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DEOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGITS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE SCIENCE AN) THE ARTS i
v .1.1 NCI.3 Proprietor.
- eS U Ml T E Rt V I L LE,. S.o.,NOVE E R2,18.
MAcoN, Ga., Nov. 1. 1851. h
C. G. Baylor, 1sq.--- .tcar Sir : I t
have the honor to cncluso the follow- s
4g Resolution, passed by the Gei- 1
eral Convention of Cotton Planters, 1
held at this place, requesting a copy
of your address, that it may be pub
Belled with the proceedings of the
Your ob't serv't,
WM. P. GOULI), See'ry.
1 esolveLd, That the thanks of
the Convention are tendered to Mr.
aylor, for his proposition of direct
intercourse with the continental Eu
rope, and the able and. lueid exposi
'tion made by him to this Convention,
and that lie be requested to furnish 0
a copy for publication."
MACON, Ga., Nov. 4, 1851.
Wm. P. Gould, Esq., Sec. Con.
6,Yr: I herewith transmit you a
copy of my remarks upon the Con
mercial Policy of the South,, in ac
cordance with the undeserved) and
flattering RLeol ution of you: Con e n
tion. Regretting my inability to do
justice to this grent subject, 'but sill
cerely hoping that the little 1 have
said .may be of some benefit to the
-. South in relation to her real, true,
and substantial interests.
I have the hondr to be,
Very r >ectfully,
. G. 1AYLOR.
SG'. Bai.lor, Eij.. U. S. Con.
eul at Aisterdam, le/iercd l,y
request of the " Conv'entin .f
(Autton I'lauter," held at .laeon,
Ga., Oct. 27, 1851.
Mr. President :-I appreciate the
distinguished honor thus conferred
upon me. Nothing, Mr. President, I
-but'the conviction that every eflort t
- in our cause, from however hunbe a t
source it may eminate, may prove of c
value, could induce me to appear be.
fore an audience such as this, conisist- ]
ing of the talent, digitv, and wealth
of-the South. But sir,~it is an occa
sion of intense interest to the South;
an occasion,- having for its objects
the promotion of the great Commer
vial, Agricultural, and Manufactur-.
lng interests of these Southern
States. The masterly exposition from t
the lion. gentleman from Florida, t
has loft nothing for debate upon those
subjocts he has treated, My pro.
'inceis not to act in this branch ex
cept in assisting its practical opera.
Lion. I am here for action. Delay
has been our great folly. Procras.
tination is the thief of opportunity as
well as time. For this reason, sir,
I wish to introduce into our delibera
tions the elements of plain matter of
fact business; action founded upon
the Resolution of "IDirect Trade,"
yvhich I have read to the Convention,
and which should be made a part of
*I hold the proposition, that Comn
inprce is the great basis of National
prosperity and wealth. It is upon
Commerce that every other interest
miust rely for development and ox.
'pansion. The history of the world
.proves this. Direct communication
is tho proper and correct principle to
17i followed in all Commercial ar
inoments. " Direct Trade " is
the great interest to be promoted in
the- South. In other words, we
should " export " direct the v-aried
produce and manufacturers of the
aouth to those nations consuming
them, and "import " direct those
articlos of foreign p reduce or manu
facture consumed by us. It there
fore, becormes- the duty of' this Con.
vention, replesenting as it does the
Ctton interest, which is the founda.
tion and life, not only of. our Comi
morce, but of the world to foster and
p remote the best mode of carrying on
There has been submitted to this
Convention, several plans bearing
upon-the question of 'over produc.
tion,' 'coisnmtion,' 'regulamtion of
prices,' 'organization of planters,'
and other topics of peculiar interest to
thme Planters, solely in regard to the
.pc of Cotton. These are sub
jects too wveighty fo'r me to paresume
uponnTilhat bitnh of our. proceed
ing~i belongs to abler heads, and as J
hare ke~inrkI, lhas bee~i n ms: fullv-,
Limply, and clearly investigated, illus
:rated, and enforced by the friends
f the different projects. But I
old, in the language of my Resolu
ions sir. 'that Commerce, as a neces.
ary principle, must enter into and
iecome a part of any plan which has
een presented for the consideration
f this Convention, and 'Direct
trade' the p:roper medium through
vhich it should flow.' For instance,
n relation to the plan of the gentle.
nan from Florida, (Judge 1Browie)
ni which is admitted by all to be
nost inlependent of Commercial in
hience. Stinpese that the crganiza.
ion desired in his masterly report is
onnpleted; the Cotton of the United
tntes concentrated in one company.
lnd the ware.honss openCl to the
orbi. New York, Boston, and
ngland come in anld procure their
11ur-lies. BY the admirable system
f their Comniercial and Financial
rrangemeits, they import direct the
30tton they purchase. And they
ill do it to'o. For allow me to say,
hat England would not be guilty of
he folly of shipping her (ot ton via
few York or 1)ostonl; nor the North
ia Liverpool. As much as they
rench now tiat such a systein is the
>est, they will never be found swal
owing the pill they have drugged u
rith for the last 30 ycars. 'Tliese
idders are disposed of. But what
Cecomes of the continental market,
rith which we now have no direct
iitertotirso? What 1becones of the
mall manufactories on the cotitinent?
hnt becomes I f the jrincipple that
ye must- erttW'~ our marikets in'1
!onsumption to .:eep pace with iour
-rndu' ion raplidly and yearly ini
clasini:. There is sir, no direct
tioImluniC:atioIi with these ilportait
uterest: no c" rrespoitlents; no agents
stal iished; no credits opened; iol
nedita of Exebange through which
0 t ranisfer the necessary nniuled fIa
'ilities to our shres to enable then
o compete with the North and E. ig
:1h1d! iut we w ill sup ose that
hese difliculties are overcone: that
bey have miller these unequal eir
lntnstaices ohtained their supplies.
Xhat are they to do with them?:
low are they to convey them to
heir manufactories? Either by di
'ect transportat ion, or circuitously
r w..w. ay that we have no 'D)i.
eet Trade,' and that they are comi
ielled to chip via the North or Liver
1001, what is the consequence? TIe
niditional expenses of this unnatural
radie, enables England to under sell
hem at their own doors; for the more
tl condcise Cotton, the less expel
ive its transportation becomes, and'
;reatcr in ratio its value. The
,earer its place of pirotluctitin, tlie
nore beneficial the principle; and
.he day will come sir, when its iant
'acture in the first stage will be ex
:lusivo confined to its place :.f
;rowth. The effect then of such an
irrangeluent alluded to, would be to
>arlize the mnanufactories onl the'
:onltinent, and check conisumptionj
iow rapidly extending, evena uinder
iresent dilliculties. 'These difhtienh
.is should be rcemoved, and no fur
her trammels allowed. TIhae result
>f such an o rgl aization withiout the
p)rinlciples of -Direct TJ.rade,' w~ouhld
e to strengthen the mo1nopoi~ly of
Liverpool, atnd rivet upon01 us her
grasintg CouIrnercial power. Four,
i you concentrate thme Cotton crop1 of
the South, and put a fixed pr'ice up-.
m1 it, it blecomes a trant ferre' ,,,w*
pla m1only fovr siae, ail
E~nglantd through her RIotheblilds, or
New York with her Astors, or both
:omnbined , can comec iln andi buy it
'lp. I as5k, Mr. President, if the
ivhlole Cotton crop of the South n as
huls Concent rated, and thlus h ou;:ht
Ip by the North antd Enagland, (aid
syiche couild lie (lone with aill thle
yase iln the world) where would the
Cotton 'Power(!1' lie lodged? Imi
vhase hanlds sir? Woutld not the
righlt of exclusive piropiert y andl cona
W;ol, be transferredl to them? Anmd,
f' we, because of the inittitsie valuei
>f Cot ton could get our Jprice, could
lot New York follow~ ina our traclks
uid get her price? Most assutrely.
[f I were wealh enIVCioughl, I would
lot dlesire a bletter speculation, for
the wvorldl must haive Cotton, andli if
you were to senid iL after Sir John1
V'ranklinu, the English wouldl send
Ifter it. It haus becomle anl absolute
tccessity, whlichi must be had or done
I way with; our1 Cotton and our labor
tnust bo eqaually distributed. No.
mo~lies are anoanto al itnt:.
eats, and to themiselves. WVe want
competition, anti new markets will
btigi it. To (1o that you must have
L'im:,ierce'; andi to carry on that
Commce to tihe best advanage,
vou must ihave 'Direct T1rade.'
Does any intelligenlt genleman in
this Coniventioni desire such results?
Viewv it as you pleasec, Commerce,
legitlutiate, eqlual, and fail. Commerce
must outer into any pIlan you may
agree upon, and 'Direct 'Pru'1 rust
as a necessary C('IISt)(,nIc1IL he its
prioiper chiannel. Youl 1111t 1,romnote
'Dir'ect TIradet,' estaidwiih your own
Commerce, anid getitletiieii in their
11 isdomn 11ill liiai it must be dune.
But there' are other wveighlty con
si.lkrati',ois invoilved. Whlat are we
to (L t1 itla ouri lRie, Tob~acco, bunti.
aii t ci arse (7't tt(A I Va itri(es ? Aret
tI("esc iuatelusts to li t) ej.ieteti? Dou
theyv It'l titteZ ilt'o this slliject large.
iv:'- Ma1rk: tllV w'rds, sir; in a few
v( am Niagland1 will ihave in this State
uel (eior.gia a p' wet tl ival in hecr
.Anti .i / i'or the r~asons I have
('tta-s'uu:e8 this shlapet, the iurei
tihe (eary fimltllalilturcl" tliig alble to
tider s ~eill t(t' who arc f1i r remioved.
Call we I1i1: ililet ire Cut ttit XYam ns?~
Mr. PI-tisditt I ihave this (lay ex*
Ilii 1 IIL'4 I t~I'sai I1) s of ti s bra hell
of ii~ti(lt, x111) I :1111 C, zvii,ced that
i m..lndin heconltinlental miarke.
ire-lell, an~d 11 avr'e. (Jeorgiia, Vir
ginia, Southl ('anl'Oia anid Florid('
Clii at eICt (IICr1 11irtaIiC trade( ill
wcti t'eii, at t; ato sect~ln I omil V to Co.t ton'
itself'. i3* it is the lijiV ol' these
t' tc& to CS I) i;sr :dill~ lrutAicd tiis
J'j re t '! .1i: ,' fur i et'.re miitl
e ats IIICv V ''ei~i he i:1 ti:e field (tli
see th (I:" 11.1 , i 1 Ii ok for'eta vdi to aL
~iuni""mi tm il,j It. Is this imletrest to
be fie leI'tl by t11is ('"'ll1elltil*1 t"1
Shie aitl I iil arc Cmr.''~e'k l ith
tilt liI&CS t i llt ill th.ee 11(l11d for a:L
t~ slil o~ f w 1 :iI H :311 t!~i.~ intere st
l'e lit etetd. No sir, 11~ e I1imst 1lu
nlltCtt th , aell . ii . r theyI go Landall 1
of theIt ill iii1 'e'u'l ! reive an ~ it::
Ceeati II a (: a,1laCre the.. rich~est andt
Il-St p.,wel nlI i a tile 1v(, 'ii' . I to
ill tile C'OIiUICl'(l ICCrI-tataol l ti1c
tel il, but 'p, i1 l111 as bA-iia ill tilme
handelsofth people ICCII! 11 s. IiiJiiC Ill
Cinelelt sIill te lt.l t. A*in l la V pr.I
'Iull ( X a elt t is tile t :illii
11110l aill iS (,1' uIIeiellZiel ::ui
gives lter lati lt~ill it1i" th~e 'e. i 1
lottedi, ani assembly u'itli ianr1row
views, 01' coifl~osed( of' Ill i"gnoranlt
of' their pow~er. I" do not bl)ieve
their deteirinationis are to be as all
I Ihonestly belive the f6mun'.tiii is bc
ing laid of' the granidest cozii~ei ciail
revolutioni the cage, Ayc, that the
woalil Ihas ever witnaessed.
But sir, to nconjihish this~ mighty
work, we miust nrot be daz~zled byV the
sBjknudor of its results and fur' tha~t
reason dcciii iiisigiiificaiit th~e means
to be used. Urcit re. iilts freqjuently,
iui'igirate in small causes. We mulst
grasilp the menus now UQ iliii our Iow.y
r! If we cannot 'start two sl~i; s
sen~d oiw-it' we cannyt send :t thou
?:hill bales oif cot tomn, send t(1i.
mIa:k a begiunning. 1~ifI; retluiz'es
Iaertisru alure than the battle field.
WeL mu11st have tie ene rgy of pa
Wjf(* \e nilust Won.. W\e m~ust
labor oL 1sCIvi's I and jl~lili itt' it ini
ithll's, It is ai dIi vin il:i~tlltioii.
No nulit., no state, nol cuntrv ii;
prospierous without it. Time sweat
that falls f'rom the br~ow o' h1omiest
lul is die "rails' ble:'scil liv I Ieav en,
whichi Fem'aliLLs and enrich~es the
Bu h onmattio hsece must be also laid. As I said
lIetire, let Its use the 11ieaitls h OW
wihi 'r10W l' ~ lshmag at the
3;1111C tillie oIthier ltL'restb'. our
hiiJ~plluin mterest must be jlomlbteuI.
We have all tie elenit3. We have
mien of iui'lstry ari iteligenice.
Whly sit~; it' I and not mlismin uz med
:he iiivdel oif the 'Amric Ia'. thme
'achit w~hich has scruIt ed John L~ull
W.iLI wt~ aeseas .he: il u k ofit
wet~~n7- t _Lt _ now
org miaterii.ls to the :\ or dh to conic
Ani cal ,"y our prclduee ut a y I ro'litus
and at1 j ust such ireu ii hts u~ ii" b e
micst lie asa lt to tl~t "t . 1:tl~.i
oult of car tc > , ":. u ,ito
Wh\Iiy not bjuildI our' to~ t, s il s--lca V
are* hI aliters." hat is ;a; 1 I.,. t
idle asks ~ oil to take ! Ui WC t l
it w toill.1 be Ito dk...,rte, I t: e~ it,
sL'SjCI a Ii after' the i ;sii t: ll L viii
111C vo Peter the U~r at of' :.
.1.1 r ise C'ottoni nu let SCviell
have a taste fur* 1tie lac :.. icaiel arts
buildi shit :, amil let those w 1u :mI
flfild of the sea U::v 1'1 ':te mh.' 1.It
CC'lI L'c'7 'H : ili ha, i:5 U S l's
but vim shc'uid clic,. iii a- t hemn all
If1 they c' i all c;rr viii' eitt'ml ~i
goods as chte: t, ' te:.th m K
iamiele. l\itl 11111e ("11 t~:i sj ce!itl
Mrl. 1'residie ut, a lj hue11 It, a:v, tht
it wtouldl be iCtI t _, ti:' ,t¨u if
her21 \,u1_~ iich wert' t::hil oa t the
'I car iiel '~roiessi. ia' (?) a i ld iall l '
lil1l C eik'etiV i. I sh. cuill like t~ S UL'
ii.rcti ii igswli: 1ic C - 1:11:)t iid 'co e1
yearly in the way of freights, wI
does not see the counnexion with hir:
But even admit that these weight
(and as I believe conclusive) rea
uns fail to convince, how are we
get our 'imiiports' Shall m
still pay tribute to the North ft
English goods- to both for continel
tal imerchandize. We must 'inp~or
as Well as 'export.' sir, we mu
have 'direct trade,' it, must be !
is fully to hesitate and debate aboi
that whieb is incvitable. Pass the.
resolutions, give the weight and a
thority of this convention to the
ant the friends of the 'direct trad
w ill i roduce results, conclusive an
satisfaictory to the most p'rejudicc
Admitting therefore, the iimpo
tanen of "Direct Trade," and tl
neessity of its immediate establis'
Imient, I conic to the consideration i
the n aIlL operandi, the means I
establishing it. 'this is a Conventic
of Cotton Planters. True it is, yc
are not commercial mien, but ye
have a mighty trust confided to yoi
Mighty interests are now, and hIas
been within the power of your eo
trol. How have these interests bec
promoted ? Does the h.story of ti
past, justify your further indiflereni
and inaction ? The Cotton Plante
must act. You must take ihe afir
ativce on this questtiin. The humblh
and weaker portion of your fello
citizens and neighburs, are looking i
you for action. You have been a
pealed to as the lust hope, for 1 to
you, that the whole bouthtern se
board, from the Rio Grande to tl
Chesapeake, is cormpletely in til
hands of New York and Engli;
Agenta agents whose most vital i
terests are mlv ed-hi tidR!iu u
'The issue is betnccni them and ti
friends of ")irect Trade," the fir
step to the cou'uerciai independen
of the Soulthl. Will y ou sustain is
Wie walit yourl individluatl andi unitt
suplur;, shall we have it ' 1
caks; of Direct Trael," is in yo
hands, as Cottvn must be the bas
of anly coauereial Imovement in ti
outh. Mlr. PrAsident, I hope vi
will bear With mue, until I can getti
o'jilpiuni of this C n venti i, upon
little sub ject of moral honesty, upt
which I difier with some of the
Samue agents. It is, whether a
tor can buy atml sell ct ttn, and
Conieiuience haVe arrayed this intl
enee azain st iny "Direct Trade" p,
jet. As these astute agents ahva
bring "1 un:ds," A. B. C. bays fri
Z. & 1' , tw hdraws on 1). R.'V. &
t e., an other equally invstiaii
su jects, 1 w ill place the thinig si: p
ef're yul as it is. Ir. John 1,
estbishes hiinelf in mn; of yonr se
Iorts, aal address you as follows
(Place and late.]
"I )ear Sir : I have opened a Co
iioni II 'us.- in this city, and tal
the liberty of torw ar.ling herewit
myI' cnicubir. If youi will confi
:Sr tereshal to my hands, hie a
sme thy sallbeadvanced evel
"Ver respectfudly, &c.
You send hiiin youri Cot toln. I
then addresses the following, to
[Samie place nad date.]
".\ly D ear Sir :Enclosed plea
linid iy cireuhu , ais I am perfect
fnliari~i nithi the ma rke't, any aide
he tilled to the best advantaige.
Now genth-ei,what is youri
leavec thet .lbject to youri medaitatio
Thie thing is hei' 'g one conistaitll
I have takeni the gri'iril thiat thei
nx as~ soieth.ing 'rittent in eiiiarl,
au l informned tone oh the'se houses thi
an e~lpressioni of (l.iion)R on tfS hi d
eatte subjiet. (at he iniily teru
it,) shouhd be hadl. I will ask, '
you aIpprove of this miode of to.
ducting your bustiniess."' I am gh~
to see bly your hlea rty responseRI, thI
you do nit. I w ishi n ith all miy heni
at somn e of the believeris in this (dt
trinie coubjl hear it. 1 hli o the
wi'l.ticl it, andi that severelv.
it , NI r. P'residlenit, I mneet wil
opsitIin'R froml othier~ quartters alJs
TIhe best a rgumeneit af'ter all, is e
Iperiece'. There .is enough tor
L'omm~fend t'direct traduh' at lea1st
entitle it to am trial. For thait pu
LI)e 1 propos in 1my m resol ut ion t h
to each Planter send a small portion of
a- his crop, say one tenth or twentieth
or more or less as may be most con
y venient to him, andi consign it to
s- Messrs. IIartsen & Brother, Amster
o dam, Rolland, through their different
-e ports. By this means, a few car
>r goes from each port can start, and it
[i- will lay the foundation for future,con
t' signments, if the account of sales
at prove satisfactory. It also creates
It an assorted market, as the Cotton
it will by this arrangement come from
te every section of the country. The
a- results being brought to the attention
if of many different Planters will de
' n,onstrate clearly, if 'Direct Trade'
d be feasible or not. These vessels will
d return with assorted cargoes for
Southern consumption, and if the
r goods are as cheap or cheaper, (as
e we contend they will be) than New
i- York supplies, we ask a preference
4f for them. I would recoinm'end to
A those Phinters wanting, stores, cof
n fee, negro blankets and other arti
u cles to forward their orders. They
u will got these things tit original im:
i. port prices. I have formed hoases
e in Richmond, Charleston, Savannah
- and Mlobile, who are engaged in this
n 'Direct Trade' business. They have
ie the means of advancing liberally for
e these small consignments. and with
rs less freights and charges, guarantee
n. ing Liverpool quotations. What more
r is wanted ? The Planter can ship
w through these Houses, or. instruct
o his usual commission Merchant to
p. send so many bales to Amsterdam.
Il The issue is now fairly made for the
a. first time in the South for 'Direct
e Trade' or 'non-action.' Ships will
e leave these diffcrent ports regularly,
h it' they sail empty. The thing elea
1. have a fair trial. I appeal to ever v
tar in hearingasf my rvoice, 'will
te you load them l' Say -'Th ams
t thing at home and make your' neigh,
e bots act with you; and 'Direct Trade'
? nill be established. Your 'Direct
d Trade' houses now formed or being
e formed in the South, ask your sup.
i port. Will yiu give it? Will you
is pass these resolutions calling upon
e every planter to give his mite 7
,a Getleen I am much obliged for
ie your answer, but, let there be some
thing more than words. Let the
0, thing be done. It 'Direct Trade'
3e canilut sustain itself, it deserves to
c. fall. if it can be sustained, it should
inl be encouraged.
Mr. President, I do not consider
this altogether a matter of dollars
and cents for the present. You
want a new and large market for the
continent. You want a continental
lv depot, which will relieve Liverpool
e, .that yearly surplus, which is so
itajurious to the price of cotton.
Pray, Mr. President, what is that
Liverpool surplus? Wyv, sir, it is
that portion of the Cotton crop sent
to Li-:erpool, which England cannot
consume. Because, it she could
h1, onistme it she would, and if she did,
L it is very clear there would be no
::sur/,lus." Th'efac't sir, that there is
-'a surpalus, prov'es that we send Eng.
land more cotton thtan she wants.
The dhng is as clear as day. Why,
Sir Charles Wood. Secretary to the
e Enlish Treasury, the most stupid
a muan ( Punch says) of his day, could
see this, though lie was rather mxuddy
ini his ideas about the 'last surplus'
se of the English Government. This
y siuri lus (nxot Sir Charles Wood's, the
rs cot ton suirplus, t'ie wet blanket Liv.
i e rpool surp~ lusi) should not he. Let
us buil up a conitineuntal D~epot and
relieve Liverp;ol of this surplus.
Why, sir', she~ is nZoU' shipping cottonI
n.- to the continlenit. Why it is shamnes
ae l'ul ! If' the ailhirs ot the cotton plan.
1 ters are mnaiged in this wy, the
o . SOdiner they taike them in their own
v . hiandos the bette:'. The creating of'
,' cdtmsumpn~tion, are things of, v'ast im.
alt Ipoirtan ce to the Iplaniter, anI d shiould
li lhe enceourage'd by him. Sir, if Eng
-d h~umd and New Yorkhad all the mio
10 ntiedl facilities ini the world, I hold, it
n- woul he the di y and interest of the
dn Photer to engage in these kind of
it enterprises himsiielf. la hie too inidifa
t, foret? lias lhe no)t intelligence
e- enou:gh to understand these things?
y B~esidles there ares other considea
tions. TIhe South has a groat deal
bi at stake, haised upon the judicious
o. management of' her cotton interest.
x- TheI national ,policy of England, is at
e- war with out' institutions; Her -di
to plloma~tic p~olicy hats laing been knowri
r- to the wtorld. IJer ~crciql
rt j odiy on t' b gre1'gt puestion p l4
ry , as c r ried op t i nn } C 7? Z 4
jystem, ts y'ettuy' p o
us., tif So;ttherna gentlenmen, 1
this tbing.of cointierce,
are mistaken, .I. will simpl ysek bd
question; whether the Egn" ih N
suls-ate not inrstructed; tU grgnt
loans upon Slave P.ropcrty
to the wisO is sufficient. '
ated the danger of leing lu1lcd
sleep until we are bound .handU
foot.- Patrick Henry compared
benevolence to the feeling th i
had for the lamb. Ixperiendo, i
sustained him. I repea ir,t4
is the duty of the Planters ,o d
South to forward this ineasure bl
dividual enterprise and if the oii ps
of 'Direct Trado': werd ..unal2(
make advances, that this cempeti'
market, this 'Direct Trade,' sho
be sustained by - shipments' ii d' A
advances. The amount frini ''LL
Planter is small and he eor affWik
I am glad however that wo aed M
reduced yet to this. necessity. s
vances can and will. be made. "ut
an united effort must be made by tJj
Planters. If they do. not the tijd
will come when they: shall .be.pt *era
less. The Iron arms of New Yok
are embracing. ybu on etery side:
Already she has grasped.youreals'
tiful Ohio, your magnificent'-d id?
of Waters. She even cor tewsygd
shipping cotton from Notch i d d
Memphig via the Lakes to LiveI
cheaper than by New Orleans
tell you we must :arouse onrsi1v,.
The time has arrived for actioun We
must bend. to i iidividually
are engaged in aComnercial rdvoI'
tion- with the same graspiu , tite,
and Tyranical power' ' a
bow as then, cover out sea:
(cotton) guards ton as then, a
tioned in every hcuse. Sba a t
lulled by the delusive voice f
until they bind,.us hand .and fob
Sir, 'our chains are forged an . th s
clanking may be heard upon.
plains of Boston' 'why stand wehei
idle ?' Sir, there is a striking sii
larity between that assembly he.*n an
outragod and wronged people arob
themselves to throw off the .politl
yoke of English Tyranny an4
Convention of a people ,
assailed, and vilified by thos ..tey
are litterally feeding. Our Fathers
cast off the political, let us cast O'
the commercial yoke. The s" to
is the same, save, that our cremiy as
a powerful ally on our own nhoresa
at our very firesides. Are .we i
to those considerations ?. iqr tj ra
our rights are within our o.
if we use the means 'that r"tuii di
nature's God has given us' ta Ot#ct
them. Not in the. chasing 10, s
but in laving hold, of the substaian
Let us have commerceourownCom
ne ce--our own ships and atearmers.
Let us have commercial indpd1
ece. t/dsa is the true ind onlyremedy~
for the ills we complain of. Atlfo
oursehes'~'. Organir~e, comb$ri.a
Promote _your man nfactures en
comerc:, our ow~n schioolg 3'oor
shippirig, laiboue niad agrdculttie.
You have th e mednus of b~rig a
mos inidepoendent, powerful*~r,
hpypeople in the. worla.a s
themn. Mr. Presidents I. contenrd hs6
either Baltimore,' Norfolk, Charles'
ton, Savanmnah,'or. Mobile, hare' supe'
rior natural adeantages: uvei' New.
York for thn corerce of the Sotit
South-west the' interier iei~i
North-west of the Umnited' St1s.
The doctrine of the Gbiapcedli
paeriority of New'York for thisire -
is at falacy. It is one or thnbm og
of the dary. When our rail road ys.
temn (Maryland, Virginia~ North
Carolina, Georgia, anid Alabamna#
penetrating them Ohio- riter and the
Mississippi V'alloy is oortrplated
which :will in a few years) e~e
ing with oma' Southert 'Pette, dw
York will (ind thint ,this positior(is h
correct, one. Tfho' North W'cideil~t
West noiv labor under'rt'ad2Nol
tied, froni the fact t~ tiode
outlet for their producQ la .tr S4p
63 months out of tho year. This ric
and ualuable tradie jspecilitatc4l
on New York .fron.'these res
have talked with persons 'ona (hI
point, and they would ludzptefor
an outlet ahteys- open st i asssab(
if they coulhd get it. I wilkiet a
of t)ie di(erne v
Ned o 4 ' '