Newspaper Page Text
so e up? Cgn b3
- d'essdni, b lifte 'opposi- e
oaynclesarily tho act of a' T
t' voJntions, depending
- o urrnt acte of two or more
t8 .oriidivlduals been produced bysi.
Vit 4hternplated by the fathos of ex
i blidthat the Foderal Union must il
ilyijoipromise all Anglo Ameri. C
e Crorven all the original thir- C
A' q6nthey provided for the establish. th
a'ontitution between, 'among and It,
n fStates 1 ca
torr ot, therefore, to talk of separa. w
ofagis olution of the Government I.,
u by the socess on of one Si
St avhen that government as it is called, ri,
was reated by tihe ratifyiig ects of nine of
States 1 ri<
lisit correct also, to speak of any change is
a t ir'deral system, as a destruction of ei
,Is not"thdgonuine American principle- sli
tho cardinal axiom-of true republicanism, I.
iswdeuced from American history, to be 1
summed up.'in these postulates--" equal t
an'iifimonio6s allianco of sovercignities of
-ind homogeneity of governors aid the ad
goisned I of
Aie6not republican institutions best pre
ieyyed in small republics ! Is it possible ol
for the General Government to be adminm- rig
istured now, (even upBposing always the de
best interition) but by continuing in its cc
presstihnti-slavory attitude I qu
In other States, do not the signs of the w
timesablealy indicate that the present. Coln- u
tral Government must restrict slavery, (and of
thus destroy it gradually, but surely, if not ho
violently) or propogato slavery ! is not or
separation indicated as the proper remedy on
in both cases? be
CathneOuth Carolina be considered as me
usiri rertown right to the injury of others, ev
by seceding, and if so, does this rule restrict um;
sovereig ity- er:
Would not a Confederacy embracing all i.
that're now called Southern States, be as an
bad its the present Union, and involve the pa
same olements of discord and incompati- th;
bilit T vei
W dre not the grievances which led to de
- the e olution, trifling, vhen compared tec
with'those the Southern States have long ti
endured ? Ch
Vas there not more homogeneity and 1mim
harmony of interests between the Colonies tih
and their parent State, than now exists, or en
can exist, between the two sections cf this fec
Are not the inducements, motives and
arguments now urged against action, the cr
'jailin kind, asthose employed againist dui
the revolution? The nti-revolutionary be
au si all the Colonies, was composed of sh
ate arrived emigrants, whose atlrections the
atill clung to the mother State-of office- a
-6lders-and office seekers under the Union ou
-androf those whose commercial calcula- ar
tion overru'ed their patrioti-m. Is not the wa
case precisely similar now 1 pa
oW AND BLODGETT's SEW:NG MA- li
z.--Last~ei owe visited the tailoring ye
r :o. 33 Gold street, ibis city, and me
7.1.6 rmuch surprised to find thirty of the co
ve machines runming on clothing, and Sn
W-nty-sewing up bags. These machines
_t41nded bgi rls, and have been in ac- M
ration for a year. They are driven wi
wor, and so. rapid is their ope. up
he tMrfy'nachmnes wurn out wit
San.aloonshft. ono day,. and Ti
'. tirrivehm, ehavs turned otitOO60 tar
* ~'~"' T no he superiority of the rotary ma- hi.
ntime continued and uniform action and col
motin oftheshuttle, there is no stopping w
*it motion to make a return stroke, conse- Mi
quently no jarringt and less liability to get icr
I4of order, arnd for this reason its speed Su
:~fbe greatly increased. No less than coi
0,00 caps were made in thisi factory in thme
V sj . months. WVe saw fine coats, every for
4lh, except time buuton hmoles, put ini by st
m racine, and lthe wvork could not he' at
surpassed. The sowing~ is stronmner thman im
* * ~ by hand, und wholesale goods manie by this ump
machine are better amid commiand a hiigher .
price than the hanid-made clothes. Tme wec
atitching is beautiful, and is alike on both imp
sides of the cloth.-Scient i/ic' A nmericain. m<
* M~hOST SINGUI.Anl SrOiRY.-We fInd time
Toilowing strange tale relatedi in a late i";
tiumber of Galligniani, time ediitor of whmichm "r
translates it fromm one of time l'arnis jourmials. th,
The story is decidedly Frenmchm, anmd oumr 01
readers may believe it or not, jmst as they W
A short time since M. Macqumart, con 'im
tractor for slaughtering horses at Monmthu. Y'0
con, purchased four days aigo a lot of thirty- bY
thnree worn out aninmals, amid amnongst them im
were several whiich hmad formnerly belonged .i
to time army. Tlhme thirty-thrnee were killed, inm:
-+~ and time meni proceeded to cut thmem mp.- p
Judge of time stupefacationm of one of the'
men, named Matelot, on fimnding in one of A;
them a small box in silver, coninming a am
cross of time Legion of Hlonor, andu a paper, he
in a perfect state of preservatiomn, comtmaimm
ing the following lines: hma
"As I canmnot survive time defeat of my ar
Emperor, amid as I hmave neither wviie, nor -
child, nor comsimns, I am about to get myself
killed in a last chmarge ngaihnst thomse scroun.
drels time Englishm, anmd nis I wvill mmot iet mi
them have amy cross, I will mmake my faithm.
ful horse Chateau-Margot swallow it. ie fa
will give it up wvhmen ime can. p
l'rsanip DAnDEYNP., de
Sergeant in the. 2d Squaudron Red Lanmcers. hmm
?Matelot took theo thmmmgs to thme Commis. ,re
aary of Police of time district, anid thmat fiumc-*
tionary allowed him to keep time silver box. st;
As for time cross it was sent to time Gramde pc
Chancellerie of time Leogioni of Ilomnor. From m
documents published by time P'rofessors of fo
time Ecole d'Alfort, it appears that certain tam
hiorses he hmved to time ago of forty-five; tui
that whiW iCharmlos XIl. rode at time bat tle G;
of Piultowa attained thmat age. T1he. whiite am;
qharger of Napoeoni lived twnty-mimnc in
years. Chateau-Margot is supjiposed tomhave tu
benabout forty. ti
As UrUnu!sIJ.D VF.RSE OF Bu'mnNS.
hJIOn Burns wvas in Edinmburghm, says tesam
GlasgomCitizen, ime was imtroduced by a
rriend to the stuidioof a weli kmnowm pamiter,p
wmom heo. found engaged im a represemntatmonti
of Jqcoh's Dram. After minutely exam- a
ilm the ork,, ime wrote time followvi"m M
teheonte back of a iittle sketch, wichm di
s still greserved in time painter's family :
Der-,PIii ge ye some advice, cc
SYou'll take It no uncivil:
Von umoial na paint at angels mnair,
liut try and paint the d--1.
Tomiahnt an an l's kittie wark,
WIl' apl Nick's thore' less danger; i
*Yon'ilteasy draw a wvee-kent fac,,
u~mt no mao wvect a stranger. an
.an ow.-A~i Iampshiro pa.
pen keas the followingi extraorinary ;n
~ Benjamin C. Cadum, of C'or
.ara ago, wvhile excited by ii.
~ 4ini, bmsing a fmvorite ihorsephims son, th1
b 1 $nsyears of age, imnteriered, jum
hifi't fii Ate td J~Ib~i
hiftlP1iOMMlit o'ung man setWt it
Ihe proNgs..and held it wt a Orm grasi
r a few mo pe ots, when the old man let
itle handle, 611 backwards, and'cll di.
lie son went to him at once, turned the
dy over, but his father Was a cirpse.
South Carolina Convention.
We devote a considerable rottion of to
y's paper to extracts from several of our
changes, containing information respect.
g the South Carolina Sobithern Rights
invention. This body assembled at
inrleston on the 5th, and adjourned on
D 8th instant, after passing a series of
mso!utions declaring that South Carolina
nnot submit to the wrong and aggressions
iich have been perpetrated on her by the
ideral Government and the Northern
ates, without dishonor and ruin; expres.
ig an eariest desire for the co-operation
the other Southern States; aflirming the
,ht of a State to secede from the Union
a necessary consequence of her sover
rnity; and resolving that South Carolina
ould secede at some future day, though
e should do so alone; and calling on the
,gislature to take the necessary steps to
Id a Convention of the people. to exert
a sovereign power of the State in defence
its rights. They also adopted it spirited
dress to the Southern Rights Associations
the other Southern States.
That the principle on which South Car
na acts is just, we think every State
,lhts tman will readily admit, but the pru
nco and expediency of the present and
utemplated movements, may be liable to
estion. It should be remembered that
i cannot force pualic sentiment, and it is
questionably the fact that a large number
our citizens have not abandoned the
pe that the South will yet receive justice
soinething approachiitg to justice vith
recourse to extreme measures. But
the event what it inay, let it be re
mnbered that the Deinocratic party has
er and toldly oplosed the assuniption of
delegated powers by the Federal Gov
unent and the aggressions of the Norti.
d the eflhris of Randolph and Mlacon
I others, staunch Demnocrats, beei pro
rly seconded and sustained when, more
in thirty years ago, they predicted tl-e
ry state of things which no%% exists. and
,Iared that they would not yield the nine
nth part of a hair, it bud not been
is with us. In the language of Langdon
eves, "The philosophy of liberty is jea
sy. The proper action of patriotism .is
earliest possible rrsist-ince to the
,roachient on the public rights." W~e
I that it is time that this excit:na ques
in was settled.
We may exercise forbearance, we may
P peace, pace, but there is a titne when
ly cries "if you have humanity in you
ir it not.'' It is due to posterity that we
)uld not be infirm of purpose and put ofl'
i evil day, but if we are involved iii
ea of troubles let us bear the charter of
r liberties in our teeth, aid with strong
us and determined spirits buflet the
ves honing to land on a secure and
iceful shor.-Rakigh (N. C.) Standard.
NFw MExico AND TE PLANS.-We
I the pleasure of a few moments' con
rsation with Dr. Connelly, whom we
utioned yesterday as having arrived in
npany with several gentleien from
The military, tinder the command of Col.
)nroe, have been quite active during the
titer in watching "and putting a check
Dn the tbieving excursionuipf the Indians,
ich have heretooro-ie, Ao fte frequent.
e new Governo? hid led oni the nili
y to aid him, and whih'thie forces under
comand, had suceedied in capturing
reniowned Chief of the Jicarillas, Chia
i, who with his formidable bimd of
rr'ors, was the author of the murder of
.and Mrs. Whiite, who, it wilt be recol
ted, were killed on the Plains last
immner. A treaty of peace had beeii
ict uded betwee n the chiief anid thle au
'rities of New Alexico, whilch stipulatest
thme restcoratiin to the whiites' of ual Ilie
hen goods iin ihe possessi of the idianis
lhe t ime. '1Tie Natvahloes aire rephreseii
as beLing imecttasinig mi thirii deprdacmtis
mnt hie iroperty of their w hi te neighbo rs
in consequeince of whIiclh prepa ratto is
re tiakinig by Col. .loiiroei, for a desceint
mi themo. Th'le camnpa in wa:s to Lumn
n1ce abiottheid 151 of il a v.
Blusiess in .Santa Fe had been1 amnd was
dec fo~r t.,) supply of ut iine min poun.i5,
liour of thle pi luit oft NewV ~ lei. Ico, for
u51sito thme Uiiited Stts troops.
m m~rinfeiat is e'onitit that this amiount
Itic beilyv furnuished lhv thle thmree, II 'Iuring
Its no1w iln opeiirationu ini the, territory, anid
nksi that in the couirset ofi twoi or thriee
irs the whiole amiigiii miiiutly cosonedsi~~
the troops will he suspphed's tromt that
Oin thec rotute ini, the party evsxpeienced'
ci weather, andic founimd the grasc n thle
tinii ohfgood ittmlityV, aiii ini iaiitamanc.
'They mnet inumbehr-is of Inm~ens, prinIcipi:,ly
rapahoies and h'iaan~ s, and the Cini-riore
dI at the fort. 'lThey are repres~ented ias
ing~ a beggarly set.
'iThe trill sccupjieds 'il1 days, the party
ving heft Samnta F~e on tie 2d oft .\archi
rived at indepnd~ence oni lie 2d oft Apir.
LA~irrn Fnol TiExas.--WXe receivedl list
yhit piapers fruom Te'xais it lie 8ithI iin..
TIheu hhrazos river, lately so high, ha~s now
len entirely within its banks. laniy
uintations~ wiere ove'rfliiwed, somie toi the
pthl of three or four feet. Alt these will
ve to lie reptainted. Theliy imay iniake
cli crops cit cotto'n yet.
te~s that somuie Ithree weceks siince two
rsons weire at did lby Inianms, iabout il bri's
les belo~w 8ant 1;t ricio. Thelre were
ir plersonls in thle pmrty sourprisedl aind ai
'hedt by thte savages--t wvo Amtaericanis aint
o Meicanis.-onu their way to the lion
-tile to puirchlase stc'k. On:e Amiierican
d one il exicant fell .at the fir,t tire oft thtic
dhins, pierced wvithI arrcows, and1 the cither
o of the.. piarty were wvoundedt at thle samenc
it, buit not so bily but thait thity were
le to meak1e such rceitace as to put the
rages to Ilight.
Onl:y fouitr Indians were seen, bit it is
ppo~sedI there were iibont Ii ftnesen in thle
rny. O ne of them~i ventnirecd biohly int
3 toiwni, an d s~uceeed ini c:i ptuirmg
salable hors~e bielongiing to .air. Ca'.rrican.
r. C. attempi;ted to reel thte initrudter bty
mshiarginig a "'live-shooticer'" at him t, but itn
-tunately the cap expiuhld and iihle was
mplel led to ret reat, the Indiiani following
with a shower of Larrows.
Th'le pairty suirprisedl, anid two oIf whomii
re killed, are supposed to lie frIom~ thlit
lorasdo. Theic Amigericani that wasm tallI y
ot exchumedet as lie fell, '"(O. muy poor wile
dI children! tic had ai belt aroundt himi
ttining $ 1,800l in gidit. The othecr
rnericamn also hiad $1 ,0h00 ini gold sec'rsetid
the samec waiy.-V. 0. iayIneuL 11th.
Why is a soldier mocre tiroid ini A pril
an~ ainy oither moth I! Ilocauiise lhe hias
st hail n aitaerch of tliirtyotie saey
W- F. B. IAYNSWORrII EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY, NIAY 28, -1851.
17/ Messrs. A. WITE & Co., are
Agents for the Banner in Sumterville.
"iTE VENDEAN MAlIRIAGE," translated
from the French for the Banner, by a gen.
tieman of this District, whose fine taste has
preserved all the graces and piquant force
of the original, was received too late for
publication in this nutber. It shall ap
pear in our next.
The Charleston mail was not handed out
at ourilepot on Monday evening but was
carried on to Camden.
Telegraphic despatches to the Cohirnbia
papers report the niarket in Charleston as
depressed and prices noniinal on Monday,
400 bales of Cotton being sold at from 6 1-8
to 9 1-2. The stoner Baltic brings intel.
ligonce of a decline in Liverpool during
the 11th 12th and 13th inst., of from 3.8
The officers ofthe 5th Brigade of Infantry
under command of Gen. CHANDLIER, and of
the 5th Regiment of Cavalry, commanded by
Col. ANcitUt, encamped near Camden on
Monday 19th inst., and were dismissed on
Saturday last. The attendance of those
required by law to be present was very
full, and the various military exercises and
camp duties were performed with spirit and
alacrity. The weather was however very
unpropit ions. Spring seemed to have pre
maturely expired, and an August sun pour
ed down its burning, exhausting rays.
Gov. MEANs, attended by several of his
staff, reached the camp on Wednesday and
on each subsequent day gave a close and
watchful inspection to the various exerci.
ses. The Cavalry were coistantly super.
vised by Brigta ier General Owr.Ns.
On Friday evening, after review, the
Brigade and Cavalry were addressed by the
Govcrnor, who expressed the plensure OC
casioned to him by the large attendance and
by the patriotic spirit, good order aid gen.
themanny conduct which had been displayed
throughout the encatnpment. Ie then,
with great force and eloquent earnestness,
depicted tie extremity in which our State
and the whole South were placed and ex
pressed it as his solemn conviction that
necessioi by South Carolina was the only
course which held forth any hope of safety.
On th~next morning, after an address
from Gen. CITANnaEn, in which lie exhibi.
ted in a strong light the aggressions of
Fanaticisin upon our institutions and liber
ties aid the destruction which awaited us
if we remained supine and unresisting.
which destruction conM, an he thought, lie
averted only by the withdrawal of onr Sta-o
from- this deadly .Union, thet frees were
dismissed and thlid iaimpinent brought to
We regret that some unfortunate occur
rences mnarred the pleasure wvith which the
oflicers seperated to seek their hrnes
again. On Friday evening an oflicer by
the ntutne of Fr.i-rcutctt exhibited somec cvi
dlences of aberration of mitid, owing, as it
was thought, to loss of sleep and the heat
of the weather, lie was hnowever soothedl
to sileepi him, aboiut in idni~ight, some nie
aroused him, anid, excIa imning that t he !:ali
ants we're ataking the camp, h' rulhed
out of htis tent. seized a innsket and pre'.
ei pita ted him tself uponti set eralI personi s iin
the vicinity her iirst attacked wan h)r.
'an.x.1s Snxxs who received a severe
lbhrust tromi t he inyvon et mn hais breast anodl
one in his hack. A Mr. WVrr-rs, of this
District received a severe wount.l in his
thigh, andt a .\r. 11.1-~: was slightly wound-ii
a long I:os side. The attack of the aia
was s' suaddlen that it coulId not lie averted.
We learn th-at l)r. Sun AxoN ties in :a vry
dtanugerous conidit ion, si lit hotpes becing en
trt titied of his recoveivry. It was noi t up
prehltided that bir. WATis's wunid wouln d
Tlhie New Yot k T-' i/wune tglags at wt
it callIs the linughear of! ).sun ion. It thlink
that it may be safely hoped that the Con:.
venitiona of the Il'eople will totllow in the steps
fC thle (Char lestioni Co n vent ion anad p- sI pone
tio a fu toum daiy lie dtread disrupation of th is
Conf eideracy ; ior. accordinag Lo the cotncp.
tions of the, 'Tribiune, nio Southiernt man.
wviih a sinigle 'ye to thii tramnil ity aiid til.
rationa of Southairn insitautijons it hie takes
a cltear anid eahni view of lthe matter, cani
fail to see t hat adtaerenice to the I iion i
the ol ptihtt ofi uiisdlomi andi that alt else is
Now this s..ame paper tatkes the posit1ion,
andi 5tu!idis it by stronig statistical atrga
iment s, a l, tltyv years hec. thIe slaves oa
Ithe. South wiltl be free', eithier biy ematncipa.
tufn or by sucessful Ily rit ng upon their
ma.,iters. The niat ural mic rease of the
slaives, sliut up witin lie liamits which thte
(Comiapromisi.e has tixeid, will bring aboumt 1one1
of these states of things. This is the trana
<ptiility anid duiraitiont a~ hich slavery secures
to itself lby a con~ltiion~anc'e oft this Uniona
T1he Teni~graphI .Inites thaet thei arroniunoe.
lbe cont tined onty oai Wedn~tesidays, ji:stfai
of tri-wveely. '1The uisuil arrConiiilncIla
atips fromt Camiidein to Colunhia will Ibe con..
tinued as hiereaiitore, on Tlumesdayvs, 'Thuirs.
dayvs antd Saturdays. TI'his chaiige is reai.
dered niecossa ry in order to faicilitatte lhe
rebtuilding of a portion of the Caintae
T1he TIrien niatl lilptist Convenition, lately
ini se!ssion at Na.shivilleI, Tlenin. adjoturned oat
Tu'iesdaty thie :3th inmst., after tranisact ing
much1 Iinteresting busintess. Thei. estabeilih.
ment of a Blible hloa.-d wvas dtetermiined tip.
on, to hja locnted at Na vlieo
The Charleint6g 1hdg NeodfTimmurs. c
day [nt denies~ t 'that: pa' had been
sold oti to qparty' verse to the rights and.
interests of,the Sot I, as had beeji rumored.
Neither wai it p bable that 'lio News
would change its 1 eagent Proprietors, Edi
tor or positiop. 'le Editor delines, his po
itiol at some le ItI ; which, as far as we
can judge, is tiq advocacy ol tie Union of t
tihe South. 0
The VirgiiaComvention hias.been en
gaged for somnetime in discussioms as to f
tie basis of reresontation; the Eastern a
portion demandibg a relprcrefltatio:m for thteir
slavss and time Western, in which time
whites are inom numierons, insisting that 1,
representation thou'd be in proportion to d
white populatioialone, amid it one time the a
debates becanmo so c~eited that threats were
seriously made of a division of Lie State. t
But, a few days sinc\ tihe Convention after f
am amimated contest, and time rejection of a
several other proposi:iomns, adopted time plan
of representaon prImosed by the comipro. I
nmso conmmittec, whi;h had been once re.
jected and again nowd in comnittee of time f
whole witi a very Might alteration. By
tis plan time webte'n Section of time state
will have a majorityoffiurteen imn tihe House (
of Delegates, amid ti eastern sect ion a ma
jority oh leni in lite Senate, giving the west a c
majority of fiur onl time joint ballot. It also I
provides thatm in tic year 1805, in case the I
General Assemnbly ail niot, be able to
agree as to the prmriple of represenatation,
onl which a re-appo:tment shall bh mnide
time question shall Ibe decided by thae qjuali.
fied voters of time Stte. This proposition l
was adopted by a immmjority of heven votes,
and appears to be regarded as sethiimg tia
vexed question which has so long impeded _
time progres of the Convention min comple
ting time busines, for which it was organ.
The Aunimta Reiqi/lic, sp;akimg o1' tme
late meetiag inl Chmr'eton, smys:
We iave wateied lite pro.ress of events,
inl South Carolina, wmith lie miost anxiols .
solicitude. We have sym pathimed w it h her
in her detestationi o'the wromgi which Iamve
beon inlicted uponm her, imn commnem with the'
other Southemr States, and we munlesitating .
ly bheice she has time right to decide for t
hiermself whether sihe will submit to them or
not. Il1er righat to sereie: fromn time Umnaon, t
we hold to be perfect, indisputable and I
Inm lookiig over t h niames of the mem
hers of tle 'onrm-. iti(m. iet- reamder will have
been stmruck wvit thi i esluence, the ptr -
ismam anmd atatemhmmip of vhich it was Com
The report of the rommittee of twenty
one, is a verv limished productim, as to
tvle, and mmoderate and modlst., but firim,
as to its tonme tild sesmtimment. The wromgs a
complained Ioh we believe exist. In oir
opimon they :,,houl ie redressed, a:md time
prospect, or even probalaty (f iiture mr.
gressions, shouil be utarded against by c
firmi nd emillctive meins. We are pleased
to see that the rcport avows a villmgess
to amgreo to any plan, withoit. a ch;seolution N
of time Union, which wldl all' rd redress for 1
lite p ist, amd r I' tir the tu;re.
Never we r '4 ~re molemnly convicted
of any trith, idiifllat time Souith will be
subject to unteld early and overwhoelnminz
vils, without the safeguards to %% hicla time
It is stu sceptible of the clearest demon
ais a dlistimnct plemO hmave over time Northim
ain immmenise preiponderanmce of all tie
eletnenits of nationalj weahhm, greatness ammd
powcr. 1 enmce. the idea of dangmter to thmem, C
if ummuted inm a selnmrate conifederacy', is al-r
Ti ~we hmave! renmmsionally Iv- ,Isown, ammo
we itendm again to mex hmhit its trmh Iini our
oh ms t siime ea*rly piuods. I
li such is lime tael, as~ w~ hamve samid'
a hundimredi tum.-'s, we! wanmt mmilutng btl
miuilm am:;ngs sOnes./is, ti .-eetmr.! :stmple. m
jumstici ei nd prerve thme tnmanr estabhshed c
hiv mumr fathmers. Wh'lat imante inanio oif
al tht' mig, mim siilmthat i pre' such im
Iis it thlmst thlie repri'euta~ine i' <i anitroflksd
by~ thei mid f1 thme comststmuenst. sir is mt the
conirstui'tt hhtemlei hiv thme repsresutie.
We~ think time hitit. 'l'mmbbe':mmmiiinfumthimiaml
mimmim at time Smithi, hmwei -ubititmed sitltetv
for wi..sdosmm, ammil seltisu mms. fr pamtrit isim.
--llTe f.eoplesa mmmnu- ri-': upn~ hinke a Iaim iiim
sleep,. :0m9l .-hik' ther territile in, in:. t il!
Themsr'.i a ntim!n,tude mn the' ud inger
wich~i thre:itensm th.-~ i-m'h, mand a imimal
wle 1l. sm idt-g 's mumlin're - zimr any t jnim im
j-r mlii lmpyog sinuhrn v..im mlmNijti theser
l "rOtmtriIh Nos rtred n "rthien."Ii;.
mte a fit 53(1 i :iadob' femmur irsm wh are.
'ummnmr for ph-: liuet liel thii deeni(v
cimmtmmmmr to m'ilipend~ m th u ion' u'iiheri~'-,
protImed theiiiiitn b C'h:i s rle i'jmimsr I t y
mmlecmtiedi linit r tin- s imi natori frtnt sAii . i
ahtim seomtis, Iillm m-h ('lwimg t pir 'rhm -
---lotloiu A lsa lets t s heei .i~ (the' .!avel
lii' erla halie tela e. * *~iiir wlm*iTh
coni:mm t em, mid sto. thme 2iwabhorencii
of itheS connoia uiity, ,bllin- ,uri weapton tof
oimfenime.m\\'hereluer he ino l ilin hal Iitl,
-the.' insm mali hi.t oft~ 'he s l ni'in .h- if hal
tben lis.lile mmi' ar wlereriss wnhut
roof, lire or uwaterliii. .\len imshiml pint tiii
ett'ls, ite Imis . .l lviib i'ssi lli mmi u ilt
moifUlosilipit. l~tu ut ir i?~
:mli':m r1 lim s2...-ut ii mii r yiiim~s ''ilmr'v
isiihe n taeitm'li 'imm.i ir mhi 'iu:0lui s~t rejrou'm.a.
Simthi hapy lui:inr .i. il meh-mih ier SotJi n
miI(liihts-- t'o ivelatiuon r--.iii t' a m-t '. terun' i.
mfedis L smtiues. mmThei resioutii is anlii;i.
dreiui:nlpted byi sls thai bimdy fhaie I beendii
alreaidy publ .ihsi rinms~' iur cohinsii.riThey.
coer shersll ('utt ghmry Evlmm~met~m thera
otic tit usudly aiit vu'b lesi'ymm heiname
of' ti('hem iani md irs-t-uh are1~ nit wi '7 ;,.'
posaed tmoi .liralm mSri--h l ter utmin-wat m
thie Io etu uter Ily shoern 11f1 its owmer.
iintowing and~i h-m m!l tat the rstiu tit mm
tie d ri emm nor . ae to iur l -ie tromI tit.
The very x~unple os~leh her .c :,a y
t long. Mr. ondand r.oriforl of
:amtbridge, will superinteln it, and the
u0liC will be admitted by paybf g a 94mall St
FATALAccIDENT ON BOARID T1it ALA- tih
ANA.-Ont Saturday last, about d o'clock, to
. M., while the 'steamship Alabama, for H
lavaninal, was going out below the to
!arrows, a itatal atccident befell the 3d tin
ngineer of the vossel, named Charles 1
,oung.-Fron what could be learned of no
to particulars of the occurrence, it appears fo
sat lie had descendcd into tie crank-room lai
)r the purpose ofl oiling the machinory, sC
nd that while standinr on the pillar block, fir
i front of the crank, this part of the engine, tu
i one of its revolutions, and when passino or
-om1 the upper to the lower centre. struc< w
im on the side and back of the head,
aehing in those parts of the skull and sh
eattering a portion of the brains in various di
irections. I is body was knocked by the wl
oncussion down through the crank pit on be
io bed plate, a distance of eight or ten re
et. No one was sufliciently near ha;in gu
t the time to witness the sad event; A
tad, therefore, the full and exact to
articulars could not be ascertained. ca
,apt. Ludlow immediately after being in- re
artned of the catastrophe, ordered the ship
r> be put about and run back to the city.- frt
'lhis was done with the colors at lalf mast. fo
)n her return the Alabama anchored off
Iastl Garden; tihe body of the young man fo
onveyed to the shore, where a Coroner's as
najuest was held over it, and it was then w
aken to his friends. The deceased was ,r
wenty-five years of age. and resided in ,1f
;eventh-stret,, between Avenue B and C,
,here lae has left a w:fe and three children. as
t about 8 1'. M. the %e~sl weighed anchor of
nil aagaini started on her voyage.-N, 1'. h
TERllu.E ACWIDENT AND Loss OF LIFE.
-Philadelphin, May 20-12, P. M.-The ar
teamer Ohio, of the Citizens' Union line, re
f Baltimore, which, left New Castle to-day, '"
'as run into at 8 o'clock this evening, by e.
hw steamer Cominodoro Stockton. oll' pr
;rcenwicha In'ait, one ilIte from li ladel.
hia. The Ohio bow was knocked entirely Ve
t, a i sie stnk itn ;about twenaty mainutte- er
fter being struck. an
When the water rencebd the upper lcek
tn cons ternation herame friht laful-women C:
til Ihlitren tuovitg uap and down tttering IK
Ihe tmt pitea Is lemenat atioans; as tile wa
"r cotiimeAl to encroach the scene be
oaet atwfil. Matty jtmped overboard :ntd,
wo or three are known certainly to have
renot. T he total ntumbb.r ott board was
bo0a11 100. VC
Among the Bla!timtor-ns were John ci
Vdils, who swat alore, lsing Itis lant atd
;aggrae; .1r. Dl) Ii-ilm, .1Mr. Dorsey, of the
raa of Drsey &. Wroth; Mr. Tatonaofthe t i
rmll (X ol' lat & Uros; Mr. Stump, mer
hant, and niece: 3 .\Miss Ievering, M1rs.
tewart attd other.,.all of whom were saved.
iane git ashore on planks, some swam,
nd aothers fuind refagae in tamall boatts.
The relef bioats took anay ofihe wreck, a a.
nit the light-. being~ extingukihed by the
ater, pe s could not see where to go,
r determitae wltat to do. The boat stnk
at rapidly thia nearly all t ie bagagtre float.
11 off ani was lost. The Oio was a
plbeid hotit. a'ta hts benaa narly rititned
y this dl:,ter. The StOcktUn is alU
No bhnine cat he attachi to tle Cap.
in of the hilt. It is impoaible yet to
scertaia the taitiidr lot but it is sUppos
d some four or five ladies and children ec
'ere drowned.-Hal. Sun. -
A CL'ntous Muania t. Nor WA.-A t'
hte vilhrage of Secham, not far froam Copena. E
lagen Iately murdered his wife tainder pe-.1
uatiar circumtasta-nces. Het wais a iman ot'b
attlaa'r "weak minad, anda comptletelhy utnder P1
beo rtale oaf thte wi fe, :an ilh. temnpredt. over.-b
e-raing womatn. le wvas otne day taout tto Ic
ig a grave, whent hais wvife canmo'upi, antd W
erevinag ini ht- htand a pie'ce of two thailars, b
rdleted haitm to immedt'aiately give it up tot
cr. IlIs resisted, dleclaring that hie wated -r
to paty Ithe monuey' foir a new grave whtieba al
. I':, taboutt to lb, tanda wic h slae aagrered ;t
a :iad haia tat. Thcy atu.; at it togeathear for bi
atat tm, wtamt I .iopatarv suddaenaly struck Iio
tI- p.ekaax, ;and coataitnued str.kintg he.r utaitl ti
iae Ir illed hter. lie thtent went to the ad-l.
a. tn iahnr.'h and rarag a granad pecal in a
'antir of hter deathI andt was aboatut to timg
ram itthaa io.e~ar whaen athethoughlt Ihitt thiact
rlen taot rtamag a pecal for haimse.lf. 'Thate
htais eni aplia elI, as it was ina tir prewne.ca t I
htat lae ilntg htantse~l romt the tower oif th ea
buarebl. 11ie was to mtj ireed that hae died
ai a taew tatatite aftetr rel' atlog the circutata.
taiace- (of lt' tanuraler andte sujidelt. Thea
'civ' ai the wif ac founata d hnma~aed itetlv
tier, thte ha'td beinag dreadful ly heatena itt. 1I
lIh:.-trn atr ltusuor CAI'mns.-lt is with -
'Xtremeaa rertthat wea fare comtpe'lad to F'
omiy~ taterially the stat'eents madte list ua
vcik ta thlis .(outral, withi resptect to our
eerablthe tritad ilalahop Capers. I t
It ft retat letter ito infrmtirs tus that las y
cdlih sianca .\arebt, tans beetn fadinag, naml h
tat froma thte toss of st reng~th heo fouandim- ur.
i decidleadly woarstedl hv thae mtiddle oif
lie left M1ain extretnely un welI, anad
aueraine weorse' atal waorse on Is .aiturbev' .
(a Aaugusa~, whiuch plate ha' reacheda itat a'- ta
>:nzo.ctg. tortutre. At thec titne tat lhis writian' d
-th le 9th Iinlst., heo says : I ithave ntow lben ua
inrla'en days panIt the ext reama crisis oftm tai
ttacki :0aai artn vet hedl-rilddeat, :and aliwas
a tmiore or less paina. I have ana thpe act
eellig ilosiville itt atin,a. bitt, thanak thedl I
tay g et tat inivend befora' thtat t imeu." Tii e
ntoirnjit cnt tiakes tna vecry Sah. We still, i
'.weva'r, anticiplate a matre hiopefual re'stul.~'i
'T' iehh-st woanaaal ira tie world iS stup.
'ed to be' onte .\lairv Iietonta tnow re'scahn
at liicna mi thae counattyi o ainiurbtt.FIr.lanail.
ah - u ern an tahie 12iit o 'aFebruaryI
lb. I, t~ , a ct ecourbe ta tier tane hunaadredi
tuti at uety-vtha ye'ar. Shte is (i pose-ssion
it all tier iacult~ as, peia'neit niaemoery,
aiad eya'.abla. S"!me cooks, w'ashaes, :ta Il
arate, itn thei usattal t1:aai!y- avai'ftiaons, threadas
ier tneedl, :mdti~ sens withouctat sptectacles.
Ic.:ter' :ro i ni''i at'itae that the N~
if Saftlatia a~l it. this vaar a riael y Vac,
hit '!etm ofi washinga the leert f a twelv
hi-r insua-.ada thaat e'ii ai f thcem'ashouildl re'.
'eha 10.t ut ieb noi doubat, dlo themr a vast
A\ iiaauIer.a I acqltaitanice oaf altrs. whola I
cal Iist hia i a nd huul:aladoecie wariedca
ii las aeco nal echuttaon of thre ainge satet,
a'as onace' inistrutin tg a c'ontgregantin fromii
hie p a g-.ie- "Ih~e athais wrb nal nosat b
atbusaing it,' &.c. it thte courtse of hia ro. ti
nearhas lit toutk tocca.f-nona to maenatiana some t -
hin: ua hih a Chistiat couldt dispensee d
alithi thai-a wvorlal. In Ithis category hat 'i
ibt-eat a wife. lie laa hoawever scarcely ai
amid, ".\ mant um~y ado without ra ife it,' whena tlI
iia aownt ! e iperence sttlt y pirote-sted, atal e
te litisheda ala s branch'l af thae a-ubhject by a
dayinag itt athe shoaptlicity of hais heart, "abut e
tay baacr. a, L t. s t ni.,bt,. ha.'' k
As regaids the itilaird orl d
iris il fast pptpacli
the shade as to resuhu.
Port Paise, some 70 miles ckie 6
a place, with a strong force of adherenti
protect him from the - mhporor's threats.
s Majesty is at Port an Prtieb superin.
ding the equipment of a military expet.
n against the Prince, or Domin4i .
oi Id an advance or demonstration on twe
rth be mado, the Dominicans will move
- the capital; or hould a descent on the
ter bo inade, Bobo, in the rear, will de.
Dnd from his mountain fastness,sprading
D and desolation. in his track. letween
o fires the X miperor is now situated, one
both of which, before boing extinguished,
i cither consumo or dethrone So dlouqlue.
That such a being, in such a locality,
ould ever be tolerated to ape the "riglit
rino" of longearod European monarchs,
lose diadems resemble a fighlander's
flmet, resting on the w do of the head,
idy to tilt at the least impediment or un.
ardod step, is preposterous; and why
nerica ever permitted such tom-fooler)
be enacted almost on her border, is the
use of astonishment to many of the most
4pectablo inhabitants of this island.
Aifhirs in Cuba, and the reports there
i, slake Soulouque's throne to the very
The prohibition of logwood cutting for
ir years is not regarded with obedience,
the enforcement of so tyrannical a decree
>mld tend to open wider. wounds not alto.
ther healed, and eventually terminate in
>odsh-d and revolution.
There is but little Coffee in first lmnds,
large holders have recently effected sales
a forced nature, not through necessity,
t with a view to realize beforo the
reatened elements burst in their midst.
The financial iflirs of the government
D in a destitute condition, and in order to
susctate the trea.rsury and succor com.
arcial altire, the Emperor has deemed it
pedient to apply to the Legislature, ex.
e'ssly convoked, to raise a million (of
lIars, one h:if in cerip. red#eemable in five
ars, with iio other interest than the ex
cise of exclusive privileges by the holders,
d the residue by increased taxation oin
rtain articles of produce L.eretofore
empt from duty, and on foreign im
O)y. Sri Monn..-The Senate of Mas.
husetis paser unainiimously (except
ur dmsentingtr voices-) the folloving:
ReelmlcJ, That Massaclusetts auflirms
Iw her hostility to slavery and her de
lion to tle Union; th-it, inspired by these
erished setntiments, site longs for Ir.
ony aniong the dilirent parts of oui
mmon coutry: but she cannot coneca
e convi.tino th it this canl le iioallv an
-minentritly socure: only by the overthrow
slavery. so far as the afite cnn be con,
itutional!y dono, everihiere within tht
ri-dilion of tI nat ion:,1 governmenm
at th.! tree States may he re!ieved frori
I repion-ihility therefor, so ti at freedom
ste-il o' sI verv, becorotnationil, an
Avery, in:.-tad of freelon, becotni
l asscalmstt', we see, is loid for tlh
nion, and yet here is a resolition passet
- her I: wiet legislative hody, which,. ifi;
Urn adopted by Congzress, would dissolve
e Union belore the ink would be dry.
FACTORIES AT TIE SoUTH.-The neV
Iton factory of Autaugaville, near Ala
ma river, is now in full operation, and
rning out excelletit (Abries- and yarns.
he 3ldbile TIribumne says that the Alabama,
eorgiai and Virginia mills now manufac.
re thr' bulk of negro osnaburgs and un.
cached cotton Lgood(s required for the
ainting States, It will not be long before
eached goods will be mnrde to ai large ex.
int. Thee~ facts shosw thbait the South is
aidually freeiung herself from Northern
E~rrnamisoy In1t~:r.r.T -ro Au
toi:---W hat a t remetolous eensaii
nm bfle eawited in th literary world on- the
itoimnnetnen! tiat a genatleiman in (Colum
a. whtoo suirph ts patriotismn is boil ingi ou
Lh b recee. pockets, hais netually subl
ihed o.ni, h!,r elc a hal/f for a copy u
e2 .',d/wrn l'a/r i /, wich is to he seni
r t welve miontlhs to thme author of the beil
say ag~ainm't sep'arate Statte alctOton!
mceh an induceent do's not br ing foirth t
rinnout t hat wdh knock secession "into;
>ctedl hat,"'i's~ friendms w*ill surely hav<
-eat cauise for rejoicingr and feel assuret
mt thir 'rounmd is iimpregnale. The se
'msinni~ts wdal awaiut thle result wvill
The C oniiinittee repotrted this afternoor
lie Iloard of tDomiestie Missions in thaei
iport recoiniiendted a seperate Southier;
bl~e Sojciety, itnlcpenadent cof thle Northieri
any:s other orga n t7.t ion. Tihae Bloard
reign .1 iss ins re'commiended the sami
ith regard to foreign nmissions.
Thle luest ion ot a new English transla
en wvas argued at sone lengthI, and disai
-oved, thle Illorrd recoimnendi ng the circu
ton of the present authiorizled versioi
haieh slall ho recognized bty Protestani
biristians until a better one shall make it:
Thie right of the Rev. Mr. McClar, o
ow York, to take a seati in the Con'ven
oni was ibjected to y'esterday, lbut on hi:
selamimnnig that lie was tin abolitionist h<
as all owiedl a seat~-not as a membner o
Tu'i I:S. ir I,.tin.-Lieut. Gunnison,o
ie Topographl eial Eng tners, wh~o has hiie
iylayedl for a lonig tune pa st in lie survi'
thie (Greait lisin in whlmch th le Salt In.ki
tuiO.Ied. inpeakh of the hike as an ohjee
thle g reaitest curio si'y. The wateri
lo:Umg. Its d~en-,i:y is consideral
rm:ter thanm thai of the l0v:iu Sea. Oni
mi h:rdly ge~t inis holy below thse surfaice
Sa n itt omg po-st on tie hiead and shoulera
Il rent'iiii.hii ab v wter, such is thi
rengthil I thle bIanne, on comning to the
mire lie ho.h is cove red with an ini
iitatin of iah, in tine ervstals. Thb
oi urnin thing about' it is thm
it t hinang thet aniniiinr sea-ont thi
Shro' ua's on tshi r abumtidanice of sal
lma i the wvmter seasoni it thirmvs ni
aub' er saf, in hargo (1iantities. Th1
*ionl of this is left to the scientitic t
idge, :toi an u at ttecomes of the enor
lous :nnaonu t of ret-l water poured intoi
i hiroe ar fior lairge rivers .lordan, lleai
l Weber n-as there is no visible outiet.
I s riutinerro, isi CuiN..-R-Iegarding th<
im!.staningg ins urrect jin in the provinc<
Kw anmghi we learn from thle Overlan
riend ot Chaim, for last January, that thet
sturbasnces sare increasing ini violence,
lie misungents wero assemnbled in gret
rength within sixty miles oaf Canton, wil
0n avowed p)urpouse of subverting the ;ires,
at dyasty. Tme revolt had attained suchi
head that it was thoughat uncertain wheth
his Celestial Mfajesty weotdd lhe able te
men nnS$ioun) oh the throne.
der oftre- V
by the Wa
held about a yaurj O
slavery. The i '- on f
tetwards coniit blieh
ence.-which also slpen
drews from the perfornanrr,
duties, because of his hud
he had obtained ponsicsia g
and of hi# refusal to libera(
In consequence of the I
the General Conference, the Souil
Ogates declared that a continuedk
of this subject would compel thep
abandon the slave States or separa
The southern delegates nfterv ab
upon what was called a plan of so''
and a southern conventioa, field or
return home,-resolved td 'ctablish:b ep
rate organization but the northern corfe
once, which had possession of ,the fhimyd4
refused to give any share of' item thci-l
division of the churel, whikh now becapie
known as the Smuth Methotlidt ChurcM,
After this refusal, southern ooio
ers were appointed by the Gcneral'Confie
once (South) to institute th is suit' f6f '2t p
recovery of their proportion 'oflit
seven 'nd eight hundred thousand' doll
claimed by them as part owners of the 3
eral fund previous to the separation, a, 1
which is at present invested in the Mktd.
(list book establishlnents of Ohio, Nse'W
York, and the charitable fund of Philad4lW
The counsel employed on the partof- '
plainfifls are Mr. ). Lord and Revordy
Johnson, and for the defencant Msre
George Wood and Rufus Chote. :Mrr
Thomas Ewing has also been retairid' M
counsel For the defendants in a similar au
against the branch Methodist i0oolCone
ccrn of Cincinniatti. The Hoit.' 1
Webster is engaged for the plaintiffs, Muit
was not present. -
Mr. Lord opened the case recapitulating,:
all the facts bearing on the state of the case,.
and, in referring to the slave owned' by
Rev. Mr. Harding and Bihop Andrews,;
renarked that they could not by the laws
of Maryland and Georgia, in which they,
respectively lived, manumit them. TSh.
One of them held by Bisp AndrEwsr
had brent devised with.~directions that she
should be Hont. to L.iberia, but she %youldt
I not go, and ihe biahop,. although, noninaiy"W"
Iher owner, excercised no arts of owners~i
over her, nl shu went whore sie pleao
31 r. L. made remaks in relation to the facts~
Mr. Jouhns.,, a soh of the lHon. Reverdy,
Johnson, we believe,) read a portion of the'
i answer, and Mr. E. L. Fiancher concludedW.
the readuing of the same. The reading.o0-.
ithe application was dispensed witla
Mr. Lord here suited that Bishop BascoM-i,
having died since thesbringing of the prt'
lie had obtained a consent from rho-d'efend
aints to substitu:e the name ofI lie Rev.
A. Smith as one of the plaintiffs, and[ a
order of the Court making such substituti
was accordingly made.
Mr. Lord commenced his argumnt, a
had not finished reading the authoriies
on which hill argu:nnct is 'to be fogod
when we left.
The New.York ExprXs, says ofVl
'plaint andl answer in this casoabe
TheV cmlitstates that tihe eauggeh.
-a voluntary institution and unincorporatsd.
it consists of 7 bishops, 4828 preachers-.
and in bishops, miinistets andnmembere5 us
der the organization in the United Stateir,
1,100),p50. Of these abrout 039,000 belon
to the North and 4l65,000 to the Chrc
The ansver denties that there 4t any
necessity for a division in 1844. and' trrat
said separationi was uncomstitutionalt. and
voidi, agreeably to the piaramunt rules~ o
t he chinrehi, and. nade without authority 4
the general conference in 1844.
TtrE LosT Tr..AvF.I..-Amnn ler
unraerous victims, distinguished- travellers,.
Iwhos~e lives have been sacrificed to the per-'
ils of A frican discnvery, thre world .has ad.
mnost Irro:tonr that of the unfortunate Ja-.
gnes C:omplagnonj who, uinder the auspices
of the Duke de Choisetul, left Senegal in
15?N to explore the country to the nortly
and east of Senegambi-im, penetrating as far
as Ihe wooded desert of Simaboni, where he.
was heard fromn in 1700J, and then disappeari
cd, never, it wvas aupiporsed, to be heard frotm
.again. A fter ninety years of mystery and
r oblivion, however, the veil has been remov.
t d, and the secret of his fate has been djis
C csed by M. de Gaysa a llungarian explor-.
er in Africa, from whomn a letter lias boetr
roecvd by tihe Imperial Society of Vienma, -
disclosing the dliicoveries which seenm to
-place the fact beyond question. besidesiv.
- sa writes from- the country of Komnemts.
1 a se'mi-civilized tribe, who have some feoi..
tgious notions "possessing a certain atialogy
a with the Christian tradition, a regular lan
Suage, an alpha hot, anid a mode of wvriting,'
Iall or most of which they apphear, from the it
- jown account, to have derived froin a'attad.
Sger, a European, who died among them its
1774, and whose memory was revered aet
Ithat of a sage or good genius. That thmis
strang~er was Jacques Compagnon, wa
prove by h a numbier of circumstances, nO
the lentst conclusi :e of which was several
p ersonal relics, regarded by the Teople a.
samcred, one being a guadrant with his namo
engrav~ed upon i'. in full. It would seem,
i rom suchI accounts anid traditions, as M.
de G~ aya was ahde to gathor, that Compag-.
no was detajined by the Kommnemie, and,.
bemy" reconciled at last to his captivity, doe,
- ted2( hh~nsel f to instructinmg them in ,the
-tuseful art". I is tomb, consisting of "a llte
the stono rmomnenmt of a conical form, cov
ered wisth an inscription in hieroglyphical
characters' was pointed out to the llunga,
A Nt w EnmosN or -rnr. BOOK OF tU O-.
[~t'L.--The Sott Carolina Codference
at its last session refnlved unaninmously that
ain edi ton of the hook of Disciplipe, amend.
ed tiy having the NInth Seet ion' exppige4"
should be ptuh!ished for dirculation withik
its botunds. WVe aro harppy to state that them
commitn-tee raised frthis purpose have: iuce
ceeded withotut embarrassment int ejecut..
ing the resolve of the Coniferenceo. An es.
ptrnged edit ion has becen printed-h-kentinl
in ali~respects with the objectionable editiote
with the exception of the necessary alteta
I tion on the t itle pageO, arid (imtissiont of t
closing section of thme 2nd. nrt---that 04
Slavery. This Section, thre fruiitful source
of so much t rouble to thre Methodist Chimchr
setting forth a doctrine to whichi yone of.
us int the Sonth'Carolina Cetfercene thyd
over subscribed, ia w' hu:rt*neony, dji-.
Icarded from the bo~ itoinh to hm'd