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WILLIAM LEWIS, -
JOHN S. RICHARDSON,
THE SUMTER BANNER,
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For the Banner.
To the Citizens of Clareudou
A communication under the signa
ture of " Wesley " appeared in the
Banner of the 17th May, )roposing :
series of questions to the candidates flor
the next legislature ; and as 1, anoeng
-th.1ers occupy the post ion "of a can.
didate for your sulliages and coniti
deuce," and recognize your rigtt to
kinow my opinions upon all matters of
)olitical or district interest, I shall pro
coed to reply to the questions proptos
e2d ; antd in a way aIs bief' iad coltpre.
hensive vs my ability will allow Inc
contsidern'i ng their very wide range, :.1.1
the great intricacies and dilliculties
which surrtound them. As a citizen
m yself of the county I have lotng felt
the necessity of1 having or:e or more
Ia voralde and eligible ]places of transit
to our markets across the Santee
Swamp and river, I 11m1 :warie that
I here is no sectiont of the State .o ut
terly deficient it this great cotnvent'ence
and necess: ty as tir own. E' eept by
Railroad there is no stu anid convcni
ent cruossing to unr lmhIarkets at ald sea
on)s of the year, from tite town.'ii of'
Camden to thbe mnouth of the Santtee
river a distance I believ'e of not less
thant one hunidred and t hirtty imiles; so
that a larige portttiont of tihe State, as
fe'rtile anizd thrivuing, as any) pa t of it
(if not mtore sot) is altotgethter depencid.
ut uipon the~ lhtihroad for' all commtltu
ica~tionl d ire'ct Or indiure.ct with the seat
ofl governmt an~tI.utd the mtet ropol is.
'.l'hte R ailIrotad towig to its110 remtees
from mt any oif the loc'al ities, remied ies
only to) a partial extet, thtis great in'
great inadeed as to amnount to~ a posiiive
evil ; to say noth ing tof thle timpossi bilhi.
ty of' the planters av'ailintg th msela'ves
ofl high prices in the mar kets own to
the .meertainty and tard ines 4 of the
tr'ansmnission of' thIei r pro duce to roar
lint ; untder cir etnmttancs sot g'teera ly
antd brief'iy stated, I shit If-fel m:.-ir
untder the stronagest oligations .'sh. .d
h e honored by3 y'our c2ontidtec to use
all of' the exer'tions int my)3 lpower, to
remedy this opression antd buthen-tti
spime condititn of' thintgs, by3 entdeavor
ing to procure from tihe State assistance
to egns~ruct, or if' prtacticable re coni
ttruct, a hiigh'way which will at all
times ailow of'trav'el across it ; and by
h~aving~ renewed those charters for fer'
ries which have expired ; and if the
convenience of' our people requires it
to obtain chatrters for others.
*'' To the first distinct question, as to
whether or not I am in favor oft gh-ing
the election of'elfectors for President,
and Vice-President to the~ people, and
int what mode, I beg leave to answer
thaat having the highest r'espet anid
v:ener'ation for' the present potlitical or
gatization of the State, I :ain untwifling
hanstily' to advocate atny mneasutre, which
would tend tt discjrb) theo ballanices of'
governmenit under which we ate now
so happily ruled, I am thereibre (op.
p'psed to giving the electioni of' electorIs
by general ticket to the pecople be0
etause I regard it as tihe first step to
wards at radtical chtaige in the whole
system. The qu lestion of' representa
tion by population and *txationa, is thte
echief gr'ound upon which tihe people of'
the Southern States are comn pelled to
contend for their equtality by represen
tattionl ini the Federal counicil; and to
abandon that principle ourselves is to
abandon one of' our chief safegtuards
ius the great, questions nlow pendi ng be
tweenl the North andt~ South,- I contend
tl'ierefor'e that to give this election to
the people by a general ticket will be
virtually to destr'oy the politioal influ.
ence of a large por'tiot oif the State, and
place the power atltogether in the hands
of the IIpperC distr'icts. At, the sanme
time I feel the expiensc and inconveni
eneresulting to the Staefo hod
inig an extra session of' theo Legislature
once In four' years for' the~ purpose (of
casting the vote of the State. T1o ob
viate this objection the conistituition
iIglit be chang~ed so is to onvene the
TLe~gislatuire earlier'in tho'fall and thtus
edirae te er odappointed by law
fo~' caiting the vote otih&St'ate; nor
~Iflthi.4 be objedtiohjale in- otlier
~4 f''ew. T8 .#C eit
TO SOUTIIERN RI(
complaints of hasty and imperfect leg.
islation owing to a want of time to
mature the bill before the house and
pass them into laws in a form as per
feet as they ought to be ; and that
much that is demanded by the country
in the way of Legislation is thrown
aside for the want of time to consider
them. With regard to the election of
electors by the district system, which
preserves the relative position of
the upper and lower country, in my
opinion it is too complicated and eumi.
brous in its operation to work well ;
and I am therefore at present not an
advocate for a change.
To the second interrogatory I would
reply, that except for very especial and
cogent reasons in particular instances,
I shall be opposed to the divisin 'it o
the large and populous districts, ofi the
State into smail election districts .io
invol ving in a very eminent degree the
destruction of tre present system o
cheeks and balances in the ,State which
n1 .w so h:ppily govern us, wilch are
refered to in the answer to a previous
3d. With regard to the present Ii
nancial condition of the State it would
be exceedingly dihicult to trace out the
incidental aid.l remote causes which
htve led to the present stringency in
the money markets, both in this State
and of the union. Perhaps over tradling
in the first instance and subsequently
the disturhed and uncertain conditio
of European afflairs, in which England
with whom we hold the most exteit
hive coin ciiij a ti i utins, is deepl
involved have both coniibuted to pr,.
duce these results. Perhaps also, we
have ourselves increased the pressure
as ihr as this State is concerned, by the
esta iishrent. recently of a nuiber of
new banks which created a necessity
thr1 the lank of-the State and the lung
established and well condiuicted banks
to restrict their discowits to such ern
extent as to cut ol' the usual aecouti
i Idationis Imrcjl our own citizens and
thereby I reveut thioe indispetisible
theilities for tra-ie and business at
huomte, w hich ate necessary in ormder to
mleet enigagetunents entered intto d urinhg
a period itf an abutndancee of' moile
and great cominiiereial prosperity.
For this ! know no remedy 6iv legis
'aio. P'rudence and industrv are
ini my judgmetnt the otnly ren'edial
ag.ent s, to relieve us fromt presenit em)
brassmencts. 1 shall be opposed t''
airy furither increase in the numb Ier of
liatnks in the State, as datngerous to a
sotund currency, and to tihe true piros
perity of' the peopI le.
To the~ 4th interrogattory I retply
that 111am alioget her indisposed to sat -
rifice the interest, of the State f'or the
beniefit of' RailIroad torporat ions 1' an-.
other "' m oniopolies."' I do inot believe
however, that the Legislative assemobily
is I th pro~ per'i trinal to judge of' the
im riiigemtent, of' ebatt ers or of the -.x
tet of' injury to life ;mdi pr1operty,
buit that ~all these are' propericiy refera -
ble to the courts of Law to deter'ininie
the nat ure of, and the extent of' dama
ges. lBut I amt of opinion atlso that
their char tters should be so antuended
under the Act of' I84 I as to er'ente
gr'eater' security to lives and propert,
comOmitited to their chtarge in 4order' toi
hold thetm to sticiter oligations, to
discharge the duties wvhich ther~ virto
tally promise to the public ; ani which
ar'e now greatly disregat'ded in the
manne1r in which they are at presett
conducted. Any w holesoime retred v
for existinig evils as connected with
Railroads, which shull be brought
abouit in conrfor'mity to law .amnd a
pr'oper regard for vested rights will
receive my cordial support.
5th Qustioni, l'tublie Education, I
huold to be of' p~airmount inmportanlce,
and no State is inj ured or'i mpolitverni
ed], by afllording thme means of' aeiqutir
knowledge to tihe poor'. I am in faivot
of' the expentditture of1 thme largest
amtount for' the ud meation of1 the citi
zens of' the State ; provided always
that it is expendedJ iln a imner so j
dliciouis, as to pioduce results adeiuate
to the stum disbursed I believe, hirwever
that the present systern is altogether
defective, that thu amoutnt of good re
sulting f'rom it is by no means satis
factory. I shall feel myself' called
uponu therefore to) support any pilan by
wvhich the present free school system
will be imiproved anrd mtadle to pr'oduece
results which wvill be more satisthetery
thani at present to every friend of'edu
cation in the State. TJhe pow~er' of a
State is int proportion to the education
oif atlI classes of' tier yoting citizens.
Thie riih have the plower' to educaete
themselves--the poor ate dependet
upon a prioper' systemu established by
thme State for their betnefit. No sy stema
nlow exists which can f'urnish a piroper'
edlucation for th e poor. This ought
not to be.
6th. With regarIl to a change in the
present Judiciary system I can only
reply ingeneral terms. I am conser
vati ve in all of my"' notions of govern.
ment, atndwuneasshmahgesare very ob.
vious ip rov6meut I 'am o poaed to
the'm. Chaliges in thuis brage9 'of' the&
tut all vis'e laic gi vers. to wake inde
pentdent iii t it-. di ..charata of' the*ir hli',!
and resapaanaihX. duties should always
be inada" wvith. treat care and at r(N~ttn.
able degre a af lua'.itaucv. But if il
the discharge ofta 1 alit icr wvhich may
hereafter he itaijataseul ljim rile auhiangi'
Clf hae mtade cottdtaeiva to the cunt li.
cut andl taIure aatljiltt. nziahitistrat it'll
aulJustie.. Iltliaaa. till 6t. a'S of' Ipeople
Withaut iilaifatil n', Ill -1:1.a tihe ill
I vi II sil;,tilii i t . t a .e1 .1 It *l1at .
7th. I amnc ' " "Ia r' .t; low a rat a
of taxation a's is a S ait wVith Ill.
eca201la0tau cal ttela'" ts a 1 Ilae ii
8th. I am 'Ia 1:1
Stae It 111 ,thl
lat ta In-.ita.t' .t.*a.' ala
SIlstat Itil' ea ~ I aara
*e LI -'a'u iil '. ! atr.,
a I: 1aa aa aa~ . 4. 1 a e tttl aat'
:ait a aaaa , ,I1, 4 ' al , t '.i
Ilte VI~iva i aa'" tat' a.~ :1~ teMit il ill'
laThe tis .i (''t't 11If 1 "1it 1 ('a t ail',
111111a1)' (111' : 11.1 1 :111 tat t I 1at ': itaud
tihe. l.eagi-l :,atae a' 111 a' 1'13..-a'at tar g .: iza'.il
is nta .1 ait*Iu att nestct, Lad ttl~i~i i' 1 x
1Iaate1Ia tal ta't'ie % iii :ittal %'ia'ai tat t he
Iliitaitl all(I ha.'I: a h I. It tlta' :ta'
I htayt , IIt I,.. ci' t'La'a aII da5ILVa0!
c'.1 tao at.'iia.'i vtaa:a1ialI v altl Ita'aasIlv
alaxI t(' thle lay' (Atat.:ntitt!. int. ' 11'1..
acatalet iad itlataaiiit -1 Iae av -;Lwe*
eal themt ii itl a dh't'relta d rega ral La
yaour inatere'sts anid naot lfr ilay own
:au iaueiiia:, tilias thley are il ry . 4'e L1-i
ti li bfrer I 1 11tn) littatoa
wI tac i ar la'y :I ae hhaula tar a~ nut' haiL aI
I it I ito w :s t la:at tia'% v sac ht'aa i
ctertsiiald :tttal I a1a1 u'atata'tlt to a~iita'
Ih i it tata1 . Ill t* .utul
1 t.oi. IlcYttuLDS.
" 'ot1-autb ottr sat(t
IVILLE, S. C., JUNE
ceeditig years ! Let the compromise
question be definitely settled; let Slave
ry Agitation cease, for "Zadkiiel's
Aluanae" for 185 tells us they will
be untal to our .orlestic peace ! And
did not Zadkiel foretell the woes of I
France written upon the solar eclipse
of 1847, with the death of the Emope.
ror of' Austria, and fit' Louis Phillipe,
:d the (hine-c insurrection. Not
that the I Iapsbur iglh was old, or the
Urleats go.ity anwI dropsical or that
,ie inuerings of rissension had beci
beard ye'ars previously is the flowery
I:lrd oIf M.1, but that these events were
prognosticated by the stars and fore.
,hadowed inl the (elipise. Be warned
;herefore by Zadkiel. who has placed
i;s astrolle to his prophetic eye, and
ti us read- the fate of Armerica in the
Anuda' L'dipse <ftt:e DS'uue, at Wl'ash
l'tytent in .1lowrica, :t /h. 30r m. Gs~., J1Iay
213. 183 A. JInl Time in thrft ('iTt.
gretil defet :f the Greater
Light of 1 leaven will bi' of' a most
tern tarkablte ehar.t: vr, for the v eI r
ii' "tent of the t:.:lipi is that of' tt.:
.-ol:tr cnjieincii wii.i the evil pIlhtet
ai. The Sun, Moon, and Saturnt
wil all three he :.und- in the 13th
'oinite of the 6th degree of' the sign
Gerannll, which rules Amneicea. sul
i pelitnomenoniil'3U1 I iCs not occur in ITtaly
cen113 ie,--pe htlfis has never elfore
taient flaies'. At the tiie we find
rel.'ieairy ruler fit the eclipse, in th1t'
Siiori ilerete of te saume -'u ign.l
. s t casurig a baleful square therei
I1"a.-. the 9th legte. (if Viigoi. At the
'. lauon tent ol tte eclip tie conj ute.
t:t r, .iterto fclls -1 the lower imeridi
:ni exactlly, and \eis is fout nd descend.
iig Ibtelow the westernit horizon. forini n 1
a balefutl stljta'e to the greater fortuuc.
It. i., do idle task to rtea the nreat
ad ai in'ieittiuis indications otf these
ieav(etly indices of the sovereign will
of tle. Great Cre at.,'r. Alas! fo the
altiiut i,. be vi.ted by the ar '.
in cupl oft their niatioail inliplit\" is
1111. '1 lhe cy of' the crusht'l :nd1 1i4il
wornCI mieseavelhas reachied hits
ee;O buti';t w.it hou t a Ieru stu
gle, whtih like~ the t'h oft the might'.
wateL's ot ta. a'a shaOi shali~:e to picee's
the soi~tial Sy.S1tni fln dbyWah
-igtont, Ih.hl' h ittal taillt of sla.
a ry aintuatg his~ cotuntr's Sttos
-thte tilt.. tailing in that iniiiuortal he ,
irt's chatnt ter. Yea, bfore this eecipse
ea ve,' te sigi:-Amenterana blootd shtall
Jto w Ile w.ater-- ihe lI-Jeral sv tem ,i
-bh;uiI be t eat asundtter-thle pride of thet.
IA hem icani je.jple "~hail btt. lhinnbIled, and
~ thir icrutel ty pu31ni.~bed. Thiev, tint .
'shtall f'eel tIm heel of' the itppfre~ssor..
tter vauntted libtei ics haji bie curtail
eJ--eivil 'iar w.'ill raige, anid imastjial
.i w silendce ! thuaravest d f'eutde.rs of'the
..atitn.I he w.' hole woild's at tenitiont
will be diani to the destrutcttion of
thle p t'wer of the Ameiiriemti en:ghi'; but
frio i as ashfe.'a .1Phi o.six .' uil arise
freed frniin the stain of* Doimestie Sla
fTe 25th of June, atnd especcially the
lst of Septemb. er, u' ill be perio Is whlen
the eene nul beito work ; but its
s>.. whn abut Fbruay, great andi
sadl wall bte the wi'enes of bloodelu-dI int
that u tle. Not till Iwvo ears shial I
htave: pa'sed i'aay, w..ill A :tierica k now
peace. iii eense to l'eel thle stintg ef this
gi eat ecletIiali henmetnon. As the
wai~t solair eclipi.e of Ocetobei 8thI, 18.
-1 f .wa s~,eentIi throughi Frm ce antd othIer*
IEuropenm otrie s 3, .jutst, beftre the
taarfulI rev olutioti of 1Idl , so will the
ime of cenitral anid annutular eclipse ini
this case cross exactly the v.er~y heart
t the Uited States,
Timen will again reve'al the reality of
te power~s otf the hteavenily bodtes Ott
inatioins anid i:.div.idutals, at the muoment
of these great ''eli pses, as reco rded and
esttali sheid by the old Chaldeans, anid
ini vaiin denied by the proufessecd phii
losophilers of' 3331 skept icalI and intfidlel
times. Let my'. tead ler tur~n baick to
Ine iredlictitons ii ade by mte fromt that
eclipse of 1 847, fir instance, thte death
of' s me~ great kinig undter' the domitn
iotn of Li bin ; tindt observ.e the spedy
endu of the Em peiror of. A usria, rutled
iby " Libra :" andl the denth of Louis
[hlippe iIt, born uider' "Liburn." Antd
againt, thte illowinig, speaking oif China,
ruiled by "Libira" at. p.' 45 of my A I.
imiai foir h84S. '*Th. peoptle w.'il
ri' 3in Iisurr'etint, nid there will be
ciilla ruaig in thec lamd, anid death
to the Emiiperr.".
I have niot outr ntewspiaprs teemed
with accoutst otf the vast, insurirection
in C2hinia that ha~s bee "i'raging"' ever
smeie 1849. im whieb year' I said the
e'ffects would there be first ilt
hkt this eclipse will take eff'ect in
manty other coutr ies, t hotugh niot bte.
itng visile, its power will be less ta
ini A mitoica., Lon dion will f'eel the st ing
in no Itodfinig deg ree, morett especiaill'v
dur inig the smyi of Sat nit in .the' Gemi
nii. AllI pe irios (til near .the 26thI
o:'.\byv w il fe : it al o, in sickniiess,
family loisses, atnd afllietiuts,~ andt mnu,
21, I 54.
very many thousand, will it call to
tiotlier world. I regret exceedingly
o see that it. is so near the birthday of
t mighty monarch,
England will have cause to weep
apprehend also some mad attempt
mn the inviolability of old England's
soasts, during the reign of' this eclipse,
>r other insult to the honor of Eng.
and's flag: it will be avenged. An
:ient authors say that an eclipse of the
nun in the face of Gemini, "causeth
lissention among priests, inveterate
iatred and seditious, and a contempt
t both the laws of God and man."
The outcry raised by people in non
daveholdinig States against slavery
imiposes upon no one but themselves.
e N oit hern men better than South.
arn '? Are they more iumane, merci
nil ad generoils ? is human nature
North of Mason and Dixon's line a
hilireiit thing from human nature
south.of' it ? Why should people be
nore comn passionate and more be
ievolent there than they are here ?
Shat makes themi so ? And how do
hey show it ?
Did they ever hold slaves ? Wh:at
ias become of those slaves? Did
bey give themi away ! Not a bit of
t. Before their law abolishinmg slavery
sent into operation--which was not
ill slavery ceased to be profitable
hey sold evervthin, black in their
itssession to the Southern States.
W hat anl ilustration of disinterested
,hilanthropy. Why did they not set
ia a better example.
)id their people ever have any con
exion with the slave trade ? Most
indoubtedIy. They weres the prine'i
Mil mnt who carried it on. They
nade large fortunes by it. It is 11
:irious fact that, until the American
t.eriinment passed laws against the
save trade, Northern philanthropy
ws never (excited upon the subject of
Ila e iiw'y ever siiowini their exces
ive comnpassioni for thne slave by con.
ri but iug the mnley nade in t~he slave
rade, or in any other wvar, to his
*mancpatiton ? Not at all. They hnav~e
ii t up co lossal fortunes and mnam
noth ciites upon0 stanve labor. But
biey keep a tight grip of every dime.
[hey willI not buy the fi-eedom of
dares. They will not aid the fugi
ire niegro who has escaped fi om sla
rety, toi escape from .starvation. They
will not show moercy to their own
shiite p'er, much less to the blacks of'
mot01her sect iton.
Why, thlen, doe they raise sneh a fuss
ilhout slavery iNut because they are
nore symzipat hising or more humane
hmi others. fhr true humanity and true
iVymipathly show themselves in fruitful
leud.s, and not in barren words. It is
?asier to pick flaws in y'our neighbor's
haracter than to reform your own.
ioreover-, the outcry against the nomii
ail slavery of the black laborer div'erts
itentioni faonn the real slavery of the
Northen abolition is made up of
atie: sim, eniy hlatn-d, and :I! uni
hiari tableines. It is a thing of the
iead :aidi tof the fancy. TIhe heart has
iothning to do) withi it, except in its
woi st p~aSnitnms. Antipathy to the
master, not symplathy with the slaves,
s its riti 1g piuiciple. Again we say
I tl,hee hlnites 1imp~ose upon thenm
selvyes, they ipose upon no one else.
ich mond Dispatch.
G~ vrSLuM r'oa G3AniiENo PURPL'LOSEs,
--T'his .valuable fertilizer is not yet
nalf appreciated by southern gardeners
As a min.nure for poor soils, it is valu.
ess ; its chief benefit arises from its
ower of holding and fixing the amnimo
nia whichl ri es fronm manure already
in the soil, and we look upon anythming
as mianun e that .is food for plants
whet her it, conies froma the stable ou
the swmnp. From the sulphur iii
Gy psum, it is a g reat p~reve'ntativ iJo~
wormis;i'gardenis well dressed with it
will tbe exempt from the cut worms,
Yong eabbiages and turnips sprinikled
with in their germmnating state will be
exempt froum the ravages of the green
worm. Guano is doubly increased it
value by beinig sowed with plaster
Th~e past dlrt suinoer hias fully (level
oped the utility of' Gypsum -, whmenevel
we appjlied Gypsum to the Oions
English pe'as, potatoes, 0or mielonms
there we have had thme finest crops not
withstanding the drought. We observe
when there has hbeen no dew at- inight
amnd all vegetation looks parched atm
dlry, where the Gy psum has been fullt
used in the gam den, there is a damp
ness in the morning like a dewv ha<
tidliri. 10. is asserted by an emnineni
Northern llo rticulturist, that Gy psuin
is piossitively inijurious to strawvberries
we have nao doubt but it stinvulate:
the viine into too rapid a growh, um
as we of the South wvant ;fruit instea<n
of' vinme, it ihould be used catitiouishy
lBut for2 garuden v'egetables, where thoust
vegetnabh~s havei' ainythmiing to) feed upon
tite! by mhoisteiniing the food rea ul oi
RE, SCIENCE AND
the roots to take up with their thousand
The Judges often tell stories on the t
members of the bar, albeit they are I
much oftncr the subjects of stories fi
themselves. We lately heard one of .
the former illustrating the propriety a
of "letting well enoegh alone," by the a
An alli-ay case was on trial in the d
Circuit Court of Pike county, in which c
some six or eight peace breakers were
represented by almost as many-law- t
yers, each of whom, in turn, put the t
only witness for the State through the r
torttures ofa tedious cross exrmimation. (
Nat--, a well known Montgomrzery.
practitioner, was counsel for a big t
black looking fellow in the crowd, who f
answered to the name of- Saltostall. e
As to this defendant, the only proof t
which was elicited on the examinitin j
in the chief of the witness for th, pro
ecution, was that-to use the peculiar y
phraseology, of the narrator-"while
the rest on 'emit a cussin"'and elnchina' a
and pairing off for a reglar r'yal, Sal- s
tonstal jest kept sloshsn' about'." The r
Solicitor and Nat both constueted this u
to mean that Salonstall was only v
noviing about, drunk among the com- I
batants; and the fnrmer did not pres
for an explanation. P'resently, how
ever, it cale to Nat's turn to cross ex- V
amine for hi, c!ient; and as he had a
received quite a handsome fiee, cons- a
sidering how things stood. he felt
bound to make something of ai 'demon.
st ration.' -So luoth he, with the air of I
the avenger of injured innocence. - t
Come, w itness, say over again in t
what it was that Mr. Saltonstall had to
do with this afftair ?"
"Saltonstall ? Why I've told you
several tiimes. the rest on'em clinched a
and paired of, but Saluiostall, jest t
rp~ elo84id.' (tr ot.
"Ah.my- good fellow,' exelaimQd t
_Nat, quite testify, 'we want to know
I what. that, is. It isn't exactly legal
evidence in the shape you. put it lell
us wvhat you mean by 'aloshin' about.' f
" Well ,', answered the witness very e
deliberately. 'I'll try. You see, John
lirewer and Sy kes they clinched and
ft.That's in legal f'rmn, ain't it ?' I
" Oh, yes !'' said Nat-"go on !".
" Abiaey and Blackimn the'n pitch.
ed iot one another, and Blackman bitt
ofl a pic cI Abney'sli-ht' ee
too, ain't it ?" lp.ta' 'l
" Proceed !"
" Simipson and 11ill Stone and Mur
ray, wais all together ont the ground,
a biti,' gougin' and kickin' on ao
ther-that's legle, too, is it, ?
" Very' !-~but go on !" ..
" And Satlt':nstall made -it his busi- ~
ness to walk backwards and forwards ~
through the crowd, with a big stick in *a
his hand, and knocked downt ev'ery
loose moan in the crowvd as fast as h'e
caine to 'emi !" T1hat's what I call .1
Nat is of opinion, now, that unless
primia facci case is made out by the L
prosLeution, on tha direct examination t
oft their witnesses, it is quite a wvell a
for the defenadant to waive his right to a
loitaas oir Grtaso Tut.-We I
have receiv.-d full confirmation of' the g
horrors reported to be in course of per
pectration, in connuection with the guanot
trade, at the Chincha Islaunds. It is
picked up and( wheeled to the shoots,I
it appears, by contract. The contrae
tor has i mfp. mted Chinamnen for this
work, nearly six hundred of wvhomi are
now on these islands. They are )aired,
for live years, at the rate of $48 per 1
annumn. They commaenee wyork in the,
morning as soonl as they can see to I
work. They have five toins of guanoj
to dig and wheel to a distance of' one
eight h of a mile. It, is all, or nearly
all, so hard that it has to be picked
up ; and if they do not accomplish these
livo tons by 5 o'clock p. mn., they are
flogged with raw hide whips, some five
feet lotng, rece.ivin-g one dozen stripes,
each of which starts tho blood ; then
they tare dri ven. back.- to fin ish their
work. The guanos has a very bad et
feet upon them, swelling t heir legs and
feet. Notwithastat.ding all these, how
ever, if they o II get along, they a re
compelled to finish their task. Our
" I have known as many as thirty
flogged in 'one day.- They.-have no
Sunday allowed with the excoption of
one im a year, the same work going
oin on stundaiy as 'during the rest of the
we'ek. The consequee of this ill
treataunent is suicide in arious from,
such ais leaping .fromn the r'ocks oine
huIndnred feet high, cutting theirt' hraoatas,
and hiuriry themnselv-es alive. This last
has actually been the case,' to :r.
knowledge. Otto monn~he
lond who had so burief thejnse vs4
two wore dead and onie alli,, The
last recovered to prolong hi i mriipable
.-oxistee fur a short time."
It is times thatttihe voice of eiviliza
Stion) throughmnt thin world wats heard
itu .denunc~itt1 (of 8such1 horrors as
theso.--. 0. Picayune.
E ART'. '
RMS-$2 IN ADVA C
Seasisui DEOn.tDATION.- 'rib1
ave not travelled in Spain, or we.
ttle acquinted with the mners
ustons of. the country,. have an
hat all Spaniards are grave and',;
ke the Castilians - This, howvr
ir from being the caseS:': The tic
f each province are alinoist 45 u::.
a difl'erent nations, ha--ing "non-:,
nd customs, dress and dialet; p"
ar to themselves. - This peculiarity, r.
OtubtleSS owing to the isolation of the
hain of mountains -;;'hich intersect hr
enisula, and cut off intercm'rnmunica
ion, as well as the. fact that, for aga..
hese provinces fornmed separate ane
istinet kingdoms. The rude, hoor;"!
allician ; the ind ustrious Catalan ; i i
lie, jovial Ardalusian ; the sly, vin .
ve Valencian ; and the grave, digni
ed sons of Castillo, differ from cach
ther as mnch as the inliabitants of dis.
net nations. In travelng over this
ei ut.iful country, upon which 111 1:
aslavished the choicest fitvors, an
-Lich under the rule (if Romans :.
tours, was a land - flowing with sai..
id honey, the tourist is struck with'
cenes of desolation that every wher
ieet the view. He roams over wild
npteopled wastes, treeless and arid,
here the melancholy picture is often
eightened by ruined castles and villa
es, the signs of former .prosperity
assed away. The towns -through
'hich he pits es, are- too often - the .
bode of Ipoverty and wretchedness
ud an air of gloom and sadness perva.
their silent, sr..cts. '1h e seapmo.
are lost their former' cornmercial im.
ortance, and the 'silent quays, ont
brueged by a busy- crowd, au '
lie decayed condition of the land.
Lud wheretore.it may be.asked, is In;
overty, desolatio'n 'and _wretchedn
o visible i" a countr- which iosse
dvantage unsurpassd by any in Chi
nduum ; where a i-etiie soil und eve
uriety of c-ki:ate-admitu eethe prdi.
ions of tiopical and temperate zen
bhere the bowels of the earth ye
reeious metals, coal and qarries
nte, with a pssiton mne.st favr:n:
ommaerce,.and a line '.f'amteoe:.
ing in fine harbors Y' Xc.
3 this beautiful and onlc e
und so -fidilen' d er. lpeople "
norance, and so far behmi.
r ci vi lized-natieon in arts .
tire '? The answ er ma a
bese words.-bad govee i
le in Spuin. ...
An ExAMrIta FOR XoUO ~;
'he Mesrs. Harpers, of Noa
'ho receently lost anbout $1,000,i
re, but who are still in indepe
renstanices--able to re-comn
perations on an extenisivescale
menced life p'our boys. -The
ork Times fuarnishets the folh
rief history of the care& of the
" The establishinent -of th-e
cas founded by James Harper
Idest of the four who noweon:
be firm. He came to the city in
lad fifteen years old, and set
ppreniticeship-of si.. yen rs uude -
I homias, thle leading-prinite, '
ay. H is brother John soon lo i
im, and learned the~ trade of Mr. ..
ecy miour, a perinlter in John street.
819, with a capital James-had saved.
hie brothers opened a small bok and.
b oilice in Dover street. The first
took they printed was Seneca's Mor&
.Is;- the second was an edition' of the
lethiodist-Catechism.> Th6 first book
hey published on their own account
v-as Locke's Essay - on the- Hurnat
Jnderstanding.- They toiled with tin
emitting -industry, and maintained the
uighest character for enterprise and
ritegrity. In; 1820 the th rd brother,
[oseph Wesley, joined them,1 and si
'ears later Fletcher became a- memnbe
if the tirm. -From thati tiene till now ~~
hey have carried on the -publishin
with a degree of' well 'directed energy
which has few parallels. 'VThy&
moved to Cliff street about 1820, and
tave add. d one biuildilig after another
.0 their establishment as the demands
>ftheir busintess required. The amount
>' books they have issued- is almost
nealculable. For the last few years
~hey have published, on an average,
wenty-tive volumes a-minute, for ten
tours a- day-and from tha'e to foui
htousand piersons have obtaine'd a-dive.
bhood fromt their employment."
T1he 1!indooeidea'f hell.ls. to saw
the least; sufficiently terrifie' to ar'rest
the attenftion f mAsiinners the mtost incor
rigible. 'Sosay, they,:are inade to
tread on burnings sanads, or sheu1~ p
god ttonesj'thaers -are rlled- anm'is
thorns a-id spikes and putrilieli il.
tathora dragged along the. rdighest
20s by cords paissed through the teen
parts of' the taody ; somec are attack
by jackala, tigers and olephanta;, othe
wre piered with ittrows, beaten ..
alubs, priched with ne~edles, neamd
tin t ire nlS, ai':-!i rmen(ed bI,
Liquid fire or Lboiliun oil