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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE. SCIENCE AND THlE ARTS.piz:> Q**m
VOLF. R , PIropleter. S. - ggie * TERUK-Two Dollars , ER
VOL. VI. SUMYTERVILLE, S. O.~ DEOEMYBER 16, 1861.
J ;gsnature of South Carol Inn.
SATURDAY, Dec. 6, 1851.
'!n the Senate Mr. Griffin, from the
; inittee on incorporations, report.
back the bill to amend the charter
'Of the South Carolina Conference, re
+ammending its passage.
1'. Barnes, from th military
committee, reported a resolution ap
3ipriating $10,000 for enlarging
: Arsenal Academy.
Mr. Carew reported that the joint
sommittee of the two Houses recom.
witnded the following gentlemen for
. resident and Directors of the Bank
.of the State :
President.- C. M. Furman; Di
eetors--Thomas J. Gantt, George
Robertson, Geo. H. Walter, W. C.
Dukes, J. P. DeVeaux, H. F. Stro
beeker, Rice Dulin, R. G. Stone, P.
M. Cohen, E. W. Matthews, E'isha
Carson, Thomas Lehre.
The following bills, in the general
Miders, read to a second time, and or
dered to the House for concurrence.
A bill to amend the law in relation
to managers of elections;
A bill to incorporate the Charles
son Building and Loan Association;
A bill to incorporate the Florida
Steam packet Company;
A bill to incorporate the Calhoun
Loan and Building Association.
At 12 1.2 o'clock, pursuant to
messages interchanged, the two
, Houses proceeded to a ballet for
After which Senate resumed the
l orders; when, without dispos.
e special order was taken up,
bill to renew the charters of
banks and to provir' new
motion peitdi~t "itn
that of Mr. M1nzyetito strike out
and insert; which was decided iu the
Sgtive-yeas 16, nays 25.
Mr. Mazyn then moved to strike
eat the fifth section; which was con
4urred in-yeas 24, nays 16.
Oq motion of Mr. Adams, the hill
sud report was ordered to lie on the
The committee appointed to count
the votes for Comptroller General re
ported that J. B. McCullyv had re
deiced 132 votes, and was thereforo
After the transaction of some fur.
ther business, the Senate adjourned
n the House, a large number of
petitions and memorials were present
ed this morning.
A message was read from the Sen
ate that that body insisted on refus
ing to amend the message from the
House, fixing 16th instant as day of
adjournment. On motion of Mr.
Memminger, the message was laid on
the table, and a resolution adopted
fxing Thursday, 18th instant as (lay
of adjournment of the General As.
Mr. Chesnut, from the committee
w of the whole, which sat on Friday, re
perted the bank 'A with amend
mnts; which, togethe - with the bill
to re-oharter the Blank of the State,
on motion of Mr. HtL, wse male
the' special order of thme day for Men
dJiy, at 1 o'iclock.
On motion of Mr. Ayer, the spo
rQ 'order was called for, being the
bill to fx the time for the meeting of
the convention, together with sundry
resolutions touching our federal relia
tios. The House resolved itself in
ts tomtnittee of the whole, Mr. Mem-.
mninger in the chair.
Mr. Ayer said: It is known chat
it-was as the humble organ of the se.
eession party,, appointed to that duty,
I introduced the bill for assembling
thme convention. [ had not intended,
sir, to say one word on the subject of
ifurther than to move for its pas
stage. Nor do I now intend to dis
cuss the bill; for I cannot conceive of
even a plausibil objection to it.
Skouldamy be made, I may hereafter
erave the indulgence of the commit
te t reply. I rise now simply to
saysfow.*ords in reference to aN
those other ma.tters which lhave baen
referod, along with that bill, to this
committee for consaideration. By the
*fth setiosa of tha act of the last sos
Ssien, or-daiin a Convention of thme
peole, th Aniresubeetof our fed
nexnto, with the one mple re
derration. g!tbis. Igieatere of the
pser to a ato for its assembling.
*reEro with c6mndience submit
tiat this tegislathro has no further
aildicio0or* the s bjgfs'* f.d.
oral relations which have been refer
red to this committee. They have
passed, by our own act, beyond our
control. It will he admitted, I think,
by all, that no action we may take on
them can bind the convention. Then
why introduce them here? And,
even, if we had the right, where is the
necessity for us to pronounce an opin
ion in our legislative capacity on
those subjects? Is not the convention
as competent as the Legislature to
judge and determine what decision
the people have made in the recent
election? Will the convention not
be as much disposed and as likely as
any Legislature to obey the will of
the people? Sir, there can be no
doubt of it.
The bill which I had the honor to
introduce does not presume to indi
cate any course of action to the con
vention. I sincerely trust that the
other measures before us, essaying to
do so, will not be further pressed.
Why should we, when there is no
call for it, when there is no necessity
for it, when there is no right for it,
enter here into the discussion of top
tes which can effect no good: but
which must inevitably tend powerful
ly to widen, and deepen, and fret,
and exacerbate the diversity of feel
ing and - opinion which now exists
among us. It may be, sir, it may
be, that events will transpire between
this and the assembling of the con
vention which will produce a unanim
ity of sentiment amnong. God grant
that it may be so! From my heart,
and witlh all my whole heart, do 1
desire that we muy' soon once m're
be able to say, to the language of a
resolution of our G"-reral AssemzblV
of i49, 'chat the. people of 4 ;
State, have cause to con ratuinite
.tismw es that, the party feuds
bich. lately we.kenied the vigor . f
its cunsels have hapil.l, Cease-. a
that South Carolina now presetsJ to
the enemies of her policy and .ac
an unlividetd front, amLui is ';e ared,
as she is res-lve d, to re-el. i, al;
proper Ueans, ever a.ressi.,I up
on her rights as a sN ver-i,;n ejiublic
the instant that aiggression is attempt
ed." We dou1b.tLjc, all desire i:.
Thens let us re1fraiii l om aniythings
an1 from evurythiug caultilated t" de!
feat such a happ. resut. Let us
nut enter un-n"ece(satril,- zand wil full v
into the discussionl of tlese excitaint
party questatna, lest pass5on bawin
the mastery of patri'.tism-"lest we
may betray our trust, and lower our
mind, and party give up what was
meant for mankind.' Yea, give up
it may be in the end our free-, out
cherished institutionis-give up it
may be, and farever, our glorious
Let us all here now, at this session
of the General Assembly, bend our
united efforts to allay and remove as
far as possible those uufortinate par
ty feuds which of late hay~ torn and
lacerated the bosom of our State.
Let us all strive together so to dis
pose of the questions beifore us, thazt
when our work shall be done, sai the
time arrives for us to separate and
return to our constituents and our
homes, we may review the recordl of
our acts, and feel that with conafi
dence we could inscribe upon it the
pleasing. grat eful thought, "hee olim
Mr. Wilkes said it had not been
his purpose to participate in the de
bate, but lie felt imipelled from his
position, to state the reasons why lie
should oppose the calling of the con.
vention. This gentleman then went
into a metaphyaical ar'gutnent to show
that the convention was not a legal
vital body-it was in the condition of
the first man--perfect in formi and
feature, but dlestitute of the biesth of
the breath of life. lIe was a seces
sionist, and believed secession t.hue on
Ly remedy; but regarding the decis
ion of dae people as aginst such a
remeudy, lie was unwvilling to conee
that body; and a all events, not
without the concurrenee of a two
thirds vote. Ele reoviewed the suc
emsive aets of aggression, and while
he 6el them cause for secession, he
believed no such movomenst would be
sustained by the people. We our
selves, in our aetlos apen the various
maatteru, were doing acts as ohne xious
s those of the federal .authority, al
though'the right to do so coudd not
ha questionod in us, as with the gen
.eral govcrnment. He. wanted to
disso the Union, but that was out
of the guaestion. In homely pbrase,
our engmne had bursted, and hie would
ULoW.Cal Ugonb co-operation to put
their machine in motion, and sec
what good it could effect. If th<
Convention met, it could only lay
lown a platform, and he was oppose'
to all platforms; the people under
stood both plans of action. They
know you cannot resort to separat<
secession, and co-operation with the
other Southern States is out of the
Mr. Sullivan deprecated extended
debate. Every gentleman had made
up his mind on the question of call.
ing the convention, and debate would
he fruitless of good results. He
therefore moved that the committee
report the bill to the House, recom
mending its passage, without amend
Mr Tucker had no speech to make.
At the commencement of the last
session he was a conservative; but
subsequently his viens underwent a
change. and obedient to what he re
garded the popular, he then went for
separate State action. When the
elections for Deputies to a Southern
Congress took place, he found that
that mode of redress was obnoxious
to the people, and he was not in favor
of bringing to existence a body which
held to that remedy. He was in fa
ror cf carrying out in good faith tho
recision of the people. Should the
convention meet, in all probability it
would do nothing, or like the Georgia
Convention, place a new limit at
which resistance would commence.
lie would not hold the people forev
er between sleeping and waking. Let
them slumber on, till some new and
daring aggresrion should rouse threm
to actio'n. They would indicate the
time for resistance. without anV el
D( i..t cry volf. e oil, whip- no w(l
gistegirs; or, when he locp te, O
y 4 i ili te given to the r Il.
puis therefore opposed to the bill, and
should vote against it.
Mr L. M. Keitt rose siirlv to
r.r. tst against the supposirion that
the coivntion wOS to he Cllfed to deO
ithrling. Ile protested against the
onrclusion that the peopte, in the
late election. had decided between
resistance and subm'nuission. Ilis Co.
*.Jeratiou friciende hiad never taken
that ground~h hefore the people. lis
f'ielnd l'r-orr Kerslaw. (M r.Chuesnut,)
lal leclaired w-hien that issue was pre.
<ente"l, ie would adjourn the debate
to the battle fie d: and Mr. Chair.
mean (M1r Meunminger) had said, if
be hadI to Wear chains, he wcltd not
limhself forge (hem. Mr. Prea:on
maid the Uniomn or slavery n~ist sink,
that he would cut the cord single and
tione and peril all on the deed. That
ssue was n..t made-except between
lifferent modes of resistance.
Mr. 'Thomas Thompson had not
been desirous of engaging in this de
bate. lie stood unpledged as to the
.all of the convenion; but he knew
no reason why it should be convened.
No acept.able plan of acion could
be adopted by it. Soecessionists wer e
inwillinig to take any other remedy'
:han eepar-ate State action, because
any oter course would be, in their
'pinion, ai step backa-ards That
step should not be forced upon an
>threr body. If it must be taken,
let it be takein by ourselves, and not
throw the reayonaibility and diagrace
qpon gentlemen whose views are
known to be antagonist to those of
Mr. B1. J. Johnson would vote
Igainist te bill before the committee.
lie was a secessionist, anid he would
eno step backward. B~ut he was
inwiliug to call the eorwention, tie
eause they could do nothing. ie
wished it distmnctly understood that
lie wasB devoted to disunion now arid
Thre Chiair anrnounced that the Fe
nato bill which had come in fromn the
priniter, was no0w befoere him, and
muggested its substitution for tho
llouse bill. andI the application of
NI r. Sullivan's miotion to that bill;
which was concurred in,
The question wvas then put on re
porting the Senate bill to the [louso,
reconanewnding that it do pass without
amendment, and laying thne llouse
bill on the table; and it was agr-eed
to without& division,.
A motuon was madhe that the Com.
mittee rise, and ask to be discharged
f romi all mnatters before it.
Mr. Garlington only niose to ex
p lain t'he nature of' &so redoluitions h2
had the honor to offer, anid *wiem
were committed to this Committee,
In introducing themn, hiis motive wmn
to allay jarty feelinj and frui
less agitation. He wanted to unite
South Carolina on some measure
which would vindicate her honor ard
maintain her rights. The charge
would be brought that we were re
newing agitation, after the people
had decided against Separate se
cession. In view of his repre
sentative responsibility, he regard
ed that remedy as dead; and he
now wanted to abandon that imnrac
ticable plan, and adopt any other
measure that would right the wrongs
of the State. In the deliberations
of the onvention some efficient mea
sure ught Le evolved which would
effect this desirable end. Ue there
fore moved to lay Mr. Sullivan's mo
tion on the table, with a view to take
up his resolutions; which was nega.
The question recurred on Mr. Sul
livan's motion to report the bill for
passage, &c., and it was decided in
The committee thereupon rose and
the speaker having taken the chair,
Mr. Memminger from the committee
of the whole, reported that the com
mittee had under consideration the
Senate bill to fix the time for the
meeting of the Convention, and re
commend its passago without amend
nent, and asked to be dischnrged
from the consideration of all matters
refet red to it ; which was concurred
The bill having received a second
reading in the House, Mr. Ilarring.
ton utfer the following preamble as an
SWhtre.us, the recent relection of
D. ;:tiek to a Soutlernr ontgresa has de
eaded against the se'parat me, s e.jn of
8.aaaLi.gjjw fier 1 s,.i krruw rnuswi'n4
w i ,, to tit. OfIsllUI DI this Le,"gislu.
cure., tIhe other Suuthe rn ti.au- JaLe4
riehu.*d a gaatiL co-ot'rauing With this
iate in thte mrea~sUrte of st-ccos-win- ait
r(nlid fior esiznting gr.eviaia:*.e; and
A Ieareais; ti4 atI of the beiat es.ion of
tis 1,4gha..J.ture calling a Coeiv.-itioni of
tlie i'iple, rclrrrecd to it the questiotn
,- It) the oIoiii. iatind ment" Jpe o re bi .
anaice; ani wher.ene this L..esI.,tUre' re
Ihear (Juon1 that body to adpt such tcin.
swure: of retsisatangi er, in confilmity to
ihe.. d, clared will of the p.eople, a K ill
goewrve the honeor und redeem the
pie'tje,, of the State."
A mnr was nade to lay the
j.reamt le on the table, on which mo
tiot Mr, On ens den~andel the yeas
and nays ; which being taken, result
Yr.AS.- Mesra. Ahney, Addison,
Arthur, A shmore, A yer, Uuker.3arjon,
fih-ahow,. Blackwell, Blutm, Powers,
neradle), 13aockmant, ilroutee". Bornet.
Cutntey, Clheruutt, C. &I Clarke, 11 Il
Clarke, Cruik~,hank, Cuniniaeghisam, Cu
retin, Da rguan. Denn, J W I Dunca,.
A 11 Dunkin, P E Duncan, J W Evias,
W 1 Eviaess, M ' Fuionia, Gurvi,.
Hammiontl, H arrisoan, FIiHakell, Iluml(,
Hutson, Ilbv, Jenkins, Jennine, Jer
mani, It J Jmhnwion, A It J.,hnon. A
Jones, E P Jones, Jordan. 1., L1 Ke-it,
I J KEtit, Kinialer, J4esteaane. Lowry,
MWA alley, MuCaw, MclElwee, Mini
gault, lemniuniiger, J I Middleton,
M'Icacli, Moore, Mon gamery, Mo,
raignea, Nelsn,~ i- F Perry, J II Perry,
P'hclIlips, Pope, Poppjenlhaeim, Prearon,
Rteid, Rtichdardson, A Rlobergonr, W it
ILioher'isonr, Serabruok, Sinkler. E~ P
Smithi, kMuitanML, $umetr, Ta'ylor,
Torre, Tlucker, Verdier, W'argner. Wa i
Wilken, 1) J Wilkinun, ,J WA WA'I)in.
son, Wtilliamsu, Wright, Mr. Bpeaker
NAvs.-Men'Jra. Alexander, Camnp.
he'll, E~&arley, lGarlington, Grius,-tte,
Hlarrington, Hlearat, ingramr, A. L,
JohnsloI, Ljawion, Leitnerr, McDaonald,
McL~owen, Moormnan, Myers, Owenai.
Paittreson, howell, A . WY. Thomlpson),
T1 Thompson. N arma-21.
Su the amencddmnent was laid on thre
Mr. Mc~owcn then offered an
ame-andmnt that the Governor be au
thorised to receive resigiantions of the
members weho deuired to resgn, aind
tu issue writs of election to fill the
vacancies, This amendment was
rejectedl--yeas 5>4, nays 59).
Mr. $elson Mitakell offered an~
amendment to change the time of the
meeting of the Conventioni from the
Iourth Monday in A pril to the fourth
Monday in January. 'This was saso
rejects'd by a large majority. The
qjuestion recurrimg on1 the passage of
theo bill, Mr. Mc~rady spoko very
vehemnouuiy against the bill, and
against the calling of the Conven
tion. The yeas anid znaya were or
dered, and the bill passed by iie Se.
nsate, tixinag the time o4 4ke meeting
od tho Convention o~n the fourth
Monaday in A pril, 1852, was ordered
Ito be retuarned to the Senato by tho
folowina vote >
YEAS.-Meers. Ahney, Adiison,
Arthur, Ayer, Ilaker, Barton, etnlhow,
Blackwell, Blum. Howers, Burnett,
Canitey, Chesnut. E M Clarke, 11 11
Clarke, Cunningham, Dargan, J W
Duncan, Easlev, J V Evan, W [1
Evans. M. P. Evins, Garlingtnn, Gar.
vin, Hamnond, 1arrington, H1artiuson.
llearst, Hutson, 1rhy, Jenkisa, Jon.
nings, Jerian. A R Johnston, A Jones,
Jordon, L Al Keitt, W J Keit, Lawton,
McDonald, Manigault, Moore, Moor.
man, Montgomery, hforngne, Myers,
Nelson, Josiah H3 Perry, Pope, Preston,
Reid, Richardson, V Rt Robertson,
Rowell, Seabrook, E P Smuth. Sulli.
van, Summer, A W ''homson, Vance,
Verdier, Wagner, Vatersu, Wever,
Wi'hiteield, Wigfall, D J Wilkinson,
NAYs.-T'ie Hon James Simon,
Speaker, ead Aeasr. Alexander, Ash.
more, fionzer, iBradlev, flrookman,
fBrownlee, Campbell, Cruikshanic, Cu
reton, Dean. P E Duncan, A 11 Dun
kin, Grie'te, laskeil, [tunt, I.agram,
A G Johnson, 13 . Johnson, E P Jones,
Leitner, Lesesre, Lowry. bieAliller,
McCaw, Mcrady, A1eElwee, McGow
en, Memminger, J. Iznrd Mfiddleton,
Mitchell, Owens, Patterson, It F Perry,
Phillions Poppenlheim, A tnbertson,
Sinkler, 'Tiaylor, 1' Thomson. Torre,
Tucker, Wilkes., nd Williams- 44.
The House adjourned.
Citizenaasip to Koe.uath,
The proposition to confer citizenship
on Kossuth, us made in the House of
1lepresentatives, pmsais that limit of
propriety and prude.no 'MahIh may, if
utIoptei, involve the inited Staten in
difliculties in case the IHngarian pa.
triot should place himnelf in a position
of hostility to the Austrian authorites,
He would then have a clim on the
interposition of this country. The in.
tention would not he Wensit ?t opn
dece that might hi. imperfect, even
suppjositg he dtoesi t W, enga - its any
fr,sht desegn to revoTitioniz. ilcu.
try. This wotli be then a mark of
distinction which might be proper were
(tw-. th to remn within the hoia of
the United tliutes. Blut we- know that
bis pu*rp.as.- is to return to Europe., andt]
is only atchn'ng the signs of r.evolutiotnt.
r re .-eatin a t A eet;iicee, whilst he is
Sngaging the- active synpahes of other
countries to sustain the ndependent er
fortuof Iutngary for poiitica; liberati.on.
We shtIuld he happy to behold ev.rv
show of c3uJrtesy etetied to K.,ssuth
-every popular de most ration iif re.
sp.ct--every proeofof iaeltnnat hospital.
itv. or indivIdual ttution by the eHuleas
of the Governmetit, hut let its not in the
effervescetnce of poplalnr fet ling exceed
the limit which tempers enthusiasm
AMERICAN AND ENGLISH RAIL
RoAnIs.- The writer of the financial
articles in the New York E;p:eas
makes the foll.wing judicious re
marks on the probable difference be.
tween the railroads of the United
Statea and those of England as a
'The London Morning Chronicle,
speaking of the abundance of money
prevailing in Enganei, and the offer.
ed opportunities of investing surplus
capital in railroad securities in this
country, warns the British public
from engaging in the~se enterprises,
on the grroud that the English rail
way mania in 1845-46 ended disas
trously, anti because the same reaujts
would'follow the extensive railroad
builing in this country. Railways
in Engeond cost from one hundred
and fifty to two hundred thousand
dollars per mile, and in this country
the average cost of construction is
from twenty-five to thtirty thonis.and
dollar. per litLE, Railways are con
structing in the western States,
where the grcat outlay in railroad
building now particularly exists, at
evenJ a Jess average coat than the
Jn the western country, where
there is imamense annual increase of
population, increase of population,
arising, in part, from an acual depop
ulation) of one of the Britih isle., it
is absolutely needed that thie vast
agricultural p)rodulction of that exten.
sive region ahould in a correspond'ing
degree have avenues opened as it is
rapidly fied uip. Th'ose regions
are more quickly developed in con
aequence of this emigration, and of
coutse requirae out werd appliances of
capital which it has had no tinoe to
accumnulate. The Eng1ish railways,
beside their immense cost, were con
struacted with &inneessary gatickness
befort the course of trade in an old
.country warranted it. There is n
parity of reasoing betwn the two
countries. It would be ridienlona to
comparo the area of England with
that of the U~nte 9-at4 T:
transporta:ion, is not regarded in
England with the same .importance
where the distances are less.
"'The construction of six thousand i
miles of English railway has cost
?850,000,000 sterling, while in this i
country there are near 11,000 miles I
of railway fully constructed and in i
actual operation, at a coat in round
numbers of $806,000,000. The
face of the country at the west is pe- i
culiarly dapted for making of ril
roads. aThe level prairie lands I
abounding throughout Illinois, Indi
ann, Michigan, and other adjacent e
States, enables those roads to be
worked at an expense. compared to I
the English railways; that the income I
from them may be profitable, while, I
at the rate of remuneration, the Eu. f
glish railways would be a ruinous <
speculation, Hence the railways at t
the West can afford to borrow mo
ney at a nominal sacrifice in the ear- 1
ly part of their career, which sacrifi- <
ccs, if made by roads, the cost of <
which is so much more. and the i
working expenses much greater,
would be attended with disastrous 1
results, There is in fact no analogy I
between the railway mania in ng- e
land and the present rush for railway I
enterprise in this country, That
among many of the new projects
here that some should turn out less i
profitably than others, we are fully I
preparea for, But the great trunk t
lines throughout the country will in- I
crease in their receipts, and present c
from year to year augmuented divi.
dends to their stockholders,'
Koweth has beenctgate during
the entire night, in delivering speeches I
and receiving the Visits of the people. I
The adirss of Mayor aIngaidorn was
delivered to the'noble chief about two
o'clock this morning. 'T'he most im
portant tovic of which was in favor of
K"ssuth replied ns follows:
"' To you mir. I have but to simply
return my thanks, and, through you, to
those who were pleased to send you on
so pleasant 9 mission.
- I have :'simply to return thanks, be.
cause you huve untiitcip ie4 al those
f.elings, which it wnuld have leer my <
task to .iedeavor to have the peopleof 1
the United States eptertain,
"J1 the sentinents you Express are
those o' your people, I have nothing to
auk, Then J wijj ulmost bare only to
thank you fur the reali.atiop of ihose
J The reception I have already ex
perienced relieves me from much anxi.
" If the doctrine of non.intervontion I
is understood. then the gsnerous and
eficient aid of the Jinited States to my I
country's suiffering, independence is 1
gained. We will have fair play In the
struggle which we have yet to fight,
and that is all which the people of
" i know your history. To be ure
there is muuh likeness in our past
struggle andi your glorious struggle
for independence. But there is also
a gre~at diffe*rencje.
"Tlhast diff'erence is, that it thme stormy
pe'riad of your revolution you met
friendN, baut Huugary didi not,
"You have meti t wo fleets, auxiliary
troops, arms. monsey and peace negotia
tions in your aid,
"We, forsaken and alone, were
abandloned by the whole world.
"But what to our past was wanting,1
we mnay yet see hestowed on our future.
" There will he' soon~ nsion *nd
opportunity for it, because I feel nosa
dlent th,.at one last batite-ono lost oam
paign does. not or'erthrow a people but I
often stimulatecs them to greater o5er
"J yet hope that ihungary will yet
he fre-e. I still cling to my motto
which I received from a laborer at
Mlarseilles--'There is no diffioculty to
Hlim thsat Wills.
"In reard to your tendered quard
of Honor, I wilt niot requect iI, but 1
wiltlSnot dealiane it.1
"~ I feel honored by every mark of
sitentin--by every taken of kindnes
fromn thme American people.
"Acecept, sir, mny beat .wishea for
your coutrty's glory, and your per
Kossuth was agasin nddreacd by Dr.
Bruuhsghawsen in behaslf of the adopt
eid citizens of the United States to
wrhich i~omsuth appropritely r ied jo
the German language.
The public -reception oif (use tit
New Voak city, will passwtdy anis
osauthl arill 4ehive4' a grestute
at- 3 c'clook this tmnasui t "
ot upto th~ It~f
Celerity of the riyfsIi
The St. Louie Repulbicanjflcgcpg
& drill of Bragg's battorytof
irtilery at Jirerson Par
"Wo are not familiareno
nilitary terms to attempt.eep
ion of the various evolutions, "'
owe idea may be formed of t'e
midit with which they gre ee
>y occupie4, as ;"
everal gentlemen. The cogppn
ame down to the parade at fulim , ,
salted, formed in battery, aleep r.
d, and fired' several roppds,
rder was given to take the wholp d
neces. 'The cannon were take -og
he carriages, the wheels of thJi-.
es, the swabs pnd every thing pap
aining to the guns scattered over-the
eld in apparent confusion, . p
annoniers sat down npop the *
rate wheels and tiils, and thip 0*p,
neO were all dismounted,
Thole of this movement, from th
ommand to halt to the disnoutig
if the gun carriages, ccnjpie4 In
ninutes and fve seconds,
"Again the word of command wpb
pvn, the wheels were replace4od
be carriages, the guns mounted, av
pry thing in its place, the horses *t
ached, and reformed in battery,,n4
ired in fifty-two seconds. The lad,
lening speed with which thydAj
io matter how uneven or
he ground, the quicknes t
hay halt, the rapidit, with veld.;.
orses wheels to their .posi It
elerity and regularity with w "
very person connected witr
Inns performs his -speci '4
.ven earry extra wheels, a
art of a gun is the counpter
muy other in the battery,
"In these manmuvres the bW
)artike fully in the rider's sa
nent. With distauted Wnosilp
;lowing eyes they furiously ras$'"Mr
iPt soon learn the word of comma
mnd seem to undertake what I t
uired of them,"
IATU ANA INTEl$STIN Vs
rAP4...-we -find in our Califoe
iles an interestin'g account of a re
eat visit to Japan, which appexrjt4
>e somewhat of an improvement> a*
he singular and jealous non-itiggs '&
:ourse policy of that people, thouA.
hay are still sufficiently amictp4 lh
'The brig Bose, Capt. AndersQo
>n her recent trip from $inga tor
San Franeisco, was disab ;sa
,ompelled to make for the neargt
ort, which proved to be a viilag
aled Nipaking, in Japan, with .
>opulatiorn of about 25,000, it.:
relieved this is the first time a
nign vessel ever entered the party
nd no sooner had Capt. Audersoq
Iropped anchor than his vessel WR'
urrounded by 800 Japanese bst.
vho kept, constant guard : aro4
im until his doeparture, BRs w
mfter some didicnity, allowed to
ingly on shore, and wasesnid
isty men a short distance thpu*
~he principal street, All the
if buines were closed, ata.i
7apt. A., when he neared the
aw an extensive market house oj
nd ao animated trade appauAt
me oin on, lHe was treated 14&
y, and furnished with sixty pmeg
epair his ressel, although wage
-emained three oer four thousnd
litional polia. were brought froml a
adjoining island. They ajpsri4
>e rejoioed at his departurs,
Tif: HILoTYPB A DeRLUStOa.
rho New York State P)agpnm
Associationa recely appoiuted
:onmmittee to investigate the elleg
liscovery of Mr. TL. L. fill, ~
respect to his ability i.19 m
laguerreotypes in colors, and a
report thiatnot only has Mr. L.
kSil deluded many professors Ina
Dagnerrdan art, but thtlb
luded himself ther hg)y a
pLatelys that the 'nu of th
iry was a delsloni tha
fese J io*tey hOt
Iui410 Pfo er