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3 0 1MZ10RNING
Y 118n advace Two D~ollars
o4% X -S
itle exprtion of six nontis,
nisrs at the end of the year.
i*di4tiontinued until all arrearages
PL09 eso at the option of the Proprietor.
8~Avert~ienents ins2erte~l at SEVENTY
ts p square, (12 lines or leSss) for
V first,-andlialf that sum for each subseiqent
.The.iumber of insertions to be marked
LVrtisenents or they will be published
tt odered to be discontinued, antI charged
NE-DOLLAR 'per square for a saingla
hertion-. Quarterly and Monthly Aivertise
ai-sti will be charged the same as a single in
.! eer lonj and senti-monthly the sane as new onst
-Pridid f6o the N. Y. Expss.]
ishionsm for II iny
Thursday morning, Madame Fer
_ero oiened her superb show rooms to
thL pbblic, and set the world of fitsh
-inhal'f crazy with a beautiful dis
play of mi.lliner'y, fresh from Paris, and
of a-gossamer gracefulness that might
fievo been manufactured in fairy
land.- Straws, combined with ihat
delicate fabric wrought from bleachted
iihalobone, vere among the imlost sub
ist.nial bonnets exhibited, and they
possess all the efibet of straw, with the
the delicacy of fine lace, when trimmed
with a 'profusion of rich flowers, that'
are more the fashion thanl ever. 'T'lis
class of boimets are peculiarly be
coming. But the full dress bonnets
suIpass anything yet seett atmtng us,
for delicacy and richness. Oiio, en.
tirely of.white lace, with a wreath of
tity rosebuds traversing the crown aznd
winding under the' brim, till the ex
quisite 'spray just Imtingles oVer the
fo ehead, rght have been intended for
Queen -iab herself Another, of
snow-Ahite chip; covered with a pro
fu kbr.of' aN worth six dollars a
!)d, held fitst. on each side by clusters
Cf'white roses, and with its ilnsid i m
nin'gnrs of )leIndcd lace and l white bids,
will, we doubt not, be carried oil' by
i-.bie fair brido before the itornin
Closes, notwithstanding its price.
But'it is impossible to describe any
one thing as pro eminent among a
whole wildernesspof bonnets, each of'
which would, if seen by itself; be pro.
nouneed perfect. Bright -and showy col
ors are still in rcqiest, and . ar-ranged
with the fine Lastc exhibited itr this cul.
lectiou, toned down with lace and
blended w'th flowers, lose all appear
ane. of over goreou,ness. Thle
fronts are univer-sally more open than
last year, and crowded with flowers,
and soft illusion or blonde. For young
ladies, we saw. manny bonnets of white
and-rose color, with the most exquisite
little-wreaths, widening at the ears, and
growing less and less till they met in
albnost imperceptible buds and leaves
Tr mairied ladies, of the right com-.
plexion,'Jilae is a favorite color; one of
crape; trimmed with rich cream col
~4~ssebueeswaa oMeoodingly- cloganui
A Leghorn, enriched with the most
expensive .lace,- and with two feathers,
fatlling like hand ful of snow flakek on
one side, struck us fromr its peculiar
pur-it) of style--worth forty dollars or
more. Another white bonnet, from
which clusters of the most exqluisite
heath fell, more gracef'ully thian
heath ever grew ott the muounitains of'
Scotland, stopped our proigress as
w e wakddown the room. Indeed, no
Sthing, not even natutre hierself, can
surpass. the perfetion to which the
artisans of Fr'ance have brought ar-ti
Jietal flowers. You see roses with
athe dew ttrembl ing amoung theirt clu tst
eris of heath from which the drops
seem falling away, artificial gr-asses
scarcely more substantial thn .sha~d
ows. Indeed, it seems impossible for
biranch than we have witnuessed to-daty.
Nor does Fr'ance setm to hl ii
art of mocking natture at a low dis
counit,for thec man who sends the most
-exquisite roses to -th is country has r.e
ceived a cross o; the legion of honor in
ascknrowledgemnt of hris super-ior'ity.
Sever-al new styles ot imanttillas
wer'e exhibited, all larger at:ed deeper
than those of' last year. TheitIolor's aire
white, ashes of' roses atnd black, but
hkat beautiful tint called ashes ift roses
seems to be the f'avorite. lTwo ol
:this shade we remteme as very so
.a small yoke, and three or four plaits
behind gives it a rich fullness of'
drapery. The border is inlaid with
lace and a running pal tern of biraid
.ed :ed with heavy fringe. The othier,
which has somre elassical name whlichl
we have forgotten, is dleep) and roun
ded behind, short anid pinted in
front, with a cape and dotue points of
fringe and braid embroidery aut least
six inches deep, which has a fine effect.
But a white manttilha, which takes
it name fioni the tmpiress Engeiau.
surpasses even these. In fbrmi it is
much like the last we hiavye descr'ibIed.
but is .inlaid with two deep rows of
lace, oveirlaid wtithu embrnoidery, and
separated with ruehet ofi white satini
-ribond; this is termiinatced with a
heavy fringe. Indeed, fringe and em.
broidetrg form the most fauvored garni.
S ture- for mantilles this seasotn.
E~ verything is profusely ornaimented
.about a lady's dress, from the crowvn of'
her head to. the tip of her slipper'. Go.
thie joinits are the r-age int everything
wvhere they can be used. Amotng Ma
dam-e Fetrrero's F rench em broideries
we saw little else than the jointed style,
as they say in ar'chIitecture. l3efore we
-could half examitne the profiisioni of
beatutif'ul things airound~ us, MIadamec
Ferrero's rooms were so crowded wvith
ladies that we were obliged to leave.
1-1er show r'ooms tare r'eally a wonder
--spaciots, wvith tich dr-aperies, thiat
give. the- exact .light in which ladies
Jove to' tpest their comnplexious; nd
what Is- better. thtan all, on the
fir'st floor, 'three doors .from Ilrioad
way and ye. in ai quiot nai hborhoodi'.
[Fromr thi Mobil Tribuned
ColonaeI *-'ereg;;.1y 1Smutter
h aihne6, Regolnlit -ormed
portion of the force that invested Ve
ra Cruz, 'but it was detAched to the
south during the siege, cnd 'before it
rejoined the intaiiitohann, the' battic
of Cerro ,Gordo lidd been fought. Tin
next nettons of note Worts the con.
flicts at Cont reras,- Churubusco, all
Molino del Rey. Of these, the mosi
iuportatit was the bloody drama o;
Cherubusco, ind here it was that Cul
Butler fell, and the' Palmetto Regimei
won imperishable renown. But let m.,
briefly describe the battle. The vil
lage of Portales was occupied by th<
Mexicans, and the Causeway in froni
of the barn was blocked ip witl
dense masses of his troops, the cavalry
numbering 3,000, the infantry 4,000
To assail them, Gen. Shields ordered
300 men of his own brigade, 300 New.
Yorkers and 300 Palnttos-ittiid.
iig ]Zeiio's howitzer batterv of twc
pieces, and 1,000 men 4l'' Pieree'%
brigade, to advance. . Ife began
his march -by makinmg a detour ol
a iiile; the ground was diflicult;
the 15th inftntry, and four coipanie
of the 12th, led the advance, followed
by the New-Yorkers, the Palmettoi
mid tile bittery of the 9th infittry.
The advance on appwroaehing tli
barn, received a heavy fire from thc
enemy; and were directed to shelter
themlselves; the New-Yorkers coming
up were turied in line and fronting
The Palmetto regiment was ordered
of take position on the left of the New.
Yorkers, it being Shields' desigr
to cut ol' the Mexicans by extending
his liine to the left; but the enemy de.
fe.atced his object, and the New-York re.
giment became at once cgaged in thc
saiguminary struggle. The cavalry ap.
proacled tie left of the line, and poure
into it their iatal escopette fire; Col.
oiiel Burnett fell, and the New-York.
ers. dismayed by the death of theit
coimmnianid er, now broke and fled, tak.
ing shelter behind a wall. The Pal
iietto regimitelint Completed their for
mation. and itoved forward, firing ir
order, w'vthout support-three hundre
men opposed to seen thonsund! Bi|
these gallant. men moved forward t<
their probable doom with the steadi
ness of veterans, and with a determi
ntition, fixed and unalterable, to con,
quer or die.-Shields sent to Scott foi
reinforcemrient-. Without a rally t(
attack, the battle might be lost. li.
owni reckle;s darini" it tie field hat
not, ineited all the regiinents; thi(
90th infaitry protected itself behind
barn, as the New-Yorkers had done be
hind a wall, leaving the Palmetto'
to brave the battle and the storm
The blood of the young general w.a!
roused. le haratingued the regiment!
that had abandoned the field, appeal
ing to their American courage, an
their sense of shame, but the clfet di
not correspond with his hopes. Ther
was no response! Mortified and in
dignant, lie turned to the Carolina regi
-men, which .ie : had ordered'to with
draw until reinforced, and "tle flag wa!
.Colonel Butler' took off his cap ai
wav-inge it amid the storm, exclaimted
"the Pahinetto,s are ready ! every~
Soiuti Carolinian will ibdlow you tt
the death!" "Onward!" cried (Ie geni
eral, "this gal lant regimnent,"hle sait
sitpse juently, "moved thr-ward fnimly
aiid rapidly, under a fire of musketry
aus terrible, puerhiaps. as any which sot
diers ever faced." 'This mlovemni
tirneid the tide of fortune, amid segired1
the victory. At one ludred yards
the Pahmuet to regiment halted, tr
thpeni fire oni the Alexicans, who wen
camne thle hmeait of' colliet- ourm ranks
wvere rapdidly- tined, but 'thir m. lac
was siuplied lby the inlinitry of' odi
er* regimeints htwe nmtdb
the alhuit ry otf the caroliiniams, caim
lie hir supp~ oit; and mnui i te storr
to st ir', t he blo:odyv st rifk, C2oloniel hit
Ier fell~f ighttig braxely at thle he~at
of his heroes, being shot thirough th
heed from a cavalry escopette. "le
venge the deathI of' your Co lonel !" ex
elaimiedl Geni. Stihelds; and oirderedl th
imiuous charge. Thie regime ict Ibeyvei
thie cal l-t hey rushed forward, the. ,fli,
eer's bearing the colors of' thiir comn
p)an'ies. Thle r~egimenclt stafY bieareci
was shot dhown, ienit. C2ol. D)ick insoni
seized the regimwenta:l flag, aind whlilIs1
waving it, lie was shot downi-1\lajmu
GhuInlden too k thle flag. anid the pulace ol
Dickinson, and waved that gloriouw
hiannter thIiroughiout thie teribe 1) coil
flict. Young Adams li-W wvitha the col
irs of thie Edgefield corn panmy, nm
:1lorange, se'izinigthei bainner from th
hiamals of thle dy ing hero, bo re it protud
hy through the fight,--and thtus was thi
battle of' Cheru buseo was fought and
Hibstory~ of the St/emsh ip S'auanna/h
The F"irst Ocean StIemer of I/a
"About the year 1818, Capt. MoIdse
I ogger's, thni of' the city of Savannah
suggested ito Messrs. Dnunning, Sear
buoromgh, (.. Sturges, H. Burroughs, Ji
1'. .lin ry. I ianI lK i nne, and others
of this ciity, the idea of' constructingL
ani (ocean s teamter, for plyinig betweei
this piort andi somei ofther port ini En
rope. These gentlemen resolved tc
try thle expemirient. TIhey puirchased
ini tha city of New York, a beamitifui
ship, wvell adapted as they suJpposed.
to the puirposew. Allowingu (lie rigging
and other app urtances for' sailimng, to
renmain, they supplied her withI steam
miaehiner'y anid paddlle whleeh~. .I e:
padd~les wecre conistructed so as to b<
capable of' foldinmg upIi like a fan be iiny
laid on deck, Ihem' mai shaft, havinu
joint also for t hat purpoPse. 'Nec
whieel house was made of strong can.
vas, extenided oni an i ron imi.
.lher first trip across the ocean wnm
mrade in twenity-two days between thiu
p~oinmt and Liver-pool, in the year' 1819.
When first described fromn the British
eaa, ihe was reportedi n a ship or
ra d nmng without
steil@ id rly-i ge wli
th' Bla) 06;;an-d'Ahlilb lying'oil thi port
of oftfiiadt af ..: isnved .from wreck,
duri6g a torrible storm, in which.
many vessels were lost, only by the
assistan'ce rendered by her paddles.
During her stay at. St. Petersburg, Al.
oxander, Emperor of the Iron North
pleased with the novel idea of a steam
ship, presented Captain Roggers with
two iron chairs, one of whiMI (the only
relic left of the adventurous bark)is
now in the garden of Mt. Durming,
of this city, and we hope wilr long be
preserved as an hon9rable memento
of one of the most important enter
prises of inodern times.
09 .the return of the Savannah from
her- European trip, she was sent to
Washington City, where she was sold
and her steam machinery removed.
For years afterwards she plied as a
packet between this city and New
York, under the command of Capt.
Aldrich; and was finally wrecked and
went to pieces on the back of Long
Capt. Moses Roggers, after lie re
turned from Europe, commanded the
Pee Dee, the first steam boat which
ever navigated the Pee Dee river.
He caie to Cheraw in the fall of 18
21. He was remarkably pushing,
industrious and persevering man, and
was highly estemied by all who knew
him.-Ed. C. Gazette.
PRIVATE CIIARACTEa OF A LOCOMO.
TIVE.-People who may see a locomo..
tive tearing up and down the hand, at
at a gait of forty miles an hour-ma.
king the very earth groai beneath its
giant tread, and time heavens themselves
reverberate with its fearful clatter
scaring nature with its unearthly din,
and frightening all creation fro'm its
propriety alniost-people who only see
it in its terrible activity, have no idea
what eminently social virtues it is en
dowed with. This is their public char
acter. Their private one is another
affair. Now and then one of these
huge monsters, in whose iron bowels
slumber more than a thousand giant
powders, comes up and stands inder
our window, as gently as the most ex
emplary cooking stove, its huge steam
pipes singing a strain as soft and as
dulcet as that iost amiable ten kettle,
and its lungs of steel breathing as
sweetly as an infant in its slumber.
Let him gripe those iron hands, and
the pipes which were tuned to sosoft a
strain, send forth a yell as if heaven
and earth were coming together, and
those lungs, which first breathed so
quietly, cough like a volcanoe-anid off
d goes darkening the heavens with its
dense volume of smoke.
SF" At the meeting of the Am
erican Medical Association at New
York on Thursday, resolutions were
brought forward, reco.mmending Con
gress to pass a law requiring -all im
ported nostrums-to belabelled with
their i)gredients; and, advising. the
Stato, L islatures to appoint some
competent chemist to analyze the yari
ous nostrums, and t6 -publish the an
alysis in the most widely circulated
jour-nals. A warm and protractedl de
b'atc ensued, and the resolutions were
A resolution wvas adopted recom
muending to the several M~edical
Colleges, and such other Boards as
arc by lawv authiorised to examine can
dlidates for admission to the Medical
profession, to mequire from every grad
nmate or licentiate his signature to
the Code of Ethics, and also that the
formial administration ora pledge faith
fuil to obiserve and keep the same
Code, form part uof the public exer*
cise at Mledical cormmenicemnts.
Dlr. J. M. Simiith, of New York. read
T1h~e conimiittce on noomiationis,
in fultilling the duty of their appoint
mn t, proPu~s to continue1 mlost of
the special coimmiittees appointed by
he Asociationi, ini May, 185 1, and
to appoinit several new special comn
Th~le fllowing are the Chairimen of
spcialimmit tees fori Souith Car
uolina anid Geos rgia, withi the subjects to
Dri. 11. D). Arno~ld, of Savannah,
Geo-"Of thme P'hysiological Peculiar
itie-s and diseases of Negroes."
D r. F. Peyre P'orcher, of Charles
toni, S. C.-"On Texicological and
Medicinial properties oIf our cryp)toga
mie planits. '
D)r. DL. (. Cain of Charleston, S.
C.-"On epidemics of Mississippi, Lou
isiania, Te'xais and A rkansas."
Dr~. Robeit Campbell, of Augusta,
G~eo.-"Onm thle pathogenic influence
of Feather Beds."
A fter the transact ion of' other busi
ness, on Thursday afterntoon. the As.
sociationl1 adjo urned to meiet ini St.
Louis necxt year.
lin the eveinig a splendid bainquiet
waIs preparedL~ at the Aletropolitani
11 all, at, which about one thousand per
sons wer ipresent, the guiests iimuo
Ubering about 2?00.
Generovs J~nto.-M r. J1 ona
thad Kidd, lately deceased, of P itts
burg, by his will, doniated $,000 to
the support of superannuated preach
eri, and the widows oIf deceas~ed ini
!sters, of* the Pittsburg M. E. Conifer
emnce; $2000 to the Missionary Socie..
ty of thle same birach of the church;
amid $ 1,000 to the C2oloization,.
IAL ---FoAr five wveeks( past (says
the Colm bus Timetns of the 6th inst. ,)
wve have been suffeurinig for raimi in this
section ofrcounitry-somie da~maige was
done11 to the grrowingr erp by the long
drought, anid our city was rendered al
imiost, unihabaitable by the dust.
On Wednesday mring, hmowiever,
wve were bllest with copious showers
of ian; the dust is ehfectuial ly laid at
present, and every green thing rejoices
in the bright sunsine which has sue
I. RICHARDSON LOGAN, EDITOR.
TUESDAY, MAY 17, 1853.
Charleston, May 16, 1853.
The sales on Saturday were brisk
in favor of buyers at prices ranging
From 7 to 10 1-2 cents.
Nxw Yonx, May 14.
Cotton, in this market, declined 1-8
mince the arrival of the steamer-sales
of the day 7.0 bales. Sales of the
week 11,000 'ales. Middling Uplands
10 1-2, Middling Orleans 10 5.8.
:e The papers advertising the
runaway slave of Mr. JAsEs Loway
are requested to send their bills to this
oflice for payment.
110on. Willinaa C. Prestos.
This distinguished gentleman, and
scholar is, we are sorry to write, still
suffering much from ill health and con
lined to his room, with no hopes of re
covery. He is staying with his broth.
er the Hion. JOHN S. PRESTON, at the
latters plantation in Louisiana.
On Tuesday last a negro man, the
property of Capt. L. II. BELSER was
killed at Ramsay's Depot when at
tempting to get on the freight train of
the Wihmington and Manchester Cars,
while they were in motion. His foot
sliping he fell on the track, and was
instantly cruslhd to death.
Bradford Spritags Institute.
'This large and popular Institution
for female education was sold at pub.
lie auction in this place on sale-day
last to a gentlein'an from North Caroli.
na, and we are informed will be en
dowed and conducted under the name
of the Harmony Female College, by
the Rlev. Prof. MORGAN.
We refer our readers to the Card of
Mir. I. 0. BLACK, Who has opened a
Dancing School in our town. Mr.
BLACK has already a large number of
scholars, and ifany doubt his eflicieney,
we would recomnend them to pay a
visit to his school at the Town Iall.
We are perfectly satisfied ourselves
from personal acquaintauce, that, Mr.
BLACK is worthy a most liberal sup.
port ; as ati evidence of the satisfaction
he gives his pppils, we mention, that
this is hirfrrrlis hr thfs'place.
lt will be recollected that the Com-.
merci.:l Con~ventiow-held in Baltimore
last year adjourned to meet, in Mem.
phis, Tennecsse~e on the 1st of June
nex t. By reference to another column
our readers will discover- that his Ex
cellency G~ov. Maxmio has appointed
a number of disting(uishe id genitlemenct
from this State to act as delegates to
the Con vention), withi the expressed
hope that as many of thiem will attend
as possibile. Among the subjects to be
dlisenissed by the Convention we find
'The r stablishiunents of a continental
dlepot. of cottoni, in oppositionI to Liv.
Thle direct exportatiton of cotton by
the planter, thms doing away with
mi iddle men, mihddle wareho uses, muid
dIe ~oflmissionUs iddle insurances,
andl all that interm oinuable mnediumu
which eats nmp our substance and con
cenitrates oneW exports at Liverpool.
To' build up a Southetrn import
ing mrarket, ini opposi tioni to New York.
To estualish, thbrough rail road allIi
ance, imore sympathy with the great
WesCt and Northwest, socially, eoin.
mercially, and( ntionialy.
To have one or inore lines (41steam
ers to Europe.
To stimlulaite manufhitetures and gen.
T1o educate our children at home, to
spenid our1 wealth at homue.
To aimi at coinmmeial and industri
Thie nam mes of lionli. '.imiipson,
P. 1). Torre, Esq., J. ID. Asluniore,
anid .J. IT. D uikes, Esqj., were accident
atlly omiiittedI in the plini'tin of the
genltleime d'i(esignlate b'J 'y t he Govern
:r, to attend the M emp Ihis Conven.
tion, imakinug in all, tihe nimumber of 1ir.
T1hie Legislature of Virginia, at its
late sessioni, abolishecd all militia muns
ters, to tak~e effet after the year 1853.
Al pesn who will be liable to (10
mmiitary duty are to be registered by
the Co'immissioners of the~ lRevenue, and
to pay 75 cents per annumi, which sumi
is to lbe col1leetedl by theC Shieriffs ini the
sameui mannmer as other taixes.
We hope at, some fuitu re day to see
a simnihIn alIterat ion made in onur oppres.
sive. Militia system, against, which we
have heard manny andu loud comn.
plinits. WV hy do not, the pleI take
thme matter into their own hands ? We
ire contident that a large majority in
this State amre oppiosed to the present
military laws, and they can be easily
abolilshed h)v -a 'irmne imitedh anOpJ0
some. provli ri1f he eili cour
agemont of vlunteercompanies, where
all militia organization for drill, so far
as any benefit to be derived from them,
The Norwalk Railroad Accident.
The Coroner's jury who were sum
moned to enquire into the. facts con.
nected with the above terrible -Rail
road accident have reported at at
length that the accident was owing to
the recklessness and carelessness of
the Engineer and gives the follow
1. In running around the curve at
a rate not less, certainly, than twen
ty miles an hour, when under no cir
cumstances should it have been
2d. In not discovering that the
ball was down immediately after emer
ging from the cut.
3d. In not looking for the ball at
the high way crossing east of the depot.
4th. In relying, as he says he did,
upon the flags of the switch-tenders,
when lie well knew that they were not
in sight of the draw, and had nothing
to do with it.
5th. In not running even slower than
usual when the track was wet and slip
Death of John A. Stuart.
We learn from the Charleston
Mercury, that this gentlemen for a
number of years proprietor and editor
of that paper died in Beaufort on Tues
day the 3rd inst aged 35 years. Mr.
STUART has been for the last ten years
broken down in mind and body, the
editor of the Mercury in his re
marks thus speaks of him : Ile was,
of all the mcn we have known,
the one who combined, in the high
est degree, tihe faculties of logic, imagi
nation and wit, and these be displayed
in a far more striking farm in his con
versation tian in his writings. To
judge of his capacity by what lie
actu ally performed, would be to do
great injustice to his extraordinary
powers; and to estimate all that he
might have done, would be to con
jure up unavailing regrets. The grave,
with its dark mantle, covers all
peace to the sleeper, beneath that im
The Popular Educator.
We have received the first number
of this work published monthly by
ALAXANDER MONTGoMEnRY, Spruce St.,
New York, at $1 50 a year. The
work is intended more particularly for
these, who have not enjoyed the bene.
fit of a scholastic education, professing
to:be a guide to thestudenL in his efforts
~to Cdudatejhimselt Thesubjoettet
ed of, are Language, National History,
Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Fine
Arts,iAuthropo logy, Industrial Scien
ces, Philosophy, History, Political Sci
ence, &c. From the specimen number
before us we arc disposed to recom
mend the work highly and shall look
fur the forthcoming numbers.
Forelgn Qutarterly Review.
Th'ie A pril numbler of the London
Quarterly has been received and pre
sents the following table of contents:
Serope's History of Castle Combe, Ilu
man Ihair, 'rho Old Countess of Des
mond, 1f[ungarian Campaigns--Kossuth
and Gorgci, Search for Sir John Frank
lin, 13uck ingham papers, Anslecy
lfouse, The Twvo Systems at Penton.
ville, Mamurel on the Duke of Welling
Souitlierni Literary Messenger.
Thle May number of this veteran
and respectable standard of Southern
Literature hais been received, and will
maintain the long established, and well
earned high character of the work
It is peculiarly an exponent of South
ern views and interests.
Published in Rlichumond Va., at
83 00 per annum JIoHN. U. THOMPsoN
Tlac LeCxington Telegrala.
'This is the title of a new paper
published at Lexington Court Ihouse,
byv W. J. IBANDOI.PtJ, Proprietor and
Editor. We have received the first
number, andl (cerfulliy number it
aumonag our exchanmigesi. Success to the
B AI vJrntonE, MAY 13-7 4 p. mn.
Charleston, May 13-10 50 p. in.
'TiHE GAMUmNsa CASE.--The evi
deuce in the Gardiner ease closed yes
terday and the argument will coin
mnence oni Monday. 'Thie defence have
filed a bill of excepltionis.
CourNEFEIT.-We were yesterday
shown a counterfeit $10 note on the
Bank of the State of North Carolina.
Tlhme note is an imitation of the genu
ine, and is well calculated to deceive,
even somec of Nettleton's pupils. Thme
vignette of' thme good notes is ant en
graving ot the Capitol at llaleigh, and
we recommend the Batik to issue no
imiore notes upon the plate, as thme en
gravinig is poor, does not .keep up
with the progress o1 imodern un prove.
mnent in Bank note engrav'ing, and
affords thereby an opportunity for
coutiterteiters to emit sputrioius issues.
We caution the public to examine
notes of the Bank of the' State with
State House vignette.
Hfilm inot on Pane~r.
A. ~p~the~i~~alofour State last
wee oygee us of ther th of
the -assertiowhcblh we have oftein
heard of latedinthat Columbia was
rapidly fcrieei in population, and
business; everything about the town
bears upon its face the mark of pro
gress. The firist thing that struck our
eye on riding up from the depot was
the New State House, which under the.
hands of its present active superintend..
ant is now roaring its massive, and ele..
gant granite walls some twenty feet in
the air, and the number of the work
men engaged, which a hasty glance
caused us to estimate at about two
hundred give promise of a speedy com
pletion. We were much pleased also
to learn that all the granite used on the
building, which is of very superior
quality, is taken from a quarry, within
a mile and-a-half of the town; we had
no idea before that the soil of CarolL.
na covered such stone. The new State
House, the cost of which is estimated
at one million dollars, will be when
completed, according to the plan, which
we were permitted to view, one of the
grandest structures in the State. At
soine future day we may give a minute
description of it.
Our next stopping place, was the
old Congaree House, kept now by that
prince of hosts " JANNEY," whope large
number of visitors we should have
thought, would leave him little time
to attend to the outward appearance of
his hotel, but not so, JAbsisy is here,
there and everywhere it seems; one
moment with broom in hand sweeping
the dust from his flobrs, and the next
heading an army of gratified boarders,
and leading them to- some new and
pleasant cheer: under his enterprising
hands the old Congaree is making a
new and beautiful appearance ; truly ff
JANssY does not make a fortune, it
will be because visitors. to Columbia,
do not know how to- appreciate an es
timable host-H-cere's to his health.
Leaving the Hotel we strolled into the
Court of Appeals which is now in ses
sion ; we found here a number of dis
tinguished lawyers from all parts of the
State in attendance, and were informed,
that the business before the Court was
large, the number of appeals having
considerably increased, particularly
from the upper Districts; a shrewed
old friend o* ours suggested that this
might li consequent upon the- increas
ed facilities of travel by railway;. if h
gument we have yet -heard advanced
against railroads. A Court room,
when you are not yourself the anxious
clisnt, or the well-feed lawyer is per
haps the dullest place in the world, so
soon tireing of it, we walked into the
street, and meeting with an old friend
fro Sntergladly accepted his invi
atotopay a visit to the magnificent
gardens, and orchards of II. LYOSs,
Esq., where w'e spent a profitable and
delighted hour in viewing his luxuriant
vineyards aind graperies, fine vegetabls,
luscious fruits, aud elegant hot-houses;
we found cher-ries growing in the yard,
ripe, and in full perfection, of these
there were three varieties, but the
Black Ox Heart was the only one we
recognized, the others being of a new
species, with which we are unacquaint
ed. Columbia is at this season, cer
tainly the garden spot of the South ;
the beautiful evergreens, which adorn
and shade almost every street have
just put on the new and bright livery
of spring, and the air is rioh with the
pcrfu.e of a thousand flowers; a
d welling without a garden, in this place,
is hardly to be met with, and this pas
sion for the beauties of nature must
certainly be viewved as an evidence of.
the cultivated and refmned taste of its
inhabitants. W hy Columbia has not
beenm resorted to more during summer
months, we cannot imagine, it certain
ly presents all the advantages for such
a retreat; health, air, scenery and pol.
ished society, whamt more can be de
sired, while however on this subject
we cannot but express our astonish
ment that there is not a public bathing
establishment in or near the town ; the
Congaree River presents many facili.
ties for muclh a building, and we yet
hope) to sec one erected there. More
The Cheraw (razette states that at a
late meeting of the Directors of' the
Cheraw and Dar-lmngton Rail Road, the
President and Engineer were author
ized to contract immediately for iron
for ten milei, and also to let ouit the
bridlge and grading at Buckhiold's
Creek, (the only heavy work on tihe
line) in contracts foir half' stock and
hallf cash. Th'le Gazette expresses the
hope that the vexed qunestion of' con
nection (between this road, the WNil..
mington uand Manchster-, and the
North Eastern Rlail Roads,) will soon
be amicably settled.
It is estimnuted that one thousand,
fouri hundred and forty-three babies
have been named Frank Pierce in
Maine in the past4 six monthq..-&thll
Wa nf , rne
ient in 4
the als fort lirei
ed menbersisf the ?a~n
merit'have bleen recce -d
cutive Chamben i
be delivered,'ihn c A
bienefit of tlgogo tesl g~o
we publish the list e
1. Richard Canno
2. H. P. Pratt.-"
4. Zimmerman -
5. Thoinas J. Wilder
6. James A. Wilder
7. Eugene'A. VW1,
8. RoberB. Wilde -
9. Robert 1. Co
10. John J. Ramsa
12. Joseph T. Groons.
13. Sorg t. M.- J. M. Murphy.
14. Serg't. Thomas D Glenn
15; Corporal R. Marion Blac
16. Thomas P..Black
17. Francis G. Britton.,'
18. Joseph Carter.
19. L. M. Coker.
20. Samuel H. Drake.,'
21. Scarboro R, Drake
22. James Goodsll,
23. Jacob L. Jenniing
24, William Johnson,
25. Robert S. Moody
26. Laurel Spann.
27. William J., Smzitr
28. David Scurry.
29. Thomas B.- Wells..
30. Robert Kolb.
31. John' C.- Dubose:
32. J. P. Hardy, M. D--.
have great satisfaction in being ab1e . '
state that the disagreement beiwe a
the Northeastern, and the Daringth:
and Cheiaw Railroads, as to the'
point of jonction, lts-been. 16ppily ad
justed. The point theed' upon, is o
the Western patt of the lands ofSan
utal . McKown; esq, about midwaye
bween the termini originally selected
by the two Companies. o, there 1i-e
bee.: no victory on either side, exicep.
of good sense, publie spiri and' man
ly.gencrosity.- So mucl tie better
may they always carry the day!, The
two Companies may iow be rearde4
as essentially one enterprise..The pre.
liminary difficulties are overcome andl -.
the track. is clear fbr effectiv e worE.
la the mtantime tle Northeastirn
Railroad has noti l5eert allowed ,to:
rust during these preparitions T..'he
work at the teraitus- on' o*per RIy
or (a most important part of, th
Road,) is actively pressed:forwa'rd .. .
a small interVal near th e tyi .
right -of way lias notryet beep'seenf~d,
Ut beyond that for about 20 miles,0e
grading- is-under eontise. and we nf
trstakdthe--is v growinge i %endha -
to take contracts, - whie~h relieve :us
of all doubt as to the work being push.
ed on withouti interruption.
From. Kingstroe to the d McKnwn
junction, about 38' miles *rll 'be ready.
to be let by the middle of-Jurie.
Everything promises the early 9m
pletion of this valuable enterpflee, and.
those who have the most carefully erca'
amiined the resources. of. the . eoun.
try through it will passr spesik most
confidently of its prospects ma profit..
able ver~ture.-C'Aarleston' 4(ercur-g.
ADMITTED.-The following gentl.
men have been admitted to praetice
in the Courts of this State:
IN -rE LAW couirr.-Aaron Augtin,.
Jesse T. Bethea, James C. Browin .
Chancellor Chambers, George B. Cuth.
bert, States Right Gist, James. 0.
Hunter, M. Edward Hlutehinson, Samt
uel Lord, jr., Phzillip B. .McLaurin,.
Thomas P. SliderSsp Ber
Sloan.-12 .,Ssp er
IN TilE FEQUITY Couar.-Apgustus
E. Grice, Willaim C. H!aruis; John O.
Higgins, C. H1.S. McClenaghaii Giles
J. Patterson, Joseph Perry Sloan.-6..
The election for Major General to.
command the - Division S~ C.
M., vice Major General Harleoe .
ceased, was held on tne 25th'nzlt, and
from returns published lthe'Marion
Star, the result is as fdllowA d
For lBrig. Gen. J. W.Blakefiey, 119
For Col. SamI. F., Gibson, 97
Maority forIBlakeny 2
FaLoM TEXAs.-Advices from Gal.
veston, of the 3rd instant, confirm the
report of gold discoveries .on the Col.
orado river. Four hundred miners
were at wvork, obtaining five to ten
dollars per diem. The farmers are
leaving~ their crops. 'The whole count
try is ii an excitement. The soil, for
huudreds of miles, has boen examined,
Gove~rnor Bell Is a candidate foe
Congress in the western District.*'
Tuaz WEATnER.-Afer SeVeras
weeks of dry weather, which thinderqd,
firmers much in their planting . opera.
tions, we were visited on Sundmay last
by a refreshinig shower, and oin Mor.
daiy by a hail storm, which, we fear.
has done much injury to the growing
crops. Tfhe hail stomues were larga'
aiid fell rapidly fo)r several minutes
covering tho ground. entirely.
[ The Marion. Sta,.
SALE oi' BIA?,oD IlonRS.-Tha lrg.
stock of blood horses belongingo toe
estate of the late WVilliam Gibbons'
were sold at auetion,, on the 3d i.ustant s
at Madisoni, New Jersey Amo~ng
the number sold, was. thme . .elebrtetd
raicer 'Fashioii,' now 17 ':ios ol
boughit by Mr. Morris, o fSorristmni
for $1,500. louncti. Q*hlue, nmotho .
of F'ashione 2d years Mpl, 'broughg
$100. Patoy A~ntl hony, 13.years ob11
$280. Mainer, 17 yeairs old, #470
anti others, of.r lesser not14 at pria
varyving fromf $70,upiN20'.