Newspaper Page Text
-u f3A *M sDMI urai
~ ~ 't UESDAV 1ORNIltA
3Y W. .. FRANCIS -
7' Dollara in advattt Twi Dollars
F; Fifty-caents at the plion- of six
that or Three Dollars at the end of the
< No pepe di edutituod until all arreat~a
es. A? xfp unless at the option of the
'J vortisenets' inserted at 75 cts.
1 quare, (12-lines ior ieos,) for the first
.td ;hf that' sum for arh stbsetu'eit
ure t+fh rtiens t6 be mark
tik i Al Adveitieente Iut they \'vill be
pt b ed until ordetad t o be discontinuedt
"as rged- thitdingly.
4IJ1llper squats, for a sitgle
a' *~l 'ia Quarterly and Monthly Adver
tiseinehts will be charged tiM Mahe as a
si 'fe neertions and setiuatunthly the
- i tiui Ms J6%v ones.
All*' Obituary Ndtkes exceeding six
lines, and Comninabunications recommending
Candidatce for public ofliges or trust--or
--yding Itxhibitibus, will be charged as
- iRev. FItEDCBicx Rusin, is a travelling
- AMerit for this paipr, and is authorized to
jacoive subscriptions and receipt for the
the, xP le of the .stgr'Con
- gressioin i bn rtet..
Fello.Citizenr: flaving b"en in.
I.r f d thei there is some uncertainly
existig..Ps-.to the opinions I entertain
,o.nbe question of the right ofa SUtc to
.e.rdefrom the Union, it becomes me,
t one of the nominees of the Co.opera.
*tion party, to place before the put.lic in
it tangible shape, an exposition of my
intiments on that subject. In June
" '.aat, I*jmad the bortor to place before my
.onlsituents in.Mnrlborough, a circular,
-in-which that doctrine was not only re.
cognized, but was '!mi is pre'vail.
ing all through the Southern countrv.
The denial oi'skch a right, at once
obs every State of its sovereignty, and
tements them almont indissolubly to a
grand consolidated government, the ty
ranny of which, could only be resisted
by a revolution. The Union, is one of
sovereign States, reserving all powers
otexpressly granted away, or neces.
iarily in those that were g anrcd--=and,
of course, reserving the. right to with.
draw whenever circumstontes, in the
jutigrient of any. one State render that
This, I imagine, will be explicit
eiough on that point. I do not under.
stand that there is any considerable diflf
'-trenco of opinion amongst us, as to the
right to secede, but the main difference
arises as to its exercise under existing
dirduntte nds. I am amongst those
wvho believe that such a step would in.
jtre no one immediately..but ourselves,
auit'erly riuin a cause that is common
e al. the Southern States,. and in the
t.co of Which they ought to be con.
hoso he~ld the 'pro.
~ $~o Southern in.
~ ual -approaches
we ~'ry aui db4 pnipty to destroy
t1r dexistencee An lftitution that is
rpesIvy'sanctioned by the Creator
- liiinself; and whlich has proved a comn.
mon blessing to the bond and the free,
'has awvakened an uncommon interest
* inthe tender conpciences of those, who
can 'see ro profit to themnselves in thme
* corppeti~tion of free and slave labor.
. As a consequence of this holy feeling,
'we are denounced as dealers in iniqluity
* ~ by. those who are subsisting upon the
money received by their pious parents,
from the sale of that very properiy; that
eonly became sinrul after they~ were
fullr paid for it. Actuated by this
D~jue.serntiment, they have re fusied to
,assign a portion of the Mexican ter.
ritory for our exclusive occupation,
and have abolished the slave trade
* i9 the District of Columbia -to sa y
nthing of the fraudulenit adnmission of'
1S'lifornia as a free State, in order to
t.ive m->re weighit and inufluence to them
in the national councils.
F1or these encroachments, there s
but - onie feelg in the State of South.
*C.rolina,'that je, o~f resiswance, in any
- manner than cani be efJecta/a. But 'a
listle time since, tis feeling wvas not
* necuuar toSouth-Carolina, but p~erv'a.
had he woleSooterncoumntry', und
* .Xi62node of resistance con'etn'plated,
* ~ wita thenformation of a confederacy of'
Saehaving all the elements of
Ir r'iperity; in times of pac~LO, andl
'dthle means of defence, in time of'war.
-& 4 )ne -ailer another~ of the Southern
St..tes have allowed their apprehensioni
?uture danger to bo quieted, and
* l...v6 colisented to' forgive the past.
Somnh-Citrolina is left alono, unchanged
'i' tolier anntiojpations of whait is vet be.
ria'usandivvah a burning desire to
4slieve tegelf, from the insults she has
Alti-ely en'du red.
linthis position of things, her' gallant
M JNs are divided in opinion as to the
enutrsoishe onight to pursue. Oine por
. ia or them;, reck less nf all.c(onisO
T ~ nes, 'are for asserting her sover-.
itmg, and, relying upon the just ice oi
h ause, to sustaim them. Another
n, regardl suchl a course as utterly
dIht'rrictive of the ni)(d in view, an'd
caniiteiding that physical pow'er is a
nreoary elenment in national Ureatness,
iinfisItg pt Sotfh-Carolina should not yet
.Ij sn or sister States of'the South, but
rem in w iith them, keeping a Southern
(i#juC eyho constoantly in view, nntil it
ie ei, or until fiunalcism, becoming
uart~ inlolerable in its future course,
will ipline us to any action, however
deiaeIt may be. -
Ii Oit 'after class, my judgment
tegei to beo found th 11 rue policy
.4 Sot %j1a under existing cir
4-"imtqQafl68 "N reasons for this conI
dumson ore briefytheame: -
iLa . I'd Socessindp 'South Carolina
wml mov3e.theo adqilsalop of Calbfornia
ia fl' h :1o ito UnIon, nor fix the
niM1Mf'3 30 s Northern boundary of
tajve'-St ts, nor restore the intog'rity
i~ tof rojt the-act of jittahb:ling
to the; proceedings Qfi the Nashville Con
vention is bound mi horor not to desert her
associates; 'paiing taken counsel with
them, she is p ledged by that act to remain
arid share with them a conion fate, as long
as the-erievances they met to redress con
tinue unchanged in their character and ex
25th. Submission Is not the alternative
of secession, although frequently used as
such fur a decoy to the unwary. In tihe
choice of remedies for an existing evil,
mat alone is endowed vitis reason, and lie
is thus enabled to determine what is ap.
propriate and what is not. If he be deter
mine to remove the evil, by applying the
only appropriate remedy, none but seces
sionists will call tha't submtission--the
world will dignify the act by its proper
name-it has none, fit for a remedy that. is
inctileulbbly worse than the disease.
Finally.-Tho ponderous materials of
which this Union is now composed, to
gether with the reckless spirit with which
is'7,9ver.ntlent is administered, leave no
rooan t,.' t that a disruption of its parts
at no d .,, is inevitable. We are
focod o contelmplate such an event as
near at hand, and in suspending the axer
cise of the right of secession for the present,
we do so, not only in the expectation of co.
operation to be excited by the further move
ments of fanaticism, but to arise from a con
dition of things entirely independent of that
cause, and from which a Southern con.
federacy must result.
C. W. I)UDLEY.
llennetsville, 10th Sept. 1851.
TilE JMTEI MINNER.
Sumterville, So. Ca.
JOHN 'T'. GREEN, Enirot.
TUESIAY,~ OTOBER 7, 1851.
giY" 3essrs. A. V 1TE & Co., are
Agents for the Banner in Sumterville.
There is one poiint on rhich there can be no
dirsiaty of opinion in the South among those
who are true to her. or ua-lo hare made uop their
umindfs not to be starrs ; that is if we should be
forced to choose between resistance and sulmission
we should take resihtasace at all ha:ards."
" To do that, concert of action must be necessa
ry, not to sure the Union, for at would then be
too late, but to sare ourselves. Thus in my rcrw,
concert ,s the one thing neel ful.. "-C A 1110 N.
What is thr remedr? I answer secession,
united secessin of the 4larrholding States, or a
learjge number lf them. Nothing elise trail be wise
nothing else uwill be prarticable."-Cuxvis.
COL. JOHN S. PIEST)ON, of Richland.
COL. JA'S. CIESNUT, Jr., of Kershaw
Time Market. -
Corros.-'T'he transactions in Charleston
on Sattrday list were limi'ed to the sale of
about 5(X) hales at extremes ranging trin
7 1.4 to 9 1-8c. The market continues
in a very and languid and depressed state.
Love Purit d idafty I
T.. - =-41 Z i ei w Hall OfS or
Munemranco-No,1JkrWill take ptcel na, Frlday
ni the 10ti inat., at. 8 'ctoc
steree.. Darliuton, Ta 11U neigh.
boring D~iviasions, and the pu l
. icceiosa for 1Iajqr.
.,tatement of the election held on the
4th inst., to supply the vacancy occasioned
by the resignation- of Maj. E. M. A nenisoN
of the Upper Battalion 4.1th Regiment.
lle.nt .o. 1 $tatehurg, 5l 3
" "2 Sunmaervile. UCa 2'J
"3 Plobwdea.31 htt 74 21i
" "4 P'rhateer, 67 34
liifle L'ompjnny, 19 1
.iajority for is.AsNa)~, 23
-W : Mij. IIAvswo':rrn gives his
reason foar withdrawing has Response and
publishing it first ina the Columns of the
Watc'hmun, to1 he hisi desire "that it .shounld
be laid before then pubtlic previouisly to the
large meaetinsgs," held on Mondayv last--.-andl
as t hat purpose hias been, f'ully answered
and as wa are very muttch crowdwed--we
hav ie thought t hat no inajustice would be
dlonelaa hi byiot re'puhhs~inig in tihe Than.
n-r, at any~ rate of to-dayv. Shaoubal it heo
though~ht othaerwise by hsima, we will publish
it ms our next.
Tlo "Un j. Ihtianuss Ilayssiwortis,
li wt wiere ant perfectly unconsciouas aot
havainag lad aany ina~tenin eat impeachsing
yousr haosty aand sinaceraty ini the qutestions'
addressed to yout, as P'residenat of thec South.
erni liht .'Asociation, we shlas d not reada.
ly pardona ousrselves for the pain which thaey
haave givena you, andl whlich so deeply tngeu.
y oar reply, now laida before lae paublici.
- Thae tenidency of excitedpltclonet
taieaeL'eehagsa of gooad will ;aad frend
sip, *aad to, generate distrust and susepicion
as uo thec honest y and pat y of .purpose of
the oappoising parties,"' is oneC of those~
"painfutal ianc dents,' ' wiuh we tanite with
vou s in deplotring. lIn the hurry and bustle
of actiave hfePa, timei does not always admatt
of thea op'rration of this triautful and saluata.
ry refl'ct iaon upjon the language used tom
conuvey idems, which a sese of duty mtay
impef iss to give expresson Iio. EvenCi in
the exercise oaf oaly a S proper zeal ian advo
cat ong a cdase, tihe convits of our judg'
meants may lead us to espouse, we rare not
unrafresplinaly deied~a the oppoxrtunisty of
paying that regasrd to our phlrasceology,
whiebI s; riet coaurt esy usny denanda an zad
which th ma aost scrupauluos sensso of duaty
anever forbids. Iland thaese conasideratoans
beent prese'nt with uns in their ilia force,
wvhaen yous, sir, were addressedI as the l'ress
deant of thle Souathern Righsts Associaitions.
we assturo aaureves that every expression
woubla lhave been avoided, wich lad evesn
the appearanceo of subjecting you to the
Iorlure, of anj t.rlraordinary " intquisitionl."
Of addressin'g " a series of (ross qutestionas
Mitch as aro resorted ta, to extort the truth
from a reluictant or suitEceld wvitness." to
the slay9 truie in.tho Distriot of Colombia,
or more. of ectually enforce the law for the
stoltUiin of fuitive slaves. The influ
euc of the tiashvillo Convertion, having
failedt'.b actomplish the great objects the
Sotuth h d in view. it is but reasonable to
suppose, 'iat- a singlg outhetn State,
would be fU'y ne ineolicitnt towards the
2nd. The *aosed renedy, will impose
upon the peoples .n intolerable burden in
the way of takes.
3rd. By Yvithi-awinhouretves from th
et SouthdVn Stlnd kMvihg a common
caue, we ie&irectly charge them. with
waft of rioEni.oF want of intelligence,
l dties ftirdith -thetn with a reason, to
withhold f(NO us thor sympathy.
4th. lThe position that've take, however
,1'n to outselves, is.dnielto us by the
F eA1 authorities, the assupion of it,
therefore, places the State in imnediate
e-bilision with those authorities, who cannot
be expected to shrink, even in invading u
right--robbers are not governed by a code
5th. A blockade of our ports may he the
first step resorted to, to maintain the integ
rity of the..Uuion--as a consequence of
tilts, the trade that. is diverted from i& ac
customed channels, will seek a -vent in
other markets, and pour is rich treasures
beyond out own born!.
6th. The exivence of a blockade, intol
erable in itrqI,.antl tinjustifiable under that
constriction of the Constitution which we
entend for, will be resieJ by such means
as can be coinnanded. however inadequate
they may prove--and we will be transfer.
red from an intolerable peaee into an equal
7th. The justice of our cause furnishes
no encouraige'ment that it will prevail
against t: e immense numinerical force with
which we shall have to contend. Poland
and Hlungary are melancholy instances, in
conirtnation of this position. The battles
of the Revolution were lint fought by the
Colonies alone-nearly the whole of Eu
rope, were at war with England, at the
8th. The institution that is peculiar to
the South, has no friends out of the South.
It is imprudent, and unstatesnanlike, to
desert our allie', at the very momnent an
is'ne is r:,iwel arisinir out of that institut ion,
which isuee will have to be decided by
8th. The history of the American Revo
lution admotnishies us to teiek for concert of
action, in imnitation of the example of our
ancestors, who commenced a Co-operation
in 1751, that they consummated in 1771:
10th. Secession will restrict our area of
slavery to the limits of this State. If they
louble in number every twenty-five years,
in.that space of time there will be 700,(MK)
monngst is: a nunber too considerable to
e profitably emlo hyed, or even endured.
1Ith. The formation of i new govern
neint, under a State of separate secession,
wvuhl lie dangerous to the public peace;
(lthictioig imterests would still he found do.
nanding to be provided fur, and public order
mee distuirbed by secession, might ini the.
id, requiu to be restored by the horrors
>f civil war.
u2th. Fugitives that are now restored
iider the foroes of law, would then only be
srrendered at the point of the tinonet, and
his, by, forlidatble invasion of the country
o which they many hive fled.
13th. We should not be able to d'ictate
erms of a treaty upon that or any other
eubjact, withrout sin imnmpense ariny and na
vy. 'We 'f neither, nert -----Nvun
:tidi ,xlausting our, reocrees.
m~sw thmwt woutd be grate'd'frorn a senre
af justice ortly, by nebple "whom we
bhargve with being destitute qf such a sense
ivouj'd not be worth the having.
1-th. If by possibihity there shiouldl be
imprinci pled rneni in t heir neigh boringj
Statem', a r:1est temlptolg 0opportuanity would
ie allierdu d them to profit by or calamities,
mnd entice our property to pointls witin
hecir borders beyoned thle piossibility of re
loth. From causes like this, deadly ani.
nosities would arise betweeni citizens of
edjo ining States, anld alierd abuiidanit op.
piortunmities for the emiploymnent of .our~
peopile ill a ctant~t state of warfa re.
10th. Withi a sea-'oast unplhrotected hv
esscels of war, ablih im ro ght mnakte
partieCs (if pileasuire on anl ebony line, and
ryoff tie slaves byv ship loaeds, out oif the
reach oif anyv appeals, except to their sensr
17thI. T1he only seeniirily that a1 natioen can
have aga intl aggre'ssions frm aebroead, is to
bie foulnd inl thet miouthls o hier calennon; ill
the ab'senc' eof these, leer flaig wdel be iln.
suiteed in every toreign poert, and even in
19th. Ilorrowedl strenigthI is only the silk
1upo0n the fetters, reserved leer csurslves
theose whlo pirotect mus tromn (thlers, ha~ve thle
pow~er tee vct imeize us themuselves, land ucca.
seOs will not lie wanetinig to furnish aii ex
euse for its exerciese.
10th. The tear eel a geneirat war will
edeer any foreign poee~r fromi protectinig
a commnwree, wheich, ihoueigh dammu~ed u p in
or clreil, is siire teo burst over, anid be
.semnt to thle wor ld ini aniotheir.
20th. Sepa~erate Scessioni, ini its reOnse.
quiences, wilt d is' urb the whocle Unin, unc.
setleI its foundal~t ionmi. andee pmut ilnJ' 1 retr y
lie existenice of a meightyel repuli c. Me~
Stato in the lion, maye feel itself intered
ted toI prevent thIe sleep bemy~i s' cttled,
"pjeaeceabh-~ it they cani, torc Iv. if the v
lonist."' Wh'at. Seoulbiri States' ha~ve re'
soltvedl not' to die, or eithle sa ke ofl tie Unieion,
Ithey miay aitttempt to prevent others fromei
doeing, for th hi:lke reaesoni.
21st. 1('o-toperatione ism toe be woed', not1
ext ractedt by force. Wie canneiol involve
olther States in ane issue Itmhat they he i ex
piressly decl i ned lto rai ie. W'e are at Ihbler
y to rawse it foir e unrseles, limt it doee notl
fotltow hat' eethlers aire itherebye comeletled
tol hiazard thiir all upin any amci eve'ry imiid
exe. ~ritnent we miay' choose to ma ke. It is
teogh tier theem to Suisttunl i~Snes, whtenm
t hey raiie theme.
22nid. Searate secessionm is di-counite
teanced by every d ist inmgueished phl t iianiii,
(with a singlt' exceptionm.) wit hiin the State,
tand by eve'ry (oe out eel it, wethoueti an eix.
ceptin. To tis tmay be addled thle authlori
my of theo iinemiurtal CA: .itotUN. who teas
wvarnied us, theat, "'conW#c/erto action is t he
otne theinmg needful."'
23rd. Ouer sister States of the' South,
leave atlread y coneceded very ich, for lhe
sako of thme (Iniion-theov leave nlow declaired
t hat they wilt coinee not hingI, tarthter.
The rest less spirit oef fanaticism, wdll son
requmire farther concessionsi, and hen l, aut
least. thme whmolo of the Co'tten Stoltes oft the
Sut will be togetheur as onme mane, perceperedl
ill peace or- wvar to sustalin thieumselvesi
agaiuist all thme world.
Feor this, I feel 'onstrained In weeit. I
the interesat or heonor ofl. South Ca1 'erotn hei s
inevolvled, so are thei greatoer iinterests eel
otheer Sout hern States, ems wvelt as their un-e
sullied tinor. It is abesurd to nrregeat e tee
oturseltvs a refinnent that we deny~ to) alt
tothers, andt claimi toe semuilfihshioneor in a
bireeze that wvafts iiu, such tordors to anye bhtt
'.Mth. TJhin State. having becomee a narty
9nu whom oe honestly believe to .o actua- es
red in all tflngs by the highest sense of at
duty, and who with a constant eye to this,
is accustomed to speak the truth on all oc- at
casions, "sitnply and honestly." We again ta
say, that for you personally, N we entertain th
no sentiment but that of respect and m
Having said thus much in justice to each fr
of us, we will now proceed to the discharge :.:
of a duty, we owe to the public as well' as tn
to ourselves. In one respect *e are alike fu
-we both stand before the public in offi- w
cial capacities--you as the President of,an de
Association, "of which nearly every man a
in the Country is a member," and we as the qi
Editor of a Newspaper.. This is well ril
calculated-to increase the solicitude we be
should natursdly feel, as to the truth and ne
wisdoia of the measures we recommend; of
and which'as it fully justifies the course, th
you have taken in vindicating yourself be. mn
fore the public, will likewise furnish our 0
apology, for what we now Propose saying. ab
A rapid review of some of the rc
acts and dloings of the Separate Secession tie
party, during the sitting of the Charleston cy
May Convention, and since its adjournment, ga
will place our conduct in its proper light; w
and while it will leave you unimpeached in ed
your integrity.'will furnish our ~vindichtiion la
for the questions addressed to you, as the w
President of the Sout.ern Rights Asso. pi
In your own language, "the 'Southern fa
Right's, Ascaini~an organiz.ation R
intended for the defence of Southern Rights." nr
This is a very concise and at the same fr
time a very comprehensive definition of the fe
objects of the Association. And had not gc
this very worthy object been departed from, in
neither of us would have felt ourselves .
under the necessity of appearing as we do al
to-day, in the columns of a newspaper. At in
whose door lies the fault, we will now 0
proceed to show.
The proposition for a meeting o u
Delegates'' from the various Southern C
Rights, Associations throughout the State, a
originated witir 'he Southern Rights Asso
ciation of St. Phillip's and St. Michael's ir
Parishes, Charleston, at its reeting Jan'y sp
17, 1557. The. objects for which this di
meeting was to be held, are set forth in the a
P'reamnble and Resolutions then adopted and di
sent to all the different Associations of the ri
State. They are in these words: cc
" Whereas, It is deemed highidf irnpor- *
tant by the Committee of Safety of the in
Soutlen Rights Association of St. Philip's vi
and SL Michael's Parishes, that the various it
kindred Associations in this State should.be ol
fully informed of each others. views and fr
opinions as to our werongs ~and the mode w
and measures of redress, and that a more It
perfect organzation and closer union should ac
be fornied n them in view of their ta
own effciency and the future action' of. the el
State." re- n .f a
"Thlerefore Resolved, That- the Southern S
Rights Associations throughout the S:aie q'
' vited thrdugh the Chairman and Sec- fr
~'tConnittee, to send Delegates "'
to a Gen WCunvention of these Associa. jc
tions, to be held at Charleston on) the first a
Monday in Mdy next." -'c
There is no necossity for usi to. pass a
through anty ihgical p-ocess, to colleet froum p
ti Preaenble and Resolution. thme purpose 0
of the movers. *They wanted information 'u
as to the "opiniotas and r'iews " of various b
persons on a subject of common interect- u
this end cotrdd only be attained by bringing P
those persons together, and by having free Ii
and unrestrainied conference-this, it was b
very naturally expected, would lead to a
more perfect organizration, and closer union y
for the sake of greater efficiency in their o<
respective spheres of action, and which I
agnain was expected to affect favorabtv i;
whiatever might be "!the futuere act ion of ti
the Stte"-and these severael objects were p
bieyond all c ontroversy to be subordinate toj
the great purpose-" our wrrongs and the a
modiee and mneasurnes of redress." A refer
ece to your definition of the obhject of the
Sint hern Rights Association, gives us the
true initerpiretation of the phrase, " Ouri
wrongs and the miode atid measures of re. <
redress"--wheich being ' the defrenc e of
Nouthrrn ltights"--by substituting ' South
ern,"' for "ocur " and we have the full
Ipurpose of the St. Phlillip's and St. M iccia.
el's Asenociat ion to be, full, free asndfriend-.
lyi interch age <of the vieres ancd opinions of
perisouns one a mealler of (ommnon inlcret
th'at is of Neouthern acrongs anud the modee and'
me-ssures ofl redress.
I laving asccetined the object for which
the Ch-itrlestonc Contventio'n was called and
cecnve'ned, we nIow prps entering it, and
shecwing in how short a time that object
wis dep~arted fro ni, and who are justly
blameiable for it. At acn early stage in the
prisoeigs of the Cocnvention, the letter
ot Judge Ceue:vrs was presented anid read.
ibs was the triendly voice, which hc:ud ris
en in power aind maje-sty above abnosiet eve.
| ry other, in detenace of Soutihern Reights ;
and it n as~ due not only to his poition and
acrvices, but to the credit of the Convention
oif which he was a component part, that his
voice should be listened to. And yet whait
was the recept ion of his letter ? We have
nolt languatge to express ihe coldiiess ot the
go-by gi ven to it. We were not prceen
(luring thle siltting oif the Conivention, but
we havie it fromc those whlo were, that the
iiostidetermiined spirit was evinced by the
majority in their unwillbngness to hear thle
iniorit--liat they were re-stive, tiery
and doimineering. Tlhe reception givein to
Judge (.Ji:vss' letter snews this-the fal
teriing tonies of the lion-heated J~JLFurta
shews it--the beseeching and abncost sub
diued voice of the pure llARMsWELL and the
chivalrons 0itn, shew it. These speak in
snmnistakeable language and indicate a
condit cin oh uiniud, which will be best con.
Iceived of by reference to their printed
neneches,. nmd whiwh uvill furnisth the clnne
In the eyes of the Committee) 'all proper
The ciranlar, ;9sii 'e1p r chinum
qlcationsind whleb you r ttOgobes pab.
lished, may convey to u4 son4 iea of what
is meant by the phrase "proper means,"
as well us by the term, "siound documents."
This circular you say is dated 20th May
(1851) and although not addressed to you,
was shown to you, " by a gentleman now
acting with the Co-operation party," and
whom it is to be presumed was supposed
then, to be a separate Secessionist; and
that since a call has been made upon you,
a gentleman has given you a similar doe
ument with authority to publish it-of
course that gentleman does not consider it
dihonorable to publish, even though it be
marked private and confidential. You also
disavow acting, as President of the Asso
ciation, in pursuance of any saggestions
contained iq thpt circular. We have no
doubt that it has been just as you say. We
desire to notice it without any personal ref- 1
erence to you.
Among other things, which claim our at.
tention, the circular states, that there was
in the Charleston May Convention " some
diversity of opinion as to the question what
mode of resistance will be most efl ctual."
Upon your authority we say, that there
was-not some, but-a very wide diversity
of opinion on the subject. For speaking of
the objects of the true-hearted of both par.
ties in this, as in the other Southern States
you remark-" Unfortunately we differ as
to the expediency of a certain important
measure openly proposed"-meaning of
course Separate Secession-" the one par
ty believing it would result in the salvation
of the country, the other believing it would
not only " fail of effecting the object in.
tended. but on the contrary would result in
the ruin of the State.".
Wide diflerence.thist is not? To plain
men, there would seem to be a considerable
ditTerence I etween the "salration" and
" ruin " of any o'ject t The Committee
appeared to think differently. Now what
ever may have been its real opinion, in its
thus attempting to underrate the vitally "ire
portant " point of difference between the
two partier, it has given abundant warrant
for concluding, that the object of the seces.
sion party, whose agent it was, was not to
enlighten, but to " &rmboozle " the people.
Having thus, as it supposed, by a hind of
sleight of hand, broken down " the middle
wall of partit ion "between the two parties,
and succeeded In making the insignfftcant
minority and the poor simple-hearted peo.
ple believe all they wanted', 'aid 'havirg
them all saddled and bridled, with reins
in hand, it made realty for thedrive. Ihear
the "cluck " of the coachman ! It .
couragingI The Committee 'speaks!i
.Th'r. is no difference between "ialva
tiod" ann. .- nau,a let**simple-hearted
I people say as they pkrase. about It-and
therefore The Comnette hopes, "that the
sons of the South Carolina will move for.
trard " (the Committee says " in defence
of their rights, but that's " a mere blind'
Ifur many of the sn of South Carolina .aad
Ipreviously declared it to be their opinion
that the C mmnittee's' way led down) to
their ruin-then they were thus-not enly to
a move forward " to what they believed to
Ibe their cettain ruin, but they ivere obedi
Iently to do iso, "with an unbroken front and
unexvampled unanimity !"
TFhat plain, honest and prudent men
were likely to rush blindly to what they
believed to be their certain'de'struction,
strikes one at first view' as rather an Un.
Icredible thingi but the Commnwittee thought
differently, and we suppose we had better
not daspute at. The Separate Secession of
Soth Carolina which many believed would
be her ruin, was the object, towards which,
in the Corimmittees viewv, all her "Sons "
were to move, and thaat " with an unbro
ken front and unaexampled unanimity."
" To effect. thais great object," says the
Committee, ' the utmost resp'ct " (condes
cending, thaw !) should be shaewn, and the
most conciliatory " ( just to have the smiles
of the G reat Cuommittee upon one !) " con
duct adopted on the port of the majority
towards the minority 1" How kind to pat
one on the shaoulder wvhile leading him
blhndfolded to hais ruin ! Have we not
Icomilplained that the North haas been serving
Ius after this fashion 2 It was a mioft un
warramntable conclusaun of the Committee
to suppose thaat mecn of sense and consci
ence could submit thus to be dealt wvith.
But, poor fools ! that we the supposed mi
nority were, the Committee presumed that
we would not only snbmit thaus to be potted
downm and quited, but that we would hold
oturselresi in perfect readiness to sustain any
course of action cordially and frmly,"
'- however decided in its character," and
"however prema'urc or hazardous," the
Comamittee being thte leader. flow wildly
man talk. at tinmes ! WVhat a libel he
somietimaes is 'upon the proud prerogative,
that hao is an~ animtal "htaving discourse of
In the questions addressed to you, as
President of the Sotuthern Rights Associa
tion, because you believed reflections were
cast upona your personal independence,
honesty and integrity, hmow promptly did
you maet thte charge ! and you wvere right
in doing so. You are a jmust man, and you
will hot denty to us the priviledge of doing
the same, when our personal independence
is inmpeachied, even although it be done by
The Central Cotmmittee seemsa to have
doted upon its object, for still furtherto so
cure it, listen I it "bega leave respeetfully
to suggest to you (the Southern' Righte
Associations) the propVhemy and policy of
an entire abutinaence (uncommon paines h) on
thae part of those who approveof the pro
aceedings (why so ?) of the late meetI'ng
(the same in which Judge OtBVas'-lotler
was read) from any, act, whtch by the mest
District., tl15 itil,
agitate the subject," (whau i ) fpr
al Free Discssion ti~w t0
re several Southern Right.er
rhe psro of expressn$ ir
approval.of the late proce ge
ton." For the secession partyf
rreo discussion after this I
Pause, here If you please-s .4nM ..V
back over the way. we bas i$ i
us, where and in what the s j
has manifested a spirit rrie dl;#iii
Discussion? Where and ina k eg:
hiad it acting "Amply and accr t he
maxima of every day.
Where. and In what has It b
ion "to make the people te" it to
nake a right discussion" upon a.,
n your view, "of incalculAbldi ai~er'
When and where did it offer to subinit to the
udgment of the people, "arguments ou both
rides?" So far from any of these beingtieer
isn't the very reverse the truth? A can
you point out but one condition, O Goleb
neetings een for the approval of ally
mportant action of - the .mac
Convention were to called? .A fat -
was the calling of "opposition meetings."
Could you have done oaherirsi thr.r
view with distrust a propositionr !Fns
Discussion," coming from a
conduct, when every motiv
actuate good men called f
been marked by souniform a
an hostility #tohit, now that
a matter of grace with t
allow it? Now that the be
urity were cetenmined to ha
>f the pains of the Centra
Could you help regarding
position as "a new born Ideal
t not have somewhat the
A a spectre, destined to vanish s
rose the light? To so et
prposition, from such a source, at suc
time, would you not impose cond, i..
ione, that were sornen hat extr 1iWr
ry tool You would do en to prejent
being made a jest of.
We now propose showing in the fewest
words the connex'on between the. scliC
portion of the Claremont Assecdtion and
ihe Separate Secessionprtyand its aunthr.
ised aent, the Centsa) Cb) ms 2ia .
close connexion appears from the hfsts
-that all the Delegates sent by -.the
Claremont Assoesation were supposed to be
Separate Secession men, and tey proved
Ow tm'elves so, with- but one exception that
we know of-that with this one exception
they voted with the majority in every meD.
ure adopted by that mi cny gt f -I
--tbey voted fur the stnesf
adopted and they voted' fe et.
creating the Centlral Commit
fining its duties and power.
.'that a circular "msarke
confrnntial has been recejba
by others suppose.'ibb 8epar~
inonists, and pu'tporting to come
Central Comuittee, is now place,
all doubt-th'at the Claremonit Assocae t
has been acting very much in conformhitf to
the au ionscontained in this circufiiV,
howeve uintentional on your part anid oif
this we hare no doubt sine,. you say/e,
and your :word to us is verity.:'itself....Is
plain. This will appear as followsr
Does this Circular contain a suggesiona
"that It 'is unnecessary to agitate the
subject of the &dtion of thle Charleston May
Convention, or to call together the -setral
(Soutbern Rightts,) Asaociatiop fortheyur-.
pose of approving that action"
The circular is dated May 20th, "aad
since the regular meeting in May1 hes
sociation has not met. Here are the tW~o
You have given as a reason for Ahlaftiw
rear of a rupture Into violent parties anc'tlur
converting the Association into apsy
enguire b'y the stronger of thetn.'.,e
have no doubt that this was your real mo
tive and a commendable one it was." Bat
you must allow, that those of the Aso~...
ciation, who opposed the Separite Secesskous
of South Carolina, and to which msesure
thme acting portion of the Aesociation weI'i
regarded as pledged, could not know this,
--they could not know the motives of theb
Secession party or any of its principles ok
2nd. D~oes it asuges, that the mest "y..
spectful and concilatory conduct abniid be
adopted by the (supposed) majorty terik
the minority, and does it enjoin an- entish~
abstinence from the doing any acts whicih
i" the mostjealouas constructioti ma 'be
rgarded as provoking the a)~gty
contest on the action .of the hae6
Convention ?" - a!
Up to the happening ot the 'eantin.
provided for, this has eurinently mdek - a
boaring of Secessionisti heoabouts.'l~
hase given the brosde.t int rvahito
the maxims ef Mr.- J~rzisps; m d-aas
were u-awilling, that 'that t
"error"-that is, saspat
regarded as i'rtty
and thus to gve the 14I d ~o.
bar." They r edret a ~ucfron tau~
any act to,/prooke a ~o~(o1ppsl
Free Dise ensiii wiRt bear tli osf~~ne
tihe Coo mitte's Rule, The9bebaj
ea'en w' ling,.hat it should be tlt~
granitlth they WertI (lareyRA
3i4J. Ibys it sgrest "thetta m 5
public myitingsa shobeld
(supposed majority, umntl
S wee called by thu*~W
ViaiSh ecession paty 4tir
voke ta a contest con the sujc
oilher errds when did itbpyt
Diassion 1" Not unth' th6
the Commifte.'a OdsItlNi b
oppI'itioit> meetinagD-Ihen inded
of Froe Discussion tade -
rieg. Are thtese (Ats not
You make same commens a T~
we sakW abot-be vre a ,
and Wtrttus being the ay
named as beisig Invlwd"iu
address their (! h a~in
tevidence of the fearfully trinjdclrcum
mnes, which surrounded them.
That grat interest ahoald be felt and
ainfested, upon the discussion of import
it subjects in the Convention, and that
is should be productive of some excite.
ant was to be expected. But in a body
ofessing for its purpose full. free, and
endly interchange of views and opinions
a subject or common interest and among
an, whose aim and desire ostensibly was,
UL iaformation on that subject-that the
se, the bravo and the virtuous should be
barred the priviledge of speech, if not by
written or printed rule, yet by a necessity
ite as inexorable-and where any did
e above the thraldom. that they should
forced to utter their speech in fearful
se and trembling, and to use the language
very supplication, this is the marvel I But
e spirit of the majority still more plainly
anifested itself in the action taken on Mr.
na's substitute, (for he was one who rose
eve his circumstances) the Resolution
ported by the minority. It is substan
ily as follows: 'T'hat the Convention has
tire confidence in the constitutional or
ns of the State Government and in the
isdom and fidelity of the Conventlin elect
under the Act passed at the last legis
Lure, and submitting the subject of
rongs and remedies to it, expressed a
rfect willingness to abide its final action.
To any body of men under the sun, not
tally bent on a preconcerted course, a
esolution, like the one offered by the mi
irity Committee, expressing so fully and
inkly and fairly- the only proper object
r which such a body could be called to
:ther, and defining the duties of its various
embers and expressing its willingness in
nre thereto in terms so unexception.
,vould have been hailed with accla
ations of joy. And yet what is the fact ?
pen-mouthed uproar greeted its loss.
Does not all this clearly mark a depart
e from the spirit of the object of the
anvention ? If not, we should like to hear
The majority, having thus succeeded
departing from, and beating down the
irit of the true object ofthe Convention
d not stop there, but went forward en
asse the consummation of their pre-or
ineed, butt hitherta silent purpose. They
solved that it was not a Convention for
nferring in a free andfriendly way, bout
Southern wrongs and the mode and ,iucas
es of redress'' but begging the question
et armie-. they declared the true object
he, the separate secession of SouthCar..
ina-and neither speech nor language
am mortal man, however good or great,
as to be listened to in opposition to it.
is plain from the address and Resolutions
opted, but still more frnm the interpre.
Lion put upon thema by ".- Krospineni
,:... uucn dgen and IflC, they had
m hope of Co-operation -with tb other
,uthern States, and as a necessary conso
icnce, if they were honest, they were for
reing the State to do battle vlone. This
as the true concerted purpose of the ma.
rity. Who can deny it? Judge CIIEYEs,
iticipating by some sneans or other the
urse intended to be pursued. advised
!oinst it (this was the unkind cut, and)
redicted the cona-luencs-the division
the State. It has ao happ~ened. And
ho would hsave expected any thing clae,
uit a proud anid domninant majority, fiushedl
ith their success, and inifatuated with the
rofoundest sentiunents of their own infal
bility or of the midnight stupidity of every
During all this time, if we mistake not,
nu were here at home. It is not unknown
>you how greatly surprised, a large intel.
gent and respectable portion of the cit
eons of this District were, at the action of
te Conventiont. If they lhad been pre
ared for the course adopted by the ma
>rity, there could have been no such thing
Just here, matters stand thus-the So
arate secession party adopted in their Con.
ention a certauin measure of alnost infinite
nuporta nc-thle merits anid cotnsequencee
f that tmeasure had never been brourght
omne to the people, whom they were in.
enided to affect ; tnumbers were surprised
t it. Now, air, we appeal to your knowr
andor, and to the candor of every reflect.
ng tmind, if there was not one, and but
nei obvious, natural and proper course fom
hat. party to purstne-it was to go to theia
tomes, and among their friends and neigh
'ors, and both in p)rirate and public to see)
o p'our lig ht upon the',. Tlhey should havi
uroclaimed uponi every house top, that thea
iad utterly despaired of securing the Co
uperat ioni of the other Southern States in de
ence of Southern Rights, (as they all pro
essed to believe) and that the only practi
,ale and wise and etyectual remedy tom
S'uithern wrongs, wvas the Separate Na
ionahty of South Carolina-that comtc
vhat miighmt, flungary or no I iungary, this
vas the only measuire left. Tlhis was the
>roper conduct. WVas it. not I
Now what are the facts! T'he entire
nanagemeont of the party was entrmisted tc
lie (Cenra C'ommittee, (upon wvhom wa
>ropose bestowitig some pains before wec
ire donie,) whose dutty was defined ini'thec
tes,,hutions cr'anting it to he, by corres
,ondence, by publishing and circulating
outnd documentsc, (Secessioni docuiments o
~ourse) and by all proper mueans, to pro
note-what; the Southern Rights! Oh
hey hail previously resolved, the Separat
artioinality cauiso. Now the Central Conm
niittee hasw unquestionably discharged its
lofinied duties with remarkable fidelity.
'rom that quarter, none other than 'sound
:Separate Nationality) documents have ev
'r been known to emnatet-in that way
>erfect fleod of light (twilight rather) hal
teen poured upon the surprised people