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*VE 1Y 4E8DAY ,oUW E 6
-IY- W. 40. MIRA Ns.
TWO DOLLARS in advance, TWPo thiiear
and Fifty Cents at file expimraulon Of(4 tn(imt,
Ior The' Dllars at bis end -f' the year.
No paper iliaeontinuouest -n iI all arrearages
are rPup, tutlesa at lthe opfluin ft the P'nipituior.
Fl ' Cents par isquare, (12 Jines or le"s,) ter
the first, and half that sum fur each, ulinequent
Te nimuber of invertiotns to be mairked
n m .Atletivt- etsnna'isr they will [,e publimAled
'until ordered to be diusndmeed,-s utl chargeli
PNE DOILAR per qutare Gra sinjle
'In ion. -tifartuIly -and Monthly Adversisa
menta vill be-carged tile mmune am .a-iinigle lin
sertioinand esini suimly Ihe ,ane nit new onte
* SItt Govrmuuann.
'Te 4fllIowtng is ai abstract of all
anct.inking appropriations for the year
ecommencing ini October, 8 .
Salnry' of the Governor, 3,500I
Private Secretary, A00
Contingent Fund of Executive
Rent of Gov.ernior's I ouse, S00
LEiBLATiv DErP 'JtNEMT
Pay members of Legislature,
Attorney General and Solici
Clerk of Senat9'and JHU-1sy of , I
Representatives, *1,000 each, 2 )(10
Assistant 'Cleeks of do. *250
each... . . 500
Tw(r messengers & two Duor
keepers, each *250, 1,000
Keeper of State House and Li
brnrian, .. 700
Reading Clerks of Setmte and
Hause of Representativet.
,6.ch $250, 500
Engiossing Cklts, 200
Printers.of Senate and House
of Rlepresentatives, 9,000
Printers of Journals and Docu
meuts, . ,
Benj.:Zirt, or 'ontgetx.
penses, . : .1,200
Stationary, Fuel, Distributing
Acts, Elections Returns, 1,400
Purchase of Books for Library, 500
Repairof State House and.
Extra Session of Legislature, 5.000
Salaries of ten .1 idges at $3,000 30.000
Five Solicitors, *)00 each, .4,500
Clerk of Appeals, Columbia, . I0
Books for Library, 500
Firewood and Fuel, .50
Clerk of Appeals, Charleston, 000
Firewood and Fuel : 50
Books 4er U brary, G00
Salary of State Reporter, 1,500
Pay of Jurors and Constables, 40,000 1
TREAsUlR DEPAnITME~Nr- I
Salary of Coniptroller Gene'ral, 2,000
Clerk of do. ~750
Treasurer of L. Division and
Gert kire ~ 2,000
Treasurer of U. Division tad
Clerk hire, ' 1,6$00
Assessor for St. Phillips and
St. Mitehaels - 00I
SoUrn CA RotLIA Co.noE
Salary of the Presidenst :i,000
Seven Professors *2,500 each 1 7,000
Librarian . 600
Secretary of Board of Trus
Expies of onie studenit sent
by Oiphans I lou.-e 400
Books for the Library v.0
Buildiug a new Chsapel 15,000
Ogn~tiAanY CIVIL ExPEtsss
Cot~ngent Aetsounts of Upper
Ldi~,ision -. * . 25.000
C'ontingent& Accounts of Lower*
Coinnissioner of Publie Works 150
Pensions ansd Annuities 3.000
Claims admitted by tihe Legisla
ture . 10.000
Support of Free Sc'hools 741,500
Educatiorn of the Deal, Dumb
and Blind 5,000
Refimuding Taxes . 2001
Payment of' other claims 3.125
Comnp'nsation ihr sl'ves execut'd 2,g00
Salary of Adjutant and Isuspee
tor Genera[ 2,500
Arsenal Keeper~, Charlesten 1,000
Arsenal Keeper, Columbia - 4i00
Phsician of' Jail, antd 1agazine
Guard, Charleston 500
Arsenal and Military School,
Arsenal and Military School,
Military Accounts 100
Military Contingenacies 5,000
Quartermaster General 500
Seeretary of State, issuing Mili.
tary Commnissions 800
Additional appr'riations for Mil
itry Academies at Charles
ton and Culumnbia, 2,000
OamNPARY LOCAL EXPENDzraRs
T1ransient Poor of' Charleston 4,500
Port PhysicIan at Charleston 800
Execution of Quarantine Law
at Chiarleston 1,000
Superintendento fire proof bull.
Transient Poor of( Geo~rgetown 500
Pilot of Iharbor oif Gecorgetowa 320
Ferry on Elliott's Ctut 100
For Court I louse and .Jail at
Improving Court Ilotuse at Or.
Portieo to Court IHouse at Pick
elus., . 2,000
Jiomodolling Court House at
Additiohal for building Court
Houseet Marion - 2,500
l., tand Jatil at Newberry 10,010
Supp f b Ihelab
Extra ed4iods ofIiest. Chirk #6I.
opresentiativen . 100
Building fo- bgimbic A a.~ ih:30,009
ire ;oef i4l'diig it Cv uIa
lia . -0o
ExraottNUtiY EsiEs.Es -
BIuilding-hr Lxiibititis s S. C.
Oliec rent if Cilsi1sionerdiau
Shenil, Clerk mal )rdinaitv, of
New ber:y -Distriet.. 550
PASSD 11Y OUIC LAST LolSt:ArtrE
CoMONLY CAi.LFD TilS OMNIBus BANK
1. lie it entacd by Whe Rebate .and
JInise of Represetaires. now met and
sittiny in Genieral Assembly, and by
/he auflority of the same, Thait the
charter of the Planters' and Medhan
ies Bank of Sout h Carolina be ind th'e
sme is hereby renewed fbr the. tr.il
of twenit v one years from and aker
the first -day of January -im'xt, whieh
will be in; the year of 'our.. Lord.
oC thoisald -eight .hud.red .tid Jfitiy
II. ihat said Bank shall,:during the
said termn of twenty-one years, be per
ititted to enijoy all tile privilege.t
ights,. powcrs, iitiltiuities and belte
lit s'which. it no0w enjys uWALr the ex
isting charter of said Bailk, and: ihl
said Bank shall be sulject 'ti; all--the
lrovisinni' 6f itl 'Act, "pas1sed ol the
eighteenth dity otf December, in tle
year 'fC our Lcrd one thousatnd eight
hundred and forty, entitled "An Act to
priovidu against the suspensian .-f
specie payments iy the Banks oif this
State," and ailso tel at4hi, regulations
aid restrictions 3% the~Legilature
sha111 fr1 i'ni to tine impose.
ili, That th capital stridk h6d other
prolerty of the said bPlanters' antd Me
chanie 11sl 4t mid All the ot he- Banlk
bereby. rechartered (or ine'rporated,
shall isi liablei t) taxation in the same]
mamer. i; the papital sitock and proper
ty of .individuials and.of other corpowra.
tionis. J'roded, That. io municipal
co.rporatioi -liall tax the cariltal -stock
.r .i-ofits of mad Banks; without ait.
trrty first had and (bitalied frum
Iv. Thlt in ease Of the failiure of
said Bank, each stockholder,.. copa rt
nership or body politic, having a Ahare
or shares in such Bank, at the time of
such failre, or who shall have been inl
tereced therein at' aniy tiie withitn
twel ve monts previ ous to suds ailure,
shall be I iable and held bound individ
(tallv for any.. Sumti1 not exceedintg twice
the Amount of his, her or their share
or shares. I
V. IL shall -ncit be lawful for the
said Batnk, except in settkaements with
other Banks, to pay. 4ir deliver (wt'iit
pay meit or satisfiietioni 4fanty detzian)d
upon it, or by way ot ioan or di.unt,
anyI~ bill, note, cheek or-other paper oft
any other Batnk. And foir each anid
everv violdat ion of this sectti ii; the.
said Batnk shall be':-tijest to. the
paymtient f oneC iunidred dollars, to
bie recovered by actito debt, at
tho suit of the State, and-appropriatcd,
one half to the use of the State, and
the othier half to the iI'tormier.
VI. The'bills or ntes of the said
Blank shall bec recivable .by the
treasurers, tax collectors, - and oether
pulic otlicers, ini paymet for taxss
and other mtotteys due tol .the .State, tnl
loniger than while thle said Batik shall
pirolmptly pay, on1 demand, gold antd
silver currenit coiti for their noltes- but
whenever thle said bank shall refuse or
delay to pay any oif their ntides in
g l~d or silver eisrrent coin, or w bentev
er there shall be a protest on alny of
lie bills or niotes of the said Batik thri
non~t-payment int specie, it shaill lbe thle
ditty of t he Comtpt roller -Gejieral to
*.rbid the receipt of'the bills or notes
of the said Bauik for taxes and othier
puliic dlies, un aless satisfactory reais
ens be shownt by the said Banik - for
contesting, in a Couttrt oft Juist ie, the
pay ment of such protested .bills or
VII. That the charters of the Utnion
lBank of South Carolina, and the Com
mtercial Bank of~cdumbhia, Sou11th Car
ilinta, he also retnewedl, fromn the period
at which their charters respectively ex..
[ire, for the same time and with the
samte rights, privileges and oliga
tions, and subject to) the samtie re'gula
tions and restrictionse, as htereini he
fore provided. itn relation to the said
P'latnters' and Mechaniecs' Batik.
V Ill. That the following eightt Banks
are hereby incorpoirat ed, to be namted
and kiiowii as fillowse, to wit: One
in oliumbia, to be knowni as thle "Ex.
ebiage Bank of CJolinbia, with ai capji.
tal of' ftve hundred thousand deollars,
and with the priv'ilege oft iicasinig it
to otne miillion; onte at Charleston, teo
le kneown as the "Fazrmvers' andl Ex.
chsangre Hautk of Charlestotn," with a
caplitail of one milliotn oft doliars: cune
at Chester, to be styled thie "Batik (If
Chester, South Carolinia," with a capi
tal of th ree htintdred thousatid dollars;
one at Newberry, to b~e styled the
"Bank of Newhberry, Sotth Caroed."
with a capital of three hunqred thous.
and dollars; one at Winns ro,' to be
styled the "Planters' Bank of Fair
hield," with a capital of three hunlldred
thousand dollars; one at Anderson, to
lbe styled the "Western Bank ofSetuth.
Carollinla," with a capital of three hiutn
dre-d thoulisand~ dollar's; one at Suttter
v'ille, to he stylrid the "Batk' of Sumt
tcerville,'l with a capital, of three hin.
hunitidred thousancitd ..Mollars;' and: -one
at Charleston, to he styled the "Peco.
ple's IBwk of South Caro)ilna," with a
caipitah of onle mnillin dollars; .which
said Bankse shall hiave and possess the
same rights and privileges, and be. sul.
ject to the same duties, liabilities obi
gations, regulaitions,-* atrd restrictionis
herein pirovided for the side :L'lanetor'se
at .Ihenitie IRuit- a~l Irei Bau
gtoi -Of each of th said eight &nks
014z dtvid iuteo, sharea 4Otbt
Wit i ,a .%o , . I 1t
-IX Fe rpeie (Generdi. 9hall
be .athtrie tu.appeistl fiad rle
pesonins'(,.ntassio'nrs ut. Ceiltini
biiand.Charhatonu, .or elsetwh'ere, '.As
h 1may -decie, to -open& subsetiptions,
bet-ween the first day (of April aid
the--Grst daty -of July next, to the. capi.
tal stock of the eight Uaniks resplective
ly aiied in the tiregling secticln, and
to requtire fivb diollars on each share
from, subscribers in specie or tceitt.s. of
pecie payingR Bunks of this'Sfate,'aid
shal deposit the sate in Auteleautk as
a imajority of the sub-b hers siall, de
siginute, for tite use of the respective
Banks' ons the first meCetin of the sub
scribeis. That 11 80011 as t1t se b-serip-j
tiuun) shall respectively 4,1 Virke 4.
41wbo anmusat of tie capital stuck of
each (If the ,Btnha respecv here.
inibefore named, it sh 11 be the'duty of
the CLomptroller General to notify said
subseribers to meet, who siaill there.
:npon=: belcoiei ae body ct' rj orprte, with
tle saine ptivileges. and. rights 4i thle
5tiddlers'-of k Us'inks iihose char.
ters -are .hereby renewed, acnd make
all by-laws not inconsisteat. with
the laws.of the Iind, to -l6jd1
t *he ail : t-aiteicers; thediian of
the (edliitli ifek' -s' dlibreselc,, the
paymen1ilit of the suebscriptions, an'd
all ari-angemetts to put. into opera
tioin the charters hereby grant ed. Pro
eided,.That no one of tite Banks here
y. ineorporated fir the first time, shall
issue any bill or note or trtiset bilrit,
iess tuntil satisfietorv .prof .shall - be
given t- the Coimptroller..General that
1e-htalf <of the capital stock of eitel
'llnk has -bnci paid, iII one -moiet y
in it:ites of specie ltay ing Baiks. Andi,
Propide, furMer, utat in case ot ov
c4r-subseriltio, to tie stock of a1ny of
the fhregahing inks, the said. sutbse ij-i
lion shall be reduced pro ratu, b,.t Ill
subseription of five shares or tin.
der shall be redueI; antd it shull n. .t
be lawtlbl for may persoin to sibscibie
diir shares in the name of other persons.
X. No lni shall be ttde on pledge
of stock of any of the said llanks until
ne year afiter the w hole capital shill
have beeni plid inl.
XI. The officers (f the Banks a
bove named shahl not he e. er.
frmii militia duty or from serving
AN AFFECTIOKATE GoosE.-A.a An
Greenck, fivors.- us with the follow
ing etritous communicati.
'A sotirt time sitice I haitd .accaskq
Lit visit ( aiibfieltown, distant about
sevetV niiles iOM this' phie.;'-411a it
ityretirn by the ste-atuer:, .Jtd M.w 3n.41
opposite Carridale, (on -te coast of
Argylesiire, and about h- mile frot
the shore, a beat cameiuff.to. us with
jassengers. At t.is mument. my:at
tent-i na drawnt to a goose whiich
was ariing the swcl, tad fllowittg
.the boat; aitd 1 was told thathia bird
was'picked .up on theeashoere by the
oiwner of thte bo~aet, svripeyears 'since,
ailmoest titeless; that hLatookj it Jhe~me,
andul havinig platced it; in-tw.~arml sitlua
the ,%iid sujiplied It withajLv~et- fiod,
it recovered, antd (st ranige to say!) that
ever sincee it f'ollowis -himt wherever he
As soon as he et.ters his boat it
takes to tlhe water, tand ntever queits its
el~eent unctil lie returnis to the shore.
The boat is freqluently mcannted withbout
its pirejerver, b)ut the saegaious bird
ntevdr follitws it unleais"he 'formis e
eof the crew I wacs fbrther told that
whtetn he left homett, at anyv timet foIr a
greuat distimece, lie was obliged to have'
ittfasthened uip; and that int one istaunce,
lhe wvent to tUdhibiCtown oniusnes
a distanee of twventty miles, ad whbite
in a house t here he hteard the accus
ttmed cackling outside, anid on open
itng the door, fectnd thatt his old friend
bad traveled all that distance in secarebi
(It him.-Gtesheadl Obsecrver.
Krrn~onmsI av wiiTur -Aeooerd
ing to somte Italin Journuls,. a tnew
organiied beingi has beent discovered
in tihe interior oft Africa which seems
to ftrrm anl immttediate licnk betweent
vegetab3le1 aimatl life!. This4 Sinl.
gntlar producetien oifI natuere has thce
zshaple ot a spo(t ted serpetnt. It drags
itself alontg ont the groeund,'inistead of .g
head has a thowwer, shaipe~d like a hell,
we.hich ceontaits a vicious ituid
Flies andI othe1r inisects, attractud by
the smellh of the juice, center into the
flower, where they are c'aughit bly the
adhesive amtter.. lTe flower thent
chlsesi and remtaints shunt unild the pris
otners are bruised actd transfer nmed ito
ehlel. The inidigestible pocrt ioni, such
as the hetad antd in ugs'are Ithroe.wn out
bty asp'iral enuingse. Theii vegetable
serpenta has a skinc reseratbitng Ieaies a
white and soft flesh, atnd inistead oft a
cae.rtilIazginouts fram~te, fdled with vellow
mtarrouw. lTe ntiv es conesider it deli
lFussy.--A 'gent lean of' color'
whot left New York ont a WVestern tour,
ancd, fmndin" himtself itn llulo without
ancythcing to (ilemly bia timte, thought
he would send a telegraphie despatch
back home, inquiritngof his partner as
to their business. Hie sent, theis mes
sage: 'How is things? ' TI) this in
terrogatory his partner immediately re.
plied:-'1Tinigs is ficne.'- Ilesting on
this, hie was in no very good temper
when he~ returned homew and found his
partner had sold out. all the goods,
peockete'4tKe mtoney, shut lip thte store,
and run o(R witih his wife!
FaKE. TIAins 15 ru1 Posr OFF:CF.
I;srNsrs.-The new letter envelops;
with the sinigle acid double Stamps;
will sott b)e'ready. Then every stearn.
.er, every railroad train, every stagQ,
every express lIne, and every man, is
miade a mail earrier b~y aect of Con
gress. Letters, in the governlment emt
ieloupe, can-he sent icn any wvay, by
J. R[CUIRSON LOA1, bIr.
TUESDAY. I*FWAR. ..A85
- OnLES'fo'i, Dan. 90uth, 1863.'
'Tiereha's. been again a 'sht ad
viniCe since our Iaist uiort ariflj -wp
nfow.quote-ettreines .at frm 7 3.4 to
Igr We call the .taeoion -fsthose
of our - readers, wishing Ito pol)t"Ss
themselves of Ayrmliire and Durham
Catue .to the s16 ,y . & L . Luis,
-tf tae 0todk4beriging to the Estate of
Joinn C. Sid 0:.ur ,'Oto take plaee at.
Te 14)n.. J, L. aa and J. A.
WVOOD-WAit ,91 ilease ;.accpt our
thanks for valuable publicdoilaiements.
DcK-s- IROLSEROLD WowDB "WND
r- irs, b-a-s W'#.ATM .Ur i.eis'a.-T-L
Ihlis useul and entertaiing pu'tliea
tiol conjes 1regularly 'to land onece
week- und is over received avih.,plen.
,ure. It is publi Ied --y Nessrs M
Elrath and Lord New York *t the kw
rate of $2,50 per year. The words
appear to be devoted to - he moral
improvements . '1 the nge, .mud should
have aplice in every the.
BLACKWOOnS * EmsInot- MAGA.
zN. 11. Deemerlw. amhber of this
valuable magazine contain a Conitili
ation of. Bulwirs. last aid 6.est tal
"my11/ Norel, on rarieties in Eng/inh
life." ami much . other instructive and
entertainiiigimatter. Tbe work is Ioo
well known to gain anything from
our poor praise.
DemmeeratiC Free P1res.
This is the title of a new ,paper pnb.
Wlhecl at Wilniington N. C. by L.
Badger'Esq., it-will be devoted to the
inte cst, of the Democratic party, aid
iSouthern Rights. We wish those
connected With this new enterprise
every sucesialnd ar'rdially welcome
thke Eior tsihe pennd scissors fra.
Our citizeps.will .bouar in uind, that
the election f iia nember-for this.Con
gressional' Dilgi t til tDke phace on
t he fomrthL.-%&nddyi jit: Feuary. next.
A represea -in ityhbe Natial )211 As
em'bly Ib uaisptant matter; so
let them be ip parei1 th t.ir .vote
Chvilera In Clearlesutwa.
It is with. t .phlasure thait we
learni from the Charle~ton~ paipers, anid
other reliable source, thiat the repoirts
oft the existete iit a*jikechole/a in
that pluace are very~ muc eagraed
and of the t wenity-twot dleaths reported
the week beforie the last, nsearliy all may
be attributed to somet impiiidence in
siet, and ecesse consequent upon thea
Chsr.tmnas F~enstis, and the citizens are
particularly 'warned aigainst eating
iiysters, wicha ire said to. habe~t beeni
injure~d by the large quaniltities ofI fresh
wtater flowing intVthe hairbor fromt tihe
haeavy frs-hiets in the up count ry. There
is something inI thiose Oy'ters, for mnny~
uf our own townsnieti, who have ind ulg
ed in tile luxury ojf a p/ate this senton,
have b'een attneked w ith a disease,
whlich tile fears of a large commnnity.
exposed to epidemies'muight have easi ly
magnitied into the dreaded asiatie
Tfhis bodiiy alsseml buled here on Wed
necsday last, and will comntinn~e in *scs
sin) until to-mnorrow, whent it is ex
peeted(, that they will adjourn ueu die,
and tihe appoint mencts for the ensuing
year~ will be made public,
The South Carolina Conference Mis
sionary Society held a meeting on
Saturday uight, ut which a collection
iln support of the cause was taken up.
which we are info~rmed ecceeded $1 100)
s ~howingi a us apprecialtionl, byour
citizens5, of tile efforts oft that body ii
propagating the Gospel.
Eigatta of .Jammuary.
Thbis daiy wals *celebrate'd by the
Smiter Hillemnen, whoi in their neat
and well assorted uniforml paraded
through our streets uder comm iand of
their Captain, J. 1B. N. MAMxar, Esq.,
After performing sundry mTanou.clvres,
which paroved their well taughat skill in
tactics military, anid some close target
shooting, at which the plumte was borne
off by CuARLE.a - W::zn, Esq., they
adljourned to a slfatuous Barbecue pro.
videtd bty the Qficers, where they were
joined byv the Claremnt Trdolp "un'ddr
Caipt.-J. Tf. Giavas, antd Beat Conipany
No.. 2. under *Clyptaint PaINett, alsot
thle Colonel anid Staff of the.44th Regi
mlenlt,.to all .0f wihorp an invitatjilihad
beenl Exten'dc. Much' fimn, jollity,
and good humor prevailed, and some
tsts apprommia to the day and ce.
have gbi a dio f T id
the OfficerA siad Stden " 1th. hisott
t ajion for the Year852, a
The Universiity seens to belu a M
ishing, coWidition qnuuuborin'4st6
lusive-of books, .e n &c., 4.4fir
the term of fom, 40 to 42 wela,
*I52 'to hbjipaid -edii . I"
advaned-this inaudes tA#t.m, btinrd,
waishaing, .~~ 'lihc gradutates fA tlae~
Theological. departine't at .theeogin.
hmleuacemne nt in August last, were Juis
J. ALEXANDEJ9 qf Charleston, L. MAG;
NVs Conxxr of Beattfurt, andl J-xias
Iluru:avs of this Diget. iThe al
nual commnieneenet will take plaeu on
the Wudnieslay befure ih foh. th-St
-urday ill June. -
Tor the Sumter Banner.
Soss of Tesmpernaee.
Thie illowitng ge:-it 1etan~a were r;o
Wednescay .list in-ittalled as officers cf
8.e imter Dii.- an, N19 . 4 12. of the
tern : - - ---.
W'ILLIAM S. :IUDsON, P. W. P.
S E W.Q..uxssW. P.
..W. .A"cat, W. A.
I W. GrAiuirrrr, A. 'I. S.
A. Amminsox. F. S.
T. E. FLouwX E a 1,
WILLIAM I. MALUtIS. C.
W. A.-It. DAVis, A. C.
-W.. 1. S.
JA s I.., ..S
J M b URG - ap
J-ause AL.EX J
lios. -J. A. Woodwa-d.
We .have rceivd a copy of this
govatlemans spee<. d(ITiverea .'in hbe
llIi.4e otf Represenitativtes Dec. 10th
1852. the propotsition t)(Mr.-rokst% to
raise a select comnittee on he tartil
beinag under consideratio,. It is era
able docinent, and tone ihat throws
much -ight''on the subjyet A. he pr
-sent tarit, and e siuld. lie lap
to lay it in full belre our rendniE,
did the limits of .thi paper oflW.
Si r. W,'. is upp)'me)d .to "tydC prcidaili'
ty of a f.sed sysitelb -f 1 i4as. , and
of a pernuont - rate "f dntios, 'wiAjli
hw argues Odil~g become proilii
bhitoiry whieb the tariff of -1840 is ak l
"The 'a ch.f Anerican skill is -ot
war4, Au me.rletichi*i'u* inery' is mi
Iyinig and-appro'ximnat i thiepeftio
of that of lrope;. in'somic instances
su rp assing it. Amraericana pivlaisar
lowein tg, anal Amaerican econofmy is
imaproinlg. TIhere are very fe~w thinugs
we~ coiuld- iiit ranske as cliep a.S thaey
are Iinade~ abroand. Buat just in pro.
p4~.ortin as our. eacit,y tomgepusiggtL
tr eply IrdvunaKes. 50 muis't duanes
fatll k;prre"[ley.Te prim-tiple .'of
lowX dutties must beaspogeCsv a.
Aaimericnq skill ai A maericana iachlinae
ry..o -etse yratr tadd'f wiJJ b~ecome~a
'[his is uindeniabhle, ami as .to agri
cultuiirat articdes he goes oiaat say, "We
are the . producers of almaost- every
thinag, 'r edpijnble of bieing so. Wa
t hat in produced ii anly oither .COim',
try is naot prodtluced, or enpable of
beinig produceed, ina the U~nitedl Sintes?
Tell aane whant articles 'of tiinthet.
urec ablroiad, or what of the aagrieultur.
-al pr.tadajctst ohreigp elunes, nare nta t
also produced in the V'uited States,
or likely soonl tom be? CtofTee, tea, and1
some fw t~Iropmical fruits, aure not y t
I believe, fountd in the United Stiates,
bmut almoust every other prodution i.s
T[here it,- -in the. U:ited States, .h.
side of the stto'ny inasubtia range,- an
aii.'unt oft territory -eqaatd to. thes thirbe
IStates of MIissisippi, "Alaamia, 'ad
i *uiiaaof pnsligiouis fertility and
remarkabale ibalubrity, Mhich liet smuth
ofca the sutherna extremiit ' ofurumpe.
It erenids evena further souith thana the'
liarbary States of Africa; and tho uigh
nlot ofC the samte teiiiperatuare, yet it i'
knowni that the inequality is uot so
great as to vary in say consbideralem
degree itsi agricultural capabilities.
Th .ntd S ates are a grent Zoll.Ve
rein, extaedinag frtomi the -highest iunrth.
ern to thae lowest southern latitud.
Shoutld Cuba baecomae a portionv of
thema, there will bie paanst nlithaing
produced throughotuat the world .that
wvill naot have its representative or at..
ahogute ina thie Unuited States. I ama
told that ini thec deserts of Califurnia
they actually find the gumn acasia, a
commoda~a~ity tho~ught' indigenous onlyv
in the ndl sens ol' Africa.
lIn our duay, almoacst every thinag is
miaunufacturedl by imeanas of mnachinuery.
.A railroad Jocomota(ive, of five-hiorse.
power, inaferioar in quality and tucer.
taini inl its operation, and requi rinig to
lie tinakered every trip of ilfly or . ane
hundred miles, fifteeni years ago, to imy
knowledge, cost . $10),000. Youl now
'get un engine of six tines that power,
three tumnes the speed, ad as reliable
for its operation as the' rising ,of the.
sun anid mUormf, for so,000, or *7,000.
Who.wil pret4rud.that. permanent du
ties are apprpriate for that 'nfticil'
If a strict estimate be maide, it will be
found thtat railroad- kicomnotives hare
been cheapened ninety- pe'r cent.,, and
that is the reasort why 2,ailroad stoekt,
which was~ sold a few' years back fo
thirty cents the dollar, is now-n
haundred anad thittv. I state this to ii.
1untrna the fatt 11zet Atoaaien 4mk11 te
5Ti~S~t~I4 2;~d$M* 4h
-iibwt s ghe it lwgth b!ps
t~i" #TLuem twi .4t _414 We*,
i Veajgs aeydsry4l.
lnr4rl*i."e ~;w~ *)wI gretly ati
*Clveiad 'Ajo tlif$ IYtiII-e f raty
yiar euieelu ,0,Tcca
p n e k e 4~ ~~ l t a c e s ,: .>
~PThd 1.) Dvtox C~uxnoxr,
4N(.Cii., died at Italoigha-on Wkvnda
the 3rd, iiwt. Ile was ic of thoe most
tb'nart-d ad respected Vt a oril tlit
g~"There has been usiprious afiray.
,LtWen two ut 111i (ae't.~ ]lKIAl~if
41f Tti',icsec, stilt PIN-awm., -fir t.a~
Seippi,:" IlWlii1h 'hrith -wore' Seer'1,.,
:if huot 61iortiliuV *oil)IOAde
Tiwlew JYr t hoecmpr or k raimu4
f ns %c(r , m *ci ot 15.000W 00 rfrancs;
id his i~tn~l:.It nlle'ii ed aidin
tie'n fir -1.500,000 - fraf.-.I
Boston Itaiwardi the-. bt~ ? lt.
It!f 11111e1. DIVNzUL. AVALLAW'm
I~i' 041ire'i beargngsin a tsldidate.
CuIERAW AN4D I)AIIlIl ON RAIL
ROAD.-By the -Chicrniv (Ahzetto ,.
Ictrp"lAt the kiarvi -f tbaii1ilroad
hais heet i narly. empploted, nrm.l tile
Bearird. t'f Dirf.-torii ae '4teriaanierd.
'tea fn .''ti t~e gmAira n4fI ti utire
rmilte (ill tle- i12th, lVkh. aai .141th. in
% tcmt, at DaringrtjIca ('taunt Iiisej,a
Vie'tyV 1- li 1, an 'laranw. '-Vtnrsitirn
Wae pTopfiTrt-ioi.a-rc Airtiedy wdb
Oe rsons desi reous vf getfinlg eon tracts;
tar at nee atlicmmneiling the UN",j
SMALLI IJA% Bis-rheat
i ir,) lit) Ba2 jk ill ti 9;aj~t67us il all,
jo pM* out Ifrinn its of imtter the 14118'
.4at ati. eat her ha ink. 'I Iigs will lie *a i
rine'sincofl iderzeetotm fi) bi)mnait-V
k,~e' as give 's'affe 'tiiou lik **Ifa t.
ink f I he State nd its br ApCiehae-.e.
1 hey-11le Vlac l. 814pjd Iafsut
5%i eDollarr., w.hitb %rt%amsmi9ae
111C fnm .1ea o'sr Mil
I ' iI\. I
-J. R. eAMm. c
Ily failwred 4b K~
M'S'eui it rel pI4 V~
snthe thvrln omfO'i a .ur5 3L~~~
i-lA .j~ '.ti~ ui* t"t -
IS sid tio so pruyuht hArqhgiL* t.,
,we I) is - IS :vlA~u
wiasqiaond brigliykg :.iti ri tdla'IitLIe.
II C-0 h'e' ''t 1 r i *it a~ 14t~ 1 I~ u C
lAit a,,d.4etivv, U11, e
417 gfIveliItrit t if Iie.' ti all. f C
SSW(~gi.~ll WsI1 t& e hqer VLe'i,~ ~'
to rii adbr Ii t pa 8 41611i 'lit'
iatg:uqcu~de% tr )wa.le, reporL
thwse .~i ,r tigs, whd' t r ee. idlIlil
Mr.c~r* "v~a Situtl tIJM
rS~itu l that'1 m b' I t4' iz WiS) Mr
vijarkv ug~jdu 44t- tiL.eL,- -rejilu-ur
1l~itf mh#~U A1Y41't I , I' x~lSitt..
11lis. t iIi'5 Aeilat' Ub L'
- s tAJt hi aer eintts r
1)111 ~~L~tt hat ml *i :ro C1181.Qltd-i
ut ieii~embe that lA3~kit 1I*s a ht
I t tiit , 11 iuimol I~kt# the0 64. 0t11(49
e dimihto llcte 4B1@tlftixtu n W'i~.
tires u 'aae u *hity. ,hied jmq it,
r~~~"'','~ ~ ~~ye tpvo: -n e*:ae..
10.111, iet~ I-u 44 ill isber* t' l ne
the cafeor te. .-guhl; st4c.
He.ulkit -s ts14ol trisin lV186 sdahio o
Sis nuau t iskls~d4svIJ
Cud it. to .duthe!. 4kiu'rtti w-a 6n~uuu,.
.tat,4 id-.rg ', Uiaw ener.airces nautit
Ip~eiw~. uled I aka.~~'