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TIigo jtid are 'tlo f ttion6i
and that, 6reforo, the -majoritj
must Ioerty for there is no. logo
reme ainst its -acts. 1rom al
this, i1f61lwes that cur only Ireined
is .thsdich belongs to us in Corn
maotkt our slaves-revolution, an
I oanhot but think, therefore, tha
if South Carolina declines to seced4
for aftasliko this, she will give v
deatl i6*, to the g eat cause of Stati
Rights-tqr which she has hithertc
perilLA so much, and with which hoi
name '1 O"$rou4ly associated.
Let.us glapce, however, at some
of the difficultics which it is urged
iio in.our way as a free, sovereign
and Independent State. It is said
we Will have to resort to smuggling
for alivelihood. That our negre
yopuhiudn 'will become redundant,
and th'iit if they escape we cannot
reclaim te.lie The objection in re
gard to 'smuggling is sufficiently an.
swored by showing that if goods are
carried'from our territory into the
other States, it must be done by the
citizns of those States themselves,
and they must settle the matter with
their own. government. As to a re.
dundant population, I have no fears
whatever on the subject. If we ever
have more slaves than we can profit.
ably employ, we will be able to sell
them at a reduced price, and I have
no doubt that the surrounding slave.
holding States will soon be able to
obtain the sanction of their govern
ment for their purchase. It will be
a very different thing from the Afri
can slave trade, and as our slavehold
ing neighbors are to be the pets ol
their government for fear of the con
tagion of secession, I have no doubi
they will be able to make satisfacto
ry arrangements on this subject
even if it should involve an amend
ment of the constitution. Long be
fore the day could come, when wc
would voluntarily give np our territo
iry to our slaves, and run away fron
them, or they could conquer it frou
us, our neighbors would find meant
to relieve us as well as themselvei
from such dire calamities, by giving
them much better employment iri
their rice and cotton fields. Souti
Carolina will not be permitted to be
come a St. Domingo in the boson
of the South. History presents nc
instance of a nation perishing from t
redundant population-a peacefu:
exodus has always been found.
As to the difficulty in relation t<
the recapture of our fugitive slavea
it is obvious that as the slavelioldinc
States would be exposed to the samc
evil by their slaves escaping into om
territory, a remedy would soon b<
found by our mutual necessities.
Interest will regulate these subject
as@t has always done. Should our
sadrs escape into the free States, we
still have to do just what we arc
doing now-submit to their loss.
Mr. President, I admit that it i!
very easy to say many hard things
against secession, so I apprehend ii
is just as easy to say many hari
things against disunion. Our friend:
must allow mue to say to them: Pusi
not your arguments against secessiox
too far, or you may find your batterie:
turned against your own favoriti
scheme-disunion by co-operation
Do you know that you can accom
phish disunion and the establishmen
of a Southern confederacy withou
many of those very sacrifices voi
urge against secession? If your con
federacy consists of the cotton States
do you know whether vou will be
permitted to secede without coercion'
May you not encounter blockades ani
a wvar of custom houses? WVill no
slavery become hemmed in and local
ized within the borders of your con
federacy? Will your power o
m1capture be perfect and complete'
May not the commerce of Charleston
and your other ports, be harassed
and driven away? Who shall havi
the mouth of the Mississippi?
,I ave heard many brave words utteret
by western men on this subject or
the floor of Congress, and high claim:
put in to this right.
Speak kindly, therefore, I praj
yon, of senession, for it is the firs
born, the lawful offspring of disuniom
doctrines. Such, be assured, will be
the judgment of a candid world, th<
record. of impartial history.
I admit, however, that our friend:
have one advantage ovor us. Thei1
scheme lies in the future; ours is a
hand. They have the chapter o:
accidents on their side; we have onl~
the chapter of history.
I admit, however, that our friend:
haive one adlvantago over us. Theil
sehemo lies in the future; ours is a
haud. They have the 'chapter o
accidents on their side; wve have onl~
the chapter of history.
t am awvare It may be saidl that,i
according to my argument, there is n<
danger of any overt acts of aggressior
against the South on the part of the
Government in our day, then there i:
no danger to us if we remain in the
Union; that in this respect my
argument is contradictory. But the
reply is obvious. The argument 01
tho other side is that our destruction is
inevitable if we remain in the Union
that it is tihe Government of oureneme
- who wvill annihilate us, but that furthei
.aggressiatns will soon be committe<
w hief u'llt unite the South in conjoin
..ebesasion. Tfhe first branch of the pro
iesln I adhnit, but ilhe latter I deny
oi Answer,1y h radual but
certainavavsncor abolition; by the
pjp;oasloapping andui-ring; by im.
In ' grati; by the spread of -intl.
slavery opqns; by 4efgrading State
rightan- elting federalism;. :by
combinink'g measures of wrong
a fugitIvssave bill with an anti.slave
trade billrby dividina the South; by
party contents; by detnotincing slavery
as an evil, and hoping for a remedy
through the dispensiation or Divine
Providence; by going on step by
step in this vay, until corsolidation
and abolition become so strong that (if I
may be pardoned the quotution) the
"one shall hold whilst the other skins.'
This is the way your dest ruction will
come, and there is no contradiction
whatever in the argument. It will
stand the test of any scrutiny. Hear
what the leading journal of Europe
says on this subject.
The London Times thus describes
what is to be the result of the Uinion to
the South if it goes on as it has been
"Slavery is but a question or time.
It is searcely possible to conceive that
a hundred years hence there will be
one slave in the United Statis, not to
say in the whole continent of America.
The slave owners see the ramparts
rising, the trenches opened, the corn
munications established, anid tine
blockade closing arounid them, hiat is
one day to reduce them to unconditional
surrender. We douht not for an
instant that our children's chlduren
will see the chains drop in one iou r
from the limbs ofthree million slaves.
The Ftgiti-o Slave bill is only a
last legislative effirt against ihnt which
is more powerful than legislaturers
the progress of human aiTirs. Every
acre added to the territory oftihe Union,
every freeborn child aded its
population, and every iminigrant tiht
lands on its shores, is another weight
to the scale of abolition. Thon why,
except because they are deniented and
doomed, do the slave owners take no
steps whatever to prepare for iie great
day of reckoiiing? Why do they as
snime the perpetial stability of an in.
stitution at variance with the whole
tenor and course of iodern civilizw.
tion? We d not hesitate to advise
them to set their house in order. If it
is harder to do so now than it was sov
enty years back, instead of ling ons.
ier, as the great statesmann of that day
hoped and expected, if time has hilh
erto aggravated rather than removed
the enormous diflicilties, what will be
ithe case thirty years hence, when per.
haps there must antid will be abolition
without either the slave or his miaster
being prepared for the change7 The
choice lies between gradual and sud.
den abolition, and it is for the slave
States themselves to choose which of
those two they will have-for one they
Behold this picture, and say if it is
true! Ifit is, then let mie ask you,
will delay :zar down these rampart,
close these trenches, inise this block.
ade, and save you from unconditionil
surrender! Ye are men, answer for
yourselves. I have thus, Mr. Presi.
dent, endleavored te give my~ views on
the present deeply interesting condition
ofour public ailbirs. I um sensibile
that I have performed thlis duty very
imperfectly. I have pu rposely ab-)
stained from any iitt empjt to stimullai'
tile counsels of this ns'mbly, or the
popuilar mind, by iippeals toi pri'l;, toe
passion, or to p rejudntice. I trust I feel
too deep!ly the hiea'vy responsibil ityv
wichiii rests uipon mle, to addriess mytself
to anoy other tribuia.l thant the caim
judgment of an intell igenlt people.
have endea vored, too, earefu lly tol avoid
the use of ally thing like the ilangiuge'
of crimninationi or ceinsureI. I k now. too
weoll thlat such hang uage onlm!y closes thei
door to reason, aind opens lie wiindows
to passion. I deprecaite fromn thle hot
toni of my heiart aniy thinig like angry
d issensinis w ithlin thle Stt. ur en.
Semies arc watching oulr councils, and
wVill rejoice at oulr dilvisionsi. I et us
give thtem no suhl triumph. Let us
tell t hem, onuce and I reve r, that,
thiough wve difl'r, wye will never da ie.
FroeI rdo not regret thi jitrodlii.
tion of this discuission. it has been~u
saidl t hat youir Conivenit ion was1 e'lected~
before thle que lstion of seterssioni wais
discussed. If t hiis he so, theni let the
argument be lienard be fore t he judiigmnent
is pironounicedl. Ieree dliSeniSon lever1
Ihiinde red any cautse. Oni so g raiv nat
issue as that w hiebi is now presentteid
to the peo~ple3 of South Car olitni, thtere
cannot he too great dliibe rat ion, as
there should be great thunity . In
the hotur of her trial ihie State n. ill needl
all her sons. Let uts then reaisotn to.
gethier w ith fira terna! coni i'dence ande
respect, remembertieing that wh ilst we
difi'er as to the meonr. weL tall seek a
"A gojtveranment establiiiishen the hnm.
D~sPLAYw OF INsTINCT--A fe~w days
since, a lion hav ing a brood of chice' ets
about six wveeks obli, by somec iiocans lost
her life, andh lher heici wes :eninaltt~ted andh
thirowni atway. To'wairdhs evenlintg the click
ens were missing fromi thie barni. Afier
nmuchi search theyv were ftOnnd~ ini a box ini
the yard wvhere they hail never been seen,
before. On e'xatnniatioen, :t was ondc ihat
the hiead of I .0 hen haid dropped there, In.
the chickens were all htieh ied togi'h~cr byv
the side of it.-/-tonu/ .Ioura/tt.
IrLTmois.-Theo anlti-slavr men of
Southern Illinois met inl Eden, Itndohi
county, Juno 4. TIhe fugitive Slave I ,aw
was severely denounced, andI a roe!oii'ion)1
adopted advising the organinto of a Na.
tional Anti-Slavery party, andi pledg-c t he
Illinoian, "in the event of sneh a~n or
ganization, faithful ly to sitpport suchi
candlidates only as iehall have given fulil
proof of thorough iattneien~t to the
principles of equal liberty."
TitE IIODCARtRIEs.--We undierstandl the
strike of the hold-carriers of this city hb .s
been successftil, and thau~t they hive re
atumed their work at $1.25 pun day whneb
was the rate of wiges demnanded by them.
THE SUMTER BNMU
Sumterville, so. Ca,
V. F. 1D. HAYNSWORTH, EDITOR.
VEDNESDAYs JULY 28, 1851.
" Messrs. A. WHITE &'Co., nre
Agents flor the Banner in Surmterville.
To Our Subscribers
In conseruonceq of the alter:tion in our
country niails we are induced to change Our
day of issue, as under the present arrange
mcents. our papers for several offices lie
some days in the Post Office in this place
before they tire sent of'.
The Banner will hereafter he publbshed
on Tu'esday and we thus hope to carry the
news to our count ry readers before it stales.
The Cotton market was quiet in Charleston,
on Saturday liat, the transactions having been
limited to about 258 bales at extremes ranging
from 5 to 8 3-8c. The market wax depressed,
and pricce nominal.
We regret to state that about 10 o'clock,
on yesterday morning, the 22nd inst., the
residence of JAMteS II. ntITTON, Esqr.,
situated in the suburls of our town, was en.
tirely destroyed by fire. The fire was first
discovere'l in one of the chambers, the bed
and some hangings being in flames; some
niatches were seen scattered over the floor,
and there being at lihe lime no one in the
house but a snial negro boy, it is supposed
th-it, in igniting matches for sport, lie care.
lessly coinsntiiicated the flame to the bel.
Very little of value was saved (if the furni
We have been struek with the: fore
cast and astute providence apprent in a
communication in the Patriot of the 18:
inst., which cam- accideiallv into our
possession. It seesims that two Miajors are
catuidiaies for tie Colonelcy of lte upper
regiment ofGreenville. One was kown io
be a Union partisani, the other thought fit, a
short timet since, to announce that le was
not in favor of secession. lr. G..sy
MOUNTAIN, (for so t.he writer of the commoriii.
iiication we have referred to subscribes
hinself, na inlicative, we suppose. of hIt
love of simple trutlh) olject s to that C
ression as being evasive, and asks whyI he
d;d not go a littlie uriber and deny (isuioni..
in anv shape; for many dismunionists are op
posed to secession by a single State. GL.
sY MonrTAIt then subioits to the voters of
upper regiment that "the Colonel of the
regiment is an important oflicer to the peo
pie in these times, when disunioen stalks
abroad throughout the land. Ie not de
ceived, " lhe begs then, ont look well to
your own interest; a heavy responibility
rests upon you. It is much easier to avoid
an error than to correct one."
The lofty peak first sees the coming
morrn, ande glistens wvith the efrulgence of
the day, while vet the shiadows~f.h eigt
linger drowsily on the plain.
''Te anti-secer.sioni :assembtly on thie
4th only contemnplrted opposition Iby argu -
ment and remonstro nee, and the exstreine
penalty wich they d.-cared against Seces.
sin wa thzat it seihb lie treated w ithI con-i
tempt and as a nul lity, unless s:inOct ioned lby
a lippubir vote. Bitt they are onl th en lin.
arnd liiebt dwells with MIr. G. Mo!7s-r.s
Upoii Is pr'sc'ieint ken has alremely risenc
the day when will lbe felt thee ady .mage oef
hiavinig that. tipper regiment well otiir'err .
"Diseunione talks a bro-ul t hrouighout thle
1lan d," and inay at length becomie so ram
pant a monster as to reeli ire the heat ef
focrtsr of' that tippetr regiment, ini iis mt~ei
etlicient pousible state of organ izatiorn. tol
annihilate it, or (een to check its ravages.
I low unfeortunzate it woni he, if, wheni that~
i:pper regimiient :naerches downo to airre..t ihle
Statie of S. Ca reon, it shioul d find lhat, hv
istake, it head piut itself tinder the corn
maminl ot a dlisunionuist. and tims had rendher
ed itself enitirely ineflicienit for its patriotic
I-c ~u'r- let as In:iti l~xitr...----\Nc.is.s
one oef thle I rishi patriots, has escaepedl fre ri
South Wales to San F'rancisco, where hce
was reeeived woih much embsiasm~..
Smnith Ihn~le:. and eother Irish IExilcs hineI
inae an unsuiccessfuil attempt to escape at
thee sam e time.
ini Cafri and I libnis wecll conetra',t the
dlli-rent appreciation in tho'se St ate~s (if
A tn in se r.1rec.riyr, s.a v t: r.., wh..-\e
learn Irouen icir ceorrespeent th:a c bngt.v
shave lae.v hi is paessedl the hiouse, wiih .c i ie
peresbpect of ge m g throuigh thle se.
wiiich proivoees t hat aniy per..oin who ieiey
b trmyi slaves mito the state ee goode fa.::n
imeay le piruititedl to send th'ree had1
I m secu~eld tone, andi it makbe's :t the dovi
oft ther-fl'seee andother oflie'rs, tie ail ine thie
e.er uition of hel lawI n. Theo provmon ofii ~
lthe act ebrace al thii..-e whoi e irr.e i
tlheves intoe the sltte previoaus to its ain.r,
csmni etnto the uionie.-.llemphilis .:Ipeeal
ITirIe i'mie!:iis i:.-ThPle Newr Yeer
.\brror oef lFasheiiin ler ,icly says: Ahhour h
it is "nonii'ee ofur biusmiiis,"' wVe we! ri k
Ithe cotes.'ieice eof stat i'g Ilhat-weinic tihe
heehes el or e..y havie set ther tece,
riatiunt thee adofpt iin of the "ewe.. e rice''w
aes not to te'all eoi thce' sei n. LiS
\li llse Glouceste'r, N. J., to iitheninbce'r
ofh sreven' or eight hunicdred, haive' siroek
mi coeii)((u'ence of the Comminciy re'
fet-iiig tie compiyi wvith the provceaiens of
the tenc hiour law pcasved hev ther ,e'gi's
latutri' of thcis State last Wianter, which
wa~s ho go intoe operaitioni on thin l 4th.
A~ prcsso wavs foreed bcy t hi.
strikers, whvlo are pcrinceiparlly Ie-mah-es,
andl aI m.etincg heldi in the wooexds beclow
Extracts from nnattiole, inl B3roW8rnon's
Quarterly Revi!w, oi the Fugitive I
"Nothing in thworld is iejn'er titan to
get orstaie con ccng!irtnst slavery,
and in favor of 1il .ut tit., tian Wil)
deils largely in t * c oImnt'nt places it I
always ai tyrant inl iM heart, and one whot
it will ne'er do ttrtust with pt.wer. The
e*sence of ti $Inry is ilt I lie predo ilinaince
(f l'asionul over 11-so0:, nrml pMASion1 pre
doniiii.ttes in tle clotllilnity over reasont
in the exact ritev ill which law is weak or
wanting; 'or h in s the rc:iison of the
conmrmnnity. Asce isdividii cai be free
Itimself only by tit. pin-iirnhnce ot reason
i n his interior life, so c-an a conpminity be
tree in it. ieinbrs only by the ltsironcy
of IaV in its bisonl. Thl niauderst iaeinens
conceivah!o in tlnt hvIt wc prolpse8 to abol.
ish ti ry antd e 2 re I r( lotii Iy aboli.sh.
ing Inw-or govertrnet, witlout which tle
miretnicy eo law cannot be trm1iintined. It
is ti s inadne ss thiat lls eized the Free.
Soilers or Ajosiwsm's. 'I'i:r principles
st.rike at. tile bowl2riatu of ;ll government.
inid thierefoic ;e irc-poti.i it to the indis.
pensble colnin-il it . l1 'reedmit. Withotit
go', vtriiniiti, stron; and eilici"2it govern.
11P etit is i 0 MA I ieIl t I I1: I!01 H he -u
preonary ot law.moil %-.i.:e i I h on tn
ante of Iilt iirimacly, tiherine i-i no
gtaran'y iut treeiio:i I-1lber for biack mian
or wht 1 iinan. Th supwion .- of lan- it
as necciny to sceiir' the Ired'in of the
r- %v u h-It enliane-prise , nt. to pre
servo the freerlo'n tof thl, mwvutor now%.
Withouit it thler i*' only anaireby
Its nhi' %% e ht .s Irp tha place
ill' r.tht. :1l th ':lk :re the prey* oy f the
st ro.g. Vou do not ai.nie freedoi
wis~i te in~nejalOdw 1lav'- fronm hum
inmst Ir by wvi ribron g -i 'svr',;iieti; von I
only tiwereh% render trotsdernl inlqxltihlie,
wai Or!o-h the -o t dhae-taible species
ol'yr:..n cocei hb, o .hn h1 your emn
.\iier :% iin 11 .*inel t ; I II n s I r vi the
re.st rai ion ol Kiit. , I , 2n ner, .r.
".\r. tid--rpt~~n' 00.0918 resistanore
'tli h1 r... -'. :w 'r' - ' re''e 1a ad e l i ,
w :-. ---,.C'.y no n.-.1 . T - h c 2r' i
I cost , a[ ill Ills . 'I. ,fh he
preti . *r , h iU -2 ju : it.'; it li t21 ie!
4ni til '.Alit .! Th i t .0.-. i *i ln1. i,
h :0 trn iii is r 11 -i --. N i I I.- ik
utii n.: to the 2v1 rt 1 1. tl p ts 1 1 t t
intor, , :- . t t but a l ir i e% t oi ,
S res . Andih %--hat ii c.' P. ,m ,- rhie
i - .-l - I -v : .21 or a. i s
t1o . powe I:in ths$39 ,,1 h2 hek
fi r s t0.h 1W 1 4S. til i- I.' :1ki ill
Governor :tti tht - n ir-iy .t it.epri.
.-e t .ves -1 b2 bn 4e o i.Con,?. 1:itf
rides ,Ar i Irtit * 1! I. I. E S :1 4
kit O Ih..: it i u m -n
.attin, labnost the iajorit'. -i .. \ i k, i 'rii -
tiinph1 int inl \er12o,21t , we er iut ju2t
not wty, :;-o mn New If m hi e. 1its
w..h h e. \ . . ;i
cav, Is 222 w2 I asn II' a Fr1e' -lor
\\'muro;- th \L,.cn i te tr te
'ti .2ler ii ir'i in .n 1 .l .i riili (et
ii ry and w2:b hown 12h. 2 in2r dIIm.
*.u Senator T;.1priyha bored
he I-': It': -:- d ::n 22k1 o -e v s
I.Ie h d n e u tr in :i,iar
. - . 2 i~ n ;' '1'222-- . 3 g
that. ii t . '. .1. y r - i.-' :i,1I re.
-t -tl :: it' I w I- : b . . I it 422 in
venre fakingnodefficiett mnan-to rgress
hem, and they very naturally cihault so.
iession from the Union as the only means
if self-preservation that -remaIn-tolhem.
I'hey may he wrong, but we df thod Norihl
invo no right to blama them for 401- gwhet
ve are forcing thon to do, if they wsh.to
-etain any soniblanco of freedom.
"Lot no man deceive himself with- the
tain hope that-this radicalism now repre
eonted by the Free-Soil party would stop
,vith the mere abolition of negro slavery.
[t is the persuasion of so many of our
:itizens that it would, which renders it an
langerous. The abolition .of slavery -by
violence nirgainst the will of the masters,
din without compensating them for the
property we compel then to surrender,
vould be a great evil, but it is one of the
lightest evils to be expeated from the pro.
zress of Free Soil fanaticism. We assure
lie public, and it is the point we wish
particularly to impress upon our readers,
that the abolition of negro slavery is only
In iicillent in Free-Soilism. Neither the
Free-Soilers nor we can foresee where
they would stop. Combining as they do
in on all the several .classes of fanatics
in the country, and being the party opposed
to law, tW constitutions and govrnmnents,
cert ain it is they would not.stop so long as
there remai:ind a single sare guard for indi
vidunl reedom, or a single institution ca
pahle of iinpoing the least restraint upon
lavle:.s and dospotic will. No doubt there
aire honest bit deceived, individuali In the
party, who will not go all lengths with It;
buL they will lie impotent to restrain it, and
the party itself, augmenting its forces as it
marches, will on whithersoever its licen
tiuis land despotic principles lead, unless
speedily and ef'ectually resisted by the
soiunder part titf the commununity. or by the
mnereiful iiterposition of Divine Providence.
"Thc essential principle of the Freesoil
party, that which gives it so terrible a vi.
tahty. is not, we repeat, exclusively or
1iam11y, opposition to slavery. Half un.
known to itself, It is a party organized
agi :%t law ini all its forms, against all the
principles and maxims of the past, and
all ti timoral, religious, social, and po.
ltical institutions of the present. It is a
pirty formed against the common reason,
comimon .se, and common interests o
iiii nt. With the cant of religion ant
morathty on their lips, its leaders are
almn-st 1o ai man, infidels and blasphemere
01 well na traitors and disorganizers
'I'h are m en for whon it is not enougi
lo .in fron appetite or passion, but wl<
nimst sin from principle,-for whom it it
not eniiotu to see the good, approve it, an
)(t pursue the wrong, but who mus
p crvert cinscieice itself, erect evil Intl
goid. anI make sin pass for virtue. Thel
aiim at revereang rl. the judgments of man
hind, ami brand lie Christian virtues a
nce-, aid exalt the vices opposed to then
to Ii, rank awtl dignity ofChristian virtue
Vhatieve-r has littherto been counted sa
cred they pronounce prifane. and whateve
ias - lut hierto counted profane, thei
coiimm.mrid us to respect as sacred. The
say with IMN'd Its's Satan
"All gnod to me i last;
Evil, be aiou my good."
Sale of the W. & M. R. M. Bonds.
We take from the New York Erening
Ejepress, of the 11th inst., the following
larticuiar riport, showing tile uccessfti
bidt, th.e nutber of hids, the number o
Londs bid for, and the number of dollars or
the IIuradned that wvere ofTered. The bonds
it will bc romembered were for a thousanti
dlb-r . each. We have summed up h
sales anid find that, for the bonds for O800,
000', riwrc were realize~d $279,0-10,c0.
The ha!ds for the WVilnmington and Man
che-ter~ Itonds ($t300,00) were opene<
ye'-tesd:,y aftercrtoon, at the ofytce of WVins
low, I,-moier & Co., at9) o'clock. The nums
ber of htonds bid fur, was S5'1,000O. Th<
tfooi mci wi-mere the snecessful bidders:
TU. Wi. Chiarlesi, Durlingtoni. S. C. - Su00
II. Nutt. Wiritoniur, N. C. -. Sal 00
.'N. N imni, Wilmiington, N. C. - 5a 100
A!i'n-<tI Smith,. Whitesviille, N. C. - 10n 100
C . J. Wi. .'ie( al, D~arlinigton, S. (C. 13a100
It. Itgrs iun.Ilack Creek, S. C. - - 8a98 3.4
John .A. lt'miers-~n. Ilack Creek, 8. C3. 3a96 3-4
J:,m.- . 1Minentsly, Wtiitcaviile, N. C. 10a95
Gitlla: IPoe rn, WVilmington, N. C. - S94
ld' inIrd Hilelr, do - - 5a94
.tithni A. T'aylor, do - - Saul
II. .31-.111 ~lin Whiitersvitle, N. C. - 39
(1alin I nye-s i, - 39
Alintr t.: & Itrmvn i. Wil'neton, N. C. 5a92
t-'timume (lark. ( levlanid, Ohio, - 10a91 1
(Cureoranl & liig-pe, Washingutera - 25ui90~ C
dot ,u - - 2.ku90 4
ci, rio - - 25U2
bdo - -20ai91
Chubbt Sc-henck & Co., rie - -- 30.90 5
di dIo - -10a 9 0
Ii. S. Wh-len~i. & Co., 1'hila. - - - Sa90 2
Thons lAtlheie~. Now Yornk. - - 2.90 C
C . I. W. .le~(nmli, t~hirnn. S. C. -1?a90
A'lb-nm.31e Farilani, Cheeraw, 8. C. . . 9(tnge
.31..31 .\al. Darlingion, S. (C. - 2_9
Wm~t 1:~s Marion Ct. 1ine, S. C. Sa90
.. A- .3labbty, Whitesville, N. C. - 5a90
.laitn ihnm sonr. Wilmiiington. N. C. -59
It. Wouten. Wihuningtoni, N. C. - -29
lIn adietion to i the aice, there we're 221 bond
til for. 2 I at freon 80 to '90. mostly at near hat
iternea-, and 10 at lirter 80.''
A FATcr." Dti'i..--We are grieved t
rntice thle lame,~ntabI issue of a meet in1
that tk phaire yesterday, in the vicinity e
Ieil..mek l, b~ehteei Dr. I lunit and .Mr
h-.'ot, niltt r ofl the. Cresicent. It has bee:
1n :c leno some time 1.ast that a ren
cotre noub anIl t ike phicee; foir to such na
e.~ eent h:i ll personal :rninosity been au
ar..v..ed, thrt a hostile meeting seeme
.nii'hl, buit lio (o33 was prepared for th
deherabb1' issue. Tlher pairties. accompanie
by the'. r respttive tr:enids, tmet ini the rea
of ttm t . 8. Ih ,racks yesterday noonl; th
wii e p 'ni-. -.d wer hiot guns. loadhed wvitl
li.&, th damee'in torty' yardls. Twoshot
nm *r i--.e a- iinged---t hei. first fire wnas
mir:Ia, lne!tier party' being touched; a
th mil tine, Melr. I'riot was shoc
thirough the~ breamst, the hail passing niea
thec ra-ein of ithe heart; lie lived abou
tetyV inu~tes. D~r. I hunt escape
lie:th 'if thr-e genitlemein iimplicauted in thi
eat nuuis aet'.or eren almoneg our proiminen
ani m-st res'perc:ed etiziens, and the issu
wnats watch-led with paimful solieitude. Ott
aila ance-m wnith the deceased wavus ver
huinted; ior a yoing man, durimg his uhioi
r.enc.' mi this city, lie hiad acquire
- en:dembleI, reput ation, particularly a
a or ble., .imatul speaker, arid a zeOalouI
pa rty m iim . I bsm iiimato frends and as
cirte-i speak mt high termus of his comn
p'anioiable qualmiis andl his generoiu
uiiJinpis. Mir. IFrosat was a widower, an
h leflt two children to mourn his utimr
deitl.--N. 0. Commercial Bulletin, liti
A smal.l pijece of' paper or linen just mois
3 teed wm tu 3rrpcrntmie and put into tha
waurdreebte or drawers for a single day, tw<
or itree timies a year, is a suflicient pre
Tfid seventy fifth Anniversiry of Am0 9
can Independence wias rel brdd
Paula, with mtich, spirit *idO s
a portion of tihe citizens ofl ieno WAt
12 o'clock M. a procession evai formed iW
ront of the A.-ademy under the diretlon '
or Capt J. M. Owens, Marshal of the day, j
aind marched to the Church, where the I
Declaration of Independence was read in a 1
clear and impressive manner. by Dr.
Charles Henry, and an eloquent and spirited e
oration delivered by P. G. Benbow Esq, a
After tle delivery of the oration the coinpa.. t
ny partook of an excellent dinner prepared P
for tie occasion. J. Harvey Dingle, Jun.,
Esq., presided, assisted by Capt. TP. H.
Connors, Dr. T. IV. Briggs, Capt. J. H. t
McKnight and Maj. W. F. Butler, as Vice
Presidents. After the cloth was removed,
tie following Toasts were announced, and i
responded to by the company with und..
lt. The day we celebrate.-Sacred in It
the annals of the past; may we never for. e
get the divine principles it inculcates. IT
2nd. South Carolina.-The leader of a t
forlorn hope ; she casts herself Into the ii
breach that her country may be saved from
3rd. His Excellency the Governor.- a
Prompt and efficient in the discharge of his
duties, when the nen are ready, the Means t
will never be found wanting. a
4th. The memory of Calhoun, Elmore t
"lionior comes a pilgrim grey
To bless the turf that wraps their clay
And Freedom whrll awhile repair
To dwell a weeping Hermit there."
5th. The Constitution.-.Erected as the
bulwark of our safety, it has become a tool
in the hands of ambitious politicians.
Gth. The Union.-A confederatian of r
sovereign States having equal rights and I
equal prmvleges. These once destroyed it
is no lIrnger a Confederacy, but an oppres
sion of tie strong over the weak.
7th. Secession.-The reserved right of a
sovereign State for the protection of her
-.h. Our Institution.-But rights iner
ited from our fore-fat hers; we will main
tain them at every cost and every hazard.
ath. The so-called Compromise.-ikh
I MAltoni'ts bridge it would lead ts "Smooth,
L easy, inoffensive down to Hell "
> 10mh. The citi:ent suldiery of South Car.
r olina -The achievements of the Palmetto
Relriment furnish the highest evidence of
1 Ith. The im. Jos. A. Woprfurd.-S.
Carolina will sustain him in his mainten.
ance of Carolina principles.
r he. The Souh.-She has acceded to
r one Comprmisae, she has proven her fidel
ity to the Union beyond cavil. She will
still show her faithfulness to Iiberty and
tie Constitution by leaving the Uriion if
necessary to preserve the one and maintain
the principles- of the other.
13th. Woman.-With her we enjoy all
that we can of the primitive Eden. With
out her Earth would revert again to its or
r VOLUNTEER ToAsTs.
ByJ. Harvey Dingle, Jnn., President of
time day.-The orator of the day. By his
successful efforts before us this morning,
ie has given promise of future usefulness
to his country.
P. G. Benbow, Esq., the orator responded
;in hap anid appropriate ternms arid conclu
ded by ofyering time following sentiment:
I Thme lHon. RL. B. Rhiett.-TIhe Chamnpion
-of thme Some~h. H~is fearless vindication of
thme righatm of the South entitles him to the
a hightest honor that South Carolina can
Bly Capt. T. H. Connors. Ist Vice Presi
dent.- 'I he Hion. John L. Manni. A
fathft,l public servant. Weoll may C~aren,
dion boast of such p citizen.
The President read a letter from Col
Manning stating that a pre-engagemnent
prevented his attendance, and offered the
following sentimnent as embracing his opin
A n Independent Confederacy of the Slare
houlding States.--T'he only moude by' which,
the rights of the South can be mamtained
2 and Southern civilization preserved- Let
not Soumth Carolina by hasty separate ac
tion endanger the accoemplishament for us of
tisi noble dest iny.
si By Dr. T. WV. Briggs, 2nd Vice Presi.
5 dent. --Capt. M. M. Beno. His vote at
Sthe has't ses~sionz of the Legislature for the
i call of a State Convention is highly approv-.
ed by his, constituents.
Capt. Blenbow briefly giving his views on
time present question, concluried with the
A Confederack, of the Stare-holding
Sta:es.-T'lhe best, and most effectual, but
noit thme only mode by whaich the rights of
Southa Carotina can be secured.
- By Capt. J. II. McKnight,3rd Vice Pres
ident.- The reader of the Declaration, Dr.
Chmarles Henry. Ilis modest and unassum-.
ing de po rtment. havo endeared him to nil.
t BylDr Charles Ilenry.-Separa'e State
SAction. Tme only effectual means of re.
.dressing past wrongs amdotiigscrt
Sfor tiauture righmts. dotingscry
- By Mlaj. WV. F. Butlecr, 4thm Vice Presi
i dent.-Siouth Carolina. May she live in
-Independence or die in its defence.
I By Capt. J. M. O)wens.--Sont Carolina.
3 May sheo be isolated rather- than submit to
I Northern alegression.
r Hv WV. M.. Janmes.-The Hion. George
t Mfclufle. May his national career ever
iho wvarmnly felt and breathed in time hearts
s of every A merican.
a By P. R. Riley.-The Genfus o~f Liberty.
t She has fled to South Carolina tor sanctua
try. Let us defend her with our lives, our
r fortunes, and our sacred hmonors.
t By .J. Hi. Gayle.-The lion. R1. B. Rhett
I and 1D. WaVllace. Tme pride of Carolina.
Secessionists m principle, secessionists in
s practice, secessionists at all hazards and
tto every extremity.
Bly A. R anti n.-T he Constitutional ri rhts
r of Carolina. Her sons are ever read to
y' sustain her in defending them.
t By Rt. Rtutledige Dingie.-Seessionm. S.
:I Carolina wvill lead ofy that others may fol
a low. if the G"overnment attempt. to coerce
s her, time firs.tldrop) of blood spilt will shmattor
- the Union as the red lightning of Hleatven
-shatters time decayed oak.
s By Edwin J. Belser.--South CJarolina.
1 in every emergency true to her motto
f' "Ammais Ophus quo Semper Parati."
in By Thomas H. Waties-Whether in
peace or peril time heart's truest sytmpathmy
as to be found in constant, confiding, faitha
fuml woman. Ott among the rtmdent shocks
of life's wide sea ahe shares man's lot amnd.
:: more than half the burden bears."
- By WV. WV. Benbow.- Seeesuion our o41v
nly remaing 4
hbough dead' hi oerrnpry wl~i
eo hearts of a grigef'ul intIn
ify J. A. Mrpua..'/e ko.LP. Rc,.1r
rdson, one of Statf ejzil10 t'&th4A.
rn CJongress. In him we reedg~q -'
ble and eloquent tcdr nfti~h.
ae whole Snutae*~~~' a
articular. To Inj m Trid if~r~i
e tender hi u
By J. M. Felder.-Cnhoti ntdli'e;
m mnts. -
By D. L Ragin.-The Se-.eusin s~
~auth Carolina. Like the patridigM
ie seek no a remedy for the past fr that
hzopurless, but'irecul-ty for the fattii'
By Mi. J. W hite.-ike. President of the
aye. Ono of Clarendon's faivorite sons.
Ihi fellow citirzens appreciate and'tove'him,
By D. Steadham.--Southr Carolina. Jot 4
er iitiating steps in interposing her sever
ignty be marked by no retroirrade nfovet.
ient. Her sons a ready to maidtain
.eir equality in the Union or achieve their
dependence out of it. -
By a GuIst.-The Ladies. Too gener
ily the advocates of Union to favor a sep
By C. King.-The Southern States. I
ue to themselves a mnst glorious -destiny
waits them- Should they falter degrada
on and ruin is their fate. -
By Rt. .. Thames.
Shalt the Patmetto Stati
Thtus sit in debate
WVhether to die or be staves I
No, take ip your 'ield
March for: to rhe fiid.
And seek ye our honorable graves.
By a Guest.-J. B. Richardson, 'Jui., A
oble scion of a noble stock. Clareridor,
as mnarked hirn as her own.
By J. B. Richardson. Jun.,-The mrno.
y of/the late distinguisied spatesmrn ,John
2. Calhoun. If there ev'er wes a time
ebhen the sorvices of a great man were
iceded, the present is that momentous
By W1. C. Nelson.-:Te President'ofte
rye abily with which le dicharg
lia dluty entitles hia to our confidlnce and
By J. HSarvey Dingle, Jun,-epqate
State action. thie only practical mode er
see~uring the prompt co-operatIon of' the
Southern States in resisteng rho aggressions
af an op ressive Government. -
By L. 3. ouaoer-Dr. T 1V Brigg..
3I:iy lie never die unti- he is' killed by the
By Dr. T. h. Briggs-Sccessin. South
arolina's vatchword. Let her do her du.
ty andi leave the conse.iences to God.
By Ji Elon-TIhe IIh. W. F. Col.
enck. in him we recngnize an ab~le anrd el..
aquent defender of the rights and- institu
Tions of the South.
By Juoel Rh~odus.-Co-operation of the
uthern States. Worthy of many sacri
lice, but not the e out c involved insab.
By B.Bicheo:t.--onth Carolina igilant,
rif her rights, zealouu in t he mintenane of
all her dIties, and ever ready to defnd
them at every haza:dl.
By a Ldy.-We lavish our charns on no
rnan who counsels submission. -
After the reading of the Tono
WV. C. Butler, wth h his usual
bhrew open his honusefir 'the ~ '2
4 those who wished td "trip the i
astic toe." iiere the young ladies eio
erstlemen adjoturned. and ivery shortty
righit formis might be seen gleaming with
n the brilliant halls to ~tr ceench anting
ounds of music, "all went merry' s a
narriage hell" until the crowing of chanl
icleer reminded those who wvisrhed to see
be sun rise at home that they must haste
do so. Thy adjourned, and mot pleas.
itly ended the clebration at St. Paule
By Watchman leise cop.
--.. ..V-EA... SOER...
We learn f'roni a ,Constantinople lettee
>f the 15th ult., in the Risorigjmeto, of
Turin, that pbrlic attentione bdo heer,
ratly excited hero by th discovey
f an immeinse treatinre of Greeklcan.
uscripts, of the hightst antinity,.
Found by a learned Greek of the namt
a Simonides, in a ev situeat at 'the
root or Moutit A Wthos. According tothii
account the importanace of this diseove ry.
is incalculable, since it brings to light
a great quantity of clebrptect worka
quoted by vitarious ancient writers and
hitherto deemed entirey rost. They'
'urnish, as mny be imagined; arn e'
tensive list of proper names; carculated
to throw grent hight upon niany obscure
periods ofhistory. Among these preou-s
volumes, which are composed of ery
thin membranes (the nature of which is
not stated,) (ied with , microscopio
characters, some are calculated toglyea
complete intorpretation of' bieroghyg~4on
writimgs, the fortunate discoverer havmigt
alreatdy successfully applied to the in.,
terpretatuon of' the inscriptiomns engraved:
ont the obelisk of' the hiipprodroneo
A PEnstA1 FAnt.--A merchesn~
hada pet parrot, and previous to going&
India he asked poll' whet present he
should bring her. 'No present,' aaidi
he parrot, 'only when you see my:
brothmers dancing oni the greenswardt.
eli them how I pine in a little. prison?'
The merchant journeyed and dlelivered
he message, nnd a parrot immediately
ell dlead from a tree. The merchant
eturned and tohll his parrot, who fell
lead from his perch on hea ring the newsi
Phe mierchant with tears pieked up the
>ody and cast it out, whlen to his
murprise the parrot revived and flow 'to,
a tree, singing-"The Indian ptirrot
aug ht mne to die to be free, one. ky
) mnast'er thou shalt so gain thy freedond i
EscarEn .ItL.--Samudl J, o
ionvicted at the lest term bfour Ouri
>f' the murder of' fohort .3. Lpater, and~
man named WVillinmgon, conitte4.
mn a Peace Warrant, efteced thek
'scape frnm our jail (says the Caede
Tournal of' the 8th inst.,) on yesterda.
af ternoon, about t wo o'clock.Wbo
he Jailor left for his dinner, b . du,
ilicate keys, with wvhich they ,ieri'
irovidedt by some unkurmvn nican.;~i~
inlocked the door, leadingnt .
issage at the foot of the' sarwva
hra ieffected their ese'r~ '~l
myre haeen mlade by th~o r.ih
rj~tr u itotse