Newspaper Page Text
& W J. FRAN61S.
IARS' ii advince, Two Dollars
and FiftCents At the expiration of six months,
er ThrfetD0lars at the end of the year.
No'ps discontinued, until all urrearages
are nAIo.,vaies as tlh' option of the Proprietor.
rdVerti6ements minerted atSEVENTY.
FlV qCet hre, (12 lines or lesS,) for
the SstadN f tit sum for each subsequent'
enmber of insertions to he marked
on ments or they will be published
untll oeed to be discontinued, and charged
2ONE DOLLAR por square for a single
inerden- Quafterly and blonthly Advern14e
ments will. b ehaarged.the same as a sfrige fri-.
sertion, anti eMl-moiahly the same as new ones
the bills passed some years ago, it
was provided. that if the State sold
the lands and did not construct the
road, 0thhould -refund to the Treasu
ty of th1 United States whatever
lmoney it had reeeived, a relation.
which never should be created be,
tween the -Federal and State govern.
maents-if foi no other reasons than
thM universal dependence -of the deb
tor on the whims and caprice of the
Now,-ith-all these advantages,.
what good objection can exist to ma
king these donations ? It does not
cost you a fairthing. It does not ab
stract. any '-venue from the Federal
Treasury. It does" not reduce the re
sources of the Treasury at all. All
experiefide demonstrates that when you
have constructed these railroads, the
lands through which they pass will sell
more readily for $2 50 an acre than
they: will for $1 25 per acre without
the railioads. . With this view of the
case-the constitutional difficulties be
ing removed-looking to the great ad
vantage %ihich you can render to these
States-looking to the immense boon
that you can give to them without im
poverishing yourselves--I ask, wihat
good reason can be given tbr not pass
ing the bill and making the donation?
We ask that therbil shall be put up
on its passage now, without going to
the Conimittee of the Whole on the
state of the Union. Those memnber-s
who are at all familiar with proceedings
here know, if I rany be allowed to ap
ply a quotation that is used upon more
solemn occasions, that when a bill is
sent from this House to the Committee
on the Whole on the state of the
1Tnion, unles it is a universal favorite
or an appropriation bill, it has gone to
"that ujidiscovered country from whose
lourne no traveler ever returns."
Every member who has had any expe
rience here knows this to be a fiet.
I have now, I believe, presented
most of the Niews of this matter that I
desird -to- present, and all I have to
say iri*oncusion ;is,that I truit the.
ousail..:eal- liberally and gener
)y 19wVM& ow-r..Air..dCrga nf the
y aid e;have no idoubt that we
sftall ns'ver baSe cause to be ashamed
of or to repudiate tihymi.
Mon BRITISH PHIIANui7TOP.-The
British papers announce that 'the town
of Lagos, dri the ivest coast of Africa,
was almost totally destroyed by the
British-stpadron on the 26th and 27th
xemnber. The English ships, how
ever, sustained severe losses, haiving
30 killed and 66 wounded. This great1
easifty was caused by one of the
steamers having grounded within range
of a battery of 13-gurns. These hostil
i ties wertu ndertaken in consequence]
of the King having refused to ratify a
treaty of peace for the suppression .f
* he slave, trade. An immense number
of natives were -killed during the t wo<
days' fighting, and the King or Chief
was deposed, and another one substi-t
1lre we have a~ striking exemplifi
cation of the philanthropy of the Brit
ish government. The King of Lagos,
as lhe is called, who, it is to be presum
ed, knows no more of a treaty than
that paragon of ignorance, 'the man in
the moon,' for refusing to ratify one
dictating by the commander of a Brit- t
i-sh n val torce, is attacked by that<
dougnty diplomatist sword in humd, an
immense number of the nat ives kill..
crd, the town destroyed, anad imsnelf
deposed. All this was done on the
score of philanthropy, and to arrest
the slave trade in that .quarter. A
town is destroyed, and a hundred En
glishmen killed and, wounded, b~esides
an immense number of negroes, to pre
vent asarrall number ofI negroes being
made slaves. John Bull will certain
ly reformn the world, bty a process of
depopulation, as he has done in Iutin.
dostan and Ireland.-Southecrn Precss.
P 'The (U-nd J uray for- Anderson
D)istrict In their presentment laid be
foire the Court of Commaon Pleas, at'
Its recent Session at Anderson C. IH..
state thiat although not coming in the ,
ordimary course of their duty, they '
would beg nevertheless to call the at
tention of the public to the policy of
extending the Greenville and Colnum
bia Rail Road to the valley of' the
. ,oat west by way of' the Itabun Gap.
hesegar-d. suelb an einterprise as onet
eminently calculated. to promote the t
interests of the whole State, and as suchi
'feel no hesitation in recommending that -
measures should at once h~e adopt ed by I
* the people of this State to seenre its
speedy completion. Though upposed to
the State engaging in internal improve
*ments alone,-yot as far as grand jurors
are allowed to express their opinions
as citizenls, they warmly recommend
-that the State gover-nment should lend
.a willing and liber-al hand to this great
As Mrs. Mowatt was returning to
Boston on -1?iday from an excursion
on horse -the horse reared and1
fell upori ,lbreaking thrco ribs. It
.is expected (hat the lady will rcov~er1
Thi Puce of Cotton.
Mr. J. G. Gamble, in the last num
ber of Dellow's Review, has a long
artiele on cotton and cotton nuiufalc
tures, from which we extract the fol.
lowing suggestions relative to regula
ting the price of the great staple. His
ideas are not new, but are presented in
a somewhat, tangible shape. It is
strange, but nevertheless true, that
experience has demonstrated that a
large crop of cotton realizes a smaller
aggregate thin a smaller one. - Thus,
a crop 2,200,000' bales yields the
sum of $110,000,000, while a crop of
2,800,000 bales only yields $60,
000,000. Whether the suggestions
made are practicable or not, is yet to
The dogma "that prices must and
will be regulated by the relations of
supply and demand," is. by many
deemed conclusive refutation of all
hope of success, But the question to
be solved is "whether the supply canl
not be regulated as to secure regular
and.iemurierating pries?"' If it can,
the remedy is found.
..If the cotton crop of the United
States belonged to one man, remedy
would be. obvious. Naming his,
price, he would .sell only so much as
is required for consumption, and leave
the residue under his cotton shed,
to supply deficiency in the crop of
next year; and if the surplus was large,
he would plant less next year. Such
a course would be efficient 'for the
object; and the only obstacle to similar
action by the cotton planters general
ly, is the difficulty of procuring concert
of action. The difficulty is great, but
I think not insuperable.
Besides the loss attendant upon a
large crop, the planter is often subject
ed to loss upon a small one, because of
his ignorance of the extent of the crop
country. Cotton is the agricultural
staple of some eight or ten States,
covering a vast extent of country.
Seasons are'often favorable in sonie
districts, and . unfavorable in others.
Dealers in cotton take measures to
ilforin themselves, with sufficient ae
curacy, of the extent of the crop, and
are prepared to go into the market
with a knowledge of its value. It is
their interest, too, to exaggerate its
extent; and this is annually done by
publication of what purports to be
extracts of letters written in cotton
States, but really fabricated for that
purpose. The planter, ignorant of its
real amount, and influenced by such
statements, disposes of his crop at
low prices,. before the falsehood is
For low prices, a remey Would
be found in an agreement to plant 'ess
cotton; but that would not prevent ir
regularity in price, because good and
bad seasons would still cause irregular
production; and although remunerative,
prices would be irregular. A bad
season might also' so- -reduce the sup
ply, as to throw out of employment a
large portion of eapirnit, 'and of opera.
tives now engaged- in its manufacture.
Such a state of thinigs would be
deplorable, and in the enid imjurious to
the grower. His interests, and those
f the manufacturer, are best sub.
ierved by regular anid reasonlable
The first thing to be done by
the C2onvention, should be the adoption
fa plain fon ascertaininlg thle extent of
each year's crop. -. Tis is essential
:o all judicious and eflicient actionl. I
>ropose to effect it by the agener -'of
Planters' Societies, to be or'ganlixed in
ivery counitry in the Coittonl States.
Bly districting the counties, anid dis
;ributing the labor among the mnemn
aers, the cr'op of' each county can b~e
isceirtained by the middle of'.Januarv
ivery year. The counity Societies
ihould immediately thereafter report
ho amount of'thc crop to a connilttee,
>r somfe oflicer, residing at the seat of'
lie State Govecrnmnent, wh'lo should
eport the aggregate crop of' the State
o a central comimit tee, to be appointed
y the Cotton Planters' Conv~eti on;
pon which centr'al coimmnittee should
Lso devolve the labor of' obtaining
1ll attainable information re'spe4ctinmg
lie probhable demanid by nmnufhetu?
~rs, at home aiid ablroad-the supplies
vhbich may lie expected from other
ountries-anmd, generally, all the
niormationa in its powe'r, 'onnuiecd
v'ith the production and consumuptionl
Thel information referred to. and the
-epor'ts f'romn the State connuiitteces,
nay be in possession of' the central
Aimmlittee by the 1st of' April in
~ach year, and should be published;
mid the planters adlvised what pr'o
>ortioni of t heir resp~ective c'ropsi shoumld
>e sohi. and whbat retained.
Bhit inasm'uch as~ a considerable
'crtion of' the er'op is a11nally'
old before the repor't of' the central.
oimmiittee could be made, I prIopose
n agreemnen t amo ng the plaiiters, "lnt
o sell more than two-thlird(s of their
espective crIops befI're receipt of'
.aidi report, and not to sell any for
prIice less thani agreed uponi." And
iirther, "not to sell more of the re
er'vedl (one-third, than shall lie ad vised
y the central commnittee."' For' illus
rationi of my meaning: Suppf osi ng
he crop 2,700,000 bales, flhe sales of
wo-thirds(1 would amlounut to I ,800,000
-'-leaving 9)00,000 b~ales 0on hand1(. If'
dvised that the coinsmopi~tion) of A
nleicani cottoni w~ouiIildie onmly i'
200,000 bialesa, eachl plan ter shmddle
lien soil only fo~ur out (if everyv nine
ales which had beenu reservedl, and1( re
'an the remaining five bales iuider
us5 cott.on shed, to await~ Siitu~re demnud,
>r suppily deficiencies in future crops.
Experece has shown,~ that a ero p
>f 2,700,000 bales, thrown upon the
rnarket, wvill reduce the prices oectton
o0 about five cents; whrea~s a crop of
mlly 2,200,000 bles will: raise it to
:hiirteen cenits, or more. Thuese are
~xtreme prices; the first not remuianera
where. 'The interests -of all parties,
producers, and manufacturers and
consumers, will be best served by
moderate and regular prices-say, a
bout ten cents per pound. At that
price, two-thirds o his crop will
put more. money into the planter's
pocket than would the whole crop
sold at'six cents.
I have said that the difficulty of
obtaining concert of action among
planters, so widely separated from
each other, is great; but my confidence
in its practicability is based upon their
obvious interest, and their good
common sense. Although less expert
at figures than the speculators in their
staple, the least informed among
them can see that ten bales of cotton,
sold at- ten cents, will yield more
money than fifteen - bales, sold at
six cents. And, aided by past ex
perience of the evils resulthig from
want of organization, it demands no
extraordinary faith in their good sense
to believe that concert may be ob
The only objection ever made to
this plan is, "that the planters will not
act in good faith, but will secretly sell
more than their portion of the crops."
Now, without claiming for cotton
planters a higher character for honor
and integrity, I may say that they
pOsScss as much of those qualities as
any other class of our population. And
although some iay and will act basely,
the number will be small, and their
unfiithfulness will but little afleet the
result. I may say the same ofanot her
small class found in every community
-Solomons, in their own conceit, who
make it a point of honor never to
think or act like their neighbors; and
who will, perhaps, refuse to enter into
the agreement. But if the plan sug
gested be tried, breaches of faith will
be fewer and fewer every year; and
where a sense of ionor will not
restrain, fear of exposure and shame
will. Without some general concert
of action,.no plan can succeed; and that
now proposed presents as few obstacles
as any other. It proposes no advance
of money-no risk (if loss-and
no change in the pursuits of the plaint
er. If adopted, it must do good.
It can do no harm. You have. in the
preceding, my plan for regulating
the price of cotton.
CALIFoaNIA AND SLvERY.-Trhe Fu
gitive Slave law, which has lately
passed the California Assembly, pro
vides that slaves brought in the State
prior to the adoption of the State Con
stitution, shall be liable to the pro
visions of the Congressional Fugitive
Slave law. This, it is alleged, is an
infraction of the Constitution, which
says that neither slavery no in
voluntary servitude, except for crime,
shall ever be tolerated in the Stute.
In the California Assembly, Feb
ruary 10th, Mr. Penchy presented a
memorial froth a number ofifarmers or
planters of South Carolina and Florida,
asking the privilege to bring their
famsilies and colored domnestic~s into
that State, and that they may bie
protectedl in their property. The
memtuorial was referred to a Cotmmittec
on Federal Relations.
A bill has also been introduced into
the Legislature to call a (If'covetIin
to revise the Constituitionm, the object
heinig to divide the State, and set apart
the Southern portion thr a Slave State.
Tumr Fu SsCu JL.CT-rox.-The
apathy which characterized the late
F'rench election is a subject of serious
annoyance to Louis Nap oleoni. lin
Paris, out of' three hundred anid thlistv
three thousand voters, one hiundr&'d
thousad abstained fi-omn the polls.
In mnuy of' the rural districts the se
indhitlerence as to the electionis has
beeni muanife'sted, thoutghi int toi so
great aui exteint. Thle return o~f Ca
vaignae, and the heavy vote polled f'or
Carnot, have also irritated the P'resi
(lent, though one of hiw creature editors
has dclared that such indications ofj
the revolutionary spirit call fhr contin
ued repression. On the whole, the
state of France may bse considered e'x
tremely unsettled. The sullen apathy
ofn so large a inor 'ity' of the people is
the most ftal incident that has vet
at tended Louis Napoleoni's rule. 'J'he
sign is omuinous in anot11heir respect.
War is coinfessedly the last card of the
Prince President; he is only holding
it back for the inevitable cr'isis; and
the p~resent con ~dit ion of' alfiirs looks as
if' he would be compilelled to play~ his
trump soon, or lose the game. Indif
ferenace, we muist r'co~illeet., men('us as
muchud ini Frnc(e a1s (oftehnposition
lsewhere'. It is the prl ude to dIisas
ter and disgrace, and~ this ILouis Na
pole on evidently knows.-Phtiladel
Got. A (2us.--We mentioned in
our last, says the Ahhleville Banner of
the 1 9thI inst., that thle minoii so suc
eetssfuilly woirked by Mr. Dornm, was ini
Edgefield, sine then we have seen iMr.
Doirn himrself, who iniformis us the mine
is in this (listrict, and that in ten
wveeks heo has realized the sum of'
ten thousand dollars andl up~wards from
his opleraitioni with eight hiansds. 'The
work of' two days alone vielded him
something over three thousand dlollars.
Independent of* the gold, there is ait
this mine inexhauustible qiuantities of
magansise, which conmnands a ready'
sale, in the Norther'n markets, and ~f'
itself would be a fortune.
Gold has been, discovered in various
por'tions of' our Distriet; ands we liave
no doubt, when cotton ceases to occupy
so? mucih of the attention otfour ihrmers,
mnines. will he tiumd wvithins our borders
which will blss with their golden
treasur-es the lucky ownsers.
NloNEY iEla8AmniD.-All who have
lost nmoney in transmitting it by nmail
lhed bsetter apply to the Post Ofice
Department, as ten thousand dollars
hue bhen fAmrn in te dad.. lette
THE SUMTER BANNER.
Sumiterville, so. Ca.
JOHN T. GREEN, EDITrn.
TUESDAY, MARCH, 80, 1852.
T7ere one on on which there egn be no
diversity qf *nian in the South among those
.* ho qre true to her, or wok hare Mad's ap' their
uminds nOf to be slaves; that is if woe should be
forced to choosebetween resistance and submisasin
wee should take resistance at all hazards."
" To do that, concert of action must be necessa
ry, not to save the Union, for i would then be
too late, but to save ourselves. Thus in m viaew,
concert ts the one thing needful.."-CA.IouN.
" What is the remedy ? I answer secession,
united secession of the slaveholding States, or a
large number q/ thesm. Nothi else mil be wvise
nothing else will be practirbe."-Cuvxs.
gW" Mesmrm. A. WHITE & Co., are
Agents for the Banner in Sumterville.
n WE have received the last
number of GODEY's Lady Book. It is
equal, if it does not surpass any of the
On and after the first of next month
there will be a stage line running be
tween Mayes' Turn Out on the Wil
mington and Manchester Rail Road
and Darlington C. 11.
Newspaper editors have been in
dulging in speculations in regard to
the next presidential election ; express
ing opinions of, and concerning the
chances of those who have been spoken
of as likely to take a part in the race.
Hence, some have proposed the policy
(if non-intervention to this State, advi
sing us to stand aloof from this political
scramble for place and power. They
propose to take no part in the election
of one of the highest oflicers known to
the Constitution, for the reason that in
the discharge of the duties devolving
upon him he is the executive of a gov
ernment, destructive of the rights of
the South, and opposed to her best in
terest. We believe the party test in
the canvass will be the finality of the
compromise-in other words-no one
can receive the support of either W higs
or Democrats as a party, who does not
believe the comproniise measure ought
to be a permanent-arrangement of the
great question between the North
and the South. Now it is uniques
tionably true, that no man hold
ing such opinions. n..receive the sup
port of South Carolia-a% -her deliberate
choice, yet there inay be a chain of
evils; we might prefer WEnsTER to
IIoUs'ToN, or DOUGLAS to ('.tss, or
BIueInaxx to either of them. We
have seen a speech of' Mr. Sniurn, of'
Alabama, in wvhich lie desires Mr. Cass
to retire from the contest. If' we were
to glive advic it wol 'e bu the
same as that advanced by Mr. S~.wr
W'e think it is the dlutyv of' this State
to east lier' vote ini the coining electioni,
because we are yet oine oif the States
which make up this G3overinent, we'4
arc vet ini the Union and whilst we com
plain that the Federal Gover'nment has
utterly thiled in perfbrmning its duties
to the .eparate States, we schuld be
car'eful lest the impuitation should be
succtessful ly made against us-that we
arc wanting in perf'orming~ our du~1ities
towards the general Government. We
do no. t think it prudent or necessary toe
express an opJiniionl in regamrd to any
of the nameas yet brought, ihrward as
canidites. The pairties will make
nomliinations, and it, will hbe all that we
can do, to, choose between those whose
names have been brought beitbre thei
people. Acrording to present indlica
tion~s lkelusAN orc D~oror..is wiil be the
inmiee of' the Democratic party'.
We will awvait the development which
time and tricikeryv may make.
IloninIILE I )N:s'rrIu'oN (iF TwO
At5ToN, GA., A.lanen 12.-(On Satur
day last thle citizenis of Upso n eonty
had a fiireible ill ustratioii of' thle iniiiis
penlsible necessityv of' well endowecd
Luniat ie Asyhuiis. A respectable la
iconiths ago attemtpted to comnit sui
eide, in a fit of' insanlit y, by enitt ing her
thro. at; but rcecoverinig fr'om the effZets
cCfite woundc~, she remiainied ini a imen
tacl co ndit ion, somectinmes better, and
somletimnes wvorse, until Saturdari last,
whenm she w as snlpposedl to be~ ' beter
than usual. OIn t hat day, taking her
fbur little chiuldr'ein, the' eldest "being
a bouit five or six years ocfage, she went
to Potter's Mill-pond, about three
miles distant, and pluinged thie mI al inc,
imtendmig to drowvn herself. Fortun
ately, a young imani by the inme oif
Alfred Wilson, (whoe deserves a great
dheal of' credit,) was fisingu at a coiisidl
erable (distanice, and was attracted by
the crlies of the children, ie huatenl
ed( to their assistnce, and heroically
pluniged into the wa'iter, which was v'er'y
deep, and su(eeed~ in saving the lives
of' two o f'the childrenci, recovering thle
dead body of' thme third. and rescuiing
the unhappy womnn. All attempts to
find the- beody of' the smallest child
were f'ruitless.--Macona Teerap.
Gr s CASS as ViuoiNIA.--The demo
crats of Brooke county, Vam., have
adopted resolutiens in favor of G'c'.
Correspondenoe of the Courier.
WASHINGTON, MARCH 19.
Governor Jones, of Tennessee, de- e
livered his -first speech in the Senate, 9
to-day, and drew a considerable- numn- I
ber of abditors to the chamber. His a
subject was the resolutions against in
tervention, offered by Mr. Clarke.
Gov. Jones has had a high reputation
as an orator in the West, and he was,
therefore, well attended to, though
little interest is felt in the subject. 1
Kossuth may speak and M. Pulikey
write, but the people are farther from i
intervention in foreign affairs than they
were, even, in the time of Washington.
Mr. Jones delivered the same f
views, on the subject, which Mr. Clay
entertains, and has expressed. The
resolutions offered by Mr. Clarke,
were shown to and approved by Mr. F
Clay before they were offbred. The i
Senate will soon drop a' discussion
which is no longer of a practical i
The House is engaged, nominally,'
in a discussion of the deficiency bill,
but the speeches made are upon the 4
subject of' party polities.
There ire two hundred bills already
before the Senate, and as many on the
calendar of the Ilouse, and many more
are to be added.
The loss of Mr. Clay's medal can
be easily repaired, because the d'e is
in existence. A duplicate of the med
al can be struck fhr the' mere cost of
the gold. The expense and merit of a
medal is in the die-which is cut with
a diamoned on hardened steel. The
die of the medal presented by Congress
to General Taylor, cost three thousand
dollars. The die of the Clay med
al cost two thousand. It is a singular
eireinnstance-, though, that the medal
should be exposed to. the chance of
being stolen. Some suppose that
the thief iuist have followed the
carpet bag, in which it was deposited,
from this city, till he saw it thrown on
the top of an omnibus or some other
place where it could be captured.
The bag was found cut open and the
Mr. Clay's letter, urging the nom
ination of Mr. Fillmore for the Pres
idency, was addressed, it is said, to
Mr. Ullman, and transmitted to him
at the same time that the medal was
sent to him. Mr. Clay wishes it,
undoubtedly, to be published, for lie is
not a muan who wishes to conceal his
views. Ie has many devoted personal
and political friends in New-York who
would wish to know and would respect
his opinions on this subject; and the
vote of the New-York delegation in
the Whig Convention, will, no doubt,
govern the selection by that body.
WASHINGTON, MARCH 20.
Gel. Cass has explained at length
his Nicholson letter, and vindicated it
from the strictures of Col.' Jefferson
Davis, who, in. a letter recently
published, puts upon the - Nicholse
letter a construction which Geni. Cas
does not assent to. When the Nicl.
olson letter appeared Mr. Calhoun and
and Mr. Rlhett took widely difierent
views of it. Mr. Calhoun putt a
construction upon it oft a character uin
tavorabjle to the South. Mr. Rlhett, as
I have understood, took another view
ofthte meaning of the letter, and it is
ev idlent that South-Carolina had also,
for she gave her vote to General Cass.
T1hme Nicholsoni letter is capable of
two con~strutctionts, but it is now quite
certaint that Gen. Cass is. to be uin
derst od as taking "uch gr(ounid as wvill
be atppro.ved by the South.
Gen. (Cass is now the leading can
didate of the democratic party, as
every one here admits.
lie will undoubtedly have a ma
jority on the first ballot; but it is not
a question whether the two-thirds
rule is to b~e adopted or niot, for it was
adoptedl as a permanent rule at the
last laltimnore Convention, and must
he reseindedl, if not atplied. Thus,
Gent. Cass may be thrown out of
The public will be glad to learn that,
af ter long hesitation and delay, C'on.
gress have fintally passed a bill ren
dering the bounty land warrants as
Tlhe G'overnmentt ouf Mexico has
tenidered to this G.ov-ertunent a project
ofatreaty in re.gard to the right of
wayero ss the Isthnnus of Tenuantepee.
The termts are different from those of
the unratified treatv-.
A treaty is now" near about to lbe
concludedl het ween the British Minister
ad this Government in relation to the
itnterests of the parties in Central A.
Correspnd~enic- of the Southern standard.
W AsmstO-roN, March 17, 1852.
Thei Senate have at last passed the
bills gratnting alternate sections of the
public lands to aid in the conistruetion
oif railroads. Nearly all the States
havitig public lands within their limiits
are includedl in the bills.
G~ov. Jotnes, of Tennessee, made his
debut in the Senate to-day, on the
doctritne of iuntervention. hie opposed
it with much energy, and in the course
of his speech animnadverted, in terms
of urmusutal severity, on thme equiivocalitng
policy of Genetral Cass.
Thle IHouse has spent most of this
week in discussing the Presidential
election, and in defining the positions
of parties in the South. Mr. Hlyllier,
of Georgia, spoke on Wednesday-ap
proved the Union organization in
Georgia, but disagreed with Mr.
Stephens as to the propriety of going
itoi the Baltimore Convention, lie
wvas of opinion that the Union party
should send delegates or ambassadors
to that meeting. Col. Jackson, of that
State, dlefended the State Rights men
and Governor McDonald.. Mr. Ap
pleton, of Maine, yesterday made
a speech in fauvor of Buhumn; Mr.
Goddinigs a ranting free soil anti fug.
tive slave law speech. Ho says that
they intend agitating until theyi eflfect
n the same strain. He is the succes
or of Root. I am of 'kpinion,- how
ver, they will be a long while in .onu
ummuating their purpo ie 4Thore can
oe no doubt to any unpr.j4dioed ob.
erver here that Northena sentinient
>n the subject of slavery -o nuchtnore
onservative than it nas been for
rears past, and there is a fixed pur
oose on the minds of a large majority
if the Representatives and Senators
,ere to have the law Aiithfully ex.
cuted. This moy suirprise y6u but it
a nevertheless true, and the highst
vidence of its reality Is to be found in
he open declarations of many, now
avorable to its execution, who origin.
1ly opposed and voted against it. I
vill venture another opinion, -which
nay surprise you. The doctrine of
;tate Rights is stronger to-day than it
las been since the days of Gen.
lackson's proclamation, and the Wash
ngton Union has reakened its In
luence with every section ofthe Dom
>eracy, (save the Union pafty,) b
ts cordial endorsement of the hIh fed
ral doctrines which that celebrated
state paper avows, and which was
)xplained and modified through the
xolums of the Globe,.some time after
it was issued, seni-officially repudi
atiig its most objectionable features.
It is very probable that the Union will
nIot get the census printing on Aedount
Dfits continued - warfare upon State
The House waq to-day entertained
by two rather remarkable speeches.
Mr. Smith, of Alabama, a Union Dem
ocrat, discussed the Census printing
and the Presidency. According to
his calculation, if the resolution offered
some two months since from the Com
mittee on Printing, to give the job to
Donelson & Armstrong, of the Union,
had passed, those gentlemen would
have made a nett profit on the job of
eig ht hundred thousand dollars-the
whle cost reaching $1.400,000. That
would have been quite a handsome
operation. The Committee on Prin
ting is composed of three member.
-two D1emnocrats, and one Whigs
The Democrats are Gonnan, of in
diana, and Stanton, of Kentucky; the
Whig, M'r. Haven, of New-York. Mr.
Gorman has not elevated his position
by the avowal lie made, on introducing
the resolution, that they had given in
the resolution the job to the editors of
the Union, because they were Dem,
ocrats. Mr. Smith said it sounded
very nearly like an unfortunate ex
pression of Gov. Marcy, of New York,
which had been a reproach for years
upon the party, that "to the victors
belong the spoils."
Mr. Smith pitched into Cass and
Butler. lie said that it was due to
the country,-and to Gen. Cass' own
personal dignity, that he should decline
voluntarily. and not force his friends
to reject him, which they would do.
lie went for Young' America, but
"wrrmit -ua irt.tood tlw* it wea mat
a Douglas speech he was making.
Mr. Nabers, i followed
him; ho was ppoused to l oung Am.
criea. lie spoke of Mississippi poli
tics, the duty of thq Democracy, &c.
lie is the most perfect original in
the H ouse. His gesticulation reminds
one of a theatrical pertrmance; but
he is certainly a well tempered man,
and is doubtlesi, invincible on the
stump. lie kept the House in a
perfect uproar of .laughter during
Marshall, of Kecntiieky followed haimi,
and entered into an alaborate detfence
of Fillmore and his Edministration.
Fillmore's prospects for the niomini
ation are improving. Douglass' friends
are "confident, against tie world in
Gov. Cobb, of Georgia, i~ here, but
it is very likely his missionS will not
result as happily for him ori his as
sociate-s as he anticipated on i leavin
Weorgia. The N~o-thwestern Dem-i
eracy are determined to t ke no
step, the effect of which would be to
draw off the Southern State
ruen from the party, for they
hamt the strength of the party a
ai that organization.
Correspondence of the &muthern Standard.
W Asmsio-roN, March 20, I852.
The speech of Gov. Jones against
ntervenition has taken remarkable well,
mad his assault upon Gen. Cass is not
egarded as at all misplaced. Tfhe
>ld General had to explain, and now
mis non-intervention is the most barn.
ess antd inoffensive thing in all nature.
lie read a speech on Friday as a coim
nentairy upon the late Letter of Jeffe
ion Davis. Hie thanked Davis for
iaying that he did not deceive the
South in his Nicholson letter. You knowv
Davis was one of the few Southern
non who repudiated the Nicholson let
er when first published, and the con
trucetion subsequently placed upon that
etter by the partisans of Gen. Cass in
lhe South is a striking illustration of
lhe danger of supporting an objectiona
ale man. They first disowned the
principle, next apologized for it, and
astly perversed and advocated it. He
-citerates his doctrine of "squatter
moverignty." He intimates in the
ipeech that no man of common capaci
;y could over have construed his letter
:o mean anything else than squatter
bovereignty, as it has been sneeringly
The H~ouso was engaged on the pr-i.
rate calendar, on Friday, on the claim
>f Gen. Watson; and to-day they had
ipeoches from Johnson, of Arkansas,
und Brooks, of New York. The 1-atter
gentleman imade an elaborate detence
>f the present administration, and
aharged that the heavy expouses iur,.
red had been devolved, upon- thisi by
the preceding, administrations, and
growmng out off the Menlean war.. This
ipeech, in connetionm with a late one
by Mr. Marshall, of Kentucky, (a
Whig,) in defence of Mr. Filhnore,.in
bicate-s very clearly that a- powersh,
aeoere MmdaWhig miininat~onix I
lie gets the nominationr itS enepajig 4
helieved that th.whole ofthe rat- a' m
Whigs will r11 to bl su *;
with seai iand en usia-mi. S )
Toombs, CObell, et id nome genu.w I
heartIly susalhlw. As an -indication
of the lndispiltion. of the -Suth,'s1l
most umiversally, to re-opet. theee"k m:
pomise uestion, and as anJidekioffiz
the popuarity of the: "finality" o
those measures let me say to y64
that there was arivalry between Mar'
shall and Bailey, of Virginia, as to-t I W
paternity, Marshall insising thate-the*
compromise was a Whig measure JtI
Bailey that iwas, Doioeratie.i. Ib 'r
absurd, then, was the pretence of 'thi %
SecessionistA- of -your State, that wher.
South Carolina seceded others jild
join her standard; ~wiren'tley'are- no
only satisfied with it, but are othefi
to eulogize it. Heaven grant thatthe
have not naad6 a fataT mistake in he
ging the "grand cheat to their bosoms:
e had a snow storni 1at night,
but most of it has been carried away
by to-day's sun.
Mr. Clay's health is again worse.
There are some twenty Senators and
lepresentatives confned to their. lod
ings by indisposition. ThefHouse wil
ly finish the detceetie bilda
It is very-probable. that a resolution
of inquiry will be offered or. Monday.n
the House, requesting the Vrsvto
inform the House the, objects and.,pur
poses of the expedition fitting out fpr
Japan. The preparation is, qvidently
warlike in character, and unless Cqh
gress takes some action in the premi
ses, our government will in all proba
bility soon be involved in a war with
a country whose population is not less.
than fifty millions-and that war made
by the President without the knowledge
or consent of Congress... It is a subject
of grave importance, and will no doubt
receive the early attention of Conge
The Wakulla (Fla.) Times thus
refers to the Indian troubles in
"TI INDIAN DELEOAloN.- We
learn that the Seminole delegation
from Arkansas, left Sara Soto .fur Cal
loosahatchee on the 27th, md probably
arrived at the latter place on the.
1st instant, from whence they were to
Proceed immediately into the nation.
The delegates laugh at the predictions
which have been made, that' they
would be put to' death as soon as
they enter the nation. Jumper, 1Wb
is now ating as principal chief of
the nation, old Abram, and a sister of
Billy Bow Legs, are among the del-I
egates. They are confident. of being
able to induce Billy Bow Legs and
Sam Jones to emigrate. As an in
ducement, Jumper will pledd to'
Bow Legs that his slaves shall be
restored to him, and that ho"ll
.mjjinauth orirre G"hi~f -1& 1iiit
as soon as they arfive ih thie'- Wst.
it is supposed that Billy'* sister will
have considerable influence pver h
Capt. Jernigan has -gbi:wn whh
a sinall party to drive the 'out-hiers
into the nation, or elsc captures them.
It is not his intention to go ints.
the nation with his pafty."
BL.OODY A FFR AY IN ETeY- v
EQRAL. PEasoS KH.LED.-The Louisville:
Courier gives an account of' a bloody
affray which occured near -Lancaster,
Ky., on the 13th inst., between iiussell
Isaiah and Frederick Hill, and two or
three of their sons, on one side,: and.*
party who had fortified themselves in
tobacco house on the other. Nothing
is said as to the origin of the affray, cx."
cept that as the Hills ar'rived opposite
the house, they were fired on and Rus
sell Hill killed. The account in the
Courier then goes on to say:
The Hills then charged upon thp
house, and Isaiah Hill1 was killed just as,
he wasi getting over the fence. ,The,
door of the house was forced byte re-.
maining Ihills, and the fh innued
with short 'wie mives.
.J'.m Se ffers wa shot by a son or
Isaiah lill, (twvelve or fourteen Years
of age,) and fell and expired after hav
ing received live other shots throngh
the head. Wma. Crisiman wvas-shot by
the same boy, 'when in the act of stab..
binug Frederick Hill 'with. a bowie
knife. Crismnan died, having on his.
body one- pistol shot and fifty-three.
wounds infieted with a knife. A man
by the name of Alverson, and. anothqr
by the name of Samuel Sellers, (of te<
house party,) were slightly wounded.
Two of the boys (Hills) were wounded
with rifle shots, and one of them, a
mere boy, lies in a critical condition4
The Ruthaerfordton (N.C.). Banne
thus records the opening of a home'
A NOTnER L ARGE LuUMP.-Dr. Ley.'
enthrope showed us another "golden.
specimen" last week, whiehshe had just.
found at hisa mines near this place. It
weighs 27 penny weights, and 'with the-:
exception of a few small pieces so,
quartz mingled in it, is remarkably
clean and pure. WVe rejoice atth
doctor's good fortune, for though man
may be more needy no one iS maoreif
serving--unless necessity be made th&
test ol desert.
This is the second large piece the r..
has found this winter, and the fourth
that has been found in the same egon
within less than two years past 'Oe.
found byMrs. Greer weighed 60 penny
weights, one by Mr. Bradiey 6 wo.
believe, and the former, ouind by~ Drm
L~., .38. There must be a "pile" of' it
some where there.
Sour people will stay at home Call
fornia may conm to then yt.
RepublIcan States that the-ease of
T..Buler, vs. James Jones and J. .1,.
Keunedy, for the weoovery oft toll paid;
at the South Caroihma end of the AugWf
tag ridge, tried in a Magistrate's Courtmn
haabecuidecidc d mido sely to the tlah..