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Gong ra 8 ow It y of leas immediato
concgtt the y l :, the State Leg.
,;, islaturet,"Whil 'M . ro.aoon to be,
in session. h ''h 6 e lo tft U. S. Senators,
which is to OCdUerii nearly one-third of
thgeibdietI ijs '. matter of interest.
heit itoo uponithe questions of the
ilay,.lisft tbhed with anxiety. Vermont
has aIQ~g that her Legislature was not to
bipldtlence b aUnion meetings. In the
o t k with some reliance
upp ~if64 uso of t< titer spirit.
m eeg t eh~aga ilength; unidergone a
1 3revolution, and where she torlu go,
o an telL: The lower house consists
0 WDeniocrat1, 100 ree Soilers, and
7 Whigs. The Sen , of 13 Whigs, 13
.Democrats, and 13 Free Boilers.
.Bitthe proceedings of the Virginia Leg
+ ptttre are here regarded with more inter
,'' ''antthose~of "ost any other State, or
_"?. V ' u tJhse even of C ress. The proposition
.oW. Gov. rloyd is discussed here by every
oie.. It has many advocates, and especially
"-gmvn .the Southern Union men, who say
Bans of the proposed tax, Virginia
;t ' the Union, and coerce the North
iito "priety. Virginia sees, and will
Lei? the opportunity to regain all that she
b A <=evr lost in relative power. She
ll d -up-her coammeree, internal and
fbrel~ encourage her manuf.actures, and
developo her vast mineral resources.
Tle constitutionality of Gov. Floyd's
S pr pion to tax .the products and goods
'' " t blrIu into the State from the North, is
doubhed by many; but, its advocates, draw.
tjngdistinction between a tax on consump
F an= nd. a tax on importatioi, maintain the
4b i he State to lay taxes on the lurmner.
ation leaves no doubt that the
Leifure will embrace the mnaeasure anal
!carry; t out.
x? 1'he.rproject for reducing the rates of
Stage, -ihland and ocean, will conmnand
".;.<''' J ' arly attehtion of Congress. 'T'here is
4'+ . iisposition, as I learn, to go ahead of the
Wecoumendation of the Post MIaster G eneral
d adopt the uniform rate of Inland letter
f two' cents, pro-paid, for the
talf an gutce. It will require an
a ~ tion.fromathho Treasury, for two
: -t doficiency; but will, alter
'ittNle sum thus burrowed.
'Trefry already owes a sum
-i.o t bne million to the General Po-t
-Of he lower the rates of postage the
iced the revenue will support
WAS[iHNGTON, DEC. 9.
i ~The re-election of Mr. 'Masgon, as U. S.
Senator son ;Virginia, is very gratifying to
thq -ppqqop f that State. and will be so to
-et h generally. It is regarded as an
dyienco ofthe .fact that, though acquies
eing in tte-compromnise, as a whole, V irginia
will insist upon the strict enforcement of
t tpartof it which so much concerns
- n, and of, which Mr. Mlasn was time
lent,prom or, if notathe father-the
at f-om the reports submitted
to'Cong ,ahdtnm the consideration of
'tither -fastn, -that the debt of the United
States would now, be, if the French and
,rI4e poliattns were provided for, and
a~~e o t" claims paid, over a haundred
stn iols'Tdollarg. ji is evident, ilso, that
snis of th Governnent are fast
',1;'t o eot ikely to- be dimin
Sdfi e r15a of thIe
a t proiations forle852, amnounit t858,00t0,.
~ 000. The additional expenditures for 1853~
-and toi!54 must be of considerable amaount
Mainy persons are, therefore, beginning to
ask themmselves where aii the revenuea
wanmted is to come from! Mlust commierce
be burdened with the whole aimounat ol
yearly revenue wvanted! Mlust Ioanis be
asked for, or maust direct taxes be resorted
to? Mr. Corwin, 1Isse-for Is report
is not yet out--will discuss all these mtat
ters. It is umnderstood, however, thaat lhe
rejects the planm of new loans, which his pre
decessor, Mir. Mleredith, had relied upon.
-Mr. Corwin nao doubit, urges a resrt to
both with thne present, and next Congrness,
is out of the question. Whlatever deficien
- cy may occur in thec receipts during 1852
and '3, will he0 left to be provided for under
the naext Administration.
The Seanator elect fruom New. Mexico,
Major WVeightman, and thme Repres~enitata ie
elect, Mir. Mlesservy, are here, and intend tio
present an application for a reconitionm of
thme State Governme.nt. whmich was faoraied
last sommer. Of coumrse, Conigress will
not 1b d it. Th'e Territorial governmnt
willb' jmt in operation, under thme act which
will takeo effect when thne assent of Texas
to the pro)positionI of Congrness shall be
formally commumnicated to Cong~ress. New
Mlexico wtill alien be entitled to elect a
Delegate. There are not wanting numbers
of applicants for the federail iltices in the
'l'The Collector of thne port of New-York,
~Mr. Mlaxwell, senit to tihe Secretary of the
Treasury, a week ago, a list of fifty Cuis.
o~m Hlousei officers, to be diemiis.-aed as
Sewtard meon. T1hae remiovals hite nut
yet been decided upon.
Should Congress appronive of the p~roject
of creating tadditional grades ini tihe Aramy,
including the rank of I .ieantniauant G enaeral,
they will al so probably asseint to th pa iropo-a
isitiont for creating two llear Aalhnirail of the
Navy, and the rank of Coaiammoudores. Onae
Admiral is to conninandl on the l'iacilie, anda
the other to sumperintenid thie p>ersoawul aof thei
Navy here. Tihe reforms suggestead lby the
Secretary of (lie Navy3 wall great ly proimote
the eflicieincy of the naval service.
31aany parsons who have visited Califor
nla oflicially, or oin private eiterpr-ses, are
now heore, andr give no v'ery glowing picture
-of the proispects ad coimh t on of the landi
of gold. They agree that amen of business
capacity and~ amiple capital mnay succeedl,
and that individual laborers, possessed of
great industry and enduranme of hardlship,
may still thrive, bt.t that as to the vast ma
jority of immigrants they cannot, anal do
not prosper, non evena imke a su bsisteince.
All that California has ret urned, or wall
prn, in old, will not be half equtal to thme
out fcapital which theo ianigrants
have withadrawn from the United States, to
say nothimig of thne value of their productive
labor withd rawvn fromn prodlucts at home.
Thie auriferous qnat is a humbug. Thmere
is little of itg d anone that will repay the ex
peinso of wvorkmng. The surface gold is.for the
most part, exhausted, aind that whmich re
S mains, soon will be. This nmight have beena
u tnderstoodl before, when theo urface gold
was thought inexhauastible. The I lmps,
scales, and dust of gol which were foundim
on the surface, wvere: disintegrated by na
tural processes, froti (ife rocks in thne course
of somne five anid twventy centuries, perha~ps,
and it wvill require that lenngth of timte to re
produce the same resunlts. The country,
say one intelligent observer, wtill begin to
proist r when emigration and gold hutnting
C ndenoe otthe qurr
WASIUNGTO d, JC, 10.
Mr. Norland and Dr, Gttiit took ;th '
seats estorday in the, Senate. No buM
ness oT any ist ca?ed awas transacted.:
The bill granting ublic l~iids tolh'o several
States for the bohsfit of thoeindiggent Insane
was trade a special orde . .Thq ltanlinig
Committees were ann outiced in the lIouse.
There is no essential change froifi the cast
of last session. This was the day assigned
by the Free .oilers for niaking an assault
upon the fugitive slave act; and Mr. Gid
dns was put forward, theiraorgan. The
subjlect before.tho 110'U0 o wagq the 'uptrp7
ry resolution for- thd dfat'ributiott of -the
President's message among the cqmitteee.
Giddings moved to .refer that part of the
mnessage which relates to the voto power
and the fugitive act to the Committee on
the Judiciary, and, thereupon, he declaimed
against the act, and against the President
and the administration, for an hour. He
used language as violent and abusive as
was possible. Every one considered this
as a matter of course, and treated it with
disdain, scarcely deigring any atteotion to
it. lie declared that the President had no
right to veto a repeal bill: that the art vas
unconstitutional; that it would not be en
forced in New-England, New-York, or the
western country; that. artillery and bayon
ets would be in vain resorted to; and that,
if a drop of blood was shed, it would rend
asunder the Union. lie would not say, that
he would himself go into the fight, but he
would not be like to be interrogated on that
point. 'T'his caused some aiausemnent in
the lobbies, and some sarcasms on Gid
ding's hasty retreat fron the writ issued
against himt at the close of the late session.
When Gidding's hour was out. no one
offered to reply, but dir. Brown, of Pa..
moved that the Connnittee rise, in order to
pass a resolution to terminate all debate in
committee. This was carried by general
assent. When the Ilouse went again into
Committee, five minute speeches were in
order under the rule, and Mr. McClernand,
of Illinois, took occasion to vindicate the
West from the aspersions of the Ohio dean
agogue, denying that the \Vest was hostile
try the fugitive act. The matter was drop
ped. with the rejection of Gidding's motion.
M. M esservy, the Representative elect
from Mexico, intends to make claim to his
seat as a delegate from the Territory of
Mexico, as soon as the Territorial Govern
ment is sanctioned. The application for
the admission of New-Mexico, as a State,
will be deferred, for it would, of course, be
The Jenny Lind fever is rising here as
the day approaches for her first concert.
The new I hall will be completed on Satur
day. It will accomnodate three thousand
persons. There are to be three concerts.
The city is not very full of strangers it be..
ing rather early in the season; and unless
the fame of the lady should draw nmiy
from the surroundo, country, it. will be
ditflicult to fill th e lall. The people here
will not be likely to give high premiums for
It is commonly said by the anembers that
Congress, after the holi ;ivs, will go to work
in good earnest, and dispittch the ordinary
business of the session.
Correasnduenru of the Daily Su,.
W, 1as,(r, N, lDec. 13.
On Thursday no business of any groat hm
portantce was transacted in the Senate of the
A resolution submitted by Mr: G*r, to
have 2000 copies of the Pre.idont's MIewsgt,
r a tat wa: 'iar.
Uln, i toi it. aeRit e etasmnIu rint tree
United Sarts, walsrit tken tniia"e Arttny of the
duss ILin,'t ot)oned. itl ditty ta fler z'omet
twlt' atakent nyui,t n a rttr aar i:::-::.
sin0n.hc the, k"Ihnnrtiont a recietved. nou
meti 'r fo its : pr acri a tie pbrta .t A,.ttjt on
Stio wattjlietredi by Ir. 3 radhuy, so ai t oun li
tonly trte a eio to r'.wd w e
apin tmenI tit.' repiri coit untiime'on by 'tet 'ra
litiirwood, touma the 'eni for. n-ovls.n
der eitve~ ry dmtitratin fr~rt tat t t y-riti
tiveaiu-ittr. Itit ftriita t w fitm ditension t frlii .
Sum thelione thtl.e Comm ai~ititee to. namnmete
ottIdte ai rpor ti i' , recom nd n m (th aoitent
ofnuiti ittee nui re naal ttl to t' tite~ reeiy )Iof
eretig itt tuts. an mkin1gt improve-.
meants. '' the'. hnrhiorii of't'lifoi.rIia at'ta
ed'a,t 10roviding a me of dt.le,temnn tat ested
war' at res intinreporete , byut a tlthe atiie
A'o.m itt e, r'ctti neailin th'a at l t ir t Al .-at
it t Potttmat rti rl ba~ t t eaps,inteti a
Ci,t,mi--itne tt ul r t et ithepotairrn.
not toi'xterd ~isN--- hece ssary i eg-n e l .-.
lthet thir s lije t, the tdi lunitn as iated,~t~
tt ih rr t f the meimbrs fre o i.ego andr
('ahfrorniall Theaformery Thin timeih ea-i
sriwas glivin aen unduie.lla neerny t' it'ai
it) i ver tsr~aegit-, and erring thagrt hereser
annully n ete at(rmwaimeot nhdthl(at b t hie
udotin of the resfuti. i the n,- of a
coery w.,uld befiithatd gan a. tgreioat reatins
Ani ott tmenmi en wagls ado testriot the:
(tierdsI Fis Aeitnt'otatrGeera l."nndl~ttis
a 'noi lont lay t reolt inonteraa' hsn
been os byi hi voae li77to leade, hIe hil was'r
dered toibet engrioeradt ao tintim fair
ment to ay titemn-stt tt 1 ttorgi tt.' tin- umt. ta
't at (ha lir alittrdy ith at t ate duim f t h
l Oie thnlil une dtFrly
tha'tlli theeftltrl cntogencyx~r mttt htu'mate
Altit fortt which tt Shkatt rey ~ doet nt. tuar
niha fart i t~ati n ti ' nnd beigthe
~voie anawi iio onlymostpheaiotv the
lilery eein of, w enumat iaamt onharcs
n'f-'ff^V7 gi iq sentiment of
bk in eeeu lt ho now in every true
Qar'jpiahdireort. We hope and believe
ilra we h6e "anqtueli men" as "fear their
'feligabship to~didiWith tus.".
E von 1toe rnost for cooperation in our
own borders-in the .. failure to obtain it,
will feel and acknowledge the same senti
ndnt as that which the mighty writer >uts
intlie mouth of his hero.-[ 'T'clegrapi.]
THEE SOUTHERIN CoN itrss.--Tile sub
joined is the report of the conimittee on fed
eral relations, of-the House, which.cons ists
of the followitig goitl'emen: John S. Pres.
ton, J. It Irby, E. McCridy, John Phil.
lips, U. Manigault, James (hesnut, Jr., C.
T. IIaskell, lawidrnciM. Keift ind J.P.
The cornmittee on federal. relations, , to
wholi was referred, a bill to provide for the
appointment of delegates to a Southern
Congress, the. cornimunication from the
piesidont of the late Southern Convention,
transmitting the preamble and resolution
adopted by that body. respectfully ' report,
that they have patiently considered the mat
ter referred 'in all its aspects and relations,
as suggested to them by an earnest and
anxious desire for the good of the State.
The iuestions involved, are the gravest
which can be submritted to the arbitramnent
of a free people. A govern mrent which
was intended to be free, just and equal in
all its purposes, and aetions, which was
established by joint wisdom and energies
of independent States; which has existed
for more than half a century, and by the
united ellhrts and contributions of those
who frained it, has become prosperons and
great among the oation.; of the earth-has
by the perversion and abuse of its powers
become an inst ruinent of wrong, and pro
bable ruin to a large portion of the interets
entrusted to it for protection amd preser
vation. Nearly oneh: 11 of the States now
parties to the Federal ('overmnent have
their chief interests invested in the institu
tion of slavery. This was the main interest
involved in the original compact, by which
the Federal Union was formed. 'T'hat com
pact by special provisions recognized and
in terms protected that i .terest and under
this guaranty, there H ates hive aided
largely it de expansiont of the ltijhblie
have cont ribitedl liberally to its strength
its Iecessit ics-its ch-iraeter and its glory
and have at all tines rimaint :ined a firma
and unwavering levoimou to all the require
inents of the compact, and all the purposes
of a free governient.
They have sulrnitted to threats denun
riationisan atial wrong, from the people
and authorities of their cmnfeder ites. anl to
serious and dangerous acgressionma b tihe
federal power, until the ho:l of tratern:al
confidence has been iroiken by the tirst
and a systenm of policy has been adopted by
tire latter whicri must dlestroy the h ghr t
political and social mtleri':s of these States.
Its ironineediate cllhi' t is to il prive the s:ive
holing State., I :n ea ull paoter iii the
.'nion., and its ultirn:t' andi cer:iii conr5e.
qreinc, murst he the t'"a d desruction of the
property, the peace, and the safety, of the
people o' these States.
Time object otthe assimbiling of the South
ernr Convention, wa:s a patriotic desire to ir
rest, if posm~ble, the destrnctive tendency of
the federal government. Their delib era.
tions were ii iirked with true widthun and
high ptIsriotisin. 'I'hiev consulted lung, calh
ly ard freely, South (,irohna was represen
to there by +eprne of her ablest ad hmnost
'trusted citizens. l'he requilt is an "'etirnest
applcal to the Southern States, to neet t
forrualf.oingreas to deliberate; ith: .
of arresting further agressoion. arnd if pos.
sible, restoring ihn ero:~itrit 'iii righits of
the 'rrnth, anrd if rot, to prrovle fo a .
futr. safte'y arid :idepryly4--conivinced mi
triornr coi iulht1r recirorendationr, aui
thi it it immt .ooni leadi t a rconlee redlress
of all1 our w-i)gZ, 'iorthit ind e,.demrc wei
ii w.~ill beL ihe ' b.! to re-piomii, arid wvith tis
I vewv yoir conuiiiat:rle r.uvow, as a substi.
trite iror the b ti!l re':-rro-I ti tihem, to reqrrt
a hI,1t to prrovnh- fir the :-ppernin rg of de~t'
grates to ai S. utrhenrn Congress, as re'orm.
uirended by the Nashlvill Con(.~vention.
J ims S . I 'i:siro, Chtrrairma.
ANirTicrit AiTT: i l'T AT Ci .3 r'r:ol. 1rE
AN lA arr.r:nF.~.-Th'le owirers i of nitwre
slaives hav inig been thus far defeatied, aind
dletiedh in their aitim: , to recover rthem by
law. arc resortinig to the. : fationablet poliey
oif ctomproise-ofi~ t ak ing whiat they' can
It wvilIlibe remrembreredl liat tire cla imnrrt
at 1)etroiut comerponlida, andt gav~e nyh is
shte ait a disciunt, .'ven alter lie was ini
custoidy--knowin trrha' it deli ered tup, hie
conh nii!ot hei condineitji~d homei mi satir .
I.'ilr. A rirn .llh:r, of NorfolkI~, \'rrgmirr
hast a fugihe slave' o i.sionr, forwhe
appraeensioni he' has hierooire o%:redh a
rewa:~rd ofi .2.)H). Sutrre the tidhrr in thre
caseof Ctranis aimli i. .Atr. .\l ihrdoti
thre Imsh~t:rrid of lii aw .\lartha An
vahieaner e1h1 .!th-* two inniiredi
;;nig :mry propr y h;'rt,, he will1 !ose
sirne miri.--TIire: N..'Ih ir'ly traed te
.-olt wasr thia:, m~a'. I: sem- rog a aot iii
If .-h l r.'il Jh:r-! y fT .x.s ;n e
healfth" prcr* of im I., .d r~: e. :eri
runi hrmonyr hieitu een !m-'!? and tiIn at.
itrest al p irrii x, ini* ii oulr N Irt hr' r.
thiien,. let hr:rn 'i:d oni to Ilaeon i .lr
Spr a paa iL, Ii h a w J-, frciL.er
awav.y. Andu i :br h"' v i I pnvi lhin-li a
Piii *'sma'1 a d iri.o,t :'tire
.\essrs. I l. I-'reenein :iiri J. Pr- r.,
rt 4 'iirnirere'ril ;::,.ch i:.', (i rirIl t
eniin , u n b :hl ,r ra .c)1 -1n: E.er.n iiri
ihu 1obl tie .. ':e to .: p the' Iruon
huni by I a, 11o4:. II . te hit d, rial thius
obvial iiite del.i4, rm2 lisi,:. igl i,
der~arstmbr' ii"W incri~:c .1o h~ 1 ..
iis welt r the'ii 4;4 r'ti' ;n44 d:miir'miir
'h 'bra inii' rIim. part Il rh ca' b41 ti
ig heldi in re t.;-t i th mi tli-r. The'
plan1 ctemV e a rr11:14 iii .i 4;:4m4n 'o4f a
rod runing' then'r'e to em hi a'0 l in the
brakesr, airid to h e itiemmei'id wvnl re tbferv
byv a touch, so as to appl~y strurireitr.I
clog. it is cnteimpjlited t hat a tri nyh
stoppited in hmalf thne t iime now, reuniared,'andi
withi far less jarrrinrg, ie'rhaig or wrenicirnwi
of ther'car. Semairij: minh 0,hve
aineduorthie planr have certitle hanet it is en
a trelv fenbt-..hi v v. -Iai/u
T SiMTEII BAN.
8umterville; 8o- 8.
WEDN8DAY, DECEMBER 18, l850,
_a. S, G. Richardson, Editor.
6- !'enrs. A. W ITa & Co., are
Agenta f r the Banner in Sumtorville.
Co-ro. --The cotton market wa very much
lepresseed n Saturday last, and the few bales
imade sie a decline of an eighth to a quarter of 1
a cent on e prices paid on Friday. The trans.
actions w limited to 350 bales, at extremes
ranging froem 12 12 5-8.-Courier.
We have received the January No. of the
?OUTh nia LITRARY a IESENoEa, and it fully
sustains thi high reputation which that periodi
cal lis borne for the last sixteen years. The
number bore iun presents an unusual variety of
reading imatter, being that happy medium .'e
tween the leview and the lighter Aingazine,
which is P1 much calculated to please. Here
we have orlinal poetry, tales, emnisys, and criti.
eintns, all b neld " in one harmonious whole. "
We recoilnt nd the Miemsenger to our readers as
the offspringof hat patriotic energy, which has
for its aim tie establiihment of Southern Liter
attire on a~ re and persnanent bauli. The EdI.
tor, Mir. J. ~. Tntostrmaom, itis weil known, in ai
gentlenan of talent-ad ability, and withal a
The Jnnery No. of GonEv's L.oy's llooK is
also before ts. Mr. Gocixy, we think, has kept
his prornie- that of naking it a nagazine of nu
perioreuceltbnce. It in full of engravings, all of
which are egunt, both in diesign and execution
The Lady'4 Book nunbers anong its contribu
turn the bestwritere in the country' among whom
We totice tk tnimes of W. GILLORE StMts.
IIoi.ox'0s MONThntY MAC. .z aleas alsocome
to up. It is excellent ; and in sent for the extreme.
ly low price of one dollar.
SOUTHc CAnRot-sA CutLEGEt.-At the last
meeting of the Board of Trustees of the
College, Him. F. J. Mos.Es was elected a
tactnber of emt body.
..... ... . . . .
A resolutiao has passedt the Senate to receive
the portion of the pricetl of the public lands,
' hich ha bueen o ling lying in the ''reasury to
the creiit of South Carolina. 'This we have
hitherto refuserd to nccept--regrliwg such a din.
tribution anong the $itntes as a schene for crea
ting a necessity for a tarif, ne this refusal on
our part hcn been timrn-fcref a standing protest,
by he noond fora- of which we hoped to bring
back our political oplponets to ecmntitutional leg
islatint. There is cnseqently a high principle
involved. The public lands belong to the vari.
our States nmd if ncl they are entitled to their
prce-eds; but the Geserl Government requires
large- inum to clefray its expnuses; which sums
inn only ie rnised by tnxation, in one or another
formn, or by the sale of the common property.
I'he common property is sol bmt instead of re
lievitng the, people of taxation, by applying the
prcceeds of hale to the d-fraying the expense of
G.vernimms:ent, the uphnld-r of thee protecting poli
cy have taken the money out of the Treasury and
dividedt it among the (tutes, to fill the .Treasury
again by taxem, Upon imports, which are unequal
in their opeatilon, burdening the agricultural for
Ilhe baonet il
ribe to desert her ccprinclplem she
hailing andi tlA'ancepr, while govened by thme
hiut iotfeten mime contf consent toc noticing widch
wouldc vicolate. thme eipirit of time consitiutimo; even
whiat, undekr other erreannstance, would be righti
-fally icn-re, mehe woueldi nomt receive., mf Flee nhoutld
ti -r-byc further ml..- msiinik.-r ;eclrpojns-. hih prommp
tce lhe per. euealc. mliiti !:~i:;m aneel withm the
pcrctctive pa jirty ctill arrayedt agacincnt us.-, time sta
-arc o-cf tie- re-mlmution icice re-fcerreel tom, woulmmd
be- mmm nhclonnic enmeet emi our pcoscitionc ae prici
pbisc. If ccllmpteeIml n . we ili netai it thce l'n
i-ee we~ wili hae-Iei l 1cc ihechonor ocf cemnasitency.
(Out oef tic- l 'monc weemummt then-m gee; the-re enn lee
then-m mmc reediwm, acel aine fmcr ouermelvmes we will
ie-li-f im che ac pmoition thmat it wvill be inmpmm
cible in- dranw bacek. Ilut c-ceonot contetnpte
time pkt-m-cbihty ocf suchci em thing. Tme spirit of otur
pc-ecle. longc pati-ent cocci forbecarineg, ise Ut last
ticcrc-ughcly redmec. F-rcns time ccara-oared to time
te mcccin ce time-re in but emne feemlincg--oneomc deter.
mmmaionac. Thce imcjte. mnamy be delayed, for wec
woumldi ice re-ady for the coniet m, butm it cciil cornem
at ila-t. Wmce itencet hmoltm for jutsti-em from tme
No-rthI, ande c we mmmeimt tamke- our caue- intie icur ownc
luunmmim. WicthI thme d.-merinminationi tee esc-ede-, pe-r
hampic t o~e, p-*-rhiuce- at murne mnct le-ry fatr dice.
tantc dcay, limit Iclooking Cirto iecem, whiethmer nowcc
ory inc time ia:mre-, min tic. mcare we '4, iccm icil
Cfedmly umnc; hopuimmg fomr noethming famrthecr fremm cmr
tni ami ecpriece time mcte-r fatlchwy oef chi
holee, whyi mumy w4 eet mmake whalt is ecirn, minmce
thec pimc.- teer wich e hav ie- refedce tm takhe
it hasc Ieen wholilly ci,.f-ccntei Iit ice Im-rhtcin time
recily leeremei whw l eiim wviieier eobtait ofl thce
cininen -mptrm d-n ye of the State-ne. woie rth meogne tihout
indsem- cef michlcnmi: lhule as- et iii m w~viIle e emfgre-ct
"cee~-e- "lewe tee cc imn time cnamrmeiudcling mef oumr
"ce'I e"'' ng hc wevcerm t racivi mmhoch be mneglectedi
nc lich-l nc i mmid iee .-cpporimmg mis inc tihe ionly posei
ti-en. nc hciei b n ill mnet i.- elj-hoenrubb, tu ice, a sp
aratem si -tece- n cami peple.
Telm Wahinmgton eta\es states thant the
mi rand macry hasc- tm-ue hcili-s naanst Champlinm for
-tr' emm ndartyingc nway~ the~ negroes- of
mm-. 8iSt ees maci Troommb-, of Gjj~-egi.
Itahas almi pcresenmtede time driver of thme car.
r:'m-. inm wichl time amegroca we-re conevey
el- What is thcis, to be the be-ginnaing of?
I, ('h plia hem mieet tihe tite whmich to-olt tusu.
aiiy dcc, umnd be- deeerted,. whlenm hei has.- been
thmrusmt intco t roeml' Weccill time phiilanthlropic
Northm pe-rmit imt to fall a emartyr to theo
cati-et f iinmnity-, andte shaemll hce be come.
dlemc cd tic aimnomacminymc italmlring, becauttse,
m~ it tree counamtry, lie -trove- to secuere free.
em atee thme oppeiriesed~! if hae shmall be con-.
cdecmed,. macl noc inte-rpositione amml s hH b madte
imnIc- ln ehalf. hcv omen Namtionaim Execentivce,
mn-ithecr ofn wc we bem imlieve,) it w.ili ennem-e
emach an mccgitationm, mmmiIeht n upheavtcing, oef limoe
ie f Noretheirm fe-elincg, mas tomlm brmct asunm.
dem rcvr ftter- wich- res-tmrains~ hceucmne lib.
tr/y. mccl theo leigiv'ce'cmt-e l4m wcill ic
mdcoimedme. We hamve loang iago futueai ot that,
whm Im 1a peopile ofl thme Northe, Slavecry wasc
elbtal sneot ma emormi qustaoione. Them lacksn
am h North mire time tmosmt mccismrable cmass ein
meir wh-iolmemioutry, aned hiav-e beent made ao
Iby tie- pretenede friendm of I''reoeott. IDog.
radua~tionm,stmarvatimon, iuffeiring, aned entire ex.
e-Iesionm fmrm thme ceploymenta in which
'ceee enugicgc, are lhere thecc ncheritanlce of
he unfortunate negro; a to401 e the
Whites of the North would dtom all our
3Iavea0 *at proept cco~tentgd and py
while they arothe softs of 'ppdfUn
roesperity to Pie whole South. '
The Fngiti Law!the greatest boon over i
onferred uponthee isto Northern hatred
o the Negro will repeal. With falsehood
n their hearts, they enacted it. They prof. t
bred it the South as hush money-and,
tow, that the South has permitted Itself to
to gagged, ther vi rob It again of the very
[For the Banner.]
Ma. EDITar --You will please give the fol
owing wopders an fingrtion In your paper and
oblige fours &c.
We wonder if our brethten north of Mason
ke Dixon j ouand out the' sin of slavery,
efore they yered its unrgjtablnesa I
Wonder, if we wete to carry out their sugges
ions about emancipation &c, where we could
id purchasers for our slaves, as they did in
[l We wonder what Northern men mean, when
hey threaten disunionists with 'having recourse
o arms!' Wonder if the action of their vol.
anteers, on several of rihe battle fields of Mexico,
a conformable with their ideas of"having re
:orse to arms I '' If so, we wonder what they
vould call having recourse to legs ?
Now we dont deny that the Yankee Volun
earn received many "honorable scars" in the
hIexican war; but we do wonder, why they are
to excessively modest, as to prefer wearing them
mn the hack, rather thtan upon tsome morn con
spicuous part of the "human frame divine I"
We wonder-while in this connection-if
lBrother Johnathan's reputation for quickness
manl activity of audrstanding were not acquired
in some battle field I
We wonder if the genttius of our allies does not
i more in the spindle, than the sword-more in
naking cloth, than ar I
We wonder if the "higher law" has a spe
:ial clause in favor of factories I If not, we
wonder if we cannot appeal to it for a nodifica.
ion of the tariff?
We wonder why the "free and enlightened
itizens" of Yankeedom entertain so great an
iversion to South Carolina? Wonder if it is
'ecause there art no a "ociations of puritanic
)erecution connected with her history I Be
:auase she boua.ts no Lwell, no living tomb, in
wvhich to immure her fair daughters I Because
er breezes are not freighted with odoes from
the garde'ns of a Weatherficld ? Or because the
'aroma of cod-fisheres" does not ride upon her
galas I Wonder if it is because lier soil Is so
utcnagenial as not to admit of the cultivation of
Lie Nutmeg Tree ? lecame her savory hars are
Less distinguished by those qualities that enter in
to the composition of forests, than comports with
their ileas of economy ? Wonler if it is because
"notions" are at such a discount with her, and
their vendors so apt to becomne consumers of her
native commolities-that is to say the products
of her pines and poultry I
We wonder when "Harry of the West" will
carry into execution his threat of "puting down
Bouth Carolina I Wonder if the staple of Ken
ucky-that whidch is so well adapted to forming
the connecting link between a taitor and a
swinging limb-"-hietp i so set'2'aitsoid, that
he must needs W his way hither, in osier to
ihan that whick isalready tmdr clap Y
Wehave understoodi, that Col. Brssitt. of Ili.
nois, an exceedingly hellicome f~snd of the djg
innt in order to quint thme apprehensionsm of 'thes
timid,. promoised, ou a certain occasion, to "over
mun" the diannm~ionistms. Now we wonder-anud we
Imave good reason--if thme Colonel did not, nmean
It Is has been remnarkedl as a strange fact, that
ithe little Sentor fromafniaippmi, when be made
bis'last speeh itn Congress was pretty mttch "how
:omec yout mo;" we do not wonder, Mr. E~ditor,
hta foot shottld be coarned.
N. l.t.-We wotnder if iome one wont hie kindI
enoutgh to add a few wontdere to our list ad
contsigna thenm to the ke'epintg of IBarntm, thta.
great patron of wanders, if he should chance to
wiondler along this way ? A. M.
The meandning diomnittees for the
Bank of the State and its Branches.
The fillowmg are theo Conmmittees appoinatedI
by thme Legislature, to exaniine anti report ont the
coiadiito of time liank andi Its branches:
Ott time part of the Hettate: For Charleston.
fessrs. Porter and Newell; for C'olumbtia, Mlessrs.
Irby and Griflin; for Camdaen, Messrs. Dudley
talhe part of llo'use: For Charleston J7. D).
Ashmtiore. A. W. Burtnet, aned L. M. Keltt; for
Coluittma. W. it. ltobertson, It. Mo'orman.
Abraham .jones; for Camden. A. M. Lowry, 3.
W. llarringtont andT. K. Cureton.
'l'he~ resolutions of the Nashaville Convention,
wich tmeludeu the re-conmendation for a Southm
ertt (Congisess, were laid before te It'gislature of
Flo'rida Ott thme 7th inst., and referred to thae
C.otmmtittee fn Federal ltelationts.--Sun.
Tlac Troops 1.1 Clearleaton.
Th'e Washaingtotn correspondtenmt of thme Balti
more sun, conjeceatun-s that the reply of the Presi
dent tom thea itmquiry of the South Carolina Legis
Itature, as to thme ittetitont of thme admnilstranton
int sendeimng certain troopsa to Chmarleston has been
htat, as ma ner-in-chief of the army anmd
ntavy of thte Untitedl States, thme President as not
responile fein hmis narts to State authtorities, aand
that, thterefoire, it-he spectfutlly declines an answer
to thme. itorroegtories otf tihe Legislature.-Sun.
A letter r.elvedi at this place yesterday, (says
thme Ceoltumbia Tele~rmj;/ of thei 1 Ith Instant,)
from 3Miwissippti, front a soutrce int every way re
limnble, antes that tihe fe-elintg thtere is growing
strongter nt ith each succeessive inay, anad on thtat.
Recountt, thme time for htoeiing hier Cottvention
wats peeiostoed unttil Neovetmber ntext. Tlhey de.
sin- I'o redurmie the inmaitiont tom a still leaner tmint
iurity and the indicationas are that Mfisisippji
whe'n enill otn, will be readly for action.
lThe proceedlings of ate Georgia Convethoe
nre be'ginniing to assumate some interest.
31r. Na'aeani of. Thomtattt, presctuted a Iotng pro
amablie and resolutionts. in thme formier lhe ie unt
sisirinugly se ere~ uponm Mr. TIu ombe for his change
o't j.licy, nntd' thinks it mamy Ibe attiribted to then
taivenat m'f nanothor Presidlentinil campaign. lIn
the resotluttiotts hae elmare, time tattachmmtent of
t'coruia to a Unioena estabtlished-m b - the 'onstit~u
tionm, andt' ameeerta' that whaile the ortha denty us
metr rights teder that ( onmstitutiont, it Itt not atho
traue policy of the Southb to munitee with them it
ttheir plitical caaucuse, or to form ational
iarty assoiations. Th~e resoluitinms are firmo,
mtat by nao means m riabitd or atltra. It Soatth-Car
etlinaa they wonkeIe he co'nsidleredc wetak. fint
they wen.e l'oo stronmg for te party of Gkeorgia, atnd
tihe Conmvenmttn re futsed to take thmem up ity a vote
o'f 1-27 to 57.
Them, Cionuntittee of Tlhirty-three, to report ac
tion to, the (onventtion,~ amadle thmeir report oan Fri
bay. 'The report is said to be a saurve~y of the
entire stubject, and is necompanited by a series omf
reseahatiotns, int wicho thme ptrinciples laid downm int
Item('lhatham platform are mainted.-Char
A really powerful mtinad wvill not be
weighted down by its knowvledge, any more
thanr is an oak by its leav'es, or than Sam
ton hy lhin locks,
Loislativ pro "
Thtrsa!y, Decen10ra ,24th
Mr. Hanna from the special
aittee on executive accounts,
Nat they had examined the contingent aec
ounts of the execotive c partn*4 si
aund them correct at well vouched,
['here was a balance in the military con.
ingont found of i1,005 0, which the corn.
nittee rec.ommend should be transferred by
he Governor to his suecessor.
Mr. Mannin r, from. cormmittee on ,the
he College, education, and Yelgion, sub
nitted reports on the Downer school fund;
in Governor's message number one, relat.
ng to a superintendent of free schools (fa.
The Senate joined in a ballot for State
eporter, which was anuounced as follows:
I. A. Strobhart, 55; J. S. G. Richardson,
II; J. B. Kershaw, 29; J. Ii. Pearson, 29.
rhere was, consequently no election.
Mr. Buchanan presented sundry reports
ron the committee on finance and banks
The unfavorable report of the Judiciary
ommittee, on the bill to amend the consti
ution, so as to change the name and itmits
of the present election district of Saxe Go.
ha, was agreed to.
Message number five, of Gov. Seabrook,
vas takeni up, and, on motion of Mr. Mar
hall. the reading was dispensed with, and
he message was properly referred.
The report of the judiciary committee
rn the digest of road laws, by Judge Rvans,
was agreed to and returned to the House.
A ballot was held for Governor, which
-esulted as follows:
lohn 1H. Means, 78 i. De Treville, 55
John Buchanan, 2t: It. W. Banwell, 10
F. W. Pick.ns, 42
W'nole nunber of votes, 1;1
Necessary to a cihoce, 81-there was
.onsequently no election,.
The second ballot for Lieutenant Gov
rnor resulted as follows:
I. II. Irby, 57. 1). F. Jaisnlon, 1
I. J. Wand, 47 J. S. G. Richardson,
I. M. Felder, I for State reporter,) I
P. P. Elliott, 18 Blank,
lames Chetnut, Jr. 2 -
1. D. Wilson, Whole number, 152
Necessary to elect, 77-there was con.
equently no election.
The second ballot for State Reporter was
leclared as follows:
Stroblhart, 57 learmn, 21
lticharduon, 5 Il'ickeu, 1
Kershaw, 27 .
Whole number, 136
It was accordingly declared that no can.
lidate had received a sufficient number of
votes to elect.
The Senate adjourned at two p. m., to
sleet at twelve n. to morrow.
House of Representarives.
Thursday, Dece*ber the 24th, 1850.
Mr. Preston from the committee on Fede
ral Relations mnado an unfavorablo report or,
i bill providing for n co-uvention of tine peo
ple, and recommend a substituto providing
for election of dalegates to a Sonthern Con
gress by the Legisature. The bi'l and re
port were put on the special order before the
Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Cantey, from military committee re
ported a bill for putting the State in a con
dition of dfenco.
Many claims, having been submitted by
witnesses wh8 have autended for the vations.
contested elections, somb dis ' wUi
had ort the subject, and a' re ,1 was 8
rally adtod, allowing thewA30 50 e*
M;I-.L. F,. K~4tt anbmiltted a resolution
which wats adeplted. directing committee on
P'rivilegons aund Elections to report on the
expediency of requiring each D;strict to py
the expensea of its contested elections.
Thne Ilose resolved itself into commit
tee of the whole, (Mr. Sullivan in the chair,)
aind restmed the subjectcof federal relations.
Mr. Durgan addressed thne commnitteer and
ctatd his views on thne whole question. it
wast useless to rsepent the story of tine
the wrongs and outrages we hand endured, of
thne remnonstramnce and petitions we hadl sent
up;, or to discus4 thne prostpect before us,
'hould thne pressent state of afTa~irs continue.
Thne State wias pledged by her representa
ives at Wuahmngton, by the opinion of her
citizens, as expressed in private assemblies
andi district meetings, withn wonderful una
minmty, and by her own repeated declara
lions. We must reitn n netie
any different opinion, and the only question
was the time anid mode. le was in favor of
Line convenation of the people, to be elected by
this Legislature, anid be chnarged with tine
whole subIject I Ie advocated itsn meeting at
in early day, but was willinng to wait a rea
'soniable time on good grounnds. In conclu-.
sioni, hec eartnsstly atndu eloquently called unpon
all to do their dutty, and expnrossed thne hope
none would be fotnnd waintinig in the corn.
r.Llsof Pairfield, thnen addressed the
committee, and took grounds in consistency
wth his well known character, as an early,
ersevernig, amnd uncompromising friend or
Sosnth orn righ ts. I le was in favor of action
--prompt, deccided anid ellicient. Such ac
ion as would be worthy of the past history
md legso tine State, and would rally
trned taonds ins.
Ile heartily desired co-operation and
ivotnld adopt all proper meamns and wait a
reasonabnle timo (twelve months) to secure
t, butt he could not give for the "watch and
bvait indefiniely" plat form.
Tlhe right of secesion wvas clear and un
onbted---the nature of our compact im
lied it--the termis in which ma~ny States
a.tifiedi thnat compine ft recognized it---it was
ncssary mncideOnt of' sovereignty and had
een exercised by \'irginuia in witiidrawing
'roan tine old cotnfedecration.
11o briefly reviewe'd otur resources and
nesats, tand shiowed that we were not a de
enceleIss as mawny sunpposed. We'had nn ad
hition to nantural resouirces, thne brave and
incongnterable spirit of a free people, and
vas worth more thamnn all besides, lie ho
ieved that proper actioni on ounr part would
se'curte co-opertion, and thnat some action
sva-s expected of uis. Hoe recognized ito
Jmnotn as "gloriouas" that did not afford equal
ivdeges uand protection tonall its citizens.
te cordially detested, despisedh, execrated
ihe Union, titr its utnjunst discriminations, its
anerouas exactionts, its odisins impositions
imiI its present aivowed course of aggres
sion, slow bunt sure on the tihe territory,
rights and honor of the slavehnolding States.
[TIhno speechnes of Me'ssrs. D~argan anid
Ilswere both listtend to witht intenise in
terest andt touched respoinsive chords ini
winny a hearnt.j
Mr. Ayer of lhnrniwell socturedi the floor
ror to-mnorrow tat ,!l P. mf.aiLtwhich time the
hiscuassion wvill be~ resumted.~
WENATEl ClIA3h BER.
S'aturday,, D~ecembher 14thn, 1850.
T[he followiang senautors were appoinnted tO
constitutec the examiining committees ont the
Batik; F'or Charleston, Messrs. I'orter --~
Nowell; Columbiia, Messrs. Irby and Orjt
L'amnden. Mcns. nudle a Tar.~
ne t r
the fr Ic lots within .the
W pp tely referred..-a
to j ieue., and a ,
(rel in the Ih of the.) toal
com t utic Asylumand
also presented the petition
the Town Council of Columbia, for 4
amendment of charter; referred to co
nittee oonoorporations an dengroeg act. ..
The Senate concurred in a message frorm
he ifouse, proposing election for Presienf -
del Dircetors of the Bank, on Monday, att
Two ballot.rerera.Rpotr,ula ,e
last of which' resulted in the election ofJ.
SiG.'lchln arddo', <-'F Batmter.h- -
At 8 p.- m.; and~ ; .1'p pt, tJ4s frn.
ate went into committee of the whole on
federal relations, (Mr. Witherspoon in-the
chair.) A conversatione, debate
which Messrs. Mazyck, Felder, Did .,
F. M. Allston, Carn, Adams and Moses r
ticipated. Mr. Moses, especally on- 6 jr
occasions, addresse the qmnwittee, in a ye.
ry spirited, iliing and elixsient manner,
advocating oarpestly the in.tnspensable nec
cessity of prompt, decided and efliaent kc.
lion now. Ho appealed to senators not to
misrepresent their constituents, or to carry
their cautious policy so far as to emasculate
the spirit of our own people, or to discou
age those true friends in other States, who
have been looking to us for aid and-co.ope
ration. He was tired of resolutiona, the
people were tired of them, and it was time
that somethingelse be tried. Let the ques
tion be submitted to the peoplo in Conven
tion, and let' he done now.
Mr. Moses we have long known as one'
of the best ofr-hand speakers in the Senate,
and on this occasion he excelled himselt
At the evening recess the committee re
ported in favor o a convention; and in the
Senate immediately atter, the lill of Mr.
Carn, calling a convention, was pased with
a few amendments, by the following vote:
Ayes.-.Mesars. Adams, 1. U. Alisten,
R. F. Allston, Barnes, Bedon, Unchanan,
Ball, Caldwell, Cannon, Carew, Carn,
Eaves, Evins, Felder, Gist. Griffin, Ilanna,.
Hibben, Irby, Lawton, Marshall, Mosc
Palmer, Perry, Porter, Quattlebaum, Skip
per, Taylor. Townsend, Treville, Ward,
Ware, Williams, J. D. Wilson, James J.
Wilson, John Wilson, and Witherspoon
Nays-Messrs. B ear er. Dud:ey, Cause
Manning, Mazyck, Nowell-..
HOUSE OF REI'RESENTATtVES.
Saturday, Dcrembir the 1d,1%h,.
We find'very little i the proceedings of
the House which is worth reporting. speci.
ally in the crowded state of our columns.
At 1 p. m. the committes. of the Whole
were addre-sed by M. A. Thompson, who'
concurred with most of the speakers in ad
vocating the Nashville plan of a Southern
Congres, and avowing his beliet'that seces.
siot was ultimately the only cilicient reme
lIe, was followed by Mr. W. I. Evans,
(of Darlington) a new membcr.who ably and
eloquently urged the importatice of prompt
speedy and decisive action. ? . .
We hope -i a few days at farthest toigd
room for a full report of Mr. Eva:a'
s.dbtherafore forbear - further chntneh
Present. -,., ., ., _, ; , t,
seqeua e e :rlingl (t w ..
side, and.with much E iy. Or yu
nembers all speak the conavidious of tme
.,eople, openly and wvithout conucthahnerf.
'I he house we trust w'protii by the ex
ample' of the Senate and get: to work soon, i
and in the right manner.
(Reportad for the Augusta. (onstitutionalist.1
MILL~EDGEVIL LE, DE~C. 12.
There was somne excitement in the Con
vention to-day Mr. Seward,. of Thomas,
offered a Preamble, in which lhe quotes the
speeches of the Hion. B. Toombs and the
Southern Resolutions. The reference
caused cotisiderable discuss~on, and the
Preamble was finally rejected, ayes 127,
Thne Convention then adjourned until
three o'clock, in order to allow time for the.
Committee of Thirty-three to make their.
Ouro STATE CON'VETioN--Cincinati -j
Dec. 5--The Convention to-day was c..
cupied with the report on Edycation.
Mr. Sawyer moved an .amendment, to
*x. lude froma Common Schools all but
c children, wvhich was ajree~d to. Mr.
Sampson mosed an amaeidinent, to esitab
lish seperate schools for colored children
which was lost.
CanssiusvM. Clay lectured-last night be
fore the Mercantile Library Associatiori.
Many were unable to obtain admittance.
lie condemned the fugitive slave law in
APPOINTMENTI'dY THE P'RESIDENTr.
By and icirh the adrive and consent qf the Senate.
Richard Hi. Blayard.of Dlaware, to be
Charge d'Afibiru of the United States of
America in Blelgiumi, in place of Thenias
G. Clemson. recalled.
Charles B. Hadluck, of New Hamnshiro,
to be Charge d'AtTaires of the Un sited States
of America in Portugal,.ini place oi Jamos
Browna Clay, recahled at his own request..
Itis certainly a remarth .fact,'wvhlch weo
fnd in the HIinois limase ReisYtr, that the lion.
Wm. H. Bisein, now rsp.:
~rv'sional distriet or 1ioI, aa de
in the namendiadrietdelecte
for re entaie er oga
electe without opuposidoi raciine e
to the number of twelve thou-and nh~a~ hit
.H~itote F~arr.-.-Lat week a feat of I
roc .daring, one that deserveas more than
passmng record, was performed aibove thd
FallIs of Niagara. Nearthie villago of Chip
pewa, amid a 'oumtwo miles abo~ve the Cat
ract, a boat wilth a little boy in it was seen
drifting at a fenrful rat'e dhwn the enrrent,
jnst above the swill waters plutnge into ter
rible rapids, through whlich no boat ever
lIved. Three younag men, and their names.
are Joel Lyons, Geo. ioff, nnd Danniel Durn.
ham, lenaped into a boat which hay ait hanid
and pulling gallantly ont into thu turbulenit.
stream they caught the skilfjnst na it was
sweeping to certain destruction, amtI rescuwd~
ed from it the simall mariner, half (lead wihl
terror. The skiffdisappeared in a mnomnigye
atnd the three heroes, wvith consumm~ate,'
judgment and coolness, ulled d na
wilth the current oft
remac ea sitra teatrugg10, htt'
accomnplished a feat tinpartilledn iti ht&a~
nals of Niagara riter-4.-no hanat baing tivo
.s~ed and returnedi in imfety faisn#'poinit
s6ter the rapidls. 7h Thatiot to wh:ch
they are umdoubtedlyethhli1 fromi~ the lii.
nmane o lo4yw ion, lfoyor lave been
Confbreu (et of groeater couirage.
mio, r..Mmrw! .. rald