we
have hitheiirto tavowed scnepticim if not
inc reduilit v. It will be seen iihlt it is
not a motuniti o(f gold, hut only it
moirutin containing goild thiroug~hirut.
Yet we doublt whiethaer its like is knmowna
elsewhtere in the world. Thie mn
sent out to work it are we'll prmovi'edI
aniie atrmned, antd a rn to be pa id $6 per
dlay 'tand foetud,' which is a considiera
tioni ini a regioni where it ts so easy anead
s0 per iilousit to get lost. Thn omiteis (all
bitt fiour constanetly r'mployedl iiint arry.
iag wiater foar dikin g) have bieen
brought atway, so thtat the miiin'r. (Socno.
ians mainly ) comh1. not mutt off' if they
--Now don't pink upj youiir trips and
rush off poest.hiaste lhr this new (Gobl
iegioni.- Rememenr thaet it is se.
hiutndred meiles fromr any where, ini a
fooedless, almost g ratssless, wodle(., wa'.
te rless region, whose chief udenizi.'ns aore
rattle--qnakes, and whe re the therm'aot.
eter frequently shows j 30 to 150f de.
grees of Fahre-nheit, with the first drmeop
of dirinkalde water sixte'en emiles awamy.
Oiir frienod whto visited it met on the
waty thither scores of immigrant meni,
wvomn and children, totte-rintg Calife-r.
nia word, on foot, famishing, and inarly'
divested of clothing by the brierms no.1
thorns, through which they hiad scram.
blod( sitice thmeir atinimads .starved or sank
to die by the way. The holloan.,,
vasting survivo re frantic for bread
-they had n" ger an appetite for
told. Only b italists or large as a
tociations can t old of Eastern Cali. st
'oi nia be profitali y ug now; it will soon w
in so in the vall. of the Sacramento al
md its tributarIl s well. The day of is
ndividual sera, rng for lumps and ti
rains in the 'g' a' or beds of rivers It
s already nea y over.-N. Y. Tri.
,I1 ne. Ili
T ons. T
The recent rni weather has tended il
o retard the prej tions which were in ri
trogress for the, phions of Winter. tr
however, a Iew nets, intended for ir
he approaching ie on, have been re. III
:eived from Pir.. Some are of satin fr
Ind others are o black and colored ai
clvet. Those of lvet arm trimmed sr
,vith a small feoth.r on each side, the il
nside trimming -c nsisting of velvet p
lowers and foliage-An tints harmoonizing g
vith the color of th bonnet, and wn.u c
lie latter is of cold d velvet. Several ii
if the satin hnnettaiire of brihti colors, til
mich as pink, lilac nd green, and they of
ire coyered witl bl ek lace of a pattern
it once rich until light. These bonnets 'Il
are Irimmed en onejside with a bouqie' er
if flowers of the stiir.n tint ns the satin. i,
ir of velvet f !ia e black ted coloreid il
nterniiileed. PIrelsstis of the same
n iterial as the dreya atre very g.,ine ra y
v worn. Owing to the rlvincrl perriod si
it the Ve'nr, these purde sues are now If
'reqiently lightl a tvhel-erd. 'T'hey aire
iftein ornamented with bra id or ii phoeel i
-ry, and when trimtmed with lace have I.
he addition of rdtvs of narrow ve!vew h
ibhon. mlbroidiry is ikely to U.
omit morn :f)Jto'iable than ever. h
Vast nuinbers.of -ses, nm:lnt.lets. rand e
ither articles ofr uine now in con rs;'
f preparatio t, taiIteind. d tom h: orna ol
nented witli ,hr ad elroiderv. A n'
eery ofegtirat @i1 iliered silk driss has h.
ust buiei coT 1 he silk is grity. r
shot ,wIi4 ' t ite Up), front obthe It
tirt i Inif1 i grnhdMmid-With -a
vreath, of flowers atd fIotlnge. in gray g
ilk, the sterns goid ietr'lrils beitii id r:
white. Thin corsager is low, open in. Ii
1oI. and hasc it shawl bwirtIer mri'itlid p
!red in the same maniner as the skirt,
uii edged with white and gray fringe. t
'hie sleeves are d.emi-long, cimhroider- a
'd. anmd edged with fringe, like the is
-rlthe. A nflew in o'tre.ial, recentitly in
rldiced by the F'rench lianflctizrers. it
lis become a great tilvorite with the al
'iri.iani hilies. It is well aliptel at p,
Im preselt 5e(ason flar plain working or
i.l ior dre sses. as it cioinsists of a rnix, w
ure of silk and wool. TFhis fiabric is se
nanuf.actuerd lit I, Lns, niid is called td
rioire. It is mi :ti!e iii dr-ss lengths, ni
ach dress being of onei color, as gray, w
'iolet, green, &c., liut shaled; the front Ii
reiith and eorslc ge are orniamentedl
ith narrow satin t rip; of a tint difll'r- ti
alt from tdht of tho dress; for instance, ni
hose stripes may be blue or green on C
ray. These dreses are usually made it
vi h the corsage to (listen in frottt, and w
vith basques. '1'T is shape has been of
ayled the cirsa ge veste, its it presents ll
lie appearance (f a jack et of the il
amte Itaterial as ti' dress. Va lencia, b:
>oplin, merino, an tli4: iaterials inten. hi
led for plain costi wns may be male tp ilh
ni the same way. Maiiv Indies ine! ii 'v
:oovenient to have the skiitif the drss it
eparatie from the corsage, the latter p:
:onsistling me''rely of U jackt, w hiebl iin
ny be either of tIe samet~ .m.iterial as io1
bei skiirt, or of ainy e'ther. For dlinerc -
oistone ~i dlamaosk .sukd is miiuch empifloyed. ali
iresse s oif this mat- ri ah a ro madie rathler i i1
iltin, thet trimmmilel conisistii nu en-lv .al
>f Iliht passeinwttrie, reve rs of liac.k w
aice, or ro~ws oft miorolw velvet, ke. A c'i
lininer dlress of clinm silk has been mtirb. .9
vith two jiltes, the opper onie~ openi ini w
he tunic ftron, a i with thea edges el
:iiked. T1he cor~ige wans open amtil it
aged1 with dholi l.versi, peinkedi andl hi
Sleeves demii.lionig, ieachin~g just belbow inl
he, elbownt, edlged vi th pinIk ed frill s.
bamcri uindir.s-eves. T'hin tundier. F
mEeves tire gzrtauallyv disappearcintg in bi
ot-dooir dIress its the eni ilv weather adl in1
ennee's. For waillking dress manty ii
aieis now'. wonrt et s-- il brslieeves of'
lit snw mal~terlmi .-t thai dres'; even for mi
iiakers have dlevisedt iasoirt eef mo(1litic..
m(n1 uf thie tipeni patenda undler.h.ve; it I'
s cailledl thie Mlanchitte'Linis Quinz', li
mdt is a dlemi plagoed. tsmihily cointi-e-l e
it the i risi, aitte 'ded 'nih liwo r ews ol' h:
iceiili whichhl o'er thie ha el.- -[e r
York TIriine. Cr
..... ... -
Imlpor/anti .i soc''ia~i -An~ asn:a' o.
is been'i foirmed~i .t ,erus;. 1.i, ab. h's Ii
ior Its obIjec(t ilhe irarry ande seiitie mi.
ms't etiont of alI itibjects (one~te'dl weth hili
he li lo iri.u ''. illimIiars gre all P're- is
tiry ettmbracet b ' ---a iho \ci on:'rr:nwan bili
Inde the l'inphir i. ie. Thewl t herOronetes. i
TPhe Anglcean .t '0 lem hoda the omret 01
~r patron. Xee :.- s renhni~g at Jaftm, en
Ih)m slenis and iii r at ;-re co~rrespondilol e.
intiiiita e vo imi e r ' he a'n ii'tnally. i
Muh lighlt, it is hib'evedt, will in thlies man-- int
nier, in thrown upp mitny imoportanlt sub.m
ects in hitenture, listory, geology, and var. fo
ious branches of sdence-.a
The Beggar and his coat.
The beggar is a being by himself
creature belonging to a distinct and
idly calumniated class. His home is
herever charity ol'ers a straw pallet
I a crust; his care is to make himself
ok pitiable, and his craft, like that of
e bee's is to extract something of val.
3 from every plant which he may
eet in his wanderings, be it sweet or
tier. There be some beggars who
e very philosophers in their wray, who
ok with a stoic eye on all the develop.
ents of misfortune, and who brighten
eir pathways with gleams of most er.
tic genius. But others again are ex.
cmely common-place members ofhu.
anity, and are subject to all the ills
id frailties to which mortals, in gener.
ust bow. Nay-they have even more
nryances, in many respects' than tho.
which full to the lot of the common.
ity ofrmankind. 'The pangs of des.
sed love' are theirs in an eminent de.
me, and though they cannot much
nimplain of'the law's delay,' vet cer.
inly, with good reason may they raise
eir voices against 'the insolence of
And ihen, who is there that sees more
the crooks, the crannies, and short.
mmnings ofthis wicked world, than
mes the jollo beggar? He- knows tales
love which some who look on him,
ith contemnipt. woull give the very ap
es of'their eyas toknow. A ye, many a
iin ted hi//et rou i as been (at rust-r
the sunbIroiIwnd ianri orf thin merry
e1ndiennt, and right skillfully, if the
eas's, can ie net the go.hat ween, not
iting his heft hand know what his-right
There is joy for the mendicant when
linds haimself entrusted with the se.
ets 'l those wio -sigh like furnance,'
r sighs bring thrift to his 'itching parn
nd thrift brings joy to the mind of the
emrlicant. But have a care, old gray
!aril! If the business thou falowest he
undi out, thy hack will be likely to feel
a lash, for jealounv.has peering eyes,
ri-s -hanad wthch i. arniraoing in- 0caut.
ition. Aye. Iaiv'a a tare, trid mendi.
mat, and see that thy hi//ei doux are do.
Verled in the proper place, and at the
I laving thus premised, we will to our
le, in order that our readers may take
mssing glance at that rarest of all
enalicants, Francois Goran.
Francois was once a maker of coats
sunny Prance, but fromn both France
nl con: making he has long been ex.
Francois had a genius, and begging
as a calling which a lHrded greater
ope for the exercise of his genius,
an dil the business of the scissors, the
'edle, anid the goose, ergo tailorizing
as eschewed by Francois for the trade
t and mystery of begging.
In pursuance of his scientifirc inten
ins, Francois crossed the briny seas.
ral took tip his abode in the city of the
rescent, but never till yesterday was
lnownhut ie has pursued his craft
ith thrift. Yestelay, however. an
licer of the First lunicipahtly Police
'rested him while in the act of at strac.
ig a snaI quantity of cotton from a
tie on the Levee, and straightway was
taken to the guard house. When
ere, it was discovered that his cot
hic sreemieid to b an heirloom through
anv generations, and which, in its
telhwork exterior, would present no
v it ing spaecta.cle in rhe 'gI ass of fiash.
at,' even ii htabitinig 'thre mauuId of form,
-was wrauddead wirh sormething of a met
ie raaturea, As ithe examin ationr of
a mrndiranit 's coat prnoee, deLposit
ier depos~it, anal p/acer after placer
cre- ainripped'a rul formn 'that samec' raid
art. no h-ss than SS 917 25 in silv ~er, arid
) ina gold, anda S.) ini pa curreincy
er'a senrt rolilinag rund irumbhlirng on thre
mrdalroom floor, io the intinite dealighit
rth oli arial spactato~rs Francois ranrd
s mroney wvere next lntrmoducae-l to Re.
>rdear Gen'ioi., tartd queastirns concaern.
Irhis 't raveul's history,' which dlevel.
aa-d thre facts abovo tilludedca to, told
i-aranis thlat Ihe would Ihavye to comnamit
im foar trit arl ber tire Ma yor's Ciiirt,
pirrsuaniea of wirie dece, the imen
carat is iiow ira dararnce?.
Sral, whinle irnarrerated int thIi lonely cell.
ni4 t rare iceehniis oft ihe raeglha:mit! lie
ilarhmk whd IaIcwake, anid if Tic aileeaps, he
Ii dlreraim af hars prec ius hrea p, aurlda of the
tient paersever nce wich eniahtaed hhrir ta
I hcet anrd re-tairn them. lI I will thmrrk of
a arrver iia rathers' hi:mdis, andia as he do -s
, te4 in tea wvilI chase ''ah at her daown
ract cheek, oir w-mdelrr awry ai maehnehdo. v
u:r''s, aamionrg rhe rots of las timta'-trrrst'.
hecardl, anti thein wilI grief, incansahr Iat!c
h~tiena 'nataura' so ft oarsae' friin the per
rm-merae r k nly rab ea.
~A ini. i' aa-enramary ben placed randlen
akarndlkey, mray noat tirreves break tharough~
di steat!' oar ray noit tire tae kanmdIedr m tire
illirg lay saome laisy i-etndiary ! There
iradntessr for thre menicaairantm thea very
ot'h~t'~ Sira li the hlardnied weal Ith. never
ta are sepjarated fromr his bondy by maghat air
a aya, e raipped from has corat or imanny cot
s, lay aarinis, knives! hrault tire se
etH of a laang lhfe air puatienit gathteritng be
piosed, and by it thie fiure' success of thre
"ridicanut hre jeopordlize.d, withouatr tire fain.
srt rhadaowa oaf redlrees? Thecro is muttrder
contem'iplatiion, andta it may be that thre
arning will findl thre maondicant a subjec't
r a coroner 's jury, the, which, ye goals
'crtl..N. el iu.
Letter from Smith O'brien.
A copy of the following letter has been
received at the Colonial Office from ir.
" arlin in Probation Station, Maria Is.
VAN DIE.4ANS LAND, Feb. 28, 1830.
"My DEAR Potra: I would have written
you sooner if I had had any thing agreea.
hie to communicate, but I have been un
willing to grieve you by telling you that
your worst anticipations with, respect to
the sort of treatment which I might possi.
bly experience in this colony have been re
alized. During a period of about two
months I suffered as much as the in
humanity of the Governor of this Col-,
ony, Sir William Dennison, aided hb
th' Controller-General. Dr. Ilampion, coul'd
inflict. My health at length began to
give way so rapidly under the solitary
confinement to which, during this peri
od I was consigned, that the doctor of the
station became ser:ously alarmed, and h:s
representations prosluced sucli a relaxation
of the retrictions under which I was placed
as had the effect of restoring my strengt h.
I shall abstain from distressing you with
it detailed narrative of my experwtnce or
of the magnanimity of British uncuonasries
as illustrated by lily treatment in this is
land. I shall rather impress von with a
persuasion-happily well foutsedl-that I
hear, with wonderful cheerruliess, ail tho
privations to which I asm subject. Every
other source of suf'ering appears !o me to
he so insigniticant comspard with that of
separation fruo may fatmly that I reconcile
myself to the minor vexations incirlntal to
miy position as to maters of conmpa rative
inditfrence. Yet, though I could :er:minate
the pains of this seperalion, hy aItowina
Mrs. O'Brien to corne to Van P.Cem'r
Land, I feel more strongly than ever that
it would be the gr-'atest injistice to smay
children to bring them to a country the
present condition of which I w:!) not trust
myself to describe. I, therefore, can see
no definite termination of the cal::anti es ot
my lot, except that which you and other
friends took so much pains to avort, the
deliverance which will be eidh-ted hy
death; and I confess that I dled.',ratcly
think that my death would be more .tdvan
tageois to ity children than that they
slhould follow me to this colony.
"I an afraid thal, some of my fellow ex.
ileo. ough en'y ing ther: rig ::
ert y'whieh w- It- . e.-ut-t& nlier find
their lot little more enviab; than tmit', and
the snore I reflect upon the cirgunstance of
their position the Inure do I rejoice that I
have kept myself uanfettered by'any engage
ment, even though wy resolution in this
regard very nearly cost moe my lire. Cim.
silered as a prison, Maria Island is as lit
tle objectionable as any spot that could be
chosen. The scenery is very picturesqu c.
and the ical oflicers have been as kind as
they could venture to be under the inhu
man regulations laid down for their guid
ance by the Controller General. I am,
therefore, rather sorry to learn that this sta.
tion will soon be broken tiu. Upnm the
abandonment of this station I shall proba.
bly be removed to Port Arthur--a change
which will, I fear, le productive of neithe
benefit nor satisfaction to ie. Tell Inv
Limerick friends that my recollection of
their kindnerws is as vivid as if I were stilll
their representative, and believe me your
very obliged and attached friend,
WILLIAM S. O'BRIlEN.
Diamond Cut Diamond.
The other lay, a gentleman who had oc.
casion to cross Ndew York in a c..b, found,
on alighting, that he had no change in his
pocket. The only shop at hand was a ci
gar store, in which there were sotme three
or four fellows, besides the proprietor, puf.
fing the villainous weee.
The gentleman entered, requested the
cabman to follow hisi, and haing a five
dollar to the "Yorker." askedi hi to chaine
it. The cigar vender handed him a three
dollar bill and balance in silver, out of which
the cab-mans was paid, and went on his
Bait a maoinerst afterwards, the gentleman,
looking at the hill, fonnud it tie a very s-i
picious lookinag dsicumsent, purporting to lie
of the flsgtowna, iLmsber ands Ming Com
pany, sor some such ambliguous andl apicrv
phatl in-stitution. Finding lie had- .een
shiavedl, lhe asked the cigar vender if that
was a Sgood bill.
"A good bill! yes !--I wish I h-id a thou
sand of 'emn," was the answter. "Blil,"
(winking to a villa-nois looking~ person,)
"ain't that 'ere a good bil I!"
"Good as wheat!"' saidl he; andi "gond!
good!"' was echioed rousnd the shmp.
"V'ery well,"' s;aid the genstlesman, 'I ask.
ed for iniform-it ion. Yua seemi to have no
doubt of theas gennsineness of die note, and
as you were kind enotutgh to accomnuxaslate
me, I think thle best ti.inik I c'an do is toa
bareask at at your couantser. Gentlhenen, try
anothier cigar apiece at smy expe-nse."
The cigar mitan was regularly taken in
anti done hor--canght in hsis miwn tra p. With
great rel uctanmce, hie c h aged the sputaraous
simte, and the' operat on lost thie initended
vict im bunt about a shlling.
As lit was leaving the store, one of the'
lo a iers. touchliing Iim s n thle siohouder, sa id.
"u'eonse of 'emn," said heO, "anid I'll
hect high that you're a Yanakee."'
"I ami't any thing else!" ren;i-td the gen
tlemuan: anmd whli'e I 'ms in t his vs l age, I
mecan to keep nmy eyes opein
A M A N5.Y TrrT t.F. l6:1.too w--WVhen
Lient. (;overn~or Patterso~n, sof Westfield,
N. Y.. wiato is persotnahay knovn to sonie of
our citir.ens, and who bears an ex~altedl re
piutation for intelbigonc. and kind. hearted
edlness--wa* speaker of s he New. Yoirk Le
gislatutrs, aso is usual at the oipe 'g of the
house, some dozen h)oys presramed them
selves applicants for the place ci maessetg
er. lIe Ingniired their niasses, and into
their condlitions, in order to mii'ke a pro
per selection., He eriae, in the course of
his examination, to a smaller hav, abiout
ten years of age, a bright looking Iad.
"\ 'ell, sir,"' said lhe, 'what is your nammeV
"Johni I lancock, sir," replied the boy,
"What!" said the speaker, "you dnlknot
sign the Doclaration of Independence did
"'No, sir." replied the lad, stretching him:
self to his utmnOSt proportions, "but I would
it I had been there."
"You can be one of the geasengirs,
said the speaker.-"Erie Gas.
The fame of Barnum is not co~tfined to
our continent. The following arttfl"from
the London Dispatch isa.frank veds el.
ing tribute to the super-eminent grea'(es
of Barnum n a general line. Our English
friends exhibit no jealousy of this tunrival
led genius in the science of mystery and
humbug. He is hard to beat in'teed,:.
Barnum is a genius. lleja the snmrtct.
man of a smart nation. hie beats Ken
tucky, and Kentucky beats the world.
lie is the master of the noble sciencq of
humbug, and the omnipotent art of puffery.
Nitcol. Mises, Ilolloway, Morison, panting
at the hrnhlest distance, hke Time, "toil
after him in v:,it." Warren was a babe,
md Henry hunt but a suckling, to him.
The Columbus of exhibitions-the Law of
shows-in a word, the ighty apostle of
the great truth that you must venture a
sprat if you would catch a herring-Barn.
11n was the friend of newspaper tnen, and
lie poet of asglt-eeing hum-anity. In a
word, he was the "guide, philosoplher and
friend," and also the proprietor of Toni
TI'hunb. and by dints of paragraphs, adv'r
twements, "reports of scientific men, em
inent in the medical world," printed pock
et handkercheif.s, managenent of the Queen
and the Court, a Lillipution carriage, and
four, and studied impromptu paragraphs,
lie contrited to snake ?25,00() a year out
of a rather disagreeable looking lusus na
turt, and the insatiable gullibility of "a
too confiding public."
lie undertook to create a General Tom
Thumb fever and had but to come,see and
conquer. Cows with five legs, infanta
with two heals, a pig.faced lady, jnd a
learned hog never rose above two' rce at
Greenwich fitr-because BarnunWas not
the showman. Even the "Siamese Twins"
failed to hold their ground, and retired in
disgust front a Barnum world to the back
woods where, it is said, one ofrtha.got
marcied tr a wife t ai "'' ' -
havy satiji~etil eir ber.;sttao ,.
Lady" prophesied at the Egyptian Hall and=.
promised husbands and coaches and six to
all who consulted her, with ually indif
ferent success. Th istsa and
the more recent sybil .e aracters "
by hand writing have ly'mudoa living
af it, and Barnum, has stod 'alone--aYdn
kee unapproachable by the power of the
moos skilful puff, preliminary, oblique, di
rect, unfluential and diatactic-in short, of
every form described by Puffi, and pour
tryed by "Critic." ~ The 'General has re
tired upon his laurels, which mean- his
shillngs. he has built his palace "on the
banks of the O-hi-O." out o1 the six
penny draws from the sale of his bior&raphy
and kisses, t, the ladies of Great Britain.
Bit where Barnum recoils, it is only to
make the great leap forward. Jenny Lind
has found a showman worthy of her geni
us.' She has nothing to do in order to be
great. hlenceforth site need neither merit
nor earn it. Barnum will do it all.
U SCOLDIsC-AS ANECDorE -We
will not say that any who have the
scoldingt propensity are absolutely incur
ible, but we know some very obstinate
Cases. We also know some persons
wvho have such a happy mental organ
zntion, that they never indulge a petu.
ant spirit. An anecdote will illustrate
Two thriving farmers, A. B., lived.n
neighbors, whose wives were pattes ns
mergy, industry, frugality, neatness,
Each had been married about fifteen years,
tnd the wife of A. proved tb.a terma
gant. while that of 1B. had kilen. pet-.
ulantly, since her marriage . b~Iese men
wvere ontce in the midst of an interesting
:onversation,. when the dinner born frm
he house of Mr. A. was sounded, and lie
taid to B., 'I moust go att once, or may wife
wvil give me such a lectttrd.' 'I really
wish,' replied B., 'that I could hear mn
wife scold as your's does, for five mninu tas,
lust to see how it would sound, for she has
never uttered a crooked word .sinece our
marriage.' '0,' said A., '.;et your -wife a
load( 0' crooked wvood, andl you ,willt hear it
l warrant you, for nothing makes my wife
rave equal to that.'
lFarmer B. kept his own counsel, and
who 'n he wvent to the forest to prepare his
year'a supply of wood, hi was careful to
cut eachI crooked stick on en-h sie of the
enirve, so as to preserve it etntire, nand to
bhrow all auc~h stteks in a separate pile suh.
oct to his order. WVhen his old stor~c of
wvood was consmedl, hie collected'art entire
oad o~f those crooked sticks and deposited
htemt at lha door. amid said nothing.- When
ie camne to dinner the next day, he expect..
ad the verification of the proph,'cy. bu-te
neah, as usual, was well cooked, and in.
good time, anid his wife cnmeo to iho l/ard
*vitht her usual beneficent smile, and said
tothing relative to the wood. As fast as
he wvood wasted away, his curiosity and
mnxiety increased, till his wife one day itaid
.0 him: 'liusband, our wood is nearly ex
aiusted, tend if you have any ntore likaothe,
.aat yon broughat me, I wish you would get
t, for it is tihe best I over had, ij teround
he pots and kettles so nicely,~. ,
Incttasasr. or GOL-D AND S ti
'stiiatedl that the gobl and d
nto) the U. S. from vario paas
xord over & above the Ox-e, tariM the
.st 3 year.., ataqun tot onedbnvel 1-.
ions of dollars. All banik nojogaundkr, $1.k
are should be p 'ted rm circulatuon,
away into the 2 t~pehple id save
horm from itfao to6ad
if dollars.' 9r'ta fto~ad