Newspaper Page Text
J.S. MI lI A 1I:)SON, Jc. EDITORS.
JOIIN R. LOGAN,
WEDNESDAY. M1Y 24, 1854.
G, Persons wishiiir to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law,
can find us at any hour during the day,
except from four to five in the afternoon.
at our office, just back of Sot oMoss' New
itore. All business connected with the
paper must be transacted with WrILLTAM
Lrwts, JoHN S. RICIHARDSON, jr., or R. C.
LoGAN. Mr. R. C. LouAN, the Foreman
of Banner Office, is our only authorised
Agent to receive money and give receipts
for the same, and may always be found at
the Banner Office. All letters addressed
to the Banner must be pre-p~aid to insure
The Vigilant Society of Sumterville, will
take notice that Band No. 2, will turn out from
Monday the 29th of ainy. for the usual term.
* L. P. LORING, Prea't.
J. H. DINGLE, Sec'ty.
May ?.1, 1854..
CHARLESTON, MAY, 22.
COTTON.-The market to.day was
sotnewhat in a depressed state. The
transactions were limited to 670 bales.
at extremes, ranging from 6 to 9 1 4c.
-a decline in prices of 1.8 at 1.4c.
on the lower qualities.
The only mails received at this place on
Monday were from Columbia. There was
also a failure of the Northern mails on
Tuesday morning, in consequence of which
we are without our usual correspondence
Messrs. PAROw & Co.'s fitmous
"Southern Burlesque Opera and Bal.
let Troupe." performed in this place
to a highly respectable audio ce on
last evening. They give another per.
formance to.day at 3 o'clock, p. m.,
and again in the evening at 7 *'clock.
Go and see them, a good laugh is more
beneficial to health than a dozen of
AUGCSTUS 13. PanI, convicted of
murder and recet.tly condemned to be
hung by Judge M1eNto, broke outof
Columbia Jail on .ound'y night and
made his escape.
We are informed by our Columbia cor.
respondent that on Nunday last a negry
7 fellow, the p'ioperty of EDwARD J. At.
THUR, was accidentally drowned in the
Congaree River, necar Columbia. lHe, in
company with several others, was bathing
and ventured beyond hi's depth. His body
hass been recovered.
WVe have received several publications
which purport to elucidate and explain the
subject of spiritu'al rappings. They are
all from tih-- land of radicalism, fanaticism,
&c. &c. WVe expect to find some astoan '.
ing revelationts in these papers, whiwh thme
readers of the Bainner may hear of next
WVe have been fregneent;iaskedl, why
the candiadates hiave not atnweredl the qua'
riese propaundl~ed by - vot--r " in this 1)s
trict. WVe presun e they are waiting~ for a
leisure season ;but Ionok hat gentle'mae', it
you trive the people much.! moare t an", they
mia y overwvhelm you with sumch a maornadohu of
comnmunicatins, as ii'hm send you on th
"other side of J 'r-lan "' to h ok for uin
awers, and " Jor dan is hard road to trabble
W. & Mlanacster RI. RI.
'The receipts n'I this roed for the~ onuth
of Decemnber, Jatnuary, Febraury and
Miarcha last. amounted to thai sum of $.80,
590),87. At the present uine the trat'i is
very great ; three passenger ears are daily
filled each wtay.
"8ugar in the Gor.
TIhis seems to be the motto, or at any
rate the text of a sharp looking sheet oh
prmnted matt er du bhed " Jonah's (Gourd
Vine," which is published s'emioccasion.
ally at Newberry (. II. 'The editors, wiho
are unknown, say they intend in return
for the bril~ant success, which has greeted
their etyoarts, to enlarge thme Vine. " Ill
weeds "-.but we had forgoitena, small pa.
pers, like little men, may be wvaspieeh and
if there is "sugar in the L'ouad " there
might poessibly happen to bue a atmog like'.
wise. "Dliscretion is the better part of
The nuimiber 9 has some peculiar pro.
parties, the solving of wh ch have ever
been interesting to calculatorsm. The fol
Iowing gneries from it writer in tihe Eren.
ing Aews mtay g've an eaur or two oh
pleasanit manetal occupation:
"- Messes. !alifors: W i you please re.
quest 4 Ledger "- to state the reasona wiby
.thme defy'erence between aony transposed
numbers is always tnultiple of 9.
I would n'soesubmnit the fol'owing query :
H ow is it that i divided by 9 iimeei 9 or 81,
gives foar quotient a periodical decimal
fraction. of the form. of
0,0128456700123156701,and so.on re.
producing in regular succession, and in
their natural order, all the digits with the
ascption of 8i
The tews tram Europe by the last
Steamer is of an exciting tcharacter. 'T'h-,
guame of war has commenced inl earnest
and blood arid carnage, rapini, anurder,
desolation and misery its accompanymnents.
By the arrival of the Atlantic we learn that
a part of the allied fleet had bombarded
the Russian town of Odessa, situated on
the northeast coast of the Black Sea. The
attack however, under the direction of Ad
miral Dundos, sem-is to have been a bun
-led afair, of which the English are by
no means proud. The prospect of a was
between Spain and the United States,
growing out of the Black Warrior affair,
is brought nearer by the advices of this
Steamer. Of the result of such a contest
the Madrid correspondent of the London
To any but Spaniards there can scarce
ly be a shadow of doubt as to the face of
Cuba in case of a war between Spain and
the U. States, st.pposing, of course, nun in.
terterence on the part of aly powerful ally
of the former country. At the same time
America would not escape undamnged im
a conflict with this comparatively feeble
country. The ocean would be quickly
covered with privateers under Spanish
colors, and American commerce would
suffer greatly. And at the last moment,
when all hope was lost, I fully believe that
.Spain would emancipate the slaves and
abandon the Island to them sooner than
see its darling possession--the "Queen of
the Antiiles," lall an easy prey and flour.
iing pusisesson into the hands of the am
bitious and encroaching Republic, wh.ch
gives it so much uneasiness."
Since the above the Steamer Europa
with three days later intelligence frorm
Europe has arrived at New York. We
clip the following items of news from the
telegraphic reports to the Carolinian -
The allbed fleets bade bombarded the
city of Sulina Boghaz, at the mouth of
the Danube. Oimet Iacha also obtained
a signal victory over the Russian General
The American privateer Grape Shot it
reported to have captured a French brig of
"On the 18t' and 19th Omer Pacha
with 70,000 men, gave battle to General
Luders, between Silistra and Rustchuk
The engagement lasted for several hours
During the previous nig:ht Oit r l'asma hat
sent a division towards sea, which divisior
during the night of the battle, attack.:d the
Russians im the rear, causing tremendous
confusion. The Riassians retreated be.
hind Chernawoda, with the loss of many
tuns, stores, baggage, and military chests.
The Russians continue the attack on Slis.
Time Turk', on the 20th, crossed the
Danube, for the purpose ot desuro) ing th<
Iussian batterics, advanced to K.luruch
amid after hard lighltin returned onr! the 23e
to S&lhstria mr good order.
'r.nue P.asketew'itch has ordered tht
Russians to advance no further into the
An unpurtasnt battle was fought on th(
'St:h aet ween tie Turks and Greek insur
nents. Uita was ta en by assault in liirt
mIm miutes by it Turks. The Greek lead
ers, 10mras~skk amid Isavmitas, tied, Thel
slaughter was conisidlerabmle. Th'le imfnpor
mant town of Meizuo was also taken by tI
'irks, anid pillaged byv the Alhania'n.
'Te Greek leutder Gr.eves fled. Excep
the P~,us all the coast ci Greece is close
iy b'ock:ade:l hay the allies.
Onu the 19th; a tight Luatued between thi
Turks arnd Montenegrons at Nicksock
conmmanided by time clief George Pectro
vitch. 1I.lumtimne have ntow fa.irly cami
menced. andl eacht steamer will taut en
hance thme mnterest felt ini the econtest ii
Ia is reported that the Austrians will oc
copyv the P'rovories.
A-inniral Nauper is closely blockading al.
the~ Bl.anc portis, amid Ruoaaia is fitting ou
a fleet of dti arimed boats to semnd againsl
Just as we are going toa press, thme mail
oaf .\lmnday an.i Tuesdauy har e comec t<
hmiimd, fmrm wheb we glean the followin;
-eid it.ornal iteim,.:
The Americani privateer alluded to above
is aii,qaure. to bes the clipper imhip Grape Shioi
w..e meia tL cle.aresd irunma the Unted State
wth a p~ursin of tihe ifamnus Izeusbge Law'
i tuu:.et un buoard. T[his. i, however, riiiapiiied
'I iemi the ante-liaeiiee reach~ied Lujndon gr.uia
exitemnen emi-ie.., tna a Uritish war Siunse
ws an inai..eoiatety disatched in persuit ei thi
A uribate had occurre'd in the fIritjish Iloust
uf Loimn.ua uni thm -lh iniut., relative to the tui
bun-,~aiu Trade , during which, to qjue-hnon
askewd, Lord Juohn liut.nen repimed ja in ubsance
mimsat as tar as~ tue tirith surmnemt couh
jiage by recen t uapeairances~ tihe iimendene at
11ion us die bpinimah t.uVernmfent wta. msatisfame
r) aan, in ut uiuaii.ce sih el1stiing treaties os
WVasiu~ror, May 20.
Thie U. S. Hluuse of liepiremenmatives aidju--rn
eon Samurday without passaing the hebrauk
bai1, but de~monstrated that there was a ce
ma jority initrof it.
T1114 MR. E. Confecrene.
'he de~bate on thbe location of thm
Southern book establishmient, wa
bronghit to as close otn Fridasy and de
cided in fanvor of Nashville. 'The las
ballot, stund 00 votes for Nasahvill
and 57 for Louisville.
We give ticlow a "dih story" clippe
from Some of our exchanges ; who cal
read it, wtithout guvinmg three che'ers for th
A Fzsu S-roar.--Fo tur e lergymen, a a
tist, P'resbayt urmian, M~ethiod:mai, anid Roms
Cthuhe, imet at a ce'rtai mu plai e , y aigree
ment to dimne on liaeb. Soon as grace wa~
stid, the' Catthulic rose, amed with a k rm
andl lurk, r nd makinig aboua onue-third oi ihi
lish, comps~rehienidomg time head, removeda
to, his plate, exchnimewd as hie sat doiws
with gr.mt seil sat,.fsact.cn, "l'uapa es, on
put eccleaamisr" (the Pope1P i thme hetad a
she I 'burebi) Immmedately thle Mleimolisi
mmmater arose, arid helpmog hmmmaelf te
ahotmi one :hird, emnbramcmg the ail, seated
himnseil, exelannmig, " Funsma coroniat mpuas
(time and crowns the work.) The Paresby
te'r~an not. thmoughlt it was tinme for kumn t
miae, amid taikmg lie remnaindler ot the fi-al
to his plate, exchurminag, " In medma eii
veaftts" (iruth lies betwseen ahe two ex
tremroea ) .Our B:,ptist brother had nothm
before ham but an emipty plaite and thme
pr',epeit iof a slai doniiar, ami anatchmg
mm1 I.e iowt of idrawn (nmie.l i) btter, hm
Luiuzae vog" (Id aIiW~ 3foI di.)
Correspondence ofhjba.BanneLr. .
Nvew 'OHK, May l1J, 18.4.
)FAR II ANNR - The conduct of the
gallant Captain Creighton as distinguisded
in the rescue of an many human beings
from the ill-fated San Francisco, the par
ticulars of which are known to all, has
been recently equalled if not excelled.
Yesterday morning, the ship Curritica ar
rived in our harbor having on board two
or three hundred persons, whom she pre
served from a watery grave, having taken
them from the barque Black Hawk that
had been dismasted by a storm and was
floating, at the mercy of the winds and
waves. The Captain of the Curritica
deserves the thanks of every man for his
promptness and humanity. We wish his.
name was known so that it might be pro.
claimed from land to land.
The " Know Nothings" whom your
Philadelphia correspondent has so zealous
ly defended, have at last got into a fix.
Several of them have been indicted for
threatning to murder a worthless, trifling
fellow that joined the Order for the pur
pose of finding out and afterwards disclos
ing its myateries- He was probably hired
by the opponents of that order to reveal
their secrete and should accordingly be ex
pelled from society.
The libel case of Forest vs. Willis, allu
ded to in our last, terminated in a mistrial.
The jury were unable to agree upon dan a.
gee, some fixing them at $10,000, others
at 61-4 cents. Forest would stand a
much better chance of recovering the lat.
ter amount than the former, for Willis is
The Nebraska Bill has created a tre
mendous excitement throughout the whole
State. Seward, Greely et omne illud ge
nus are of course, quite furious at the idea
of its passage ; although 'he former will
vote for it in order to have a better chance
to agitate the subject. The masses seet
to be anxious about it and we believe that
r they will soon be wearied of, and put down
forevermore, the violent demerited, fanatics
who have so long ruled over them.
The weather is gradually growing
warmer and we predict a hot summer.
Most of the denizans are preparing for
Saratoga and Cape May. Joy go with
The Caloric Steamer has been raised
from the water and again floats in triumph.
After all said and done, we believe she will
yet answer every expectation.
Thc Ward Trial.
We cheerfully give place Lelow to the
very just and reasonable request of MAT.
F. WARo to the editors of the U. States,
who have with a rancor as unprecedented
as vindictive hit ted down and with no evi
deace before them, but the extravagances
op e, bgigy d eopacpd as a murderer;
one who has been tried and acquitted of
the charge by the laws of his coutntry and
the verdict of twelve of his equals. Is not
this disregard of honiorable institutiotis, a
fostering of* that spirit of iuisubordination,
from which this country has so much to
tears. Tne Press generally have been too
hasvty in this case and owe the justice
To' the Editorr of the U. States:
GENTLEN :If I felt less confidence
in the justice and mngnanimity of the
Amnericani peo~plv, I would not now irude
mtyself upon your ntotice. My piisition is
one which may well be conisidered pecu
liar in the Utmted States, wuere the laws
have hitherto beeni respected, and where
the ve'rdact of a jury has been regairded as
linmal in all eriiminal cases. Acqu.tte,
hiiuigh still accused; free, tho~ugh stil
p jro~wcuted, I mm-t4 appeal, through the
to uomis iii the Delta, to your generosity,
anid beg a suispeni.ion of lipmiion until the
evidene-- i m my case ca.n be laid before you.
I c.iui oi.-m.- no moan for feeling strong
prejudices against mie, for expressting the
loudiest condemtnation ot that unfortuniate
deed, wfi.ch has been so darkly and in
geniiu.iy exaggerated by my eniemies.
r Thie hiubhic haivo as yet seen but one sid,.
ofi this case, antd that one hass boen miost
unisirupubmitiy misrepresenited by those
eager sur my bit,'id and ruin. I have beent
acuae by a jury of my peers, and in
mos c':ses th a wouild beivindleai.on aufli.
-haii been,. my acquital shotuld at least ..r
gue a presuimou of imy iinoce'.cvi strong
eniotgh to mndu< e the most hostile to pause
till they can exanine the testimonty prZo
duced at mny trial. This is all I desire,
.and surely it is not much for a man to
ask who has uncomplainingly submitted
r to as much as I have done.
A lull and imipartial report of the testi
mnony in the c.,se has been prepared ity
Mir. A. I). Its hardson, one of the most ac
t complished hot-thanid writers in the Wecst
s anid wvil soon be issued iro.ii the press of
blessrs. I). Appleton &. Co., New York.
Although I felt iho highest confidence tn
L Mr. it~cha~rdsiin's impartiality, and abmh Y,
yet when I remember the former course of
my einies, the precaution was taken to
gentle the report auathesiticated tiy several
hiive mmeii, whose posawnt place them
aibove the soaring accusations of the
All that I ask from you, uentlemen of
the press, is silence unitil this report can
t be piaced isetfore the public, and if you do
not th ni discover comno better reasin for
.tmy aIcquittal than tho corruption of the
SJury, I am willogr io submit to your uni
versal conidemnation, I have mtade no
previous attempt to resist the desig~ns ot
m ny eiieinis-not, ats they would falsely
ienuate, because I hadl no defence to
amaike, but because I relied with conilidence
on th,' just adiiiiiisrration 01 the laws 01
tmy , m ntry. I break that simence noiw
wich the* beater jnmdgeinent of frienade fur
mnerly utnposed upo~sn ime.only because tny
persicutoirs seem to have lost all respect
tor law, andit have conistitutedi themtselves
a high--r tribunial, to reverse the decision
of a jury regulair.y emnp-nehed by the pzo.
per authioritie's of the State.
Octe tmre ithappeal to the generosity
01 the press in this country, anti conjure
tivery editor, in the uname of justice and
humaniy, to read the report ol my trial
weigh well the testimony on boith aides,
and th -n declare to the wor-d whether I
hi ve nit the right to ua,, thiai umjusueci,
bltack iijust tce, has. been done mea. And -
a mav ry w oavme b tm~ tema |~ny
hat-any.pesse'cutors have-no-ibrtnyfl I:"
d in the case which they made out against
ne, I have too much confidence in the
nagninimity of American editors to doubt
chat they will confess that they have been
misled, and will expose the unjustifiable
means used to deceive therm and to injure
me. Be just, he generous, gentlemen of
the press. Read this report, and consider
closelv its contents.
The Loulaville Courier has, I believe,
prope d to publish my trial in pamphlet
form t the gentleman who was employ.
ed by this paper is not a stenographer,
and the report could not be full and ati'.
factory in all the details of cross.examina
lion, even if his notes were fairly publish.
ed. Mr. Cole would not, I know, make an
unfair report for any consideration ; but
from past experience I should apprehend
that some liberties might be taken with his
notes before they see light. I make this
suggestion for his sake as well as my own.
It is a fact worth noting, too, that whilst
Mr. Cole was preparing this report for the
Courier, he wrote letters to his paper, the
Cincinnati Gazette, in which lie expressed
an opinionf hat I would be acquitted, which
was based on the evidence in the case.
We may hereafter have an opportun ty of
comparing Mr. Cole's opinio. of the testi.
mony with the version the Courier may
gie i. MATT. F. WARD.
We learn from a gen'tlemnan who ham
jnst..arrived from the city of Mexico, that
the account of the recent alleged victory
of Santa Anna over the Alvarez instirj.ents,
is utterly unfounded. No victory has
taken place, and none is likely to, accor.
ding to his acconnt. Alvarez is still per
fectly secured in his natural stronghold.
The whole c ntry'(Acapulco) is a fortress
in which no tunition is required, and the
natives, unlik Santa-Anna's party, require
no money, and live on tomparatively no.
thing. The sickly seasoil has just com.
menced. Santa Anna's fires. are dying
in numbers, and will not be able to exist
there a month longer .There is no money ir
the Mexican treasury. Five per cent. pet
month has been offered by the Govern.
tment for loans of 810.000 and 820,000, te
carry on the ar and pay the soldiers.
Santa Antra moust go by the board, unless
he ncce"pts the treaty There is no truth
in the assertien that the priests are ready
and willing to loan money to the Govern.
ment. The church has no faith or confi.
dence in Santa Anna, and will lend him
no money, and he dare not take their wealth
by force. The people would rise in then
might, and hurl him from power it he at.
The fitly pr oners taken at Guyamas,
and carried in chains to Maatlanr have
been released from their chains, but are
still in confinement, awaiting the action o1
the Mexican Governinent. Mr. Crippa, of
California, acting, charge of the in ted
States, has, in i onjunction with the British
minister, addressed a at rang letter to the
Mlex can Government, denianding the
prompt trial of these men. and their release
if innocent. reply has been received
stating that t-Ay cou: i be treated fairly,
and be deat (vith according to theirguia
or innocence. , Twenty of them are na ve
American eitifenn, twelve adopted c:ttzen
of the Uited rates, tiur are inghish sub.
jects, and the renainder toreigners. The
artest -lat t hiss nr it- arrse as tqlhows :
Nensw isrc:aiK.i man -Sencis thi the
Governitent of the United States had o r
chased Sonoira, to the 25.n degree of north
latitude, ftrm Mexieo. These mecn, wtish,
ing to take advan:age of the piurchast,
wen't down immediately in the Anita te
Guyamas, without arms anid also withiou
passports. Tihey were aeized as fihibusteri
nieitg without passports. They rely upon
thme fa t of being uniarmoed as evidetice 01
their peaceful intentions.
At Vera Cruz the American Consul has
been much ineensed at the conduct o the
Governor, in breaking open let tern addresa.
ed to American citizens in Mexico. Oim
informant aaw letters addressed to the fi rum
of Markue & Co, Brutnner, and HlarMu
& Co., which hail been opened by the Gov.
ernor of Vera Cruz. The postmaster o
Vera Cruz acknowledged ini presence oi
the Consul and our inforniant that the asalr
had been vio:ated by the hand of the Gov.
Tra.de is nearly at an end in Miexico.
Prohibtitive import and export duties, and
out rageoneti extortions. have deterred tier.
chaints iromi enigagog~ in any l.arge oppera
tin s, and the reaeiiue will tall short thiu
year of absout five umilhions. Along the Rai
Granide, except at matamoitras, all iraila
w.th the A mierican iide is pruhibited, ant
guard are stationted at the principal port.
tui make seizures. The import trade mnte
Texas, however is carried on by smug
ghers, who can run the gantlet on the
Mexican stile for a staiall coinszderatton frioi
the Atmerrtan trsidena.- Wahing'tou Star
The fo lowing ist the letter referred tc
int our despatchesotn Saturday. It is pub.
lashed in the New York H arald:
CITY orF Mrxtcn, MAY r3, 1854.
Th-- poaitioin ot h.s Serer e H~ghnmess the
President of the republic is critical in then
Suppose lie had sucreeded in driving
Alvarez out of his moiuntain tasttessei
near A -apulco, Santa Anna had niearly fal.
len into the snare laid for him by Alvarez,
who, by a strategous manmuvre, has placed
hiiimself between the capital (Miexico.) and
the forces of $ant4. Anna, whose stippliet
are thus entirely cut off, arid his inen are
fast becoming victims to the effects of want
anwl the climate.
It is also known to the Go -ernment thai
Alvarea had captured upwards of four lion.
dred mutles laden with baggage and pro
visions for the use of the forces unde:
Queretaro is in a state of revolut on, andn
it is impossible nut to foresee that this cahi.
ital is about to follow in the same wake.
The arrival of Lieut. .John U. Parke, o
the United t'tates Army, and escort, at
Truzon, depart jent or Sknora, on the 20th
February, was offiecially known in the c'ity
or Mexico on the 20th oIl. Hie will trace
the northern bouiidary, or, rather. liinite
and bounds, between the two countries.
Tua Coaios OF-CUna -rhe Havana
correspontait of the Ni, w Orleans P'tcay'
unte as-serts that the recent decree oh the
Captaiin General of Cuua hats er its osten
sible objecits tha sthippagve of the slave trade,
white its real do.gtn is to prepare tor the
finat step of ne-ro emancipation.Th
correspimdent ahso says a clmnp'ete panic
exists in Cuba. The foreign merchants
are seun~mg their families away, fearing
somo great itmpeniding evil, w~hile te meu.
netary affuirs ot the ishatid are in a state
oi en.ingleitient, and dimarust is extendin~
on everv hand.
Wheat adds to the panic is the menacing
aspect of affairs with United States oin
acc-ount of the Black Warrior affir, and
the knowledge of the fact that the (ap.
tami Genieral has the royal decree authore
zang hiis to declare the trimdiate ab.,li
ge (xdary~ as th~ ertai' e Wvg
..9 . e
ie United States, and even on the mssu
ing of letters of marque by its government
airainst Spain, if he should deem it proper to
do sn. Every one is convinced by his wil
lingness to issue the decree even to-day.
There hve been sent to the United
States, by the Isabel, of the 22- 'ult., a co
lonel of engineers, late an officer of the
army, for the purpose of watching the
movements of the Government at Wash
ington and of the fillibusters in the South.
They have double passports, as civilians
and as miiltary officers.
For the Banner.
Tribute of Respect.
At a meeting of the Clarendon Troop
on Saturday the 6th of May, the following
preamble and resolutions were unanimous
Whereas, since we last met, death has
visited our ranks and snatched two of our
most punctual members, and though it is
becoming in us to bow in humble submis
sion to the mandates of Heaven. it is our
mournful privilege to record this merited
tribute to their high,,moral worth. Be it
Resolved, That this Troop has learned
with sincere regret of the death of Mr.
Robert and James Weeks, whose. promp
titude and., inategriprlifd 'endeared them
to each member.
Resolved, That we tender to their be
reaved families our sincere condolence in
this afflicting dispensation, and pray that
God may pour into their hearts the oil of
Resolved, That in token of the high es
teem in which they were held we will wear
the usual badge of mourning at our next
Fur the Banner.
MIAYESVILLE, S. C., May 22,1854.
M1essrs. Editors: If not encroaching too
much on your prerogatives, I would ask the
publication of the accompanying slip from
-he Baltimore Clipper. It is such a deci
ded hit at the host of agents in Washing
ton who are managing to fleece the people
out of their rights, that I think every body
ought to read it.
Yours, very respectfully,
fiatereating and Carieus Car.
respoadesce on Military Al.
The San Diego Herald publishes the
followimg which is more than rich-it is
\VAHINGToN. Jan. 14, 1854.
Liet G. H. Derby, U. S. A. San Diego,
Sir : An effort having been made by me.
in connection witn others, to obtain an
act of Congress, during its preset t see
sion, by which army officers will rece.ve
the same allowan-es whidst they served in
Calisornia and Oregon as were granted to
ms.vy oThers, I beg to call your attention
t(:ereto, and es peciallj ask your approval
of the contemplated attempt.
You are aware that Congress at its last
-deson granted u the Naval Apprbpintinn
hill e' tra pay (82i per diem) moto toficers,
and double pay to sailors and others, serv
inag in the Pacific during the Mlexican wvar,
anid up to the 28th ol Septemiber, 1850.
IThis allowance was based upon the sup.
po.siamon that the officers of the army NLerv
ing ini Calatornia had received the same al
I wance by previous acts of Congress,
when, ini fact, thns extra pay bad only been
grameted them trom the 1st of July, 1850.
''here are a large number o1 army offi
cers justly entitled to an additiomal allow
ance, anid for precisely the amne reasons
which have induced Congre to grant it to
the Namvy, and esipeczady those- who served
tnere suwiequenit to- the first of January,
1848, when Ithey were compelled to pay the
molst exorbitan. prices bor the necessaries
ot bine, hmavinig no alternat ive,- and no me ans
of leaving the country like the officers om
the Pacific squadroin, who could have. left
the coast, os Cahifurnia and gone to a cheap
I have been r-tquested by a number of
otticers sitatimned in Texas to solicit your
co-oporation in carrying out this desiratl
oject, by conteibuting, in the event of suc
cess, the propormionale per Artum agreed
upon by themt, m ~: five or ten per cent.
ain the amiount that may accrue to you as
a remuneration tar services rendered.
Your concurrence is therefore request'ed ;
and it ms unideraituod that it there should be
a iaiaure, which, hiwever, is not anticipa
tedl, nom charge or any kind shall be imade.
soliciting your iiiinediate attention and
early reply, I remain, very reapectfuhiy,
your o edienit servant,
CHARLEs DE SELDING.
SAx DIEGo, 20th March, 1354.
My Dear Charles :-I have received
your modest request ei the 14th of Janua
ry. that I will give f~m five or ten per cent
of aiiy sum that Congress uoag hereafter.
in i's infinite benetience, appropriate to
my reliet, a request which you state you
.iade to ine at the instance of "a number
of officers stationed in Texas."
For the benefit of those geratlemen, as
well as yoursett, I have asked Mr. Amies
to print your letter and my answer in the
world-renowned San Diego HeralId-the
only method I see of coommunicating with
your advisers as a letter directed to --a
number of officers stationred in Texas,"
might possibly never reach them through
the ordmitary channels.
Upon mature reflection, of nearly five
minutes, I have come to the conclusion to
decline acceding to your proposal. This
decision has resulted f:om several consid.
Ini the first place, I don't know you,
Cnarles. 1 never heard o~f you betore In
all iiy hiie. 'To besure, I see your card,
which you so kindly enclosed, and which
nay wile has just stuck up ire a corner of
the cracked looking glass that adorns o'ur
humiihe chamber, that you are a general
agent, (wh~ob may be a new military rank,
bor all I know, created with the Lieuten
ant Generaicy; an.l if it is, I beg your p~r
ido and touch my hat, for I have a great
respect for rank.) anid a niotary publi., and
that you live vin seventh street, opposite
the Odd Fellows' Hall. (Why not move
a, rosa the street ?) But all this does not
amtounat to friendship, intitcy, or even
commem acquaintance ; and I declare,
Charles I do not even know now whether
you may niot be some dasignihiperon,
who. -eeimg that a bill is Iakelf. paisa for
the relief of certain distresse officers,
seeks to levy a little black mail-say five,
or even ten per cent-on the scanty pit
tance, 'muder thr- pretext of having influen
ced Congress an ats humiane decrnon,..a
t hi,a that.! eieva e all ,the geneal agent..,
era, and commissioners of deeds, that ever
lived opposite or in Odd Fellows' Hall
would fail to accomplish, had not Congress
made up its benevolent mind to do it with
out consulting them.
Second. Why should I promise to give
you ten per cent. of that allowance ? (Oh
don't you wish you might get it ?--I hope
I shall-) You say you have made an elfort
to get it for us. Alt, Charles. I los e and
honor you for doing so if you have, but
how. when and where--tell rme, where
did you make that effort? But. if you did
so what of it ? Perhaps--startling thought
-you will be writing to me for "five or
ten per cent," of that humble income !
Don t try it. Charles ; you wouidn't get it,
I assure you.
As to your making an effort, that's all
nonsense. Everybody makes efforts now
a-days Everybody that I ever read of,
except Mrs. Ilombey, made an effort, and
if my grandmother were to die and leave
me a thousand dollars, you might with
equal propriety inform me that you made
an eflbrt for that venerable person's decease
and claim "five or ten per cent." of that
amount of property, as to humbug me with
your making efforts to influence C' ngress,
who, a.s I said before, I solemnly believe
independent of all the efforts of all the
notary publics in all Washington.
From these two considerations, I con
clude that you have no claim or shadow of
a claim on me, but that your proposal is
merely a request for charity, to the amount
of "five or ten per cent." on the small
sum that you, living in Washington, and
watching the signs of the times, begin to
believe Congress is going to allow me.
This charity I shall decline bestowing, for
three good and sufficient reasons:
lst. I am very poor myself.
2d. I have a Isiesuly to support on 889..
83 a mouth, which isn't such a tremen
dous income in a country where flour is
thirty dollars a barrel.
3d. I'll see you--first; giving you
full permission to fill the blank with any
kind aspiration for your future welfare
and happiness that may occur to you, and
that you may deem appropriate.
Farewell. Charles; remember me kindly
to "a number of officers stationed in Tex
as, when you write. Invest properly and
judiciously the "five or ten per cent" you
get from them-in your future efforts for
get tne, and remember to
"Be vir ueus and you will be happy."
GEo. H. DEnBv, Lieut. Topov'l Engin
eers. To Charlts De Selding. Esq., 8ev
enth street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall.
General Agent, Notary Public, Commis
sioner of Deeds, and U. S. Commissioner
for all the States in the Union and else
To time People of time State.
The following forms of petition to the
Legislature are recommended to obtain a
law to submit prohibition to the people.
The members of the Central Committee
residing in the different districts, counties
and parishes, are requested to have peti.
tiona prepared, and to set about having
th.-m signed both by men and women, ac.
cording to the forms below.
JOHN BELTON O'NEALL,
Chairman ot the Central Committee.
TUE STATE oF SOUTH CAROLINA.
To the Honorable the Senate and Ho)use of
Represenativ s of the Slate of South
Thle undersignted citizens, desiring the
repeal of the lhquor law, and the prohibi
tion of the manulacture or sale of .n-oxcam
iaig drink or as a beverage, respect fuly ask
your honorable bodies tor the passge of a
law, whereby the will of the people may
be ascertained. This is done nut that the
people should enact the law, (which they
almit would ho unconstitutional,) but that
you, benore time enactment of such a law of
probibition as is desired, may know that
at has its foundation in the convictions of
the people,-and will therefore be sustained.
Tns STA TE LIT SOUTH CA ROL.NA.
To the Honorable the Senate a nd Hloure of
Representatires of the State.
The underaigned, mothers, wives and
daughter-, of the people of the State, ap
pr'oach most respectfully your honorable
bodies, anid beg leave to state that they
are great sufferers by the use of intoxicat
ing drink on the part of thu imn of the
The dram-shops of the cities, towns,
villages andl country places are iho charnial.
houses where are found crushed and dead
many of their fondest hopes and expecta
They would respectfully ask that the
question of prohibiting the maanuraciuore or
sale of intoxicating drinks as a beverage
may be lelt to a popula? vote; so that you,
being thus informed of the people's will,
may conform to it, and make the hearts of
the mothere, wives and daughter, of the
laA4 to leap with joy.
fiX Other papers will please copy.
Hliux FOR VCUNG A N ERICA -A granid
mother, and her litle gra-id-daughter
about six years old, being in conversantin
about marriages, &c., the young hopeful
put some right saucy questions to the old
Among others, the child asked her grand
mother if she (the chtild) ws at the wed.
ding of her aunt B.. who wais married sev
eral years before the chtild was born.
No, smys the old lady, drawing up her
spectacles and smiling at the innocent
simplicity of the child asking the question.
Well, says the inquisitive young one,
was I at aunt Z's marriage ?
Yes my ch~ld was .the respo.ase. But
Yo'ung America not satisfied at this, put a
question to the old lady that dumfounided
her completely for a while. Well, says
the child, was I at Ma's wedding'! At
this the old lady was as before remarked,
for some time dumfounded. She, however,
at length recovered sufficietntly from her
surprise and confusion, to say rather
threateningly, no, you little scamtp, you
were not. The little one not noticing the
threatening aspect of her grandmother, so
ruously and rather ouniplainoghy remarked:
Just like Ma, always leaving us children
O INaiistR To) MExtco.-We learn
that the United States steamer Fulton,
Capt. Mitchell. left Norfolk for this etty
yesterday morning, and will arrive hero to
tght in order to convey General Gadsden
to Vora Cruz, on his way to tha Mexican
capital. ShE will leave this city with I'ie
Geanoral o*. Saturdiy morning. Jib wvill
be accompanied by Mrs. Monk, the tmother
of John 8. Cripps, esq., our Mlexican Sec
retary of Legishatio, Capt. Mitchell was
in command of the Fukton, at H nvana,
when the ofgeors of the Black- Warrior
took refuge frop the Spanish- authorities
on boat~of the$ ormer.- Charlesto'n u
"I Bless Godyh said Dr. WVatts
"-that I'oan-iie down wit. comfort at
night% nos being -anx'ous whutbor
PAsts, Aran, 17, 1854.
The fevorite styles of garments this
Spring are pelises, manteiets, with two or
three flounces and short cloaks resembling
the 'Talma. Felicien mantelet forms a
scarf cut low in the neck ; the material is
taffeta with a figured ribbon, forming scol.
lops, and ornamented under each row with
deep fringes of two colors to match the
ribbon. The Pepita mantel is of silk,
trimmed with plaid galloon and fringes,
with an open work heading ; the body of
this mantel is tight to the figure, and the
deep flounce has large plaits behind. The
Chevruese mantlet is high to the throat,
and close at top; this garment is fashioned
of taffeta, and the edges are cut in large
festooned scollops, with an applicati n or.
nament in each; the scollops are bordered
with small Tom Tumb galgoons in ruches,
or with several rows of narrow fringes
placed one over the other. For this style
of ornament, a g, eat many plaid fringes of
bright colors are employed. The orna
ments of all these mantelets are extremely
various. They comprise ribbons, passe.
menteries, ribbons and lace. Embroidery
is also much in vogue. A pretty novelty
of this kind, and which is likely to meet
with great success, is the cmbro'dery exe.
cutod in straw, or in a mixture o1 straw
and silk, on taffeta of all colors; on sun
mer garments the effect is charming.
Dresses of plain Irish poplin are very
comme elfaut for the street. The corsage
is plain, high, pointed in front, and fastened
down the back. When gray in color, the
front of the skirt is trimmed with a light
maroon, plush or velvet, ornament en la.
blier; that is, wide at the edge of the skirt,
and gradually narrowing towards the
waist. The corsage is encircled with the
same velvet, narrow at the waist and wi
dening upwa-ds. Eight large bows of sat.
in ribbon are placed at intervals from the
top of the body to the bottom of the skirt.
The sleeves are plain, open at the wrist,
and ornamented at the top by bouillonnes
of the poplin, separated by bands of maroon
velvet.-N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
0- Fhe following is a s-hort history of
a union dissolved in San Francisco :
Married Jan. 19th, '54. Quarrelled on
Feb. 20th, '54. Petition for Divorce filled
by plaintiff on Feb. 24, '54. Defendant's
answer filled same day. Referred same
day. Report of Referee recoinmeiidm g
divorce filled Feb. 2th. Submitted to the
Court same day. Decree rendered and
parties divorced Feb. 28th, '54.
A critic, ungallant enough to tell the
truth, says that the most awkward thing
in srout of all creat ion is a woman trying
to run. They can't do it. They are not
a running institution-except with their
tongues. If there are two arrangements
in the world that were never made for
fleetness on the pedal, they are women and
A new organization. which promises
conmpletely to overshadow the "Know
Nntlirgs," has recently been effected in
New York. The New order is called the
-H'av eNothings." The pass word which
gains admittance for the initiated is, "Ary
Red '' to which the reply must be. af'er,
an honest examination of the packet
Knowledge is not wisdom; it is on.
ly the raw mnterial from which the
beautiful fabric is prodtuced.
A GATa- AN NovaL. ENTkRyaSSa. We
publish in our advertising coh::inni a maignifi
cient Gift Enterprise. tthe third of a unes,)
started in New 'a ork by Mr. Perham,. whc has
beenlng andm favorably kumvn thirouighout the
North end East. An examsination of it wil
present features that commnd it to the atten
tiona of ever'y man, wicman andI child in the
community. WVe have only' to say that the
former entetrprise's of this iindefatiga ble mana.
ger have been u haracterived by the treater
fairness, and gtven the utmost satisfaction to
aill concerndt. Sehd in your ornfitti for rei-l'ets
as early as possible. an they will undoubtedly
be taken up in a short time.
Houllowhy's Pills, the Best Remedy for thme
Cure of DropAy -Extract of Aletter from Mr.
P. Wilfias, da'ed Mielford. March 1, 385".
"To P'refessor Holloway.-Sir,-Fechng grate
ful fur the benefit my wife tias de rived by the
use of your P'itls. I censider it'my duty to inform
you of it. Soon after the birth of her last child,
her feet and ancies he gan to swell, and after
wards her whible body, strongly indicating
dropsy, this oc. ured at the tutonof lf. I ob.
tained the best muedical advice, but her health
continued to decline. I ihin trred your Pills,
which I am happy to* say har6 restored her to
sound and perfect health."
M A RRIE D.-On Thtursday evening thme
I1th inst., by the Rev. Donald McQueen,
A. WHITF. JR., and Milsa E.IzABE&TH A.
second daughter of Dr. Thomas M. Dick
all of this D3iistrict.
Departed this life, at 'his residence in
Summer District, on Saturday, the 14th
inst., John Rhtame, after a protracted and
painful illness in hise 69th year. The de
ceased was a kind husband, father, and
neighbor, a fast friend and full of beneve.
lence, though firm in his opinions and open
in his conduct. He was for more than 30'
years a consistanit member of the Baptist
Church, and died in good standing in that
Branch of the christian church.
Mr. Rhame is another loss of the oldi
citizens of our community. They are fall
ing around us like autumn leaves. The
example they leave is worthy to be follow
ed by those who asurvive them.
The noblest work of God is an honest
man, such was Mr. Rhame. His death'
was that of the christian and though now
beyond the joys, hopes, p.ains and toils -of~
earth, he is in a better world. Peace to
DIED.-At this residence near Camden,
A la., on the 27th of April last, WVILIAM
McDOWE Lh, Sr., aged about '72 years..
Hie was from Darlington Distrii t, blou~th
Cristadoro's Excelsior Flul4
H AIR DY E, NO. &. A STIOR IIOUtSE.
The'claims of this extraorditrary aricle to
pumblic estimnation, are not beasedtupon the tilse
that it has been beloro the world. It is com
paratively a now' preparation, foundled on new
discoveries In chemistr y, and it has inauguwh
ted a new era in hair dyeing. Ws''hat are its s.
commendationsi lst,--t eham.os the h air of
any obnoxious color to nature's black or brown
in ive nminutes. 24,-Ir assinmilates with the
hair, and nourishes instead of burning i'..
3d,--Ir is pronounc ed by eminect ehemb+,' the
only safe hair dye known. -tth..-It is impos.
sicle to name an Instance of its faIlure. Gth. --It
has the widest popuolarity ever yet accorded to
a sisilar preparatieitn. ~'or une estuhtishunt
of these assertions icy pro4'.'s* erb nttay
at Cast~aon's, Net 6, Astor IYoe, wherdit
is manaufae.tutod, ol, andi app~itd privatel y.
Pri' por ter, S1. Focr asaeby
..RJcE : TrHtJMtSOf,
Digis satr 5 i