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* reertlon, eindseni-monthly the same an new onso
errible Catastrophe I
recking and Burning of the Stcamer
nIfdeperidnce-Great Destruction of
Life-One Hundred and Twenty
The editors of the San Francisco
Daily Whig give the following partica
lars as related to them by Dr. Corbett,
surgeon of the ill-fated steamer :
"When the steamer was beached
with her bows on, and before the flames
had.broken out, a rush was made for
the vows, but the sea, though smooth
off the shore, ran in heavy surf on the
beach, and there was a distance of some
three hundred yards between the ves
sel and the land. Capt. Samsopi now
gave .the order to lower away a boat,
- and the chief mate, with one other,
undertook, to carry a line to the shore;
the progress of the boat was watched
with eager eyes by the assembled mutl
titude on, board the ship; but as some
of the sailors on board had predicted,
she was swamped by thc'surf, the line
was lost, and the venturers, with their
boat, were thrown upon the beach, the
two, men barely escaping with their
lives. A s6cond boat was now lowered
mnd manned by volunteers from among
the firemen, who we do not hesitate to
say have showt themselves the most
noble hearted and heroic men by their
fortitude and courage through the ter
rible scenes which followed.
These brave fellows reached the
shore and succeeded in making a small
thred inch hauling-line fast to a project
ing rook, which was at once hauld
taught by those on board. The precise
object:of this line we do not perceive,
as it seems that immediate use was
not made of it, and a third boat was
lowered by order of the Captain; this
boat was put in charge of Capt. Steel,
an experienced shipmaster, who was a
passenger on board. During this time
the ship remained immoveable, the
surf striking her in the stern, and, per
haps, tending to set her firmer into the
sand. The third boat having been
lowered, - it was found that she was
half full of water and of no service. un
less bailed out, and Dr. Corbett sprang
into her for that purpose; this effected,
six ladies were passed down into the
boat, among whom wore Miss Conway,
Mrs. Haley, Mrs. Seymour, and Mrs.
Coots; there were two other ladies
whose names we have not learned; thj
boat rode the first breaucer, but was
filled and swamped by the second, and
those already on shore rushed into the
rescue of the ladies and dragged them
on to the beach. Doctor Corbett was
in this boat, and gaining the shore,
turned towards the ship at thiecrices of
-terror proceeding from her, and beheld
tue quarter deck enveloped in flames.
And now ensued one of the most
* harrowing scenes ever recorded in the
history of shipwreck; the flames leaped
* rapidly across. the after part of the
ship, driving the masses before it, and
dozens sprang into the water, and were
seen struggling in the surf. All the
beats were now gone, and it w~as im
possible to regain the ship from the
shore, or to render any succor whatev
or; dreadful cries and screams proceed
ed from the ship, wvhich, mingled with
the roaring of the sea, the crackling of
* the flames and shotuting of those on
shore, who could only gaze helplessly
on the sight, must have been an era of
terror in the lives of thomse who beheld
it from the beach. As the flamnes ad
vanced, the nnhappy victims wtre
forced into the sea, and every surf came'
* Kfreighted with corpses, or exhausted,
half-drowned men, women and chil
dren. Such a scene has never before
*- been witnessed on the Pacific coast.
To add to the excitement, the flames
had now communicated to the powder
magazine, which exploded, tearing the
run and stern to pieces, mind splintering
all that portion of the ship; the two
guins, surroundled by the flames, also
sent their solemn booming over the
Those who were fortunate enough
shore, were dragged half dead out of
the reach of the surf, while others
-were swept around the stern of the
steamer, or out to Sea, there being a
strong current making seaward fromn
the ship. At one moment, not less
titan thirty corpses mad bodies of the
dying were in the edge o f the surf. some
of them divested of' clothing. Out of
a party of eighteen Jews who were on
board, sixteen perished fromz the weight
* of coin, it wvas supposed, which they
atteompted to bring -with them through
the waves. The outward current above
mentioned, carried off-nuritbers of pe
sons who were good swimmers, or
ficaited, who would otherwise have been
saved; seve'-a1 wvomen thuis tloat>ig wvere
swept away-, the baggage, such as
would float, also went out -.:ith the ebb;
none of it was saved by drifting to the
We have spoken above of the man
ly conduct of the refors, firemen, and
-coal-passers. Some3 of these noble
followe, disregarding their own danger,
selves. WoeJiave no 9 aos or eart to
iUseit the numerous ecting hristanes
of courage and self-saerifice of 'which
we have received accounts. Among
them most conspicuous is that of Mr.
Taw,'of Sacremento, who lost his life
In attempting to save a sn of Mr.
Watson-t hey came ashore together
both drowned. One of the firemen,
whose namno we did not learn, brought
C.n shore two children whose parents
were both drowned. Another firemen
brought a beautiful boy ashore to his
mother who had just been washed to
the beach; her husband and two chil
dren were drowned, and she supposed
this child had shared the sane fate.
The meeting may be imagined.
The Purser of the ship, Mr. James
Freeborn, remained upon the deck un
tit driven off by the fire, when spring.
ing overboard, he clung to a floating
spar and was washed ashore insensi
ble; but barely escaped with his life be
ing attacked with a violent fever. There
is tne fireman, known as Tom Saw
yer, a wild, reckless scamp, but whose
faults, be they what they may, should
henceforth be forgotten. This brave fel
low, entirely stripped, went to and
from the wreck four times. le is on
ly nineteen years of age. After the
third time, and when nearly exhausted
with his exertions. he learned that
the Chief Engineer, Mr. Coliins, was
unable to swim and likely to drown. He
immediately started off again through
the surf with his life preserver, fasten
ed it around the helpesa man, and ac
compantied him to the beach; lie was
also instrumental in preserving the
hives or several others. Most of
those ashore were too exhausted to
render assistanee to- those beating about
in the sari. People ran about the
beach perfeetly frantic; one party at
ten pted to lamneh a boat to reach the
steauer,.but it was overwhelmed by
the surf; and this accident intimidated
otheis, so that it, was impossible to
muster the requisite force to launch a
second. Meantime the ship had be
come a living mass of fire; the heat was
intense even on the shore, and eve.
ry moment the beach received new ac
cessions to the list of the dead and
dying. The scene was truly harrow
ing, and when at last the steamer was
a charred and smoking hulk, her
stern lifted, and she swung heavily
round, and went broadside oi the beach.
Sime few provisions were saved from
the wreek, such as salt beef, pork, mo
lasses, vinegar, a few tin cans of pre
served meats and some cheese, It
no water nor was there a drop of
water on the island, which we have be
fore observed was utterly barren and
uninhabited. The usual amount of
sufTering, particularly among the wo
men and children, was experienced.
During the first day, attempts were
made by the survivors, after bury
ing the dead, to procure water by con
densing steam, but the experiment fail
ed. T here were now some two hun
dred and seventy souls congregated on
the beach, and they all went with
out tasting water for fifty-six hours; the
salt provisions only aggravating their
sufferings. Shortly after the scene we
have described above, a party started
for thme neighboring mountains, and on
reaching their summit they were ena
bled to descry Magdalena Bay on, the
mainland opporite, froam which the Is
land of Margarita is removed sonie fif
teen rniles; bo're they observed four
ships at anchor; they proved to be
whtalers, busily engaged in trying out
oil, whi'e beyond in the vast pano
rama they discovered several small
boats in lull chaste after a whale, for
Magdelena Bay is resorted 'to by
whales in the winter season. Ob
serving this, the party descended to
the wreck, and the chief mate, the en
gineers, and a few others, slung one of
the cannons of the Independence,
dragged and lugged it with great
toil to the top of the hill, and with
what little powder they had, fired
t wice to attract the attention of the
whalers; the boats, in their pursuit of
the whale, had insensibly neared the
Eastern shore (of the island, and were
at once attracted by the discharge and
the smoke aguins-t a clear sky. The
sound was also heard by those on
hoard thme ships, and signal's were ob
serv'ed to go up to each masthead re
calling the boats.
While this system of telegraphing
was going on between the shipwrecked
and the whaling fleet, another party
had takani an iron boat belonging to
the steamer and carried it b~odily
across to the lee side of the island, and
there launched it, to pull for the fleet;
on their way they felI in with the re
turning whaling boats, who were
)beying the signal to- return. Thie
tnews .f the wreck of the steamer and
the dreadful sufl'erings of the passen
ger-s aroused all the natural instincts
of sailor hospitality in the crews of thme
ships. Every boat was at once called
into requisition,-they were loaded
down with provisions and dispatched
to the scene of the wreck; the assis
tance did not arrive a moment too
soon ; the womnen amnd children were
comp jletely exhausted by abstinence,
and their sufmferinigs by the depriva
tion of water- were most'acute. Pur
ser Freeborni went on board the ship
Oumega, Capt. Fishecr, where every
attention was showvn him and his comn
paniu".a Capt. Fisher also sent direc
tions at the sniferers should cross
over to the lee sidu of the island where
boats would be in readiness to coinve~y
themi on board the ships:
Among th incidents of the day af-~
ter thme wreck, a chid was horn on the
beach, and is now healthy and thriv
ing; the mother was carried across the
monta.as9 in a hanmmiock, and even
walked p ~rt of the way to the boats.
.dany ' the nassengers, especially
The nu ikdO'ia a perished
lei one irdred and forty,,And as the
graves nuiber?* sixtv, there. were, of
course, eighty who were drowned or
burned and whote bodies were not re.
We have not yet completed our
list of those who were buried on the
island, but notice among the names
those of Mrs. Mary Ann Carnes, of
England; Otis I-itle, of Massachusetts;
Rutus Mosler, of Newport, N.. Y.;
Mr. Chansey, San Jose, Michigan;
John Baum, Newark, N. J.; Mrs.
Howland and three children, of Mich
gan,(Mrs. 1). was on her way to join
her husband); Mr. Lehman, of Missoui
ri; Morris Kemp, Maria Wilson, stew.
ardess ; Mr. Carrington and wife(two
children, both saved); Asa Kittredge,
Wakegan, Illinois; Willaimr Abram.
Cornwall, England; a lame man, nmem
unknown, had a wife and child near
Elizabeth, Illinois ; Robert Taylor,
Boston; C. A. Ward, Na. 36& Broome
-street, New-York. All of the above
had money on their persons, which is
in the keeping ofMr. Brigham, at the
office of the Vanderbilt Line The bod.
ies of Mr. Tarr, of Sacramento; Mr.
Knox, of R. I., and of Senor Larco, of
Valparaiso, wore not recovered. The
last named was a Chilean gentleman
of wealth and standing in Valparaiso;
finding himself driven into the waves
by the flames, he turned to a few who
were about him and offered $50,.
000 to any person who would as.
sist him to save his life, but in such
a moment none could think of the of
for; seeing that his end was near, Sen
or Larco said "Farewell! It is only
once!" aud plunged into the water; he
was quickly drowned.
The body of Martin O'Mera, an
Irishman, was also lost; he had many
friends in New-Orleans. Dr. Shaw,
who was among the passengers,
went back to Mexico, by the way of
La Paz and Mazatlan; he was car
ried out by the under-tow of the surf be.
yond the steamer, but eventually
reached the shore by incredible ex
ertions. When he had landed he
threw himself upon the beach and
wept like a child. After the Indepen
dence swung round broadside to the
beach, her coal took fire, and the
sight will long be remembered b
those who saw it. The mass of coal be.
came thoroughly ignited, and seen
through the blackened ribs of the
ship, it gave her the appearance of
a gigantic grate of coal fire.
Living Beyond our Means.
For the. sake of appearance, to
keep up a display and make a figure in
the world, multitudes adopt the vicious
habit of spending more than they
earn. Pride and fashion exercise a
merciless despotism over their purs
es. The rich in their abundance do
not feel the burden, but when the some
thing is attempted by those in noder.
ate and humble circumstances, then
"comes the tug of war." In order to
ap the attitudes of wealth, they ex
haust all their resources, and ev
en strain their credit till it is perfec
There is much in the habits and
customs of society furnishing a strong
temptation to this course; yet it isa
serious evil. It is not right as he
tween man and man; it is an extrava
gance that carries in its train a pecu
niar-y injustice. He who lives beyond
his means must supply the deficiency
from the pockets of his neighbors, very
often upon the strength of a deceptive
credit. is very display gives him
an appearance of aflluence that mis
guides the judgment of others. Hie
knowingly passes hi mnelf ofT tar more
than he is worth, uand what, is this but
a species of fraud?
There is of course an end to this
habit, somewhere, the commercial rep
utation of the indvidual must finally
be swamped by the number of is
unpaid indebtedness; yet the whole
process is one of dishonesty, even be
fore this catastrophe reveals it. No
Christian ought to be guilty of it. Hie
not only disgraces himself thereby, but
also jeopards the reputation of religion
It is moreover a very uncomforta
ble habit, H~e who lives above his
means, generally owes more than he
can pay; and the farther he goes, the
worse ho makes his condition, lie
becomes a stereotyped borrower; pays
one debt by contracting another, has
a great many debts to pay--little, pet.
tv, annoying bills scattered in all di
rections, which he does not know how
to meet. They are constantly haunt,
ing him with the unpleasant clamors;
they sacrifice his reputation, and give
the community the just impression that
he is a poor pay-master. All this
must he a source of great inconveni
ence and perplexity, famr too great
to find an adoquate compensation in a
little meaningless parade. It would
be far wiser, involve much less fric
tion of the nerves, to shine less and eon
Tfhe temptations of the habit arc
both numerous and dangerous. It
tempts a man to sacrifice his sense of
honor, to lace a light estimate upo~n
his. word, to be easy in promising, and
very slow .in fulfilling. His moral
principles become loos;e, and pass into
the state of decay. His wants bribe
him; and he is likely, under the plea of
necessity, to do what under other cir
cumstanes he would not think of do.
ing. Somnetimes he is ledI to con
tracet debts, and then: muove away, leav
ing them ursett i .d unpaid. Per
haps he runs his , . . .t in one place till
he runs it out; and then does the same
t(.ng in another, till lie finally
runs himself out.
H~e is tempted to acts of me'emess,
nrt, to say dishonesty such a d lging
his. ar. ~nrs andl mnkinr~ m-miie
tu the path Jaiand simple hon
as is marle oey difficult. Sins sel.
do go alone, one form of wrong gen.
ery leads to another; and hence he
whie proud heart requires what his
lax eonsejece, permits, Is on the
hibway of to tation.. What he may
be d to do in certain wises made by
his lly, he vanunot tell. le m.y be
so sBerely chaIJd and pinched, as ev
en tobe guilty of the crime of mar
Aid then again, he who con
sun nll bd more than all, for the
Pmpop#wPC0 display, of course has not
a pnnj 48r the offices. of charity; he
can give nothing to aid the poor, to
prcnote the publie good, or dissemin
ate the knowledge of the gospel, le
is always himself too poor for
this york, and quite likely soothes his
concence and corrupts his heart with
the plea of his own poverty. Ile would
be glad to dio tgomethl ng, but. he can
not-he is so poor. Very true; but
let Wrm inquire .into the reason of
his poverty. Ile lives too fast; he
spends tbo much on himself and fami
ly; le keeps up more parade than he
caln support, and this is the chief rea
son why he is unable to contribute to
the interests of charity and benevo
Iiov much more commendable in
the sight of earth and Heaven is that
man who is economical and frugal that
he may be libeal; who restrains his
own yessions, from excessive indul
gence, tUat he may devote at least a
portion of his substance to the cause
of God and the' interests of philan
thropy. His a rare and valuable vir
tue, and when jtsghall he more com
mon in the (h&i-ch of Christ. it will
be less difficult to find the means
for sustaining and enlarging all her in
stitutions of love.-Evangelist.
TH SUMTER BA-NER
Suxiterville, So. Ca.
J, RICHARDSON LOGAN, EDITOR.
TUESDAY, MAY 3, 1853.
Charleston, May 2, 1853.
The last news from Europe being
of rather a favorable character, the
sales on. Saturday were active at from
7 1-2 to 10 3-4 ets.
IM" The Blac River Watchman,
came to us last week, in a new dress
-that being the begining of another
Volume. We wish our friends many
happy returis for the occasion, and a
new suit for every one; Decies repetita
The M0arion Star.
TnE conduct of this excellent paper
has passed luto tlie hands or A. Q.
McDUFIE Esqr;-C. W. MILLRa Esq;
having retired. To Mr. MILLER, un
der whose hands the S-Ara was ever
a welcome visitor, we extend our best
wishes for his future prosperity and to
Mr. McDUFFIE a brothers hand of
Blackwood's Edin.burg Magazine for
April has reached us. We have only
had time to cut its leaves and find the
following co:(mnts: Temnperance and
Tea~tot:0 Seties, John Rintoul; or
the fragmenit of the wreck. Part 2.,
A Modern .French Comnedy, Lombardy
and its Irrigation, Lady Lee's widow
hood. Part 4., Twenty years in the
Philippine Islands, and Hlints for Leg
The Sousthern Agr-iculturist.--W e
have received the April numb~er of
this welcome monthly. We think
few of our fasrmers would be without
it, if they woiuld only read one copy.
The present issue is full of interesting
matter and beautifully illustrated.
The Pick-This Comical Illustrated
Weekly published by J. A. Scoville,
Newv York, is well worth its price, one
dollar a year, and though it comes
from the far North, may be trusted.
WVILIoTON & MANoHEsTER R. R.
-\Ve had the gratification of seeing,
on Saturday the 10th of April inst.,
the first cylinder which has been
sunk in the Great Pee Dee River,
being the commencement of the
work of erecting the iron columns to
support the Railroad bridge. This
cylinder was sank by atmospheric
pressure and is the firatr that. has been
employed for bridge building, in thme
United States. Thlie result, is perfcc
tly satisfactory to the engineers en
gaged, and to all persons who have
'The road is progressing rapidly to
completion, and this magnificent and
useful work will be finished through
the entire line of 158 miles, from W il
mington to the junction of the Wa.
teree, near Manchester, (luring the
present year.-.:daLrion Star.
TIux EFFEcTs ov Oua RAIL AND
PLANK RoAos.-We someC timne ago
briefly noted some of the effects of our
projected Rail andi ank Roads upon
the prices of real estate, in their -- icini
ty. WVe are now ab.ile to state tlhat. -.he
i.nprovement, thmen niotedl is not confin
ed to a few i '- :.ed, cases, but that
it is general. ,,ithin the past week
anl assessmnent of the real estate within
the corporate limits of the town. has
find readf npirc i a&at goad pricos.
Out .of the corporate limits of the J
town, the improvement is not less I
marked;. Every acre of land In 'the (
neighborhood has boen enhanced in f
value to a greater or less extent, by t
our Rail and Plank Roads. Nor are Y
the effects of these confined to real i
estate. Every other speefes of prop. a
erty has felt the Impulse, Now, if
such are the effects of these improve- I
ments, by anticipation, who can pre.
dict their results when we reap, the
full harvest of their fruition.
[Cherato Gazette. I
COL. T. Euwni WARE.-We have
the pleasure of announcing* to the
friends of Col. Ware that he re
ceived, last Sunday morning, from Ms
Excellency, Governor Manning, a free
and fil pardon, but that he instant
ly paid over to the Clerk of the
Court the fine of five hundred dot.
lars, imposed on him by his Hen.
or, Judge Withers. His Excellency
enclosed, the pardon to Mrs. Ware,
and wrote her a very kind letter n
reply to the one she wrote him, in fa
vor of her husband. It wiA be re
membered that Mrs. Ware was the
only child of the deceased Capt. Adam
Jones. We have no doubt that the
Colonel will, in the beautiful language
of his Excellency, repay his affection.
ate and devoted wife in love and in.
creased kindness for all the ailliction
and sorrow he may have cajtsed her
by his recent misfortune, which no
one can feel so deeply as himself.
'The coming of a wife, with'a pardon in
her hand, under the great seal of the
State, to release from prison her hus
band, and carry him home once more
to his children and herself, was an
interesting spec-acle, -and appropriate
to woman's mission on earth. The
short sojourn of Col. Ware in prison
(one week) was made, by the kind
attentions and visfts of his friends,
as pleasant as it well could be.. It
very often happens that a man does
not know how much he is cared for
and resi ected, till misfortune overtakes
him and developes the true feeling
and heart of his friends.-Southern
INFORMATION WANTED.-An insane
gentleman left Columbia on the 24th
of March with a Horse and Buggy.
The buggy has been found near Cam.
den, and the gentleman seen four or
five miles west of WinnSboro, riding
the horse (a compact and handsome
blood bay) with a halter-no bridle
Any information about the gentle
man or horse, directed to the Editor
of the Columbia Banner,--in order to
find the former especially-will serve
the cause of humanity and greatly ob.
lige the friends of the insane man.
[ Columbia Daily Banner.
RATTLESNARE BIT Cuau.-The
Southern Medical Journal contains the
desci-iitiino of a case bfjD A'r
Atchison, in which a girl seventeen
years of age, bitten on the left instep
by a rattlesnake, was cured by be'ng
placed in a hot bath, and whiskey and
carbonate of amnmoniL administered
to her, until she had taken three pints
of the former and eighty grains if the
latter. It was two hours and a half af.
ter the bite that Dr. A. visited his
patiernt when he found her sightless,
her face swdlln, and her mind wan
derinig. The liquor caused no intoxi
eation, and the cure was complete.
A Wonderful Character.
It is reported that there now lives
and old man away down in the swamps
of little Pee Dee, who never owned
but one pair of shoes in his life, and he
says they were so d-d hot he
never wore them but once. He never
cultivated the soil, nevertheless he has
accumulated a considerable smh~ of mo
ney, which he deposits in hollow trees
in the most unfrequented parts of the
swamps. H~e effacts extreme poverty
and when applied to for the loan of
money, declares he has none; but if the
security and premium offered pleases
him, and the borrower promises to re
pay in specie, he will appoint a day
when he will try to get a little, whicu
he never fails to do. HeI ha4 made his
fortune by the sale of fish, the fintest of
which he knows exactly where to fish
for, and honey which he raises in large
quantities, having his bees hived in the
swamps~ for miles round. No music is
so charming to his cars, as the booing
of the bull frogs, and the bellowing of
the alligators; for hese sanig his lullaby
when is his cradle, and have been har.
pingers of his harvest from his boy.
hood until the present day. He never
uses any other weapon to kill snakes
with, than his heel; and there never
was but one known to attempt to bite
him, and that one broke off its teeth
without penetrating the skin of the
heel, lie has never taken any Doc
tor's stuf, nor let them come near
etoutgh to feel his pulse or to look at
his tongue; and he is now about seven
ty years of age. Strange as it may
seem, that sech a character should find
a mate of similar tastes and fancies.
Yet such is the case, only that she is a
little more like him than he is like
himself. Has any of our cotempora
ries as singular a character in their
neighborhood? If so let's hear about
him.- Cheraw Gazette.
ALL -rnE BERRI~s.--A Celebrated
comedian heeame enraged with a gro
cer named Berry, who sent in his ac
count long before it was due, and he,
in his great wrath, called utpon the
peen grocer, and laboring under the
impression that his credit was doubted,
'I say, he're's a pretty mul, Berry;.
3Lm, wnhu~Ii no't havi Ieen :;uch a
Za, Fry-fo i~a do't~ Cea' tr,
rhos Success In the c4lture .4
wrap, and many rare varietlep of
ult, has been so distinguished, is now
ngaged In the development of a Flo.
af wonder, which has reached such an
dvanced stage as to promise the Ipgj$
atisfactory result. Tis is no less Ia
xperiment than an attempt to raise
he m ificent Victoria Regis, (RgI
ia, or i alis) the Queen or the water
Lilies, which was discovered in. South
kmerica in 1837, by Dr. Robert II.
ichomburgh, and was only suocesiful.
y flowered in England in 1849, after
epeated failurea to introduce it.
In this country the plant first flow.
,red at Philadelphia, and has been in
roduced only into one or two other
)laces. Thanks to the enterprise, en
husiasm and skill of Mr. Allen, our
lorists may now hope to behold the
;ronder in all Its magnificence.
Mr. Allen's Grapery is one of the
iotabil.ities of our region. It com.
rises the choicest varieties, and is ca
pable of yielding from 6 to 10,000
3ounds of grapes per annum, and of
producing fruit at all seasons. For
ifty consecutive months ripe clusters
iave been hanging from the vines in
iome part of his entensive range, and
'hey may now be seen in all stages,
rrom the incipient blossom to ths ma
lure fruit. Peaches nearly ripe, cher
ries, orangess, lemons, figs, and other
rare exotics, in- various periods of ad.
vancement, also hang, in tempting
luxuriance flem- wel. trained and skil
Fully tended branehes, enclosed within
his 'crystal palaoe.-Salem Register.
As this is the season when many of
)ur fellow-citisen, are about making
& summer tour to- Europe, we repub
lish the subjoined. officiel. instructions
relative to obtaining thoe necessary
companion du voyage, a passport.
DzPARTENZIT OF S'A'1a,
WAseNiaNt April, 1850.
Citisens of the United States visiting
foreign countries are liable to serious
inconvenience, if unprovided with au
thentic proof of their national charao
ter. The best security against this is
a passport from the Department of
State, eertitying the bearer to be a citi
zen of the United States; which pass.
ports are issued gratis, upon applica
tion supported by proof of citizenship.
This proof need be transmitted but
once. Oh all smbsequent occasions, a
simple reference to it, and to the
period when it was presented, will
When the applicant is a native citi
zen of the United Saztee, he must trans.
mit an affidavit of this fact, stating
his age and place of birth, signed by
him, and sworn to by himself, and
one other citizen of the United States
named tnerein, to wbom he is per
sonally known, and to the best of
whose knowledge and belief nmade by
him Is true. This affidavit must be
attestse by-andStryf ublic u:WidrebIi
signature and seal of of~ce? When
there is no Notary in the place, the
affidavit may be made before a Jus.
tice of the Peace, or other officer autho
rieed to admninister oaths.
if the applieant be a naturalizedeclti
zen, his certificate of naturalization
must be transmnitted for inspection. I
will be returned with the passport.
The application should be accompa
nied with a description of the person,
viating, the following particulars,
vi:Ae ears. Stature, feet, ice
(Egihmeasure.) 1Ihrehead, Byes,
Nose, Mouth, Chin, Hair, Compiezion,
Face, When the applicant is to be ao
companied by his wife, children, or
servants, or by females under his pro.
tection, it will be sufficient to stste the
name and ages of such persons, and
their relation-hi p to the applicant.
Persons who leave the oountry, ex
pecting to obtain passports, whilst
abroad, from the Diplomatic or Con.
sular agents of the United States, are
liable to disappointment; inasmuch as
it is the duty of those agents to ob
serve the utmost caution in granting
documents in the nature of a certifi
cate of citizenship, toi those persons on
ly who are certainly known to be en
titled to them; and it is sometimes
difficult, if not impracticable, to pro-.
cure proof of this fact in a foreign coun
Certificates of citizenship or pass.
ports issuing from the Authorities, or
from the Judicial or the Municipal
F~unctionaries of our country, are not
recognised by the officers of foreign
Governments; a' d if the Diplomat-.
ic and Consular ag -nta of the United
States are called upon to certify to
the authenticity of such document, they
cannot do thh for want of that oficeial
information in regard to those authori
ties and functionaries, and to their re
spective signatures and seals of of
floe, which is indispensable necessary
in the case of every such certificate.
SINoULAR Co:NCIDNuC.--It is a lit
tle singular that of five of the Preal
dential candidates-one, Webster, is
dead; another, and the successful can
didate, lost his little boy, soon af
ter his election, by a most dIstressing
accident, and his own and wife's lives
were saved almost miraculously; while
the third, fourth, and fifth, viz: Fill
more, Cass anid Douglas, have each
had to mourn the loss of their wives
since the can vass. Surely death
strikes in high places.
A V~nf DEL.CTum OMKL.Em.
Beat six eggs, the yolks and whites
separately; melt a bit of butter in a
teacupful of warm milk, to which add
gradually a tablespoonful of flour, a ta
blespoonful of salt, and a little pepper;
then mix the yo!ki f the' egg and
ir.ly the. whts io to astf
froth:. lHak. immreltrdy it. a fuit
pan. Somec hamn ept Eno rind added
ini a gree: inipw v21nn:t; some~t ?ersonws
like. swer baba others prefr one~f
D "the. pg.
.'e of th'.
S ~ ~ ~ ai.>f h
goejimbt to the t:
women and children, o14d ten
froin all quarters of tc
breezy banks of.
and Borge, brushed A
Suite and. prepared to -
Long before the- #6b
quiet streets of the rur 4
ad with crowds of an*I
Rocking to the arena,
fight commenced such a
collected as Gretna. had n"&e a
will be likely tou;a -
The arrea for te'par
twenty feet square,.bmU -EAUT74
ground and constructed o
bers and iron barai.:A
meats, circularly placed , 6
to aocommodate many
About four or five thouse.n.
assembled, covering the Meat
a cloud, and crowding down a'.
cage were within reach oif h
The bull selected to susai rm ni
or and verify the pluck of Att
on this trying occasion,:was
animal from the Opelousui, ithe -d
sinewy as a four year old courser P
with eyes like burning 'coal
horns bore the appearaxceofh'.v ;6
been filed at the tips, and wanted
keen and dashing appearance s %oao
mon with others of his kkh sd i
otherwise it would have been Nil
with Bruin at the firt pas , lad no
The bear was an animal of noteo ind.:.
called General Jackson, fro th fact
of his licking up every thing that CPIe.
in his way, and taking "the. responsi
bility" on all occasions. He was .
wicked looking beast, viry lean and,
unamiable in aspect, with hair AK'
standing the wrong way. lHe Uiad
fought some fifty bulls (so thysaid,)
always coming out victorious, buy tA
either one of the fifty had beeh ifA
takapas bull, the bills of the per -
ances did not say. Had hesse
an Attakapas first, it is likely his fifty
battles would have remained unfou ht.
About half-past four o'clock the, per-,
The Bull was first seen standing in
the cage alone, with head erect, and
looking a very monarch in his capacity'.
At an appointed uignal,.a cgecontain
ing the 'Bear was placed along-lde o
the arena, and opening-bIng'ma'e
Bruin stalked into the battle ground
not, however, without sundry stirrgga
up - with a ten foot pole, he beiigg.
perienced in such mattery andbok.
ward in raising a row.'
Once on the-battle f bo161anep
maim stood wondering, the . I'm
his long his eyes dllae ng
'sideswrheuad ushy tl
The Bear seemed lite ncel
begin the attack, and the Bl, i~~
ing a moment, made steps first. -~
ward and then forward, as. if he.4u.
ring his antagonist and mneditating
where to plant a blow. BruIn would'at~
come to the scratch, tno way it could,
be fixed, 'till one of the keepers, with
an iron rod, tickled his ribs; and usade
him move. Seeing this Attakapas took
it as a hostile demonstration, and
gathering hir strength, dashed savage-.
ly at the enemy, catching him on
the points ofhis horns, and doubling
him up like a acek of bran agafest the
bars.. Bruin "sung out" a this; and
made a dash for his ,opponent'a nose.
Missing this, the Bull turned to the
'about face," and the Bear caught him
by tho ham, inflicting a'ghastly 'wund.
But Attakapas with a kick shook iblmn
off; and renewing the attack, lwent eat
him again, head on, and with aruah.
Thistime he was noteogfortunate, for
the bear caugh& him. above the'gee
buy'ng his fangs in the tou h h14c and
holig him as in avio6 -.- Jti as nohe
the Bull's turn to."slng'out,' 1n 'h
did It., bellowing forth 'wits 'a voice
more hideous than that of all the Bnlls
of Bashau.-8ome minutes, stood-nmat
tars thus, and the cries of the Bull,
mingled with the hoarse growls of the
Bear, made hideous music, lit-only for
a dance of devils. Then came a pause,
(the bear having relinquiLshed . his
hold) and for a few minutes it wa* .g
doubtfnl whether the fun was-not
up. But the magic wand of the eep.
er (the ten foot pole) again' stIrred
up Bruin, and at it they went and with
a rushl Bruin now tried to fastenodn
the bull'a back and drove his stusks in
him in several placs, making the,
red blood flow like wine .from, the
vats of Luna. But Attakapas wy
pukto the 1 ack bone, and catching
Bruin on the tips of his horns, shoafiea
him up right merrily, making the fut>
fly like f atheors in a gale of wmndl Birtin
cried "nuff," in bear language) but th
bull followed up his advantage, t
making one furious plunge full -at
the figure head of the enemy, strucc a
horn into his eye, burying it there anid
dashsing the tender or n into dark.
ness and atoms. Bloo fonowed
blow, and poor Bruin, blinded, hbeede
ing and in mortal agony, turned with
a howl to leave, but Attskapae cAught
him in the retreat, and rolled him sov,,
er was enacted, and finally afterrinlo?
than an hour, Bruin~ :urled' hima'
up on lisa back, bruised bloody ~~1
dead heiat. The thing wasaiup wit
Califoria, and Atrakapas was d~eclared
the vitor amdt thw.applause of
the misultitude that imade the heav
It w~as~ amtost sva# exhibition, and
we chronitLe It as we g.uld mrurder ,r#
beelw~n a; e ZI,.- Agynt .t the Pa