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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, April 12, 1853, Image 1

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]DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRAC ,NEWS, LITERA
- *. -U --*ar it.T S--lr
- xn Advance
L.OVTH.R. RIGTS RVILMERAO, NEWS, LITRAUR,,CINE18DT5E3.T.
>MISCELjLANEOUS.
Reco1icCtioiR4 of YM'. Calltoui.
The following aiticle is from the
pen of a young lady of Alabama,
whose reminisceLce will be read with
all the more pleasure for the scarseci
ty of personal anecdotes of the great
Southerner
It is a pleasanil yet mournful oc
Odpation to recal ,tle hours spent in
tie society of th i gI-at and pure
statesman, and tc dwell upon the im
* fe8siou made b- his conversation
and appearance. Mord particularly
do,I prize these minories since he is
no longer among .s, and I know the
privilege of listonil. to him is never
again to be enjo3jid. Taught from
childhood to admir I mignt almost
saf-worship his eh.acter as a states
man" the first time beheld him is
indelibly impressed ipon nly mind.
The. fame of an cloq eut minister of
tie hospel had dra: together the
inhabitants of the htto vilage of P.
and the surrounding guntry. Glan
cing carelessly over. the church, I
was attracted by t!3 strilking ap.
pearance of t gentldnan just then
entering a pew near 'Ie 0n I occu
pied. His hair si!vred by age,
form erect, the penetrn'ing ghtnce of
his grdy eyej togecFer with the
thoughtful oepressiou if his face,
"marked him as no or'jnary man."
Atdertainirig who he is, L could
Aseatcely t'epress ai CX)!amnationl of
delight and surprise. Tli man I ad.
mired-more than any liv ow one was
now before -me. Tho rrainider of
the services were lost onvio my at
tdntion was occupied in wathling hi-n.
Ie. joined in tile servi5s of the
church with great devotion of man
ner-and paid undivided atyntion to.
the sermon. In a short.4'me iv
fied I rode to Fort lil a friend
to , eturn a call Ars. 4llion,
with old fashioned'.lfospitali,- inii-t
ed that we should spend the]dav. To
approach Mr. C. in a rbr1 to
speak to him then, I had anti ated;
but to know him-for the first tine iu
his own home, to.ee him alog with
his family,-was,-ep'leasure as unex
pected as it was agreeable. No young
person draws near to a great main
for the first time without a feeliing of
awe. I longed for, yet dreaded Mr
C.'s appearance inl the draw\iiig
room. When lie enitered, awid I was
presented to him, the simplicity of
his manner, and pleasing, quiet con
versation, soon assured me, and I
felt perfectly at my case.. lie was
very agreeable to young people. en
tering into their amusemnients and oe
eupations as if lie felt and eniiijoyed
them. With his sons his inter
course and influence were very hap
py. le treated their opiniois with
respect, at the same time correcting
them when erroneous. One in
stance I remember. One of his sons,
a thoughtless lad, who had already
learned to prido linself upon be
longing to the aristocracy of the
State, where aristocracy of Iirthi is
prized more than in any other State
in the Union, spoke of thme impor-ti.
S.nent curiosity and iniquisiti venmess of
the lower class. "My son,'" remark.
ed Mr. C., "'you ust not coin
mence life with such wvronmg imipres
atons. If you can give inform.ationi
to those who have not your- ad van
tages, give it gladly, anid loarni from
them in return. Some of the best
lessons of my life I have lea rned fronm
Pthose beneath me. If they have
less education, they observe imore
closely than we do. I never- meet a
laboring man who seems disposed
for conversation, but I listened to
his remarks and ask him questions."
-Turning over a portfolio of en
gravings for our amusement, Mr.
C. held up to our gazec the most mis
erable daub in the way of a portrait I
ever beheld. It was the head of a
man, with fiery red hair, stamiiing
up as if eachy hair was electri
fled; eyes without expression, aind
Wot4th and nose unptroportionate. "l I
you think this a correct likeniess?" lie
asked with a peculiar- simile.
'I received this a flew days since,
with an acopayn letter- reque1s.
inai look of may hair , froum a younig
lady who adnmires umy chmaracter', and
has had so many desriputionms of' me
that she thinks she can paint a co'r
rect likeness of mpe. This is the re
suit of her expieriment.'
'WVhy did you not return it and
jnform her that it was unlike?' I ask
ed.
she attributes it to me, I prize it as
such,' be replied. 'I wrote, thank.
ing her and sent the hair.'
In the afternoon Mr. C., conduct
ed us through his gI rde i Id
orchard. lie took much interest in
agriculture, and had the most pro
ductive orchard and best regulated
farm in the country. The day soon
drew to a close. I shall ever re
gard it as one the most agreeable
days of my life. I saw Mr. C., of
ton afterwards, frequently in his own
house, but never alone with his fami.
ly. My admiration of him grew
with my acquaintance. Never was
man more beloved by those among
whom he lived than he was. I visited
them a short time after his death; a
gloom of pervaded every iouseliold,
For all felt they hadl lost a friend.
[.elw York Times.
'WolF Nusrse-4.
Tils; story of Iomiulus and lietnus
being suckled by a wolf is accepted
as fabulous; but the following state
ment is strictly true.
In the kingdom of Oude, some ten
years ago, a male child of about
eightcen months old was niissed by
its parents. It was supposed to
have been carried away atnl devour
ed by the wolhes, wiich are verv
plen tiful in that part of the world..
Every winter inunbers of chilren
are destroyed by these animals, not
onilyi n (ude, but in our own provin.
ees in the north-west,
About reveti years after the child
was missing, a mani who gained his
livelihood by shooting in the jungles
saw a Iwolf and several cubs, and
with thetu an animal such as be had
never seenl before. It was like a
boy, but ran upon all fours. The
mlad-.o llowed the animal. . but was
'unale to te.gA: ii t- ii t.
days air wards sUCCc e Id in taking
tle animal alice. It barked,
rather snarled anid gr wl ed ike a
wolf, and atteillited to hilt. its era.
tor. The she-wolf an'd her eis F..
luvel the inman for some dis:ance,
auid several times show el - ,.i I
of gdei- a sesclau thlemd :h,
as the nan was armed, the (i d
venture t" a-tack Ilim. :in'i at h1i
tler retirniel to th jn.
Te :mimal was exlii'a it-I at Lue
nolW, and1. caulsed o 'l... I
was, evenuitv hmki-- t" "lne
of the autliities (Oan EljiJ 'fii
cer) who had a cage 1na.ele 1. it.
'I'l it was a humitan beinhg n (Inc
coun l doubt, thoug.!h it never stood
erect, awl lever itteeCd4i anv souind
eXcep it a growl, or a h1arse bark.
It refused every description of Foil
that was cooked for it, .1and woubull on
ly eat law fl-sh, which it would de
vour voraeiousl v. Cltes were iade
for it: but it tite thlm off with its
teeth. A r:i . - 0. w i i fr. m
the pirs If its s;i , ;Iu, its sin
was covered witi short thin hair.
Tle simiell was that of the wolf, by
whom it hal heena bronm.lit up. It
was very partial to Ihard boies, and
would chew and digest them as a
(log woul. In a word this ai nma
hadl adop tel all thme I hbits of its 1fis.
ter-mother- the sh e-w~olfI. Crouds
ofi niativyes everuy day came i to hook at
the strangLe creature, anid at last thme
won who had list the chibil was
aaong the spectat is. ]By certii
tarks upon t he anii imal sh e recognis.
edl in it, lier nissing' on'sprinig; hut
she wals by no men(:is antxiouis to have
it restoredl toi her. On thme ciinary,
she regarded it with extreme hoirror
very'i' lileanms weire resorted to, to
tame the hoy; but withmout effeet. -
Shut up ini his iron eage, he seemedti
to pine, and woul never touchel food
until forced to do so by the pains of
Ihuniger. It wouhl I have been dan.
gerous to let him i go onut of lie eaige;
for lie was as savag:.e as any wil
beatst of the desert. N umnerous at
teinp ts were miadeC to tiec Iimii tom
speiak ; but lie ut Ltered no sounids he.
yonad those ailrueady menitioniedl. le
lived for about a year', and becamie
in that ti me a perfec.et Ii vinig skele toti
J ust previ'u to lis death lhe said a
few words, which the man who haud
elharge of himt understood to be these,
'&e'Lr dardikurta.' (My head aches.)
This is not thie onily inst anee on re
cord of a wvolfi having broughit up a
young chil, whom it had carried
away from its parenuts. Some four
teen mionths ago an aimral was tak
eni in the dlistrict of M\ozufifornugger',
and brought to the station of Meer-ut.
it was a boy of about five year-s of'
age. and a mo revoltine ght ia
would be difficult to conceive. The
palms of the hands, and the soles of
the feet were as hard as the hoofs of
a horse. His movements were as
nimble as timse of a iu'rikey, and not
unlike those of that animal. Several
English dogs which saw this child
shewed a disposition to attack and
destroy it (this was, of course, pre
vented), while the child in return
snarled at the dogs, and shewed its
teeth, as though it were upon these
weapons that it would rest its defence.
This boy, too, like the one taken in
Oude, refused to eat anything but
animal rood- uncocked; nor would it
touch even that inl the presence of a
hutnan being.
Ii the provinces subjected to Brit
ish rule, a reward of 5 rupees (10
shilliigs) is given for every dead
wolf, by the ma gistrate under orders
fron tle Governtment. The natives,
however, usually contrive to bring
them alive to I stationi, where tle y
allow gentlemeii's d-slgs to worrv
themzi to deatl-fiw a coisideration
ill IIIneV - rii('iiols to taking tleil
to the Imagistrate anl I cla i ninig1 the
reward. The sport is no doulht a
very cruel one -tied up as tlie wolf1
geei-tilly is-bitt peopi- have little
symplitIhy for a beast whIo will ofteni
enter tie hiit uf a vilager bN tight
aid carry iwa a child from its
mother's side. These deprelatio Is
have of' late years becotine less fre
quent than they were formnerl v, alni
ee lolg, it is but reaItisonble to sup
pose, they will be of very rare (Ie
eurrence-albeit the titter extinction
if the race iay Le regarded as hopc.
less.
Sizagutlarti Pheno (bll tesson1
abotiiti ftvFeet. aid nfining io wa
te, flierititled tt dig ti l deier, as
Ohw s, ace h1a 1 lee beies
hiz l tion ha fI raid , shilt I l h
sink it dh-e1er, that the sill, wol.
fidi ill, if' hel atte v. Id t M& -o
'I'l- arc .rtliigl% :ilaandoned it, dt.w
ing plaitiks acuoss the iltithi t re
n-(t aCcident, intending t. flil it up
I t. ~ i kia
aga*in w1: he ie h d lit.l
air forcing its uIi itl.1ion, the well.
'Ihis Coitiiued fo.1r s' ine lays, V when
thle cutrret of air btecatne reversed,
ait there was a streittg draft dow n
wards, so itie I 'o that ligiht substan
ees broughit near tit etevieus in the
planks were ins. talldy drawi in. Ile
then procured a piece of, pumip log,
about two feet long, with an appa
ture of* two intehies in diameter, :nud
inserted this Iliitu . in i.e , I .i
1l'ankl Iie m11: :s it !it-es itself in.
t, (to l l, th1iis 1t e, iikes a roar
it sotind which cain lie heaid for
nearly a in; ile. Ii fiact, this well
sens now to per6f ri all the breath
ing finet tonis of a huge pair of lungs,
althloughi thle inhahati'oni antd exhiala
tionts coni titnue for a mu ich lonig.er pte
ieu tilati ini ally aiinaal nlow knowti
--as it is sineuies seveial days in
lraiwint ini its ltreithi, al as loig
time itn foricing it out.!
is goiintg on, lby pulling: their caps
over the end tif the tube, toi see themt
thiriwni several feet in the air. An.
titheri'fact is, that thle respiiratoiry or
ganls ofi ihis biretiniig mionister seemi
tt bie enttirelyv undeilc d' teicontril oft
thle a imis; hieret-si tat, in wh'llition
doubille lart f! thermiiieomtr andt hat
a ebange~ trtm a lowt ter to, a higher
degree of tempi~erancie, theL iiihalationi
growt~ less antd less, unti it is inall v
iliercepible; thent thle air cominieli.
ces rumsing tut- the current gra w.
ing stron~tger ail str-ingier, ititil the
weathier htas bteconni- settled, after
w hich it a gaini sail shles to a wait all.
other deprjiessin aof. the imercuryv, ''to
take ~in ano1thei r brmeathi,"-- ' Catturau.
The itunder ron-I , put hisoo hirimid.
dtler wei-iie.!. C iti lei li iie at therw-ty
yet s an iv , wv itho .ar eafr!
The Wild Man C ght at Last.
It has bcen tle cu .om- witi cei tali
Arkcainas editors. % - lfher I. otnt t;
IIte usual sliply o ( -j LItjetndoub ex
citement," "horrid purders," "despe
rate afflrays,.&c. &c. to trump up the
"wild man of the wfods," and ehase
him round from on ' editorial to ano
ther, until lie finally ecoies lost amid
the vast and itrip etrable L swamips
that abound in theseavild region?. Aln.
ny were the strang6 and .unirvellou
stories told ablout the noden Neloi:c
hadnezzar, anld while rela-ig aid nub
lishing thern froIn tinie t' tiine, w. lit.
tle drearned that we had s veritable
wild noan in our own pOpilous Colin
ty of Lauderdale, and ithini five
fiiles of our qu1iet little vill.ge otf Flo
rence. Yet such has been the ficet, and
it, now beeolISes~ ur turn to tell i
strange and wo ndProus talt , v'iiying
the oIII-i-epleated nhige 't, uith is Stialn
ger t hru- fictionl .' "A'
Sinthf linr over triee yno s Mygo, a
30 years of a"1 , st oppd lit tai
a if'ho-d hulanoling. ituiated4At the foot of'
tlhe Ai cle Sh lk iiiJ:1 mluntv. Ile
avh nan- asGo. rdrig
tr' on- liin.1x: c4,4'*' E ,i oo. . (, oil
ealm. wit hI a v . 41%% tis h- . I1 uhf
ammiily d(se(in1 fim: 4 i i' e r u%.I
til of14- tIlt ( the llne l. u Itrr se-~O
:on a( the lat of the Slloa-n. O oinis re
4 Ido Uog af:e:-hi. mligrItoIry (.11
ol'ann .n oInl all gone here .-iy .. is
(44 1 1110C livaas .' i' o(J II he 'onI.
Mc14duct0 was w, -erved It). be stline.
tI i'ts exce4nt 4 ie tlrhoi'ph ' ~io I A
fa itttil, anid aipi'rac u t o h .
ell' oilv.
After a ini hIf. too.k up i, abodt
ill on4. t.ose numertunaves uhieb
are thund i ile high :1i(" pleciption 41
IuIIl -kirit ing abliog the NiFbrii t-i1hre
to it Tennei11 riv r. f.41431 Shoil
Cdvk It, FlTren(. The one selected
by this po4r iteast. %wiS s'tinated a
few 11 hndred yirdls froi tie ferry, and
near thpgpilblio r.nidi. 'Ji wiosi aff CII
I-t Il. ie it t11 w t
.(I I fl' fill -st 4'1.
I ntneh. a il 4mvvy '. r
jeors 1ens1i upon him141 bO,
all~wf tufrs f hm
< le ear !a' l d i I' 0e 4 4 -
,I a to,n . I. itly --' r ' i
tol t :,. chorli In 4 4hc
kiew Ii .4k i 1 4liv l-w %;Ii h i, - i nof
ti-4s li hal aver ff ti ! i - 1 -rl4 0 j
'-'0:! il1.
I\ 1 ' o.:.,, I~v., 14441
Iiunting- \ver th< h ollo-o riv rills
knw u and~ conversed. Il w')h hi'!.
bunt. lie obtntl eited all per~suaft
siln too ghole w6ith thlil, 1111d warled
theirn agpainst anly aiiItteIpt 4lto c-oerce
him. Thie 11)tne wncit I' b'uileanli nr it.
t I t Il-ir s1 a1 ng'-,e i tIl*'erh'- . :111d ill ('.. II
I ll y will se-ve-ril 4itliers, returnegic l tit
tile tice, but. G)inIs had g4)ne. e'lltv
watcihed the phac- tr several da Vs hut
hle Iever Iein .. ' led
inn4 4.a~o.n'l to hua t fbuitises and~11(
vcIouredVI tht- hills.
The ogs soons st riiok i:''n 41 n trail,
:i4 dao1hed I otun11d41mler fI ir I .i n
than t wo inil .I. tl th No Ii of Sh :
Creek; bu1t. owini Ii lh Ingd ch:
aeter f tle cout , Ih lhor.eo'
cohibl noot keep1 up1, :1111 l ti. fuIgitiv,.
wasl loost til tile wa':ters o-f Shoal (hiree-o.
edi, on41 inan4 bli ev ed-' - ioo- uh'o e I t ~o.
boy~ behboing~ to Alrh. A\, P. Net-lv re..
pote to hisa:oa-tter thato h',"'h:iol s'e ni 14
inlII: 11pon1 th lib luff-, nier a notod caive
on the yho1:1tat ion'i of*.hn142cIe Poser.
Ai.\Ne-ly iiledhiatvI'en colleted~ a
nInheIldro etlernen m/l proceed'4 ed 044(
14eariIng th l144ult h of lbi- a's e theor
ti-toverl'oI the0 .si\'o 4 .. .rm4 of ihe.
ti01' u bo'lo 14 It li'4o' . I 00oi oo'il:ot,,1
ru. lb' pahl no :.1- i :.4 to theoil
I n o-n to. com' :o .n .' 00nt- ofth
hi- foot.
IIe ibt 04 4'mne 0on0. II 4 e, : ot
f rt 001 iity. ''- 04 a 1~. ilo~ li ot'
abort .iseg :04.! -.0.li od ub eihed.
lb-- ~ a i ttol1i . l- po g all4 de4 rip
tiol i~g lol we sIotil (0 init 4if 4tjt I , It h
alo- loa t ioI oel fee 0, oal o I. l \ I ai
b:14 L- eteriined to ione 1 nt 4(4 n 11 .
I'lle prot e'stedl that h1e lid:nbllne no mini
har'i'o. :iinl -i. egged to be14':1'Iwed t ocon
Iinue~ hi- - solaoa lile' : in h0 Iinally I
u bntlh lhe did1. m1al0 when't & hoeard last
-oft him he was- sutlloig 4) ': a violent
col, conoltraIted no114 ((4 dou V his suid
deon eb~lmygn fromt a woor - . hanI 1 avag'e
to civilizedt lif.
The( long dletalin ed 4:M a v e w hiebi
wve ha~ve felt bliondo .I 10 In lhis siln.
guila nd ext10 o rd440~ inary I . . foo tids
o.ur induhiIno int ny olhhsn mmio-a
reflections which it naturally suggests,
and to which our feelings strongly in
ine us.
W hether this poor creature has been
the victim of sin, of sorrow, or of iad
ness, he has an equal claim upon our
humanity and compassion- We mean
to go and see him and write to his
friends, (if he has any in East Tennes
see)and beg theni to come and re
clain him from his wandering life, and
as he has not lived, may at least be
permaitted to "die among his kindred."
Florence Gazette.
Editors.
Editors are generally thought
to be rather useful members (f
community, after all. It is something
with them as it is with the camels of
Arabia, that come laden with sweet
spices, and receive only stripes and
coarse fidder in return. Evervbody
loves to read the news, and shako his
sides over some rich anecdote; but.
whether the editor gets paid for his
trouble in supplying the intellectual
treat, is one of the last things that dis
I urbs the quiet of most readers. Edi.
tors iitst be the servants of' every
body not oily clains to ie master, but
a very s re. ri master too. it the ser
V_ itt do not please in everythir.g.
Ne.?ws inust come, at any rate; and so
iil -st aimeedtes and witty sayilngis
oneie', and S mictlhing must come in ev.
ery paper liat will create a litugh aid
drive otitfhe b lui'es. If it be lt so,
lp my paper" is the first sahita tiom
lait en-ahelus 1he Iploor editor's eye car.
Biut how is all this to be done! News
inmusm exist befbre e ittirs can get hold
()f it. Ani if ancedotes will not.
tirn themselves ill), who is to blame?
Must the editors sufler because the
wo'dd. sonetinies takes it into its
head to lie down and take a nap. In
this diflicult state-of things, when !o
many bricks are expected and no straw
tAiinished , d. edijtor- have concluded
with Itvo jfi
r ag robtsies,
penents, that, to
stepped fir the want
ten such things will not
1aerg in the natural co.urse of
thing. he- s eatboat disasters. rail
ritad actidtment-,, and Canlillene exloii.
sions all colle ill vrV naturaliy. w.li
the editor gets the steam up sIe-s in
thie vein of :mecommodating his gulli
ble readers. There are a great ninny
.iurnials im this country that can
-do up this business to a charmi, ani
Ilte thing w ork well. But it is said
that tlie Irish, who are a wide awake
beele, kiiek the Yankees entirely ill.
tirely into the rhade in tihe linle of fur
nihiing thr lling articles as occasion
may cal four them. The Irish papers
ive a i ee lilng supply of langlia.
, iruns, and It oIrribly interes
I h'g frts. It, is but little consequence
whether y %.know tle punl or the ii1inr.
der was dne'iio - the editor or the per
sn i wlhoim lie attrilutes it. Ilis
i,. -a t pi- anth - iing. Ier
I editor is inl tite hotel. The prin
ter's devil enters, exclaiming,
y want a small paralgraph t
fill out thie coliimn, si:r."
-. sa Vs about tel lines, sir."
"Wecll, let tie see-Oh! tell him
tee bun a child to deathc at fl'aterjburd."
Fri'mt the Iheility with whieb sonie
.1 ccur Arineruican piJapers get up the
horiie antd the quee'(r, we should
thinik they were travelin tg rap id ly in
the huootstep s of' their illulstrtious irish
pred-essors. But whaut woculd ytou
have thlemi do? They inst eithler'in
vent, ior starve, they saty, aind come
ve ry neatr starin g, at the best 0 tem
pora! 0 mores!- Oliae Branch!
TuE: CIrax o1" PE:uia.---We re
iimntber can old lady wiho was so re
itimrkablyV eet nmcitical that site c
lhad a pair of' shoes inadle ihrc little
girl. withiouit stiles, tfer ti-a shte woil
wiear I themiibl n'[ his bidlv, ho wev'er
wa-s tne miiati chir Alr. Waiscon, uce
bt lie laite Alarqu~iis oef Ioekingltiu , a
hie die]rted a Iinind to topeni ier himt a
<ha werc. iin wthitch was ani old shirt, that
lie mtight putt it oni. IHinig askedi why
lie wmi-lied toe chin ge his Iiseni, andt he
see ill, lie itepliedi : "Il1-cause I atm tioltd
that the sirt I die' in mnust. hce i le
maii peopt lcisitt, mochi that is goodet
Itceniugh ter hier !"' Thiis was as hadl as
lihm e atio unce, withI her last breathi,
bh-wm cci itt inchl ee candtle, "'because,'"
said shie, "I can see to die in thle dlark."'
J orluend TIranscript.
Ah.ut--"W by, n.y dearest, Albert,
what~it mire youe cry ig for ?-so good,
twm c, as ytoujae beein all day !"'
Spoiled Little Boy--'lIt et.hno !
I've eaten so,-m-miuch b-beet antd
turkey, that I cain't cat any p.p-plum
p-p-pupidding !"
Wsrneditor says hef ead
eggsad !ttal s fr"enfut
RAILROADS.-In a recent num
ber of the Railroad Journal, we-find
some capital remarks on the advan
tages of railroads, which we extract:
"It is well known that upon the
ordinary highways the economical
limit to transportation is confined
within a comparatively few miles, de
pending of course upon the kind of
freight and character of the roads.
Upon the average of such ways the
cost of transportation is not far from
fifteen cents per ton mile, which may
be considered as a sufficiently cor
rect estimate for an average of
the country. Estimating at the
same time the value of wheat at
$1,50 per bushel, and corn 75 cents,
and that 33 bushels of each are equal
to a ton, the value of the former
would be equal to its cost of transpor
tation for 330 miles, and the lat
ter 165 miles. At these respect
ive distances from market neither of
the above articles would have any
commercial value, with only a com
mon road as an avenue to mark
at. But we find that we can move
property upon railroads at the rate
f one-fifth per ton per mile, or for
one-tonth the cost upon the ordina
ry road These works, therefore, ex
tend the economic limit of the cost of
transportion of tle abovo articles to
3,300 and 1,650 miles respectively.
At the limit of the economsical move
rnent of these articles upon the com
mon -highway, by the use of rail
roads, wheat would be worth. $44,
50 and corn $22,27, which sunis re
spectively would represent the actual
increase of value created by the iit
terposition of such a work.
"It will be,scen that gie valueiJ
lands is affecte.d by railroads it -
name ratio as' their pro
watbrcoru iilie inm<
cinity of a market, inny be worth, for
the culture of wheat, $100. Let
the average crop be 22 bushels to
the acre, valued at $33, and the
cost of cultivation at $15, this would
leave $18 per acre as the nett
profit. This quantity of wheat (two
thirds of a ton) could be transport
ed 280 miles at a cost of one cent
per mile, $3,30, which would leave
$14,70 as the net profit of landI at
that distance from a market, when
connected with it by a railroad. The
valte of the land, therefore-admit
ting the quality to be the same in
both cases--would bear the same
ratio to the assumed value of $100 as
the valu3 of its products, $14,00,
does to $18, or $82 per acre- which
is an actual eation of value to
that amcunt, assuming the correet.
ness of the piremises. The Sane
calculation may, of course, be ap.
plied with equal force , to any kind
and species of property.
' We clip the following from the
Chicago Journal, as to the arran c
ments of railways in Eigland, suloe
of which might be imitated wit h profit:
"The railways are well buiit, and
the first el ass cars are g fo, though
the second class ai-e poor-. Eaeb
apartment holds eight persons, and
three apartments to each car-. The
engines ai-e much lowerci than ours,
and apparently more simple. Tihe
engineers have no covering, being x
posed to the weather, and sometiimes
have to wear- wir-e masks to pr-otect
their faces; htaggage many times is
put on the top of the passenger- (-ars
and covered with canvass. When
they connect car-s they screw them
together till the huimpters touch, which
makes the train a solid body , and
prevents that jolting which is often
so unpllleasant on ot r roads1(1. Thet
G reat Westerni riad has- a seven
foot track and a double track, wh lich
is usual on all roads. 'The carriage
way is cairried ei thei- underi or ov'er
the track-this is required~ by law,
and ha to be tak n into considlera
tion inj estalishing thle grade, and
adds vastly to the expense; there are
ewcurves or few grades- usual
ly runintg ver-y direct and very les
el. I have learned a fact that wav
prove inteiresting to our- railroad me-n;
that is, that they ta-e the clay and
make a layer about five inches thick,
an the top) of it is placedl a la ver- of
fine or waste coal abg~ut oni" inch
thick, then another of clay, then an
ither of' coal, repeating' to the height
of about five feet. Th at is set on
Sie and bur-ned about one week, when
the clay becomes unaformned brick,
umand is used for ballast on the road,
anud answoers about as good a pr
pose as gr-avel- saving theo expgnse
of r-emnoving the clay nndl ednr ibat
gravel. . It is also frequontdo
where there are slided of a rn
ing a portion of an o'nb'nknent -
will stay the rest. - This was neW t
me, though it may fhot be to youxleav
dor."--e
Px
ANECDOTE OF TlE PRESiDNC,.,
A correspondent in 1Yashingtn (~n
.-hes us with an anecaqte of.
Pierce, which will give our eq
some idea of tle man. 1iftuth
politician. A few daysni t 6
President appointed an indiv Ualto
a responsible and lucrative of
distant part of the country, n h
recommendation of two-of thern"V
States Senators, and the Snatecon
firmed the appointment. Thu grai
fying event produced an exhilaratin
effect upon the successful aplicant'.
fur office, who so far forgot himsef
as to indulge in a 'glorious joiifica
tirn.' As lie was lodging at a fash.
iu:miable hotel, his disgraceful conduct
became known, and was. freely dom. -
menited on--indeed, it becamoho
'town talk.' The Senators io had
recommended him to the favor-, of,
the President, finding that he had
disgraced himself, and was.unoiRth
of confidence, waited upon.the resi
dent, stated the facts, and asked fo
his removal from office.
ien,' said the p-.-nu4ent ii replr,
'this Tias nominated by me, or
your recoininendation, and at your
solicitation, to an office undertld
government, and the ioinin. iftojad -
confirmed by the Senato You now
say that his habits, are inteinperaW
ard that he is unworthy of'the sitia
tion. But if I 'were to remove him
now, the consequene woula be inevi
table ruin to him.: The sbawea.nd
oitetattend ing his dis'unas
in tlee
im the- intoxicatingr bowla
would become a confirmed inetiae
whereas, if this conversation' is re.
peated to him, lie may ani probably
will reform, and becone a soberand
exemplary citizen. I shallo
move hilm from office for this offouce
--but this, as it has been the.irt
so it will be tie last time I. can for
give him.'-Boston Journal.
JO1111 RANDOLP OUTDONA.4of
the many amusing anecdotes of ithis
eccentric man of Roanoke iwe do not
believing tho following was.- ever
im prmnt:
lie was through a part of Vir
ia in which he was uracquained
during the mean time. lie stopped i .
ring the night at inn near the'ark;
of the roa(. The inn keeper'. tya
a fine old geitlemen, and no doubt of"
the first families of the Old Dom
io-l. Knowing 'who his distinguishi
ed guest was, he endcavordd di
rig the evening to draw hitno
a coilversation, but failed is -all -'
efforts. But in the morning hdti
Mr. lailolph was ready to-stat,r6- -
cal!ed for his bill, which on being pro.
was paid. Tho landlord still
anxius to have so:no conversafio
with lhim began as follows:
"Which way are you travelling
"Siar!" said Mr. Randolph with
a look of displeasure.
"I asked,'' sail the landlord, which
say arec y'ou travellingV"
"H[ave I paid you my bill?'
"Yes."
"Do I owe you any thing any
imore'?
"Well I'm going just whereo
please-~-do you understand?"
Tfhe landlord by this time got some.
what- excited, and Mr. Randolph
drove ofE. lut to the landlord's sur
1um-is ini a few nuinutes (lie servant me.
turned asking for his master, which Qf'
the forks of the road to take: Mr.
luand,.lph not being out of .hearimw
<histanice, the handlord spoike- to -the
top) oft his brcathi, "'Mr. Ranidolphi
you dlon't owe me one cent, just tako
which road plae
It is said that the air turned blue,
n th the curses of Randolph:
TI-:uma n APJr me '1ANs--ln B'ton
hey lhav e a fi re-ahni itelegrauphiytehu h -
whien connecteth, sets .all tho' firehMhlis
iigu~i at O tinme. A dafo'-ne
'o~ the wires of theo Alorso'Teugreiph
h"i New Yor'lk gost in contantawith
the~ Eir o Telegraph ini Bouruand in.
st'untly Ki ag's Chmapelh bella bet~i
strikeing fire at~rapid rate, onudthetire
aphpara Itus~ of this district wvere all dra wi
'out before the cause:was'dire~ovored..u
Rig m os-abells inu Now -.l -
st srto long bell tpropl
hu-t il i very estriking illustration4
uagn~etism annihilating srace.,

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