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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEN1OCRACYT,,... NW-S, LI-TERATURE CEC NDTL'ATI
J. ItUCHARDSON LOGAN, t E1K~.~ olt
wSVIM. J. FRANCIS, Proprietors. 490~-sall'ur taw an.~ nAdaL
V*O L. Nile SLJMTERVILLE, So .69 MARCH 22,9S3
M CELL ANEL ULUS
From the Southern (S. C.) Agriculturist.
The Value of Railroads.
Standing this ivening upon the bank
of the river at Alston, we were most
4reibly impretsed with the senti
ment, which we write down as a cap
tion to this article. The water was
alive with river craft-the shores with
busy laborers. The broken bridge,
picttiresque in its misfortunes, stood
high in its desolate uselessness, while
-the heavy laden trains, with hissing
engines, were bearing rich freights to
anxious consignees. %ales of cotton,
barrels and boxes of produce and mer
dhandise, covered the sand strewn
shore, and the (vibutes of river and
road hero presented a forcible illustra
tion of the extent of the products and
wants of those who dwell in the interior
of the State. Never again can we re
turn to.the old system of wagon trans
portation; for Railroads have becoitie
tiite amongst the necessaries of life
andfixed, too, by a sterner principle
than that usually accorded to mere con
venience. When profit attaches to
any mode of transportation, all who
-can avail tliemselves of that mode '% ill
stick to it. The common roads are no
worse now than when the entire mid.
lle'and-back country wagoned their
produce to market; the iiver is still op
-en from Alston to Columbia: yet thou
aands of planters have waiteJ to trans
port their cotton bales on the failroal,
-.nd their river boats discharge and
ftisfer their cargoes as soon as
. 'they-strike it. These ficts prove the
valik of Railroads to the producers of
'cur staple crops-and we have no need
. farther than the past years expe
rence, to show the truth of our a-ser
thon;: buk when we add the public con
renience afforded to travel-the rapid
tiransportation of the mails, and the
other benefits arising to a community
from the perfect system of accom mo
dations of this sort, the-fact is incon
ou 1, we find sonc capital remarks
-on the subject, which we t,xtract:
"It is well known," says the Railroad
-Journal, "that upon the ordinary high.
way, the economical limit to tranzspor
tation is confined within a cornpara
tively few miles, depending of course
upop, the kind of freight and eharae.
ter of the roads. Upon the average )f
such ways, cost of transportation is
not fai from fifteen cents per ton
per mile, which may be considered as
a sufficiently correct estimate tor an
average of the country. Estimating at
the same time the value of wheat at
$1,50 per bushel, and corn at 75 celn's,
and that 3 1 bushels of eaeb are egnal
to a ton, thic value of the ibrmier- would
be equal to its cost of transportation for
380 miles, and the latter 165 miles. At
thesa respective distances from inark
et,'neither of the above articlus would
iave any cbmmercial value, with only
S oommon road as an avenue to mark
"But we find that we can move prop
arty upon Railroads at the rate of
one-fifth per ton per mile, or for one
tenth the cost upon the ordinary road.
These works, therefore, extend the
soonomic limit of the cost, of transror
tation of the above articles to 3,000,
and 1,650 miles respectively. At
the..limit of the economical move
nentof these articles uponf the conm
usin-highway, by the use of Ra~ilroads,
hewgould be worth $414,50, and
arn,22,17, which sum respectively
would represeut the actual icase of
value created by the interposition of
such a work.
"It -will be seen that the value
of lands are effected by Riailroads in
.the same ratio as their products. For
instance: land lying upon01 a navigable
water course, or in the immediate vi
chlnity of a market, may be wvorth for'
the culture of wheat *10. Let the
average -crop be estimated at twen
ty'ttio bushels to the acr'e, valued at
$33, and the cost of cultivation at
4 15; this would leave *18 per" acr'e as5
the n1et profit. This quantity of wheat
(two-thirds of a tonl) could se tra~mns
- ortesi 280 miles at a cost of' one ce-nt
:-per mile, or *3,30, which would leave
,i$14,70 as the net profit of land at
that distance from a manrket, when
sonnected 'with it by a Riailroad.
T'he value of the land, therefore, ad
mnitting the quality to be the samne
mboth cases, would hear the same r'a
olf0the assumed value of *100, a5s
~hq alue of its products, $14 70, does
t$1, or *82 per acre, which is
an actual creation of value to that
- ampi t-, assuming the coretness of'
the emises. The same calculation
nay oV-ouirse be applied with equal
fore ~-~sy ind and species of prp
aeifrlor no rmore opposition to
} ~P rnj Railroad-i projected to
uei te popf~e~ o g: State. A rgu..
inmhtshi ethd ahbve'bould conv ert
g'runitblingi4 b~ rd capitaligts in
to earnest supjimsamt ntrib)uting
bslekholdc4 t ok e
Roads does not yield fat dividends im.
mediately, they should reflect that all
other property is heightened in value
by these great improvements.
We once advocated the crection of
those two great pioneer lines to the
back country; the Charlotte and Gr. en
ville Railroads. The capitalist of Co.
lumbia (with a few magnanimous ex
ceptions, amongst whom we may num
ber the late Robert Latta, Esq., who
contributed liberally to the stock, and
backed his opinions as to the value of
the enterprise, by making heavy in
vestments in real estate) prophesied
that the town would be ruined; her
strkts deserted, and her trade gone
fbrever. It is truc, that the cotton
trade has songht a natural avenue
furnished by Railroad transportation;
but this has wrought no ruin to the
town. Hunt the town over, and try
to rent a house now; not one is vacant.
Ask the capitalists if their funds are
idle'? and they will tell you that a
lloutrisling Insurance Company has
sprung up, and the town calls for still
another Bank. Look to the returns
made on oath by her inerehants, and
they will show an increase f Imf as
tileh ritore as tnier years cxhibited.
The smokes of a dozim steam-driven
shops show that industry at last is at
work; and, in addition to her former
ppuation, a class of respectable and
laborions ruechanies thiroig her streets
-.mnoibuses vieing in taste and ac
commiziodations with those of our lar
gest cities, tow transport hundreds of
passengrs to her crowned hotels, and
tbe whole place wears the smiling fea
tu res of rapid iiprovemtient. V i liges
along the lines of these Roads has
grown into towns; and already have
\Vilinsboro, and Chester, Newberry
and Ander.-son, and Suiterville, called
for Banks. They have all become pla
ces of trade. Look at the country
along these new lines of Railroads
-not one straight streak of desolate
swamp and dreary pine barren, like
that )rCseIted by the South Carolina
ly cultivated fields and comfortable
homes is presented to the traveller.
Five years of trouble, and doubt, and
perplexity, and misibrtune to the pro
jectors and stustain-rs of Itese great
works, have effected these things which
we have hastily written down; atd
niow. reader, let us ask you, what
good rc.,iflts will have acerued to the
couilnitity at large after they shall
have been in successful operation twen
Senitence of lihe Ma1dinli.
The following is a translation of
the judicial sentence of Francesco
and Rosa Madiai, with a statement
of their offence :
Considering that the penal laws,
agreeing with the iiterpretations of
the most illustrious jurists, recoznise
proselytism as a crime punishable by
the civil autho-ities -
Consitlering that Franceseo and
Rosa Madiai, born and brought np in
tie Catholic religion, have. within
the list four or five years, been inl
duced to abandon it and embi ace the
religion which they call Evaigeli
That Francesco Madiai, availing
himself of the lessons in the Frenchl
language which he gave to a young
matn of 16, ca leavor-ed, thxoughi with
out success, to detach him from thec
Catholic religion ; gave him, in con.
cert with his wife, a prohiibitcd copIy
of the Bible in French and in Italian.
That he has made to other personus
proposals tending to showv the supe
r-iority of the religion called Ev-an
gelical to the Catholic ireli ginis,
counselling such per-sonis not to ha t
the priests, reproving the worship oh
the Virgin Mary anid of the Saints
as an idolatary, and especially turn
inig into der-ision the piotus custom oi
butrig tapersi before the image oh
the lloly Virgini-rejecting -lhe doc.
tr-inc of the Rteal Presence int the con.
secirated Ihost chiaracterising as an
insuilt towards God intercession *by
the Virgin andi the Saints, rejectinp
the. author ity of the Supreme Ponitihf
saying that the observance of feasi
days other than Sundays, and absti,
netnce from certain aliments were in,
ventions of sinful men, saying that
in the sacrament of the Comtuniion,
the transubstantiatioti of bread andi
wino is not tirue, that Confession is
useless, unless, because it is made te
man and not to God.
That to make a young girl of twen
ty, who wvas in their service, abandon
her religioni, the Madiais taught het
to road, so that she might undoerstand3
the books which they gave her, sucl'
as the Bible translated by Diodati,
and the Book of Prayer, printed it
London by the Society for the diffu
salon of tha Chniiaa noct-:. i
which it is said that Purgatory and
the worship of Images are ridiculous
Considering that what has been
said by the defense on the subject of
liberty of conscience and of religicus
tolerance is foreign to the question,
seeing that the first is not attacked
when citizens are called to answer
for their external acts, and that the
second is protected, instead of being
violated 'ken one preserves another
from Janger of seduction and
abati4w 'uent of her religion.
The Court declares that the crime
of impiety has been committed by the
Madiais in the way of prosel. tism
and it condemns Francesco Madiai to
fifty months' imprisonment at hard
labor, and Rosa Madini to forty five
months' imprisonment, and to a fine
of 300 livres--and at the expiration
of their punishment to three years'
surveillance by the Police.
Medical College of the State of
The annual course of Lectures in
this Institution terminated on the 5th
inst., after an unusually lengthy
term of eighteen weeks.
The class in attendance on the
lectures, from a printed cataloguc,
amounted to one hundred and forty
four: from the State of South Caro
lina, 102; North Carolina, 12; Geor
gia, 10; Alabama, 22; Florida, 3;
The prevalence of yellow fever
during the past summer, and its ex
tension to a late period in November,
deterred many from attendance at
this Institution--and from the many
inquiries by letter from every part of
the country, there is every reasonable
ground for believing that the class of
the past term would have been in ad
vance of the preceding, which, it will
dred and. ,hirty two students.
Of those in attendance, the follow.
ing young gentlemen, having coi
plied with the conditions of the Col
lege, received the diploma of the
same, with the sanction of the Presi
dent of the Board of Trustees
LIST OF GRADUATES.
Abercrombie, W. B., Epidemic
Allen, T. A., Typhoid Fever; N.
Bailey, T. P., Periodicity of Dis
cases; So. Ca.
Blake, J. II., Constipation; Fla.
Bowman, G. S., Imorrhage; So.
Bradley, P. 11., Ve~atrim Viride;
Broom, W. V., Ther:peutical ap
plication of water; So. Ca. -
Cantey, Henry, Typhus and Ty
phoid Fever, So. Ca.
Cull, B. L. A., Searlatina; Gco.
Dupree, Thos. M., The circulation
of the Blcod; Miss.
Easterling, J. L., Malaria; S. C.
FlIer, t. B., Typloicd Fever;
Gibbs, Ienry P., The Blood; So.
Guerin, II. C., Catarrhal Fever;
ihameter, Danl.. Gastritis; S. C.
11arrison, Robert, Pneumonia:
hlannahan, Ri. B., Pneumonia; S.
Ilazell, WV. G. , Menstruation; So.
Ilowell, D. D)., Alcohol; So. Ca.
Jenikins, E. E., Phosphate of
Lime; So. Ca.
King, Courtney S., Yellow Fever,
as it appeared ini Charleston in 1852;
Lassite r, Craven, Tetanus; S. Ca.
Lebby, Robert, jr.., Gastric Juice;
Lee, Rt. HI., Modus Opceraundi of
ILogan, bamnuel, Modhus Op erandi
of TLherapeutic A gents; So. Ca.
Meriwethier, J . S., Chenstr in
dispensable to the Scientific lPhysi.
Murray, J. J., Asiatic Cholera;
Murphy, C. T1., Pneumonia; S. C.
Murphy, J. McBi., Emeties; S. C.
Mc~rcery, J. II., Malaria; S. C.
Mclver, WV. WV. Uterine Hoamor
McSwean, C., Billions Remittent
McMillan, J. L., Cranial Surtures;
Odoim, G. S., Influence of Mind
on Matter; So. Ca.
-Pendarvia. J. A., Inteormittent and
Seabrook, E. M., Dyspepsia; So. Ca.
Seabrook, J. C., Pathological Noom
atology; So. Ca.
Shuler, R. A., Infantile emittent
Fever; So. Ca.
Smoke, J. IT., Typhold Fever; So.
Stephens, C. G., The Liver, So. Ca.
Traylor, E. I., Dysentery; Geo.
Tucker, J. R., Peritonitis; So. Ca. t
Twitty, L., Meistruation; No. Ca. I
Waring, T, S., Chlorofinm in, Ob
stetrics; So. Ca.
Weissinger, Al. M., Urine Hemorr
Tie committee of medical gen.
tlemen to whom was'- refbrred the
Theses for the premium annually of
fered fr the best, report as follows:
To Prof Henry R. Frost; Dean: -
DEAR Smit: The committee to whom
the Theses were submitted-for adjudi- 1
cation, respeetfully recoymend, that t
on "fhe cranical lccturu;a- their true
Physiological significance:" is in 'their t
opinion entitled to the 'iistinction
it being an ingenious ar-.tempt to ex
plain the design 'of' these Retles.
(igned) D). T. CA IN M. D.
A. NV I L11JMAN. d.D.*
R. A. KIN LOCH, I D
The author, Dr. T. L.- -MCMillan,
of Mississippi. -
At a meeting of the sturlents of the
Medical College of the Sntxe South I
Cairolina, Dr. C. S. Iiiigi of Char
leston. being called to thnghair and <
[Drs. J 11. Blake, of Flllaiand M.
M. Wessinger, of Alabant a ppoint
ed Secretaries, the folloiYAng 'resolu
Lions were ofiered by Dr.tR Lebbe,
ji., of Clarleston:C
Resolved, That the ti kS of the
Cass be tendered to the res of I
the ( harleston Prepa:ato edical
School, who hav e abl re tulated to
the Class the Lectureo) e Profes
sors of the College the
Resolved, That the; t h7- t.e
Class be also te r t
vey, for his very A r
Resolved, That to Dr. J. F. M. Ged.
dings, tile C lass are greatly indebted
r i course af Lectures upon Micros.
eopie Aiator iy. and that their sin
eere thnizks be returned to him for
Resolved, Th -t a Committee of
Three, the Chairman of this meeting to
be its Chairman, he appointed to 'ear
ry the above resolutions into efl'et,
On Imotioni, the meeting then ad
J. II. DrAIM, M!. D.,
31.31.W asmosaM. D.,
Charles-ton, Mareb P,1. :1
The followig excellent resolution
has been recently introduced in the
New York Legislature
tesol.od, (if the Assembly con
cur,) That the preseit Senat'e and
Assewmbl III, in psuanCe of section
one article thirteen of the Constitu.
tion of this State, propose that see- I
tionl Otne of article twelve of' said I
Constitutioin, be so amnended that tile
oath of ofliee prescribed in the last
mentioned section shall read as fol
"I do solemnly swear ("Ir affirm, as
the case may be) that I will suppo t
the Constitution of' the United States,
and~ the Conlstitution of thel State of
New York ; that I will [fai' hfully dis
char lge thie duties of' the ''lliee of
accot ding to the best of my~ abilty;
that I have nlot, di rectly or inin- ret
ly, conitribted or' agreed t ol otrib.
ut anicny or peciary~l'~ meanls to
be used ini or about the election at
which I unas chioseni to said otlice, ex
eept for the putrpolses and to the ex
tenlt expretsslyV allthoizi.ed by the laws
of' this State; andi that I have nlot
give ort prom tt isedi to any vot'ir anyi
hih1 ort lflr an oither personl, to ini
duce hlim to v'ote for or support me
or anly candidate at the said elee
T.1 111 N K . -Thoughlt (engeniders
ttoughit. Place OneC idea up onlpa
page. Youi canntot fa thomn your
the mor'e clea r atnd f'tui t Iuu it will be.
If yoiu no~glc~t to thl~ink yoiur'self andi
use other people's thloughlts, giving
thetm utterance only, you will niever
know what you areo capable of. At
first youri ideas may COmel out inl
lumps, homely andi shapeless, but no
matter'; time andI pr'eservanlce will ar'
range and polish them. Lear'n to
think and to write, the moro you
think, the better, you will express
WANTED, A MASTER.-Not long
ince the Sunday Times published
Passing down Nassau street, three
>r four persons were standing inside
of a store talking to a black man,
nd then invited us to come in.
'Here is a black man,' said one of
he gentlemen 'who wishes to sell
iimself, as a slave for $150.'
We entered the store, and saw a
hort, stout fellow in rage, with - a
)ood countenance, and no indication
'Where do you belong?'
'To New York. I was born here.'
'Don't you know that you cannot
ell yourself as a slave in this State?'
'What am I to do? I can get no
York; I have had no breakfast; I am
ilmost naked; no one cares for me,
Lnd I have no friend. Is it not bet
or to have a good master whom I
:an work for, and who will care for
Here was an illustration of the
)ractical benevolence of domestic
lavery, while it exhibited the rank
iypocrisy of the abolitionists. They
-ould raise $2,000 to purchase the
iberty of two mulatto girls. and yet
illowod a poor black to offer to sell
kimself hs a slave to save himself
rom starving in a free Northern
Isn't it a pity, Mr. Greeley, that
lie masses can read such things as
he above? Don't you wish they
ouldn't? This is only one free no
;ro who wants a master. 'There
ire more of the same sort -left.'
During our Court of Sessions last
veekan individual was tried for the
riie of Bigamy, and acquitted. In
"harge of his honor; Judge .i4
qle'Jury, he earr4ed I
to 0 Out I
flina prescribing a marriage cererno
al. That if a citizen wished to buy or
ell a piece of land, the law prescribed
he form of the deed or title; that if
to wished to buy or sell a negro, there
v:Is a legal form for the bill ofsale; that
f he wish1ed to secure the payment of
noney to himself or to another at, a
'utuire time, there was a legal form or
lie bond or note; but for the bonds of
he most solemn and binding obliga
ions into which man or woman could
miter, there was no legally prescri
At one period marriage was held to
2e a religious sacrament could only be
tolemnized by tho clergy: conseglient
y magistrates were prohibited from
)ertioiming the ceremony. At a Ia.
er period lie vaw prohibiting inagis
'I ates from oficiating at marriage con
raCt iWas repealed. This we believe is
he extent of legislating by this
Stale upon the subject. ILinee the
lodle of the cereni'y aid the char
wter of' the (4liciatinmg fimetinilary are
eft to the choice of the parties en.
.ering into tlie contract. If the cou
)led who desire to enter into the
i0lY state of wedlock choose to call in
t clurgyinii or a magistrate be
bre whom to make the r vows of
ve4 an1d ii lelity, it is well; but if
hey prefer to) miake their vows to
achel ot her and assume the relation of
uii ba and a wifei, acknowledging each
aher: as x:u- h Letre thle world, it is
nwell. By the latter mode they
liter inito as inudissoluible a bonad as hiv
lhe fbrumer. If. Mr. A. and rmiss L.
inup over a broomlf, the forrne' saying I
take this woman to bc rmy wedded
wife and the hatter, I take this man to
be my weddled husbiand and go to
mousekeepinug they are legal Ily marrie'd,
have l'ntered( inito a biond ofi union which
ailot. h.. ainulcli long as they'
bonthI live. TIhis inidifferen(lce to thie
foram of ai ceremioniial, binding the par-.
lies to the end of' life, amy to the eas
ialI observer seemi - traige, hut to those
who are famniliar with the working of
air system no such feelinig is expieri
enI ced(. Liberty of coni scieniceI is
right too sacred to be abhridged( by Ie.
iaI pre'scriptioni, evenI as to the modeC of
enItering into this holy' comiipa't. And
this is ample reasoni fhr thle appar-i
L'nt ap athby of our Jegislator uponi 'II
this subject.-Che/uraw (Gazet/C.
Pecophe often tink they arc virtuous,
when the.y are onily lueky. Maniy a
muan who' pract ises mou(rality on ven
sion st eak i and woodeock, wou'ld no
sooner have his inicome out down from
live thousanud dollars a year to six
shillings a day, than lie would enter
tain thoughts about chicken coops that
thme ten com~maiidments would be per.
feetly shocked at.
When Zacharih Fox, the great
me~rchlant of Liverpool, was askedl by
wvhat mecans h. contrived to realize sc
large a fortune as he possessed, his
reply was' : Friend, by onie artich~
alone, and in w~hich thou mayosk dej
too, if thou oleasstat--t is ersiilittcs.
CAPTAIN Ross.;-A MODERN
ORusoE.- We extract the following
from a.letter written by an Indian I
officer on sick leave :
"Afterwe- got clear of Java Head I
we had a fresh breeze from the south. I
cast, and as we bad been unable to i
take in water at Angier, the captain
decided upon doing so at some small l
islands I had never heard the name t
of before; they are called the Cocoas,
and about seven hundred or eight I
.hundred miles to the southward of
Java head. Their history is rather I
curious. A Captain Ross, formerly I
of the East India service, lives on
them with his family. Before Bor- t
neo was given up to the Dutch, he I
was governor of it, and while there
he advised the English Government c
to allow him to build a sloop of war, t
as there was such magnificent timber.
She was launched only the day l
before the island was given. up; but
the Dutch allowed him to finish her,
and the English government then c
made a present of her to Captain J
Ross as a reward for his services.
He cruised about in her for many
years, and as it were, discovered
these islands, for they had been
known to exist, though never visited.
He took a fancy toethem, wrote home I
to England, and brought out the
whole of his family. The English
government refusing him protection, I
he placed himself under that of the
Dutch, and got three hundred Malay
claves, whom he liberated upon arri
ving in the islands, and formed a set
His ship. was lost on a -voyage to
Batavia, and he was many years
without having any intercourse with
the world; but being nearly starved,
or the islandig -du A more
cocoa nut fibrb,.and the isils of the
thick bark that is round the cocohnut
trees just below the branches. He
was just sailing when a whaler put
into the island, and from her procur
ed canvass and wont to Batavia, since
which time he has traded regularly
there, selling cocoanut oil, of which
he makes great quantities, having a
steam engine of ten horse power to
bruise and press the nut.
About the sixth day from Java
Head, we sighted the 'islahds, which
are very low, covered to the water's
edge with trees.-There are about 24 1
of them, the largest about a mile
broad; they are in a circle, reefs join
ing them, and forming a magnificent I
lagoon, to which there is only one en.
trance. I went on shore early the
morning after we anchored, and pulled
about three miles up the lagoon to the
settlement.-Their chief amusement
appears to be sailing boats, of which
there are immense numbers and maili
aged beautifully. I counted nearly
thirty as we pulled up, sailing away to i
the different islands to pick up nuts.
Captain Ross is a strange, guant
looking man; he amd his sons resemble
Robinson Crusoe. They lived in
wooden houses, raised about ten feet,
On piles, from the ground, and are as
rough as you can well imiagine. Tlhey
have book-, and the quantity Capt.
Ross read is wonderful, Hie has beeni
243 years in the. ishmds. The Malays
are a hazy- set of fellows; he pays the~m
so much a daiy, and so well that they
wouilt work more than two or three
dlays a week. Thme greatest punish.
mnent he inflicts is to bais'mih them from
the islands.'--Er. paper.
As-b Good as if it were in Esop.
The. Namntuceket Islander says the fol
howinig sto-y was lately told lby a re.
formed ineblriate, as an apology for
much of tihe fully of drumikards: "A
mouse, ranigling about a brewery, hap.
penling to lull into a vat of beer, wias
in imamient danger of drowniug, and
appealed to a eat to help him out.
The eat replied ; 'It is a foolish reqfuest,
fir as suoon as I get you out I shall eat
you." The ~ mom o piteously replied
that would be ihr beotter than to be
drowned in beer. 'The cat lifted him
out, but the fume of the beer caused
puss to sneeze, and the mouse took re
t'uge in a hole. The cat called upon
the miiuses ti come ouit: "Did you not
promiise that I should eat you V 'Ah,'
replied the niouse, 'I did, but I was in
liquor at thoe time.'
Plato one day invited to supper Di
ogenes, the Cynic, with some Sicilans,
his friendIs, antd caused the banquetry
room to be adorned out of respect toi
those strangers. Diogenes who wvas|
displeased with the finery of Plato, be
gan to trampjle on the carpets and oth
er goods, and said very brabbsllyd
trmt dgocn the pride of tW l th
The Printer's Ten O
1. Thou shal fov 4
or he is the stanrjard'tl
2. Thou shalt suzbWdd
>er- for he seeketh 'nuet
he news, of which ye ma"
8. Thou shalt 'pay hin
ier-for he laboreth- hiid't,,
he news in due seasoii.,.i
4. Thou shalt ,adveriis
nay be able to give ye.
5. Thou shaltnot visit I
ss of his office -ule*
6. Thou shalt not' to4ciA 6j'
hat will give the printe b
hat lie may not hold theej
7. Thou shalt not read th 4
cript in the hands of the
or-for he will bold thee'blaeU
8. Thou shalt not seekti.
oefore itsis print'ed--4or hi,
L to you in due time.
9. Thou shalt ask hubut
Luestions of things in the ficW."
'ron it, thou shalt tell 'notlhing
10. Thou shalt not- seid i,
Mnd threatening letters to t,
The World owes me aLluw1
No such thing, Mr. Folkd'p'Q
iands; the world owes youo
;le cent! You have dQfe'
hese twenty years but consmohie
>roducts earned by the awea :0
r men's brows.
You have eat, and drank, and alepts,
Vhy eat, and drank, and ele*t
And this is the sum'.o o
ife. And the world 'dwes>4.
iving?' For what? How e
adebted to you-, tot
mount? What haveo 6 d6
t? What faniily in 'diea -
ron befriended? -
u ejo r create
lave you perfec
)wes you a living! idle su
was there a more absur4 idWi!> rr
lave been a'tax-a sponge "On
vorld ever since you carme Ini
[t is your creditor in a astits
Vour liabilities are immens
kssets aro nothing, and et
he world is owing you Go
['he amount in which you t m
lebted to the world is greater
rou will ever have the owe:t
late! You owe the world t'ei h:
>f your two strong arms rd'af
ikill in work they might h ePgaiin.
rou owe the world the labriof- f'v
)rain of yours, the sympathies o
eart, the energies of our b
rou owe the world the whole 'i-rA-:
and intellectual capabilities of a
Awake, then, from that dream
iothing state of slothfulness in
rou live, and let us no longer e
hat false assertion that the wo
)wing you, until you have doni soi6
SIoLAR SECRET SocI
p)olice of Perrysville, AshlisA.
,y, have just discovered and o
'Secret hociety" among the
~hat town, which is startling ~jj
n its fe.atures': "Thme society ndi6.4
i band of fifteen young men atii a
rormued for the burpose of robbey. K
2abtanin was chosen and a regufr doe
stitut ion and by-lawvs, the violation Qgf~~
which was death, were adopted. AOie'2
of the hand stole from his own ft
$10, which he had collected for
widow, who had a son he1
the band. Learning thfh m
belonged to her, the nbai 'toes
from) another women to ~~~
T'he caLsh drawer of a landlohir'
rysville was opened. by to:fdto
band, and( ai ten dollar bill tal o~~.~
it. The one who changed the'.Il~A~
d~ivide with his comrade,- cha r ''
premium for making change... Thia
ing a violation of the by-laws the
of' thme band, unknown to him.
meeting and determined on his de~l"'"
It was arranged that all were to godu
upon the icc-m which a hole was
be previonsly cut-to skate, adtt
ill should appear struck at so~u4~
osity of thme water, and lookT
when this one should stoop dawm
the hole, one of the comipav h
strike him with a club and ~~~
in. One young man, whosb
not SI) 'orrupt as the~ rest,~
and by givinug informad~oflrs'
the murmder. Several yftah
are nowv in Ashland#1~~
Tn: Wmirz $6
This is a cuteeuai
lieved by n4