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DEVOTED TO SOUTHER N 1-1 i(iTS]DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE CEC ADTL i
a.. FRA iWIS, Proprietor. -~~~T~ ~i
FA~ V'-I. S U MT IIV ILLEUt.S. U., SEPTEMBER 14, 1 ~ ~ . 1*
c ? POLITICAL.
'"_ '"t I!Iluainagtoaa asd Mianelsester
t1; -,House of Representatives, U.
S. August 20th, 1852.
Mr. Penn. I an instructed by
rho Committee on'the Post Office and
ost Roads to report back, without
,mendueut, and with the recommen
;dation that it do pass, Senate btll
o. 447, entitled "An act for the
relief of the Wilmington and Man
hester Rail Road Company." The
;barl simply gives to this company the
rIdulgence to withhold the payment
Ifduty upon their imported iron, for
uryoars, from the Government, for
time legal interest is to he
4id. I move the previous question
'n the passage of the bill.
l~i'. MQueen. I trust my friend
- 1i1 allow ine to make a few remarks.
iiIr. Penn. As m eal: ri e'n'ms
from tilt trie[t kroh nheh :h
d is to pass. 1 vidlWI.v th ei
e.r the previous question, on the con
d tion that he will renew it.
Mr. Cobb. I would ask the con
ent of the gentleman to allow inc to
ubmit an amendment to the bill.
, Consent was given.
Mr. McQueen. Mr. Speaker : 1
hdo not propose, at this late peri id of
the session, to detuin the ILouse with
discussion at length upon the mier
a v;its of this bill. I shall, however, as
,the gr.eater (portion of the ral to
.whu icth.e bill anlplies runs through
mivdibriet,- explain its oibject; and I
Pn 4:ecd-to do so) with the conidilent
Ylt:fi thdt wleb4 itshall he well un
1d Ijafstodd, thbre will not he ten nem
91I1 this -house in opposition to
.Jhl' itdulgence asked is for a
ny if)any who are constructing a link
.rnil roal as a oonitinulation 'of (hat
urtlh to New < )lI :is is now
-Qe ' ed, which link ny une (f the
% .=inost difficult and langerous lines of
a igaton pon upon thi continent. Two
elk's ago an act was passed by
- i gress, at the iistigatiol of my
," 4end from the Wiimington district
North Carolina, 41Ir. Ashe.]
~nting an indulgence 3imiilia' to the
e pl)o)osd by this hill for the road
4 xtendinlg as far as Willninlgton. Be
een thiat bill and the present there
is2tie'the distinuishing diftrence that
hat bill provided For the payment of
'. . po interest by the coiniy, who
wore to give bands for the faithf I
ayment of the duty, whilst this one
' rovides for the iyment of every
dollar of. interest, to be, together
vith the duty upon tha iron, secured
bonds, which are to be approved
y the judges of the district courts of
North and So.,th Carolina, and made
stis'factory f the Secretary of the
-reasury. There is also a condition
n -this act that the money arising
fgroin the carriage of the great Mail
from the Seuth to the East over this
L road shall be retained in the Tireas
L, ^r y, and as it accrues, be discontented
w.j~ ith .the Post Ollicc Dep'artmecnt f.>r
~~. e satisfaction of' the buds. This
* --link runts through the level p.ino f'or
ests iuL Nor'th andiC Fm Carna
igis beivconsu e 1i.
~'aters of' that coi , hIa
dnly woiked out their stock in the
'ading of' thme road. Gentleme ask
yw the company constructing this
Sroad come here and ask this smaill
nautter ? Every one acquainited with
1c planting itrsskosvr
- li h iporteof thi~s indul
:gence in thme paymen( Tt of' the dty
~~~upon iron, so that p~lters who can
~~realizo upon their' croplhs but once a
c~ ' ar, can imeasur'e then' pa~ylments to
~~uit the soason of' the year at which
'hey can sell and realize the prioceedls
o .f.their cerops. I assert, indeed.
~. 'vitoun,.fear or contradiction,. that
~there is no road in the United States
ofmore importance to every puortion
of theo Confe?deracy' than this oute.
The mail is nowv carrliedI with great
fliity from Newv Orleans to Maine
uior steamboats and r'ail roads, with
the. exceptionl of this gap, aind about
nir~ iles in thic State of' Georgia.
r I.avigationi frmom Wihntington to
rieston is so dliliet.'ih there is ne
~t he routo friomi this to Neu
ni whererso many disapupoint
kmuinavoidably occur as onis
- m UilItm' hortion. The comnpan)
"~ ~ ijW et'$7,000 a year f'or tht~
usofioni of' the minli frot W~el
ut thme benefit of the WNil
similar provision to this in regard to
discounting moneys with the Depart
ment; and I have been authorized to
say that every dollar which has been
suspended for the benefit of the Wil
mingion road, has been paid by the
transportation of the mail as it has
fallen due. When we look a little
iHto the history of the law in regard
to rail roed iron, I flatter myself that
genitlemen will not be disposed here
to oppose this bill; because I assert
the Ihct that there has never been
the first dollar granted in the way of
favors by the legislation of this Gov
ernuent to planters of South or
North Carolina, unless it be by the
little imdulgence given to the Wil
mington Railroad Company two years
ago, while the min arteries of north
cru coon1imnication were all col
structed duritng the existence of laws
which entirely reptealei duty upion
r-i road iron. I1 18;2, the (itties
u1m rail rod ir.n w r re ., hut.
paid to Kentuky ati ) a .l
were 'refntde I to thea, I ,ithe
ground that they wcri to 1 .I.;l,
et tal with those having the hnetits
of tite law passed in April. 1582.
11r. Stevens, of Pcnisyl vatia.
D ts not the gentleman kntiow that
te rail roadl c. mpantics whIo nailec
their roads while that law was ill ex
istence, pail nearly double the price
whichi rail road iron now costs ?
\r. ,McQueen. I am not able to
atswer the <iuestion as to the precise
a mountit of inc prices of iron, but I
tell the gentleuani this, that although
iron Wtay cot tnore thai now, it will
alvs diminish in price as greater
itmber of tmen engage itt its inlauu.lt
facture; but that does not Jstify, in
mny opinion, an act impo}sing a dtty
of thirty per cent. upon the cotton
p'anu r 1: the ah i; .r" ti.e hoel~t
oftei. ti s I. t:-ir cotton for less than
half the e r , fornerly got foi
it. The it na refumled, itn 8l8.
to the New 's rk and hlarl-m It:ail
rad Cmpttanly -actually l:sil out ofi
the Treasitrv, by special act of Con
gress. In the samte v- t, the dttty
was refunled to the Baltimore and
Sutsepitehtanta Rlail roatl CotmpanV,
and by the same act the dtty ou fas
tiings :md spikes, even was re
pealetl, mOli thte duity to( thtetm for
iti atamerly Iai I by th e G eo rg ia I i:6 ro ad
Comtpan y reftiumled. Ini I8 the
ditv was relunded to the Ph'iladel
1ihia; Wilnington, antI Baltinurc
ComiI pa'ny. l 18-4 iron for rail
roItads was allowed to be iiported free
of duty, until Ma: ch, 1 818, awl
then a ditty imposed untl it, and inl
this itterival. all the o ds which
were built, as I atmtiutaitt, (except
ote which was buiilt inl Sth (aroli
na, for which the (omtanty nevet
asked a reftilittg of the <ihy,) were
allow-el to have their iron free o dhi
ty. Ini 18 18, ani act was passed at1
lowing C. .y and 'o. to imnport
Steamtships, even free of duty. These
are facts, coiilortolisi tig led, listorv
of the legislationt of the coiutry tilont
thte statute books of Conigresa. We
dlo not ask int tis intstatice , otte dol
lront tofi the 'Treasury; we dIo not
our- polsi-LL. . n
of the plainters, wvho atre intetrested ttm
thtis tail troald, have hial, dir-ct ly or
indirectlyv, a dolatr outt of the Trecasui
ryv. I will go fturthter, and express
Congressionaol dlistrict htas ever htad
a dtllar- of tmtoney in his p.'eket ot
ofi thte Treacsuiry, as a bonutis. We
know this Governmencrt ft-om its taxes.
WeT Ihave not atsked~ fotr its boutties,
nor do I ask for- its imoite s ot- its
lattds. I am askeid whtat is the leingthi
of thte toad ? It is one hutndredci anid
sixty inies lontg, attd aboutit sixty
miiles of it ate already butilt and the
Cars ruitntig upIoit it, andi it is i-alpidlIy
ptro gressintg towards compl tetion at
bothI entds. 1Ithave Ibeent asked this
summnner- by genttlemenc-t conntectedt
witht thte Post Olliec )Dtotartmentt.
hiow~ sooni we w~h ill tiup the gap, so
that they cant put the gtreit Suthern ii
mail itpon thtis toute, iin-trder to aLvoid
the dantget-otus atndi unlerttaini sea
navigoation. by whieb it is sutbject to
I iam told bty the hiotnorale gen tle
mandl [Mr. ienn] whot r-epoited thiRs
bi~l li tro the Commnittee thti for
several yearsb, while lie wasi cttnneet
ed wthl the Post olhico at Ne w Or
leans, lie wa-s well satisfiedt tht n uite
1-iurest out of tent, w hich occ.urred in
the great Sonthern mail, resulted o.
account of the uncertainty of the scat
to be remedied by this road. Thclie
is no part of the Confederacy which
[ do not believe to be somewhat in
tcrested in this bill. It is a direct
route upon for the Southern people
who go East and North in the sum
ner. It is the direct route upon
which the Northern and Southern
nail will be carried.
It is a road as indispensable for
orthern commercial interests as it is'
or southern-and it is a road whiidi
will be as much used by the traveler
roma the North, as from the South:
[t is to supply a link in the chain of
:ravel now so liflicoilt and hazardous,
hat I have had iurc i n-puries made
>f me by traveleis a= t" the Prospect
)l its coml)pletin, til:uo any other road,
xithin my knvwl de. I can assert
.hat the stock inm this road has been
argely taken by planters, who have
'itkm;lj gut already the grea er p art
heir subsuripiti- :o::nii thu re is
;oiiseLquently no sj-elatioii f r
ve I da of the =tock is bona lid
1. .. -o In as the mail shall
vei ! cen L put upon it, the pay ent
if the duty will conunenec b y this
let, and as the Wilhningtoni Coim panly
iow gets $75,000 a year for its
ranspoirtation to Charleston, I have
10 doubt myself, by the time the inl.
lulgence has passed. every Idollar of
he duty will have been paid by mail
ervices. 1 will say to my IDemo.
ratic friends of 1'ennsylvunia, that
hey need n)t vote against this bill
m11 account of any injury their irni 1
tan ufacturers will sustain from its
massage, because after ani eflort to
>urchiase the iron from then, it has
eeni bought iu lielgium, amid is now
>oidel at the ports of WVilhningtoli
mid Chai lstou, and no deleteri'ius
pprobati<.n of the coronmttte : t:
['ost Oflice and Post ioads; I i.re
ked no other favor at the h;nds of
his Congress. I feel a proper inter
at in this bill for the chmit ers I rep
-esent, and who, as I have said, have
lever had and never asked, a dollar
ron, the Treasury; nor do they inl
his request, in view of fainter legis
atioin of Congress, blut a sihnple act
>f justice. It can result in no detri
nent to the Governiment, because we
ire told daily, there arc fifteen or
ixteen millions of dollars surplus in
1 ann asked what will be the a-re
ate amount cf the duty on this read.
As dearly as I can i nform t tie I ll.mse,
t esume it will not execel t 100,
J00; 1h:1l I been ahle to have gotten
his bill before the Hlouse at the lirs
>f the se:sioln, it might have anmowit
:d to :150,J00.
Fron information derived from the
LPresident of the road, I believe, and
to confidently hopes, the (nail mnay
ie put on it (luring the ens-iling wimi
er. such is the rapidity with which
t is being built.
Mr. Morehecad. I will ask amy
ri nt whlat p)oint the \\ihin..igon
mud Manchielmster riadI ill inutcrst
lie Ciohiinibia ani Chin-lustoni road?
Mr. M1.cQum(een. It will intersect
d a poinut (.M Iances ter) oni the Coin
len road, abuiit forty imiles ab ove1
I ranebille. wihel is on th le (Chariles
ton and 11 Iunblurg~u mraila. andtt aboutt
ialf way betwceen the two latter pla
Mr. Morchiead. Thlein it will con
nect directhy with Cl arlestoni.
Mr. M\cQueen. Yes, sir; andi
wioiit the iilicul ty iecoun itered by
those who navigate that coa1st alt the
imouth of Cape ["ear ri ver, at which
they' often have to wait for tile wa
ter in order to get over the bar; andu
it is believedl will forward tile gieat
Southern mail somel sevenl hours ear
lier than it can lie done by steamaboat.
Mr. Moiruleead. I shlohl like to
ask mhy friend from th ce Ptersbur g
district a quemstion, Where the Sooth.
side radl iintersects the amajin South
Mrl. MIeade. It is al comfumica
tioin directly imoum Norfolk to Wel
don. By this, conuniunication, if I
uderstanid it, will be directly from
Weldon to Charleston.
M11r. Morehiead. If I understand
you correctly, there is a direct comn
Iunicationi by t nilroad1( fromi Noifol k,
V\irgiia, to Weblon, ini Noirth Caro.
lina. When the rouite proposed by
the genitlemnan from Southi Carolina,
[Mr. McQueen,] anid uder consid
cratjoll- is eompleted,-ha cbnnccmorn
' yill 4odtignue directly on to Charles
MMc1 McQicen. To New Orleans;
1ining an unbroken chain of railroad
to Momtgotnury, Alabatna, except
thirtvy 4ihs in Georgia yet to be
comoph'ed. I move. the previous
Mr. Cobb. I ask the gentletnan
from South Jarolina to withdraw
the deintnd fo the previous ques.
tion, to enable- Ine to offer the follow
ing'atnendment, to couic in at the
end of' the blll.
* Provided, f/urtler, That the pro
vision of this bill be, and are hereby
extended to the Mempl.is and
Charleston, and the Selima and Gun
ter's Laonling Railroad companies,
running through the States of Ala
ha;inat -nl Mlisissipli il Ten~nessee.
.Mr. McQueen. I cannot with
draw it. The objection to the atnend
inent is, that if it is adiopted the bill
will have to go back to the Senate,
;insi wa11 thna b e defeated.
. -: 1 bhi~ 0:A to
.1 ii, Ol ut~ th nw tty whe tl
action o' the 11 iSe nes had un<
the Raleigh and Gaston eir va
hilt, 1 ask in v friend from So'h (;n
olina to withdraw the deinan' f,- the
previous qiuestion, that 1 i t v ofi
it as an aztiendnenit to this
McQueei. It is very nat;s"t
to ine to have to refuse i v ;iend
from North: Carolina, for ' m;n I
have the utmost respect, bi: a the
inorning miir ias nearly ( iirc-, I
must decline to witlhlraw tl enm nd
for the previous qiiesttimn.
Mr. Wibtbrick, from the Cctno t
tee oni Eurulled .lills, repor ted
as correctly cnrolled, the le w
bills, nhicli. thereupon. seCveC T
eeived the signature of the $@4
N,,iebi). the, rig r} 1, we vta
nn:ntiin b. f pub'lic I sin . f' r th on
":ruction of a ship canal around, the
r ahl of St. Mare, in said State.
An act for the relief of John
Moore White; and
An act to provide for executing
thie public p~rintiing and establishing
the prices thereof, and for other pur
The qIuestion now being upon see
onding the demand for the previous
\r. John V. Howe moved that
the hill be laid upon tihe table.
Mr. Stevens, of P'emisvlaia.
I call for the yeas and inays, andi I
ask for tellers iioin the yeas & nays.
Mr. \e(uieein. Will it he in'p
er* ftr ie at this per' id, to withdraw
the dennon4 1r the p'revious ques
tion, aitd umnke a inot ion to commniit
The Spcaler. The iot ion to lay
the bill iupon the table takes prece
dence of such a iotiun.
Tellers were or-dired on thne yeas
and nays; and \lessrs Stevens, of
Pennsylvania, andi Maloni were ip.
The lii was then livideld, aid
the teller.s repurted onnly :25 in the
alIirmaii~ ti ve.
SO thne \Leas andi navs were not o
'Tie quiestio~n was then put upoin
Mr. 11I's iuti-nn: and1 it wasdt
eided in thet negati-:e.
So the 11. mie refused to lav the
ill nipin thet tablei'
'lhe 'jiiesti'li recuri'ing upT' I.
'Ilemanid or- tine previons queistio., '.
v~a't, an the~ I preious queistion,
recetivedl a sneei1-nd
Thie nidu quenstioin was ordered to
Thec bill wasi- then orderedi to a
thrdI readli in an was sub~sequneintlv
read thne thir d tie.
Mr McQueceniainded tine pre.
viouis quesCtion Ionl tihe panssage of thec
'The rev- ious5 questio)n was second
ed, anid the nniu quilestion orderen.
N. V enale called for !t6 v-eas
l tre ai mnia,.,e V.. .1m'
tine Senate 4f the l'. '1 Stattes
1the hainds (f Ashiri *' ekins
its Scre'tar'y, annoi; . thnal
tihe Senate had passed s, ndry' billh
and~ joint recsoluatioins.]
Th'le question was then ezcn upoi
'.he pnassage of' thle bill. -n d thnein
were-yeas ~10:3, nays 4'.
So th~e bill was piassed.
Mr. Mc(uieen moi~ved I i" . nsiid
er the vote by which thi hi w
passed, and~ also moved to lay thn
motion to reconsider uipon Ihe table
whiich 1 Lte motion wsni 'rda to
The Last Days of Iyrou.
A TOUCHING SKETCII.
"I passed the winter of Byron's
death in Greece," says a travel.
leir, "and in the latter part of Feb
ruary went to Missolongni tosee.hiin.
He was then suffering from the ef,
feet of a fit of epilepsy, which oc
curred in the middle of February.
The first time I called at his ro
idence I was not permitted to
see him; but in a few days I re
ceived a polite note from- him, at
the hand of his negro servant, who
was a native of America, and whom
Byron was kind to, and proud of to
I found the poet in a weak and
rather irritable state, but he treated
mhe with the utmost kindness. He
said that at the time I first called
upon him, all strangers most of
his friends were excluded from
his room. "But," said he, "had
I known an American was at
the door, should not have been
delied. I love your country, sir; it
is the nAd 'of liberty; the: onely-.
spot of God's green earth nta des
ecrated by tyraiiny."
In our conversation I t!'!aded to
the sympathy at that tie felt in
America for stru.: ;iig Greece.
All ho said at that ticp was. "Poor
Greece-poor Grecce once the
richest land on e:rtlh: God knows I
have tried to l.:1> thee."
You will reniember that but a
little wl e i1-o're this, Marco B.z.
zaris had a ... When I mentioned
Jais..ihnie, Byron said. "Marco Boz
:'ar ~ ~ y ; r s " rvas an, n
brought himi a rose-IoOd box, fromt
which he took a letter written to
himself by that gallant chief. It
was a warm-hearted welcome of
Byron to Greece. "There," said
the author of Childe Harold, as
he handed the p:eeious relic to
ie. "I would not part with that
but to see the triumph of Greece.
That glorious hero, but a few
inoments before he led his Suliot
band forth to his last battle, wrote
this letter to ine in his tent. As
he sokethiuse words a heroic
hismile lit u his ale countenance,
and I am sure 1 never saw such
an expression on the facof .m or
tal wan as at that moment fashed
irom U yroni's.
Soon he fell upon his couch, and
wiping the cold sweat from his
ldty forehead, once more exclaimed,
"Poor Greece! (od Hless thee and
A da! 1 oily ask of heaven two
things; and lleaven ougid to grant
them-that Greece may become
free, aii( Ada cherish iiy nenmo
rv' w hen I ami dead."
ii a few days after I left him
I received another nte from him,
requeistinlg ime to call1 anid bring with
ime Irvinig's Sketch Book. 1 took it
in my ha~tnd, and went once moire to
the illuist rious aunthor's resilence.
Hie rose fromi his conch when I
enteredl, and prcssing may hand
warmnly, satid, "Hav'.e you bro ughit
the~ Sketch 1ook?' ' 1 han ded it to
* wh"', seizinrg it with enthiu
* nned . to the "'Broken
H .'" "A br -i!h, "is one
of the liincE thi, - r written
e ri c a r e a i . b u t s t a y , d . y
know irv ing?"' I replied that 1
halod nee seen himi. ''God bless
him! exclaimeid Byronii; "hc is a gen
ius; arid he has soimethring' better thain
genius-a heart. I wish I could
see him, bunt 1 fear I never shiall.
WVell, read- the Broken IHeart
yes, the Broken Hleart. What
o .:tho first paragraph,. I
.!I confess it? I be
I.e in LVe herts.' "'Yes, cx
elimied lRyronm, "'and so do 1; anid
-does every body hbut pihilosophers~~
and fools:"' so I. waited whenever
ho interrmupted me, until he re
qumestedl me to go on; for although
itho text is beautiful, yet I cared
more for the commentary as it
came fr esh from Byron's heart.
While I was reading one of the
-mocst touching portions of that
mournful piece, I obscrvcd that
Byron wept. Ie turned his eyes up
;on me, and said, '-You see me
weep eir. Irving himself nev
er'wrote. that story without weer
ing, nor can I. hear it withou
tears. 'I have- pot wept much it
this worjd,' for trouble' never bringi
tears to my eyes; but I always havi
tears for the Broken Heart."'
When I. read the last. line' o
Moore's verses' at the , close o
the piece, Byron - said, ."What
being that Tom is, and Irving, ant
Emrnmet and his beautiful love! What
beings all! Sir, how many' sue
men as Washini;ton Irving are ther<
in America? God don't send many
such spirits into this.world. . I want
to go to America for five reasons. I
want to see Irving; I want t<
see your stupendous scenery; I wan
to see Washington's grave; I wane
to see the classic form of living free
dom, and I want to get your gov
eninent to recognize Greece as ar
independent nation. Poor Greece!"
These were the last days of Byron
and I shall consider myself happy thaIt
I was permitted so often to be witl
him. I have day by day watched the
workings of his lofty ilagination while
he lay upon his couch or sat by him
.window, and deep troubled thougit lit
up , ith an unearthly glow his beauti
tul teatures, or clouded them in glow,
It was a painful spectacle to see By
ron's toibri ' away by dit ease ;
aid I never ' r we tirst
meot without I'j
feel to 'See a Wn ual'.
inblning InI its 'ess the foundamttion1
(A sltte classic teinple. It \Vt3 inex.
pressibly painioil ;us bni et there wcas
something very sui Ilim}e i- the strug.
gle of his proud spirit w. b thet: advan
cing -king of terrors. 11i, fulIl. Iigh,
eye, which sometimes burnt so restk' s.
ly, revealed a spirit free, tameless Wid
unconc uer able as the proud ocean.
ors "said the faithful
w: Ite I hop,}e you kill bse poatice:r .to
execute, if you love me.' " Fletcher
did love his master and told him lie
would do everything faithfully, and
expressed a hope that he should not be
called to part with him. " Yes, you
will," said Byrutn ; " its net:rly all over
n1ow I must, tell you without losing a
momeit. I see ity titne has come to
Fletcher went to get a portfolio to
write down his master's wo rds. By
ton called himd back, exelaiinii "'
mty God ! don't waste time by writing,
for I have Io tilime to waste. Nv
hear te-you will be provided tfr,
a my poor dear child ! Mly dear Ada!
My (god ! could I have but. seen her.
Give her Imly blessing, md tfty deat
sister Agtista. aid her children ; and
yon will go to Lady Blyron toad say
tell her everythinig. yo n are friemtlb
with her, Aind tears rolled iiwn hi;
llis v'.ee here failed him, so that
only now tand then a word was audible.
For some time hie muttered soitettin
very seriously, anid finally raising hi6
VOice sail, " Now Fletcher if you de
not execute every order iI have given
y'ot, I will tot tlent you hereafter i1
Ior 1'elther ept over his tin
mta~ster, :mdn told him he could not tat
IIerstandii a wiord of what lie had( laist
beencm sainig. "O( my God !" saiid
l1ijroni, -ithentill is lost, for it is ntow
too late. Can it he possibled you hmvt
nlot undter-stoold te ?"~ Fl'et chier repilied
"No', Iu ot ] tell moe aigainti mote clear
ly, ny hord." "' Ilow can I !" said lHy
rn ; " it is too0 ltte, autu all is (vetr.
4lFletcer.i replied, "niot our wviIl, hu
God'us be donie. " Yes," said hie, ' nto
inine lhe dlonte hut. I will I ry 011ce more.'
lie mllade ser'j elforts to spieak, bi
thrtoughi the fidlstinct mlutterointgs o)
thme d intg mtatn, ontly a few~ brtokent ne
cenlts c(onid he distinguishted, anid thtey
were2 abotuit his ife and1( child.
After matny ietllicnt andut painful
ellbris to mtake ktiow~n his wvishes, a
the regniest of' his frienid, Mr. Patrry, tu
cotmposei him tsel. thet shted teat's, and ap:
p arently suntk ittoltu shanbe, wiithI m
expreCssuin of grief andu disatppoinittmen
lin his countttenantce. This wats thet coim
imecm tent of the lethar-gy of dheath
I believe the last wvords thtegreai
po~et ever spoke( on earth wecre."
titmst sleep tnow." llow fill of metan
ing t hose words were!I Yes, lhe ht~
laid itmsel1f docwnl to his ha-st sleep
For twencty~-fouir hioutts not a htand to
toot wats seeni to stir, ailthiough th
heart which had boetn the hiomei of sud
wild feelintg still :onitinu ted to bleat 01
Yet it was evidenit to all atound hi
bedside that te angel of death ha
spilead his dtark wintgs over By ron
On the eventig of thle 17th ouf Apr
he opened his fine eye for the lat t im
anid closed it peacefutlly, withuout an
appearance of pain. " Oh my~ God
exchtined the kind Fletchte " I fes
may tmaster ih gon.''.1 ie loe'toi
then felt his pulsb. and'i
t right lheni3 gon'e.
It is impossible to doscrib
sation )'roduced n Missblo
the death of'Lord Byron: 'AIIp
too, was bath'd in tehrs:' C
lie demonstiation bf rdgpCeb
F rowv ras paid to his iflnloob,
iminute guis, closing ll pid hb
I and shops;-ahd suspenlil 't
1.Easter fdstivities,taud by 't
mourning, and funer'il praybis
the churches; Hils body iibtul$
ed by physicians, , and p op tt
were made lbr taking it! ]itn
A few dtiys after hisodethv 1f
ored remains were borne to the diii
where the body of Marco lBz~ari
buried. . The coffin was a riude '6
w'od-; a )luck iiantt61 wti,.h is f
pall1; and over it were plieed
- met, a sword, and i eroivii o a Iwe
here the bier-rested two' Uay8
around it gathered a thousaind nbl
heartswho had loved the geherbui pn
I stood by that coflin i long tiiffe. i
more tears were shed: upon ftiamQ
ever saw full upon the dustof'zrj
man. But the sipeha-tWtof
people, who crowded- at tho&-liui'
loved him not as the author of;Chifd
llarold's P'ilgrinage, but asfhb'tdi
timguishied bentftlctor of Gi'eee9.
dllethent of his own brigtidegtfaru
ed his body. T'here, was sotrietiifi'
indescribably more afkctinne andeitib
Nime in this sptnetle -than ii the goi.
geous display whinhali usuallylatte
ci' r ' f tha g e atf
laifU+ li tap.
that t:e- . ,;; f e, an~d th~eit .re ul
cen a i n of the. dcenda
Sof lana relieved against theavw
tirum amul gleaming in'the uice
light of the wax candles buriig
fare the altar, and im the centre of,
vlurch a group of emaciated Gje
bending over that illustrious dust.,
was all in keeping with the poet'so
vayward soul. -
tLutiou i' the ':cesidcnt t, the fact ;"
that organizations are now forming id,
various sections of the Union, for:;'
another invasion of Cuba, Th
Washington correspondent of >blQ
New-York Courier - Enquirer iti'R'
announcing the alarm of the Spanisi
Spain will contest the possessnb
of Cuba, as it is her just right to
at hazard and with eve
meanm .1' dfence that can be procur
ed by hr ean resources; or. f neieI"
be, by aimnec with othrc,' PodsceA
A vigorous policy has been-ordei ,
and the Captain Ge'neral ofthe the
land. in obedienc ae to instructions, .it
.der the appreheiicdd revolt and in
vasion, has directedu lAtt every! per
son taken with arms in his 'Iande
against the authorities. :;ua'al be alioC
within three hours af:erwards.A
further order has been iinued, 'ha it'
case any officer should refuse to exe
cute the foregoing penalty ho abaIl
be shot instantly for contumacy3
The failure of our courts to c6nvic
the expeditionists engaged inthd'
last crusade against Cuba, has not
oaly encou aged others to' repi
that lawless enterprise, but 'it h0
created a bad impression abroad a~'"
to the ability of' the judicial tribu'alk
to adlminiister' the law in the face ot
morbid state of opinion.'
Tusim Na;w PosvT ,AsTEa GENEnAL.
Thei Waingtoni Repn/>lic has the foi4
lowing rm'tiarwks ini r'eerence to the nev
l'ostmiast er' Genieral:
"'lThe Senate h~aing confirmedl th~~
nominalftioni of Nathan K. Hall -
J udge ihr' the western district of
Y~ork, lhe irannediately resigned t
- untion of Postmaster General, ' i~
he ha"; filled with so much advaihtagc
ito the counutry~ and with such distin a
tguishmed abilitvy since" the accession df
F 1illmor'e to thme Presidential ollie
whereupon the President nominated.
- Hion. Samuelc D). flubbard, of Middke&
to)wn. C'onnecticut, to fill the vacaiiy'
I thus create.d, which metthe assentr and"
-iready ac.quiesce'nce of the Senate. Mr
-Hubbard, like Mr. Hall. is a thoroith
going buiesii's mn, possecssinig A str
vigorous mlind, anmd a chIaractera fj
hionoir andl rectitude, which no 0) ch t
tldoubt or C<piestion. lHe represoratedL
-the second Congressionial districif&t
r C'onnectient in tie 20th and 30th' Con f
gres'ses, and was at the~ latte~r p~la0O
II by Mi. Speaker Winthrop on1 tile Cor
i.nittee of' WVav and Me.ans,-of wt
she pr'oveid a highly valiuabloe tn
'Il'There was no man in time Hloue
' opnin on financial tiuestnt
business imatters .general ~~ee '
1 ceived with moi'e resp'eutr
4s weight with eh~tt'r