Newspaper Page Text
Cosepndoeo Ore Now York Sub,
- t~sfiaiA Feb. fkh, 15.'
sd" and ure-r ris-of~w, the soit
~-A e.l and gold mines---Texaj
This is ae of ite celleoiN
catalogue of border doings arid.events-and
you nadat cull from it whatever may be, if
such there It. to mur taste. I believe you
and every bod e knew before, that there
re wcoal of fine quality on'thle Rio
P , but-ve the pleasure of stsating
hiced &JVtuminous coal outceops oni
ofthe rier;o:about aml eo
H nean, and that it burns, as I have
freely and well even in a common
Art; lace. A steamboat plying tip aid
down this river, as Harry Love proved by
practice, and Capt. Kingsbury by science,
-s prscticable-can be supplied with con.
venient and superior fuel very cheaply. So
much for the most necessary weapon for
regulating the Indians-a floating sentinel,
Gold'and silver has been found by the
gunsilitkof Fort Duncan, some six or eight
miles from Eagle Pass; but the whole aiThir
is kept very quiet, for some reason or other.
There are abundant proofs of the existence
oif richmines in northern and north-western
Texa-but hitherto the Indians have kept
off the whites, and the government was tot
young and feeble to plant and defend settle.
agents. Now, the veil is about to he with.
drawn, and the world will be surprised to
"lind a nearer and more inviting gold region
Jhan California-though it will not equal its
elder. sister in prolin vastness. Texag
and New Mexico will give bread as well a:
gold to their miners, and offer them bes'des
autiful and healthy vales in which to plan
. 11 fair homesteads. But so, too, will Califor
nias' when we know her better.-Therc
* imust be green ravines, and gushing springs
In the furrows of those hard, rich misers
the Gold Quartz Mountains.
This climate is truly delightful, it is sof
-and genial, yet as pure and free fron
iasiha as the hills of the North. Februar%
Ix the Month for planting here. Turnipr
cabagil l'ettuce, awl Irish potatoes, weri
blanted in January, by Baptisto Du pre, whi
las set about givlig Eagle Pass a regula
market garden, the first thing of the kind i1
the RIo Bravo, and everything bids fiair t
them. Mr. Campbell, the senior proprieto
of the pleasant valley tract, has plante<
from one to two hundred fruit trees, grap
vnes and ornamental shrubs, brought fron
the neighboring Mexican towns, and I har
kept even step with this excellent examplk
We adopted the Mexican custom of plnntin,
on the festival of the Candelaria, the secon
of February, and the three days t-ncceeding
There is every promise of success with ou
trees, and so rapid is growth here tit w
Mnay reasonably expect lhiat, peaches, plums
ga'apes, and poinegranites, together wit
sonic rruits unknnwn to the colder North
a year from the coming summer-fron th
year old plants just put in the ground, Thi
apples will be a year later.
[should obs,!rve that the art of graftin,
is not understood or practised amnig th'
border Mexicans, and t heir apples and pear
hrekenerally small inferior flavored, lik
the fruit from the natural stockb in othe
places. Cherries, currants, and the ricl
varieties of the plum cultivated in the olde
States, I have not yet seen here, but shal
make an ef ort to introduce them next yea
As it is, we have planted the first fruit tree
-as before we had built the first house i
this county (Kinney) outside of For
Duncan. This was in the beginning c
IM50 sna then excepting at the site ni
*ich Fort Duncan was rising, there wero
a*. American families within it hundret
nil Now there is a good society, realI
wetnsv trade wvith Lt
1 of~Ieexico, and all the essentja
ris o life at comamand--excepat a mnai
tite. We have no vagabonds antd no civi
,officers: neither have we a doctor, a lawyer
or a divine in the settlement; yet soul, body
and estates seem in healthful security.
never saw a more peaceful, well-dispose,
community, and, excep)t the practice 0
kidnapping Mexicans and selling them bacd
to slavety, wvhicha seems to enjoy the favo
and countenance of gov-ernmnen, and t here
fore is in a measure legalized, we hear
no violence or infractions of the law.
What we do wvant is a class of superio
mnechaqics, men who are rnanly enough ti
use their hands, and intelligent enougha t,
use them wvith skill and efleci, in th<
-erection of dwellings, mills, and welhls.
The last season a direct road wa
* surveyed by the citizens of Corpus Christ
--ur nearest sea-port, although L~a Vascai
more known and used-and thie di~stane h,1
an excellent route is not for from 2.5 mailes
The government will finally adopt tha:
route for transportatiotn, and then it will no
have to depend on the Mexicans for coro
and ay tem 1,50) a hushel for it, when
bu o hs dependance, they would be gha:
to supply it at 50 cents. Thle rich paroprie
tors, like our friend and neighbor, DI~n
Felipe do la Garrza, wiillihave three or fona
.thousand bushels in their granaries, ve
refuse to sell any people at less thtan thos,
S exorbitant prices. EAGLE PAss.
SINGULAR DE'Lso.--Not a long tim:
since a respectable elder:y lady called ai
the office of the Queen's Rtermembra nent
London, and curtseying very low, reqnest
ea few minutes' conversation with onm
ofrthe cherks." She stated she was mocs
anxious to know how a cause stood, in
* which she was most ideeply interested; tha
property to a conisiderable amount ha:
been withheld fronm her family. The clerk
who had been some years in thae otlico, anm
'vho was noted for his urbanaity and gentle
maaply bearing, politely inquired the nanat
of the cause. his suarprise and astonish
ment may be conceived, when the lady ie
plied: 'The Morning Star e-s. The Oh<
The property in dispusae wvas a consider
able num ber- of acres of laund upoin tla
p lain of Jordan, descenaded to her ini a righa
lne from lat: that shte htad takens out
subpatna against Adam, and tat Melchaiz
deck wasn in possessiona of it, butt had nto
heen able to findl him ot; anmd shte wa
fearful the trial wvould comie on before Mlel
chizedeck hail served the wr-i . The, cder
at once perceived the lady wats laborinj
under a delusion, politely turnaed to ha
book, and after runnaing his finager down: th
jgtojdlhe inquirer, as there minghat hb
ile difficulty in finding Adam, the caus
should staqd over till after Easter Tern
The.1dy, enaraseying, thtanked him for hi
pollenesu, and withd rew from the oflce,
UEOGEAPIcAL DISCovsnY..-At a lat
meoetinftheo Royal Geogra phical Sociot
at London, it was announced that te Roi
* D. Livirngstone, of the London Missionar1
Society, had discovered another large Itaki
in South Africa, abouat 200 miles North e
Ngami, which ho recently made known t.
the world, The now hake containas sever
at large islands, and is cotanected with tha
Ngami by a rapid stream called the Teagt
AL the date of the last advices, Mr. Livinag
n eton was proceeding Nortbwar.-lf ha
Cifr es'out his. plan of exploration, sonm
kn tet esionsin African geograph
Shall w Sambusl because is
S itE iwlOurglifat imanalI and
The burthei of taxation will fall ligltor
upon the shoulders ot our citizens, under
indepqqdent State government, than It does,
now or ever ias done in the Union. Is lthis
doubted, and call a plausible reavon be given
to make the doubt worthy of boing enter
tained? The complaint of our lives has
been, that we are robbed of tih fruits of
our labor, by a partial system of excessive
taxation, which falls heaviest upon us of the
South, and is scarcely of a feathers weight
upon the industry of the North. We of
the South have supporled the extravagant
profligacy of this government, and South
Carolina jays ten times more than her just
tribute to minister to this bloated prolli
gacy. Not half, scarcely one teeth of this
tribute, now paid to this bloated tyrant,
would be needed by South Carolina to sip.
)ort a separate governieat. The idea that
the smallness of South Carolina is an ob.
jection to her separate existence, is a two
penny argument. To refute it, let any
one cast his eyes over the map of Europe,
and see what a large proportion of govern
ments are smaller in extent of territory than
South Carolina; and that their positions are
nut near so favorable for a strong, peaceful
and prosperous government as ours. Sur
rounded by tnonarchics and despotisme,
Swit zerland minintains her existence, with
out danger of being swallowed up by the
rapacityopf her powerful neighbors. Holland,
Denmark, Portugal, Belgium, and oth.
er small sovereignties in the heart of
Europe, stand respected and respectable be
fore the world, with no constant fear of be
ing crushed by more puisant powers. They
are among the oldest established Govern
nents in Europe, and before now have
measured their swords, both on land and
em, nwith the giants of the eartir. At this
epoch, there are more reasons to apprehend
ciril rar within the borderi of large States,
than that small States will be crushed by
the superior force of the large. This is
eminently so in the history of the past three
or four years, and will bo true, as fur as
concerns the United States, before very
r long, if disunion does not scatter the com
i bustible materials now threatening
) initmentary ignition. Is it not known
r to all, that cit il trar is a calamity' ten-fold
I more to be dreaded that other wars? Once
sirike fire in the Union, and n1o coc1a will
live to see, posterity won't see, the end of
the coaflaratin that will burst from that
spark. It will be a war between races,
rsections, and religions---wimh fanatics on
one side, holding a religious amd political
end that will fire and consuime the world in
r its career, once let blood madden their
hrains. Disunion, separate State secession,
can now take lh:ace peaceily, and arrest
and avert these threatened dangers.
GENF.RAL QUITMAN AND JUDGE C. P.
SMiTi AT TIn ilSTRluNje JENNY LIND
r ASK BA i. IN NEW OftnLE A s.-The Now
Orleans Delta gives an aimiiiated accoun t of
the afiaskers at this brilhait hall. It R iys.
"We were iever so antused in our lives,
r as we were at the interview of one of our
witticet and loveliest young ladies, with
r Governor Quitman, when, anniouncing
I ierself "a trtia in the field," she ofrered
her services to aid him in his defence
e against tih ridiculous indictment iending
agiainst him in one of our courts. Tosihow
t her ability to discharge this difficult trust.
f sie proceeded to set forth the main points
a of his defence in an of'-anad'speeh, which
would have been creditable to the best.
deciaimer at. our bar. She described the
Sbeauties of Cuba with raphic power;
denounced the Spautish dlespotismi inl tnes
a of burning scorn, and declared thtat the
i American who wvould tact volunitteer to aid
Ia people thus oppressed, ouaght to be lashted
I through the world with scorpions. The
Governour, houwever, here pleasaty
suggested that the Cuban thraldoma was,
[ peranps, somewhat softened by the fact tat
time sovereign was a woman. "So imucith
f the worse," exclainted the Ptortiai, "wvomcan
should reign over thec hearts, not te iiinds
of meit. Buit conme, Governor let's to
business,-this aflhir wvill cost sontethming
f-I, of course, v'olunatcer; but thaen, you
know,witnfeses aire a'expesive;antd jurors, ;as
they have to be freehaohlers cost paretty haigh.
It think, howAeve'r, we can undertake to ptut
you tharough witht fifty hoagshaeads,"~ (Th'fe
Govercntr is a sugar, as well as cotton plhan
ier.) in thtis way was the gallant vemerain
subjected for socme inutes to a fire of wit,
iwhi'ch we veintire toc assert, icoere serioucsly
embharratssedl an I perpilexed im thtian te
vol lays of the Mexicait a rtillehry dbal ini his
,hriliiiait stotrm if lihe city of Mfco '. The
a fate of his gallant comitpeer of thes lIigh
t uart of Appeals wats nearly as paitiablle.
llesidles te batteries aof soic fiftv fair
;daughiters of M iss~ssippti, lae laid -'ta' lace
tnmusic" of a numbt er ot ocur own facr--one
h.rf wom a charming little sylp1h, annaiounaced
heslfatre-eacter, andl inaively in quire'd
aibouct whlact timie her services woauhld be
required, to suistaicn M issassipipi ini resistatncae
to anothecr ;aggressiont."'
'tnE BUNM'A fiTE lnfim.i.--I is saiid that
time Boaitmpartc F"amtily arc' preparincg to pro.
seciute a claimc of i weive i.llions fracncs
againast Francee. Theca E'mperor Naploleon,
in the days of his imcperial supjreamacy, ap-.
ptroprinated to his use twelve iltilionts of
pI roperty, of' wh'ich ihe wacs despoileda byv
I 1 onis X V l. iThe P'residecnt of F'rcae'e
hmas contsiulied emmaient counsel, nad ohtaitedm
a cotusin of the Frech P'resideitt, claimis,
- the Pailacce of the Elysee-a fairest nearI
Paris, and a large sumn of amonev. Th'fis
real esiato wans a ptresenit to his fathier fraomi
ithe Empa eror, acnd thce maneey is clhai ctned as
an indlemnity for estactes at Na~ples taikenc
from iis facther. limiinenct lawyers hcia'
-also givent faivoracble opcinains in tii is case.
A NrII' Oblsinis..--- naew~ rimnibuis has
b eent inatndedla'e inito I .amtdnc, seo acrranged
thmat every ptassenga~er has a dooer, a seat,
anad a windowv for himcself, with ac gutta tper.
cla tube thiroughc which t ce'Oiy ocrders
tot the end. Thie a rranigenmentt is mcocst in
genious. VTe onily vdifliclmty is, tat frienids
getting in have ito oppoirtunizaty of sav ing' a
word to eacha other iuntil the joucrntey is tier.
formied. Conanected ithil every so at, or cell,
orboxwh ichevert it maybe called, is a
number of passengers.
g41-'The onginmeer whcohas bieen emplty
od by the Tiehtcanteptec ICiilrcoad Compinlany
of New Orleants tat exanino the Pacfi~c
shore of fte Jsthmus in search uof a suaita.
itie harbor, hams founad two spac~.iouts, edeepi
and safe hiarbtors a fewv imiles sothieast oif
Sthe town ofTh ntp..Tooroah
to be weoll shtoltered, atal the vessel,, can
e nter atnd depart wvith thto winud int aniy di.
rec'tioni. 'The soundceings showa~ a dleiih of
wauter varyiing fromic l8 to 51l feet aicd upl.
3 An agent of' the Shah of Persia is ntow at
I Vienna, to entgaage military oflicers for his
Sittmaster's service, atnd a pthysici an to take
chcrge o't a aomeeliIs el ., n1 ert.
THuWAY DIVISIONS ARB CREA TED IN TUH
SouT.-The following article of the
Niisstap tpan oqtalns a pregnant truth. In
:onfirmatiOn of the last part of it, we should
remarks that Mr. Owens of Georgia has re.
aeived the consulship to Havana, and thus
"thO pice of the noble and patriotic stand"
)f his State, has been paid with creditable
We have often argued that it Is useless
for the friends of the South to postpone the
idoption of measures of resistance to the
oppression of the Federal Government, with
ho view of securmg unanimity. It is idle
to expect such result, when so many causes
3xist to prevent it. Prominent among
thene, is the power which the Federal
Government possess of buying up with
affico, loading men in our owni section. The
iouceur is held out to corrupt aspiring poli.
tician,, and they are sure by partizan ap
peals to take wit I them to the support of
the powers that be a sulliciont number to
:rente the divisions which we so much
Thus the National Treasury which is I
supplied to a great extent by taxes upon
Southern labor, is used for the purpose of
producing discord in the South and render
ng her powerless in the hands of her
Will delay remove this obstruction in the
path of resistance! Will it destroy the
glitter of Federal gold or break the charm
of Federal office! Hurely it will not. The
nature of nman will remain the same, and
the means of enticing the depraved will but
increase with each revolving year.
Who knows the extent oF the bribes' that
were held out to the corrupt demagogues of
both parties in Georgia, who deceived and
misled the people of that State! The
Washington correspondent of the Louis.
ville Courier (Whig) openly announces
that the President promised to one of them,
the most lucrative oflice in his gifi. The
"The consul.ship at Havana. the most
lucrative consulate in the gift of the exec
utive, has been placed by him at the dispo
sal of the delegation from the State of
Georgia, provided they present a proper 4
person for it. Th's of course they will do,
as there is, no doubt, as good material for it
in that State as in any other of the Union.
The claims of Mr. Langdon, the whig Mayor
of Mobile, were strongly urged by his
friends for this consulate; and, but for the
promise made by the President to the
Georgia delegation, there is no doubt but
what lie would have received it. From the
ioble and patriotic stand, however, that
Georgia took during the recent slavery
excitement. in which she resisted South
Cnroliina nullification, and Mississippi
disunion, and successfully checked the
headlng course of secession, she u as
entitled not only to this. but, much more at
the hands of the General Government."
MORE or TIH MOBILE MUmDER.-The
Mobile Herald of 11th inst, gives currency
to sonic rutnors which add a mysterious
interest to tie murder of the Cuban.
Hiernandez, who was assassinated in that
city. under circumstances of so much
atrocity, on Sundy morning last. Since the
residence of Hernandez in Mobile, there
have been many rumors afloat as to the
cause of his leaving Havana. The following
account is given on the authority of a
gentleman of Mobile cogn sant of a p rtion
of the circumstances.
A short time previous to the Cuban
expedition from this country, a stupendous
fraud was discovered by te authorities of
Havana to have been committed against the
Government, in which a number of the
most wvealthy and indluential citizens were
implicated. Prosecutions t'oro instituted
against thema. T1he Goveranent found it
out and seir~ed and confined him in prison
as a witness, to preserve 1 im from the
bribery, power and influence of the defen
dants. They attained means, however,
to communicate wvith him, andI for a large
sum of mooney he agreed, when introduced
as a gitness for the Government, to narrate,
as fact, a statement on the trial which
would exculpate them. The day of trial
w"as drawing near, amid the defendants be
gani to look upon hlernandez wvith deep sus
picion, as they were completely in his power.
They feared a betrayal of their trust, and
concludled it wecre best to get hinm out of
the way entim ely. Thmeyp planned his escape
from prison, furnished himi with several
thousand doliars, and ho was soon in this~
Dlurmig the exciting events incident to
the descent uponi Cardenas, this prosecution
was lost sight of. Since the appointmnt
of the new Governor of Cuba it has been
started afresh, and it is the intenition of the
authorities to probe the matter to its found.
ation. The new Go'vernor, learniinir of thme
escape and flight or liernanidez. after con
siderable investigation anid inquiry, located
uimn in Mobile. The mnecessary steps were
beinig taken by the Government to obtain
his a ppearance in llavana. This the de.
fendanits found out, and knmowing that it
would lend to an exposure of the whole
transact ion, they procu red the conuissioni
of this deed. Some of the circumstances
here detailed have a strong resemnbaice to
the celebrated Rtey case.
Onie of thme parties auspected of this
murder left Mobile suddenly 0.: Monday. it
was supposed for h avana, on a brig them
lyimg itn the lower Bay'. Pl'nice officers
were dispatched after him, but have returned
without boinig able to hear anything of
TnmF. CASE 01' CHAPLIN.-The ease of
Mr. W. 1,. Chaplin, A bolitionist, who wvas
arresteud in Montgonmery county, whilst in
the act of abducting the slaves of Merars.
Toomibs andl Stephens, the Baltimore P'a
tro(t says, wvas to have come tup in I loward
thistriwt court otn Monday; bat, as was ex-.
poeted, lie failed to make his appearance,.
and his bail ($ l9t.(N)) wvas forfeited to thme
State of Maryland. Theli mioney, it is said,
is pierfectly secure, having been depositedI
INsmAs Wait IN TExAS-The Austin
State Gaz.ette says it is rumored that G;en.
Brooks ists king arranigemecnts at an ear
ly (lay to set in tmotion a strong cx pedition
against i lie Indians, whose continued annov
ainces anid outrages retider it neccessary 'to
adopt some suchI decisive measures, or a.
badon the frontier to their muercy. It is
comntempillatedl to place the expedition tinder
the cormmand of Gen. hiarney, whon had1
left for Gan Anatonmio to cotirer with the com.
manadinmg general on the subljetct.
la..OO.N N;ATroN.---IFt is said that a
hallnoin las hnena conistriucted at Paris which
obeys the htolin and can be dIriveni even
against the wind by its condluctor. This
mchine has miade several voyages around
lie Ilippodrome, anid has been mnaio to
turn im every dlirectiitnhbut its pirogressi
the air line not ynt been tested anad the ut
most secrecy is observed as to the mneans
llacnt.Ons IN GitEesN.-In the Ore
gon Iegislature, Mr. McKean, "chairman
of the commnittee on mairriages," reported
ini favor of taxing hachelors two dollars pert
THRE SMTER BANNERs
Sumter ile, oi, Ca.
.H. G. RICHARDSON,
V. F. B. HAYNHWORTH, I EnITORS.
WEDNESDAY) MARCH 26, 1851.
U"" Mossr. A. WairTE & Co., are
igenta for the Banner in Sumterville.
To Ousr Cossastry Readerm.
We have hadour attention called to piles
if our last issue remaining in the Post-Office
a this place, which will no doubt be charg
J upon Us as negligence. We feel our inno
once, for our numbers for the country are
lways deposited in the Oflice at the proper
our; the Post Master denies the fault to
o his, and it must therefore be shifted upon
he shoulders of the irregular carriers of the
In Charleston, on Saturday, the market
vas firm; 300 bales of Cotton were sold at
rom 81-2 to Ile
Telegraphic C atelligelace.
Tihe Ocean Steamship Franklin arrived at
kew York, Saturday, bringing news from
Averpool and London up to the 8th inst.,
otton was firm and during the week
5640 bales had been sold.
Lord STrAN.ny, who upon the resignation
if Lord Jojtv RUSSELL had been desired by
he Queen to fortn a Cabinet, had been un
blc to form a protectionist ministry. Lord
roti RUSsE.!. hatd resumed tle tjinier
hip and no alteration seemed likely to oc
ur in the British ministry.
The Ohio steamer brought over 93,000,
100 in gold from Ciagres.
The Ladies' supplier will come ofl before
ve will have the pleasure of agairn greeting
our readers. Thtn " come one, cono all "
o the 'T'own Hall next Thmrsday night at
o'clock, so that in our next we mnay be able
o congratulate you upon the pleasant even
ng you then spent.
Death of a Nestor of the Press.
We notice with regret the announce
nent of tle rece. t decease of Maj. M. M.
NoAn, the venerable Editor of the Now
York Ti a es. Ills vigor anti reach of mind.
is keen anti tempered wit, his extensive
information and unceasing industry, com
ined wi:h his unitpeached honesty of pur
pose, well merited the high reputation which
tie obtained as a journalist, and made his
loss the more to be lamented.
We learn that onTuesday, the 18th inst.
a rencontro took pla:e in Camden, between
ol0 9PIT J. LESTEt,' formerely of George.
toWn and SAmUrL '. jova, of Camden, in
tho course of whicihthe former received a
pistol ,abet in thieAI pign, which resulted
rotally -inl about eiventeen hours.
The incidents of the affray are different.
ly reported, so that it would be improper to
axpress or to formn aniiiin as to t1te hein
ausness of the deed. LovE is now int pris..
an, awaiting his trial, which will probably
1ake place next, week.
Jenny Lind and Barnun.
Thte Editor of the New York Hlerald sug
gests that after JENNY IAN has concluded
hter Amnericatn engagemts heo shtould
lake Mr. BAuso.U: to Europe and show him
at a dollar tfibeud.
rThe Mornting St'iar proposes to BARnUo
what it contceivest to be a tmore ptroitable
"peculation ; tlttt hte shoutld take a two
rears lease ot IIF.NNEFr-r and exhibit htim in
France and Entgland at a shillintg a sight.
Well advertised andi puffed, antd BIAtnsUM
knows htow to do the- thing eflectively, theo
ipectacle the St'ar tht.ntks would be a very
(RDIN ArT Y oF Gtn EENv'tLt.E lDis'r RCT.
hUTtF.nt Mellb:E. F.:sq., htas bectn elected
Jrdintary of G;reentvihle D~istrict, in place of
Fonls WaTSOs, I-isq., who had resigned
mn accounttof ill health.
Mr. Ct.A v iS ntow. en routo tot havana for
he putrposie of recruitintg htts strengith and
Ont Wedntesday nigt, about 10 o'clock
ays te Mercury of thte 21st ins.t., as a sea
tnan namted Samnuel 1). 1 lines, belotnging to
schoonter fromt E-denton, N. C. was re
urning thtrotugh fdlliot.st. to his vess'el, he
vas accos.tod by IloenryThtompison, the bar
mid bouokkeeper of a sailor boarding houtse
cept by Williamu Litt, itt Bedontd's alley,
md regnecstetd to assist, itt rowing a boat to
vessel it theo streamn. Alter some. htesita.
ion he atgreedI to do so, and acconmpamed
l'hornptson and tanoter to thte ve'ssel, whticht
>roved to be thte liritish jmark Joltn. Hatving
iscended to thei deck. te $teamantt overhteard
Ph'ltmtpson say ttt I Io mate of te hark;
'Ilere is youtr ittmn; givnt me a rece'ipt for
tim;" wvhich the nte refutsed to do,, be.
mose i b ad nto t broutgt. htis clotheas witht
timt. 'lhtamtpson thIen hutrried o'ver time side
t thte vessel into it bat, and IJitnes also
lescentding. 'lThomtpsont, assistedl hy hmis cont.
ederatte, attemtpted to shtake htim olT the~
attder intto thte watecr, ajpparettly with thei.
tttentiont of drownting himn, butt he, byv a des.
eirnte struggle. wvas entabled to frutstrate
htetr elibrts. 'lThe boat thent htast ily rowetd
t1f, anid I ites retaitneid te deck of Ihte ves
ei, andi expllainted the~ d'cep ntn tha~tt had
een pratene~td til himt. 'rTh othicers t reatedl
Ito thtore, amnd ith ark snihod at htalf-'past 0,
I linecs, itn his exattintt~tion befoirre hi I (ot.
tr theo Mayor, at one' o'clock I'. M . futrthter
tated thtat at sectamr, who htad ben carriedi
mt boardthet. bark L-y force, attemtedtt lie
oro daybtreak, yesterdayv, to mattke hts es
ape htv swattmong ashoro, butt wats swtept
ttde'r tlhe vessel, and( idro wn ed.
'Tomnpson wtas arresited ott a warrat
rotm thet Maytor, antd 'ommttittedl ott thet
barge o~f k inappitg. laretty, a td ;t eiti
o dlrotwn. We t rmst that these eblarges
mil he thtorongbtly intvestig.atied, anid if em.
ablishtd, that snech pun mishmmtntt wdil be me..
ed out, as will deter othters frotm the jpe.
rationi of aMntIr nt~r va -r
The Wolf an tholdies
That good old moralizer, .t'9 In- one
of his fables, has illustrated with great force
and pathos the fraudulent sconings withi
which Injustice seeks often to Invest its
true designs and to Justify itself in the, per.
petration of even its most cruel villainies.
The Wolf meditated the destruction
of the innocent, gentle, Lamb, but even lie
desired to give the deed he purposed the ap.
pearance of the punishment which justice
inflicts on crime rather than of that of a cruel
and unprovoked murder. Hie brought ac.
cusations which were too absurd to be se.
riously refuted; but the poor Lamb, in the
vain hope of saving his life by disproving
the charges, replied to them as they were
made and showed that he who stood lower
on the stream could not have defiled the
water which flowed to him from the Wolf;
but though the argument may havtdelayed
his relentless foe, it only maddened his
thirst for blood and redoubled the fury with
which ie tore to pieces his defonceless
Many applications have been made of
this illustration of depravity, but there is
now going on the grandest, the completest
enactment of the scene: uations, not indi
viduals merely, are performing the parts,
and our own country is the stage of action.
In events which traspired years ago, and
which have continued to occur ever since,
it might have been seen, and it has been
seen and predicted too, that the Northern
section of our Union, differing in the very
ground-work and frame of its social institu
tions from the South, cherished no fratern
al feelings, but looked upon us with envy
and hatred and longed to destroy us. It
has steadily gone forward towards this ob.
ject. yet always endeavoring to conceal its
feelings and d, signs.
This much has been already accomplish.
ed ; tho days of Southern prosperity, even
of Southern existence, are numbered.
Slavery ha been limited aud is now to
work itself off; a few years more, and it
will not be. But these few years are too
long to wait for. The South, struck down
in its last great. battle, the struggle against
the Compromise, riddled with wounds and
bleeding from e:ery pore, is not to be let
alone to wrestle with Death for a few hours
more of life. Our enemies fear the possi
bility of our recovery while there is still
any thing ot life in us, and they therefore
are seeking for some good reason to dis
patch us. The last blow is impending and
what is the pretext for it! That the
South, to gel the Compromise measures
passed, promised a Tariff to the North! !!
and that having bought what we wanted,
we harc withheld the pr ce. The New-York
'Tribune. the chief Anti-Slavery organ,
whose assertions with regard to the move.
inents of that party are therefore to be con.
sidered autiloritative ; quotes the following,
entitling it " An Apt Illustration:"
Tho Na.olk (Massachutts,) Democrgt
repeats an miuutration ot& 'MK Calvref
W ashington county, in his address at the
Trremuint Temple of. the- barpan irs.Coa.
gress at the last session-that Is, if the
South could have the Compromise meas
.ures carried throumgh, the Nor th was to have
a Tariff, ie said there was a boy in his
neighborhood, who after h wing eaten a full
'meal, had a spaiil dog that wvas very hun
gry. lIe took a cracker, andl, holding it up,
told the dog if heo wanted it, to stand up.--.
The dog stood up. " Now," said the
boy; "sit down." The dog sat down.
"Now roil over." The dog rolled over.
"Now speak." The dog spoke. Then
turning round, the boy pnt the cracker in
his pocket, saying,---I shall want that to
make hinm do it again." So with the Tar
iff. Alter carrying all the obnoxious
mneasures, the South turns coolly around,
kills the hill and says, "We shall want
that to make them~ roll in the mud again."
What could have been invented more
grossly, more absurdly, untrue than this,
and what malignity could be blacker than
that which con Id use such a falsehood as a
pretext for what that party intends to do.
TheSouth knew fronm the first that the Com
promiseo woul be no adjuastment of theodiffi.
culty, that the North wvould not abide by it
Thumghm aL poison it was too slow; the North
complamned hiat it wvas too favorable to slave.
ry; and coul scarcely be persuaded, by the
combinimed influence of Mr. CL~AY and Mr.
WV1nBTF.It, to) remain for a while content
wvith it. But they are already tired of inac
tin and are longing to strike at us again ;
they only want a pretext for breaking up
the Adjusmnut. And thi, is perhaps the
on wich they will umake use of. The
Sotstruggling against the Compromise,
certainly never otTered to pay for its adop.
tion ; but what was agreed to by those,
mniscalling themselves Representatives of
the South, who entered into that corrupt
compact-how far they, in consideration of
spoils and place, may have committed them
selves to a Tariff'-we cannot tell; time
will we think make some disclosures yet.
Mr. BENTON from the first alledged that the
TarifT was a passenger in the Omnibus.
We have a melancholy fate before as.
Tlhme truce will not be of long duration.-.
Somet false or absurd charge will be in
vetetd to justify the renewal of hostilities;
the South will be as unisuccessful in argu.
mnent as the L~amab; her end wvill be to be
torn in pieces by the Wolf.
~'P TuE Ptorrve Si.av. Act in TuE
Wxs' lxmnrs.--A meeting has been held
bmy thne peolie of lharhadoos for the purpose
of symrpathiismig with their brethern in
Amierica on the pasage of the fugitive
slave hill. Resoilutions were passed de
iounciing the act, and "fliat their utmost
endonvors would be usedl to collect 8 fund
to aid fuigitivos in escaping fromj such injus
tice. tyranny and oppression." Four hun
dredl ant liity-.two re-captuiredl Africa'ts
hadl arrived at Denierara from Sierra
The stock jobbters of Lyons employ Swa!
Iou's inistend of Carrier pigons to bringf the
prices of stocks from Paris. The Swallows
are taken fromi their ynung, and maternal
instinct urges thenm back, wearing a ribbon
mtark~ed with the nriccs in ,muestio..
kta latel I
ouses ? re aao aran -
lefore the r otseI
rith great a lnyoft
as consumed with the house; another
eized byts mother, but 0 .'nds1
a make her way outishelln the misatd
f the flames. She was dred out,
er child was lost. Anotor mall o.
ucceeded in ef'actlng his way , but he
fan so badly burned that he lived at
r two afterwyards. The 4
a have originated from accidenti
MEMPHIS AND CHTAR.ESro. Rlij
!he Medmphis Eag kataa that #4bh M
ecounts from New Orleans, Go; Joiet
ad obtained subscriotions to the 6utift.
f 0100,000 in that city, to this grat
rize. A C7,1z
Several of our own citizenuj ;t
aper infoni'us, hid gWian issii&raet&
;ov. Jones, that Charleston is ready to. ~
ubscribe libIerally. -
The opinion appears to be gaing gn "
t all quarterr, evon*ilhli ho ffhOpr.5
few-Orleans asthe grea, exporti t C-"
bat Charleston Is rapidly"Iecm
reat importing metropolis of the
7he completion of the Road' to mf6p",h l
rill divert a large portion of the tride no
oin on between Western merchants rid
lie Northern cities, to Charleston.
CONSOLATON.-"IO1ion of the-Baltimore
lun, gives the ownpr of Shadrach 'WilA.
as some comfort at least, He gravely
saures the claimant that the promptirescue
f the negro saves him from a vast amount
f expenses which he would have had to'
icur in recovering him. lie -instances
lie case of Henry Long, whose reclamation
ur readers will remember, cost more than
t negro afterwards sold for.
This is paying rather dear. for justice;.
nd is a fine commentary upon the beauties
if the fugitive slave law, and the pledges
vhich Foote and his followers made About.
lie way the North would enforce it.--Mis.
AN INTERM:IITTENT PusIaaENT.--A in.
rular instance ol the mode in which judicipi
ienalties are carried into eflect at Berlin is
nnounced in the journals. Theeditor .f
democratic journal was recently con
lemned to four mouths imprisonment; but
)leading ill health it was decreed that he
;hould le examined by the medical super
ntondent of prisons, Ur. Casper, who made
lie report, whereupon it was decided that
he condemned person should submit to' a
mystem of alternation of prison and froedom
- that is, he is to go into anl reimain in a
our days, and then conieui ' t days,
ind so on until the whole.pe U-of. -fong
months imprisonment aliall be mado good.
A correspondent of the Savannah Geor
ri n writes from Key West, Pla.,' tiat ir
'iallory has not yet accepted the- oide. of
United tates Senator, to which Ito was
recently chosen over Mr. Yalee, and that
in consequence.of his disapoival of tho
manner of his electi6n-to ttit.'h yWhigs
in connection with a frtioh.of the 'Demo
,ratic party-it is doubtful whethcr he
ake his seat.
A NEW KIND or Frxcaw--Mr. Jol
Remington of.Montgoinery, Alian4 tleI
Inventor olthe Remington' aiinae? e
a pateteda dagef o Z
by plantation hand. hcte
are conveyed.to the spot r hjf
is to be located, atid te two f
are let into the ground E ui3,nori
The cost to tho planter is Whated
cents per panel of ten -res by fi
inches thick--far cheaper than the .
fence. It does not, or at least shaouh4
dletract from the merit of this inve
that it hails from Alabama, this time, raff
than from Mamne or Penn~ lvania,~r -thai
the modest little town ofoiomrsn
tures competition with the great bgfar..
Luring cities of thei East for the honor of
originating some of the useful diecoverind
of the age.
NsWv STEA3M-CARRIAr. EOR THE SFREES
--In the A renir Repuliicain of St. Etiemue
is given an account of the appearance- -i
the streets of that. town of a a new, steam..
carriagre for ordinary rends, invented g
Verpilleux, of Rive-de-Gier, who, rej~e~
ted the Loire in the Constituent A enbl#.
Thm carriage in question went throngh all
the street, of the town withs the greatest
facility, under the most perfect- optro~lo
the man sitting in front, turning it to t~
right or left, or sending it backward or-.
ward an he pleased. -Two eabriolet<61lleil
with seome of the friends, pi the inventor,
were attached to the carriage'. as was, af.
terwards, a heavy cart of cenars. which ;it
carried frr m La Croix-de.1'Horne to. the
ihne kilns jaf Mr. -Jsekse)." The carringo
weigh. two tonsi and is ofifotur-horse -pows
or. Ii run, tan three wheels, and its spegd
is ten English miles an hour. Its con
sumption of coke is exceedingly small.
A new vehicle on the sameprmciple, but
of twelve horse power, is now in coptseL of
construction; it will be able,.it is saidy- to'
move four coal-wagons with a weight pf
12,000 kilogrammes. It is intended ihor;.
ly to employ-this mode of locometion li
carrying the coals of Bessage to the Rhdwe
and those of Firminy to the Lyons railway.
The Ulngham, Mass. . Journ il says:-~
'We Isavi asen the giantapa veritable giant,.
and nao mistake. Angus hicKaskill is -bua
19 years old. so it is said-is now nearly
sigfst feet high, and Is still grow ing. 'No. is
atel P'oportioned, Intelligent looking, add,
by the time he attains maturity, wil 17-be -a
.all one indeed. isi shoe. dre sixteepi in.
:hes long, and his cap its hig round as a.
rlinghiam bucket; et'esything else abdot.
dim s in-thue samo pr'opottion. The en.
letmen under whose charge ho is exhibatedt
state, what, if a facts Is a very , remiarkukde
mne, namely, that, seven years ago; thiui,
rhen Angus was twelve years-oldt/he *e
mown and noted na a dwamrf, he was" theni
aut three feet high, and weighed but thitN
y-four pounds.. Since that .time lie hams
grown eight inches a year oni an averages
and is not doneu yet. H~e now weighs 4(KR
toundsa, and huas strength in proportion. Ho
alibra to lift a couple of barrels oif flour at
mece (proidcd he may b~ase thiem for Uti
fing), or to forfeit their price. hins moth,
tr, however, cautioned him, wheni he Jeg
ome, against indulging in uncoumnrt og
rtions of strength, for as yet, 'eie saaid$w
Angue is atendecr boyv!''
T'he Ciitas of the town hf lanIii
ho place of Daniel We~bst~er's reideejr
idopted, at a meeting on - the 3d iis.
reamnblo and ser'es of r'esolutioin', di'
rete of 120 to prnoncngth f
lave act unconstmtutional. Tihey d et&
bat the haw is utterly repugan' .o. enur
nel sense, a dirgreeto t thy civiliatlol
(fthp gge, andI clearly at~varUn eo we h the
WhNuAe anirit tii the C'hitatn f'rth Thra -
Theeretarf ttrI 0
iven a lengthy de g6log as Uo sld ma
lity of warrants under the born d
law. It Is addressed toAh -
of the land Office, beuw-*1 6 1%
made public before Monda*o4 yd
He reiterates his former opinion, that the
law. as it stands, prohibits such assig ent, I
and ridicules the Republit's Idea t the i
intentions of members ot Congress can be
officially noticed, and acted upon by the a
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
WASuIGTOJ, MARCU 18. *
Signorian Parodi's concerts are affording V
great pleasure to the musical public in this A
city and Baltimore. Her first appearance t
here, last night, was so successful that she
will sing here again before leaving for
Richmopd and Charleston. The success
of Jenny Lind and Parodi will bring to this 8
country many of the most eminent foreign
I understand that a cathedral, the largest I
and most magniflcent in the Union, is to be
erected in this city by the Catholic church.
The site is selected and a very large suns
already raised for the object. There are
two large hotels and a theatre about to be
commenced here. The work on the
monument, the enlargement of the capitol,
the improvement of the public grounds, the
patent office, the grading and paving of
streets and the erection of nutnerous private
dwellings of a good class, all seem to give
assurances of the increasing prosperity of
this city, and of confidence felt in its per.
petuity as the seat of the central govern.
Of the large sums disbursed here by the i
general government, some considerable a
portion will necessarily be invested in con- o
tinued i.mprovements, which will, in time, a
render this city attractive and agreeable as i,
a residence. It is very true, however, that tl
the scene could be very easily changed by 0
the removal of the seat of government, it
which can be any time done by a bare ma
jority. If the Western land interest, and a
Western river and lake harbor improvement c
interest should form a united phalanx and v
demand not the possession of the lands. but t
the benefits of proper public expenditure,
who knows that they may not contrive to
convey the seat of Government across the
mountainsl Here, the goversnment is
subjected to Atlantic influences, while there I
it would be surrounded with Western :
Man% inquiries have been made here as (
to tle publication of abst racts of the census. I
No provision has yet been made for their I
publication, nor will the work be ready for
the press till the fall.
It appears from an address from Mr.
Ritchie, to his subscribers, that he sold the
Union office and paper, for the sum of
twenty thousand dollars, which goes to his
creditors, and that there is a large sum due
him for subscriptions. If they pay up, it
will afford him some relief, and he expresses
confidence that Congress will ultimately
respond to his appeal. From the same
source, we learn that the Union, under its
new editor, will support for the Presidency
the regular nominee of the Democratc
A letter from the Secretary of the Inte
rior, appears to.day, in which he persists in
his lormer construction of the land bounty
act-so that warrants are not to be assign
able until the law shall so direct. The
his of this Inatter shows that legislatioh
imsbect t.nasny iicident. -- A
ln a ha
- nter's appraise.
me4:t law. It is wI! 1
itrud It'ad "tiintime -a eit
valuation of goods on which duties are to
be assessed, This wilt considerable Iu
crease the ratei of duties on somne articles
and particularly of Iron.
'Onto.-Benjamin F. Wade has been elec
ted a U. 8. Senator from Ohio for six years
from the 4th of March last. Of his politics
the New York Tribune says :
"Judge Wade is a Freesoil Whig and a
determined opponent of the F tive Slave
Law, but has never perceived tht his Free
Soil principles could be promoted by abon
doning and opposing the Whig party, of
which he was recently a pandidate in oppo
aiiies to the Freesoll Party, whilch carries
all before It in his section. H~e wasan ear
ly and decided supprter of Qen. Taylor for
President, yet he L now elected by the aid
of Freesoil votes, We venture to say that
the National Administration will find no
firmer, no heartier supporter of all Its
mneasures, based on old-.fashioned Whig
principles, than Judge Wade; while for
any aid it may want in the way osf slave
catching, It may look with confidence to the
ranks of its political adversaries, to whom
the business'Is more congenial. We pre
sunme there will be no present lack of help
In that line.
Naw IAwrra.--The New-York Tri
bnuse, in summing up the results of the N.
Hampshire Election remarks:
"So much-be the Legislature as th-y
muay-is secure. There Is a popular major
ity against the fugitive slave law, and there
are two memnbers of Congress chosen to ex
press that sentiment from Districts manipu-.
latedi expressly to do the ether thing.
"Such is the general result of the first
State election in 1851-a whig gain in
Congress and in the State Iagislature-.-a
majority against the fugitive slave law, and
a decided impulse to the cause of Independ
ence of party shackles. We hail it as an
indication oflhealthful vigor In the body pot
itic, and as auguring well for 1852."
A DL'ruL Bos.--Henry C. Wright, in
a recent letter to the Anti Slavery Bugle,
Published at Salem, Ohio, uses the follow.
ing abhorrent language :
"IJf my father and mother who bore me
were slaveholder., and their slaves should
seek to msake their escape by cutting their
throats, my sympathies and efforts should
be for the slaves; I would not stand life.
guard to my own mother to protect her
against her slaves-.if site perished in such
foul injustice."-WIil. Weekly Corn.
SrnAXos DEaoCRucy.-In the new con
stitutio~n of New Hanmpshire, wvhich has just i
been rejected at the elect ion in that State, t
the old aristocratic and intoleratnt features
of landed qualification and religious test
for office were intended to be abolished. 1
Thus the people of New Hampshire have<
refused to confirm the liberality of their 4
late convention. We donbt not that muscis
derided old Virginia will show herself far.
ahsoad of them in liberal principles.
Tua WV4shrNarox Uri:,N.--The Pro.
prietorsip of the U/nion hsas passed from
the hands of Mr. Thomas Rischie into those
of Msj, A. J. Dosnelson. Mr. R. hmas beens
forty.soeven years connected with the press.
"Ma. Su tin," said a little fellow the oth
er evening to his uister's beau, "I wish youa
wouldn't praise sister Nancy's eyes any I
more. You've made her an pmud now that
she won't s peak to cousin n~rs, nor mind 4
mother the least bit."