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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS; LITERATURE, AGRICULT
W. J. FRANCIS, PROPRIETOR. Ou t A .
NOW ittott' jltit Enit.TERMS-S21iN ADVANCE.
VOL. V11. SUMTERVILLE, S. C., OCTOBER 26, 18 3 NO. 62.
EV ERY TUES DAY MtIORNING
BY W. J. FRANCIS.
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THE SLIGHTED ONE.
-Man wits maide to Mmirn."
The settiment it the head (if thie
sketch appears to meet (he approba.
:tion. of many persons. hideed, some
-atuihors take .'Ieastire in repeatting the
very words. Why this should be
the case is the question. Do not s-h
persons.know that they aisscrt a pa.lpa.
'ble filseltood? It is true that somic
.persols d. mot un-, and that soile h1:tve
a great share of stilltring in this
'woild-stullicient, indeed, to afibrd
itlem'u an. excuse ir niotriing. But to
-assert roundly that "mantui was mtadle
to n isu," it assume a position
that c~umot be sustained by a course
oft sundat reatsonhing. Whient ut Jot k
11pn a chair, you at onice con 1 tlo* t hat
it Was mIade to sit urIOU. Whenl Vou
see a coacht, you know it w-as mad .
to ride i;. atnd wihen yoi st.e a watch,
viit arie certain that it was md:1e41 to
keep tme. The fatt is p:AlJ.;Aie Ipiln
tho. fice of it. Buit s ppose. youl
see s11omebody break up a chanil r a.1
use it for firewood, woild u3 o then
b0e jistiiable inl saying- that ebtai rs
vere mad1le to boil the tea kettle with?
So if vou saw at ti: kettle tied to
a dog' tail, w. uld you say tv itt dos'
tails were made -,n ptrpttse to sup
port; tin kettles, and the latter articles
were iitend-d as orntinuats to, be
stspended fr. im the tail ot a dogt
Agtain, if you saw a nn on a scat
fuld with a rptW otllt his t)eek, weu] i
Voui declare that, such was tie enid of
a mian's crettiont? Onl the centrary.
we can prodtie good authority to
show, tha, tie verv worst use which
you can attatke of a mat isto 11ang him.
Let us then examine the creature
mant and see if We cat disco.,ver- tlotse
ihilible marks (if design tha t wouli
warrant us in proclaiming that he was
made to mourn. First IN, mnit i Is said
to be the only laughintg antimal inl ex
istetice, for we ctannot call the noise (f
a hyena a laugh. W th itmuch more
propriety epuld we say that mtn was
tmade to lattgh. Other anintals can
mourn. The Low utters letdl com
plaints at the loss tif' her calf, the dog
whines and totwls, andil the crocodile
Weeps. But mutant only cant laiugh. Tlere
are many things which he c-an do, and
he possesses also the organs for ac
plishing them. He can do, many things
much better thin he can mourn. If
inan was made to imourn. all creation
would be Iing in black. It, is a
fact alnost selfevident that man was
*lot made to mourn.
'Those, therefotre, wvho give them
:selves up wholly to grkif act an
.uatnattural part. They do itot sub
ner ve the pttrioses of creation-they
deny thtemselves the only consolation
apatrt lTim the br-utes', which belongs
to their physical nature. But such
an individual wvill phl-ad in extetnuationt
,of his mnonstrteus and conttinuied so r
:row, that he has been visited by soe
"pecutl ar misfortutne." That is no
valid excuse. They eut olfliheads int
F'rance, and whiete is thetre a moire
merry and careless people? A Fretnch
man invited to a ball, though be.
headed ini the afternoon, wouild take
his head' under his arm anid go to
the ball in 'the evenitng. Every mis
fortune is peculiar. Every source
of utnhappiness sends us bitter wia.
ters: other wise it would not be unhap
piness: But why petrmit grief to
overcome you? You thuis clause fronir
.you those resotirces which are calcula.
.ted to alleviate your grief; for it re
mains to he as truie now as in the
,days of Collins, that "pale mtelan
,eholy" sits retired. Nobody catres to
meddle with her. The eye aches wheni
it is fixed on a n Impenetrable black.
nes, anid turns for relief to the soft
freen of the soul-to those cheerful
.hilIlooks on. which the sun-beamsg rest tas
they glance -thtrotgh the foliage of
leaves anud blossoms. Theli world shrinks
from those who can inpiart no pleas
Many a fair one has givon#herself
up to ialadevouring griefbv e -
4counlt of disappoidifent im~oe $~
lias been disapphi nted," lip
be' atiufficien' reply wh p0do
(lowhea4t eye, the (rerablui
jmou voamagv navu urawii we(1 a t-1tnuOt
of a stranger to some neglected, for
lo.n maiden, who shrinks from th
gaze of others, and sits in a distant par
of' the room, wrapped in a speech
less sorrow, "like patience on a moniu
We knew a light hearted dnmse
once w% ho had the misfortune to fall it
love. She fancied one, who was i
most respects her inferior, and cer
tail ly so in point of sincerity. Sih
gave him her heart embalmed hr
sigh,;, and its incense went up to hin
like the perfume of' a holocaust fron
the plaitis of Israel. In return h<
gave her fhir words. lie was with
out feeling, but h could discourse; ho
had no hart, f'or nature had worked it
all up into a tomigic, and like the ser
pent, it wrought only venom on thoso
who placted deipendence (in the worda
which floiwed from it. The maiden he
came' attacheu to) him. She suppose I
that. his admiratioi was equal to hers
it was not his initention to disionor her
Iar that would have involved the lo's,
sessic'n of somlie feeling on his part.
Ile had none. ils vanity was grat
ilied by her love. and lie permitted her
to love on. Why she diol love himoi
was ditietolt to tell. An oordinary per
sonl set oil' by a fashtioinable dress. wa
all that he could bast, of. In thi
C(orI'of (11a feow nonths he left her and
soglit amther (ie.
I lere wat fod for sorrow. IHere
as a naid forsaken-true lo vd cn os
e-, adL a real lovingor hear't betraved!
The sickl mvtl of grief fell over htui
visage. Ier brigh. eys h elcae dii
alI wa ItI rnig. IIMr head groopel
.1141lnn i st t-eemedil smsible ol
th li re,- ~iee f - other ienI I 'sjtresipoo
to) their wo oIs wa fi tnint and low. Sh
was like a fitting flower wNvhose stem
The cai o was a dosperate one; fo i
who canli administoer to a mind dis.
eas.l. and las. oll all, disease-d bla
ho peh-ss hove Sho' loved to sit, 1br
Iours tolgether, by lie sidt cof a runi
ning im1' ook, with lierI eyes fixed upi
the stretam, mi. it' a cloud caie o-.
'r tO %kv, onil the droops of rain he.
g1m to fall. it u tlowly and caroles
ly that she mwoved ol,1' too a ret reat in
the ve)ry he-rt. of' tin- grove, wher.
dm thike was h!:eket and l en
rest. 'T'lmvre she wotild sit and weep. Shi<
w-'da'o repeat the namie of him) wh.
liutl deO.serted her, as if' theire were ne
other niames more misicd-.-.,he wolh
bring befiort lier niiiaI's eve his f'ea.
tures as if thiere werv no other fetature
iort'e cIme-and would pbaieor ov.
er the fine tiitgo hol haI sadIi to he, :tS
if' iore inigleio tns aLd pleasiig thing.
did not reain to lie sail.
Thus Ihr eighteei motls she linger
Son re'fusiig to be comfoirted, am
wlceever a wt rod was drawn frm her,
it brent hed ooi v of the htoopelessnelvsso' f
hotr loot, anl tie weariness of blight.
I1toemaikable :s tihe liet iimay seem,
her rinaway luover h.ving visited dis
tant !anids, aiol heeome Cloye'd by the
vanities of this gay woirld, did, mosi
unexoi'etedly, retiu rio to thile town wher<
the n tlcho// dve aboided, presentet
himsilf to her, anl repeated his vo ows
ino tr'ith atnd4 sincerifv. In this evInl
there wa more truth thai p'oet 'ry, ant
this may also be said of' the substan
tial piddinogs and tarts which graced
the ooard oil their weddinlt'g day.
Now seven ]lg years have passed
and our plaitiive destolat e herointe
countts f itmr bonnintg boys whet
site ranges the dlishe~s on thme table. Slit
is a notable house keeper; and if' bei
husbantd intrudes too careclessly Ot
a washing daty or is guilty' f'any othi
er intadvertetncy which seems~ to inv~ad<
her pr'ovince. her voice is lifted up a
gainist, him with not nueiertaina soundo
F" r his pai't, he is a valiant to'enchlei
tian, atnd an entterprisitng groeg~r. IIb
wife is carefil of the pentce, iando sees
that, nothting goems ont of' the fluniily i:.
proufitl'ss miannter'. She likes lier has
bandit for jutst what he is worthi; sli
thinks himi a "'provide'," anid a deceit
sort, of'a boidy, but sihe wishes htimt tt
keep on his ownt sidle of' thte house, ai
she will muanage her own aflti rs. Sh~
wvonders that she ever pined ama
wept at, his dlesertint f or shei
sure that since her marriage she hia
seJft mn as5 griod( as he-whet
she is partieularly anigry, she says het
Said, sorrtowful pinting, and1( meclan
chtoly mtatids, if you cannot get hits
bands, you atre fi'ee f'romo matny care:
antd anxieties---rjoice. I lave yoi
heen deser'ted by a lover? mourn not1
but arouse and seek some other souro
of enojoyotment; f'or the sorrow you)1 feeli
the grief' of' inexperiiencee. Iead yot
mnarriied him, a fe'w years woith
have shiown you that yoor fine f'ancie
were btut the dr'eams of' ignioranice, amt
that lie ihr whom we now mourn, wa
worth joist so miuch and no miore.
Ang~s.--They were too thrilling fo
Afl,'fen I was grave, and too dul
r nesaC ivAyster]'ous 161118a011.
A LEUEND OF TilE NORTH ENn.
"A nade a line end, and went away, an
it lid been any christom child: 'a parlen
even just between twelve md one, c'ed
at turni-ng o' thNg."-Dame Quickly.
Many years ago, there stood on the
tipper horn of Moon Street, ant not
more than a stone's throw from Friz.
zel Square, a low betetle-browed man
sion, bearing indubitable marks of an.
tiquity. Tle moss covered its dilapid
ated roof; the drapery of the.spider and
the moth hung in thick festoons about
its windows; atid the melancholy swal
low anmnualy built ber nest under its
caves. Unlike the dwelling-housesof
modern days, it bellied not into
the street to attract the admiration of
the vulgar; but chose rather to retire
from the publick - eye, and enjoy i
balcyon repose in the qiiet neighibor
hood ofa congregation of pig-sties. Its
whoile appearatce was that of' isola
ted age, shri king fi -eiim the f.lly' and
bustle of tie world, to muIIse ill silenice
m11 its wvasting strength and increas.
The date of this venerable building
bailled the mencerics of the most
pailinus.taking old womn e of the tiine.
Grami Seraggs, who had talked away
her sighdit and hearing in Deaeom Quid.
die's chimnev, ftirly .ewned it was
erected lgfor her day." Doc-tor
II l.dge.poulge, a grey headed bachelor.
who had wori ia pair lot leather small
eliothes out of the recollectioin of
tie generation about. him, remember
ed beinig neasu re'd there f'or his
t'eeduiomi suit; which was fill filty years
agoit c ome tie seasoni filr. string bems.
"I rec'lleet it," he us.,ed' to say, "as
if'twai yestenla.i The tailor was
Jamue's List, a yellow haired man, who
was sie coerpeulene. hL coid hardly sit oil
tihe bench. lifess me, io w tiinc does
.aJ!S!" In fine, it was one of those
pestilent. old inatisions, to be found in
Imost anucicat places, whieh allbrd mat.
ter oft e'tern al cnjectire to the pro
sing block :.eids of the neighborhood.
It is not to be supposed that such
a mysteriius edifice should be with
ilt a corresponding oceciantit. To re.
leeat eene half' of' the stories that were
olltl of old I laggelwetter would
ehvi-st the lings idf a to er.. r. lie
a gri'lV old Dutchman, that
Iranik imore gin and simked more to
lacco than was iecesry1 %, to perfone
the atmiesphere foer a league-md then
he weould swear-bless iy soil! if'
his oaths hiad beeni uttered in intelli
gent English, tlie very building weoud
have trembled so as to topple dowi
his head. And then, too, he had
beeni timiled about nIII the salt sea s()
long as to have lost the mastery of
his legs, and lie was as likely to
stiggr in onie direction as alother,
ill spite of his will. Motreover, it was
said he had been a siinfiuI freebooter,
wh I eo had tnrtgaged his soul to
the devil fir more than it was worth.
antd there was no telling how muich
go ld he had stowed- away in sly corn
ers ahout the old buildiig. But then
he was a trimendously fierce old fe1l
leew, and wore such a threatening pair
o' whiskers, that nobody dared to
venture within pistol-shot, of'his ho use;
nay, his very name, whispered after
candle light madhe one tremble like
a gravedigger at the sight of a ghost.
It is a sage remark, that Time,
thuigh it can do every thing else,
is uinable to stop people's tongue's. One
eeneration of' talkers passethi away,
anid anoithier comueth to take the w~or'd
out of thleir mnoaths. Though a man
should exist to eternity, ho wouild nev
er outlive the bad Opiionl of' his nteigh
bours, TI.hus was it with Ilaggelwet
ter. Not ev'en his fiery whiskers could
repress the voice oft scaniidal. As he
advanceed in years, lhe also itncreased in
bulk, lie was naturally thick set and
purisy; but lhe niow seemeUd blowing up
like a bhidder. Foel ks nlotiede this,
anid prI'eicted he would evenmtually cx
pilode like at torpedo. "lHe is," they
said "in his sinfulness like a corn thtt
is parchbing beibre thle tire; he will
swell and swell, and anont go oil' in a
tremendous puff! It. is aston ishiing, man
kind will bring uponi thema such
judgemnents, by deal ing withi Satan!''
Th'fe usual plaice wvhere the charae
ter of' old llaggelwetter was discussed,
wvas the shop of' Solomon Soper a
t'iumous blood lettingu barber; and thet
tume, towards the close of' a drowsy
sunuiner's dayv. Ihere the blacksmith,
the sexton, the skipper of' the of WVin
iimtferry boat, andolDzy
ouit their tedious tiales until it really
setned as if' they did not think how
Quiddle, also would occasionally ofTer
a sententious remamrk on the subiject, as
the biarber elaborately adjusted his
queue; anid as for Master Solomnon, lhe
would fr'et and chatter about it
all day long. It seemied to be the
primary object of' his existence o upy
ing all his time, and absorbingEI his
faculties, to grumble at the mysteriouc
1 wealth of H-aggelwetter and to bewail
his own noverty. -
I doubt wlhether there was ever such
t snarling, discontented harber as Sol
Soper inl the whole world. His thin.
weasel fice, his unegi ainly furm, hit
fract utis disposjtion-all were rerar.
lble. There i' in the professiont <f
shaving, something that -atmIs tle
heart, while it elevates the under-stanl.
ing; it will smooth the asperities f
nii iraseible temper, ad relapse the
grim iien 1tires of -misanthrope int o a
grim of universal suavitv. tut it was
inefrectual with Soltmort. A varice, I ke
it worm, had eaten inito his heart sid
withered him ip like a dried hatel
nut. Envy and bile had yellowed him
like a quinee, md made him as
sitir and as crabbed. Ills eternal fret
Aulness was past eituraince. The dul
aess of thee tieI.s th tiggardiness of
,ustomers, the mlystery of I laggelwet
ter, excited continueal iurniurs. Ie
Would declaim on these grievances, in
)aissilr his razor over the throats of
IN customers, wit such a freirzied
b'lteilemice, that, in trembliniig alarim,
hey would try to sootht him by pro
nise of 1ouble reinuleration for his
abour. it these transports, razors,
Op, pimpics, or even throats, ap
e101ared to him of no consequence.
t grew at last, to be alimst as much
Il a inait's lifie was worth to sitdowi
n his clhair.
Perhaps this censideration Operated
,vitLh others to reduce the custom of
is shop. Perceiving his business
lecline, he becaime Moire and more
tlioiuis and141 passionate. lie abl.
;tained altogether from the use of
map alleging that ltit water was pre
'erable to lather for softening- the
w1ard. To this tile o imrtuntat- oc
!up 'ants of his chair g iined a melatn
:hoIy asse:t-they did lot dare to do
>therwise. lie also suibstituited canl.
Ile-end fur potiattim. and rye meal
or hair-powder; and fintially ceased to
sharpen his razors, or to wash his
tapkiins, hecause they wore out
; fast. It was outiageous it was
intolerable-his customers were near
y flayed alive!
But while he harrassed the inerves,
Wnd scaruiid thr v'puons o' la 'y ds,
le was not more easy woith himself.
'oitinteal muiirmurings tnd complaint
Mid worn upon himI until he was
N pour is a snakte. lie was like
L barlier that had talked himself to
he very edge of the grave. What had
ie to live fhm IHis shoi- was deserted,
iis customers were continually drop
Ang awav, and he was tnearly dis
racted. Toi be sure, ild I la"lewet.
er stuck t him, bit the titite might.
-ome when event his extensive chin
*V411114 lie withidrawin. ll fine. he
uiik inito tle deepest despoidenicy
mid would spend whole hours in mie
tieholy antici Iationt of the period.
shen hiIself, his buish aned his razor,
wotihd lie Ieft in the bleak wtorld ah 'ic.
(hie night he was sitting in hiis
ho1p buried int a pie found reverie. Nvv
! before had lie felts' depreissed and
'i>rtri. A lontg d:tV had pa-sed away
withoit delmsitiig inl his pocket a sin.
lhe petmy; and lie had storimed and
aged utitl lie sutnk down in a state of
-xiatistion. lis head leaned back oin
Ahe chair; his eyes were hialfelosed and
uis whole fraimt was relaxed and pow
Arhess. It was towardohs the close f
nettullin, whtein the crickets Chi rp in
Lhcir shrillest tones and an oceasion
Il gust of wiid, will sweep arouid
the house, and mitan plaintively in
the key-hole for adimittancee. It was,
ini fat; the ap~propriate seasoin ihr rev
eries aind visionis.
As Solomoni Super sat rmusing int
his chair, it seemeed to hime as if
somne wuoderfuil change had taken
place biefhre hime. Ihis ship had
gradually assumed the appearance of
the interier of a church; the black crick
ets which had hopped abhouit the
hiloor were trantsformied in t hiumarn
beings, dressed in the sable habili
meents oif mo~urnters who tormted a
ed up the grand aisle, raiking ft'
solemn anitheim for the departed. I low
full , how edeep, hiiow rich was tihe
volumte of hairmiony that swelled on
his ear! liut for wvhiomt was thio re
q iem e n? A mielanicholy preentment
filled the soul of' Soluminuu. Was it
for himiiselft Or hatd the jaws oif
death sniapped up aniother of his cuts.
tomters! I Ie was alarmed. Meant
while thle procession reac-hedh the
centre of' the church; the chant eased;
the velvet pall1 wtas uplifted; but heo
straied~ his eyes ini vain to read the
intscription oin thte coini lid. As he
gazed still moree sharply, the spee
taele slowly faded away, and~ he
funid himuiself standintg alonte int his
sihop. A huge winding sheet was on
the point of extinguishing his cantdle.
Ie snufi'ed the light with his fingers.
Th'le bell struck i wvelve. Sooin after
a knocking was heard at the door.' It
slowly opened nd a mufiled figure
enttered, which proved to be the black
domaestiek of l lagglewetter. It lead
always been the private opinion of
Solomon Soper thait this character was
old Clawfoot himself int disguise.
"The old smoker is dead," she said
in a hoarse whisper.
Thetl unfortunate barh clapped his
hand quickly to his firehead and stag.
gered back. "W hat!" he cried in a
tone sharp even to fierceness, "my
last customer gone!" le wrung his
h1md1- in agony E' grief. "None of
anticks. Aaster," croaked tle hag with
a slicer ofrderision. "Ile is gone to
his place; I have laid him out and
called tip Deacon Quiddle to make
him a coffin. lie must lie buried at
low water imark befoire the chance of
tide. Ai hark yoi! See that you
Collie Hpeedily with -otur tools and
shave him for the iast time," She
slammed the door and.left tle bai ber
to his cruel reflections.
It was long past the hour of mid
night, when the wretched Si loion
started on his IielanchloIVly errand. As
he closed the door, his Cycs fell on
I hat part-ty ooh-red staff. tile ilysteriougs
ensigin of lis proe 'lssion. It shone in
the dimate light like a spectre waiting as
if to numrshIal him ntt the 1welIing of
tie dc:ed. This appaaling ide-a hainted
him in his proeagress throighi the
streets; and more thanonce lie east his
eyes over his shoulder, expecting to
behoald it stalking at his heels.
Arriing at the place of destination,
he paused a monent to wipe the
drops of terror and thitigue that started
upon hi;s brow. With a trembling ha- d
he liflted the latceh and entered. The
black doinestic was crouached down inl
inl a corner ol the kitchen clinnev,
imoaninge and muttering to herseIf.
All tle d iahIical stories lie had heaid
of tle ruaiion and its inmates thronr_
ed oil his iemory at the sight. Ills
couutenaice tunrnIied to a deadly pale
nest; his knees sim .te togrether with
tear; anad le essayed in vain o speak;
he could not itter a word. An ac
cidetal turn of the head disc overed
him to the hg. She arose, and with
out saying a word, ushered him to
tht' fatal chamber,. sa the .ghe and
There is sorething in teito
a barber to the couch of deah (hat is
calculated to arouse all the fulnder
sensiblIities of the brcast. To an
ter the silent room, to approach the
(old anid extended fo. Im. to gaze on
tie unittnscious ti-at ures of one lie had
known in joyous life, Cannot but ex
cite the most saddening emoti.ns. It
is bewend the power of languape to
d.sCribe; nothi hg bet the warm im
agi natioi of the ye ong and suscep
tiil e cani ceonceive what pangs of
angusti rend tile bosoi (of the barber.
whei. Ctar the laest time, lie takes and
Eall frieild bv the n-se!
With miore than ordiiiary sensibili
tv, Soloiioiin Soper gazed arouid on
the scene af desolation belore him.
The hiir, tle la-e, tle ccasion,
all Irge their comtitigled terrors
ipo n his irnagi inatin. A ruinous cham
her, hiintly perceptible byI a flicker
erimg lamp; a dreary stillness, di-.
turbed onlv by tlie sighing of the
wiiid, or tie silieakinmg and gibbering
of the rats liehiid tile waiset; a stit
ti-ned corpe-, wailhig, from his hand.
lie last sad oliee of' his proefe-ssion.
IHis teeth ehattered at the spectacle.
lit! wisleed to retreat, but some mys.
terious power, like fiscinatiin, drew
him toward the -remains of his depart
W ith a noiseless step lie approached
the selitai-y couch, Ie uncovered
that coiunienanice upeon whic-h it had
been his hiappiness to' operate fo~r so
miany- years; and which nowv, would
shrink bieneath his razor no miocre. It
wais necessar-y to malike a great ef
fiart. WVithi a tiremling hand be
se'ttly hel thie no~stri of ath(le body,
whilst with the other lie applied thie
blide. J ust t hen lie was startled by
a singular nolise. II is hiearlt wats ini
his mtouth. lieelpaused and looked
aroundl. At this awful moment the
bodyel sloawly opened its eyes and
fixed thenm upon himi with a hideous
stare. It appeared to turn the bearber
inito steone.- lireathless, miotioanless
-ie stooed like a marble statuie. His
very sounl seemed escaping with (lie
glaince which lie fixed upon thle corpse.
"Tausand deayvils! Let go miy
nost!" rocared a voaice erthunder.
The biai-ber turned a somerset of
fifteen feet in thie air, and diropped on
the fleaor as dead, as a stturgeoni.
This allir- miaede a wonderful talk at
the Noirth End, and served to bring
lie old mansion into still worse re
put e. Doctor IHe !ge-podge would
nlever- believe that poor Solomon
caime within the house by niortal
meoans; and, to his latest day, wotuld
snake his wig when he heard old Ihag
gelwetter bluster about "der tami mat
parber diat- come to shave him
in dis sleeps."
Precocious reasoning weakens (lie
understanding, while precocioeb emo
tion breaks down the phyical stru
ture, and robs the child not only of the
gladness oef infancy, but of that-clastic
spring which is (ho great preseryet' of
hanniness jthaftr lif: - - .x
CITY AND COUNTRY BRED
We find in the Uton an address of
Francis P1. Bllair, esc.,(the old editor
of the Globe)to the Agricultural Asso.
cintioll of Mtoitgomery county, Mary
land, delivered at lockville, oi t e
8th instanat, fi-oni which we give an ex.
tract that may be read with pleasure
and profit :
Mlen who have made fortunes in our
cities, begin now to appreciate the
value of eountry life, however aversi'
or unsuited to it they may have been
rendered by habit. The connion
guide book of Paris, which is put into
every traveller's hands, has this note
under the head of popilation : "Fam.
ilies constaatly residing in Paris soon
btecome exti.!et. The effects of this
mortality are ibserved to lie more act
ive upon tnales than upon femmales.,"
What is true of Paris is true of every
city in the world. There is nol, prob
ably, a man in London, Paris, New
York or Philadelphia, who can say that
his great grand father, his grand fitther.
and his fither, successively lived and
died in the city ot'his residence. There
is no such thing as the survivor of three
generations that have undergone the
deComposing power of a city attios
phere, assisted by city pursuits. A
city, then, may be said to (lie out once
in a hundred and fif ty years, so far as
regards those rooted generations that
live, and move and have their being
only in a city's precinets. Whoever,
then, would have succession in his
famnily-tht de.,ires to transmit his
name and wealth by perpetua ing his
race-would at sone period of his life
take his leave of-walls and pavements,
and crowded thorough fxres, anid fix his
abode in the midst of* the rustling fiil
age, the g: ei fields, clear sticams. and
sweet air, untainted by stagnation in
the.walled streets and alleys aid sew
There is another observation in re
gard to cities which induce iAaught ful
men, who take i-ride itn theirposterity,
towemove from thetm when'they have
acelisheu stheg objieetilAfuigdqh
they are sqpght. 1'Iow many niiLions
of'dhildien educated -in eites-ithe
uitmost care, have passed aw fIui
out reachitig distinction among his
countrynen. It is reaarkablet that
children born in cities, generally exhib
it precocious talents; they have the
easiest access of' every species of Iearii
ing: they are stimulated to ekercise in
the schools by pride, vigilatace, and
solicitude, which is spirited ip by the
stiring society aruind; the'y have the
advantage of imbibing an early knowl.
edge of the world, and have almost in
infianey the manniers, the ideg and
self-posscssiaoni of polishid soelety.
But although the great cities of the
Old World and of the New -World
sent furth probably one hundred of
these fully educated voiths, to test
their stretngth in the high pursuits of
lifIe, for one country adventurer, yrt it
is found that almost all the distinguish.
ed men who shine in the service of the
country or in the liberal professions
are counitry born and bred.
The hot-bCds of cities britg f1-rward
their plants more rapidly; but those
springing from the native soil, and
braving the rude seasons and rough
culture of the country, are fomnd to
have the best stamina. Look over
the list oft great men who figured in
our revolution, and it wtill be found
that almost to a man they were coun
try lho-n and bred. Search the annals
of' the revolution in Enghlad f'rhm the
reign of' the 1st Char-les to the 3d WVil
lianm. These wvere the times that tried
the souls of' men in the mother coun
try. Thle French revolution filled Par
is with inniumnerable gareat mecn, the ofi
spring of' the provinces. If wte scan
our own quiet times wheince come the
illustrious men who htve fillecd the
chief' niagistry, and given fame to Con'
gress anid (our State .Legislatures?I
do not know one that has not made his
way fr-om some :'ural district to the
high places of the republic. And so,
tao, it has been with our' great mer
ebiaits anid mechanies wtho have flour
ished in cities; trace them, and you will
find that the impulse that gives them
this lead brought them f'rom the fields
of some village to try their fbrtunes in
thme city. The men who thus build
themselves uip in the naarts of business.
have generally the sagacity to see that
life in the country is the natural state,
that in the city an artificial existence;'
and at not too muich possessed with
the spiartt of ge'tting, which gain is too
ap~t to engendler, they retire to the
sceno fronm which they emaerged.
TIhis as particularly marked in pub.
lie mnon wlao almost in\'ariably scee to
close their car'eer at soi'ie homestead
w hich they wtould makeithieir mona
mont. From this feeling we have our
Mt.X Vernon, Mon ticello, -Montpelierg
Hlearmitage, Ashland, Marshfield, and
F'ort Hll. And how natural thesvish
of every ihdependent nature toh a
home-a little dnain wierl itsdfl
spr ngay liar ospaceto tow~~ fulti
tire, where the moral character mny
be fbrmiied on its cherished principles,
where the age and infirmity of the de
elining head may have the required
privacy and repose, and where tho
prospect of the grave itself-is softened
ibythe sense that it would often be view
ed by fond and kindred eves. The idea.
of a hereditary patriarchal home bi ings
a tholluatlnd enIdeIs ing aia611tion is withi
it, both to parents aind children, aind
the affections which grow up in it be
colle apairt of its A sense of this makes
the po1ssessor labor to improve it-to
impress his own character upon it; to
adorn it with taste-to enrich it with
fruit, and to hand down his memory
m every pernent edifice he mnay
build, and every noble tree he may
plant; and with the conciousness that
lie will be blended in the thoughts of
his children, who are to succeed him
in the enjoy mnent of the blessings he
thus prepares for them, he will seen
to elj,-y himself through a long. futuri
A 'Yonst-g Aamericanii" Caidi
datle for taae Texas Legislatire.
The following address to the4 vot'fh
of Galveston county. by Col. Jack
Mills, a noted character in Texas, and
a candidate for legislative honors, is
TO THE VOTERS OF GALVESTON COUNTY.
I have been strongly urged by my
inuierous fri- nds (who are A No. 1.)
to beconie a candidate t-o represent you
in the next Lekislature. Like a true pa
triot I have coisented to sacrifice my
private interests to the public good.
Without vanity, I mlay say, all who
know ine will admit, that ifelected, I
will originate and execute many acts
in Austin that no one of the candidates
before you wi!! attempt. I pledge
myself that I will keep a watchful
eye over the morals of legislation and
legislators. No one who knows m
will doubt, if I choose to exercise the
power, that members will be com
pelled to observe the rules of proprie
ty,1hmstead of indulging, as I fear is
too often the case, in nocturnal revels,
at impr6per, places and . unseem- 0"
b'a~thae i7fd ill dolt:; e
I am a Jeffersonian, Jaclksony
cr-at-in truth I was Go botn.
I am progressive-I may say a
I go for the greatest good to the
In am in favor of giving homes to
the homeless, and houses to the house
I advocate the education of the inas
ses by a tax upon wealth.
I believe that earth, air and water is
a gift of the good God to all. That
all are entitled to as much as are ne-t
cessary for their use. More' than tills
is noliopoly, and I oppo.e all nionop
I ram in favor of Banks, if a plan can'
be invented to establish one to loari
Iloney to the poor, industrious, hori
est man, without security.
I am a "Young American." I adop
ted their houndary-cast by the ris
ing, and west by the setting sun; north
by the Arctic expedition, and south
-as far as we please. This is a great
country, and less than this wiould not
suit our purposes. I abhor old fogies,
whether as politicians, warriors, hus.
bands or lovers. I wish this distinet
I disavow the cr ed of 'all things
unto all men," but adopt it decidedly
as regards the ladies.
I am for wvoman 's ritihts on the lar
gest scale. If we do not field them
equality, I fear they will refuse tornul.
tiply and replenish the earth, as they
have threatened to do. And ev
cry unprejudiced mind must admit
that they become our -wives~not
to; pleasure themselves, but us. I am
too modest to enumerate afl& imy~
good qualities -fbr office. I leiave all
self-praise to my comnpetitere. I
think, however, without vanity, I may
say that, if elected, I will boeanore dis
tinmguished titan any representative
you have had. You will be'proud of'
me. My name will be famrilitar to
all, and daily seen in the pulic prints2
I am an old Trexan--one of the.
founders of' Galveston. I have shed
much blood for -the good of the pen
pie. I have done the State some .se6r
vice. I ask in return yu
wvill see mnost ofyou b-efore thj~.
and will address vou beore thb46u
I am opposed to the habit d
but when invited wtill be
take a glass wtth any one.
partioular I mankE no ait~~1n
in polities. ,~Mi.
P. S.-I forgot t'4~~
in fao fth k r
The rudest iIar
of a skililful ap atIone b twl