Newspaper Page Text
W kOIC 'Daily Tribune, of the 22d
inot.,ioAins the anouncement of the ar.
est 4fa notorious gang of desperadoes,
;wvho have fo a year or.more ilfested'Jack.
oM Couty, Michigan, ani by their lawless.
nets reotered themselves a terror to all.
Wo iriely, announced on Haturday, says
the Tribune, the arrost of a gunig of men in
ackon county, who were organized for
thevmost nefarious purposes that depravity
could sog eat. FAr the last year or two
Mh etal Railroad Company haLve been'
constantly annoyed along the line by per-.
sons whose sole occupation seem# to be the
placing of obstructions on lthe road, and
otherwise destroying the property of the I
eompany.--Some four weeks ago, however
one of the persons employed by the Com-. t
ipany obtained an inkling of th organiza.
tion, and by adroit anagenent succeeded
in working himself into the confidence of
the ifiltiated. But before they would trust
him to any .siderable extent, it was re
nirod as proof of his allegiance, that he I
should fire the Dupot at Niles, onl a cer
Tho night came, to ward ofTsspeion or
betrayal, as well as to secure th full con.
'fidence 6f the gang, the depot was fired, all
necessary precautions having been made c
toaversany serious damage to the hnild
ings. The news that the depot at Niles
had been set on fire, but fortunately discov.
cred in time to prevent its destruction, at
once gave to the new recruit the fullest
confidence of the gang. and he nas at once
-,lidmitted to the fullest confidence of the t
gang; and lie was forthwith admitted to the
most secret councils of the lending desper
ldoes. Counterfeiting, horse stealing, in
cendiarism, burglary, robbery. and the
smallest petty larcenies were sworn objects
of tilis ihutrous orgaiization. One of '
'their iesigts was to bow tipa tiae track and
%ears by an' ingeniously contrived torpedo,
"sn Trranged as to be fired by the locoto.
'live and to explode whade the passenger car
. should be over it. The iniformanit continn
od to act With them utitil hu had procured
-'Ithe names of 30 or 40 of the conspirators,
)their places of residence, &c , whteh were
r'incipally in Lecta, C.-:ntre, Jackson anad
Before plans had been matured 'or his
arrest, the notorious Joe Dows, who, it is
said was the General of the ganag, was tak
en from Detroit to l'ittsbm'g, one : requisi .
tiop from thie Governor of l'eisvivanin, andi
the conna d of the gang fell ti:o:a one
0. D. Williams, then in this citv, but a re- t
aildent of the State of New YorK-. l
The ariest of Williams was maide by
Win. 11. Goodnow, of the custom house,
who was acting as United States marshal,
and Williams was brought back to Detroit t
on Saturday nighat.
On Friday night, the time it had been
.greed upon to manke the arrests in the in. t
terior, an extra train of cars was sent out t
4ron titis city, with a large number of of1.
cers and assistants, andl such were the ar
vangemonts carried out by leaving squads e
along the line. that at Leota, f.ichigan, I
.Centre and Jackson, 33 men were arrested
Bitnultaneously, about day-hreAk oan Satur- I
day morning, and brought in and lodged in 0
Atuong the prisoners are three justices 1
of the peace, five phyvcians, one judge and 0
four constables, the latter beelongotag to the f
township of Leona, not an officer . ~ which
from supervisor down to postiater, b
~'~I"UTHE flBATENED Cu NV Ast -XA n.
MtEST OF THlE ALLEGED CONSP'IRATORS 15N
NEWV YOax.-COSTINUATON OF TIlE Ex. e
CITEnIF.NTr. &tc.-At, an early hour yester- q
day, Mr. Tallange, the Unaited States ~
Mat shah, assisted by ihis efliciet deptieas, e
Messrs. Talmadge, Th'iompson, Brown,
Rakielewitz, and WalIsha, were busily en- hb
*aged in the arrangement of plans to effect r
the arrest of the alledged ringleaders of e
.the Cuban expeditiona, the facts of whin
we have previously ulluded to; buta. in order
't obtaina the correct, tnframation as toa
whom the parties were, said to be engage~di
in this enterprise, it was found expedaent toa,
adopt a method lay whitch it could be asc'er
tained wvith certainaty, anad in order to e ffect r
that object, Deputy Rt kielewitz disguised
himiselt as oneo of the emnigi ant Germans,t
and proceeded to Sonth Amblov, and~ theree
mingled amonag the mien whao wvere congre.
gated in that vicinaity, ready for the emabairk
ation. Oan coanversiing in Glercani with
these men, the officer soon 1seertaine'd thei
nanmes of certain persons in New York,
who were said to tie the leadinig parties in
jhe cot templated invasion.
Accordinioly five of these men were ma- I
keon, by an invitation given lay the otlicer,
and conveyed before Mr. Nelsona, the Unaitedal
:States Commiissouner, befeare whoma certaint1
affidavits were pareferred, anad warranats is-.
* sued foar the followinrg unmoed persotns:
John L O'Sulhvani,, (son-mn-law of jar.
J. Koarney Roigers.) WVilham~ T. Jiorigers,.
-Jun., (ophiew of said Dr. IRodgers,) 1:ny
tain Lewias, captaina of the ste~iamboat Cleo
patra, and formerly captain of the Creole,
mn the former expaeditaon, Mujor I.onis I
$vchesinger, one of the Iluntgarian patriots; I
Dr. Daniel II. Buartniett, at oald resident of
this city; Peda'o Santenez, a Spaniard of
*s omae rote in this vicinmity. All these per
anawere arrested durinag the day land even.
ing, the last arrest beinag miade abotL 8
e n'lock. The charge a'ledgead against
them,'in substtaince, as set forth ini the war
rant or arrest, read as taluows : "That the
above niamned paartiesi did, bay thaemnsehves,
and in conjannetiona withi others, at the city
of,Newv York, in the Monthaern istrict of'
New Yoirk, sadid provide and prep-are the
-means' for admilitary expedition or enter
prise, to be carr'ed oni frmi thle said United
JNtatou, against the territory or domnaion of
aier Majesty the Queen of Spain, with
sv'.om the said United States aro at pnee,
;snd more particularly against the Island iof
Cuba, in the possestion of suc-h territory
*and dominion of the Qnateen of Spain afore
said-contrary to the conatract of the 6tha
section~of the neuntrality act of' the 20th of
April, 1818." '[Tao parties a beve niamed,
as arrested, were at onace convcyed before
the Marshtal, wheore they were detaned, anid
C~ omissioner Neon vet faor to adajuidi
cate on the malter; hut after waitmng for
some two or three htoura, the metssa niger
returned, saying thatu the Cotmmnissioner
could not be founid.
A messenger was then despatched for
Com~missioner Briuhghuma, whoaa forthwith at -
tenled.. Tiho charge was theta presented
befoare himn by Mr. Everns, the l)istrict At
torney; and the prisoners were held to bail
each int time sum of $3,000~t, to answer tea
ate charge at coutrt. Dr. Itodlgers, whot laud
Jaen sont fear, thten enteredi anto theC reqluired
-ofrl for the appaearance of Mr. O'Sullivan
jOn :his nephew, Wat. T1. Rtodgers; anal a
t.Pean bocatito surety for l'edro
es Drluarnett was allowed to do
;rhothe custody of Ito Depauaty Marshal
untlItnaday; andic Cpptain I,ewvis it td Ma
jsdahoihesiger. weorr commraittedl teo jail mt
dofati .iaf bail. During the dlay, the Mart
lnlidfqr a detachmrenmt of maarines to
afo/, rgoofthe steiamIl,oat Cleopatra -
Coming<4ore salters faorthawith grantted thue
ie vessel is now under their charge, I I I
it the foot of North Moore street..--.
!Fera, 271h inst.
[From the Mobile Tribunae, April 27.)
TRIAL oF ARBONA AND ESTRALL.-The
ral of these men, charged with the feloni.
us homicide of Stephen Hernandez, elicit.
d a great deal of interest. The large
asement story of the Alhambra building
vas crowded froin the tine they were
rought down in the morning until after 10
'cluck at night, when the jury brought in
heir verdict, all eager and anxious to see
he men and hoar the circumstaices con.
ented with this horrible murder. The
risoners throughout the whole trial exhibi.
D I the most surprising levity, and seemed
he least concerned of any of the vast crowd
ri the room. The evidence was about tie
ame as the preliminary examination disclo.
ed, which we have before given a sy
opsis of It was thu desire of Estrallo, who
the older one of the prisoners, and is ap.
arontly about thirty-five years old. to turn
tale,s evidence against his comnFanion, but
lolicator Ilatt, having sufficient testimony
without him, declined his kind offer. Arbo
a has a very youthful appearence, and
ays that he is only about nineteen years
Neither of them seemed to be sufficicattly
ware of the terrible ordeal through which
lbcy were pas,ing-an ordeal one of the
tost appalling ever invented to test the ht
thmt feelings or try the i.inan character.
Vhile the jury were out deliberating upon
heir destiny, they laughed and talked with
heir acquaintances around them, nud indul.
ed in the luxury of a cigar. They seem
d to be pleased and interested at the for
aal proceedings of t he court, and took it as
matter of amusement, rathe*r than a sol.
m1in inqcuesit upot the butchery of a fellow.
itizen, and they seated as criminals to an
wer the charge of being the actors in the
The evidence closed about six o'clo( k,
nd after a short reecss the argutent of
ounsel nmmenced. Col. Platt represent.
d the state with his usual ability, ainel his
ust spech particularly was characterized
y great force and energy and the coiclt
inn seened to be irresistible, viz: that the
irisoiers murdered Stephen IIernandez.
I presented the evidence in such a man.
er that it had the appearance of a coin
lete and perfect syllogism. Alessrs. Ite
ier and Blocker did all for them that it
vere possible to do under such a mass of
stimiony against then. It w'is indeed an
Thaejury in their mercy spared the lives
f the prisoiers, and consigned them to l
or for the state in solitary confinement for
ie tern of their natairal iives. Murder in
lie first degree is the only offence known
a our statutes for which juries have a right
a say what the punishament shall be, and
ien the choice before them is death or a
fetime imprisonimnent in the penitentiary.
TinE EvEi.AnEs.--Gov. Brown return
d fron South Flor'da last ight, in excel
mt preservation, sun-burn, tanned and
eartaer than we have seen hint for years.
[is visit lihs been an exceeding pleasant
ae. The generous hospitally of the citi
eas of AMourae left nothing undone to
take it agreeable, aid he speaks warmly
[ the overflowing kindness which itct him
-om all quarters.
The Governor mtade a very considerable
lr'ration of the everglades, and the opin.
s as, t Chu.. .
n;M1(ca ble, but, if It could be f''e.
o dep.~at laid bare wvoulhd be found to be
purely vegetable decomposition, light
noughrt, when dry, to be blown aw;,y, and
uite as combustible as leat. Tihe ever
lades are interspersed n"oth nuaimaros
hannels anmd basitas rf a depith belowv the
ivel of th-e ocean;, wvith a limtestne or saand
ottom, and wvhere the abs nce of tall cur
ent p-.rmits the vegetable deposits to aac
'umulaate to a greater or less depith, it is
till so loo and tusubstantial that many
ears exposure to the action of the sun anid
tmotasphere will be. necessary to impart to
It lie gntal it ies of soil. By adeepening the
'uileots to the sea, the watiier of the ever
~ladles cauild be amteria.ly lowered so as to
',chim land abot the mtaargmn, atnd adrain
hie numneroas islanuls intterspe'rsed throngh
Mas great waste of waters; baut nothinig more
an tbe alone. The waters of the everglades
oem wieth fish of' m-miy varieties, and in
uch nubersa, one atnust see to believe.
,Vitha sptear t he ti beran m aay load hais boat
a a few momatenats. Wiald fowls are there
it such'l numterouas flocks, as almiost to adar.
en the sun; and gamte is aubunidant ont the
slanads. Adld to tese, te indigenious
rowth (if Coonti or arrow root, ot wich
lie Iad anma akes his tireaid, atid the attach-.
nteit o~f the savage to sucht a spot is easily
inderstoiod. To him it is atlmiost a paraalse.
Professor Page's Magnetic Locomotive.
Oin a secondal rialI on Nhoonday the Wiasht.
Ogion lRepubbec saysa th lo~licomotive ran at a
heo rate o~f nt:neteen mtiler ainaor, or scv
anteena mliles faster thi:ma the greiatesit speed
teratoifore aittainued, the trip binig mtadle
o lilensbturg, in despite oif htindiran'es
mtd delays, an onme hmintear less thtan two
ours, thle great pri nciple beinag estabbilsheid
fiat a locom: tive ont thle parmniple of Priifes
or Pamge's canm be tmade to travel ninteteen
nies uan hour.
'l'iE ,SEA GiviNG UP ITs TnEcASUntE.--The
Plymtoutha Memaorial says:
"hlauring the gale of last week, a qan-ti
ity oif iniseed oafittame aishnoen mte brak
yrs, at Maanment Ponols. Te oil was int
'arty gallon caska,14I of wvhtich were rolled
upon ;hie shore in safety, butt several enas, a
v-re bnrst by beinig udashead against the
-ocks. TIho rasks 'hat were saved. con.
ained abotat 3(0 gallons of aoil ,ch, which
rovedl to lie ini good condeitiion. JTe con-.
lition of thec casks was such, ats tio rend~er
t cert ainm that thIey hadt beena ini the wat er
a great whale, perhaips umny years. 'lThe
Miter saurfaice of the casks was conasidlera-.
dly decayed, amid there were faiur ridges ot
ronl rust o~n eachi, which were the oatly rein
tmnts of what were otnce iroin hioops. Th'Ie
::asks wiere covered with atrnces."
The Bostoni Advertiser thiuiks then aboave
same from thle brig I lad lhmder of Boa .oat,
fromt Rotteram, whlich was capsizead amad
sunk itn Massachiusetts Day, about teat
years since. 'JTbc breakuing upi oif the ves5
aol, wicha wats hasatoned lay the L'ale, prob
ably disenrgae te casks fromt thin ho'd,
mni being haghter thant water, thacy rauso toi
S~OFA MADE OF CoaL.-The Fife Adlver
liser, inireferrinag tona peculaiair chatractens.
ic oif fte coal foundma itt thatt idistrict, wich
sanm he converteid ito all soarts of articles
>f hiouisehomld furnaiture, &c., states tat a
genatlemann of ahant place is now etigagead in
lie miiantufacture of a sofia, wholly comnposedl
if coual. The front aranads are becautaful
ly worked in thle omannrer of the~ richly car
ved fhiures thatt appear so frequtently in
liiysad'w remmans of ancienat Baliylon.
TIhe receoipts for toll rit thin tharee tmiles'
mow comiplntedl of the Jllamiburg and Eidge.
ield pluank road, is stated by thae lluriig
!Rpnaiican to be at te nabe of ten pier cent,
THE SUMTER BANNER.
Sumterville, So. CL
J. S. G. RICHARDSON, E
W. F. B. HAYNSWORTH, i Etros.
WEDNESDAY, MAT 7, 1851.
QW' Messrs. A. WHITE & Co., arc
Agents for the Banner in Sumtervillo.
CorrTo.-A good demand prevailed in
Charleston on Saturday for Cotton. Prices
were more regular than on the preceding
lay, with Fair at 10 1-4c. The transac.
tions were as follows:-.13 bales at 7; 32 at
7 1-4; M at 7 14; 28 at 7 3-4; 89 at 8; 59
at 9; 25 at-9 1-2; 10 at 9 5.8; 250 at 9 3.4;
207 at 10; 81 at 10 1-3; 501 at 10 1.4; 100
baes at 10 1-2c.
ve have received a copy of the Consti
tution adopted by the Southern Rights As
sociation of the South Carolina College, to
which are appended the names of 110 stu
dents who compose the Association. The
pamphlet contains an address from them to
the students in the colleges and to the young
men generally in the Southern States,
reviewing vLry ably the wrongs of which
the South complains and with great fervor
appealing to therm to unite in maintaining
Southern Rights and honor. They have
adopted the resolutions of the Association
of the University of Virginia, the 3rd of
which is " Resolved, That colnpromises
and renonstrances having failed to check
the onward march of fanaticism, our only
safety now seems to be in * State action '
in support of which we pledge our lives, our
fortunes and our sacred honor."
A favorite thrust at the denouncers of
the Compromise is that they and the Aboli
tionists are occupying the same ground of
opposition to the adjustment, and looking
forward to the same end, a dissolution of
the Uniun ; and thus the odium of alliance
and sympatLy with Abolition is sought to
be cast upon them, while the Compromi.
sers claim that they alone are maintaining
Sout hern rights. The truth is that not
one in a thatusantd of the Abolitionists but
would lament over the dissolution of the
Union as the destruction of their fondest
hopes, for it is only in this Union, and by
the aid of tie Union, that they can expect
to abolish slavery; and more than this, not
one in a thousand of them but would have
preferred ite Compromise legislation of
Congress to no legislation at all on those
subjects ; though not going far enough, it
was on tle whole an advance. The oppo
sition to the Compromise made by Free
soilers and abolitionists was really that they
might, with consistoncy and show of rea
sua, aerha ' ld aivan.
for the rvsan Std 'ehorwhatov er
migh~t be considered (&I lejIth slavery :
and they are now mustering their forces fom
a repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law. The
A bolitionists htave more power in the North
titan the Southern people generally are
aware of. Their sentitnents are almost
universal there. Scarcely ten men can be
found there wvho do not think sLavery an
outrage on humamity and wvho are not in
favor of such legislation as will pot an end
to it. The great difyerence among thtem is
as to the haste anel directness of thtat legis
lation. PTe Abolitionists, proper, are rasht
atnd counot upon unlimited stubmnission by
the South ; the rest are moore or less timid
and feamr to lash the South to madness
thtey wouldi proceed cautiously arxd imper.
ceptibly atnd they often turn indignantly
uipon tihe Abolitionists for their undisguis.
edness or action. The principles of Aboli.
tioni underlie thme whole Northern feelings
and opinionls and the whole South sees anid
tfears it ; but the Comiprotnisers incessant.
jy assert tint the people of the North are
right andI will show thmemselves loyal to the
inws andi oppo~sedl to any further agitation
on this subiject ; anmd, for thte purpose ot
contvitcing us of thme truth of these asser
tions, thety would shut out all testinmony
thtat would prove tihe contrary. When a
crowdl of free :egrons, in Boston, rescuied a
fugitive from the otlicers of the law, the!
Presidentt andI Mr. WVEITEZ said thtat they
were satisfied that the people oif Blostoti
were averse to any sucht outrage ; whmen
tihe out rage could not hamve been successfuml.
ly cotmmitted if tht' peopleu of IHoston had]
been opposedl to it.
It is a con!stanlt ef1ert on thie part c1
Chopromisers to iel tide thte Southi as to thle
rue senttimnent at thew Northi ; anmd for thte
reason, that none of tihe slave-hmolding
.States would have acceptedJ thte Cotmpro.
tnise bumt as ani enidmg of all agitation otr
the subject, and resistance wvouldi be gen,.
eral if thme trute feclhags and intentions ol
th Northlerni peop1)e were kno. We d1e
ntot won ler thtereforo at the fol lowing ehbui
lition of ill hmummor on the part of the Rich
'VT .Southecrn Rightfs Alssociation, o
Ilmids c'outty), Alississippi, ha~s b~een con
v'tctedi of subscribing for several of thte viles
a bol it ion sheets pubb shed in the' cout try
for the pturposet ot circutlatinig themt atnmj
the peopmle. 'The otbject, of course, wvas t<
heighuten the exasperationi felt towards the
North1. $much conduict deserves universal
exoc rat ion.
Now~ it is nto dotubt unfortunate thast, t<
smake certntin the punishtument of rogues, we
have somnotimnes, for want of other testimto
nty, to indluco so'me of theoir number to be
come States.evidlence. itt, witen tht
purposes of .lustico demand thmis, can it bi
dishonorable ! But why shottld it lbe diis
gracefuil, execrable, to take a paper whticl
is circulated openly in tite North, anti whicl
its pubhlisher must of his own accord send,
knowing wvhither it is bxmind, we cannol
see. In such contduct certainly there is
not time turpitude of espionage ; it is onh:
Zoing to the fomntain to ascertain thte trute
natura of th waters. The tr~uth is that
for Southorne to be eay and contented
in this Union, icy-must be entirely igno.
rant of how Ih North foels and how it pur. d
poses to act, a any effort made to obtain' I
more light on ais all important subject is I
sure to arouse te te.ror and indignation of a
those who are jr the Union lot what will a
The Sulremacy of the Law.
It should be watirying to all, whose be. a
lief in the loyalty of the Northern people to 1
tihe laws, has been unshaken, to find in re. a
cent events in Nassachusetts tihe triumph.
ant vindication 4f their aspersed faith. In
that Free-soil arti Abolition State, in Bos.
ton itself, the nursery of those fair and love.
ly plants, tihe sulrenmacy of the laws has not
only been assertal but maintained ; the law
loving citizens live ventured to face the
abolitionists and flhe negro mobs and send
back to his Geergian master a fugitive
slave. fin this important crisi;, when an.
archy and good onter scemn struggling with
each other in a doubtful contest, the tri
ummph of tihe latter,even in a simple instance,
is matter for gratulation. But this triumph a
goes even fartherand is still more signifi.
cant. In many of hir acts, extending through,
some years past, Massachusetts has evinced
a lessening of her attachment to this Glori.
nts Union, she Ins seemed indifTerent to
lier obligations as a member of it and thus
has weakened lie ties which bound the f
States together: she has e.xhibited such C
hostility to the peculiar institutions of- the 4
Southern States that they have even t
thought of parting company with her as a r
dangerous ally. But lier feelings have at q
last been touchid; like men generally. i
who seem unmindful of their blessings un- I
til they are deprived of them, our common t
history, with its g!orions memories, time a
value of our Unicm, under which we have i
enjoyed so much liberty and from which i
havo flowed so iauch prosperity and great. ,
ness, seemed tohave been forgotten by ier,
and -he lhas bemr squandering iiwat was
priceless for the gratification of time mere
whim of a momcnt. IIappily, before it was
too late, her sensibilities have been to.oched
and ier better, mire generous feeling.s have
been called forth by the coldness evinced by
tihe Southern States towards lier. Site has
seen with alarm time almost entire cessa.
tion of that pleasant and proitable inter.
course which l-d subsisted between her t
people naid the ien of the SoutL. The
hearts of her merchant princes first felt the
rebuke. They saw and repented themi
of their errors, and front them the feeling
was communicated to others and self con.
demnation seized them for the inconsider.
aleness they had displayed; and then, as
faith without works is dead, they sent
Si-mus back to Grgia. This, otherwise
a mere act of jif icer is made beautifat b
amt condemnmation through her attaehment
to the Union, wvith a generosity and magna.
nimaity thmat have been represented as weak.
ness and timidity, had frugiven all past
wrongs and cont umnelies arnd only asked that
they shoumld not lbe repeated in time future;
she hold imp thme Constitutioni and time Fogi,
live Slave Act and made thme just require.
iment that these shmouldm be regarded and
obeyed. And Massachusetts, lher devot on
revived, her sense of justice returned, is
immpressed with thme nblenests of the exara
ple and hastens to reunite the links that ind
beent severed ; Smo~es is transporited bnvek to
hits seTrvimide. i. delivered np with a H the
imposing ceremony whic h theoccasion~ ren
dered proiper, andi Itu she- clasps hanmds
with her mSutherni sister in perpetual amity.
ikrat more mhman this; time peopre of' Mrasa
chu Lsett., in their new loyumhy to~ the Futgi
live Slave Iaw, are guardinig jealotedy
against anmy furthmer infraction of its provis.
ions, and are making certin time imnpossibil.
ity of anmy future rescue, within lier borders,
of a fugitive arrestedl under its authority.
Georga regards principles mind not d'mlanrs
amid centis ,shme is not so mutcth concerned at
tihe loss of her slaves as at thme violation of
thme law whmich entithes lher to time recovery
of them. Thelm two, lately alienated but now
reconcile~d, sisters may hereafteor move ott
in tie utimost hmarimony tghe, for, if
mneaisures nowy ont foot shall ho carried
through with ais much success as ias at.
tendled thiir cohnncen.ent, even time Abo.
lit ionisis will nt obj'c t lthat thme Fugitive
Slave Lawv shamll hmencelorthm be enforced ini
'Massachusetits whmen ever there shall be anys
oCasion for its appmiction. The New led.
- ord Mercury, of a week or two since, says:
".We are puleased to annmomunce that a ye.
rylrenubro fuigative slaves, aided by
uniikniown, anid that nmaniy immore are in time
way ot depa~.rtumre. The~ utlimost sympathy
amnd hbterahlty prvails towvards this class of
our iimin h itatunt.".
Maussachmuetts hmavimmg thus placed herself
tar inm advance of her A bohution sisters ini a
ret umrninig loyalty to time Constitution, hav.
ing acceted time amitccable proposals of
Geotrgia anmd gnar led agaminist anmy future
colhsionis of Philanth lropy with time Law,~
shlould not thme Somuthm, w'til a proper appre.
ciat ion ot her devotionm, mnake her that re.
turn withm whimch shte wvoull he conitenit a so
aimple rewvardl for all time sacrifices shme lias
made~t, a renewal~m of t hat coemmerc ina inter
course which hamd bteen so sumdenly broken
off. A hmohtionisitS shall hIiide their heads ini
disgrace, time liostoni mierchants with grate.
futi tand lyalI hearts shl amgaini potur into
their colfers ilme richies of thme Southm, aud
time Lawt wtill lhe sumpreme in Massachusetts.
The Reward of Shirking.
Thme New Y'ork flerald states thmat Chmief
Juistice SiniAtu:v of Mississippi, who has
been several timeus on both sides of thme
Southern <imestioni, but whio finally settled
dlown in mto umncmonditliztml submissuion, hasi
been auppcinited to amtand Comsmissionerhip
The Cuban 21peitom,
The Walaka which loft Savannah some
ays since with the view of ascertaining
rhat movemynts in-aid of Cuba; were in
regress, and of interepting any party It
hould learn of, haareturned, afler a cruise
long the coast and Into the .Interior of
lorida up the St. Johns' River. Bodies
f men were heard of at various points,
ut it was believed that they had dispersed
nd that between Savannah and Jackson.
'I:e Fla. there is no organization at pres
The Mexican Minister has presented
laims to a large amount for losses sus
iined by Mexicans citizens an our frontier
roin predatory excursions by the Indians,
rhich our late treaty bound us to protect
lie frontier from.
The Soldntiflo American.
This is a journal of scientific, mechani.
al and other improvements, published
reckly in the City of New York, by MuxN
&, Co. at $2 per annum. It is ably con
ucted and would be a valuable auxiliary to
cientific men and mechanics of every class.
'he issue of the 19th of April contains a
iagnificent engraving of the Great Exhibi.
on Building, or Chrystal Palace, as it is
We aru indebted to some unknown friend
jr a copy of the " Golden Sands of Mexi.
0, a small volume published by LINDSAY
. BLAKISTON, Philadelphia. It contains two
fles, one exhibiting the misery and moral
uin which are the almost certain conse
uerces of the eager and unscrupulous pur.
uit of wealth, the other illustrating, the
appiness which results from doing right,
'ough at the apparent sacrifice of what in
worldly point of view is desirable. They
re written in a simple and very pleasing
tyle and are illustrated witlt appropriate
Letter of Gen. Wa11ee.
The Laureneville Herald publishes a
etter from. this distinguished. gentleman
vhich in a very masterly manner reviews
he monentous subjects on which the
4orth and the South are at issue with
each other. We extract a portion from
lie concluding part.
"The rightts of a State are respected in
-xact proportion to its ability to defend
hem with the sword. We must then, if
ye would act wisely, look to the efficiency
>f our military power, an element which,
ierhtips tnore than any other, commands
he respect of nations, The strength of a
state denends not so much upon its- num
Perm as upon the character of ios Feople;
mid we are able to command the respect
vhich is due to a sovereign State.
rhreatened, an we are,. with the military
miwer of the- Union-, amf taunted with our
ancied weakness, we should prepare for
lefnceo against agg-essions coning from
a scalp commensurato
hie past Irax. y:' ahonor aind dignity og
he State When the State ias thus placed
:s a condition to, resume amid to- maintain
ter sovereigntty and i'ndependence, then I
tin in favor of ma king the ex-perimentt. if
lhe people of the State concur, in- co-ope
rationt with other States if possible, but
dlone if we must, believing, as I do, that
:alantit ins, dire and disastrous as ever yet
efel a State, will be brouight upon us and
ur children if we submit to the wrong.
inflicted, and to be inflicted by thte present
Messrssimr-Tar W~sa: Crrr or o
PArers 1e eW-r Suis.-'iberry or
ah"was the war cry of our brane- od
revolutiontary rather. wheni they esaiwted
Lthe tyranny and oppressiona of the govern
moent trnder whlicht they were born and ed
urnated; and ther war-cry whicla their- patri
elmi. sons, living in, a less sanguinary age,
kimve becn conmpelledl to raisenagamast a gov..
ernent whtich. hats dentied' the equmlity of
right which- belongs to fmereeme,- is," ib
ermy or Secession i Our rights in the Unti
tin, or our rights out of it!"
Situated ats we in the South are, our re
volutionary fathers would have raised the
old cry of" Liberty or Death," and drawn
the swordl; hut we only propose a more
peaceful, a bloodless remedy-a stepping
uside as the failthful Abdiel turned his back
on the apostatec angels, proudly waviing the
hand in farewell with the solemn words:
"You shall op~press us no Joniger. Seek
white slaves among thiose horn to thle dis
tincetinos of inequality l You touch us no
TsiE WEATHER AND TitE Caots-WVe
have been for several days uinder the intflu
once of c-old, disagreable weather, and ac
counits fromn all parts of the coutry tell the
same story'. Th'le weather has been very
unpropitiouis for the crops over a wide re
gion. W., have telegraphic accounts from
Tennessee of frosts therec night becfore Iast.
Thme Georgia papers last received say that
there w~ere cold rains there early last week,
and similar accounts reached uts trmn Ala
bamna. rThe Ilaynevillo Chronicle 'la-ndes
county, Ala." says that since the 7th the
hleavy rains have been doing much itjury
in that region. Ott the ntighits of the 8th
and 15th there were slight frosts folhowved
by) north winds, doing as much injury as a
killing frost. 'Thei young cotton, it was un
derstood, was dying. andi it wa~s apprehend
ed a arood stand was ouit of the question.
'he seed that had not come up. in conse
quence of the paicking of the earth from the
rains, wvould, it wvas feared rot in the groun~d.
\Ve are fearful that we shall receive
had accoiunts of the efl'ects of the recen'
cold snap frotm thte upper parts of our own
State, fronm Mississippi and fronm Arknn
sas.-New Orleans Picayune, 2-lAth inst.
BOston, A pril 20,
At Monroe, Me., on IFridlay last, a moan
namied Jchtn Cozzens, accompanied by Dep
uty Seriff Cunningham amid others, attemp.
ted to dispossess au tian named .Jewoll of a
farm of which lie hlcd illegal possession.
They fotund the doors barred, and tihe ini
mates arniod with guns. pitchl forks, &c.
\Vhile the law officers were endeavoring
to force the dooir a shot was fired from the
inside, which instantly killed Cozzens. Thie
Jewells were finially captured and commit
ted to jail. Several citizens 01 Monroe are
said to be implicated in the resistance.
The New York Courier gives the pro.
ceeuds of an invoice of goods shipped by a
firmi of that city to California, the prime cost
of wvhich wis 8120. 'To sumt realized on
ii was 85335() about 4Q00 per Cemt. The
chaurge, hiowever, for freight, storaige, auc
tion dnties, &c. amnounted to ASE lam'
ing a balance due on the oa ginal shipwert.
of l4cents, w hich, with3Scents more, wer0
used up in paying the postage from San
Franciso on the etter tonveying an' ac
count of the transaction.
One or two of the submudssion organs of
Georgia have recently inalged in certahis
strictures, pointing at one of the editors of
this Journal, on account of his not being a
citizen of I his State, which le has hitherto
treated with the contempt they deserved;
but the &outhern Patriot of Greenville,
having deemed fit to stirke a note ed the
same key, In just ice to himself he respect.
fully asks the attention of the readers of
this journal to the following brief remarko:
the Pi ot of the 25th Uit., in an article
entitled "Who are urging on the State to
secessioni 1" says:
" In some instances foreigners-unnat
uralizedfureigners-have dared to dictate
to native born Carolinians, and preached to
them honor and patriotism in destroying
their government, and unsettling the princi.
pIes of liberty !"
Now, the associate editor of this jhiernal
is as is well known to his cotemporaries
throughout the State, an Englishman by
birth-an Irishman by descent. Nor has
lie made anv concealment of the fact. It
is true, that his res:dence in this country
has not entitled him to the boon of natural
izition, hut the preliminary notice has long
since been given by him. to the proper au
thories in -his town, of him inteatior to ap
ply for it at the legal period. and he arden
tly awaits the tine, when, what fate deni
ed hin at his birth, the usages of his adopt.
ed State will grant hii-the rights and
privileges of a citizen of a free country,
For years connected with the literary
profession, on his arrival in this State, the
xnly one lie has visited, lie naturally sought
simidar employment. Success crowned
Iiis eflhrts in hpnrsuit of it, and lie found
limself associated with the editorial depar:
nent of thin office, in which he had invari
ibly exerted hineself to the utmost extent
f his feeble ability, t( '- 1 duty cons'ci
,ntic-isly. Had he hower thought that
i free expression of his opinions would
ave been denied lum in South Carolina,
to other shores lie would have directid his
dteps, inasm-jch as he prizes "the liberty
to kmw, to utter and to argne freely, ac
.ordmng to conscience, above all o:hec lib
Painfully aware of the wrongs the birth
place of his forefathers-the green soil if
lExin-wa, ana Is now enduring at the
bands.of an unsciupalowus consoLidaard pow
r, which knows no contr 1, ihe synspithiz
d with. the condition in which he found
Iaid adopted State,. and felt a pride that his
pen-feeble though it be-waits permuitted
o be wielded against her oppressors.,-but
in discharge of his functions as a journalist
it is his boast to say, lie is independent;
ind where lie deems it necess'ry, he
claiins it as a right-nay a duty to su gest:
s nouse once liberated a hen Vet his
uwn conciousness of the inferiority of his
powers, apart from that sense of propriety
fromi which, lie trusts, he never has nor
never shall deviate, forbids him to aproxi
tate even to the verge of dictation. The
ripinions ie expresses are those of a mna
inrity of the citizens of the State, and up
old,not "unsettle the principles of Iliber
FInally, his home is- now in South Caro
lina, and there, in all prolability wiU be
conme u...t she should require .his htumnh
services on the field,.theay will be cheerfulJ
lyr tendered ewen unto deatly ;.in the means
tiune, he respectfully claims, as the inaisen
able right ot every wvhiite man, the privi.
lege of expressing his opinions freely on
all points so long as they shall not be detri
menctial io the honor or liberty of his adopt
Pirimello State Banner
Lieut.. Maury~ has. retcently made al.em
municit.am to (u.oram L Waciinn,. Chef
of the B~lienu: of COdsiance andw ydL a
phv,. in- relation to. the habit.at fVhales,.
whicir he supposes mafT leadi to, the dis
cnvery of the Northa West Passage. The
solution of thais great geographsical problem
would be remarkable indeed,. if connected
with such a, circumstance. Lieut. Maury
distinguishes betweeai the WVhale of the
Northern, and the Whole of the Southern
hemuisphere. He states "that an impas
sable barrier separates them. lIe suspects
from results that have been elicited iai the
course of these ianveastigations, that the
same WVhale which is ttken in Bohring's
Straits is taken in Baffin'sa Bay also; antd, if
this be so, these ianvestigations prove hie
yond question that this aniaa cannot
Lass fronm one reirion to the oilier, .xcept
through the Arctic ocean; and hence we
are entitled to infer that there is, at times,
at least, an open water cnmmunication be
ttveen these Straits and the Bay: in other
words, that there is a North Western
Th'is interesting piece of circumstanstial
evidlence ini favor of a pasage there, was
cnlled to the notice of Lieut. De Hlavon,
when he left this country to take commiand
of the expedition in search of Sir John
Faanklina and his companions. So much
wvas that enterprising officer impressed with
the iportance of tisa suggestion, and the
considerations growing~ out of it, that he
apress~ed the intention, after reachaing the
Arctic sea, to observe closely the haabits of
the Whale, and should those fish be ob
served to take a WVestwardly course, to
use themt as pilots by the way."-Erse.
MIURDFEn.-Onie of the colde~st hloodedl
niurders we ever heard af, took place in this
city on yesterday, (Sunday,) at. the Frank
It appears that some otne got possession
of one of the late Governtor Biebb's blank
requisitions for fugitives and filled it tup
fo.r a piece ot sport and directed i! to a
Thomc~asa Spencer, a well knowvn cattle deal
er, residing in Adelphi, Ross county, -and
whoi is frequently ini this city. Thbis etnra
gted Spenicer, and some one to carry on the
joke, told him that it was donie by Geo.
Parcels, the bar-keeper of th, Franklin.
Hie immediately wvent to where Parco's
was, drew a revolver, and shaot htim dead
the boll entering his left side untder the
armo. Spenicer, in an efflhrt to escape, was
token and putt in jail. lie is respectably
connaectodl. is or has been a man of consid.
On the day following Spencer was fuilly
commiaitted for trial.-Co~lubus (0.) Jour
A ta recent meetitng of the London Tract
Society, is w;as stated that there are no
fowver thtan tent stamped newspapers of an
infidel tendency, the circualation of which
throughout the country is not lears than
11,700,000. Thiere are six unstamped
newspapers of which the circulation i
0,240,000. 02 misellaneous publications
of evil teindency, thiere is a circulation of
nlot loss than 1(0,400,000. Of the wvorst
class of all, the circulation' #rmoubts
RumOrs-AciriLytYhf s the 060" ',
0O11cers--Cruse if thAW.k
0%a 0*110 ftluttf th
Ineritableresaditaj the Cubana Mar eng,
The city, for eirveral days past hbabem
full of rumors about the expedition utld4tjq
he organizing for a descent upon Cubafbut
very ittle intelligence of a reliable. atote
han been in the possession of any..bAIE
officials uif the g vernment, who see
determined that it Cuba is revolulioisj
shall not be their fault.
We mentioned thie fact thqt 4e' c
Sunday nighlt last, tIhe WelskaOftri the
U. 8. Mfarslal and other officers cnb,.
for the South. Since then there tas been
considerable speculation among our eltbzesg
as to what was tie object of her trip, .and
much anxiety has existed to know wlfat
would be the result of her voyage.4.
stated, the reporter of this paper wnt
tie steamer, and we expected advices froar
him by the St. 31stthewr, which s6iVed
yesterday morning with the Southern Malp
but no letter from him eas reached Is.
We learn that letteors have been..repeive4
in the city. by the U. S. Officers, fer6, t'
contents of which have not transpire&.& 6
is rumored that thu Welaka was !at: 8t.
Blary's on Monday, and remained tigro
during Monday night, for the purposs!-of
collecting information in regard,to the, k
pedition, and that she sailed -Onr Tuesdiy
morning for Jacksonville. The. S-. Mit
thews passed lier on that day in -the $t.
John's River, near tIme latter city.
We learn-fromn passengers on the St.
Btatthews, that a considerable body "f nen
(variously reported from 200 to 00)aro -
encamped near Jacksonville, and thatother
bodies are on the St. John's and . Satilla
rivers, awaiting transportation to convey
them to the general rendezvous of the 'ex.
The young man from this city, whojoilnq
a company of the expeditionists at Uan
some two weeks since, with a view to o-.
tain information of the contemplated
movement, .0 be used by the Spanisir
Consul here, returned in the St. Matthews
yesterday. As well as we can learnte
factf, lie went to Mlacon, where lie iimin
with the members of the company, . '
profes#;sing a desire to join thema, obtaiwd
their confidence and a knowledge. of,ti
destination and plans. Ie then retyrne4
to his city, ins advance of the conppaany,
who,. it will. be remnembered, came doinas
far as the ninety mile station, on the Centri
Rail Road- and turned back. flaving cons-.
mnicaed infermation of the movemento
the Consul, he then returned to Macoren Un
pursuit of his original design to betray, tiet
expeditionists, and accompanied thetame'ta
their way as far as station No. 2, ott :.
Central ftoute, where he auempted toleave
them. But ihis designs having been Ais
covered, he was arrested by the Cqhtanma.
and for,.vl to accompany them, with-the
assurance that. he shouhi go to C'abain the
front runk; of the expedition. As a .maugr
of course, his situaim now becamo an,
tremely unptasant one, and he watiib
every opportunity on the imarch n at
his escape. lie made several attempts,
all of which were unsuccesful. zad.in 9eW
of whieli he was fired on and madea n
escape from being shot. The line of iaareja
sJ~,3f m the station on the rait
th M'lntosh, Glynn and- -Calnulem.
b b t i t rna h a a t F o r t b err j i
an'after- geting thle Icompzy
achmsitja$ed imseflf oheoppostmuft .
16e sin. tjie canmoe- but. after a .'ir
paddle' of-semte three or four umile. dopp~
the river, he was overtamken by his pursery,.
who had obiained another bzoaz, andcarrietti
hack.. Tho company purstued their mirch.
keepiag a close gu~arud over their prison
until within abut eighmteen iles df1Ile
in Camden county, when a fa'vrali,
opportuniky presented itself while on ti
mnnrch, in: the nighi, and he finally efletoe
iba escape. ie travelledi some two days
ann, nights, when lhe reached .Brunswiohkr
whiere ho took the boat which breughrt jbi.
to this city. Thus has terminated M
adventure. whicit, whatever mnay be thotlgh.
of its propriety. camne, near beng- a Mr
The Company fsom which time yey j
mian escamped, were on their way toRie
Fort, on the Satulla River, which Is to b&
the principaml rendezvous of . the ex.
peditioists, and whore they expected negne
1,50t0 Georgians would he concentgteL
It was understood that two vessels Mitu
provisions and arms, were waiting forten
at the miouth of the river, and would cpnvoy
thmem to the general rendeavous el tl ~.
pedition, which is onec of thme coast js~i
mthe neig.hborhmond of Key WVess, ax
where it was understood a largo 'd~
numbering sonic ten to tifteen thounand
men would be concentrated. .
P'assengers ini thme St. MLatthwa state
that bodies of men were coming inito tlie
camnps on the Salilia and St. John's "fresi
every quarter anid tha~t it was rumored that
a considerable force hasI alacadly arrveL.
who were waiting a steamet to ttanQ9LA
them to time render-ous. The' steamor
expected, is doubitess the same at 1liAg
ca ptured by the Governmient at New.Ysra.
Thmis capture mnay provre a serious obstacle
to the expedition, as it will cause consmdea
able delay If, however, transportation
all thmey want, we would rnot be surp'r~c
hear that they had made bolud to charter the
Welaka, and such other craft as they mqa
conveniently lay their hands on.
A few days will tell tihe story of i1~
Cuban Expedition. If it shou!d fail,
through thme active opposition of ourga
ernment, wo fee) quite confident that Iks
mnissioni will only be delayed. A populat
mnovonment, so deep-rooted as this, may j a
frustrated at the timme, but It isueVi.
dont that a spirit is roused,
ever unjustifiable it may -be, -wl
wiill sooner or later effect the enmap
cilpatinn of Cuba. It is theo duty of oar
government to preserve the neutralit7 .
te nation, and to discountenance e
infraction of our treaty stipulationse
Spain; but it ms expecimng too much of ,tho
adinmist ration to suppose that with *11 ts
vigilance it can prevent what. has comed
be regarded as the "inevitable distlny"
CAN THEBE be any thorough nana~
fuisioni of the Northern and Southernatate*)
I 'hink not--uliuifct the Union will~be.;sha
ken ahnost to dissolution whenever a seri~
Otis qnestioni arises. The Amerlesh TNkil
has no centre, anil it is impossible td iak6
one. TIhe more they extend their I otkre
into the Indian lands the weaker the
sion will be. But look u son theq itat~
splendid masses to be tai bymnsd bvjR?
composition of tiro or three p tbat A
ments.--Coridg~a Tae pil &).
HotvT-ra End Wota* t fif6W'
F'acrr.--11ave a po0tful of sAhiA%.Aul
on the tire then putt thie fruoit intti aacI~im
suitable si n~id dip them in the 64
water,wh k~1ill the wormn or el
causes it. R ipping spread ih
ou~t to drv-the jpeniin does niot do tha