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TH UMTER BANNER
A3V XHMDAY MKORNIING
LLARS in adiance, Two Dollars
and Fiftf Cents at the- expiration of six months,
or Three Dollars.at the end of the year.
No'1,.Vr -discontinued, until all arrearages
are ns at the' option of the Proprietor.
w~r- dv~ut tnents inserted at SEVENTY
FI9 Ce6 r ere, (12 lnes or Les,) for,
the fBst,asuidIf sum for each subsequent;
gisnu ber of insertions to he markod
on a Adferiments or they will be published
#until ordiied- to be discontinued, and 'charged
tO E. DOLLAR per square for a single
Inserieni. Qua-terly and alonthly Advertije
ments wtil. e eharxed.the same as a sfngfte ri:
sertion, ani semi-mHi'thly the same as':iew onos'
the bills passed some years ~ago, it
wvas provided. that if the State sold
the lands and did not construct the
roadj kjlyould -refund to the Treasu
ty. of th tinited States whatever
noney it had received, a relation.
which never should be created be.
tween the Federal and State govern
.auente--if foi- no other reasons than
the uni*irsal dependence of the deb
tor on the whims and caprice of the
Now,:with*all these. advantages,
*bat good objection can exist' to ma
king these donations? It does not
cost you a. farthing. It does not ab
stract any revenue from the Federal
Treasury. It does not reduce the re
sources of the Treasury at all. All
experieimee demonstrates that when you
have constructed these railroads, the
lands through which they pass will sell
more ieadily for $2 50 an acre than
they will for $1 25 per acre without
the railibads, With this view of the
case-the constitutional difficulties be
ing removed-looking to the great ad
vantage which you can render to these
States-looking to the iumense boon
that you can give to them without im
poverishing yourselves-I ask, what
good reason can be given for not pass
ing the- bill and making the donation'?
We ask that thwbill siall be put up
on its passage now, without going to
the Conimittee of the Whole on the
state of the. Union. Those menibers
-who are at all familiar with proceedings
here know, if I may be allowed to ap
ply a quotation that is used upon more
solemn occasions, that when a bill is
sent from this House to the Committee
on the Whole on the state- of the
Jnfon, unless it is a universal favorite
or an appropriation bill, it has gone to
"that uudiscovered country from whose
bourne no traveler ever returns."
Every member who has had any expo
rience here knows this to be a fact.
I have now, I believe, presented
most of the 'iews of this matter that I
desirQd to present, and all I have to
say i'oc lusion; is, that I truit - the.
se will. deal liberally -and gener.
warrem fair- ohte of th
rst, ydIkave no doubt that we
&aIl nnrer laswe cause to be ashamed
of or to repu<)late thymi.
Mon BaRIIS PartAstnor.--lie
British pagers announce that 'the town
of Lagos, ori the ivest coast of Afr-ica,
was almost totally destroyed by the
British':squatdron on the 26th and 27th1
.lctember. The English ships, how
ever, sustained sever-e losses, haiving
30 killed and 66 wounded. This great1
easunifty was caused by one of~ the
steamers having grounded within range
of a bat~tery of 13 guns. These hostil
i ties were tm~dertaken in consequence]
of the King having refused to ratify a1
treaty'of peace for the suppression ef
Chec slave trade. An immnense number
of natives were skilled during the twro<
days' fighting, and the King or Chief,
was ddposed, and another one substi-t
H~ere rte have a str-iking exemplifi-t
eation of the philanthropy of the Brit
ish government. The King of Lagos, 1
as he is called, who, it is to b~e presum
ed, knows no mnorec of a treaty than
that paragon of ignorance, 'the man in
the moon,' for refusing to ratify one
* dictating by the cornmanidcr of a Bit-t
ishI naval force, is attacked by that<
doughty diplomatist sword in handi, an
"immense number of the natives kill..
ced, the town destroyed, and himself i
deposed. All this was done on the
score of .philanthropy, and toi arrest<
the slave trade in that quarter. A
town is destroyed, and a hiundretd En
glishmien killed and, wounded, besides a
- an immense number of negroes, to pre
vent ayanmall number oif negroes being
made slaves. John Bull will certain
ly reformn the world, b'y a process of I
depopulation, ats he has done ini Iin- I
dostan and Iriel and.-Southern Pr-ess.
H i The Gad J ury for Anderson I
District In their presentment laid be- a
fore the Court of Conntnon Pleaus, at
its reenut Session at Anderson C. I I..
state tilat although not comting in thet
ordinary course of their duty, they- a
would beg nevertheless to call the at
tention of the public to the policy of
extending the Greenville and C2ohni
bia Rail Road to the valley of the
great west by way of the lliabun Gap,.
Thay regard- snch, an-enterprise as one1t
eminently calcutlated to promote thet
interests of the whole State, and as suchI
feel no hesitation in recommendling that
mneaures should at once lbe adopt ed by.
- the people of this Stato to secure its
specedy completion. Though opposed to
the Stato engaging in inter-nal improve
ments alone,'yet as far- as grand jurors
are allowed to express their opinions
as citizeins, they wvarmily rccommend
-that the State gover-nmenit should lend
a willing and Iiber-al hand to this gr-eat
As Mrs. Mowatt wvas returnaing toi
Boston on 'Friday firm an excursion
on horse . the horse reaired and1
fell upon* ; broakinig threo -ibs. it
The Price of Cotton.
Mr. J. G. Gamble, in the last num
ber of DeBow's Review, has a long c
article on cotton and cotton manufae- r
tures, from which we extract the fol- I
lowing suggestions relative to regula- I
ting the price of the great staple. His I
ideas are not new, but are presented in
a somewhat, tangible shape. It is *
strange, but nevertheless true, that
experience has demonstrated that a <
large crop of cotton realizes a smaller
aggregate thin a .smaller oihe. - Thus,
i, crop 2,200,000 bales yields the i
sum of 6110,000,000, while a crop of <
2,800,000 bales only yields $00,- <
000,000. Whether the suggestions a
made are practicable or not, is yet to a
be 'determined: I
The dogma "that prices must and i
will be regulated by the relations of i
supply and demand," is. by many i
deemed conclusive refutation of all
hope of success, But the question to
be solved is "whether the supply can- 4
not be regulated as to secure regular I
and.remunerating prics?" If it can, I
the remedy is found.
-. If the cotton crop of the United I
States belonged to one man, remedy :
would be obvious. Numing his, i
price, he would .sell only so much as I
is required f'or consumption, and leave I
the residue under his cotton shed, a
to supply deficiency in tho crop of I
next year; and if the. surplus was large, a
he would plant less next year. Such i
a course would be efficient for the i
object; and the only obstacle to similar i
action by the cotton planters general
ly, is the difficulty of procuring concert t
of action. The difficulty is great, but -
I think not insuperable.
Besides the loss attendant upon a
large crop, the planter is often subject- i
ed to loss upon a small one, because of t
his ignorance of the extent of the crop [
country. Cotton is the agricultural I
staple of some eight or ten States, i
covering a vast extent of countrv. Y
Seasons ar' often favorable in sonie i
districts, -and uifhvorable in others.
Dealers in cotton take measures to T
inform themselves, with sufficient ac- r
euracy, of the extent of the crop, and <
are prepared to go into the market i
with a knowledge of its value. It is
their interest, too, to exaggerate its I
extent; and this is annually done by I
publication of what purports to be t
extracts of letters written in cotton
States, but really fabricated for that
purpose. The planter, ignorant of its j
real amount, and influenced by such I
statements, disposes of his crop at
low prices,. before the falsehood is
For low prices, a remely would
be found in an agreement to plant ress
cotton; but that would not prevent ir
regularity in price, because good and
bad seasons would still cause irregular
production; and although remunerative,
prices would be irregular. A bad
season mi'ght also- so -reduce the sup. i
ply, as to throw out of employment a i
large portion of capital; 'and of opera-' I
tives now engaged. in its manufacture. a
Suel. a state of things would be
deplorable, and in the end injurious tot
the grower. i s interests, and those '
>f the manufacturer, are best sub. I
served by regular and reasonlable 1
The first thing to be done byt
the Convention, should be the adoptiont
fa plaina f'or ascertainling the extent of .1
auch year's crop. -IThis is essential- t
to all judicious aind efficient actionl. I
ropose to effet it by tile agency -of
Planters' Societies, to he organized ill a
wvery country in tile Cotton States.
By districting tile counities, and dis- ~
;ributing tihe labor amonig tile memil-i
iers, tihe crop of' each counuty cain lbe t
ascertained by the middle of Janluiarv
~very year~. Thle counlty Societies .I
uhould immediately thereafter report
ho amount of the crop to a conulnittee,
>r some officer, residing at the seat of (!
he State Governent, who( shold '
epor~t tile aggregate cropj of the State ~
o0 a central connnllittee', to be appointed 'I
>y the CotAton lanuters' Conivention; I
11pon which en'tral coimmnitteQ shouldt
also dlevolve the labor of obtalinimE 1
dll attainable inftormlation resplectilfg "
rs, at hlome and abrload-thle sulpplies '
vhich mayt lie expetedi frm othert
Ounmtis-andl~, genieral ly, all t he ii
nirmationj inu its powe'tr, 'onnlieted a
vithl the producetionl anid consump~jtionl
Thme information referred to). an~d thle
'eports froml tile State commnittees,
nmay bc in possessionl of tile cntrl
amun~littee b~y thle 1st of April int
~achi year, and should be published;
imd tile planters advised what pro.. E
>ortion of' t hiir respectivye croups should '
>e' sold, amnd what retined.
liut inlasnmuch las a conlsiderab~le
lortlin of' tile crop is annua mmllyi
(lid before the r(eport of' tile cntral
(ommllitte'e could he miade, ' propose
ni agreemlenlt amflong the planlters, "11ot
o sell more thanii two-thiirds of theirt
espective crops before receipt of
:1d( report, andl not to sell any fbr
price iess thaii agreed upioni." An
'urther, "lnt to sell more of the re
erved (one-third, than shall be advised '
>y the central commnitte'e." For illus
ration (of my meaninlg: Suppujosing ~
he crop 2,700,000 bales. thme sailes oif
wo-t hirds wouhli amlounlt to 12.00.000
-leaving '.00,000 bales oni luad. If
idv'ised thait tile conIsumption)1 of' A
niericanl co(tton wou I be only 2, '
200,000 bamles, Ceh lanlt er lifinild
lien sell onily fouur out (of every nine
ifiles whlich had b~een reserved, an~d re
sin the remaining five bales uinder
as5 'otton shed, to await fihtu~re dlemnand.
r supply deflciencies in future crops.
Expercencc hasL' shown, that a crop
if'2,700,000 bales, thrown upon tile
rnlarket, wili reoduice the prices ofebt ton
to about five lenits; whereas a crop of'
>nly 2,200,000 bales w5ilL; raise it to
'xtremei prices; the first not remulinera
:ire to thle planter, the last ten'ling too |
muchd to r.,iflmi'2 m'idi.'in l
rhere. The interests of all parties,
roducers, and manufacturers and
onsumers, will be best served by
rioderate and regular. pricessay, a
oout ten cents per pound. At that
rice, two-thirds of his crop will
out more. money into the planter's
iocket than would the whole crop
old at'six cents.
I have said that the difficulty of
obtaining concert of action among
Olanters, so widely separated from
sch other, is great; but my confidence
a its practicability is based upon their
obvious interest, and their good
ommon sense. Although less expert
t figures than the speculators in their
taple, the least informed among
hem can see that ten bales of cotton,
old at- ten cents, will yield more
noney than fifteen bales, sold at
ix cents. And, aided by past ex
crience of the evils resultihig :rom
vant of organization, it demands no
xtraordinary faith in their good sense
o believe that concert may be ob
The only objection ever made to
his plan is, "that the planters will not
et in good faith, but will secretly sell
nore than their portion of the crops."
qow, without claiming for cotton
olanters a higher character for honor
nd integrity, I nay say that they
ossess as much of those qualities as
ny other class of our population. And
Ithough some iiay and will act basely,
lie number will be small, and their
inflaithfulness will but little alieet the
esult. I may say the same ofanother
mall class found in every community
-Solomnons, in their own conceit, who
nake it a point of honor never to
hink or act like their neighbors; and
Vho will, perhaps, refuse to enter into
he agreement. But if the plan sug
;ested be tried, breaches of faith will
ic fewer and ibwer every year; and
vbere a sense of honor will not
estrain, fear of exposure and shame
vill. Without some general concert
f action ,no plan caln succeed; and that
ow proposed presents as few obstacles
s any other. It proposes no advance
f money-no risk of loss-and
o change in the pursuits of the plant
r. If adopted, it must do good.
t can do no harm. You have. in the
>receding, my plan for regulating
lie price of cotton.
CA.IFORNIA AND Sl.Avvty.-The Ft
;itive Slave law, which has lately
>assed the California Assembly, pro
-ides that slaves brought in the State
orior to the adoption of the State Con
titution, shall be liable to the pro
-isions of the Congressional Fugitive
lave hiw. This, it is alleged, is an
n1fractioll of the Constitution, which
ays that neither slavery no in
-oluntary servitude, except for crinme,
hall ever be tolerated in the State.
In the California Assembly, Feb
iary 10th, Mr. Peachy presented a
niemorial frofti a number of fariers or
>lanters of South Carolina and Florida,
sking the privilege to bring their
amiilies and colored domestics into
hat State, and thait they may lie
irotected in their property. *The
aemioial was ref'erred to a Coanunittee
>n Federal Relations.
A bill has also( beeni introduced into
le Legishitutre to call a convetntion
o) revise the Ccnstitutiont, the object
ecing to divide the State, andu set aplat
he Southern portion ih r a Silave Statc.
TlimE FuR Ec H FLEeO N.-The
pathly wihich chiaract erized thle late
rench election is a subject of serious
umoyance to Louis Napoleon. Ini
auris, out of three hundred amid thlii tv
btree thloutsantd voters, one htud red
hiousand atbstained f'rom the polls.
a ninny ot the rural districts the same
'idithierence as to thic elections hais
'ceen mani fested, thbough not to, so
reat anm extent. Theli retun of ("a
aigniae, and the heavy vote piolled f'or
'arnlot, have also irritated the P'resi
ent, though one o~f his creature editors
as declared that such indicat ions of
1e revo~lutionatry spirit call for conttin
ed repressioti. On the whole, the
tate of F'rance may he considered ex
remewly imsettled. Thle sullen apathy
I' so large a miinority of lie peolde is
ac mo st fatal iincidet that has vet
ttendhed Louis Napoleon's rule. '.The
iiomnus in ainot'her respect.
Vtar is conf'essedly the last card ofi the
rince Presidet; he is only holding
bacik for the inevitale crisis; and(
ic present condition of' ailairs looks as
lhe would be compell)lled to play his
emnp soont, or lose the game. Indihf.
-rec, we mutlst reciolleet, mieants as
meith inl Fr'ance as (ften opposition'I
Isewhiere. It is the p~relude to disas
21r attdo disgrace, anid t his Louis Na
oleo n evid en tly knows.-Ph iladel
GzoIo A GAuN.-We men'2tione~d in
ur laist, says thle Ahheville Banner of
oc 1 9thl inst., t hat thle mrine so sue
essf'ullhy wiorked by Mr. D~orni, was inl
algefield, siiie' thenm we hr~ve seen Mr.
)orn hiinumself', who iniforms us the miine
in this (list rict, and that ini ten
reeks hec has realized the sum11 of'
mt thiousmnid dlollars and~ tupwat ds from
is operation with eight hammxl,. 'The
fork ofi two (lays ailonme yielded himi
methiing over three thousand dollars.
Illdtemknt olf the gold, there is aut
his mine inexhaustiblde qiuantities of
lalganmise, wich'l coi tumans a ready
ale, inl thle Nort hern markets, and of'
tself' would be a fortune.
Gold has beeni distovercd in various
ortio'ns of' our D.istriet; and we have
.o doubt when c'ottonl ceases to occu~tpv
Ri miuch of tile atttenttioni ofour iihrmers,
1ines. wilt he i'hunmd withbin our' borders
rhuich will lss with their golden
reasures the hieky' ownmers.
M~osE: I'uscannum.:n.--All wlho have
ad better apply to the Post Oflice
)epartCmenit, ats tell thouisamd dollars
aye been thuunel in thn dad. ltter
THU SUMTEI BANNE.
Sumterville, So. Ca.
JOHN T. GREEN, ErDiTr.
TuESDAY, MARCH, 80, 1852.
"There s one P" on which there con be no
diversity qf opinion in the South among those
.who Or* true to her, or who hate made up their
minds not to be slavsa; that is if te shouhl be
forced to choose between resistance and suislimsion
we should take resistance at all haterds."
" To do that, concert of action must be necesa
ry, not to save the Union, for it would then be
too late, but to save ourselves. Thse inmy view,
concert is the one thing needful.."-CA 1.1o1N.
* What is the remedy ? I answcr seression,
united secession of the slaveAolding States, or a
large number oj tAem. Nothing e.lse tmil be Wise
not ing else wifl be practicoble."-Cuirva.
to Messrs. A. WHITE & Co., nre
Agents for the Banner in Sumterville.
zu" Wx have received the last
number of GoDrY's Lady Book. It is
equal, if it does not surpass any of the
On and after the first or next imonth
there will be a stage line running be
tween Mayes' Turn Out (in the Wil
nington and Manchester Rail Road
and Darlington C. H.
Newspaper editors have been in
dulging in speculations in regard to
the next presidential election ; express
ing opinions of, and concerning the
chances of those who have been spoken
of as likely to take a part in the race.
Hence, some have proposed the policy
of non-intervention to this State, advi
sing us to stand aloof from this political
scramble for place and power. They
propose to take no part in the election
of one of the highest officers known to
the Constitution, for the reason that in
the discharge of the duties devolving
upon him he is the executive of a gov
ernment, destructive of the rights of
the South, and opposed to her best in
terest. We believe the party test in
the canvass will be the finality of the
compromise-in other words-no one
can receive the support of either Whigs
or Democrats as a party, who does not
believe the compromise measure ought
to be a permanent- arrangement of the
great question between the North
and the South. Now it is unques
tionably true, that no man hold
ing such opinionse. nreceive the sup.
port of South Caroliha-aaher deliberate
choice, yet thero inay be a chain of
evils; we might prefer WE~Ds'Ea to
IIousTOn, or Douci.As to ('Ass, or
BuenuAs.ts to either of them. We
have sceen a spch of' Mr. Snmui, of'
Alabaman, in which lie desires Mr. Cass
to retire f'roma the contest. It' we were
to give advice it would lie abiout the
samlie as tha~t aidvanced by Mr'. SSirrn.
We think it is the duityv of' this State
to east hier vote in the comning eleet in,
because we are ye one of the States
whickh muake up this Govermenact, we
are vet in the U~nioin and whilst we (cim
plain that the Federal Gojvernment has
utiterly thiled in perfoming its duties
to the separate States, we should be
c'areful lest the imputation should be
sucessfully i nade agzainst us-thait we
are wanting in periforingiI4Oi Iur hties
towards the general G~overnment. We
do not think it prudent or niecessary to
express an opinion in regar'd to any
oif the namues vet brought ihrward as
(canidida~tes. The parties will make
niomnationis, anld it will be all that we
enni do, to choose buetweeni those whose
names have been brought befo re th'e
ple~t. Accor'dinig to present inidicai
tions. IkciASAxx or D~oroL..rs wvii be the
no amiee of' the Democratic larty
We will aw~ait thle dlevelopimen't which
time and tric'kery rnay imake.
I lonimi.E I ):s-rnre-rros ori -rwo
Calin.:s, liv -rui.1m AIo-rnFan-Tuiost
As-roN, ( A., NAU-rne 12.-(Oni Satur
day last thle citizens of1 Upson counity
had a1 fthrible ill ustrat ion of t he inidi~
pednsibile neceessity of well eniduwed
IlAuntie 0 Asybuniis. A re(spectable ha
dy, by the naime of Alaignian, about two
iamths ago at teiiipted to coinuniit si
(eide, in a fit. of insianityv. by (enttinig her
thro at; but reco verinig from the effr-ets
of' the womiui, she remiiainled in a men
tal coniditioin, somtetimnes better, and
someiethnes worse, until Satur'dar last,
wahen she was snpplosed to he be-tter
than usual. (On t hat day, taiking her'
four little chlildlreni, the' eldest being
abouit five or six years ofiage, she went
to Potter's Alill -pond, abiout three
miiles distanit, amd pluniged themi all ini,
imteninig to dlrowvn herself. F~ortun
ately, a young mn h~y the name of
A lfred W'ilsoni, (who deserves a great
(del of credlit,) wals fishuingt at a conisid
erable distanc'e, and was attracted by
the cries of' the childlren. le hasten
edl to their assistance, and1 heroically
p jluniged into the wvater, which was ver'y
deep, and succeeded ini saving the lives
of two of the clild1ren, recovering the
dead hody' of' the third, and r'eseuing
thenunhappy woljmi. All attempts to
'efin thi bly of' the smallest child
(ENs. CAsa s N iuolNA.-The demo
erats of Brooke county, Va., have
adopted resolut inns in Ihvor of Gen'l.
CorrespondeOe of the Courie Ir
WASHINGTON, MARCI4 19. sc
Governor Jones, of Tennessee, do- ei
ivered his -first speech in the Senate, si
o-day, and drew a considerable hum- b
er of auditors to the chamber. His se
ubject was the resolutions against in. oi
ervention, offered by Mr. Glarke. 0
aov. Jones has had a high reputation y
i an orator in the West, and he was, p
herefore, well -attended to, though of
ittle interest is felt in the subject. h
Kossuth may speak and M. Pulskey e
write, but the people are farther from i'
ntervention in foreign affairs than they e
were, even, in the time of Washington. ti
Mr. Jones delivered the same fa
views, on the subject, which Mr. Clay a
mntertains, and has expressed. The w
resolutions offered by Mr. Clarke, m
were shown to and approved by Mr. S
Ulay before they were offered. The Ii
Senate will soon drop a discussion, J
which is no longer of a practical ii
'The House is engaged, nominally, o
in a discussion of the deficiency bill, i1
but the speeches na(de are upon the e
subject of party politics. .
There are two hundred bills already e
before the Senate, and as many on the c
calendar of the House, and many more it
are to be added. a
Tle loss of Mr. Clay's medal can I
be easily repaired, because the die is :t
in existence. A duplicate of the med- a
al can be struck for the mere cost of I
the gold. The expense and merit of a
medal is in the die-which is cut with t
a dianmoned on hardened steel. The ]
die of the niedal presented by Congress <
to General Taylor, cost three thousand a
dollars. 'The die of the Clav med- I
al cost. two thousand. It is a singular a
circumstance, though, that the medal r
should ble exposed to the chance of I
being stolen. Sonic suppose that I
the thief imust have followed the i
carpet bag, in which it was deposited,
from this city, till he saw it thrown on
the top of an omnibus or soine other
place where it could lie captured.
The bag was found cut open and the t
Mr. Clay's letter, urging the non
ination of' Mr. Filliore for the Pres
idency, was addressed, it is said, to
Mr. Ullinan, and transmitted to hn (
at the samte time that the medal was I
sent to him. Mr. Clay wishes it, 1
undoubtedly, to be published, for lie is I
not a m1an1 who wishes to conceal his t
views. le has many devoted personal 4
andt political friends in New-York who ,
would wish to know and would respect I
his opinions on this subject; and the %
vote of the Now-York delegation it r
tile Whig Convention, will, no doubt, I
govern the selection by that body.
WASHINGTON, MARCH 20. t
Geid. Cass has explained at length I
his Nicholson letter, and vindicated it %
fron the strictures (if Col: Jefferson t
Davis, who, in i; letter recently I
published, puts upon the Nichols
letter a construction which - Geni. Cass a
does not assent to. Whien the Nich
olson letter appeared Mr. Calhoun and I
and Mr. Rlhett took widely different
views of' it. Mir. Calhoun putt a
contstruiction upon it (of a character uin- ]
tfavorabile to the South. Mr. Ithett, ast
I have understood, totok another view
of'the menting of' the letter, and it is I
e'videnlt that Southi-C.arolina had also, t
for she gave her vote to General Cass.
The N icho lso n letter is capabule of'i
two constructions, buit it is now quite I
certaint that Gen~t. Cas's is to be tin
dersto od as taking such ground as wvill a
be aipprov~ed by the South.
Getn. ('ass is now thte leading can
didate of the demnocratie party, as a
every one here aidimits.
li . will unldoubtedly- hatve a ma- a
jfirity' on the first ballot; but it is not
a qutestiotn whbether the t wo-thirdsi
rutle is to bie adopted or niot, for it was r
adopted 11. ai perimanent rutle att tihe s
last ialtiurtnret C2onvention, aind mtust (
he rescinded, if not appldied. Tihus, c
(Gen. Cazss may be thrown out of a
The public wvill be gladr to learn that, r
utle' ling hitatio an deay, Cn
g~ress have finially paussedl a lill ren- ii
uering the b~ounity land warrants as
The G;ovei'inment of' Me'xico las
t'etdered to this G.overntmnt a project
ifa iret i'regard' to the right of'.
way aero is the Isthmtius o'f'Tetnuantepiee.
Theln terms are diff'erent from those of a
lie utnramtified treatv. r
A treaty, is now' near* abou)t to be 0
conchided between the Bruitish Minister h
tidi this Government ini relation to the
iterests of thle parties in Central A
Corres.pondence of the Southern Standard. 8
W A5ImNUOo, March 17, 1852.
The Senate have at last passed the I
bills granting alternate sections of' the n
piublic lands to aid in the construction t'
if' railroads. Neai'ly all the States s
haiving public lands within their limtits lI
ire iiinlued ini the bills. t.
Gov. .lones, of' T1ennessee, made his t
riebut in tite Senate to-day, on the F
lot'trine of intervention. hie opposed p
t with much energy, an d in the course Ii
of his speech animnadverted, in terms r
tftiustial severity, oin the equivocating a
p)olicy (if General Cass. s
The llouse has spent most of this t
week ini discussinig the Presidential ti
election, amid in delitning the positions s
of' parties in the South. Mr. Hyllier, dl
of Georgia, spoke on Wednesday--ap
pr'oved the Union organization in v
Georgia, but disagreed with Mr. c
Stephlens as to the ptropriety of going s
into the Baltimore Convention. Ho a
was of opinion that the Union party g
should send delegates or amibaesadors c
to that mecetinlg. C2ol. Jackson, of'that e
State, dlefended the State Rights men r
and Governor McDonald.. Mr. Ap- t
pleton, of' Maine, 4'esterday made
a speech in. Iivor of Buchanan; Mr.. s
Geddings a ranting free soil anti..fugi- I
tive slave law speech. IHo says that i
secuire imthe Whig noination
e get. the nomination, i n*
believed that the:whole ofthe rt
Whig will rally- to his-, suippor0'" :
with zea and' ethuslina 'St
oombs, Cbell, at id-nme genu*wL
heartily sustainhim. As an indication
of the indisposition of the -South, 'al
most universally, to reopefu theoeek
Promise question, and as an dadekot, i
the popularity of the.- "finality" kof
those measures, let me say -to ynl
that there was a-rivalry between Mar
shall and Bailey, of Virginla, as to.. fti.
paternity, -Marshall insisting that. .the.
compromise was a Whig measure a
Bailey that ivtwa* D)nhoratie.i Hw
absurd, then, was the pretence ofdastW
Secessionists ofyour State, that whein
South Carolina seceded otherw' vMA.,hLL
join her standard; 1ivfien'thIey are no
only -satisfied with it, but are thelirvi
to eulogize It. Heaven grant that they
have not nmads a 'fataml'sake in hi
gin the " and cheat to their bosoms.
: snow storm lastnight,
but most of it' has been earkied away
by to-day's sun.
Mr. Clay's health is again worse.
There are some twenty Senators and
tepresentatives confined t6 tleir iodg- '
ings by indisposition. The House wiZl
probably finish the deffceeney biml n
It is very probable, tliat a rsolutfin
of inquiry will be offered on Mondaytii
the House, requesting the Preali6to
inform the House the objects and par
poses of the exp.lition fitting. out fur
Japan. The preparation is evidenty
warlike in character, and ujijes Coi..
gress takes some action~ in the premi
ses, our government will in all probe.
bility soon be involved in a war:with
a country whose population is not less.
than fifty millions-and that war made
by the President without the knowledge
or consent of Congress. It is a subject
of grave importance, and will no doubt,;
receive the early attention of Congress.
The Wakulla (Fla.) Times thus'
refers to the Indian troubles in
"TIE INDIAN DELEOAION.-We
learn that the Seminole delegation.
from Arkansas, left Sara Soto for Cal.
loosahatchee on the 27th, and probably
arrived at the latter place on theJ
1st instant, from whence they were to
proceed immediately into the nation.
The delegates laugh at the predictions.
which have been made, that' 'the1.
would be put to' dedth as soon as
they enter the nation. Jumper, 'U:6
is now acting as principal chief of
the nation, old Abram, and a sister 4'f
Billy Bow Legs, are among the del..
egutes. They are confident. of being
able to induce Billy Bow Legs and
Sam Jones to ernigrate. As an ip
duceinent, Jumper will pledige to
Bow Legs that his slaves shall be
restored to him,'and that hep"'tRill"'
Iij atonatherity ' (Giv hif -In thi i
asoon as they'- arfiva In the West
it is supposed that Billy's Isister 'wil
have considerable influence vert ihi
Capt. Jernigan has '6Ac'owwn with
a smiall party to drive the 'out-liers:
into the nation, or else c'apture, them,
it is not his intention to go into
the -nation with his paifty."
BLOODY A FFRAY IN NNUK-SY
EnAL. PE~sOxs KILL~n.--The Louisville
Courier gives an account of' a bloody
affray which occured near 'Lancaster,
Ky., on the 13th inst., betwveen Russeli,
Isaiah and Frederick Hill, and two or
three of their sons, on one saide,' and -
party who had fortified themselves' in ai
tobacco house on the other. Nothing
is said as to the origin of the 'af'ray,' cx.
cept that as the Hills arrived oppoisit
the house, they were fired on and Rus
sell 111ll killed. The account in the
Courier then goes on to say:
The Hills then charged upon the
house, and Isaiah Hill was killed just eas,
he wasq getting over the fence.'Te
dooer of the house was forced by e r
maining Ihills, and the iih tted
gwith short jw ~ wie muies.
JLhJm Selfers wras shot by a son o
Isaiah Hill, (twelve or fourteen 'years.
otalge,) and fell and expired after hav.
ing received five other shots through
the head. Wmn. Crismnan was shot by
the same boy, when in the act of stab
binig Frederick Hill with a bowie
knife. Crisman died, having on his
body one pistol shot and fifty-three .
wounds inliceted with a knife. A man
by the name of Alverson, and anjother
by the name of Samuel Sellers, (oftl.,
house party,) were slightly woundeiL
Two of the boys (Hills) were wounded
with rifle shots, and one of thorn, a
mere boy, lies in a eritical condition.
The Rtuthierfordton (N. C.) Ban~ner
thus records the opening of a home
ANOTnER LaAnoB LIgP.--Dr. J.ev.
enthrope showed us ainother "golders
specimen" last week, w hich~he had just
found at his mines near this place, it.
weighs 27 penniyweights, and with the.
excepitionl of a fuw small pieces QC
quartz mingled in it, is remarkably
clean and piure. We rejoice at the
doctor's good fortune, for though nd'ya
may be more needy no one is imore
servmg-unless necessity be muade the
test of desert.
This is the second large piece the Dr'
has found this winter, and the fourth
that has been found in the same rc 4ong
within less than two years past." Un
foiund byMrs. Gireer weighed 0' enny
weights, one by Mr. Bradley 3G we
believe, and the former, 'fouind by Dr.
L., 38. 'There must be a "pile" of It.
some where there.
1t our people will 'stay at home Oali=
forsia may come to them vet.
A rouas. EameoE.-The HaTmnus~
Republican States that the case of if.
Tutler, vs. .Jas~ Jones and J. J~.
Keenedy, fior die ueeovery of toll paidl
at the south Caroliain end ofthei Aumi.
ta~ Bridge, triedi in a AI agistrate's Court,
has4..eeu.*dteidt d ud~ v~sly to t be plain s
the same strain. lie is the succes
r of Root. I an of opinion, how
rer, they will be a long while Ia, con
mmating their purpoe glheri_ en
3 no doubt to any utprejpdioedi ob.
rver here that Norther.,a sentiient
i the subject of slairery 1* muchmnore
muservative than It has been for
mrs past, and there is a fixed pr
)se on the minds of a large majority
the Representatives and Senators
re .to have the law - faithfully- ex
,uted. This may surprise youl but it
nevertheless true, and the highest
ridence -of its reality is to be fbund in
ic open declarations of many, now
vorable to its execution, who origin
ly opposed and voted against it. I
ill venture another opinion, whieh
lay surprise you. The doctrine of
tate Rights is stronger to-day than it
is been since the days of Gen.
sekson's proclamation, and the Wash.
gton Union has reakened Its in
ience with every section ofthe Dem
.racy, (save the Union party,) by
a cordial endorsemdnt of the high fed
ral doctrines which that ceolirated
tate paper avows,' and which was
xplained and modified through the
Alums of the Globe,.some time after
was issued, semi-ofieially repudi
ting its most objectionable features.
is very probable that the Union will
ot get the census printing on account
fits continued -warfare upon State
hile HouseAc wnq to-day entertained
y two rather remarkable speeches.
Ir. Smith, of Alabama, a Union Dem.
icrat, discussed the Census printing
.nd the Presidency. According to
is calculation, if the resolution offered
oie two months since from the Com.
nittee on Printing, to give the job to
)onelson & Armstrong, of the Union,
ad passed, those gentlemen would
ave made a nett profit on the job of
i4ht hundred thousand dollar*-the
v;le cost reaching $1,400,000. That
rould have been quite a handsome
operation. ie Committee on Prin
ing is composed of three member.
-two Doniocrats, and one Whigs
['he Democrats are Gorman, of in
lians, and Stanton, of Kentucky; the
Alhig, M'r. Haven, of New-York. Mr.
iyorman has not elevated his position
>y the avowal he made, on introducing
lie resolution, that they had given in
lie resolution the job to the editors of
lie Union, because they were Dem
>crats. hir. Smith said it sounded
-ery nearly like an unfortunate ex
>res'sion of Gov. Marcy, of New York,
vhich had been a reproach for years
ipon the party, that "to the victors
elog the spoils."
Mr. Smith pitched into Cass and
lutler. lie said that it was due to
lie country, and to Gen. Cass' own
iersonial dignity, that lie should decline
-oluntarily. and not force his friends
o reject him, which they would do.
le went for Young America, but
Inrto- imnderrtood tint 4 wea enoM
Douglas speech he was making.
Mr. Nabrs, 'i~i s'gi, followed
uim; lhe was opposed to Y oung Am.
rica. lie spoke of Mississippi poli
ies, the duty of thq Democracy, &c.
Ie is the most perfect originail in
he llouse. Hiiagesticulation reminds
ne of a theatrical pertormnance; but
te is certainly a well tempered man,
iid is doubtlles. invincible on the
Lump. .lie kept. tihe Ilouse in a
'erfet uproar or laughter during
Marshall, of [Kentideky followed him,
nd entered into an alaboramte defence
*t Fillmore and his AAdministration.
Fillmore's prospects for the nomnin
tion are improving. Douglass' friends
re "confident, against ie world in
Gov. Cobb, of Georgia, i~. here, but
is very likely his mission~ will not
usult as happily for himn ori his as
rciate~s as lie anticipated on \ leaving
beorgia. The Noithwestern Dem-i
eracy arc determiined to t ek no
tep, the effet of which would be to
raw off the Southern State
men from the party, thr they
limt the strength ot the party
Correspondence of the Southern Standard.
WVAsmnsoroN, March 20, 1852.
Th sp)eech of Gov. Jones against
itervenation has taken remarkable well,
nd his assauilt upon Gein. C'ass is not
agarded as at all misplaced. The
Id General had to explini, and now
is nion-interve-ntiomn is the most harnm
~ss anid inoffensivec thing in all nature.
Fe read1 a speech on Friday as a eoin
bentary upon the late letter of Jeffer
n D)avis, lie thanrked Davis for
iying that he did not deceive the
outh in his Nicholson letter. You know
)avis was one of the few Southern
ion who repudiated the Nicholson let.
er when first published, and the con
truction subsequently placed upon that
etter by the partisans of Gen. C'ass in
ie South is a striking illustration of
ic danger of' supporting an objectiona
he man. They first disownmed the
rinciple, next apologized for it, and
uitly perversed and advocated it. lie
aiterates his doctrine of "squatter
vereignty." Hie intimates in the
peech that no man of comm~n eapaci
r' could ever have construed his letter
>~ mean anything else than squatter
vereignty, as it has been sneeringly
The House was engaged on the pri
ate calendar, on Friday, on the claim
fGen. Watson; and to-day they had
peeche~s from Johnson, ot Arkansas,
nid Brooks, ofNew York. The l-atter
entlemnan made an elaborate defene
f the present administration, and
harged that the heavy ex.penses iur,~
sd had been devolved. upon- this by
ia preceding, administrations, and
rowing out of the Mesiqan war.. This
pecch, in connection with. a late one
y Mr., Marshall, of Kentucky, (a
hbig,) in defence of Mr. Filh'mor,.in
icate.s very clearly that a powetii