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0 *tw.l -RU'
G AN & FRIANCIS.
).,-DOLLARS in advance, Two Dollars
y Cents at the expiration oraix months,
Three Dollars 'at the end or the year.
yOper dicontilnued until all arrearages
Yi6n, tine. at the option of the l'ropriettor.
Adverisements inserted at SE~V EN'TY
oCent aper square, (12 lines or less,) for
rie first$ and half that aunt for each subsequent
I.0 number of insertions to be marked
19 A vertisements or they will be published
t;wiltrered' to be discontinued, and charged
n -DOLLAR per square for a single
tlon. 'Quarterly and Monthly Advertise
n oncewill be charged the same an a single in
* rtloh. and semi-monthly the same as nev oese
The late Vice President.
WILLTAU RuFus KIN;u, was a native
' Norih Carolina, where he was
rIA a . A a6 cJwequent
1 years of age. is duties wIere
mitaed to presiding in the Senate, and
in his absdiice, the President pro tem..
6ifthiat ody, w.ho is elected by the
enators, takes his place. Mr. Atchi
*oonf'Missouri, is at present Presi
ik0t pro.tem. By the death of the
i ce President, Mr. Atehison re
h iIIs in the stmte position without
"i 1iining the title. as the office is now
it; but in ct-e of' the death of
i President and Vice President. (he
resident of the Senate pro tem, be
omes President of the United States.
*itil an election can be held. This is
.Accordiig to tho provisions of tie
a- t of-Congress of March 1, 17.Q. We
are not acquainted wIth the early life of'
Ir. -King, with regard to his pirsuits
and studies, but we find that lie en
tored public life before he had attaed
his twenty-first year, when le was
choseii by the peiple ofiampso:n coni
ttvto represent thems in the Legisla.
tare of his native Ftate. At thli age of
twenty-four, in 1810, lie v.as cleeted
by the people of the districL of his
- residence to the Twelfth Congress,
-which held its first session ill the
autunmn of 1811. It was that, Conl
giess which declared war with Great
Britain; and for that measure of the
-lomocratic or republican party, Mr.
King voted, as well as fbr the vari
.otts acts for carrying on the war with
vigor. He was re-elected to Congress
f) 1813 and 1815, remainingi a mem
her niatil a year after pea was re
stored. In 1816 be resigned his seat in
Cotngress, inl consequentce of receivittg
the appointment of Secretary of Lega
tion to Mr. William Pinckney, Mintis
ter to both Naples and St. Peters
burg. During his two years resi
dence in Europe, Mr. King became
- well acqnainted with the afihirs of the
continettal governments, and the con
dition and character of the peopic. Re
turning from Europe, Mr. King soon af
ter removal front North Carolina to
- -erritory of Alabama, in 1SIS and
A'Y s d ,inthe framing of the constitu
'tioh of the same, previous tu the ad
mission into the Union as a State. He
was chosen by the Legislitture one o
first Sena tors fr-om Ala bama,, (J ohnt
Walker being his colleague,) arnd took
his seat in thme United Stastes Senate
in 1819. He continued a memnher of'
that body for over twenty-fouir con
seenitive years, having been re-elected
in 1823, 1829, 1835. atnd 1831. lIe
-resigned his scat in the sping of'
1844, in consequence of' being stlered
the mliission to France by President TIv
ier; which appo()itmenatt lie necepted
mnainly with a view of prteveting the
Just protest of .Fancte and England
against the then pending antnexation'
*of Texas. lHe was the early1 and
decided friend of that great stri'ke of'
policy which seenred to t he peopile of
~this country tho control of' all thie
:good cotton Janids not lying within
,the old boundaries of the contieder a
*tion oir the purchase oftLouiisiana. On
;parted forthwith to fuilil it. Lanis P~hil
lippe discnssed the sttbject. with Mr.
King, and becamue satisfied thiat thle
projected protest would not avert an
niexation. Tho .LFreh king fitnaly de-si
-clar'ed that "'he woulId do nothing htos
tile to the United States, oi whmich
* could give to heri juist eanse of of'
fence." By the means of' Mri. King's
*mission, England was isolated, and
hi. r plan of' a protest against the tan
nexation of 'Texas was abandoned.
In November, 18-I5, Mr. King, hav
*itig obtained peirmission to rei n hi
office of Aimblassador', reitrned to the
Uited States. In 181 hIle was againi
appointed Uited States Senator froman
Alabama-,a in place of A ithitri I ~.g.
by; sent to Russia; andi ini 18 19 Its
was elected by the Legislature ihr lu
the feil term of si years. it 1 X50. \hir.
*FLilhnirore. the Vice~ Presiden-it, hatvinag
succeded to~ the Prieidener by thme
dealth of' Genteral T aylotr, Mr .'Kit Lg was
chosen by the Sentate their Piriidlet
* pro temn, a platce lie hadl li(b! ini fihmter
*years, front 1830 to 8-11. Iti, tn
flecessary to st ate thle pa:irti.nir is of'
Mr. King's nomeination liv the~ Demno
his triumphant~ election to the \ee
Presidency. Being coimpslle.l tao
leave the country for the bentefit of
his9 health, he resigned his seat, ini G. -
Senate dutring the Into session. Mir.
King catered political life as a low
er of' Mr. Jefferson, and hans al ways
been opposed to the exceise of' im.
plied pow~er's by Congiress. He was
constidjered onea~ of the champ jions of
Southern State rights int thtevariouts
* Congiress ont the tariff, slavery, and in
ternial imnproveents. Hie has icr.
er been moarriiedl. IIis iesidente itn
Alabama fuar manty y'ears hits been&
at Selman, on the Alabamta iivetr.--Col
- E "" . lw danys ago (tie million
of dead letters wvere biurned, accosrdintg
to law, by the Post-oflice Dep-aritt sent
at \Vtihington. They measured a bott
,FOl TiHE SUMTER 1ANN.a.]
Home and Freiids.
iHoie' pleasures wake a sleeping tear,
Amd call to fiuey's store
For Father, Mother, Sister dear
And happy times of yore.
Home; dearest home! I think of thee
Of friends, and kindred near:
No distance, howe'er great it be
Cun banish thoughts so doar.
Yes, Father; I remember yet,
When far front thee and home;
How I did you and Mother fret
By acts of mischief done.
Mother; thy kindness now I know,
When strangers throng around,
How from thy eyes the tears did flow,
For me, your rebel sonm
Sister; wakeful now are dreams,
When far from thee I roam;
My recollection lively teens
Of joys, of thee, and hoine.
Brother; you ne'er can be forgot,
'Mongst those I love so true.
You were my partner of thrat spot
And why not love thee tool
IFrom the N. wherry Sentinel, April 20.]
Meeting of Presbytery.
Tho Iresbytery of' South Caroli
11a WAS Colvenied Aveleigh in this
towin, 3] Friday evening last. A ser
111o11 was delivered on the occasion by
the lev. Mr. Jlil!houso, Moderator of*
last session. The inumber of' Minis
terial aind lay delegates is quite large.
Ministers Presen.-Revs. J. Hill.
hou1lse, 1). lli1nmphreys. W m. Carlisle,
J.. '. Gilhert, WI. McWhorter, V.
11. Davis, T. L. Melride, Z. L. lilones
Jno. McLees, S. S. Gaillard, J. C. Wil
ians, J. B. l1illhouse, J. L. Kennedy,
V. 13. Telford, It. 11. Rheid, A.
D. Mcntgoiery, E. T. Ruist and
C. 13. Stewart.
Churches Represenlted.---T. Cunning
ham, -Roberts; Jas. Telfbrd, Broad
way; W. 13. McAllister, S. N. Evins,
Nazareth; Sarnuel Austin, Friendship;
J. E. Savage, Fairview; J. F". Livings
tol, Lebanon; N. Harris, Willing
ton; It. Gaillmd, New Ilarmony; It.
E. Campbell, Liberty Springs; J. G.
Williams, Little River; Jas. Gillain,
Rock Church; R. A. Archer, Green
Ville; Job .Johnmston,, Aveleigh, Smyrn
isi & Gilder's Creek; A. C. Norris,
Anderson C. IT.; J. W. Simpson, Laur.
ens C. II.; D. Lesley, Upper Long
Cane, Al. 0. McAslen, Iowewell; Isa
ac Carlisle, Providence; C. WV. Sprotul,
.Bethuda; 'T. B. Collins, Spartanburgh;
M. Thompsor, Varenics; J. -W. Nor.
ris, Pickens C. 11.
The Rev. A. D. Montgomery was
chosen Moderator, nd the Rev. Thos.
L. Molryde, Clerk. TIo Presby
tory then conmenced the transaction
Theli Presbytery will adjourn to
meet againi at Nazareth Chaureb, Spar.
tanbhurg District, oin Thursdaty be.
fore tihe 4th Stmldaty in September next,
being the 2d dlay of the month.
A Fess7Ny C otrImau TIAN'ACT-(10.
-Aln old fellow, living at Franikfort
on1-thle- Maine, sent to a businecs cor
respond1(ent at Franklfbtrt-on t lhe-Odor,
a1 large co)nsignmen'lt of cotton stock
Iings. anid at thme salme t imel to anoth
or coArrespondlCenit at the smaile place an
equial ly hirge cons'iginmen t of' cot
toin n ighteaps, the~ prlOdnet of his
o3wn inanufactuare. Ile wrote to each
thme priee at u baih they were tu soil,
but the sumt designa~ted was found to
be)t too( large. of which fihet, they took
'ocasin to inflorm hlim. Hie vieided
was- no o'lher for hisi faies~i. A gatin he
wva ite-' in rep ly to other Iltt'rs ofI his
corr'es1lmndents1, nlaming a yet sml-~l
Icer al(olluit; bilt weeks ejatpse, :mid yet
noe satles. A I lengthI he wr ites to( caleh
(c rresponldent to mai~ke somefl disposi.
tion1 (of his namnth3Iettares;- if timey' can't
gett moneyr~ tohr themll at lea[:,L to ex
ebantlge thleil, no0 mratter it, what reas.
013ableI satcrifice, fo r i y ofther goodts.
3Under thIese inst rtions01, t he stoickinig
factor cailIs uiponi the nigh1ltcap agenti
biotht uniknowin to i:ech ther in .
"namesf" his views;" he wishecs to ex
eli-mge at lot, of stuperbii co(tton1 stock
ings-. the some othe13r goods; lie is not
par titila wi'chat kind1, as thle t ransiac
tion cis acli friendl, wvho i< dlesironus of1
" c,sing hais stock." Th'le man1 at
firs1 lt an il thik f niothling which lie
wnbl iIIke to excehanige for so large a
suipply of stokig, Ibut at lenrgthm a
brilliant lhouight strike's him1. "1 have,"
enps- froml~ an 33hl cor'respoiidenit, whlich
I shall not 3bject to3 exchlanig loryccur
'Ilie stockin iie tor wrotle h~a'-k at
biled to comply'K withi thle intrctionslo(f1533
his pr'iieipl3t. I lu had exchlanged his
stock~ings ihr3t "a supleior aricle1. of
tigh~lt-eatp," in :an egnlial gnantity, which
lhe was assureii(d were likely to bie mnitehl
ini demanI:ld biefore a grealit wile.. Th''le
nex t d.ay emneif a Ileiier f'om th le niight
'up agenit, announ(etingii& his sui:eess, and
appenidedl to the letter was a buig bill f ir
commniissions! Asu Yellowplaiish wonll
say, 'Faniizy I hat gent's feelingsU
A Golde Iae o a younig lay is
to3 coniverse atlways with heri femai~le
frienids as~ if a genitlemn i were of! the
pa rty ; and w ith y oiing men a-i if' hier' f
IAalL(e0Icompanions.- were pre'senlt.
ST mcu Ln i';'vl.:i.oii-.:s.--WVte Ieairn
that thke Ht aniped en velopesi (c(ntriaeted
to ben fo ruishmed the Unif d Rittes Gov
erinment by Mr. G. .l. Nesbitt, of
this city, will be ready for dolivery by
the first of' June next. A large quain-l
Lity' are already prepared; buit speci
imetns arie notO ye tibited.---A. y.
Jonal ofj(Y aumere'' 1
--"My dear Punch:
-1 Ray such a funiiy thing in the pa
.er thcqther iay-it was headed 'Ct:
ious Physlulogical (I hope I have
spelt the word right) Discovery It
laid that Monsieur Rioulin had, beenl
ceding silk worms with food of'
lifl'ercnt colors, aind by that ineans
naking them spin silk of the same col
>r as the food. And it also mention
!d that the very bones of animals may
)c tinged with what they eat. Law! I
vonder if it is the sanie with a hu.
nan being-and if so, whether it would
3e possiole to affect the coiplection
ay food. IL would be so nice to
)o able to ob ain a clear delicate color
hat would wash, without being obliged
;o resort any of those preparations.
And then how funny to have it in
Ane's power to be either a blonde or
i brunnette, according to one's fancy,
jr as might be found convenient-and
p)erhaps to change from one to the oth
er if desired, or advisable. Can you,
lear Punch, or any of your scienti
lie friends, tell me if there are any ar
icles of diet which have the power to
to make these alterations, and what
they are? for I should so like to know.
I should not mind their taste very
inuch---thongh, of course I should ra
ther they were nice: only fancy howde
lightful to realize a beautiful white
ieck, hand and arm, by a course of
rpen jam tarts! A word in answer
to 'our JULIA."
Julia must not think about open
jam tarts. The efiet of suchi delea
3ies in a complexional point of view
may be called pimplific. Julia- is
probably not. disposed to be blue; but
that is the only tint which it is possi
ble to acquire py such micans as those
to which she alludes; it may be obtain
ed by perseverance in small doses of
nitrate of silver, at the risk simply of
being poisoned. Plain living and
pleIty of exercise w'll 'effect tie great
est alteration in respect of hue that
bhe cheek of a young lady can under
go: namely, to fresh, and pure, and
glowing, from dull, spotty, and sal
low. J ulia is recommended to try oat
moal porridge. She should not cat
too nuch bread and butter.-.Puneh.
RItSaONATIONS OF FL'oFESSO3.-We
have learned that Wn. 13. Rogers, Pro
1'essor of Natural Philosophy, Geolo
gy, and MIineralogy, and J. Lawrence
Smith, Pro ifessor of Chemistry and
Materia Medica, have resigned their
respective Prot'essorships in the Uni
versity of Virginia, to take effect at
the close of the present session, the
290th of' June.
It is presumed that these vacancies
will be filled by the Board of Visitors
it their next meeting in the last
Mr. Rogers has been Professor in
the University for the past 17 years.
He is one of the most eloquent ora
tors that we ever listened to. Mr.
Smith has only been at the Universi,
by one ossion. Wo hope their suo
cessors may be as able and compe
tent as Professors Rogers aid Sinith
have proved themselves to have
been.-Charlu'ottsville Jefjer'soni an.
Hovtels .ArraungemntsaI' in 'Vew York.
-The N. Y.. Post says-.
The prioprietors of' the Metropoli
tan Hotels have mande aurranmgeiments
fi'r from one hundred to two hundred
roomis in the i mnmediate vicinit y, to
accotumodate thleecrowds that ar'rsh
ing nplonI them,.
The proprietoirs ofSt. Nichiohis lb.
tel have leased fbor a ter'm oi years the
lots on the corner of' Spr'ing and Met'.
t'er-streets. 1 20 feet on Spring, and
127 on Mercer, belonging to the Kipp1
estate. Th'Je hiu..ses thereon will be
takeun down, and the hotel build ing ex
tendled over the space. The addition
of 75 feet on the south side of' the ho.
tel is ntow iin progress, and is expect.
ed to be finiishaed in d1one. The St.
Nicholas will then be :302 feet on
Braoadwaiy and Merceer-streets by 200
Ieet. on Spring street, and will contain
600 r'oomns. The portionl now fmnish.
ig o'n the Spring-street front will be
ready ini May.
In c"onisequenceC of the high rate of
rents, &e., all 'hie hotels hieretofore
takinig enstomners at 9 1.50 per day13, are
raisinig the price to $2 This is said
to be really no better fo>r thema thani
thie ol price ai year' agot.
ii meniing the pro ject o~f the new
hotel on the Fif'thi aveitnn, it was spmok
i'n of' as bein in th eigh borhiood oft
Tflrt eenthl-street. WVe should have
A Goon Wwm.'.-A good wife is
Daue whoi' poits her' husband in at the
pleasan test side of' the bed. and tueks
bim up to keep bim waurm in the win-'
ter-splits the kindling wood-maukes
the fire in lie morning--washes her
hiusbanid's thee, and1( diraws on his boots
hitri him-iever' scolds-n-iever' suffers at
hole to i'eimain in his stockings ori his
'an taloons-keeps her sloes .o at the
heel, and het' stockintgs da' nedl-never
wner ts wh'lat her hushbanul se'es inter
'sting! ini the p retty chiambermaiiid
it eer shlnth d ' il(oor lond wheni her
iinsbatid is speaking-and always re
trove 4 the chiildreni when they eat np
heir fathier's supper.
"'It's quito too bad of' ye, Dar'by, to
any that. your wife's worse than
.he dev il."'
"'An't p lai.C your' . riiece, I can
urovec it by thle lloly13 Seriptur'e-I cani
>e the powers! Didn't, your i'iverenee,
in the sermioni yesterday~i, tell its thait
I' we resist thew devil, he'dl thee from
is? Now, if' I resist my wife she,
lies at mie!'"
Ad vices from W ashintgt.otn state that
large number of' tlicers have beeni
lischiarged fronm the Revenue Ser
'ice. Anmong themtn Capt. Levi Hlarby
mid Lieut. Thms Osborne, of'South
.arolina. Thc service has been ro.3
lnced to sixteen officers ofoeh grnae
THlE SU TElL "BANNER.'.
Sumte ile, So, Ca.,
J. RICHARD0 N LOGAN, EDITOR.
TUEBDI*, APRIL 26. 1853.
Charlesbon, April 25, 1853.
Since our ia report there has been
a declhie of fr4n an 1-8 to 1.4 cents,
on Saturday thi market was languid at
8 1.4 to 10 1cents.
Deatk of tic Vice President.
On Tuesdayllast the news of the
death of Vice frosident KING reached
Charleston, and which though long ex
peeted, cannot be less lamented and
deplored, There are few men who
have risen toLhe height attained by
Mr. KING In 'the Councils " of State,
who have preserved throughout a long
life of usefulness, and activity so un
blemished a teputation for virtue and
patriotism. 11o literally caine home
to die, having reached his residence at
Calwb&, Alabama, on Sunday the 17th
inst., and explod on-the Monday even
ing after. O the receipt of the news
at Washingtoi all business was sus
ESCAPE OF CONVICT.-DESTRUCTION
OF TIE COURT IHOUSE AT GREENVILLE,
ALABAMA.-Cn the 11th inst., eight
conviets-Edward Jones, Win. Spen
eer, Cliarles' M. Crane, John W ilson,
Anthmny Melurm, Elbert Shambur
ger, James Higgins. Charles Smith
effected their escape from the Peniten.
tiary, through the gate as the turn-key
was passmg out a wagon.
The hontgom cry Advertiser learns
fioi a stage driver that the Court
Ilouse at Greenville, Bntler County,
Alabama, was destroyed by fire on
Wednesday evening last, and that all
the county books and records were
CONVICTED OF MANSLAUOTER.-At
the Greenville Caurt, last week, Col.
T. E. Ware, was found guilty of man
slaugdter, for killing his fhther-in-law,
Mr. A..Jones, and sentenved to three
months' imprisonment and to pay a
hue of f.500. The trial lasted three
days; about forty witnesses were ex
aniiiied. The ease, we understand was
ably conducted by Solicitor Rued, as.
sisted by H. C. Young on the part. of
the State, and Sullivan & Stokes, B.
F. Perry, and G. F. Townes for De
IoMIIDE.-WC understand that
Mark Moil, an Eenglish miner, who
recently returned from California to
.tids Distaiet, where he left a wife and
e. dh ou Satur
ed by his ther-in-law, Stephen Jor
don. 'he particulars ca onty be
cl icted by a judicial investigation,
which will take placee probably at the
fail term of our court.-Ch*eraw Gaz
Tui.: VICIE PRlESiTENr.-t is sta
ted that the oflice ofVice i'residett has
been previously vacanit on the fi liow.
ing occaizons, viz: Ticie by the
death (of the Vice President, viz:
George Clir.ton, April, 1812; his
termi expiring. March 3, 1813. El.
bridge Gerry, November, 1814; his
term expirinig March 3, i :3. Onmce by
the resign~lation ofT hn C. Calhoun, D~e
eembler 28, 1832; his term expiring
March 3, 1833. Twice by the~ death of
P'residents I farrison anid Taylor, and
the conisequient accession of~ Vice P'resi
dcec vacanmt for the rezmainider of
their respective ternms, and the Presi
dent, of the Senate withI the right of
suIccessionm to the Presidener. it is
stated that the p owers anid (<Iu ties of
lie Vice Presidenit and the Presi..
dcent of the Senate pro*( tern, are pre
cisely the same, except that the Jat.
ter votes as a Seniato)r, and~ has the
eatn oe. Mr. Atchison, the res
etl'residenit of tt.e Senate, pro temn.,
has only two years to serve as U.
W\asmsO-ros, April 18.-In tihe
G;ardinecr case to-day C2ol. E. WV. Alh
b)ot, who accomipainied Dl.octor Gardi
ner and Capt. Slocnum to Mexico. testi
fiedl to'. finin iig the vaious,1 mtines abouit
I .agninillas fully corr oorting the tes
timlony of Slocum. Hie identified the
letter lie wr:4te to thme Conunmiission.
ers in aniswer to their advertisemient of.
fering a reward for the mines, also their
replIy and14 his rejoind~er. Ifec said
his object was to get the reward; amnd
in the courose of~ thle cross-exam inattion
he stated that Gardhiner (lid not per.
sona.Illy point out his name, be'i ng in
struicted b y his counisel to hold no0 com
munnication with tihes. Comumaissioners.
IMORE 2oPPE'Rt INJE5 IN N o kTI CAR-.
eeCstl. he disi-overy of1 a coppe m~"iline on
the lands of the Messrs. Atwater, of
Orange coimity, betwee ciibur and
five miles Southwest of the Universi
ty. It is the dhoule sulphuret of
Iron and Coppler; the ore from which
nearly all lhe Copper of' 01 cmmerce is
extm(trcd, a:nd the sanme that is raised
at the Fentr-ess mine ini Guiltird.
teeni mon thIs sinmce a genitleman by the
name of~ A. Ml. WHUIT'E, left
our DIs)trict, and ha~s not sin1ce been
hecardi fr-om. It. is uij known where he
wenit to; ani d alny infbrnation respect
inig hlimi, directed 1o thei .Fditors of this
paperCl will be thmaikfully received, by
his friends anid relatives, in Sumter
District, S. C.
aFi- Editors will coufer a fhvor by
inseitinig tile above notice.
[Black R~iver TVntrhmnan.
There is'to be a Southern Commer
iI Convention at Memphis, h uno,
vhidh will be an adjourned meeting of
he Convention held at Baltimore last
vinter. The object of this movement
s to establish more direct commercial
ntercourse between the Southern At
antic cities and Europe. A Washing
on paper-gives the following cohdensed
rogramme of the purposes of the
"The establishment of a continental
lepot of cotton, in opposition to Liver
"The direct exportation of cotton by
the planter, thus doing away with mid.
:le men, middle ware-houses, middle
,ommissions, middle insurance, and
ill that interminable medium which
3ats up our substances and concentrates
our exports at Liverpool.
"To build up a Southern importing
market, in opposition to New York.
"To establish through railroad alli
ance, more sympathy with the great
West and the Northwest, socially,
commercially, and natiobally.
"To have one or more lines of steam
ers to Europe.
"To induce emigration through
Southern ports to pass to the West by
a communication always open, expedi
tious and cheap; or to settle on our
"To stimulate manufactures and in
"To educaLe our children at home,
to spend our wealth at home.
"To aim at commercial and industri
Of the proposed convention the Na
tional (New York) Democrat says:
It is fashionable for our city papers
to sneer at this movement oh the part
of the South. But it will be no sneer
ing matter if the plan is prosecuted
with spirit and deternination. If the
Southern Atlantic cities are connected
by railroads with the Mississippi river,
and with the Pacific Ocean, by a great
national railroad, it will soon make
some millions of dollars difference in
the commerce- of this city. We have
no- idea that New York is to be broken
down; but, that large draughts of
commerce may be made upon it, by
this operation, we have no doubt. Our
Legislature has refused to pass a
law of simple justice to our Southern
brethren, and it will be strange if our
persistent ill-will towards them does
not drive them to act on the defensive.
The passage of the bill introduced
by Mr. Tayror, would bring many
millions of dollars of trade from the
South to New York.
The law alluded to was one propo
sing to allow Southern citizens, re
moving with their slaves, to pass
through the territory ports of Now
York, without incurring the loss of
We have little faith in Southern
commercial independenee with South
ern .dir9t trade; and we trust.1tha*this
hict encourdtgem'ent 'in the "propo
A Rare Aninaal.
In our middle co'untry wolves are
very scarce. This morning we had
brought to us a fine large black wolf;
shot in Lexington District on Bear
Swamp. Mr. Say considered it a dis
tinct species, and it has been so de
scribed by Godman and Richardson,
but Audubon and Bachmian are of
opinion, tha~t it is only a variety of the
grey species. The farther South we
go, the more specimens are found of
this colour; in Florida they are com
mon. The specimen, which may be
seen at the Banner Omh'e, is a fine one,
and very large. It is jet black except
in the abdominal region anid the inside
of the legs, which arc grey, with a
whlite spot, on the breast. Say gives
as the measurement of this variety, 4
feet 3 3.4 inches from the tip of the
nose to the root of the tail ; the tail 1
foot 1 inch ; car 3 3-4 inches.
A mnubon and H~achmman say:
Length of head and body, 31n. 2 inches.
" , " .ait, - 11 *'
" "tail and hair, . it. I
Our specimen meuasures from the
poiint of the nose to the root of the tail,
4 feet 2 inches, with the hair 1 foot,
5 1-2 inches; the cars 4 inches long.
From the Columbia South Carolinian.
Exclaange Blank of Cohiuubja.
At a meeting of the Stockholders,
yesterday, this institution wams duly or
ganized. T'he following gentlemen
were elected Directors:
James V. Lyles, John Caldwell,
Edward J. Arthumr, James HI. Adamns,
Jacob C. Lyons, Hlenry Davis, Jesse
Drafts, James Catheart, 11. H1. Kinard,
Riobert Stewart, .James Pagan, Charles
Smith, Z. P'. H~erndon.
At a meeting of the Directors, J.
V. Lyles was elected President.
At anm adjourned meeting of the
Stockholders ini the Exchange Bank
of Columbia, held on Wednesday,
A pril 20, 1853, at the Town Hall, the
Hon. Wmn. Maybini, Intendant in the
chair, Mr. James S. Scott, on the part,
ot the Upimmnissioners, reported, thait
they had apportioned the stock in ac
cordlance with thme instructions of the
Stockholders, and submitted a register
of the same.
On motion of S. S. McCully, Esq.,
the thankes of the Stockholders were
voted to the Comimissioniers for their
W. BOL LINGER, Sec'y.
We are requcsted by the Secretary
to say that owing to sudden indisposi
tion befo the proceedings were writ
ten out., resolutions adopted in relation
to acceptance of charter, organization
of Bank, &c., &c., are omuittcd in the
Tu~ OLDEr POS-r MIASran.-John
L. Yongue, P. M. at Yonguesville, has
been in oflice for forty years, and is
the oldest Post Master in South Caro
The iial facts oodnie g the 1psi
of the steamer Vietoar have alteady
bcer given, but the Weidtnts Wd- sub
join are very interesthng.-'Shevessel,
it will be remenibered, struek the
Cliffs of Howth a little to the north of
Bailey Light, at the entrance of Dub.
'The mate, who was on the look.out
at the starboard bow, was horrified to
perceive. looitilng dimly through the
snow cloud, itt a distance of not more
than twenty yards, the dark and iug.
god Cliffis of Howth, a little to - the
north of Bailey Light. He immedi.
ately gave the okder to stop, but it
was too late, and the next moment the
doomed vessel went headlong upon
the rodk with a dreadful and ap alling
crash. The captain was instantly up
on the deck, and gave brders to reverse
the engines. This was done, and the
vessel.bering released from the rocks,
and backed out into deep$ Water, when,
finding that she was rapidly sinking,
the captain attempted to run her
ashore. In the meantime, a soone of
the most melanoholy and heart-rend
ing description ensued.
"The starboard quarter-boat was
immediately launched by a number of
the wretched passengers; but in the
hurry and confusion of the mo
ment proper care was not taken to
secure the ropes, and the boat's
weight caused her to slip from her
davits into the sea, where immediate
ly swamped, and all in her perisned.
The larboard quarter-boat was then
lowered, fortunately with more suc
cess. It contained seventeen persons.
On reaching the water, however, it was
fonnd that the boat was leaking fast,
and must have gone down in a short
time, were it not for the coolness and
presence of mind ofa young man, who,
having searched with hi. hand fiund
t'-at the plug hole was open, land im
riediately thrust his fingers into it.
At this time the boat was almost un
der the side of the sinking ship, the
bulwarks of which were crowded with
passengers whom the captain was
seen endeavoring to quiet and pacify.
Some of theni, however, leaped' into
the sea, and were immediately d'rown
ed. Mr. Walsh, whom we-have men
tinned as being in the boat, saw his
wife clinging to some of !he wooden
work of the vessel, and called upon
her to leap down, but Mr.. Ralph
cried out, "for God's sake,. don't
jump down, or you will surely be
drowned-hold on and we will re
turn for you in a few minutes."' They
had- no idea at that moment that
the vessel was so near her final' d'e
struction, btrt in a few minutes after
wards she went down bodily,. bow
foremost, and the-unortunatelady and
nearly all who -renmined on board
were lost. Seventy lives in all are
supposed to have been losL.
"The cabin passengers were in
dressed, and sdainoist.n a staite of
nudity, upon the deck, when to their
horror, they found the ship fast go
igdow n. The steerage passengers,
affrighated and dismayed, were run
ning in wild confusion about the
deck, vainly seeking for sode mode
of esdape, husbands were looking for
their wives, wives were clirgmng 'to
their husbands, and mothers clasp
ing their helpless children to their
breasts, were uttering impassion
ed prayers to Heaven for succor and
for mercy. The captain, the first mate
and the other officers preserved their
presence of mind and endeavored to
keep order, so that the passengers and
crew might have a better opportunity
of effecting their escape; but such was
the alarm and excitement, and so
short the period that elapsed be
twecen the collision and the total des
tructioni of the vessel that their ef
forts proved unavailing. The con
fusion increased every moment, the
cries of assistance became louder, and
a general rush was made towards the
There is a vast emigration to 'Ore
gon and California (principally to the
latter State) tho present season, from
the Northwestern States. Tie llinois
State Register says it is "sure that
Ohio, lidiana and Illinois, wvill send as
many beyonid the mountains this year
as in any previous year, and we hear
of no falling ofT in other quarters."
Th'le Register Says:
A new feature in this movement
'Westwvard as seen this season. Hun
dreds of men who have made fortunes
in California, and returned here during
last fail and summer, are among those
going out, most of them taking fine
trains of wagons, cows, mules and hor
ses in droves, nearly all purchased by
money obtained at the mine. Thus
we see that our people whlo sell these
products are sharing in profits of gold
1)an Or Gov. .IIEDE-L.-lt was
currently reoported yesterdagy mornling
that this distinguished citizen died a
few days ago at Edenton, of Erysipe
las. 'The Journal of yesterday con
firms the report.- Wil. Commercial.
INOENnIARiEs IN CHIAR1.EsTO,--The
Charleston Evenaing News states thmat
repeated attempts are making to set
fire on the neck. An attemnpt was al
so made In IHaronn Street.
E7" Throughout~ all Germany the
breeding of silk wornms is attracoting
consider-able attention. The impress
ion which has hitherto obtainied, that
silk worms will not thrive in n' north
ern temper atuire appears to be errone
ous.' In the grand duchy of Bladon,
the roads and sides of the railways
have been planlted with mulberry trees,
and the breeding of the-worms is cer..
ried on ex'tensively. Austria Is spar
aiste are Ufa
the :fortlienatiodh, l4y
with Mulberry treos, -a4'4o
been given that.such . .a) ..L
be planted by the sldea l
One of the acts
the 3rd., of Marcl to i4
tain post routes, &o., cAd T
tion fixing the following
mission of postmasters after t) ' it.
On a sum not exceeding
On a sum between 110d
On a sum between 7i'
On a sum eogs
Where the mail are
beL..,een 9 at night- ndfi
morning, 60 per et. fs.allow
Those officers whose compena
shaft not exceed $500 a esagte a
allowed one cent for every free
delivered out of their ofieo, sn4eiels
postman is allowed two hilla 4
livery, from his office, to 6 -4tbs-ibe
each newspaper not chargeable. it
DE&rna FOn W.AN' o,. F.
How long can one live witho&tseilep
The question we have. never seen an.
swerod. But an anthentie- codiiniun.
cation has been made toa Biitis s-.
ciety whose field of operations.a3e i.
Asia, descriptive of. a. punilumentr
which is peculiar to the origiuak code
of China. It appears front this, corm..
munication, that a Chineso, inerohan
had been convicted of mhdrilerit- :is
wife, and was sentenced to die byhbe
ing totally deprived, of. the prilvilege
of going to sleep. This singular. and
painful mode of quitting. an, earthly.
existence was carried into execution'
at Amoy under the following circuma
The condemned was placed.du priis.
on under the eare of three of, the
lice guard, who relieved. 'each t hr.
every alternate hour, and-who prevent
ed the prisoner from falling asleep:;for.
a single moment, night or day.. Hb
thus lived for nineteen days without"
enjoying any sleep. At. -the .com.
mencement of the eighth day. his .auf
ferings were so cruel that he imploredi
the authorities to grant-him-the: bless
ed-opportunity of being strangulated,
garroted, guilotined, burned to death,. -
drowned, quartered, shot, blown .up
with gunpowder or put to death' In.
any conceimable way which their - hue
maunity or ferociby coid invemt This,
will give us soie idea of the haAor r A
of dying because you cannoi go to,
OWa daTanza-Mouan Bn.n
de rida ~ hti
proved to- be the Waterree House.
formnerly Davis, Ho~telgowned and o-.
cupied by Capt. H. Helleymany.who
at the time was absent at August,
When discovered, the roof was on fire
in one or two places, and ?9, rapidlyr
did the flames spread, that in afew
minutes the entire roof was enveloped,,
putting it entirely be 'ond all humaa
efforts to save it. 'The exertions of
our Firemen and citizens were *ten
devotad exclusisely to ie preserva
tion of property imme~liaty otig,
ous to the burning house, ~n nobly
did our people work. We' ave-seern
several fires before, hut honewhich
appeared more alarninganid which
called for greater Texertions. Provi-.
dentially the flames did not extend
beyond the premises of the Wate'rreo.
A small house was torn down to pre
vent an extention of the fire, and. the
exertious of the Fire cornpanies upon
those houses most in danger succeeded
in keeping the fire where it was. The
night was calm and of cours.was gst ,
ly in our favor. Everything Was ex
eeedlyadry, and had the fire got under
way there is no telling where it would
have been arrested.
The general impression is,' hat the
House was set on fire, but there i's no
We understand the house and furna
inure were insured for* abnet thi*.
teeni thousand dollars.
[ Camdlen Journal 10th inist. 4
NEW JUxscnxPToN OF CTf.
editor of the United States Econerrist
has received from Messrs. .j. C. Hen
derson & Co., of New York, a remarka-.
ble specimen of Cotton, destined for
the World's Fair. It was proured by~
a merchant of Texas from-the "Pino"
Indians. It is of a texture and strength~
of fibre superior to any ever before og
fered in that market. To the toireN t
has the feeling of silk, being destitu4e
of the hareah feeling Incident to cottogm,
It is of a long staple, and of a beautiful
clear white color. The disegoerr a,
procured a quantity of the seed, and
intenids to try its culture.
Tma NEW YORK Holss MAnhs'.--.
The editor of the Agricultor .having
taken some pains to eolleqt imforma1
tion in relation to the horso trade in
New York city says that~ horses are
generally ten per cent, dearer than
they were last Spring, and thirty per
cent. dearer than thef were athreei
years ago. The average sales. arq'
about 800- per week, average pr fo
all the horses sold this season is said
to he *175.
Large sails have been'ta~de, weun
stand, during the last ibw days, of
South Carol ina R~ailmrad andlBamk
Stockcs. 'lwo hundred Railroa..haraa t'
have been taken at par us a inv.9t
ment by au insuratice Compy i
this city, and sales oflhbe4d of are
of the Bank ufCarlstm at *1 band
of the State Blank at *1210,
1%hr tr &e