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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITRATURE, AGICULTURE; SCIENCE AN) THE ARTS
WILLIAM LEWIS,- o-uor
OHN S. RICII DSON Ja PROPItiE. go--*TERMS--2 iN ADVANCE ,
Vt L. vit, ISUIMITERVILLE S. C., OCTOBER 1I, 18;4. NO.
'l1iE SUAITER BANNE H
Every Wedemlay Morniamg
Lewis & Richardson.
T E! Rm SN
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surtion. and semi-monthlV the saine as new onei
For the L$amner.
A flecting cloud, a nietnr's glein,
An Eagle's flight,n trut4 led droam,
A tale that's told, a icenco ofi strile,
A constant warfare, such is ie!
We meet, we love, a(Tection glowing,
A hallowed raediance round us showing,
In firiiest bonds ch ins heart to heart
But scarce 'is done .re we must part!
Tho ties are broken, friends are gone
Somte cah:i oyi.. dv'. nadate on),
Sutne led by luterest's pow.-*rful hand.
8ome snatched by death's chill, dread
And thus we live, still shifting changing,
Earth's wide dmimn o t unmcebasmg raugimg.
'M id joy and sorrow, Ii gh t and glouii-.
All vounded by the nariow to:nb.
Why thus do tears 'm;d happiest hours,
Like due drops ij.1 earth's VceteMt flow7
\Vhy uihould.life's -rilghtest, mystic spell
Be broken by the sad farewell I
There et us resit ;-Eartn's not our hoine
Strangers anti p1grims here we ruam
Uh ! he th-s thought eicotrdge on,
Tilt the Idst battle is tun-gplt atid i in.
As borne upon a rivers breast
We laim would stop at times to rest
in the cool :atde along its side
Thus are we burme ty lite's swit tide.
Yet in iftly on th:.t :r spced.a,
But , aiereth all the flow ig useads,
Whose brightinss seemims to bless tei
So through earth's waste let our life
And tho' we sneet t'nrk cares, deep wove-,
lo lleaven tiera is long. sweet repose.
h'l'o' here %e part und imourr und roami,
There, there is luIund an eternal Imine!
The following is front a Ie.zas pa
Five get.tlemen arrived in SritI An
t..nio, Sept. 4th, who atre just retur,.
ing fromi Calminn'it, httvit'g come by
the overltand route frmtmt Inzatlaii, on
the Paitie-.heir naines and places of
residence are as lilows :
Richaid M. 1ead, B1bb oiunty,
Georgia: John W. utle, I lolly Surings,
Mtssis.ippi; Jas. Sehoollield, Laiil.
ton county, Tennteoee; David Spring,
.fort Smtith, Arka'nems.
From these petisutas we learn the
followitng pairnird discluse~re: In the
i 'city of Duranigo, Mlexico, they iearnied
m i a private manner that there were
some Amnerican4 in the city parsoni,
and they afterwards gtzm periasion to
visit themi. Tihey funn~d themu in a
large stone dungeon of so filtity a de.
licription that, it was almost imptjussikile
for visitors to lemaini ini the entrance
Sway but a few minmutos. TIhe Amier
1cens in coninemienit were three in~
number, and their names and Forimer
places of residetnce were as~ ibillws:
Williami Shirley, Brooim County, New
York; Williamu l'~udgers, Stark Couin.
.ty, Ohio John1 Ga~ines, Day tuon, lAont.
gomaery coutty, Ohgio. T'hese tmen.
htave been ini this fithy diangeoin faur
ytears and three months, atnd duritg
two years5 of this timie th~ey were clain
0(1 downi to the floor, in totatl darkness,
where they could rnot see any personm
-but the one who fed, there statrvinzg al.
lowance. At, the end of two years the
huge chains around their ankles otid
wrists had wo.rn, the fles4 oft to thE
bonse, and such wais their horrid coin.
dition, that the chains wvere removed
to save their lives And, ksep thema iii
misery thit honger. The flesh partly
healed over these wojunids, leamving the
motset heart-read ing sears, which wer<
all seen by the five persotis whost
are mentioned above.
'They state that they were imrpr-ison
edon the charge of' imurdering and rob
bihg a marn for his amoney, and thle)
*state'also,, that from somte fuct whticl
they are-in possessioni of, the persot
110) havo beeii try ing lo get a trial
.tt, I hearii is retuad them. iay
Iave Wi itten letters to the Aitericai
.vinijter inl Mexico several tinius. arid
they have reason to believe that fht
has never received thern.
Our intariinints learned from mainy
reappeitable Sparniards inl Durango, thiLl
it was iipossible to get evideico tv
Conviet them; and the great niass ill
the peoplo believe then innuoent. The
) oungest, of' these prisiters, John
Gaines, of Dayton, Ohio, is In 3
17 years old. Yho inerview which
our informants haid with the. a heart
thrilling seei-v-an.d on taki, g their
leave, they begged thei in the most,
feeling imovior la relate thoir circuni-.
Stances to'thU A.ieritcan peouple, iad if
pdssible to seid news to their I'rieids
ofltheir cioditi.n, and send themn re iel.
J'ne above stateeitiir, is of the most
relniale charater-these persons wit
nessed it with their own oyes, and
they are persoi, ol undoubted verno.
ity, and sortie of thei have king been
known to somie of our eitizens.
J.'or the sake of liunlanity, lot there
be sonething done ill this Iuntel1. 11
a citizen of the United States has any
proteution abroad, let it be kunwn, For
what objeet, do we h.Ive a Mimistur in
Mexicis? Om governieit should re
gard the rights of' eaen citizen of' our
couiltrj, ar.id hold them 4s sacred as
thle r its (if' one of the StaLus of Uir
Union. Let the alarm be s'unided in
-.-- -a - every Am 'JAWS eil til tr ee
of their brothers are confined with
out cause, and are fainisuiiig with hun
ger 11nd 1) ilg in chains, ill U dark loath
Soii:e dungeon inl the city oh Durn.
go), Me- ico.-[Texcan.
A Weqiderful Lake.
Thu flillowiig extracts aru froim the
correspolidenice to the Courier & En.
qier, of .. r. E. Meriani, who is niow
t .-elling about, the somuss of the St.
4 Another point of great interest,
I examihned oi the nitth side if* the
water wie-l, on the high lands of Cam.
mi1n11s; 4-n1 a flat. piece of gnund, in
dtopening a sprinig, a ijack taok wa.
r e wI hh had the lustre i a d
Comliptenless anid color ol' anthracite
coal, It it lacks the essential quility
of' beiniig e cin bust ible. I obtained sev
Cral speci euus fir Imy geological coil
leet ion. (ni the high 111nl the apples
weie of exquizite flavor aid eot'st
beautitfih tint-the imoeist sple::did fhiiit
I have see'ln y where. Ea,. of thi,
point. tn the top ofa hill ill .\1anlius I
examinited a winlerfulI laku-this lake
is in the apex iI a high hltd--.utid is ill
the bittiri f a circutiri iidenAti..o
likte the crater "I atn e'..ingnished % -l.
cairo. The form ol'the crater is like
Ihiat of t he in-tde ol A teacup, it is
absout '100 feet friuii thle tipin-r rim to
tle watler. The water hia, a depth I ol
muore than thio hnidred lfeet, arid
when looked at. from thi tlp f thle
baik has a h ight g.eei elor, but tiv
bu.ir;g lifted ill a glass iS oun1id to hi
perhluetly tranispareit,. Tree. that fa I
inuto the water tt' the lake beenmie ell
eru.4ted with a green ui;nutiig, thai. o,
heimi exposel ti the air beticme stone
Tie bOVs in the viciinilv get inoal
sticks tint i, the water tinns enieru-,tedi
arid entting out the woody p rt imalit
whistles of* (ho si.' ine enernistati ni.
Another lako called1 the lanwor Greein
ILake cornnets with this cureTal r lake
by a lit the run that, app ars to havi
fthund its way thro ugh. an' op n ehaim
I exiaminied the round I .ke i.4 the even
inc fir.t by munii Iight, I was alhmi
an~d rstood upon its imy sterioius rin uni
der the shade of' a noble tree, witi
siiik-holes arouind me, enideavo'rinig te
gathter front tihe imipressive scier'
new ltoghts. It. is a wionder f'i plaeo
to conlinore in silence with one's tsell
I li'stenied attenti velk to see ift'an v no i.,
carnte f,'ri m beiluow; riot hinig oef t he k imo
was percepub1lp. The next moirniing
beftore the sun had risen, I agaiin re
pired to the banks oh this deep basir
and coiuld. ini that state oft atimospher,
which on a clear muornuing precede
sunrise, discover gases risimg freon th
bottiorm of evei'y portion of the laki
its su' face was in a state of ebulitio
from the escape oft he gases hfromu bc
low. t~ the Irower lake I spe'nt somo
tinie-there w ithb the ii g uf'a stiel
on the surfaice of' the water, 1 cansei
bubbles to form on the surface and a
these wvero wafted toward a rock
stoo d uploni, whIieb gently sloped i nt
the lake, hitvinig a white sirface,
noiticed that the sun's ravs were brougi
to a focus by these biibbles, in a lin
pointed star. It was an inter est~i
observation, and I continued it, ihr a
hour wyith a deep interest.
On the borders of' this lake in
coorl November rnorning I came upit
a garden of' fk)wersr-beaitif'ul atu
splendid beyond descriptin-.titt
were frost flowers arid the growth
theo prev'ious night. In shape they r
semrble the waiite pond lily--bt tI
stem was unlike that aquatie flowi
being only of a few inrches in Jengt
these f rost flowers were as large
the white lily, and ,nc lut a lint
Above the gi-ound. The outer leaves
were opaque on the edges, aid the
stet portion perfectly transparent; the'
inner leaves were but little different,
but the shades between the opacity
and transparency were so hamnious
aid b-autifuil that I was perfeedy en
crhanted whetn I exami izied them, and
without taking a second thought, I
plueked one from its stem and carried
it near a mile. It it. leiglth inelted in
my hand. I felt sorry tlat I had re
lmof)ved it, but consoled myself with
the reflection that it was not lost, that
it, still existed although in a more ex
panded .forn and would again have
1'rm of beauty and brilliaicy. The
earth wtere the bed of frost flowers
were found was wholly unlike any
earth I had ever before seen--it was a
mealy substance nearly the color of
tan iwade of pulverized bark and quite
In thp same level piece of ground
the sun of tle farmer woio -,wns it, was
ploughinig several years ago, and while
fillowin his team with his back to.
ward the lake he heard a roaring of
water behind him--he looked back
arnd saw the lake overiliawing land in
great wavos--he istened his tearm anid
libd to his h.mne ati'righted and alarm
el; but when he returned with his 1a.
ther to see what h-id been done, the
lake, had resumed its place and its
quiet. When I first; approached the
border of this lake, I funtid, on the
.s urfc til appeared at first view to
be puonnice stone, but I found (in ex.
anination tha' it % as heavier, and was
at sort of concrete flirmed by Ihe water.
On urri% ing on the shore of the lake I
found its waters very deep and its
banks perpendicular, and had to me a
frighted aspect. I returned at onceu
to the nearest, house iad enqiired if
there was any danger in exploring tie
bIorders of the lake, and being assured
there was none I returned aid cum
menced my researches. Wood taken
frtm this lake on being bjrnt gives out
a stillphluii rous smell. The surte of
these lakes are abow' turaae 'e.'iner
than the bottom of the Erie Caial on
tLhe great level hielw.un S,. raSese anid
Utica, and .he lakes are about ig.r
iles fro .. the great, Sal i.es of' O11 nn.
dalga, %Id probabit beltoig tt tlte great.
subt-erraiean labourtory. Wiee Lake
is neat' by me-that lake is a great
aquatic gr.Aii field, plan ted and cuti.
vatted by ntitre; hete is a bountiful
provitri for tie Nvild ioiwls in their
jurneyltg frmn North to South. It
is the wild rice--the stalk is some.
timuesa dozen feet long, and takes root,
in the ilti I cl te boi tUMI of the lake,
.it.. reaches above the su face of tIhe
water several feet. The ludians enter
these aquati liellis with their bark
en1ti'ies, anttd with a lle trni tle heads
if the ri ae over t . the inside of the
cainre a-id thei beat. nut, tie grainl; the
kernel is blaen and alout, tUOe same
siZe as the whit1. rice of* the South. I
fhave vatei: it iiiade into ptiddong with
the S% If of the tiple *qtiee fr suceo
artd 1ibn1d it Most e.'gellent.
The toolw rtg is anl extract. f rom the
lettevr of a Britlwh sailur desei iing his
lirst f ht. Iit is itS 9Awn moral :
We di.prersed At at few hundred
yards (1ta11ct frolri tile beach, to keep
the coast Clear whilst tihe blat's crew
mriatle prizes (. the gulls. The enemy
itad the adrvattge rof the wood, and aI.
ainr tnwiing the country well, aind a
tr.,.ip of tatemt showed ini aidvanrce.
W e wvere or dered to lire. I Ltok steady
aimtr, antd tir'ed on my mantt at atbouat,
sixty yards. hlu reli like a stone, A t
thu samet time a broadside from the
went. ini rarnmrgsrt lhe trees, amnd
the entemiy disappearred, we could
.scarce tell how. I feit, ais though I
muirst. gor up to Aim, to see whether he
I was dead or alive, [ie lay quite still.
.and I wats mrore afraid oh' hlimr Iy ing so
thaii whe t htle St.' od facing m~e a l'ew
,rmi. utes befoire. It's a atrange f'eelitng
to oe~iit over you all at once that. y ou
have killed a mran. Ile had uribut.
tuoied his jacket, and was presasinag his
;Ihand over the front. ('rnIis et', where
ine won td was. lie breatared hard,
-rand the brloord ptoured f'romr the wound.
anid also I romn his rttouth, every breathI
i e ttook. i s ftme was white as deat,
I anid his eyes looked sn hig anid bright
s as lie tunried themn and stared at. moe, I
1 shltl never forget it. lie was a fine
Syoung f'ellow, niot mie~ th Ian five aind
I tweny.I went down on rmy kne~es
neid im, and rmy breast telt soi t'ull,
e as thonugh mry own heart. would burst.
11li hatd a real liglisha face, arid did
a not. look like ano 'eny. WVhat 1 flt
I never canl tell, but if' my life woutld
a h3ave sav ed his, I believ'e I should have
ii givyen it,. I hadl his head on rmy knee,
d anid lie grasped hold oif my hatnd anid
y tried to speak, but his voice was gone.
if i could nt tell a word he said, arid
aevery time lie tried to speak the blood
epoured orut, so) I knew it would soon
r, lbe over. I am noit ashamed to say
that I was worse thana he, for' lie never
ts shed a tear, t.nd I could't help it.
le His eyes wuroa soeina whon & gnn wns
fired from the- to order us abo:ard.
aid that aroused him. He pointed to
the beach, where the boat was just
pushing of with the guns which we
had taken, and where our marines were
waiting to man the second boat, and
thein he pointed to the wood, where the
enemy was coicealed-pour fellow, he
little thought how I had just shot him
down. I was wondering how I could
leave him to die and no one -near him,
when he had a something like a con.
vulsion for a moment, and then his
race rolled over, and withouta sigh he
was gone. I trust the Almighty has
received his soul. I laid his head gent
ly down on the grass and left him it
seemed so strange when I laorked at
him for the last tine---l somehow
thought of everything I had heared
itbout the Turks and the Russians, and
lO rest of then-but all that seemed
sofar of, and the dead man so near !"
Hango Roads, .May 22.
A correspondent or the New York
rimes gives a sketch of the American
Aintaers residing in Rome, from which
we have culled the following t xtracts;
'Page of New York, removed to
Rome in the autumn of 1852, where
ie of his first works was a portrait
if Charlotte Cushman, the actress.
rhe likenmess was capital, and all the
;oul and character of the accomplish.
d aetress vere brought out in perfect
idelity. He next painted a portrait
>f Mrs. Crawford, the wife at the
toulptor. The next portrait from his
usel, was that of Browning, the Eng
ish poet. There is a beautiful consis.
ency in Page's whole character, qs bis
!reatnie-69 of talei.t and largeness of
neul a- equal.
Freemen, alsd 6 our city. has been
L - -sident of Rome for 16 years. The
ast picture that he sent home, was
mie of 'I he three Mary's at the sepul.
!hre.' It is a pioture that tells the
story well, It was low toned, deep
ad rich in cob, and is prevaded
3y fine feelin g. It,r.jPinds you .of.
o Tyari *. Cr t la color andI
;entinent. H1e is i, w t worl, ug V.
icture of Cotumrabus, a a boy, ap'p'ly.
ng for charity to the Monks at the
oate f the cgnvent,
Chap-man has lately finished a
arge picture of lager and lshmnael in
he doesert, His e howt. preno s 0*
talian Ile are beautiful geIns, lie
aF Aiited a grat miaany laudscapes
it the c4mnpagnaa of Rome, that are
.ruthful to nature, and the efTects of
iulight very skillfully managed.
(ephas Q. Thonpson, of our city, is
residing hero, where he has been for
two year,, The paat winter he has
been engaged upon portraits, in which
line he is very good. He has painted
i njumnber of ideal pictures, amonlg
then, one that he calls the 'Circassianu
Girl,' tnat. I muih admire. It is a hall'
length figure inl a sitting posture, the
atris crossed inl frront, with the hands
in view, and the face-one of peerless
beauty--looking upward. A mianacle,
and her sad expression tell the tale of
her servitude. The feitures are clas
sical, and her dark waving tresses are
tastefully arranged. It is rich in dra
pery and culor, correct in drawing, anid
a most lovely picture. IIe. has umua
ny other works in his studio, which
clearly show his line feeling ior the
chaste arnd beautiful. Hie is a man
very mouch liked here for his kind,
genial arid truthful nature, and holds
a high rank as an artist.
Birowun, the landsicapo painter, has
tainted a numaber of large landscapes
of vie ws near Tivoli. U~is drawings
fram nature surpass anything I ev
Ti/ton, from Massachusetts, is a
young it.ant of great pr-omnuse as a land
scape painter. It is evidenat from.
his6 works that he takes Claude for his
guide, whose works he studies more
Wotherspeaon, who is abotut to re
turn to your city after a six years' E
rupean residence', much of which was
pas-ed at Rome, as beyond all ques.
tion the best landscalpe pani we
have herec. lie has int his studio, a
nhumfber of works, amoeng LI.temn a pic
ture of 'Nemi,' viewed frein; the shore
of the lake. TUhe subject has beenI
painted re peatedly by enatinent ai tists,
but never better treated than by him.
It repr~esent the town ont a high cliff
that. iverha .gs the lake, beyond which
is a perfectly pure and maignificent
ltalianu sky, lie seems to have caught
the very spirit of the place, which is
the most idturesquie and composing
tox t~te mind of the beholder of any in
Italy. Tlhe lakhe reposes in a deepuma
phithe-at re ; high abive the sea, it is
surrounded by frowning clilT1a w'hich
are surmounted with eastellated bat
tlements as if man had vied with na
tur - ini heightening the stern~ and rug
ged expressiotn of the savage scene.
The bed of the lake is evidently the
crater of an extinct volcano, whose
fires have, in long past aes,:- fanMt
tically slearred the high nnzhmt.
ing crags, all of which a e Mirrored i
the limpid and qluiet waters beneath,
in which seems to be reflected not on.
ly .th'e tints but the calm of heaved.
The picture I am vinly endeavor
ing to describ'o represents the scene at
about ,sunept. The slidt;ws and
ists o tevening are already collecting
abou4 ;h9 keand its shores render.
*ed jeg i tmot nough to give chance
toithe im mination to con ure up strange
and romantic fancies, and to people the
gathering shades with th'e fabled spir
its with which the classic poets
were wont to populate such entrancing
scenes. The whole picture is radiant
with poetry and nature-romance and
reality-blended like the light and
shadow, and withal so cunningly that
it captivates the mind like some de
licious dream of a brighter world.
The correspondent of the London
Art Journtal, describing his visl:s to
the various Roman. Studios, gives the
t'sllowing touching Jketch of a gifted
but untortunate artist :
" As yet Iaine and prosperity had
attended the effio:t of those artists
whose studios we had visited. But a
sad change was Qow to meet us we
picked our steps along an unutterably
broken up, dirty tqne, ( d then groped
our way up a dark win-ding staircase
to the neXt, studio 'on our lIt. We
were admitted widi all the eagerness
of that. 'hope delayed which maketh
the heart sick,' There was. n anxious,
wan look about the pretty woman
(evidently the painter's wife) who re
:eived gs and then instantly withdrew.
Italian rooms ; no carput covered the
brick fivor, little furniture appeared
any where the only enbellishfmtnt were
several large fresh pictures in o.d
frames, all unsold productions of a
meritorious but neglected artist. ie
-a poor, thin, shrivelled, grey haired
man, sat painting jn his little studio,
dressed in a threadbare coat, and rose
evidently sdrtled and anrprised at the
enltraned of visit6rs ; it was easy to
see that frp came his wdy ! A fine,
spirited piotute of the conpagtvd, with
adiorkable gr'dp's sofCttle aud peas
ants in the foreitfrund, drawn l1k6
Paul Putter, and excellently colored,
stood on the easel. Had this poor
man beer the fashion, how triuich and
how justly w6ul.d his p:cturh ive been
praised I a giked them if it was a
commission : !No, Inever lihve. any
heavy sigh. 'W d he go'id to send it
it the exhibition of the royal Acade
my V 'No, fur he tsold tint afford
the expense, and he had no friend
to ensure even a tolerabia lid.'
lelt quite touched, but on(j vehiturad
to say .that I warmly and sigcdlly
admired the picture of his easel;
'A pole gleam of pleasure athle
across his face, and theii faded b
like the flame of a wanted lamp, On
the walls were beautiftl sketches of
t.e landscape and anjaI.ts,-one, q
blood-red sunt, withi nld run
darkening the toreground, I admired
greatly. I ought to add that this poor
neglect. d man is one of the best ani
mnal paitiers alive, after Landseer.
He has engraved a series of etchings
that prove his talent; and there is a
great picture by him of men on horse
back chasing a drove of wild bullocks,
galloping down into the. fiveground,
which is rettly admirable. But what
matters all this ? it is two late now;
the iron has enter ed Into his soul, and
he is paintinmg, old, and broken-.hearted.
'In the corner of the studio wasa a
lovely female thee just sketched in. -
'l shall never linish that portrait, begun
twenty years ago now,' and he sighed
again- I understand the allusion :
that, picturc was the representat ion of
the 'ace which had been~ his fate.
When it waa begun, lie was a rising
artist, received in tlhe trngniflcent sa
louons of a portain wealthy Roman no
blemazn, on a ftooting~ of equality with
the rest of his prolessinial brethren.
TIhe original of the head we were now
looking at was a beautiful model who
ofteni sat to him,.and whom he regard
ed with the lover's as well as the g
tist's eye. She was very good, very
virtuous, siting only for that fatal facme
whjieh worked him such Woe. At l-ast
he married the model he was proud of
his fasir amid honest wife, and in a mo-.
menit of imprudent but pardo'nable
enthusiasm, lhe took her with him to
one of the great Rouiman noblemnan's
parties. Iliad she not been so surpas
singly lovely, aIe might 1trve passed
unnoticed ; but as it, wgs~ gil eyes were
bent 4potn her : a bUzz went ruuin m the
room of wonder and admiration, but
with it there minigled gradually a whis
per that the benaty had been a msod
'Iloth husband and wire were desiired
to withdraw, and Irom thAt cday the
painter's fate was sealed; ngt onie em,
ployed hini, no one ree'eived li~u1: sol
itary atid poor, he worked on,.amd chil
dren were born, and debts contracted,
sind .misery gathered lk. a dark dioud'
arodfhd .his household, untjl he became
tlfdor plnehekte dSonan. whom I
2399WW It6 was b Miq~f wit.
who had opened the doo-ar atid ilhen
quickly left us. Time had bri.l hi
heavy finger on ..her, too.- W e had
1,n opportunity nof seeing mire or her.
for she never showed at our depar:ur..
What a world of wret.hedniess there
is.in. all this, even as I write it; id
et every word is strictly, positive
[From the Charleown Standird.]
Conipensattioni of Post
To Editors of Papers and Postmas
UlNTLKMWN.(Sinoe the publicatii (of
the POst*s ter deteral's report, con.
siderabled drcjpsionr has arisen in re
tion to tjp 1igtiorite success of the
cheap posuas v.peignnt.. It I-not
my oject, at least in this comrnunica
tion, tq pArticipate in that discnsion.
I wish. however, to call the atteitioni
of the press and the people to the fact
that the Postnnsters, especially at .he
medium size offices, are not htlf paid
for their latrjuius and responsible ser
vices. No one has alluded to this
defect, and the reasoa is perhaps.that
no one is aware of its existence but ihe
Postmasters, who being directly in.
terested feel a delicacy in urging
But, gentleman, is it proper that.
Postmasters should, in the snall of'
flces, labor and give their services to
the government; ought they to be paid
or not? They hay. lsAbuinus duties
to be performed and Ihey bear d 4t-avy
responsibility; they deai with all k'in~ia
of people, and frequently. whilst in the
fnithful discharge of their duties, have
they tn .suffor the unjust. censure of
tho'sc who hold them personally oe
sponsible f r every failure and de..
rangrement of the mail service.
It is impossible to nari-ate the ir.
justice which Postuasters soffer, and
to which they are daily exo sed. The
Postmasters do not ask remuneration
Ear the unpleasantness thus occasion
ed, but they demand of their couin.
try a f.ir compensation for their la
bas. In small offices, we have no pa.
per, twine, nor dek furnished u
Before the' posty ont letters Wa.
reduced, mnany oi the small v.Sees worv
worth double the amount thef qre now
Hy the act which -reluced the postage,
the lab.rs of the Postmnnster havie'
6cen vastly increased, while their pa
has been greaty dimini.-,hed; unlew
some provision .'s made for the pay
inent of the Postinmasters, bonest and
esppble men Wil n'ot ld(ng be found it.
Upon behalf of tjo Postmasters in
the Un'ited States', [solicit thfe co-op
aratim of tlVe poss .iri an effort to
4d jg4tiOe to 4 useful body of public
servants. .csow, geritlemen, we mre
or les, are interested in' fir behalt,
?ill you net speak a worl faor u.;; Ia
iiy of us deliver a number of your pa.
pers free out o? our aliees, which we
would like our friends to read. bit at
the same time, We, as officers oufUnela.
Sam, dught to be cared for.
A Travellers Experience
I have dbserved amoing all natiins,
that the wantet ornament theinselves
more than tha jimen; that, wherever
found they are thie sane kind, civil,
obliging, htumane, t~eder hling tht a
they are ever ii.clined4 to be gay and
eheerful, timorouts and modest. Thej
do not hesitate, like men, to perfairmi
a hospitable ox generous action; not
htaughty, nor armcgant, nor siuperi-ilia ais,
but full of crortesy, and fond of socie.
ty; irnustrious, ecotnornical, i ngen ious,
more liable in general toi err than mian,
but in general also tmore virtdidus, and
paerfoirinfg more good actions tiad hie.
I never addressed miyselt itn the Ian.
gua..:e of decency antd friendship to a
woman, whether civilized or savafget,
without receiving a decent and ficnd
Iy answ,-r. With mian, it ha~s often
been otherie.~ In wandering over
the barren plaits of inhospitab~te Den.
mark, thraugh honest Swveda1,- fi-ozeni
Laeplanad, rude and ohirrish .Finlanud,
unprincipied Russia, a'r4 the wide
spread reagions of wandering Tar tar,
hungry, dry, cold, wet, or sick, wo
mann has ever ' been lfriendlly tot me,
and uniformrly so; and to add to this
virtue, so wnAr'dy ot the anppellantioin of
benevolence, thes.e actions harve been
par f<rned ini so freu antd liigd. A mtin.
ner,-that, if I was dry. I drank thte
swe1 draught, 't~4 it hungrv, I ate the
course rnonrcel with a double relish.
- How toQaTr Rin OF MosqUIroust is
'*isu NIGifT.-- 1 tSigitogn tatys agn ex
obange, love tbeet' 1I|oid ber than
themy do anty' that-flws htt the veians ul
hunaran kind. Juss pt s cuuple oa
gaienrus pieces ont plates. nraat: .gour
hed at night, an~id you will steep dg'.
tronbied by rhhse pyts. In the m'M~
ning you will find themn frill aadsthapid
wirthhba blnndaand thu me". sit
P 41i 1 ipr. . 1 s.
ies: l.11iI7.l 'i itcs "It I i rLf 1).
Aut'1 -peai Tole' %vay ii iirt t':i :L
1jlx~ 111-d 6vil.cred IeOW' a
1'ieiIe , oua k v s., a.1., L-. 111i,.
CI nI tl:e it crmy uprl~l reity wu P
Lize i~ wa lika~e -L,~~ iS IU)fl fljrel
Aiid sick l ii e ar y fI(giilj .h o ije
And e.d ii telcre e nFail
To ie. lily alruloelce ~ c kit. %jIi d
Will Gura, th ue , te gilty ..1
Were trou lt10 iill, ullir u.ra' rhe ihf.
And e~opf~d S' itth 1re -I Peuc Zl
Aied li Ali doojiet uij rli roioua ; ma
* 11he Go rde, th~ Cre UI beit in low.
Ills ilUW, itlvte n Vi'.:at I KOIC eew
I! h Ilo liie, n es,e 8t lll' intfW (i d
didy Vic ou cliIol of~i pat eed olae
1i.hnd eij1 rely tii bn Ul16) (lo
And atni~ phAr -h d ajol" Lii0s ro.~
Thgaio'e oy.r "w prfor n Lt; ere lI?
My voice yqumtre ' liall ear noiiil mre"
No.-i-i n wi114 thif 1 e' 111,diieuA deli
.hueran:til 1 o im heunltztol Godl
E'en shrll bie- rit oii ye rasts fet
Gon where o'r a wanderer Z;sn
V~lti~uta hu, Ir Lsslg liec;t
* vtzou's sareamlhro' tea slal )ioveh
Vi i . rn .~~' thigret Jnere throni utI I
Goia'e there s, e a~l wahdere thou i's
* to I'ruill
Shine, an uiff ding star folvver!
*iino; 1*zek~ei 1, id.
ir. 'ifL).'WL. --iTie alnticipated
taiisleyr of thi-s g(Jljle:ozAll I'Fepi1 his
preCSelft IJ(Jlil to tlje bead 01 tilt:
I lcC luglelLl illLCI1tiiiia *,'
ICLS dscussd fitthe Sootth Cill I~l
11114i P-rcshyttry. A wriutore~l mP I
'IlVutuff to the' Spar:maulrg ExplVe*,S
&4ile iriveli'n (ifth "e. ytr
wits a~ll ilterteS:ll 41). v PiptiseIvt
th nIis.td of ll'' It 10", (11t~
01oil e Ujt l itsiej IU~ il i .0Ill'
LVe.,l 1JI$. Atlav.1ti ige Wh'me LA.
tLliJ Liie i'OV. %If. lfUlllrflle -. 111 1 ;;t
WIon Lot tife g,1 'eat 4.*"Iil '4 M.e:
Dra. ihourul%C flilaa 1110. .: I*
iijtj l 01Liel it;&; V, ija (U'jitint
Sj ~ di toli1110k p.lac. (11111."g ml.
PrusbN Let fit o I're [ill i12cv. 11,11 hi
'hr.l~l le 11 'cl d hi Iell) a