Newspaper Page Text
(CONTINUED FROM FIRW PAGE.)
L9t,. Mr, .Taber, -has publisheO his
speech, declaring, as I understand, (for
I havo not yet seen it;) that he gives
the speech as nearly in the same words
as ho can recollect having delivered it.
I take it, therefoire, that henceforth this
printed speech must be-made the basis
of discussion, if indeed the whole afliiir
has not already attracted a degree of
attention beyond its intrinsic import
When I say that henceforth the
printed address must be made the ha
cis ofdisepssion, I mean to say that it
must be taken as that which Mr. Ta
ber meant to have said, and that what
ever else he pronounced in the chapel
must be ascribed to unpremeditated
language, rising excitement, and a want
- of skill of delivering thoughts in an in
experienced speaker. 1, ihr one, did
not make allowance for this at the
time, because,, seeing him consulting
at times a manuscript before him, and
knowing, as I did, that he had been ap
pointed to deliver the oration live
years since, I took it for granted, with
out any further reasoning upon the
matter, that what he delivered had been
long been reflected upon, especially as
many parts of his speech went directly
contrary to that which may well ie
called the unanimous voice of civilized
mankind, viz: that religion, liberty,
morals, the arts, order, and the corn.
nonost production, stand in need of
education-not only of intensest culti
vation of the highest branches of knowl.
edge, such as was always acknowledged
by the governments which promoted
universities and academies of sciences
-but of cotnmon, aud the commonest
achnol qducation, such as Charetnange,
prdicipat-ing many centuries, like a
really groat man, had to view when he
obliged all the bishops of his gigantic
empire to establish model common
schools for the po >r, In connexion with
I felt pain, nay grief, when I heard
sentiments which seemed to me to go
directly against that which I have al
ways made one of my chief points of
teaching, na!.ely, the truth that a
sound government is bound to aid, with
all the lawful means at its disposal, in
the highest as well as the lowest educa
tion, simply because both are indispen
sable elements of civilization, and are
b)eyond the reach of individual means.
I grieved that I should hear, in the
middle of the nineteent.h century, in a
repd1c, in the ciapel of ' college,
:and from the lips of a gif'tecl yonng
'mai of my own teaching, sentiments
-which then certiiahly appeared to me
hostile to things I hold most sacred.
and I coid not help reflectimg, that
th.ma sentirnetL were tittered on the
same platform on which, two years gigo,
I had dwelled in my addrea,. to tha
, graduating class, on the gret. fact that
we live in a period whain knowledge
has become dis aristocratized, as I cal.
ed it, when charitable persoz.ns esjt.amb
lished " raggerd s~htoolu." and ihe. pruc.
*s mo.rznarchs~ are obige~d toi speak on
their verny thunone upeehen of pos4tir.
ro;, pen itentiaries arnd cogimitm ,ichool
Aystems. I conld not help thinkng,
*that here a tlpeaker sctrrom.i to attnac.
in a college chapel, cour;Lmrn i.dool
systemra, supported andl carriecd "ut, by
governmnat., while butt a few weul
ago a Governor ofz a neighiborin~g :hitate
lhas resolutel y atta'ked, ini his uomeiiial
mess5agJ, colleyr ed'uenutionu as. uniait ting
mien 1* or a pu bientn gov-ernn,enrt. 'J,
what, 1 thtotght, shall we conie at last,
betweet the one and the o:her-!
O. That Mr. Taber expressed himself
uskilfully, does- not seem to me to
suffer any doubt, bccause there srenmed
to me but one voice when his address
was concluded. Among others, one of
the Trus;,ees who has beenI President of
the College, and a hi.:i functioniarv of
the Stafe--a man whomi all eshtOeen for
his virtue aud piety, and. if I nriistake
not, a relative of Mr. T.laber's---eam
up to me, afiter the concltustion of' the
address, (which by the wayv ougt nev
or to have been delivered at that tone.
and at that place, for- it had nto cen.
tion' with the coimmncemin:t, wlihi,
happily, is with u:; a Sitite :.fhir.) tis
gentleman came up ti mec and ex ure.
od his deeet orrow. We~ anzlved
that it is onei oft the prou'idest n. i
the whole period of' the reibrmi stn.
that nowhere did it t ake p'lae, withk.ut
at once zealously promot ing C;i nnntn
schools, whichi certe'inlyv umst. always
4 begin with reading, writinsg and arith
metic. That great, Ietter of Dru. Martin
Luther " to the far-famed Germant Na
tion," in which he calls upon thte no
.bility and people to promote and es
tabliih schools for the " poor and ig.
norant," is but a type of what htappen
ed everywhere. A mnan like my)selft
who believes that people whto catnnot
read their newspaper and theitr Bible,
are, as a class, tnowadays, citizens of
little value in a free counttry, could not
hear without i-eal grief, what, I distinct
ly thought I heard, anid what all mten
ni~d~ omen, seemetd to hear-. lut, if
.tihere is nothinig of' the sort in' Mr. Tla
her's printed address, I allow that, eat
ried away at the moment, he said what
he did not mean to say, or did it in a
manner in which he did not desire to
My letter has already become much
longer than I intended to make it, and
as it answers in general the several
questions you have put to nme, it will
be most agre -able to~you amnd me if I
abstain from answoring eachi in part icui
I think, upon the whole, that e'nough,
and in sufieiently enorgetio tertms, has
been said on this topie on both .ides,
so that the controversy may be fatirly
* ~ allowed to rest without con genience to
I atm, dear sir, your ob't ser v't,.
P. 8.. I iay add that. Mr. Tabher,
* for whom I have always cherished feel
-' iasu -of unqualified kindness, ever since
hs wasahore in the College,: knows tall
~.I felt-regarding his speech. W e had a
:oinversat'ron about it d day or two af
ter th delivery.
SOUTH CAROta*A CoLawE ,
Dec. 81, 1853.
TO Hon. B: F. Pey-Der Sir : 1.
received, night before last, your letter
of the 28th.
* . * * *
You propose to me a series of ques.
tiens in regard to Mr, Taber's Address.
I have this difficulty in answering them.
I cannot separate my recollections of
the Address from recollections of re
peated conversations which I have had
with Mr. Taber upon the subject of
popular education. .le is a young
man in whom I feel great interest. ;.I
have always 'admired his talenth,.and
have never distrusted the purity of his
intentions, nor the sincerity of his
zeal to do the State service. Of ain ar
dent and impet'uous temperament; he
is exposed to the danger of being has
ty in his conclusions, of taking abso
lutely what is true only with linita
tions and conditions, and, of cour-e, is
liable to great extravagance of state
nent. Such men, while the fire of
youth is in them, should be treated
with lenity. Experience will teach
them sobriety and moderation, and
thetn they become the most effective in
struments of good. The impression
left upon my mind in relation to Mr.
Taber's opInions, partly by the Address
itself, and partly by free, personal con
versations, was briefly this: ie had
framed, from the study of'Grote's His.
tory of Greece, a particular theory of
popular instruction. He had dwelt
upon it in his thoughts until his fancy
kindled his utections, and his affections
warmed into enthusiasm. In the ardor
of his zeal, lie overlooked the change
which the art of printing has introduced
into society, the immense difFerences
between modern States and the city
States of antiquity, and took a defect
ive view of the real nature and design
of the modern system of Common
Schools. Mr. Taber contended that
education consisted in furnishing the
mind with principles and truths ; that
the most successful method of doing so
was by popular addresses, forensic ar
guments, public lectures, contact with
able and gifted men, theatrical repre.
sentat-ions, paintings and monuments.
In contrast with this system he pre
sented that of the Common Schools,
which, in his judgment, made the ac
quisitiuo uf the arts of reading and
writing the great business of education.
iHe maintained that men might be edit
cated, and well educated who could
neither -ead nor write, and that they
migh he t want g i, all truiLt and reil
edutntioin, and yet po01Vt:(seed of tlhese
arts. Jier this aprehe:i h of the
udcl ii lth0 C,,,1ion1 an Siiool1 sy.tem"', lie
denonncecd i pruet: Its. He pro.
itunded to',auva.a- what le considerel
tli stereotyp ed ai'giorient in' defence of
it.-.-its tceno( y t1 proute amorality;
amnd nader !-his letad udertok to show
;ihar the einam was contradicted by ex
perie-nie; t.hat, ini p -in t of' Ihet, th
iiandard of iiwrality was lower ed rath
.r thanm exalted. wherever' thme system
rprevailed. IL had not. heet: able to slip.
:'-eirel igio'n, f'ree:,,lism and mani
ful extriavagances in the Northiern
S:atnut. I cantizi'tmay tha't he attributed
in-uf. witw rathekr iden'isivye tha~n atggres
ive. thloughm he iinay havie carr'ied the
wi'd- imot the ene.my's couontry. and hav e
-cibedio thme vi-es of' thme N orth to the
pe rat ion of the sy ste~m. TJhis~ at rock
me as the genera-l drii ft ot' the di sc'ourse
in that pin t of it which liertained to
popula' instructiont. I confes that I
did not u;ndentanid hiimias opposed~L( to
the education of' the people. I thought.
on the conit rary, that, h' mad m:i tted thbe
inlt itance atnd necessity af it. Hlis
ob jectioni ti tim'-Comm ninon' School sg s.
tem' was, that it diid not educate, and his
mal ~ for the A'thiaiin imethodl spynmg
ifrom theo ch~ tion that. it idid edu
eate. Iii all thi I thiink Mr. Tlaber wtr
jiidgrmenti is uitterily impacticable in:
miodern'i timels andi ini moderen State.s,
au- ii Ctuon1110 ~ liofl, with the arts
ofi rlig :td writiic the iindispeunsa
C Orhmo Sebo i! doe-s miit con1:emph lte
the.e ris aS t le end, b~ut a-s a niia;ms.
They are-not educiiat ion, butt-the istri.
whlich it is ot likely to pre-vail. Tli
faict, to opp ie ippular ins-truu ion. But
I ami suro that this was not the design
of Mr'. TIaber, its his argument ton led
upon a very difiuerent assumption.
it relation. to slavery, I. understood
him to assert. that it was lthe conservative
e lemnent, in republIican institutions; that
without, it, they were apt to degi-ierate
into ed aiid lawless demnocracies.
thin~k he said it was essential to their
being pireserve'd in theiir pur'ity.
This is the substance of what, I have
gathmered f'rom t he Addiess, and frmoio
several inieirviews. Mr.-fJaber knowis
my opinion on all these pionts, and
knows my regret that he could tnot look
upoin the~ Coimmon School system as I
do. But I am' free ton say-nd fel-c
bound in candor aiid justice to sa v
that I do not believe that lie is unifriend
13- to the impirovealmntand the elev'a
tionit of t he imiatse~s. Ini the curre-nt of
his Address, his impetuosity hurrie-d
him i-in so umany uiiguar-ded and e-xt i-ava
gahit expi rssioiis, that lthise who did iiot
know thte chiaratcter of' his mminmd, miight
have taken up very tuifavorable hnpres
sions; hut I knew how ton iiake allowan
ces fir the aidor of his tetmplerament,
aiid though I dlis-enited widely frm his
coinclusins, I had no idea thait he cer.i
ishmed a senitmiient in his heart, which
would lead him to depress any class of
.I have wiritten to you candidly and
irankly, and ~have endeavored to' stat e
my impression, in each cmaso, of Mr.
Tlaber's meaning. Ilis Address,
think,.willI be made thme instrument, of
great, geod. 1t will awaken puhtli
attentionl to the general subject of
popular instruction. It will lead to
4iseussins, and discussions will lead to
fam, with very great respect and
esteem, yours, most truly,
J. H. THORN WELL.
SOTi '7CAROLI. A COLLrEoE, Jan. 4.
184. B. F. .Perry, Esq.-Dcar Sir:
I have the honor of acknowledging the
receipt of your communication of the
28th ult. ih which you request answers
to certain questions in reference to the
Address delivered by Mr. Taher, at
our last commencement. I do not
know that .l can better comply with
your request than by giving you the
general impression which it made upon
me. Before doing this however, let
me say that my position was very un.
favorable for hearing Mr. Taber. I
~sot behind him; and although I drew
up my chair as near as possible, and
leaned foward to catch every word, I
failed to do so, inconsequence of what
seemed-to me to be the indistinctness
of his enunci ition. From what I did
hear, I formed my opinion ofhis Ad'
I understood him to dononce the
Common School system of the
North-which proposes to teach read
ing and writing, or the elements of
knowledge-as inadequate to the pro
duction either of intelligence or virtue.
He eutended, moreover. that the prac.
tical working of the system had proved
pernicious, ascribing to it the various
forms of fanaticism which disturb that
portion of the confedracy. In lieu of
this system he proposed to substitute
the Athenian method of public oral in.
struetion. lie would train a thorough.
ly educated class, and through them
impart instruction to the unikttered
mases, while he would trust to the dis.
ciplinc of the domestic circle for the
growth of the people in virtue.
From the remarks which he made
on the subject of conservatism and of
democracy, I did not. infer any hostility
on his part to popular tights. They
seemed to rne to be aimed at the dem
agogue in the appropriate sense of that
I understood him to maintaiit that
slavery is essential to republi'eau in
The above remarks cover ! believe,
the entire ground of your queries.
I am with great respect, yours &c.,
J. L. REYNOLDS.
SPRINGFIELD, Dec. 30. 1853.
To B. F. Perry, Esgr.-Dear Sir: I
received your, of the 29thu to day, too
late to answer it I heard Mr. '.laper,s
speech with r gret.- for like you, I had
e.t.ertat.ed t i h , opinion iit 'hi s powers
utdte!lta tit tnl. li tjuirs of argu
ion1i. wati u a cupl:tely Shoci(ked
ilt; id I ret t r exp i tm:l51 lly
dislike of hi~s tsntimes'Gs Io N iu the.
mioient alter t he i'-.'h \as delivered'
'lo yotiur inguiitI I ani'swer,
]st.. I eertaiiy t.der-tttid him t(1
detounce the S\ ntenIii t o TLeLdihg and
WVriting .tebloo)i'1 li e Iteme thinni
oftheii roi smI wanlt tfrt!Uiralt, 'ao
21. lie* cet~l.ain'y a -sert ed thait ouri
freetdom firoml such sxcesse. :as he was
otfthe little poer ptat. ed~ ly ouirra
ding a:.d~ wri ting schltet ?
3.1. lHe .-said, ill stt niiys wordi.
that negroS siLvery. was nlecessa.ry tto aL
ialhorde'd the inasteris the .t ppiortuity
to be' edted ~, when if I hev lhl d to
work, the could lit be 14!
4th. lie asste~d t hat edutatio, .to
he valuales 5ou-,t hes thorouta.h. A.4
read ing i~ 'a w rtings~ eduat in lie re
gardeid as ca llatd to inakei~ a personl
LIbI.(.. ittles < ienuned~:.1. i h iaggiiiv~S,
and defendedct ctonservaismi. ii is air.
ad vocanted p.'ualir righsts werie flim
deliugo) ilte' Slid tl**sc wilt resIse
temi were the c 'ns~el r vmiSs of te
I have 1never recuiretd initi toughlt to
thec \Address. withtut imeiniig, fromu
recalb 'd it., that I inist he( miista&kein. ini
J1udge--anid the---. TIhey both
teoured inI ihinikinig it the mttst exI ra~v
1 know we lave a body tof aristo
crats among us who believe exactly as
Mr. Taher hind the boldness to express.
Th'ley pelieve as lhe does, that negro
slavery and wealth are to entitle the
SIoisesstor to educanctioni. The wor king
classes, they believe, ought not to be
I nam pleased tny, delighted wit~h
the stand you have atssumied in favor of
the etducation of the working elases.I
have beens grattified at the hionorable
notice which you have thereby recei
'You r fr'iend],
JOHN BELTOT O'NEPAL.
It is st ran~n. after she publiratiosvof an
&tdri'a.. denosninig corno an schools, aind
the teachsing of the ev:minon people to rerd
and write-declaring that thne tastes, intel.
lects and pursuitn of the- laboring claisew
unti. them f'or educatiotn, and that they
have "nso time spared them for booiks"
we say it is strnnge,. paing. strang4e, that
afte1r the ptubl icas tion ofan auddres* contain.
ingj r~iuch .sentimnitt, oipposed as they are
to) the ahiniust ulna nimohus voice of civilliza.
tiona, andi hostle- annd dest rutive as te
are to libermy andi repnbliicanismn, there
shdsnkI hiett fond in thins age andl at this dlay
in Suithi Corol.,,a, a solitry 1Press beauti.
fully charvacserizedl as ,, thme tongue of lit
erty atnd the ord to tyrants," wich
should approve, uiefend, osr extuse prin'i
p~sso odious ansd revoltinwr to the human
heart- Th~e Sharteston ~iercury itir,
the very paper edited by Mr. 'Taber, had
in repoitle the priniciples of his address
anid yet thsey have elsewhere founld advo
Latt s and atph~cgist! We do uni1 obiject to
hbe defence of Mr. Tabher, such ats President
TIuolnswa'i. has made for hini in the letter
we piubbes and Euch as a been made by
the Chester Standard, attributing the er.
rors of his address to his head and not to
his-heart The sentiments of his address
should neither be defended nor excused.
Against theih only have we directed our
hostility, and we .should have done this,
had they'comie from a bosom friend or a
Mr Taber's Reply.
B. F. Perry, Eugr.
ESan: After the manner in which
Dur personal difference terminated, I
indulged, the hope that I might
never again be impelled to the un
pleasant necessity of noticing you.
Bti your claims upon me are so
strqng, and your case so clear, that I
trustiforego whatever repulsion I may
feel to do justice to you.
To the bar of public opinion I had
been ruthlessly summoned, and I re
spond by laying before it the Address
which had excited such groundless
lanor, that thus informed, it might
judge between the assailant and the as
sailed. This constituted my whole
:1efince,-and I was prepared to stand
:r fall by it, u ithout further attempt at
vindication or appeal. But sir, the
public have now to thank you, who
has tl insulted its decency and
Food s .jso, by the repetition of your
libels up'on m., for the necessity which
now bU igs our names before it. Your
paper of the 17th furnishes that ne
cessity; and justifie inc in what I am
about to write. I demand your at-,
tention while I sketch the history of
I had been chosen by my classmates
at our graduation five years ago, to
deliver an Address on the occasion of
our re-union. The day arrived, and I
l'erforred that duty. It was as for
eign to my natare as to my tongue, to
utter a singlejsentiment at variance
with the best welfare of the State, and
her people whom I loved. In that
crowded auditory, there sat among the
honored of the land, one who was in.
vested with the dignity of a Trustee of
the College, who was an old member
of the Legislature, and more than all,
who .professed' kindness to mysel.
He was mcreover, twice my senior.
But what were these to him in the out
rage he meditated ? Ile stood ready
to prostitute his honors, to disgrace
his years, and to falsify his profession,
in his eager zeal to win an eclat, as
dear to him as it was loathsome to
others. Do you recognise the picture.
sir ? Permit ie to give it another
touch. This man had never been
wronged or at tacked by me. O.a past
relations were kindly, and so much
did I count upon his sincerity, that
ry a few dtys befow. tie occasiorn al
hided1 to, I sough-lt hip friendly co~unuil.
ion at matter re,-lating to the Address
itsei; redcved it, and thaukir.g hir in
the wor:nst maniner, left 1a. 'h
wouli liav( disarined an enemy-it
serv\ nlly to :mahe more ntati gntlit
the kindne ss of it friend. This 'rus
le of' th Cioll ege, this'Leg'islato)r,
ibis friend, henis the Ad dlres goit
his h.mne,:uid dippiing his pen. ini all,
puisi:hes to. the worldI~ a I issue of libels
.d insits. I dfemandti a withd:rawal
if the '.l~n si 've p uhoeuae Hel~ retee
iand tto !iith the wroig moert iila iat
and d cl ies tis also. .1 hi y se e
your that ure~ yet ? Y1ou aret the Trus.
tee, aid the . ilao. w ho d1isgrtaced
the. digiity of~ bot, by a we nitoni as
sault upn thet feelings.~, antd byv fo:!
4ibiilers~ oft onei, who' ini your presence
but a few yeairs biefore steppedc~ fromin
thai~t same~t stage inito, andji bad, retiurnetd
College. Y'ou aire the friend w ho
playedJ the silinig assassini with hypoi.
rtical plait.ssion of kindnmess up-on.
yi our .lips-who alonme stood fort h as
my1 acenser anid myi foIe. This was
y.our g-.ed feeling to mie. this is the
er of ; antd yetu had& the affron.mtery,
'iiIand till have, to repeiat its expres1ioni,
ini thet saime. breathl in which youm oit.
rage :and enhnuntiaited iue. Yo are
lthe antuagoinist, who as-serted the. right
to. insuht, who~ refused'i the honoirable*
ii n.eid, and whlen p~ress~ed fu rther,
graiefullt y tootk shel ter biehind ' the a
dow oif a rejputaition. Turnt your cont
duct. in this itiatter as you iw'ill, aid
in every aspect it is damintg toi y tai.
Your prjiofessieons can be reconililed
with yotirconiduet only oin the hy pathe
sis, that, you are in iimbeeile. Yet to
doubt their truth, is to convict you of
vile hypocrisy. You would perhaps
prefer the former alternative. Bitt the
world knowvs that you are no fool, and
it, will therefore choose the latter.
But thaere'are still other phases to
this disgusting dtailI. Your libels
go foih, and reckless mobs hail them
as the occasion of riot and outrage. In
the Capital of the State, under the
very eyes of' the Legislatura i-bself, a
11n1)b is imustered- parades the streets
in lawless tritiiuph, and devotes to ex
eeratiotn the character, and to flatnes
the efligy of a citizen, for the simple
exercise of' his right, of speecht. Yout
were the "contquering htero" of' that oc
eeijon. Thllat. mzob ntisembhled to out
rage tme,. btut to compliment and ' ap
p'laud you. Little did they dream
that they were the dupes of your base
designs and falsehoods. They repair
to your hotel, and eatger to see and
hear' their c~hamnpion, shout for you.
You present yourself before them.
Whatt an op)portuity was then pre
seinted to you to make yourself mem
orable f'or one ac't worthy of a c:tizen
tind legislatoir! Had you rebuked the
mob01, anid told thenm that. in a cotun
try professing to be free, the right to
think and speak was not to be orushW
ed by such means, that friend as you
wecre to their cause you could 5ot
countenance their acts, you would have
won for yourself, a namue elevated in
deed. Your nature either cotuld not
perceive the propriety of' such a
course, or else its miserable cravings
triumnphed over the suggestions of
decency and ditit. The atmao
phere of the mob was congenial to
you; their shouts awakened in your
bosom cherished dreams; and vanity
whispered in your willing ear shat the
hour of your greatness was at hand.
You forsook the path of manliness
and decency, you luxuriated in the
disgusting applause of rioters, and in
turn cajoled them with honeyed words
of thanks'and sycophancy. Thus was
the spectacle presented, of a Trustee
of the State College, and a member of
the Legislature becoming the friend
and patron of mobs and lawbreakers!
Hitherto you had been adjuged an
insidious, keen-sighted demagogue, yet
eager for the ppruval of the sober and
honorable. But nobody expected to
see your nature so triumph over your
cleverness, as to betray you into an
act as suicidal as it was disgraceful.
For my own part, I can hardly blame
you for your conduct. So much of
pity do I feel for your nature, that my
strongest reprobation cannot rise a
In the meantime the poison you
had scattered, was working in other
places. At the dead hour of night, a
nother mob encouraged by the scenes
enacted in Columbia, repeat that pro
gramme, surround my house in Char
leston, and shock the ears of my faun
ily. with blasphemy and obscenity,
mingled with shouts for R. F. Perry.
Here again were you the hero. In
Greenville too, similar proceedings
are taken, and 13. F. Perry's name is
the watch-word. All over the State,
your malignity passes fur zeal for
popular rights, and your slanders for
just visitations upon one whom you
had falsely represented as opposed to
them. You were triumphant, and I
was crushed, as you supposed. Cal
unnny, and the voice of denunciation
silenced for a while-all appeals to for
bearance or justice. All this I owe to
your "kindness" and "iiir criticism."
I hope that you enjoyed your vic
tory, Ghat you gloated over the pros
pect of success in hopes long nursed,
yet often disappointed, when South
Carolina should become a bull ring for
demagogues, and her people the dupes
of lying sclfseekers.
From this hasty judgment of the
public, 1 appealed to its calmer and
better sense and laid before it the Ad.
dress in its naked truth. You have
seen the result; and I sincerely pity
your chagrin as day by day, and mail
after mail brought you sickening tid
ings of your detection and exposure.
None but you have questioned the
identity of the Address as delivered.
while the united press of the State,
with scarcely a dissenting voice, has
proclaimed my cornplete vindication
fromat your aspersion:s. And here in
Ch.rlr ston a publie mleeting has be:n
(o11red ne filr the expersion of simniilar
sen ti r. wnts, participated in too by those
who had joined in the outcry against
me, but, W ho now agnatiniously has
tenied to repair th'e wrong. You' have
wituessed all this. and bitterly felt, the
re~oiI. Your. next step is in0 j u~L keep-.
ing with your formier' inos.Fiin
tha;t the j udgmn iit of t h phIle i
agiunst you, you seek to) foJrce its re.
versal-and hv what, meians? You do
no't. ev'en pubillishi the Address. You
did inot, dare to subm)11it it 'simrrply and
as a whole to the puic~i, wehose judg
mnut you aff'ect so imuich to) val ue.
itt y ou serive up gan hied amid d1isj 'int.
e.l extraets, tromn whichh to torture' jus
tiliumlin for' your libels. Whyl, the
Bible itself' has b~teen quo4ted to .snstain
infidelity, and it is uo wonder if' iny
Address is capable' of' ill perversion
in your hands. You do not stop1 here.
-You not only repeat your fo'rmer libels,
but true to your character, you atgain
beeoinie the calumniator, by attempt.
ing' to east suspicion upon hte identity
of the Address. "Verily, it, has hap
pe.'nedi unuto yoiu, according to the true
p ro v erb, the dog is turned to his own
voimlit againi, and the sow that was
washedu' to lier wallowing in the mire.'
I it lohr this further ou tiage and cal umi.
iuy, I sh~ould hav'e passed you by, wit I1
all lie glor'y you haid previoiuslyv won.
l'ermit mei now to attempt il'possible,
to add to it.
I certainly do1 not inten~d to dispute
with you now, as to whether the Ad.
deess, taken as a whole. or' as it, is
butchered by you, sustainis you in your
aspersionis. It was subiiiitted to thu
public four~ weeks ago, to meet this
very issue; and they have read it caire.
fully and diligently, and have dreded
I care not how much, or how adroitly
you may del.ve and wormi into it, tc
discover a spi-it and doctrines where.
with again to raise tile storm. I fee]
conscious of the fact, that the pubhit
have really had more of this mnattei
than they bargained for, and I doubt
not that they will cheerfully permil
both of us to hold whatever opinionm
we please, provided we spare theit
T1here aro but two points in your ar
ticle which 1 care to notice. You say)
that you expected my "displeasure,'
and '"indignant, vengeance," whenm yot
published y our . criticism of the A d
dress, but that "such cons:der'ation:
have never yet caused us to swerv<
fromt the line of duty, however muel
we rmay regret their consequences."
A modest boast indeed ! when you in
tended to shrink fronm the "ennsequenI
ces" of your act, to insult, and declin,
the atonement. "Consequoncos" thui
mect are of course very small matters
and it is no wonder that your hoidnes
dares them l
The other point has referenice to th
four letters appended toyour article
to bolster you in your extrenmity.
Two of them, Dr. TaoaswazLt'a ani
Prof. REYNOLD's give you but litt.I
COnsolation. Their tesimnn indeei
is strongly in my behalf, and I tak
occasion to thank these gentlemen fo
the justice they have done me. Th
other $wo,1 Dr. LIEBER'a and dudg
O'NZAuL's go far to sustahmi you. 'h
fbriner writes merely from his impresa
ions of the Address as delivered to
he says that he has not yet readsit. If
he does read it, I trust he will find
cause as well to modify his opinion, as
to relieve his anxiety, lest he be im
plicated in the opinions, of his former
But what shall I say of Judge
O'NAL.'s letter? How shall I cha
racterize it in tertas becoming the
ermine which he wears, and at the
same time suitable to its spirit and
tenor I From the high post which he
tills, he has descended to this contest,
and deliberately and voluntarily as
sumed the attitude of aggression and in
suit to me. He does not merely ex.
press limsglf in the harshest terms res
pecting the Address, but he becomes
your accomplice in calumny, and stig.
matises me personally. Here is his
language: "I know that we have a
body of aristocrats among us, who be
lieve exactly as Mr. TAnER had the
LRildness to express. They believe as
he does,-that negro slavery and wealth
are to entitle the possessor to educa
tion. The working classes they believe
ought not to be educated." Can Judge
O'NEALL expect such wanton misrep
resentation to pass rnnoticed? Does
he believe that the post which by the
Providence of God he occupies as the
presiding Law Judge in South Caroli
na, can give him ungestioned license
in the utterance of a gross libel upon
the character of a citizen? Will it be
expected of me, just on the threshold of
life, that I should remain . mute, when
thus assailed by orle who is forgetful,
alike of the dignity of his office and his
years, in his volunteer zeal to injure
me? Shall that office give him con
plete freedom of attack, but close my
lips against defence? He should re
member the truth, so often forgotten,
that just as the oflice- ic elevated and
dignified, so does it sink into withering
contrast, himl, who unworthily fills it.
The people of South. Carolina, have ev
er been accustomed. to surround the
Judicial ollice with, reverence, and to
honor in the person of the Judge the
sacred character of his functions. His
name is the synonyme of peace and
justice. Yet, what wil.l they say, when
they learn that their chief priest at the
altar of quiet law and order, congratu
lates you sir, upon the "honorable no
Lice" which yt.u have received because
ofyour assault upon mc? "Honorable
notice" at the hands of mobs and riot
or!, ! Is that the "honorable notice"
which the presiding justice of South
Carolina desires- for himself and his
friend? You have received none oth
er in this matter, and Judge O'NaAL.
may well profit, by your example.
Hiad his letter appeared but a few days
earlier, his name would have been as
sociated with his "frienid's" own, in the
same "honorable noticel from thRse
moubs. lie doubtless laments the glo
ry lust by the delay. The time will
come when Judge O'N EALL must
choose, between the giatificatiun of his
versati~e tastes, and te decorum and.
dignity which becomxi. thec Judge. In
his eyes alone are ;hey comp~ atible,
and the peop1le of $tate will not al
ways hear- it thai' i, tifie wich they
have hnvested's veuer ation, as well
on account oif .:, hz biature', aIs for
the wise anld good u no have adorn d it,
shulud now be dishonored in his per
son, by gratuitous assaults uplon~ chia
raeter, and by his public endorsem ni
of rioters amnd outlaws ! The mantle
of the Jundget will bitte mlanly def-cts,
and procure for the wcarer a considera
tion bevond his own personal deserts;
but whten it. covers the .shoulder-s of
one who abuses its immunities, and
despises the hilo of its folds, from him
at least will its sanctit-y depart, and
the robe itself will hang about, him, aus
the gaudy trappings which enclose the
loathsome and wvorm-eaten corpse!
Judge O'Ntun. speaks of -a body
oif aristoerats in the Sitt, who believe
that negro slavecry and wealth are to
entitle the possessoir to education."
What does this mean? Wl~ho and * hat
arc these aristocrats? Slave ow niers !
Does he seek to imake the institution
odious, by couplinig it with an~ epithet
offe'nsive alike to republicanism anid
good sense '1 Does he conspire against
slaveiry, by exciting and akppealing to
'uchi icelings amtiong the people?
Wh at ! array the poo against the rich.
and make slavery tihe scape-goat Is
t hat, the gamue whichbdomestic a bolit ion
plays? No wonder you both took
uffesnce at the strong slavery tenets at
my Address.- But your indignation
betrayed you too far, and exposed your
own rottenness. You were both sus
p~eeted of this before--who doubts it
A word more, and I close.. Let oth
ers be y our eulogist, I prefer to be ycour
It mi'ust, be a high gratitiication to y ou
sir, in looking back over your pasteca.
reer to tind that it has been so thorqugh.
ly consistent and undeviating. 'The gen
eral tenor of yor assaults upon char
acter, your systematic hostility to al.
who advanced doctrines tendiing to ele
vate and preserve the honor of the Statt
your incessant reviling" of her laws and
Constitution, your appeals to bas<
passiions to incite discord between thi
di~rentt sections of her .people, yout
prostitution of the columns of you
paper, to the violation of the decencis
-uand confidences of lifei, and lastly, youl
deportment, as the trenchant pully
i all stand unrebuked and unsullied,'b)
,scarce a single worthy act. ,,Yoa
i may have done good by stealth, th
rest is upon record." IL. is indited
Sconsistency of which you may be proud
,[But few mourtials are permited to enjoj
- it. It is, perhaps, well (or yourt rep
I 'uaatioin, that you aoted as~ you hav,
a done in this matter. A ditlirent coursa
I would have marred the miserable con
aisteney of your whole life, and 4hok
r ed the public, and perhaps ye,nurself
s by the contrast. Your conduct here
3 had a look of - desperation about it
a You acted as the malefacttor, who, hav
ing oxhausted the cahander of lessel
reslved by ond- last .crowingcmof
atroegy, to wit irperiah in tessempt.
Your lt has beens a painfuil :one. t
has been cast among a people; wbos.
purity of instructions, unaninit Jnhp.
icy of the honorable, diwauvt of-Pauiy
scrambles and po)llution, veneiJog '
for the past, devotion to prinoiplej apd
public virtue, eave stood. as;barliria
the path of yohr aspirations. Th
prasence of thesi elevated Atsir ~
was intolerable to you; hence our
bitter war against them;' Have you
not discovered that Soith Carolina Is
a- very poor field for the domagogh
that her people are too steadfa.s;nd
sensible to become his dupes'anid t"
You reckoned upon their great ' gno.
rance and iramorali, yhen you
drew the c ntrast be them and
the people of the North ,and you
thought that among such a people =you
might rise iuto iavov snd poliic6al
importance. IBut you reskoned bsily,
W ith tall their ignoranee 'they have
detected you, and with all their in..
morality, they are virtuous enough to
comdemn and despise you. You .:A;,d
doubtless succeed much better r
liking in a community having ,,uiere,
religion, more education, and more
Sir, you tre near that point of life.
when men love to look beek upon e
career ol honor and usefulness.. Can
you do- so? You have a reputation.
but for whatr. Do not good and patw
riotic men all over the State, regard
you as a foe to her real wel'are, a trai
tor to her institution., a restless self
seeking Catiline, w~hose ambition can
be gratified only by her degradation
and ruin? You hive too been prumoted
to some honors, You tres now a- trustee
of our College and a member of the
Legislature. What,. you a trustee of
the College ofSouth Carolina' and sit
at a board where wisdom,. high feeling,
and dignity preside over the training
of youth? You a -legislator in aStaff
whose constitution, and polity you de
test and revile!. Hitherto you were
not thoroughly known;. glimpses only
of your charucter have been seen.
But this transaction has brought it ful
ly out. The mask is fallen, and you
stand undisguised.- friend, yet a
slanderer, a man of-honor yet reckless
of truth,-a patriot yet an incendiary
and traitor-ariend to the people, yet
their cunning foe-a legislator, yet the
champion of mobs-in all a man to be
dispised an: detested. Sir, -1 have
done with you. You assailed and
slandered me, and have reaped the re.
ward. Henceforward you may, and
doubtless will,,pour out streams of fe
tidity, calumny and, abuse.upon me..
They add to your-fame, and. "put
moi:nev in thy purse." lint they will
flow by me without notice. I shall
ever think ofyon as the traveller does
of the reptile, that hisses and springs
at him from the roadside jungle, yet
coming short of its aim, falls to 'the t:;
dust in angry, but harmiless c~intortion~s.
Your obt. $'ervant.
WM. R. TAIBER, Jr.
EDUCATIo.I or FIMALEs is FRAneE -
The Purai arresponident or the New York :
Courier, in a letter, miang suggetmui'u
whelh are worth attemi~on. Ime sava :
"In France thme ladies are educcated in
a mannmer to mnake them ni~ost agreeable in
sioiety, andl, whime all are Laught to keep
the ace~:unrts ofI household expenmses, many
of the poo~er chnus are tnught book keeping
so ihertugh'y ais to eniable thsem to iollow
it as a prozewsin. In abin.st every Pari.
shop, consegniently, uhe bnoks are kept
ei:he,- by the wife of the shopkeeper or by
so~mem other female employed for ihe pur
pose'. Thus the French system is to teach
femiales thme uselnI or agreeale, according
to their worldly conditioin. Ouar Amecrican
system i o teach them a lhule of e'very
thmng. in fact we take, momre painsa with
thzem than wimh our boys, though it would
seem from the results that hitherto our
el'rts have been none 'ton well directed.
WVhile we have ienile .acminarie~s andi
colleges in wblrehm decrees arc conferred,
amnd wiche produce miinyv shallow amia di.-.
conitented philosaphers who imimodestly
takc the rostr~unm at pubbc meetings and
leave begun to, invade thdl pulpit, w'el have.
very few whom caun take chargei of a huN'-.
hiand's countni-roomn while lie is engaged
ini the d irectioni of oitber departmenta
his biness. Inm Paris you .buy a carpeT
of your uipho.serer, who shows tihe go-sue,
makes all tihe neeessary expmlantationms, amid
sen'ds it. hom~re. Bumt when you pay youi-s
walk to the neat mnihoganmy desk where.
iuaa-me sits- enthroned behind .her large.
folia ledger, andu it is with her yott regu.
late the accounts.. The French tradesiman'
wdie takes an actine, useful, and appropn
ate past in the raannagement of affa irs; sh
knows to what extent the businicas is jiroq
peroums, amid is therefore never ini dant
like umany.American wives, or deem,
a new carriage or oteretravauganes~
her hiusbandm is oni the poimt of faill
These reuumrks are suggested by am) ac
count of a meeimg ma ndon "oft
friends arid promnoters et the- Hyde.P~
College for Youang Ladilhes." It wo
h.nve been sauich better to have commen
as ihe New Englanderm did, With
mon schools for girls.
Tlo Ruovx Maars vuow TIAs.ES.
H-ot dishes sometimes leave wbitismh ma
on varnished tabes,~ puhen, jacedl care
iessly upon them. TI) remm-ve,it, pour som
lamp oil on the spot, and rub it wl
wtith soft cloth. Thena pour on a-flit.
tle spirits and uhil dry 1rith another
cloth, and the white mark will disappoer2,
leaving the table as btight as bere..
EDUCAION.-OtcTon iS at comlpw
ion which no misfortunp.cani depresg-ue
crime can destroy--no enay, ca,.alienl&
ate---no despoimm enslave ; at-'heng
friend-ahreamdy an introductie~.--ib
utude a srdice, uad is oceyup oram
It chastens vice. .imggies:at, on e<g~
aund nrimament'to enukm..wimh9'it,
is man? a spiendidI slave, a fessenin#e
Goon $UOGsen".,--1% Bostoir
nal Suggests thr~m nuw the iattenv
Camuross has been~e p vled to the
uduckof those* shipnmstes .'i
the ,-Urvivors of he $&n Fria -
of money be plar-eA pernainenitly,
dnapgssis die-hfe r
domiotted to dpe ;mrb4 f
maials1 for' gahlaimry atu .e
retseuinelife at sea