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DEVOTED TO SOUTHEI N RtIGHTS, DEMOCRACYNEWS, LtTEIRATURE CECA H
L II SUMT ERVILLE, Se. o, JU LY1, 88
Fromi ihe Southern Cultivator.
ilAats on Muk iig aid P reserv
The Germans, Hollanders and Del
-'gians are generally considered the
'f..nest advanced in the art of making
*nd 'preserving manures; and there.
'fore it is the part of wisdom to study
Iieir practices, and profit by the re
tuits of their long and successful ex
perience. Where they are unable to
provide straw or other litter to ab
'orb.all the liquids produced by cat.
tie, horses, or swine kept up in the
'usual manner, they invariably con
btruct tanks to hold all the urine, in.
to which 'the liquid excretions of
Wnimals are conducted from stalls and
etables. Such reservoirs are made
uailly of water-lime cement in t.he
ie iy that cisterns for holding
-ain water are constructed in this
tonnt'y. They are very useful ap
Pendages to -stables where horses or
other stock are kept; and we will add
'hat ond 'part of water-lime, as sold
liftbar'elb, mixed with four of clean,
4coatae -sand, wet aird mixed as mor
'tar sets well, and if ind im.ediate
ly. seldom fails to form a water tight
Cistern or tank.
Let us suppose a farrnei' has a few
barrels of stale urine, more oi- less
ammonia~is given ofT to his serious
Aoss, how can lie lix this volhtile alkili
in the liquid at the cheapest rate
This is an important quiestioi, and
one that has given rise to naiy ex--'
periments. On this subject Dr.'
Stockhardt has the following judi
Sulphurie acid and green vitriol
(copperas) will be here most admira
ble and cdnvenient, because they can
noyr be erery where obtained, and at
Sioderate -cost; thev oecasion CIo ex
OnselnAhcir trausportation to and
'ro, like the earths above mentioned;
aria are far more energatic in their
aperation'than.gypsum." One pound
of commercial oil of vitrol is sufli
cient in ordinary cases, for 250 lbs.
of urine; and the acid is itself worth
a..a manure about wht it costs,
when purchased by ,the qantity. -
This acid diluted in the drainings
from a dung heap-, is most advanta
geously used to pour over and run
through it-, to -x all the free ammo
nia which is liable to escape into the
In many lAaces, green vitriol., or
sulphate of iron, may be obtained at
a cheaper rate than oil of vitriol.
Dr. Stockhardt says, "Green vitriol.
(Copperas.) dissolving readily in wa
ter, acts just as quickly as 'ree sul
phu'ric acid; and in one respect, iI
dced il more completely, in so far
al 0 sses the caacity of (i
compro: anid depriving of odor the
su ih etted gas, (sulphuretted by
drogen) whtich is equally genecrated
i t utrefaction of manure: and
occasions the disagreeable stench of
rotten ,eggs. In Switzerland this
salt has long been generally employ
ed for the preservation of drainimngs,
l iquid manure] and more recent ex
peri ents in France are affirmed to
- ahown that stall manure, when
"~fb4with green vitriol, has pro
duoed upon limey soils an increase of'
orff third in crops of' grain, and upon
grass land, even five times more hay
* , than common manure of eq1ual quali
ty and age." Hiaving been many
years in the habit of" using copperas
ivater, or a strong solution of green'
-vitriol, to deodorize the offensive
gasses generated in the vguhts of
privies in cities, where such nuisan
c'estften occasion sickness, as well
js.to fix ammonia in urine and ma
n jure from stables, it gives us pleas
reto find our views corroborated
b$?Ahe latest European authoities.
In a sanitary point of viaew, the action
of iron, (the base which the oil of
vitriol is .eamnbined) in decomnpound
n lg sulphur-etted hydrogen, as stated
-by Dr. Stockhardt, is important.
As to the quantity of copperas
that ought to be thirown inito a tank
of liquid mianrure, nio precise direo
tions can be given, as the farmer
uses barely enough to arrest thre am
appears, a little more of' the green
vitriol is used as before.
In, making compost heaps, some
cari d skill are needed to prevent
'that. kind' of heating called "fire
fang,' in which operation the
strength-of 'the manure is' seriously
impaired.. .Wottinig the heap is the
rventitive usitally resorted . to, ei
ti e'r by pourin8 or pumping over .the
drainings, or by adding fresh.water.
Manure ought never to be heaped
over about four feet, particularly in
warm weather, as the chetbical ac.
tion is liable to be too rapid, and
steady decay is what is needed.
The larger the mass of manure,
and the higher it is piled,-the gracter
will be the difference inl respect to
the stages of decomposition between
the upper and lower layers; the low.
er stratum will' be unctions, that in
the centre merely mellow. aid that
above, altogether strawy. Turnitng
over the heap is designed to remedy
this inequality, and mix the inature
thoroughly together. It loses in weight
according to the extent of decompo
sition, alid the anount of exposure to
washin rains and at mospheric influen
ces, without fixingr either the carioonic
acid of aminmonia generated in the pio.
cess of decay. In no way -Ii the ear
botnic acid in mianure Le turned to a
better account than by mixing leached
or dried ashes wit!h it; for its aids pow.
erfully to render the betore instiluble
silicates of p tash and lite which fttrim
the main bulk of ashes, -olible, and
suitable food Cir cultivatO piatits.
The principal object in rotting dung
and all other orga-:ized subtaies
usedi as manure, is to inerease their5*i
ltbility inl rain water. it Is also for
this purpose that bone dust i treated
with sulphuric acid, ly whieb th
sotluble superlhos.diate of lime uind
gy psum are:tcf irmied. Int.-tead of com-it
biniting with all the lite in hontes, the
Sulphurse,;L acid un1ites -wi.hl 41dy) abot
expIlled tit , wt i.h I h inAi e li It ai.
teady h)- ne ati.ll if I Aspoiti aiid
to te oat iime. toiakiing i e f( tht acid
tt tile of, th1e bast, or bi--; ho 4pate of
lime, w% hieb i3 is S iLtble sah
The mlineral s ink 1inus have%- mnuch
influete in regulating tlhei valuek. . A
Saxni firtmer ias experniimrnt ed on
twvo narsh platnts as fertilizers ftir rma
Iy yers, aid iithirmly fimd tie.
the "reed m1lace," a valuable tinnure;
whilsit, the other, a "tlu-rih." wias
ne'aiV valutieless. Th-il Ira:dySe atve
the tibllowing results inl one I .:ttu.,aitd
Of the Of the
Coist kunts. R e.-are. C;..h-rush.
O m n~ su bt ur.:s115 080
Ntlrtgo i!0:erom. - 6 5 1.2
Inorgranie tt.st;otceo., 5o 2t)
l'o:ash :nd No.:i, - 10 1.2 2.3
Lite ata M a neia, - lii 4 1-2
Phet1kire Acal, - 2 3.4 1
Sile.r, - - 4 11
The: thee figures present ait inter
esAg sady to the critical ol.-erv, r of
agrien Ituaral p ihenoIni IIa. .et, the
fact lie lorni'. inl imiinl that the test of
years in Irietit e experience, (the
best o fcql e-.) prov-d t lieReed to
Ie mu-iceh le ter mnure11 tl: 'lIt
14,tush. Ax , n! t,r esiir:.-d pnts.
the Onii- Ia loI y n ,(nrcit t,l thy.
th bu nuihngn be
gn ,d h in' pht) -flue.-t .. a
h in h irt. !I . i Irr-t the ii-r.
niext to :. tii .,n. .- .e d s ,n
gen-1 and hyvdrllg I) liiett a
hl.g piwer of tilthe ti plants.-i lfth
reader will coiiptre the mineral. or
inorgatnic substances, in, the ahove
table, he will finad thait lie Ueei ci it.
soda, nearly fthutr tmets more time, atnd
three Ltimes mio re jdpsphorie ac-idi lhan
the Rush. 'These are all a val ul el
etients of cr*ops; anvd their compara ,
tivye ablutidanice in thle one ilat andi
ahsence in the other, sutliciently ae
count for their uniequtal paower as f
tizers. Facts like the iabot~ve dtein
strate the prictical vahmtl of caiical
atnalysis; thir wtitho ut. its 11asitace, iio
mn coul kinow that one plant i:,
far richer in phiosphorie acid, limei, po
tash, n itrogeni andi sodali thban anot her.
Manty plants tow deemted worthless
will one day be largely grcn ih fr
making mtanure, ar as food ftor the
agriculLu ral stapjles of t he country. The
raw material for the production of
grain, cottoni, sugar -cane andu tobiac.
co, can tneve-r be accnuimulated as it
ought, to be, anid ini such-l qnaniiuties
as cultivators need, until ther see the
imaportanice of studlyinig the natural et.
emnents of ferillity in the soil TIhese
atrc emphatically the only maanu res iin
the worild. One hutndredl pounds of
the loaves of' pine trees are worth
twelve times thie like w~ueight of pine
wood, because ini the leaves which
annually tall to the groiuntd to entrichl
it, nature wisely stores tup t welve times
as tnuch of' the elemets of ferti lity as
are ce'ttained in ani equal weight of
tile body . the tree. The leaves (of
all plants form manure, so far as
experienace has fuji ly tested their
value: but the benefits that accrue from
any amtiendnment are often greatly
dimiinished by the bad conditiont oifthe
tand to which they have been applied.
There are districts in Saxony where
bone-dust prod uces no obhservable ef
fects whatever, while guano works ex
cellently, and where. inded, the 1'r.
ner, even n hien dis olve., in 1ulph,1ur.
ic icid, - h-ws ino trace of o.cration
till the second or thirm year. The
cause of this pc'tilrity *is not ex
plained; perhaps it. nain arise from the
fact, that the soil airt-ady abounds iii
p1hosiiphitii iC acii, an1d eItks the a-: mon.
ia which guano Supplie% Saxon ihr
imers use from 400 to) 1.000 pounds of
botie-dust per English acre, which is
either plowed or harruwed in be.
fore the seed is sown or planted.
Pains should be taken to collect
bones and save theia fir manure. ha
c.ties and villatges tuch valuable ma
nure is anniually wasted, and oten in
a way that creates sickness. An
article so scarce, and every year be.
comting mocre needful to recuperate
the cotton fields of the South, should
be everywhere husbanded with the
greatest care. This ught to be done
as we I %there thn lid is naturally
rich as where it is thin and sterile; for
a good soil can only bie kept so per
manently by maniuring it frequently in
some way. Swamp mud and lire,
or ashes, or both, can he used to ad.
vantage on thiusands of farins; while
the growing of peas. corn, barley, rye
and roots, to feed -toek and add to
the manure heap, is a policy vhich we
have steadily ad,-eated in the Culti.
vator during the last six years. Wheth
er we regard danecstic aainals ats
an evil or iot. all go.),l cultivators
have faind it l1-eeewriy ta keep thelmi
t. produce meat, wfotl, or to labor at
p'' wiing and aiher farin voi k. Not
mo% er hall of iha.rt imiaue is saved mid
poperly us-- :n the Uited States.
THE VALU. OF DEE' PLUUGIIING
IN DaoutnT.-It is obviauS to ait
otae %w1ho has pissed through the die
triets of Greenville, Anderson and
Pickens, Laurens and Spartanburg,
that the present extremne drought has
not injured the corn crop as much as
he would base supposed. In con
versatio-n with Dr. Broyles, 'at An
dersona Court, who is one of the
best scientific farmers in the coun
try, lie attributed this to the system
of deep ploughing, now pretty gen
erally adopted throughout the up
per country. We have to doubt of
the correctiess &f this opinion, and
in visiting the iirn, under the man
agemenat of Willis Burkett, tn Clha
esto, we had satisfactory proof of it.
Mr. Burkett had one hundred aml
twenty acres in curai, almost entire
ly low grounds, and lying in otie
body. In the winter he broke up the
land deep an-I thoroughly w% ith
a loig bull-tongue plough. In the
spring he broke it up rgain be.
re planting. lIe had ploutghed his
corn on the fi:st day of July four
tiaes since .lanting. Ths earth was
as to Sc as ;a1 ash hank. The
last paifatlugi'g w.as wicth a wide bus.
Z.1a d pl*1ughi, aid Aid not go deep in
to thae earth. 'i 'e Cjri was of
as fine a color as I cver Saw any
croin my iwe. her of a wet o'r
a dry season. I dutj rot tLink it had
sifflered at tall fa- rain. It di- Ia.,t
look as if it had. It was greena to
the eartb, and nto sign 'of twisting
that I coul discover. 1 rode
through on a very tall horse, antd a
great deal of its ont the first day of
July, was as high as nay head on
hurseback. Noj rain btaci fallcn <.n it
for two weeks previous to my vis
it, and throughout the spring' the
spring thec dr-ought had been
It was refres:.ing to, look at this
corn, after seejiang the iehls on the
roadside, htalf cultivated anmd mnore
thtan half burnt up. In passinig
thri ough the country, I have noticed,
generally, that whecre the grounid was
well cultivated thte crops stoodu the
drought better. fThe cottont crop of
Mr. Burkett's, wich was on high
land and had beena manured, did ntau
look so well as the corn crop.
Deep ploughting andl subsoihinag are
now becouimig comnmon weitha all good
farmers. With such cultivation as
was common in Pendleton twen
ty-years ago, the present drought,
would have been utterly ruinous to
the corn crop). Several years ago we
saw Chanacellor Johnston trenching
in his grountd three feet deep. We
understand that thi.s ground, thus
deeply dlug up, stands the droughat
tho present seasona with little or
tao inijury.--Souithe~rn P~atriot.
GaAss UNDER TRIEES.-By sow
ing nitrare of soda in small quantities
in showery weather, uder trees, a
most beautiful verdlure will be ob
tainted. I have used it under beech
trees in my grounids, anid the grass
looke green. Ilaving succeeded so
well on a small scale, I have sown
nitrate of soda amongst the long
giass in the plantations, which the
cattle never could eat. I now find
that the herbage is preferred to the
other parts of the field.
MIS CELL AN EO0US8
A gentleman who keeps the run of
facts, figures, and babies, has just
laid before "an inquiring world,"
the following statistics:
The whole iumber of languages
spoken in the World amonnt to 3,064;
viz, 587 in Europe, 937 in Asia, 276
in Africa, and 1,264 in America.
The inhabitants of our globe profess
more than 1,000 different religions.
The number of men is aboht equal to
the number of women. The average
of human life is about 83 years. One
fourth die previous to the age of 7
years, one half before reaching 17
years of age, and those who pass that
age enjoy a felicity (?) refused to
one half the human species. To eve
ry 1,000 persons only one reaches
100 years of age; to every 100, only
six reach the age of 66, and not more
than one in 500 live to 80 years of
There are on the earth, 1,000,000,
ooo of inhabitants, and of these 333,.
333,333 did every year, 91,824 eve
ry day, 3,730 every hour, 60 every
minute, or 1 every second. These
losses are about balanced by an equal
number of births. The married are
longer lived than single,.and, above
all, those who observe a sober and in
dustrious conduct. Tal men live
longer than short ones. Women
have more chances of life in their. fa
vor previoni to being 50 yers of age
than man, but fewer.aft -ards. -
The; humbbr ois in
proportion of 175 t,0 hdividu.
als. Marriages arq..nroe frequent
after the equinoxes-tbat is during
the montlis ef June and December.
Those born in the spring are general.
ly more robust than others. Births
and death are more frequent-by night
than by day. The number of men
capable of working or bearing arms,
is calculated at one-fourth of the pop
Some of these statements are rath
er singular. and yet many of them
are susceptable of an easy solution.
That marriages take place more fre
quently in June and December, than
other months of the year, was just
what we have always suspected was
the case. Those who marry in June,
d.> so because they can't help it;
while those who connubialize in De.
cember, do so doubtless, to guard
against the chilly pillows which dis
tiniguish the frost-bitten months of
winter. The matches which come
off in June are commonly love.
matches, and are brought about by
green fields, and the contagious in
fluence of bobolirks and yellow Lirds;
while those which happen in Decem
ber are brought about in a great de
gree- by mixing plain mathematics
with the market value of flannel un
Too Mucu READIN.-This is
emphatically a reading age. We
read, read. read? Nearly every
thought andl imagination of man is
pennedl, printed, and put forth to be
greedily devoured by many thous
and nminds-bet ter, per hal a, say
eyes. No matter how common
place or how rare; no matter how
worthless or how valuable; no mat
ter how true or how false a hook may
be, it has its readers-nay, admirers;
and it becomes an important (juery
--do we not read too much? D~oes
not such a quantity of indited mat
ter pass before our eyes, that instead
of being good and nourishing food to
tho mind, it clogs, it enfeebles its
powers, unlits it for analyzing intri
eate subjects and making proper de
Reading is to the mind what ani
mat food is to the body. When tak
en in prnor proportions, at regu
lar and stated periods, it 'a such
nourishment as a well bhlanced mind.
reqjuires, and it strengthens all the
mental faculties. And as food, tak
en in too large quantities, destroys
the tone of the stomach and injuries
the digestive functions, so an imnmod
crate drinking in, as it were, of men.
tat aliment is productive of evil con
sequences, and does not add to the
stock of acquired knowledge. In
stead of the powers of the mind
being enlarged and its useful stock
increased1 it is confused-h--aving a
dim, whirling, giddy notion of a
thousand things--and no one thing is
Then, what boots, it if a man has
read the whole catalogue of' boks, if'
he can have no clear conceptions of
their contents? Reading a book should
be a diff'erent sort of thing froin muak
ing a hurried journey. Whk~i.- oo the
latter. especially when impor..t i:usi.
ness hangs on a rapid transit. the
cars may whirl away-thel mai ore
swiftly the better-but in going
through a book getting to the end ,f'
it should be last considered. If it be
worthy a perusal at all, peruse it
carefully, weigh every sentence well.
and perrnit no paragraph to pass with.
out being understood. After a care.
fl and intelligent reading, time should
be taken for reflection. The whole sub
jeet should be well considered, and
every worthy thought should be
made the reader's own. lit this
way, the ptvers of the minid Nu ill be
enlarged, all its faculties cultivat.ed, the
well developed -imier rnan umade to
beam through the inteligent countcn
anee, exhibiting a soul exulted a
bore grov'ellii.g passions and sense.
If a book be not wor thy of so care
fil reading it is not wortih reading at
all. The end of an unworthy book
should never be seen. Whensoever,
from lack of interest, an inclination is
felt to hurry over page after pnage,
let the whole work be thrown aside
at once. Better to know nothing a
Lout it-far better that its content's be
entirely sealed-than to have so
vague and indistinct a perception of'
then, as will only tend to confuse when
an attemt. is made to reco-1leet, in or.
der to speak of them. We night nd
duce argument upon this poinlot, but
wherein is the necessity? ' lie tr uth11 of'
the renark rnumtt be app'arert . to ev.
ery one who rightly exercises his
judgment. If not so, h- niost sup.
fivial scholar is the most learned man.
lie who has scanned whole libraries.
and cannot Qven tell the titles of'
the volumes, 'las a grenter . claim 'Io
learning, par excellenee, Ihan any other.
But no one admits . this; hcnce.
close observation, the exercise of'iuch
thought, and unwearied diligence, are
the requisites of him who would
know books as lie ought to know them,
and a few books thus known will be
of more value than ituch riches.
"All rests with those who read. A work or
thought In what each makes it to himself,
Be full of great dark meanings, like the sea,
With shoals of life rushing."
The Preachik' and tIe Law
Jesse Lee; one of the first Metho
dist preachers in New England, was
a man who combined unresisting en
ergy and tenderness of sensibility,
with an extraordinary propensity to
wit.-Mr. Stephens in his 'new
work on the "Memorials of Metho
dism," gives the follow ing specimen
of Lee's bonhonnzie:
As he was riding on horseback
one day, between Boston and Lynn,
he was overtaken by two young law.
yers, who knew that lie was a Meth.
odist preacher, and were disposed to
amuse themselves somewhat at his
expense. Saluting him, and ranging
their horses one on each side of hinm,
they entered into a conv'ersation~
something like the following:
1st Lawyr-'I believe you are a
Lee-Yes; I generally pass for one.
1st. Lawyer-You pireach very of.
ten, I suppose?
Lee-Genera!ly every day-fre
quently twice or more.
2d Lawvyer-How do you find time
to study. when you preach so often?
Lece-I study wihen riding, and
read when resting.
1st Lawyer-But you do not
write your sermons?
Lee-No; rnot very often.
2d1 Lawyr-D~o you not often
make mistakes in preaching extemn
Leo -I'do, sometimes.
2d Lawyer-How do you do then?
Do you correct them?
Lee-That depends upon the
character of the mistake. I ,,as
preaching the other day, and 1
went to quote the text, "All li
ars shall have their part in the
lake that burneth with fire anid brim.
atone," and, by mistake, I said,
"All lawy~ers, shall have their' part--.'
2d Lawyers iterruptitig him
What did you do with that? Did
you correot it?
Lee-0, no indeed! It was so
nearly true, I didn't think it worth
while to correct it.
"Humphl" said one of' thiem, with
a hasty and impatient glne at the
other),I dnut kno* wliothr you
are the more knave or fool!"
"Neither," he quietly replied,
turning at the same time his rnis.
chievous eyes from one to the other;
'-I believe 'an just ietween the two!'
Finding they were measuring wit
with one of its masters, and execs;
sively mortified at their discomfiture
the knights of the green bag drove a
head, leaving the victor to solitude
and his own reflections.
Time Treed 'of Oregton.
By N Coe, of Portland, Oregon
In the August number of the
Ho, ticulturist you have given the
dimenisons of several trees in West
ern New-York, with invitation to
correspondents in various Farts of
the Union to furnish accounts of trees
of remarkable size. Take, then,
two or three samples of Oregon
growth of timber-not the largest
that her genial climate has coaxed
up into the sky from this rich, pro
lific soil, but the largest around
wbdch I have yet put my tape-line.
It may be safe, however, for you to
*'stand fronm under" with your dwarf
specimens frm the Genessee Val'ev.
A fir-tree standing on the farm of
Judge Strong, at Cathiannette, twen
ty-five miles above Astoria, on the
Columbia river, has the follow ing di
mensions: Diameter, five feet above
the ground, where it is round and
sizable, 10 feet; height to the, first
limb, 112 feet; heigzht of the tree,
242 feet. The trunk is perfedily
straight, diminishes very gradually,
and the whole tree is beautiful; yet
in this respect riot singular, for our
forests are composed of trees lofty,
straigh;, and exceedingly beautiful.
A sp~ruce-tree, standing on the
bottom-lands of -Lcwis'and Clark's
river, twelve miles from Astoria,
neasured accurately with the tap
five feet above gniund, is'thii-ty-nir
feet m circunference. The blace
of measureing is above the swell of
the roots. The trunk is round, and,
with a regular and slight dimintition
runs up straight and lofty, We did
not ascertain its height. Nor is it
"alore in its glory," but in a forest
of spruce, cedar, and fir, some of the
teees are of nearly and perhaps quite
Gen. John Adair, of Astoria, in.
forms ne that abiut three years ago
he bought a hundred thousand shin
gles, all made from one cedar-tree,
for which he gave fifteen hundred
dollars in gold!
The forest trees of Oregon are re
iarkable for their straightness, lofti
ness, and very gradual diminution in
size. They are destitute of large
branches, and have comparatively
little foliage. Two hundred feet in
letigth of saw-logs have been cut from
a tree, the smallest end being six
teen inches in diameter. Lewis and
Clark measured a fallen tree of that
species. (fir,)and fbund that, inhid
ing the stump of about six feet, it
was three hund'red and eighteen feet
in length, thugh its dianeter was
only thareo feet.
Onue of our citizens has recei ved
an order from London to cut one of
our tall trees into segments anid ship
it to that city, there to be erected to
adorn the Crystal Palace. rt will
be dlone. Those personse, therefore,
who-desire it, wdl be able to examine
an Oregon forest tree, with its top
pointing up among the clouds that
envelop the ruetropolis of England.
A FATED FAMLY.-A few years
ago there lived in New-Orleans,
three brothers of the name of Bird.
One (Orin Bird) was kilk'ed in 18
47, on Cioom:Lon-areet, hew-Orle'ans
city-, in a fight, in w~hich he was the
aggresr. Anthecr(Thaeodlore Bird)
was hilled iranb hmar-room of the
Veranda Hotel, in 1851, by a man
who lie had slapped in the face.
The third of the family, Dr. John
G. Bird, came to his end in a trag
ical manner last month, by commit
ting suicide in jail,just after being
convicted of voluntary manalaughter4
The brothers were all young men of
intelligence anid of prepossessing
manineral Thr' first two had been
married but a shott time previous to
Go'd coffee inthre rrt ptroo
tion o? the h~ The Scientifie
*A merica~n says ' that the best way of
mnkiug itr is to putt~be ground coffee
iflto an wide mvvouthed botlii
and a half, nhd then coiki -
in the morning to 6on It
put the bottle into a pa
and -bring the water to a boiling
Tho coffee is then to be poure
elear and the Ilitter pottiaont
that *hidh is not drank int
is kept closely- stopped ' e'
[s it is wanted,
Citpees ud e
Sheridan used to relata a
ig story of an Irlh offi
ont~e beluhged to a rgeien -
ta. Who returned to Engl o
of absence, andi accordin
custom of travellers, was
lating the wohders he had seen
Ainong other thir-gs, he one dayi
a publie cuffee.hi.ibse, eata1edp
the e*tbllency of li'.ing iII geoer
among the military at bialta.- Eu
said he, "as for anelovies,
powers, there is nothing to be ?
like them in the known world;ia
be added, "I have Sebn the anh
vies grow upon the tkees er
own eyes Many's the hunred d
and beautitiful's the grote
tL.at the gut'ernor has in' his gargar
on the eiplanade." A gentlem
present disputed the statement't 4
anchovies grew on trees, whicht
Irishman with much warmthreaffir',
ed. The lie passed, a challje
given, and the upshot of the matte
thus huitiorously related:
"The Englishman gave his d' s
and the next day the partibs 6
tended by their seconds; they
and O'Flanagan's shot took iff4c*u
the fleshy part of .his oppOen
thigh, which made the latter jUWmA
foot from the ground, and fall
upon hit back, where he lay fo1
few tnoments in agony, k i
beefs. This bein obier'hy.
Irishman's secon4, he i
have hit your 'an 0'
is certaiin. Yti'iot
however, for see. hatdapers he on
'Capersi capers!' exclaimed
Irishmarif 'Oh! by the powers
hate I dofei! what a dreadful m
take!' dnid ruhihing iup tohis 46n
antagonist, he took his bandiaji.
pressmig it eagerly, thus addressd
him: 'My dear friend, if yo'e
kilt, I ax yer pardon in this WQ
and in the next, fot I made a.'...0
of a mistake; and it tvas caper tb
I saw gro*ing hpoh the trees at
tai -nd not anchut'ies at all
The wounded han, siling at
Aditrous ekplbbation and apology
said my good fellow, I wish youh
thought of that a little sooner,;I don't
think you have quite killed me, burt
hope you will remember the dufiP
ence betwecn antihovies and cij ers
as long as you live."
The following anecdote (say
hoston Journal) it a fitting pendan
to the above:
"On the island of Maltalle ca
tree grows wild, and in great nt
and is i articularly' Abundant on" t
walls of Lavelette. Evr sinC
capture of that island the fruit a
been the undisputed perquisite of
officer in command of the enginrsJ
Some time age) that officer compai~
ed1 to the governor that thet tre'
were cut dowvn andi the berrie~7
n'edl away by the Inhabitaunts;pb>
which that facetious old geritli~
issued the following eccenttric'ord
'Whmereas it has been renoridd
by the officer commanid'ig te t
gimeers that the Inhabhitants of Lv
lette have for some time past deato
ed the fruit arid cut down the er
trees hanging on the outside of
iaalls of the garrison, it is the (
inarel of the governor that nio ont
future cup capers, eithe~r 0on the topo?
sidles of said walls, except the l
tenant colonel commanding' thoiena
giuieers. And atny one found cotC
his capers on the walls after thuis" iO!
titicntion wvill bie cotnfined in the bike~
hole for the first offence; and' for i
petition of so flagitlous an nct,' t
next capers he cuts shall b4 his o -
at the tail of' a caiash, to. the tin
TIIE MARChI OF ItA%1
Greenwood Cefnetery, Jew Yt
eighteen intermeonts take plae tlhe
arnd passing the gateway* frotatlff
ring till night, is a snewry ubb
line of funeral .pro~~:n.4nng
a small po'rtion ot' he 4fltb
nummber of internents ib ~
of ine~n et neSrtQ