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TIlE SIMTE1 BANNER.
J.S. IUCIIARIDSON, Ja. iTeRS.
JOHN R. LOGAN,
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 1854.
U " Persons wishing to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law
can find us at any hour during the day,
except from four to five in the afternoon,
at our office, just back of Sor.otoss' New
Store. All business connected with the
paper must be transacted with WILLIAM
LEWIS, Joan S. RIcHARDSON, jr., or It. C.
LOGAN. Mr. R. C. LoGAN, the Foreman
of Banner Office, is our only nuthorised
Agent to receive money and give receipts
fdr the same, and may always bo found at
the Banner Office. All letters addressed
to the Banner must be pre-paid to insure
Communications for the Banner are
frequently sent in for publication on
Tuesday. This is too late for the next
issue. We must have it, if of any
length,.by Monday-night to ensure pub
lication. We go to press on Tuesday
in order to get our papers struck off and
ready for distribution on Wednesday
morning. This will show the necessi
ty of our having communications at
least six hours before going to press.
We hope our ft lends will remember
this and favor us with their communi
cations at least as early as Monday.
CHARLESTON, June 17.
COTTON.--The market was very qui
et to-day, the transactions having been
Limited to 229 bales, at extremes ranging
from 6 5.8 to 9 1-!c.
" A Traveler "
. The communication of" A Traveler"
has been received, but too late for this
issue. It will appear in our next and
his request attended to.
I r'. 1. B. MosEs was on Saturday
elected 1st Lieutenant of Beat company
No 2. 44th Reg't, S. C. M.
J. 11. Nelson Esq.
We have just been informed by Mr.
'NELSON that there was a material omission
in his answer to the 1st. question of '-Free
dom" in the last Banner. The words
omitted are "(if so instructed.)"
We have inserted them in their place
directed and given his entire answer to the
frst question that he may be placed in a
proper light before the people. See anoth
On our first page will be found the
answer of Col. REYNOr.Ds and on thre
second, in another coliumn, tire answer
of Cap'. BU-rLER to thecommunication
signed "W esley," directed to tihe can
didates for tire Legislature from Clar
endon county. We also continue the
publication of answers from candidates
in Claremont. See Col. Nsr.soN's as
corrected, and Mr. BRtAnr.EY'S.
Among our advertisenments will be found
one af A H. VAN BomKEE.EN's announcing
his willingness to furnish any quantity of
ice to the people of Sumter anid other Dis
ticts on the line of the WVilmington and
10 anchester Rail Road, on the most renson
aible terms-i 3.4 cents per pound inclu
ding barrel and packing. WVe can bear
t'estimnony to tire fact that his ice is not on
ly very good, but that he puts it up anrd
ships it with great pains. WVe speak from
experience. That whichr we received was
S put up with suchr care and tihe transporta
tion from Wilmington here so direct and
imnmediate that none or very little wvas
lost from melting. WNe believe thrat those
whro furnish this refreshing article to our
citizens during the long hot days of Sum
mner would miake a great saving by dealing
with Wilmington from whrenee thre tranrs
portation is by nighnt and so much more
direct and unbroken thran fromr anry other
poir.t where it can bre supplied.
"A Yellow Fethrand
An article in tire last lemnan,
over the cognomen of "a Yellow
Feathrer," takes us to task for soe
remarks made in an editorial on the
Militia, which appeared in thre Banner
of the 10th tilt. Tihe question in this
District hras been taken tip by the peo
pie and tire candidates. Here it w~ili be
well weighed anid discussed, and here
we would have left it ; but "Yellow
16ather" hras so strangely mristaken
our position, that for thre respect we
bear him and his felow officers, we
thus-answer his charges.
Iht. Tha~t we hastily and ithlott
through'tiespoused athe doctrine contain
ed in the C'olinmian and to which said
In answer to tis we say ; see the
Banner for the last eighteen mronthns.
Charge-second, is that we are prestrmpt
uous int' stating that a large port ion of
our fellow:cibizens agree with irs, in
desiring a cebange.. This statement is
founded of course' upon -ot personal
information-and has for its founrdation
the fact thit~ we have never yet met,
inw our conversations, with a single in
dlividual, who (lid not deem a reforma.
ko~ nelod fo, and .the present- drntie
imposed upon the militia a useless bur
Charge 3d, That we are regardless
of the feelings of a number of our
learned and most intelligent citizens,
who are in favor of the present system.
To this we answer, that among the
muilitary oflicers of South Carolina are
a number 'of our most respecte: and
esteemed personal friends. To them
we cannot allude when saying, that
there are advocates of the old plan,
that they may strut in "fuss and feath
ers" or that they from "familiarity, ig
norance &e." Both of the classes here
noticed however, do exist and are dis
tinct and separate from the intelligent
honest citizen. If on these the former
class, our ridicule falls, we can only
say it went its intended road. Every
man is the best judge of his own mo
tives, and opinions and may appropri
The pressure apon our columns this
week and absence of the Foreman,
compel ns to shorten this answer to
'Yellow Feather,' who deserves a more
lengthy notice. We have never ad
vocated any material change in the
militia system ; but only the abolish.
ment of as inny beat, battalion, regi
mnental or brigade musters as could be
done, and the organization kept as at
present, preserving the patrol-this
latter however, mnight very well
and perhaps had better be a separate
institution and be placed under the
control of' the several beat magis
tratos. Again we desire to see the
abolishment of imprisonment for fines
incurred by neglect of militia duty
this is a black spot in the laws of South
Carolina and should be at once wiped
out. Another important change and
one made so by the republican institu
tions of the government, is that the
rich and poor be placed upon an equal
footing and no unjust distinctions made
between them, ac in the pr esnt laws.
News of the Weeck.
From the Eastern hemisphere the cry
is still they fight. In England and France
the preparation for, what is evidently to be
a long and bloody contest are carried on
upon a large and extensive scale and botf
countries are soliciting new loans. Russia
remains firm and shows no disposition to
falter or give way ; yet the condition of
her commercial cities is represented as
very distressing. A decisive battle is look
ed for ; in the face of which cotton has
advanced and pro/isions arc looking up..
The statement per Pacific, that the Rus
sians had been driven from Silistria with
great loss, turns out to have been some
what exaggerated. TPhe Turks have,
however, successflull y repulsed them
in three different attempts they have
made to cross the Danube with the view or
gaining possession or theo place. The
Russians admit that they would he unable
to capture thme place ini less than a fort
At the !ast dates Oimar P'acha, chief com
mnander or the Turkish army, was advani
cing to thme defenco of Sihistria with about
ninety thousand mcii,
Prior to cmmnmencinig this march a coun
cil of war was held at Varna, betwveen
Omnar and thme English and French coin
manders, at whlich it was decided that thme
armies of thme allies should push forw-ard to
The report of the hombardmnent and de
struct ion of some of the hiomngo outposts is
confirmed, but the strongtst or miain fort
had not been captured. In addition to the
squadrons in the Black sea and the i3.mtic
the allies have now determimned to place a
strong naval force ini the Whlite Sea ; aiid
in addition despatched several vessels to
wards the Circassian coast, when finding
that the Russians had abandoned and de
stroyed their forts in that vicinity they re
turned to the neighborhood of Schastopol.
The blockade of the cities borderinig the
the Black Sea cotntinued to be rigidly en
forced. but no further dlemonsitration had
been miade against Sebastopol. T1hie mu
notiny was occasionally enlivened by a
race between thme reconoitering steamners of
English and Russia squadrons, wheniever
either of thme parties ventmurged into too
close proxismtty to the other. This comn
prises about all the naval fighting that has
laitehy taken place.
Russia is positively ordered to evacuate
the Principalities by Austra. A messeni
ger, hearing this formal demand, was to
Bloth Auistra and Prussia were othor
wise actively prep~aring to co-operate with
the Weostern Powers.
Thme Black Warrior aff'air and the de
mands of this government for the various
outrages perpetrated upon our flag by
Spanish officials during a period of ei~h
teen years, still formed the chief topic~ of
dlisculssion and negotimation at the Court oh
afadrid. The last report was that thie diml
culty wvas really advancing towards a set.
A subscript ion of about .?00 has been
raised by the working people of England
to purchase a gold watch for Captain In
graham, as an acknowvledgement of his con
dluct in the Costa afTair.
The United States Consul abroad ap.
pearito have a peculiar aptness for picking
quiarrels with the officials of the govern
ments to wvhiich they are sent to represent
the interest of citizens of this republic.
In addition to Messrs. Borland atid Daniels,
wvho nre nn their way 'home w-e ee ii
stated that the United States Consul al
Turk's Island, John L. Nelson, esq., has
got into a difliculty with the authorities of
From Washington we have a rumor
that Mr. Benton has discovered from the
Nebraska-Kanes bill that an old law of
1834, is left in existence that to all intents
and purposes excludes foreigners from
those territories, except by a passport from
the Secretary of war. It, in other words
almost restores the principle of the Clayton
amendment. This announcement hay
caused much excitement and if correct
will have the effect of renewing the latt
The Senate has amended the HIouse
resolution providing for final adjournment
on the 14th of August, so as to take a re.
ese from the 17th proximo till the 16th o
October. In this shape the resolution pas
Mr. Douglas offered a bill to fix the an
nual meeting of Congress on the first Mon
day of October.
Dispatches have been received by th<
State Department at Washington fron
Comrnodore Perry, fully confirming the re
port of the opening of commercial inter.
course with Japan.
The House of Representatives has post
poned the Pacific Railroad bill until the
next session of Congress.
The Court Martial in the case of Major
Wyse has found him guilty ofdisohedienc<
of orders, and sentenced him to dismission
from the service. The Court acdompanies
ts finding with a recommendation to the
President that. he he reinstated in the ser
vice and rank. The President has coin.
muted the sentence to six months suspen
sion, without pay. The result is a triunph
to Major Wyse.
On Saturday, in Troy, the jury in the
case'ofIIenrietta Robinson, charged with
murder, after being out nearly three hours,
returned with a verdict of guilty. She re
ceived the verdict with great boldness, and
exclaimed :-"Shame on you, Judge. You
are predjudiced against inc !" She :lso
charged the jury with being bribed. Sen
tence has been suspended. Ier counsel
have brought in a bill of exceptions. The
prisoner's manner, after the rendition of
the verdict, was strange, and her language
Joni TAPE, the celebrated submarine
diver, whilst searching in his submarine
apparatus for a wreck on Lake Erie, last
'aturday, died suddenly while under the
water, from the eflects of a rush of blood
to the head. In all cases, going under wa.
ter to a great depth, tends to this sesult.
11k had followed the business successfully
for many years.
Among the foreign items brought by the
America. we find that a rumor is aloai
that the lanid of Palestine has been mort
gaged by the Sultan to the house of Roths.
childs for a loan to aid in the Turkish war
Among other things it is hinted th at it ii
possible that it wvill be set apart as a Jew
ish Kingdlom uiiier the dynasty of thc
Antoine le Dne, a Frenchman ran, ter
miles in 59 minutes, at Eagle Ilarboi
Mlichigan. beating two Indians and an Irish
man, for a wager of one hundred dlollars
The Irishman gave out on the fourth mile,
one Indlian on lie eighth, aind the other
Indian was just a mile behind the victor,
who left the ground shouting '-IVire h
A inurder was commnitted at Saluda Millk
on the person of Oliver Tolles, overseer o
Dr.8S E. Bobo, by a slave of Dr. Bobon
named Thornton. The act wsas conmimittet
with an axe. The slave was put on tria
on Friday last, and conivicted of the niur
der ; lie was condemned to be hanged or
Friday, the 23d inst.
Nicholas Bain, charged with the mur
der of Mr, and Mirs. Wickham, of Lon1
Island has confessed his guilt.
Twenty-three slaves esca pod from Grain
county, Kentucky, on Tues~day night last,
and took passage by the tundergroum
railroad for Canada. Nina slaves fran
Boone county also escaped to Cinciunati
The National division of the Sons a
'remperanmce are in session at St. Johns
New Brunswick. Juidge O'noall and Col
Grishiam will represent South Carolina ii
thme Convention. The Judge in writing t
the Camden Journal says :
" Unless the National Division come,
sotuth or west and much nearer titan eithe
St. John's or Chicago, I think I tmay say t<
the brethren, that neither Grishaim no
myself will ever be seen in anether meet
ing. We have both labored long and faith
fully "without mioney awl withmout price."
We are both beyonid three scores, and
younger men wvill avoidl the labor, we inns
say, so be it and leave the helm !"
The cholera has appeared on the phanta
tlbns in Austin county, Texas.
Both the cholera and small-porc appea
to be on the increase at tho Quarantin
station, Staten Island, New York, amen1
emigrants, an applicationi having beei
made for increased accommodation.
Another dreadful riot, resulting in thi
shooting of two mnen, took plaCe ini Brook
lyn last Subbath.
One of tho Judges of the Supreme Cour
of Wisconsin has declared the fugitivi
alave lawv unconstitutional! 'rThe case i
described to have been an application for .
writ of, habeas corpus to releaso one of th.
parsons charged with participating in th
rescue of a fugitive from St. Louis no
long since. Thd court ordered his release
Thu United States Marshal, it in said wil
not obey the order of the Judge.
Burns, the negro who caused so much
excitement in Boston, arrived in Richmond
A correspondent of the Syracuse Stand
ard, writing from Rochester, N. Y. says
that "Fred" Douglas, the negro, Is to be
brought out for Congress in the Monroe
district, N. Y., and expreses the opinion he
will be elected.
The Connecticut Legislature has passed
the prohibitory liquor law by an overwhel
ming vote--13 to I.
A terrible and most disastrous fire
occurred last week in Warcester MAas
sachusetts. Property to the amount
of five hundred thousand dollars was
destroyed and over one thousand men
are thrown upon the world without
etnploymnent. Soine forty or fifty
persons were badly injured by jumping
from the burning buildings.
Fresh meats seem to be very scarce in
the North, at Philadelphia beef is sold in
the market at from sixteen to twenty cents
a pound and in New York at twenty-five
centsa higher market than any of the
market-nun ever knew to be paid for it,
an so high that many of the butchers
would not purchase. Perhaps this would
be the best remedy for the inordinate price
which is now demanded for fresh meat; It
will naturally be the elUyct, for the great
cost must diminish the consumption of it
Maccaulay has been unanimously elec
ted president of the Edinburg Philosophi
cal Institution, in place of the late 'ro
A Despatch from Washington dated the
17th, states, that it is well understood there
that the President has decided upon ap
pointing Gen. Wm. O. Butler. of Ky., to
tle Governorship of Nebraska, and Gov.
White ' of Indiana, to the Governorship of
The Corner Stone of the Collegiate in.
stitrtion will be laid in Cokesbury, on the
'27th inst. Col. W. II. Campbell will de
liver an address on thit occasion. The
Masonic Fraternity, we see, are generally
invited to attend.
An inmate of the Lunatic asylum in
Columbia named Martha Pearson, corn.
:Witted suicide om Friday, by lying pros
trate on the floor of her room, and placing
the bed post on her neck in such a pczihhn
as to produce a compression of the wind
pipe and consequent s.rangulation.
The Spartenburg Express of the 13th
inst. states that a terrific storm passed
about 3 o'clock Saturday afternoon last
ova' the section '+countrv adjacent tn the
donth l'acolet. au'nzt 14 miles Northwest
of Spartanburg, ranging Northwardly,
about four imuilus in w idi h.
The city of San Salvador, in Ceintral
America, has beeni entirely destroyed by
an earthquake, most of the inhabirants
Correspond:;nce of Hanner.
NEwV YouxK, June 15.
Mes"srs I:ditors : Thme order of tihe
" Know Nothings' has become so popular
and( its ranks are .swellIinig to such nuombers
that the keal whose principle Editor is a
Catholic, ca md idly and honiest ly admniits
that the balance of power in the next Pre
sidenutial Elect ion will he in the hanids of
this pa rty. F'romn them, .iwe of the South
have nothing to feac. Disclaiming all
connection with A bolitionists, and seeking
only to establish pure republican, Ameri
canL principles, they are worthy of success.
By thme way, we mention, as a curious tact
only, that inearly or cin tirely two-thmirdls of
the Editors in the UnRion are not American
horn. T1hmis being the case, they really
deserve credlit for the zeal w.ith which they
have defined the insti'utions of their a-!rnt-l
Capt. ltynders, known all over the Un
ion, as "chief man"' ot the "Empire city''
recently surpriscal. aye astoniishied, the
wvhole Normthi, by closing with a Quaker
miss of "sweet sixteen" and perpietratinig
matrimony. I low on earth too such ura
congenial spirits agreed, we are at a loss
T Ihe accounit, that have filled imany of
our city papers, of Mrs. Mowatt's marriage
f lavos strongly of English flunkeyism and
were really disgusting. Our brethren of
the riuill anid scissors should be careful
how they countenance such contemptible
snobism as publishing "'authedtic" reports
of private marriages.
It is amius.ing to see whmat reports coni
cerniing the invasion of Cuba by the Souath
.tire alloat- Gen. Quitman with two or
three thousand Kentucky and Mississippi
- volunteers, is waiting ait New Orleanis
f ready to pounce on the Queen of the An
tilles at a mouments ndtice, so rumor says.
Charles O'Cot.nor, late U. 8. l)istrict
Attorney, for this city htaving resigned his
office, Mr. Westbreak, a M. C. from Onei
rconyhas beeni appointed in his plaice.
Mr. WV., was a strong friend of the Nebras
k a 11ill and is an out andl out Uniion moan.
Thme tide of travel is flowing Northward,
and thousands of SouthernerB are thronug
ing ou citry en route for Saratoga, Niaga
ra, or wending their way to Montral.
Thley leave their cool, pleasant, homes,
seek Northern watering~ places where they
are crowdled, antI parched in an awfully
unplealsant mnantner, fed on meat and vegeta
blos they would hmavo hardly totich'ed when
at lionme, pay enormous pricols for every
thing and at last are laughed at for being so
"green " or inisultedl for being slavo'old.
ers !Oh ! consistency thoti art a jew
.el ! It is ditfficult to tell who is at plresent
I thme bimos hnmbn, narnum, or Julin. 'Tim
late "Musical Ball" given by the latter
was one of the grandest huinbugs over
perpctrated on gullible mortals I But
the two have united and Julien is to give
an extraordinary musical Festiva lat the
Crystal Palace under the auspices of Bar
num. Two thousand pitched performers
will be there, so will we, to "report pro
For the Banner.
Messrs Editors: To the several inter
rogatories proposed to the candidates for
the legislature, I return the following an
1. As to the electoral question, which
appears likely to engross iost of public
attention during the present canvass, I re
ply that I am in favor of letting the appoint
ment of electors of' President and Vice
President remain in the hands of the Leg
lislature. This opinion I have uniformily
entertained u'n this (subject, and I have
seen nothing so far to cause me to change
mny sentinents in respect to it. As to the
constitutionality of the Legislatures exer
cising this prerogative, I deem it sufficient
to say that the Federal Government has
ever acknowlelged its Constitutionality by
receiving the votes cast by electors ap
pointed by the Legislature. And there is
nothing in the practical operation of the
general ticket system, as exhibited in the
other States on the recurrence of the Pre
sidential election, that causes me to desire
the election of electors given to the people
Great political exciternents are to be de
precated as demoralizing to society-they
have ever proven the bane of republican
iisutiutions, and experience has shown that
high political excitement cannot be discon
nected with the electing of our chief Mag
istrates have when the election is in the
hands of the Legislature. But while these
are my sentiments in reference to this
inatter I will add that I would '/ote foria
bill, should cne b! proposed before the
Legislature to send this subject directly
to the people to be decided by thei.
2. 1 rn in favor of tcontinuing the
present appropriation for the Free School
Funds, and would vote for any itiprove
iNent on the present system that prorised
to be more effectual and speedy in the edu
cation of the masses.
3. 1 have no objection to modifying the
present militia system in such a way as to
render military duty hess onerous to the
people of the State.
41. With the light I have upon this sub
ject. I an disposed to doubt whiether the
l'enitentiirry experiient has proven to be
the most successful means of suppressing
vice and crime. At any rate, unhr the
existu'g circumstanccs,I would advocate
the po.stponemeint of the subject for the
b. As to treating at electloas, I would
fain hope that no f'orinl declaration ot
opinion is necessary to convince my fellow
Citizens that 1 iiii1 oppoSsed to a practice so
repugnant to my sense of propriety and so
revolting to all the priuciples of lruinanity
. . S. BRADLE.
For the Banner.
June 16th, 1851.
Messrs. .Editors.-\Vhen I wrote
my reply to the queries of"' Freedm.'u"
I waLs, as stated, sutlring from severe
ituispositorn; and timt ont iookmg over
it. that, there is an omiission therein to
the first query, which Ij tn.>w wish to
T.hte following is the querry, and my
answer ther'eto, contains mty true posi
"Itf you are elected to tire Legisla
ture wvill you or will you not vote, for
a 11i1l to Live thre Election of Electors
of President anud Vice Presidetit of the
United States to the People ?"'
If' I am Elected I will vote (if so
instructed by the People) for a Bill to
give the Election of Electors of Presi
dent and V ice Presidemit to the People
on the District system, that is the
system on wvhich we niow Elect our
memcibets to Cotigress. I believe ae.
cording to the reading of the Constitu
Lion that the people have the right,
under it, if they see proper to do so to
take the Election of Electors inito their
own hmnds, bunt at the same timie allowv
me to say that I do niot belicve it to
be expedietit for themu to do so. T1he
mode lby wvhiechour Electors of' Presi
dlent and Vice-PrsidentL arc now eleet
ed is the one handed to us at the
forinationi of' the Cornstituitioni and the
Union. It is the otto whlich was used
by all of t he origirna! Tihirteeni States to
elect the first President. The legality
of' this muodle of Electing Electors never
has beeni called in questionl by the
Congress of thre United States, where
ifcornstitutionarlly wrotng it certainly
would have been corrected by such
men as Calho' ur, Clay, Webster and a
host of others nioted for their conustitu
tionatl knowledge and who miade the
Constitution arid the laws of' the Union
the study of their lives. Bunt another
objectioni is, that it takes from us our
pr'oper share of Riepresenitatives. Ac
cording to the Constitution, Taxation
is entitled to represenmationi, as wvell as
Populationgf~~4ow on the district sy's
tem this difiehulty is pavtly obviated,
but wvheni it conies to elect two Elec.
tors, to represent our Senators in
Congress, it is obliged to 1)e done on
thre general ticket, system, which takes
fromn us the entire representation.
The upper districts otut number us in
white p~opulaitio, while the lower
portioni of the State pay13s the mnuchi
larger portionl of taxes intto the treasuiry
antd yays the most of the expenses of
the govern ment. On the general ticket
system wve wvould therefore be out-vot
ed arnd the utpper part of thre State
would elect the Electors, while the
lower part by giving up thte right of
rcepresenttationi by taxa~tion wvould have
nio voice in thne matter. Are thre peo
ple prepared to do this ?
Under the present system Sotuth
Carolina has over been fairly rand faith
fully represented in the elect~on for
President, and Vice-President and at
no time have people over comptJ~lined
that the electors, appointed in the
present mode, failed to carry out..their
wishes in Presidenial electiones a
fully and faithfutlly as though chas~en
Immediately by themselves. In all
candour I fear that the proposed ehyn~~0
if carried out, will introduce fi ti1'
State party strifes and jelunoies to the
exemption from 'which Soulb Carolina
owes her present high position in the
J. M. NELSON.
IPor the ianner.
Messrs Editors : Through your columns
of May 17th, " \Vesley" propounds a num
ber of questions to the candidates of
Clarendon election district for the Legisla
'ure, taking a wide scope of country from
Georgetown to Columbia, Camden and
across the Great Santee, embracing both
wide and deep, I might almost say to the
bottom of the 'an/ce Ricer. With regard
to the Vances Swamp and th,, duration of
Nelson's Ferry charter, I see no remedy
for either of those places, unless the pro
prietors would apply for a renewal of the
charter at Nelson's Ferry, which I would
by all means adrocate, you (I mean Wes
ley) desire information how those evils can
be remedied, I would answer there is a
remedy, just go to work in earnest and
good faith with memorials to the Legisla
ture praying a charter at \Vright's Bluff
and the necessary appropriation for the
construcuon of a road at that place, there
in my opinion the evil is remedied.
1st. Are you in favor of giving the
election of electors of President and Vice
President of the United States to the peo.
I am content on that.subject as we have
so niany elections befire the people, and
through the representat.ion, we vote as
munch directly for President and Vice-Pre
sident as we would by voting for elections.
Mr. Calhoun's opinion on this subject I
put iiuch value on, lie thinks the present
make the best, but if instructed jby a ma
joi ity of the voters of Clarendon I would
vote for a change.
2nd. Are you in favor of correcting the
abuses of our Bankug System &., &c.,
"I am in favor ot correcting the abuses
bit am not now, prepared to say by what
3d. Are you in favor of eacrificing eve
ry other interest in the 8:ate, to the ag
grandizement of rail road monopolies &c.
I am in favor of Railroads but not to
sacrifice every interest of the State ; nor
to sanction tihe gross abuses of delays, and
losses of property ; nor hfe without full
compensation from the Railroad company
and would advocate a measure to make it
binding on them.
4ith. Are you in favor of Free Schools
1 aii in favor of Free Schools but not
the present svstem, and would advocate
Pro;. 'I'hornwell's mode, proposed in his
letters to his Excellency the G wernor,
that mode proposes that Free Schools
should be established within every five
iiiles throughout the State for the educa
tion of all, amid I trust theday is not far dis
tant, when such will be the case, and if
elected would advocate it, and du all in my
power, for such a change.
5th. Are you in favor of lessening the
present high sale of Taxtion &c.
I answer I nt
6th. Are you in favor of abolishing or
reforming the Militia system &c.
I have been opposed for several years to
the present system, and would sustain a
measure to abrogate the onerous duty of
I'tii mnuser, but still keep up tlhe military
and chivalry of the State by some other
mode less burtheisonie to the People, and
assign the duty of issuing Patrol warrants
to the magistrate belonging to the beat, it
is almost a daily occurrence with us if a
man neglects one dlay. dutyjand not able to
pay his line, he is then taken by thme Sher
ifY of the Dis.rict and iodhged ini thme comn
mon Jhil, as though he had committed
petty larceny, or sonie other great crime,
tor such believing as I do, it is one of the
most useless anid btiriheinsome duties that
we have to perform, I would therefr go
rer a change.
For the Bannter.
Messrs Editors: Th'Ie Canididates for
the Seniaie and tmostof the candidates for
the other llouse for this county, have pub.
lishmed aniswers to certain questionis piro
pounmdled to thiem by a wr~ter in the Bainner
whlose signature is "Freedom."
Th'le suibject of most imp Iortanice discuss
ed by them, is that commonly called thme
electoral question ; atmi wvhat I propose now
to say shall relate to that subject. It seems
to he a preva iling opinioni among themi,
that the electors of President and Vice
President should (to use the favorite term!)
be giveni to the people. I do not pmopose
here to argue the question, but that I may
not be iuispecteid oif holdotg out false colors
I will say I doubt the policy of a change.
Perhaps, however, it a dcfinmite plan
were proposed which I could understand,
and whlich u porn comparison with the ex
isting gne, should cotnmnetid itself to my
ju'gimetn, I miighit alter my views-I thin k
I am open to. conviction anid if I have any
interest oilier than the real good of the
people, it mnanifestly is, to fall into what is"
sup~poseid to lie the popular currentt, and
float easily anid pleasanitly down it, cheered
by the coutntenance atid favor of the multi
tude and the hope of distinction rather than
to struggle agaitnst it, to the destruction of
present ease and comfort and the blasting
of ali ambitious aspirationis in the futture.
If then thme side of the question wvhich I
espouse be the unpiopular onie, I claim the
credit of sincerity and honiesty' of p~urpose.
In sinicerity therefore, atnd honesty I
wouldl say to thost: (f the candidates who
are in favor of changing thme law, that they
without exception have not gonbe far enough
in their answers-it is not sufficient that
they should state their ojections to the
present system, but that they should clearly
explain what they ptropose to substitute in
place of it ; perhiaps others may see their
estimnation. In relation to a matter of so
much importance the people should have
the best means of forming 'a right judg
ment by which to regulate their action.
And ihe best means is an examination
anid comnparison of the various plains clear
ly and explicitly stated. I would readily
believe of the Candidates now before the
people of this county, that they wvould scorn
to mislead the people by actual imposition
for the pturpose of obtaining their votes and
that they would equally scorn to connive
at, for profiting by, impositions practised
and errors propagated by others. I feel
thiereuipon warranted in "expecting that the
further in formation sought, will be prompt
ly and willingly given, as it seems to be
generally conceded that it is always due
(when asked respectfully) from a candid
ate to A COt.6TITUEN~T.
A Goon Excus.--A gentleman by
tho name of Slauighter, living near
Mon tgotmery, Ala.,heipg subponted
as a witneiA in~ a ci e peding in the
Circuidnurt, and bltrig about to mar
ry a Miss Lmb,Avriteil the 'Court
that h& iNgot a a iI. a witness
4his C9u4 'he ox i&,S ughter
For the ])anier. 4
I AM COMI'OSED OF FIFTEEN LETTERs.
My 9. 2. 14. 1. 7, was t prominent
poltician im South Carolina t.4o years ago.
My 8. 11. 4. 7, is one cardin.tl points.
My 8. 0. 6 11, is a ladies name.
My 6. 11, 15. 15. is what the young
folks like to do.
My 4. 3. U. 1. 8, 1:, was a distin.
guished General in the lRevolutionary war.
My 1. .5. 13, Is the initate of a con
My 2. 8. i1. 1, is what all experience
My 4. 1. 8. 11. G. is a very useful pro
My 4. 5, 12, is one of the heavenly bo
My whole is one of the best news-papers
in the South Carolinar.
An answer is solicited.
To Editors and the Clerks
of the County Courts.
We are pleased to learn that the labors
of Rev. John 1'. Campbell, and many of
his Agetts, have been successful in col
lecting materials and subscriptions for his
Southern Business Directory and General
It is proposed that in addition to a full
list of all ti:e Merchants. Manufacturers.
(by natclinery,) Bank, Insurance, Rail
road, Steamboat, Steam Packet and Min
itg Companies, together with the popula.
tio, number of high schools, churches,
commercial prospects, &c., of every prin
cipal town in the States of Kentucky,
North Carolina, and all the States South of
them, (eleven in number,) that the cards
of all newspapers be inserted also, that
the names of Editors and proprietors, and
days and terms of issue, and that a copy of
the Directory be sent to each of them as a
remuneration for two insertions of this ar
ticle in their editorial columns. This ex
change of -courtesies has been made be
tween Mr. Campbell and the editors South.
We are.requested to tender his hearty
thanks to Parish District, and County Court
Clerks, who have remitted his lists as
above, and that if a, copy of, the Directory
with their oflice. card inserted, will not
compensate them for it, they will please
forward their bill with the list to them. It
is important that every county shall be
Every newspaper in the above-named
States will please copy the above twice
and sen their card or their paper contain
ing it to the Southern Business Directory
and General Commercial Advertiser,
Nashville, 'Tem. Clerks and Agents
address the same.
YousU CARoI.INA AT West POINT.
-In a notice of the cavalry exercises
at West Point, at the late semi-annual
examination .a correspondent of the
New York IHerald says:
1. Pre~e mitent among ihe best riders
in this class is Cadet Lie, of South
Carolina. lie rode'a spirited animal,
and was ever foremost in the charge.
Cadet Villepigue, of South Carolina, is
also a fine rider, and led the last charge
that was made. * Cadets [.ee and Roo
ors, pf' Virgitiia; Randall, of Texas;
Davant, of South Carolina; Petider, of
North C!aroliuna; Wright, of Now
York; and Mullins, of Mississippi, were
among the finie riders 'that''we noticed
conspicuous durin he.rll h
squaLdron was ini constant motion
beforie the board ora fu ~ll.u and:
halt, adyet seemeId to experience but
little intigt'e at thme close of the exer
cises from the violent drill which they
DR. GUYtNOTP IMROVEDi EXTRACT
OF YELLOiW DOCK AND SARSAPARIL-.
LA 15 A ShugE aWMED)Y FOR Hereditary Taint.
Ttouandrs of individuals are cursed with
grievousa complaints, which they inherit fronm
teir parents. The use of the Yellorw Doch and
.Sarsapazrilla wvill prevent all of this, and save
a vast amount of misery, and many valuable
iives, for it thoronghly. arpela from the system
the latent taint, which isthe seed of disease, ad.
so takes off the cnres by which the sins or
misfortune of the parents .are so often visited
upon the innocent offspring .,
P'arents owe it to their childlren to guard t~hem.
against the efTcts of maladies that may be
communnicatedI by dercent, and children of per
ents that have at any tinme been affected with
Consumption, Scrofula or Syphilis, owe It to
thtemselves to take precaution against the dis
ease being revived in them. Guyuott's Extract
of Yellow D~ock.and Sarsaparilla is a sure ati
dote in such cases.veastu.
EF See Ad *ment.
Tribate of Respect.
WHzltEAS, it has pleased Almighty God,
to remove from the sphere of his useful
ness, our well-beloved friend, and Brother
Odd Fellow, GEORGE B. SHIVER; and bow-.
ing ourselves in meek submisiort to the
All-Wise decree, knowing that to all men,!
it is given to die and appear before the
great Ruler of all the eamrth, to render an
account of the deeds done in the body, and
feeling further that fronm his consistent~
conduct in carrying out the principles and
practice of true Odd Fellows, (wvhich con
sists in " doing unto others as we wool.
that they should do unto us,").he is now
Engaging thte great reward of a christian,,
by sitting at the right hand of the Saviou ?
Resolred, That in his death, we have
lost a sincere friend and Brother, and the
order a member of wvhose miemory they
may at all times be proud.
Resolved, That we do deeply sympathize
with the family and lodge of the deceased'
Brother in their loss.
Resolved, That the above proceedings
be published inghe papers'of the Town
and the Camden Journal be-requested to>
S. E. W. CLARKSON. Seo'ty,
Sumiterville Lodge No. 23, L . . F.
Bvirtue of sundry Execstione to-.ne
directed, will be sold at Sumter Court
House, on the 1st Mondamy .amd de foliow2.
ing in July next, within legal hours'of said
to the highest bidder, for cash,'tlhd follow
inig property-pnrchasers to pay 'for titles:
I mnul1 levied on as thme property Jnm4**
-McCall at thte suit of C. C. TIhanius.'.
1 negro levied o.1 as the property 'of C.
Wt. Lessesne at the suit of N. Crane,.
1 negro levied on as the property of Js
F. June at the suit of E. Barnes.
7 negroe levied on as the properly of'
[John A. Colclough at the suit of D. M.
Hlerriot,*to bsfmold at the risk of the former
1 mule eilg n the property -
IH. Johnson at I he'nit of J. P. Jarne.
dj NC.RA (8