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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS. DEMOCRACY, NEW$, tITERATURE, . AGRICULUE CEC ADTl RS
. ..: ..:n-.W . J. FRANCIS, P ROPIIIET. c O -af our XkatW te Lilflb. T R S$ 1 A vA cE
VOL. VIII. SIMTERVILLE, S. C., FEBRUARY 22, 1S64. .N.i
THE SUMTER BANNER,
Every WV'edssesday iIoruiug
BY W. J. FRANCIS.
T E RMYIS,
TWo DOLLARS in advance, Two Dollars
and Fifty Cents at tihe expiration of six months
or Three Dollar at the end of the year.
No paper discontinued until nil arrearages
are ran, unless at the option of the Proprietor.
e Wr Advertisements inserted at SEVENTY
FIVE Cents per sptiare, (1"2 lines or less,) for
the first, and half that sum for each stbseqt.mtt
insertion, (Oflieial advertisements tlie sne
27 The number of insertions to be marked
on all Atvertisements or they will be publi.<heI
until ordered to be discontinued, and charged
l"VF ONE DOLLAR per square for n single
insertion. Quatrterly and Monthly Adlvertise
meats will be charged the same as a single in
sertion, and semi-nonthly the same as new ones
For the Hanner.
SUMTER AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIA
SeTaftvILLI., Jan 25, 1852.
At a meeting of the Stimtervillte As
sociation held this day, Col. V. Net.
ties was called to the Chair, the Presi
dent and Vice.President being absent.
This being the regular time for the
election ofOllicers, a. Conmnittee was
appointed to tominatte Ofieers for the
The comntittee having consulted, r<
ported the fololowing names :
. J. M. PITT.
For Vice Presidents
J. J. Knox,
J. M. Nelson,
T. M. Briggs,
G. W. Coopper,
I,'. L. Ileriot.
J. I). Uilanding.
G. V. Bradford.
- The report of the Cotaimittce was
Dr., Pitts toic the Chair, and re
tunred his thanks for the coatpliment
pair' ai, and announeed the Associ
ation ready for business.
.J. 1). Blanding, as Chairmian of the
Committe t4, revise Constitution and a
premiun list, rep rted that the Comt
nittee had agreed upon the t allowing
Constitution and Preniuni list, which
were considered, discussed, and adopt.
ed by the Association
Regarding Agriculture as the prime
interest of the State, and aware that as
a science is is best cultivated by a free
interchange of views, and that mental
activity and practical energy are stianu
lated by friendly intercourse and coin
petition, we the undersigned do here
by form ourselves into an Association
for the purpose above specified, and
adopt the following Laws and Regula
tions for our government :
*This Society shall be called the
"Sumter Agricultural Association."
All persons, by signing the Consti
tution, pay ing the initiation fee, and
the- annual contribution hereinafter
specilied, shall become members, and
be entitled to all the privileges of this
The Officers of this A ssociation shall
consist of a President, six Vice Presi
dents, and a secretary anid Treasurter,
who shall be elected (by ballot) annu.
ally, r~t the regular fall meeting.
It shall he the dutty of the President
to take the Chair at tall meeting of this
A~ssacintion; to preserve or dor ; to en
fotiee sutel parliamentary rules and
regulations as govern delive-rative
bodies; to call extra meetings, w hen
necessnry, and to appoint all Con
It shall lbe the dit-y of the Vice
President, highe (st on the list, to as
snine, and dischbarge all the duties of
the Preside'nt, in his absence.
It shall he the dutty (if the Secre
' airy to etaroll the namuies tof members,
tisake a correct minute of all pro.
eee.ling<;, tt file amld preserve all pa
pers; to futrn~ish a list of all artile~s on
exhaibititnn to the umpi..e. or Judges
and to performn all other duties tpper.
taining to his oflice.
It shall be the d ity of tlxe Treasurer
to reivc e all contributions to the So.
eiety ; to collect al l nonies due, and t~
expend the same as directed, by the
Society, and to make an annual return
of same, at the annual (meeting of this
Each"ll member shall pay into the
Treasury annually the sum of two dul
lars, said paynient to be made at timne
of application fur membership. or by
the first day of June, in each year; and
upoii his refusing to do so, his name
shall be strickei from the roll.
At each antnal ineeting, the Asso.
ciationx shall elect, or choose, Some in
dividual, to deliver an appropriate
. Jdress, at their next anuxial nietinxg.
At each :uinal mecting, the Associ
ation - hall, thrungl their president:
appoint. Cx ilmmittees of three, of its
menibers, upon the fiilo wing products
of our soil, to wit: Cottojn, Corn, small
grain, (includling Whleat, liye, ( ats,
and lice,) 'utatues and Iout crops,
vegetables, fruits mani gra'ses. T he
duties of said Committees shall be to
repor t, inl writing, to this Assuociation,
at its next annual meeting; the xnoxt
Approved varieties of seeds, time and
tianer oI planting, quality and qxuain
lity of manure best .cxdapted to their
growth, most Ceconromlical meithotd of
application of ianures, most improved
mut hod or system of cultivation of
each class. tge rber with other infor
Imation which they, (tay deem of in
terest or profit to the ineibers of this
At each annual r:.eetinxg the Asso
eiationx shall, through their poesideit,
appoint a Coxmittee of five, of its
members, whose duty it hall be, (as
soon afler as poSsilie,) to claify all
stock aid Pr zduce, and to offer I're
mimin s for the diflferent classes, and
grades in each dejartmnext, that should
receive premuiiins or awards at the
next annual mueeting. The said (2om.
uitite shall, also be cmpowvred to ap
point comxnmittes of three, to act :t
judges or umpires, (in all s'tock or t.xi:
Stock or Produce put on exhi bition.
At each anniual meetinxxg, the Asso.
eiatiot shaII, thxx,.roh their 'resider
appiniit a Coninuittee, wth~ shall m xaxe
suitable arrangemxents for holding our
next annual.teetin, and shall provide
a snitable building fhr the reception
and safu keeping of articles on exlhihi.
lion and shall have erected suitable
and convenient stalls or enelosure, fihr
all sto'ck &c., aind sall keep order on
the day ofexhibitioxn.
In no case thtall the awxard or prcmi
eum exeed in valueit ten dol lar-s. There
shiall lee no secondl class premiums of:
fered by this Asso ciatiun, anid in no
instance shall axn awanrd he extended to
speciimenis of Stock or Prod uce in t he
same class or grade which have taken
a prize at a previoius exxibitionx.
All Stock or Produrce, 'in exibi tioni
for a premiumin, shall hbe the lono fide
property of miembel~rs of' this Associa-.
Memiber's comipeting' for premius
on the gr~eatest, yield per acre, of the
various producitions of our soil, nr'e re
qulired to fuirnishx the Secretary, teni
days previouis to the aniual meieting,
a cartificate of same, stating fully,
kind of secd, when and how plantad,
uluanti ty and kind ofi mniuj o used, how
amid whxen applied, how, when and how
of'ten wxuked, conidition of' ground he
fore pilaniting, how long ini previoius
M~emrbers comipetinig for premiums
on stock, arec required to furnish the
Secretary, teni days previous to the ani.
inuaxl meeting, a certificate of the sanae
stating fully as possible, their pedi
gree, aige, wheii putL on good keeping,
and articles of food nrinninntly uned.
Members intend ng to exhibit. any
article at the annual meeting, are re
quired to register the same with
the Secretary ten days previous to day
In awarding premiums, the product
of swamp or river lands shall not he
comupared with the product of pine or
bluf' lands, but comparison shall be
made of the product ofeach class of
The President, Vice President, or
Secretary shall call an extra mte' ting
nyan the written application of any 1
five members o'f this Association.
'T'his Assoc iation shall hold its annu. I
al meeting at or near Sutterville, on
Tuesday and \W'ednesday after the .ith
MAonday in Octo)ber.
The above Con-titution - and By
Laws shall not be altered or amended
but by a vote of two-thirds of'the
The following n:umed gentlemen
have been appointed, as conuittees,
to eport, to the Agriyultural A ssocia.
tion at its next, alnnual meeting, Oil
the various proJuets assigned each
Commnitte, as specified in A rticle 3d,
of t he Constitution :
Committee on Cotton.-II D. Green,
J. E. Reinbert, F. L. Kennedy.
C(.nenmittee onr Cori.--'. A. iul.
drow: G. W. Cooper, J. E. Wither
Con mfit!ce on Snall Grain, includinq
W:;heat, R1ye Riee andi Oatse.-D r. If..
Abbot,J. J1. Knox, 11. Spain.
C ueitee on ROt Crop, includinq
Ptutoes, TiU1'fl;pS, &C. -M. 'M. lemi
bow, T. D. Briggs, J. C. Blackwell.
Conmittee on Fruit and their Cul
lure.--J. S. Richardson Seur., 1.. B.
Cain, Samn'l M~ayrantrI
Connittee on Veeta!>les and their
Cultrere.-lv . .Me.Qeen, L. Fra
zier,'J . S. G. I icharlson.
Coinunittee mn Gzrass, Naitive anid
Fo;.;eil~ n(rts, aiead1retyn.-WV. 0. Mills, J. u. Durant.
J. S. Bradley.
The follo wing gentlemen have been
apio inted to nct as umpires of judges,
'n :l artilies on exhibhitioni, at the re
g ular annual in. tings of tht Associa-I
tion, aniid repart their decision, to the I
Secaretary, during the exhilition.
Cnto, tltee oil //irseOs (ae/ ill torts.
1)r. J. E. Dennis, lHenry Colelough,
an1d W. II. Burgess..
Connmic onr Co'wvs, Shee p and Ioys.
-Sy dney McFadden, F. M. Mellett
and E. Pringle.
Conmnmittee on Poultry, Prodtcts qf I
Dairy, Kitchen J-c.-P. II. Nelson, D). 1
A. F'oxworth and J. W. lRenmbeit 1
(O~nnitt on products of Loo~, ee.
dle c.- l. I. ell, J 11 .. _ I
anid We~sley~ Stumc.acy.
Ceoum itteeC onl Lplemecnts~ of hlus
1 anderuy inc.-W. S. Ilutd.oni, II. Brun
som aiid W. J1. Crosswvell.1
Conun'ii.e' on .e~ldu of Co/on, P'ota
toes, Root (.rop) ce.-li. L. NleLeod.
and Alaj. A. IBrailibrd.
.( 0nunitte/ onI I'ie'lds <4/ Corn, Whet,i
Rice liye, (Outs andi Hay.-l .. I. M ul
C'onu neitee oni .Sperinnens of' Sall
grainJ d'c.--W. E,. Richardson, J. M..
Jenninhgs; aiid Wt. J1. Singleton.
(mnunittee' on Fru'its, VegetablesC and
F'/owers d'c.-A . C. Spain, D)r. M. S.
Aloore and14 Dr J . J . hingi'am.
The Executive Coimmtitte to consist
o1 I le following genmtlemnen,-Capt. G.
Wt. Lee, 1,. P. Loinig, .1. 11. 1)ingle,
TI. D). Friierson, A. .J. Moses, Noahi
CJrane anid 0. P'. Nie~oy.
The following is thie list of pretmiumims to
be awa rded at the next anniual exibition of'
lie Stiiiter Agricultural Assoc iationi,
whieb is to tike placee ina or near Sumter
ville, on the Tluesday anti Wednesday af
tcr thme fourth blonday in October next:
Greatest yield of Cotton per acre,
tin swatmp land, (cup,) 810( 00
Greatest yield of ..otton per acre,
pine land, (cup,) 10 001
Greatcst yield of Cornt per acre,
Owamip land, (cuyu) 10 0t)
Greatest yield of Corn per acre, pine
land, (cup,) 10 0()
Greatest. yiehtl of' Wheat per acre,
a wamn lamt 5 0n
Greatest yield of Wheat per acre,
pine landl, , ti 00
Greatest yield Rice per acre, swamp
land, 5 00
Greatest yield of Rice per acre, pine
land, 5 00
G[eatest yield of Rye per acre, 5 00
G reatest yield of-Oats per acre, 5 00
Largest amount of Iay from 1-2 acre
ground, native grass, 5 00
Largest atnont of Iay from 1-2 acre
of ground pea vine. 5 00
Largest and besat ,ollection of garden
Vegetables, by one individual, 3 00
Largest and bes'. collection of rlowets
by one ilividual, 3 00
Iest specimens of Cotton in the bolls
on the stalk, 1 00
ljest specim:en of Sweet Potatoes, 1 00
jest specimen Seed Corn, two bush
els, in ears, white variety, 1 00
3est specimen Seed Cortn, two bush
els, in ears, yellow,A, 1 00
lest specimen Seed Wheat, one himsh
el, 1 00
lest specimen Seed Rice, ono bushel, 1 00
lest specimen Seed Rye, one bushel, 1 00
lest specimen Seed Oats, one bushel, 1 00
lest specimens Seed Peas, 50 cents
for each ha:f bushel exhibited, 1 00
lest brooal Mare with snek ing cult by
her side, (cup.) 1t) 00
lest Cotlt ne! year oll, 6 00
lest Cult two years old, 5 00
lest brood Mare with sucking mule
colt by her side, (cup.) 10 00
lest one year old mule Colt, 5 00
lest two year oll sinle Colt, 5 00
lest milch Cow, with sucking calf by
her side, full blood, 8 00
lost mzilch Cow with suckling calf by
her side. common or mixed breed, 6 00
lest one year o!d heifer Calf, 4 00
lest one year ohal bul Calf, 4 00
lest two year old heifer Culf, 5 O
lest two year old bull Calf, 5 00
lest Rain of any breed, 3 00
lest E we of any breed, 3 00
lest pair of I.ambs, - 3 0c
list Sutlk sow with litter of pigs,
not ,.s; than live, 3 (10
lest comnon brood Sow, with litter
of pigs, nut less than five, 1 00
lost pair Sailblk pigs, 3 00
le-t llo:ar niler two years of age, 3 0t
o rgest and latest Ilag upnu exhibi
tion raisad in the )istrici, 3 00
3. "t p tr fill blood Shanghai Fawls, 1 00
lest pair of full blood Cochin China
Fowls, 1 (0
lest sair full! liood Dorkinags, 1 00
lest pair lamtaoms,
lest pair full blood Game Fowls, 1 00
lest pair Turkeys, 1 00
lest pair Muscavy Iucks, 1 (O
fe.st lot lutter 5 Ilbs, I (H)
lkst Ihatne acl' Soap, 1 00
tat half g.lion jar of 'reserves, 1 0(O
lest half gallan jar of jelly, 1 00
1.ant half gallon Jtar of Ja:n, 1 00
lest haligallon Jar Braly l'eches, 1 00
jest h:alf gallon jar Pickles, 1 00
lest woullen Couniterpatse, 2 00
lest Cotton Counterpane, 2 00
la',t ntch-work Quilt, 2 00
lest Contfirt, 2 00
lest woallen pai Carpet, 2 Ott
lest hearth liug, 2 00
lest twenty yards Negro Cloth, 2 00
lest wrought Ironi turn Plough, 2 00
l..-t wroughat irn Subl-soil Plough, *2 (JO
lest wraought iron Cotton scraper, 2 (00
last wrouaghit iron Sweep, a 2 00
lost wvrought iron tbotheda IlIarrow,- 2 Ot0
*lest Whaeelbairrow, 1 0tt
l'st phlinatin Cart, 3 (4)
lest sinagle borse Buggy, 5 0
lest Caoton Gin, 5 00
1. 31ensoriaI iii favor o f thie
The following memorial from "a The
.onvenltioni of the Protestant ,Epispo.
:al Churcih in, South Carolitda" was
>resented to the late meetitig of the
Stock hldea~rs of the " South Carolitia
'auil I iacad Comp~any " by the Chair
unntt of the Conuaitittee appointed for
.hat, purpouse, and read by him., We
assta:ommed it to all the IRailrads in the
To Ihec Ojficers, Directors and Stock.
lm~ of the South Curolinaa Rail
, aioud E~ompany :
TJhe mnem 'riaI of the undersigned
-especthully shoaweth, That at the an
mtah maeitg of the Conve.ntion of thle
hoetn Episcopal Chnreh in thie
Iliaocese oh Saoath. Cairoliina, thld in
l ay last, thley were apapointedi ai Com
naittee to (&e. &e., quaoting the reselu
ions tunder wh'ich we act.)
The Commlttittee, enter upon this dut
Ly, con vitnced of the palatin and adegnate
abligationi to dIo th~e Will oft God,
xher-ever it is clearly made knowtn:
Joediene to the divIne law, la not on.
y anm obvious duty, but no mnore saie
mud cettaiy rule than its obsteraneG;,
an be arrived at, for advancing the in
.orests and hanninneso sie.ty,. No
human mind is competent to devise
laws so certain of advancing the welfare
of mankind as those enacted by him
by whom the earth was made, and
under whose Providence all systems
have sprung into existence. Discard
ing all speculative philosophy, we see
in clear and unequivocal testimony, the
revealed will of God for the govern
ment of his cretturess 1lis teachings
and his example have made known
the clear expression of his authority,
that one day in seven is to be set apart
from all secular labors and toil, for
rest to the minds and bodies of men,
that both n uiv be devoted to his ser.
vice. This nty is recognised by all
who live under the Gospel. The only
difference among any such people is in
regard to the day to be set apart. The
first of the week is recognised as that
day in the faith and practice of the great
body of the. American people. The
exercise of private, judgment, and the
practice of religious fhith, are guaran
tied by the 'Constitution. But the
public tribunals have in more than one
instance, recognised us as a christian
people. I fence laws have been enact
ed which look to the observance of
Sunday as a day of rest, with penal
ties att ached to their violation.
While this recognition remtins thus
sanctioned by law, and approved by
public opinintt the commi ttce mnily be
spared a firuitlees discussion uon con.
ceded and adhnitted poin s. They
look Simply to the fiiets as they find
them, and deduce the conclusions,
which, in their judgm ient, necessarily
flow from them. One of thes', and
perhaps it is suflicient for the vrescnt
purpose, is that no man can be held
blameless for pursuing buziness on the
Sabbath day, (unless demanded by
necessity or nrey.) The exercise ot
that day of a calling by any mhan or
body f tmet, which is nOt embraced
under on c or the other of thesei excep
tions, fiu rntishes to all others of the body
politic just cause for objection ald
comll:aitit. There is a iaximnaf the.
law which maintains that you are not
to use your own, so as to injure all
o1her, Spic ut're tuo ut non alienusm
ledf." Surely such a'rule may be ap.
plied with mu I h iore th rce to, the
feelings and conscience than to mere
1rp11ty. There is no suffl iVet rea
son known to your mniemiorialists, why
the shop-keepaer in towns and cities
iay nt exlise his wares on Sunday,
whtile Rail load Companies should he
excepted fil similar prohibition.
The evils is infinitely greater in the
at ter case. Violations of law, either
humuatn or divine, ire productive of
evil consequences of greater br less
extent, actutding to their relative in
finences. 'Tihus it is held in moral
philosophy ' that public offuces are
r..orc peinicious than those enacted in
secret. The ring:.nii of trains of curs
it Sunday is ulnoxio'us to the evils
of exampijles increased in pernicious in
fluene: by the elevation in society of
those at the head of afliairs. It is the
experience of imnkind that the habitu.
al practice of even a'n admitted evil,
beguni), though it may have .been in ne
eessity, lemoves by familiarit.y the
repugnance with which it i at first en
liail load operations on Sunday are
fully liable to this objection. The
evils are not only positivc but relative.
There is a sin) in the thiig done, aid
there is much evil in the breaking up
ofgoo~d habits (if thought anid actio'n,
and the it roducetion of the conitrat y.
T1he operative or the travellecr, sane
tionied bythe e-xamnple of those who
he supposes are more wise than lie is,
abatidons htimself to a destiny, lhe imna .
tines to he overruling, andi whiebh is in
truth, too powerful to bec if ten resisted.
TIhe pursuits of any secnlar busineLss
on Sundaty, mllust, have an especially
pernlieiouis elleet on those whose opin-.
ion and character are uibfartmed. Ratil
Road ofperatioins are peculiarly lianle
to thts objection. .The trainis traverse
great distane-s, pass through many 1n.
cahities, attraelcinig great atteti out and
exciting cur-iosity wherever they go.
'Thus the evils are not conifined either
to oper~ativ-es or - avellers; they ex
tend to the eye-witnesses and observ
ers, to the idlerts who are attra eted to
the stationis, aind to others whp. e aitten
tion, whether voluntarily or otherwise,
is disturbed and distracted by the
noise5 anid bustle and business, proper
ly belonging onuly to the working Ja~ys
of the week.
Ilot thes evil~ is more'dir-ect and im
metdiate, ii extends with cer-taini influi.
tec.-to the3 oflicers, agents and em
plc'yees of tihe Company. The institu.
tion of one daty in .sev-en for rest anld
e-xemtpt~in from011 toil, is not only the
divine commitand, anid therefore enititled
to implichit ohedience, but, as a utilit a
r-ian meiasure, nothingr known to muan
cani hbe mo)4re necessary and1 important.
We mtay wvell profit, lby the experienice
of Fhrancee in the reign of tetrror, when
r-eligion wvas det hroned and reason was
procla med- .ITheo exper-iment of uone
Sabbiath ini tenl dIays, speedily piroved
to that unlhtappy peop.le, 6ho hilly of
mal's attempts to change the order
which providence had ordained for his
guidance, and the nation who vainly
.imagined 'themselves wise, speedily
acknowledged their folly and returned
to the system they had vainly en
deavored to explode. We may -we:]
pause to enquire whether the French
people with one Sabbath in ten days,
Were less wise or less sinful than that
portion of us who inl practice postpone
it indefinitely. The banselul effets of
Sunday breaking could not be estima
ted, if it pervaded all classes of society.
It would not be hazarding too much
to say that the tendency would be a
relapse into a condition of imperfect
civilization. If such a state of souiety
can be pictured in imagination, the
evils of it could not be even conjectur
It will not be questinned that there
is wisdom as well as benevolence in
that beautiful organization of mnath into
the arrangement, of the family. It
might well be argued on a proper oc
casion, that that Society would ap.
proxinate the nearest towards per
fectioi as it resembled this beautiful
ectloiny of our system. Perhaps
nothing can be imagined which is bet
ter calculated to preserve it in its puri
ty tln the observanc e of the Sabbath.
The Coinunitte, if time permitted,
might, well ill ustrat e the beneficial in
iluensce of this day, in restoring the
wasted powers, soothing and calming
passions agitated by contact with imen
and business. And just in prop'rtioni
to the exae:ions of secular dute-, w it I
the warring conflicts to which they
give rise, is the happy influence of the
day which restores the lost equalibri
um ill the minds of those compelled to
daily toil. Can any influence he more
palpable for evil than that which fur
bids the return of the laboring mnan on
Sunday to the home of his atihmily, his
pleasure and his enjoymelnts. The
practice of rail road travellilg strikes
at the very root of all such benefits,
.dtsdetiats a wise and bensevoleni in
stitution. It injmttes the headh ofthe
fiunilv by depriving himrtito th.at repose
which is needed for the mind 1and for
the soul. It deprives these commit
ted to the care ti his society, his coun.
sel and his xarupsle, and it injures all
who see hims violating the Sahbath
himself by reconciling them to simsilan
de parture. ..
The corni'nittee desirous of not tres
passing on your patience have put forth
but one or two of the leading thonits
in tine consideration of this ipl.ortant
question: They asurne that they ad
dress men aclknowledging the laws
and goverasrnent of the Great and All
wise Ruler of the universe. Their ar
guments are predicted on the obliga
tion acknowledged by all, however
inpert.etly they may be carried out,
to obey Him who has the right to con
antud the service of his creatures. But
they are aware that many who admit
these promises, avoid their conclusions
on othor grounds. The argument is
that trains could not be stopped on
Sunday without the grsatest derange
ment to the profits of the road, the
transportation of the mails and the
commerce of the country. - ifthis view
was incontrovertible, which the (.'om.
mittee by no means admit-no sufli
cient reason would be furnished for the
violation comlplained of. The obiiga.
tioni for the observansce of Sunday be
ing admisitted, there e~um p)osibly bebu
the two grounsds already noticed, on
one or the other of which it can alone
be excused. TIhese are either erratnds
of inecey or works of nlecessity. The
formeir hats nso ai~picad~on to the Rlail
roads except in such extreme cases
thait they searcely~ be miemiiione-d. The
latter is of occurrence much msore rare
dhan the appoligists for Rasmocad or
any other usu'daiy work are usually
willing to a imit. if we look arounid
us to ag'ricul tore-to comm ueree-to
all the busy pusuits of mien, we meet
with no such plea of' necessitv.- as is
maede ihr Rlailroads. Th~e phaiter or
the farmer no mnatter- how great the pre
ssure of seasons anid his eroups, suspenids
his labor ansd rest, fromt his toil. Com.a
meorce is st ill more1 engrossing-days
fbllow rapidly and contr-acts ajpproaeh
mnaturity. Failure to mteet engage
msests esntails certain bleinsh ('5 tihe
reputation of the mecrebuast, ansd the
day and the hour, is often of coutss
value to him. Aund yet wvhat wvould
be thought of the planter, who -would
sow his seed or harvest his crop--of
the imerchsant who would msake the
vaisi efibrt to colk e6 his fluids hogether,
or even the banik whsch~ recei vo pay
mnent of its ntotes ''n the Sabbst h.
Meni ins other pur suits aind unuder other
inistitutions, miader- equals pressurte of
business, yidd their pressin~g demiantds
to the obligations of the moral law
and thew cu)rrespondlingi iniktenice of the
public senltimilent. Ar-e RlthIroads to
conist huIto the alImost, soli tlry excep
'The Commiliittee have seen elsinwhee
ia sattidfatory sol ut iosn of the experi
mnent; they' have seen in Bosto.n, with
its fifty or more rail roads and numier
ms othit- public Cniaiinces, an en
tire suatension of all labor on the
Sabbath day. The Comminitto know
that not a public conveya.co of any
description enters or depai ts from that
city on that day. It' the business of the
South was as active as that i f New
England, w hie h is m ell known ot to
be, the climate of our region affirds
the advantages of continuous labut
thioughout the year denied to the ek
tremie North. The Coit11ittee arc
well colwt inced that an experiment here
would prove equally successful.
The Comnmittee deem their dutf
perivrmed by presenting to the Comr
pany the general and lending view.
which they have set firth, They are
satisfied the body they represent have
,o desire to enter into details, or imake
suggestions which might be reglirde as
uterference in what does not coiltrft
,hem. The Convention of the Epis,
opal Church, who have delegated this
uorrmnittee, represent a large body of
hristimn people, many of whom are
3hoodholders of this Com pany, and ma=
iy of whom aro citizens of' the State,
wvhose welfare and. prosperity have
:eeii vastly promoted by the South
.roina Railroad. The Comitte
:onfideently believe that if the able
mre who have so successfully inanuged
the aillairs of this 1oad will devote
them.elves to the aih'titement of the
v il of Sunday labor, they will not fail
o meet under the blessings of God
with a success quite commensurate
with that, which in other departients
as heretofore at tended their labors.
T. 3. C.AKso , )
W. E. MAuiOrT, 'r Committee.
Mm11. Cracicz. 5
After this stering appeal in behalf
if" Gods own own sacred day" Gen.
I. II. Adams moved the following
-esolutions, whiah were adopted.
['hey are very good as tihr as they go,
ad our only objection to them is, that
hey are not. strong enongh. We think
the meeting would have acted wiser to
lavt met the issue at once and we fear
the postponement of decisive action
will but turn ont to be "a put off" of
he question altogether, We can see,
or, no possible reason why there
liould be an "exceptio.n" in favor of
transnitting the. mails."
Gen. J. 11. Adams moved the follows
ig reso!ut ons, which were adopted c
R'solvcd, That this Meeting is pl&
ed to learn that the Board of Dircc
ors of this Company have discontiiu
-d the ordinary work of loading and
ml oading, and forwarding merchuri
liss at the various termini and Depots
mn the South Carolina Railroad on
Resoled, That it likewise aftords,
pleasure to the Company to know that
he 13yard of directors have in conteir'
plation an early discontinuance of the
starting out of freight trains on the
road on Sunday, such being the wish &
f the (unpany, as expressed in the
resolutions adopted at the last annual
Resolved, That this Company con.
fide in the Board of Dtrcetors to ef
leet as early as potsible the discontinu.
mnCe of all Sunday work on the Road,
ixcept so much as is oniiected with
the tranemiission if the malts,
Ne* York is called the Empire
State ; connecticut, the Freestoene 8tate
mid somietimnes the Land of WVoodlen
Nutmnegs ; Massacbusetts. the Bay
St ate ;. Vei mont, the Green Mountain
State ; Nete Ilamnpshi re, the gri uite
Slat ; Pennsylvaniia, the Key- tone
State ; Virginia, the Old Dominion -
Deleware, the Diamond State ; Nortl
Carolina, th.- Old North State ; South
Carolina, the Palmetto State ; Louiisi:
ianna,'the Creole State ; Texas, the
Lone Star State; Missi sdippi, tfeelBa.
you State ; California, the El D~orado
State. The iiihabitant of Ohio are
enlle-d the Bumekeyes; if lowe., the"
hawkeyes ;, of Illinois, suckers ; of In.
dianna, floosiers ; of Michigaan, Wol
verimes; of W isconsin, Badg~ers.
S RASoumDL -Uw-rs-T--CUaterpilira'
Er/ts--AnOrmuc~ (of preventien ia.s
hietter than a pornid of emei," anid i(
y~on apply it in the casoe of these pesta
of the fruit tree. look carefullv, and
you, will hind the eggs of the eliteryiil,
lar mi goo~d size'd p~atebes upon the
simaller limbs. Surape them olf. and,
anrel at. one blow yo'u destroy hundrgds
of future depredators. On small trees
t his5 can easily be done.-Rur'alNewv
Tus D)oc-fois W Et.Coat.-Down
Ea~51, tbere resides a cer tatin M. Dds
Onme ver'y en'ld night he was arouasef.
from his slumb~er by a lond rapiping at .
his dodr. After sonie hesitation he
went to the window and asked
"Friend ?" was .the alvswer.
"WV at do you want !"
"WVant toj stay here all nighst."
"Stay there then was the benevolent