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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITIIRATURE, AGRICULTURE SCIENCE AND THE ARTS
WILLIAM LE IS , PROPRIETORS. "O -au O o ty tr QbS
V O L . V III . --IAI W S O N, -- C . A Y 1 ,k5 4
VOL. III.SUMTERVILLE, S. C., hlAY 17, igM* NO. 29,
THE SUMTER BANNER,
Every Wedaselay Morniang
Lewis & Richardson.
TTWO DOLLARS in advance, Two Dollars
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-until oriered to he discontinued, and emrged
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For the Banner.
To flue Candidates ini Cla-en
don for tlhe ensuing Legibia
GENTEiMEN.-YOU have assumed
the position ofsoliciting, the confidence
and sulfrages of your fellow citizens.
The prestige of a good name and a
reputable character, have already be
spoken for your claims, a favorable
But in reposing a trust, of the in
portance of that which you ask them to
confer, I hope you will not take it
amiss, if they exercise the utnidoubted
right of "inquiry" as to the manner
in which you propose to discharge it.
To remove at once all suspicion as to
the source or the noti'e of this appeal
to you, let me premise, that (tr my
own part) I have neither preference;
affinities, nor predilietions- that would
noi be amply gratified, by casting my
votc for cther or any of you.
sut, as a citizen, and a sitafiragan i
ijiust seek for other mid higher 'consi
derations, than those of a kind ammd
personal character, in selecting those
ihd aspire to represent the interest of
*laren'den, in the urgent necessity to
which i am about to call your atton
tion. To the State,i he deliberations of
the ensuing Session, are not without
that interest, which questions a(Tectinig
her currency-her organic lawvs-andi
her constitutional comlprumises-nmut.
necessarily awaken. [tut to the Il'e.
ple of Clarendon they have additional
--perhaps even a higher iimport:tne
in the local andl peculiar requi rements,
which her case presents for Legislation.
You are not unapprise(d that since
the adjournment of the Legislature,
the charter of Nelson's Ferry has
been abandoned,--you must also be
awaro, that the impracticable and ir
reparable condition tt' 'ances Swatop
-has lc'ng since abated the use of
moth Kuad and Ferry. The fornter is
ito longer available as a transit to our
markets;--and the latter ;the most ft
Yored and eligible we eecr possessed,
the State very much against our wish
es, protestations, and remonstrances,
expended a hundred thousand dollars,
to render an impracticable gulph;
which neither Lazarus nor Dives in
their mortal shapes could now pass.
A charter for a Ferry at Wright's
Bluf, has it is true, (as a very great
boon) been granted. And were it es
tablished, a *ubscription of more than
forty thousand dollars, is already
pledged to construct a Plank Road
from there to the Manchester .epot.,
or to Sumtervilie. But how is this:
charter to be carried into effiet.? The
'~'Swamtp unfortunately is mostly, if not
Mlusively on the opposite shore of
the River. It is doubtless one of the
most eligible as well as convenient
locations for a Road that the topogra
pily of any alluvial territory could pre
sent. But it. must have Bridges aind
causeways, at a cost of sonic Iwo thotu
sand dollars. And how is the expense
of these to be met ? Surely not by
our own cotummissionters of Public
Roads,-whose powers-as lat/itudina*
ry as arbitrary-and as much abused
atnd nseglected as they are, nevertheless
do not extend to the imipositiotn of tax.
es, to improve--construct, or d/c
roads-out of their District and jitris.
But r.long with these consideorations,
carry with you that also of Wright's
BlufT being the D epot of more than
ten thousand bales of cotton annually,
with its accompanying up-freights, ami
hundreds o1 Tons of Guano, and that
transportation in this formt either 01
produce or returns, must. soon altogeth.
er cease, with the construction of the
North Eastern Railroad. For whlo
canl douibt, that the special franchise
prhieoh it has obtained, of omitting
." draws " for Steamb~oat. navigation,
~vitha an insumllicient elevaou of Bridg
es, (ini any, other than that, of an unnavi
g able state of the Ri vern,) wi~i nt prac
?leablly and electually operate to the
Nowa gentlemen you have a clear
and ( isIl, pyrfeption~ 0(8a patt oh the
g~rievances run,1,digabhilitI ies miah.r which
<nn' coinnf.ryv labor uis, and~ a tterii' presenm -
a as 1 tskall do'a hiiity comnsideratiou
of their efTects-let me ask you how
much you propose to dofor, or by
what measures is it you propose to
achieve her relief'?
You can doubtless appreciate the
diflicllty, if not the imposibility of
hauling the ten thousand Bales of cot
ton (now shipped at Wright's Bluff)
an average distance of not less than
forty miles, over a heavy Road to Man.
The expense of such an onerous and
complicated mode of transportation, as
compared with the facilities of other
portions of the State, would in eflect,
almost anoutt to a prohibition of the
But this you may suppose is a
burden chiefly to be borne by the rich.
I am not I assure you in thatfortnate
catigory. For wealth I have no ex
pciniwental sympathy whatever; few
of my profession have. But in the
hurnble and pious brotheroood with
whom it is my fortune to he classed.
and among whom it is my vocation to
:seek peace-and I trust ensure it"
there are wagons-farm horses, poul
try, stock, and a few bales ofcotton,
with which they were wont to wend
their way to the markets ofour cities
with little expense to themselves, but
with small, although satisfactory pro
fits on their produce.
But the improvements of the age
have abolilhd all those h mnh/ instru
ments of commercial industry. The
all pervading spirit of ni Iron'd mno.
ply, without substituthig (to them)
amy advantage of its owni, has as coi.
pletely isolated them from any other
form of tratie or of transportation as
the shipwrecked Robiuson Crusoe on
his desolate Island.
The supposition therefore as to the fa
vored class upon whom the burden de
volves is far from being true, and still
tarther (were it true) trmi being gene.
rous or Just. W hatl! shall mnci, and
t0''9"t.; H."'A~ .'"i"> ""lt en joy their
indisputable rights, because i1.ay ,ure
either rech or poor ? If the rich are
excalued froin justice, will not the in
vidious exception extend as well (and
very soon) to the class, who possess
none of the propiciating appliances, to
appenso it ? Do not the poor strive
ani hope at some time or another. to
become rich-A d i may not the we:ilth
of the present possissor, or his pos
terity, as suddenly "take, to itself w ings
and flee away ?" I am sure gentlemen
you are incapable of repre;cnting the
People of Ciarendton with aly such
views of P'olitical 1-thies. It in-v be
that local and other advantages, I ave
exelltel qoua friom ony s'iel depend
once, on the ordinary facilities of in
tercoure with our market. But favor
edl as you may be (and as I trust you
are) I have no suspicions on that sc-ore.
I caenot entertain the belief, that ohrr
than by a gelierols ambition to serve
your fellow citizens use/ally to them,
and honorably to yoursel ves, you could
not be actuated. But what is mnch
more to be apprehended, is your im
periect appreciation of the vital in
portance to them of some measure of
relief; and the too modest loathing of
the bold and and toilsome e'flrts, by
which its success--(unaided by party
or political influences) can alone be
achieved. The zeal, ability, experience
and deserved influence of our Senator,
will doubtless secure for it a favorabli
consideration in that Body.
Whlat then are' y'ou pr'epared, andl
res"olvedo to ac'omllish for them'i in
this mal~tter; anid by whlat means ?
These'5 are quiestionls, to wh'ichl I would
respect fully direct y'ouri attention.
Conceive the great emergency of' thoso
whom you as-k to hecoime youir conusti
talents, anid I am sur'e you will excuse
the. solicitude with whi''h I urge f'or
them, tile expression of' youi' pledesi
and opinionls. WVero may next, doior
neighbor ill " Summaertmon "to start
in his owni coniveyance for Chau'leston,
he would have to dliic-t his course
Eastward instead of Southward utih
he f'ound a pathway through Santee
Swamup, somewhere within tie busi
ness current of Georgetown. And
should that 1)e Murray's F~erry, he
woul have the consohition of knowing
cble as it is, thlat ovenf that chialnnel of
intercourse, is inevitably dlestinted to
be abated, w~hen the North'eastern
Isailrocad is compihleted. Should he on
the othier hand be pr'impted, or called
oil, to confer' wvithu you in Colum.
hlia on the subject of thlis very giiv
an-lce, mi a simlilar nmaiiner he woiild
har'e to wvendr his way North eastwaurd,
inste~ad of Westiwar'd, unltil ini milita
r'y par'lanuce he tur'ned the obstr'uctions
oif thie river of Camden. My friend
on thie Easternl llufi of the Santee
laiver., can stand inl his (door andI~ see
hleu smokLe curiing out of' the chimneys
of his neighbor's dwelling, not five
nuies distant on thie Western shore.
Biut yet were lie prlomfpted by business
of ev'er 6o urgen'it at character to reach
lhim, it would only be attainled b~y tra.
-verisiag a circujit ofra hundred miiles..
Thusi aro thmose wa hom you ask to be'
Coe V:Ji r. consti tuentsa solr. tor from
all the facilities of trade, of travel, or
of intercourse, by a barrier as impena
trable as the Chinese wall and as diffi
cult of access as tho heights of the
Ilenalaya mountains. A small ap
propriation of two thousand dollars, to
construct Bridges and causeways on
the opposite bank of the River to
W right's Bluff, would at once, and spee
dily remove it, and while the State is
erecting for herself, and for you gentle
men I trust a "magnificent Captol "
to display your rhetoric in-at an
expcnsse of more than a million of
dollars to her citizens, (of which your
constituents are necessarily destined
to pay their proportion of more than
fifteen thousand) I trust she will not
begrudge so small a pittance, to the
indispensable, and almost life as well
as thrift sustaining requirements of
But how do you expect it to be ob
taned ? By simply introducing a pro
position, and voting for it'? Wihy the
mienibers from Lancaster and Kershaw
can do as muck for us as that ; for
their constituents have almost as deep
an interest as yours, in passing this
insuperable Balkan of &the wagon
trade. The most raving demagogue
and radical disorganizer of the upper
country, would be glad to make this
an ex(cption to his otherwise cerberous
Vigilance over the behest of the Treas
ury. Nay, North Carolina, with her
stock, her produce and her manufac
tures, would be ready to do more.
But none of them can or will, or
ought, except on convicticn. And
that conviction gentleman it is your
province to produce. It is the duty
which you ask to be permitted to per
form- If you are unwilling, do not I
beseech you undertake it. If you are
incompetent ; then do not presump
tuously attempt an experiment which
you fbel 3 ourselves inadequate to con
duct to a successful conclusion. Fail
ure with whatever good intentions or
ardent wishes will not, excuse you.
You know th task- and you have con
templated the dileuimes. ic y.r
cannot perform the one, and surmount
the other, then you will have occupied
places which might, possibly have been
filled more uscfully. The Legislature
it is true is slow of confidence and
olftimes cautious and suspicious in
making sectional ap'ropriations. It
has Often been deceived, sits generosity
grossly abused, and in no case more
conspicuously so than in its extrava
gant, appropriatiois to inmprove as
they intended, (but to destroy as it
happened) the road throumgh Vinec's
Swamp. hit truth, right and justice,
must anl will prevail, and no where
more readily, certainly and tririm
phantly than in an .assembly like
that, comprised of the intelligence,
patrk'tismn, and public spirit of the
State. Make them cornprehenl the
exigency, and I an sure they will re
spond to it, with a liberality as prompt
and as munificent as your own. They
want but the necessary information,
and that you can or cuyt to be able
to give thenm ; or otherwise, accept
not I pray you the trust. It is infor
mation which they are not e.rpected to
seek, but which you are bound to offer,
nay even to obtrudc on them. Truth,
to be enforced, of or even to be under
stood, has oftimes to be reiterated and
explained. Modesty it i . true, is one
of the most unerring indications of
merit. But it certainly would neither
b~e just nor reasonable to expect that
your constituents would b~e satisfied
with the sacrifice of their interests, to
the ditlidence, inexperience, or incapa
city of their Public Ser-vants. Nor
can they for an instant presume, that
you wvould aspire to occupy an offiee,
as a smeicure of hoiior without a single
compensating return of toil, of useful
ness or of duties, you have already adl
mitted, (for you must admit) that the
Legislature is usually composed of a
very fair piroportioni of the wisdom and
intelligence of one of thme most eligh
toned and liberal States in thre U~niorn.
You have alroady acknowledged for
you must acknowledge that the claims
of your constituents in this instance
are irr-efragabhle arid indisputable. If
threreforeo before a tribunal of such con
fessed ability impartiality and enlight
enment, and with a cause of time unques
tionable character of that which your
constituents present, you should not
succeed, whose ftult, is it, or can it, be
save that of your own, who are its ad
vocates, and its exponents!
It is burt a small thing at last,, that
your constituenrts require ofyou. They
(do not expect you to reform thre Tarif/
to atbolishi thre monopoly in the Gun no
tr-ade, to pacificate tire Turkish war, to
settle our difliculties with Spain, or to
allay the agitation of the free soil par~
ty in tire di ncussions of the Nebr-..ska
Bill, In short they neither ansk nor de
sire, that you should play tire part of
tire fly, that rrdes upon01 tire wheel. Our
Delegation in Congress is already surf.
ficiently self-gorified andl obscured by
thre dust which ascends fl-om the ear of
our Federal Ahggnrnraut.
What, they dlesire ;s t-n- of k:
kind. It is but a childs bon they
crave. Give them a channe of inter
course with their accustoma markets.
True it is, that that the eleitnts of our
State Government arc unappily re
solved into two great Auncracies of
Rlail Road, and Bank fl)nopolies ;
which unquestionably preldes over,
and controls its destinies. 'he admin.
istrative departments of he sovereign
ty are but the enshrined sptulchres of
a venerated superstition. Such is the
shorn condition, to which from these
causes they have been reduced,-that
if in the exercise of a somnk discretion,
and an independent judgiment, they
but dare to dispense H eavln's Justice,
or the laws mercy, (for the law is not
without its mercy too) ot er than the
" Village politician," the " .nisi Prius"
Lawyers, or the cross roads " whipper
snapers" may dictate, lie Teapot.
Tempest of every little prtry clique,
or Vigilant Society instantly begins to
hiss and bubble and efierreso its dis
approbation, in all the hncied puis
sance and ominous comnotion, of a
threatened volcano. If governed by
reason. which none but he oflicial in
cumbent can know, or appreciate; if
upon evidence modifyin , or aggrava
tiog oflences, which the Irins and bar
riers of the law have -cluded from
the ordinary modes ofj dicial investi
gation, and which by theconstitution is
as wisely (as it has been imperatively)
made accessible to the consideration
of its highest functionary only, he
should dare to exercise the duties ef his
office, the startled pride and offended
self-consequence of every little neigh
borhood " Imperiun in Imperio," in
stantly blusters forth ith rage, its de
nunciations, and its vindictiveness, in
all the pomp uagniloruence and mock
gravity of a Santa Anna or a Rienzi;
a Mexican pronunciamento, or an Ital
If the form as well as the substance
of any of these constitutional depart.
nuit are not therefor . - "-" .
literatel ; if they 4tit r' twm any por
tinw a.., othe ashes
of departed worth," -" s nevertheless
sheei' force and dignity of character
homage paid to worth, rather than a
deference shewn to prerogative, attri
butable only to the distinguished mner
its of their present occupants.
But neither Banks nor 1ail Roads,
nor Vigilant Societies, nor cross Road
politicians are your adversaries. You
enjoy the singular and peculiar im
nunity of ltving never incurred ci ther
their lore or their hatred. The) have
no motive to fiear, to persecute, or dis
trust, and no power I hope to dc/er you.
You may Ipossi bly, tlherclb re, pass
through all the wards of their vigilance
unheeded and unnoted, and without
even being questioneid as to the '' shib
boleth of your allegianuce."
Excuse mse, gentlemen, for having
invited your attention to this subject, in
a manner more formal and elaborate
perhaps, than may seem necessary. I
amt aware that your frankness and
courtusv would have accorded to ine
all the information I desired, in any of
the modes I may have selected of pri
rate or personal intercourse. lint miy
object has been a very dillerent one
from that, of selfsatisfaction. I wished
(and hope) to attract the attention of
all parties concerned, (both pcople and
candidates) to the importance of the
subject presented to their considera
tion. I desired to establish a fair unt
derstandinrg between yourselves and
your constituents as to the terms on
whnich you were ta represent thema.
T1o your pledges and p, omtises, it, is fot
thnemn to hold you responsible. My
lot and part in the matter extends ne.
farther thtan to give the solemnity on a
public proclamnation to the pioli tical
bands, which you propose to coelbra&t
wvith themt. I have flu other topic savi
that which I have already referred tc
your consideration, in which I feel any
intterest whatever. But there are oth
ers in which manny of your constituent
do ; and as I have availed myself in this
address, of your position before th<
public to accomnplish my own purpose
I will im return do you the favor o
proponnding a few othner quteries, it
whnich your constituett- feel a deej
anid abiding interest. Arid to which.
am sure you can respotnd in a marine;
entirely satisfactory to themn.
1st. Are you int iiavor of giving th<
election of' Electors of P'resident, art
Vice President, of the United States t<
And if so, in what mode, (bey Genm
oral or District ticket, system,) and fo
whamt easons I
Also wnt cel'ect would the chnan gi
have in diminishing or increasing thu
influence, wvhich Sumter District, nov
exercises int that election, through th<
peculiar advatages which she on joy:
of hav ing two Senators I YourF constitu
etnts are, I believe, open to conviction
on this subject, and it is thereforn
worthy of y our greatest elaborationi.
2nd. Arec youm in favor of subdivi
ding the large arid poullous E'letioj
Istricts of' the State, being one of th<
fiuvored modes of nitlietin~g the comrn
maises of' the constituti-in ao tiy ao .mi
exist in favor of the middle and lower
3rd. Are you in favor of correcting
the abuses of our Banking System, by
which the present extraordinary strin
gency in the monetary affairs of the
State, has boon produced,-our dock
ets unusually crowded with litigation,
the operations of our Banking Capital
transferred to Georgia and New York,
instead of being employed in accom
modating our own citizens, which all
the indispensable facilities of trade and
business at home (of which the State
have given them the exclusive monopo
ly) are sacrificed to an usurious traffic
in Exchanges ? Should you accord
with your constituents as to these evils,
by what measures do you propose to
4th. Are you in favor of sacrificing
every other interest in the State to the
aggrandizement of Rail Road monopo
lies? Are you disposed to sanction
the gross abuse of their charters, in
their delays, losses, dangerous roads,
insecurities either to property or to
life, together with the perfect immuni
ty which they enjoy of any responsi
bility whatever, either to State or citi
zen ? If not what measure do you in
tend to introduce for their redress.
5th. Are you in favor of continuing
the enormous amount of seventy-live
thousand dollars (nearly one forth of
the State taxes) now appropriated to
Free School purposes; wholly misap.
plied as it is under our present system,
to the objects of education ; admitted
by all to be as useless as it is burden.
some to the people, and together with
the several amounts annually applied
to the College and the Military Acade
nues, make up a sum equal to 'one
half of the Revenue derived from taxa
6th. Are you in favor of reforming
our Judiciary system, by which the
expenses of litigation, and ?he extortion
of the liar, may ;n ti'ma degree, at
- . - .,,..saai leQ 5
7th. Are you in favor cf lcssening
the present high rate of taxation in
.posed oft the people, unnecessary as it
IS in these piping , un.
called for by any exigency, and endur
ed at great sacrifices under nne of the
severest monetary pressures, that the
State lhas ever oxperieniced ?
8th. Are you in favor of abolishing
or reforming the Militia system, or
otherwise ofmabating the onerous and
useless burden to your fellow citizens
of petty musters, and that worst of all
despotisms, the tyranny of ignorance,
displayed during a summers solstice,
in the mock heroics of the muster field ?
9th. Are you in favor ofestablishing
the Viva Voce mode of voting in all
elections made by the Legislature, and
thereby holding our lI epresentatives
responsible to their constituents
for the manner in which they may
exercise their trust in the selection of
public agents, as well in the support of
public measures. If not, what are
your reasons and objections?
The population of l'aris in thirteenth
century, was 120,000; in 1474. 150,
000 ; under Henri II., 210,000 ; under
Louis XIV., 492,600; in 1711), 509,
630; from 1752 to 1762, 576,650 ; in
1776, according to Bulhin, 658,000:
in 1778, according to Mohan, 670,000
in 17841, according to Necker, 660,000
at the end of the reign of Louis 14th
610,t720 ; in 1798, 6;4(,50 1 ; in 1802
672,000 ; in 1801;, 517,756; in 1808
580,600; in 1801), 794,5960; in 1817
713,966 ; 1827, 890,431 ; 1831, 774,
328 ; 1836, 909,1'26 ;181,1,23
not including the soldiers on service
the abiscnt, and the children at nurse
18416, 1,053,897; and the whole de
partunent of the Seine, 1,32,467 ; Ii
nally, in 1851, when the regular eensn
was tak en, 1,053,262. it 1852, 33,
2841 children weore born at l'aris--o
whotm 22,420 were legitimate, 'am
10,858 illegitimate. Of the tota
number 16,810 were boys. In the
same year, 27,890 persons died, o
whonm 13,877 were mnales; and1 10,413*
marriages were corntracted. The tota
population of France in 1700 was 190
699.000 ; in 1831, 32,560,934 ; 184t~i
:35,4000,486 ; and in 1851, 35,783,059
JA MAtca.-Crimie is shockingly ram
pant in Jamaica. Out of sisteen ease
tried at the Assizes, no fewer thai
tme were for " those abomninabli
crimes which are dangerous to humai
nature." In charging the grand jur'
the judge expressa his conviction tha
mere punishment is instullicient as
prevent ative of these heinous off'encet
and suggested that the only way ii
which they can lbe eradicated, is i
bring the clss of persons amnong when
they are frequent u: der sonmc hunmani
l'oszimL..--A girl in i'ittsburg be
ing sitruck dumb by the firing at'
cannonl, it is said that a' number o
mainrried imein of that interesting villag.
have, ini consegqnence, invited the ai
tillar~g company to parade umd'er thei
IIORnIJLE TRAQornr.-One of the
most tragic and awful scenes that ever
shocked a community oceured in this
city on Saturday morning about 10
o'clock, resulting in the sudden and
violent death' of a husbind' and trife
by the hand of the former--under the
frenzy of a momentary riiahia. Mr.
John W. Lambeth, formerly a ditizen
of this town, bait of late a resident of
IIalifax county-where he had war.
ried a daughter of William Ilowerton
-hinsclfand wife botn beionging to
families of high respectibility-being
on a visit to his mother in this city
while sitting with his wife, in company
of mnUcI'ibers of the family, without
warning or a sign of any c.aractcr,
seized her and inflicted a frightful gash
upon her throat, Vitlha pocket knife.
She attempted to escape, but he rushed
after her, and inflicted two other
cuts. She st.aggeted out of the house
and fell in the yard. His attention
was then arrested by the children of
his brother, Dr. Lambeth, and he made
an attempst to aeiz th', but wa's
thwarted by anegro womin, who.threw
him o'er the pailing ! 11e then made
at his uncle, Mr. Bingham ; but he
escaping, the murderous but uncon
scious maniac returned to the spot
where his wife lay, and tore the bloody
knife across his own throat-fulling
and dying almost instantly. It is be
leived that while engaged in the strug
gle with his wife, he inflicted one or
two cuts upon his own throat. His
mother having interposed to shield his
wife, received an accidental gash 6n
the hand. Dr. Murrefl, who resides
in the immediate vicinity of tie trage
dy, hearing the cries, repaired with all
speed to the spot, and succeeded by hi
coolness and skiU, in arresting the her
morrhage from the wound of Mrs. L.
although all the cheifarteries and veinm
of the neck had been severed or opened
and restoring consciousness for a
while-!during which time she en
gaged in cdnversitiori, true to the in.
stinets of tac wu, eUEMnh5 t.g
last, " Oh ! my dea'r husband." But
the loss of blood had been so great
before the Doctor's arrival that it Way
impossible to save her, and sh'e died
in three gnarters of an hour. Mr
Lambeth had been in bad health and
had sufTered nuh from the depressior
of mind it occasioned ;but no one con
ceived the possibility of so terribl<
and tragic a dethronement of reason
Hle had returned, some three Week
ago, fror l'mhilidelphia, where lie had
been in search of imedical relief, anc
had been remaining with the ta'ndl
of his rmother in this city siiice. ii.
wife joined him about a week after hi
arrival, bringing with her two children
expecting other welcome and othei
fare, froins his bettered condition, thar:
the bloody one which has Biefallen her
MUnRnet.-An atrocious murder wa!
committed in th bar-room of the gro
cery stcre of M. Grother, corner o
Whitaker-street and Taylor-street lane
about eight o'eock Sunday night. The
nanme of the udforttinate victim tea
Lawrence Richardsoud, a carpenter b3
trade ; a man of family .with whom h<
lived in the upper part of the buildin
in which he was killed. At the honu
named, in company with two or three
friends, one of whom was Sorgean
Morse, of the City Police, and wit
whonm he was at thme moment convers
ing, lie was quietly sitting in the bai
room, when all of a sudden the repor
of a gun was heard at the door, an
immediately after Richardson fell bac
mortally wvounded, and expired in
very few moments, having received
heavy charge of buckshot in the neci
and head. Search was imnmediatel
-made for the perpetrator, but withou
success. The city authorities wore a
on1ce notified, and Marshall Russel
with the entire active force of the city
have continued unremitting in thei
eilort~s to secure the mnurderor. Corc
ner Eden held an induest over the ri
mains of the deceased yesterday, wvhoe
such facts wvere revealed as to fix th
deed upon a man named Green B. R<
berts, for whose arrest and convictir
we trust no possible efforts will hb
-..P. S.-Just as we go to press, w
. have word that Roberts is arrested.
The physicians of St. Louis hav
combined for the purpose of keepin
druggists to the pestle and mortar.
They declare that the apothecary hi
no just Fight to put up a prescriptic
the second time, unless -authorized
writing by the physician prescribinf
Nor has said apothecary any right i
make usc of said prescription in n
.way? unless by the consent of thepa
ician; and pledge th 'usel os
withhold their influence frorrd ai
-druggist who may thus act, ata to u
i othier nyeans to make such *eondu
f public. And further,.that etey 'ai
i withhold their. support fran
-apotheca'ries who persist Ni.
r reprehensible practice of' p:sbibin
Not quite twelve .month. aro, our
market was supplied with Flour from'
Baltimorel New York; alid other mar
kts. 'T'hings hav'e dhanged. Since
Sept. 1', 1853, t1is market has been'
supplied' from oiuth Caroliha; debrgia
and Tennessde, principally fr6m Geor
gia, asid the receipts,, up to' t'fs tinie,
have bee' larger than ever k:;own
befo're ;' besides sipplyirig Our o*n'
market, some 20,00 barrels have teen'
shipped' to foreign markets, and coast.
wise to New York, Philadelphia and'
Bioston. 5000 barrels have been'
exported coastwise within the last
Tennessee, has si.nupied the greater
portion of Wheat which was manufac
tured into Flour in Georgia. The
majority of Flour was shipped in sacks;
had the Flour been put in barrels, three
times the quantity would have found
its way to Europe; fr orne' tnglish'
house had, at one t'e, an order fd;
1o,00U barrels;; gen 6nly sacks duld,
be had. One shlpn'ent of 30b0'sabks'
wras.niade to Liverpool.
We Would remark that the pi-ice of
Flour this season, has ruled lower by
$ 1 per barrel 6n' a'n aferage than in
any seaport in th'e United States. Our
highest figure Was8.5O, when in Newi
York the same qinality of Flour was
sold at $9.50. About the first of thik'
month Flour was sold here at $6; in the
New York market at $7 3.4 to $8.
The Flour trade ii Charleston must
increaso rapidly, espcially when that
great enterprise, the Islue Ridge Rail.
road is. completed. Tennessee can
furnish 500,000 bariels of Flour in a'
Millers aind farmers should pa'
strict attention in' putting tip Flour,
so as to pstabTisl a character for Flour,
exported from Charleston. They should
go to work now, and cut out timber,
d get barrels niade, and not send'
their Flour in sdcks. Flour in barrels
will bring 50 cents more, and find
ready sale for it; -
Facts arn human Life.
The gvhile number of languages'
spoken in the world amounts to.3064
-2'7 in Europe, 396 in Asia, 276 in'
Africa, and 1264 in America. The
imhabit:ints of the globe profess more:
thaii 1000 different religions. The'
nuinber of men is about equal to the
nunibcr of women. The average of
human life is about 33 years. One'
I quarter (lie previous to the age of 7;
one-half before reaching 17; and those
who pass this age enjoy a felicity
refused to one.half the hnman species.
To every 1000 persons only one
reaches 100 years of life; to every 100
only six reach the age of 95, and not
more than one in 500 lives to be 80
years of age. There are on earth'
1.000,000,000 inhabitants; and of these
333,333.333 die every year,91,324 die
every day, 3,730 every hour, and 60'
f every minute or one every second.
These losses are about balanced by
an equal fiumber of births. The mar.
reed are longer lived than the single,
and above all, those who observe a
sober and industrious conduct. Tall'
men live longer than short ones.
r Women have more chances of life in'
their favor previous to being fifty years'
t of age than men have, but fewer after.
1 wards. Tfhe number of marriages is'
- in proportion of 75 to every 1000~inp
-dividuals. Marriages are more fre
tquent after the equinoxes; that is, dur
3 ng the months of June and December.
l'hose born in the spring are general-lif
a more robust than others. Births anmd
a deaths are more frequent bry flighi
C than by day. The number of men
i' capable of bearing arms i~s caibulat'ed
t at one-fourth of the popu-lation; though'
m i many countries r't is less.
,' The arenasla of England hlwve beek
rclosed foralong ime, even to m'enm
hers of Parliamene, while experimnfits
have been makcing in rlew and terrible
mnaehines for carrying on wa'r. One
of these is called the Wagner Floating
Gun, w~hich glides-along on the, water
mastraight line till it strikes tle ves
e sel at which- it is directed, wh'en' is
thrust into its sides its iron headoii.
e tairmng two pounds of fulminati'ng
- powder of mercury, wvhich, b* 'xgl.
dimg, blows a hole iin the.veess n o't
twelve feet in length hteit s' fi':
o possible to close as ths .*6o6
g made by cannon ball . EdH
a Tmis SoVEnSloNS --?
following are tl e.Q~p
n reagong sovereigns: .ite.a
, MI4thelKing ofth , r' 'rra,
r i~ng of ,Prussi,$i 4 the
.0 Rssia, 56 ; te . Kidf ro ao
:Norway 5 tl4 ~or Den an
-44; oa,.. .nr'
othe T14 S ;. a e ing -
0the &jlt , 30Oj tJe '- nVer,83
etr#4al 28 ~. emperor of A u.
11 - ?~* --n ----.- ..
11 Je es deen Ordered in all the
ge secess1 o'fgoues in F'rance, for the
Russian,, ranch arms againsttie