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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, January 19, 1854, Image 1

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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, IlTERATURE, AGRICULTURE, SCIENCE AND THE ARTS.
W. J. FRANCIS, PROPRIETOR. Ou TERMS-42 IN ADVANC
VOL. VIII. SUMTERVILLE, S. o., J~ NUAIRY 19 1S54..
tIFIP QiTTIrlUMf D) A 1UTP, n I..... ITbe~ voc 4.-*tnl el r fss
IS 1'UBLI5IKEt
Every Wediesday 'YMoriiiiag
BY W. J. FRANCIS.
TE RMS,
TWO DOLLARS in advance, Two Dollars
and' Fifty Cents at the expiration of six months
or Tiree Dollars at the end of the year.
No paper discontinued until all arrearages
are rAI D, unless at the option of the Proprietor.
- Advertisements inserted at SEVENTY
FIV' Cents per square, (32 lines or less,) for
tla first, and half that sum for each wtuhsequent
insertion, (Official' advertisements the satue
each time).
WV' The number of insertions to be market
on all Advertisements or they will be published
until ordered to be discontinued, and charged
accordin gly.
2ON E DQLLAR per square for a single
insertion. Qatarterly and Monthly Atlvcrti se
inents will be charged the sane as a single in
aurtion, and semi-monthly the saine as new ones
Extraordinary Jug
' gling F eats.
In the early part of the last century,
a physician named Agricola. living at
Ratisbon, in Germany, obtained great
celebrity by certain discoveries which
he declared he had made as to the
nultiplication of plants and trees. He
could produce, he .said, from a small
branch, or even a leaf, large forest
trees in the course of an hour, through
the sole instrumentality of fire. I-Je
wrote several works on the subject,
one of which was published at Am
sterdam in 1720. Its title was. "Agri.
culaure par gaite on Nouville De
courte," etc. It has been supposed
that he learned the secret of the Hinl
doo jugglers, whose feats in the same
line are of the most extraordinary char
acter.. They actually sow seed of
ainy tree the spectatur may call for, ir
the earth, and ,after agivigMayn4to
worda pr6nounced over it. a mullher.
ry, plum, or a walnut plant, is grad
tuily seen springing upward, until it
becomes a large tree, with its natural'
fruit depending from its brhe. No.
is this all. The fruit is plucked and
given to the spectator to eat, and
while he is engaged eating of the. c
chanted dates or walnuts, the branch
es of the miraculous tree arc covered
with birds of .every plumage, who
fill the air with their melody. A signal
is given, and the tree with its feather
ed inhabitants disappears itn an
instant, icaving beind it no trace of
its existence.
The author of the "Oriental An
nual," an English gentleman of un
questionable ve'racity, gives an almost
incredible description of a juggling
Performance at which he was present.
The operator introduced into the
middle of the circle, a naked lit
tle girl about eight years old, in a
wicker basket. The little girl is
shown to all the spectators. The op
erator then enters into conversation
with her, which soon assumes an an
gry tone; he threatens to kill her with
a drawn sword; she supplicates for
mercy, and while the piteous cries
grow louder, he plunges the weapon
into her bosom two or three times
successively. The earth is dyed with
her blood, while her agonizing groans
announce dissolution. The specta?
to-. are ready to fall on a wretch
whom they suspect to be guilty of so
barbarous a murder, when the lit
tle girl entered the circle from with
ont, dressed in her usual attire, and
as gay as if nothing had happened
to her.
A still more extraordinary feat than
that was performed in the presence of
the Mogul Emtperer Jehanegrie, who
gives an account of it in his auobiogra
phy. The performers produced a
living man, whose head they cut off
in the ftrst instance. They then divided
the limbs from the trunk, and the mu
tilated remains lay on the ground for
some titme. A curtain was then ex
tended over the spot, and one of the
performners putting himself tunder the
curtain, emerged from it again in a few
minutes followed by the individual
who was supposed to have been so
completely dissected.
His Mogul Majesty gives the fol
lowing minute account of some oth.
er performances by the sanmejuggler,
which are very wonderful:
"They-took a simall bag, and hav
ing first shown that it was entire.
.ly empty, one of thenm put his hand
into the bag; on withdrawing his hand
agaiun, out came two game cocks of
the largest siz~e and great beauty,
which immediately assailed each oth
pr, and fought with such force and
fury, that their wings emitted sparks
of fire at every stroke. This continued
for the full space of an hour, when
4hoy put an end to the combat by
* throwing a .sheet over the animals.
Again 'they withdrew the sheet, and
there appeared a brace of partridges,
with thme most brilliant and beautiful
plumage, which immediately began
to tune their throats as if there was
nothing human present, pickin'g at
worms with th sm~ somrta o ch..kle
d&Q 619U13 4SI; U MiIU LUV Ua%; V49( ULEU Jlii
side. The sheet was noN thrown, U
in the other instance, over the pai
tridges, and when withdrawn, instea
of those bcautiful birds, there appeare
two frightful black snakes, with fai
heads and crimson bellies, which, wit
oped mouth and head ercet, and coile
together, attacked each other with th
greatest fury, and so continued to dt
until, as it appeared, they becam
quite exhausted, when they fell asui
der,
"They made an excavation in th
earth in the shape of a tank or reser
voi r, of considerable dimensions, whic
they requested is to fill vith wr
ter. When this was done they sprea
a covering over the place, and after
short interval, having retmoved th
cover, the water appeared to h
one sheet of ice, and they desired th:t
some of the elephant-keepers might b)
directed to lead the elephants acrosS
Accordingly one of the mIen set hi
elephant upon the ice, and Lhe ani
inal walked over with as much eas<
and safety as if it were a platform c
solid rock, remaining for some time 01
the surface of the frozen pond, with
rut occasioning the slightest fractur,
in the iee. As usual, Lhe sheet wa
tirawn across the place, arod beig re
moved, every ve. -ige of ice, and evei
moisture of any sort, had complete
ly disappeared.
"They proet. .d a blank voluire (I
purest white paper, which was place<
in iy hands to show that it container
1o figures, or any colored pages what
ever, of wich I satisfied myself am
ill arouid. One of the mien took th,
volum] hand, and tire first openrinr
exhibited a page of bright red, sporink
led with gold, forming a blank tablet
splendidly elaborate. The next turn ex
11i bited a beautiful aure,.spriukled it
the. samerrr& mainner, and exhibiling or
thec margin numbers of meni ant
women a; various attitudes.
"Tie juggler then turned to anoth
I... InA? jiu.Ig:gU.
Iolor and fabrie, and sprinkled in tlt
aine manner with gold, but oni
Jelineated herds' of cattle Ond lions
tLe latter seizing upon the kine ina
manner that I never observed in an2
>thcr paintings. The next leaf exhibi
ted was a beautiful -green, sinilaril
powdered with gold, on which wa
represented in lively colora a eardel
with inumnnerous Cyp1esses, rosCs, an<
)ther flowering shrubs in full bloon
mrid in tie nmidst of the garden at
Alegant pavilion. The next chang
-xhibited a leaf of orange, in the sani
mianner powdered with gold, on whiel
the painter had delineated the repre
sentation of a great battle, in whiel
two adverse kingsr were seen engagc
im the struggle of a nmortal combahrt
In short, at every turn of tire leaf, a (lit
ferent color, scene, and action, wa:
exlibited, such as was, indeed, m1os
pleasing to Jehold; but of all the per
forrmances, this latter of a volume o
paper afforded me tihe greatest de
light, so ranty pictures and extraor
Jinary changes having been brough
ander my view, that I murst cofis
iny utter inability to do justice t4
le description."
In observing upon the extraordinar,
nature of these 1- ribrincaecs, tire Erl
peror puts aside the supposition tiha
they were to be ascribed to mere vit
ual deception.
"They very evideintly partake," hi
says, "of somrethring b~eyonrd tire e.,
ertion of' human energy. I have heari
it stated that the art has been callec
the Asmnayanr, celestial, arnd I an
informed that it is also known arn
practised to a considerable extent
mnong tire nations of Europe. It rma
be said, indeed, that there exists il
some mnen a peculiar anid essential fa<
ulty, which enables them to raccomv
plish things far beyond tire scope
hruman exertion, such as frequentlyt
bafil tire utimost subtlety of' thr
understanding to penaetrante."'-N'
York E'uensng Post.
A DEArH! BED REvELATION.a
large wine dealer in London, recentl
on his death-bed, being in great di:
tress of mind, acknowledged to h
friends that his agony was .occasione
by tire nature of thre business hre ha
followed for years. lie stated that
hand been his habit to purchase all thi
sour- wines ire could, arid by miakirn
use of sugar-of lead, arid other delete
r'ious substrances, restore sihe wine to
palatalble taste, lie said bre did ml
doubt, he bad been the means of de
troying hundreds of lives, as he hra
from time to time noticed the injur
ous effect. of' his mixtures on thios
who drank them. He had seen ii
stances of this kind where tire urncor
.eious ,vIctims of hris cupidity, aft<
wasting and declining for years, dei
pite of best medical aidvices, went t
their graves, poisoned by the adulte
ated wvine she had sold them.
This man died rich, but alas, whn
a legacv (lid he leave for his cildre
perance
s I stood beside a dancing rill, as it
came s'nging from the distant hill-side
i-a bright crystal stream, sparkling as
a gem on a crowni of silver. . Its lim
t pid waters laved the smooth pebbles
1 in its shallow bed, and seemed to pol
I ish themt as tiny mirrors to reflect
0 the fieCes of twittering birds. Merrily
' the little streamlet played through the
U vale and woody dell, and the sweet
flowers, peeping out from the grassy
banks, smiled as the sprightly rill im
a printed a kiss, and danced alon,. The
- lively warblers of grove and garden
l dipped their bills in its censer,
and struck their harps to sweeter
I notes, as if in praise of Him who
l taught the rivulet to play. The wild
, hare sported upon its flowery borders,
a the busy bee sung amid its tufts of
t mit and cow'slip, and the gentle gale
wafted the fragrance of myriad flowers
. over its winding pathway. But one
voice asceided to the skies, and that
- was the voice of' gladness that God
lhad made the ntlU. The rill itself, in
f unison with the song or shower and
i dashing waterfall, the pealing voice of
- river and ocean, seemed to exult that
(tod had mingled no poisonous cle
inent, w ith its delicious beverage.
I looked al-oad over the wide (10
I minion of nature, and every living
. ereature was teiiperate but, man.
Iirds, beasts, fishes, and even the his
f sing reptiles, rejoiced in the abundaice
of sumie- showers and gushing
i springs ; and all sported in the full
tide of luxurious health. No destrov
ing pestilence ever swept throuigha their
. leafy canibers in grlove or forest, 1,nd
(,eep, sorrow never crushed their mer
ry hearts. On wings of i imlagiinationa I
rose to see the clouds pri' out " liquid
poisoin," instead of rain. mai.l the fuir
muornig distil into.ieNUi diug. In
.st of- < ; aiid U1rd i a ecn
trarth vas withered frma moitallin to
main, the blushing flowers dro.ped and
perished for wiait of' tile crystal dew
dron. anid Oh eo.luir bi-- folded
their tiny wings amd died.
I s.aw a child, filir as the morniiI
when the gilded mountain-tops pr
claim a bright and cheerful day. The.
lusli of the suumner rose was upo
her cheek. and the elastic bound of de
deer was in her step. Beauty. trim
med its roseate garland upon her brow,
and she ipled and sung as a creature
too fitir anI beautiful fihr ear-thI. I gaz
ed, and said, surely this is a divine plea
for temperance ; for the w ning child
lhas never sipped the tempting wine,
nor poisoned her healthful blood by
drinking f'rom the riveri of death. De
fore the withering breatI of intemper
ance her beauty would fiade away, and
all her bewitching charms perish as
verdure ina the path of a si:oeco. The
angel child, in the hand of this demon
vice, would part with the last trace of'
hunan lovelinmess, mid sink to a hope
less grave as a revolting mass of cor
ruption.
I saw an aged man t remblin" at the
- portals of the drunkard's grave, with
all the kindly affetions crushed out of
his once devoted heart. As a cring
i iag slave he bowed belore the sway of
insatiate appetite, and seemed to love,
as iusic, the sound of his clakinag
ebains his framie trembled in every
muscle anod fibre ;his eye-balls, blood -
shot and glaring with inward heatt, rol
led fiereely in their sockets; and
through every vein and artery rivers
C flaming fire seemed to un in angry
-tides. As he stood at the door of
death, his body burned anid searredh
firoim head to foot, aiad his heart empti
ed of' love and v'irtaie, ia loathasonme
frighitfaul specimen of rinied hmnzanl na
ture, I exclaimed What a thrilling
plea for' the ciause of teimper'ance ! It,
Sis Ia Diviine ]ecturec, beyond the power
ofgenmus or- unagination to report,
written ini burning chiarac-ter's upon
fthe human fr'aime, and iead to us in
Sblaspheming words and cries of agoI
e ny. it is the sti'ong uatteranc(e of (God,
,-fell, cleai', and terrific, to at w'reckless
aiid disapatted -world. Not all the
leaning aind eloquaence ofsehiools and
f'oruim can poa'tray the evils of inteim
peranace witha suc-h power as d1ehaovah
Y does ini the bloated, scathed, and per
-ishaing frame of' the drntkard. Stand
s aside ye gifted orators, upon whose
:1lips of glo wing eloquence, iiighty au
il ditories' have hung entranced, iaiid let
t the God of naaturie speak through his
ei broken Jaws ! Lift up the scarred in
's ebriate to the view of' meii, and let thec
tongue that is in every festerinig sore
a amd wounded muscle pi'oclaim the ruinu
t and death that, mainigle in the wine cupl!
Lay bar-e his haearit, and show that eve.
di ry noble charity is withered up, as' ii
I- the lightening's fie-ry bolt had struck
0 ad shaivered the ianmy virtues. f'oiin
I-branch to r'oot ! What more convinc.
-ingarguiment can mortals hav'e, unaless r
r darunikarad should arise from the deadi
-to portr-ay his doom ini hell !
To place wit bef'oi'e good sense, it
at placinlg the superfluous bef'ore thae
lue auIse oU. 1bfl uest
Indeustr'y Ina .6ojj
ern Cou
We often hear persont spei of
the great and inexhaustile agricult.
ral resources of our Southern eountrg,.
as if there was much morn for im
provement, aind much h d work t' be
done, before we can full realize the
benefits that would'r'esu fromi a more
extensive cultivation of 'the soil. In
this we fully coincide. It has. often
beeni a iatter of great wondelqwith us
that hundreds and tho\isands muore
acres of land are not undbr succcssful
cultivation, than there are in the South.
One great evil is, we h1 ive too much.
land, that does not yield a profit, and
if our firiends were to have less land
and improve it as they ,should, they
would realize almost twite the amoun
of real profit. Look at the inealcula
ile resources of the Southern country
--look at, the unoccupied land that the
foot of man has scarcely ever touched
-look what mines of wealth could be
procured fi-om her soil, were it manur
ed--were it. well tilled-mid in trav.
ellinug about through the country you
can find great emIibanuk muents of manure
decayiing for want ofs>i.e one to take
it away--they will not so Inuchu as put,
it upon their garnlens. We do think
it a shalet imned, when we looilk at
our frieids inorth of us, that have to
buy aiaure and have to liaul it a great
dislance, and ience we hear of' the hea
vy yield of their crops.-Take Ken.
tucky, Tennessee, Ala.hama, NUIth
and South Carolina, Ge66irgiau, Missis
si p11i, A rkans a I i inois, Louisiana and
Alisouri. And vhat an hinense num
ber' of inlabi tanits Could b en.:: pc.
conimodated in these S p
whero a ftr ow has nevcr- beren imul;
and ..where domestic 'niLetories
could )e established. giving fonod and
raiment to at least a million of hard
wor king people.
Wer th peldein our utheron
count ry taughlt.toworkw t h itei jwn
hadinstead of* relying too mluchl up
a rs, we Would prosper more
an we do, a Id we may all see the
' when we will be ncCC;arily com-l.
1ed togo to hard work ,and the sooner
the better. There is no country on
the fatce of the earth that has better
advantiages thaun nOurs, but it is a la
ilimetahle fact, that we do not innmprove
them as we ought. Where one uan
raNises-Cottbnm, let another Raise Iflenmp
-where one miani raises Wool let
another raise Grass, Cattle, Ihorses,
Hogs, poultry, Vegetables, &c., and
thus citable each other to plt upon
a inmore solid Nsis, the cause of' A gri
culture and donestie industrv-a cause
that lies ,.t the veryN' ' tundatio of' ourn
blesse C gvernlmnt. Let manutfh-C
tures be erected in dilferent parts of
our country, and let the people go
hard to work, (f'or we love to see men
and women work hard) than imein and
maners will clhange infinitely fhr the
better. Let a man travel through the
above States-let him go into each
coumty-let him gather all the int.rm
ation he can, antd he will Soon find
that time resources ar1e inivaluable, an.1
still wc would rathern spccula'e or d.
alythiny 'lse thau Iwed work. But
the days of' specum!ation are partly gonile
anti we are much rejUiced to See a
gnreater' disi 'si tion to encouraage nman
ul labnr tham heretof'oe. and had tlhiA
been tine ease ten years ago, wve would
have such a timies as never was seen
bneibre. While thnousanids of pneole in
some pnarts oft thne wonrld are perishing
for' thne necessari'es of' life, we are watst
ing enough to f'eed imillions. We do
thinnk it, high tinnn that l~ne Aimeirican
p~eople were arousing fn onm theirn gre(at
lethnar'gy anmd ptinmg fonrthu all their en
ergies as a band of brothers atnd sisters,
c'alliung ito reCquisi tion nallie pihysi
cal powers of' n.ain, in cultivating his
nmothen' ear'th, and pilacing A grictulture,
atnd D..omeist ie idustry:, upon a fim,
solid1 basis, thnat will defy all hinder
aince in tuimc tnn conne.
Stuppose we had mn aunufacturnes in all
pnarts of onu' Son uhen Co'nuntr'y, mnu- n
fihetur 'iing Cottoun, Woolk in itndi Sinlk
fhbn'ies, raising at the s:umne tie, all
thtat we woul wisht to eat ; we 'would
thtus sav~e millions of dollars thatt are
continually sent f'romt anmong tis. \Ve
all see thne prnoprie4ty oft these thnnigs,
butt it is a hartmd matter indeed f'or us to
gn tnn workA and work?. I harnd with our'
own Ihands. We mustit have enqupage
of' the most costly order, on' else we
are poo indeedn, when perhatps a friend
next door' that wvoaks hard, is ahunost
in waint of daily (find. W\ here is there
a natimi (nt the whole hablitable globe,
that has more andvantages thtan this,
and at the samie time less appireciated.
'1To those tha~t muuch is giv~en, much
will be reqtiired." XV ill our corrnes
pnden~i1ts sp eak out upon~f these subjects
that we may kntow thne f'eelings that
perva'&des out' fiends anrounnd us ?
Telnn. Agriu'tl/arist.
A elear cnncience is productive of'
more han~ni ness t han btoarded gold,
i'There are, i all, sixty si oks
which comprise, the volume o' Holy
Writ, which are attributed to mbre
than thirty different authors, or writers
of the whole." Half of the New Testa.
ment was composed .by St. Paul, and
the next largest writer. is the gentle
and beloved St. John. With the sin
gle exception of-St. Paul,.neither his
tory- nor tradition has testified that
those powerful thinkers- and writers
ever enjoyed the benefits of education,
or were trained to scholarship and
learning; yet how ably have they writ
ten, what eminent eblaracters have been
chronicled by them, and what great
events recorded, both for time and
eternity !
.Moses, with his vast knowledge and
profound intelligence-the reforner,
the deliver-commenced ,he work;
and John, with his depth of' feeling, and
exquisite tenderness and simplicity,
completed it.
A Would Be Fashiona
ble.
'What is the life of a would be fash
ionabije young lady '
It is to go to a model boarding
school kept by ani ex Frdich niilliner,
to be ptm into a roomti with four ltpro
miscuous young lLdies, and to learn in
three days more mischief than her
grandmtotlere-vcr dreamt of.
It is to stay there at' the tune of
.15 per week, fbr several quar:ers, and
come Wmne finished' and superficial,
with a taste of Latin, a touch of'French,
a smattering of Italian and (erma, &
1)o't f'olio off crooked horses, distorted
houses, lame sheep, and extraordinarv
!ooking beasts (f tihe lield and fov. is
. the air twotyls of' which u as nu.
er. !'om dn~NOZnI genagerie.
It. is. tosit in tl rawing room. in a
11' uniced silk dra-i,, with a wait hal
an inch in cireumi'erence, be curled, be
scented and bejeweled; to receive
morning calls, while matmma looks
tirough Ier spectaeles, and tries to
mend nadermoiseiie's stockings.
It is to have Mir. Fitz Itliaan, some
fine day, get on his knees, and request.
nidemnoiselle to make him, what she
has all along been desirous to do, 'hap.
piest of' mIei.'
It is to wvear a white satin dress, an
orange w'e:itl, a long, Iley veil, a
diamnopd pi, and respond 'Amen,' to
at qImilitity of tilill's & v'mil Ial
a quntit of hing o' which made
miiselle does not understand the full
import.
It is to commence housekeeping
where 'the old folks ' leave o01' it, is to
patronize fast horses, ruinous uphol
sterers, operas, concerts, theatres. 1)als
and iftes of all kinds.
It is to bring a 1ew sickly children
into existctice, to be tortiecd into etern
ity by, careless hirelinlgs.
It is to find, after a f'ew years, pro
bation, that, Mr. Fitz-lluman is just
what his name imports.
It, is to have a1i 'execution' in the
house; it is for madame to go into lis
teries, and on 'coming to,' to find ter
seif in lodgings in the attic story, with
a 'tight.' imsband, a loose wrapper, a
miiserable fire!, spa'e diet, and a erying
baby.
W'ivesfSave Yor imus
bal (Is.
The ibllowing should be read by
every womnm ini the country, married
or unmarrid-yes, it shuld( be comi
initted to memoi'y and repeated thr'ee
timues a day, for it contains more truth
than manty v'olumes that have been
writteni on the subicet:
"I low ofttn we~ hear a man say I
am going to California, Australia, or
somnewhei'e else. You ask himt the
reason of' his goinig away, and the an
swer is, in nime cases out of' ten, I am
not happy at homte. I have been un
l'ortnate in business, and I hatve made
up) my mind to try my luck in Cali
fornia. TIhe world seems to go against
mue. W hite f'ortuine fivored me, there
we're those whomi I thought to be my
l'rienids, but. when the scale turned, they
also turned the cold shoulder' against.
mue. My wife, she that should have
been the first to have stood by me, and
enicourage moe, was first, to point the
finger of' scorn and say, 'it is your' own
fault; why has this or that one been so
fortunate? If you have attended to
y our' business as they have, you would
not be wher'e you are now.' TIhese
antd, other like itnsiniuations, often drive
a mani to find other society, other p)las
uires, in consnencime of' beitng unhappy
ait home, lie imay) have chil dren that
he loves-, he cannot enjoy life with
thienm as he would; lie may love them
as dear'ly as ever; yet homne is made
un pleanat, in consequence of' that cold
inill'erence of'the wif'e. Now, I wvould
say to all such wives, sisters , and in
Ihet, all f'emuales, deal gently with him
that is in trouble; remteimbei' hat he is
very easily excited. A little wvord,
carelessly thrown out, imany inflict a
wound time never can heal. Then be
canicious; a ma~n is but. hinnt an-thetre
f'ore lhe is liable to err. It' ou se him
going won6'everio
simile, and evithifle igI~ ot~a
show that you love him by W e
acts of kinduces; let your friendship
be unbounded; try to beguile his un
,happy hours in pleasant conversation.
By so doing, you may save yourself
,and children from an unhappy fortune.
"Wlien at man is in trouble, it is but
a little word that may ruin him.".
Merchants, Ledger.
READING.
The ability to read well is to iome
extent a gift, and all cannot attain it.
The great difliouilty with many, is the
absence of quick perception iii grasp
ing at a glance, the idea of the whole
s9ntence, so as to grasp it in their own
minds, and feel it in their hearts, and
therefore be able to express its mean
ing to their listeners. Inldeed, the chief
cause of monotony and of poor reading
generally, is the fict, that very often,
the miid of the reader does not com
prehend the thought of the author, nor
his heart sympathize with the feelings
expresed, and he reads therefore mere
words hardly attaching more meaning
to them, certainly giving to then no
more expressious, than though they
were of a ,foreign tongue.
There nmust be enthusiasm in the
reader, to produce cifect upon the hear
er. Yet the noblest enthusiasm, the
deepest feeling, and the highest appre
ciation of the thought, cannot alone
make a good reader. The voice must
be trained. The instrument must be
in tune. The organs of speecl must
be so drilled, that they will habitually
aceommodate themselves, to the con
dition of the reader. Thero is much
that is mechanical in reading, which
every one may acquire, and wiho lt
uirin;; which, no one es read well.
1houghits are expressed by wo'rds, aond
he fails,,who, fur whatever ra:ison, does
not give full fo:ce to words, sounding
each one distinct, yet as a unit made
up of several elements. Feelings are
expressed by tones of the voice, and
he, who cannot sensibly change his
voice from one tone to another, fails
in producing the legitimate efrect of
good ratding.
Two persons, of the 'same natural
musicul talent, may play upon the pi
ana-forte the same tune. The one,
haviig comparatively but little prac
tiee,s obliged to give his whole atten
tion to mechanical execution, in order
that the proper notes may be struck
in the proper time, and lie performs the
piece without positive fault, and yet
alrods but little satisfaction to his His
teners. The other, the master of the
instrument, who has praticed upon the
scales till the mechanical executioI of
the muiost diliieUlt music requires of him
but little thought, looks through the
imere melody and rythmn of the music
performned, to the theme upon which
it is fbunded, and gives it such expres.
sion, that his hearers are often melted
ito tears. Now the voice is the in
strumnct by which chiefly we commu
nticate thoughts and feelings to others;
and accordingly as we are or arc not
masters of its powers, shall we be ena
bled to express eifectually our own
feelings and those of the author we
Cad. 0 i
These two elements in good read
ing-the mcchanical and intellectual
are hardly kept enough distinct in the
instructions in reading in our schools.
The mechanical part may and should
be acqjuired chiefly by the pupil-s, when
in-the lower classes. For the organs of
speech are miore flexible ini early years,
and caireless habits in pronunciation
and articulation cain then be more ens
ily corrected, than when they have been
e, firumed by habitual practice. We
were sorry to see in sonme of our schools
carelessness 'n this respeeccasional
Jy on theo pait ot' teachers, ~en on the
part of pupils in the younger classes,
and somietimes among the pupils of
the tirst class. For example, words
ending in ing' pronounced without
sounding the finmal letter-words end
ing ini es pronmounced as though spell.
ed ess-the letter 1 omitted in woads
like subject mnd beasts. We all know
how diflicut it is for one, who has not
paid particulair attention to articula
tion, to pronouncee, for instance, the
word acts, so that it can be distinguish
ed, except by the context, frm-ei the
word a.rc. Yet our language abounds
in such difliculties; anlfi they can only
be met and conquered by constant
practice and watchfulness in early
years UCffnnmonl School Report.
A young man was enlarging to a
lady frrend the character and qualifica
tiotns of a young lady, wvhoM~was a mu
tual acquaintance. Th'le youth wishing
to commetnd the goodness of lher heart.
laid his hand upon the recgionm of his
own heart, and said." She is all right
here." " Oh, fudge,'1 was the reply,
" thnat is hlf cotton."
aD' The proportmon of Catholic churches
to P'rotesmant, in the United .Statee, is one
to thirmyv-f tN
age among the E 4ough P
stopped at Taura,whe44id
tacked by about' one hdind u
savages frm the north el " 1
Ilnd. Joseph Maiden hiA
ing officer, thus narrates the figlt
The captain was also on de16 l18
(Mr. Maiden)took several clubs froin
the savages. He then went to the
main hatch to speak to the men .eft
in the hold, when he received a severe
blow oi the head from a club, which
knocked him down the hatchway.
While in the act offadling. he saw two
natives attacking Win. Sheen, cooper,
who shipped at Sydney. The war
whoop was then raised, and Mailen re
covering his blow, and not being in.
jured by the full, directed the men in
the hold to make for the caUin,(thero
being a door through the bulkhead,)
with a view to getting arms.
They could not find any ammn
tion for some time. At length Emaiin
ucl Raiose discovered a keg of pow
der, and afterwards a parcel of shot.
IHaving now loaded some muskets
they shot five natives from the cabin
skylight, and Maiden, standing at the
foot of the conpanion-ladder, and see
ing the king's son passing on the- deck,
ran him through with a bayonet.
They then left the cabin and att.empt
ed to rush the natives overboard.
Two natives were struggling with the
captain, one w th the cook's hatchet,
and the other with a piece of sharp
ened iron, like a long knife. Maiden
raised his musket at the men, but it
!:1_scd fire, and lie killed one of thei
with his bayonet.
In falling. the natlre dropped the
hatchet on Maiden's foot, which it cut
severely; both in the struggle went
down the hatchway together, till the
savage was overpowered and killed.
Maide'n afterward shot another native.
By this time many of the natives were
driven overboad, and, Laving hoised
the jib and cut the cable, the vessel
stood off from the land. After get
ting the -Wslhder weigh; Miiiden
found that the captain, the boatswain,
the cooper, and one of the scamen.
were lying on the deck, their bodies
being mutilated in a horrible manner
by wounds from the hatchets and clubs.
Ile thent stood N. E., to endeavor
to fetch Taura, with the hope of find
ing the schooner Black Dog, and get
ting assistance to navigate the vessel.
The Current, however, drove the ves.
sel to the westward, and eventually
Maiden bore up for Sydney. The
murdered men were buried at sea.
Mi TuRNo OF BAYARD TAYLOR,-- r.
Taylor arrived in New York on Tues
day, in the clipper ship Sea Serpent,
which sailed from Whampoa on the
6th of September. Of Mr. Taylor,s
travels, the Tribune says:
''Mr Taylor left New York on the
28th of August 1851, and has been
gone two years and four months. In
this time he has visited most of the
countries of Europe, he has ascended
the Nile further than any other Amer
can or Englishnman traveler, journey
ed iu Palestine, Asia Minor, and India,
visited China twice and taken part in
the American Expedition to Japan.
le has traveled altogether some fifty
thousand miles and in allhis adventures
and mnteourse with mna of every
clime and race has been received with
kindness and 'attended by nniform
good fortune. From the time of leav
ing till his return lie has met iro acci
dent, but has everything to favor his
purpose and help him on. HeI retnrns
to America ins excellent health and spir
it ready to apply to use the varied
experience and ii.formation gathered
mn his long tour."
'na MAINE .bAIN lUAsarn.-Vast
prepa;rations are biortr made by thre teimpe
rance p~arty to,. pass through the Legigla
ture a mo~st stringent law againet ihe Mnle
of spir its, in any shape or form. Tier.
is however, a chance of its defeat, if all
we hear he correct. It is said thait Gov
ernor Seymour entertains strong constitu
tional scruples against anch a measure,
anid may, nrew arguments be not addressed
to altcsr his belief, deem resort. Should
lie do so, there can be little doubt of his
being presented re-elect ion by a strong,
energetic arnd wealthy party in this State.
As mratters now stand, this is the last'
chance for those wvho are opposed& to te
mecasure.--[New York Hferald
Nsw IiNTON.-NVe learn from
the Scientific American, that J. F. Fin..
ger, of Marioni distict, has invented a
miachine for cuttsinsg thre curved portions/
at the end of saalfstil, technically cal
led "copping." ~The novelty of the
invention consist in ctutting sash stuffs
by mreans of a chisel or cutter scured
to a vertical arbor, having a recital pro
eating motion. The sash stnff is p~rop.
erly adjusted or pilaced upon the upper
surface of a box, by means of a guide
and adljusted strap. Tlheo inventor
apnlied for a natent.

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