Newspaper Page Text
Debate on Electi~ral quielion.
-. HouSEog REPaESENTArivus DiCEM
a n ~'iai, 212, -183.
-Stindry bills, prescribing the man
'ner in which Electors of President and
Vice lresident -of the United States
'hall heredfter be choson' as int-rodueed
by Messrs. Tillinghast Poppenhein,
Kershaw Mcrady and Leitt, (in Coin.
*intutee of the whole House, Ir. 1). J.
.dhnson in the chair,) were under con
AMr Ilutson said there were embar
rassing circumstance n'tending a dis
cussion of this subject.. He had no
doubt members I a-] come here wit h fix
bd opinions, and had formed determin
ations as to their vote. The action
'of Congress in the matter .he fi ared
was influenced by the obnoxiotus princi
pl 'of centralizing power in the fIederal
government. To such a fe'ature of gov
ernminen-t be coukinever give his a:
sent.'Achnre in'the organie law is an
evil, though he did not wish to he un
<lersto6d as opposed to all changes;
but it was due to State rights and all
the other great interests involved in
;assenting to any c5hange, to be sure that
it is to work less evil than tile imeasure
proposed to be supplanted.
The evils of any changeAan never he
foreseen. The Engliisht reforni lIll,
. extending the privilege of voting to
tenants at will, as ging power in the
hands of landlords, was refired to on
.this point as working corruption.
Gentlemen say the people demand
the change whilst others think their
interest is better preserved as ret ain
ing this.power where it is. Adoplt this
change of giving it to the people, aid
you will find the whole Imatter i'lor
the control of a few men who iay
assemble at Columbia. I, w ill lie pla
-ced in the hands of a clique of politic.
ins and not the free will of tie people
The people ofSouth Carolina lie l iv
ed to be better inlorined inl regard
'to great national principles than those
f any other portion of the Union
Atributable alone to the peculiar char.
cter of its institutions aid -practises.
.A pure ballot box wili1 keep up a pure
legislature body. The people of South
Carolii;a have never des ired to go into
-the scramble incident to inational elec
tion the mere polticians hiv d
ment, even if they dare, to >t
people; and hence the purity of all ec
tions and legislation in this State, whieh
,stands in proud array when conipared
with other States.
He diflered with the gentlemmau from
Greenville (Mr. PerrA in the opinion
that wealth could be more corritiiig
in leaving the power in the ,body iow
epjoying it, than in the change lrropos
d. e maintained tha to doctrine
-of State rights has been O r sust ainwd
in South Carolina than any other State.
The Democratic party has done as
much for centralization as the Whig
party. Tile great feature of that prini
ciple exists in theory but has lost its
vitality in other S&ates. The centrali
zation of power in the Federal Gov
ernment is fearfully increasing, and lie
appealed to South Carolinians against
being swallowed il) in tile vortex.
. In regard to tile past votes of the
State, he viewed them in a diflerenmt
light from the gentleman from Gireen.
ville believing that the vote cast
* against Pinckney and foir Burr was
in sustenance of the position of State
rights-the former a bold defenider of
otf thmat principle, anld the~ hitter Oppo
sing it. So in all her past cou rse,
thmere is but a clear maintenance of tihe
State's doctrine, teachings aiid princi
The gentleman further asserts, that
there exists two interests-one to ex
tend and anlothier to restrict f'ederal
power. Lie did not, believe the two
great political parties of the country,
as such, or either of them, weire dikpos
ed to do wrong, whatever niiigt, be
said of factions and the coinrse of iindi
viduals. lHe expressed strong faiith ini
the virtue patriotisni and intligence
of the people of South Carolina; and,
believing the mnacinery of' State Gov
ernent to work well thought they
wvere disposed to abide by it.
SMr. 1Read regardiiig the viote lie
- should be called upon to give on this
subject as perhialis the muost imiportanit
of theo session, uttered his most, earniest
* protest against any change. Th'le pies
ent system existing for halt a century
*has carried the State and the peoplle
onward in peace, prosperity and ipi
ness5. Froni long cherished regard
aild belief in the princeiples of' present
form of State governent lhe felt coil
strained to do 1a11 ini his power to sus
tain this time-honored princiiple'. lie
did not like the idea of' a convention
saying to tihe State of South Caiolinma
who she should vote for; foir a mere
nomination carries withl it the vote of
the people; prefer-rinig rat her to leave it
to those whoe the people themseilvl es
shall select to come hiere, deli berate anid
act upon tile best dictates of'thieir judg
As a State, be protested against
giving, up a practice whicb has p~irserv
~,ed its highlest interest and pride, adopt
the system of other States, which have
led them into turmoils anmd dis
The spirit of change he regarded as
attenldedWith difliculty, andl~ most apt
to result in evil. Adhere to our' een
servative system and he believed it
remained for this State to illustrate
-the true principles and featumre of aL re
Mr. Green passed briefly in review
the constitional issues raised, anld took
'up other arguments adlvanced in de
bate. If it be true, as genltlemlen as
slrme that the people ar'e incompetent
Schoose electors of' President and
IoO'resdent, he desired to know
w they, could be regarded as worthy
-' leot members to the legislature.
a distinction betweon the people
~o tth Carolina and those of Geor'gia
'. or, 9 other Southern State, li felt
to act directly upon so important at
matter ats electing the highest oflicers.
Give the people the power to act, and
the privilege of thinking for themselves
and deniagogues will lose their posi.
tion. Ile denied that the people, un
der existing circumstaneo, govern,
either in the State or iational govern
imliet, and fiivored the extension of
pl)tiar rights and privileges.
Mr. Tillinghast, as author of one of
the bills pending, congratulated Iiin
self upon what -he .had listened to in
its -fi'vot. The gentleman who had
just taken his seat he regarded as elo
quent in style, but a too thir represen
tative of' "Yung America" in senti.
ment, to imeet his full approbation.
lie contended that the people could
not express ally opinioni, as a State, but,
-through the Legislature so long as
the present Constitution and laws
remain. The constitution leaves the
States sovereign. The President com
bines the elements of* -tate and popu
lar power as in the eveht ofa itilure to
eleet, by the popular vote, Coiigress
chooses; in which event, each btate
large and small, alike gives but one
The Le.ishiture of a State is the
trie repiesenative of, the Stt(; and he
spoke at length in fivor of' his par.
Alr. AleGowen lhvored giving the
election to the leople.. lie believed
soine ch:uge necessary; that no better
schl hadi 1,141 been presented; aitd that
tle l wgis;hiture could Iot be properly
rewi tdled as a fair expIneit of'tihe w il I
of, t he pelople.
Alr. Tlinils had no idea of dmaicinig
at tudane upion tile mere whim o
Coge~;its r(iinneni't, sugsive
Of a einme of the State's palst Cini Se,
i nigt be followed by other like iove
ients. lie was for adheriig to the
policy of1 the State.
.Mr. Mu illiis Conc(euirr'e( entirely in
tlxit feeling wlihi opIpos(ed ch ging
any lolg tried systemi4, inkss it had
beel foind to woi k gross evil ; but yet
he thought it could not be leiiied I hat
change is in.vitaIe. Tie populiar
mind dunanding it, it became neces
sary to endeavor to seleet sone i lan
which shall le less liaibe to obijectioi.
One of' these bills seeimed based Uponi
such faii hr pr1inciples as to receoninend
itselt to his judgment.. It tends to
create no excitement, no jealousy, no
wrong, and less liable to demands flir
being :gaini chiang'red. Ile had no de(
sire to see aly thing done to beget ex
citeient, but the measure tbreed itself"
uon l hn, and lie tlouLlht it p rodent
to give 11(1w what, de petphe demand.
rather than Iput ofl action. thereb: he
gettiig aind continuinig exeiteimnt.
Mr. Gladberry regarded it as Coin
ceded that the Legislature has tle
p iwer of election, and believing it
Iipetent forl tie legisltre to give
iit power to the people witlhoit
chclinr t:.0 Constitution, hIle was for
tran1sferi'1g it. le wutild go thus Iir
although ihe (lid not believe thie peo
ple wmlltedl this taf o power. It
may do to talk of managing segregat
ed portio ins the people, but he had
no fe:r friom the great piolitical parties
into which the eoiltiriy will ever be
divided, whig a11 demlioe.rat, of tlii!
aitteinpjtuing anly serious inijury to the
the Governor ani! the Ju idges by thle
p~opulair vote ; lbut, whenI yiou cornei to
elet an1 oieeri oUt I I' the State1, pitrely
fideral, thle peopl le I'f righit shoub 1. ex
ercise an indivdual~l f ranchlise. lIe oh
jectedl toi thle b ill i iin ed iately uinder'
cilinierattin, friom thle fact of its iv
in~g too greLat ithllence 1o the pr'operty
ini slaves. lie cldelid by otlering~
an addional s'ction, reiirinig the bill
to bie pu to a vote oif tile peo'ple at
the nlext electioni.
Nilr. Thorn we)l thioughit there was no
dili-reince as to ithe general quest io n of
a change, andl thereforle p rop osed thlat
the ciiiioittee rise :iiid report the lill
t o t he I louse foir its :ihlpt ioni, liut, sub
etioni pro;ulsed by Alr. Alic~owani
wtas laid oil the table.
Mr'. Mel lady wan ted to kno11w if' a
sinmgle maii ii ty of one vote wa':s to)
govern the whole will of' everiy man,
slaves of ai distriiet, ho(weverI ' ~I pop lns.
Such col nt, he enlledl the populilar
wvill. If any~ thing ciiulbl comne inearo
onle's v t inig for his slaves, sitehi a
staite of aflhirs wui he piesenitesl.
peoplle tii vote d'irectly thr~i l'iresidenit
and Vice t'residenit, ande prefe-rred that.
miode, if' any eba~nge is to lie itnle. andi
which lhe priessedl thri': adioptlion.
Airi. E'lliot .aidl that mi di;splaciing
foilndamtiental law~s, genth-mieni could
not exerc.ise too inaich ianitionii. A lbe
liefitn the propr~tiiety of' ai ebanLlge was
onie thlinig, buit w hat. shioubl be subIeti
iuited was ainothier, aind of the uitmtost
iiinpotace Whenii a State eas'ts its
vole ihr an execultiv~e oflicer, it exer'
(cises and discharges the highest power
and duity. Eneroneiacli onent, upo a coil
st ituLtion formi~s but a steppIIin g stonie to
funrther' iinnovationis ; andl he apipea led
to geiitlceen to lbe guarded in what
ever they imighut do ini t his first step.
Mr. J ordlan had conie to the coiicht-i
sin that the whole quest ion narriowved
itselt' down as to wvhat is mencrt~ by
"sovereignty." It had been held that
the people, ini thieir in~dividuality were
not soivereign, but only become so
through their' Legislatur'e. I e anialyz
ed the qutestioni, anid camtie to tile COnl
elusion that " sover'eignity" rested in
the people, and, as a consequence, he
claimed for the people the lar'gest ki-nd
of liberty, equality, power, and1( influ
Mr. Perry moved that tihe Cominit
tee risc and( repor't the bill intr'oduced
biy thle. genitlemien fr'om Char'leston,
with his propIosed afhendmeont, for
;udoption ; whlichi was ne'gatived.
Mri. Melludy moved to id nd e
port tle bill iilrodticed by himelf
which was negritilvod.
Tile bill providing for ehanging the
13th section of the 10th article of the
Constitution, changing the time of
electing members, rnd the assembling
of the LeAgislature coning up, Mr.
Middleton ofere'd n substitute therefbr;
which was rejected.
Mr. Tucker moved that the Commit
tee rise, report tho bills to tie Iouse,
aind asc to !be diselarged from the F'ur.
ther consideration .of the subject'
which was agreed.
The Committee rose, and the House
.List of Aett'c.
Passe-3 l g the Generl .isemti/y '<f
South Carvo'bin, at the Session (f 185lL
1. An Act to rchiarter file Banik of Caim
deii South Oarolina.
2. An Act to reeliarter tire Merchanits'
Bank of Suth Ca roliin.
3. Ali Act to vest. the riglit anl title of
tile State in and to Ia certain lot of land in
the town of Darligrton in Josephii Frik.
4. Ail Act to renew the charter of the
ha cink of Chiarleston, South Carolina.
5. An Act to rencw the charter of the
Biank of South Carolina.
5. An Act to authriorize tire Siartin
burg and union Itailroa(l Conp:ny to
exteid tiheir itwid from some poini at.
or near Spartanluirg Court 1lonse, to
Some point on lit! North Carolina1 linie, ini
the directini of Asheville ir Rlriherford.
7. Ai Act to aimemd tire clarter of the
Fireien's Insir:ice Coipany of Char
8. An Aet. to renev alnd ailteti thi
ebarter iii the Stati i1Bk.
9. At Act to rehirter the Blan~k of
I mulrgI, SucithCarli.
.1). All Act to ciler.I on Iaae 1-eman:ii
and 31arx Iseti:ui certain rilghts ;i privi
lges i relation to a pie(e clanid by
I. An Act. to estabhlish I Ittle Ii:t
t:&zonr in tire pirishes of ;-t. 'hillips aoid
St. .1 iclielc ls.
12. Ai Act in- relation to Ile Trus-tee:;
of the Soutih Carolira Cole.o.
13. An Act to mtcirpirate tire Central
B;mk of Southli Caroimia.
11. An Act tr ctde to tire Unrited
Staitcs certaini parce's of l:cnl as s tes for
I Liuiht. I louse.s id Bk-aconrs.
15. Ai Act to authrze the Li:rirns
Railroad Co'imp:cnyi toi extend tlir IloId
from .airens Ciurt iouse to tire Ncrii
Carolina ire inl te direction of Aslivil!e.
16. An Act to aniend the eirter I tie
Greenville aid Coluibia Railraud Coi.
17. An Act to declare a certr.it i p
tion of s reitns nrig;able, aid for oth
P3. An Act to incorporat the Colim
Sia and I l.imburg Railroad Comparny.
19. Ai Act ti chiartr :r Copiay to
const-uet a Rilroad rii tre juincrtion of
tire Camiden and Coiinchi branies of the
Soutit Carolina 1ilroir to I itrbirg,
20. Arc Act to icorporait the Bratich
ville and Savatinahi Riiroil Company.
21. An Act to give the Toiwn Coinicil
of Yorkville tihe power to ssue the Illonds
of tie Corporation, and ror other purpo.-es.
22. Ai Act to amenI art Act to Incor
porate the Florida Steam Packet Cum
2.3. Ani Act to ainitrizo the Cinmis
.icnevrs of the luor for St. Urtlilociew's
I'icrici to sill certam landi, and for oth
2-1. Air Act ti athorize the fortatiin
of thre Newhlerry ad Chester Ril-d
.5 Anc .ct to (Carter tire ('har lesticn
210. Arc Act tc icribilt thre rIclicinc~ <f
udemiaicls ;iaait .itudn oflii itolb i.'a and
inhitton~cs oft lucrainii in tis State.
Ac'rs 'cr:tcri.ix ti iat: nowi~r..
1. .\nr .\ct to: prrov~ade fundci Icr thre eree
tioin or the Newy Stuate Caijnt cl.
2. Arc Act to declarer. arid amnd the
Iaw~ ini rebitioni tot wirds of iitattion icr
WViis aml D)eedis.
3. An Act. to exten tihe time Fur re
ceiviing sirbtscript ionhs to thre Westrn Batik
of SouithI ~ri Carta at Arch'esuon.
4. Air Act to aiuthrora' tire Commriission
ers oif tire Poor fo r P ieaI irs I )isirict tc
sell certain lands andi focr ciher poirpicoss.
5. Ain Act toi autthcOze thce Iibak of
iNewbehrry, aind thle PIaci n er' iink of
F'airliehl toi inctrae thir cital.
(. An A\ct tio Oiaiend ain .\ct cnitled~ arc
Act ito imi irperrte the Townc rrut Iiriunbci-,
iand fir iothri punrposes~ pni.,:d oni thre ioe
teenth~ cih'y oci I )ecinbrer. ini tim: veir cit
ouar I .co!rd o: thours.circid n. ,irnv-tivc.
7. An Act tio renew'. andi antini th chilar
terc ul iert~en ciona is and .. :dhgis heretic.
coit iis focr thei iivan ccimehnt cci llruiat:itr,
andi tic irine w the chiarters of othcers here.
(1. An c Act to raise suppi~lies for thre yea r
comni em y m i i tobe~rr, Imne thou.-e,:rrri
eighlt huirled anrd 1iity-thre.a
19. Air ArtI torrineini lire lcaw ini relac..
tioni to We-gIrs andic .\ieasris.
1i. Anc A\ct to) allcow '~ Wiiliam I,anersrticr
tio hawkV andic peieiul iinimon Ibsii',
wahooicit the Iuuyramort ofi thre ta~X norw jim.
posed~u bcy inw.
1-.. An rAict for thre estabi lirohenit oif
a gei.nerl systemi ii intrcaiiim or
itrth.,, .\h.arru.iges anid h)%athis, mc the State
oft Suithi C.ironnar.
1 3. Anr A\ct to ixempi1 t thei sir ravcvors ofl
thec Siuthi (Carcuinii Votieier.; ini thre
Florrida~ Wabr, fromr ordiary~r)' .\liia dutry
anud for other purrpois(s.
S1..\An Act toc. authocriz.e thre Sucth Car-(
iclina liiaila tCcompcamy tr contrurct a cer
tin lUrnige river thIe Ware re It ner.
15. Air Act to pirovideihi for 1 mieas
tiring of timbeucr inr the city or Chairliestnr.
1(0. Anc Act to vert tire tatle or tire Sia ti
inr certaint eschieat piropertyv tic sun dry
17. Arc Act to) meroriate cr'rtainr so
cieties, atsscriationis, arid comrpamies, and
to renrew aind amenid thre charrters ii outher..
18. Anc Act toc establbsh certin roadsl,u
bridtges, and terries, arid to irerew cerirtir
charters hreretofore granrtedI
19. Air Act tic marke a ppropriationrs (ocr
the year comiririenciorg ini October, urie thou
sand eight hunrd red anrd fifity-thJrree .
20. Arc Act to alter tire silttmigs ocF
thre Courts of Law oin thre \Vesternr C.iretit,
arid tire Corrt of kEluity fur Chazr
"WVill you take the lif'e of Piere or
Scott this morning, nizdaine?" saidi a
newsboy to our good aunt IHetsy.I
"-No, nuy lad," she replied, "thev may
livn to thn and nr their- (hbtt t.... .r....
1; RICHARDSON LOGAN, EDITOR. 'I
.W!13D&EsDAY, DEC'R, 7, 1853.
SUMTERVILLE, DEC. 27.
Pricebs continOe to Mihige 'from 7 1.2
CHARLESTON, DLO. 24:.
Corrio.--The transactions to-day wbro r1
-limited to some 700 bales, at extremes
rangilg from 9 a 10 1-2 c. Prices were v
about tho same as previously reported.
There was a sharp fall of Snow in this
place on Sattrday night, which remained
onl Wte house tops until Monday.
P on Govexon.-A writer from this Dis
trict. to the Ciharlestn Stanlard, nominates
GCn'l. AAMts cf Richland, for our next
Govrnor. Gei'l. Adams would nobly
fill the Chiir of State.
IrOnT.Nr MAIL AiANGEM ENT.--The
Wilhnington clerald leas the followineg state
"We learti that a new schedule h s
been .-mde. and that the iiii for the
Suith, heretofore dece it, this place at 9,
a. n., will hereafter he due at 7, p. n., and
will, upen arrival, be transferred to the
W'ilieing0ton and Manichiester 11ad, instead
4f Ieing 161 veye: bv Ste:amers the
iext mornig to Charleston as leire'ofure.
The cars wiil leave on the arrival of the
Ntirihorn train, thuis making a di f1rence
of twenty four hours in favor of the propos.
d scledule over that fonnerly exis ting.
This chanrg, we are informed, will take
place afier the first of Jantiry next. A
ncew scledule will be shortly pubtlislied.
Our Legislature has adjourned, and to
the many who will ask tihe qucestion ; what
have they dine ?-we answer, read the
li t of publishied acts in another colhun.
To those who ask why more has not been
d'o, and such and such public qucstioncs
disposed of ?-we answer, ihet vuir Leg
isiature c.ve done all that ability acid inl
de-stry couild do, in hlie ,,hort tine allowed
for their deliberations. To those who
wish to now Inw tho State governent
is toc be supported, :nid appropriations pro
vided for we say, read the Tax Bill also
icc anothr part of thisi jpaper. Congress
has adjourncd for the holidiays, and the
enemrs are busily eigaged discussing
the mcerii (!f Ilock, Clcanpagne,Cantvass
back ducks. &c. &C. &c.
Iii urope, leus fhr, Turkey has the ad.
vaultage iver Russiia in the recent atitles.
France and Eccgland playincg a Fnfe game
hby locikinig on aced waiting for a grah
Ti C.hinese themsclves, do'it know
what they are aboet1ut, and how should we.
-Tcimake a loing hop ;icn lumctervil!o
the snocw has meliedl ; tire-craickers acnd
daie itso h-/I .e the strieets, priciters
hia:'e hohdtiay ; icn coeneneice of whichli
cinly a half sheet of thce Iku:ner .s issued;
tht elhicr is tired writingc, and wats-.
cnore pcerhaips, thacn Ice wiI ccet.
Thec i, fllowincg I ist rict etliccers w~ere
appco;nete~d bcy the Legislat ure, at its last ses.
(.Coroncer acnd Exchceator, A. A. Ncirrs.
.\laistratces J. R. LocAN, acid J. S. Riccu.
Cmwis,)sioners~p of Fr~ Schujnls.--Inc
Chr inict.-Johnu ltliiiie, vice \V. J.
J1. I >. lIIrI, res.:nel.
--.hh:mie! lIr:ni, Vice \V. N. \Vine,
rci-.!nedi. J.hnit I. Alcicrc., vice J. ..
.\lo, dc.a-cl. T. 11. F riser, vice .
Icii ou, c Inr )avi, res.rncdi. iI.
I.. I intkiey, jr . vice Johnii S. Braed
CuncistocN c iii' iv lons.--ilem.-.
lK. Ah- l'Iveero, viwe J. el . Oi aker, resignced.
Jlo!ccm iclhlroew, v'ice \V. A. Ae cbicrmv re
signed,.-..Jme d lt'.Iradeleyv, rice J. E. \VcihI.
Anoni~ig the hils int rediceed into lthe
rgislatc at c itus crecet sssicn was onie
tic levyv a tax umpon thie priofits of the labor
andi hidustry' ofC Alecheanii s. Friicm thne
i:meixed card, wheiih is ti 'eed frocm the
Cairclinin, we are pleasedl to see thac, our
woirthiy Senatior Col. Alos:s eectied lie
grus injustite ofC the pro.cdineg and hold.
ly dheoun cedl it. Upjonc Ihis mit iocn it was
strickenc ouLt ofC the appIroplriaitioni Bill.
Ar. I'gditor: En teIiI bi t mao aeppropri
aticons focr thei year, Cocmcncincg o-.
heir, I %:l, as it paessedl thce I lioese ofC IR ep
resecntatives, a tax was imeposeid of 601 ecntsc
pe hiceciredl doillars one the pcrofits of ce. (
cheanies. wvhose incomie frocm thceir ocencpa.
t ionc shoul d oxceedl one thiousancd dlollars
On the bill cocminlg up t) Ice Senate,a
Mr. Me'ses mccvedl tic strike cout the I
Icande abocve referredl to, giving reasions forb
hi mcotin, wh Iich re~cmmcencdedh it to the Il
appclroVael ofl lhe Seccate.
lie saidl it wa~s for the first tone proposeud (
in Socch-Carolinca to lax the cmechanciicala
heabor of thu e cuntry. WhtdIetc themechian. a1
ic was ncow liabhle to pay a tacx on his e
slavyes acnd his Ilandis, it wats toc imcpose bccr
I hons icponc his inedustry. W1Ihe thce slaves
oif the cuntccry who are miechcanies, ace, as c
suich. ncot liale to taixatiocn, it was pcrioposed a
tic tax theQ whito mcecuics, theerebey pla- h
cing rest.rictiins tinoic them. lie satid that ft
for his part hce pereferredl that whlite mie- t
cheaniesi shcouhle oc encoucragedh by thep
State, thcinkinig it best that slave labor
shoiuld Ice moi~ yedh icc agrictulurael pur. si
ceuilt. Th'le meot of Ai.r. M~oses prevail-.
oil, aned the thaneiks of thee meoeganics aire t
hlue to him aced the Senate.e IC
* A MeCuate. c;
The Charleston papers give the account
f tho blowing up and destruction of the
teamboat Marlborough bouud for Che.
1w, just as sie wa leaving the. Wharf.
'ie larger portion of the boi'e- was'thrown
distance of a hundre-l yards, swept
irough the frort of a large brick Cotton
led onl the wharf, and lodged inthe Cot
Mn. The number of hands on board was
0, only 7 of wh'om, at the latest accounts,
rere known to be saved, thfne of whom
rere severely injuTed. Evory pfficor on
oard was killed except the second engi.
eer,a colored man.
This is the second explosion, within a
cry shcirt period, of boats ont that route.
D4)- Valuable Silver and Copper Mines
ave been discovered in the upper parts
if Greenville, S. C.
" It is stated that tIhe Duke of Alba
mnd apologized to young Soule for tk- re
iark that occasiutoed the fla-re- p ini Mal
- A Bill has been introduced into
he Tenn. Legislature to tax tine sellitng
)f slaves, when carried on as a business.
C-j" Ex-Senator Cloemen, of Alabama,
t is said, has refused an invitation to ad
Iress a iecting of "Hlards" in Philadel
thia, assigring as a reason his fricnintship
or the Administration.
C:Uf The Government have advices
which slhov I hat the total citnigration to the
ULthied States fron the Port of Bremen
ror the year ending on the 30th iist., will
rench the etnormous figure of 55,000 souls!
g-tj Col. JAaU5s nmc.DANIEL has been,
elected Ordinary of Chcster District, for
the next four years:
" A bill is before the Alabama Leg
islature to tax every voter $ per aninum
for public school purpones.
aji The Veldon Patriot of Thursdag
says:' it is with deep paiig that we 4tnimt
ced the decease of Col. V. S. Alston
un Alonday morning last.
l'Macon ((a) Telegraph has a notice
f a dinner served up at a hotel in that
pIace on Sunday last at which fresh shad
and green peas were among the delcac.
1IT W. J. M. Joti.:s has been elected
Uoloncl of the 40th Reginent of South
2P" A Company with a capital of 810,
300,000, is being formed to establish a line
f Steam Ships from San Franicisco to
0 0' Dr. A. P. Wylie, of Chester,
::barged with the homicide of W. Parham
ias been admitted to bail by his Hlonor
ludlge O'Neall, and the sum fixed at telt
.lousand dollars. Dr. W. was represented
ry Mr. Mc-Ailey, of Chester, and lion.
. I. Moses, of Sainter.
:r G. W. WoonwAnn has been elected
Jrdinary and ). K. Tomstro- Clerk ot
he Court for Fairfield District.
The following is thte Tlax Hill passed bty
lie last Legislatuare.
1. 11 LL to riaise supplies for the year comn
metncinig in October, one thnonsand eight
hiunired ,iad litty-thnree.
S,.c. I. 1le it entacted lni the Senatle and
if[ouse <f Repiresentatirecs n.;tw miet a*nd
sitting in Ge'ne:ral Assemnbly, and by au.i
hority of* the samec, Thant a tax for tine
turms, arid in the mannner htereiinafter men
ioned, shall tbe raised anid pid into rthe
iublic. tre'asmny of this State, for tine use
std service thereof, tiat is to say: 50 cents
id enlloremL on eve:ry htindred 'dollars of
lie value of all the lands granted in tis
State, according tol the exiating classifica
eon as hetretolore' estabIiliashed; one halIf
~enit per acre ont ail lannds lying withii n h
Daw ha idian honrndary, to lie paidm by
acli granlice or lesoa of said Indiumn 'ands,
mti otherwise dire~cteud by haw; 6(1 cents
er heal otn all sves; T1wo md lbirs on
tacht free niegro, mui~latto or rmestizo lie
wseen ithe ages of 1:> antd 51) years, exceft
ochuf as shall be ckiarly proved, to tihe
tati: tactiont of ithe collectonrs, to he ineia
mlei, fromcn miaimns o r otherwise of proca
-m a hivehhooid, 25k c'ns ad taloremn ont
avery 81l0t of the valute of alli lots, haind
mdc biuilding wv:thin any city. town. vil
age or borough in this State; (1( centis per
madnt!redf dclflars ont faciora ge, emplioy-n
tienits, faculties andi professions, whnether
ii the: profession of tine law, tine profits to
me derived fromt tine costs of snit, fee's, or
it her sonrees of professionail inicomne)-ex.
ept ig clergymiein, sch loo l-mtas-ter-, school.
inist resses, anmd mtechaenics, arid :i0 cents n
lie amnotunt of corntntissions receivued by
oendne nmasters anrd conitui nssion mierchatnts;
hi0 cenits per lindilred dlla nrs ott thne capi
al stock 1st Oct. 103 1. .af all baniks which
or their present charters have niot paid a
>onus to tine State; 30) cents per hiunidred
lmoilairs onn lie caitaln stock of nll inicor
ronratedl ntsiiranc'e Comnpanties; 3(0 cernts per
mnndred dnollars on the capital stock of
i incocrpnorat ed Gais ighnt Companies;
.5 cents per hnundred idoilars ont all pirenni
inuns tinken in this State by the agencies
if inisuirance compaiini es anid underwriters
vithnout the limits of thnis State; 20 cents
nion every hundred dollars of the anmout
if sales of gootds, wvares, and mteretnaidis
mbracinig all tine ariic~es of trade for sale,
acrter or exchange (the prodnets of this
tate and the nnnmnantifactutred p.rodnets of
my oif tine Untitedl States, or territories
hecreoif exctepteud,) which aniy person shnall
ave made fronn thme 1st day of January in
be~ year of our Lord one thtousanid eniht
inndred and fifty four, eitheor on his, her
r their ca pital, or borrowed ctipital, or on
ecount oif any persotn or persons as agent,
ttorticy or cotnsignee: 20) cenits upfon
very hiudredl dollars of thne amount of
ales oif gioods, wvares, or nmerchtandisne
ithatsover, whnichn aniy transient frerson,
cit residernt in this State shall marko in
iy bouse, stall or public p'cc; 10 'dol
ira per day for represeniting publicly
>r gain anid reward, anty play, comendy5
-agedly, initerhindle or farce, or other emt
loymntnt of the stage or anty part there.
, or for exhtibiting wax figrares or other
tows of anty kind whatsoever, to bo
tid into the htands of the clerks of the
te comirt respectively, who shall tbc botund
paty the samte inito th, ptiblic tr~~ v
tcept iniwhlere te saute is inowvt.tu
by. iwti paid to corporations ' IIti.
Sec. I. ThAt all taxes levied on prod- I
erty, as prescribe4l in the first section of
this Act, shall be paid to the taexollec
tor for the district or parish in which raid
property is located.
. Sec. III. In making assessments for
taxes-on-the vahi - of taxable pro perty used
in manufacturing oar for railroad purposes
withindhis State, the value'oi the maachine.
ry used therein shall not he included, but
only the value of the lots and buildings as
-Sec. IV. That the taxacollectors in the
several Distrit ts and Parishes in. this
State, in their returns hereafter to be made,
be and they are hereby required aid
eijoined to sta.e the precise amount of
taxes collected by them, for the porpose
of supporting the police of the said never.
al districts and parisies afcresaid, stating
the rates per centun on tile amounts of
the State tax collected for said district and
parish police purposes; and tihe Cotiptrol
-ler Gojeral-shall return the same in h:s re
Sec. V. That free ng'roes, nulattoes
and mestizoes be, aid they iercby are,
required to nake their returns, and
pay their taxes during'the mot I of March.
THE PENiTENTIARY.-Sinlce tie estah.
hjishment of the Georgia Penitentiary. 13.
43 convicts have been -received witlin its
wall. 712 were coavicted of larceny;
260 offences against the person rromn as.
sault ama battery to murder; 39 of' ue'law.
ful indulgence o' the sexual passions; 27
of perjury; 76 of fergery; 5') of burglary;
32 of countert'eiting and c.rines of a blie
character; 45 of iobbery; 25 of vagrancy.
It will thu a " seen, that our criilal
tare e tlii('Vi nd. Aghtinag set of vagahomid.
If these two cans.0s of a6il'tences could be
preverited, there would ho but few crim.
inals in Georgia. Indeed the love of mn.
cy is lie root of nearly nil tle crimes com.
mitted im the 8iale. 921 out of 1313
convicts we-re guilty of idleaices ag.tinst
Da. IlaN.s AGaN.-Our readers may
remnember, says the New Orenns Cre
cent of Wedieeday, that the faimous Dr.
I lines was sent beforo the First District
Couht; some tiade since. by Decordcr Win.
ter, oil the charge of swindlini- a little
boy to the amount of four dollars by vir
tue of hard lying adtl snot piersuasive man
tier. Yesterday this grand rascal was
bnmlght before Judge L:arue Ir trial, and
after itiaking a most moving speech was
found guilly ai charged in the indictment.
"SToP M1Y Pmrt."--The followin'r
remarks atre toa good to he throNawn one
side, without at, leaA a paassuig notice.
They are true to the letter, and suitable
to all localities. We are of opinioin
that the weakest eipacity tanmli fitil to
It is astonishitg what exalted notions
some persons have of their od-h impor
tmite. Thev seetim to ihlai 0 t-hey
are altogethemr necessary to tie omward
roll of our little worba <md that if, by
any means, they slotld be shoved oat
of the way, the screws would be - so
loose that the old machine' 'woild no
hmger hold together; and of' Course, if
such important, peisonages only say to
an editor "stop my paper, " tle who!e
establihent tiist i" to out inst anter.
We have aft1et lautg'led ill oitur sleeve
though outwardly we laooked a-z grave
as an owl--when tine of' -.!!se regliat
tors of the world has marheled hito our
editorial santcttim, mal ordered a dis.
conitiintatnte of his paper. Aind it al1
way's dbes I s goad to see hoiw thle st a reli
is taketn out of' himt, wh ile theu edlitot
smnilintglyv r'epies: "Cer~itaiy sirn will:
thme greatest of plensurte jnst as' soon at
the clerk has entered a hmtatdred1 or
moure tin nee, whieb have jus4 tt ee sent
inl." Thew mighty ttnm wialt', down t likt
the narr'ative of a whippe~d spaniel, anid
lie shinks awaty muttering to iamiself~
"'Well, I am afrai~td fliat stopingi0 nay
paper htas naot ruaineda him alter 'all."
As IN-rENSE NAriva A\M~tt(ca.
The most decidead ease of istiveismi we
have recenitly kramvn, is that ofa piersot
in this city who was as'ked tao atte~nd
the Pilgrim lhdal at Plymioth, am the
22 d itist-. lie r'elitd. that, 'hew was
not 'oig orau mle to tte m ace.
br-atioti in hotnor ofnt the atrival tof a
Tam:-aun' kntockinig, somiietities
lead't to t'mibz'araing resuilts. aispoe
by thle fillow ig go ssip enrren'eit at
A\ party~) mtot ne ighit. anal u'ihmd
a c'hain, an.I whten the flutid wats in mto ve.
met La mnarried'l111 l aapresent piut the
"Ilow~% tmanly children~' havte 1?"
"Tap, taip, tap, tap," or four t, replied
"Trui~ae, wionderfuCil !" excliimedl the
hly andi ial others.
1 'resentlyI hmer husbiiaind c iti antd
asked the s.amie aqtestion.
"TIap, tap," or two, was the answer.
T1hte e~ee.t piramdneed bv t his mayt lhe
het ter' coatedived thani adecribead. This
might be tei'med "seanidalonts table.
22) Tlhe otily remedly ofTheed to the public
that htas never fiaileda to ecnre, when diretiaons
are followedi, is ill'Lane's Liver Pill. It has
been several years before thei public, anda has
been introdttcedl in nil Fetions of the Union.
Where it has been usedi, it lias had the mosat
triumaphant iuccess, anal hats actuailly diriven
outof tuse all other medaicinoas. It has hbeeni tried
tinaer atl the dliffren~it pha~ses ol Ilepatis, and
has beetn found equalily eflicaciouis in all.
-23 Purchasers will lease be careful tai
ask for DR. 31CLANE'S CE'LEhllATlED
LtVER PILLS, anti take none elsae. T~here
are oth-.r Pills, paurporating to - bo Liver Pllls,
now befoare tho' public. Dr. 31'Lane's Liver
Pills, also his Cohe brated Vermiifugo, can niow
he hadl at all respeatable Drug Stores ini the
United States and Canada.
The abovao vaunale Preparationi for sale
by the Agents, P blh. COlIIIN & CO. Itm
porters and Peahors in DRlUGS AND
M EDICINE.S, No. 29, ilaynie at. Ciarles.
oni, S. C.
Fine Ciaaand Qaid
NIn Airui N. aug I. rdl $k it.
gufftny, all of Surnier blfedt -
.Onl Thnrsday '15th. jnsi .4W safme, Air,
1 ry Montgomer, jeld,
esit dan Ie1ur of C.Sarsiu Mon% ey
of Wil 1aimnhurg District
R. Rev. T. F. D
Rev. T. 8. An-. .
J. I. Si V5
GI:onos B &
structor inn Aental n Cii4
iodern, Langtages a IN "r"
Al1rs. JrENTONV, ILati O
--., lnstrnncted thiennt
Natural Sciences, wi-n A ntil tt4jsture.
Prof. G. F. DeViNcW, Jtone
Springis,) Instructor in the t' diractico
6liss C. M1. REIn, Instrue egN inEnglig'h.
. - o ,Instrsi-eiin Draw
ing. Painting, and Anistant In Freflchl.
Miss SorniA VAnLav, Instructress in En
glh.i irntincles, anti Assistat In lathtematics.
Miss LLIZA PRATT, Assistant in Music, and
. h. Te corps is not' yet complete.
+EL4 nabove Institution, loc'da41t Glenyz
I. Springs in Sparnanburg -.WtfCtj 8.
willbe opned for the recepniof u
the first oF Febr.iary next. d a .10eV this't&.
establehmtlenit into a. school fo
the buiblings have been thorng r
fitted up; ant i furnishing .t anewno
41aiis have been Ppared to m1ak
respect, such a ione as parenttfp
far their dauighters. Partila tr d
beeln bestowed upon tihe Man- merp
and with a large and eflielnt corpa teachs
and a Ihorough course of study, affor.seve
?T Asultatge to be enjoyed in auiilar eieitu
A pplicntz are admitted, oC tty age
seven years, anl placed il such glass as they
may be prepared to join.
Tihe sehiolastic year will conislalof-one.s
silln dividedi in to two termsoffive noainths each
eginnnig on :hie ist of February' nd July.
Vueatmonti, Decem her and January I
ltAsrkes.-For Tuition and oardlinclsudi'ng
n askling, fulel, lightsx, &C. &Cggye ea
and there icill be no cera caeha - except fr
0usic 3 per term, anti for Book,, Shee. Mu
sC, Drawing lateriabe, &c., actually used.
For further inforrnation, see " Prospectus,"
whilih ay e hall )y applying to ' Rctor
or either oi the Proprietors.
. Dec. 21. 1s53 3m.
(1 CiArleston Mercury publish tri-weekly
and all the other papers in tie State week ly,
fir tirev months, atid forward bils to one of
Ulu Proprie tors.
New Store an ,
r 'l 11l underied hans estabihed hims
this vilg, and will-ops on th rst
January next, a large and *el sorted r
lit ,'el '?9-111uug :iid:
of Frlc-iaasd etctDrag sa
Dye!-Stua tfs, W istdo~ j .s s
P0ales P &-felt 1t!r V.ft
tilict-inles, &c. &c,..
of the beat qualtly. and will i
datnig terms.. . A.slhare of tilhen tid
. W. G. .RfiE, li;D.
Sunterville, Dec. 29 1S53. 9..:-tf.
In Equity---Sumter District,
Adin'r. of fLL. *
Vz. F. J. & M. Moses
Chirles Miller. Comi l'.s. Sel's.
Mte creditors of the lute Dr. JAM1es HAY
swvon-rit, entitled to claime undner his assignmet
ton tihe above name-di Defetndant, executed on
thne 29lth day of inly A. D.. 18i2 are huereby nio
tilied that, by an nnnter in tine above stated
cauoe, lhey are reqluiredi tin estabulsh their de
matnds bnelorei mie, Comit .--isoner in Equnity for
Sumtlner Dlistrict aforesaid, on or bef~ne the~
first dany of .Mlay next.
1 also give notice thnat I will until the
said first day of Maey next, receive proposals foi
thne saile of a part oef theo real estate conveyed by
.the sit il an'igznment, lying pairtiy if not wholly
in tihe corporate linmits of Sumatervilie, bountded
by hinds of Dr. J. C. llaswo'r n, WV. L.
lin Isoy, T1. J. CoonLAy, and Mirs. C. Hios
satun, and by thte new road rmiuning~ from Sunm
terville to tine steam miii of T. J. ConiAnU &
Co., supnlposedl to conntain about onne hundred anid.
W. F. 13. IIAYNSWORITII,
Ihc. 27.Corn'r. in Equity S. D.
Sale of Negroes.
WILT. be o.n1 at tihe Countrt flouse, at Sumhnhrt
V ille, S. C., on Monday, tihe 2nd day of January,
MI X'lTY N EG R OUES,
They are, as a gangr, as likely anid valuable li
any, in tihe Snate, andI wili be dispnosed of in
famihies. Tormsa (ac-conlunodating) will be mnade
knouwn at Sale.
Any pe.rsotn wi ishiing to purchase thne whnol td
rehtauin in tihe dist, e~t cain have thnem on rea
sonabule terms by tapplying to .lajor WV. Bie
Ri tc antlsoN in Suiniterville.
Statebnurg, Simmer District,
Dien. l9thi, 1853. 5 R 2
I ' \Vattchinnai 00cpy till alc.
Ont Tuesdaty, 3rdl Janutary ntext. at PUflI.[(
Al CTiON. if nt previonusly dis snedt of, all
the llOUSi~i(OI D and KJTCill-N FUR1NI
TU t , 10188,CAilttAGE, WVAGONS,
Sond other auitrentnctes belongintd to thne dwell:
Sumitnervillo. Oin samie day thne IDwelling Jlousd
andi gromnds will be nented if a enhabt, enemunt
Dec. 20, 8 .li
Negroes Bought aud Sold,
TIlE undiersigned inas opened an oflicot at N6:
16 State Street, Chiarlestonn, wvhere hte has o~it
hatnd a numniber of LiKEI.Y YOUNGN*
G.l((OES for sal,: fromu wh~ich Ito can sitpply ifi
wsants iof tany uof tine comannnniu y. Tlhe~se Ne
roes are punrchaindt ini Martytand, Virghilag
ti nd Sotuth Cairlinia. To hintlot hie is
continnatly receiving nencessiions. ' ie hightest
prices paid at all nimnes for ngos
J. M. E ARPE,
16 Stianfe Street.
Chnarlestmnn, Dec. 21, I853. 8 ly
A Irli' Scienatific Wot4~z
r l'ORTAMT To nYS1'F.PftSS
Dr. J1. S. hIltughon's Pgsin tin- trui
gestive Fluid, or (Gastrio ./nce. pr te ted .i~
Recnne'., or tho Founrth Stoni of nh.l
directionis of ihnron Lihll \ig eta.Eh.uthi
gical Chnemist, by J1. 8. Iit on, M.i), ra lt
nfeilia. T his ns truly fterni rine d for
tIngetion, Uyapjenla diicp, hdvef C..etus
A g et, th ?Gur~ Jpna let,t,
ing Scienuyfio *~on bf gureinihe
by aggnt t 'elc : Mtnjn nudi
aderi nts ,n Salyv' :.
IAI1 w." e