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trial inullions? Must they forever con
*-mie to) liv.- fitr below the level of
u nil ..appineds, under the strongest
te-mpttion to heek the transient
dl ,'-v - pleasures of alcohol, opium,
and t blnero?
I do not think it. necesi'rv to wait
for the mnillenlum of .ocial reorganiza.
tion, to solve this problem. Man'munst
1"., will have his stimulunts, to ustuinl
his higher powers. We must deter
taine whether those stimulants shall
he na.c(otic tand destructive, or niour
ihing, moral and lealthful.
Here, then, is the clinan of our
reasoning:-man has an inherent and
indestructible love of stimulation, and
heo must tind that stimulation either
in the poison that destroys him, or in
the moral that elevates his life. Tern.
perance societies, then, inust be roused
to a 'new and higher view of their
duties. - It is not sufficient merely to
arrest the sale of alcohol, even it we
could also suppress the use of opin
and tobacco, which we cannot. That,
which temperance societies have, thus
far, attempted, is but one half their
work. Before destructive tenperanco
has fulfiled its mission, I demand that
constructive temperance shall come in
to finish the task. I demand social
institutions, which shall give to the
entire community, that healthful and
deli rht'ul moral and intellectual stim
ufation, which shall supercede the de
mund for the grog-shop:, and which
may it only be erected on the ruins
of the demolished drinking-house, but
may be introduced at once into our
commnn iiiities, where the grog-shop is
Alourishihg, and grad ual ly withdraw
people fron the den of* vice, to more
fascinating resorts, where the spiritual
rnatiure shal I be refreshed, and strength
ented, and the appetite for low indul
gences destr-yed, by substituting that
which is high and holy.
THE SUMTER BfNEtR.
J. S. RICHARDSON Ja.
JOHN R. LOGAN, Em-rOns.
WEDNESDAY, 8EPT., 27, 1854.
17 V. -V. WALKER, JAM., Esqr., is our
duly appointed agent in Columbia, 8. C.,
to receive and receipt for all sums due
the Sinmter Banner.
ElV Persons wishinir to see us upon
hbiniefw connected with the Paper or Law,
can find us at any hour during the day,
except from four to five in the allernoon,
at our office, just hack of 3oixos' New
Store. All business connected with the
paper. must be transacted with WIr.LAM
LEWIS, JOHN S. RicnARDSON, jr., or R. C.
LoGAN. Mr. R. C. LoGAN, (he Foreman
of Banner Office, is our only authorised
Agent to receive money and give receipts
for the same, and inay always be found at
the Banner Office. All letters addressed
to the. lanwr rimlt h i jwo.pnij tu inosure
3ealth of Sumtervile.
t.- reputation for health, which our
town has always enjoyed is without
blot or blemish and it is a rare thing
to hear of a case of sickness of any
kind within our corporate limits.
Physicians have plenty of leisure. Thme
ease of yellow fever reported as having
arm ived from Charleston may be seen
walking the streets with a hearty glow
upon the cheek and a pleasant smile,
ready for "eustom and orders."
The depot of the Wilmington and
Manchester ears, is during these lis.
Ure months the terminus of a daily
walk for all those fond of exercise, or
meeting the great thoroughfare of tra
vol between North and South. I
common with others wve have noticed
the imnprovemoents going otn in this part.
of tihe town, wvhieh was a year ago only
an old field, now a thriving portion of
ati improving country townm. To the
industry and enterprise of Capt.
MrrouELL of the " Iarilie llouse."
much credit is due for his public spirit.
in planting trees and othem wise clearing
and beautifying the now street. Mr,
T. J. CooursN and his sledge hammer
have also accomplished much and
mean, to do nmore--vide the three ad.
* vertisemnents in this week's paper. It
isalways emmeidered an evidence of
prosperity and s gacity to see a mansu
ad vertising and publishing his business
to the world and if industry and atten
tion to orders present anmy claim for
public patrenago we think our friend
CoomLA~ stands a good chance of mak
ing some~ few Jumps of gold, even
though they be ha-nmered out of iron
and ground~ in the " mill " or mnay be
eaught on a " lightning rodl."
Another Palmuetto Gone.
We regret to learn that Mr. J.
WVnra who served in the Richuland
Company of the Palmetto Regiment,
-. died in Columbia on Sunday last.
Th one by one the members of
thtSpartan band are slowly marching
to the grave ; and ere many years arc
* gone all of their number will have
fiished thme last, fight and " conquered
the last enemy which is Death."
T1houghm no eenotaph be erected t<
gormemorate their glorious actionm
'and noble deeds, yet they will'not b<
" T~c lire infemne Ihnu1 Aot i,, 1;r. "
In th.- published report of the Board
of Health for Charleston, we notice no
marked change in the number of deaths
from Yellow Fever, which average
still from 18 to 20 deaths daily.
II Savannah the suflering and deso.
lation is very great- the ravages of the
fever continue without diminution.
The call fbr aid for Savanah has been
nobly responded to by her sister cities.
The Howard Association of New Or
leans has sent the Mlayor $1,000. The'
Mayor of Mobile propo.es to send two
physicians to Savannah, which ofTer
the Mayor pro. tem. has accepted by
From September 2d to the 18th,
$20,123.90 had been received by the
Mapor pro. tem. for the relief of the
In Augusta a perfect panic has been
created from the breaking out of the
Yellow Fever in that place and all
business is suspended. The only
Augusta poaper which has been received
contains the following notice, which
may give sone idea of the stampede:
" TuiE'Avus-a POST OFCE.--We
have been requested to state that the
clerks in the post, oflice in this city
having left, it is very difficult to get
help enough to distribute the mails.
Ifour subs9cribers in the country should
fail to receive their papers regularly
they will attribute it to this cause."
Late dates from Texas state that
that the yellow fever still prevails at
Galveston, and, on the 8th and 9th
inst., there were 26 deaths.
The Cholera still continues its rava
ges in the smaller towns of the North
Columbia aid Wilmington continue
free frormn the epidemics, the few cases
brought to those cities from Charleston
have terminated favorably.
Report onR Wheat.
The Committee on Wheat, of the
Newberry Agriciltural Society reports
that for seed it is generally admitted
that early varieties are the best, and
of the dilli'ent early varieties, the
Red Spring Wheat iz to be preterred.
Il seeding Ieas, the land should be
broken up, deep and close-the deeper
the better. The ground should be
drawn oil' in lands twelve feet wide
across the way it was ploughed and if
not sullicieitly rich, it should be made
so, by gi'ving it a liberal coat ofcotton
seed,guano or stable manure. The
business of seeding should be comple
ted by the twelfth of November. The
eend Qihnld he well soaked, for twelve
hours, in a strong solution ofbluestone
-one pound of bluestone is enough
for fiv.a bushels of wheat. From one
to two bushels of wheat should be
sown per acre ; the qiantity to be re
gulated by the land ; the richer, and
the better prepbared the land is, the
more seed is required. it should be
ploughed in wit h a long narrowv plough.
The land then should be rolled, or
brushed, to level it--and the operation
will be complete. The proper time
for harvesting for flour is as soon as
the grain passes omnt of' the milk state
Th'le straw is then oif a golden color.
But, if intended for aced, or to be kept
any length of time, the grain should
be perfectly ripe. It is miore profitable
to sell it in thme grain than to grind it,
especially when it is worth from onae
dollar twelve and a haltf 'cents to one
dollar thirty-seven and a half cents
per bushel, with the as erage pirice of
lour ait six dollars.
Newvs oftheii Week.
It is w~hi~lpered (and we hope it will go
on no further) that the young l~mnpress of
Austria is ini that interesting situ ation
'when coining events cast their shaduws
General Cass recently made a speech
before some of his constituents in whielr
he said the mnore the Nebraska lilt wtas
atityredJ the better and brighter it would
appear, The bill had been strongly dle
nounced, but the principle it contained was
right, it was true, the Northern senti.
ment was opposed to slavery-it wvas nat.
ural that it should be. lHe was opposed
to t, and hamd said in the Senate that it was
a political evil, and many other tl.ings,
greatly to the displeasure of thme South,
and would stick to it under all circumus'an
ces, but yet, search thme constitution from
one end to the other, and~ there is not a
word of authority to touch, or interfere
with, the subject of slavery in any shape.
Thme Wilmington Journal informs us
that the destruction of the Rice crop on
the Cape F~ear Rliver, by thme recent gale
is comiparitively emall.
John L. Tay lor, whig member of Con.
gress from thme 10th district in Ohio, who~
voted against the Nebraska hill,has been
defeated by his own party in his own towni
where the delegates to the congressional
convenmtion were instructed to vote for the
nomninationi of Mr. Nash, <>f Gamllia ! Cause:
his conisistenut high-toned opponsitiona to
The New-Orleans riots have entirely
ceased. ' John Kane, one of the men sup.
posed to have been kilhcd, has since been
found. He was ebot four times, but rm>
vneover 'rnr his wunn,..
An attempt was made at Augusta on
Monday evening last, to set fire to the
The Savannah papers announce the
death of the Right Rev. Francis Xavier
Gartland, Roman Catholic Bishop of the
Diocese of Georgia, who died at the resi
dence of M. Pendergrast, in that city, on
Wednesday morning at half-yast 11
o'clock, of yellow fever.
The democrats have carried Arkansas
by a large majority. Messrs. Rusk and
Greenwood (democrats) are elected to
Congress, and the Legislature stands on
joint ballot-demiocrats 75, whigs 25.
Attorney General Cushing Is preparing
to test the constitutionality of the Fuyi
live Shave law in the Supreme Court of
Wisconsin. which pronounced the law un
The Gaceta of Costa Rica calculates
the destruction of locusts in that country
in consequence of the measures dictated
by the Government, at 150,400,000 insects.
Up to the 24th of July, 3,000 sacks of the
insects, weighing each 60 pounds, had
been presented for the purpose of obtain
ing the ouny ofTered by tha Government
The government of Greece has forward
ed to Washington a block of marble taken
from the Parthenon. in order "that it may
serve to adorn. however humbly, the
niontarent destined to perpetuate the re.
nenbranace of the great founder of the
The Marion Star says that the bridge of
the Wilmington and Manchester Rail
Road, over the Pee Dee as in a near state
of completion. The cylanders have been
finished some time, and there remains but
one stran of the superstructure to be
completed, w hich it is expected will be
done by the 15th of October, and be ready
for the passage of the trains.
Accounts from Boston of 19th, state
that the delegates thus far elected to the
Democratic Convention are generally fa.
vorable to the administration.
A State Internal Improvement Conven
tion is to be held at Salisbury, North Car
ofina, on the -d day of November next,
to devise some general plan for improving
the State by railroads.
The corn crop in Chickasaw county
Miss., is represented as being the largest
ever raised there, and is selbng at 20 to 25
cents a bushel.
The Carolinian states that Columbin
was Lever in a batter condition of entire
health than at this season.
The last Marion Star has one hundred
and eleven tracts of land advertised at
sheriff's sale. The advertisement occu
pies nearly two columans of its pages.
That some persons in .Canada begin to
oo upon tne mautlux o; !ugatave staves aa
that country as an ovl aaay be inferred
front a motion made in the Canadian Leg
islature, that the samne capitation tax now
imposed on all strangers entering ilia
Province, be enacted in future from black
There was a sharp frost ian some ports
of New Ilaampshire aand M1aine on the lith
inst., which has put a stop, it is stated, tn
the growth of vianes, toamatos, and tender
Upwards of four thousand inaanigraants
arrived at New York eon Saturday last,
Mr. Johna S. Richardsona an old and res
pected citizen of Greenville District, is
annaouanced in the M~ountlainaer as havinag
daed last wveek, aged 75 years
The Town Council or Columbia haave
forwarded five lhunmdred dollars to Savannah
for thae relief of the suferiaag.
At aan election held era thae 18th inst.,
for Iateadaant anid six WVar:eans, to serve
ian,tha Town of WVa~ter borougha, the follow
inag was thle result ;
Jrmendant.-Hon. M. E.Carn.
War*den*s -Carios Tracy-, Esq., Maajor
Chrarles Warley. Dr. Eanai. WVitsell, Cot.
L,. T1. WVitsell, Dr. Thoas. Linting, R. B
AN AsTotsorso R~coRD FelR A MAINE
LAw CIrr.-TheC police report of tihe
Boston Courier of Tuesday appears as
" Sixty-four smipfe drunkards, ,four
common drun-kards, seven assaulters, teat
Card-players ern thte Lord's day, tharee
rescuaers, fourteen rioters, onie store
breaker, one hotel and stwo petty
thieves wvere tried in the police court yes
terday. The entire party figuro up otae
huandred and six strong, andi were as dirty
a looking crewv as one wouh' wish to see.
Inm Fort WVayne, Indiana, at a late elec
tion for city clerk, thae Know--Nothing cani
didate was defeated by a large mtajority.
Thte Democracy triuamphaed in Berkely
county, Virginmia, at a special elecionm for
shaerifT, thme Deamocratic candtdate wvas
elected over a regarha Know-Nothaing can
didate. And so it will be says thme Ka
tionmal Democrat, for it is now believed
that thme Knowv-Nothaingisma is only a WVhig
A mass meeting was held at Washinig
tont, D. C., on Tuesday evening, in opposi.
miM to the Kanow Nothings. Whn the
vote was taken on thae resolutiorn, the
negative seemned to preponaderate largely
Col. T1. B. Florence, of P'hiladelphia, wes
alt roduced to the meeting, and en~deatvored
to get a hezarinig, but wvas booted dowmn.
The Carolinian lias published a lettet
fro..m Col. F. W. Pickens, addressed tc
Col. Orr, comning out warmly in favor oi
giving the election of President and Vict
President to the peonle.
Written for the Sumier llanner.
An Incident of Real Life
at Cape May.
Among the beauties congregated at
Cape May this summer none surpassed
M iss E-of Boston. Possessing
a splendid fomn, a lovely. face, and
what some value above all things else
afortune she soon became the "belle
of the bay-" Admirers, and would
be lovers flocked around her from
morning to "dewy eve"; and happy
was the one she favored with a prome.
nade, a ride on the sandy beach or a
walk by inconlight. Acknowledged
as tihe "Queen of Hearts" she ruled
with undisputed sway over all.
But no mortal is perfect, and Miss
E so beautiful and wealthy, was un
fortunately, the proudest of the proud.
Her father a worthy old gentleman of
s!xty-id been for many.years enga
ged in the grocery business and by
care and labotw accumulated a fortune,
which Miss E-his only child would
eventually possess. Ie had cxpostu
lated with her often on her "high"
noticns, but a toss of tihe head or a
curl of the lip would be her only re
ply. And the old man loving his
daughter with no common affeetion
soon ceased to notice the many airs
and conceits she would assume. But
in these, as well as in past, times,
"pride cumneth before a fall."
* * * * *
One morning, the name of Fitz
Jamnes Perry Esq. was found on the
list of "arrivals." Who lie was and
whence he caine no one knew. Sup
pertinie came and by mere accident of
course, Miss E obtained a seat near
that distinguished stranger and "great
unknown." She was at first sight
struck with the appearance ofMr. Per
ry. A pleasing countenance, intelli
gent feutures, a heavy moustache and
above all an avowed corterisptfor the
crowd-the ignobile vulgus-inalueed
Miss E to have him added to her
already numerous list of beaux. le
soon became a favored one-out shin.
ing, as the boys say, every other ri
val. No one was permitted to dance
so often, to promienade or drive so
frequently with Miss E as the gentle
mal from Europe-by which cogno
men..t.James Perry .::; .
For him, 110 cotorie was sufliciently se
leet or distingue to suit a gentleman
of his birth and fortune.
Miss E and others often noticed
that Fitz'James rerry rebq. SLu; -J
inmediately after dinner and supper
and could not make his appearance
for some time. The Landlord, as jol
ly an old fellow as ever lived, for soime
cause or other frequently smiled when
F. J1. P's name was mentioned.
What did these things mean ? As re
gards e'he first, F. J. P. assured Miss
E "it, was his custom now, as when lie
lived in his father's castle on the
Thames to spend one or two hours
daily in the great work of' writing his
autobiography. " This explanation
allayed all apprehensions and ev-ery
one awaited with impatience the
publication of such a great work. Our
Landlord, the old scamp ! still contin
tied to smile and oftentimes to grin,
when sonic romantic incident or thr-il
hang asdventure of F. J. P's was re
counted in his hearing. Thus wecnt,
Miss E's fi'thier being daily expected
fr-om Boston in the conch which reaceh
ed New York at 5 o'clock in the
mor-ning, that young lady was up anmd
dressed waiting for his arrival., hie
did not conme that morning but Miss
E. concluded to take a wailk alone to
the sea-shore to watch the ocean sur-ges
anid see the billows leap. There she
remainied until Sol had risen, Retur
ninug she found a number of gentlemen
in the front piazza of the hotel and'
acordinugly was passing through the
back yard, wheni oh ! " horiror of
horrors " what fell upon her astonished
1Fitz James Perry Esq., clotched in
a ragged suit, and p'rotected by a coarse
apron and wollen gloves was cleaninug
kni ires for breuafasl ! That was his
"greitt work." " Oh what a fall was
there my countrymen." No wonder
the landlor-d used to smile or even to
For some unac.icounitaible cause Miss
E~ left the very same day for homie
not waiting fuor her father's arrival
Mr. Jamies Fitz Perry shor-tly aftecr
wards departed, pirobably to visit his
father's castle on the Thames, but an
acquaintance of ours declares he saw
Mr. J. F. P. ini Taylor's Restaurant ini
Biroadway waiting oni customers. Ofi
course, we don't believe any sueh
All is not gold that glitters and the
most fashionable gentlemen at water.
inig laces are often arrant pretenders.
New York Cityeptn. 23rd lir5
To tliae Rev. the Clergy. of
At the last Session of the Grand
Division of the Sons of Temperance
of South Carolina. It was resolved:
"That the Grand Worthy Patriarch be
requested to invite all the Ministers
in thisState to Preach sermons in fa
vor of Temnperance and Prohibition."
Belovcd Friend: In obedience to
the above resolution, the duty devol.
ves upon me to solicit your kind offi
ces in behalf of the great and good
cause in which we are engaged, by
delivering a lecture or sermon on
Tcmpcrance and Prohibition at such
time as may suit your convenience.
We feel that the very solicitations
will find a prompt response in the
boson of each of you, for they who
arc dispensing to erring humanity
the inestimable blessings of Religion.
will appreciate the moti ves by which
we are influenced in the laudable un
dertaking, towards which we have
contributed not only o;,r time, but
our best energies. Standing as you
do, on the lofty pinacle of piety,
Watchmen to discern the approach of
sin and to ward off its danger, who so
well calculated to speak for us a kind
word against a vice, which daily
slaughters its hundreds ? who so capa
ble of dashiiig the tempting cup from
the hand of the poor deluded inebriate
as you who, hour by hour witness the
baneful effect of this most corrupting
temptation ; and from whose tongue
with more power and truth than from
yours, can fall the sweet word which
may charm from the chaliced draug!t,
the lips which are about to touch it!
Ministering at the Holy Altar where
thousa ds are deterred from uniting
with yon in thanks to tue Most High
for blessings extended,. and promises
foretold, by reason of the great enemy,
against whom we have declared un.
ceasing hostility, your own observa.
tion and reflection have furnish-d you
with reasons and with arguments,
which coming from the sacred desk,
may tell with a power not yet experi
eneed, and you may have the sweet
consolation of knowing that you have
chased the tear of sorrow from the
eye of many a poor wile, and restored
to sobriety and usefulness sonic degra.
ded victim, who yet may be converted
into a useful member of society,
Permit me to express my high
gratification at the passage of the Res
olution to which I have referred you.
We have sent forth eloquent emissa
ries in the great cause from our order,
aud they have effected much, but yet
much remains to be done. If we can
engage in our good work men, who
like you, all must feel aiid know can
not be possibly influenced by any
consideration but such as have the
welfare of man in view, we flatter our
selves that we shall have in our behal'
a tower of strength-one potent, for
good. If the attention of listening and
prayerful congregations throughout
the land can be turned to the impor
tant subject of Temperance, a diree.
tion will be given to thouights, wvhich
will not be lost and will not pass away
w&u the moment. T1hue very conver
sation to which the fact will give rise
--thte very .circumstance that the mat
ter is airrestingL the attention of those
v; hose character and position give
them weight in evt ry community, will
speak trumpet tongued in a cause
against which not eveti the most illy
disposed can inveigh.
Allow me to add muy own solicitfa
tion to that of those I have the honor
to represent on this occasion, and to
express the hope that our proposition
may not only meet with your appro
bation, but that you will commend
the miotives which urge us to mako it.
M( NTGOMERY MOSES G. W. P.
Sumterville, Sept. 20thi 1854.
-gr Papers friendly to the cause
oif Temperance, will please insert the
MARRIED,-On the 6th inst., by
the Rev. A. E. Chandler, Mr-. TIroMAS
E. WarrE, and Miss FRAsoEs T.
SPANN, daughter of Mr. WVillisSpann,
all of Sumter District.
It has been remarked by eminent men,
that ini the varied catalogue of diseases tse
wvhich man is liable, there is scarcely onc
of such importance and o such interes1
as Scrofula, whether we look to the ob,
scurity of its origin, its insiduous progress
the number and variety of organs that il
attacks, or its remarkable inucurability and
Scrofulam has baffled the skill of the mnosl
eminent physicians in this country and ia
Europe. But there is an antidote for th~i
d isease in e-Dr. Guysou~'s E~xtract of Yet
low Doc-k and Sarsaptarilla," which ii
proving itself a Specific in the moat sever
caises of Scrofula.
rf"' See advertisement.
hue subscriber offers for sale 1,000 acrei
&of Turpentine Land at 63,001 per acre
M. H. PLO WDEN.
8ani 20, 185"a A47 .
11n tile House of Repreieiata
tives Decenuber 20. 1853.
The Committee on Priveleges and
Elections to whom were referred suudry
petitions, praying the establishment of new
pl cc of Elections and the appointment of
Managers for the iext General election;
having lihd the same under consideration,
beg leave to Ieport, and recommend the
adopt ion of the following Resolution
Resoled, That the electons to be hold
en on the secoud Monday in Octoher next
and the day following, for Senators and
Representatives in the S:ate Legislature,
shail be he!d at the foilowing places only,
and conducted by the followmg persons:
SUNTERVILLE: 1. J. Knox, G- \.
Bradford, lenry Haynsworth.
SwiMicING PENS: A. S. Watts, John
W. Montgomery, It. 1H. Rembert.
Biislopville: John H. Dixon, J. Al
Stuckey, John T. Green.
CARTERS CROSSING: Ilardy Scarbor.
ough, John Stuckey, George McCutcheon
SPRING ILL : \Villiam T. Belvin,
James Curbitt Sr., Ozias Mathis.
STALEBURG : \. W. Itees, Sebasti in
l'HoviDENcE : John Ballard, C. C. Jack
son, L J. Dinkins.
MANCH ESTER : Jacob B. Belser, James
A Ilarvin, Matthew Itamosey.
I'tIVATEER: Th1os. O'Steen, William
Nettles, John B. Tmndale.
Lvcuaum : John G. Potts, Isaac Rees
Jr., A. A. AcLeod.
MECIANICSVILLE: Francis 11. Kennedy,
Jamies \V. Itenbert, Won. Prescott.
LowRy's : M. A. Muldrow, Thomas
R. English, Josiah A. Flemming.
W- In consequence of the death and
resignation of some of the Managers in the
above list the following appointments have
been made : to wit.
JisHovMILLE: Charles Spencer, in place
of J. T. Green resigned, und \Vm. K.
Dixon in place of John 11. Dixon resirned.
SrING lILL : Daniel Mlatjais, in place
of Ozias Mathis resigned.
I'RovIDENcE : Vin. B. Jennings, in
place of .lnit Ballard, deceused.
One Senator and three Representatives
to be elected.
Po is to be opened two days at Sumter
ville and one day (Monday) at all the
other placas Managers to meet at Sumter.
ville on the Wednesday following, count
the votes and declare the election.
BtAnMaais: Wim. L. Iteynolds, John
C. Blethune, E. M. Bramdlham.
FULTON: T. C. Itichardson, Browi
Ma!ning, J. J. Broughtn. ..
WIll..w SILORTERS : Hamilton lius
bands, Willhamn S. Wider, Be.j. Walker.
JON j. Tist-ALE's : It. P. llayusworth,
Thos. Bur ess, James Plowden.
McFADDENs SCHOOL HOUSE: F. S.
McFadden, Charles A Rich, J. C. Bur
FuRK Box : D. E. Ilodge. C. L. With.
erpoon, Jos. L. Plowden.
WITHERsrOUN'S MUSTER FIELD : Sti11.
A Burgess, Daniel E. Evans, W. 1-.
:: O LC PCE: Robert . Mc
Knight, Stephen C. Lea, Jas. B. McEl
CALHOUN BoX: S. C. Riolbbourgh, A.
P. Brock, Robert Wells.
une Senaior and two Representatives
to be elected.
Mban,gtor- to rueet un Wiednesthy t,
Samuel Harvins, count the votes and de.
clare 'ie electinl.
Pulls t , be opened at 9 o'clock, A. M.
and clored at 4 )'clock P. M., with conive
eiit intervals, The box, vessel or bag
to be sealed up when the pulls are closed,
and not to be opened except to receive
votes the second day, and to) counit the
votes at. the regoalar timi and place, A. A.
17'.1, :3 Sint. t36.
Resolred, Th'lat the Managers of Elec
tionis, prior to their proceeding to the elec.
tons di' take the following cath or atlirma
tion betore sonme Magistrate, or one o1 the
Maunagers or Elections, to wit : " That
they wvill faithfully and impairtmally conduct
and tteiid to thme foregoinug electionis
agreeably to the Constitution of the State
ot South Carolina and the laws thereof."
Resolved, TIhat itn future, no person
quabhied to vote for miembers of each~
branich of the Legislature, shall be par.
m.tted to vote in miore than one election:
district or parish, amid the Managers 01
Election throughout the State aresiereby
required and idirected if they thintk proper,
or on applieation of ainy elei tar present)
to adiniister to any persons ofierumg te
vote, the followuig oath.
1. A. B., di, so.emnly swvear (or affirm,
as the caso ruay bue, that I have nlot, a,
this genieral election fomr tmembers of the
Legislature voted ini this or anly other dis.
trict or parish, and that I am counstituttioni.
aly quahtiedto vote-8o help mie Goi.
As i.any person or persons, required.
aatoresaid to take said oath or atfirma.
ttiiot shall refuse to dio so, then the Mana.
gors, in their respective Districts or Par.
ishecs, shall 'oe. arid they are hereby re.
quriredl and einjoincd to refuse such vote
or Yotes. and in case the Mandgers shal,
refuse to require the oath as aforsaid~
wvhen dematnded, they shall be liauble to all
the pains and penalties they would be
liable atnd subject to for neglecting any
other duties required of thtem as Manageri
of Elections for either bratnch of the Leg.
Resohred, Thait the Act altering fourthi
Sectiont of the State of South Carolina bc
herewith published, to-wit:
" Every free white man of twventy-one
years (paupers, non-comm iissiotned otficert
and privates of the Army of the United
8tates excepted,) being a citizen at this
State, and having restded thiereitn twt:
years previous to the day of election, and
who has a Ireehuold of lifty acres of latnd
or a townt lot of which he has been legal,
ly seized amid possessed at least six monutht
b*!fore such election, or not havitng such
freehold or town lot, hath been a resideni
in the election District in which he offeri
to give his vote before the electuion i
motnthis. shall have a right to vote for
memixber or tnembers tot sorve in eithet
branch of the L.egislature for the Electior
Dis'rict in which he holds such property
Resolred, That the two years' residenci
required by the Constitution in a voter
are the two years Immediately previon
to) the election, and the six months' resi
dence in the Election District, are the si:
months immtediately previous to the elec
tion. But if arty person have his hiomiei
the State, he does not lose the right c
residence by temporary absence with th
i. t 'ntion of returnming, but it one have li
home and family in another State, th
presenice of suich person. although cotinr
ned for two years ini the State, gives- n
rtght to vote.
Resolried, That it shall be the spool,
duty of the Manugera to report. to th
Sulicitora all violations of the elbottiale
imd'all caseI m arsa.d ......t2&i1 1
to use theirbest elrorts to bring the ofroen
der to juistico.
Sept. 27, 1851.
Horse Shoeing, B1acksmith1
ing, &, &c.
The above branches, together with En
gineering and Machinests work generally,
can and will be taithiully executed at the
SUMTEt M1ACHINE SHOPS near the
Rail Road Depot in Suinterville. No ex
ertions will be withheld to render theso
Shops worthy the patronage, and capable
of supplyinr the Mechanical requirenents
of the District. A Foundry will be erected
as soon ais practicable, both for Iron and
Brass. \Ve have an excellent Steam En
gine in operation, capable of driving a
large duantity of machinery, I .I ena
bling u to execute work wit ty and
AM work done at this establ ishnent will
be turned out undur the imediate inspec
tion of the subscriber. We ak no oneslded
patronage. If our work is not as well
dono and as cheap ine other Shops can ac
coimplish it, we expect not to be employed.
Otherwise we desire only such patronage
as will enables us to do justice to all par
ties. '. J. COGH LAN,
Sept . 27th, 1854 48 . tf
0- Watchnan copy tf.
Gun and Locksmith Shop.
The subscribor informs the public th3t
he has added to the workshops near the
Depot in Sumiterville, a shop for doing
Gun, Locksmith, and other fine Smithwork,
aand la;'s employed a first rate workman
for that purpose.
T. J. COGiILAN.
Sept. 27, 1854 48 tf
0-T Watchman copy tf.
Steam Grist Mill.
A first rate Grist Mill is now in operation
at the Sumter Machine Shops. A.careful
and attentive watchman attends to this
department. Those who choose to avail
themselves -of this convenience can be ac
commanodated every day except Snndays.
T. J. COGHLAN, Manager.
Sapt. 27, 1854 49 tf
STr Watchman copy tf.
Office Wil. & Man. R. R, Co.
ON and after Ist of October, the Pas
senger Ra'es of Fare on this Road, will be
established as follows:
First Rate Fare, per station, - 8 30
" " frot Wilminngton.
ton to Kingsville, - 6 00
Second WIoae Fare, per s ation, - 25
" " - for two or more
station.-per station, - 20
'' " " fro Walningtoui
to Kingsvlle, 4 00
J. 1. ROBERTSON,
Sept. 27, 1854 48 3L
Land For Sale.
OFFER for sale TIJIIEE TRACTS
OF LAND lying in Clarke County
Mi-sissippi, near a depot on the Mobile and
Ohio Railroad, and within a few h'our's
travel of the Soutliern Railroad route froms.
Vicksburg to the Abebatima State Line, ere'
long comnnecting st-eli wah the Char;estou
road, and thus in tm, It will he on the
great thuroughfare trom the Atlantic to
rThe first T'ract is over 1700 acres, 400
hasmmsauck, the balanace rich "reek bottom,
every acre of whicha (e .cept that whtich
the creek runs tharougha) cani be cultivated,
anid wvill yield 1500 pounds of' cotton per
acre, and from 40 to 50. bushels of' cornt
Thle second Tract has 800 acres, joins
the above anad is equtally as rich. Each
hive beautiful sites for settlemnents, comn
smanding a full v'iew of the whole.
The third Tract has 850 acres, 200
cleared, wdal mnake 1000 pounds of cotton,
and 30 bushels of corn per acre-Screw,
Gin House, tine dwelling, &c.
Trhe above lands lie near the village of
Enterprise, wvhere there are two fine Ac
ademnies. They are fine-watered, well.
timbered, the best of smmer and winter
range for stock, extensive outlets, and as
to htealth and society, thet counatry stands
unsurpassed by ,ay other portion of the
" S'unny South."
Tnhere are miany advantages htere, whlich
a notice of thais kink woid preclude-the
fact is I have never seen so tine a country
overlooked us this has been.
Imiaginae bodies of land lying in the sand
bills between Columbia and Camden,-S.
C., which will produce fromt 1000 to 1500
pounds of couton per acre, and corn in the
same proportion, with all the blessings of
pure water and goo I health for which those
sanadhills are noted, and the same will be
realized here in thae country, and the Lands
which I now off3: for sale.
Upon the whole, (and I speak knowing.
ly,) thise is the most desirable cotton region
in the West. I will only add that here
the children's children will find a fertile
-homestead " without the applicati on of
Payments easy-t ils indisputable.
- WILLIAM A. WVARD,
Enterprise, Clarke County, Mississippi.
Sept. 27, 1854 48 2
THEI -subscribers notify the citizens of
Sumter and the adjoininag Districts, that
they wall be in Sumutervalle ont the 10th of
October proximno, at which time thaey wil.l
offer for sale as finte, or the finest lot 'of
Mules ever of1emod in this market.
- They will be glad to have all those- who,
may be in want of tmules or horses, whlo are
fond of looking at fine stock, to call 4~pon
thema at China's Hintel. Their old. custo
mers especially.ELS& AN R
Sept. 13, 1954 46 . f
Sppiction will be made at the-J&xt
- ngt fJericho, located at Siaouterville'
fSept. 6, 1854 45 '3r.
s SUY DR. 29AD's
MODERN HRBE DOCTQR,
a THE rBsi' WORK ON TIlE HQRSE,
. VER-PUBJLiRHD IN AmJkERI.
3JHN' P. JEWETT - C~M1ifuey