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of the man,
I come now lastly to th e considera.
tion of slavery, na essential to a Re.
public. Mr. Calhouin inl his sublime
disquisition tup)n Governti(nt, fully
exposes that monstrous fblae-v of
modern times, " all people are 'nit i.
tied to liberty." Akin to this, is the
error that Replblicanisim the most
elaborate and difficult of all systenm,
is not 4 lly suited to all people, but
that it can at once qualify ignorance
and incompetence.fir the duties and
responsibiliti"s of self' Govertmentb
Moreover the Republican idea requir
es that all should participate equally
in a political right.
To assert the contrary is to defy all
the popular maxims on the subject..
And, if there is one fact emphatically
illustrated, in the h'story of repub.
lices, it is that they canot prosper
where political equality does not ex
ist,in short, where some such system
as African slaverv is unknown.
By the operation of immutable
laws, which neither the violence of rev
olttion, nor the eflirts of reform, can
oflect, society everywhere, is split into
the extreme divisions of wealth and
leisure-poverty and dependence. The
progress of civilization does not oblite
rate these lines, but tends rather to in
tensify and perpetuate them. The life of
this latter is of necesit v menial, .1ucl
in cotmtnities where they do not
fill ,under the care of a superior
race, they constitute that turbulent,
corrupt, pauper host which 1'oms in
such fearful dai kness over European
society. 1: such a class fit. for self
government? Can they exercise safely
the rights, or fulfil the dut es of citi
zens of a republic? Are they not the
rca y tools of the anarchist and the
demagogue? Yet it is this class which
modern utopianism invests with full
political rights. To debar them of
the pricileges of the citizen, is to ar
tay against society, a jealous and
violent mass, and to admit them is
to subject government to their radical
arid corrupt influence. Between this
bitter alternative, must every repub
lic choose where the inferiority of
race is not recogniscd. The institution
of African slavery relieves society of
this alternative. flere government is
entrusted to the superior division, the
white race, and in the mutual depen
dence of wealth and poverty, leisure
- and toil, tihe aifiri"r epmn the superior
race, it enjoys entire immiunity from
that stern natagonism which. elsewhere
" engulfs it. Here is no pauper class
armed with political power, and urged
,on by terrible passions, against prop
erty and the peace of the common
-wealth. Here the citizen, whether
.,rich or poor, feels himself a superior.
Here the mind of the laboring poor,
-our slaves, is not soured by torment
ing dreams, nor the heart of the rich
man tutored into cruelty and oppres
sion. But contentment and loyalty'
exemplify the life of the dependent.,
while in the master is fostered that
high and stubbor-n love of liberty, of
which the great Englishman wrote.
These observations apply, in s'nee
degree, to all gover-nnmeints. But it is
in a republic especially, wvherec laws
and order depend for pi eser-vationt upon
public iritue and opinion, thant slave
ry is tihe corner stoiie of safety-.
If, genltlemen, we appeal to history
for the vindication ofl th's thieory, it
wvil bIe fbund aiimple and uiOversal.
The Greeks, as they are the mohidels in
literature and at t, so) in t he pilolsoph Iy
of gover-niment they coinmatnd t he
deepes;. study. And there is nofa
uire of their policy more strikinig thani
this under consideration.---Citizen
-ship and its cognate rights were cn
joyed by a very small portion of the
people, as in this State it is enjoyed by
less than one-half its population. It was
among the A thetiian-i, confined by the
constitution of Solon, to the four prim
itive Ionic tribes, anid though subse
quently enlarged biy Cleisthienes and
Pericles, so as to admnit thle whole
body of.native freemenl, yet tihe greait
mass always remainied in exclusion, as
much so as our slaves. The equtality of
Greek liber-ty was the equality of her
free citizens. hA before stated, there
were in Afthens but 20,000 voting citi
zens, to 370,000 slaves. Yet with
this strln dipirity of p.hysical
force; there existed to the endi of the
Republic, a hatrmonly abtioist uniniter
rupted. Ia peace, the slav-e was the
contented husbandmarn and domes.
tie, and in the st-rms of batthb'lie
shared thu perils and fortunes of his
master. The subsequent ruin which
s wept over her instituitionts, caime from
another source. In the- tuinuis atnd
caprices of an uurepresentativo .demi
ocraey., and beneath- the blows (of
Iron handed bar-bariains, thlib ierties
and' polity of Athi-ns stunk to the grava.
Slavery artd I ha distinct ion which
attached to citizenship, gave to the
Greek mind'leisure and taste fort that
publio education whliebl expanded inito
-sueh granld outline and beauty. They
invested his nature with that herOie
spirIt whlich defied and conquered the
PersIan host. Thley in a wvord, con
tributed to make him that poetic andi
free-souledl thing which, has won tihe
love of aloer times.
When we cao down to the R'oman
Rtepublies we again find slavery
elevating the chat-acter of the citizen,.
andi prioeting gover-nm tt from the
* ~ taint of Radioalism. So we see, ill the
Republics of modern Italy, a full par
ticipation in the rights of' citizenship
was denied to the menial class. But,
the relation oif n-.lmster and slave not
being reeognlized, social order and lib.
erty were ovort'hrown by the antagon
sam of snetions. The last efllert for
Republican government in Germany
was, signalized by the abolition of
jiredlal bonndageo, anld it died in its
very birth. Bi,. the most sti-iking in.
stances In modern timeis, of the essen
tiality of slavery to Reipublic, are
France and the Northern States of
France in the phrenzy for popular
freedom, abolished villianage, and pro'
elimed li berty and equality to all. The
shouts of her fierce democracy were
heard all over Europe. But soon-came
the r tribution. Ia.licalism, outrage
aid civil discord maddened the na
tions, und invited the plunderer. And
after at few paroxysms of freedon,
the first French I eptublic sank pow
erless and willing into the arms of.
a military despota.
A half century went by, and again
the fanibohurgs of Paris, re-echo with
cries of a Republic. The ting inl
mean disguise flies from his palace
and begs protection in the dominions
(if his ancient foe. Propagandists
shouts hos:niias, bonfire illuminatious,
and the mouths of cannon herald to
the world the glories af the New Re
public. Again is liberty atnd equality
the watchword of millions. Citizen
ship is thrown open to all, and univer
sal suflraige is esfablished as the pre
rogative of a free people. Watch the
catastrophe. The nephew aspires to
the throne of the uncle-lhe appeais to
the votes of new born freemen. They
approach the ballot box for the
first time. Surely, we exclaim, this
people will not sustain the usurper.
The polls are closed-the votes count
ed, and by a miajority of millions Lon
is Napoleon is masker of France! Here
is a people, cultivated, refined and
brave; yet by the levelling of political
distinctions, and infusing into 'Gov
erument the influence of the menial
cl-ss, with one hand dashing to
the duat, a mild dynasty, and with
the other, erecting a limitless mili
'T'urn now to this continent. En
couraged by the example of the United
St'ates, replihlies spring up in vigorous
promise, on the shores of South Ameri
ca. Slavery is abolished, and citizen
ship laid open to all, settler:, natives,
and half- breeds, alike. Vhat is the
result ? Radicalism, anarchy, and ty.
ranny. The same policy has convuls
ed Mexico, with incessant revolution
and usurliations, and prostrated every
efihrt for org:aized liber y. And in
(.Cent ral America, Manual Ferrera, the
half breed d -spot, no.v wields the
sceptre, wlieht lie won, at the Ihead of
his Indian fellow citizens. In all is the
lesson taught that wherever the ele
inenat of-l:avery does not exist, and it
has been attemnpted to confer political
eq uality ulion all classes, we find a
sec!ion of society, where history has
always placed them, in dange ous 1el
lowthip with the demnagog"uie and
usup i e r.
I itave, geati men, in a formner por
tion of this address, made allusion to
the downwvard tendencies of Republi
canisa at the NorthI.
You have now the sobution, in the
efectiye, yet lauded system of public
educati n seconded by a licentious
Press; and more than all, in the want
of the balance of slave institutions.
lThe prnesenlt soceial conadition of the
North is in leed a sad spectacle. WtithI
,llth db..-b.' wronig the5 sOutih has slfi
er-ed at its htands, antd the incessant and
cowaradly w'ar it is wagoitg upon outr
inttttiittion, thecre is enoulaght in thte fuattue
of that people tao mtake thIe hea rt oaf thean
true ntumt bLeeCd wt pi tyf . Bold, sa
gaciaous and entterpi in1g. thte sonts of
the Nllrth :are thte pitlnters tof paogress,
disco'very : ad acquiiation, atl oiver thta
worbill. W ith leedint i-et thla.r t rod
Sthe sntows aof thle t,-ratra Ncevalfa, and
phictked thIe gol d-n harvest of C al ifr
ntia. Far tall i: theisle o1S(f th ac'
cilie: they' fix thitr rest le-s haaitationais
anda gritnd to p' wder- the feble pais.
ses5'ors. Theaira sails gliste un ttder
every sun, and thieirn k eels d i-t urb tile
sea kinag in his reahI ns. Thirt arts
aitd hantldiwork defy comptjetitioni int
every miart, and whi thersoeve-r athe y
gao, they' imtpr-ess their p'ecul~iarities,
and erect their eimpire' But whtat of
theiri htomes anal social prnnei pies ? -
Whatit of theirt proispects of a mazturie
anad exalted civil iztiont t W' ho does
nt,~ see that this ptosperi ty is the una
timely flu~sh of' the fr uait. whose core is
worml-'aten ? 'iThe knaell of a pelaple's
dowatfall is heard lhng before it toters,
mourtfuil ly atnd fitfutly, like tlie sigh
intg aof th :auttu wind thraought the
fotest. And. it aitly peals irthi whten
ttanarchy n ad rutina have donte theair w ork.
lThe a tses oft the North~ htave: ignored
htist.aory, itat I lauighted to SC'n thett
dr-eadl warntinags it tatters. No extra
vagancee, ho we ver '. ilId, aunatits them a:
bit right a n~walrd they dac-h, traiinplitg
undet ar ihot all that i-s veerablo(, and
rjt tintg ini the stroutir drittk oft tovel ties
anad ismas. 'Temper'ancae re-form., atbo,
fitiont, spirit rapp'intg, coinotingled,
t'For a cdtharma of a pioweraful trouble,
Likea he lid-broath, bodi a J bubblie."
See htow thIeir saocial fabric sways,
aind trem bles; htow~ r'l igiont is poislan
ed with aitheism antd paitiheisma, hoaw
thcirt paolitical sy stemli to tters ott
th br-ik tio(f putre demtoc racy -that
wvors4t forma (If I yrannytv-htow wonmn~i,
despising the hly) ofliecs (of w i fe andl
imo'her, mtarkiets hern imodety ini pub-.
lie brawls; hot w logishatio n is reek less
afi co~rrtt~t, andl~ its fallI s are plultedI
wit h rowdlyismi atlmiost .Jtabint. lin
suhl a ebiaos that ea o (f demtocra
eies, the dlemago gue, is at, htome--his
naturaae and enads uncanigaed. Prtofess
inig Ltaequalize, hte levels downwards,
tao brtak old chiaints, hte foriegaes niew
one's- to promiot e hlatrtaony, he enge'n.
dersi diseor-d, to a'dvantc- lhe retards, to
love t he peopi~le, ho would dup~e tad
us, t hem. 'The loutad moth ied ttd v.
oats of liberty, he works zealously fair
anarchy, and. w hen at last, theo peaople
madlly destroy theitr aiteieiit.land -mtarks
and] confidingly y ield to) his gutida:.ee, he
erects on thte grave of thteir- rights alnd
peace, a bloody and romaorseless fy
ranniy. Such the demagognet, aind such
the fate~ he, entails upon those who
trust himn, "tat the last hie biteth like a
serpent and stingeth like the adder."
Acror-ding to Ariettin he: is tod..
cracy, what the courtier is to the King,
a shameless, selfidh sycophant, pouring
"leprous distilinent" into the ears of
vanity and lust, and betraying the naq
ter whose bread he ents. Let us be.
ware, gentlemen, if the demagogue at
ho mc. Iis comning ictides ruin to
the Republic, and his triumph is corn
plete when liberty, and honor have
descended to the tornb. Against all
such it is the duty of the patriot to
raise his constant voice. To go, like
aged Solon, when the usurper Peisistra
tus destroyed the liberties of Athens
into the streets and market place, ex
horting the people to resistance, and
when this failed, he put on his armor,
and stood before the door of his house
and nobly exelai:ned, "I have done my
duty, I have . sustaine I to the best of
my power, my country and the laws:
Ye have yourselves put force and do.
minion into the hands of these men, and
ha'e thus drawn wretched slavery
Such is the position of the North
consequent upon the condition into
which the absence of an inferior race
has brought them. The people cot,
rupt the politicians, and are in turn
corrupted by them, until society be
comes radical, and government verges
Turn, then, to the South. See what
a grand part her n. nial class performs
in social and political developrent.-.
True, their voices are not beard in
drunken shouts in our public meetings
and the galleries of our Legislatures,
cheering on the demagogue. They
cannot exercise the so called freemen's
birth-right, and vote down law, proper
ty and god, and vcte up anarchy, rob
bery and the devil. They cannot read
and write, and thus become no wiser,
if no worse. They- are not the blind
instruments of the radical subverter.
They do not lower over society, like
mountain wolves, ready for blood
and destruction. No, gentleien, the
slave of the South had higher privile
ges and duties than these. Guided
and protected by a superior race, his
great product whitens every quay. and
shelters from sun and snow the remo.
test nations of men. And while thus
filling the sphere in which God and
reason have lIac'ed them, he engrafts
iipon the superior rave, that high
spitit of conservatism, which as hefre
stated, is so esscutial to the citizens of
This is the di~stinguishng attribute of
the Sm uth. In the la gui-agke of lBurke,
we are not the cin veits of lnusseau;
we are not the dis::iples of Voltaire;
II elvet ius las nide no progi ess among
us. A theists are not our preachers
mladirma are not our law.givers. We
know that we have made no discove
ries ; and we think no discoveries are
to be made i morality, noir rmanv in
the great principles of liberty, which
were understotid long before we were
born, altogether as well as they will
be after the grave has heaped its mould
upon our pi:esumption, and the silent
tombl ahM tle iriposed its law On
our pert loquacity."
But, gentlemen, there is another
coniserratismn, of' which it befits mec to
spleak. If the past is to be sacred
agaiinst reckless inniivaltiolt. mutch more
arc thle rights it has gi veii us, to be
wratce-e anid defended. Cheri-h t his
coniservatisim, :mud there is a career
in the fuiture tor the Soeuth, the like of'
wh'eh the eye of thle prophet hiathi not
seen iinto r I oet suing. Lt noi t the
comrinig studenit re:al it its with mtingled
soirroiw and su rprise, thait, t here onice
ex istedi on this C~ontinenit, a rig&hity and
fiee jetple,iriiishied withI :alf the ele
riients of a spileindid and heutiing civili.
zaition, et fori want ofl a litt le vigihmuee
and coutrage'i, f, tfeited birthright anid
foirsok thir trust. LeAt thle I.itry
of theomb h le ieited, mit as a terr'r
and :a w arinzg, bult rat her let it rise
like solie t.,wer of rock, tar cilit u1ps
die distant headland, whose light amid
stormt and fo'g, shahll gu ide the futt ure
Classimaztes- a few yeairs ago, there.
stood u pen a shore, a lit tle bandI of
yong t rafellers juist preparing ti emi
baik. fuill of hiipe, andl bouniiniig imi.
puilse4. They head slept and supped,
antd journieyed togethecr, antd comntt i
objects laid uii ted tem iinto closec
Ibrotherahood. IThey' were abouit to
part company. eaich to his owin dlesti
niat in. Thei r sails were set, and pro
pit ious breezes wooed theem to, be goneai.
They stoiod awhbile gazing in to each
others fitees, and in the spirit of thle
ocecasion, they pledged to mieet aigaini,
'in the spot of sep trattioni, to reFreilh
old fi iendships, mid tell over the inci
dhents amid fortuines of interveiiing years.
Chassimat es-his is t he spot this is
the day, aitd we are those travellers..
But t hey are niot all here. Some leave
fuin ted by the roadside-siomue plyV t he r.
fo rtunies under distaiit skies, some1) are
bziuitted by rudo windds and cannot,
comec, and some haive passed away.
look amotig you and ask for Log~an,
who left us with so nmany regirets, and
such high pritmise; for Roidgers, so well
est eemre I by those who kneicw limti; fo r
Soarus, the true hea rted anid generous;
for I hitler who bravely exchainged theI
academiy for the duities oif the sehlier,
and for the taletnted, high-sonled \\i I
Iiamn Andiersonl. \V here are thlev ?
Alt! I see there are recollctions
rushing in floods upton you, aiid comn
mingled with them are voices whisper
ing, they tire gon fuo ' rever. They too
looked foriwaird to this day, as we have
done. 'They couinted ipo.n -its sweet
reuioin, and~ hai lee I its appj roachi with
thiriing hose mis. litt e ro they turined
their steps to thle spot w heiie thecy
pairted, stern prlo cess issued from the
hligh chancery of Ileatveii, aind they de
scendedl to t he cliariinberis of de(ath.
We are here. To'i us saufe passpiorts
have heeni granted, and through gloom11
ad sunshitni, we have juerforeiid outr
pilgriimage. to this our Mecca. WVhat
cause foer grait~itiidi, and fervenit praise!
A'fow briefheeirs aind we will again
put, sail on life's unlcertaini sea. \Vo
return to our several spheres, and ne'w
duties open upon us. Does our fore
taste of them chill the anticipation?- ]
Have we to tell of life the old tale of
disappointment and despair? Or can
we look it boldly in the ftce, and re- e
solve that, though .hope be ofttime
burried in the hard trials which hedge
about us, and prop after prop falls as
we lean, yet that our fiaith in the ri tt
and 'the true shall never be shaken? If
we have this, we are armed fir every (
contest. Wealth and honors may not
pour if upon us, and defeat may blight
our best efforts, but we will live and
die worthily, as becomes men.
In the.Address you have just heard
it has been my chief aim to impress
upon you an exalted estintato of the
character and the duties of the citizens
of a republic, to stimulate your pride
in our institutions, and to enlist your
defence, so earnestly demanded for the
future Kqf the South. Classmates, ]
patrioti'ni isino holyday dress, where
in to trust that fools may gape and
stare. To avail anythin'g for the sub
lime duties which God has nrrked
out for-it, it must be an active abiding
conviction' that needs tot the drana
of greafoccsion to call it forth. Ev- I
cry mom'it' brings nearer the stern
crisis through which the South must
pass. This accident may delay it, or
that compromise put it ofl. But it
will' come perhaps eventually as a
storm in Jun'e, thundering and black
ening where all was bright before
perhaps like a thief in the night when
the man of the house is asleep -
perha:s in bold and bloody struggle.
Let the young citizen be ready for it,
come as it may.
But I must close. Five -vears more
and again will we journey towards
this spot. Some of us, doubt Ie s, will
have followed our comrades to the
long bivouac. and those who return
v-ill speak in still sadletr tones of such
as are missing. And so will it be
at each succeeding quingnen nail, un
til perhaps some solitry comrade
shallI pilgrim here, Ii ke the last, seiont
of a once numerous house, who coies -
from afer off, with elate bosom, wea
ried feet and suilid garment s, to the
mansion of his father's, and finding it
dismantled and deserted, hasten away
to weep, to wander and to die.
ChIa-a.linterest ig Faecs. -
We take th e f!!!-.win.g extr:et from
an authentic work, published by Mr.
\Villiams who, fiurn a lbon residence d
in China, has been enabled to write <
knowingly upon the varioug subjects r
embraced in his work :
The denseness of the population has
long since driven out. all wild quadru
peds. and there are also few domestic
ones, ' such as are found in Eustern .
countries. Beasts of burthen are in a
great degree superseded by the means
of transport afforded by the numerous
rivers a<l.,anals, and by the coolies
or po lass ofk athletic men, I
wl .. ' of'animnals In ear-I
rfinig b ios and in dragging bonts.
Animals ate excluded to have mnore
food for themt.-thecre are no mteadows
for feeding cattle;, biut the etatire soil
is used in raising food foru the inhabi
tants. Wild cats are somnetimues caught
and considered a great, dainty. Non-'
keys are found in the South-west
pr'ovintces. WV hat fewv horses anrd asses
are found in China are smnaiI and ser-v
interior in every respect. Tihe bufllo o
is also very inferior. JL. ornedaries
are used between l'ekin and Tairtory.
Tlher'e tire also hogs, goaits and sheep. '
TI'here is but one variety of'dogs in the
coutry, an anim ial abo'ut one fbot
high and two feet, long resemnblingv a
spaniel. lhats are v'ery abuntdat,. and
ftun~h the common people with ica'.
Th'fey aretv ry la rge anid destructive
to crops.^ O)the birds in China there
are the eagle, the tflcon, the mua~gpie,
crowS, sparrows. ecormnoranrts' eurfews,
quauIs, pigeon , Ia rks, ph easan ts, thec
rice bird, anud ma~nyv species, of' aquatic
birds. Cormroranits are* used bys the
Chinese for catchitng fish. T1he fideon
is impe~rial property, anrd thet magpie
is acknowledged by the reigning inm
Fish f'ornm a very im portant part of'
the food (of the Chinese, and great
c:ye aure taken in rais'ing threm int arti
ficial fish ponds. Tihe go l d and silv e r
fish ar'e kept in glass globes as ouna
uments. Among the fish cat ent, are lhe
cod. situ rgeo n, mul Ilet, carp, petareb,
sea bream, &c.-Crab fih anid 'vster's
aire cormmnt on the coast.
The lar'ger species of' reptilos a--e
unkntownt in C2hinta. Frogs, liZ?.ards
anid fresh water to~rtcises are coinonac.
Venamnous serpenfs are very rare.
China proper contains 1 .30th000
sqtuare miles and the indepentdencies,
which- cover an area of' thte w' ho!c
emripire, 5,900,00 squmarei mtile -.
Thtoutgh th e dependencies 'onusistingv
of Chinese Tihatary, Tibet. Lttle
Bahtlarig',and the peninisutla of Corea,
are t hree timnes thle extet, (of Clhina
itse'f, ~itin ther respects they are
vastly i fer'ior to it, being a int great
pr'oportt n, compii arati vely detser't ,
with a s agalintg and rapiacionts . popit
at iona', perhaups afto gthur nti 41ne
tenth in nuinher' of' those of' Chtina
THEt DARKIDEul OF MfA~itiMoNY.
Lately a slave in thn WVest. Indies, who
had been married to anuote slave by
one o~f the missionarri. s, at. thle end of
thr'ee veeks brought his wife bmack to
the clorgyman amid desi red himit to take
he~r again. 'lThe clergy mnit asked what
was ths mnetter with her.
'WV hy, mnassa, she ito good]. 'JThe
book saya shney m,)'e. Shte no wash
thy clot he. Shte nto do w hat I want
her to do.'
.Minister.--'Hut the book said you
were to take her f'or bet ter or fori worse.
'Yes, mnassa, hut site till wvorse and
int better, Site amt too muicht worse
na no mood .at ..l,
Vir. Editor: Please announce
apt. 'T'. 1). FittiRsoN as a Candidate for
;herfY of Sumter District at the ensuing
Aug. 2.1, 1853.
Mr. Editor:----You will
blige a number of the voters of Sumter
)istrict, by announcing in your columns
he name of Major Jons BrALLAnD, as a
andlidate for Ordinary at the ensuing
Aug. 13, 1853. 42 i f
FOR TAX COLLECTOR.
af n. Eiwuron :-Please announce M r.
tOBERT W. DURAN'T', a candidate
or Tax-Collector of Salem County, at the
ext election, and oblige
January 14, 1852 13-tf
S The friends of Capt.
'. . GIBBONS announce him a caudi
late for the oflice of Tax-Collector for
alerm County, at the ensuing election and
blige MANy Vo-rEns.
October 1 '51.
FOR TAX COLLECTOR.
O The Friends of Dana
t. MATlIS, Esq., announce himn as a
:tudidate for 'Tax Collector for Claremont
.ountty, at the ensuing election.
Feb. 8:h, 1853 15-td
F OR O R D INA R Y.
l0 Mr, Editor:-You will
please announce WILLIAM It. BRUN
iON as a candidate for the Oflice of Ordi
ary of Sumter District, at the ensuing
April 27th, 1852 27-tf
j ' We are authorized to
rnounce T. J. I)lNKINS, Esq., a Candidate
.r Clerk of the Court, at the ensuing election.
M ANY VOTERS.
April 16th 1851 25 If
0 riI. Editor: PIease an
ounce Mr. J. J. Mc~I EtLA t. a Candi
ate for Clerk of the Court, for Su toter
)strict, and oblige Masy VoniRs.
April 13, 1852. 25-tf
AliR. EI)lTOlU:-MANY FRIENDS
f W. J. N: IIA, iltr:- are desirous of put
in himi in in')iination for the 0;Mice of
:lark of tlie Court of So liter District, at
lie eins tuiir election.
Alay 2 18~2.30-tf
P Olt: S1H .E I"F F.
, OseThe Friends of Mr.
HIN F. JUNE, announce him as candi.
ate for SherifT of Suneer Ilistrict at the
Nov. 12th, 1S52 3-d-pd.
VD.. We are authorized
n announce A. E. l'OOL, as a candidate
rir Sherifl of Suntter District at the ensu.
December 21, 1852 * --tf
Mr. Editor:-Please an
ounce JOI-N N. MeLEOI) a candidate
ar Sheriffof Suntpr 1)istrict.and-- .,
ge -- MANY Far'ENDS.
June 29th, 1853 35-t (
RUNAWAY, on last Tuesday the
S17th instant, my Boy IlCIA RD). a
.vb.wite mnulatto, about fivs feet three
r four inchles hiigh, toleruihl y stout built,
bout twenl two years old with straight
ght colored hiair, tias ai very sulky ap
eairance, and answers quick uind short
vbeni spok~en to said boy hass a short thiek
Oot , his hainds abort and thick, c hubby
ingers. Ile hiad the scar o; a blister on
iis forehiead julst above thle eye-blrows, he
nay try to hidue it by wearing hiis cap or
iat down over his forehreadt. lie willI be
mrc toi pass himself for a white iin for
io is very white. and tias been taking great
are of is 5k in for some timoir When hie
eft lie hail a clot h caip, bUlk coat and a
lark coilorcid pair of pani ts. I Ii wilt tic
nre to change his capl andii clothles as soon
Is hie can; tie also weairs hiis'hair in froint
t raighit do(w n to hiide the scar of the blis
er. lie is a shoictiaker by trade, though
im may not go at the business, c xpecting
hat he wilt be so aidvertised.
'ITie abov'e reward of One linndred
)dltars will lie paid for his delivery ini any
bul ini t hie Staue, le wilt be sure to give
uliself aano:huer namte
J A.\ ES I.OW RY.
lirad'.eyville. Smnirter Dustrict, S. C.
Mu ay 2hutti, I H2 30 -: f
M-r Cmndetn .uournia; anrd Cheraw G a
:ette piublishi five timues.
Paints) Oils) Glass
No. 60 1-2 East.Blay, opposito P. & M. L'ank,
C1[AlRLESTION, S C.
Heo keeps conanatly for satin, ia greerah assort.
int of PaiL nit nd) its of all kinds, Window
;uss anit Sashes, Spirits Tkurpenatiin, Cam-i
henio, Spirit Gas, Tallow, Gdnadstonies, Cor
age, Chain Purnps, Cottoin Foot G;ia Fixtires,
ltue, P'ac.ting Yarn, and Brush es of various
Oer. 2G, 1353. 52 6m
WIIllNGTON. N. C.
PA RTICUJLA R, attention given to the SALE
ir SI! lPM ENT' of Naval Stores and Cotton,
uund liber CAS11 ADVA NCES muade on Con
D)ec. I-f, 1353. 7 ly
Atl pesn hiavinig demandts against thi.
Rstalte of Mrs. E. Ciinnors, dneceaseud, arn
reqtuested to hiandl them in properly attest.
ad; aid those indebted wilt pleoase makt
iuiediate payment to
T1. II. CONNORS, Adm'r.
Nov. 141, 1853. 3 tf
TI. C. WORVTH,
WILMINGTON, N, C.
Anga 41 l
CAN BE CURED!
DrLORIME'S BAUM DE VIE," or Balsam of
Life is, aftera trial of upwards of twenty years
in a great variety of eases, confidently offered to
the public, especially to those afflicted with the
rnost distreising complaint, as a sure and speedy
relief for their sufferings.
Read the following certificates. They are
front gentlemen of high standing and residing
in your immediate vicinity. They Ore but one
or two of the many in our possession all extoll
ing the hcaling virtues of this, (to use tio words
of a grateful )ispeptic who was cured by its
use) nost precious compound.
Certificate from the Rev. )farewell Spain.
8U.wTEnvtLI.E.. S. C. Jan. 13th 1553.
Mr. CUAS. DUL.oathx.
Dear Sir: -Last Spring I used two small bot
tles of your Balsam of Life; and experienced
much benefit. I took it two or three times dai
ly, a teaspoonful at a dose in a wine glass of
It acted on my liver, and imparted a healthy
tone to all my digestive organs, relieving me of
distressing headache, and many other disagreea
ble dyspeptic sy mtons. .
[Signted] - II. SPAIN.
Mr. CHAS. DELOItME:
DEAR SIn:-4f take great pleasure in recom
mending your "Baume de Vie." wbich I have
often used, and altays with decided relief,
when sufler~ng front attacks of Dyspepsia. At
once a stirnu lant, tonic and cathartic, I am sat
isfied it will prove eminently serviceable to all
.who are ufflicted with Dyspepsia. Its general
introduction throughout the country wiill he a
To keep a supply constantly on hand, which
I would net exchange for all the Auti-dyspop
tic nostrums from Maine to Texas.
(Signedl JOHN W. ERVIN.
For aidle by Jrhn, M. Chandler, Symterville,
" " " N. A. Huggins, Darlington C. I.
" " "f Dr. J. E. Byrd, Iimonsviile
And by Drug:ists generally.
I1OATWRIGIT & BARKULOO.
Wholesale Agents, Columbia, S. C.
November 9 2 tf
Sumstervrille, S. C.
Respectfully informs the people of Sum
ter District that he hos just receive.1 and
now offers for sale the best selected and
most choice stock of
Fall and Winter Goods,
That cannot be surpassed by anything in this
market. lIe has received many mow styleg
which purchasers would dd well to examine-be
fore buying elsewhere.
11R()ADCLOIIils, CASSIMERES AND
A full and large supply of Hosiery, Shirts,
Drawers, Gloves, Suspenders, Cravats, Ihand
kerchiefs, &c. &e.,
A lnrge assortment of READY MADE CLO
Till G, which will be sold low.
LaeY Garments mannfactured by the subscri
her, and warranted to give satisfaction. Or
ders front a distance promptly attended io.
- A. ANDERSON.
Oct. 25th. 1353 tf
CARIAIES C ARIAGES
LEONAR D CIPIN,
Manufhctu-er and Dealer in
Carriages and Harness,
OF every description, Nos 124. Meeting street,
and 3:3 Ventworlh street. next to the old stand
of G;ilberts & Chapin, Charleston, S. C.
WM. R. IfUN'Elt, may be found at the
above Repository, and he tnkes this method to
assure his friends that all orders entrusted to
him will be attended to promptly and with strict
1853. 5! 1
Negresought and Sold.
THlE undersigned has opened an officu a: No.
16 State Street, Charleston, wvhere he has on
hand a numbher of LiK(ELY YOUNG NE
GitOEZS for sLeL from whic.h h's ca supply the
wvants of any of the comnmunity. T hese No.
groes are purchased in Maryland, Virginia,
North and South Carolina. 'o his lot he is
continually rece-iving accessionis. 'The highest
prices palu at all timses for negroes.
J. ME.SH ARPE,
16 State Street.
Charleston, Dec. 21, 1353. 8 ly
BROWN & DeROSSET,
ISO FRONT STREET, NEW YORK
DEROSSET & BROWN,
WILMINGTON, N. C.
Cotton Iaetors and General C'ommis
flB. McLAURJN, Elsq.. will give per
Ji sonal and special attention to the in.
torests and orders of his friends in this
Statenud e adijoiningv Counties of North
Crlnvhto may favor these Ihouses
with their pattrona~ge. Consignmnents of
prod uce to, tihe Il)ose in New York, either
by3 way of Chiarlesons, G;eorgetow~n, or
~Vimgmon, will be coveretd by3 insurance,
it notice of thme shmipumeint he promptly giv.
J. B. N. HAMVMET,
ATrTORNEY AT LAW,
SUMTERVILLE, S. C.
Oilice next thor to J. II. & R. C. WVebb's
New York Store. -
Marech 22 185~3 21-ttf
For Cash, And that only.
The cheoapest GROCERIES ever sold
in Simtertille, cait he had from GORDO.N
& CO., at Dr. Mellett's Old Stand.
Segamrs of the finest quality and most ap
provedl Blrands in lihe world, together with
Preserved Frunits of difibront kinds, Syrups,
Nots, &o. A share of the public patron..
ngo la desired, provided it is accomnpaniec'
bty the CASH, but not otherwise.
- GORDON & CO.
June 14th, 1853 33--tf
BUT LER & N EWVilERY have removed from
their frmier stand to the eone formerly occupied
by E. D. PRING'LE & Ce., one door North of
F. HO0VT'S Jewelry Store, where they would
he pleatsoed to see their friends and customers.
Oct 5, '853. 49 tf
Testuscriber has made arrangements for
tho manufacture of from Four to Five Thousand
pairs of the rthove article by theFAiLL. For
reference as to quality, he would respectfully
refer persons who nmay be disposed to purchaseo
of him, to those who patronized him last year
As to price, he will guarantee them as low as
can be oflerded
hllay 22 2 . J MORGAN.
F1SK'~S M ETLALLIC COPFINS of all
size-., constantly on hand and for saIl
by lhUDSON &. BROTH'IER,
Opp. Temperance Hill Stimtervi~le.
June inth 18592ea
MAIL It1IAG E, .
sappiness and Competence
will Is IT1
that we be .t-J may female., scares las the pseriaa of
air broats,. ta health atd spirnta with 4 romplieasone
:,.eser and ailments.depriwiug tles s the Power fort as
esrjueuenlot it'tsauags wheoss~rtsicalbmnb baserae
ot spirta.aud happy serenasty or mind. arisng &m a est
d rn of hlth. suld he predomiasut.
Matr of to raosr of elir u ferinags at rse-perbap..
years befure. perhs1-a durung girl hood, or the int yeses e
as crriage-wee athesr oriagau light as to pas aaoticed,
as't or cough. aeglected.
IN AFTIR TEARS,
When too late to be benefitted by our kuowledge. e leek
back a.id anrouam, and regret the full consequestce of ear
Wt.at would we not alten give to posses, in early life
the ktowe e wae obtai in after years! And what days
a-hd k.rlhts of aiuiis we :nigbt not have been spaced, i
the kasnwiedge was timely reasessed. It I.
AKLM ANCIIOLV AND STAf6TLINO
To brahold the sicknes, and ultering endured by ma .a
wle fur ut may ears, (ron causes simple and eontrellable,
easil renedat s-tr better still.-not ncuned. itevery
WIVE AND DIOTIIER
'ossesaeJ tie i:fnrinatiot, contained Is a little volemv,
(swtatlui the se.ia of all) which sould spare to herself
VYAIts o D11IERv,
And to her ksband the constant toil and anxiety of mine.
ireees saa Ily rie voleiriq upon hiomIrma sickiess oN 0he wire.
without gravi, him the opportunity ptaequiring thateoa.
pete.ce isrch hit esertions are entitled, and tis poessa.
sun of ishich would secuae the hapPitesa of lumself,
wife, anad cildren.
SECUlttr THE -MEANS OF IIAPPINESO
fly berminy isa time possessed of the knowledge. ther -
wst or istic h as caused the sickness and poverty of
Ira view or seta consequences no wife or mother -in
etranballe H she neglect to avait heself of that kson
edge in leniet to herself. which would spare her macs
5nl5ai.:5 lhithe mens of hsppjnvs. and prosperity to het..
hinsb.ts.,. rin confer aelran her cildrean that blears iboeesr ntl!
all reice-hraltlhy brlaes, sith heslthyp minds. That
euwledJe is cu.ainrd in a little work entitled
Private Medical Companion,
utY DIR. A. Dr. MAURICEAtfy ,
e norrsson or a taers or woman.
'ne 1 irtsdreth dutton. Ieso , pp 2$0. Price 50 Cars.
(n fItM PsapKR. EaTRA asnoiNG. $l 00.).
lFirst pumlished as 1817. and it is not
9liltlltl7.lNo OR WONDERFeUE,
4tesiaalderelp Siant IrVF-IY FEMALE.
W illsTi'llJ.lt IltAitI.l.) OR NOT, sa
lea-e ncqtuire n fain Assowleelge of gats
trare, ctsnrrecter nasad causes of her coss..
Isal,5tr. witi the arlos synaptoma, ase*
llA LlF A RUILI.ON COPIES
should hase been sold.
It is i'spracticahtle to .:unvey fully the varioaa su'ecte
treated of. as laer a-c of a nature strictly intended rar
.r marriarl. or thise cor.temrlating masrriea. but n
.male deirteus of e.r+ninK he.alth, nad that beauty. eon
* trt.. iaut hralti. wticl is so co.ducive to her owe
cosir'e.., arl that o' her husbaned, but either has or will
e-. o asi has er frill every huasha:d who has the lesv
. . ft.-.iit., or lesas, ate at heart, or that of hie own pes
u.",.-- er ,.se remeit.
t".' t1 1: U11 Or s)dme. stOlD TIHOUJ
%a.19) (X) PicM
BV MAl.l within the last tee.
"\WTION TO THE PUBLIC..
ItE NOT D PIfAUDEDI -
. iaik sinless "Dr. A. M. laurceau,129
. rt. r.... . Y.'' Is on the titlo page. and the
,trre ;n the pItrk's Office on this hack of the tit
:i;e: an buy rnly of rtspectable and houesrabe
j-al-r, jr setl by mnill, and address to Dr. A. M
'*.:ri.cau. as thor are spurious and nurreptloos
.icirar.-ments of copy-right.
r IT t:VEIRY WIFE AND IIUSBAND
io sixstne for Ignorance. when Ignorance
la :Misery to those we hold near sand'
denr. asrse whet to dispel our Ignorasse
I. whiiert oar reach.
To enablo every one to docido upon the India
pawssrsbl neoselty of possessing a copy, and that no
wire, or nother nood remain unnforanod upon tbe
iniy causca. which, sooner or later, are destined to
mak e fearful ravages upon her health. unlesguarded'
*-:ainst, anrd that no conalderate and afrectionate'
titaband hnre cause to upbraid himself with nsgleet'
if tale, wulfaro of his wife-a pamphlet of thirty-s.
aimges,unininlng fesi ?Ytle-pta and Inds qf s.
:arta.. trscathrer with extracts from tiro book. win be
ent re of cut~rga 1.. any tart of the United Staten
tt ;tilra ag. post-paid, as heroin.
il'hpera Ksswledge Is Hlappinesas,'tin cul
pahile to be igaornsst.
;' y On receipt of One De tar (for the Ant Edt
sd fr-a .to arnyparn e .d ast.A
era mutst, be poet-pald. and sal ' 'to Dr. A.M
alA ItRCEA U, Box 1224. New York Cit. ?tubltsb,
b. sohlo, No. 199 Liberty Street. New Yok
For sale byv
ROCDINSON & CARLISLE,
Ins-New York City, by
Stringer & Townsend, Adriance, Sher-.
man& Coi., Dewitt & Davenport, Barns &.
Co. Office, 329 Liberty Street, neat
Ma y 17th, 1853 29-tfG
' OT~ICE IS IIEREBY GIVEN to, old.
customners and the ctomtmunity generally
that lay the 20th inst., I will have ink store.
a full stock of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
in my line, consisting of CLOTHS, CAS-.
SIMERES, and VESTINGS, of every
II A T S , CAPS8. &c; FINE LINEN
SlIIRT3, D)R A W ERS, SUSPENDERS,.
HA LP IOSE, GLOVES and CRAVATS.
sif every description; with a complete as
Ready Made Clothing,
carefully sceecigd in the Baltimore and:.
New York market,.
.D. J. WINN.,
Sept. 20, 1853;,
AT THE OLD STAND OF B. A J. GILBERT.,
S.& E. M. G IL BE RT
conlinue the CAR RIAGE
BUSINESS at the above
sland-No. 35 and 40 WVentworth-street,
Chareston-where they will be pleased In
exhibit to their old frientds and cuatompe
a very extensive Stock nf Vehiv.les, com5
prising those of their own nanaufactures.
together with varion& otlth.atylea usually:
found in this market. Their long acquaints
ance with this .jnaret as manufacture -
and1 dealers will enable them, tIo 00'r-grea
inlducemtents to purchasers both in stylesi
Atugust 24, 1852. 4.1
Improved CJottoi Gins.
Thank ful for past favours the subacriber wish
es to inform the pubico that he still manufa~c
lures Cotton Gins at his establishment in State
burg, on the moat improved and approved plan
whtich he thinks that the cotton glrned on one
of those gins of the late improvement i. worth
at least a qutarter of a cent more than the Cut
ton ginned on the ordinary gin. IIe also nan .
utlacturos thetrt on the mnoattimpls construction,
of thie finest finish and of the buest materiala to 7
wit, Sleel Sawa and Steel Plated Ribs Cn
hardionod which he will seil for 62 per Saw.
ie also repairs old gins and puts them in comn
plow order atjhe shortest notic. All orders for
to. will be prmpvad punctualy a ded
Ssate burg, Sumter Dint, S. C. Feb 17,- 18
ROBimT W, ANDRUEWS n~otofien the
citizens of this, anti the adjoining Jiisticts,
that he has removed hi 8mSabies near the Da.
pot of the W, & M. II. oad, where he isready
at all timesa to tak e ohrg of diaseasmed Horses
for a moderate charge tin all cases whiere there
Is no cure no pay will he expected. Hie arse
continues t. take Passengers to r.rnd fromn the
Diepot, wrnd expects shortly to receive' a Necw
Omnibus for that urpwie. Goods he will haul
at thie old rate o 10 pontapperage, a
solhnits th pigtrmage of thespblic.
Feb. l 17--a