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Terrible Catastrophe I
ecking and Burning of the Steamer
Ideperdente- Great Destruction of
Life-One Hundred and Twenty
Lives Lost I
The editors of the San Francisco
Daily Whig give the following particu.
Jars as related to them by Dr. Corbett,
surgeon of the ill-fated steamer:
"When the steamer was heached
with her bows on, and before the flames
had broken out, a rush was nade for
the lidw, but the sea, though smooth
oft'the shore, ran in heavy surf on the
beach, and there was a distance of some
-thre hundred yards between the ves
sel arnd the land. Capt. Sanson, now
gave .the order to lower away a boat,
and the chief mate, with one other,
ndertook, to carry a line to the shore;
the progress of the boat was watched
with eager eyes by the assembled minu
titude on, board the ship; but as some
of the sailors on board had predicted,
she was swamped by thesturf, the line
was lost, and the venturers, with their
boat, were thrown upon the beach, the
twq men barely escaping with their
lives. A second boat was now lowered
:-ud manned by volunteers from among
the firemen, who we do not hesitate to
:ay hive shown themselves the most
n6ble hearted and heroic men by their
fortitude and courage through the ter
rible scenes which followed.
These brave fellows reached the
shore and succeeded in making a small
thren inch hauling-line ftst to a project
ing rock, which was at once hauld
taught by those on board. The precise
objectof this line we do not perceive,
as it seens that immediate use was
not made of it, and a third boat was
lowered by order of the Captain; this
boat was put in charge of Capt. Steel,
an experienced shipmadter, who was a
passenger on board. During this time
the ship remained immoveable, the
surf striking her in the stern, and, per
haps, tending to set her firmer into the
sand. The third boat having been
lmbvered, it was found that s10 was
half full of water and of no service. un
less bailed out, and Dr. Corbett sprang
into her for that purpose; this cffIcted,
six ladies were passed down into the
boat, among whom were Miss Conway,
Mrs. Haley, Mrs. Seymour, and Mrs.
Coots; there were two other ladies
whose niames we have not learned; thg
boat rode the first breaker, but was
* filled and swamped by the second, and
those already on shore rushed into the
rescue of the ladies and dragged them
on to the beach. Doctor Corbett was
in this boat, and gaining the shore,
turned towvards the ship at thecries of
terror proceeding from her, and beheld
tne quarter deck enveloped in flames.
And now ensued one of the most
harrowing scenes ever recorded in the
history of shipwreck; the flames leaped
* rapidly across the after part of the
* ship, driving the masses before it, and
dozens sprang into the water, and were
seen struggling in the sturf. All the
boats were now gone, and it w~as im
possible to regain the ship from the
shoere, or to render any succor whatev
er; dreadful cries and screams proceed
ed from the ship, which, mingled with
the roaring of the sea, the crackling of
the flames and shouting of' those on
shore, who could only gaze helplessly
on the sight, must have been an era of
terror in the lives of' those who beheld
it from the beach. As the flames ad
vanced, the nnhappy victiums were
forced into the sea, and every surf came
freighted with corpses, or exhausted,
half-drowned meni, women and chil
dren. Such a scene has never before
been ivitnessed on the Pacific coast.
*To add to the excitement, the flames
had now communicated to the powder
magazine, which exploded, tearing the
run and stern to pieces, mind splintering
all that portion of the ship; the two
guns, surrounded by the flames, also
sent their solemn boomaing over the
- Those 'who were fortunate enough
tget within reach of' their friends on
shore, wvere dragged half dead out of
the reach of the surf, while others
were swept around the stern of the
steamer, or out to sea, there being a
strong current making seaward fro~m
-., the ship. At one moment, not less
tathrycorpses and3 bodies o the
dying were in the edge of the surf.some
of them divested of clothing. Out of
a party of eighteen Jews who were on
board, sixteen perished fromu the weight
of coin, it was supposed, whtich they
* attempted to bring wvith them through
the waves. The outward current above
mentioned, carried off nurbers of per
sons who were good swimmers, or
fluated, who would otherwise have been
saved; several women thus fion~ig were
swept away*, the baggage, such as
would flo'it, alo 'i cnt out '-ith the ebb;
none of it was saved by drifting to the
We have spoken above of the mnw
ly cirnduct of the r.'ilors, firemen, and
-coal-passers. Somo of these noble
follows, dieop.rding their own danger-.
selves. Wejiaveno spae or.,heart to
insert the numerous affeodig instances
of'courage and self-sacriico of ~whicl
we have received accounts. Among
them most conspicuous is that of Mr.
Tater of Sacremento, who lost his life
In attempting to save a sdn of Mr.
Watson-the'y came ashore together
both drowned. One of the firemen,
whose name we did not learn, brought
en1 shore two children whose parents
were both drowned. Another firemen
brought a beautiful boy ashore to his
mother who had just been washed to
the beach; her husband and two chil
dren were drowned, and she supposed
this child had shared the same fate.
The meeting may be imagined.
The Purser of the ship, Mr. James
Freeborn, remained upon the deck un
tif driven off by the fire, when spring.
ing overboard, he clung to a floating
spar and was washed ashore insensi
ble; but barely escaped with his life be
ing attacked with a violent fever. There
is one fireman, known as Tom Saw.
yer, a wild, reckless scamp, but whose
faults, be they what they may, should
henceforth be forgotten. This brave fel
low, entirely stripped, went to and
from the wreck four times. He is on
ly nineteen years of age. After the
third time, and when nearly exhausted
with his exertions, he learned that
the Chief Engineer, Mr. Collins, was
unable to swim and likely to drown. He
immediately started off again through
the surf with his life preserver, fasten.
ed it around the helpiese man, and ac
companied him to 'he beach; he was
also instrumental in preserving the
lives of several others. Most of
those ashore were too exhausted to
render assistanee to-those beating about
in the snvi People ran about the
beach perfeetly frantic; one party at
tenlmpted to launch a boat to reach the
steamer,but it was overwhelmed by
the surf and this accident intimidated
others, so that it was impossible to
muster the requisite furce to launch a
second. Meantime the ship had be
come a living mass of fire; the heat was
intense cren on the shore, and eve
ry moment the beach received new ac
cessions to the list of the dead and
dying. The scene was truly harrow
ing, and when at laqt the steamer was
a charred and smoking hulk, her
stern lifted, and she swung heavily
round, and went broadside on the beach.
Sume fvew provisions were saved from
the wreck, such as salt beef, pork, mo
lasses, vinegar, a few tin cans of pre
served meats and some cheese, but
no water nor was there a drop of
water on the island, which we have be
fore observed was utterly barren and
uninhabited. The usual amount o'
suffering, particularly among the wo
men and children, was experienced.
During the first day, attempts were
made by the survivors, after bury
ing the dead, to procure water by con
densing steam, but the experiment fail
ed. 'There were now some two hun
dred and seventy souls congregated on
the beach, and they all went with
out tasting water for fifty-six hours; the
salt provisions only aggravating their
sufferings. Shortly after the scene we
have described above, a party started
for the neighboring mountains, and on
reaching their sumnmit they were ena
bled to descry Magdalena Bay on, the
mainland oppcwnte, frotm which the Is
land of Margarita is removed some fif
teen umiles; h-ere they ohservecd four
ships at anchor; they proved to be
w hmlers, busily engaged in trying out
oil, while beyond in the vast pano
rama they discovered several small
boats in full chaste after a whale, for
Magdelena Bay is resorted 'to by
whales in the winter season. Ob
serving this, the party descended to
the wreck, and the chief mate, the en
gineers, and a few others, slung one of'
the cannons of the Independence,
dragged and lugged it with great
toil to the top of the hill, and with
what little powder they had, fired
t wice to attract the attention of the
w halers; the boats, in their pursuit of
the whale, had insensibly neared the
Easterni shore (of the island, and were
at once attracted by the discharge and
the smoke agust a clear sky. T1he
sound was also heard by those on
board the ships, and signals were ob
served to go up to each masthead re
calling the boats.
While this system of telegraphing
was going on between the shipwrecked
and the whaling fleet, another party
had takan an iron boat belonging to
the steamer and carried it bodily
across to the lee side of the island, and
there launched it, to pull fur the fleet;
on their way they fell in with the re
turning whaling boats, who wore
obeyinmg the signal to'- return. The
news of the wreck of the steamer and
the dreadful sufferings of the passen
gers aroused all the natural instincts
of sailor hospitality in the crews of the
ships. Every boat was at once called
into regnisition,--they were loaded
down with provisions and dlispatched
to the scene of' the wreek; the assis
tance did not arrive a moment too
soon ; the women and children were
comnpletely exhausted by abstinence,
and their snifferinigs by the depriva
tion of water- were mnost'acute. Pur
ser F13reeborn wvent on hoard the ship
Omei(ga, Capt. Fisier, whbere every
attention was shown him arid his comn
pani ..;. Capt. Fisher also sent direc
tions ::t the snifler'ers should cross
over to the lee sidu of'the island whore
boats would be in readiness to convey
them on board the ships:
Amomig tI. incidents of the day af
ter the wreck, a child was horsi on the
beach. and is now healthy aind thi-iv
ing; tho mother was carried across the
monata.asB in a hammock, and oven
walked p. rt of thme way to the boats.
rho n n6V k"o0n 'tohave perished
is one hundredt and forty, and as the
graves nuiber sixty there were, of
3ourse, eighty who were drowned or
burned and whobe bodies were not re.
We have not yet completed our
list of those who were buried (n the
island, but notice among the names
those of Mro. Mary Ann Carnes, of
Englund; Otis Hittle, of Massachusetts;
Rutus Mosler, of Newport, N.. Y.
Mr. Chansey, San Jose, Mich*an
John Baum, Newark, N. J.; ~Mrs.
Hlowland and three children, of Mich.
gan,(Mrs. 11. was on her way to join
her husband); Mr. Lehman, of Missoui
ri; Morris Kemp, Maria Wilson, stew.
%rdess ; Mr. Carrington and wife(two
children, both saved); Asa Kittredge,
Wakegan, Illinois; Willaii Abram.
Cornwall, England; a lame man, name
inknown, had a wife and child near
Elizabeth, l1inois; Robert Taylor,
Boston; C. A. Ward, No. 3& Broome
-street, New-York. All of the above
had money on their persons, which is
in the keeping ofMr. Brigham, at the
Dflice of the Vanderbilt Line The bod
ies of Mr. Tarr, of Sacramento; Mr.
Knox, of R. I., and of Senor Larco, of
Valparaiso, were not recovered. The
last named was a Chilean gentleman
:f wealth and standing in Valparaiso;
rinding himself driven into the waves
by the flames, he turned to a few who
were about him and offered $50,
DOO to any person who would as
sist him to save his life, but in such
i moment none could think of the of
fer; seeing that his end was near, Sen
or Larco said "Farewell! It is only
once!" and plunged into the water; he
was quickly drowned.
The body of Martin O'Mera, an
Irishman, was also lost; he had many
Friends in New-Orleans. Dr. Shaw,
who was among the passengers,
went back to Mexico, by the way of
La Paz and Mazatlan; he was car.
ried out by the tmder-tow of the surf be
yond the steamer, but eventually
reached the shore by incredible ex
ertions. When he had landed he
threw himself upon the bcach and
wept like a child. After the Indepen
ence swung round broadside to the
beach, her coal took fire, and the
sight will long be remembered b,
those who saw it. The mass of coal be.
name thoroughly ignited, and seen
through the blackened ribs of the
ship, it gave her the appearance of
,t gigantic grate of coal fire.
Living Beyond our Means.
For the. sake of appearance, to
keep up a display and make a figure in
the world, multitudes adopt the vicious
habit of spending more than they
earn. Pride and fashion exercise a
merciless despotism over their purs
Ds. The rich in their abundance do
not feel the burden, but when the some
thing is attempted by those in noder
%te and humble ci rcumstances, then
"comes the tug of war." In order to
ipo the attitudes of wealth, they ex
haust all their resources, and ev
en strain their credit till it is perfec
There is much in the habits and
customs of so'ciety furnishing a strong
temptation to this course; yet it is a
serious evil. It is not right as be
tween mnan and man; it is an extrava
gance that carries in its train a pecu
niary injustice. He who lives beyond
his means must supply the deficiency
from the poc'kets of his neighbors, very
often upon the strength of a deceptive
credit. is very display gives him
an appearance of ailluence that mis
guides the judgment of others. He
knowingly passes him-self ofT tir more
than he is worth, and what is this but
a species oif fraud?
There is of course an end to this
habit, somewhere, the commercial rep.
utation of the in*'ividual must finally
be swamped by the numnher of his
unpaid indebtednnss; yet the whole
process is one of dishonesty, even be
fore this catastrophe reveals it. No
Christian ought to be gu;ity of it. H~e
not only disgraces haimrself thereby, but
also jeopards the reputation of religion
It is moreover a very uncomforta
ble habit. H~e who lives above his
means, generally owes more than he
can pay; and the farther he goes, the
worse he makes his condition. Hie
becomes a stereotyped borrowver; pays
one debi. by contracting another, has
a great many debts to pay-little, pet.
tv, annoying hills scattered in all di
rections, which he does not know how
to meet. Tihey are constantly haunt
ing him with the unp~leasant clamors;
they sacrifice his reputation, and give
the community the just impression that
he is a poor pay-master. All this
must be a source of great inconveni
ence and perplexity, far too great
to find an adoquate compensation) in a
little meaningless parade. It would
be far wiser, involve much less fric
ion of the nerves, to shine less and en
The temptations of the habit are
both numerous and dangerous. It
tempts a man to sacritice his sense of
honor, to place a light estimate upoIn
his. word, to be easy in promising, and
very slow .in fulfillinig. His moral
principles become loos~e, and pass into
the state of decay. His wants bribe
him; and he is likely, uinder the pleab of
necessity, to do what uinder other cir
cumstances lie would not think of do.
ing. Sometime~s he is led to con
ract dIebts, and then imove away, leav
ing them ursettl Ad unpaid. Per.
hiaps lie runs his - .. in one place till
lie runs it (out; and then (does the same
t~.ng in another, till lie finally
rurns himself ouit.
lie is tempted to acts of mencnss,
ni..., to say dishonesty such a d !ging
his er. 1'ors, and mnak~ne romises
t, the pathe3 lain and imp e bon
es in made VCry difficult. Sins sel
do go alonefone form of wrong gen.
er y leads to another; and hence he
w proudjkers requires what his
lax Oonfejleco permits, Is on the
hi4way of tengtation..- What he'may
be d to do in! certain crises made by
hia Vlly, he cannot tell. Ile my be
so a erely cha14d and pinched, as ov.
en to'be guilty of the crime of mur
Aid then again, he who con.
sulien all hd more than all, for the
PmljDPoppf. display, of course has not
a p;nnj M1r the ofices. of charity; he
can give nothing 'to aid the poor, to
prcnote the public good, or dissemin
ate the knowldge of the gospel, He
is 4lways himself too poor for
this work, and quite likely soothes his
conicience and corrupts his heart with
the plea of his own poverty. IIe would
be glad to dio imething, but. he can
not-he is so poor. Very true; but
let him inquire into the reason of
his poverty. le lives too fast; he
spends tbo much on himself and fami
ly; he keeps up more parade than he
ean support, and this is the chief rea
son why he is unable to contribute to
the interests of charity and benevo
11o much more commendable in
the sight of earlh and Heaven is that
man 'Who is economical and frugal that
he may be libe.al; who restrains his
own frssions, From excessive indul
gence, that he iMay devote at least a
portion of his substance to the cause
of God and the 'interests of philan
thropy. His a rare and valuable vir
tue, and when it-shall be more com
mon in the ( lirch of Christ. it will
be less difficult to find the means
for sustaining and enlarging all her in
stitutions of love.-Evangelist.
Til SUMTER BANNER.
Suterville, So. Ca.
J. RICHARDSON LOGAN, EDITOR.
TUESDAY, MAY 3, 1853.
COTTON MAR KET.
Char'loston, May 2, 1853.
The last news from Europe being
of rather a favorable character, the
sales on- Saturday were active at from
7 1-2 to 10 3-4 cts.
IV The Black River Watchman,
came to us last week, in a new dress
-that being the begining of another
Volume. We wish our friends many
happy returns for the occasion, and a
new suit for every one; Decies repetita
The Marlon Star.
Tus conduct of this excellent paper
has passed -lito iUe hands of A. Q.
AMcDUFFIB Esqr;-C. WV. MiLLER Esq;
having retired. To Mr. MILLEa, un
der whose hands the STAR was ever
a welcome visitor, we extend our best
wikhes for his future prosperity and to
Mr. McD~UFFIE a brothers hand of
Blackwood'u Edburg Magazine for
A pril has reached us. WVe have only
had time to cut its leaves and find the
fol lowing contenIts: Temperance and
Te*ntot:0 Soecties, John Rintoul; or
the 'ragmenat of the wreck. Part 2.,
A Modern French Comedy, Lombardy
and its Irrigation, Lady Lee's widow
hood. Part 4., Trwenty years in the
Philippine Islands, and Hints for Leg.
The Southern Agriculturst.-W e
have received the April numrber of
this welcome monthly. We think
few of our farmers would be without
it, if they would only read one copy.
The present issue is full of interesting
matter and beautifully illustrated.
The Pick.-This Comical llustrated
Weekly published by J. A. Scoville,
New York, is well worth its price, one
dollar a year, and though it comes
from the far Nort ih, may be trusted.
WILurINOTON 0& MANCHEsTER R. R.
-\Ve had the gratification of seeing,
on Saturday the 10th of' April inst.,
the first cylinder which has been
sunk in the Great Pee Dee River,
beinig the commcncceent of the
wvork of' erecting the iron cohanins to
support the Railroad bridge. This
cylinder was sank by atmrospheric
pressure iand is the first that has been
employed for bridge building, in the
United States. 'The resuh,. is perfcc
tly satisfactory to tihe engineers en.
gaged, and to all persons who have
'The road is progrcssing rapidly tc
completion, and this mnificent and
useful work will he finished througlh
the entire line of 158 miles, from: W il
mington to tihe junction of the Wa.
terec, near Manchester, during the
present year.-1arion Star.
Tus .EFFECTs oF OUa RAIL ANI)
PLANK ROAOs.-We somec t'ime age
briefly noted sonme of' the effects of ou,
projected Rail and. :ank Roads upota
the prices of' real estate, in their -. icini.
ty. We are "ow able to state that. -.ht
i.llprovement, then noted is not confin.
ed to a few i -.zed, cases, but that
it is general. ,'&ithin the past week
an assessment oIf the real estate within
the corporate limits of the towi.. inas
flind ready,'uc itia t good priks.
Out of the corporate limits of the
town, the Improvement is not less,
marked. Every acre of land In 'the
neighborhood h4s been. enhanced In
value to a greater or less extent, by
our Rail and Plank Roads- Nor are
the effects of these confined to real
estate. Every other spefes of prop.
erty has felt the Impulse, Now, If
such are the effects of these improve
ments, by anticipation, who can pre.
diet their results when we reap the
full harvest of their fruition.
Col. T. EDWIN WARE.-We have
the pleasure of announcing 'to the
frifends of Col. Ware that he re.
ceived, last Bunday morning, from his
Excellency, Governor Manning, a free
and fall pardon, but that he instant
ly paid over to the Clerk of the
Court the fine of five hundred dol
lars, imposed on him by his Hon.
or, Judge Withers. His Excellency
enclosed, the pardon to Mrs. Ware,
and wrote her a very kind letter in
reply to the one she wrote him, in fa
vor of her husband. It wil be re
membered that Mrs. Ware was the
only child of the deceased Capt. Adam
Jones. We have no doubt that the
Colonel will, in the beautiful language
of his Excellency, repay his affection.
ate and devoted wife in love and in.
creased kindness for all the ailliction
and sorrow he may have caused her
by his recent mNfortune, which no
one can feel e. eply as himself.
The coming of a ..'e, with'a pardon in
her hand, under the great seal of the
State, to release from prison her hus.
band, and carry him home once more
to his children and herself, was an
interesting spec-acle, -and appropriate
to woman's mission on earth. The
short sojourn of Col. Ware in prison
(one week) was made, by the kind
attentions and visfts of his friends,
as pleasant as it well could be.. It
very often happens that a man does
not know how nuch he is cared for
and resected. till misfortune overtakes
him and developes the true feeling
and heart of his friends.-Southern
INFORMATION Wa-rNED.-An insane
gentleman left Columbia on the 24th
of March with a Horse and Buggy.
The buggy has been found near Cam.
den, and the gentleman seen four or
five miles west of Winnsboro, riding
the horse (a compact and handsome
blood bay) with a halter-no bridle
Any information about the gentle
man or horse, directed to the Editor
of the Columbia Banner,-in order to
find the former especially-will serve
the cause of humanity and greatly ob.
lige the friends of the insane man.
[Colunbia Daily Banner.
RATTLESNARE BITE CURD.-The
Southern Medical Jouinal contains the
'descripitinn of a case by'Di T.W'
A tehison, in which a girl seventeen
years of age, bitten on the left instep
by a rattlesnake, was cured by be'ng
placed in a hot bath, and whiskey anid
carbonate of ammoni administered
to her, until shc had taken three pints
of the former and eighty grains <(f the
latter. It was two hours and a half af.
tecr the bite that Dr. A. visited his
patiet when he found her sightless,
her fa.'ce swallen, and her mind wan
during. The liquor caused no intoxi
cation, and the cure was complete.
A Wonderful Character.
It is reported that thert. new lives
and old man away down in the swamps
of little P'ee Dee, who never owned
but one pair of shoes in his life, and he
says they were so d-d hot he
never wore themn but once. He never
cultivated the soil, nevertheless he has
accumulated a considerable suum of me.
ney, which he deposits in hollow trees
in the most unfrequented parts of the
swamps. He effacts extreme poverty
and when applied to for the loan of
money, declares he has none; but if the
security and premium offered pleases
him, and the borrower promises to re
pay in specie, he will appoint a day
when lie will try to get a little, whien
he never fails to do. Hie ha.. made his
fortune by the sale of fish, the finest of
which ho knows exactly where to fish
for, and honey which he raises in large
quantities, having his bees hived in the
swamps for miles round. No music is
so charming to his ears, as the booing
of the bull frogs, and the bellowing of
the alligators; for these sang his lullaby
when is his cradle, and have been liar.
pingers of his harvest fromr his boy.
hood until the prese:nt day. He never
uses any other weapon to kill snakes
with, than his heel; and there never
was but one known to attempt to bite
him, and that one broke off its teeth
without penetrating the akin of the
heel, lie has never taken any Doe.
tor's stutT, nor let them come neat
euough to feel his pulse or to look at
his tongue; and he ie now about seven.
ty years of age. Strange as it may
seem, that sech a character should find
a mate of similar tastes and fancies.
Yet such is the case, only that she is a
little more like him than he is like
himself. Has any of our cotempora.
ries as singular a character in their
neighborhood? If so let's hear about
ALL -rna BERaREs.-A celebrated
comedian became enraged with a gro.
cer named Berry, who sent In his ac.
count long before it was due, and he,
in his great wrath, called upon the
cceen grocer, and laboring under the
impression that his credit was doubted,
'I say, herc's a pretty mul, Berry;
,kr;a~ Bm--o Ia dotil aeA st,
J, k alien, usp Qre A
whose suOfs ip tbeo eltu o the
Grape, and many rare varieties Of
ivult, has been so distinguished,.Is now
engaged. in the development of a NJo
raf wonder, which has reached such an
advanced stage as to romise thp z#ght
satisfactory result. Is Is no lessils
experiment than an attempt to .raise
the magnificent Victorta Regia, (Regi.
na, or Regalis) the Queen of the watel
Lilies, which was discovered in. South
America In 1837, by Dr. Robert IJ
Schomburgh, and was only successful.
ly flowered in England in 1849, aft.,
repeated failures to introduce it.
In this country the plant first flow
ered at Philadelphia, and has been in,
troduced only into one or two othei
places. Thanks to the enterprise, en
thusiasm and skill of Mr. Allen, oul
florists may now hope to behold the
wonder in all its magnificence.
Mr. Allen's Grapery is one of the
notabirties of our region. It com
prises the choicest varieties, and is ca
pable of yielding from 6 to 10,00(
pounds of grapes per annum, and oi
producing fruit at all seasons. Foi
fifty consecutive months ripe clustert
have been hanging from the vines ir
some part of his entensive range, and
they may now be seen in all stages
from the incipient blossom to th., ma
ture fruit., Peaches nearly ripe, cher
ries, orangssy lemon. figs, and othel
rare exoties, in- various periods of ad
vancement, also hang, in temptinj
luxurianee Fkom- we, trained and skil
fully tended branehes, enclosed withii
this 'crystal palae.-Salem Register
As this is the- season when many o
our fellow-citisons are about makinj
a summer tour to- Europe, we repub
lish the subjoined. official. instruction
relative to obtaining that necessarj
companion du voyage, a passport.
DKPARTMIT O SrAs,
W A9DIW~or, Alpril, 1850.
Citiens of the United States visitinj
foreign countries are liable to seriou:
inconvenience, if unprovided with au
thentie proot of their national charac
ter. The best security against this I
a passport from the Department o
State, eertitying the bearer to be a citi
Zen of the United States; which pass
ports are issued gratis, upon applies
tion supported by proof of citizenship
This proof need be transmitted bu
once. Oh all subsequent occasions, i
simple reference to it, and to th
period when it was presented, wil
When the applicant is a native cit,
zen of the United Skits., he must tram
mit an affidavit of this fact, statinj
his age and place of birth, signed b;
him, and sworn to by himself, an
one other citizen of the United State
named tnerein, to wh3om he is pei
sonally known, and to the best c
whose knowledge and belief niade b
him is true. This affid it must b
attested bi-t ry- i
signature and seal of . c
there is no Notary in the place, th~
affidavit may be made before a Ju:
tice of the Peace, or other officer auth<
rieed to administer- oaths.
if the applicant be a naturalizedelti
zen, his certificate of naturalizatio
muist be transmitted for inspection.
will be returned with the passport.
The application should be accomp
nied with a description of the persoi
stating the following particulara
viz: Age years. Stature, feet, Inche
(English measure.) Fbrehead, Eyes
Nose, Miouth, Chin, Hair, Complezioi
Face, When the applicant is to be ad
companied by his wife, children,e
servants, or by females under his pr<i
tection, it will be sufficient to st..te th
name and ages of such persons, an
their relation-hi p to the applicant.
Persons who leave the country, e:
pecting to obtain passports, whil:
abroad, from ti~ D tiplomatic or Coi
sular agents of the United States, ai
liable to disappointment; inasmuch
it is the duty of those agents to 0o
serve the utmost caution in grantiri
documents in the nature of a ceri
cate ofeitizenship, to those persons oi
ly who are certainly known to be ei
titled to them; and it is sometimi
difficult, if not impracticable, to pe
cure proof of this fact in a foreign coul
Cert'ficates of citizenship or pas
ports issuing from the Authorities,
from the Judicial or the Municip:
F~unctionaries of our country, are ni
recognised by the officers of foreg
Governments; ai d if the Diploms
ie and Consular ag -nts of the Unit.
States are called upon to certify1
the authenticit of such document, the
cannot do thib for want of that oflci
information in regard to those authoi
ties and functionaries, and to their r
spective signatures and seals of c
fioe, which is indispensable necessai
in the case of every such certificate.
SINGUI.AR ColNCIDNxc.-It is a, Il
tle singular that of five of the Pres
dential candidates-one, Webster,
dead; another, and the suiccessful ca:
didate, lost his little boy, soon a
ter his election, by a most distressir
accident, and his own and wife's live
were saved almost miraculously; whi
the third, fourth, and fifth, viz: Fil
more, Cass anid Douglas, have ea<
had to mourn the loss of their wiv<
since the canvass. Surely deal
strikes in high places.
A VanIY DEI.IAThs OMEK.ETTE.
Beat six reggs, the yolks and whit,
separately; melt a bit of butter in
teacupful of warm milk, to which ai
gradually a tablespoonful of flour. a t
blespoonful of salt, and a lit tle pep
then mix the yolksi of the ogs, tM
t the fill
womn nd hidre, Mldn
frm All quartrs Of t ..
breezay ba .of L4kes
and Borgne, brushed
suitae and preparedto
Ltnghbefore the pUb11
quiet, streets of the rurG
filled with crowds Oanu
flocking to the arena,
eght ommencd asch
collected an Gretna. d e seen
will be likely to eayA
Te areus for tMe rspria
twenty feet squarea, Ali
ground and constructed
.e and iron bar.
seats, circularly placed, and
to soommodate many 0h
r About four or five thousand:: q.
assembled, covering the sease as
i a cloud, and crowding down * d
I cage were within reach of theihar
i The bull selected to sustaiwtWIbpo
or and verify the pluck of Att a
on this trying occasion, :as a "t
animal from the Opelousats, lthq
r sinewy as a four year old Oourr,
with eyes like burning. coal
horns bore the appearane of-hvi
been filed at the 6%ps, and wanted
keen and d"ahing appearance so.i *e
mon with others of his kithi anill.
otherwise it would have been s11 dig
r with Bruin at the first passatnd . o
The bear was an anipmal ofmots and
called General Jackson, from th.fae
of his licking up every thing that came
in his way, and taking "the responsi.
bility" on all occasions. He was a
wicked looking beast, very leanand
unamiable in aspect, with hair all
standing the wrong way. He
fought some fifty bulls (so they's
always coming out victorious, but AU;'
either one of the fifty had been ,aAt
f takapas bull, the bills of the perfer
. ances did not say. Had -ie .tacli
. an Attakapas first, it is likely his-fifty
. battles would have remained unfought.
About half.past four o'clock the ,per
The Bull was first seen standing iw
the cage alone, with head erect, an4
looking a very monarch in his capacity.
ing the Bea81r was plaeed along-side . of
the arena, and opining being ma4e
Bruin stalked into the battle ground
r not, however, without sundry stings
up with a ten foot pole, hebgigi-a.
s perienced In such matters and Esek
ward in raising a row.
f Once on the-battle field, 6
mals stood wondering, theb
his long his .eyes dllay; Adpg4hik
e The & Bear seemedIliifl me
,. begin the attack, and the ladl,
,ing a moment, made steps Grtb.
ward and then forward,.as if me~u
i. ring his antagonist, and meditating
n, where to p lant a blow. Bruin would'nt
Icome to the scratch, rio way It coulde
be fized, 'till one of the keepers, with.
I. an iron rod, tickled his ribs, and usade
him move. Seeing this Attakapas took
it as a hostile demonstration, and
,s gathering hir strength, dashed savagg-.
ly at the enemy, catching 'him on
'the points of his horns, and doubling
Shim up like a ack of bran against.the
rbars. .Bruin "sung out" at his, and
,.made a dahfor his ,opponent'ainose.
e Missing this, the Bull turned to she
d "about face," and the Bear caught him
by tho harn, inflicting apShastly wound.
~. But Attakapas with a kick shook hMa
et off, and renewing the attack, went at
~. him again, head on, and with Aruh.
eThis time he was not so fortunate,.for.
Sthe bear caught him. above theaye.
.burying his fang in the tough 1)1de and
gholdn him as In a vice.-lT was ,owe
. the Bull's turn to "singoit," ind h.
. did it, bellowing forth with i voice
Smore hideous than that of all: theiBull.
s, of Bashau.-Some minutes, stood-mat.
~. term thus, and the cries of: the Bull;
. mingled with the hoarse growls of the
Bear, made hideous music,' Gt-only for
. a danca of devils. Then came a puse,
r (the bear having relinquishe his
.1hold) and for a few minutes it ws.Z .
Sdoubtfnl whether the fun was not
,up. But the magic wand ofthe keep-.
t.er (the ten foot pole) again- stirred
dup Brnin, and at it they went and with
Sa rush! Bruin nrow tried to fasten on
the bull's back and drove his tusks in
al him in several places, making the,
~. red blood flow lbke wine from .the
. vats of Luna. But Attakapas was
pckto the 1i ack bone, and catching
Bunon the tips of his horns, shulfied
Yhim up right merrily, making the fur
fly like f. athera ina gale of wind lr0r
Scried "nuflf," in bear language) but th
~bull followed up his advantage, an
s making one furious plunge full at
.the figure head of the enaemy~ struck a
Shorn into his eye, burying it there and
gdashaing the tender organ Into dark.
ness and atoms. Bloo followed the
e blow, and poor .Bruin, blinded, bleed.
I ng and in mortal agony, turned with
ha howl to leave, but Attakapas caught
Shim in the retreat, and rolled him o.
er was enacted, and finally after moiK
than an hour, Bruin ,curled - hims'~
up on his back, bruised bloody
dlead boat. T1he thingv ws~s up Mth
as Clfona, and Attakapas was declared
. hevitor amiidst thodapplause of
dthe muaaltitude that n ade thu heav.
It was~ armost sva~ exhibitm, and
dwe chrIonic!c it as yo u d re
-.Nhe.r lamntabhnaci i~t May w e nev-y
er 'e 'ch na.mher . O 0 Paver..