Newspaper Page Text
TilE MITER INNER.
1. S. RICI TA RDSON, .i R. a. trons.
JOHN R. LOGAN, r
WEDNESDAY, APRIL26, 1851.
[ Persons wishiinr to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law,
can find ns at any hour during the day,
except from four to live in the afternoon,
at our office, just back of Sot.oio s' New
Store. All business connected with the
paper must be transacted with WI.LLA
Lewis, .outx S. Rircattunnox, jr., or It. C.
LoGAN. Mr. It. C. boJ.AX, the Foreman
of Banner Oflice, is our only nuthorised
Agent to receive mHoney and give receipts
for the same, and may always be found at
the Banner Olice. All letters addressed
to the Banner must be pre-p-aid to insure
The Vigitant Society of Sunitervillc, will
take notice that iand No. 6, will turn out fromt
Mlunday the 1st *of Mtav. for the twni term.*
L.-1'. .LORIING, Pres't.
J. 11. DING1E, See'ty.
May 1st 1854.
CIIAtLKsTO\, A.ItIL 24.
There was a good dtnnd to day
and transactions generally at former
prices, except the strictly nidulling
and good niiddlings fir which prices
ruled iore in favor of holders than at
our last weekly notice.
Mic inzie's Vaud41ev~ille
We stepped into the Town Iall, on
Monday evening, during the performance
of this Troupe. 'T'here was not a very
large crowd assembled, but those who
were present seeted t o be enjoying them
selves very much. Miss KATE McGaIE
Gon performed well in her favorite dances,
and very manifestly to the great e' elight of
all present. This Troupe exhibits some
thing new for Sumterville, and very differ
ent from any thing attempted here before.
To those who like such amusements, we
doubt not, Mr. McKENZIE will afford am..
They wdll perform in the Town IHall to.
night. Tickets to be had at the Hotels
and at the door.
Our exchanges conmain the account of a
dreadful shipwreck, which occurred on
Absecon Beach, during the storm on the
16th Inst. The unfortunate ship was the
Powhatan, bound for Nei' York from
Havre and ladened with some 400 emi.
grants all of whom were lost.
We see from the Charleston Courier
that this gentleman, with his friend -Air.
ICENNEDY, has been enjoying the hospitali
ties of the city of Saana an:3 al
expected to visit Charleston, where he
will doubtless be received in a style comn.
miensurate w~tihi the high reputation for
hospitality and liberality which the"~Queen
city of the South "las so long enjoyed and
so well deserved. We dotbt nut that
Charleston will do abundant justico in
honoring the mian who so faithfully per
formed his duties when~ occupying the
highest and most responsible position to
which an American cant aspire.
The Euruopeana Wsar.
By the arrival of the steamship
Jlerann from Eturope, all doubt in
regard to the war is att rest, by the
publication of the declaration of' hos.
tilities by France and Etngland uagainst
This is no startling fact, but one,
that has beein aticipnted and only
postponed fronm the dread, with which
the enlightened wvorld niow regards
fields of -blood and carnage. What
miay be the result of such a war no
human foresight can devine, and what
part~ the United States may have
eventually to bear therein is wrapt in
the impcnetrable mists of tile future,
still there is no reason ont our purt to
dread tihe worst, that might happen;
our involvement, wich is extremnely
itmprobable ; France and England
know too wecll the prosperous condi
tion of this coutntry, .to hesitate in~
yielding us our rights as neutrals, and
from Rutssia there is ntothing to be ap
prehenided.' From the seat of war
there 'is no further news, but a collision
between the Russian and n1 llied fleets is
looked for. Prussia and Atustria have
not declared their position anid will
probably retmain undecided, until
forced, by the contending parties into
the fighyt. The rise of the republican
party in Europe is evidently appre.
hiended bty those, wvho have catuse to
dread such a movement and hence
peCrhaps the present lukewarmness of
Austria and dread of sending abroad
troops wvhich she may require for her
Ef Coin is selling at sixty cents
per bushel in Chatannoga, Tennessee.
'The supply onI.hand is said to be large.
Dacon is selling at five cents per
potnd, the hog. around, in middle Ten
g@" In th~e cot~rt of. sessions at
Lasurcns, lastdeek, KICNMAN, tried for
Negro Stealing, was found guilty andi
sentencedl to be hung.
The trial of the other negroes im
plicated in the murder of Mr. CRAIG
has just come off: The trial occupied
three. days, Monday, Tuesday, and
Wednesday last. Nine of the negroes
belonged to Mr. Gao. MoC. WITHEn
sp'oos, and two were the property of
)r. r'lou;w.r.. The trial took place
at Landford befIre Mfagistrate Connoll.
Four of Mr. VITuEnspooN's negroes
were found gni'ty, and sentenced to be
hung on th - first F. iday in June next.
Ve understa-id Mr WITIIERSPoON will
appeal for a new trial.
Praie irhere praiseln Due.
A writer in the Intelligencer of the 21st
inst., n flourishing paper published at Pe
tersburg, Va., makes some very compli.
mentary and fair remarks about Snnter.
ville and the "lJarllco House." We
have frequently spoken of the style in
which things are conducted at the " Harl.
lee lonse" by its attentive and gentle.
manly lost ' WrI.I:.a.9: S. MITCELL, of
whoe well furnished and richly laden ta
ble we have had frequent evidences afford.
ed us, and we are glad to see that the pub
lie are beginning to appreciate his efforts
to please. ~Thus spea'ks the Inlclligencer:
"In our recent visit to Charleston we had
to pass through the village of Sumterville,
in Sumter I)strict, boilt going and return.
ing. It is one. of the stopping places on
the Wiltnington and Manchester Railroad,
about 141 miles from Wilmington, and
ahout the same distance from Charleston.
The passengers, according to the present
mail arrangement, take breakfast there
going South and dinner coming North.
We were so much pleased with our enter.
taintat :.t, and with the general appear
ance of, this village that we determined to
give it a brief notice upon our return. It
is a remarkably neat and quite a pretty lo.
cality, containng about 1500 inhabitants,
and evidontly progressing. The avenues
of green trees (mostly the water oak, as it
is called there, but known as the willow
oak in this region,) with which it is adorn.
ed, are beautiful. There are three or four
Churches, several stores. a very handsome
Court Hlouse, and an excellent Hotel,
The lanrlIee House," kept by Mr. Vil.
flam S. Mitchell, whose table and atten
tions are such as to entitle him to the most
favorable consideration of all who stop with
hitn. We particlarly commend him and
his establishment to the travelling public.
The country -around Sntte, ville has an
improving aspect, and we understood from
;cle. to iour inquiries is fertile and pro
ductive. The Wilmington and Manches
ter Railroad is rapidly enhancing its value,
and it will in the course of a few years be
one of the finest and most thriving re
giotis in South Carolina.
A rumor has reached New Orleans that
fifty America ns had been arrested at San
Blas for landing without the proper pass
ports, and that they would be shot.
The skeleton of the Mastodon, dug up
at Newburgh, N. Y., a few years ago, is in
the possession of Dr. Warren, of Boston,
who has erected a lire proof building for
its preservation, 'at an expense of about
ten thonaand dollars. It is twelve feet
high, and weighs twenty-two thious and
Washington correspondents state it to
be the intention of our government to
OCCupy the Mesilla valley, in consequence
of the rejection of the Gudaden treaty.
Our exchan. ges contain accounts of a
snow storm in Greenville, Spartanbunrg
anid Anderson Districts on Saturdu y 15th
and Monday 17th inst.
POWVDEn.-A well known French gtun.
smnith Devisme, has invented a new kind
of powder, which explodes when dry or
moist, costs less, anuY'is mnade more rapidly
than the oi dinary powder.
Correspondence of the Banner.
April 10, 1854.
A Plea f'or the "Know
Massas EnTons: li a former arti
ele on this object, wve showved in a
very brief and cursory manner, the
purpose for which the "Know Noth
ings" had been formed and the princi.
pies by which its founders and supj
porters were actuated in projectin g
and sus' ting such an organization.
It is our pturpose in this commnunica
tion 'show the, progress made by
this organization during the year end
ing Dee. SIst, 1853.
P'revious tothat yearthorrsod
N.Members, 1 1,000.
" Newspapers, - 2
A m:'t in Treasury, *30,000.
Tracts published, 13.
In 1853 a considerable advance.
ment was made by thenm in every way~
as the following statistics will show.
No. members joined, 30,000.
"Regular " 41,000.
" Newspapers publish'd 6.
Ainmount iln Treasury $75,000.
The order is nowv most. numerous in
Newv York City, Boston, Blaltimiore
and Philadelphia. It is also scattered
exteni vely over Massachusetts and
New York State.
The " Know Nothings" hold their
meeings in secret and no one except
the initiated knowv the hour and place
of meeting. The utmost secrecy is ob.
served in all their proceedings. And
as regardsa election the same secrecy is
observed.E- Very often the names of
their candidates are never published
or rsiadea .publio .excepb. on the day of
election when they proceed to the
polls quietly and vote for their candi
date. In this way men are elevated to
office without any of the "outsiders"
knowing or dreaming that they would
be voted for, much less elected.
It is true that many have opposed
the " Know Nothings " on account of
their being " secret societies ;" but it
is only by practising secrecy that they
can be secure from fraud or imposi
We neglected to mention in the
proper place, that there was a large and
flourishing society of this order in
Washington City. It was only organ
iz:'d in January of this year, and now
numbers over 400 members.
We are aware, Messrs. Editors, that
the views we may have set forth in re
gard to this subject may not be ao.
ceptable to many-perhaps to a large
majority of the Southern people. But
let the opponents of that noble order
be present in Few York City cn
" Election day "-stand by the ballot
box and see hordes of foreigners led
up in bodies, drunk and bribed-see
many of then committing perjury
knowing that for fifty cents their sins
can be forgiven by man. Lot them,
we repeat, see decent, naturalised Pro
testant citizens, and intelligent, honest
natives bullied and driven back by
hired bullies, and he will no longer
oppose any society of men who would
fain remove such a dangerous disease
from the body politic.
From an Occasional Correspondent.
April 32, 1854.
.Afessrs. Editors: Heartily tired of
the monotony of village life, and anx
ous to breathe an atmosphet e more
congenial to the taste of youthful hope,
I stepped into the cars at Orangeburgh
Depot on Thursday last and turned
my eyes westward. I soon met up
with some of my acquaintances with
whom I entered into conversation, and
the fire horse landed me on the Branch
ville platform in less time, perhaps,
than it takes to tell it. There I took
the Hamburg train, on which I also
found several very agreeable acquain.
tances. Among them were Mr. C. W.
of my own District, whom I always
like to meet on any occasion. Mr. O.
A. C. of Columbia, quite an enterpris
ing young man, who delighted me with
a development of Bank facts and prin.
ciples and Rail Road statistics; and
last but not least, a young married la
dy, Mirs. E. F. fohrmer ly of my Die
I ict, but nGw relsiig inC thel1 Si
Geo'gia--for one of Georgia's hand.
some youths stole her heart and in,
duced her to leave her native soil.
always admired her as one fair in looks
and possessed of a noble and generous
heart. Jmmsnr won a prize of great
value in winning her affections; let
him preserve it in its beauty and ex
cellence, and rich must be the reward,
You can easily perceive that these in,
cidents of travel rendered my journey
Well, I landed in Augusta ab~out
four o'clock, p. in., and took up lodg
ings of sojoun at the Planter's Hotel,
Proprietor, Mr. Simpson. By.the-by,
Messrs, Editors, should any strange in
faituation lead you to this place, you
cannot do better than give Mr. S. 41
call. You will certainly be highly
pleased with this house, every thing
about it is managed in the proper way.
At this season Augusta is undoubt
edly a handsome city. Some of her
streets cannot be surpassed in beauty
and con venmience. F'rom appearances
she is gradually improving and if she
keeps her eye to certain projected
Rail 14ads, she is destined to take
a high apid permnment stand among the
inland cities of the South. In her in
corporation is one street, Green, which
can challenge comparison with any of
her sisters. It is full wide and beauti
fully adorned with four row~s of trees
which are now in foilage. She can
boast of mfany fine buildings, private
and public, but I cannot' particularize.
On the .ighuth of May next a Rail
Road Convention is to be held here,
and no doubt there wvill be an immense
assemblage of people at that time. It
is .of course anticipated with~ a great
variety of sussations, hopes, pleasures,
enjoyments, and benefits. Many a
heart will leap with joy as hand grasps
hand, and old associations are renewed,
kind words are uttered and reciproca
ted, late promises are fulfilled, and
happier days are predicted in the fa
vorable signs of the times. When the
Convention is dissolved, some may
leave with empty pockets, some rich
in gain, some with bricks in their hats.
Yes, some~ may leave with hearts over
flowing with joy, some bright in the
hope of future bliss, and alas, some
with saddened hearts and tortured
brains, some the viotitns.ofE grief and
sorrow. But let none complain, but
trust in the wise diapnnatina of Him
who holdeth the Universe in the palm
of his hand. More anon.
r' v -.. _..0 0 .-.......
For the Banner.
Gov. Miasraisag & the Vigilant
Society of Clarendosa.
MEssas EDITORS : It was with pain
and regret I read in your paper of the
12th inst., a report and resolutions
from the Vigilant aeciety of Clarendon
denunciatory of Gov. MANN ING for the
too free use of the pardoning power.
Three things strike me very forcibly
in the action of the society, viz: 1st.
The evident effort of the writer of the
preamble and resolutions which so far
from being confined to the history and
vindicntion of the society, (which by
the by has not been attacked) shows
in its face, that the grand object of the
writer is to manufacture a public sonti.
ment against the Governor. 2d. The
absence of the facts and representations
made to Gov. Manning, inducing him
to exercise the prerogative of mercy,
with which the constitution and the
labs of the land clothe him. (There
are two sides to all questions, as yet
we have heard but one.) 3d. The
most important fact still, that this so
ciety is self constituted, irresponsible
and (and though composed as we know
it is, of the most respectable citizens)
has no higher rights, than any
individual citizen-nay, not so much,
(the individual citizen is known in law,
but this society is not) whilst on the
other hand Gov. Manning represents
in his person as the chief Executive of
South Carolina, one of the three regu.
larly organized branches of the State
Government, with cci ain prescribed
duties to purform under that Govern
ment. Is he the man -ntlamen. as
you have well said in your Editorial,
to put at defiance the law, or to per
form the duties of his office and posi
tion under it? We have indeed come
to a pretty pass in South Carolina, it
these self constituted irresponsible
bodies or societies, are to overrule and
overawe the action of the organized
departments of the Government.
Why sirs, cannot those very gentle
men proclaim to your judicial tribunals
if these tribunals fail to carry out
their views and opinions, that they
have " abused the power conferred
upon them," and that consequently
" they have forfeited the confidence of
this society." Again Messrs Editors :
Cannot these gentlemen with the same
propriety call a meeting if their associ
ation and denounce the law making
power, the General Assembly of the
Stu, heoter ~ranze anch
of tl.e Govern ment, with the same
propriety ( for not carrying out
to the letter their view of matters) as
they can and have done in the case of
Gov. Manning ?
Th'le truth is, M~essrs Editors, in my
opinion these Gentlemen have acted
hastily and under the influence of feel
ings, of which they themselves are
not coneious ? Their high respecta
bility alone gives consequence to their
action, and in the heat and furvor of
their feelings they have overlooked,
in adopting and publishing to the world
these denunciatory resolutions against
Gov. Manning, that they arc setting
one of the most dangerous precedents
known in the bhatoy of all Govern.
ments, viz: An effort to bring one of
the organized departments of Govern.
ment under the lash of self constituted
and irresponsible judges ; or in other
wvords subject to the chimer of county
crossroad gatherings. I repeat that
those gentlemen must have been for
getful of the dangerous example they
But Messrs Editors, what are the
facts in this case ? What has been
Gov. Manning's action in the premises?
Without knowing the facts, I under.
stand that they are substantially these,
viz : At Fall Term 1853, two persons
were convicted for trading with slaves
and were sentenced perhaps for six
mont4 imprisonment. The friends
of the parties called on Gov. Manning
a few weeks ago, petitioning him to
remit a few weeks of their imprison
ment. Th'le condition of their famiilies,
thc long imprisonment al ready endured
and the planting season passing away
without seed in the ground, but par
ticularly the delicate and distressing
situation of the wife of one of the pris.
oners, all combined to induce him, to
take off afew weeks of imprisonment
after months of incarceration within
the walls of the Jail, had been sub
mitted to. I say sirs, that I under.,
stand these are substantially the facts
of the case ! Has this been an act or
acts worthy to be denounced in such
strong language ? Suppose QGy,
Manning has erred ; has he not erred
on the side of mercy ? Ia he not sue
tained by the principles of all law,
both human and divine ?
Messrs Editors, I will not com-.
mhent further on this, I think unneces
sary and unfortunate movement of the
V'igilant 8owinty o, nC' PlndoA.
know most of the men composing it.
They are my friends, and if I have
uttered one sentence that grates harsh.
ly upon their ears, I assure them that
it is unintentional. I am sure that I
have written no offensive one. My
sole object is to do Gov. Manning jus.
tice and to point out to them how
open they are to assault and re-crimi
nation if one was so disposed as to
make it. It will indeed be a dark
day for the weal of the commonwealth
of South Carolina when irresponsible
bodies of men can assemble and by
their action controll public sentiment
without rhyme or reason.
P. S.-I understand the Watckman
published the report and resolutions
of the society, though I have not seen
it in that paper. If so will the Editors
do the justice to copy this. B.
From the seat of war on the Danube
there is no official intelligence of great
importance; we must, however, soon hear
of fighting in that quarter. The allied
fleets are in the Black Sea, and Sit Charles
Napier is advancing in the Baltic. The
Russians are said to have abandoned the
the island of Aland, and he can occupy it
In England the opinion is being adopted
that the war must be a long and hard one.
They are looking carefully into their state
of preparation to arry it on.
Sir Charles Napier has issued the fol.
lowing address to the fleet:
" Lats: War is declared ! We are to
meet a bold and numerous enemy ! Should
they offer us battle you know how to dis
pose of them ! Should they remain in
port we must try to get at them!
"Success depends upon the quickness
and precision of your fire ! Ladd : Shar
pen your cutlasses and the day is your
A pri-ate dispatch says that the allied
fleets have entered the Black Sea. to effect
a movement in conjunction with Omer
And another contains an account of a
battle between the Russians and Turks,
on the 22nd and 23rd ultimo. The Rue.
mians attempting to force the passage of
the Danube, and the Turks opposing them.
The following is an extract from the letter:
The passage was five or six times fruit.
lessly attempted on the 22d. The at.
tempts were renewed on the following
day with as little success, until between
12 and 1, when a part of the Turks, for
some unknown reason, began to retire,
"slowly and in perfect order," from the
entrenchments (probably to oppose the
landing of the main corps from Galatch.)
Ba degsees the Turks disappeared entirely
fromt the bank of the river, of which be
tween 4 and> 7 in the evening, the Rue.
sians were in full possession. The latter
certainly did not calculate on forcing a
passage of the river at Matachin with the
lo s of no-more than 400 men, half of
whom- were-drowned, but such appears to
have been the case. The passage about
Tulsha, between that fortress and lsakt
chs was,. however, a far more serious
affair.. General Ushakoff had either to
silence three batteries or to take them at
the point of the bayonet. In the afternoon
it became necessary to have recourae to
cold steel. and a hattalion advunace to~ e
attack. Within less than half an hour one
half of the men had fallen, and a second
battalion was brought up, but it fared as
badly as its predecessor, A third. battal
ion, however. succeeded in gaining a firm
footing on the right. bank.
Whale this sanguinary conflict was going
on in the itmmediate neighborhood of th e
batteries, other Russian troops, both infan
try and cavalry, had crossed the river and
advanced on the flank of the Turks. The
M ussulImana, although fea rin ly over.
mnatched, lought desperately for their guns
twvo batteries of wvhich, with the exception
if one gun, they managed to carry off
The third battery was defended by three
companies. which were completely our.
rounded by the Russians wvho after a
struggle of half an hour succeeded in se
curing all the guns, though not until one
half of the Turks had been killed and the
other half taken prisoners.
Private letters state the loss of the Ru..
sians in the engagement to have been
1,500 men. On the 24th the battle was
renewed with increased fury both at Tult
sha and Matohin, but when the post left
:t was not knowvn with wvhat result. On
the 23d the Russians auffered a severe de
feat at that fatal spot, Olteniza. Their
loss wvas far greater than was the case
last autum, The number of killed and
wounded is said to have beeh tar above
2,000 men, but this estimate 'is probably
greatly exaggerated. At ali events, the
defeat was so complete that it has some.
what diminished thc moral effect produced
by the victory at Matahin. On the follow.
ing day (the 25th of March) the same
correspondent wrote, "Gen. Ushakofi' has
been driven back with: groat loss into
Llessarab~ia, but the Rnasians are totally
silent on the subject."
Disastr~ous FA re.
At between one and two o'clock this
morning a fire was discovered in the
third story of the extensive Drug and
Chemical establishment of Messrs. P.
M. Cohen & Co., situated in Hayno
and extending through to marketstreet.
Notwithstanding the energetic efforts
of our indefatigable Fire Companies,
who were quickly on the spot, the
flames soon wrapped the adjacent
stores in a blaze, and at 5 o'cloek--the
hour we were compelled to send our
paper to press--the establishment of
Messrs. P. M. Cohen & Co., Z. G.
Waldron & Co., F. D. Fanning & Co.,
Gilllilands, & Howell & Co., and Hav
iland, Harrall & Co., had been destroy
The establishment of' Messrs. T.
M. Horsey & Co., on the East, and
Messrs. Courtenny, Tennant & Co., on
the WVest of the buildings destroyed,
were on fire as we indited the above.
- Charleston Courier.
in the addition to the above we eon
dense from the Courier, of the 19th,
the following items:
The establishment of T. M. H-orsey
& Co., Courtney, Tennant & Co., Hly
att, MoBurney & Co., were destroyed,
and much damage was done to sever
al other large establishment eontiga.
The Charleston. Mantel had: as narrow
The amount of nronner ~ con...s
o'ir lands, and the owners do not wish
to sell them-and as to the wealthy
planter, it is not likely that an acces.
lion of them could be had upon any
terms, even if they would te nd to re
moval of existing evils. The only
way that occurs to the writer, is to offer
inducements to mechanics of every
description, ard let them form a class
of themselves, with privileges liberally
granted to them. We nave the means
of tempting them, for the wealth of the
South can pay them well, and the
wants of the South will furnish them
with employment. There is a way to
bring them on, and that too with a
very small sacrifice on the part of the
planters-and if in truth there exists a
necessity for it, the sacrifice will be
made-if that can be called a sacri
fice which brings the means of perfect
security for all that we have.
These remarks are made upon the
assumption that an increase of the
white population is necessary. Those
who think so, may acknowledge the
propriety of what has been said ; to
those who think otherwise, we would
submit for consideration, whether a
nation having enemies can safely trust
to their moral sense for justice,-or
would they not act more wisely, to
keep themselves, at all times, in a situ
ation to demand and enforce it,-and
is there any better way of preserving
Southern institutions than by swelling
the rauks of those who would be in.
terested in maintaining them ?
It seems to the writer that this whole
subject is well worthy of profound
consideration at our hands, and that it
would be well, not only for Mr. A..
but others who are competent to the
task, to give the State the benefit ofr
their reflections upon it. D.
Showing an excess of the Slave pop
ulation of 110,421-and an increase,
per cent. from 1840 to 1850 of 17 7L
per cent., and of only 5 97 per cent..
of the Whites. In Virginia, the in
crease per cent of the Whites for the
same time was 20-77-Slaves 5-21 ;
the whole White poulation 894,800
Slaves 492,528; excess of whiter, 422,
272. In North Carolina, the excess
of population is 264,480. In Georgia,
the excess of White populalion is 139;
890. In Alabama, the excess of. White
population is 83,670. In Mississippi,
and Louisiana, the excess is-on the
side of tne Slaves.
A new P. U. has been established
in Spartanburg Distriot to-be called.
Mount Zion Post Office, Will am .;
Wingo appointed Post Master..
Holloway's Ointment and Pills haie af..
fected an Astonishing. Cure of an Abscess
that die Fazculty pronounced Incurable.
Rottert Parlett, mariner, of Wolsoken, near
vs zsecacn, wasn afiicted with a dreadful
abscess in the arm. lie had been two.
years in a Hospital abroad,.and for a con
siderable time in one at home, without re
ceiving the least benefit,.and at last was
given up by. the faculty, who prononeed
him to be incuramble; but afier using Hlol
loway's Ocntmeut anad P'ills for a sh~orti
time the wound wvas completely healed,.
and his health permannentiy restored.. This
can be attested by Mr. Abraham Catlin,.
and other respectable inhabitants of the
pari.ih of Wolsoken.
New and Wonderfiur
WILLIAM STODDARD, PATENTEE'
H E ubscr.ber hai ing purchased
. te Rghtfor the Staie of South Car.
china in the only Machine now invented,.
for RIFTING' and SH AVING SHIINs.
GLE8; BA RREL. IhEADING, .&c.,- is
prepared to sell the Right o~ the Districts,
or; single Machines,.-at. prices sufficiently
low to make it an inducement- for pur
The 'Machine being simple-in-its- con
structiona, and is not liable to get? out of
order, is capable of spliting and Shaving.
'Two Thousand Shingles per hour,-bet
ter than made by 'hand. It is poi-table,.
and can be worked by hand, horse or
steam power. TIen to fifteen days work o f
a Machine will make enough Shingles to
pay the piie asked for a sing le one.
Large inducemients are offered to per-,,, ,
sons wishing to purchase the right of sev
eral Districts. One of the Machines can
be seen in operation in thte City of Au
gumstay~at Wmi. H-. Goodrich's Planing Mill,.
and one also may be seen in a abort time,
at Mr. J. Witt's Machine Shop, at Edge..
field C. H1.
T HOS. G. LAMAR.
Hamburg, April 26, 1854 28 tf.
Post Office Stamps.
T H IE Advertiser, Postmaster at P'leasant
AGrove, Alleghany county, Maryland,
is the first person in the United States,
who conceived and undertook extensively
to publish the idea of furnishing all the
Post Offices in the country wlah cheap,
Stamps. All Stamps made by him are
wvarrantedj equal or superior to any other
that can be procured for the same prie,.
and whenever any are sent out in any
manner defective or unsatisf actory, dupli-.
cates will be forwarded on notice without
extra charge. All who order a set of
stamps with a full set of changes for dates,.
only 82, (for thirty pieces,) shall bie kept
in Stamps, adlibitum. Full set with.
WVhen Stamps are nsetly made,, with,
turned handles and screws,. sanme style at.
the regular Post (~ic Stamp,. durable,.
efficient.. warranted,. one to two- dpilars,
only t and special authority to send by
Address,. Poswma'tsr,. flleasant Grove,. 4
Aiheghany (County, Maryland. . .
?.-r" Any editoc publbahing. the above.
with this notice. three- timne,.Anud mup
a copy of thiepaper,. shall receiv oreda
for ten dollars in wondlettesjor aten do~l.
liar pes,.orrif-preferu'd..a wvsadken.
er~s~goan engrated' news haea bdoL
Seabotne-vlahm wint he- hLuaude
is estimated at from $400.000 to 500,.
000 ; mostly covered by insurance.
From more accurate estimate of los.
es by the fire in Hayne-street-, than
could be made before, it appears they
will not exceed $250,000-buildings
about $100,000, and merchandise
EsCAPE OF PRIsONEIIS-A DARING
LEAP.--TwO fellows, named Henry
Hoffman and Henry Thornton, con.
victed at Troy of an attempt to mur.
der an officer, made their escape on
Wednesday last, while on their way
to the Auburn State Prison. They
jumped from a railway train when it
was within ten miles of their destina
tion, and going at the rate of thirty
miles an hour. The officer left Troy
with them on that day. They were
properly shackled and handcuffed, and
no fears were entertained that, thus
fettered, they would even attempt to
Soon after leaving Syracuse, one of
them feigned sickness, declaring to the
officer that he was about vomiting, and
wishing to got-on the platform. The
officer not mistrusting him, nor even
imagining that it was a mere pretence
to get beyond his reach, took them on
the platform, they being chained to
gether, where they stood, he on one
side of the car and the brakeman on
the opposite side of the adjoining car.
They .remained but a short time,
when the sick man said he felt better,
and soon after, as the train was going
at the rate of thirty miles an hour,
they both sprang from the cars and
rolled over several times on the ground.
The brakeman, on seeing it, sprang
for the bell-hope, but from some un
known cause, either from it being de
tached from the bell, or fastened on
the roof of a car, it would not give the
word of command to the engineer to
stop, and it was not until officer Phil.
lips had ran through the train and
reached the locomotive that the cars
were brought to a stand-still. This
was not effected until the train had
raf half a mile beyond the jumping off
spot. Officer Phillips and others im
mediately retraced their steps, and in
a short time wore on the spot where
the prisoners landed, but they were
non est. After a fruitless search of
several hours, and not being able to
gain any traces of them, he returned
to Albany.-. Y. Sun.
Encouragesuent .to White
We find the following communica
tion in the Charlhston Standard of the
19th inst., and deeming the subject
worthy of thought and attention, give
it a place in owl columns. The home
truths presented should attract the
notice of our capitalists, who may have
been pursuing a suicidal policy :
" Among the many ma' ters of in
terest brought before the Convention,
there was none that so completely
pointed out what the-mechanics of the
Sout-h.require, as the resolution intro
duced by Mr-. L. M. Ayer, of Barn.
M r. L, M. A.yor, of South Carolina,
offered the following, resohution, and
upon his motion, it was referred to
Cormmitte on Resolutions, v'z.:
Resolved. That dense population
being essential to the development of
the natural resources of every country,
it be rterred to the general committee
to prepare business, to inquire and re
port on the propriety and expedienev
of this Convention memorializing th'e
States hero represented, in favor of the
passage of general law exempting from.
taxation, for a considerable term of
years, the property of actual, bonia
fide naturalized citizen settlers, as a
means of promoting. and. encouraging
immigration to-the South.
The sterling good sense of the
mover, had shown- him, in a. proper
light, how utterly useless-all attempts
to advance our permanent prosperity
was, so long ab our white population
was constantly dimninishing, whilstg he
elave property was increasing? "A.
reference to the statement beloq, taken
from the sensus of 1850, rill show
how the matter now stands, and the
statesman wh dvjidds for the future,
will lay hisians wTith reference to the
removal of the'evil. It may be blink
ed for the moment, but it is calculated
to demand attention from our children,
if not from ourselves, and we only
regret that Mr. A., did not make some
suggestion calculated to en lighten the
public mnindgipon the subject.
For reasons that are pretty general
ly understoog,4this 'State, for many
years past,, has had scarcely any ac
cession to itsghbite population, by im
migration.Y Persons in power have
not thought it wise to invite any ac
cessions; and so, whilst the supply
from abroad has been stopped, various
causes have combined to carry offilarge
numbers of the native population.
The very highest prices that wealthy
land-owners have been enabled to pay
for the small possessions of their neigh
bors, has resulted in carrying into the
hands of a few, nearly all the valuable
lands of the State, and they have been
bought as permanent investments; for
were they disposed to sell, none but
the rich, can buy at present prices-so
that the planter of small' means, who
would settle hero, finds himself kept
away by causes not likely to be remnov
ed. In the meantime, the former own
ers of these little spots of land have
heard of ch esp lands in the West-; have
left the homes of their childhood, to
seek equality and Independence in'other
countries-and thus, from causes gain
ing strength every day, the white popu.
lation Is diminishing, whilst the black
Is ineressing. Mr. A. thinks that
some means should be devised, to pre
serve an equilibrium, and we think so
Buit, how can this be done? NetDt
by tempting small planters from Oth.
Btate. for these are not abla to bue