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-- rinerncents tnserted ati S 1V ENT Y-'
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-- liuinber of insertions to be market
Y , at1 d 1'ements or they will be publisheit
tpo r 4.o-be discontinued, and charged
E DOLLAR per sqtunre fort single
n Quarterly and Monthly Advertise
~ntvill - be charged the saute s m asige in
rion. aind semii-inthly the same as new ontis
-IJIstory amd Prophecy.
.E~ditors :-You are request
dt& iisrt in your coluns, the fbi.
loiWngletter, as giving quite t histori.
''l .iAtur of the period when ,it was
ritten and as partaking somewhat of
rophecyr realized by subsequent,
v, ntqs It wts addressed to Presi
Fillmoi re, and designte'd to be
to him, but the writer was indueed
ireg his pirpose, in consequlence
pth triuimphant success of the Co
'ationists int the election of Dele
si from this State, to a Southern
tnyprove interestingo and( ulse.fl
record, and as bearing the very
o o'rm and pressure of tho times inl which
...h was written. Nothing is risked in
41g tiat President .Filhnore, by his
niity to the Constitution and ttUnion,
by his wise and judicious initas
iiresp'fully carnted the laiurel with whvhi
he writer of the subjoined letter in
o oked him to enceircle his 1'1>w.
(PRIVATE AND CoNFIDFNTIAL.)
CIARLESTON, Nov. 8th, 1850.
'the Hon. Millard F/nuore,
President of the U. S. Staesc:
"'Honored and Respected Sir:-Ae
, 4tiated by a sincere love of country,
and an earnest desire f'or the perpetui.
ty of -Ancriinn Uniotn, I venture to ad
dress you on the imminent petils that.
now menace the catastrophe of' otitr
Republic. I fear that the Nortlhn't'
people, and that even you, honored Sit',
donot fully appreciate the dangers
that beset us. '1at you maty know
- hat reliance to place upon iny testi.
mony, permit me to inform you who
I am, and what my position in this
community. I have long been, through
good report and through evil report, a
member of the National Whig Pyrty.
Personally, r am scarcely known to
ou, having had but a single interview
with you, when, with my fhmily I paid
my respects to you, at the White
t 1eouso, in Aurustilast. Tro M. Web
ste,. however, your cminent Secretary
of tate,' I an very well known, aid
t him you can refer, if necessary. It
is proper that I should further slate to
5 ~you, that I anm anmong thle f'ew, the
~'mere hatndful in this State, who have
labored, and labored in vain, to recoin
cij e the people to the treenit Conigres
simonal adjuistmeni of' tihe slavery ques
S- ion, and hanve incnrred only sumspie'on
x- amnd odium for so) douing. I have ever
S regarded, and still regard, our nat'iotnal
hiUion as the great andt~ paamiounit ini.
ter iest of' both North anid South, and
v ould deplore its desoluition as the
K greatest of' calamities to out' cotryi
and to the wvorld.
- Having thus stated to you who I anm,
and what arie mty pousitioni anid views,
I-now proc'eed to give you my testi
mnony on he prtesenit ala mintg state of
Spublic afleirs. Thalit testimtony is tht
A, .the Uniotn is now int the mottnt inntoi.
nemint peril, nay, I may say, almost oti
tihe eve of' dissolutiontt. lin this city
~'"aiid-Stato, the f'ealinug of niatiotnality,.
the sentimenit of' Uniotn, is utterly ex
t ing nished -So alienated is popularnt
S4"fee ing frtomu the Inion, that, with Iil-i
m ott entire unimitity, andm atmontg all
MAclasses, disunion is uopenly adv ocatedm
? and earnestly desired. Not only Is dis
.nion no longer deprtecatedl as atn uvil,
but it is eag~eirly coveted as a good So
2 -J-'-diseased is the public mtindl, on the
~--.subject, that to abuse tlie ltnion andl
cry alomud for its destrttutiin is thme high
Way' to populaitiy-while to bireathec
a vhisper' int its favor is to inivi te hios
tility, denuniciaitioni and insult. The
press is trenaeled anid opinioni is noc
longer free. As ttuistakeable llroofis
- of this unhappy coml itiotn of' ting-,
I would point yotu to the faet, that
Me****~" has b een~ rew aideud w ith popa
lar hottors for patriotic'ally thiowini!
u p his UJ. S. At toresip, anid that no
one can be fountd to fill the vacan(ey
S '*vilified and denountitced for' da rinlg to
raise a voice of' paitriot, wvari'ng aigain st
-~.disunion, and that such men'i as PI***
m'~ nd: B** are sileced'(, tunder' tihe
'i- oi'ietion thaut it is ttmerly impt~oss'iible
to steim the torrent, atnd t hat thle ellbmrt
A to do so wouild only rcsutl t inm self
rnartyrdlom and at theu sante timue onliy
aggrIavate thme miischie'f. Th~e peolet
--'- of t~his State aire not, only ripe f'or dis
unotn, atnd ready antd anixiouis to go ofT,
if they cant get anmy other State t' join
them; but, it will be a wtorkI ofr thme
greatest difliculty to prevent this State
from taking thte decisive slep) of' separt
ate sece'ssion, ini thme confidlent expecta
-tion that, itn the present, justly exci ted
and exasperated state of the Sothernt
mind, anly efloit of' the Generial G.ov.
er'- inment to cocieeC her', by land ot' by
-'b States to hem' dlef'ence andu, r'esciuo, and
result in, whatt she artdentliy desi'res, a
Southern Confedoracy. The States, to
- - the south and souithm-west of uts, are yet
- imbehind us in exeitemntf and ir'rita
tion, but, the nmovemnents, at the Nor't.h,
' - against. tha fngitive slave bill, are
daily fanning the flame, and, if not ar.
rested, . nays sootn pint Georgia, -Ala.
a pnd ississitppi, and perhaps
*1loinmafttl syptywith South
dC I all tlese
States as already in such t otiditii
of perilous exciteenit, that it may be
said with literal truth, in regard to
themt-"\Ve kiow not what a day may
The meetings of the Na'shville Con.
velition, and (eorgia. Conivent ioni, the
South Carolina Legislature, will ex
pose the Ulioni to anl ordeal well cal.
culated to fill tile patriot with the
strogest apprellhesiol anid alirio. h11n.
minient as is the danger of' disunion
at the South. it is eqial ly imminelit,
froin the North. The friends of 'the
Union in the South, (both in and
out of South Carolina.) have no
foothold to stand upon, but the recent
Congressioiial adjustnent-if that be
taken froma theiin, the whi ilwind of
disunion will sweep iiobstructed
throughout the Souti. Tie fugitive
slave bill is the Chief, it' not the on
ly Southern cletneit of tluat aijustiment
-and, unless it be fiithfiliv observed
and carried out by the North, all
hope ot the Union iav. as well be
albndoned. It is mily firm and re
ligi us conviction, that the repeal of
the leigityive slave bill. or its practical
Iuillitieationi, by% the North, will be the
kAnIl of the Union-to preserve it
at, all, even uniler fidelity to the
adjustnient, will be a Illercleiial
task; but let the North prove 1i1ithless
in that particular, -and the I ilini will
not last an hour. Nay, I go fir
ther, and declare it to he iiiy. f' ll coil
viction, that the South will not
tiolerate anyv filrther agitation of the
sliveI qeistioln ill Congress, in any'
shape n% hatever-and that, tnttless
she can have 1iill securit v inl this
matter, tor the fiture, self-preservation
will Compel her to seek safety in a
Sepaaite coifederaev. Such, as fIr as
I cai gather, are the views ot the
best frien ds f lithe Uinion in the South
-0f those, who love the Union
with patriot and filial devotion, aid
believe that, if constitutionially ad
ministered, it will continue to he
a booni and a blessinig to the South.
Fronm this review. y(i Will perceive,
respected sir, that the crisis is such as
to call t'or all that is wise in count
sel aind prudent as well as enlefrget
ie inl actiolt-to put, inl reinisitiol
all the elergies of' patriiit iinds and
patriot learts. Un you, si r, alt
all wise Providence ha3s cast, inl a
great inleasure, the destinies ot this
gre(at republic, and im:1y the sainle
Providence enlable vou so to guidhe the
hen of State as both to repress North
een agression and allav South
cnn excitetent, and entitle your ad
ministiration to the unfdying glory of'
having saved the Aimierican Union,
froIn the most inui nelit perils that
have ever shaken its pillars, since
the day its establishment. To have
created the'Union was the crowning
glory of the iminortal Washingtol
-its preserver will be entitled to
eg al hon, rs frorn a grateful coun
try and ai tpplauding world.
With earnest wishes Ifor vour [per
sronal wvelfare. antd the success (of your
W~ith distinguzished consjideration,
Y'our' obedient servatnt.
This Fiscal year of' the I . Stateis
havt' , g now closed, we copyi lihe tile in.
fihrtiaition of' liur readercis, Ite Eu liwinig
tromt Haent's Mer'ichana Magauqzie:
of/ the Unitdl S/ates for thei year' eljing
TPhe to tals totr thle first t hre'e veal-s
natited ini this cotni 'ariso n, aire oflicialI
fori thle year julst e~ pired tey are es
timitatedl, hilt these estimatet es arme based
upo in well known iihets. Th'le inicreas
edI imtports ihr eleven moniiths oit the
yiearv lt hlpl t of New-York. where
ilal w-til(ds are laLlid aiillittnt to
Kis.ddl.lli, and thle receipts have al
susinitg other12 ilirts toi ihtow aibout,
the saune tot al of' I raihe as last yearii, the
abiove 1hgtires will he IE wlil uiiIt
tir friom the actuial re-ult. Thle ex.
pornts have bmeen estiin ateid Il upon
latst yersbasis, adiniig the known in
crease di niiunetan vaIiiilueC( If lutto
bie that the shipmiiien'.s oh spiecie
vwill tInl beow ourl estimnate, lint the
the total above given.
We are not t surisedi5i that such
a smkllenl r1 laithd increase inl our for
as to thle resiult; but we have yet t'o
learn why it mayit not. he its safely u'on.
ducted as wvithtin imuchl more mioderaite
liinits. Thie raplid locomoit)tonih of the
lresenit dayv, despite all thle anti~heniii
as5 hecapeid tupon railroad directors, is
thani the old1 sy stemit of' slow coanches
and prlivate vehicles. lin the com11
parisonl given, ablove, it will bieseen that
the est itmatedi diftlhrece between thle
im ports anid exp orts ihr thle year just
closed, is greatter than the atctual dif
t'erenee of thle t wO p reced inig years, al
thouigh no t, eq iiialI to lhe di iference
for 18S50. if the expiorts have reached
$240,000,000), wye mayn' safely rekion
tt halanciue oft trade to 1)e (cnsider albly
ini ouri favr ih th Ile appaIi~ret e xcessofii
imlpoirts will he muore than comnlcsa
ted for' by the l lairget frieighit lists, a
great ipoot ion of' wichl are on A im.
erucic ace(ounti. Thle incireaseid rates oif
freight, atnd the large aimunt of' pas-.
tene mtoney paid by emuigranits oni
teother side, and' to lie dhrawni far'
will swell the amtont oh' exchange to
at sim limfore thlain suflicient, to ineet,
TiIle donmestie trade of' thte couintry
hats kept fudl Ipace with the foreign, and1(
the great hulk of' the .impor'ts has
been widely scattered anid,; do a
great extent, placed nthnhar hida
of' cotistmYo)' i~oj '1iv re
m Rinng in IMitcStata):Idedan.
houses, is certainI ygi-ett Itthn u asual
at this seaspn, but not compdralivelg
greater, when the total of receipts is
taken into account. And further than
this, the goods which have been
sold I hrougl the interior, have been
paid for (as Ihr as the debts have ina
tured) with i proiptnesS ihrierly
Unknown to this brancheli (of trade. This
is due, inl part, to tle various railroad
enterprises whicb have beien in pI-o
gress throughout all parts of the Uni
on, mnaking the neanus of payment
itore abuidant, anid in part to the
improved habits of business, now gei.
orally introduced iad cultivated, as
tile inferior is brou ighit into Closer com
mnui.iion wit the great centers of' bui.i
The staple productsi of both the
South aud West have also beeni al n.
danut, and have comm a u:indedl very Jibe
ral prices; and the couiltry was ieV
er as rich as at present. There inlst
be fron eighty to one hun11)dI ed T il -
lions of dollars m 0ore gold and silvet
coin now ini the hands of the people of
the United States t11hai was lie!, by
them on tie first of Ju'ly, 18-18. Thuose
wllo regai rd the present contnereial
prosperity as a vi s'on soon to fade, will
do well to poin der this fat whiebi is
S11Ce1 , ible of tle clearest proof
Tlle product of gob inl tle Atus
tralia has thius ihr oultrmlti all ibrier es
titnates. The total yitld froin Au
gust 1850, (the date wlhein th dig
gillgs coil ilielleetd,) to the close of'
tat year, atalotilted to l
3*-15.]10- tli6 s
Total for 185'2. 4.5415.780
T>tal to Ist Jan r90,.
This is worth 70 shiings sterh iu
per ounce, which wttt1 bring the
prodeict, iup to the Coilcieeratt of'
the curirilt calender year, as high as
$80,)00, with a cointiinted inc-rease
from that date. I v idvices just re
ceived we learn thait the prtodutact ie
al ized, from Janl. tt. I853, to \larch
19th, was $11 ,000.000, w hich is to
be adled tto tlie above. Tle total pro
due't of the Calilrirnian nities sitnce the
diggzing~s coinieniced in 18-18, is a
little short , f T500.000.000. The re
Ceipts fivi Calititnia have not beei
as large, tims Ihr durtig the iontli f
June as in Iay; but for that itno:.thI
they were ilarger t hanii for the sit: ie
luiontli ofiatty previozu. yet'. Ai in
Creased ptio of e rcieiIts are
MV exporited ini baris lid ignt. The
fillowiii will show the o(imparative
depoiiits at, tie l'hiladelphi.i Mint,
since Jainary 1st:
I 51. 152. 1853.
Jantary $5.071,66 $-.1161,38 S1,962.0)97
Febriuary 3,001,970 3.0 W.222 :1.518,5.:3
3larch 2,.)213,892,056 7,533,7-,2
A iril 2.878,353 :1,091.0-17 .1,766 ,10
ly 3.269,191 4.333,578 4-125,000
$17,104,751 $18,-100to:5 $25,233,372
lNDEPE'K~i~:NDEE OF TiE FAMEn.
erybody in America wants to he ini.
I ciendet. We have hawyers, phydici
ans, inteeh ines, rnnisters, anid itr
titers--all striiv ing to obitain ortse
cute inidepiendettce. anid all i
good dig: ie feecl s..hisfied w ithi th
resulIt of uhi hA hLors ini this b ehtalf. \\~e
g'lory ini oi- poitca:uitd n-ligions lie.i
dinti--allI of us. I here we :a-e all ejuza!,
tiotn fairly debteabile I tut, after
all, there is tio cla'ss :nunuig tis -o
decidedly~ indepiendeniit as tl h ari er.
Loou~k azt the iht er'i! ]I)oes lhe
dare. give nittentatce to sentatmetis ilhat
lie knotews will lie geitendlyv distat-iclial
tuo his Moieityv Doeis the laws er
whin til lie inny depientl 1 ir : Iivit:m ()r
do the itehanit aiil ierbiltate he!llt.er
I eet ly freet at the ciliineemet of
their h~tiiness, whlen: the geil ill WI t
the coititiuttit v itay he ci ntshhlired a,
a I iot'.on oi f their' a ital. to ta ke eh
Iilet Tee ate manyt~ of th Iese ela-.
se--, to bie'sun-, tIttit t-el az indlepen-.
itl-th breath ofC ptphatut- lanih.
the~ esteemt of their f!hows, tI-,hilmut
lie din.iius oif sieuring it. Thbe n
ly on his skill; andtt si of -all prife
sonic degree, ott thie gtoal u ill olithr
skill; bitt the oiniiont of his ti-h
botr i- niot. wortilha gretito im
sii lfr ais htis abilt v to li ye is itt .
Iearetid.--liII huI s hits liehtl, andt thei
just al thec tnju~t," mtakes~ tno is
titiini. I Iie utlers the fiehi oif the
whtig, timhe emnt the ttaolitiit.i--.
lie itnfidhi', antd iih - ion (i nom alike
IThe wildle-t ittai in the ountryv. hv
erop a anty o. an ;td sell s well.
lt let htim atttemt to live byv prtalh.
intg, or' is at itiereh:mtt ori imechan.it
ic-botw w..ottbl be prtoisper? Ilhe wouhtIl
mtost, likely staurved friom his shopi~. I'ro
VTe faurmer dleplends ott th l of na. i
turte. l'The lhruter irte al wayVs ebanttg
itug; the latter, inever. Conaiquen.t Ir.
tile jirofessionial ait is oflttl lii a
dilentua aind hanluly kntiws w..htat toi
do, for fear lie shall (ffitl the p hiultd
taste or in-ottch ant ideat ait ini lashiona.
-The fitrimer says jutst whtat hie leaises;
lot if. was inever' yet, iiciovered thtat
it. killcd his cattle or rol ted htis Iio
tatoeS. And1 lc i t' t~hier a. ts li e lcis
o ire tie wtian iiost, interhieis ot' I ro
fessionial m eat; or if lie hts ntot , it is
his otwn fitul t. No Itamer ineed he a
driudge.~ IIis flocks in the paustuire and
his crop s ini the field are gtrowintg whileI
he sleeps. WVhin the merchant or me
chanie closea his shop, the income from
his business is stuspended. Bt the
fa ersmeome is always ncreasmgi
le i~ces.,1 oi nttire, : Who labo4id
him continually,. and on nature's
God, who inever sluubers.
We have heard of' straige freaks in
the alimal woil d of late: a lbourbon
rince has beenl hatcled aliong the
Iroquois Indians ; Narshall Ney, it is
now asserted, wasgiven bi rth to anong
tle Georgian hills; (ell. Jackson's first
breath, we are told, was tinctured
stronigly with t'.0 tar', pItch id tur
pentie essence of the old North State;
while it is ntaintained witi equal posi
tiveness. that (Georgre Washingtonl was
first fidded on ilie lap of a good Welsh
inother. All of, these 1itts eaine like
thiundekr upon the ears of the deluded
\yorl. Ilit, at lb at ely for tle re
val'ers of' these wonderfid fcl*ts, sone
otherfirhs lie also beent brought t()
light which rmilitate with aid prove
their fiction. 131t, as if' wioniders are
nievei to (Cs, We WCC told by a
fricnd t liet fher dav. that lie had fotnil,
at soine distance fi'oIt any habitatit,
a clickent under thle ind .1n4l inotherly
il tec (tion of a partridgze (41r quail as
our1 Northern niei'Iihbos woild call it,)
adil so ci 6:lidenat, Was she as to le,'
I right .1 int1 title to the iu-titernity of
youn*iag ebia ticleer tilat she gave Ihattle,
ill hik protectioa. The little chicken
w.as b.ck and evinced all the shviess
of' a votung partridge. lie was alone,
ad :s the egg of a partidge tiiire
It two week incuibatioil, the bird
noitist have neis1tled the sintrle em.
Who will atteiypt hereat'ter to pre
scribe aL liinit t woNders ER
TfllB 't.11T EIt IH\M it.
J. IIlCHIARDSON LOGAN, EDITOR.
TUESDAY, JULY 19.1853.
Charleston, July 18, 18.5:.
There has been little doing" inl this
a: iket forw the pavit week :tid qotar a
tiolls reinmain the sainc. Extre ie pri
ees ramging froia 8 to 11 -2 ets.
The Cuttun Factory owned by Mes
srs. l'2srnl & k .wmI at i-noree, in
GIreenville D'strie!1. was otly e
stryed by fire on Tulcsday the ' th inst.
The loss is estimated at 12,000 on
which there was 1no i;surance.
Wilnalington antd MTanclaester
WCWI taIL- RostI!dOlPIM
W e wer'e iuch pleased on Friday
last at noticing the great inerease of
travel oi this r'oad,-rhost of which is
nalle up of' through passnige's to tie
NfArth aiidT\est. Ot Fridav the day
"y of eighteen gentlene .e .in.t Col.u.
ha i ch losenl this tonute as Ipreferable to
encounilIterinig the. sea vo~yalge fi-ota
Chleston.~.6'. to \\'ilnaaintont.l; they all
:appea~lred ill the highes~*t spirits all loni bt
Godii spieed. Th'le grieat Nor.hlerni moit
\\'este'rn nil has1- not6 been g.ivenI to
thisi l'oiv yet, but will bte byv the first
ei*aacel ing.z with1 the anal Itr~ai io both
e'ils of the6 1 >.1 1 pr'ove' 1ucc's'' .6'~
>. anina 6iay New1 sC~ I tlh.) was' 6661
(. IlialetCou t :al sent~n-e 1, six
661nth '6 ri.lnent it theL C, unty1
jailh, 1to bIu a b . al :1 a i' he expir
t6iI n of that tjaii.e 16 pa a*'~ futin, aunl ti
re nain in jI di nil, I the t I'u was paidl.
pay ti.. 116: ie, he. 6ui 1 tained in1 prison.u' 6
\I ar Lini ~awk d tha:it seve6IIl cijtizen-a,
who 166I w t hI llne wa~s unabl6e to6
t6 have\ him lp .ar. l:6ned. whiha16 reque.t
\ (t 6 e61allIcd wit.11h,16 iand o n .\ l a y
66n the6 u' iln:. \\~hetlher the6 I )66etori haas
n l s . fli t i ill e .6 '~ita i1liin666 i,
is~ll tun 61areer1616 ui.6 diwi.. lat tis
enoug lur thea publicts knIw itihaigh
altis Dr.81 l ne'. sCI is ont in'rl at I
A611 .661116 t'~~r i pA 11 iays, II d ei,
laevis to~ ,hae beI '661116nw aooa1t pideic1
tinut. lit'. .\ IJ. . essrs. ',aaeiy a(6l
I 61.\limll, 6wmberl of1 Congress,~ L16t f.ter
ebahit' ethree i hots ~6iinl6eIc6tualy with
r Ifl I ea0 salla wer riecellce aby
thei metidn oad taehet eo's A'elr.c
John11 Nugenit.tat o ' heiS. F. lrAhl, wa
linayo cip the i IC neeitt y opua
x~uina di on Laturdmsayc la. o
I ~ ie' Frod.
cricksburg .8ald says "We utm
derstand that quito a furor prevails
in Buckingharn, Va;, among the hold.
ers of gold mines, o-wing tV the re
ported salb of the 6Tebrated Booker
gold mines, forced from several lin.
dred thousanid dollars,"
Getting out spars for th'e navy is a
profitable business in Alabaina, and
the pine forests furnish the finest kind.
TI.oy are principally obtained for th6
French Navy. The lumber trade gen.
erally has become a .very important
one, the exportation of it from
Mobile is quite extensive. Steam saw
inills are fountid all along the riv
ers and elsewhere.
Vigilatit says the planters are all de
lighted on account of the heiavy rains,
and the crops begini to have an ima
The national says the crops in the
parish o, 'lhupeiniies are in fi.-st rate
c0ndifion.-N. 0. Picaywne.
The Plaqueimine Parish National, of
the 8th, says:
"During tile last week heavy rains
have fallen in this part of' our par.
isl, an(d we doubt Iot have beell gein
cral. The Crops have beenl in11uch
ilprI-oved by theint, and are putting ou
a healthy growing appearanei."
The Plaqpiemnine (lberville Par
ish) Sentinel of the 9th, has the 1fo
"Fur the last week we have had
an ablindaowee 4X rain throughout the
parish41, which the cr'o'ps iriih- neded
we leiarn, and which plices ihein in a
very prosperons condition.'
Say.s the Iaiyon Ledger, of th 6th:
"Since the issue It' tle last numaber
of our paper, we have had i equeint
and copious Showers of' rain. We
liolpe that it has not Come too lIte, for
the crops were sui1ering greatly on
accolint of the long drought."
Th.. Concordia litelligeneer, of the
9th, thus alludes to inatters inl that vi
"After the long droughts we have
ha1id rain at l.st. I lowever refreshing.
in tile Iuids-t of our lon11g. hot, sul331
inier, these showers m.y be to him not
a tiller otf the soil and who is not
interested ill oIr "great staple," wve
have yet heard Inany comnplaints froin
the plhmters. The rain which has
already fillen has done considerabhl
damage to the cotton, and if' it
euntinties a few days longer the cf
fect will be disuistrous upon the
crops throughout tliis parish. We
learn that the cotton ill many places
ha.s allready begint to shed itfs forros. A
few more drenching rains, succeeded
by lwt sunshine, .will. produu thyat
The Jackson (Miss.) Flag of the
UTnion, of the 8th 'hs the 1b lowing:
"For the last ten dis we have
had copious showers, aid" (n one or
two oeeasionis he4avy' rains, w~ithi
hunder and l ightuning. The eropis look
Says the hBrandon (Mass.) lI epub
lican, (if' the 'ith:
"e have had abundanit rains ini
tis etion3 tirin g tihe last week. Th'le
lon g drou eght w hich pr'(eeededl this,
how'~ever, hl ini ini:uiy sect ions sI'
inijured the cor'a crop, that it ' a al
ni >ot eniirely b.eyonid remniedy . A
cold andii~nntthvoral e sping~i had pre
eted untiny fronml prep aring theiri
erop s in sueh a mianneri as was best cil
enl ated tio rehist, the actiont of the
protractedl dirongh'lt,' aid the conse
gneini this setionl will b e a cont
ierabule sca:rit y ofii the neceslrv
supply. Co*ttonu, thiough~ sinalil, is
sins tur the fuinei,, theo hopiles of the
Anmothier D~'rawrid:;e Acci..
Anote intlc'fta;l dtraw-biridge accidecnt
tietred oni Fidayi iin31ig last to
the treight t rain which left, \Vihiining
ton, I.M)awarei, ihr' liho.ielhiai, hiv
nondtagti inito liidywinie Cree'k at th'e
Idraw of the bid ge, on3 tile 0oubkirts of'
Thlc ICno33 ti v4, t cede, :mld twoi
larg!e p lhIlt ia liii ithen ears wer p~(C[re.
The (c itintiteri :nid otiher perison 43onIi
the traiai fbrituna~tely teapedl. If it
hi:iiIl been a passeng'eri train th le acci
den ~t wo3ub1 havte beeni equialI to tile
It is stted tlut, the accidentt was
causdc~ byV theC bridge-tenider goingi' to
sleep. e\CI~ lave mUruert\ been 0m
p iel til staitioar~uy liridges over~i llavi.
gablle stre:iins, lbut if an3 occas'iolhi
w~ hleIsaie singh~lter is toI be the conise
qui1ee of the ino'vabhle bridge.s, the
.'oon'er tiinty are abliishied thle bt ter'.
A Tn-un-or ism Vino:A.--Thie
Lyniebborg virgiinian states that. nie
d~ay last wee k Shieltoil Farrer, (f buick
iiglini ef'iility, diisjllcuisetl ill soilC
way3I onei oif his sonsii, wh'lo inuneifdiaitely
seized at double 1bairrel I lded gun33 and
atteliljtell to slio (t idil. A br'tiei'
iiterifereil aLidl lintiertosk to wrest tjle
utn htroni Iii1i11, while 10 ws slit
ito. A iotliei 1l34 'thier iiiade a ie
niewedl (flbrt to st4op the iiinihian,
whlichl resuiltedl ini the samte way he
Iwals instanlt l kifleti,
I ).iam~u:n Coxu.-hotusands oIf bush
els of heated (4r haiI ~ve bieeni sh peo
fro31n Chiicago within a fewv weeks.
The lBuflhho in3un3ket is overriun withI
(1h3 nagedl and1 hieatedl corn, and1( it is be.
ing senit to New York as that as tranls
piortation e.nn be hazd. Trhere it is used
ownI price. The1 practice of manltufhe
ttrilg whiiskey frunm. diimaged corn, it
is said, is getting to eC iit. coittiiag
throngoot the cottry
citizei:Mof Ker SIivy ClietriId Dar6e W
lington and of ISiimt.t Distrits,
held at Tiller's ciirch, in Korslhav, '
Saturday, the 2d inlst., -ihr tIe pur
pose of taking into consideration the
propriety of having a now Judicial Dis
trict established out of part of lIer
sIIw, Chesterfield, Darlington and
Sumter Districts, the t)Ilowing reso.
lutiois wbre m adoited:
IV/iercts, A proui of the citizens
of Kershaw. Chesterfield, Darlington
an'd Suimte'r distri cts labor Under seri
ous disadvantages in the discharge of
their public dutics; and whazveas those
sections of' districts contiguous to each
other are growing and prosp#rous, a
new district might be formed with
out detriment to the. districts from
which portions might be taken.
Therefore solved, That the Eastern
part (if Kershaw District, divided off
by a line coimmeneing on the Lan
caster line about S miles west of
Lynehe's creek, running from thence a
direct couIse to the head oflBlack Riv
(1r, thence down said river tio Carter's
crossing in Sumter district,'thence the
roa:d Ieadiig by Cooper's Mills and
Cooter lorougi ti Field's bridge on
Lynche's creek; thence direct east to
Sparrow Swamp in Darlington dis
trict, thence up Sparrow Swamp to
its head, theice a ' direct line to
New Market on BIhek creek, thence
up said creek to a point where' the
Soithbern line of L teaster, by be
ing c'ntinued, would intersect said
crcek, ought to be erected into a dis-.
tesolvecd, Tlat the boundaries named
be a proposi ion only, to be submitted
to the citizelis interested, subject
to such alterations as they may
think proper to imake.
JReadlne(l, That the citizens of Ker
shaw, Chesterfield. Darlinrton and
Saumter, who reside, withhi the pro.
posed .boundaries, hold imectings in
their r'espective distrit-s, and ap
po int delegates frotu each Section to
atteind a Convention to bb held at Til.
her's Church. in Kershaw district, on
the second Mfonduiiav in September ndxt.
A . EXTra.0anmNAny Discovra.i.
The aention fit men of science, in
'aris. has been drawn to ani extraordi.
InarV discovery inao1e in a neighboring
department. A grave-dimgIr I thrvow
lg up some earth, came upon a body
in a state of perfect pIeservLtion. Oi
exuninati on it pruved to be that of all
inidi vidual buried thirtv-seven vears
ig11. lie I had died fIom' the effects of
the bite of 1a imad (lg. Tie sl nid
and the coflin had filen to dlust, but
the body remained intact. This is the
third exhuimation made withiii twenty
years, of* bodies of the victims of, lhy.
drophjob'a, under similar cicinmstan.
ces; andl it, would really seem that they
are beyond: the reach ot'decomiposition.
The regstry of deatis was Cosuzlt.e
and ni0 mIemion of the embalment of
the body was fond~
A correspondent of the New
Y'ork Timies, whlo signs himiself' a
'Strainger," in a letter to the edi.
tor. say s:
"T. here is no0 place in the coun,
tyweea visitor: eels so unisaf'e as
[in this cityv. I)ayl'ight. alirds hiim
somec to'lerablhe securiityv. but if lie
inot. withonut nervouais apIprehienionas fir
hisa lifi. EJ~lsewher it is not so.I
I pek fro ilm persona iill expeienclte when i
I say that New York is by-~ far thme
motst danigeirous city in these States. It
is v'ery nochl worse thaim New Or
leaiis. If' the evil is iirremiediably by
yur pobee aranigemients, let us kno3w,
:iiii we will take care of ourselves. A-s
thins no 'are yon sy stem pu lits ol
4our3 glia-. Yo~u have a poalice t hat is
just suii'iientt to deludite us into thme
idea ef' pbi oft'tetiont--a temitptation), -we
insy say, to a breg' our owni defence.
Allfthi~s is thle wocrst formii of' wroniig.
lor a systeim that falls shomrt of' its
end ini such atttteris as safety iandc
li fe, r'ea lIeaves the coiing strain
ger' imire to the mierev~ (if bad mna~i
thain lie woul be werec he to car-ry his
police ini his p'ocket.
1"ir.ur. AcecoESr.*r -T'he Chiarlestonu
Standan iSt ates that, oin Tu'iesdav, wh Iile
five persuons engaged in reimoving the
wals of the old,. buildinig, to be r'e
placed by the buiiling ad' the State
lI ank. upon01 the cornier oif fload)1( aiinl
F':ast I3a y st reets, ie joists upoin which
they' weire standintg ta overtur'n the
nirth wvall gaLve wayt~, and plunged
thiem behow to the first story. This
sta rtedI the south wall, which also Iell
anid bli ed the benei uuathI the ruins.
t)i00 was takecn ut dead, antothier wi th
bo.th thighs bruokeni amid in a dying
stazte, ani all the rest, moire iir less in
juaredl, buit, it is hopiied not Iitally.
If' a manti wanuts to enlgiage iln buisiies
thait. will inusiure himli in imiddlec age the
great est anmount, of' leism i t ime, there
is inothiing more sure than fariming. if'
he has an indepeindentt tiurn of' minid,
let him ibI e a fhiiimir. If' Ihe wants to
engage ini a healt by occupation, let him i
till the soil. In shor't, if' he' would be
independen iltlt, let .htimi get, a1 spot of
e'arthI; keep withi huli- mea'ins, to shun
thle lawvyer; lhe temiper'ate, to avoid the
docto i; lie honiest, thiat he imay have
a iclear' e<.isciencee; imitprove the so il1,14o
as toi leave the wvold( better than -you
fiaind it; and then if' lie 'anmnot Iivye hap.
ipy aiid (lie cointented, theie is no
hope lir him.u-,V.. P l ornmr.
D~iiino-The Granitev ille Ma nu
f'aetir ing Coimpany has declared a di,
idenid of four and ma half per cent. on
the pirofits of the last six jioithi.
Laborois are in no te deht3.i. tl
Stcte alai tiab
1A~ ei v .
cet11 of tni&. J y'~
tion is fast bi>dcoiiit4 :
Ill the drunkennens'1i
Cho city. W e have it
Authority that even
IPoilts is; m1oreqii
Thre ought nIg toL
dran-shop lievnsed .o
a rialf a milutof ti bilt~
cent, regard tr the inih:
dreds of thousands fer
cli Idren-who will vilit
intellecttial profit aJd
mluent. forbid this,
tude. for the good o011110
of thosands of.inte
who will forn tdi o
canl habits mainly r t -
tions of Amerin -A
point of view, would be
The profainity, thUe'1
velling, and the brawles, Wehi
separable from theei C histe
shps, are utterly out ikepf
the ioble objects of this ghcjt
trial enterprise. Tle tttyt
should have becit taken iioh
thein at a distance. Unless tir Q
lie anti horities take some yromprIj
to arrest the present 'colicentAti
all the worst vices ot' te di t
Spot, we shall have to ree
summr ilout, sceels tha
slianie to every respeetabl t
Puiblic opinion, as every bgd
is deeply sensitive on this subjeet.,4
ready. Ifour municipa y
do nothing towards aricntij4ag
scanidal with which we'are.'1 11,ire
it will incur an odiurr fadh y nd~
thing it his yet expriene
,N .ore .En'u
From tie CImrjitn Evening
Telegraphlic Intell n
From our Private C s
ARRIVAL OF TH 4Z BL.
The steamer Aaitzn-orriA atu
York u-,dav. Cotton lig tl aA
inh. Th' sales of the lighly d-eug Z
bales. Prices had advaiucodi, bit af
wards'detined. 8000 bales taken
sVia 1hw1. '1h8000t~i n
vxporters. Fai- Orleans 6.8 a
Upland 6 1:2.- Foui' has.advaif'
I shilling with an a icti demlnidi.
W heat, 1W. '1 he, politica l "w is
teresting but not inti-tli.t ifey'
ama rkct tinchaIged.
Fratce aid Enghuid a dtinnA
to interfere in the di pte' lh3t :N V .J
Russia an-d Turk'ey., AAairs l nk1'V
Sales of Cotton at NkIfoleto d
Wedn sday, 900 bahes 'll stean
news hast lroduce i0 qtit n
in the mnarket.
Mr. Samutei- Apoe
Reported for the City, Ascule P
A Il~VA L 01.TlIE ARAB~'&4~4
llaltimeore, Jucly 13- 2& 35
The A ralint arrived at Y sk't .
day with daites to J dy Wid s'
'The Canada and \V ishii a i'iv~.~i
Sales of the Cotton ri-t~~~
30,000O bales .'Far rlahuns &~-;
6 7-8d, Middling ~ 7 8 yo6k-~d r~
Uihlnd 6 1-2d, Midgiling (Sdy'1c. s~
are t i ad demida;d firI a
lar. Slpecui~ttors Iaave t ikeh 0 cant
exporterfs 6000 bales. Ti
ter trade isunhnd e
slighitl y advaniced.
'I hta Havre Couttoln markst Ia
chanmced. Sales of I ie waeildnM
advanced. The ParisBur
eied. Easternt ailhiirs Io4~~
amemd itervention froem I to
fleets are at Tceedos. The IJws ttk~
the ultimiat um was ej)eted rzh4-~
St. Pete rsburg on tie f4th. lit~t~
peor ini the troungdst fa~igvd^i nSIfia41
ed the Eniglish and Freitek Abs
dors that the the .destrundooth
fhlets woulnd not p)revent~Lin (Ctmm d v~
vadinmg Turikey. Th'le fouiti
of' the Runsshui army had beceol t
to eniter' Moldavia. The Iidan~
along the liak Sea is 100,P60 rt
France of fers Turkey 60;0001r se~
The Czar is greatly enrayed at hoti'
duet of the English Premier. -~
Advices fu om China sy i irao
e'd that. the rebels are marchrig on C
Th'le mragl ie TJelegriftsh:.i t
workling wond~ers anid re'adutminhip
every thing that comes ine its Wzay
A ship arrives at Now York frdh~
rope; her inrrival and -the state 4 th
mariikets ini England, aregele
to Ne w Orleanis; the e~hedt 9 t
ligrence on the New 0 lens.ii~
i.s teliegraphed bacik tuNw p,
and theo despatcth apyears ai i-tu
daiy's Newv York .phpe~ -w''
nouce the arr'ivah fr
Again: A mnerchante i
a puiece of goods frlrit d'
tele-graphs to his et cob
and in about 24 hiou~1 ~U
that, en Friday NIu4da
this Distriet.theo mi
the negro excutiiiont--M
one r'eceiying ats the NttWe
a mnor-tal. (''ti ihio-~hL~~
"which- ho; df blhenkr