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From the e mw ota e
- .od a b o preaclher,
a6 - t -oessedof
e gif~lted wit .him, pqc(
r4 v-any. -: But-' upfortunately
r.aped.eb undary of his
laken- frund;*the- occup a.
phohby a. character of so high
is wcll patloulated to prejudice
post ltorests, the dearest rights of
j$cwnn-1d-the beautiful, the sunny
(ulh. he TiCconclusions he draws, as
tuof segeshion are wholly and
ZV' ip j incorrect.
kn st prove ruinous-the General
rnment williput it down-Char
rd the Stato will be ruined-all
sacrificed-the green hills, the
egl~ai plains, tho chrystal streams,
d o cypress shaded graves efmouldering
_ptriots, the, hearth-stone of the wife,
.,tryting .treo of the daughter will be
,.Q.1e4 in blood. These are his con.
Nw let us examine them a moment.
e wo might argue the right of
tale to secede, but it is beyond
1hte because, when the conditions
uqter which the States entered into
. Union -are violated with regard to
''l r. of, them, the State injured is
: b- ve d from her allegiance to the
overnment, and has a right to secede
rld'ndfm k elaws, and form a constitution
0e.rnment- for her self.
Chalest'on be ruined if South
aseoded? We answer em.
A ally-No. Very dif1'reut would
4, 1,...sult Many a ship and boat,
i and steamn now flout and
ter ports, would then wave and
th blue waters of her
South Carolina RecedeR she will
6rnwe a star,.the brightest in liberty's
a.iimont-a star whose rav will
"4 'ddn. the hearts of all mankind
egav~hose beam will illumine the
kj4thof the nations ofearth on their way
$ohe temple or liberty.
$ouh ,Carolina Recedes, will the
of thej'ncendiary, as the Bishop
be fied to the dwellings of
sons and daughters? No the hand
ca-,not that would dare, or could,
s6. the torch to the portals of those
o inherit the spirit and patriotism of
e whose names thrill the heart of
it.,essons of freedom, and are en.
med on the page of immortelity.
41 fpouih Carolina secedes, any attempt
prgvention by Government would
C"Oet by the whole South witlh feelings
"P.io deepest indignation. And it is
well known that there are thousands of
ids and-hearts ready to resist such
aft.1lempt to the death.
A4ilow then can secession prove
e must secede, or be forever
. +,4 vwrl-an'object: of laughter and
4ern to tho world. It is unnecesary
tan nI'gument to show that
~d ,bp.ar' ic be causo the
t7*eso ever 5iihz Sta;O
, es : $4~~arete flag ofeliberty cun
a ,orn for..the oppressed, wvhere
~AIRTIyE OF A FIRE ON A CHINFsE
Ii h n e-missionar reports from
Olinrtaa-quoted in the IKalnische Zeitung,
geriie the terrible ravages of a tire
-f htook place on the 1st of .January,
it.alouquang, during the prevalence
- b'in undation. The fire, which broke
~qpmong the shipping, was of unpnralleled
r, I order to form an idea of it, we
m niimagine the, scene of its devastations.
Along~ thfe shore of Ki ang, for the distance
ofeseveral miles, so many vessels are
* . usually lying-at anchor that wvhen seenI
from .;ho opposite bank they resemible a
tliq l fost, but regarded from a near point
* ~ th 'rinck like an illimitable, populous city,
fip ng upon the water. At a still greater
dt anice, thong~not so crowded together,
d il'yo other vessels -lie at the samie
aneboring ground. The whole forms a
lnghmarbor, extending many miles, filled
ith~. ani immense number of ships, and
4, pr-optng a spectacle of which 1no onel
w Iqbs not seen it can form a conception.
On, bhm night in question a furious gale
stfhdk ths mnultudinous fleet, and in the
b'ofifuibb that ensued one of tihe vessels
was found to be on fire. Increased at onice fly
thIOJwin~d, and fed by thle tar and other
co ilustible materials with which a great
tumppber of thQ essels wvere loaided, the fire
110 rd like: utning to the nleighiboring
~vespile rhe ~ olence and of the storm the
coil edthe burning ships. Scattered by
tbhi ng lirricane in every direction.
ihoimet-ery' where spread 'devastation,
* tmiing into flanme wvhatever they touched,
* an4. idlding tile devouring fire inl a moment
-i- in oger vessels. In tile midst. of thlis
'tbrilomea of fire was hcard the shrieks
* SntYm rohnts of an immense numiber of men,
who4tyon over to despair, tossed by tihe
st yrsued by the flames, and
es by thle raging waves, were at
Sa crisp b the fire, or
up in thme wil abyss ot the
a m: The Ki.ang for a great distance
- resemblled a sea of fire, and 'a the space of
~hr[efottrs all those0 vessels, with the
~n6 ppy mon en board, misera bly perished.
-~i~od on all hlands that tile number of
v~w i~~rditng toea mtoderate estimiate,
~ii o inore than three thousaud.
h'i#Cnlboats, as is well known, even
'thd4- pare. infgbited by th e family of
.4 pf jidoether with tile crow. Indemed,
Saro whole honsehlolds, wvhose members
l'nriboard, whlere tihey live arid die
~A~fjIi~ ~wng to what country they
IJ~ii~P~eaCe, into the world
- to~ ting abode of their parents
founds Amon~g the vessels
reial large ships. Many of
hdifromw forty to fily and sixty
k~obodice mutilated and~
Sfifp, which were drawn
4 * o ee erto sixt
.siereAt proyinces. 'hs nmy. show tile
- - al. ardgnetal beroaverment caused
1pc~ Il tfegible conflngiatIon
6ill Blot way in Chine,
- r has been finingthd rmolhants of
-Ne It for obstrmiding tno (side
4 @r ros, bales, and barre's ol'
Istablilahment of the mayor, who is Ljgpi f
ho 110s 6ppyets nap Ing, entere
a tlitl befor' r i hno w ea he readily
In W- lf threq lun dollars.
O3'e Cuban Prolecutions.
We some days sincho nnouaneed the fact
h1it the case whith hap bodn on trial so
long in Now Orleans- bi tween the United
States vs. Gen. Henderson line been at
length dismissed, the jury not being able to
igree, eleven, onl the last trial, being for
icquital, and .one for conviction. Notlle
prose.-quis were then noved by the Attorney
General in all the other cases, viz:
Qluitman, Lopez, &c. It will be romein
bored that the Government had already
made one mistrial in the case of (en. Ien.
orrkmn before Gov. Quitnan was arrested:
they could not have failed to contemplate
the strong probability of the very result
which has taken place, and of their own
course in that event. Why, then, if the
prosecution of all the other trials was made
to rest on the success of that of Gen. Hen.
dorson, wau Gov. Quitman harrassed,
dragooned and forced to New Orleans
before the termination of that trial! It will
not be forgotten, that Gov. Quitman offered
any amount of bail to appear at New Orleans
after his term of oflice should have expired,
icxt November.) One hundred thousand
ollars would have been given, if demanded.
But no! this would not kuit the fastidious,
law-loving President Fdhlnore, (who has
the law executed in Mississippi, but not in
Massachusetts,) and Gov. Quitman must
be ateistud and carried off to New Orleans,
to be held bail in the enormous sum of
$ 1000, just to await the termination of the
trial of Gen. Henderson, and upon its failure
to be discharged! There never has occurred
a case so outrageous in all its bearings and
proceedings since the foundation of the
Glovernment. There is nothing so odious
under the monstrosities of the Alien and
Sedition Acts, not even in the trials of those
cases for which Judge Chase was tried
upon an impeacihment. There is nothing
in the whole range of the prosecutions o
the British Govert - from the days of
Robert Emmet to to -esent time, which
partakes more of an %.r disregard of the
libertv and convenience of the citizens of
down-trodden Ireland, or of the rights and
honor of that oppressed con try itself, ti.no
has been exhibited in the ca'e of Gov.
Quitulan and the State of Aissiesippi.
( Nashville A nerican.)
FATAL AFrRA is L 0 rrrmcn.--We
learn the following particulars of a horrid
shooting afitir. wh'ch occurred in .dgeficod
District, on thq 2:>th inst. The parties en
aged in it were Elbert lardin. Win.
I'roadway, Wi. Vilson, and Stephen
Wilsen. It appears that the d.flicults
arose between the Wilsons and ti! other
two persons mentioned. in regard to the
line lence between their plantations. The
Wilsons proceeded to move the fence
further in on their own land, when Airs.
Hardin discovered it, and fin-lnde them
threatenin', at the nanoo time, to cut oil'the
hands of the negroes, who wore muoving
the rails. The Visons ordered the
negroes to procced, which tlboy did.
Mrs. Iardin then sent oil'for IIardin an I
Treadway. .On their arrival, it seiems they
resisted the moving of the fence-lirdin
attacking the Wiions withl a rail, Wn.
Wilson and'Treadway being armed with
run.- TiI. two latter exchangcd shots.
Vilson's taking elfbet. upon Treadway,
wvho ".'"n fell,- ag lyi etl
then fired att him, the shot taking etyect in
one eye, and also in his face, breast and
Since the above was wvritten, we have
heard that. Treadway did not discharge his
gun, but that it was fired afterwards by
IIardin at Wilson, as rstated above.
Treadway has since diied fruom the wounds
inflicted--Ilardin is not. dead, but lie
wvounds are representedl to be very severe.
We utnderstand that Wmu~. WVilson'dehvered
himself uip in lluimbnrg yesterdayu, arid was
admitted to hail.--A ugusta Repjubic, 27d
Otmo ANt) Mississrrrr t RAn.inoAn.-Thie
organization of the westernt buranmchi of the
Ohio and Mlississipp;i r~mI iouil accourd in g to
the charter of Illinois arnd Al isonri, was- to
take place on Satrdaru lust at St. Louis.
The Cincinnati Gazetitc says:
"Theo prospect is that the city of St.
Lou is, in its corpo(rat e capac'ity, will
subscribe $500,0ttt0, aind that lar ne' private
subilscripltions will imitudbateiv he tunade.
Books< will ho opened ini tiS cit'y for fuart her
priwate subscriptions. We *i!--a learn that
large amomunts will lbe obtinettd alonug the
route. TIhere hats beeni a great ch a ''e int
public opinion since the charters have been
obtained for the great lite of railrol, nal
the way from Ilaltimore. Alarylandi~, to the
wvestern limits of Mlisiotnrt. Tis lite ot
railroad does not vary oIver tifteeni miiles
from a stnaigiht lite fromt liiltunore to
Missouri, and its comple:tin will make
Cincotnati just what Nittnre designedo her
to be, the greatest inlantd cityv of the whole
continent of Atterica.
A Ncew NAun: i:eni S' Ewany.-ThI'lr
Wash ington cor respotulint ol the New.%
York Mirror, lbestows upjon Sewairdl he
highly appropriiate nutitm oft Uriahi I eep
was'ver 'umle,' yeut lul fiil that hie
has some Ipowe'r', andi let mie tvll Vholt the(
power of' WVill iaim Ii. Se waird, is'Ilar fitl
to destroy, but no't to intcri'a-a--, is
embrace is as dead!y' us the A ni-ia',i
his kiss as traoito rolus as that of .1 udais.
WVoo to him that trusts him.
All whio have read 'D)avid Copper fiel,
will be struck wvitht the" liken'tess h~et wt''i
the cringing yet venomouits Urtiahl, anud
thme cold atnd subtle Sentour frisin New
Y'ork. WVe hope that lie ay~ len
like Uritah in the defea~ut o1r his it 'porpses
as in htis character.---ichmond Re.
Ctntous PounTcul. l'uonma: m.-- u w
Dollars Reu-arrd.-Since the elcion' of
hlamilton Fish to the $tenate of the I linie
Stateq, and the firing orl lhe It a ilred gnot
at the Battery by th fre~ sio.l iitertest, in:
glorificatin of lbh-it greit tevenit, hitt iniore
patrtienilarly since lie cad ar.,ene-mtt of ..
hlas ariseni wheiithir tIho a lmilnstrat 'fm hi:s
gone over to Howatrd. or N. wmrd t.> the~
theo enthiusinstit: re'ept un i .\hir. Us :rd at
the Asitor Jlotnse dinnetr, ib t athei aboun.i.
tration, inchidinug theI' lt'ridet andl eahieg
nn I all their luggege, hati ( g ne ovir a tl
surrendered to thei chl.in-o ttof iwho iei hthrr
law,'' wilbagi tt take puct lhmk anti be i tik.
fuf. H -ow i~s itl-whtich is it! Iue dlblrs
re vardl will be given, on apphoe ti t this
nfice, for any olieial Il ---I ~is fa (-t- i nm..
mattion oin theosaubject. Ilias S 'ward ge
ovwgr to t h.i dmni st rat iot, or hn the -ial.
misration, gi' over to Su.- .: d 'ye I
. F H i M 1 T T01- u
WED8giA IL 9~ 1851.
.ir Messrs. A. WHITE & Co., are
Agents for the. Banner in Sustervjille, C
The lW n'Cg " &n
CottoN.-There Was a.good omand for .1
Cotton in .CharlSan turd0y,.at a d.
cided improvement on the advance reported <
on the preceding day. The transactions. I
reached fully 2200 bales, as follows, vii:
10 bale# at8; 82 at 8 1.2; 46 at 8 8-4; 126 I
at 9;60 at 9 1.2;157 at 9 3.4; 36 at10;.1.30 t
at 10 1.4; '73 at 30 1.2; 242 af 10 5.8, 212' 1
at 10 3-4; 93 at 10.13-16; 284 at 11; 50 at I
11 1-8; 35 at 11 3-16; .91 at 11 14; 31. at i
11 3-8; 86.at 11 2;'80.t 115.8; 11at I
11.3-4;'78 a,t 12 1-8; arid 67 bales at 12 1.4.
The Court of Common Pleas for this
District, Judge 'WITHERS presiding, com
menced Its session on Monday morning:
We are pleased that we can announce that
but few cases appear on the criminal dock
ets and those for minor offences.
Earliest of the Season.
A pod of Green Peas bas been shewn to f
us from, as we understand, the garden of
Mrs. P. M. BUTLR of Clarendon. If dili.
gence and attention were bestowed upon
our gardens we have no doubt that their
delicious prodncts might be enjoyed several
weeks earlier than we now do.
WE are requested by the President of the
Southern Rights Association of Claremont
County to announce the following gentle.
men as delegates to the Convention in
Charleston in May next:
W. W. ANDERSON,
EZRA J. PUGH,
F. J MOSES,
A. C. SPAIN,
T. B. FRASER,
THOMAS R. ENGLISH,
JOHN W. IROWNFIELD.
Union Meeting in Miasslppl.
T'n- prediction of an event is very often m
its cause. ThO is most especially the I
case with regard to what Mr. Foor has r
said of the course Mississippi will pursue. I
Ile was resolute in lils purpose to delude a
the Mississippians into the holief tha' the
Compromise, the true object of which was l
to keep the Union in existenoce for the ben- I
eit of Harpy politicians; is:really what was .
needed to rest en -a
hearmng waveis smootied and quiete-I cdown
beneath its (Entl itifluenco's until, far as
the eye could extendl its view, no -ruffle
marred the placid siurface, J ds usiadow
of angry, unhoiy strife rested on it, but the
sun light glanced and glittered ever it and
the blue heavens above hay mirrored in
its gentle bosom. Such peaceful antici
pations filled Mlr. FOO-rE'S soul with joy,
the morc esp~ecially as lie thought that over
such a sea it. were but a jaunt of pleasure
to sail to the haven of his dearest ambtition,
his most cherished hopes, To ensure all
thiese happy results it was only necessary
that the patient should imiagine the Com-.
piroisea to be a cool, delicious, healing
drauoght, and to imagine would be to enjoy
it. lin the case of his own State however
his resolution had1( to deal with sturdy ob
stinacy, anid any other than lie would have
lieen driven to acknowledge ignorance of
the const itution anid temperament of hus
piatient. Aleetings and Conventions of the
peopile expressed their dlissatisfact ion with
the course Mir. F'ooTE was pursuing, but
hae declaired that such were not thie seiiti.
mients of the people. TPhe Legislature ccon
ienred Mir. F'oorE but lie asserted that they
unmsrepresented their constituenits. TJhe
whole iniatter was a terribile piece of invo
iiiioii amid we at ac distanno were in great
suspense atml aiixiety with regard to thetuii.
hapy, imaniacal coiwilition or'our heloved
sister, Missssippi. 11ecr peuiple wecre not
The l 'eniple, nor kiiew the mitnds cof Theli
I 'eaople, and her Le.giislatuire conl no mt have
exiibited iiore igiioranca' of the~ inhabitanits
of thme booii thtan of the true senmtimients of
It is a maitter of congratulation that Th'le
Pl'e ha~ve at last bieen found ; Mr. FoorE
hias, lie mnerit cif discovcering thieiii; t hey
live inii I roi Couamnty and congregate at Jack
:on ; what is imost to be reje ied oiver is
that they are* just sneh asi Mr. F'ooTE' fonidly
hopeda they woiild beL--ca'd y chmbat ed oh
the:r ju;dgmieiits aiid so credulous as to be.
li eve t hit t hey lhavo thiemselves fiirimied
''piioniis which havey becen insinuated into
thwir own m-nds by others. A lar~re and
ciithuisias'ic mieeting was held at Jac kson,
on thle 10tth ult., rat which rall thle precincts
in I hind County were represented. Tihe
I e(opIe, ini that implos iig aissemb~lage con.
ve.'ned, wercefrienpds of //w Uoion, aind they
iion iiatedl WV. L,. Smnigy, II ENJY S.
IiTE cnand A .tos Rt..losros, biy acchaiima
t ion, as dele;&ates~ to thle State Convention.
lii~itar S. F'ooTE~ and Judge S:IA iEss to
lire in a Convention calleld to imai ntini
ihe honior of Mi ssissipipi ! ! Andl TIheo 'Co.
pi- didi thiis I Pity that Thle People had
tbeeni founid ; hectter that they 1ha I cotntinued
A bal lotting was had on the 237th tit., in
the 6th llrignde (foir Fatirhilid and Chiester)
to till the vacancy occasioned lay the resig.
ni:ati of rigaidier Gaeneral M as, which
resuilted in ac tie hezwoni Captaiuis 11L 1(.
Aino: aind Jii:~ N. Snm n
SoT. Senator from:Texas.
)-verfg. otfur.jeara the le put up
.uct1ii d id bought t vIt n toney
Urhi i toj&e rvas a trade#41)
erpet lIy gofiik a61mmnedintely bering
pan, th great bargain ' elet11 o f
857!9oer landdsjd then'4iultitujdinfus
Ickoysl viewoiftlie contest, nre erving
[ieir energies and laying their plans and
oining their pretences. It is or should he,
umiliating etiottgh to a people to have el
vated to superior station, .tq rulo over
ienisebves, ole whose Incrit is not eni
ent; but they must bp far gono in degra.
ation if fore-warned they should call to
resig4e over -their rights and liberties .4
'e iric'ksteli whoe latest act wias to des
oil and dishonor thein. We do not hesi
ate tonsseirt that Senntor, HOUSTON gave
i' aid to' tlheoconmprtnisn ain a bid for
'residential honors; .it was iunforturate
or him I hat his company was so large and
hat too ilany iltood on the. a-tmne platform
vith him. But if adroitness and cunning
an separate him front the crqwdof em
ous aspimnnts and give him precedence in
he race General IIOUSTON mHlay le expect
d to wave the sceptre fron the Presiden.
mal throne. Some of the Union Journals
ave already swung out his sign ; notices
if his remarkable sayings' mnd doinge, dis
reet puffs, and enlogristic alluijons to his
nrmer heroic exploits are skipping about
ron paper to paper, ind Hditors quote from
Ad answer each other to the eTect that his
iomnination meets with e.pecial favor in va.
inusparts of couintry. We find that the Hero
9 about to try a new ruse. lie purposes
totwithdrawing himself temporarliy from
oublic life no doubt with the laudable ob.
ect of demonstrating to the good people of
his Union how necessary lie is to them.
rhe Batoi Rouge Adrocalc states that this
ernarkable personage was in Baton Rouge
mn the Lth ilt., and deliver-d a temper..
3nco lecture at the request of the ' Sons, "
md it wakatien communicated to the Ad
ocqe tha't-ho, General is about to retire
Perianentitlo the shades of.private life.
le lids been profanely called the Texian
Vashington: how giatifying it would be to
Dimi, to haveT.ilike Washington, the highest
onors of;hisdAountry carried to hits retire.
nent and pressed upon his reluctant broav 1
3lut if such as lie shall-bo honored by this
Jiion as Washington was, then who so
redulous as to believe it to he the Union
Vaishington loved and prayed us to pro.
erve f Bkeo oWhat point of inifarnty has
hisUnion cspeemned. The choice for the
ext Preqid-nt seems to be probably coit.
ined to M H4s llousToN. SE WA nD, FoTe
nd Dom9n 'Us,'and we coufess to sonie in.
liffibrence p what soeltion is made.
)ur orily.g lln iis the desire that this
tutoghal caend to a scramble as to
hi.mpirrants shall have thd
4 tnw qge of. the
mal jobbhingv hlcb now .ecrns to be the
rdinary bisieas of this GJovernmnent.
Tenaessee asemd Soiutlaeraa
Though Tenniessee appeared 1o such, dis
dvantage in the' last m:00ing of the Nash
'ille Convention vet we n mst not too soon
~oncede~ her to theo suibmiissinis. WVe
ontico wvithi p!easumre th~ tlelity to the
ights of the~ South displayedl by tha.Nah-li
'ille Ame'ric-m, th:' leading lihmocratie
>aper of that Stat~e, whomseci ifin ce, if it i
4Inal to the ability with which it is con..
lucted, muist ho cont rotting. It ha~s been
ecenitly miuchi increaswed in si:ze onm! is nisa
,ne of wtie largest sheets published in the
umisheid E~d tor-s aeem, to Iiae incireased
vith eiven pace. W~e wi -'. them1 mo.--t
*ompjlete success and hope that thei prini-i
plses and sentimwent s they a dvocate may lie
lear-tily emabraced bwy the people of their
State; we shaill the.n ha veo waeasion to
h)arge Tenniewssee with playi ing thie lag.
gardh in intii:aingc~ thie righs aind hon~or of
)n Friday thme ;lHth ulIt., as wc learn
rein the T'I'm. Rmgpibicrn, a negron hoiy be
ongig to ( 'sit... .1. WV.u4:O, b'camew entian
yled in thie Iaacinmery in the tmrmu Foiun trv
'C .Messr~.. .l:-r-rs & SuN ini (;horg'etowni.
Thie skcirt of his t un as cang t ini the fly
vbaeel shaft which . tie tio was revolv.
wig riapidty, dhrawis n lie boy to it uiul pe-r
orning sonme forty orI liity revol wt utins be
ore the miach iiery couhl beh stopped....
hien lie wa;s ext rica ted it wais foun d thiet
ho onily ap~pa r it inojurei ;ha t he hidl re
e vedl wee the frictuwr' oif an arm and~ a
og awnd ithe di h.m:at in ufa ai;nele. \Vhen
we wacs la. h.rdl from lie was aithve :and
l or the Smwmter Rouaor.
At a imnet ing of th e ('larendmion Souwthernu
JrdwEN'i.utt sti'Leh onu- ;ithe1thin.Th
Reisolrd', Thaw~t wycee ccr ina thle C onven.
ion proposed to hbe till iniI C lhson iin
\)iay next lif d!e:tt . fromc thei several
tricts ofteStait ;~ an d t ha t the I 'resi
le'nt of t his Aimeriation hbe remItiw:ed to aip.
oinwt thriei dulegate tot rep remenit us in m le
Whnr-eupon4 th e P'restiin a ppo1intJ Ca.ipt
WX'a. I.. Ib :vsmii~i , Ih-.. .1 l ic
Rtc'ieniu'm, I!. 1'. 1 ~V4lsraiinmnI
4. WA. Wirirnit:M'.,o st rLepre.ent this Ai.
co ciation in samh'idwConent ion.
T1hwe Pres 'ident lid lbefore- thle A mcoeia
ion a letter frm- th" 14 itemr of thi Augus
a~ WVewkly I npubbe I of ( 4eorgiam, after thle
endingr of whliebl Maj. W. Wim. Ow-'s suab.
wnitted the folitng rsi~ ohin.
I'.s-,irtl, TPhit ihe A mwyusta Weclyv
eteniic or (4'om:., fr, it. Mil r..nd en
,itledt tl I d r it a of
Y U.ofze . o tie 1 the
.iin aid '1Ih O ra of l
prawlt go 1.sQ* h tafta to
ThR osoUli 'Ywa . irimusldadopt.
M. M. XENDONW,.Soc'y. is
~ ~ .--...1
T1im VIrghr9itn 'esoltttiens. ln
i. Tlq Macon (Ga.0) 'elograph thus com.
ina~sslpon ttioi ate self-.ttirying action ill
of the Virginia Legislature..
We are nortilted' t th'is Hoad ori -A wni 'r
of Virginia spirit. These resolutions, like th
tile resolutions of our own State Convention tr
are nothiing buta God speed to Abolition.
ism.-, They declare that the-people of Vir- of
ginia.will sUDIT-yoa sxtr-that is the it#
Word, to.theCoinprinise'. 661 Virgrinia is
lts backed out froin her platform of 1849. pc
Wlhat effentwill'nny-future attitude of re- fri
sistance, though everso inpoaing, assumed et
by such a State 'produce upon the North? 'as
Why, iothii -b tit deridion and ridicule.- cc
We trust .in God the thy for resolutions is. to
rapidly passi.ng away.. AtLany rate we in
hope th South ii dono'withs them, If we g
do iot mean to regist the aggressions of I
ith North, let fnf, hi God'g 'name, submit ti
in silence, and -not'add to our other di gra- ar
ces.the character of biusterurs and cow. ti
Correpoidence of the Charleston Courier.
WASIsINorO. Arnatr. 4.
The Fane 6f the French 31 inister's furni
ture. &c , was very fully and fashionably q
attended yesterday. lany of tlie articles
wer in e.xcellet. taste and sold very high.
Several persdns' chine fron Baltimore to
purchase articles. Tho foreign ninisters
not unfrequently iell -off their furniture,
wines, curriages, &c., and as they are im.
ported tree of duty, there is n1o loss ill tile
Another sale of Mrs. Madison's efects is C
to tnke place, and the list of. art:eles is very,
curious. There are sottm beautifully
wrought pieccs of plate,, and somi ricihi
china; also old fashioised jew%4elrv; and in d
tie cataloue I notice' a cradle. Mrs.
Madison's housa on Laxfayctte square. ha;sb
3cen sold at private sale, for elevet thousand
dollars. to Capt. wilkes of the Navy.
General Scoit is to be received at Cincin
nati, with tilitary horitor, and also at
Pittsburg. This tour, though not so inten
adcd, will necessarily have sorne political
Tile new bankingv'law pf Virgi'nt, Is
about to go into partial operation; and the
books rare opened in"Alexandria for the
1l.Bank. of the Old J)ininjo.," to bI estah. t
islied in that city. The subscriptions are
to be in money, in State stocks, or stocks C
gtuartnteeild ly the State. The naxittni
ainittnt of capital of the new banks thtus
authori.e'd, is but A:3.)o,(M00; .but rifterthe
expiration (ot the charters of the old hantds
inl I17, the ndw'svstein 'v ill be tuch ex
tended. , t
..It rekinaills uncertain as yet, wlether the
VirginiaL Counvention wil adopt tle white
basis of represAentation, or li federal or
mixed lnsiA. But Western Virginia will '
iltimately insist upotithe represeriation of
hliks pttpuaton alone.
6"di, of RI i
ty ewon go* ogo o Ae a
Whtat has so-lontf btfen predicted as ioe e
the reault of excesisive imrporiaiions htas
came to pase-the~ matrket is glutted wihm I
dry goods, a~nd prices rare falling, and buyers'
ohay, and iaporters ruined, and a general
panmic tikely to prevail. Thea importations'
into Ncw Yocrk, for the last two mount It,
lhave baeen very ceessive-exceeding, by
tve muillions, the amaont of imnports during
thae samte months in eithier of the two past I
yars. TIhae chaief nrtiale's of imports are
silks ad othter statlD foir ladies' weoar. Mr.
Wal4h, in a recent letter froam Paris, refets II
to) antinquiay masle ini Flurope, wh'ly thte
pleL oft tlie U. S. are anot silk gzrowersl I
'The quest iaan hias haeretofore been solved. j
Salk growers tare every where amnong the
aml the~ peop~le e'of he ). 8. lhave more
praoitable emtploymetnts in growintg Cotton,
Wol nndl i f yoni lase. Flax, liut a fe w
years henace, theire wall be, in this country,
very extenasive anad inumterous factories "of
autshin e hainaws, a fabric universally
reiaired, atn e~cellent and haand.,omeo article
will bae mai~alo with thtree-fourthts cotton and
onte-fumurth woot, that can be scald at tweonty
centis y yard. It is aissertedf by experientced
antd practic;Ialtmen, that a ftory' of thaese
anousol'inas,* with a capaital of' htalt a iillion,
wdll unake a arofit car t wenty per cenat a year.1
A Step Backward.
A bii l hs bceen iantru' -ed ianto thle Senate
of Maiuvachueits by .\l r. Ihackiatgama, ;,n
miathial memb uaier, to Nuohlly iandirectly
thea lFugii tv Slave Ila'w, lay paraohibiting all
mem~bers ofi the Mlilitia of the State fromi
aiditag thea II. S. Mlarshal car his deputies in jI
exc:ulbi ag thait law aamtler penalty of reimoval 'I
taroma athiee ami punaishament, anid sitbjects to
h1mt- noth lamprisonmen~at all persons whoa shall .
as i i removian' fuagit've slaves, or comte
amio. the corneat hhrt ait liaeir that puirpose.
It col thatoriloatlait y of iss;,inag a writ of
Iabaas aorpua uiapon every' justice oaf the
teace of t h ('omaantawe.th i; an auathiority
wich, a~sccept in special cases, rarely c- I
curm'aie, is, hay thea existiang laws, and always
laos been, reserved oaaly to thae jaustices of
thea supjremeac juidicial coutrt. It auathaorizes a
theaa seriee aof such' writ by a cotastabale, ast
well ais by a sheriff'or hias deputy; andl it
seemsit, byV viruat of the writ thits issued, to )
t4!m th Ia a of ovary fugiaitv slave otti af
the hand~l of thto alicer by whm lhe mnay
lhe :arrest Iaa aon the wa rrantt of a caommtissiori
er af the ii:ed Stateos, nad out of thae cen
tral aof ah lommi~oaassconer.
Th'iis is .Niililietiun, call it by wheat niamie
youi willI, :an it l iers froam thlat of our owni
State int thlas f'eattire, t hat Natil laet iott was
dbrect anda an~iay, whilst this is covert atnd
lcoatempit)tle. he bat iis iiot yet malturedl
mio :a aw; bitt intstent of repealing thec
hf rtitr euietmeaant'-a gainsa~t the J'ugcitiv'e
lveAct, t hait nilbiral a signaificantt signl
ait MAlasawhosecrtta is pre'paredl to dishtiure
laer si t aute hooak wvith trosh paroofti of ree
Solbsia and coiatempat ofl the Cotnstitutiona.
N r~w VoXae, Alarch 25-.2 P. M.
intelligente received lay thae ateamer
S'romeaat hieus froma i. vana, cotnfirans the i
rep->)rtedh haattle betiween thi' San Saador.
inms and Guateahianas.-The contest was
very~ blood~y, aundi resutltedl ht the defeat of a
thea foramer with th'e losse of Ii -e hunadred
killed atd twao haumired prnisonters; Ontto
thlouandaa sitandl 1 oras tadSo foil into
lcosession of the victo~s. The town of
lItans, in the Alosquiti~ingdom, wIP fired
bys a Sputanilh iaacentdiary, and neoarly
de~str'oyedh. Tho etnraged itnhabititat caught '1
the villaita n-a trm-niy tia m ain jt .- - .
y~) haw repurh
ma has 01nly iept a#6
y, itld her whole pOP; . a I
,ved her own wordsman4:st ho If,
her legislators at leas't 4n
>rk for her. Let froesoilers and pboli
a rejoice--)ot thegnpk '
M melancholy exposure to old
Atfier of Stit'e 6d utinf
npromiso jue--ut truo1 S0U 0TI
II teo aln act othdrwise, d it a e '1
d .Aphet,. wtvR4. trisg, (;! gwa~ k
verently -back wards, nnd throw the man- 1
of charity -and oblivion ov.zr a sedne so <
fing to a noble, or a filial heart. , ..
The Washington monument Is to be built
contributions from all the States-beforo 9
completion the Union Will no longer ex- I
1, or will only exist as a consolidated des. I
tism, built up on the rights -abstracted I
-m the-Stato.'' That monument can thus i
abaln the memory of the derted Unlos. .1
.wl, daof Wasliiigtdn- - lA e fAis
untmn I4 trdgfia M Ist1d46,1
thaetUnlon once glorious. That aiofnU*'A
enit will stand. as,the .ronoria-.or t 'Vir'
nha, the mohaer-of Washington and of
enry"-the endbrl i the iovolntion ind I
e old 'cohfedotrn~4h Ilesdet'.nyfta ,
ing the donstitutioit,"(and the ?fist. W i
row hersolf proitrately pb'ectly.aqi 1I0nr
)nditionally, 4t,the foot o t ie "monst
,rrendum, ingens, defort,, 2iddi Ea
ng and soulless despotism ee(4qdas
art of Na chadnezar'a.iniagenwhtin eI .ll
.ithiful minions of.tlheogea - ngMy
.ired to worship.-Telegrap.
Pull PatrticaJars of thae Losst
of tle SteamOr-LoselE -L
PfrTJtbit b arch 28.
We yesterday received. :n a tl1
Ian who nW'n'preeirA the etilfi ee
tending the collision betweeni theistdanim
rs Lowell and *. P. Vinton, both" f
-hich were at the , ime heavily laden.
'he accident.~took place near Latiin T:
Iid, tiekiw WhlmedinA ,t abiout 1plf-v past
D o'clock -at nig-t. The-intght' was very
ark, and a'soon no.lhe. pijts ofIo btfid
erceived each other tho ells woretapped;.
ut, through omo unforttunate nistake or.
cdimdent. the I4inell ran'aicross the'bo of
le Vinton, which struck tier-ft.. of heir,
The force of it e collision wap j e
icndous, 'anid tihe Vinion hoi6
oat, carrying houitiiind huale on4
nd having prothiblythbe strenn o(
ny boat on the river, that-the .4ehjlsgu.k
about thirty aeclonds af-er: the ;colliaio
ie cabin parting. from - the h'ull aildeft
osting. The ctbhin pasv#ri" ard the
rew escnpel (many of thom'dfhirknight
lothes) to the top orithodurrieine ddk.
The- first :engmp19e3, two firenn* - d
wvelve deckpr'enrers were iIr)wn '-.
'lie nameg af t , remen nid dek p5s..,
engors nre unknown, they having'been
Iken on brard-itPittpJurg, andLhe-.qjock.
mt huviipg onjqrpd ,their nAmes.
sten . A lnrgl (aniyilyeopejstin
in wife, and -.hildreh ,rnt , ifr
ntheir way W~eihtamong t &hi6
4ie tt wa rpr b e f
rid excellqnetolfieer, Mir. So4jcitor, Fair
lhe defbence was condiucted Wiath greaa.
bility by Messrs. Smart & Shanndiefin
hhe charge oas deliveredi tp th6ju79ty
irs Honor, nind thd Jury after bomig et
or neairly twenty hours, retuernet).aserdic[
f Guilty, accomnespied by a recmnidnia
onn to miercy. .'otice of alnappoal liea
enn'givent by thre Defentce. -
On Tlhursday,. Samoel WilsenIMe the
aither om R'imiuel Ji=.Love,.who was indict.
d for aiding and abetting. his son'ut the
murderof Mr. Lestdr, was tried' by ihe
amne Jury, nnd dlaftindhd by the sarnd
.'unisel. Hie wias acquitted u pen this
-erdict: 'WVe find the defendaunt Saml. W.
.'ve, guilty of excusable Homicide.'
NIEW-YORK, MARCli, P. M.
The suit oft Broelks, .proprietor of. ,Ahe
Vew-York Exres against. theo Magnetic
i'elegraph Comapan~y, fo' wthhaiding a
len'patch,. was dlecidled to day by-awcrding
bree hnndred dollars datmages for the
>lua tiff. ., .
It apears that some considerable time
go, while air. F'rench weis President of
heo 'agnetic Teleraph Company, owning
lie Morse line between Wadshingtont aned
o~w-York, a message was offered- at the
illice in Was.hingtn for the New-York
-axpress. Thie mnssage was received by
he operator in WVashington and forwarded
n New-York. Owinig to some previous
hfieulty with the Expreasa, with reference
o the rnles of the Company, Mr-.. Frenen
mad given orders to the operatora' not to
itieany m ore messanges for theu Expyress,
tlteproperietor of said -paper had
"enmplied with thme Conpany's rules.
['lie operator, however, who received, and
orwarde~d the message from - WaVshilngton,
iad ntot [beren ao aware df MNi Fren~ch's
idiomrs, andl +thns lie sent, the message
The operators in New-York, ineving been
wume of Mr. Fremnche's orders, and' acting
a lhe believed under instructions, notified
ho proprietors of 'thie 'Ixpress, that
message head been received for them,
which they ciould havite by complying wyith
he~ terms of the comtpany andt theC ordor. of
lie Prcoiident, which waus to paIy the amoit
f halla demnandled for it. TM:: the Express
ei~usedl, antd thte imosgo was detained'in
he Tonlograph O)tice until its value wams
lestroyedl by bceincg sutpercced. .Thua the
troprieturs of t he paper bronght suit to re-.
toever thiuna'ges for destroying the message.
Ilhe difllenilty seemts to have A-ison fromn
heu operator ini undertaking to transmit
Pz.AQuI:3mn s lt~.t.fln --ly a letter or
ha 2J7i h insat., fromi the town of Plaquee.
nime, we learn tat thie place is overflowed
mnd than inihabuitants are navigat ing thme
streets in skil's. Tihme waitor has advanced
0 within omie sqpare of thie front, levee
'hmo disaster is uowing to a crevasse wshIth
ook place ont last iesdy ig~ht at 1M
i'cloe k. onco iile down the bayou.e Anmti.
aert was mnade thefilhowing. morting (W
dop) it by simhmrg a flatboat in the ,breach.,
['le levee broke, htowve toind forty faet
hove; aneterd ials Sai a
acro wide, with 00w e : & Ain
lie deavatlin' loodas
'oudent, nspc91eypu , tfl
if the town mro nm
t~rt thdt ifm$ J(L 1
I IF I
- ' rN"V4 [
id audle600 of oh
itd half Am& sditi, to th re
ind, to the' Wni~eee lk' iwf.W
Perfect impuniy. Bat-the,,,Ewpor wag
econd plitl ait thd back o h ~t~gi
fterwardu dQsehud -iAl- icea
nother-part of hnrwt nhrofc~
Produced s.capjta l T
houso ndfrancowas naed stegrd
he'Evperor, PAnndthre;~ 44Zra
iqual. uing fr. te -frightI &Mr gWentypgk
110jrg a ac oxteod by a watchmAni'
ito Nbi in h ilhn rtor? 3a lb ho.,
"Wrhat is your na rui#,slrji 'OFiv hil*~"
'Whiere d yu DWIe "Ot-o %be Kng'a
Yar. lb~t ~ ia"~ hqrv.
roi'U' d a re"ogofor yo ur ears,7 "FI' officlou is
Kiiardihnof t hthiaaw
iuficeit rp,~totk iht71
told.Jhis worshp Ithat as to the! firsti iqoebi
tioi',iiVith WU 1hh1&M6dn4l
rekaid t4tl~d5fnd, lie- lived i iteIr.
tdin; withregid totAhethird,-h had; beeu6
taking-a glass'of wine-with -a friend;Abd.
and 'bid Mi 4vb godrigL~
Cattjb,6 h hitid 'arrived.
Inttrdy W iIormed ths a a.,'#
iOWC k w4o *W 01, j r11 ~eP