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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE, AGRIRA RTS
WILLIAM LEWIS, - RriE~e
JOHN S. RICHA RDSON, Js., "RPRETRSnTERMoS- . IN D ANCE
VOL. VIII. SUMTERVILLE, S. Co., MAY 10, 18.54.
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A THRILLEING STOdIY.
THE TWO SPIES.
As early as the year 1790, the
blook-house and stockade above the
mouth of the llockhocking river, was
a frontier post for the hardy pioneers
of the North-Western Territory.
There Nature was in her undisturbed
livery of (lark and/thick forests, inter
spersed with green and flowering prai.
ries. Then the forest had not heard
the sound of the woand man's axe, nor
the plow of the husbandman opened
the bosom of the earth' Then those
beautiful prairies waved their golden
plume to the God of Nature; and
among the most luxurient of these
were those that lie along Ilockhocking
valley, and especially that portion of
it on which the town of Lancaster now
Hero the tribes of the North and
'West aet to counsel, and from this
spot led forth the war path in dil'erent,
directions. Upon one of these occasion,
when the war spirit moved mighty,
among the sons of Nature, and the
tomahawk leaped in its scabbard, and
the spirits of their friends who had
died in the field of battle visited the
- warrior in his night visions and called
loudly for revenge, it was ascertained
by the garrison stationed above the
mouth of the Ilockhocking river, that
the Indians were gathering in great
numbers for the purpose of striking a
blow on some post of the frontiers.
To meet this crisis, two of the most
skilled and indefatigable spies weie
despatched to watch their movements
MACleland and White, two-spirits
that never quailed at danger, and as
unconquerab,e as the Lybian lhon in
the month of October, and on 'inc oif
the balmy days of lndian summer,
took leave of their feloiws and moved
on through the thick plum and hazel
bushes with the noisless tread of pan
thers, armed with their unerring and
trusty rifles. They continued their
march, skirting the prairies, till they
reached that most remarkable promi
nonce, now known by the name of
Mount Pleasant, tbo Westsrn termi
iiation of which is a perpendicular cliff
of rocks of some hundreds feet high,
and whose summit, from a Western
view, towers to the clouds and over
looks the vast plains below.--When
this point was gained, our hardy spies
hndi a position from which they could
see' every movement of the Indians
S below in the valey.
Every day added a new accession of
warriors to the company. They wit
nessed their exercises of horse racing,
running foot races, jumping, throwing
the tomokawk and dancing ; the old
aachems looking on with indifference,
the squaws engaged in their playful
.gambols. The arrival of a new war
rior was greeted with terrible shoutsa,
which, striking the mural face of Mt.
Pleasant, were driven back in the va
uious indentations of sthe surrounding
hills, producing reverberations and
echoes as if ten thousand fiends were
gathefed at a universal levee. Such
yells would have struck terror to the
hearts of those unaccustomed to Indian
-To our spies this was but martial
.mrusic---strains which waked their
w'atohfulness, and newly strung their
courage. From their early yotth they
& had always been on the frontier, and
were well practiced in all the subtlety,
craft, and cunning of the Indian war
rare, as well as the ferocity and blood.
thirsty nature of the savage warriors.
They were, therefore, not likely to be
ensnared by their cunning. nor, without
a desperate conflict, to fall victims to
their scalping knmves and tomahawks
On several occasions, small parties left
the prairie anti a scended the mount
from the Eastern side. On these oc
esrons, tlhe apies would hide in the
4eep fissures of the rooks oni the WVest,
and, agait) leave their hiding place
~hen tlielir uninvited and unwelcome
vit~irs ha-l disappeared.
1'or fuod, -they depend, on jerked
Yren son and. com breaid, 'with (vhich
,tN 1i'api~ks were' well 'stored,
4'y rg'l jt. hiic a fir." alidytho
report of one of their rifles would have
brought upon them them the entire
force of the Indians. For drink, thev
depended on some rain water which
still stood in the hollows of some of
'he rocks; but, in a short time this
store was exhausted, and McCleland
and White must abandon their enter.
prise- or find a new supply. To ac.
complish this most hazardous enter
prise, McClclan-1, being the oldest,
resolved to make the attempt; and,
with his trusty rifle in his hand, and
their two canteeins strung across his
shoulders, he descended by a circuit
ous route to the prairie, skirting the
hill on the North, and under the cover
ofthe hazel thickets he reached the
river, and turning to a bold point of
the hill, he fotr.d a beautiful sprin
within a few feet of the river, now
known by the name of Cold Spring.
gin the larm of D. Talmadge, Esq.
ie filled his canteens, and returned in
saf-ty to his watchful companion. It
was now determined to have a fresh
supply of water every day, and this
duty was performed alternately.
On one of these occ:sin s after
White had tilled his canteen he sat a
few moments watching the limpid ele
ments .s it came gurgling out of the
bosom of the earth, when the light
sound of foot-steps caught his practiced
ear, and upon turning around he saw
two squaws a few feet from him. Up.
on turning round the foot of the hill.
the eldest squaw gave one of thes
far-reaching whoops peculiar to Inidi.
ans. White at once comprehended
his perilous situation. If the alarm
Abould reach the camp or t. wn, he and
his companion must inevitably perish.
Selfpreservation compelled him to in
flict a noiseless death on the squaws,
and in such a mnauner, if possible, to
leave no traces behind. Ever rapid
in thought, and prona-t. in action, he
sprang upon his viutims with the ra
pidity and power of a lion, and grasp.
og the throwt, of each, sprang into the
river. Hie thrust the head of the eld.
est under the water. While making
strong efforts to submerge the young
er, who, however, powerruily resister
resisted hin, and during the short
struggle with this young athletic wo.
naiu, to his astoni hment addressed
himi in his own language, though in al
most inarticulate sounds.
Releasing his hold, she hifo'rmed
him that she had been a prisoner for
ten years. and was taken from below
Wheeling, and that her brother an.
herself were taken prisoners, but he
succeeded on the second night in mak
ing his escape. Daring this - arrative.
White had drowned .ho elder squaw.
and had let her float. tiff with the cur.
rent, where it would not probably be
found out soon. lie now directed the
girl to fllow him, and with his usual
speed and energy pushed for the mount.
'they had scarcely gone half way.
wlie they heard the alarm crf sone
quarter of a uile down the strean.
It was supposed some. party of Indi.
ans, returning from hunting, struck
the river just as the body of the squaw
floated; past. White and the girl sue.
ceeded in reaching the mount, where
McCleland had been no indifferent
spectator to the sndden commotion
among the Indians.
The prairie parties of warriors were
so, n immediately to strike ofT in every
direction, and White and tihe girls had
scarcely arrived before a party of some
twenty warriors had reached the East.
era aclivity of the mounit, and wer,
cautiously and carefully keeping tunder
cover. Soon the spies saw the swar
thy foes as they glided from tree to
tree and f'roma rock to rock, till their
position was surround..d, except, on
the West perpem-dicular side, and all
hope of escapd was cut off. In this
perilous condition, nothing was left
but to sell their lives as dearly as pos.
sible, and this they resolved to do. and
advised the girl to- escape to the indi
ans, and tell taemn ahe had been taken
prisoner. She said no, "No ; death to
me, in the presence of my own peoplo
is a thousand times sweeter than cap
tivity and slavery. Furnish me with
a gun, and I will show you how I can
fight as well as die. This place I leave
not. Here my bones shall lie, bleach
ing with yours, and should either of
you esacape you will carry the tidings
of my death to my few relations."
Rlemonstrances proved fruitless.
The two spies quickly matured their
plan of defence, and vigorously com
nmenced the attack from the front,
where, from the very small back bone
of the mount, the savages had to ad
vance in single file, and without any
covert, Beyond this neck the war
riors availed themselves of the rocks
and trees in advancing, but in passing
from one to the other they must be
exposed for a short time, and a mo
muant's exposure of their swarthy forms
was enough for the urnerring rifle of the
spies. The Indianis being entirely ig
norant of how many were in ambus
cade were more cautious how they ad
A fter bms-tdyv maintainingZ the fid't
in front, and keeping the enemy in
cueek, they discovered a new danger
threatning them. The arch foe now
made evident preparations to attack
them on the flank, which could be
more successfully done by reaching an
isolated rock lying in one of the ra
vines on the southern bill side. This
rock once gained by the Indians, they
could bring the spies under point blank
shot of the rifle without the possibility
of escape. Our brave spies saw the
utter hopelessness of their situation,
which nothing could avert but a brave
companion and an unerring shot.
These they had mot, but the brave
n'ver dispair. With this impending
fate resting upon them they continued
Calm, and calculating, and as unweari.
ed as the strongest desire of life and
the resistance ofa numerous foe could
Soon McCleland saw a tall and
swarthy figure preparing to spring
from a covert so near to the fatal rock
that a bound or two would reach it,
and all hope of life then was gine.
lie felt that all depended on one single
advantageous shot ; although but an
inch or two of the warrior's body was
exposed, and that at a distance of
eighty or a hundred yards, he resolved
to risk all ; he coolly raised his rifle to
his tee, and shading the sight with his
hand, diew a bead so sure that he t.lt
conscious it would do the work. He
touched the triggle with his finger, the
hammer came down, but in place of
striking fire, it broke his flint into many
pieces ; and although he felt that the
Indian must reach the rock before he
could adjust another flint, he proceed.
ed to the task with the utmost com
Casting his eye towards the fearful
spot, suddenly he ,aw the warrior
stretching every rnu1 for the leap;
and with the adgi! 4, 'f a panther he
made the spring, but instead of reach.
ing the rock, he gavo a yell, and his
dark body fell and rolled down the
steep the valley below. He had evi
dently received a dea i wound from
some unknown hand. A hundred
voices re echoed from below the ter.
rible shout It was evident that they
had lost a favorite warrior, as well as
being disappointed for a time of the
most important movement. A very
few minutes proved that the advan.
'age gained would he of short dura
'ion ; for already the spies saw a
linpse - f a tall swarthy warrior can
tiously advancing to the covert so re
cently occupied by his fellow.compan
ion. Now, too, the attack .in front
was renewed with increased fury. so as
:o require the incessant fire of both
pies to prevent the Indians from gain.
.ng the eminence, and in a short time
McCleland saw a warrior making pre
'arations to leap to the fatal rock.
Phe leap was made, and the Indian
irned a somerset, his corpse rolled
down the hill towards his former com
piainion. Again an unknown agent ha
interposed in their behalf. This sec
ond'sacrifice cast dismay into the ranks
of their assailant, and just as the sun
was disappearing behind the Western
hills, the foe withdrew to a short dis.
Lance, to devise some new mode of at
tack. This ropite came most season
ably to our spies, who had kept their
ground, and bravely maintained the
unequal fight from' nearly the middle
of the dlay.
Now, for the first time, was the girl
missing, and the spies thotht that
through terror she had escaped to her
former captors, or that she had been
killed during the fight ; but they were
not long left to conjecture. The girl
was seen emerging from behind a rock
and coming to them wi h a rifle in her
hand. During the fight she saw a
wai rior fall, who had adva-leed some
distance before the rest, and while
sonme of thema changed their position.
she resolved at once, live or die, to
possess herself of his gunu and amuni
tion ; and crouching down beneath the
undlerbush, she crawled to the place
and succeeded in her enterprise. h~er
ke. a and watchful eye had early no
ticed the fatal rock, and hers was the
mysterious hand by which the two
warriors fell, the last being the most
intrepid and bloodthirsty of the Shaw
nee tribe, and the leader of the comn
pany which killed her mother and her
sisters, and took her and her brother
Now, in the West, arose dark clouds
which soon overspread the whole
heavens, and, the elenments were rent
with peals of thunder. Darkness,
deep and gloomy, shrouded the whole
heavens ; this darkness greatly embar.
rassed the spies in their contemplated
night escapie, supposing that they might
readily lose their way, and accidently
fall on their enemy ; but a short con.
sultation decided1 the plan. It was
agreed that the girl should go foremost
from her intimate knowledge of the
localities, and another advantage might
be gained in case they should fall in
with any of the parties or outpost.
lfom. her knowledge,. she might db
ceive tlie seni~inels, as tho raqnl prov
ed, fir scarcely had they desceided a
hundred yards, when a low whist from
the girl warned them of their danger
The spies sunk silently on the ground
where, by previous arrangements, they
were to remain till the signal was giv.
en by the girl to move ,in. H-r ah
sence, for the space of an hour. began
to excite the most serious apprehen.
sibns. Again she appeared, and tohl
then shem had succee-led in renoving
two sentinels to Ia short distanu , who
were directly on their route. The de
scent was noislessly resumed, and the
spies followed their intrepid leader for
halfa mile in the mon profound silence
when the barking of a dog at a short
distance aFpriied them of a new dan
ger. Them A'lmnot simultaneous click
of the spie's rifles was heard by the girl,
who stated that they were now in the
midst of the Indian camp, and their
lives dependedlupon the most profound
silence, and implicit:, tidhlwirg her
A moment afterwards the girl was
accost d by a squaw, from' an' opening
n her wigwam ; shet reiplied i ni the
Indian lanIgn;Ige, and withoutfstopping
still pressed forward. In a short time
she stopped and assured the spies that
the village was cleared, and that they
had passed the greatest danger. She
knew that every leading pas was guar
ded safely by the Indians, and at once
resolved to adopt the bold adventmre
of passing through the rentre of the
village, as the least hazardLous,'and the
sequel proved the corrcotness of her
judgment. They now steered a course
for the Ohio river, and after three
day's travel arrived safe at the block
house. Their escape and adventure
prevented the Indiant from making
their contemplated a'ttack, and the
rescued girl proved to be' the sister of
the intrepid Corneal Washborn, cele.
brated in the history of Indian war.
fare, and as the renowned! spy of Capt.
Kenton's bloody Kentuckinins.
From the Mobile Morning Newcs.
How to be Healthy.
It was well said. by one w..o had
t ornghbly sti:ied he subject twat
the hig eat amlitioin of an aue ent
Greek was 'it be healthy, beaut, fui
and rich. We can.,, t help thinking,
says the Philadelphia Bullet n, hat the
old Athenians, in this respec', were
wiser than ourselves. Mio, as we
boast "t our *onderlul intelligence,
we have no:, yet practic illy at empted
:o a method of life s . comprehensive
as that lursued not on!3 by the phi.
los- phers, but by the men of t-sh oin
abouit toWdin Ati o e and the Oelopone
Ius. They placed health first, and
m-.ney making- last, while we invert
this orde.. Yet they were Pagans,
and we Christi-,ns. Sure ly we should
cry " shhhit " tw ii -selve ,
In eality, the two lricipal ohj-ts
sought by the ancient Greek. health
and beauty;- were but one and the
same. For beauty c-aunot a ist with
out health. 'I he mah wh.i is constant.
ly confin d at the co'utntinug d-~k, so n
a quires an h hitual stii.op; the one
who devotes his whole soul to nu hey
niaking bee..Imes w ski d hb oreL his
time On the c-itra v, he wh.., in
dulges in p oper en rese and recre'a
tion, at, f ir exa:ipji, a well-to dlo t- r:,
er in heal by diatriect- carries an erect
trane to te verge f sevetv, and h
a ruddy chtael- ev au wiem at'octogena.
rnan.' The first by neglecting the laws
of natu e, not only destroys his own
mnuly bearing, bu.t tranismiit s a p'unv
fourm and weakly cnsitutio~n to his
children. The last perpetuates a race
oIf hardy v4ons and majestic dauaghiters.
ihore is but one way to pre.-rve
his heahlh, and that is to live mioder.
ately, tak proper exercise, and ho in
the fr esh air as mu. h. as';.ossible. Trhe
mnwho is always shut tip in a close
room, whether the apartmeant be a
mmwniter'., study. a h.aw yer's (,a
gas light store, is defying nature, and
must: sooner or later-, pay the penalty.
If his av cation rend. rs such confiiie.
ment necoe.sar-y dur-ing a portion of the
year, he can avoid a plremalture break
ing down of the constitution only by
taking due exercise during the long
vacations of the somnhner and wint,.-r
months. The waste of stamina must
be restored by frequent and full
draughts of mountain and sea beach
air, by the pursuis of the eprtsmnan,
by travel, or other similar means.
Every man who has felt the recupera
tive * ffects of a month or two of relax.
ation, knows from his own experience
how general its influence is; how it
sends him back to business with a new
flow of spirits; how it almost, re-creates
him, so to speak. B~etwo. n the lad
brought up to physical exercises in
the invigo)ratii~g open air, and , ne kept
c' ntinually at school, or in the factory,
th re is an abyss of difference, which
becomes more perceptible every year,
as umanhood approached, the one ex.
panding into stalwvart, full chested
health, whil the other is never more
than.a half completed man..
The advantagen of erete ma a
Tale of a Pin.
In an early month of the year 1788
with a tolerable education, and with
many qualifications for a fihancial life.
Jaques Lafitte was seeking for a situa
tion as clerk. He had high hopes and
a light heart, for he brought with him
a letter of introduction' to Al. Perreg.
aux, the Swiss banker.' Iltt with all
his sanguine anticipations and golden
day-dreams, he was bashful and retir
ing. It was with a trembling heart
that the young provincial appeared
before the Parisian man' of bonds and
gold. r'e managedt'o explain' the
purpose of his visit, and presented his
letter of recommendation. The brok.
er quietly read the note. " It is im
possible," said he, as lib laid it' aside,
that Vcari'find r omn for you at present,
all my offices are fdll. Should there
be a'vabahcy at a'more future time, I
will see what cah be done. In the
meantime I advise you to apply else.
here, a- it may be a considerable
period before I shall be able to a imit
you." Away went sunshine and' pros
perous visions! Disappointed arid
gloomy, Jaques left the presence of
the polite banker.- As he crossed with
downca t eyes the courtyard.of the
noble mansion, he observed a pin lying
on the ground. His habitual habits
of' frugality, amidst his disappoint
hent, were still upon the watch. He
icked up thh pin, and carefully stuck
it in the lappel of his coat.
From that trivial action sprung his
future greatness; that nd single act
of frugal care and regard' f'or ltt;e
things, opened the Way to a stupendous
fortune. From the window of his
cabinet, M. Perragaux had observed
the action' of iis rejected dierk; and he
wisely thought that the man who would
stop to pick up a pin, under such cir
cumstances, was endowed with neces.
sary qualities for a good eonbnis, he
read in that sihgli put of parsirony
an indication ofa great ilnancial mind,
and he deemed the acijuisition of such
a one as wealth itself. before the day
had closed, Lafitte received a note from
the banker. " A' place , " it said, " is
made for you at my office, which you
may take possessi'oh of to-morrow. "
The banker Was not dedeived in his
estimate of the dharacter of Lafitte,
and the young clerk' soon displayed a
talent and aptness for his'calling that
procured his advancement from a clerk
to a dashier;- from a cashier to a part
ner; and from' a partner to the head
proprie60r of the first banking house in.
Paris. He became a deputy, and then
a President of the Council of M inisters.
What a destiny for a man who would
stoop to piclk up a pin !
Gyp'stuni for' Gardening
This valuable fertilizer is nbt yet
half' appreciated by Southern garden.
ers. As a munnre for poor soils, it is
valueless ;- its chief benifit arises from
its power of holding and fixing the
ammon'it which rises from manure al
ready in the soil, and we look upon
anything as manure that is food for
plants, whether it coms from the sta
ble or the swamp. From the sulphur
in Gypsum, it is a great preventative
(if worms ; gardens WeIF dressed with
it, will he exempt from the cut worm.
Young cabbages and turnips sprinkled
with Gypsum in their germinig state
vmil be exempt fmom the ravages of
the g. ecn worm. G'uano is doubly in
creased in value b'y being' sav-ed with
plaster. The past dry summer has
fujlly developed the utility of Gypsum;
wherever we apieid Gypsum to the
unions, English jeas, Irish polatoes,
or melons, there we have had the finest
crops, notwithstanding the drought
We observe wheni there has been no
dlew at night, and all vegetation looks
parche.f and dry, where Gypsum hams
been fully used ini the garden,- there is
a dampness in the morning like a dew.
had fallen. It is asserted by an emi
nent No rthern Horticulturist, that
Gypster' is positively injut'ious to
strawberries ; we have no doubt Bnt it
stimulates the vine into too rapid
a growth, and as we oft he South want
fruit instead of vine, it should be used
cautiously. But fhr garden vegetables;
where thos., vegetables have anythinW
to feed upon, Gypsum is a great priN
moter of appetitu by nmoistenird( tIl
ford' ready idi- the routldts to take up
with their thousand mouths. It can
be had in the New York market at
about *1 per barrel .--Exchange paper.
Mr. 'Thackeray says, ini the last num
ber of the Newdo6mes, that withnei
wishing to disparage the youth of othei
nations, he thinkts a'well bred English'
.~d has th'is adv'ath'gie otneu thein, that'
his bearing is conlrmdfly' more ritbdest'
than theirs7 "fle does niot rrssithie
the tail~coat4 ahd'the m~nners of'man
hood too eafly ;-he holds his tofigne,
and listens tdi his'.erders; hle mIhad
blukkes as~'ll'as his hesh'dd
.ntn w' tnaka bots, antdpa
conpiments llkn'the y~itg Fn
.min, nof to' co1fitrailis a6nle~ia mas,
l'af a' lhfbrhed - A~nerliast-a uIMrM'
TUE 'NEGROES OF JAMAICA.--rI'Iai
ca, as it is, under the favorito British'
policy of n atirnisiori, is tlls repra
sented by Bishop Kipp, irfda let.ter pub
lished in the Churchman,- dated at
Kingstoi, where the steamer on *hichl
he embarked for California stopped "to
" The streeti, the Bisloj'ays are
crowded with the most wretched look
ing negroes to be seed' oi4 ths face of
the earth: Lazy shiftless end' diseased
they w'ilJ .ot work since the rianumis
sion act h-.s freed' tierlH. Everi' coal
ing the steamer is done by women.
About a hundred marched dii board'
in a line with tuba dn their head,)tubs
and cdal togethir w eigliing- about 90
pouiids)'and with'd wild song empty
them ihto the hold. ikh mein work a
day,-arid then live. oi it a' wVnk. The
depth of' degredatiori to which the ne
gro population has sunk; we are told,
is indescribable. The itihabitants of
Sodoin were pure ddipacd'iith tliem.'
'Once,' said a gentlemeri to me, 'you
did not see an untity negro id' the'
streets. Now look at therh,' pointing
toa group df squalid wretches' This'
is the unvaryirigtestimotiy of thle rea".
dents I' have seen."
terday aflernoori, as some wdrkmen'
were excavacatinga cellar on Linton.
.greet, a' short distaido~ belois' John
street, they came in contidt 'ith a'
hard' substafce, about nine feet below
the grade of the street, which after'
some trouble, was eicavaeated and
brought to light, and proved to be a
human body in perfedt state of petri.
fication. This extraordihary eeim'erti
of the human race is'a male, abotit five
feet seven inches iii length. The hair
is cut very short, and seemW td hai-6
been- shaved ii' several' pat's, as its'
fornatiori' is perfect and.apparently un
injured by time. The tace is singularf
formed, and differing in, shge and ex
pression from any of the rader of'the
What is moi-e remarkable .thb body
is perfect' in all its parts, every uilus
cle fibre and sindw being pert otly de.
veloped. The color is rather df Jight
gray, and in some parts approachesr
very m-ar to the white man' altibu gh'
this may have been produced by the
action of the soil in Which it has been'
buried, for agds. A riunber of emi.
nent scientific gentlemen visited' this
remarkable and strange exhumatiorn
yesterday afternoon, but nothing of a
definite character was arrived at rela
tive to the cause, or what length' of
time it had lain there, although all
agreed that several hundred years'muat'
have elapsed since it *at biribd.'
Cineins'ati Inquirer 1st'
A WIFE'S INFLURNCE.-u t noti'de,"
said Franklin, "a mechanic among
other, at work in a house erected near
my office, who always appeared to b
in a merry humor, and had of kind'
word and cheerful smiin foa' every ohe
he met. Let the day be ever so sold
gloomy or sunless, a happy smile dhn
ced like -a sunbeatn on his chberful
countenance. Meetinghim one morrd
ing, I asked' lim .teH uie the secret
.f,.his constant happy flow of spirits.
'NSo secret, doctor,' he replied ; '1 hav'
got one of thi be t of wives' n
I go to' work she always lias a kind
word of encouragemecnt for me, and
when I go home she meets me with a;
smile and a ki.,s ;rand shb is surefdb
ready, as she has done so many tHngW
durimg the day to please mor that I'
cannot find it in m.- heart tospeak -tt
kiM\ to any body.' What i~O
then, hath Wotnatl'over thesh' t
man, to soften it and make itt
tain of'cheerful and pure eniqU
Speak genti '; then, a hapy~t~
v kind wot' ofr4reetlhg; aft'd9 il~~
of the day ake over, cost? nolIhId m' I ad
'go fat' towards maiking a'holne.' rco
fuil and happy."
BA'm/DTArLo oN " Nilo &@....:
" On our retuln'td thm )IIp We iii
a nutmeg plant'atidn. A et'ree
are from twenty to thirty feat idII~Ih,
are planted in rokvs,- at. int rvl of
taboiit fed't. The lddibirk ~
aind ghdsy, resemnbhidg thigt 4ft
i'el, and the fruit at's litt' dlites
riIght' bd taken- lI~ a' 1~I
splits in the centre, SId' 'sad#rIet
net work' of mace, en r~l~ ansano,
nut, black'tja dbftd~ 41I
is tht nutint ofcd?64bidO" ,
treA, not" no ' iik~~ "
hdh~ sofn rdAhdblac
mtst ldboo and ' prding, :awe'
drove thr'ougli' tlie drdhid the' prarrn
aIr ufinoon washiy Mispice.' The
rich'oddts exlvaled frot' the trees pen
et,rated thb.fram0 witdl' a~ gation of'
finnea bcamre an 't~~i h
senses were at ' a
ertng feehin lug ty. H4oiit hejd
to TduI ihit, I- sih~doi. log
ge at to femalecs also. All that we
have said about preservi g the health
in the nan, is as true of the opposite
Sex. But this is not the Whole. The
true foundation of beauty in womia,
is exercise in fresh air. No cosmetiets
are equal to these. The famous Diana
of Poicteers, who maintained her love.
lines until she was near sixty, o ed
this extraordinary result, in her own
opinion, to her daily bath, early rising,
and ler exorcise in the saddle. En.
glish ladies of rank are celebrated, the
world over, for their splendid persons
and brilliant complexions; and they are
proverbial for their attention to walk.
ing and riding, and t e hours spent
daily out of doors. The sallow cheeks,
stoopimg figures suspectibility to cold,
aid almost constant ill-health, which
prevail among the Amnerit!an wives
and daughters generally, are to be at
tributed almost entirely to their ex.
cessive sedentary I fe, and to the in
(irunity caused by the same life on the
part of their parent. A woman can
no nore becv:axe beautiful, inl the true
sese vi the term, or reinin so, with
out. healthlful excruise in the open air,
than a plant can thrive without light.
If we put the later into a cellar it eith.
er dies out right, for refuses to bloom.
Shall we wilt our sisters, wives or
daughters, by a similar deprivation of
what is as necessary to their harmoni.
In another aspect, the care of health
is a more importan thing than is usu
ally supposed. There is no doubt
that, as betwee. city and country, the
popul.,tion of the fbitfbr sdliersmost
from want of exercise and fresh air,
and that consequently t .e stamina, so
to speak, of a city population, is infe
rior that of a rural one. It is even
said that in somb cities; Paris for in.
stance, few strictly town bred families
last over a century, ahd that,-it the
population was not continually recruit
ed from the country, it would die out.
It i an equally striking fact and one
that lies within the observation of all
of us, that the most energetic mer
chlts generally, in New York; Bbston
aM.d' Philadel-hia, have been originally
lads from the rufral towns or countries,
whose well balanced health has not
only produced well balanced, vigorous,
enterprsing n.inds, but ena led themr
to enduire atrammunt of fatigue which
the average of tiieir city bled competi.
tors could not rival.
The public weal, therefore, aLs well
as the happiness of the individual, is
ccerned in this question of health.
Yet, we Americans almost ignore i ,
and practieclly negleet it entirely.
'iche old Greeks had their gymnasiums
for physical exercise, which were as
romch state institutions as common
se"hools are now. Were not the Greeks
wiser, after all, than we are, at least in
A CONNING TRICK.
Dr. Willeott, the celebrated Peter
Pindar, was an eccentric character,
a:l had a great many qu er notions of'
aiis own. A g' ol story is told by one
of his contemporaries of the inle:
in which he oncea tricked his publisher.
The latter 'riahing to buy the copy
rt'ht af his works, ouli.red him iby let
tera li:annuit.y of ?200. The doe
tor i-arning that the publisher was
very.- anxions toc purchhse, d'emathded
jJ300,. In reply, the latter appointed
a~ day- on which he would call and talk
the racat Ler over. At the day assigned,
tihe doctor received him1 in entire di-h
acbille, oven to the nightcap; and hav
img aggravated the sickly look of a
nastucrally cadaverous lace by purpose
ly abstammig from the use of a razor
foar somiie datys, he had all the appear
anice of a candidate for qnibk'consump.
tien. Added toc tli.is, the crafty author
a~ssumied a hollow acid mcost sepuleb/al
t~ cgh, such as would, excite evencc the
Lit :.f a shaeriff's catlicer, anid mcake a
rich ruian's heir cazy with joy. Th le
publisher hoawever, refused giving
mobre than ?200, tall suddenly the doe
tor broke out into a violent fit of'
cougrhinag, which paroduced an offer of
?250. This the doctor peremptorily
refused, and was seized, almrost instant.
ly, with another eveni more frightful
and longer protracted attack, that near
ly sullhcated himc-when the publisher
thinking it impossible tait sudeh-a man
could live lonug, raised his offer and
closed with him at ?300. The old
riague lived some twen-ive or thirty
y ears afterwords !
Muscd-The Emwpress Josephine
was v-ery fond of perfumaces, and, above
all, of musk. He~r d ressing room at
Mahinaision was filled with It, In spite
of Napoleon's frequent remonstrance.
Forty years have elapsed since her
deathc, and the present owner-of Mal.
mnaison has had the walls of the dress
ing room repeatedly' washed and pain
ted ; but neither scrn bbingj aquafortis,
nor paint, has been able to renove the
smell of the good Emnpress'. ntask,
which contnuesaa-strong-as if the bot
tle which ' contained'- it: had been but