Newspaper Page Text
THE SIMTER BANNER
,E*Iir TUESDAY IORNING
DY W. J. FItANCIS.
TWO DOLJ,AHS in nelvanoe. Two Dllinra
and ify Cena at the expiralein of ix montha,
or Thee Dellars at the end of the yenr.
Naeper diuentinued until all n'renmges
I~eowAtmunles at the ription of the Prnpri.',nr.
*5'Advertisemnents tnsetrted at SEVI':NTY
Fi E eits per .onare. (12 linr- fr. lesas.) for
1thi.fast, and haif that sun for each sul4iuentit
'he nmtaber of ins'ertinne tn he marked
dvTiment- or they will be publimhadf
tnit ordred to be discontinued, ani charged
og4 ordirigr. I
ON P DOTj.AR per fqurefor a Pingle
. Quarterly and Whnthly Alvertise
!menta will b charged the - ne ax a single in
sertion, and semi-monthly the same as new v) nes
am the means of propagating par
'siular political doctrines, An(] for the
purpose of. controlling public sein
hiit. We have already had a good
'deal.of experience in this mitatter. I
h11V4 lately seent at least one aticle
pulishod in an organ, and editorially
'titeiaued, as posses~ing the entire
oprtions of the original publication.
hltl,'in fact, one half of the origintal
ArtiCle which it professed to (tiote. was
exctded, and the portion republished
_vas turned to an entirely dibrent plir
ioso froi that designed by its autho.
)1h#.st part published aipparently as
A NO(olb was quite uneptionable,'and
thlritatdr portion. which did not alp
pear,&gving an offensive elarncter to
.-A alL. It remindedme of Milton's ar
1kakel, ruined, still beautitifi and in
posing in the upper portiot of his,
Tponu, but very much deformed about
th lower extremities, [laughter.] For
inyself I decline to give such papers
theq:publie patronage. WXhile I ama
dior payhig- to the last cent every
bnan in our employ, and while I m
for making a liberal allowance for that.
thne-while I am unwilling that any
* nan should work for nie, or the
people:1 represent, or the government
,to which I belong, without a full, fair,
_ lboral :and generous compensatiM,
fet.1 demond that our accounts shall
be stje ilii zsiness-like nmoner.
I wish4o know for what we are cont*
traoting. When the bargain is to
to made all, the printers in the coun
*ry,.slquld be iuilted to come into
fair "d honorable competition. Let
ihe committee receive propositions
from any who may propose to do
the work, and then let them decide as
they may think proper, according to
theimerits of the several competitors.
I am in favor of the aiendilient of my
:tiend from Maryland, ]Mr. Evans.]
that the paper shall be furnished by
the Government, and the names cf the
individuals in the resolution be strick
.. Mr. Gorman. Will the gentleman
Ironi North Carolina allow mie for a
ndtit ;That gentli1m is aware
i case may be a guide for the
-price in this. Now, I ask the gen
tler"an from North Carolina, if he sup
psoe;any committee composed of
R.o~bemen, and hotnest men, who
have the lettinug of thant contract, will,
for the purpose of' allowing any parIty
to make money for aity political pur..
pose-or any other puripo)se, imake an
airrangement for this censuts printing ait
*rates' above those generally paid for'
the same kind of work?
:a M. Venable. The gentlemtan kntows
that I do not doubht the honesty antd
ihtegrity of any mem2zber of that coin
.Mr.. Goiman. Theni 1 1hope the
gentlejnan wvill not cotinute to insist
*that thie course of' procedinig propon sed
in this resolution will result in
corruption. It' I stiupposedI myself
capable of an action of this kind, I
shoulid consider myself unworthy of' a
seate in this body.
,Mr. Venable. It was nto part ofI
m~y .purpose in making these reumarksm
to.iimplicatte mny honora ble, galheait
- f'rlih& th6 chmirman of the Couminit tee
on Printing. I kinsiw that he would
recoil from contamination or' the s.ts
#ialcn of corrupjtion with the sen
sibility of a wound--his nacture is toto
-elevated, and his heart too purei~. This
is also true of honorable genttlmen'i
connected with himt upon that ('omi
nuhttee. I have the highest coniidenice
a th~em. But they are not practicaul
printers. They (10 not understandg the
ar't and mysteiry of' printing, and there
* ore:I-.say that the contract shoujtld not
be given unconditiontally to D onselson
-.& Armstrong, and leav'e thecm to
set their own prices. Besides, I will
show that the censuis priniting no0w
and that the prices oh printing and pa
per are nowv greatly below the rates at
the dAte of' their contract.
M ur.. Gorman. If' the genitlemuatn
ll..allow mre I will tell hi m that
dne member of the C'ontmnittee on
Vrinting, utpon the part of the Senai~te,
fMr. .Eamlin,] is a practical piiiter'.
.Mr. Venabl e. T'hat makes the
sharlee a great deal deal bettei'. Bitt,
-- as I was procedinig to 'say, I will
show that the cnstus printing uinder'
Blair & Rives was a very "dihl'erenit
ra~the f'rorn what the Census printing
Snow. We have been shown that i~t
will take volumes upon volitumes te
ob~mplete it; 'rTe oilice of' Stupr
il'tendent prdinises to' fill the coining
d ce. 1 have tiot stated, nor do
inmtend to'tate, what Blair & Rives
tide-by that contract. They conf'ess
fua large amontt, antd it is theirs, andI
fairly theirs. But if' I have made ant
improvident bargain once, and did not
avoid the mistake the~ next time, thean
experienoe would be worthless. We
learn nothing if not made more
Oautious, and we repeat the same.
blunder. It is best that should strike
ot, the ames of the indvidluals
designated from the resqolutiont. Tlhey
~, may obtain the contract if they will
plerform it cheaper and better than i
aty'on ouc &tt pruden.c.. d . aid
that whenever thi3 larugain is isindi,
that propositions should be icaivedt
frorn any and all practical printers to
do the inedianical work, and the Gov
et'mxient furnish the paper. I ask, and
I hope some gentlenan will tell me,
why Donelson & Armstrong are to
have this printing? I ask agaii, and I
receive no ansiwer, why are they
selected from all others to do this
work'? What ieculiar claim have
A Voice. Why should t-hey notI
Mr. VeNtable. Why slould they
have itf Tliy have n o claims uponl
ine that I know of. They have hild
Ine up in common wvith those with
those with whom I have acted as
Siuthern fiinties co-operating with
Noritern Abolitionists! They have
detuuiced u s in the strongest termus
which they were enable of' using.
elly have nit elatils up11on Zile, and I
wish to let thlem know it. A course
such as t his jiuminal -ins piursiee ean
iever create a Clin upon tle Col
fideice of those who received their
denuIriations. VIlat clairis have
they iore than any other porinters?
Wihat inore tin Blair & Nives-m-mre
thana Boyd liainilton, already ex
ecutinig a Irlitious contraet .trling
wit I tile eibarrassments aisilng oit of
tiiat contract, and Cliinuiig tihis printing
at our h s? It is a job of practical
printing, and practical priintingr alone;
but Boyd I lamilton is no editomr, mere
iy an h1iubler ilborer it the lress.
Then I sholild like to know-and the
question I has not bueen answered
--rom whence mill liow did this
elait of Doitelmn & Armstrong
IM r. Speaker, I have spoken plainly,
because I think plainness and candor
becomning and proper. I have, with
out resent inent, givel expression to
the (civietions of iny understanding,
aid the felinigs of iny heart. I mean
to act ilndepidelitly ild without any
contecahineit of* ily views. The
tirne wIen I had feelings of reseltimeit
is pssd away. ' The Jssailt upion.
the old ili im blicam State-light.s
Denocracy was, s) fhr as I was con
-ceined. fierec, but impotent. But thie
lli'loov of eveIits is 114 so easily
obliternited. I believe that we arc
deeply iesponsible fo)r the dissem
ilation of IIsoinll I opiliom--ns-ore 0,
indeed, thai for criminal acts. The
One is a genieral and extensive evil; tile
other llitil it itsefl'ct, aliim disarainei
by the detormity of the Vice. I
conPifess tlat illy Spirit eb11ai1-d wlell
I saw inl a paper pmiporting to) lie tle
or'gan of' the party to whieb, fi-i 1iy
muth up, I had belonged, de.
nulnciatiols On tlose, the promni- of'
'wlose offiilee was, that they concirred
with Jeticleson and111 the IeipIhblicanl
fittiers--that they adhered to the
ancient leptiblicani landmarks, anid
vIierteCd lmost to iudoL:tre0 til 1', n.
stitution. The selectii ~ k.) the ed
vo'rites of tlis body is 1e ecsi
t't all othiers-thle extincetionl of, anyv
culance of, coliJ)etitiota; a selectiun
wich'l, to be just, nulist bie thinaid
upon01 acknom wledgeda pilhc service
bilities. No cvidenie oft either hats
beeni fuirniishied, anad I insist that so ex
tenlsive anid costly an operait ion b~e sub.
nulttedh to thle ordin ary' conipet itioni
which the custoan of thle coun21t rv' 1has
iniide law; t hat t he law reqjui rillg the
parmtinig to be het by cont ract to
bidders he conplied wit h, t'or'a it. is un-a
repe'aled. ad that our pr2esenlt prinater
at, least have a chilnee to r'cupeoraLte
f'roin tile effects of' a had cot.rtact, byv
a eblanee ihrt a bectter' one.
(enaNua- 'oua-.sv.-The nabovl.e is thec
title of ai cmo111panly whlichi has been't, ori
A\ bhainad Le11 tgisltur te. Twvo htinairedci
Itousandi~ dllar's worith of' stock rutit
.be sutbs'ribhed a tfo hetr the cinpl any
IS organt ized, aand then cthe til' (npm1i'1v
ha~s flte 'ptiona of' incr'leasing the cap i tald
stock to thre'e lrnillitons oat dtlhlrs.
Th'le affiris ofnt thace'aanpanyv wvihlicb
~ inanged byh' a Prtesident. andm I )irectors
wno~ atre t' lbe ch'eted annuatrlly . Srai'h
c"ipanylt areL rtpqliredi to keel'p at lead~
toneI ;aget'tt ama. All thea~ ottiu'crs of'
thle 'ornlyll~ arel retjliurd to give h'and
to. thla Gove'.rnor't of' the~ State ihr the
iandl to swear.' t' hrcue a Justt it'e oft lhe
Pecace t hat the wa~v illI sell e'very arlt i c
oft iner'chianduise entirusted Ltoi sitid corn-1
panyll to) thlt best advanitage to the
Wec lotok on this ais thle harin 1gm'r of'
il lt nire chanltge int ouri e'xp~ort trole.
The Sou.ith prlic~~les the grea'.t butlk mif
articles uised itn ourl foreigt t rade . andi
yet the Noth reap's t he rich harlivt't oft
shliping thaeta. Th'lis is caused hv
wat of' capiitnalists at thte South. Ial
byV Iliceans ot' chattel-s 'I'ilf jn o'al i' m
we cani ealsi ly erentt e 1 ltt'i:i; ridi til hough
they' haive naeither' eyes, nri-rs o
sousthe cnluyw and sell; :nihni we
ciutt they~i will be be'tter' lit tedm t'con
Crwihrd 'iit, thet A i nertican~ Arishi
sid toi bie butsy ini l iltnie po his
Warsinagtoniil(JllI A loninent ir lhe SttE'
ter, a bas-relief' of thIt A ri' I f ii heit
State. The figure of' P at tick .1i urv is
('01npleted , antihalltt . Jethor'Sn iI all
ready far' ad1vaneadm. Thle b as-r'eIliet'ba
all the grace atad beauty fbri wihichI his
woriks in that, kind are diist inguaished,
The figure of' Patrick Hlenry receeives
tihe adaiiration of' all thle foreign ar'tists
in Roinei. Onec old Italian sclpt or
speaks of' it 1as the finest figurec siin'e
the dlaysm of Thorwaldsen, Jeflrson is
repr'esen ted sev'ero, stately and thought
fu; is foot upoan the bjroiken chaian, his
a~rrios loh led, atnd haoldinag in one0 iaia
theO Declar'ationl of Inidepenldene.
Froim. tiIS SOniblerin Stanlnld.
Cuffy, On Inweiiention for Non-Inter.
Sccne-The strest corner; Samesbo anel Cufly
Sambo.-iole on dar, CufTy, dis
ngger got sumfin full ax yoti, bery pur
Cufy.--Well Saimbo, wah von habo
do ziety to ax ! I spee you find I kin
splain to your dissutifhagtion.
&mbo.-De ting am dis. CU~V: I
can't onde-stand what de bickrn mean
bey dis interwention, ful non-interwen
tion. I tun urm and t'wist um eberY way,
den tun un toder side. but all fhr nut
till; dis niger couhiI't collie it. no
h3ow. Den, when I see You Cm1111ini1,
I say ; cl, el, Cufly kill tell ile all
'bout tinle nlow.
you is right dat tiine,
Sainbo; lit de ier v suljiek been
phigue ie long time, tel I gib umn le
gal westigationli. .Fus e was dark ! h.
clh, you doiia,-den night ('11141. 1 go
sleep, dream pon tin ; in bye. de
light ketch ile, Saiil like a fat light
wood. I elare. Saill. I see til. echery
bit. kin 'splaiin 3in ill.
Sambno.-Deni Sph03iin 1n1 iick,CnfTy,
'ause de 'ziety of' de iindi am onbeitr
Unfyj~.--Well, dell, Samblo, (]is aml
(e ting. Spose two little dog (1.al
fight 10hr liOle. Now, 'cordiii' to di-i
law, all de big dog boui' far staii' oil'
(lat no dey bonle. fill' (ey got iuttin'
for do wid umtle. Well, flow, spose iey
staIn off ll' de little dolog fight um out,
den.1 de tonle waIt whullp teks de honet;
dat's le law ob non-interweiition.
itt spose one de big dog say 'e
won it staff' oil. und u11 (t3 Pelam (onc de
little dog. dell, 'c101onin' to dis law, all
do oder big dog boi' for put (teen too,
and deii dey fight ill t ogehloier and14 gib,
one anotlher de debbil; da(t. von see,
is de toder ting-interwention' ihr non
interwention. ~You 11111 unow, San
Sambjo.-,See umi. fuhi true, CufTV,
yoll de reel tiumip-no iiustake. But
hole on1, Ctifl' te ll ile noder ting.
When de lightiig ohier, wall de big
dog 14) wid Ile hoile
Culy.-Oh, dey gib mnn back to de
little dog walh been 1111 'um1 fulss.
oSmbo.-Dat i. tis rate, but spose,
CulTy. der dolona wieh oxe been had 1111'
fits, how den'l?
c'3ff!/.---O. dii I spee dey keep i1m1
dey SeV. caulse, , y 4101 ou C. ( ielel do 1l1h
gilb um11 to de little dog wa1( n no
been hah u(1.
- Sombo.-Eli. ('1h, dat, Ile tiL well
Caliy. you is regler jugo; an' T 1141
been11 m t you. I nehir beenl ma111er
Stan'- dis ting. JE.
Je iny Lind No M1ore.
Willis ill his " 141111me .louli111:1" nar
ralots, with his iusual felicity of style,
soie (1f, the accompaniments of the
Swedish songtress' marriago.
" iienlgraving ordered upon the
- ., w,.w0... .n,,1 n,
sc/hmiei/ to Jenny Lind-gave Ie news
0f a certain event to ' Ball, Tompkins
& Blnek,'a weieek beiore it was tele
graphedo~ to Ithle papler's. JeweVLller~s
keep secre'ots. Th'le ing went to its die
st linyunwhiisperedo of. Its~ spring (f'hr
It Is fa..-tened withI a sprinig) hasi ('101sed
over th hie ve 10~o~ inht ha:s so Itof carril'
ed to ft11at thir d finger the inews of lie
hear1 t's refllsal Ito surre4nder'i. Jen ny
Limil Ivo'.%'. She whor tilled uo )re pllace
in thle world's kniowled~ge and attention11
than Sweden itself--the Swedle greaoIter
than1 Swede' lon-bans ac'kniowh-dI' god ' t1l.
51mall sweeOt needl f wonanI'3 to1 11w
luov'ed.' J Ier star-name, whliebI she hi:il
led,~ in plainlg br'ighat ando lhme in thle
hecaven 4of reowng, is mergo'd aft'iri all
ty '~ Jenny Lind' is awi
A(eror more ao.' Jennyi~ indi
stoo by4 1i thle erad'lelo of a slo'ping andio
beauomtifuil intImlt. She' lookedo at it lonig
aind thloughltfully', stoopedl ando kisseol
its hee0 and. Ithoe bac3k oft its nec'k. (thle
Swedish geo gr'aphy, we helie've. terl a1
kiss with at lessin~g to a ('hihl.) a:1(1
turininig to its 5uothler. saoid withl a deep
sigh. ' YouI have somelrting to liv~ ft!'
I~ ule amit inn-so at hi rst tromo t lheI tis
oawni (of her'I indll that it seemedo'o to
tull 01up at1 its lip0s. Sie wa3s. w~ith unt
(of living~t~1f wone, and1oV wih thJe h)artune1
~tram lthehrt3 1 mi'le it all-a''1 heat 1s1
hl:o''l--the~ outermol00t aproi:l0-h to
w hioch wa~s apparen('It ly hhholln ini oel'.d
ollo00 me le-ome a ihoerteca
di'o3ac i ' oia i !* (1:'t
awa reader'ls no0 0assIistan in thir f
(t't to liorm ano ideao of' theo Nightin
erIS. and30 00ne5 who r'ememblI-r'3s fto hl-l
lookedo to seeo tllhe tfet ooi .tllnny 1.imr 1
0'mp1Jlimen('lt oll thle n~ew ('onier0, fell-s
us he0 wasl - I palo'. ind. dremny111. p0 oti
en11 lo0okin~g youolt h.' I fe woil! soon0 heI
seenI 310 moldescrniboed, howet~verl. if no0nVs
paper'I.s live ;~i but un-antime11, i i. wVo '.'o
man he ifw onid~ legin3 wth 50 m. l
prlobailityv-that heo~ is the mo10t 1un
worblylx, nualflhetedt m'loto I tuhov inIg.
oof a11ll' 1e mtes that1 ha~ve' ever'i ol'e-',oo
to fiohl winlg beosideo her. \\'i13th'lu-h
i-lhe ha's Seenl ofl theo worb'll. :11al oof til'e
probably1)1~ 4'omse roimoll to whenl''o sheo.
tartedl-hoooing like :5 <hill lo tlw~
m1,1stmt of the heart. 1 lor O//o.'hio.
Tlhoe inltereost inl .lenoy IAjud's mmii0':
:lgo IS :3 V11 ied as5 it is tenIdo'r ail reo
spet'ful. 'I hiere is searcl(e a womanlli ini
the land, poolbbly, who, it shle felt at
Ilberty to do0 so, wouhI not send1o her a
ib dal t oken. Buat t here is m11Iore lthat
a si-to inrl well wib-lhing, in the genier'al
exit et aa ng134 l heown sex Son I tile
subgojeft. The piower in 4one persoIn, oof
trymiig, pure'ly andl to sulch complete
ness, the~ twco expeintfs foir hap1i
nl'sos-!ovo ai d f Ime-w~ er.' int est ing
enousigh; but it i-o'- straio. ml d exeiting I
to see the usual order reversed-itme
first, aud love ofterward4. p turn
unsatisfied frum love to fiune, has been
a conatnon .tiansit in the history of gift..
ed wmen. T6 turn uhnsatielied fcon
fame to love-and that, 4ao, with no
volatile catec.s of 1 isappoimtmeit, but
with tuihm s most brimnnng cup fitirly
won and fully'tested-is a novelty in
deed. Simple every day love, with
such experience on the hearts record
befbre it, ha8 never been pietuired, even
Building Plank Rfoads.
The report of the Engineers of the
Anderson Plank Road explainas so
clearly the manier of buildiig such
roads, that we are ind'luced to take froin
it the followilg extract:
The lumber used fIr planking the
road iiust be of souid timber, having
square edges, it must be eight feet
long, ad three inches thick. The
stringers niust be three inaches thick,
showig live inches thee at the small
end. All trees, stolps, roots and
r jcks, are to he reioveil for the dis
taice of* seventeen feet trorn the centre
of tile road, so that inl nao ease shall
either plank or striniger rest on stullp,
root, or rock. All dead trees are to
be removed fir the distance of'30 feet
Crorn the road. 'I ie road bed is to be
2 feet wide, anid the centre raised 24
inches above tle b(t0tom1 of the side
ditches. This is to be observed where
no cutting or filling is reiuired.
Where there .are slight inequalities ina
the niatural surface of the grounid. al
though the grade may he mider that
refiaired; yet. they shotld be rernoved
illasmauch 11 their removal will fadd
greatly to the appearanle of the. roal.
A ditch is to be Iorined LllI each side
of' tihe road. so ats to Carry oil ill star
face water to th inost colvenicut Cross
sluice, or other lace of dlischlrge; said
ditch is to be five feet wide at top and
two at bottom, Mid the cntire slipe to
be on the side next to the road bed.
And such other sluices, anid lateral
ditches, as inay be iveessiry to secure
t;he perfect drainage of t lie road. These
will be most necessary where the water
will require to pass nder lie road, or
from one side ditch to the other. The
road will be required to be so graded.
as nlot to have a greater rise than four
feet in one huitdreid. The plank are to
be haid on foItur string pieces. These,
pieces are to be so laid, that the outer
edges of tIe outer string piecessliall be
five and a lalf feet apart, and each to
be at equal distaniices fromt the centre
tof th plank; the distance between tle
outer jUid inner string pieces too be six
inches. The plaik miust have a firm
bearing oi the sUing plices.
The otter end of ihe phink houil
be one inch lower th:n the end at the
celtre of the road. 'lie stringers al
to rest firmly in the earth their entire
length. Partictilar at tentiun imiust he
paid to having thu earth well packed
rout t ,i t ;It ho I,,
tie iI are ro rest irmly on them,
they inu.t also rest fir.-aly on them,
they mut also rest estually firm on the
well p acke'd earth biIetweeni them. 'Thle
planik are to bet laidl on the right handt
side lof th le r'old-lbes I, wheni ascending a
hill, and on the left when dlesceniding.
Tfhe e'ails of' the polank are to piroject
alternately, cone be'voial the othier three
inchest'. A1.er lhe Ipdank arte laidl, the
roatl shall lie so grasnled, that tne tirmaly
paekedi ea:rthI at t~. cliii re ot' the roi l
sha:ll bei. three jiches higher thanil the in
ier ends of the phlink, ad the whole
suirIhe'i of lie road to be inade smnoothI
and ev en.
To' tes -ire ;addedt certainI suigges
tionois ini reterecte to a p artic.u lar see*
tion, which is ietioieredg diflicuilt, pobha
lhly lby the we. in uddlov nature tot'fl th
swil. 'Te sugges'-tinna n're as hhaws.
Thlae gratlin ini the' s'ection ii it'coiun
tryv narii Grindstonei~. will r'equiire tirore
care thian ait anyi~ othe po*i Iint of'the. line,
i'ronii thle naturie .f thei sioil. Ou pii n-th
iona is that aIlter' the riod-hed. is raised
abov 'e thle genen.'i I leveli of thle gr'oaumi
hIlt oni ft' irt-t a ick. Thiis auds lhe
clone tin the: hill slih'. A saidal giamai
etyols gravl thlrownvt at thet.ir innier*
ends'of the phk. wvill lie ofi very gr-ei
advl~atageo' to athe riomli Ithriaough t his st'e
tiion. wlhih will lpn-ve'ii the whiils
rom ''utt iin. Ihe dirt t rack naear thle e'nd
ioi this pslanik.-."out,/,i,.,, SVitn,~/*,/
Mit. Ihnursta n ax..t. i 'rm : ('eaA
1 aatN its-We i find lie followinig in
a t ch-giraphie <h-sp at ch f'roi WiVi i.i
myitonf, pubillishied in the N. Y'. 'Timhes:
So"'"i l':iis htave' beena incelinedl to
'enisure c'.'lr. liiarringer', ou(lini ihiister at
\Ilaidl. fhr lack of z~eal ''a behlalf' ofl
ir. Tlhirashler miail ft'e Cubhanprmisoner~as.
N~ow, the i.n-t is, andi I state it I'l
aiuthor'ity'Ili that cannot lhe gaIinu'avedl.
that AMr. lH~arrige,' lby his earniest' aji
pal itail otainet'h le release oft the
ipnson'rs I.-threa any instrucetionus tfroma
recachid hh~ n. So,~ also thle patrdhono
mil rtI'ela of .\lri. Tlhri:aer wel-e iob
taine by' Alri NIi. Ibn-r'iniger' hiefm-e
lie re-ii'eiviol at linei fri Al r X . Webi steor
oil1 thle sai er, .all(I ofore the iaaij pg|
of' 'thle sjril h'arer'i of' dl'iesaths
reltat ing tip it fromia the I inite'd States.
.\lra. ThrIiasher~ aimay be soion exbpectd
in t his country.'
Te "'ov sai o us oii nioies.----Eigh-.
cci een o the ihr y-six sov ere'igns of' the
'nt inenat cof Euopje hiave nio detscend-~l
a 'ts whio can suecceed thlema. Eleveni
will be suc'eeded by their brothers;
tv wo-the N g of' Demntark and the
Duke of' Mio lena---b thei r uineluo; and
onie--thle Electorii oif' less--by his
('ousini. Foutir-t he Pope of Romec, the
Dukes of' Brunswick and Anhalt-Berrn.
butrg, and the Landgrave of Hfesse
l-ombuirg, have noi descetidants oir col
laiterails wh~o cnan siacyeed them. Twen
ty-six have .s on w ho are heirs presuamp
.Correspea.lare of it, ."ontbrfnlh,!eHgp rf~,
. AuinG-ron, If'lb, 13 iD3
TIh 1)1e y engWas nl 4-11
lyfml private i gdP*0"1 1y
two. One o t P 61 gw i1
noyel case. Dn siIng"Oe Ho0Wy~lth l
wa r, .ohn Paul Joleywa Y, al, I
the. English oiait asa i r terh A
pilot boat .te.ig thif4 VesLthe :i/on
ionnie 'Rirhard. and taking it f.r al
English c. uf ; suppo ;ed it was making
for some of the ports ut' G -eat Brita'n
mne ny, alongside, and the lcal-tain
never discovered his ini4uko mtil'
he stepped on the deck ot'the privateer.
Paul Jones then said to him very
cooliy, sir, I stand very much ill necll
011a pilot who is fiiiliar Vith the
EIglish coast, and I will detain you.
The captain of the pilot, nained
JliteksoI, jrctested against vntei ing the
service of the privateer, but it was
all (of no avail and. he was detained;
the next day. Paul Jones engaged in a
severe conflict with a British man of'
Wiar, the Serapis, which lie finally
eaituried. ht)ring this engagement
the impressed pilot lost an arm by i
can1non hall from the enemies ship.
and Paul ,Jones then pledged our Gov
erniiment to pay him a pi-nsion for
lifii. The application was made in
1785, to the Coinfedelrationi Congress.
but fitiled. Jackson died in 1815.
and h I. three children, all of whom
hove lied, aud tile present appliellt
who insi.,t1 upon overnment re
de.'ming tile pledgre of Paul J1 ones, is
a graindestoni Of .11wksoi. Th:' claim is
a stale one, but a1- it I assed the ordeal
in Conmittee of the Whole, the
&lh:lICS are,- that -t will get through
the H1ouise. I laive been tl more
particular in giving detaLil-s, bi Ca Ise of
the novelty, aud net the importance
of the bill.
Thek Prfome/henaS allhir has enI(Ct
ainiily settled between our Gov..
erinent anrd Gireat Britain.
Active preparations ire said to be
im progress at several naval stations tit
fit it u Inlilerou's steam fleet fir the
Indian Ocean. The Govermniet o1
Ja1ani liive iniprisoied and barbarous
ly treated some Amterican semilan
who have been shipwrecked in the
oast of Jail, and tle fleet is sent
out to demand anid obtin satibi'ietion.
utims fir, Japan has steadily reflused to
have any intercourse, com nmercial or
othirwise, with any other Country of
t.he globe. The Island is rich, mid
would doubtless prove of rich comn
niercial importance to this country, if
the trusale could bo opened with it. It'
satis'aetion is not granted, our vessels
will bmlbard their towns and lay
waste their ecoast. When a war once
begins. it will not end until all coin
uam'ecial r'e,tritions have beca re,
Ther' is a riunor here that France
intends soon declaring war against
anid invaling Great Britain. I suppose
there is no ibmdation for the rumor
Thie weather is- mild and pleasant.
Thu (' ~ I m.IiidMAlans
wil', on N' 11, Itm deficienie"
bill, whir'!L %5,000.000. It
wil lead to an exciting debate in the
I louse, wheni the Admniistrationa will
lie handled wvith great rudeness.
resnN~x, Fenu. I 4.-.The p
jirauser's at laruge, under instruct ions
t'romi the Treasury~ j )epartmnnut, have
been1 directed to miake a~ c'ircuiit ofi
all the prmincipal ports ini the Uniited
States, for the p~urpose ot'establishiinw
as5 neam'ly as mayt~ be0. Somie imuif'ormit
ofI vatlUation mi assessinig duties thbroughi
out the United States unider' the elais.
sifh'ation of muerchandnize, so that cor
responldintg act ion 1nay b le had at the
dhifleent po'ints. It is aL singuilar'
thet, that, various articles have been
recently inijportedl, which although in
trimsically tihe same, have been
raited at P'hiiladelphiia, New-York and
Bostonm, so1 as to appily three seales of'
duity, ranluging through the minimum,
maedinn and mlaximaum, because the
Appr)maisers at those ports halve allowed,
or c'aused themi to lie entered uinder
, While this sy'stemi is obvionsly
wvronmg and ujust, it also miiitates
agaimst the, public interests anid se
rhously efl'ects the rev'enue. The
Botard ot' General Appraisers have
assigned. to p~articular divisionis. Mr.
iliddle, (If Phiila~delphia, will visit Mo
biile, New-Osleans, GzalvestAon and1( the
itermiediate p orts. Mr. Blensoni will
visit WI\'iintgton, Challlrleston, SavaIu
nahi and fkey West. Mr. Bradley has
proiee~dO~l to Cal if'ornlia. The repourts of'
these oflieers, af'ter they have re
isemblledh ini May or June, and fully
mmiapar'ed notes, will doubtless contain
mgygestions whichl will he valnable in
L'nabllinlg the 8eeretary of' the Treasury
lo issue0 inistrulctionis to theU various
icollec'tor's, so as to secure somiethinig
Lpprioacinug to a general system in the
idmiinstration of' the hiw.--[or. of
PI'/l. N. Anwricma.
W~suTsoN, Feb. 15.--Sir John
F~. Cramton presented his credentials
y'esterdlay, a1$ special zminister, fromu
lier Britannie Ma ljesty, and ac
:'ompaniedl by the Secretary of State,
ad an audience wvithi the President.
Mr. Qramipton is not so brilliant.
itd atccompIlishecd at man11 as~ his im
rn ediiate pred ecessor--and few mn on
aithecr sidle of' the wa'~ter, aire so--but
Ie is a1 man11 of sound sense and great
COLLIsION ON THE SouTu CAnEOLINA
RaiL ROAn.-WeO regret to learn that
he night train of passenger ears that
eft Hamburg on 'luesday night, came
.n colission yesterbay morning w~hecn
bhout seven miles frioni this city, with
~he up freight train. Both~ the locomo
Lives and several of the ears, were, we
.mderstaud, much injured, but we are
leafsed to learn thai. no serious person.
i 'damage -was sustain-d by any Iane
m't he occasion...--.hr' 114-. slAt.
THE SO1im llBA ie".
JOHN T. GIJEEN, Esroin.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARYM4, 1852;
"There as one posnt on which there can be no
div'ersity of ointoln in the Soith among those
who are true to her, or ucho have mtu upitheir
mind& noto be slartis; that is w we should be
forced torihoose betwcen ristance undt sulnission
Wee should take resistance at all hazards."
"o do that. concert of asulion muist be necessa.
ry, not to save the Union, for it Would then be
1nu late, but to save ourselves. Thus in mall rew,
concert as the one thing necaful.."-CA Luoe.
"What is the remedy? I answer secession,
united secession the slavi holdiog Sldes. or a
large number q/ ten. Nothing else neal lie trise
noth.ng else u-ll e practirale."i- u svrs.
1' Messmr. A. WHITE & Co., are
Agents fur the Banner in Sumntervillo.
' By reference to our ad vertising
(olhtTin it will le seet that itnit
journed Gieral Meeting of the Stock
holders of the Vihiningtun and Man
chiester R1ail Rosadi will bie hiel in Sum-s
terville onl Thursday, the 4th day of
~ WE are indebted to the 11cn.
,1. A. WOODWAtD for valuable public
-7"' WENV have .received tih- H eports
of the President and Engiineer 4-f the
WN' imingtoni and Manlehester Itail
load whiih will be pub!ished in our
T The last No. of* GOony's Ladv
Boo k is on our taife.
Iron~v. A. W. Venaiblt!" Sper:cla.
WE' publish in this issue the soeIh of
the lIon. A. W. VENAnT.F, of Nrth Cnro
lina, on the "1 Print ing of the Sventh Cen
sus." Altlhogh he belongs to nnothor
State, the speech will serve to show the
rule mande to operate in referance to parties
in politice. The spoils coinsrluent upon
a triniiph of a party ha1S come to be abnost
the only nrgunent. ised in its support.
The speech is an argueinnt a;rainst a Joint
Resolution reported by the Cownrnitte! on
Printing, which proposedi to give to that
Coinmittee the authority to contract with
Alessrs. DoNvFt.soy & A RNISTROxa for Print
ing anid Binding the Census. The Retio
lution is so worpeel. as to contire the con
tract on the part of Ile Committee to the
above named parties, thereby shutting out
all competition. Mr. VENAntE calls for
ie reason why such a rule it to be adopted
in this special cne. \Vhy give the con
tract to DoNEr.soN & AnsiSTRONG Soofner
than to others whot may be willing to do the
t'rntrtg for tess .r The reason for thi.
move (party in spirit) can only be found in
the fact, that these party pete. do send
forth from their press the rankest consohi
ditioni doctrines. The--e ire wvorshipers of
this glorious Utnion, andi mutlst be fed withI
Congress heas been enraged for somne
tin in boilstering uip by declra~tionv, (form
er leaiislationi.) declaringr tihe Comnpromnise
nienasures ot a perbnanernt aehjinstinernt of
ihi- querstin embosdiedh in tihe Comiproimise
Resolution. Morer tine is sprent ini thie
dliscussiong of thre propr~ety of welcominer!
KossrTrn, ini dVisssing the form of the
inivitation--all the while srinande'ring tire
imorney ot those not at all initerested imn thre
W.t Ih-.'ton Cors -an-r.Th
I eud.en Strunlardl says: --\\e hmve re
eetved the I f'illow ~ inrg fromti a co r-re.
*odn whromr we ha~ve hitherto I tund
extrtif*iy elljn~hine' 'zi- froti
ettertatiting anyt war-Ilikeinetns
thle himrontih Pr'eeiudent's initettion is tor
reduce thIe army. bcy abl ishin'' the
systentr ofe niscr1iiptioln. andh Coniseet
ly, we understatml t he 70,000 conscripts
who woutldl be liable to lie c'alled out
his sprinilg wilIlibe allohwred to pursue
The loumrlon l'titied Service G"azette
hasr, the thrllowing: "It is rumiored in
well inefitared eltarte~rs that ini the butd
~e~t to be presentted i to the Frenchl leg..
ishittre. tpont its aissembtlinig, a proe)i.
sarl will bie tiade, ceuaniatinig fromt thre
highest auitho rity in the repulii, for
.thee eut ionu of' t he Ftenchl arm v.
his, taoken int cconniexion with the pia
ei lle ton'te of tire ci rcularo to the Fruro
"'nn poers, (iught to disarm apre-~'
--T'his untbrtunte man)1, wiho wais con
vieted , not long sincee, oft the murder
ont Fridaby last, Hefire Iris execut ion
he1 iconfessedl the oflee ihr which he'
was condi ettnned, todee also that pr'eviouils
to its (commainissio n hie had attemtpted to
destroy his victimr by poiso~n, but Ihe
exetrlpaet es all oilher personsr trom share
ini his biloodly dlteed.
Near 6,(0d0 per'sonls were in attend
tilee upon h(llIis etxectionl, itmany of thlemi
ladlies ''f good rank in society. What
anI aiwful couetr pon~ that thirst
hor excitemienrt which se'eks gratif'ten
tie ni even in witnessing thle death throes
fa fllow crerature.--Green ville Pa
FroYrri SIAvns.-Aeording toi
the ('ensus report, n abstract of' which
hias been made and published, it seems
that during the year ending June,
1850, 1,011 slaves escaped from their
oJwners. Assutming thts ntumber, as
an average of' the annual escapeCs, wye
would ask how many have been re
turned by virtue of' the Fugitive Slave
Law? H-as it been more than one itn
a hundred? Has this law restored
more than the odd eleven, out ofC
the one thousandi and el1-01
q 01 to 1!oub r, , i 11
remu:iin ini th outypts4)64
cosmlltry resto'red to. prlo.'perity, pep AI.
andu eer. A 'a san imb'lu-uent to. ai
e tt this ul1*r, thsFe gentlemeninete
I hemse~4lves4 toi tettle tpon~l hina the JJII
jf one -tilllii , of r
s plenid~ uullfer wasi dceelined byv thd
wal It 'Yeltat :ppeard 1:6
t roa a onuideratin -o
(eretiinstncl(*es of .neral i~att, who, -j
for the Iast twent~tyN-ehrd, haus -had bit
comuapitively aym tilk ary to iiuifiT.
tain h1iurelf and'the %ocessaury dignity
of his jpotsition.
SurutasR Eh n, koan.-A getle.
man of oindon nauned Hector Ber~ea;u,
hS111 prooe to build a sumarine rai
road~ beitweeni France and Englind.-.
Thlie pa is to construct a tub ofplate
iron, md place it on the bptto n ? .iI
channel, avhich is 21 nties- ih1
tweeni the t wo (counltriets n'd theW~
is not deep in the Straits lDo'er t
is jpO.oed to propel the carr iige by
stationary eints att thie ends of tl t
tube. It is also prop'sed to ha%
strong gLss windoiws in the tubeto
light it, up byday, and t nighlt.it can'
bes lihtped to bau i ca blegee T
through it so as to keepi theutniospheo
ailwnyvs pure. A light hiouse( pyiad. of:
ea ni coast, and a uuber of floatiri,
uioy, wil i indicate the track -f o f
tucbe lbove the water, so as toi prevei
Fais is GwonoiA.--he C/,alfa
twoog zclee states that corn and .b'.
sot are so searce in -somiie palltt. of
Georgia, ats to exie apprehensiunsh I
uche suthferintg. A prii-nte let ter'f-ont
a gentlemans in i'ri-oll co unty, ue
a itst glooty dayacont o if the it
are relirsentedi as being nearly ". -
tute of prvisins, and without - dubi:
cint nlanls to pviurchase u. adequate
stpp.jly, or to emigrate to other see
tions. srom other coiutites thnui(iatr
roll. comle simnilair complainings. 11Two
Sucess1ve season of short crops ..have
exhiauite~d the granaries of maii:y, even
oftthe most welthya planters, o ttid,
those who have hertjorc been so
have no* becomne buyers, and the cr
is, a ot ld, 'seii us corn.'
Imel' FiloM Jf AIL.-Ther Unfo~.r
ville Jourial of the 1th intnta
the jail of this District pr >aratory
thi- earyeto thel 41nadd
thire peoniii ndy nithit Shit,ft
ecuttmng through the ceiling with'au pock
et kniife. They then .sucecpdedn rijg
ping olfthet shingles sulliciently-to: ala.
low thenm to lonut to the roof Iretp
whence they descended -to the g'suild
y ileans of bmketstied togetlg-for
that pulrose. .. They wpteriimesdiaite
ly piursued aind three of them-i werd
appajrehended on Monday evening9 Tho
other has not as yet bee found.
hv The wife f tine of the U. C.
Judges in Utah, an intelligent and pur
in Jued, woman of the hormon faith,
has written a letter to a friend in ('ilu
toi, Ohio, in which. sle conaratms thy
statements often made by others,-thqt
'polyganliy, is openliya bught and prg
tied' kh thI Mormons in that.tei-ritgry
Slge I~v it ei wiI ts tid
Sh -asi is so 'inlterwoveri with' t
very~ threads of society, .that it is 3thj
p)4)$sible to) mix in social -life ~at' ai
wvithbout encountering it; at every turn.i
Ma. S-rEPnENs . OF -GEORoIAgr-TIh
11lon. A. II. Stephens, in a letter
lished yesterday in ~the .'Chroid,#
Se'ntinel, announces, that he "lais
"ppoisedI to sendmig delegates to 'thg
Blaltimore Convenition froin the sp
stittutionial Union Party of Georgia.
lie thinls that the dlanger to thie1UninN
lhas not yet passed lby,e and. that/the~
Contstituitionial Union Korganiizatioh
should therefore h. preserved." .:
Ci hA No OF F.AITSI.--The iinis
the Carlisle Episcopal 'Chapel, in 1'
diocese of the Bishop 'of ~Winohest
with nearly the -whoIl "' hi ls^ edin
gregationl, htas formilf' r ..aouncdh;
conne.wion with the Chareh of England
and joincd the Lady Huntington's
Society, (on account .of disagreernent
withI the Estabhlished.Chnrch respeging
thec doctrime of baiptismnal regenersoni~
SA LE OF N.oaaoE.--There' ~erifdfii
lots ot negroes sold at linblie.sale 'ilf.,
this place on Monday, the-2d inistant&
One lot of o v'er fifty averaged u f'ran.
tion over $541; another lot pf, abt
the same number $566; a third loay
eraged $520; and the- fourth, with a
lairge proportion of superanfnuated noe.
groes averaged about, *$00. h
were bought almost exuhusi1 elyb
Planlters of the vicinity.
a duel on the 10th of Januatly, swithz
Mr. A. C. Russell, one of' thooditors
of the San Francisco Pilayynselt
was occasioned by. an article iedlecsiug
on the Ex-Ltovernor. 'The Partie mIet
im Santa Clara coumty, and foughf a
the distance of ten.paces with ~lsh
ustsell was wounded- 't flesh ounud
on the bsreast.
We p'erceive that the %Po
Texas roecntly helsl a neetlp jitI
Exhange at. Phil~ lphi',j
someW steps *ere. takeni to P~
c'aimns on' the atttehfiun f p
(cor.*;ess. Th' anount(i lo'j4,
claim Ield itt Philnele'l1 ulin
exedone mrillihni 01 jMiC~