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DEMOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERAThRE, AGRICULTURE SCIENCE AXD THE ART
JOHN S. RICLARE DSON, JS.. ( t lA Te 9, T S-$ iN A AN
VOL. VI. -- --SUMT'1ERVILLE, S. Cia,) AUGUST 9 85
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FIRST PRIZE TALE.
MIChA EL ALLSCOT;
'flE SNOT IN TIME.
A STORY OF MARION'S MEN.
BY J. W. ElVIN.
[CONTI'rED FROM I.AST Iss:e.]
Michael would fain have 'turned
aside to seek a shelter from the storm
in some of the scattered habitations
that lay by the roadside, for the hurri
.cane was now upon himl in all its fury
but his past experience had taught lhin
to act with cautios circunspeection in a
country where civil war had loosened
the bands of society, and set neighbor
against neigihor .in Ibitter -and exterm
.inating strife. 'Well known through
all that -portion of the country as an
.active- and uncompromising whig, he
was equally an object of terror and
bitter hatred to all who were enlisted
.against the independence of their coun
try. Fearing lest in seeking a shelter
rotrm the storm lie might unawa'res
ipltce himself in the power of the tories,
in wihose hands his fats would soon
.have been sealed, he hurried by dlwell.
iug after dwelling, preferring rather to
sulfer exposure to the elements than
to risk flling into the .huaL.f,blood v
muinded and unscrupulous men.
As the road, however, emerged from
'the forest into an open clearing of con
siderable extent, he.fienud.hiayself with
in a few rods of a 'house which lay up.
on his right, too dilapidated in appear
awe 'to -rorder it probable that lie
auiight there msheet wih .dangerous ad.
.versaries. Ulle rain too was nearly
-upon him, just as he reache d the nar
row lane which led down to.the build
ing. Hesitating only for a .moment,
the turned .his.harse'sihead.-ond ganioeia
,tp.to the house, turning his horse into
the shelter of an unoccupied stable, the
door of which opened into the lave.
Entering the gateway, where, half torn
from its hinges, the gate hung obstruct.
mng his way, with a few hasty strides
lie mounted the steps of the piazza that
tottered under -his tread, and rapped
Joudly at the door for admittance.
Every thing about the place wore a
deserted and cheerless .aspoet. 'T'he
.magnificent shade4roes, stood unprun.
ed and neglected, with their jagged
.boughs.descending within a few feet of
the ground ; the rank grass was allow.
.ed to cover the entire yard, and grew
uip even to the door steps, while here
.and there a refractory shutter, too rot
ten to be retatined by its hinges, was
kept im its place by a railcnr ,pole cut
,frormn the woods and placed as a prop
-agamlst it. T1he hand raiiing around
the piazza was partially gone, and the
,pillars which supported the roof werec
,nearly rotted away at the base. Al
athoughi the building wats as dilapidated
ad cheecrless as if it had .rEemainecd uan
.tenanted for a wholhe generation.
.His first summnons filiing to attract
'attention, Michael knocked mtore loud
ly than before, arid in a momenit after
a firmi ad masculine step was heard
a-.!vancing within the ap~artmlen t-thae
.door was thrown openi, and lie fotund
humself ftee to face with a tall, athletle
and powerful man of about forty years,
wvho invited inm to enter.
The furniitture of the room into wvhich
Michael was ushered was of the most
cvstly ad luxurious description. In.
dacd, considering the timie aind condi
tion of the country, it mnight have been
esteemed elegant~ and tasteful. itich
earpets of rare mltautheture yielded to
his treatd ats lhe passed along, anud pol
Ithed nmothiogonay tables, with i.ilfully
, em veid ar~tm chairs of oak, mae~t hisi view
on .avery side. A beautiful elock of.a.
itiost costly styho ticked tipoin the
in antelboa.ird, v.Lich was elegantly or
namttenitedJ ll, vases oft pure alabaster
Auid costly bI'joutric of' ex xjruiite work
tinrhip. No richly indeed was the
u ~rtaraent fu rnishaed, t hat M ichaiel
vouli d nota t:epress at glance of' surprise
und wroder, when lie comnpared the
.itemir of' the apauirtmenut with the
*:Lean :od~, diidaolted~ anneztranee o~f
the building from without. His e.
pression of wonder and astonishrnei
did not escape the observation of hi
host, whose smile, as he remarked ii
might have seemed to arise from grati
tied vanity, but for the expression o
scorn and bitterness by which it wa
Advanoing to a chair pointed out t<
hiu at the further side of the fireplace
Michael seated himself, while the indi
vidual who had admitted him into thi
house resumed his place at a table :
few feet distant, just in front of ti<
fireplace, and busied himself among ;
pile of papers which lay before him
with which he had been occupied be
faore the entrance of our hero.
But these two were not the only
tenants~of.the .room. Immediately be
fore ou-r hero, on the opposite side o
the hearth was a small, w-iry, red-head
ed, pug.nosed, ferrety li tle individual,
who from thu first moment of the .ex
trance of Michael, had fixed upon him
his diminutive gray eyes, with an im.
pudent wondering stare. His panta
loots, that seemed to shrink back in,
stinctively from any .kiud of intimacy
with the coarse and rude brogans that
encased his nether extremities, se
tightly encompassed his spindle shanks
that his ever having established him
self in then could not be accounted
for by any proces short of liquefhetion
or hydraulic pressure. For the scanti.
ness of his nether garment, however,
ample amends were made by the huge
proportions .of a large blue blanket
overcoat, that hung about his body
like a ship's sails around the mast in a
The other individual, who sat with
several papers scattered before him,
which he was arranging, as he hurriedly
glanced at thei.contents, was evidently
a man who had seen somewhat of the
world. Though not an ill-lookirg man,
his physiognomy was certainly not an
attracuto one. His ieavy browd, and
a certai siistrous expression in the
glance of .his eye, which seem; d to
shrink beneath the calml. quiet gaze of
our hero, caused him to regard himt
somewihat mnfavorable. lis eve fell
wlenever he .casually encountered the
glance of Michael. Our .hero (lid not
fail to remark that he started, and with
an exclamation ofsurprise .ganced t:as
tily and suspiciously towraris ;him., as
his comrade left his seat, and hurriedly
whispered .a few words in his ear. A
sense of insecurity and a presentiment
of danger began to steal over Michael,
for he was greatly apprehensive of
having fallen in with unserupulous to
ries, who were aware ofhis part in the
contest with the mother country.
Dissembling his uneasiness, however,
he manifested no symptom of distrust
Meantime the storm was raging in
all its fury. The old house rocked and
htatered in the gale as though its de.
eayi g .timbers were about , .vield to
the shock .f' the.temneist and be riven
', te storm.t
As wild as was the contention of the
elements, Michael felt that it would
have been far more prudent and safe
to have -eaeountered the .tornado upon
the highway than to ive placed him
self in a measure, in the powar .af'v.:c
reckless men, who might belong mo
that class of desperadoes, who under
the name of loyalty to a distant mon
arch, perpetrated the most revolting
and heinous crimes.
At the.thr,e uf-wibch we speak, therc
esated betweaen the whigs .and torie
the moat unsparing enmity. Thme lIood
of' war was shed ini peace v.'ith.oool and
hiend-liie .trocity; .and inhe doyalists
as they termed themselves, asked nc
other excuse for their deeds of blood
than that the victims of their sanguin
ary cruelty adhered to a political creet
diirercnt from their own, and wer
anima~ted by an unalterable devotioi
to their country's independence.
Michael already began to suspee
that the two individuals before hini
4>Aonged to that .treckless bamnd of ma
rauding tories that infested the coun
.try, and he well knew that if his sur
mnise provedl to be correct, his safet)
would depend upon his concealing f'ron
them the part lhe had taken in the
struggle for independence. Such hein1
his apprehensions, lie was determinc<
.to take advantage of' the lirst pause o
the stormni to withdraw from the shelte
of a roof which ollfered so precarious:
hospitality, amnd make his way at onei
to the end of' his journev, where i
rmght rest in safeity'.
"I Wel my friend; began .the bette
looking of' the two individuals, the~ust
mng is papers into .a drawer.,.atnd takiua
his seat .in front of the lire place, I so
you have not escaped without a we
jacket. Johminc in a social glass,.am
it~ will not lie the worse .ibr syou
health. ,Iere, Stoker, sot .out' .ou
ducouters and glasses upona tde sidi
Stoker hustled ab~out to perform th
bidding of his superior, louhking. kor al
the world in his immense blue ovei
coat like sonme dimciuttive dog emerg
ing froto undar a carnet. All thrnc
were soon standing by the side boars
t" with their glasses tilled.
s " I give you a .toast," said Michael':
, host, with a meaning and malicious
. smile, as .he raised his glass: " IIis
f greatest majesty King George the
T'.hird. Success to his banner where.
ever it is spr.ead."
Michael laid down his glass and
calmly regarded his host and zhis comn
panion, while they tossed .il' t he toast
Permit me now to give you e
I toast," said he, raising his glass from
the board, while his eye flashed with
pride. " George Washington, the
Continental Congress .and American
" That is a toast to wikich a freeman
can drain his cup!"
f Little Bill Stoker, almost petrified
with astonishment at the audacity of
our hero, looked from his companion
to Michael, and from Michael to his
companion, as .tihougl looking to
see the latter 'anihilato him for his
temerity. That individual, however,
so far from fulfilling the anticipations
of his subordinate, bit his lip with
mortification, and with an irresolute
air passed his hand over his beard, yet
at the same timne casting a side-I. ng
glance at the corner of tile alartinent
beyond MichaeJ, where a coupe of
rifles were leaning against the wa!.l.
The watchful eye of our hero at once
detected.the significancy of his glance.
" But iny friend," said his host,
averting his eye from his fixed and
steady gaze, " Do I understand that
you are not a friend to King (eorge?"
- Michacl's heart begain to beat thick
and fast. The name of that misguided
king had become odious and hateful
to every lover of his country, and our
hero, of an impulsive and weited
tempermniat, was not one to di.sem
ble his sentiments, especially , ,
.suiau di _,lation in 'olved a recanta
fto" ,.a' lu 1oiticad principles in the
i:u:aitenance of which he would have
suffered martyrdom. Sooner would
he-have torn his tongue from his mouth
than have given utterance to so de.
grading and hypocritical an avowal as
that of allegiance and respect for a
king against whaose power he had sworn
to do batt!e while the :breath of life.
was left him.
A- friend to liing George!" he
exclaimiied with .hoeest iudignation,
' Nay, God forbid that I should be the
tool of' so odion .aid di picahle a
tyrant. Look .aro.d you., and ne".
lected (afls, ruined .hones, and a vast
host of bheadia,. * eaanityrs .proclain his
tyranny. No, I an a fae to him and'
to his government; and Godl grant
that his contemptiblc.tlnd bloody tools
may w.eet .w.idl. -tha fate they so richly
" My good sir," answered his host,
" you suffer yourself to speak too
freely. Such language might not
pro.ve agreeable to every ecnspan'
into which chance might tthrow sy-ou.
" And what signaiies that ?" at;swer
ed Michael 'bluntly. "Think you I
an knave or poltroon enough to full
in with the humor of the hour, and
measure muy language to suit the .ears
of traitors and cravens. On my soul,
I akall ever speak as .1 think, even if
stcod I befsre lte tyrant George him.
" But have vou no fear of the failure
of your rebellion," asked the other,
reddening with irritation-".o viisions
of halters .in perspective to such of
you as the sword may spare?'
"Rebel lieu, sir.! do you talk to mae
of rebellion!" respondedi Miehael, while
aangry flash hegan to bairn upon his
cheek: "and who are you who presume
to brand our .holy resistance to tyran
ny with the nameo of rebellion?"
T 'he .eye of' the tory-for such lie
i.deed was-quailed before the firmi
and angry glance of Michael, and for a
imomnent he looked around at his comi
panion, hesitating andl doubtf'ul as to
the mnanner in which .he shond rpy
- " I mightLellh object to l'he-tone
admannter in whlich you demanad my
name," an swereud t he other, shif'tiug,
as ifeasually, his position. so as to
;place himself betweena Michael and
that corner of' the apartment where
the firearms stood, " hut, since you
r apear Lrgenit .for a moire initimiate
Sacquaintancee., .kntw that mny name is
Robert JIlarrison. Nay, you neced not
introduce yourself," lie continmed,
observing .our 'hero to stai:t at the
r ,emoitioni of' ,his nauie, and wishaing if
-ps-beto ,iitimidate haimi by f'ollowv
; iing up) urae iurpr~ise with .anothe'
a " you ineednaa radweae y ourself'ou
t are already weLl. tnowa i~o ,ws .as .Mi
il chael Allseatt, ithe aieb&el fedoecr ,of .a
r .relbel .camip, now by .a iLueky' schane
r tjhutowua in to tie thands .of' those avho.
av.iilddial wyith you .ais a .ta:aitor.!"
h~ittle JBil.h Stoker was *oeercomen
a with joy .at tthie surpriae whl~iah thec
I tory leader, Harrdison, Ilhad -prepared
.for Michael, :andl saming to anticipate
-.that he would fall upon his knees to
e jead for his life, in ihe eactrmiy a
bodily terror, he clapped his hand:
gleefully and shouted aloud witi
Michael was indeed, in sailor phrase
taken aback,.and astounded at findine
himself thus unexpectedly in the pow
or of a merciless and malignant foe
whose savage deeds had made his
namZ(e a by.word of cruelty among botl
friends and foes; but as swift as light
ning, and before his intention coul
have been suspected, he seized .upon r
hair which fortunatelv stond within
his rear h, and dealing his lighting
like blows -to the right and left, laid
the panic-stricken tories stunded .and
prostrate at his feet. Then rushing
from the house, he mounted this horse
was firmly seated .in his saddle and
far beyond ,t,'e reach (if pursuit before
his disconitted f.ies had recovered
from his stunninr blows sfitleiintly to
follow in pursuit.
Up, Bill, and to your horse!"
gasp'ed [Hars ison, in a voice hoarse
with rage so soon as lie had regained
his feet. " As I live the rebel shall
hang for this. thou-gh :! doll.w him to
the ends.cf the ear th !"
As great as was the rage of the tory
lead er, a.d as sharp as was the spur of
anger, it was nevertheless already deep
twilight when with his eoniederate
in guilt he sat out in pursuit of our
hero. lie had determtined upon col.
lscti:g to aid him in the pursuit and
capture all of the tory parry who were
in his i inmediate neighborhood.
" By the Gods of Olympus, lie shall
not excape me," hissed 'Han son
betw.een his closed teeth, as he meount
ed his horse. -" I know full well the
rebel's haunts, and before midnight he
shall be dragged from his bed and
swing for this."
A deela gash hiad been inflicted upon
the cheek of the tory by. the sudden
blow of our hero; the blood had
flowed Irna s"nm thie wound, and
the bandages in eli a ti ...
enveloped were stained with his blood.
Impetuous and bitteily i indictive, the
angry passions of IIarrison raged in
his breast like the flammies of a volclano.
lie had vowed revenge, and he was
not a man to be appeased until lie
had compassed it.
With his renegade flollotwer lie put
foot in s tirrup, consumed with :a tlhrist
for vengeance, andi soon the old crazy
building, the scene of their late dis
comiture, was left behind thetn cheer
less andil uttenaitted.
[TO iE co TtNM'E1.
From the Ken'ee Courier.
To the StocIkholders of time
Blue Midge R. R. Conapasay.
''he Directors of' the ltlue Ridge
Rail Rload C otupany have respectfully
.t .::eport, that since the tmeetinig held
in this place, their lahirs have chiefvly
been deveaoted to the or::iriationi of
the several Comnpauies that were essen
tial, in pnetion with this, to 'otuplete
the great chain of l.fail ioads to con
iect, through this portion of the coun.
try, ithe wtters ofti;e great West with
those of the Atlantic. At the session
of the Legislatrre of South Carolina
imtmeldiately folloawing the rgnmiza
titit of' this company, a nl~Cimeiotri was
presented, asking a c'harter aul the:.aid
of the State for t li Ro al!d f'rom An.
derson C. 11. to.comtect with the filue
Ridge lRail toad at its southern terni
nus, atid the J)irectors are gratilied in
stating that the .euatr was promiptl v
granted and aid furni.nlhed by anl agree
tumt m n the part of the State to en
dorse the bonds of' the Comp jany to the
extent of *1,250,000 oni certain conidi.
IThe (Cily Corporation of the Cit v (if
Chatrlestona was also memitorialized atad
ont ref'er'ence of the subjec't'to thepe
ple, a subsceiption ont tae pairt uf the
Coirporation was made utf$500,000 to
the Blite I ridge flail idoad Comp jany
in South Caril~ina, and *540,000 to th~e
lihie lRidge k.iaji Road Cotmpany, or
in other words it was agreed on the
piartof' the C.orpration to assumie the
stock which had *Leen subscribied by a
few of-its citizens to secure the c'har
ter. Soon after this period, say in the
mol~nthi of .J uhy last a contract was
made with Messrs Bangs & Co., of t he
State of' New York, for the construe'
tion and eqipmtent of' the ent ire liie
of I ail Road from Anuderson C. II. to
the State line oif'Tennetsseec ; the I [ott.
\V. Hi. Tlhomnas (under authoeity to
himt as l'residetnt) aeting for the Tfet
neLsseej kiver' , ail Hload Ciimpany,
augreemng to utn.'e his company with
the C'ompany in South Carolina anid t~e
place the const ruction oif the road un
d~er the contract muade with Messrs
Ihangs & Co .
.he contractors have agreed to ro
civ'e in paymlen~t foi' the construction
and egu i tel the several toads one
half' ini ctsh ani I lie otherm ini the bonds
andi stock of' the seve'ral comupimies
nnited ini equal auuts of onec fourtI
each. It was f'hrthter agreed that the
work should lie conuineniced on the 1si
day of Novomuber last, but this timei
was, by, agreement, extended to thb
1st day of January, 1854.
S The Legislatufe of South Carolinm
Was again memorialized for 'farther
aid at its session in November, with a
view ofobtaining a subsoription on the
part of the State in addition to its en
dorsement of the Company's bonds as
before granted. The bill introduced
for this purpose passed the Senate, but
idiled in the House.
The hopes and expectations of the
Board of Directors., .however, were,
and are by no mneans dampened by
this :disappuintmcent, as taer.e were
causes whidh contributed to this result
which.they are assured will not exist
again.; and it must not be it>ferred that
the vote in the .popular branch of the
Legislature .is .conclusive that the peo.
ple of Sauth Carolina are opposed to
legislative aid to this great esterprise,
in some more substanstial formi than
thd endorsement of the Company's
bonds. 'here were several projects
opposed to us the last session, which
it is beleived will not oppose us again.
Many thought that we iaould enter
more thoroughly on our work, and
make more progress before asking fur
further agisiative aid, and others that
our surveys and estimates were too
g.eeral, and not sufliciently minute
and in detail to judge satkfiactorily of,
the cost of the road.
As the entire line in Sontii Carolina
is now under Ocntract, except the Tun
nel at the Stumjp lonse Mountain
and as this as well as the entire route
through Georgia, will also be under
contract in a few days, this objection
will soon be removed ; and, in r elation
to the last, the entire line being finally
located between Anderson and Frank
lin (excejt a small portion adja'ent to
Clayton ':pt .in abeyance wit'h a view
to consult the .interests .and wishes of
(ifthe route through North Carolina
and Tennessee to Knoxville, (the
Kinoxville and Charleston Rail Road
having also bheen brought into union
...t ". . t... I manntine- nnd. ufndno.,
the contract with Messrs Bangs & Co.,)
will be finally located also in the next
ten weeks ; and moreover as the stir.
veys and estimated through South Car
olina and Georgia. (where the most
dillicult portions of the work are locai
ted) have had the confirmation of B.
11. Latrobe, Esq., the distinguished
Engimeer of the laltimore and Ohio
Ilail Road, this objection will also be
The Directors, therefoie, feel war
ranted in the opinion that the leading
objections to a State subscription be
ing reioved, the Legislature of South
Carolina will no longer withhold its
liberal and decided aid to an enterprise
so imuportalit to every interest in Lte
State, and to her future we.lfare and
position in the Uniont.
In the final location, the length of
the Road through South Carolina has
been reduced 4w- 5 .12 miles, through
Georgia to 17 1.2 mtiles. throu_ I
North Carolina to 2 1 miles, and the
estimates are brought within those
founded on the endrier surveys.
The firs' ' i miles from Knoxville
have been tound on actual surveys to
be much inure ihvurable than was cx
pet.ed, but the inore diflicult portions
of this Road have nout yet been reach.
As the Blue Ridge Rail Road is
only one of a chain of Vail Roads that
is destined to unite the svallies of tke
tihio and Misissij pi with the Atlan
tic seaboard, it, will not be out of
placie here to sta~te that charters have
beenl obtaiined in Kentucky and T1en
nessee to complete the connection
betwet~n .Enuoxville and Lexington or
Piaris, froim which latter peinits rail
roads are already in the Course of con.
struction to Cincinnati and Louisville.
TVhat portion of the line in 'Tennessee
having received the most liberal legis
ive aid, will, it is unaderstood, be v'ery
soon put undler contract, and the b~est
assurances arc ziven tha~t funds will
not be wanting to construct the line
(some 80 miles) through Kentucky.
Tnhe organization of the companies,
andl the certain cormpletiuon of.he ro:6,
ren Ier the several lines knowan as the
Blute l ridge Road a matter of necessity,
which nothing but the most short
sighted ignorance- can now defeat.
liringing, as they wijl., not .only the
interior of South Caroliua -and .her sea
board, but, a large portion of Geogrgia
and Savaninahi nearer to Cincinnati and
Louisville, thain these great centres of
commerce are to any other city on the
Atlaiitic, and passing through a miner
al region of unitold wealth~gnd extent,
the busintesa .ofthis road cannot fatil to
be otherwise tban large beyond any
calculation of limiit, as the other great
trunk liues that, have scaled the mioun
talus here already proved.
WVith these prospects, therefore, to
the Road itself, and looking to the
vast and inealculable benefit which it
must confeir on all the States through
which it will pass, not only in our day,
but, mnuch more so in the future, it is
an enterprise not onjy of choice, but of
neccessity, dematmles by the wajits, the
genius,,theo enteatpiee d the pit lof
oour peoplde, a ti d't a N~lto dcsr.
ity as to our own honor.
Let every man, therefore, contribute
to its support by his unceasing effbrts
-by aid to the extent.rfhis mneans,
and by his sympathy. And those to
whom you have entrusted the manage
ment of this great and magnificent
enterprise will, before many years, be
enabled to -congratulate you on its
triumphant achievement, as they do
now on its auspicious coinmnencement
President Blue Ridge RM! Road Co.
For the Iot.rd of Directors.
Aimericatn Younag M en.
Our history presents many remark
able instances ofyoung Armerican men
taking prominent parts and occupying
coimanding positions at an early age,
that would be thought in other coun.
tries too young. We give a few ex
amples 'from the list of those who
have taken an active part in our Wsto
At the age of 29, Mr. Jefferson was
an influential imember of the Legisla
ture of Virginia. At 30 he was a
member of the Virginia Convention ;
at 32 a member of the Continental
Congress ; and at .33 he wrote the Dec
laration of Indipendence.
Alexander IIainilton was only 20
years of' age when he was appointed a
Lieut. Col. in the Army of the Revo
lutio, and Aidde Camp to Washing
ton. At 2 , he was a member of the
Continental Congress; at 31 he was
one of the ablest memliers of the Con
ventiui which framed the Constitution
of the Unkited States; -at 32 he was
Secretary of the Treasury, and organ
ized the branch of the government up.
on so complete and comprehensive a
fii that sio geiat chunge or improve
mient has since been made upon it.
John Jay, at 4) years old, was a
member of the Contiiental Congress
and wrote an address to the people of
G eat UritWn, -mWidhwvas justly regq .
ed as one of the most eloquens pr .
tions of the tins. At 31 lie preparedi
the Constitution .of bte Sate of New'
York, and in the same year was appoin.
ted Chief Justice of the State.
Wfashrigtat> :.a ;7 years of ano
when he eovered the retreat of tine
iritish troops at Biraddcl's defeat and
the same year was honored by an ap
pomitment as Comm inanrder-&ud.:hicf of
the Virginia .forces.
J osephdi Warren was '2 4'ears of age
wlhe% die delivered the me'morable ad.
der.ess .on the 5t'h of March, which
aroused the spirit of patriotism and
liberty in the section of country in
which he resided ; and at 34 he glori
ously fell in the .cause of recdomii on
Fisher Ames, at the age.of 2'7, had
excited public attention by the .ability
he displayed in the discussion uf.the
questions of public ihteSest. At the
age of 30, his masterly Apeeches in de
fence of the Consti.tution -ofthe United
States, had exented gr.eat influence, so
that the youthful orator of 31 was
elected .to Congress f'rom the suflilk
District, Mass., over the revolutionarv
hero, Samuel Adams.
J.eseph Story entered public life at
the age of 26; he was elected to Con'
gress from the Essex District when lie
was 29 ; was the speaker of Mass:.chu.
setts I louse of' Representatives at 32,
and the same year was appointed by
President Madison a Judge of' the Su
preme Court ol'the United States.
D~e Witt.':lintoni eintered public life
at 28; I Ieniry Clay at 26. Th'le most
youthful oigner' of' the Declaration of'
Independence was William I looper, of'
North Caroliina, whose age wtas but 2..
Ofl thme other signers of' the D~elaration,
Thomas Ilay wood, of South Carolina,
waush 30; l bridge Gerry, lenjanmin
RsJamies WVilson, and Matthewv
Thornton wtere 3 1; Arthur Middleton
and Tshomias Stone were 33.
Jt~ will be oibserved that we have
conined our ilthistrations to persons
under 25 y'ears of age, and hav'e only
alluded to .those .with national zegnula
Origint ofthea Namesc~ ofthe
Thie New York Suiiday Times, at
conidei~r~ahle t roiiul, has collected the
tbllowisg ikl$brmnationi relative to the
derivations of' the-.uamues of the States:
Maine was IGrat calledl Marvooshien,
but, about 168 look the name it
now bears fr'om MIaine, a province in
the west of Fr'ance. Thei name is
originally derived fiom the Coniofiun
nii, au ancient Gallie people. New
hiamshiiro was .the name given to the
territory granted .by the Plymouth
Company to Capt. Johun Mason by
patent, in 1639, and w'as .der'ived from
the patentee, who was Governor .of'
P'ortsmnoutib in Hlamshire, England.
Vermont is from verd, green, and
mont, mountain. Massachusetts was
named~fr'om a tribe of' ludianssin the
v icinity .qi 40oston. go'ger~ Williams
-sa~ys- the':vord signinesa ilue-hfls,
Rhode Island was so called -inr' 144
bp di tionto l.be'is1adeof Rhodos lii
tie Meditetrannan. Ne or ....
nio wed it, hosn-or l i, Duke of , a
to whoms this territory was granted.
Pennsylvania was called after Win.
Penn. In 1664, the Ihnke -of York
made a grant of what is now the
State of New Jersey, to Lord Berkley
and Sir George Cartaret. and it re
ceived its mane in compliment to the
latter who had been Governor of the
Island of Jersey. Delaware was so
called in 1002, :after Lord Dc La
Ware. Maryland was named in hon
or of Ilenrietba Mari-A, Qe .,f
Charles 1., in -his patent to Lord Ai.
more, June, 3, 11-032. Virginia was
called after the virgin Queen of En.
gland, Elizabeth. The Carolinas were
named by the French, in honor of ..:
Charles IX , of France. Georgia was
called in 1692, after George I.-.
Louiiana was named after Louisg
XIV., of France. Florida received'<,
its name from Ponce De Leon, in
1512, while on his voyage in search
of the fountain ofy.outh. le discov
ered it on Easter Sunday-in Spanish
Pascue Florida. The 3tate .of Ala.
bama, Mississip'pi, Tenessse, Ken
tucky, llinois, Indiana, Ohio, Arkan
sas, aned Missouri, are all named from
their .prineipal i ivers, and the nlamles
are -of Indian origin, excepting, per.
haps, Kentucky-and their meanings
involved in some obscurity. Tennes
see is said to signify a curved spoon;
Illinois, the iiver of Men ; Mississip;
pi, the W hole River, or a river formed
by the union of many. Michigan was -
named from the Lake on its borders
Iowa is an Indian name:.also, Texas-- ;1
signifying beauitflul. California wa -
thus named by the Spaniards at a very
T";: yo MOTHER.-Some one;
writing for the "Masonic Mirror," had
drawn a charming picture of a; home- i
loving, child-loving mother
"We must draw.a line, aye, broad
Jine, between her~and- the-fi ;olous
ball to .opera .and )arty', decked fenric
robes, and followed by a train -as hol
low and heartless.as herself. She who,
forgetful of the hody .task assigned her,
neglects those who have been Eiven in
her obarge,sand leaves them to the c:,e
of hirelings, while she pursues her gi
dy round of' amuse. .ents.
" Not so our Aoiw,-mother ! 1 lessn
t;e on her head. The heat t wars .
see her in her daily routine of pi as..a
duties. How patienly she sit-, day
after day, shaping and sewing somn :'
tides of use or adonrnmnt for i,
little flock ! And hw n..
pleased is each l t le reel,,.
kindness ! how tUe little Lce w t,,
with pleasure, and the bright ty
grow still brighter, as m'~atm',sa& 4 s,.
them with her own ha.d:,. is the newC
dress she has made ! hI'.w musi
warmer and more combnfortabwj - ..
ifeel' if matnrta wris ..~ ,term up oc-1,:
they go to school ! .o one but h,
can warm the mitts and overshoes. or
Lie the-comtorters arund the ne-k.
" There is a pec'uiih. charts aIist.
all sAi. does, the precious rmot her.
They could not sleep, nay, for that
matter, she could not, if she failed to
visit their chamber, and, with her own
soft hand, arrange .thew -comtortabt
before she sleeps ! Her heart thrills
with grattitude to her Creator, as she
looks on those sweet blooming faces, '
and, when their prayers are done, im
primts a good night kiss on each rosy
little mouth. It may be, too, a tear
will start for one little nestling, laid
in its chill niars ow bed, for whom her
nmaternal care is no los ger needed. It
sleeps, thouigh thme sleet and snow do.
scend, and the wild winter winds howl
around its head, It needs no longer
her tender care ! A mightier arm en
folds it! it is atrest! She feels and
knows that it is right, and bends week
ly to the hand that sped the shaft,.and
turns with a warmer los;e, i be paos
sible, .to those little ones who are left
for her -to love. How tenderly she
guards them fronm every danger, .and
.with wvhat a strong, un tiring love, ahe
watches by their bed-side when they
are ill.! Blessings be on the gentle,
loving home-mnother. Angels must
look with love upon her acts. Her
children shall rise up and called her
blessed, and the memory of her kind
y d eeds will enfold her as a garment;"
Srnaa Mo.Mnas.--S~paro moments
are the gold-dust, of time ; and Young
wvas .wnrt.mng a tr~.e as well as a atiilli.eg
line, -wienlhe .taughit that "sands make
the mountaiu,:and moments make~ the
year." Ofall .the portions of our life,
the spare muinautes are the most fruitful
in 2ood .or sewiit Tlieyr are the gaps
through which temptations find the
easiest access to the garden of the souL.
Though it enmay have a hard pillow4
ye~t it is only sin tht can plant a tho rn
mnat ; and even thouigh it may 'be hard
anid lonely, yet we hriay have a eweet
sleep,' and glorious visions -upon it.-.
Itsawhen Jacob was lyi pon a
~st* ?orW pino~w, tbat he ha3glorious
visions of a ladder reaching to ahe.