Newspaper Page Text
4.Jratnia andt South Carolina.
V o re gratilled to annotince that tih
Irepolutions reported on Mon-lay from Ill
tiect Committee of w3, vAe 'at evenin,
dopted w*Ili romarkablo unnniy by th
Uhnosa of lklegates. They dAdie clearl
and jnstly tho position of Virginhi, At
p. i. th:: honr assigned for their considera
I ion, tle resiolutions wero taken up. M
ii r.4Miartz called for tle previous qpuestiot
w hich wa s tstaiiied; Mr. Taliaferro aske
tlc iies and nues, and Mr. Darman, for
kr!t .vote on each resolution. Durin
voe, "Mr. I harrison asked leave to mak
in , explana.tion, and Mr. Tonliii moved t
at :mendment to the,-- seconl resol io
-hut they were each, overrulend by the dr
cijion of the Speaker, sustained by th
H oisn-e, that t previotns (t Stiol appliC
to the while -eries of resolutions. We rc
pubIIh t hem, vitih tle vote oi each:
Whre:us, the L'gislaturc of the State<
south Crii: Inahs passed ail nt to provid
for ihe api,oistinteit of Delegates to
SimherL(ngress, "to be entrusted wit
full pw r ad au:hority to deliberate wit
th -m d iintenion 'of resistiing furthc
agg(r)I.:.n, :mid if' possible of restoring th
co ial rihlits of the Soutih, and .
ot, ta: olrnm h due 1:rovision for her fnu
'" na 'y and independence;'" winch ar
h i !: t lormallv commiunicated to thi
:r i '.abfv: [Agreed to withoti
I . it I!:crfore Resolved, yhe en
era!I .':.:l bf Vi~inia, Th'lat %%hilst ti
':t C'p!y syipathises will South Car:
liIn te' te,hngs ex.'iter'd by tile unwa
raet e interference of the non-slaveihold
ing!aa withi our connonm mtitutiom
.!hi diverity of opinion exists amon
tI he1eep*'ce of this comnonwealth in regrar
to t h v. iotin, justice aid conlsti tlon ilit
of ! Ib c to-sures of the tite Congress of th
** l:tkL Itates, t:iken its t who!, and conW
it a.own as thie compromise ieasnre,
t .-i : :islature of Virginia deemti it
i6ty to declare to her sister State of Soutl
t iobyt, that tie people of this State ar
t " to takeany action (In conisequenic
t) calculated to destroy the in
.. . hi;s Uniion.-[Aves 110, noes
n/, 2. That, regardng the said act
oh t * igress of the United States, takei
r as anl adjuiiieit of ithe excitin
I :..: to n% iichi heoy relate, and chicliish
- 'n' the hoe tiat, if hairly execued, the:
I r. tor to tie coulitry it:at barmon
: ;, idn 11', wIicI of late have been si
;a . distilrbed, tihe 8!ate of Virgini:
d: n ise (in the ilpresent conditior
io th e' ntry) to sond delegates to tih
- Southern Congress.-jAyes 110
s .lssrs. larrison, .iutt an1
' 2. Thiit Virginia earnestly aic
9n::ely appeals to her sister Stite o
46 b ti nolina to desist from any medita
W on upon her part. whici cannot
but :nl i to 'ic destruction qpf the Union,
a " j" loss to all of the St atesoftlie bcnc.
lis ti ht .epring from it.-[Ayes 114, noct. I
It irri -on.]
R so it. -Itl. Thmat. Virginia, believino
.e .,ost intion of the United States, if
ti :aininistered, provides ndeqnatc
prot-tsol to the rights of all the States nl
th m a iinfderac, and still looking to thia
i::trni iint for defence withinl the Union,
ru . i-V the experience of the past, the
d ers of, tle present and tle hopes of the
f'iiro, invokes all who live tnder it t.
-uirb,.strictly to it, and to pr-ser%
ards which. it aibrd, tI
oi.'ta a t&) ' I
hat h" legislation or
e ' nntiItons, designed ini any way to affect
ih justitutions8 peculiar to the Stoutha, de..
5ne th'5le niost ungualified rep~robatioin,i
dr-:- ' iy to the rights of and pleculiarlI
i l-''"0 to, the Southern States, atnd mlutt
ii *. :', fin, inievitable defealt the restora..
tio o: iceful and harmionlious setimeints
- i "hm Sttes. [ Ayes 11l9, nte's none0.1
/h 1 / , 6th. Thant the Gove.rntor o1
ih'- -ii-,ill-nealth be requested to t ransil
a eop' of these resoluitions to tihe l'xecutivc
of the. ito oif South Ciarolina, with tht'
*iec a tht they bie laid before her nexl
L:1ntre, andl thait copiies be ialso tranls
in tal- to, the IExecutive of eacht of theo othi
.o 03 ifrthis Utnion-thte State of Vermnoni
1A: :.: d to without a count.] ic 6h
Dinner to Gen. Quitmant.
in tha city1 to Genii. Qu itmaln . Genter
el A.it inl presidedl. The velterat
I ''u e 'sat on hiis left, andil Genera
Qulii'nan' on the rightt. .fidge Ilarris
of 3-! . iippi, and Ca~ptaini C.. C. I)an.
I. A oditor, of' A rktass, nn an A i
of -ii G raml Q t uita ini the M~exical
war, we re intvitedi guests.
. Th'ie N. 0. Picayune, titus briein
noie; the aflir :.
Tiho ginest of the evening, Gen Qnit
manl!, fo r whom we cntertain persolnalIl
thi: highes respeet ias ant excellenit gen
ih:manil, andl as ai soldie.r whto 11 has don
his - juttry good. soertvice itt t he fiel
was hmkinig very wetlI, anid receiv'ed
in a di .;ii~e mfclnanner, the cong ratutla
tionsw of his frienids.
Ini rply to ai to.st, personal to him
slh-inidu gcid int a fewi remiarks, w<v
lbngh say a spoeech, in which Ito
zilndedl to the late juodiciatl proceedhing:
to wichl ho wasit a panrty, arid took
cow~r~viewof the presenit psto
1'that lie wast innlocent of anyi actuui
pi r :ipation in the Cuba ufihir, though
bii .bhi tted thait thme suess (of the ex
ped it' n wxotuhi have aoffuodd him pileas
ure. I his only ofece, lie declaremd
consi'iste-d inl the fat that lhe was. mi
the n-ip ient of thIe confi- hnce of th,
Kdihani-, alnd invited by them to hlla
lie oper at ing foroes. lin spenaking oi
thet sI avery qymst ion. Ito allutdedl to ti
st2iIo nowv going fot wutd, antd th
st ruggle hoforo us, heaving it to beo in
forred that by ho no means desired a ces
satiion of agitation in thte present posi
tion of' afihirs. His remarks, concludoe
wvith a general reviow of' the position c
thle :un ih, anod her rights and duties a
lie undeolrstoodl them.
A mi'ng thte toastS given, wvorn som
fit' the Uniiont, for Pioerre Soule, fc
Statess iighits, and to thte meroory<
CalhoIun i, thto last ohrutnk and in sileince
Thriotughtout the whtole evening btilai
ity and good feeling prevailod, stucht
we hopo always to seet among Amer
Carui, andit among thie ditherent siection
of rutr common country.
A\ foroig-n pape~r states that the remair
* ~ 1) inoP O~1'Connmell are heldl i plege b
thlen proprietors of theo buriail gr-otind wher
they at piresent lie, for thte exp)ense of the
Consolidation in Missouri.
e As :in evidence of the fearful progress of
t- consolidution, wa give the followingL reso
; lutionq recently passed by the Missouri
a Legislaure condemnatory of the Nashville
r Convention and its proceedings. Thees
5 resolutions are as follows:
Reslred, That in the opinion of this
House the practice of convoniiig such
, bodies as the lato Nashville Convention is
A dangerous in its tendencies, calculated to
a foster sectional jealonsies. and to weaken
4 the bond of the Union. The people of
e Missouri will co-operate with no organized
o body, be it North or South. the apparent
n (Object (if which may be to foient national
- discog d, to alienate one portion of the Con.
e L ederacy from anothiter, or to diminish the
d %encration of the people for the union of
RevmIred, That the House emphatically
>f deniies lie doctri:.e of secessioni as main
e tained by Southern statesmen. and dissents
a from the resolutions of the Nashville Con.
t velitioll, as enclosed to his Excellency tile
|i Governor, by the I Ion. C. d. McDonald, of
r Georgia, and the Governor is respectful ly
% requested to return the resolutions to Mr.
f Mc!)onald, with a copy of thuse resolutons.
- God save the Soutl, say, we, when she
t is forced to go to such men as voted for
i these resolutions for counsel or assistance.
t Iey are themselves ready to be slaves,
andl are well described in the following
extract which we take from the sieech of
s Mr. Clingiman, delivered in the Ilouse of
- Representatives, Feb. 13:
- ' Cert aiii professed natioil organs (and
- orators have preached devotion to the uilion
, in any event, and tinder all circumstances.
, A baser sentiment never fell frmi the lips
I of a mortal. It is substantiiilly the saime
r with I lie doctrine of passie obedieice, a nd
l ion-resistance, whIch brought the heald of
- Charles the 1st to the block. Since then
no Englihinan has had the eflrontery to
I avow sich opin.ons. Its only supporters
ii i this couintry formerly were the tories of
3 the revoltition. Those who have preached
a the doctrine in our day, will only lind their
fellows amliong the palace slaves of Asiatic
I desnpit isi. iTheir proper position is below
everything that P'roviilence lia created,
5 when i its natural state. Event the
iieanest reptiles st ruggle upward against
I lhe oippressors. 'Tl! Ameirican Ileople
- justly regard these indi idUals as degriled
below the rest of animated nlature."
"IPrMIens.s" i l)Er.tstios.--We cut the
following advertisement from the Tribune,
a few days since. It purports to be the
prospectus of a journal to tie published at
Aubtir, in this State, at .$1 per year. It
reads as follows:
"Prospcits.-Dislosu:res of the Interior
and Superior care for mortals. This
pub4licit:on is dictated by spirits, by themii
cdi ted, superintended ad coItrol led.
qits object is the disclosure of Truth
from Heaven, bringing milanlk imil iito opeOn
vision of 'aradise; i1pel coil)hmmtm icationi
with spirits redeeied ; and proper and
proigressive tnoderstanling of lie I lolv
Scriptures, mid of the merits of .tsus
Christ, from whom they originate in
inspriration absolutei, and of whbomt Ilhey
teacli, us the only saviur of a dissevered
and bewildered race.
"-The circle of Apostics and Prolhets
are its conductors from the Itleriur,
dinf centrol over its columns and
0 no article to find place therein,
- n"eo.h. r admitted In
thm' A:ein~riiiiaF dN eor d1 'A
the i .:-d S4reme.
".James Congdon, Chlarles Coventry,
Andrew L . Wilson and Lonison 11ushl are
its pubheirs and prophr.etorS: they liviiig
become. in full contidenice (of indi. disciples
oft the Lord; and bemiel presenit external
agents oif the C irclec Apotohe ami
I'ropihetic; acting under rbrection, whlileI
faithtulI, as instrinlets lor the daattibutioni
Iloere then, we hive the " phirit '' going
into the piubbhling~~ liine, amid driving a closje
coinpgetitin with .oe Siniithi and the
Mlormnss. The slow proce.,s of getIiig at
kniowledge by the "rapin gs" is, we supi
pose', to beii Suphel seded, ai~d lie raphhinns
They wil Ibe votedl "a slow cojachi," and
Iplainly "bhijnidie agre."'
WVe copy t lie foregoing fromi the coluiims
of the N\ewv York Rtecorder. I -i it lie oh.
served athat this wretched I ece* of tinnhung.
gery hails fromt thme north. WVhere is their
boast5 of supiherior enblghitemnlient, andi iore
r:qpid plrog.r( ss ini a hiighler civibzationz, wheni
co'mpai~red with ilie Sothi! Cuiht suchl a
coniteinptible farce lie playied oil'upon the
most ignoranit of all the c lasses of southecrn
The S.. .:iir .:t': :iare (viJenttly
just elected, . ighmer hiw'' Senato~r in Ithe
personii of .\lr. Wade, ath the I .ower Ilinuse
of her I .egiisl ittre has pa~ssedl a lul imulir
mi its scophe ar d p~~urpse, toi thei nuilhitiait ion
actL of \'e-rmiont. \ewv \'ourk hiai e-lecItedl
.\r. I llmdton Fwhli, .Mlr. higher lauw
Newaird 's friend anid c anld:ddte, to the
The timec seemsli haistenIing iin whien lie
Conistit umion Union l'a riy or Gecorgia wil
be cal led upon to redeetii Iheir pledges,
andi becomie a disunion pairty. \'et thie
laitter very pit riotic pa rtyv s'eem at present
absorbed' in the aniiiable busiess of abuiiog,
and denouncing their Souithiern lIighits
f rienIds , as t ra itors a 114 disumuni dst r, for
exin~)5lg (t roteness uf pubb1le seiit iienit
anmd act ion, ini refe!rencie to the Conutstituitionial
rliights oif thec Slave Staes
WVebster. P'ihnlore amnd ithier first rate4
-Conistitutional Un iioii mleni at tihe North i,
were laoremoiust and miost ellicient in 141 iuttg
I his aniti-slavery exeitnemient in motioni anid
. keepinhg it up fo r thle pu rpiose of overi..
.whehlniing the Northierin Democra:s who
stouod mianfuhIy uip for Siuther I iItighits.
llut t hose gent lce ereei'.e lie homedci
praises amnd plaud uits of thle (Constitut inal
Uinioni par ty of (k' Gergia andii a rie even iall~
oIf as wotrthiy the votes of time pieophle for the
'JThie Sout hiern people w ili in-leedl hav e
becoime a degraded race whieni they cain hbe
.cajoled inito kissing thle hlia of those whol
hlave in times~ ptast struck thme hieavest bulows
at their ritghlts in this Contleder acy.
S[A Augu sta Consltiu monalist.
s Nraw Cony: or P'iiwrtes ms 1Krrcxv.
-he new "'code oit iractice"' prepairedl by
M Aessrs..Jlhnsoni. I ariin and114 I .oigtborough,
coimmrissioneirs, his paii-ied thle GeuneralI
r. Asembtly of Kenitumcky. T1hie new codle,
amiong other reforms, aboIlishecs thle idistiine
-tmin hetweeni "law"' andi "lqumity,"' si fir as
-to allow legal and equitable rights, &c , to
a be enforced in the same act ion. it abdish-.
.es all commiion law formis of aici . , anti e s.
tablishies in their stead two othmer forms of
remedlies inl all civil cases. Theli comnmont
law mode of pileaing gives place to a birief
s anrd pla in st atetuet. in coimn languat~ige
y of1 the cauise (It attin and4 of the ideteiice,
o w hiich each party is requitred tol verity res
r plectiv'ely tby aflidavit. l-,ach party miay ex.
THE CHfAtLISTON STEA4tsItir LitNE -Ill
passing through the Phil) yard of Capt. J. A.
Robb a day or two since, we noticed that
tihe pioneer steamship which lie is building
for the lino between thiscily and Charleston,
. C., is being pushed forward ,vithinuch
despatch, tle entire fraine of the Messel
being nearly up. Ier :nodel already dip.
plav the beautiri clipper-ike proportions
which it is designed to give her, and which
even to the cursory spectator give evidence
of the rapid sailing qualities sihe will possess.
Ier birthen will be about 7M) tons. She
will be a propeller steamer, her engines
and machinery being already in progress at
the establishment of Mr. Charles Rteeder,
on the south side oft lie Hlnsin. The vessel
will, we feel confident, ill every respect,
prove one of the finest and most efficient
steamships of her class which has ever
been built. Suited, as experience has
showi this description of steanships to be.
to a trade like that between this city and
Charlestotn, we are assured that her launch
will be the foundaliin of a permanent and
prosperous line, greatly advantageous in its
resu Its to tle comunercial interests of both
cities.-.. Bull. Am.
CIuNA w, 'March 25.
DISTRESSIN Occeurme.- We learn
that (in Tuesday evening last, Mr. Jolm
A. Blakeney, at tils D .rict, iet with an
aecident which resulted in his death in.
sant I)y. The particu!ars, so far as we
have been able to gather thein, are these:
()n the eveninger Inent ironed lie took his dou
ble-barrel gun, and waiked out to where
his hands were at work in his fiehl, anit
after giving sonic directions, walked to a
stinal1hi distaice from itemii, when the re
port of his gu at tractefd their attentiotn; on
lookinig rounid. he was seen to Call inl oie
directront, and it was discovered tlii. loii
barrels cif his gun had bcen disc harge.I,
both loads takinr elloct, one in his iouth,
and the other pIssiig nearly dilrectly
through andu tearing oil the back part c'f
Betwcen hin ail his gun lay a log, and
from the marks (if both hiaminers otn the off
side, it is supposed that lie either set the
butt ofthe gun utilmi the log, from which it
slipped, or that lie attermiited to st it
aguin st tiheog andil struck tle hanmiers,
t which dischargel both barrels. Mr. IMlake
i(y was1 a highly respectable citizen, had
been mariitd about two years, and leaves
a wife aind child and a large circle of rela
tives aid fri.ds t tour!u !ns unitiwtielv and
Sat) Occrut n t:xet:.-A hii Friay tniorini
last :h.re was an eilxphrion of fire da:1p ini
file Wishingtont Coitnpainy's Coal Mile. at
Fort Grilith, which itt its conseqiences
was very diststiros. Two yougIt relt
were instantly killed, and several othiers
were injured-two of t hem very had1llv.
The yoing nien killed were George n:E
Robhert Nesbitt, brothers, recently fruot
We understand there was a fire int the
tinie atiii with a view to extinguish it the
tioth of the entrance liad beei closed.
()On Friday mornitig a number of lnds
were engagedl in oipetiing tle entrance.
After succeeding, the exp!osion occurred.
'I'he two yountg itnen killed were thrown
soine list.,nce -one of 11them had nvthingi
reinainintig o n hIini when 1 struck the
grouttIn, except a boot on one leg.
A acitlenian, soinewhat familiar with
h liculties in mnines where fire danp
'. ai, atornt- ;ivit there was, in this.
a peuliariiy. It was
dX eeiure:s smne .rs< before that a gals
mae hroug 1isaures, iinto the rnine.
whichm on benig igunited, wvould hurn withi a
contstnt glatre of light, andi without
expl~osion. As a tirecauti on.t~ an ar shltI
was sitnk, cionnmectedl at thle lotwer endl with
a u rinare. Froin t his fur nace asif
o1 coa1 ignited . lin order ti sCi'no her a nil
iextingun sh .hefre, the air nshiaft a it. the
enttrilire itoh the tine were tle ed. A tler
reimiinig c losed for soniie tiie, both were
topetied, atol a Sitperitndetnt wenit wi.th
a s:Ifety latinp. ---iiie dis.tantce into rthe taie,
andti retuiirited, behein th Ile air was pure.
Th'le hatinds were theit at work at thle
ittittho tet tetance the Supernh~irtndet
ha~vig just left them, anid wal ked] but1 a
fewv rodls troun Ithent whetti n eexlhiu~,in
ioccurreJl. Th'le suirv.ing bsaids tsay 1no
laiip hi:id bien carr.edl itot the niie aftetr
it wa~s iopenedl, lby eather of thlii~i. It is
suppoilsedl the expiliosiin inaty have been
sr itlititil. It is Irio: e priib:itbh, howeveir,
tlat the lire ini the ti:nie lad ntie been..
ext ingua-ed., aritu th it it caused't t he
Wei learn thait no thle miten wvho were
had:y ;ajired, Ia- ice t~ed. Ai.ather i.
hea l'y hirt. \Ve iiitler.ltinl ib:i: thie ;it ter
wats buiriedu ito the etng'ine' housie,.as..
lthrolih a hieiietk ht'i~l ut er twe!s"
itnchies thick'. wvithulit the breatlan' ot a
ho e - i .l''ita A Irre .d u o. .
Tr .t .- h~ ti reAN i iiitl lTo 'lt I li .t-i.n
rach,:ti w hite rectrIe Iand prbght l.' u the
:tti the Ithistotn trt hute, his ''Aen
hhn a ri 'tirrety v e ual thter- of h:, trite
andi rac'e, is now iii .\ltr , Iill a tt of
nreat dlestittort. \\'O saw a lette'r fi 1in1
this~ erty, whlo is mwnta-r au Frieeso.r tar
Abtreieeiott. beging a. liter w... ofi mt .
ney ii~t u rt I th e~ natiitl heci; toub l < e~
I itiitienct itothie"tirr .eh to b
l'tugi're l huames;," a Ipro:.uim, of utbta
weitiappted.thion he .\lI ied. irFr'
Iw I (nur s atlii i-:tivou paee.rs tim
A. lt' rdy, t 'it hn Dar. adraylo, Vhto l).i
.Fhitziera, ylones; til. Siee, t*i'tgtr
wie'!! vnerat hohle atove tphic~te inorte
Jhnsonge, Tyhil are Stie iiIlCote ('13' tt'C
IlE>ndite, and' are nowi in tin t tydeiti
Th'lie (lThursdlay) lIvemo g, .\larcht 1:i.
Whenlom they trust th.at a guenelus pueie
wttl ci staimIutm tm thus elbr to lae
heri~e thter iutn riunatte lFellow
[I here flowhtts the progranime, conetsistin
oif tur parts, antd metlmhnig thet pr'lmejtul
lthiitpom alrs, So) popubr all over uhi,
A It en wvhich l, ShadlrachI, w hotse case ext.
ted sto muc an imterest ini ilioton ai short thtne
since, will here give ant acctunit ot has
Wt'ondierful I Iscae, andtic relate other inli
Tlhe' whoiile tei tconcud wh tith a v'ariotyt of
hmeak-dlownts, Tw~t, Torinovtiers, e.,
&cea., by Ilirdy, Tayeir and FIttzgerauld.
Aditission-hloxes, !.s. U.d.; 1'ut, Is. :1d.;
Gallery, 7 I.2Ad.
lDooirs iioen at '7-performtattce to) coml
mencue at 8 o'clock ptrec iely.
Te estitmateid value of' the publeic pa rks
iti and 'tlare' im Niew York cit y is esetiimtedl
at m~4Utu 0.
T8 SUMTEIR BANNER.
Sumterville, So. Ca.
.1. 8. G. IlCIlAllS(ON , E'IOS
V. F. 1B. JJAYNSWO.RTil, (1AfTons.
11 .es1r4. A. WnrIT: & Co., are
Agentls for tle Ilanier in Stinterville.
COr-ro.v.-There was a tuodernto do.
nand for Cotton in Charleston on Saturday,
and lhe Pales reached 1050 hales, as fol
lows. viz: 7 61OeR at 8; 51 at 9 1-2: 92 at
8 3-4; '311 at 9; 89 at 9 1-1; 25 at 9 1-1;
61 at 9 1-'2; 52 at 10; 37 at 10 1-4; 7 at 10
3-8: 61 at 10 :1.4; aS at 10 1.16; 70 ti
10 7-; 9 at Ile. The prices paid on
Friday were fuilly seistaiied.
Tie Vi-giamin ResoIntione.
Viriinia, minon the very first to perceive
the daniers that uipended over the South,
showed no tirnidity in addressing herself
it nt thorn, she de'clared her determina
tion tit all h::iz.rds to resist aggression and
inmult and she' dr -w up to her honorable
position the other Southern States. The
very ri-isure' against which she tien pro
tested his in efflect been passed in the
Comlraise; but otigh tht(e first reso!u
tioi athits the unwarrant:le interference
of the non-s t4 veholdin States with oir
inelitutions, Dn- I tint. a d-versity of opinlion1
exiists among 1thC pl!(eeoe! (if that Stale with
regard the il- wis4oirn, jct ice and co'stlit u
t imnity of the Comprornise, her freisla
ture ndertakes to call it an aljustient of
tie exciting iuestiotis to which it relates
and prays her sisters henceforth to live in
harmony and1 adhere inire strictly to the
Conrtitution. ve wouhl a wk what expec
tation Virgilnia can reasonably cherish of
the non-sl avehoiling states regarding t ur
righ's for the future whent they have been
u:iwrraintably interferigi with us in the
"Tihe Ch-irlestmi M. erery. in the con.
cheion of ait artiele upm tle subject of
teise resolutions, remarks hast "the mo.t
se'r:mious propsiti.m contailned in then is, in
efithe, that the secessiol ol Souii Carolina
wmili ho datingerous to th inte-roty of tie
Union! and the only practical measure
broacled, is the instruct ion to the Governor
to send a copy of the resolves to every State
except Vermont. So we have a newv Virgrinia
platform, made up oft he profound deduct ion,
t hat secestSion is unfavorcb!e to the irmegrity
of the Union, and of the coinpreht-.nsive
remedial ineasuro of cutting t ho ac.
<piaitance of Vermont, and there is to he
an in hassy to Houth Carolina to rc-t forth
these imiesely important matter."
''he( Colunhia (S. C ) Tiegraph takes
frumi the Mobid Adaertimer!! the fO!!w
ing extract.- "in a Aetter of a gentlenuian In
Sutt r Df Q., to the Greenville
niup the Adrerli.
-X tite two state
"'The eadt,m of our state is pectiir.
SheL hias beten 'Irivon ton thtt positieem bcy an
olmarchyv as Iedhel and recklesst, conidemrinte
i he ap3t!--e of our pceeph-, as 'eer ex istecd
lTri: ae" or coutitry. Thiey c lai:n to be
lhe State. Th ley usu~rp thle perereogativyes ofC
te peoplee -.so t eldozeni eet t he!:n ininueit.ic.
lire, it erirh'es antd c l.rel-roih, wheat
tlie-y ri' il Iobb p~e.e eio, anid t heir papers
publeh :t an ir~e len IIte it as sucih. Thiey
o-r!el o .Ie- tliw' 'Sete :ee a certatiln
couri!- e *if : tee , aeml to, :seit.eiier hier
ree lie' r e (ene.stituent''. I heew lonlg w il
the pre'h sne' i r thieir riehtms ti be thus in.
vealed, the r e piln in de edl auJ~ their inter
Who are the rcklEen oe!iearchyli whoin
chronIl tee be he Stacte, whe peahin oil'
up in. ins oi'ln the!e ye ph andie leadl thiem
hh'iil!y ? W hitve, up~ tee this moinlienit
beene ce thee oesen~, ande we aire see' eilI, that
in th5 e ont'st the pepe~. hadie taen~ up
thie'r own I ejeiirnel and11 '4onh farl ini the ad
V:i'e-'' eo th si' \.ho tilm the iil h igh plces
or ho t I:'-.Th e u hdi she hie itin-.
a ia' e N.-. -It. ree' C i'rniede a1 oenirs"
andl a~ dl- : wli:hi Tll'. j'2()l'lE, the
sui.e, i e:.en, ti: ht~ mg yceeo:anry
efe il .u : ', b, i'e ihieni"ht tloo cauIttioeus
;niil tie- Ie'.!!:es ofl the tte tee a. certaii
coneir-l'ee it cionean hateli peroer expendi
tture ler heer de'ece wvhic'h tie~s hetter wri
ter ca:!. "- -'mern hr teocane" were
i::l :1 as e l 't .tf' hi welre ii',hu'le h
th r. I u -r e u.- uer eihi tliee of
th t : i.h:rsi uen zeebtegly,
r~r w-d i . -b..t hi vine' given
anjnn. r' epr.t:eis feer thi it re'sistanOc(
ue' bi~ih they heel .tte'rinied'i on. \\'hio "they"'
ir(, ue' hia the writer .-ays "' lireourh theiir
puel~e ere--. t.cd,..v facts :nli iinstied and
dle'e' .e t her e:-ttue ," we know noet;
e bee.la'o thii it the' l/boer he i nve'r yeCt
illil a h Inel' thr tai!,-hei' andi decetioni.
lit h e inte'in I for i-, in icur conduciet ofl
tii teeoure n!, e r pel ;t le '-s ee cabit' ny.--t
he an n'l.i:: t h ' ie hee wh e and i' eete't
inan el :r \t'~',ai ;eetl.i w'e'we' eel 110 hum.to
iiihei Lotib ' , ni tchji h(Snest evr:ind trat ern
a ehne eeee idi'e Oe'e' -ee the I oul ethel
bt e t': hi a atv a!t ar h nh n
tb le ten.ty, aritrut u te xpohie r ofth p r
U eS u be inenae ust ofe theipa hiee inf C'ontr
h e'' r // l,ie rin ,nant liiret its upo
peetie e'l hehl crewhe ast tile' beim asi(C
andie we ar' suirpered that the Moieh
.1111ertli-er bhell undmeertaike tio speak so
auither.tuet ee'y, ae' tie tih!ee cmhct icn oef aitairs
mi aniotheri St:.:e. Th'e ext\ ract, we repeat,
is tel-i l' -ilo~c 1,s eei'rel seeopo andc te
tx,:n l ' N -c* i ee N'' e bti t i
ii cte! ir'.e -'*~~ i '. lI we ieieeh tio. hnowl.
ii~ e~ii ' "e 'h *. 'ii, . hrl J t' thefee
Abolitionists take Equality for their
watchword and demand for all men, at
whatover stage of developement and ins
provement. eqIual privileges and powers.
They would give to the ignorant and debased
a share in governnent, and, to as great ex
tent its that share will give then influence,
power over the good and the wise. They
seem to shut their eyes toA the nature of
mlen and the history of mete. Let a truly
good man do as he pleases, anl in propor
tion to his knowledge and his power will lie
secure universal happiness to man. Give
the saie freedom of action to one whose
motives are not elevated, the law of whose
conduct is the gratification of his desires,
who has never learned to control himself
and who does not know the pure happiness
that result.-; from daing good, and in propor
tioln to his power will the interests, the
rights and happiness of others sufler loss
and himself be made unhappy. The pris.
ons of the most enliphtened lands would, of
tlemselves, he snfficient evidence that lib
erty can be accorded only to the virtuous,
that punishment must be held up before the
selfish and the impure to terrify them from
encroaching upon the rights of others. In
every age there have been, not only indi
viduals, but nations and races who have ex
hibited no powers of self rubl, who could
not to advantage be masters of their own
actions, and who were therefore mest hap.
py theixe'vs and retarded less. or even
aided iore in, the advancement of tle ll
man family, when, sulbjacted to the wills of
others, their passions were perforce re
strained and their energies usefully em.
peoyed. Nastions and raccs, like individu
als, must first pass through a state of pu
pilage ; that people mnust be far advanced,
they must. be)a proud of the present, they
must be able to look back upon centuries of
past prcgress, improveiceut, refincmaent,
tlhey mut st have in their history worthy, no
ile deeds to sound in their ears like a battle
cry and press thern ot to victory ovar ra
pacity, meanness and selli.hness, who shall,
withoacut inistice to theinselves and the
rest of markini, ie emnaicipated- from aill
save self imposed restraint. The citizens
of this country are free and our liberty is
productive of happiness to us ; but is that
liberty the ofaThpring of our free institutions?
Are we free because no tyrant king reigns
over us ; are we not free because as a peo
ple we have learned to rule over ourselves
and to exercise dominion over our issions
and desires 1 And this is not the work of
an hour or a few yeare, but diuring ten cen
turies has our cducatio-n been protracted,
atnld yet there is mtore to learn. [low idle,
how criniiial, is it then to wi.4h for aid arl
vocate, aid utc menis to e I., the remo
v;:l frnm,, over three milion. of African
ha ves that doiinion under which ltey Iee
been industrious, mora' and *ppy. and to
gav' thw over to the uanmi:'ga thra . n
cording :ac them equabty dnflriht ,
them tyranats nat ocnly over themusel-e .v
also over othaers. Caulad they lbe tar.ghii
eveni to comnprehiend what civil liberty is ;
and if they aroubai, what .notives, what influ
enrce-, would Ice siIiesent to induce thceme tac
pbractie sehla'deni, self-restraint ; whlat
eculdl make therm patriaots ? I [ave they
been educated, to freed~aom throuagh virt u
ouis ceintie, nml hem. theair p.acst been so
noble, so glr e- 'At they would be forc
ed to gr. ' :c . ..w s thaet ecmpaisun
w:ith the:r a :ear sioulId not shame them?
Inrferia ret:., d egrada~etion, is naot only their
faorcead condait inn hecre, but the state, the
character, ref the mildlions that are spread
aover the black man's native lands, who
neither appreciaet the higher purposes of
exhktence nor find happiness in self-sacrifi
acinrg bceneleence, but sunk in vice, taught
anly Ihe he'ssans oif adepiravity, exntit in the
gratificat ion oif the liercer, the mtore brie:ish
passionsh, anda lprey a'cnt inunally on eache
or leer, alta'enately thce tyrants anid the slaves;
acial l h~ taoo for cencturies pcca.
Liberty and virtue, as respects the con.
5e'(j'edces to soieity, being). synonc~yamoues, ini
a re'pubtlic, wuhero tall have e.lal pailit ical
powers, euqnal itleece over the inteest aof
socijety, the agreeter is he ocnnbiler of the vir
auous, th1e sm-ceilr thIe nonbtcer act the igno
ranett aned viccoues, the miore ntalec will hbier
my be. the mnore secure anda general will lbe
peaace aned ha~ppiness. Whleat devastationi
t hene would iaollowv thle elevat iaon to c itiz.en
.hcipa of this mt ferior, alegraded claiss, giving to
themc thce hIdw-mae~kineg, the law-execueting
poer,:r mae~jorni:es rue, ead ie thce lanta
taii Sitaes th.y far exceed the whites mr
menbi'r; they wicrhl Ice the domcrirant, the
whites thle sue ct, thce adegrded, acla~ss.
The i5coniliequmences are so evident thcat it
ticmct be supposnedl they are adesiredl by Ab
ohieuicists. liut ef, thoaaugh tree, the blacks
wvere depcrived aof politiical poweor, the evil
coulc d noa t be less; idlae, criminal acid unre
st rainedi, bceca use ut their reelmbeers, they'
woule d tak e tac teselIves t lhi prolits of the
!~ airs tal thet i iduistrnious, (ii rany tlcen caonal
harve a mii t ve oa incdu~stry) andi, giving a
rie remd tio thiir pasos would drive or.
der, pe.;ce andh hala~eltiss macin the lraril
acni all thiat is niow sac fair wouieiIli e but
hugh lt aind dleolrtation. '.vent it thce North,
w hare sao maniiy exlb hioils act sympathey for
temrr havee been inica anid where their
imnibers are sic stiall, thiei pn;resence is felt
tio bce ae picgue anal the mcodses ocf riddicng
thiemselvos of the evil have claimeda the
ancxlaoes rat trention oif thle peo'iple. Thei ale.
sire we bceheve is noaw umccversal there to
pr'eet any of the black race, always ex
ceptinig runaway slaves, fraom cnteriing io
tic their bordlers, acnd tic rermovo those w~ho
rare nowc~ resientt amocng themn. Buit they
hindi it no easy matter, intdeedl it passcs their
abcility, to removaev the few they leave. And
rthe evils anda adangers to gocod order, wvhiche
wvere' befomre i ndiv ideual, aro nacw mul tipliedl
lay thle et1~orts mac~de byv the Northern lilacks'
te argaze aind bamnd th:'mcselves fair e Ice
nue~rp- ni chPrcting sei ,,ran.e in t.er
conditioin. Dissatisfied, wretched, ill-treat.
ed, perceiving thait their interests and
those of the whites are at ,war with .eah
other, a lawless, despairing. feeling snemS
to be growing upoiq theim which willI ex.
hibit itself in turbulence and crime ,until
extermination shall come upon them.
Among the most important signs of the
times is a Convention of blacks, recently
held in the City of New York, the deliber
ations of which extended through several
days. One of the Resolutions adopted by
it, after premising that aill history teaches
that every people should be prepared to de
fend theimselves by a knowledge of the use
of ofTensive weapons, impressively recom
mended to their young men their erganiz1.
lion into military Companies. This seems
to be a begiiing of insurrectionary move.
nients by that class to result in their being
crashed and swept-away, for there they are
outnumbered. But how will it be with us?
The same dangers, though far more terri.
ble in degree, confront and menace us.
Can we doubt that, if the South shall
weakly continue in this Union, the efforts
of the Abolitionists will be successful
and the blacks be slaves no longer I But
the principles of Abolition will not then
cease in their effects. The whites and the
blacks to live harmoniously together in the
enjoyment of " Equal Rights !" Never:
those principles will lead on to turbulence,
robbery, assassination, toa gener %I struggle
for life between the two races ; and whose
will be the victory, and how much will not
the victory have cust 1 Abolition has re
stricted slavery, it will root out slavery ; it
is gaihering streng;i every day and every
revolution of time whirls us nearer the
dreadful gulf. Shall we passively shut our
eyes until we have been swept past the last
limit (if safety, or shall we determine not
to perish so ingloriouzlv I
JNxy Ltxcr realzed 8.,000 from a con
vert in Natcho on the It th March, of which
she gave .51000 teor charitable purposes.
h'lie grr.s receipts !or her thirteen concerts
in Ne w Orleans were S'!t0,003.
M rssis.trt rv it.--Accounts from all
pointis (it the river below the mouth of the
Arkan:as, are untvorab!e, and portend dis
aster. The breaks on the river line, in
Carroll parish, will again svamp our many
friends on the iyou Macon, Tensas and
Black Rivers. There is little time now,
utmder the most favorable .hange for the
waters to pass oil fronm a large portion of
these extremelv fertile cotton lands.
At Point Cunpee the dhnrer is imminent;
and if the most unremitting exertions can
enbttle t lie planters or the topper tine of that
l'arisi to escnp with a pari los., they
will he thankful.
At nearly all pointm below Upper Pomit
Coupeg, whege dangrer is :apprehended, the
inost lalorious. ell'!rts ue inijg mde to
strenghien the jevge-s. Thi is indeed a
criticn*tine for : hrlge lortidi of the most
vaha itations i the lwer sweep of
0. Crescen, Maitarh 22.
tengage'd in the pirooecitits ~. his nrdoh';d
labors, Hie has now reached the depth ..i
10:1) feet, and is slowly penetrating a mass
of roek, beyond wvhicha there is a hope that a
suplyl of pure water will be obtained, Hie
umites an inidoniita ble spirit of perseverane
wvith aIhappyL eqli?:nmity of temperament
which enab~e hximi to put up wvith the vexa
tiuoni treaks ot what moay he regarded in the
,most. aggr.m.ated sense of the term--a bmore.
The,. wel.l ha;s progressed. however, withlott
fomr:bm.r aicalent or break age-a re.,ult
which auiu's favor:'.ly v or thi fture.
Tum N i:w Srx.vrontmAL EL~rcrTo.-Thie
Itlhmondl (V.a.) Times says it is amu-in ,
toi obwerve the virturous indignation wit ii
which the Itichmond Enquirer and other
Deinocratic organs look upon this election.
"We cannot hdoibt (says the Emluirer)
that the United State, Seinate will Set aside
thme electiron, andi that, should the Democrats
of New York carry the nec::t Le~gislatiure,
they wiltl disregard thme present burlesqtie
arnd -ppoint a gool andl true &enator."'
Thie ist connnemntary (says the Times)
upoin th is expect at ion ot "a good amid true"'
S-matuor to be elected next winter by the
D eimocrats, is t he smiple statement of the
facet tInt John A. Dix, the most adroit and
able hemder the Free-soil p-irty ever had,
was the Doenocratic candidamte against Mr.
Fish, in the late election.
"dLET~s or ler" hais until lately been
one of I hose stiock phrases of poets, in tise
since I Iomer's time. lt is understood as
bieing entirely figurative amnd typical of en
dlurinitg fame. But \Varnnck, the hatter, in
the first story of the Irvitng lotuse, has
written his name in actual tiro-maost ma
terial gas-light. As soon as Broadway
grows dhark, the word "\Varnock." formed
lby ai hiunidredl jets of gas, blazes out over the
street fromi his wiindow, lighting the way
to a chloice andi eleganit stock of hats. Mr.
\Varnxock, it is cltear dhoes niot hide his light
undter a buishiel-as is also provcd by the
sa le otf his hats.--. V. Y.Vri/umne.
Tu'iiiAt riiuta CoNTnmovEay.-The
letter of .\r. \Vebster to M. Liaisemann, thme
A\nstriain Chiirge d'Atl'ires in Washington,
relative to the mission of Mr. Mann to
I hunigary, wvas duily communicated by the
Charge to the Austrian Government. In a
letter of the Ii ih instant, Mr. 11. advises
M r. \Vebster that the Austrian Government
is not coiivinced b~y the arguments ini Mr.
\V.'s letter, but that it waives all further
discusionm of the subiject, as they aire un.
willing to expose the frienidly relations be.
tween thme twou Governmts to the danger
of1 imterrupt ion by it. Mr. \Vebster makes
a brietf and tittinig reply, and thus thme matter
Th'le Victoria Advocate of the 13th his
the followimg contirmuatory of the dleath of
Geon. lBroko :
On Tuicsiday evenitng an express from
Sain A\nionio reached', tis place, hearing
the mouarninl intelligence of the death of
Ge ;n. Itrooke. This veteran soldier tbreath
ed his last at San Antonio, on Sunday
niornming last, at :3 o'clock. Ihis sickness
was short, but severe. On the previous
Friday, lie was sceen walking thme public
streets ini aparenit good htealt h. In two
(lays afterwards, the spirit at' thme good old
General took its flight, and he now sleeps
the sleep of dheath beneath the soil of Texas.
N. 0. Picayunme, 21st.
Mopt.nv BF.ams may be restored and
mnade fit for usc, if not v'ery bad, by rinsing
w,'li in hot water, andl carefully drying.
Nloule corni or noa may he treated in the
ar Comshiss h.aa. arved frorn Ta'cs
e left the ri~is 4 At El Varso nit
we l. andro a th 1tife difficOliy wit
the Mexican Cnmi onors 1-id Leen ar
rodged. has U t reporti the oreiur.
rence of horib nos att lAca:aBi
frontier town-,land of dexperadoes had
ifested ie town, committing anny anur
ders 'J lo members of the Comnmisioan
raised a force of Anericans, who captur.d
eight or ten of the nurderers, tried, :nd
iimunediately hung them all. One of Ille
persons murdered by the rilfijans was Mr.
Clarke, a son of the lHon. J. W. Clarke, U.
S. Senator fron Rhode Ifland.
NEW ORLEANS, MARCII 27.-Crevasseg
have broken out at Baton Rouge,..
Plaquemine and Iberville, and ard doing
ronsiderahle damage. The progess of tie
crevasise opposite ilai city ha1 not beein
stopped. The river is .high, r anl it Mtaw
at this time last year, anJ the lree Ja
considered inl great danger.
GIANT COTTON STALK.-The Alabama
Journal (Montgomery) sayi,: --We were
shown, a few days since, by Mr. Coxe, oa
of the delegates from this quarter to the
World's Fair in LJidon, a sectin of an
immense cotton stalk, which lie will take
with him as a specimen of the plant as it
grows in the rich prairie bottoms of
Alaba:na. The plant was tuen/y fee il,
height and bore one thwusa nd bolix. It was
grown on the plantation of Mr. P. A. Wray,
(if this county. Mr. Coxe and brother wi!
leave at an early period for Europe.'
AnRFSTS iN Cvn.A -it is reported by the
late arrivals rom Havana that a numler of
persons have been arrested, soie of then
citiz:ns of the UnAed Ntates, on the
suspicion of being implicated in tho
renewed treasonable designs of Inpez.
A correspondent of the New York Herald 4
reports that ive or six of these prisoners
were sent by a late steamer to Spuii, and
that the rest, including Baubaria, the chief,
are confined in the. Moro. Reports sire
curreni. confirmed by these arreate, that.
the project is revived of an invasion of the.
island of Cuba under Lopez.
ANTr-R Ex'r O'TfMn r..-In St. Laurence
county, N. Y. on Frid:ay, a numbtenr of pcr
nis, dwigmied, and with a supply of ta'r
:and feathers, prevented the otliecrs front
seliug property levied on for militinrvus;
TPhe sale was stoppcJ. and the theers
Th1i Valley/ Whig cautioni the pbIldic
agdinst re:ewmg ten dollar riltes on the
Charleston (S. C.) Bunk, five dollar notes
on the Planter's Bank of South Carolina,
five dollar notet on the Northwestern Dank
of Virginia, and three dollar notes on the
Bank of North Carolina, without rigidly
scrutinizing them. During the week tli
editor says lie has seen not ess than half a.
dozen rank counterfe;ts of the duouiua
tions above described.
Vir.:.cIA. THE -SUTII, AND TrM: Co
zoiNXMIS.-A series ot resolutions* were
submnaittted to the Hoeaus'e of J. Iegingr.e
JDelegates of Virginia onfrliursday, ypa.
thisimg with South Carolina, but 'agreeing
to the requirements of tI - compronlise, and
pledging support to tdi Umonia; also de
nouncing the hite cmndict of Vermont.'Tlio
resolutions were oWred by 'ir. SNolm,a1'
"anquier, and after an animated - del ate;
have been referred ta specia
Niaga ra, from toit ie
tested in the pres nce of a aeit jg
p rsons. Thirteen wvagont, laden' i th
sand and "tone, passed from each side,
mleeting im the centre; iandh at thecwsom time
one hundred persons on loriaebat k an4
on .foot paissed over. The r'-sult9
satismectory to the partes cuncerned..
oST An old hly of Jerse~y h-ad ain
countahae asversionl to rye, and never could
e:at it in any form, 'till ut late they gx,. she
said--'to mzaking~ it into whiskey, and I tind.
I cant, now and then, worry down a little.
This reminds us of the speech of as
member in a WVestern Lesislature--*Mr.
Speaker, my county heats afi cre:ation, last
year we imade 50,000(K barrels of whiskey.
besides wasting thiousanid ot bushels for
TatE Dnr Dcae- AT PEN5.scot.A....-TlIe
floatinag dry dock on the hatre plan,-in
progress of construction by Guihbert & Socor.
at the Pensacola Navy Yard, was launched
on the 19th inst.., without the aslightecst ac
cident. .This work is cajoible of receiving a
steamship of 6,-400 tons. or double the ton
nage of the Ca'hins's shnips. Its dlimenslons
are, lenigth 3.50 feet, width 105.
[t is stated by the New Orhleans papers
that the imnense drift which has been for
years accumnul ating at the moauth of Bayou
laqnuemmio has suddenly givenj way and
floated down, increasmaie very much thin
force of the current, and sweeping into the
a a large portion of the drij t of theo
It is Raid that application wvill be made to
the Governor of Maryland for a requisition
on the Governor of Massachusetts, for the
surrender of Chuap'.in, the aibolitionist, ona a
11~7 F~AMNis AMONG THtE INDi ANs.--Tho
Mimnesota Chlronicle of the l0th uIt. states
that sad accounts have been received thero
from the upper Indhian counatry. The Indi..
ants above Crow WVin" were stuflfering ex
tremnely, and many haad literally starved to
dleath. lt is estimated, adds the ('hronicle,
that wvithin a short time past, from five to
seven hundredl of them have died in conso
quence of privations,
Mf A Cr~oCK FOn SIXTY CEws.-Mr.
Chauncey .Jerome, of Newv Iaven, Con..
necticuit, has actually ade a timecpiece,
which he will warrant to keep good reckon
ing, and which lhe sells for sixty cents at
wholesale, and one dollar at retail. The
wvorks are all made of brass. lie makes
upwards of eight hundred a day of these
WVtscossr SAnBATH Sciuoor. UstoN.
At the Fifth Anniversary of the Wisconsin
Sabbath School at WVaukesha, Febrmtry
I8, W. HI. Byron, President, and Rev..
L. Parsons, Secretary, the folowing reso,
lutions, after a discus~sion by several of tat
Clergymen and Sababath Schiool Terach as,
1. Resohted, That the highesat law eis.
2. Rcsolhed, That all human law that
contravenes or comes iit cotntlict wvith ta
lawv is wrong. a -ha
3. Resolred, That the late Fugitive slave
1,aw is in contraventiona of God's lawiI
that the youth of this State ought .d
Hon. E. D. Hlolton introduiced thee -
resolve. - . -
A homnr exenption n51 f $500O has
reported and pased in the Marscmr tq