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trial millions? Must they forever con.
-ito live- flr below the level of
ai -uppiness, under the strongest
epftalimitiot to t-eek the transient
d -.! pleasures of* alcohol, opium,
I do not think it necesmry to wait
for the muillenlun of.ocial reorganiza.
*tionl, to solve this problem. Mainust.
ml will have his stimulnts, to ustuin
his higher powers. We suust deter.
tuine whether those stimulants shall
he iinrcItiec atd destructive, or nour
jahing, moral and healthful,
Here, then, - is the cliinax of our
reasoning:-man has an inhereit and
indestructible love of stimulation, and
le'iust ttiid that stimulation either
in the poison that destroys him, or in
the moral that elevates his life. Ten
perance societies, then, must be roused
to a new and higher view of their
duties. It is not suflicient merely to
arrest the sale of alcohol, even if we
Could also suppress the use of opium
and tobacco, which we cannot. That
which temperance societies have, thus
far, attempled, is but one half their
work. Before destructive temperance
has fulfiled its mission, I demand that
constructive t erance shall comlie in
to finish the task. I demand social
institutions, which shall give to the
entire community, that healthfil and
delight'ful moral and intellectual stim
ulation, which shall supercede the de.
mand for the grog-sho., and which
may not only be erected on the ruins
of the demolished drinking-house, but
maLy be introduced at once into our
coiImunitietis, where the grog-shop is
flourishlihg, and gradually withdraw
people from the den of vice, to more
fascinating resorts, where the spiritual
nitiatre shial I be refreshed, and streiigth
eied, and the appetite for low indul
gences destr.-yed, by substituting that
which is high and holy.
THE SUM ER BAINNER.i
J. S. RICH ARDSON, Ja.
JOHN R. LOGAN, Entons.
WEDNESDAY, SEPT., 27, 1854.
Ur V. W. WALKER, Jun., Esgr., is our
duly nplointed agent in Columbia, S. C.,
to receive and receipt for all suims due
the Sumter llannr.
. Persons wvishing- to see us uptont
busines connected wit i the Paper or Law,
can find us at any hour during the day,
except from four to live in the aflernoon,
at our office, just back of Szoo.voss' New
Store. All business connected with the
paper must be transacted with Wu.Ltam
LEWIS, JOHN S. RICHAnDSON, jr.. or R. C.
LocA. Mr. 1t. C. LoGAN, the Forematt
of Banner Ollice, is our only authorised
Agent to receive money antid give receipts
for the same, and may aiways be found at
the Banner Office. All letters addremsed
to the. Baun wr nmait hip propmid tv inbure
lealthi of Sumnterville.
1 sic reputation hor health, which our
tovn has always enjoyed is without
blot or blemish and it is a rare thing
to hear of'a caset of sickness of anay
kind within our corporate limits.
Physicians have plenty of leisure. The
case of yellow fever reported as having
art ived froim Charleston may be seen
walking the streets with a hearty glow
upon the cheek and a pleasant smile,
ready for " custom and orders."
The depot of the Wilmington and
Matnchester ears, is during these leis
ure months the terminus of a daily
walk for all those fond of exercise, or
meeting the great thoroughfare of tra.
vel between North and South. In
common with others wve have noticed
the improvemencts going on in this part.
of thme town, wvhich was a year ago onily
an old field, now a thriving portion of
an itmprovitng country towna. To the
industry and enterprise of Capt.
MIrenELL of the " .IIarllce hlouse "
much credit is due for his public spirit.
in planting trees and otheci wise clearing
and beautifying the new~ street. Mr,
T. J. CoontLAN and his sledge hammer
have also accomplished much and
mean, to do mnore-vide the three ad.
vertisements in this week's pa per. It
*is always comrridered an evidee of
prosperity and s- gacity to see a iman
ad vertising and publishing his business
to the world and if indlustry and atten
tion to orders present any claim for
public patronage we think our friend
CoomILAJ stands a good chance of mak
ing sone few lumps of gold, even
though they be hammered out of firon
and ground in the " mill " or mauy be
caught on a " lightning rod."
Antother Palmetto Gone.
We rnegret to learn that Mr. .J.
WVarra who served in the Rlichland
Company of the Palmetto Regiment,
died in Columbia on Sunday last.
'Thus one by one the members of
that Spartan band are slowly marching
to the grave ; and ere many years are
gone all of their numaber will have
finished the last fight and " conquered
the last enemy which is Death."
Though no cenotaph be erected to
* omnmemorate their glorious actions
and noble deeds, yet they will'not be
" Tuer lire in fmne ftongli vln fn ln
In th. published report of the Board
of Health for Charleston, we notice no
marked change in the number of deaths
from Yellow Fever, which average
still from 18 to 20 deaths daily.
In Savainuah the sulffering and deso.
lation is very great- the ravagis of the
fever contiugue without diminution.
The call for aid fur Savannah has beei
nobly responded to by her sister cities.
The Howard Association of New Or
leans has sent the Mayor $1,000. The
Mayor ot Mobile propoes to send two
physicians to Savannah, which offer
the Mayor pro. tem. has acecpted by
Froin September 2d to the 18th,
$20,123.90 had been received by the
Mapor pro. tem. for the relief of the
In Augusta a perfect panic has been
created froi the breaking out of the
Yellow Fever in that place and all
business is suspended. The only
Augusta paper which has been received
coitains the following notice, which
may give some idea of the stampede:
" TimAUGUSTA 'OST OFFICE.--Wre
have been requested to state that the
clerks in the post, ollice in this city
having left, it is very dillicult to get,
help enough to distribute the mails.
If our Subscribers in the country should
fail to receive their iapers regularly
they will attribute it to this cause."
Late dates from Texas state that
that the yellow fever still prevails at
Galveston, and, on the 8th and 9th
inst., there were 20 deaths.
The Cholera still continues its rava
gesin the smaller towns of the North
Columbia and Wilmington continue
free fromn the epidemics, the few cases
brought to those cities from Charleston
have terminated frvorably.
Report on1 Wheat.
The Committee on Wheat, of the
Newberry Agriciltural Society reports
that for seed it is generally admitted
that early varieties are the best, and
of the dilli-ent early varieties, the
led Spring Wheat ia to be prelerred.
In seeding icas, thu land should be
broken up, deep and close-the deeper
the better. The ground should be
drawn oif in lands twelve feet wide
across the way it was ploughed ; and if
not sulliciengtlV rich. it, should be nade
so, by gi'ving it a liberal coat ofcotton
seed, guano or stable manure. The
business of seeding should be compie
ted by the twelfth of November. The
euna sbould he well soaked, for twelve
hours, in a strong solution of bluestone
-one pound of bluestone is enough
for five bushels of wheat. Froim one
to two bushels of wheat should be
sown per acre ; the quantity to be re
gulated by the lanid ; the richer, and
the better pirepared the land is, the
more seed is required. It should be
ploughed in with a long narrow plough.
The land then should be rolled, or
brushed, to level it-and the operation
will be complete. The piropier time
for harvesting for flour is as soon as
the grain passes out of the milk state
The straw is theni of a golden color.
But, if intended for seed, or to be kept
any length of time, the grain should
b~e perfectly ripe. It is muore profitable
to sell it in thu graini than to grind it,
especially wheni it. is worth from onae
dollar twelve and a half 'cents to one
dollar thiirty-seven andl a half cents
pier bushel, with thme average pirice of
hlour at six dollatrs.
News of'thei W1eek.
It is w hispered (and we hrop it wilt go
oux no further) that thre young }$mnpress of
Austria is in that interesting situ ation
'wheni comning events cast their shaduws
General Cass recently made a speech
before somie of his constit uent~s in which
he s'd the more the Nebraska ill was
st ifrired, the bt ter and bnrighter it would
appear, The bill had beenm strongly de.
nou nced, but the principle it contained was
right. 11 was true, the Northern senti.
mnent was opposed to slavery-it wias nat.
ural that it should be. lie was opposed
to -t, and haid said in the Senate that it was
a political evil, and many other tt.ings,
greatly to the displeasure of the South,
and would stick to it under all circumns'an
ces, but yet, search the constitution, from
one end to the other, and there is not a
wvord of authority to touch, or interfere
with, the subject of slavery in any shape.
The Wilmington Journal informs us
that tihe destruction of the Rice crop on
the Cape Fear River, by the recent gale
is comparitively small.
John L. Taylor, whig member of Con.
gress from the 10th district in Ohio, who
voted against thme Nebraska hill, has been
defeated by his own pairty ini his own town
where the delegates to the cngressional
convenition were instructedl to vote for the
nominmationu of Mr. Nanh, eI Gallia ! Cause:
his consistent high-toned oJposition to
T1he New-Orleans riots have entirely
ceased. John Kane, one of the men sup.
posed to have been killed, has since been
found, Hie was elbot four times, but may
reenver 'rom his wound..
An attempt was nade at Augusta on
Monday evening last, to set fire to the
Catholic Parsonage there.
The Savannah papers announce the
death of the Right RWv. Francis Xavier
Gartland, Roman Catholic Bishop of the
Diocese of Georgia, who died at the resi
dence of M. Pendergrast, in that city, on
Wednesday morning at half-yast 11
o'clock, of yellow fever.
The democrats have carried Arkansas
by a large majority. Messrs. Rusk and
Greenwood (democrats) are elected to
Congress, and the Legislature stands on
joint ballot-democrats 75, whigs 25.
Attorney General Cushing is preparing
to test the constitutionality of the Fueri
tive Slave law in the Supreme Court of
Wisconsin. % hich pronounced the law utn
The Gaca of Costa Rica calculates
the destruction of locusts in that country
in consequence of the measures dictated
by the Government, at 1.50,400,000 insects.
Up to the 24th of July, 3,000 sacks of the
insects, weighing each 60 pounds, had
been presented for the purpose of obtain
ing the bounty ofTercd by the Government
for their destruction.
The government of Greece has forward
ed to Washiiigton a block of marble taken
from the Parthenon. in order "that it may
serve to adorn. however humbly, the
monument destined to perpetuate the re
nemnbrance of the great founder of the
The Marion Star says that the bridge of
the Wilmington and Manchester Rail
Road, over the Pee Dee is in a near state
of completion. The cylanders have been
flnished some time, andI there remains but
one stran of the superstructure to be
completed, which it is expected will be
done by the 15th of October, and be ready
for the passage of the traiis.
Accounts from Boston of 19th, state
that the delegates thus far elected to the
Democratic Convention are generally fa
vorable to the administratlon.
A State Internal Improvement Conven
tion is to be held at Salisbury, North Car
ulina, on the Id day of November next,
to devise some general plan for improving
the State by railroads.
The corn crop in Chickasaw county
Miss., is represented as being the largest
ever raised there, and is selling at 20 to 25
cents a bushel.
The Carolinian states that Columbia
was i.ever in a better conditiou of entire
health than at this season.
The last Marion Star has one hundred
and eleven tracts of land advertised at
sherdff"s sale. The advertisement occu
pies nearly two columns of its pages.
That some persons in -Canada begin to
loo- upon Inc mlux of fugitive slaves m
that country as an evil may be inferred
from a motion made in the Canadian Lg -
islature, that the same capitation tax now
imposed on all strangers entering the
Irovince, be enacted in future frmun black
There was a sharp frost in somne parts
of New Ilampshire and Maine on the 11th
inst., which hats put a stop, it is stated, to
the growth of vines, tomnatos, and tender
Upwards of four thousand iommigrants
arrived at New York en Saturday last.
Mr. John S. Richardson ano old and res
pected citizen of Greenv'ille District, is
announced in the Mfounataineer as having
died last wveek, aged 7.5 years
The Town Council or Columbia have
forwarded five hundred dollars to Savannah
for the relief of thme sufferinig.
At an election held on the 18th inst.,
for Intenidant and six \Var ens, to serve
in,the Townw of WVatterLboroughm, the follow
ing was thme result ;
Imuendcat.-H~on. M. Fi. Carn.
W~ardenas --Ca rios Tracy, Esq., Major
Cha:rles Warley. Dr. Emaunl. Witsell, Col.
1L. T1. Witsell, Dr. Thos.o Lining, Rt. 11
AN ASTOUNDING REcoRD FOR A MAINE.
LAWt C'Tv.-TIhe police report of the
Boston Courier of Tuesday appears as
"Sixty-four stnnpfe drunkards, . four
cotmmion drunkards, seven assaulters, tetn
Card-players oni the Lord's day, three
rescuers, fourteeni rioters, one store
breaker, one hotel aund ,,two petty
thieves were tried in the police court yes
terday. The entire party figuro up onte
htundredl and six strong, andi were as dirty
a looking crew as oneo wouh'~ wish to see.
int Fort WVayne, Indiana, at a late elec
tion for city clerk, the Know--Nothing cani
didate was defeated by a large majority.
The Democracy triumphmed in Berkely
county, Virginia, at a special election for
sherift, the Democratic candtdato was
elected over a regular Know-Nothing can
didate. And so it will be says thte Na
tional Democrat, for it isi now believed
that the Knmow-Nothingistm is only a Whig
A tmass meeting was held at Washitng
tont, D). C., on Tuesday evening, inmopposi
'imp to the Ktnow Nothings. When the
vote was taken on the resolutions, thme
negtive seemed to prep~ondmerate largely.
Col. T'. B. Florence, of P'hiladelphia, was
introduced to the meeting, and endeavored
to get a hearing, but was ht.oted dowtn.
Thme Carolintian has published a letter
from Col. F. WV. Pickens, addressed to
Col. Orr, coming out warmly in favor of
givIng the election of Presidetnt and Vice
Presidnt to te~ peomle
Written fo the Sumer athiner.
An Incident of Real Life
at Cape May.
Among the beauties congregated at
Cape May this summer none surpassed
Miss E- of Boston. Possessing
a splendid forin, a lovely. face, and
what some value above all things else
afortune she soon became the "belle
of the bay-" Admirers, and would
be lovers flocked around her from
morning to "dewy eve"; and happy
was the one she favored with a prome
nade, a ride on the sandy beach or a
walk by mnconlight. Acknowledged
as the "Queen of Hearts" she ruled
with undisputed sway over all.
But no mortal is perfect, and Miss
E so beautiful and wealthy, was un
fortunately, the proudest of the proud.
Her father a worthy old gentleman of
s!xty-hid been for many.years enga
ged in the grocery business and by
care and laboiw accumulated a fortune,
which Miss E-his only child would
eventually possess. He had expostu
lated with her ofon on her "high"
notions, but a toss of the head or a
curl of the lip would be her only re
ply. And the old moan loving his
daughter with no common atIection
soon ceased to notice the many airs
and conceits she would assumc. 3ut
in these, as well as in past, times,
"pride coneth before a fall."
* * * * *
One morning, the name of Fitz
Jameq Perry Esq. was found on the
list of "arrivals." Who lie was and
whence he came no one knew. Sup.
pertine came and by mere accident of
course, Miss E obtained a seat near
that distinguished stranger and "great
unknown." She was at first sight
struck with the appearance ofMr. Per
ry. A pleasing countenance, intelli
gent features, a heavy mnoustache and
above all an avowed coratermpt for the
crowd-the ignobile vulgus-iiduced
Miss E to have him added to her
already numerous list of beaux. lie
soon became a favored one-out shin.
ing, as the boys say, every other ri
val. No one was permitted to dance
so often, to promenade or drive so
frequently with Miss E as the gentle
man from Europe-by which cogno
V.:#~ I'- L. ..
.e'..itz Jae Perry was non
For him, no cotorie was sulliciently se
lect or distingue to suit a gentleman
of his birth and fortune.
Miss E and others often noticed
that Fitz'Jamesg rerry :M:q. IV, es
immediately after dinner and supper
and could not make his appearance
for some time. The Landlord, au jol
ly an old fellow as ever lived, for somie
cause or other frequently smiled when
F. J1. P's name was mntioned.
What did these things mean '? As re
gards the first, F. J. P. assured Miss
E "it was his custom nowv, as when lie
lived ini his father's castle on the
Thames to spend one or two hours
daily in the great work of writing his
autobiography. " This explanation
allayed all apprehensions and every
one awaited with impatience the
publication of such a great work. Our
Landlord, the old scamp ! still contin
ued to smile and oftentimes to grin,
when sonme romantic incident or thril
ling adventure of F. J. P's was re
counted in his hearing. T1hus went
Miss E's fo ther being daily expected
from Boston in the comach which re-ach
ed New York at 5 o'clock in the
morning, that young lady was up) amnd
dressed waiting for his arrival. lIeI
did not conme that morning but Miss
E. concluded to take a walk alone to
the sea-shore to watch the ocean surges
and see the billows leap. There she
remainmed until Sol had riseui, Retui.
ning she found a number of gentlemen
in the front piazza of the hotel and
accordingly- was passing through the
back yard, when oh ! " horror of
horrors " what fell uipon her astonished
itz James Perry Esqj., clotched in
a ragged suit and protected by a coarse
aproni and wollen gloves was cleaning,
k-nirecs for bireaAfasl ! That was his
"great work." " Oh what a fall was
there my countrymen." No wonder
the lanidlord used to smile or eveni to
For somne unaccountable cause Miss
E~ left the very same day for homie
not waitinig for- her father's arrival.
Mr. Jamies Fitz P~erry shortly after
wards departed, pirobably to'visit his
father's castle on tihe Thames, but an
acquaintance of ours dleclares he saw
Mr. J, F. P. in Taylor's Restauraiit iri
Broadway waiting oin customers. Oi
course, we don't believe any such
All is not gold that glitters and th<
most fashionable gentlemen at water.
ing places arc often arrant pretenders,
New Yor t-y Sept.a d184
To the Rev. tile Clergy. of
At the last Session of the Grand
Division of the Sons of Temperance
of South Carolina. It was resolved:
"That the Grand Worthy Patriarch be
requested to invite all the Ministers
in this State to Preach sernions in fa
vor of Temperance and Prohibition."
Beloved Friends: In obedience to
the above resolution, the duty devol.
ves upon me to solicit your kind offi
ces in behalf of the great and good
cause in which we are engaged, by
delivering a lecture or sermon on
Temperance and Prohibition at such
time as may suit your convenience.
We feel that the very solicitations
will find a prompt response in the
bosom of each of you, for they who
are dispensing to erring humanity
the inestimable blessings of Religion.
will appreciate the motives by which
we are influenced in the laudable un
dertaking, towards which we have
contributed not only o;.r time, but
our best energies. Standing as you
do, on the lofty pinacle of piety,
Watchmen to discern the approach of'
sin and to ward offits danger, who so
well calculated to speak for us a kind
word against a vice, which daily
slaughters its hundreds ? who so capa
ble ofdasl hig the tempting cup from
the hand of the poor deluded inebriate
as you who, hour by hour witness the
baneful effect of this most corrupting
temptation ; and froi whose tongue
with more power and truth than from
yours, can fall the sweet word which
may charm from the chaliced draug t,
the lips %lhich are about to touch it !
M inistering at the Holy Altar where
thousa ds are deterred from uniting
with yon in thanks to Ltc Most Ifigh
for blessings extended,. and promises
foretold, by reason of the great enemy,
against whom we have declared un.
ceasing hostility, your own observa
tion and reflection have furnish-d you
with reasons and with arguments,
which coming from the sacred desk,
may tell with a power not yet experi
eneed,.and you may have the .sweet
consolation of knowing that you have
chased the tear of sorrow from the
eye of many a poor wife, and restored
to sobriety and usefulness sonic degra.
ded victim, who yet may be converted
into a 'iseful member of society.
Permit time to express my high
gratification at the passage of the lies
olutioti to which I have referred you.
We have sent forth eloquent emissa
ries in the great cause from our order,
and they have efiteeted nuch, but yet
much remains to be done. If we can
engage in our good work mien, who
like you, all must feel and know can
not be possibly influenced by any
consideration but such as have the
welfare of marn in view, we flatter our
selves that we shall have in our behal
a tower of strength-one potent, for
good. If the attention of listening and
prayerful congregations throughout
the land can be turned to the irmpor
tant subject of Tenmperance, a diree.
tion will be giv'en to thoughts, which
will not be lost and will not pass away
with the moment. The very conver
sation to which the fact, will give rise
-the very circumstance that the mat
ter' is arresting the attention (if those
';hose character and position give
thema weight in evi ry community, will
speak trumpet tongued in a eanse
against which not, even the most ill)'
disposed can inveigh.
Allow me to add my own solicita
tion to that of those I have the honor
to represent on this occasion, and to
express the hope that our proposition
may not only meet with your appro
bation, but that you will commend
the muotives which urge us to maka it.
Mt NTGOMEltY MOSES G. W. P.
Sumterville, Sept. 20th 1854.
Mr Papers friendly to the cause
oif Temperance, will please insert the
abo v e.
M A1URliiD,---On the 6Jth inst., by
the Rev. A. E. Chandler, Mr'. TrOMAS
E. WVhrrT, anid Miss FRANCas IT.
SP'ANN, daughter of Mr. Willis Spann,
all of Sumter District.
It has been remarked by eminent men,
that in the varied catalogue of' diseases to
which man is liable, there us scnrcely one
of such imnportance and o such interest
as Scrofula, whethrer we look to the oh.
scurity of its origin, its insiduous progress,
the number and variety of' organs that it
attacks, or its remarkable incurability atnd
Scrofuhi has baffled the skill of' the most
eminent physicians in this country and in
l~urope. But there is an antidote for this
disease in "-Dr. Guayson's Extract of Yel
lo okand Sarsapurilla," which is
provinig itself a Specfic in the most severe
catses ol Scrofudu.
g-if" See advertisement.
IIhe subscriber offers for sale 1,000 acres
&of Turpentine Land at 63,00) per acre.
M. H. PLO WDEN.
Seai 20n 18- 4, .t
In tive House of Represesuta
tives Decemaber 20. 1853.
The Committee on Priveloges and
Elections to whom were referred suudry
petitions, praying the establihment ol new
pl ces of Elections and the appointment of
Managers for the next General election;
having had t he same under consideration,
beg leave to Report, and recommend the
adoi ion of the following Itesolution:
Resored, That the electons to be hold
en on the second Monday in October next
and the day following, for Senators and
Representatives in the S:ate Legislature,
shail be he!d at the foilowing places only,
and conducted by the following persons:
SUSITERVILLE: J. J. Knox, G- W.
Bradlord, Ilenry Haynsworth.
SwimiCrNG PENS: A. S. Watts, John
W. Montgomery, It. H. Itembert.
Bishopvlle: John H. Dixon, J. M
Stuckey, John T. Green.
CARTERS CRossING: Hardy Scarbor.
ough, John Stuckey, George McCutcheon
SPRING HILL : Villiam T. Belvin,
Jaimes Curbt Sr., Ozias Mathis.
STALEBURG: \Y. W. Itees, Sebasti ,n
IioVIDENc : John Ballard, C. C. Jack.
son, L J. Dikins.
AMANCiIEsTER : Jacob B. Belrer, James
A Ilarvin, Matthew Ramsey.
PRIVAT:EER: Thos. O'Steen, \Villiam
Nettles, John B. Tndale.
Lymicujiau : John G. Potts, Isaac Rees
Jr., A. A. McLeod.
MECHANICSVILLE: Francis 1-1. Kennedy,
Jam-ies W. Riembert, Wn. Prescott.
Lowty's : M. A. Muldrow, Thomas
R. Englibh, Josiah A. Flemining.
W- In consequence of the death and
resignation of suome of the Managers in the
above list the folloving appointments have
beei made: to wit.
Bis[orvlLLE: Charles Spencer, in place
of J. T. Green resigned, and Vm. K.
Dixon in place of John 11. Dixon resiLned.
SPRING HILL : Daniel Mitiis, in place
of Ozias Mathis resigned.
1P:oVIDENcE : Wn. B. Jennings, in
place of John Ballard, deceased.
One Scnator and three Representatives
to be elected.
Po Is to be opened two days at Sumter
ville and one day (Monday) at all the
other placias Managers to ineet at Sumter.
ville on the Wednesday following, count
the votes and declare the election.
CLAltENDON : MANAGERS.
BRAnuA3s: Win. L. Iteynolds, John
C. Bethune. E. M. Bradham.
FULTON : T. C. Itichardson, Brown
MannJ. J. Broughton..
Wr.LLInM SHoRTEas : Hamilton lus
bands, William S. Wilder, Be.j. Walker.
Jons J. TisiALE's : It. P. Ilaynsworth,
Thos. Bur ess, James Plowden.
McFAD DENS 8enool HOUsE : F. S.
McFli.&dden, Charles A Rich, J. C. Bur
''oRK Box : D. E. Ilodge. C. L. With.
ersploon, Jos. L,. Plowden.
WtTitERSi'ouN'S MUsTER FIELD : SIl.
A Burgess, Daniel E. Evans, W. 11.
MoTis OLD PLACE : Robert J. Mc
Knight, Stephen C. Lea, Jas. B. McE]
CALUOUN Box: 8. C. Riobbourgh, A.
P. Brock, Robert Wells.
Onee Senator and two Representatives
to be elected.
Man:,gor4 to mieet ntl Vdnemdiy UL
Samuel Hlarvins, count the votes and de.
ciare the election.
1ills t , he opened at 9 o'clock, A. M
and c'ored it 4 )'clock P. M., with conve
nient inturvals, The box, vessel or bag
to be sealed up when the hulls are closed,
and not to be openetd except to rceove~
votes the second day, and ~to count the
votes at t he regetlar tcm2 and place, A. A.
17:21, 3 Sint. 136.
Resolred, That the Managers of Elec
tions, prior to their proceedmug to the elec
tons dii take the following oath or allirmna
tioni heinre some Mlagistrate, or one of the
Miaiagers of Elections, to wit : "That
they wvill faithfully and impartially conduct
and attend to the foregoineg elections
agreeably to the Constitution of the State
ot South Carolina and the laws thuereof."
Resol red, That in future, no person
gnahatied to vote for miemibers of each
brancth of the Legislature, shall be par
nmi.tted to vote in more than one election
district or parish, and the Managers of
Election thiroughiout the State arediereby
required anid directed if they think proper,
or on application of any ese tor presenit)
to :diniister to any persoins offermig to
vote, the foillowimi cath.
1. A. B., di, solminly s sear (or affirm,
as the case ma~y be, that I have not, at
this g~eneral election foer muemibers of the
Legislature voted in this or any other dis.
trict or parish, and that I am co.nsutiition
aly qjuah~ted to vote-8o help moe Gol.
Arid ii any persoin or piersonis, required
as aforesaeid to take said oath or affirmna.
ticon shall refuse to do so, then the Mana-.
gers, in their respective Disirects or Par
ishes, shall be, anid they are hereby re
quiired anid enjoined to refnse such vote
or Yotes. and mn case the Manaegers shall
refuse to require the oath as aforesaid
wvh'n demanded, they shaldl be liable to all
the painis anid penalties they woulid be
liabile and subject to for neglecting any
other duties required of them as Mlanagers
of Elections for either branich of the Leg
Resolred, Thati the Act altering fourth
Sectionu of the State of South Carolina be
herewith published, to-wit:
" Every free white rman of twvety-one
years (paupers, non-commnissionued otieers
and privates of the Army of the United
8tates excepted,) being a citizen ol this
State. and havmng resided therein two
years previous to the day of election, and
who has a freehold of fifty acres of land,
or a town lot of which he has beeni legal.
hy seized and possessed at least six months
before auch election, or not havitng such
freehold or town lot, hath been a resident
in the election District in which he off'ers
to give his vo before the election uix
mnonths, shall have a right to vote for a
member or mnembers to servo in either
branch of the Legislature for the Election
Dis'rict in which he holds such property
Resoired, TPhat the two years' residence
required by the Constittion in a voter,
are the two years inmmediately previeus
to the election, and the six months' resl.
dence in the Election District, are the si.,
months immetediately previous to the elec.
tion. But if aniy person have his homne ii
the State, lie does not lose the right oj
residence by temporary absence with the
St 'ntion of ret urnitng, but it one have his
homne and famnily in another State, th<
presence of such persoti. although contin.
ned for tw~o years ini the State, gives- rx
right to vote.
Resolred, That it shall be the special
duty of the Man igera to report. to the
SolicItors all violations of the electionnle
and all cases of t ry and corrojtkett aftd
to use their*best effirts to brigg the offena
der to justico.
Sept. 27, 1851
Horse Shoeing, Blacksmithb
ing, &. &c.
The above braicheii, together with En
giieering and Aachinests work generally,
cun and will be haithiully executed at the
SUMTElt MACHINE SHOPS near the
Rail Road Depot itn Sumtnerville. No ex.
ertions will be withheld to render these
Shops worthy the patronage, and capable
of supplymtr the Mechanical requirements
of tIhe District. A Foundry will be erected
as soon as practicable, both for Iron and
Brass. \Ve have anl excellent Steam En
gine in operation, capable of driving a
large duantity of machinery, p'.y eno.
bling ue to execute work witt y and
Al work done nt this estai.ishment will
bo turned out undor the inimediate inspec
tion of the subscr.ber. We ask no onesilded
patronage. If our work is not as well
done and as cheap na other Shops can ac
coimiplish it, we expect not to be employed.
Otherwise we desire only such patronage
as will enables us to do justice to all pIar
ties. T. J. COGU LAN,
Sept. 27th, 1854 48 tf
Ur3 Watchnan, copy if.
Gun and Locksmith Shop.
The subscriber informs the public that
lie has added to the workshops near the
Depot in Suniterville, a shop for doing
G un, Locksnith, and other fine Smithwork,
aprd ha's enployed a first rate workman
for that purpose.
T. J. COGIULAN.
Sept. 27, 1854 48 tf
[ET Watchman copy tf.
Steam Grist Mill.
A first rate Grist Mill is now in operation
at tie Sumter Machine Shops. A careful
aid attentive watchman attends to this
department. Those who choose to avail
themselves of this convepience can be ac
coiirodated every day except Snndays.
T. J. COGHLAN, Manager.
S;ept. 27, 1854 43 tf
1D" Watchiran copy if.
Office Wil. & Man. R. R, Co.
ON and after ist of October, the Pas
seinger lta'es of Fare on this Road, will be
estalblished as follows :
First Rate Fare, ner station, - $ 30
toil to Kingsville, - 6 00
Second Rate Fare. per s ation. - 25
"6 ". for two or more
stations-per station, - 20
" " " frurn Wlningtoi
to Kingsvrlle, 4 00
J. '. ROBERTSON,
Sept. 27, 1854 48 at
Land For Sale.
I FER 6r sale TIlltEEE TRACTS
OF LAND lying in Clarke County
it isissippi, rear a depot n tihe Mbile anl'
Ohio Railroad, and within a few hour's
travel of the Southern Itailroad route frotrt
Vicksburg to the Alabama State Line, ere
long ctincliirg itbelf w.th the Charlestonr
road, and thus mi t nt iL will be oni the
great thurolugrfare from the At, ic te
The first Tract is over 1700 arcres, 400
hreirrrnock, the~ balantce rich rreek bottom,
every acre of whichr (e .eept th-rt which
the creek runs throughr) carn he cultivated,
andi will yield 1500 pounrds of cotton per
acre, arnd from 40 to 50 bushels of corn
The secoind Tract hias 80o acres, joins
the nbove and is eqrually as r:ch. Each
hrve beautiful sites for settlements, com
rmarding a full view of the whole.
T1he third Tract hasr 850 acres, 200
cleared, wvill make 1000 pounds of cotton,
arnd 30) bushrels of corn per acre-Screw,
Gin House, line dwelling, &c.
-The above lands lie near the village of
Enterprise, where there are two fine Ac
adeimies. They are fine-wvatered, well.
timbered, the besat of stummer and winter
range for stock, extensive outlets, arnd ars
to health and societf, the country stands
unrsurpasised by a-ry other portion of the
' Sunny South."
Th~ere are miany advantages here, whili
a notice of this kink would preclude--the
l'act is I have never seen so tine a country
overlooked as this has been.
Imniginre bodies of land lying in the sand.
hills betwveen Columbia arnd Camden, S.
C., which will produce fromi 1(000 to 1500
pounds of cotton per acre, and corn in the
same proportion, with all tire blessings of
pure water anid goo I health for which those
sarndhills are nroted, arnd the same wvill be
realize J here in the country, and the Lands
which I now offn for sale.
Upon the whole, (aind I speak knowing.
ly,) this is the most desirable cotton regrion
in the West. I will only add that here
tihe children's children. will find a fertile
-ihomiesteaid" without the applicati on of
Pay menits easy-titles indisputable.
WILLIAM A. WARD,
Enterprise, Clarke County, Mississippi.
Sept. 27, 1854 48 2
Mules I Mules ! Mules !
TH'lE subscribers notify the citiz.ens of
Sumter atnd tihe adjoining Districts, that
they will be in Sumttervydle onr the 10th of
October proxitmo, at which time they wil
off'er for sale as tine, or the finest lot of
Mules ev'er off'ered in this market.
TIhey will be glad to have all those who,
may be in want oftmules or horses, wvhoaro
rend of looking at fine stock, to call tipon
them at China's lontel. Their old .custo
mtera especially.LJS& ANE -
Sept. 13, 1954 463 . if
Application will be mande at the zext
session of the Legislature 19r an~ 4t of
incorporationr. of Calhoun 141dg', 1N 1,
Knightas of Jericho, located ait Su, tcrville!
Sept. 0, 1854 45 4 3nrh
MODERN HORSE DOCTOR,
THEhBEST' WORK ON TiiE UORSE~
?VIER PUBlU8HED IN AMk1 Lg4.
- 'JEiE $pa .
JOHfN P. JEWETI & COMutt yv