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TIlE SUMTi11 IHE ER.
J. S. Pra I AjR1YfON. i EDITOA.S.
JOTIN R. LOGAN.
WEDNESDAY, FEB'Y, 29. 1854.
9j' Persons wishing to see us upon
business ronnectId with the Pa per or Law
can find us at any hour during fhe dbv,
except from four to lien in the aflernon.
at our office, just back of So: ooss' New
Store. All business connected with the
paper ituit he transacted( with WILLIAM
Lawrs, Jots S. RICHAutnoo, jr., or It. C.
LoAN. Mr. R. C. LncanA, the Foreman
of Banner Oflice, is our only authorised
Agent to receive money and give receipts
for the same, and may always he found at
the Banner Office. All letters lthiresseil
to thn Banner must be pre-inid to insure
un.' .rTs-ros, Feb 2.9.
There was quite an active demand for
Cotton to-day, the sales having reached
upwards of 2210 bales, at prices rnnging
from 6 7-8 to,10 cents.
We have rece.ved the e"evirs 1.:n 1 .
ly," and hope with our friend t hat he nay
indeed be buried in Ihe ruins of the " Old
Sumter iouse." Ve hav'nt room for it
in Ihis issue, but will see what we can lo
with it next week.
We could not refuse to give "Jack " a
little to drink when he writes - I intend to
send you some poetry in down right earnest
-1 will begin with ' Jack,' and if your
" Temperance papcr don't give hin some
thing to drink, even though that he riotiing
but Printer's Ink, he will feel pale in th:
- gills," but we must enter an earnest (it'.
ference 'of opinion with " .lack " as to
which is "the best of alt Jacks," for of
all the Jacks he has written about we itch
prefer " those that not Dinah makes."
I Ella St. Clair.
Welcome Miss E..A ! Your peice
came too late lor ur outside, but rath
er than not give our readers the bene
fit ofyour musing we have made rootm
for it on our inside pge.
To our Country Fr,iends.
We call the attention of all, and espe.
cially of our country readers, to the Ordi.
dinance of the Town Council, regulating
several questions on the subject of "Per
mits or tickets" to be used by Slaves. Sec
the ordinance in aeothcr cotonmn.
Fearful Fire at Orangeburg.
dard, that a fire destroyed nine houses
in Orangebnrg village on Tutesday
We return our thanks to our immediate
Representative in Congress, the Hion. WV.
WV. BOYCE., for a bomnnl copy of theo Presi.
dent's Message and accomlpanying docu.
ments, and also for other recent favors.
WVe acknowledge onr indebtedtness to Sen
ators EVANS anid DouGr.As for copies of
their speeches recently dJ6livered in the
Senate of the United States.
Wee v'efer our reader. to the card of this
old established and popular batnd of Min
strels. They will p'rformn in this place on
Friday and Saturday evenings next, and
we promise all, who hear them, a most de
lightful and charming entertainment.
On the recent change ini the conduct of
this paper, we sent copies to s number of
friends and acquainttanlces, whomu it was
thought, would like to subscribe. At those
who have not returned the papers, we shall
bereafter place upon otur list as subscribers
and beg the large number wvhom we so re
gard to acc'pt our thanks. We intend
spearintg no exertions on our part to make
the Banner one of the very best cotnnmtry
papers in the State, and it shall be richly
worth the smiall sum we charge our siub
scriber,. The more subscribers andl thme
mnore contributors we have thme better will
our paper becotme. Wee will be more able
to lay out additional expenses upon it and
to) devote more titme to it. Wee invnte more
of each to our assistance.
Atmotng by no meians the least miter
esting Celebral~ioni of the pa~st week
was the turn ot, on Weednesday. iof the
Claremnont Trroop, who as uisttal com.
memorate their Anntiversary and the
day together. There was a goodly
gathering from all parts of the District
and a fair sprinklitng of the ftir, wh'lo
are always ready on such occasiotns to
greet atd cheer the Orator with their
smiles. The oration was delivered in
the Court Ilouse at 11 o'clock by
rTuoMAs M. LOGAN Jr. one of' the troop
era. The popular sentiments and con.
elusions drawn by the speaker were
well delivered and recoi ved with ap
plause by the audience. At two o'clock
the troop with their guests, the Snmter
Riflemen, Beat No. 2, and a number
- of citizens adjgilene I to a table,.- that
groaned with' the good things of' tihe
,kitchen, The remainder of the day
wasspent itn a joyous manner, a ball
0te;rIc.tosa ot V. & ,11. Rail
It really seems that nothing comes in
th way of the Charleston Press, which can
ptissibly bie tuirned against this road, which
they do not eagerly seize and publish, to
gratify the morbid taste of their disappoint
edl aid repining city. 'The-y could have
proc tired the roacl, which they ar now
trying to injure; buit which in reality is in.
juring them so much, direct to their city if
they had have displayed sny public spirit
or enterprise. It wasfirst offered to trrem
and pressed upoin them, but they refused
to do anything for it, and now that it hns
beena built without them, and doing well,
they be-in to repine, become sore and
peevi "h, and vent their spleen in abusing
the road and ill connected with it. Now
all this does no giod. Such a course can
never benefit Charlesion, and it injures
n0hoey but theimielves, It only tends to
alicnate the friends of the W. & M. Rail
road, to create enemiees and divert trade
eswhere. We think our Charleston
frieis are pursu.ng a mistaken course
T1,e thing is done ns iw, and it cannot be
helied. The wisest course then would
ce:n to e to take it good lat uiredly, a:id
mi:ce hie best of it. These reflections
have beeii railled fo rth from reading in tho
(urice of the 221 inst., the communica
tion of soeic pee vish and fret ful, gouty or
dly, eptic traveler who hia been over our
roal, see mc how mneh fault lie coul
titl wIh the rm:i, cars, ho.sts, houesic, cco
eiuco'rs and every body els ;-in fact there
is suarcely a stIltetnce in his Comuminica
ticn, tru beiioing to end, that does not
cntimn a emiplmnt. WIen he reaches
Sumotervilte he says, "got there the worst
aiu colhh-st hreaekfist er er served to Chris
trans, for (ifty cents each : host would make
a good jailer, liush the pceiple foir Iheir
1mNits and crimes by bal tare, and keep
ti: ht 0ie dolor to exact black-:iail.
)h ! iiy ccuetntrv, all ti;- worst of won
de'.rs in the State o' Suth Carolina."
Now as regards friend r:1ercmucA.r., the
the pohte aid attest eve proprietor sftie
Il:rlee 1house, we are aide from experi
ence to deny any. such asserttons. Anrd
all who hye, ihke ourselves, partaken of
his nice, clean, well prepared, and hut
breakfasts will most readily join us in tes
tifying tlat he is the very man to please
the' public. Ve have no doubt that all of
" South Carolina's" assertions, (for such
fr the mone he ussulmies) have about as
'i-mch foun tidat in as this gratuitous miisno
icer of Mr. Aretcmncs.t.'s qualilications.
And we are sorry that our city papers can
tied nothing better than such trash as this
wihiiiin, comilphdiit to ill: up their columns
with ; and sincerely hme Ihat the W. &
M. Railroad is not drawing otf' the sense
of propriety aid decency. as well as direct.
ing trade and travel froni the city of
- Achtcd et
e. aire scorry to hacve to) ano~unce
that our estijinle flIhlow citizen, ande
Ordinary' WV~. .t:ws was~ cutiside'raly
bruised] andi injuccreed 'in Saetuirdav ceen.
ing Izast, by lbeiing caught in the wheels
oif his carriage in at tenmptinug to jiinmp
from it. whiile his hor~.e wvere runniing
aiway. The .J udge was ret uring hiom
f'rmci Sicmit er villec andc liad pcruceeded
as~ faer ais Turkey Creek, wheni his hcer.
se's toock 'i ighit antd lie accdent, haippeni.
We have Iearnet that thiogh sucfli-r
ing meh pain f'romc his bruises, hie is
now recovering acnd his friends need
apprehend icit hintg more sericous.
The gaome of war is about to openi arid
though the die is not cast, still thle raticng
hams ceased ande the han upchfm~ ied for the
throw. To the western world, who may
for awi le oncly reg-ird the cointrast, with
the calm eye of mioralists and philoisophiers,
the~ coincg events, objects aiid re-,ilts,
have attraictionrs of a lost .sericous natutre.
The~ combat imucst lie eiic of thie mcost ViO..
lenit anid sanin~ziary wich has ever de'faiced
God~c's fair woerbil, mciclhcn- oft hiiuani hueingr,
feomed ini thie lkeness of itheir mcakecr, mu~ist
lie gashed, biac'kedl an.il hiew into the
Igrund i. I.cresies muicst lie desobstedic acid
lie reequie oef ireec, wvleuih Iin fiade themi
blhesc, wvdl be sunig onily ini the wvail oif
idoliws anmd urphlacis. 'The shock of arm
i nit oniily to be heird upoinii the haniiks of
lie D~aneuble, but illF. idrp andie Asia too
mucst c funi-h mIon iarkedl graeves for lthe
ciciut less hosts of tyranccny's viicos, whocse~
dymcg grcni. an cd shrieks aire to fiirncish
iniusic foir Kougly ears. We demcande the
caeuse andiu object eof the dreadc sacrifice :an
swer is hu'erd fron the thronce or Rtiesia's
despot ; It es tfer my gloiry andie 1 w hl it.''
W'e a'k wihat is to lie lie result andii a
icercifeul wisdom~ci dic'tates thle acnswer ; that
the Almaight~y ruetIr of the Unciversme will
sih-icp it to the puirpo9 acid focr the tilt .
m'cite benefit of his creatures.
Se ond)~ thne Mlotiomn.
Siajor Genceral J. 31. IFsr'ri.., 2nid D)ivis.
ion Californuia Mfilitia (title giveii icn fitll
becauisce deereved) in a recenit letter toc a
:ciiitary commicitteo in his Staite, recemi
miend~s that thle miilitia he organciizedl andic
suplported by ae tax, but here is his own
"i I prpoe to tax eachi bachelor, over
thue age of twenty-seven, 82(0 ; boys, unt.
der that age, halef price. I also propose to
tax each married mian wvho has a wvife in
" the States," whio cacennit show, by a "s0.
condl of exchange." that lie has sent her
and the babies .9300, durincg tho last year,
ini the sumn of $30.
From the latter, we oight safely antici.
pate, the greater portidA of our revenue : if
the Scupremo Court did not interiore, and
decide it unconstitutional, because "i it wvas
taxing inmorality." Between you and I,
I am rather inclined to the the opinion,
that the decision would be right; for 1 have
the impression, that much of the money,
that should ldninister to the comforts of
the " loved ones at horne," has been spent
here, in immoral practices."
We second the General's notion, and
request bin at his earliest convenience to
inform Its whether or no, there are any
boys in California. Rumor says the race
is extinct on this side of the Rocky Moun
The Vigilant Association.
This Association, about which so
much has been said and written of late,
was forined lit Sumtervni' on the 25th
January last. It now numbers, we
have been initi rmed, some hund red and
filty members and is accomplishing
wonders fior our village. Before it
went into operations, you trot only
could not walk the streets at night
without being jostled ofl of the side
walk by so:mie rough dirty "darkie,"
but you could not find a servant at
home when one was wanted. You
couldn't keep an egg, a chicken, vega
table or any thing of the kind, and you
couldn't find a polite industrious sobner
negio in the village ; but now our ser
vanits are at home and always in their
proper places. They begin to look
neat, sober, ail contented, and a body
can trust them a little beyonzd their
"ling 'rs end." We occasionally, two,
get eggs fir breakfast, and chickens
fir dinner. -So much then fur what
it, has dune in Sumierville; and we
have i'-ard, even. tf greater wonuders
that it has dtone fhior 'onr (ounltry friends.
In liet, some have sa3id1 that their pro.
lperty has increased in Value. at least,
twenty per tit.
'eli dune, theit, as 'id " \'ulean "
says for the \igilant t Association. Are
there no more wi ho woni!d like to join
this good measure ? The boeoks are
still open and every honest el low can
still have a ebane(.. "( Walk uip," as
One of tihe I lost" says "to the
Capta i'; ofiire, sign y('u!r reaue, pay
your dollar and stand ready fhr ser
vice." But, toa be tmoare in earnest, we
do hope that. many more1 will clome
l. ward and unite ill this move. All
are deriving advantages I-omt it ant it
is but fair and right that all should par.
ticipate in the burdeits. We have
heard sonee say that it is a (onut/ry
mnoveient and that the country is the
party benefitted and therefore the
ceuntry, ought to carr% it ont. Now
this is a mistaken notion. The count y
is indeed benelitted, but the village is
benefit ted too, and that largely. WhIat ?
Is it no3 adv'antaIge to tihe village to en-.
joyv all tile pivileges we haveX~ before
enumerlelate~d ? Is it, noting for us to
re'gainl:13 and ainutain a name of' sobrie
ty 11( and oralityV ? Is it noithing that
the publ,1ic s hallI know tiat thtis is a fit
place to, have t heir child ren raised anid
ittnet edl- thlt it is a desi rable place
Iter men(1 ofl prope'rty to biring their
liutil its anld se:v~anits to residle ? Alnd
is it, nothling that we should beget that
con idence inl thle mlhIic in d whichl
willI warrant mreni of mieans iln senldinlg
their servants luere to purchase su~p.
plies and grati fy their wanlts, anid inl
dulce themi to allow their slav~es to
trade with onlr nolrehlants I We have
heard of several gentlemen of respecta
bility and of ample mneans, who befoire
the firmation (if the Associationl, had
positively r'efusedI to atllow thleir ser
vants to. comeII here anld had saidi they
wouild send hu nd reds of mlile's auftrr
thteir wanlts befibre thley wonuld 5tend(
thmhre to he cheated and coPrrup ted,
wh will su5lppose ando hope will now
platroize'A our ownI tow~3n. lTe meas
atre is doing themll aind will d1( sIIme.C
thling Ihr thle v. .Jage as well as the
counltry, anI d wve mu(st. re'iterate ou
hope~l that miany moltre vilhag.-ra as well
as coun~ltry mueni will comite up and~t lend
a hel ping hanld. All favors thtantk flly
Sumiiter Lodge of 1. 0. 0. F". eel
ebratedi thleir Iitrst, Anniversary in
tis pla:ce o:. Sat turday last, the 25th1
uistanlt. A t. 11 1. o'locek A. NI. the pro
ee'ssion1, tine oil the lar gest, anld wno4
impo (s~ing we hav e ever seen'l inl oIur
streets, ih the miemlbers ofI the Or.
der all : aad ini t heir rih andI beau.
tiltid badhges, issoued from1 the bl e'
thet lively atnd exhilerauting noi.,ie oh
thet Smlilter lirass lland. uder the com.l
mado ol. 13hLAmsON up NI ain tet
as far as tile I resblytIeriant Chtarebi andl
thlen do(wn) againl to the Cour1 t, lb ouse,
where at large assemII illge of tlte ylouthl,
beauty anld r'espectabity (ot thle Iis
trict, awaited thle proce'edinlgs withi
whlich tile ocasionh wias tot be celebra
ted. Thel mlusic of' tile Hutand ceased,
the Chaplain11 offered prayer, a beautilf'u
an~d toneintg (ide was sung atnd then
fiblowed thle piresenltat tion of a large and
beautiful Bible by " the Daughters of
Rebecca." '[his inlteresting ceremongi
was pierformned ill the most halppy an~d
nppropriate mnnr by AMrs T. D
FataInsos, one of the " Daughters,"
who in behalf of her sisters rose and in
clear and beautiful language presented
the Lodge with this '+ best ofall God's
gifts to man." The book was received
from her hands by D. 1). G. M., Liso,
who with a few nppropriate remarks
placed it in the possession of P. G ,
CUTrro, who rose and in behalf of his
brethren accepted the gift. IIe com.
muented at some length upon its appro
priateness and beauty-showed the
conformity of the Oider with its les
sons of Friendship, Love and Purity,
and closed by assuting the audience
and especially the fair donors that as
Odd-Fellows they were bound by and
would endeavor to abide by and carry
out into practice the pure and holy
precepts taught in its sacred pages.
Another ode was sung and P. G.,
W. Ri. 11uoxrtat, the Orator of the oc
easion, was introduced to the meeting,
who, in a speech of great eloquence
aid beauty, in which he ably vindica
ted the practice and principles of the
Order, entertained the audience .fo r
over an hour and closed amid the
hearty plaudits of'the assenintblage. The
procession then returned to the Lodge
room, 81in dispersed without any thing
oeurring to marr the occasion. Mr.
ILNTEal'S speech was an able one1, andi
lie has been requested to furnish the
Lodge with a copy for publicaion.
Weaic sure that we but express the
wish of nianiy out of the Order as well
as the Lodge, when we say thatt we
hope he will give his consent and lper
huit the publication ot what, we thiink,
will do the t )rder a great deal of heIelit.
Electioi of Lectors.
We find the fio llowi*ing conc se and point
ed e-tter in the C:arlinin,, upon tlis in.
tcresting ilnltion, which is so sien to be
discs: sed be.ore our peiilte, anl re-zardig
two of Ihe view; lresented as forttible and
solne . hat r'gilual. we insert the letter
et're cita im r columns. It is gettin thne
our people were being iniiorincd upon tie
merits of this quest on, as we understand
it will form one of the principles involcod
in the ii xt Congress :
" Mr. EIoTott : There are two sugges.
tions in regird to a ch:iue im the niotde of
appoinin g Electors of President atd Vice
I'resident, which stem to mue to carry
weight with theni. but while I make them)
I wish to .io)vo' all sympathy with laj.
'erry and his deiagog ism.
First : The coisti ution provides that
each State shall appoint, in such manner
as the Legislature may direct, a number of
Electors. &c., &c. To the Legislature is
thus given thetpower of providing the
mo:1e of appointlent-nut the power of
appointimg. Now, it is a maxim of law and
ol co: nmun senise, that when a trust is giv
en to devise a miode of doing anything, the
agenlt cannot suplersede the~ pwer ai~d ex.'
cute tihe trust hintself. A trustee to app.oinit
ani ageilt cannhlliiself exenlte the trust
for i hidh the aigenit is to be appo01inted. 1t
such1 a trustee were to aippoint. himiself, it
would be frauduienit and void. All that
ihe Legislat nre, thiereto, canl do~ is to de
vise a moiide of apphoinltmient. The Legis.
laiture is not thne conistituienciy of thec Elcc
tors to be aphpointedl. Th'le electors are to
derive their authority from somec source to
be directed byv toe Legislature, not lriomn lie
L'-gishature itself. 1 (10 not see that thios
objectlonl to the competelcy of the Legic'
latuore can lie larly and hoinest ly met01; or
that the present. node of appoilitintg Elec
tors is oilier thtan a usurpation of iower not
puroperly bielonging to it.
Seconid :lai regard to thle question who
of right ought to be thec constituiency of the
Elecntoral College. It is very clear that
thne appi rit unent of that bodly is to bie sruide
by the Slatentb h eiltr o
it i assmeso betheState, it is a usiurpa
lion. Now, what is the State, as recog.
iized and established by the 'onitutioni 01
the Uiiited States ? Thie State of South
Car-olinia is represented ini the genieral guy
eriimnent, in part, by its membiilers to
the I lous'e of lIep resentatives, andi thle
Irepreseintaitioin in that hotuse is fixed by the
nun1 iiber oflier inihabitants, counoig tli ree
lithis of lie black pop.u ation. Thley con'
stituote the State as it stands in relation to
that branichi of the federal goverlillnenit coln
s:stig of the hlu-e of itepresenatives.
This pohitIcal recogniit:on ot who aire en'
titled to ai repiesentat ion mi a branchI of the
ccgdlativerdeparimen', woul d see in to im
I y ani ciuiitsbmle right ofl repireaeuitatloln inl
thle othier departmienit, (1the Execu tive.) mi
matinini g it juLst an ld iilnuii re ltoll to
tile Utmleral Gzovernmiient 10 its u'ipacit y oft
Staute. I therefi re tliii tha bt there shouiildi
bie then saiine ciunstitIuency fo r thle 1lectors
that t here is fo r the represenitaition mi Coi.
gresls, an iiI cani perceive no0 practical harm n
im it, but oil the contirary ani I an:tiglical
Tise, Copyright 'reaty.
Th~e fol lowing is the amiendmient propos
I d by Mir. EVEaF.-r-r, to the conliului
cainoncl betweei the Uniited States c1
Amiirica anud her lIritaniic M~agesty, fir thec
est abishmienit of anii ntte rnational Copy.
right L-iw. This Convent ion met at Waab-li
ingtoh'i ini Fe bruar v' 1553.
'-Sirike (lut the six h airticle of thle con.
venition1, andii subst tte the hollowitng as ar
ticle sixt hi.
Article (6. Theii right of1 property or copy.
right, provided Ior biy tli s convention, shle
lie eniji ed inthe case of1 suchi works n
lBrutish authors as shall be stereot vred or
Iprjited iandi piubbhshed in lie Umiited'States;
an; id it shll~ I be enjoyed in G reat lIritait1
onily in the case of such works of Un iited
Stateos authlors as shall be Pterewotypied ii
prmtiied anild i pblishedl in G reatU iia
Wh len a work is first published in the
counotry of the authlor, no righit or property
or copuynight mi thle sante shall be enjoyed
m l the ut her counitry, in unts the repubhica.
tion1 takes plaIce within three moothls fron
the hoe ol the lirst putblication ; and if twi
or muore ediition~s of a work shall ble pubb sh.
edl ill either country at dtf'erent prices, ne
right of property or copyright shaill be en
joyed in favor of the Maid works, unilesi
thiere shall be a republicationi in the othie7
colutry of an editioni not more expensive
than the chieaplest of the' aforesaid editiomi
pubhlishe~d at differenit prices.
Tihis coiipletes the te'ct oft the copyright
For the Bapier.
To MY. MY. M*""
Kinol welcome to our hearts and homes,
Thou wonderer from another clime
We cannot boast of lordly domes
But welcome in our cot you'll find.
Here friendship ever ready stands
To greet you with her warmest smile;
And pleasant look, and cheerful words,
Shall oft your weary heart beguile.
Come cast your lot among our groves,
Come choose among our lover fair
The partner of your cheerful hours
The sharer of your future care.
I would n ot check ambition's fire ;
I'd rather urge you on to ame :
I'll wake my muse-I'll tune my lyre,
To bid you win, yourself a name.
Then, then, return with victory crown'd,
And lay your laurels at her feet ;
When sages' lips, your praise resound,
Beauty will send her tribute meet.
Her coral lips shall smile on yon
Her soft blue eye with rapture bnrn
Iler bosom beat with pleasures sigh,
And her pure heart be all thmae own.
Then onward press if this the prize
If this the end--if this the spoil
'Tos beauties' lips, and beautiei' eye
That shall reward the st udents tail.
I:..A S-r. Cz.Ama.
AsoTrn.: Duis. IN 'r.OsPFreT.--'he
French Courier lats a letter fromn M. Gail
lerdat. who writes that a journal of Cien
has foolishly pttulislhe.l a comuniiion
from one of the sons of the Mlarquis de
'Tumrgot, th french Mlinister at Madrid, in
which he (I le pont) ainnot nces his detern.
inttion to go to 31adrid aniad de:nd:in of the
voun iger S:sle - reparat ioin for the
wound receive.] by tite \1 argni s in
the mcerting with Mr. Soule, the elder.
The wounded combtant. wlo is tnmw re
cuvere~d, will in all iialihol prevent le
voutng attaim from ernL-aging in th:, iine.i.
crate and I).: Qutxotic plrojeet.
A!':raraALIA-ISl.ANI TAF.N m- -rini
1I':Etscat.--'Thle tust stribit flenttatre it
the intelligence from .Aa-:ra i,. (which :s
tan the ',d Novenbher,) and on, that may
lead to very important results, is tle ani.
non rcente at that a French Ac mirl, s:a
tioned in t he Paciti; , Ih is formnerly taken
polisession of the Island of New Caledonia,
in the n:ine of N:ipoeon the I I I--thus
unexpectelly nipping in the bu:l the
schemtes of the English for cnverting this
islanml into a new conviat ettlemw at. The
first intimation given to the Australians o;
this extraordinary proceeding was by the
arrival of a vessel ch:irtered by the French
nomtnander to obtain supplies for Ibtis
Napoleon's new naval station.
On the Pth tilt., a meeting of bankers and
monied nen took place in Pari-, M. Kon.
igswater in the chair. It was decend at
the meeting that a mnemnmorial shiotuld be
at once drawn up, and presentedl to the
Emtnperor, pratying him to taike intto consid
eration the great pecumainry itnterestsn on
gaged in commercial anal indiustrial undmer.
takinags in Framnce, atnd throughont Europe,
and not to allow himself to be lightly en.
gaged in the difficulties of a distant war.
TIhe Emperor, it is said, replied ton tine per
sons who presented this mnemmuorial, that
utndoubt edly mat erialI interests possessed
incontest ible import;atnce itt his eyes, buit
that ho could never place themt above mmor
al interests, and that a question of honor
and. national dignity mtust always weig'h
with hunim muh more heavily in the scale
than any mere question of mnoney.
IMitIF.NsF. FI.OCK OF PnG~oNS.--A pigeon
roost ten mnile,, long by live baroad, ini Franik.
lin coutnty, Inadiana, it in sanid, is ntow
swarmainig with pigeons. TIhe roar of their
wings on arnrrving anid departing fromt tine
roost is tremendou~s. and the flocks, dormg.
thte flight, darken the heavens. Th'le
grounrd is covered to thte depth of several
inches with their manure. Thousan~tds are
killed by casuities from breaking limbs of
trees, atnd hundreds of hogs live upon them.
The 1Boston TIrareller learns that the
hour deatlers, somte of thnemr, are reducedl
to the necessity of recedogia from thne igh
prices which they lave aittemapted to estah.
hshi for that staple article of food. It is
stated t hat there aire rnt less thban I10[t,t000
barrels ot flour now in tine hi ails of dealers
'Thle followving Appointmients wvere
mtadet at, thle tecenit exa miitnation of' the
se'i n iriss oft this luisti1tttain:
Fiast, Ilonor, with ttLheaeictaory
Anlhress-,hn 11). Bius.
Sec.onid I lit nr, w,~ith thle Sn...tatory
A d d ress- W ill in mi II. lini b~y.
F"irst, A proi ntmiet; (Orat ioni--Chas.
S. D. wighit.
Secnda A ppointmtent; Ortioan- Wi.
StN.-Th'lere has be.en a cotupd'etat
itn Spatini. Oni the lI('th ,Intnuary a
coiuncii Iaf minnisters dete(rineiad~ to
pinisih sutnidry refacto ry poli ticiatis,
atnd accor)dintgly the fol lowiang getierals
wvere subjected to a decree of exile:
Maniuel Conchla to the Canaries; Josea
Conchia (late Capltain-General of Ctuba)
to the Canaries; hruhimite to Ivacy, and
A rmnero to l~eoni; and the whole lot
hiad to d ecatnnp thne next day. lle.
aides these sixty of the parliaunentry
(ppo)sitionl are to be exiled. Somse
jourtnatlists also will he packed off.
And the ibllowing decrees aire resolvedt
uiponI: Suppression of' the Sennte;
Su ppression of' the Royal Council; Con.
stisutonal iReform, of coturse in the
s.es oabsolutismn,Assemibling ofthe
spoken of. It remains to be seen
whether- these high-handed measures
can be cnrried.
H Y EA -
MARRIED),-at the rehidence of 1, Sey
more, in the Furk of Block River, on the
23ih inst., by the' Rev. N. Graihiam, Mr
'r. H-. BARFn to AMias MARTHA Cnn ST.
- MARRIED-At the residence of the
Rev. N. Graham, in th" afternoon of the
28th inst., by the Rev. N. Graham, Aug't.
W. T. WILDFn of Surnter, to Miss ELIZA.
m-T.r McKowsv of Korshaw District.
Est, of Capt. L. White dec'd.
We again notify persons against whom
we hold claims due the late Capt. Leon.
ard White that unless settled by 12th
March, the demands will be put in suit.
F. J. & M. MOSES.
February 28, 1854 18 2t.
Old Brass and Copper.
The Suhscrcber will pay 12.2 cents per
pound in cash for any quan'.ty of old Brass
or Copper, delivered at his shops, near the
Wliington and Manchester R. 11. Depot
T. J. COGILAN.
February 28, Ie.1 1 if.
Ti.e Subscriber, wife of Ilnhert Croghan
of Sumtervihle, Slnp-keeper, hereby give.;
notice that at the expiration of one nontitlh
iron first pubhcation of this advertiseimeni,
it is her intention to trade as a sole- trader.
February 28, .1854 18 tf
leeting of the Salem Board
of Commissioners of Roads.
'I'l lE next regular meeting of the Salem
liai-d ot Coniiiissioners of (oails, will he
held at JA.M ES i.OWRY-S on the third
Tiiesdu v in .la n eit nxt, it heng the 21st
dani of he omt:It.
J. W. $ITUCKEY,
See'v & I're~asure'r.
Bllispville. Fe b. 20, liea t. 18 -4t
In Equity---Sumter District.
.\ary E. Ritchhounr ,)
by next i'r.e'.d
Amti W. W. Ita:h
lairg, and w'41. l i for
rs ( I:njn cit <m and
S.m'l. Ilclbouilrg I i lchei.
ant John II. Uticl:
IT' appearing to tmy satisf.iction. that the
ab we nained John 11 Bixter resades
beyond the. htiits of the States. li is or.
dered that he do appear and ans,.-r,.pie.il,
or demur to the sie Bill, within :hree
months tri tihe publ. atioun of this notice
or an order pro. ronfesso tl:erein will In
entered againsat him.
A:so,ordered that the above nh-r pe!:
lished for three months ini one of the Ga
zetts of the district.
W. F. B. 11AYNSWORTIl,
Comn'r. Egaiy. S. D..
Felb. 28, 1%1. 18 3m
In Equity--Sumter District
Rt. E. Yates, et. al,
rs. Bill for Aect. &c.
Win. Sinders, et al.
IN prsunceof an order in this caie, I
wd o ie t putblic sale on the tirst Mon
day in May next, between the hours oft 11
o'clock A. M., and ~3, P.~ ML, at the Court
hlotuse in the Doitrict and Staite aforesaid,
lhe lands particularly helow de~scribe~d, ly
ing in Maretngo county, in the State of Ala
barna, to wit: East bi il ot N E. quarter
of sectiont 32, in towiiship 14 of Range
onie East in'thle District of St. Stephens,
Alabama, cicnhnining 79, 86 1-2 100 acres.
WVest half of N. WV. quarter of same
township, rainge &c., coiiuiinig 79, 86 1.2.
East half of S. E. quarter of Fractional
sect ion 31, in samue township &c., contain
ing 80 acres.
North Eaist quarter of Fractional sect ion
31. ini saime township &.c., containing
151,66- 100 arcred.
8. W. subdivision No. 3, of Fractional
section 1, in townshtip 13 of R-ie one
Wsin the district of lands subject to sale
at St. Stephens Ala., containing 100,77..
Eaist half of S. W. quarter or section 9,
in towniship 13 of Raiige one East. contain.
ing 80,22 I -2-100) acres.
S. W. suhidvision No 3, of fractional
sect ion I , in township 13 of range one
West, conitaining 11,77-1(00 acres.
N. WV. half quiarter of sectioinc 12, in
toiwnshIip lai of range oiio West, cointn
ing 88 iteres,
East haulf and N. W. quarter of N. WV.
qutarter of sorction No. 6. towntship 13, raicge
No. onue Eadst controniing 12 1,47-100
S. W. quaurter o)1 sectioni No. 31, tiwni
shipt No. 14, ocf range one last, contain
taing 160 acres.
E inst half of N. E. quairter oif sect on
No. 1, township No. 131, ..t rane No 1,
WVest, c'ontiinineg 8(0 at-res.,
WVest hal f of S. E. quarter om sece ion
No. 31, towvnshiip No. 14, ot range No. one
Eist, ciotainiing 801 acres.
W. halt of S. W. qluarter, of sort ion 32,
toiwnisiitp 14, range Nio. one E ist, contiai0.
ing 70i',e6-100 acres
WVest half and 8. E. quartier of N. E
quanrte r ot sect on No. 6, township No. 13,
of range Nci. one East, contoiiiing 12l,48.
WVest half of N. WV. quarter of section
No.5, tow nship No. 13, oif ratnge No. one
East, cointaiinig 80,'s100 acres.
N. E. qiurter of N. E. quatrter of section
No. 6, township No. 13, of range No. one
E:ist, containinig 40,49 00.
Tronm~s : So miuchi casht wililibe required
as will pay the exptenses of the sale for the
banctie the pntrcha~ser, ties hie ptrefer tc
pay cash, to give hotnd wi good surety
to the Comnutssioner, ptayable mt two equtal
annual instahinents. withs interest fromn thte
dlay of sale payable annually until the
whiole is paid.
WN. F. B. IIAYNSWiOR1'1,
Coum'r Eq'y S. D.
Sumnterville, Feb. 28, 1854I.
Feb. 29, 10->1, 18 9t
AND) FINE UHEWING TOBACCO, for sah
DARGAN & CO.
Feb. 29, 1854., 18 if
Fancy and Toilet Articles
A beautifnl asorament. Call at Derga'
and examine them. Also a variety of Note Pa
per and Envelope., for sale by O
Nert door to China's Hotel.
Feb. 29. 1854. III i
Further to Regulate the Police of the
Town of Sumter,'ille.
Be it ordained, By the Intendant and
wardens of the town of. Suatgerville in
council assembled, and the authority of
the same, that all slaves residing in the
town of Sumterville shall be required to
carry tickets, certificates. cards, or other
written evidence, under the hands of their
owners, or persomns having the charge of
them ; in words following. to wit
A. B. is tny servant, residing -in Sum
terville, and has permission to pass from
my house to (the pl.ace to be specified) and
retnain (the tme to be specified)
date C. D.
im order to enable them to pass on Sun -
days and after nightfall.
Be it further ordained. 'r'hat all slaves
found out side of the enclosures of their
owners, or if the persons havingcharge of,
then, on Sundays or after night.fall with
out such ac ticket, certificate, card or other
written evidence as nforisaid, shall be lia
ble to he punihed as by law provided.
Be it further ordained, That all Ordman
ces and parts ofOrlitances in conflict w;th
this Ordinance be and the same are here
Be it further ordained, That the said
ticket, cerlificate, card or other evidence
aforesaid may run for a month, if the own
er, or persotin having charge of any slave so
specify thereim, in cases when the slav
may have a wife residing oint of the emclos.
ore of.Ite nnster, or persons having charge
of such ilaves in order to pass such slave
from-his proper place of residence to his
wife's immuse and not elCewhere.
Be it further orlained, That no slave or
free person of color, whose residence, or
whose master, or e'implovers residence is
not w thin corporate Inmits of the said Vil
lage itlhout the special permit of his mas
ter, ernployar or giardiad, designating the
ohjt.ct. tie place and length of time of the
st of tie said shave or free persons of
R :tified ini Council asseimbled this 24th
day of February A. ) 151.
Give'n under m'y hind and the seal of the
C'or porati ion 0:'Sunoterville,
W. ! lit:DnN. Clerk.
C'O .INiIiSSIOX MER CHANT,
Oir-.'i, Nonrnt (ComnisscuL WuAnr,
CilAR LEST''ON, S. C.
W. S. REI)MON D, Esq.
JAM ES R OSE. End. Charleston.
M'ssrs. IAVENEL & C6.
E MOLYNEU X. jr, Esq., Savannah.
WM REDMOND. Esq.
.dessre. LIPPINCOTi' & PEARSON,
1. P..O.\N , E -rq. ~ Philadelphia.
Messrs. BU'l''S, PICKRELL & CO.,
Feb. ?9. 1-51. 18 ly.
J. B NIXON,
PROPRIETOR OF THE
Corner Qutieen and ChurCh-sts.
Charleston, S. C.
Respect fully return his thanks to his
friends and the' publicfor the liberal patron.
age bestoured on him ini thme above H~ouse,
and iests, by at*ention to his custo
maere, to merit a cnt innance of their favor.
The travelling public are informed, that
the Omnnibusc " CIA RLESTON " will
hi' waiting, on the arrival of the Cars and
Steauners, to conVey pasengers to tihe
oU- Transient Jloard, 81 50 per day.
Feb b.29, 1854. 18 ly.
E. R, C0W'PERTHWAIT,
Furniture and (Chair
KING, 2;17 STREET,
Five Doors above Wentworthm,
.CHIARIESTION, S. C.
Feb. 29, 1854. 18 6nm.
1v G. wV. BOMAR,
South.u-est corner of Church and Queen-5ss
ClHARLESTON, S. C.
Feb. 29, 1854. 18 ly.
H. L. BUTTERFIELD,
Feb. 29. 1851. 18 ly.
CH ARLESTON, S.C.X
Feb 29, 1854. . 18 lys
(BEST NOW IN USE,)
And a variety of other popular gatent Medh
eines, for sale by
Dr. W. JAR. DARGAN & CO.
Fe b. 29, 1851. 18 If
A Lot of Paint Boxes,
(Water Colors,) for sale by
.D)ARGAN & Co.
Feb. 29, 1854. 18 if
A large supply, kept eonstantly on hand
* ~ DARGAN &CO
Feb. 29, 18 tf
In pound packag-s, e~dredl. Also the
highly clebratedi Corn- tarch~ for sale by
Web. 29, 1f954. -18 tf
Genuine Cod Livezt 011,
Prepared by Ruckton, Clark & Co. AIlm
cold drawn Castor O,(very fine.) lbr, ski.
by D(JA RGAN & CO.
Feb. 29, 185L. .. 1a