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THE SUMTER BANNER
EVERY TUESDAY MORNING
BY W. J. FRANCIS.
'*O DljiARS In advance, Two Dollars
apd Fifty Cents at the espiration of six mouths,
e Three Dollars at tha end of thme year.
Nb pr disebutinidd Until all arrearagen
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g;F The hittnber of itsertions to be marked
n all Advertisements or they will be published
until or'dered to be discontinued, and charged
E$ ONE DOLLAR per square for a single
insertion. Quarterly and MIontaly Advertise
ments will be charged the same as a single in
sertion, and semi-inunthly the same as new ones
From the Southern Standard
Lotter of Hon. A. P. Butler.
' Messrs. Editors :-Your readers,
whether agreeing or disagreeing, with
the views expressed in the annexed
letter, will, no doubt, fel -an interest
Iii pertising the opinions of the writer
upon the questions discussed. 1, there
fore, send it to you for publication,
with the single remark that, however
much many of his friends may ditlfer
from our Senator in the construction
given to the Democratic plattforn, or
as to the policy recommended by him
--the tone and sentiment of this letter
will meet a warm response in the gen
eral heart of the people of South Caro
lina, irrespective of all past or present
differences of political opinion.
. Very respectfully,
1. W. 11AYNE.
S WAsHtINOTO\, August, 7, 1852.
My Dear Sir.-It may be, perhaps,
my duty, in reply to your ]etter, to
express some of my opinions upon the
more prominent political questions
*hich now engage the public mind,
especially as they may allet the State
of South Carolina.
With a firm belief, that the Consti.
tution of the United States has been
undermined by construction, and the
interests of the South sacrificed by
compromises, I can entertain no opiln
ion that could favor either one or the
other. When the Missouri Comnpro
mise was adopted, I believe a ittal
breach was made in the Constitution,
and that the elements of the domitinant
majority were then introduced into
this government, which now assume to
rule the destinies of this country.
This measure had the sanction of great
names, and pure patriots. I neverthe
Itess" think it a fatal error, influenced,
perhaps, by lights which time and
events have shed upon its operation,
and which were not apparent to those
who adopted it. It was regarded,
however, as a part of the system of
this government, for a long time; and
if it had been observed in good fitith,
perhaps the South ought not to have
disturbed it. But its spirit and prin
ciples have been notoriously disregard
ed and violated. With this certainty
bebKre me, I would have been falise to
my own convictions if I had been wil
ling to adopt any compromise involv
ing any concession by thte South. Atnd
I-am not now willing, by any opinion
which' I. maiy express, or any course
. of pol-icy which I may pursute, to
give any sanction t~the Comnpromnise
mneavures of' the last Congress. 'iTime
has not made them more acceptable
to me than they were at the beginning.
They meut with my opposition while
they were under discussion, and uiy
protest after they were passed,-and
my judgmet can never be reconciled
to approve them. T1hey afford no
security to' the South against thte agi
tatsion- of the Slavery question. That
agitation is doing its work every day
--in the school-house, piulpmit, halls of
Congress, and in the assemblies of
the people and State Legislatures of
the non-slaveholding States-not onil y
unchecked and utncontrolled, by ~oni
promises and platforms, butt, in every
successive stage of its aggression, is
rati fed and sanctioned by therm.
SWith regard to the admission of'
Californas, mny views upon that subject
have been freqtuently expressedi, and
remain unchanged. 'That State hav~*intg
been admitted without precedent, it
has opened to the :najority the power
of making and moulding States itnto
the Union according to thte Constitu
tion. Justice and eandor, howe'ver-,
require me to say, that California has
no temptations from interest, that I
can see, to be against the South on
the doctrines of free trade, and at pres
enit, perhaps, none on the subject of
With these views, it is impossible
that I can take any interest in the Presi
dential election, so fair as to give anmy
positive countenanice to the doctrines
andl measures of the Compromise; and,
I canuot overlook, or disregard the
fact, that both the candidates for the
Presideney, stand upon the Compro
mise, as a part of their platform, each
of' the great parties having solemnly
ineorporated it into Its political creed.
I~ cannot abandon the principles upon
which I based may opposition to these
measures, or approve nowv what I dis
approved and'denounced a fewv months
ago. Notwithstanding my personal
regard for General. Scott, and my ad
miration for his militatry thme, I am
the-very antipode of his school of poli
ties ands wouldsbe compelled if'he were
elected, to take an active part against
his admuinistration, ifit should boe' cn
ductedi upon. the doctrines which lhe
maintains, and'guided by the asociamo
with wvhom he is allied. With Gener.
al Pierce, I might have politically,
nearer affinities. In doctrine, he is a
strict constructionist, of the State
Rights school, and so far as it regards
the South, IP believe' he has no prejlu
dice or bigotry, and would' do his duty
to her accordingto-the Constitution.
But both my experience and observ'a
tion teach;~ me, tha~t it is in vain to
'oo Ua E R Jdite -ref0rr of this gov.
the South, as the result of a Presiden.
tial election. The disease which we
would heal, is radical, and unless there
be applied, some enforeible -power to
confine the federal government.within
the sphere prescribed by the Constitui.
tion, it must become an elective des
potisl. In my deliberate judgment,
this onorcible power will never be
found in any Chief Magistrate that will
ever he elected. The power to regu.
lute comnierce alone, which may be so
used, as to exhaust the means of one
section to build up the prosperity of'
another, unless controlled, will, like
Aaron's rod, swallow up all the rest.
These being my convictions, do not
desire to see South Carolina absorbed
in any organization looking to a Presi
dential contest. If she cannot be the
champion of the whole South, let her
assume the humbler and more unpre.
tending office of being the sentinel of
her own honor and interests, and the
firm and consistent friend of'her natur
al allies. It may become her duty to
vote in the approaching Presidential
election, and if so, that duty, though
disagreeable it mnay be, should be per
formed; but in doing so, I should be
sot ry to see our State descend to wage
till internecine war at hnlie. \W'hen
the time to vote shall arrive, let her
take choice of the alternatives present
ed, and vote for the candidate least of
tensive to her self-respect and political
principles. Impressed, as 1 amd at
present, I think the State should vote
the Democratic ticket, in ireference to
the Wlig. It is her duty to muaintain
that this is a confederacy of sovereign
States, instead of a consolidated emii
pire, subject only to the will antd wis
dom of a bare majority. I would not
have South Carolina to forget that she
is one of these sovereign States, and to
suppose herself bomntli to conlotbrm. in
all things, to the poliey of parties in
her sister Southern States; yet I think
it is her true policy, on questions of
great and vital interest, which involve
the public safety, not to wholly isolate
herself from the States with whom she
is most nearly identified. In the
practice and observance of' this policy.
she may find at motive and justification
for casting her vote in the ap'proaching
election fir President. hi deciding up
on her course, she should be governed,
not by tl.ose pa t'zan f clings, which
too often constitute the eleittients which
enter into a contest like that now be
fore the couitr'v, bmt by those higl
considerations of the patriotic duity
and devotion to principle to which she
is indebted for her present rank, posi
tion, and consideration aunong the
States of the l'nion.
I am, dear si', with very great le
spect, your obedient ser'vant,
A. P. I3U-rm.i.
Col. I. W\. llayne, Charleston, S. C.
A gentletmain of Snow 11111, Somer
set county, Maryland, w ho has just
returned fiom a visit to Aceotnine
county, Virginia. gives tlie editor of
the Bltiiiore Argus a initeresting
accounlt (of a joinut D emtocratic aid
WVhig meieting ini Mr. WVise's district.
Thait able and distiniguishedl hemiocirat
spoke cloqiuently f'or about tonur hiouirs.
lie was replied to by Mir. Mass, a
Whilg elector' and minber' of' t1h leg
ishatuire, who chiargedl Fr~anikliin lierce
wIth being identified with frieesoilismi
and abolitionisin, and gave fthe his
authioirity lie Concor id D~eino eraut :iii
Mattnchester' Demuoerat. I Ie had b~uein
in N'sewv Ilaimpshtire sotmie two vearis
ago, andI had he.ard. slpecebes. 'romi
.1lolui P?. Ilale andI GJeneral i eree.
Mr'. WVise took the stanid and rebittedu
the' chiarges nmost succeessf'ulh-, andii
made~L Mir. Alass actkniow ledge that
abolition Wh ig papers. (althiouighi call
ed Deinioer'at) repriesenited hlim to he.
Thelm f'ol lowing dialo gue took plaie:
M.\r. WVise.-Weiec you ini New
llamnpshirte twvo years ago, andu didl
you not hear I laile speak, andh sur ini
his spteech thatt 'lie u oul hiceladii ar
myV to mtarc.h uponi the. Suth. anmd 1put
MIr. iMas.-l wvas t here, hie:mli .\ir.
Hale speak and say what you stte.
Mr'. WVise.-Did yoti inot hear'
1Fr'miklin P'ieiee r'eply 'to thlis mald ray:
'It' Ilale sho uhl hed ain armiv to Iiarchil
ont the SouthI, ht e had first 't inarche
over his (P ieree's) deadi bd I- turt lhe
would heatd ain ariiny to oppje:,e hindi ~
Mr'. Mass.-l did.
Youl ctan i niiginte, say VSOilnr( corres
p)onduent, thle feelinig which t his replIy
elici ted. The CJoiurt hlouse ran g wuiiIi
shouts of' app'Ihiuse, repeactted agailt ;iuel
tgain. Mr'. XX'ise~ then re4p11: ted his
oppronient to state the' i hesiragjiu,
which lhe did to ant aboos44 t beallthle
(sltappinlg his handit upon01 hits brtead)
that .ltale Wt)I'l.l) IIA\\'1 'T)
MAICII O\X'El~ IllS D)1 A ) ltIl)
ICF(.?E I1110 MAlCIlC 1" P(JN
TllE .:xrm oF MI i. lI wrni..-lTe
Nationatl IntellIigenieer, ill record in g the1
death of' the Ilutn. IHublert Ranmtoml, j.
"Mr. Ranltoul was ill his seat in the
Ihouse oni Tulesdayi last, the ;id inist.
A that tim ih le app1 eared lo he inu
aul heal th, wiith the excepto of411(1 what
he considered to be ta smll ile upon 141
his forehea~td. OIn Wednliesdaly mo in
ing thle lit tle SOre wats surri'ouledI lhv
erysipehatous inIfilnanaittionl, ini conse
quhenice of' which lie was p'revatiled utponi
to r'emtin in his room4i~ antd pro4ure1
meidicatl ad(1vice. Thu111rsdayv the dis
ease seemed to bl emntirely a rrestedI,
and oin Frtidaiy Intoring hed felt. ver'
much bettet', and1( spoke coidenitlyt1 (if
returnzitg ini a day or' two to) his tities
ini the llouse. On Frtiday evenling he~
became much worse; thet erysipelaIts
spreaid over the entire fac, miail his
brain was evidently aif'ecied. Ont
Sauturday evening the left side her~mute
paralytic, af'ter which he sanlk rapidlI y,
antd expifed t about half past l10
o'clock, .M. l
Tho Value of Labor. C
We are aware that, generally speak- u
ing, no regular , standard has been
established by the various trudes and
professions as recompense for services
rendered. 'Tis true physiciins, at <
least those entitled to be regarded as
such, recognise the existence of a
'-fie bill;" so too aimong practitioners t
at. the Bair; which lee bills are strictly
observed by thoe who have imade
these dillerent prolessius their pea
Aiong the difierent trades, how
ever, we find comnpetition carried to
such an ahtrzriinig extent that in many
cases parties titakilg contracts have
fixed the uaiount to be received, as
recoinperi', at so low a sttuidard, in
order to get a job, that they have, in
their failures, in sonic cases, inflicted
serious injur.y upon their creditors or
It is to be regretted that, labor in
our country has been so lightly re
garded that the white inechltie in
very inany cases, is comipelled to
work in coinpctitioi with other classes
at such prices that serious losses are
soinetiiLes sustained, and his ilueily
comipelled to relinqujaislh the cijoyiient
of the coliniln ncessaiesic of life, in
order to iateet his liabilities.
Aitnong that class who labor at
the Press, or vase, throughout the
entire South, there has been a unaitbarti
standard fixed as cotilpensatiot, for
the services of journeyvtinen, lai :,oane.
instaiees, we aie aware, thilt clit
ployers have deviated f(romtl a rigid
cotnpliane with there estahlished
price,, andl[ taken a4h antage of the
wants of the journeyt in: i; hence, Iv t
certain class who conduct the 'ress
ratismn," is boldly encotuCIirte. Iluc ht
characters wo detest, and Oitesitatitg
ly assert, that 1no) iian mw h ha served
a lawil apprlntie:hlip to the l int
tini g busincss and finialy succeeded in
beconting p''oprietilr of a liress, sioul1
be entitled to the coblluntenanltce oi gea
tienten, it' he be guilty of th. [practice
":Labor is "mo ney,"' is a proverb
adiitted ly all. it ntl.twit hstaind
ing coni111n11 (ltoltl, ial we iliy
stay alini.'t uilivert-al itaibit, h;is fixed
tIr StainhlarI for ad vertisin g tlhtiugh
out the South. as well as the length
constituting a sipjlare, yet ol.e e," two,
or perhitaps hila a di Z/.il cases. ilay hie
louni aii4nog the cotductots o1 the
l'ress who apipear to regarl l ;r
services /ess ra/ua/2/c thmu their
illows, and are willing t lab ihir
half price. \''e are noti f that cliss.
\\We are totailh- op'osel toeve
I thing wlich iay tend to iltiniiig upo'n
the pices estahti:-hedn in this State by
every Pie -s of respectability, either
its regards colpensaltn fihr services
rende- ed, or the standard fixed tpotn
and strictly observed since we fir.-.
entered Ia l'rilntintg olicc, tr the
ilisertion (t' Adverl isenlits, ail we
c ;tnnesly Call u.,un thecndtrso
the lress, gete drtlly, I) Itinnintaini ml([
carry out strictly ti' rtib-a :id u;saIt,;
otery el reulte idre tal
Isetal of' disaprobationi upon( on-tty whi
niay e gu ily efan infrngenc110,4tI of
thshlesIn at long ista il i.,i
sull'ers it haivetising eain1us to
be11 bough':t yiat'h, thanol~ thie ui
a l pie. a gen ti l di-,p sition wia l
si~ e ia i esti i o co plteh:j
a'ndtor h f the.Itgl Prek t!.rln- h o
theo~ Statelli toisl a Connii on in a
Cot hni duigth'et ino
sujet. Ltidt :iliSf)p t uch genend rul4' '
throw11 tis otl ~~ at a 1::l. \\'ha
say .4.I the t'es4---| tti>:\1eId. 111 //r t'.
l'uoIi-:s~ s or l F' tvrij:it i lTin elii
alur hele'tion' hals prtbaly I 1 r i. ted in
slid 1)g iii' ,.'I atrl' ti l s th li ' i I ge NIt fh
is 1444 11 eprsen aves, :1 Iy ltt ia t be c'n
lileredl a I l -'ris, i l~. klte. V h \ 1.1e1
111141 the1(1 1I papers th-itl\al ,hlet ao
will1 attend th11 i l 'ifjl11l brlh Frlls i
(' 1114ven tin t'rint~s the com t l tat4I
an, n'i li eni! '4'tiky, 40 mithe than41'.
theicityvci of ihdthore Th iobVice of
Ithe l'reei, it t w i t'utI4la- ab.,!iiil
sitlcvltryl, ont'4 1t tu hegit tiln h a nt -,
three~' b.\ of the hoolersate S I t
~1with all the icirll1ntaLce' that
sually aittend the march of de~stiny.-.
;u(h ei. P're.s.
OUR COUN'cry.-Ia 1792, the corn- -
r'-stenfo of the present Caipitol at
Vashiigtoin was laid. At that time, -
"aid, inamiely, onI the it Ii day of Jiil3'.
851, 1 hi+ corner 514li,? of ant extensiion
f the buiildinigs was lad, and dhe See-.'
etny of' ,tellmade an add'css, in"
lie course of Jwl'('SC'ili (rsetd i
ketih o t l orm I'll Iie 44con'ditionl of'r
,n'u nr a:iltl' I the two peLriods.!
Then' wit had fifteenL' States, now we
Tihen our wh1ole popuiationl %%-as tilleC I
iili bus. flow it is twentV-Iiree.
T'lt- 1itst 4'!! 11,1(1 18,000 peouple',
now it hits 1 37,000.
P'hiilade~jlia had '12,000, now it has
New Turk Ihad 33,000, flo(w it hilts
JlTen ti' import1's 44tr(e ;21 ,00,000,1
loiw they are 178,00J0,000.
I. ll('i our! i'Xjltt welre *.2,000,000,1
Llitv are now ::1,51.000.000.
400fl,000 sijibliIe les 11, it isn0 3l'', .300,
1Th1,u wt- hadl no( railroads, iow~ wve
.'liti 'e hiad ",'00 pod~ uflices, flow
we liave 21.000.
Om- 44c'llie frm 1 ,111J4'tll( lten %,tUs
: l ()1)A)01, low4 it is 5.I000,000_
the rapid giowtli of the (notht 1; 811(1c
%wlhit We andiour ((Itliildi'i'i !lave, to bI
to S'cure. the cofitil! il21lL o it s p1r14s-~
I.' Iti Ib(, anf'Ie 'l-l 'ir, III D Il' l: lts al
b,I~iib'hitbl L011 to hos that -1::111 COtie. iii
'i' fl;: ttIt' of the !::ees.
A1 4'iuiioul ('iI(4i(:s:e 4 r''i l i
It-%v d.ays bVS a i'tt ( * ii le ilL'. ii it~e
1.4u :i. A -Mull l;ruetr had'. iin a f'ield
UIlbilt two, 1l1111411e'1 :1,I ('fi( ?" ht'Clbi4' (1.
'S!1lt :t Ill1 itit ar:t. dllL:4v11 by five
1l4)i-.4s, lii 1'elI44\'e "al 11t' 414h i'nui",1 thet
wall n ear I' w icli the? hiI~vr 4415V'Cl1 4i't'~I
Th ate 11.4~i I r I~i.?I't :tio ~ to flt'
I itl housl'e,(h IIl, e:s " to : ti .
if1(.1 . e tiher iriat I':11'( theI n slia!iiig
ef' t1i_~ Ili4es, orby1h cio:I(114.I
ea l u byll til-li 4444:ii, ii' t'\ i t' the4
It'r happj.ened to Ihe ella1Z'4l1. issuiedI
tIaniil thei In yes as if' in ) 44 o t l4('e t~ i
giveyn .i'ial, anid w~ithz great furyit
wvith bL'.4 atltI llei~d 144 fat4i; L'44't'l lc'i'
114stri I4 Wveie-li Ifild withi thea. \V' lhen
the4'L c144c lr1it' illS lL4'abillble t~ll. 44~the
I'.e 1 1 sltaUb4 oill til: tro (>d4and4t'
Owg44 unlt'1. A; I4'l1li t44'ut I1(t'.l_
TIII SUMTER BANNE.
Sumterville, So. Ca.
OIN T. GREEN, EDIrolt.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1852.
" There as one point on which there can be no
icersity of opinion in the South among those
-ho are true to her, or who hare made up their
Buds not to be slaves; that is if ee should be
>rced to choose between resistance and submissiuh
:c should take resistance at all ha:ards."
"To do that, concert of action must be necessa
y, not to stave the Union, for it would then be
,o late, but to sace ourselvcs. Tius in my -cew,
oncert is the one thing neidfu.."-CA I.'o UN.
" What is the remedy? I answcer secession,
nitl secession of the 'larholding States, or a
'rge number of Ihem. Nothing else will be wise
othing elUe mill be practicable."-Cu zwvj.
g '' Messrs. A. VuITE & Co., are
genats for the Banner in Sunterville.
=" Coim munications intended for
he Banner must be banded in oi or
iefore Saturday morning, and th.se
hvoring us with advertizemnents will
)lease let us haive them at least by
3 o'clock on Monday.
In an article under this head, the
Carulinian asserts, that there is at this
imne a counbinaation aming soi pa
pers in the State to agitate the Electo
ral question, itr the purpose simply of
keeping up agitation. The evidence
>f such comnbination is not Before us,
11r can we believe that it would re
rFuire any combination in order to call
turth the expression of the press on this
iiuestion. The comlbinittion does not
sue any cause for the agitation of this
question at this tiuie, scarce the pur
pose of' keeping up party dissention
and discussion andi to foa n party or
gaIizattion with the hope of petty re
wards. We can satisfy ourselves that
this question is now discussed for rca;
sons not quite so blifllow as those
above referred to. That there must
be sae biange in the timtie of Electing
Eieetors is bevond dispute, unless the
people are willing to be taxed every
four years to th a1111ouni1t (of n01110 ten
or twelve thous.aud dollars fur the pri
vilege of having the Electors elected
by the Leg stature. Either the time
'6r assellblinag the Legislature must
he altered or the Election must be
given to the people. This is a proper
tiine to discuss this alteration, for if
ntthilng is done the next. Presidential
election will fmnd u1s iml our present
(condition. This discussion-earmotche
for the purpose of keeping up party
line. or the reason that both parties
hav. exp ressed themsielvyes through
c~adidates for the Legislature, as be
ing ini Ia vor of gi vinig the Election to
the people. In this District Secession
maena as well as those of the opposite
ptariy ar'e all agreed. The agitators of
bo t h parties. (if agitators they be) are
certainiily no t weak enough to suppose05
that the pamrtyV lines ca n be kept up
uponii snehi an issue as this.
"Rettt's last chimee, fu r a Sout hernt
State. gonte!"' So exclaimiued a Scott
uiinm of this cityv. when. yeusterday, lie
harda o f thIN vot~e of North-Carotlinia.
Ile was right: the chain ofC Stoutherni
Stateus will lie unbroken! IHad tihe
W hig< carried Nort h-C'arolina, Scot t
mnighlt have stooda sonec chimaee for
thet vote of M~iabul, Kentucky, rr
Loutaisilana-. but his nlumaigirs, at Wa)ush
ihngtonl, haviaig spenuit thei r fllI strength
liltont Noitlh-Carolaina, andt faiilinag to
carry it, thle Soutithlern St ate~s will
nsow vs.te itt a bodt~y agiaist haima.
Thea~ resul t will 1be' ti giv'e us peace, or
ani timeo~linral te Sothernlii party.
F~rtin~ our Noartha-arotlinai exchan
ges. we gat her returns fromii thir
vy-eighat cun tt ies. I them thle gain of
I leidl, the Demoa crat ic candtidate, ov-~
or his vtote of 1 850, amaouants to
I 't7I. IIlis moaji ty~ ini the whoile
State~ will, not dlonhlt, be over5
'I ,0t00 votes, parobabl y 5000.
'The Legi slatureo will be unchan
gitd. 'The D emocreat s bad1. before, a
majity oft~a tur in) the Senate, and1(
ten in t he I louse. It the counties
lhe ardi fromt, thle Senate is unch~aanged,
:and, in the I louse, each party has
ganed and lost siit rnbe~l~rs.--Stan
l'iac wrr vilS iliIoraasNNw
Mixco.-A let ter, (hated Santia Fe,
states that every thaing was quiet there,
and14 thle civil go ivenmntt, utnder Cl.
Smiunaer, the umilitary comimander, was
progre~ssinag in fine style, Thle letter
"( aur relations wvitha the Indiants are
in an equially~ if naot biette(r econrdition.
Fort Al assachiusetts, in the North, is
terniedS lby Alajor Bilake, with two
compianaies, andI all in that regioni
itndicate thait even this thrce, placed ina
thir countryW, will keep t'.e Utahs
linie. WithI thle Naviajoes the most
friendly relaIstins e~xist. A nliumber of'
the A pacuhe lidians, from the east
.rtn side of the lI io Grande, arrived
lere a few dy sie, asking for
iare, and a treaty will be miade by
ol. Siuner withI th. It is also
iatown that, MIajtr Morris is now ona
is way froma Fort Webster with
large dlelegationt from thle Gila
\achules fotr thle siame purtpose."
A NoTain NossAro.--A commu-.
ient iona in theo t Winnasboro' Dlailey
Wy'~ister of yesterday, nominates Col.
iaxey Gregg, of.this place, a atdi
late for the oflice of United States
;enator ait the ensuing election by the
REJ'AIIUaO A SUiiP' B oTOM WiLE
FLOAT.-The London Civil Engitner
rmd Architect's Journal contains the.
following account of amethod adopted, ;
by a shipwright in the British service, ti
to repair a steamship -of war. while a
ifloat, whose bottom had been injured :
Ly striking on the rocks near Rio Ja- r
"In obedience to directions to report L
the mauimer in which I proceeded to re- t
place a defietive sheet of topper on r
the bow of Her Majesty's ship: Iya
einth, the same- being five oet below t1
the light water-line, I beg to state, .th at r
on Considering what means - could be
adopted for so doing. short of heaving c
the vessel out, it occurred to mre that r
the principle of coffer-drai might be t
upplied to it, I accordingly caused a r
water-tight case of three sides and a r
bottom to be made, ascertained the e
curve on the bow on each side of this
detective part, and cut the mouth or I
open side of the case to fit it; and hav- t
ing lined or diedshe curved edges
with felt, saturated with tallow, and at
tached ballast to the rough tree rail,
and lowered until the top was .within a
few inches of the surface, opposite the I
defective part, over which it was hauled I
b1v means of two hawsers, one placed I
vertically from the the rough tree rail 1
under the keel to the opposite side, the
other horizontally fi-om the quarter t
round to the :;tern, to the opposite Side, a
aid both set taunt with tackles.
By these imeais the ease was made
to lit close to the bottom, where it was
tirtlier secured by a shore, reaching
from the side of the ship to its outer
edge, to prevent its rising. The sue
tion liie of a fire engine was then:
plced in the case, and the water con
tained in it pumped out. When empty,
two shipwrights desceirled, and re
tuoved the defective copper, replacing
it with I new sheet. [he opet ation,
fI, ot the time of suspending the case
until completed, did not occupy more
taun twenty minutes.
This principle could be applied to
the repairs of many defects under wa
ter, such as the wing cocks of ships, or
the pipes in the bottom of steam ves
We learn, says the Charleston Mer.
cury; that a party of gentlemen are at
present engaged in a Natural History
Survey of the country around Aiken
andi Graniteville, and that they have
developed iany interesting and valua
ble facts, particularly in the geolor
of this region. The party is composed
of Professor 1Holmes, of the Charlesion
College, as Geologist, assisted by Dr.
Miles, of the Medical College, in the
depart of Zoology, and Mr. llenry W.
Ravenel, of St. Johns, in that of iBota
It is proposed to continue the sur
veyv up to Augusta, Ga,, and perhaps
still higher. One of the most impor
taut results of their InvestigtitisT
the discovery of the outcropping of a
stratum of sand-stone, of exceedingly
light and porous character, and whitli,
if underlyilng the general forationi,
will afibrd the strongest l~opes of final
success to the operations at our Arte
The same paper says: We learn
from authority which is perfietly relia
ble, that the Cotton Woirmn has comn
mneed its ravages in the neighbor
hood of Blenuto~rt.
Tnua Soc-r n nN IPaEss.--he Sonft
cern Press of .Mtnday last, atnnouncs
that its publ~icationi cases with that
mnmb-r. And now, since its Ed
itors have taken off their armor anid
sheathed their swords, numerous lit
tle skirnmishes, who never (hared to
ameet themi in a fair matnly contest, be
gin to exhibit thecir craven nature
by attacking the defenemeless. Such
aniitagonists are worthy comapeers oif
the civilized savages who delight
to mutilate the dead bodies of the
thes whoum, living, they tfeared. And
the editors ot' the Press may
no0w jumdge of' how mtuchi they
were feared in battle by the virulence
ot such attacks upon them in their
retirenment.. We differe~d froitn the
Press in several material points, and
wetre never- reckoned with those who
ap~proived its policy for the South; but
we deeply re-gr-et its d iscont inuance.
Much as we hope for, from the
sectional I tndenlcies of parties, we
hav a foretboding that the South will
yet have need for -an -organ at
WVashaington. The Unaion ms not e
en xa fair- party organ---its sympathines
ev ideLntly being with the Northern
section. Its aim is the spoils; and
its influence, thereforec, will always be
in favor of that section which has
the p)orCer to reward; but even were
this nmot the case, if the party organ at
WVashi ngto n werea eqalIly ht-i to
every section, still the South would
need lie an independent organ at
the seat of government. That she
hats failed to sustain the Press, w Ile
the .National Era is prosperous,
augurs ill to ay tfuture etfort of
that sor-t. It seems to establish
the fact, that we, who have mil
lions lit stake, are not willing to
pay the sentinel--hil st they, who
are banded together for- the destiruction
of our property, contribute thousands
for the accompllishmenlt of' their end.
TnE CoPN ANni CoTi-oN Caoxs.--We
have recently had the opportunity,
says the J'almxetto (Chester) Standard/,
of the l ith inst., of' hearting from nea
ly every section of thme District, and
ever-ywhere the crops of corn are
saidl to be the b~est that have been
made in this District for man y.
year-s. We have no doubt that theo
greateri nuimber of our farnmers will I
make a sufficiency for two year's
The Cotton fields look remarkably
well, and have so far tmet with no 1
blighting influence, Shtogld- the sea- t
son proveo fav'orable for maturing, I
there can ho no question that thie I
ecrnnop1 .ih a liI A.
Destinc i the Cheraw. zti.
On 1A sy e iii' lar-s
!leraw naOtt cf 'ticeday, Iaiou
'elock, ?.tficitialua were stairtled by sr
remniidutid craubiig of tinirisiwa" if
ame lage sup ^tiuetiare. wias -beig
wept' frouit its undtiomrlsy the hur
icane's.residit blast.. ' linquiry,
was aseeitained to have bee eansaed
y the fulling of a hrgue ' pttion; sny
wo-thirds, of the bi Idgo across 4he
'Ihis bridge was erected in 1832-3,
poll TivnWJes' pilan. Ili lerith; it.wras
ear QO. feet; ai.id, .riestm4fLt U ,
ruoaden piers, asceriding trin tithbrd
f the river;and wooadbtfabtnantv
ion the banks. The piers were built
f black cypress timber, and have stood
incee the bridge wasit built. i
ewal was deenefi necess1 ry b5 th
olupany at that time, and ivorkmen
ere irgagd 'iii the " %"ti fei iiid'
lad succeeded in rip14id1i3ut lhalf
ho timblers in the on(e on the eastern
ide of the rivet. - It i$ afrident that the
;iving way of the pier mndergoing re
mairs was the cause of the disaster:
The strength of the pier standing;is
wcyond conception.. More 1tang is
eut of the bridge I: a no QtIer $}ippo t
ult that tad the abutinelt on ths east
mnk of the river, the weight of Wii. ch,
vas so great as to break all theetrcdti
imubers shmtrt off, Tear it, leafing it
Ind about a third of the bridge' at the
west end, standing uninjured. .
The falling of the bridge wilt.seri.
iusly incouvenience the travelling pub
lie; but we hope for a very. &ort,time.
Indeed, at rangements are already .made
fr putting p~assengers over the river,
T'hi.: house TaImADs of TIlE WEST.
IHorses are carried by Railroad. fron
Cincinnati to New York or Bogton i
five days, and for the sum of $1 eseh"
'Tae Omnibus proprietors of New-Y rk
are supplied from Clncinnati, The
demand fur good horses, says the. Cin.
einnati Gazette, continues considerable
ahead of the supply. 'The - Mexican
war emptied the pasture fields and sta
b:es of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky and,
Illinois, and caused a rise in stock of
fifty per ecnt.
regret to learn that Mrs. Martia
Cunningham, of Liberty Hill e.cane
to her death on Monday morning last
under the following circuistanees:
It notlnears that onl Sunday night, Mrs.
Cunningham apparently as well as ust:
nl, g:.ve directions thintt a igkA
imt should wait upon he'r iii the
ing fir that purpose of Ireeivilv
structions relative to his work ; th
.Mrs; C. retired as usual, and-on Mon
daay mornuing when the negro called,
she was sent for,-but was not ;in -her
chanaber... Search was Iade.ilrmedi
ately for -her, aud pae'afully, uiereb.,te,
SIe wts' fonadtsapetded -o M 1i hstp .
a peach tree in .he garden, quite dya4.
V Ifethdi- the awful act Mas oninittod
by h-rsi'hf or others, we'do not kliie,.
picion1 is alttabbhed, lu('b befrayredd'i
jail here for exambilatioi.-Laledte?
Informiation has been received at tle
departmlent of State ill Washingt. sa
11i:m Erancis W. Rice, Esq., United
States Conisul at Acapulco, of *the death.
wiithinu hiis coiuiiar disti-iet of the fi
lowing American citizens, whose late
residenaces -are 'unknown, viz: "John
Satyres, Neil McQuarrf, anld Ri-chard
A N .' FF L CT E D F'AusIL.-The faini'
lyofth lae Professor Kingslelv, of
WVest Poinlt, have been sadly and'pain
t-tlly bwreavecd.. In the year 1854 or
3, four lovely children died in one
week of scarlet fever; subseqnrtly
yet anothler died after protracd siek.
hess; thlen Professor Kingsley. in 1849
was thrown fromr his~ horse, reciving
injuries from which he died; the re
miinglI ilembers of' the family, ini
1 850 were thlrownl from a carriage
hd the yggetchl gp years
was killed.. .1'wo' daugihters aged 1;3
Id 21,- were- among the 'lost on tile
Hienry Clay, and their names are iby
h~e melonehioly list already printed.
File heart broken mother and one son
ire the only survivors of this stricken
Ilousehlold. Inl thleir aggravated sor
rows thley hlave. the~ symlpathies of ma
ny frienlds.--NwC- York .Observ'e~... .
lsaae Lewis, of' Bridgeport,,.Ct., re
tuirnedl from California by thie last
Iteamner, apparently in good health;
but on getting (Jut of tile eads'at B. h'e
*hpeared v'ery feeble, asid died in the
tat ion house, biefore socingthia' hiily
>r fi-iends. Mr. Stonoet of"1t~field,
C.aine home with 81.000 i gold
nid ill tolerable health, b~ubbecamne
auddenly weak and died in ogntor five
COKsune-rION.-Tw< or tree sears
igo, experiments were made by tile
inembhers oft the London Faculty of'
ihysicianis in different hlospitals, for the
ure of diseases of the lhngs by--breath
mlg warm, medicated vapovs. 'The
amecess of time experiments Were so
gratifying that aln -institultion-thec
lBromlptonl Hospital-for t:ih ire' of
lronl'chitis and eonsunmpjtloi,.i im8 1
med iately esta blishedinfm'd #aivgrable
bals beenl tihe result 'of' iitt eattnent,
hait between two andi-e llfiiuirid;
hid the hlospital repuffshowthiut full
aeventy-five in every enehumndred have
'ieon completely enired. '
Cuoi.sa i i Nw YoaL Ci.( hle
JTournaal of Commnerce, oft1'ridlay, ays :
'Thei'e were t1wenty-sevenl deatl
unlong~ theo emigrants 1 Ward'
aund, in chairgtioh'the Lomdesiioners '
Enmigration, during the .Mekeniig e~a.
['nesday' last, of'a disMha h()t banltd,
nit genierlly- regaruded 'bi' th& ulhysi
'Ians as Aslatie -'ig; ovzefe:~
lie dilseased, hlogever; yyyedir
nidtheir' 'do'th rna 'hq o3,rjy as