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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE SCIENCE AND THE ARTS
WILLIAM IEW[S, -PIEOR S.
JOHN S. RICHARDSON, Jw., ROPRI RS - TERMS -SilN ADVAY E
VOL. VIII. SUMER'IIVILLE, S. O., APIR1I. 5, 184' NO. 2J;
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For the Dnner.
Renovation of the Soil.
To the President and iMem bers ofthe
Sumter Agricultural Association :
GENTLEMHN : As inprovement in
every branch of Agriculture is the oh.
jeet which our Association has in view,
I deem it proper to address this and
other cottctunientions relating to ag1ri.
cultural art or science to you, trustin
the views set toirt ii may lead to thc
comnltmittticatioi of' imiportat. laets by
The improvidenice of the Sou thern
planter has become almon-st. proverbial.
Ile begins by prepat ing the woodcl Itl
for the culture of corn, cotton, &e.; at
the end of a fev years the fcrt ility of
i large part of his cultivated land has
become cxhaustetd by neglecting to re
store to it what has annually been ab.
stracted by the growng crop. Tne
remedy fur this has been to lay it aside,
and prepare a fresh piece of wioollan d
foir culture, until, as It often turtes e out
in the course of lhis planting operatio'ns,
he has cleard three or four titmes as
much landi as he annually cult:vates.
40c,) though it would he better econo.
AX~f rMy to reneWregulariy in the wil wh:t
it loses fromt year to year itn brineg ineg
to matlrity fthpe Itit '.-ed .i:e:, han
!o defer this labor till it has be, oee
utterly inp overished, aed then reso:t
to setlE lettns of renovation vet. a,
suelh eonotny is So li't id jrtet:tid, we
propose tit (jttestit e tc t:t:t jl:at:t. r wh.)
dlesilgns lei'; lg~ atll.I 'tutisilliting1 neiy
land in place of what h1 has exh:t.-ed.
Wrould not the li?>r and epence <of re
i1meating your erhtsted land be less
than that of clearing and" />rtparing j'r
cultivation the sam: e.xtent of w.o land .-'
We feel aessurea (t hetigli all planeters
have not equally at cinn etaid the ma
terials for cheap reuvatiot) that tnvl
would] be the result of actual expe-ri
inett itn nine cases out of tei, itt which
the simple means of re'novationn here.
after pointed out, are ctploy d. Ibs ti
observation and experiment fiich ist
with a reason ihr the fhith th:t is inl us,
viz: that, whenever there is a suflicient
body of woodland adjoiling or ntear bIy
the cultivated liel. and rotted vege-ta
ble matter may therefore he provided
in sufficient quantity, and at a con veni.
ent distance, the renovation ..f the soil
In such a field is not only practicable,
but attended with less laboer and ex.
pense than the preparation of the wood
land for cultivation, It seeking to
elfect this n(1, (renovation;) the plhnt
er cannot err ine adoptineg the simple
tceans which nat ure emtplocys with the
same end in view. Ini the l'-aves, straw,
bark, &e., with which she ancnual ly
covers the srurfacee of the earth, is pro
-vided an ample store of' the food reqjui
situ to sustain thc. plaints and trues
which grow tupocn it. T[hey cotntain the
very ingredients of' the natural sioil;
acnd in their decay and deconccposition,
evolve whatever eleentts it cnay b
necessacry to retrne to it inc order to re
store its fertil ity. Ch'emnical anaclsis
of thie seeds anid roocts of' etiti vated
plants, and of the leaves, straw, anid
barck of a gceat variety of' trees aibund
antly prove this ; anid show rus farther,
that in the beauctiful eony of' na
tre, the elementts of'nttrition fojr plants
exist, in these products wht cht she anc
*nally retutrns tic .!e socil, ici ihr greater
proportion tha~n they do in the bodies
and brneheus of' tcees. W hat thenc h .s
the :planter to do in ordeer, either' to
restore to the soil before it becomces
-exhatusted, wvhatever- is needed toe so
ctire its fertilify, or, to renew the fertili
tygpf pnt' which he has exhauisted ?, butt
to draw freomn the woodlanid adjoiniing
his fiehl, a suiflciectt qutacntity oh' the ve
r'y cmaerial wihich rigicnally fertilized
it. It Is somelLtincies ittportacnt to ais
eerLthi b~y ani anaetlysis ofl he soil what
eleonts may be needed toe cestore' its
fertility, heat we lel ieve t rarely hanp.
pen1%Uliisttlic~y eni le provided as
eltenply in thiei separaite forme, as tha.
jnwhrsh they mray thits bee ptrovided
4 a ratterr mdority. of' plante'rs.
lii~ihrefrewe rojice that science
Qdgii.4 tc' she'.l Its light. as a& gide to
ie laeled his ccperatiecn<, let. cs nlot
ove'4rbqf ori, itdI valuee thle platin
leedlungs of natucre braeaguya Lti ectuhs
r(ih' ci bsein a ccen ittut I.. ...a . ...g ..:. ...'
by the light ofscience. By the decomf
position of the leaves, straw, &c.,
which fill from the trees, other pur
poses in the ecnojny of natucre are
answered besides preserving or renew.
ilg the soil, but, the platei Ir having this
end solely in view may accomplish it
it a coipnaratively short tinie--and ap.
ply the same materials in a form it.
ter adapted to other objects he has im.
miediateiy in view.
Four great advantages, ir example,
are gained by applying the straw &c.,
for the piurposo of renovation, in a
rotted, instead of a fresh state. As
Chr as our observation, extends. these
substinees have been used, in the f'ew
experiments mtale to test their effcts
as a renovator, either in a fresh or very
partially rotted tate. Vari 'us disad.
vantages attend the use of them in this
fin m, which do nut attend their use
when thoroughly deil ay(d. The labor
of' carting fresh litter is conp'aratively
nuch greater ; which is owing to the
diflieulty of compressing it to a 'on.
veiient bulk for loading and hauling.
No more than a comparatively simnal
quantity can be ploughed in the land.
''hu soil i- choked and the roots of'
young plants very much obstructed by
it. To this add, that in consequence
of its slow decomposition, and the
small aiiati ty plowed in, the increased
f'ertility is not il ways very percept ible.
We are satisfied however fron a ifull
experiiient with it, that, a high ly pro.
fitable use may be made of vegetable
inatter obtained frotm the woodland
as a i novator, by collecting it in large
piles and sniflerinag it. to lie a twelve
'i'noih or more before being ploughed
hito the lnd. Hy this gleans the b'u.k
of veg. etable matter is reduced to about
one lourthI, and this lessens in a c'n.
siderable degree, the lbbor of carting
Iii its then'i partially decomuposed state',
it immiediately provides ilntriment f'or
the growing plant, without obstructing
its roots as fresh litter does : while no
quantity that can be ploughed into the
land will prove too much. We need
scarce icrnark thit the additiui of
even a small juantity ine'eastes its
ellicaev ts a ruainure. W\e invite yt!y
att'n1 ion however to a fhet. s:ated by
Mr. Pell, an agricnltmi ist ofhigh re
pultation, in a comlunicatio.,n oI the
suIjec t of vegetable iatt'r as a iia
nire. lie inblrnis us that, when tol.
lectedl inl a heap. with a certain tiian.
I ity o't'a.nled cih.irc''al strewn over
it (\which a:insw is the j)urpo.e of ab.
sorbing at rl etaiiiiung the amnan ia
which ou'ld othenvise. escape) it be.
e(u'ies, when rotted, a uiadnuIere' supe.
rior even to ,table luniut e. As ebar.
coal is the very be't known aboarbe it
of amnilionia (:a principal fi''ld ot'planits)
we lest Ii. not that great advaltage
is derived fr'iom the uwe lie makes of it.
A, an 'perimelint by which to con
pare the libor of renovating the soil
by the means we have ailvertel to,
with that of (learnt:in 1and reopling
new lanl fhr ciltivation, we hae, a
e hli've by such !:tanl 'erfectly
re'nic eil the s.''il oin mix I- seven
acreit' oifl, exhaustel anl, and arc
rsatisfied' that the l nabr and ix\petises
of a perfect renov: ion'Z nt'eed nut b'
aboive one half' that of the' latter ot'.
ration. \W'e have a-, a, a means of
pr''viiline a larger gnuantity of imanure
f'r our fields, resorted hitterly to the
plan of providing routed litter fir' the
stable and oiwp en, by sulflE.aing it to
lie in piles a sufhicienit, length ''f time
befr'e mnakiti uit oc'f it.; anud in con.*
sequence of the case withI whieb it is
reduiced toi a proper con)i- teney, the
sameii qualntity' of' giiod manture is
tlad~e ini a compjaratively short timue
andh our nmanure hea zp is imore than
t.w'ice as harge as it formerly was.
'T'e propiortiin of' anaimtal excremlents
to the whole bulk of i iunure is nieces
sailly smaller, but oumr obser vat ion
thu is fir satisfies us that it. nevethleless
p' ssesses eqpual eflicacy n~ ith that made
w itht frehi liti er. We rep eat. the hope,
gen tleimen, that whit we have writ ten
tmay lea~d to other coii mumicationiis
from those among you, possessing~
greater experienice in a'gricultutral iaf
fairs, than your's &e,
For th, LDunmer.
Muvssats. ['nrrous :-Althouugh the
namies o(f nmaty proimintenit inidi viduals
are befoire the pulic as candidates f'or
lie ollieu of' (.v~emou'r at tihe ne'xt e'lec
tion and their claims tirgedl by their
Iiriiends, indl al thoiutghI they all umay lie
w~ellI deservinig (fatny honor Iit.atmay
1)e cuinfermred upon t hem, I will take
his means ohf inttridnmeintg the name aof'
ano t her gentletman wvho hasi dlone the
State good service ini t imen past, and
is still act his post usin g all proper' dili
gene to min~iit.linl and' advan~tce thie
education'u--Maj. 11. F". 14:aarc of
A fawyer of extensiv'e repntation
andl a statesman of' long experiece ini
both br'anchies of the State Laegislature,
lie is wull acequain ted with the condi
tion 'if' t|le Stato agml th).e wan ts atnd
reriremen~ttstir of i th h no a'h'ia
giving the election of President, to the
people to whom it rightfully belongs,
a right which has been withheld fromu
them in conscquence of the anona
lous composition, of our legislature,
whereby the difl'erent sections of the
State are unequally represented in
that body - the parishes by means of
their mnerous Senators being enabled
to controll (at least negatively) the
action of the legislature.
The electoral question will be the
principal issue before the people in the
next election of members of the letg.is.
latere and it is but just that I he ilends
of that measure should turn their at
tention, in regard to the next governor,
to one 0who has advocated their righis
with a boldness and perseverence that
has be en deterred by no opposition
iowever strong-by no obstacles how.
lie has been :1nd1 is the advtcat' )f
popular ctlnentitn, desiring to seet' ofl
classes receive an education, whereby
a superior intelligence may prevail
among all ranks ; and at a time like this
when the'country is alive to the im port.
ance of this subject those who are
in favor of a more extended and us,'
f'ul system of Free Schools, should
confer honors, at their disposal, upon
those who are not unwillin. that the
State should lend assistance in dif.
fuising education among all classes of
our fellow citizens. And last but not
least Maj. Paitr has al ways. been and
is a iim and consistent f'riei:d of '" u r
Union " and to hirn, is to be attributed
the h.ontor, in sonme degree, (0f betig
inistrimiiiental m11 ('aisiig the fIilure of
the doctrines of the lat ie Seces-ion par
ty, andi now wheni all ment every where
applear contented with " ourll Unio~n" as
it is, Maj. PERuKr should not be over
looked inl the di'trilution of honors at
the di-posall of tht people.
It is tine the people 4"' the up-cuolm
try shui iiId lootk ainoiig themselves fhr
recipients of oifices in the gift of tie
legislator. , and having the majority
on joint ballot. itruhat body, they may
b'y stea(1ily pursuiig t.m course of
electing ietn otf their section to efli'e:
clec titons to the people.-mien who are
in Iltt o f Of erdual reltr'eselttatio.; ill thie
Senate, and14 mlen who are't inl tfavor of
distributing the Free School Fumd at.
co liii t.) the necessities of the pteodlle
may brzing tile arisiocracy of the p'ar
ies tot al plpe' applr'eiatioi of the
just. rights of the ple,,' -the m:ises
/-ji at pl'eu ant !ey u may /'.
Moreover Mlaj. l'Iciuty has combined
inl him all Lite qualilientions requisite
ftor the Coiinrtider in C'hief (f the
.ti&ate. oN time serving politiciai, but
pIsessiig svgrei .y to ilnderstand the
daelitte duties of the office and a moir
al couiirtage e(iatl to any emiiergteicy
that. (I. arise, he is eniiient ly qualililt
by nature-by int.elligencle, and by
political experience for the highest
office ini the state;
ONE OF Tui l' iO'LE.
B:all-Room and tlie Nur
"Yo.. ara.. quite beauttild to-night,"
said Fratnk Fevarinig Lo his young w ife',
as she entered the draw ing Sro, dress
edti fr a ball; "I =hail Iil in love with
you over again. \'hat ! not a smile
1Ittor your yol ug husband ? and a teat inl
ytu' eye, too ! What does this mzieam,
Mary l eanietd her btati f'uIlihead up.
tin lhei'r huisbandts shoub Iler, anid tuetd
Ipale as shte said:
"ranik, I feel a st ranige, sad presen- a
timient of sotme itiipendinig evil, f'rom
wh I ee, I cainnot tell. I havye strived
I had tn t. tieaunt to spe(ak of it tot yo,
lest yout shiout thinik tme weak or su
per~.titions; atil, "Frink,' said his sweet
wife, in itopeadling ton's, 'this isi a
f'rivotloiis life we lea'I. Wec a'e all the
world to each other~i-whyli fretqu eii
such scenes ais thzi. A lea rfulI shaltow
lies aerons; my [pathi. Stay at lihomei
dearest; I dariie ntt go to-iigtht.
Fr~ianik Itookted at her thlought fidly a
momnttht, thetn gaily issinhg her', saidi
"This'~j v:Ile east wiind has givea'n yrmi
the blues, thle tnorte reasoti you shublh
otgieytourself' utime tom thintk ofl
th; esde dot youi thinkil tie such a
mun lleard as to turni the key (on so
bright a jewel as yoturself' ? No ntt;
M'ary, I waoiuld haivt others see it, spat'
kle atnd shinte, atid el a n me ini its lit .
sessio; so hrow o yourcloak lit tle
wif'e, atid let us away."
"Stoip a miomniit, then,"' saidl ~Ma ry,
watithi a smiile andI a sigh "let mae kiss;
little W alteor before I got; he Ilies ini his
li ttlho bed so bright.-C( ome withi mie,
F1rantk, antd loiok at. hiim."
W~Vit h kisses ton Iips bmrowa and1 cheek,
die child slumtbered ont, and thet c'arri
age r'ollIed awaay fromt the dooi' to the
It as a br illiant se'ne, that ball.
rooni!-Ncks and arms t hat shamead
for whitetiess, the snowy ro~be's that
floated arountd them;-ey es rivallIinig
the d iamionds light; tress whose line
ams borr'owed, frm the sun, imnod's
P'eerless l'orrii andl noble birow; odorouts
he vein)~ tli (ll rerhe' to illtolxicfll
I'eei'le'i ini the iii ;,t-"(lueei of
hearts and0 of the' dantIt'-itood the
young wile ti t'Frank Fen-iiag. Accept.
ttgth ffrd liand of ali t~ulltue
~.lie tookl heri platce :litl(iilg thse wi'aitZti S.
hii nnttde it i.' turns i11)011 the flor,
thlen pale ns de atlh, she turneiid to) her
(J, F"rank1, I cte not4-I feel sulch an
olptSrIII hiere," :and -lac plaed her4 1
1'raluk 141(lktd 0l1I ll ; hie as vIery
prou~d of is IVi fi" fE he eaty wast thle
adm11rattiuln of the0 rtuonl. ' he had
\\ iilcip iig ill her c ar, 't'r lmy sake
la ry, coij~el' this wcak'ies-," lie led
cisc leninig a gai I to herCI cheek its
''vetliest glow, w ii on 01 tti sides, htll 1
"furs~.ll oft'fo ii ar.
' \nld t W ' 11 Li Ill ile,'' said,
Whelin tile dance wais over*, f'dllowvng
her to t he 'I'illdi) i, he airrantgC(d hler
scanii abou~t her1 nickh, wvith at fe.ud care,
:andl With a thank youit dearest, whenI'l
levig ierSh againl l.tid her hands
liancy inl her e'ye,: --Frank s0:llttiiil
hai iltl ~'cited to \V':tlt;i'-taku file'
'- i 'IL'v! Mav bear; you. look so
vapors iiatt. -114)I' i're dieare~t, :1111
Stielrig lie CIi* to he pterstla.i 1,
igaili ilt IO tilli feeht .'It 0 i SIulI Shhlllll.
lly the fltour; towariid tile Litsu hier face~
grew 60 dead ly pale, t hat her llSbiJi li
ill arn, flew to' her s:de.
-Tle -eflUrt costs yotu .to Ilt,".
id rank;e iles. CiI4I g11'li ;li-. 0l.i
her. 'Shet 'Iah, SO!!f an1d. cold'its tiitt:
As the ca1rria~ge 1' '~ 'Ihd at thir~iI
S'I'ill S's 4)f 3 11a t11411 , :tti'I t,.1lltill
..e' i V'~ sI l'liet, U1!lk h'':irwal- her
\c'Iai:31, :t> site fell s e st-J-s 14) the
ch1i1d w:ii Mlead.
The~ set tIaut ill wIIl44,i. care the thild!
:i~ h44. I~t~"'tlll. 'i)) 4 thle ctXle elf'
0 tiel l e' , fiat I ''n''d S-lI'i'e Wen3ds
it4 413tte gin tiiithll. Tha1 t'l1lC tril
11tal'l(L of halln043. the r. lli'S5,a
tile Lii" i)44y wir'-tf d with tile --ing34 of
Fru wh:3 eIltrll(e cultic 1110501 lS4lltn
lnilt. th, 111:'. 't the44 fa4~ ir i41''W 44
:hIt nl"Iit'Il lien; r 4 11 3 i-ou ti 111i.
to'1l 33ier 113 d ~y in hl ' \'hI 1141~ 1teIll'
"Yet l 41 h14":itr '4i:1o tihtr., .t Ii 144 h nd . 1111
tier li -art,
And 1311(4'3 her trvur. l'aa.
irt) al114r2 hi'i to ll! '4133, lie a.3 pl4 ce4 Jl 'iIt oil
And4113 the~ 1 m urli#r \%' ill s'I'I'4tI 'I 4411 *
I lovei:tlL'4. !~R~ pus AIIIr I he ro..'
N t I% xi the rr,i tis -, k11
Otherali i ull(j lS iiiii I now.-a-~ll \'r
My First aund Last Night
It was in the fuil of 18-, that the
ship to which I belonged, after a voy
age of four months in the Noi thern At
lantic, hove in sight of the Sicily Islands
and, as we were bound for Liverpool,
shaped our course up the channel, tend
in a few days were anchored in the
Downs. IHaving been short of provis
is ns fbr some Limo back, we were
obligedtl to slopt to replenish. The
next, day, however. we were towed up
the river, and entered the Commercial
Dock on tho 28th if Octol1:-, 1-.
I ta- a grand sight, for m 1, .'r I had
never been in Lndo n, and the cit1
seemed lik the world in comparison
to my humble villnge in the west of
England. We were to be paid of1fon
the mom row, and I deteriined as soon
as I was: at liberty, to take a stroll and
see mutne oft the sights about which I
h:id so often heard. At twelve the
next day. all hands proceeded to the
oflice in Leadenu 11all street, and re
ecived severally tile amounts due thema.
There was just ten pounds coining to
ne, and 1 started off to see how I
coulod best mate it coudueive to Inv
pl)easure. I had been strolling round
fir -oie time looking at the tower and
other places of mote, and finally walked
into one of the par ks, to see what I
could of the London fashions. I was
leaning against a tree, watching a par
ty Vhich attracted my attention, when
I was accosted by a fermale, apparent
ly about eighteen or twenty, neatly
dressed, and with an expression which,
thoungli hpleasing. seeted somewhat sad.
"What, is it, you wish, my good la
dy ?" said I. S c looked at me a mo
ment and said:
You are a sailor, I snppose ?"
I low long have you been in Lon
" I arrived yesterday"
" Have you ever been hero before ?"
Well, then perhaps I can be of
stne assistance to you. Suppose we
take a cat and drive out to Vauxhall,
this evening '
I hesitated for a moment; for I
thouglit to ntyselfshe no doubt thinks
I have plenty of money, and wishes to
ibtaii a share. 1But thei again I
thought it naikes no diflfen nee ; I'll
spe d it, anyhow, and consented.
She cailed a cab, and ini a short
time we were at Vauxhal l. 1 pulled
out mv purse to pay the driver, when
she ;iiiticipiated iue and said:
" Never mind, sir-I have ylenty.
lBesides I invited you here ; therefore
I bear all exl)ess "
I was astonishel ; for I had never
dotlbtel but that my money was the
priniciple attraction ; and I was pui
z I ed to think what could be her object.
A tier ordering some refreshments,
of which she ate and drank very little,
but which she insisted upon paying for,
we strolled round the garden list ting
to inu-ic., until towards evening, when
I re:arked it woultid be best to return.
. Yes, it uill sooin be dark, and we
hld Ib iter Li. lieut," said she, "you
arc a straii;ci- in London, and it would
he fdlly for you to look for a hotel to
niglht-and, besides. it would be un
gnerous in iue to allow you to. 1
esble ii -- street, and if you will
:ccepit, ' 1a4oom in tny house, you will
he I erfectty weleome ; and my huts.
hiand, who is fthud of ciimpany, will be
WVhile hesitating s!.e called a cab,
and ha~lf luiced tme in.
Wh len the eahl stopped], we got out,
and I foutiil myself ini a narrowv street.
imiily Ilighted, before a large brick
houise, withI ~ in raili ngs in fr-ont.
She opened Ithle door. and asked mei to
sit down a moment.,; w hen she went
iiito a roonm cliise by, anid returned al
imost, ini in ed iat ely, and satid : -"3_'' M
hiumnbandu has retired ; I'll iintroducee vonu
tom himt in the muorning. ller-e is a light
take thle rooim at. the head of t he stai rs
-gi od night !"
I went up stairs to the0 room she
had po inited o~t, openmed thle do r and
wenit iin. It, was fitrn ished you might
sayv richly ; the bed stood in the for.
her-e irnier, with thle nlue damask
cirt ains ini fronit. I untdressedl gniiek ly,
as I was somlewhtt tired by tile day's
advyentuiires, walked to the bed dr-ew
aside the curtains, and! their lay a an
wieIteredl ini his btoi di, with his throat
cult friuin (ear to eair ! t woulid lie vain
to at temilpt til describle miy flehngs.
I iineidIiat ely diresacd mf ~self w vith a
piresencie of inmid whichl I have not
been able toi accoutnt, for. I then
triedl to op)eni the di'or, whlich to my
hotriror, I ithund was lockeJI. Glanitnmg
aroundit the iroomt, miy eiyes fel.l itponi
the ironst in thle lire-plaee ;- I snat ched
tine tup, and with oine stroke, broke the
Iioc i ant I pencied the idoor. Rlunning
down .staiirs, I fomnu the fr-ont door
Iiocked alsi'. ILiaving notlhing to break
th e le with, I darted ito the first
rom I icame to, and jumpeid from the~
window iinto the alley on the uitle c1
t-c house, tand I hawl merel-y timie'.t
cont'ceal nmyelf whit I heand ihn n
pie round cry ing rmurder, and I saw
the very woman that I came with ibl
lowed by severil of the police,. enter
the houw, thinking I suppose, of course
she would find ne- I left as soon ats
the crowed gathered, and passed out
The next mo: nin-g, I was' reading the
paper and almost the first thing which
attracted my attention was the notice
of a bloody murder in - street,
with the reward of fifty pounds for the
ap,-ehension of the ii.urderer. It
went further, and in the discription of
the supposed person, described inc
better than I could have done mvself,
evenI the manner in which I wore Iny
heard. The first brrbher's shop recei
ved that gratis; and eblangin my
clothing which was so rminutely des.
eribed, I went down to the docks, an
the bark being a hand short, I
shipped in her for New York ; and
have never since, nor never wish to
spend another night in London.
BEQ'JEST OF TII IION. KEaR BOYcE
-W e learn that the will of the lion.
KEaL BOYcE has been opened, and some
inagniiceit bequests are found to have
been made to public and charitable
institutions in this city. It is stated
that the sum of Ten Thousand Dollars
has bean given to the Orphan Iouse,
'['en Thousand fir establishin a school
for the poor at Gi anitevillc, and 'T'hir
ty Thousand Dollars to the Charleston
College. The hequest to the Charles.
ton College is for the edueation of
poor young men, to be appointed by
is son, Rev J. P. oyee, and, at his
death, by the Trustees of the Charles.
ton College. It is provided, we under
stand, that in case the school at Gran
iteville should ever be discontinued
the bequest to that institution is to en.
sue to the benifit of the Charleston Or.
phan House. The will of Mr. Boyce
had been in keeping of Mr. Fanning,
id by him was -deposited -'esterday
yvIt~l tiE5.OJrdi ry of t
persons ppomnted to eeciite tic will
are, Judge O'neal, the Rev. J. P. Bove,:
A. G. Rose aid Col. Whitesides, of
Chatt::nooga. and it is estimated that
the property left by the deceased, will
be a little less than a million and a
KNights of Jei'icho
The Order of Knights of' Jericho is
now looked upon as the order of all
orders, that has a temperance pledge
attached to it. Who that is conversetL
with the progress of orders of this kind,
could have imagined it possible that
this noble institution in so short a
time would rank second to no inistitu.
tion of the kind in North America?
is strange as this may appear to somve,
it is true this order has to say the least,
as good qnalities as any other secret
order of the day, with the advantage
of a temperance pledge perhaps as
streng as muian can well pen.
We hesitate not to say that the
principles of this order harmonize with
the Holy Bible, we are somewhat eon.
versant with both ourselves, but if' we
mistake in any one particular, we call
on soei hundred of the clergy w ho
are members of the order of Knights
of Jerieho, to correct us. Compared
with the best orders, its private work
4 most sablime, there %s nothing in
the organic Laws o1 the Knights that
comfles ini contact withi or that does not
harmnr ize withr thle iru e religion ; the
assertationr wouhi appear needless
whien it is k nowvn that we have in this
order' a great er numbekr of the rospecta
blcecleirgy, than any other order, in
propioti n to tihe numbn ers of the orgdr.
T1he order is ftirumded urp~n th'e tre
princviples of' Charity no beniits; but
whein a~~ wotybohr (or sisteir) is in
anthyar'e provided w ith all their
The oirder has but very little to eon
tend with now, it has otitlived all aip
prehrensi~io nw anrd thenr a spoor muis
erabhle fault finding scampll will show
iris teethi arid growl buli cannot do
any harmr, we wtillI say to tihe friends
of tire order, that there never w~as a
brigh-'er star shone in the order than
at t ihe piresenrt mromeont, Lodges nare be.
ing instituited every day ini everyv part
oft our land, this joyf'ul nsews is greetinig
our ears every day.
Iscuttast OF S.tnY.-At the first
qurarterly mreetinug of' the i'yettevilki
Staiorn of the Methodist Episcopal'
Church, Sumih, Rev. R. J. Carson, pre
siding, tihe following r'esolutiont was
1. Resolved That we tihe membllers of
tire Qurarter'ly Conf'erewee of Fayet te..
ville Stattioni, Northi Carolina Conifer
enrce, do hereby most respectf'tlly arnd
earnestly reccomnmend to the app-roach.
ing~ Oereral Con ferencee orf the Metho
dist Episcopal Church, South, to b~e
held in May nex~t, so to aiter ltDisek
pline as to imerease the salaries of 94r
single anid mrryrried preachers~ ~dthe.
'allow ance for-the wid6ivs a of ouF'dW
-eased preachers, et leut ff/y dollak
find very sp'irli t s " ;-eg' -- set g a-' ijp im
the " E uboo I fro'u. (':r , cal, tite
lFr enhloll ier't . 'Tin-. Ihrtrnoe n amll
sing' anecdote of e, ltachel wan
tf IInslted ft (lini t tjotr anal e
PARIS, Jan. 19, 1854.
The Thent re Fnniis - hisrpcci ved
fromt her Christrsas-lbx the- reh nn; sen
of M'lle Rat hil. A, . leer, ,,nt
Petersbur donveys to us, in eesreite
to the great tiagedinine, thi- el biwiag
annedote : .
One day in the latter ei d 6 Deeea,
her last. two o'eTa- 'k ill tla. le :,:
iM'1lle R~acheI wtt ...', <r
oif Ithe pi itei i t;... , ' s.
She allighted tr..: hr ~ sk; i .;h
walked abl'e-g on tit in order !t. ot
serve the Christm.oss tialii- in thts -
richly adorned arch.. ' * 't .,'
had ccasel to fall s v inag be
fore; the air was clear and calm, but
excessively cold. Enveloped in er
mines, the tregedianne braved with
her habitual c(ournge a 1he4 ii' tor hf he
teminiattire. and courage.oush 6xposer1
her delicate viSsage to 1he shag p, aina3l
bits frost. With much less indiffer
ence did sire appear to' end..re thu gaze
of a gentleman wh had just filet her,
and who started at her with an em
barrassing attention. His fixed and
continued gaze seemed nfturally to
her to he a most extraordinfary imper
tinence, and already were her eyes
flashing with rage, when the gentleman
springing towards her, caught her in
his arms, held her tight t6 preteht re
sistance, then stopping. lie } t hered uip
a handful of snow, and began scouring
with it the celebrated lady's nose.
M'lle Rachel screamd fearfully, a;
crowd gathered around; IMt no 4
among the specta'to'rs iibited the
Beast desire to oppose n pr6ceeding that
they observed with .o lively an inter..
est. One of them even -b ilred a se-,
one handful of snow i Abntinoe the
operation. This was dons '
bed until he appeared sd-isfied; ho re.
A rd LU the lady her riterty; and sa
luting her with a respectful bow, said
to her, " Excuse me; Madame, but
your nose was freeiing, and it was the
only means of saving it." The assist
ants confirned by their voices and
restnres the truth of his words, and
dadenoisello Racdel, nAtw conpre
hending that wh-at she -had tiiken fo r
aln olence was an important service,
passed from anger .to gratitfude, and
gracefully returned Yher thnnks to the
savior of her nose.
Tie above is an inlddeht that occurs
frequently in Russia daring the win
ter. The person whUse hose begins
to get fiost bitten, do'eA not himself
perceive it, insensibility being the first
eflect of the freezing ; bat others per
ceive it for hinY. for tnt peril exhibits
itself h?j 6&VideiIt and well known signs.
Then and uponc the spot, the homopa
ihic remedy is at once applied, by
vigorously rubbing the plac infected
vith snow, which, very comlfrtably,
is always on' hland in that country.
Mua ': .bIsCoVEnlD BY A DOG.
A man named Lip';aan, , esiding a
Phab'.olurg, (France,) says Galignani's
Megsenger, lets his house a few days
simee on some bisiness, and not return.
ing At the time expected, although he
haid l-een seena by a neighbor on his
roadi h1ome, his family began to Ibese-.
riously alaannied. T~& days elapsed,
and although every search was made
no clue could be found of him. ,A
gendearmne at length conceived thet
idea oif making use of a famous dog be'
loing toa a person mi the nieighbor
mug, naad gave notice that he wason the
scent of* something.
On the gendeiame coming to- the
spot, he saw the dog seratehing ia
place wieich bore the manks of having
been recently t urned uay, andi ca ig
gmag, the body of Lipmann was found
buried there, after havhig been mur
dered. This is not the first ime th'as
the dog has rendered similar service
to the gensdearms. A short time sineo
a prisoneri escaped t roum thorn, and the
dc-g was terrn-d out up~oni the seeng
and snuna discovered the fuagitive, fkhon
he tiopt lihst hold ofbut carefully avoid
ed injurinag. W at is singular is tiina
the dog will not allow itselfto' be
londrdaby any one but his master'an'd
the gen'deaarmes,- for whniw i appedrs
to feel a strong partiality. Thgbd.
Seec are actively endeavoting tode
cove thui modedrer or )*rdefrs 9
R ETURtNaD' TO SLAr~tisauk bpfl
paosed the Virginia Senate, mand-ire
leouse, too;, probe blyat . he sate sest
lon~ af the Legislature, 1 -allow several
negroes who I beow set f'?ee by their
master a 1d&1a~h, "Ofb be solo by
hls' relatlvte. The legnw ey~nt a
Stroig'flition Lt& the WeekktirW'ft
to accept' obhtmik